TITLE 16—CONSERVATION

Chap.
Sec.
1.
National Parks, Military Parks, Monuments, and Seashores
1
1A.
Historic Sites, Buildings, Objects, and Antiquities
461
1B.
Archaeological Resources Protection
470aa
2.
National Forests
471
3.
Forests; Forest Service; Reforestation; Management
551
3A.
Unemployment Relief Through Performance of Useful Public Work [Omitted or Repealed]
584
3B.
Soil Conservation
590a
3C.
Water Conservation
590r
4.
Protection of Timber, and Depredations
591
5.
Protection of Fur Seals and Other Fur-Bearing Animals
631
5A.
Protection and Conservation of Wildlife
661
5B.
Wildlife Restoration
669
5C.
Conservation Programs on Government Lands
670a
6.
Game and Bird Preserves; Protection
671
7.
Protection of Migratory Game and Insectivorous Birds
701
8.
Upper Mississippi River Wild Life and Fish Refuge
721
9.
Fish and Wildlife Service
741
9A.
Preservation of Fishery Resources
755
10.
Northern Pacific Halibut Fishing
761
10A.
Sockeye or Pink Salmon Fishing [Repealed]
776
10B.
Fish Restoration and Management Projects
777
10C.
Fish Research and Experimentation Program
778
10D.
State Commercial Fisheries Research and Development Projects [Repealed]
779
11.
Regulation of Landing, Curing, and Sale of Sponges Taken From Gulf of Mexico and Straits of Florida
781
12.
Federal Regulation and Development of Power
791
12A.
Tennessee Valley Authority
831
12B.
Bonneville Project
832
12C.
Fort Peck Project
833
12D.
Columbia Basin Project
835
12E.
Niagara Power Project
836
12F.
Pacific Northwest Consumer Power Preference; Reciprocal Priority in Other Regions
837
12G.
Pacific Northwest Federal Transmission System
838
12H.
Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation
839
13.
Regulation of Transportation in Interstate or Foreign Commerce of Black Bass and Other Fish [Repealed]
851
14.
Regulation of Whaling
901
14A.
Whale Conservation and Protection
917
15.
Predatory Sea Lampreys in the Great Lakes [Omitted]
921
15A.
Great Lakes Fisheries
931
15B.
Great Lakes Fish and Wildlife Restoration
941
15C.
Great Lakes Fish and Wildlife Tissue Bank
943
16.
Tuna Conventions
951
16A.
Atlantic Tunas Convention
971
16B.
Eastern Pacific Tuna Fishing
972
16C.
South Pacific Tuna Fishing
973
17.
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries [Repealed]
981
18.
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention
1001
19.
North Pacific Fisheries [Repealed or Transferred]
1021
20.
National Fisheries Center and Aquarium
1051
21.
Prohibition of Foreign Fishing Vessels in the Territorial Waters of the United States [Repealed]
1081
21A.
Fisheries Zone Contiguous to Territorial Sea of the United States [Repealed]
1091
21B.
Prohibition of Certain Foreign Fishing Vessels in United States Fisheries [Omitted]
1100
21C.
Offshore Shrimp Fisheries [Omitted]
1100b
22.
International Parks
1101
23.
National Wilderness Preservation System
1131
24.
Conservation and Protection of North Pacific Fur Seals
1151
25.
Jellyfish or Sea Nettles, Other Such Pests, and Seaweed in Coastal Waters: Control or Elimination
1201
25A.
Crown of Thorns Starfish
1211
25B.
Reefs for Marine Life Conservation
1220
26.
Estuarine Areas
1221
27.
National Trails System
1241
27A.
National Recreational Trails Fund
1261
28.
Wild and Scenic Rivers
1271
29.
Water Bank Program for Wetlands Preservation
1301
30.
Wild Horses and Burros: Protection, Management, and Control
1331
31.
Marine Mammal Protection
1361
32.
Marine Sanctuaries
1431
32A.
Regional Marine Research Programs
1447
33.
Coastal Zone Management
1451
34.
Rural Environmental Conservation Program
1501
35.
Endangered Species
1531
36.
Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning
1601
37.
Youth Conservation Corps and Public Lands Corps
1701
38.
Fishery Conservation and Management
1801
39.
Mining Activity Within National Park System Areas
1901
40.
Soil and Water Resources Conservation
2001
41.
Cooperative Forestry Assistance
2101
42.
Emergency Conservation Program
2201
43.
Public Transportation Programs for National Park System Areas
2301
44.
Antarctic Conservation
2401
44A.
Antarctic Marine Living Resources Convention
2431
44B.
Antarctic Mineral Resources Protection
2461
45.
Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Program
2501
46.
Public Utility Regulatory Policies
2601
47.
Small Hydroelectric Power Projects
2701
48.
National Aquaculture Policy, Planning, and Development
2801
49.
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
2901
50.
Chesapeake Bay Research Coordination [Omitted]
3001
51.
Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation
3101
52.
Salmon and Steelhead Conservation and Enhancement
3301
53.
Control of Illegally Taken Fish and Wildlife
3371
54.
Resource Conservation
3401
55.
Coastal Barrier Resources
3501
56.
North Atlantic Salmon Fishing
3601
56A.
Pacific Salmon Fishing
3631
57.
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
3701
57A.
Partnerships for Wildlife
3741
58.
Erodible Land and Wetland Conservation and Reserve Program
3801
59.
Wetlands Resources
3901
59A.
Wetlands
3951
60.
Fish and Seafood Promotion
4001
61.
Interjurisdictional Fisheries
4101
62.
African Elephant Conservation
4201
63.
Federal Cave Resources Protection
4301
64.
North American Wetlands Conservation
4401
65.
International Forestry Cooperation
4501
66.
Take Pride in America Program
4601
67.
Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control
4701
68.
Pacific Yew Conservation and Management
4801
69.
Wild Exotic Bird Conservation
4901
70.
North Pacific Anadromous Stocks Convention
5001
71.
Atlantic Coastal Fisheries Cooperative Management
5101
72.
Recreational Hunting Safety
5201
73.
Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation
5301
74.
National Maritime Heritage
5401

        

CHAPTER 1—NATIONAL PARKS, MILITARY PARKS, MONUMENTS, AND SEASHORES

SUBCHAPTER I—NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

Sec.
1.
Service created; director; other employees.
1a.
Repealed.
1a–1.
National Park System: administration; declaration of findings and purpose.
1a–2.
Secretary of the Interior's authorization of activities.
1a–3.
Legislative jurisdiction; relinquishment by Secretary; submittal of proposed agreement to Congressional committees; concurrent legislative jurisdiction.
1a–4.
Uniform allowance.
1a–5.
Additional areas for National Park System.
1a–6.
Law enforcement personnel within National Park System.
1a–7.
National Park System development program.
1a–7a.
National Park System crime prevention assistance.
1a–8.
Maintenance management system.
1a–9.
Periodic review of National Park System.
1a–10.
Consultation with affected agencies and organizations.
1a–11.
Contents of report.
1a–12.
Evaluation of proposed boundary changes.
1a–13.
Proposals for boundary changes.
1a–14.
National Park System advisory committees.
1b.
Secretary of the Interior's authorization of additional activities; administration of National Park System.
1c.
General administration provisions; system defined; particular areas.
1d.
Appropriations.
1e.
National Capital region arts and cultural affairs; grant program.
2.
National parks, reservations, and monuments; supervision.
3.
Rules and regulations of national parks, reservations, and monuments; timber; leases.
3a.
Recovery of costs associated with special use permits.
4.
Rights-of-way through public lands.
5.
Rights-of-way through parks or reservations for power and communications facilities.
6.
Donations of lands within national parks and monuments and moneys.
6a, 7.
Repealed.
7a.
Airports in national parks, monuments and recreation areas; construction, etc.
7b.
Acquisition of lands for airport use; contracts for operation and maintenance.
7c.
Authorization to sponsor airport projects; use of funds.
7d.
Jurisdiction over airports; public operation.
7e.
Definitions.
8.
Roads and trails in national parks and monuments; construction, etc.
8–1.
Repealed.
8a.
National-park approach roads; designation.
8b.
National-park approach roads and roads and trails within national parks and national monuments; construction, improvement, and maintenance; appropriation.
8c.
National-park approach roads across or within national forests; approval of Secretary of Agriculture.
8d.
National-monument approach roads.
8e.
Conveyance to States of roads leading to certain historical areas; conditions; jurisdiction.
8f.
Roads leading to certain historical areas; “State” defined.
9.
Repealed.
9a.
Government of parks, etc.; violation of regulations as misdemeanor.
10, 10a.
Repealed.
11.
Medical attention for employees.
12.
Aid to visitors in emergencies.
13.
Medical attention to employees at isolated places; removal of bodies for burial.
14.
Repealed.
14a.
Appropriations; availability for printing information and signs.
14b.
Credits of receipts for meals and quarters furnished Government employees in the field.
14c.
Availability for expense of recording donated lands.
14d.
Use of funds for law enforcement and emergencies.
15.
Appropriations for purchase of equipment; waterproof footwear.
16.
Central warehouses at parks and monuments; maintenance; purchase of supplies and materials; distribution.
17.
Personal equipment and supplies for employees; purchase by Secretary of the Interior; deductions from moneys due employees.
17a.
Repealed.
17b.
Services or other accommodations for public; contracts; rates.
17b–1.
Repealed.
17c.
Procurement of supplies, materials, and special services to aid permittees and licensees in emergencies; authority of Secretary of the Interior.
17d.
Omitted.
17e.
Care and removal of indigents; disposition of dead persons.
17f.
Property of employee lost, damaged, or destroyed while in use on official business; reimbursement of employee.
17g.
Equipment required by field employees; by whom furnished and maintained.
17h.
Hire, rental, and purchase of property of employees; when authorized.
17i.
Hire of work animals, vehicles and equipment with or without personal services; rates.
17j.
Traveling expenses of National Park System employees and dependents of deceased employees.
17j–1.
Omitted.
17j–2.
Authorization of appropriations for road maintenance and repair; administrative expenses; lectures, investigations, telephone service, etc.
17k.
Park, parkway and recreational-area programs; study by National Park Service; consent of States; purpose; cooperation of government agencies.
17l.
Coordination; planning by States with aid of National Park Service.
17m.
Consent of Congress to agreements between States; when agreements effective.
17n.
“State” defined.
18.
Promotion of tourist travel.
18a.
Cooperation with travel agencies; publication of information.
18b.
Advisory committee for promotion of tourist travel; expenses.
18c.
Rules and regulations; employees.
18d.
Authorization of appropriations.
18e.
Repealed.
18f.
Management of museum properties.
18f–1.
Disposal of unnecessary or duplicate museum objects; use of proceeds.

        

SUBCHAPTER II—VOLUNTEERS IN PARKS PROGRAM

18g.
Creation of program.
18h.
Incidental expenses.
18i.
Federal employee status for volunteers.
18j.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER III—NATIONAL PARK FOUNDATION

19 to 19d.
Repealed.
19e.
Congressional statement of purpose; establishment of Foundation.
19f.
Board: membership, term of office, vacancies, Chairman, Secretary, non-Federal office, quorum, seal, meetings, compensation, traveling and subsistence expenses; Foundation as successor to right, title, and interest of National Park Trust Fund Board in property or funds; abolition and repeal of National Park Trust Fund and Board provisions.
19g.
Gifts, devises, or bequests; restriction; real property interests; property with encumbrances, restrictions, or subject to beneficial interests of private persons.
19h.
Property and income dealings and transactions; prohibition of engagement in business; trust company type of investments; utilization of services and facilities of Federal agencies without reimbursement; transfer instrument requirements and investments.
19i.
Corporate succession; powers and duties of trustee; suits; personal liability for malfeasance.
19j.
Authority for execution of contracts, instruments, and necessary or appropriate acts.
19k.
Bylaws, rules, and regulations; contracts for services.
19l.
Tax exemptions; contributions toward costs of local government; contributions, gifts, or transfers to or for use of United States.
19m.
Liability of United States.
19n.
Annual reports to Congress.

        

SUBCHAPTER III–A—NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM VISITOR FACILITY

19aa to 19gg. Omitted.

        

SUBCHAPTER III–B—PARK SYSTEM RESOURCE PROTECTION

19jj.
Definitions.
19jj–1.
Liability.
19jj–2.
Actions.
19jj–3.
Use of recovered amounts.
19jj–4.
Donations.

        

SUBCHAPTER IV—CONCESSIONS FOR ACCOMMODATIONS, FACILITIES, AND SERVICES IN AREAS ADMINISTERED BY NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

20.
Congressional findings and statement of purpose.
20a.
Authority of Secretary of the Interior to encourage concessioners.
20b.
Protection of concessioner's investment.
20c.
New or additional services; preferential rights; operations by a single concessioner.
20d.
Renewal preference for satisfactory performance; extensions; new contracts; public notice.
20e.
Concessioner's possessory interest in concession property; limitations; compensation for taking; determination of just compensation.
20f.
Use of non-monetary consideration in leases of government property.
20g.
Recordkeeping; audit and examination; access to books and records.

        

SUBCHAPTER V—YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK

21.
Establishment; boundaries; trespassers.
21a.
Revision of boundaries; contiguous national forests; jurisdiction of forests.
21b.
Extension of certain laws to park.
21c.
Section 485 as extending to revised boundaries; lands acquired by exchange.
21d.
Existing claims, locations, and entries as affected by revised boundaries.
22.
Control of park by Secretary of the Interior; removal of trespassers.
23.
Detail of troops for protection of park.
24.
Jurisdiction over park; fugitives from justice.
25.
Repealed.
26.
Regulations for hunting and fishing in park; punishment for violations; forfeitures.
27 to 29.
Repealed.
30.
Jail building; office of magistrate judge.
30a.
Existing laws as affected.
31.
Repealed.
32.
Lease of lands within park.
33.
Mortgages by lessees within the park.
34.
Road extensions.
35.
Private use of electricity from lighting and power plant.
36.
Disposition of surplus elk, buffalo, bear, beaver, and predatory animals.
36a.
Disposition of surplus elk.
37.
Provision of feed and range facilities for game animals.
38.
Exchange for State or private lands authorized.
39.
Reservation of timber, minerals, or easements by owners on exchange.
40.
Additions to park; entry under other acts.
40a.
Educational facilities for dependents of employees; payments to school districts; limitation on amount.
40b.
Cooperative agreements with States or local agencies; expansion; Federal contributions.
40c.
Creation of special fund; expenditure.

        

SUBCHAPTER VI—SEQUOIA AND YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARKS

41.
Sequoia National Park; establishment; boundaries; trespassers.
42.
Repealed.
43.
Sequoia National Park; rules and regulations; leases; fish and game; trespassers.
44, 45.
Transferred.
45a.
Sequoia National Park; revision of boundaries.
45a–1.
Addition of lands authorized.
45a–2.
Exchange of certain lands for lands conveyed to United States.
45a–3.
Repealed.
45b.
Rules and regulations; leases; fish and game.
45c.
Prior claims, locations, and entries; permits for use of natural resources.
45d.
Exclusive privileges within park prohibited.
45e.
Violations of park regulations; penalty.
45f.
Mineral King Valley addition authorized.
46.
Yosemite National Park; lands segregated from and included in Sierra National Forest; rights-of-way over.
47.
Additional lands excluded from Yosemite National Park and added to Sierra National Forest.
47–1.
Administrative site for Yosemite National Park.
47–2.
Leases for employee housing, community facilities, administrative offices, maintenance facilities, and commercial services at or on administrative site.
47–3.
Use of proceeds; administration of leases.
47–4.
Agreements to effectuate leases.
47–5.
Regulations.
47–6.
Conflicts of interest prohibited.
47a.
Addition of certain lands to park authorized.
47b.
Inapplicability of certain laws to lands acquired under section 47a.
47c.
Acquisition of certain lands for preservation and consolidation of timber stands.
47d.
Acquisition of certain lands for protection of park deer.
47e.
Purchase of private lands for park authorized.
47f.
Inapplicability of certain laws to lands acquired under section 47e.
48.
Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Big Tree Grove reserved and made part of Yosemite National Park.
49.
Rights of claimants and owners of lands included; laws and regulations applicable within park.
50.
Repealed.
51.
Yosemite National Park; exchange of privately owned lands in park.
52.
Values of lands and timber to be exchanged; lands added to park.
53.
Cutting and removal of timber.
54.
Sale of matured, dead, or down timber.
55.
Leases of land in park; mortgages by lessees.
56.
Repealed.
57.
Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks; exclusive jurisdiction of United States; jurisdiction remaining in and taxation by California.
58.
Laws applicable; fugitives from justice.
59.
Repealed.
60.
Hunting or fishing prohibited.
61.
Rules and regulations in parks.
62.
Possession of dead bodies of birds or animals.
63.
Transportation of birds, animals, or fish; violations of statute or rules or regulations for management, care, and preservation of parks; damage or spoliation; punishment.
64.
Sale or disposal of timber; destruction of detrimental animal or plant life.
65.
Seizure and forfeiture of guns, traps, teams, horses, etc.
66 to 77.
Repealed.
78.
Detail of troops to Sequoia and Yosemite Parks.
79.
Rights-of-way for public utilities.
79–1.
Yosemite National Park; expansion of reservoir capacity.

        

SUBCHAPTER VII—REDWOOD NATIONAL PARK

79a.
Establishment; statement of purposes.
79b.
Park area.
79c.
Acquisition of land.
79c–1.
Vesting in United States of all right, title, etc., in real property and down tree personal property in additional lands; effective date; authorization of appropriations.
79d.
Acquisition of lands.
79e.
Exchange of property; cash equalization payments; commercial operations, minimum economic dislocation and disruption.
79f.
Transfer of property from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary.
79g.
Contract authorization within prescribed cost limits; installments: duration, interest; provisions for payment of judgments and compromise settlements applicable to judgments against United States.
79h.
Memorial groves named for benefactors.
79i.
Administration.
79j.
Authorization of appropriations.
79k.
Mitigation of adverse economic impacts to local economy resulting from additional lands; analysis of Federal actions necessary or desirable; consultations and considerations by Secretaries concerned; reports to Congress; implementation of programs; funding requirements.
79l.
Employment of personnel for rehabilitation, protection, and improvements of additional lands.
79m.
Annual reporting requirements; contents; comprehensive general management plan; submission date and scope.
79n.
Authorization of appropriations for rehabilitation programs.
79o.
Repealed.
79p.
Community services and employment opportunities of Redwoods United, Inc. to be maintained at present rate of employment.
79q.
Pledge of full faith and credit of United States for payment of compensation for lands, etc., taken.

        

SUBCHAPTER VIII—KINGS CANYON NATIONAL PARK

80.
Establishment; boundaries; preservation of rights of citizens.
80a.
General Grant National Park abolished; lands added to Kings Canyon National Park.
80a–1.
Lands excluded from Kings Canyon National Park and added to Sequoia National Forest.
80a–2.
Lands excluded from Sequoia National Forest and added to Kings Canyon National Park.
80a–3.
Lands excluded from Sierra National Forest and Sequoia National Forest and added to Kings Canyon National Park.
80b.
Administration for public recreational purposes.
80c.
Motor-vehicle licenses for Sequoia National Park as applicable; limitation of privileges within park.
80d.
Administration, protection, and development.
80d–1.
Use of appropriations for road construction.
80e to 80h.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER IX—COLONIAL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

81.
Establishment; statement of purposes.
81a.
Location and boundaries.
81b.
Revision of boundaries.
81c.
Addition of lands.
81d.
Addition of lands.
81e.
Acquisition of property; condemnation proceedings.
81f.
Authorization of appropriation.
81g.
Administration, protection, and development.
81h.
Civil and criminal jurisdiction; legislative authority of State over park.
81i.
Donation of buildings thereafter revenue producing; disposition of proceeds.
81j.
Transfer of lands to Secretary of Navy.
81k.
Exchange of lands.
81l.
Additional exchange of lands.
81m.
Additional exchange of lands.
81n.
Transfer of lands for State Park.
81o.
Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over land.

        

SUBCHAPTER X—NORTH CASCADES NATIONAL PARK

90.
Establishment; statement of purposes; description of area.
90a.
Ross Lake National Recreation Area; establishment; statement of purposes; description of area.
90a–1.
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area; establishment; statement of purposes; description of area.
90b.
Land acquisition; authority of Secretary; manner and place; donation of State lands; transfer to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary; elimination of lands from national forests.
90b–1.
Exchange of property; cash equalization payments.
90b–2.
Owner's retention of right of use and occupancy for agricultural, residential, or commercial purposes for life or term of years; transfer or assignment of right; termination of use and occupancy for a contrary use and upon payment of sum for unexpired right.
90c.
Administration.
90c–1.
Administration of recreation areas.
90d.
Distributive share of counties of receipts for schools and roads unaffected.
90d–1.
Contracts, leases, permits, or licenses for occupation or use of Federal lands in the park or recreation areas; continuation of privileges for original or extended term.
90d–2.
State rights or privileges in property within recreation area used for certain highway unaffected.
90d–3.
Administration of areas designated for public use facilities or for administrative purposes by Secretaries of the Interior and Agriculture; plan for construction of such facilities.
90d–4.
Federal Power Act administrative jurisdiction unaffected.
90d–5.
Authorization of appropriations.
90e.
Pasayten Wilderness, Okanogan and Mount Baker National Forests; designation; abolition of North Cascades Primitive Area classification.
90e–1.
Glacier Peak Wilderness, Wenatchee and Mount Baker National Forests; extension of boundaries.
90e–2.
Map and legal description, filing with Congressional committees; correction of errors; applicability of Wilderness Act.
90e–3.
Area review; report to the President.

        

SUBCHAPTER XI—MOUNT RAINIER NATIONAL PARK

91.
Establishment; boundaries; trespassers.
92.
Control; regulations; grants for buildings; rights-of-way; fish and game; removal of trespassers.
92a.
Rights-of-way for railways, tramways, and cable lines.
93.
Grant of prior lands to Northern Pacific Railroad; lieu lands to settlers.
94.
Location of mining claims.
95.
Jurisdiction by the United States; fugitives from justice.
96, 97.
Repealed.
98.
Protection of game and fish; forfeitures and punishments.
99.
Forfeitures and seizures of guns, traps, teams, etc.
100 to 106.
Repealed.
107.
Boundary changed.
108.
Other laws extended to added lands.
109.
Additional lands.
110.
Laws and regulations applicable to added lands; free use of roads maintained by State.
110a.
Headquarters site; acquisition of lands.
110b.
Administration of headquarters site.
110c.
Boundary adjustments.

        

SUBCHAPTER XII—MESA VERDE NATIONAL PARK

111.
Establishment; boundaries.
111a.
Authorization for acquisition of additional lands.
111b.
Donations or exchanges of lands.
111c.
Revision of boundaries; vested rights; administration.
111d.
Acquisition of lands within boundaries of park.
111e.
Authorization of appropriations.
112.
Control; regulations; prehistoric ruins.
113.
Examinations, excavations, and gathering objects of interest.
114.
Removal, disturbance, destruction, or molestation of ruins.
115.
Leases and permits; prehistoric ruins not included.
115a.
Mineral resources; exploitation.
116.
Repealed.
117.
Exclusive jurisdiction ceded to United States by Colorado; saving provisions; fugitives from justice.
117a, 117b.
Repealed.
117c.
Hunting and fishing; general rules and regulations; protection of property; violation of statutes and rules; penalties.
117d.
Forfeiture of property used for unlawful purpose.
117e to 117j.
Repealed.
118.
Appropriations; availability for operation of Aileen Nusbaum Hospital.

        

SUBCHAPTER XIII—PETRIFIED FOREST NATIONAL PARK

119.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register; administration; exchange and acquisition of lands; remaining funds.
119a.
Boundaries.

        

SUBCHAPTER XIV—CRATER LAKE NATIONAL PARK

121.
Establishment; boundaries.
121a.
Repealed.
122.
Control; regulations.
122a.
Water quality of Crater Lake; studies and investigations; report to Congress.
123.
Settlement, residence, lumbering, or business within park punishable; admission of visitors.
124.
Jurisdiction by the United States; fugitives from justice.
125, 126.
Repealed.
127.
Hunting and fishing; rules and regulations; punishment.
128.
Forfeitures or seizures of guns, traps, teams, etc., for violating regulations.
129 to 135.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER XV—WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK

141.
Establishment; boundaries.
141a.
Revision of boundaries.
141b.
Wind Cave National Game Preserve transferred to park.
141c.
Disposal of surplus buffalo and elk.
142.
Control; regulations.
143, 144.
Repealed.
145.
Exchange of lands.
146.
Offenses within park.

        

SUBCHAPTER XVI—CESSION OF INDIAN LANDS AT SULPHUR, OKLAHOMA

151.
Acquisition; payment.
152.
Additional land withdrawn; payment; management and control; regulations; sale of improvements; penalties; town lots.
153.
Existing laws unaffected by admission of Oklahoma; rights and jurisdiction of United States; indemnity school lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER XVII—BIG BEND NATIONAL PARK

156.
Establishment; boundaries.
157.
Acquisition of lands.
157a.
Additional lands; aggregate cost.
157b.
Additional lands within park boundaries.
157c.
Boundary revision; acquisition of lands and interests; authorization of appropriations.
157d.
Additional boundary revision; acquisition of lands and interests.
158.
Administration, protection, and development.
158a to 158d.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER XVIII—SARATOGA NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

159.
Establishment; boundaries.
159a.
Acceptance of donations.
159b.
Administration, protection, and development.
159c.
Completion of establishment.
159d.
Acceptance of General Philip Schuyler Mansion property.
159e.
Revision of boundary; additional acreage; authorization of appropriations.
159f.
Enactment of revision.
159g.
Acquisition of lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER XIX—VOYAGEURS NATIONAL PARK

160.
Congressional declaration of purpose.
160a.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register; donation of lands; acquisition by purchase of other lands.
160a–1.
Boundaries.
160b.
Acquisition of lands; lands outside of boundaries; transfer of Federal property within boundaries to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary; consideration by Secretary of offers to sell property within park area.
160c.
Acquisition of improved property.
160d.
Concession contracts with former owners of commercial, recreational, resort, or similar properties within park boundaries.
160e.
Payment of value differential by Secretary to owner of commercial timberlands exchanging lands for State lands outside of park; determination of value; prerequisites.
160f.
Administration.
160g.
Designation by Secretary of recreational fishing zones; consultation with appropriate State agency; continuation of seining of fish to secure eggs for propagation.
160h.
Programs for development of area for recreational sports activities.
160i.
Applicability to treaties, orders, or agreements.
160j.
Roads accessible to public facilities.
160k.
Funding and other requirements.

        

SUBCHAPTER XX—GLACIER NATIONAL PARK

161.
Establishment; boundaries; trespassers; claims and rights under land laws not affected; reclamation projects; indemnity selections of lands.
161a.
Part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park.
161b.
Designation for purposes of administration, promotion, development, and support.
161c.
Addition of land; establishment of fish hatchery.
161d.
Elimination of fish hatchery; transfer of administration of hatchery to Fish and Wildlife Service.
161e.
Additional lands, buildings, or other real and personal property.
162.
Control; regulations; leases; sale and removal of timber.
162a.
Summer homes and cottages.
163.
Jurisdiction by the United States; fugitives from justice.
164.
Eliminating private holdings of lands; timber or public lands of equal value in exchange.
165.
Value of lands sought to be exchanged.
166.
Exchange of timber for private holdings; valuations.
167.
Removal of timber.
167a.
Exchange of lands and other property.
168, 169.
Repealed.
170.
Hunting and fishing; regulations; punishment.
171.
Forfeitures and seizures of guns, traps, teams, etc.
172 to 177.
Repealed.
178.
Hotel regulations.
179.
Donations of buildings and other property.
180.
Repealed.
181.
Blackfeet Highway and connections; concurrent police jurisdiction.
181a.
Administrative control of Blackfeet Highway and connections; jurisdiction of Secretary of the Interior.
181b.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXI—ROCKY MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK

191.
Establishment; boundaries; reclamation project.
192.
Boundaries enlarged.
192a.
Boundaries revised; excluded lands transferred.
192b.
Addition of lands.
192b–1.
Exchange of lands.
192b–2.
Addition of lands.
192b–3.
Acquisition of lands.
192b–4.
Acquisition of property to connect certain roads and to develop residential, utility, and administrative units.
192b–5.
Inclusion of acquired lands; rules and regulations.
192b–6.
Exchange of lands.
192b–7.
Revision of boundaries.
192b–8.
Description of parcels of land.
192b–9.
Rocky Mountain National Park, Roosevelt National Forest, and the Arapaho National Forest.
192b–10.
Boundary adjustment for Rocky Mountain National Park and Roosevelt National Forest.
192c.
Vested rights.
193.
Claims and rights under land laws not affected; rights-of-way for irrigation and other purposes.
194.
Lands held in private, municipal, or State ownership not affected.
195.
Control; regulations; leases; sale and removal of timber.
196.
Use for Arbuckle Reservoir.
197.
Applicability of other laws.
198.
Exclusive jurisdiction; assumption by United States; saving provisions.
198a, 198b.
Repealed.
198c.
Prohibited acts; rules and regulations; penalties for offenses.
198d.
Forfeiture of property used in commission of offenses.
198e to 198j.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXII—LASSEN VOLCANIC NATIONAL PARK

201.
Establishment; boundaries; trespassers; entries under land laws; indemnity lands.
201a.
Revision of boundaries.
201b.
Sections applicable to lands within revised boundaries.
202.
Control; rules and regulations; fish and game; leases; automobiles; stock grazing.
202a.
Summer homes and cottages.
203.
Sale and removal of timber; charges for leases and privileges.
204.
Exclusive jurisdiction ceded to United States by California.
204a, 204b.
Repealed.
204c.
Hunting and fishing; general rules and regulations; protection of property; violation of statutes and rules; penalties.
204d.
Forfeiture of property used for unlawful purposes.
204e to 204j.
Repealed.
204k.
Addition of lands.
204l.
Application of Federal Power Act.
204m.
Vested rights.
205.
Additional lands for administrative headquarters site.
205a.
Sections made applicable to additional lands.
206.
Exchange of lands within exterior boundaries; removal of timber.
207.
Exchange of certain lands; adjustment of boundary.
207a.
Application of Federal Power Act to lands acquired under section 207.
207b.
Exchange of lands with California; adjustment of boundary.
207c.
Additional lands from Lassen National Forest; authorization for road.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXIII—ABRAHAM LINCOLN BIRTHPLACE NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE

211.
Acceptance of title; terms and conditions; admission fees.
212.
Endowment fund; protection and preservation.
213.
Execution of instruments necessary to carry out purposes of gift.
214.
Rules and regulations.
215.
Improvements and preservation of lands and buildings.
216.
Authorization of appropriation.
217.
Change in name of Abraham Lincoln National Park.
217a.
Change in name of Abraham Lincoln National Historical Park.
218.
Addition of land.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXIV—GRAND CANYON NATIONAL PARK

221.
Establishment; boundaries.
221a.
Boundary changed.
221b.
Various laws made applicable to added lands.
221c.
Exchange of lands.
221d.
Relinquishment of interest in road.
221e.
Additional lands.
222.
Administration, concessions, and privileges; contracts for sale of water.
223.
Repealed.
224.
Entries under land laws; toll road.
225.
Laws applicable; easements and rights-of-ways.
226.
Omitted.
227.
Utilization of areas for Government reclamation projects.
228.
Buildings on privately owned lands.
228a.
Enlargement of boundaries; statement of purpose.
228b.
Composition of park.
228c.
Acquisition of lands within enlarged boundaries by donation, purchase, or exchange; transfer of jurisdiction over Federal lands.
228d.
Acquisition of State of Arizona or local lands by donation or exchange; approval for transfer to United States of Indian trust lands.
228e.
Cooperative agreements for protection and unified interpretation of enlarged park; scope of agreements.
228f.
Preservation and renewal of existing grazing rights within enlarged boundaries; term of renewal.
228g.
Aircraft or helicopter regulation within enlarged boundaries; procedure for promulgation of administrative rules and regulations.
228h.
Construction with existing Colorado River system reclamation provisions.
228i.
Havasupai Indian Reservation.
228i–1.
Report to President.
228j.
Authorization of appropriations; availability of sums.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXV—JEAN LAFITTE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

Part A—Generally

230.
Establishment; description of area.
230a.
Acquisition of property.
230b.
Owner's retention of right of use and occupancy for residential purposes for life or fixed term of years; election of term; fair market value; transfer, assignment or termination; “improved property” defined.
230c.
Cooperative agreements; specific provisions.
230d.
Hunting, fishing, and trapping; public safety; consultation.
230e.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register; administration.
230f.
Delta Region Preservation Commission.
230g.
Authorization of appropriations; general management plan; submission to Congressional committees.
230h.
Change in name of Chalmette National Historical Park.
230i.
Report to Congressional committees.

        

Part B—Chalmette Unit

231.
Establishment; description of area.
231a.
Additional lands.
231b.
Acceptance of donations.
231c.
Administration, protection, and development.
231d.
Repeal of inconsistent laws.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXVI—THEODORE ROOSEVELT NATIONAL PARK

241.
Establishment; boundaries; maintenance of roads.
241a.
Extension of boundaries.
241b.
Exchange of lands.
241c.
Additional extension of lands.
241d.
Exclusion of lands.
241e.
Authority to make further adjustments.
241f.
Extension of exchange authority.
241g.
Change in name of Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park.
242.
Condemnation of land; acceptance of donations.
243.
Exchange of lands.
244.
Construction of log buildings; limitation on cost.
245.
Administration, protection, and development.
246.
Repealed.
247.
Homestead, mineral, and other rights unaffected.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXVII—OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK

251.
Establishment; boundaries.
251a.
Additional lands.
251b.
Exchange of lands.
251c.
Administration of acquired lands.
251d.
Applicability to privately owned lands.
251e.
Boundary revision.
251f.
Consultation by Secretary with Governor, local officials, and affected landowners; notice to Congressional committees; publication in Federal Register.
251g.
Land acquisition; study and investigation of use of private lands; transmittal to President and Congress; transfer of lands to Secretary of Agriculture; excluded property within Indian reservation; continuation of concession contracts; termination of concession contracts and purchase of possessory interest; Indian hunting and fishing rights.
251h.
Property retention rights; compensation at fair market value; “improved property” defined.
251i.
Land acquisition of privately owned land; report to Congress; condemnation proceedings; compensation.
251j.
Property retention rights of landowners; use and occupancy improvements; plan to be submitted to Secretary; approval evidenced by issuance of permit and certificate; limitation on acquisition power of Secretary.
251k.
Economic dislocation in land acquisition; exchange of lands; transfers of land within a national forest; concurrence of Secretary of Agriculture.
251l.
Retrocession of lands to State; Quileute Indian Reservation jurisdiction; concurrent legislative jurisdiction with State.
251m.
Authorization of appropriations.
251n.
Additional boundary revision.
252.
Disposal of mineral rights.
253.
Apportionment of income among counties.
254.
Administration, protection, and development.
255.
Effect on existing homestead, mineral, etc., entries; revision of boundaries.
256.
Acceptance of land ceded by State of Washington; assumption of jurisdiction.
256a.
Repealed.
256b.
Hunting and fishing; general rules and regulations; protection of property; violation of statutes or rules; penalties.
256c.
Forfeiture of property used in hunting, fishing, etc.
256d to 256h.
Repealed.
256i.
Notice to Governor of Washington; application of laws to subsequently accepted lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXVIII—CUMBERLAND GAP NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

261.
Establishment; description of area.
262.
Total area; consent of Congress to acquisition of lands and property and transfer thereof to United States.
263.
Acceptance of donations.
264.
Administration, protection, and development.
265.
Addition of lands.
266.
Authorization of appropriations for acquisition of additional lands.
267.
Authority of Secretary to acquire additional lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXIX—CANYONLANDS NATIONAL PARK

271.
Establishment; description of area.
271a.
Acquisition of lands; authority of Secretary; exchange of property; cash equalization payments; transfer from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary; lands subject to reclamation and power withdrawals.
271b.
Grazing privileges; right of occupancy or use for fixed term of years; renewal.
271c.
Access roads.
271d.
Administration, protection, and development.
271e.
Report to President.
271f.
Omitted.
271g.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXX—ARCHES NATIONAL PARK

272.
Establishment.
272a.
Acquisition of property for park; authority of Secretary; State property.
272b.
Grazing privileges within park; right of occupancy or use for fixed term of years; renewal.
272c.
Livestock trails, watering rights; driveway designation and regulation.
272d.
Administration, protection, and development; report to President.
272e.
Omitted.
272f.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXI—CAPITOL REEF NATIONAL PARK

273.
Establishment.
273a.
Acquisition of property; authority of Secretary; State property.
273b.
Grazing privileges; right of occupancy or use for fixed term of years; renewal.
273c.
Livestock trails, watering rights; driveway regulations.
273d.
Administration, protection, and development.
273e.
Omitted.
273f.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXII—NEZ PERCE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

281.
Purpose.
281a.
Designation.
281b.
Acquisition of lands; restrictions; tribal-owned lands.
281c.
Inclusion of lands.
281d.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register; administration.
281e.
Contracts and cooperative agreements with State of Idaho, and others.
281f.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXIII—SAN JUAN ISLAND NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

282.
Acquisition of property; purpose; authority of Secretary; manner and place; donation of State lands.
282a.
Designation; administration, protection, and development.
282b.
Cooperative agreements with State of Washington and others; erection and maintenance of tablets or markers.
282c.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXIV—GUADALUPE MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK

283.
Establishment; purposes; boundaries.
283a.
Acquisition of lands.
283b.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register; property rights.
283c.
Administration.
283d.
Availability of funds.
283e.
Authorization of appropriations; expenditure for improvements limitation.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXV—WOLF TRAP FARM PARK

284.
Establishment; statement of purposes; description; acquisition of property; acreage limitation.
284a.
Administration.
284b.
Authorization of appropriations.
284c.
Financial assistance for reconstruction of Center.
284d.
Cooperative agreement with Foundation for presentation of programs.
284e.
Vested property of United States; status of Foundation.
284f.
Reports to Congressional committees respecting reconstruction of Center.
284g.
Cooperation of government agencies.
284h.
General management plan; preparation and revision; submittal to Congressional committees.
284i.
Authorization of additional appropriations.
284j.
Definitions.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXVI—GEORGE ROGERS CLARK NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

291.
Establishment; acceptance of land.
291a.
Cooperative agreements with property owners of non-Federal property.
291b.
Administration, protection, development, and maintenance.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXVII—ACADIA NATIONAL PARK

341.
Establishment; description of area.
342.
Administration, protection, and promotion.
342a.
Extension of boundary limits.
342b.
Lafayette National Park name changed to Acadia National Park; land unaffected by Federal Power Act.
343.
Acceptance of property on Mount Desert Island.
343a.
Naval radio station, Seawall, Maine, as addition to park.
343b.
Addition of lands.
343c.
Exchange of lands; Jackson Memorial Laboratory.
343c–1.
Exchange of lands; Mount Desert Island Regional School District.
343c–2.
Addition of lands; Jackson Laboratory.
343c–3.
Conveyance of land; Jackson Laboratory.
343c–4.
Exchange of lands; Rich property.
343d.
Exclusion of lands; disposal as surplus property.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXVIII—ZION NATIONAL PARK

344.
Establishment; maintenance.
345.
Administration, protection, and promotion.
346.
Exchange of lands.
346a.
Extension of boundaries.
346a–1.
Addition of lands.
346a–2.
Acquisition of lands; administration.
346a–3.
Exchange of lands; construction of interchange.
346a–4.
Boundary revision
346b.
Consolidation of Zion National Park and Zion National Monument.
346c.
Administration.
346d.
Use of funds.

        

SUBCHAPTER XXXIX—DENALI NATIONAL PARK

347.
Establishment; boundaries.
348.
Entries under land laws not affected.
349.
Rights-of-way.
350, 350a.
Repealed.
351.
Control; rules and regulations.
352.
Game refuge; killing game.
353.
Leases.
353a.
Repealed.
354.
Offenses; punishment.
355.
Change of boundaries.
355a.
Laws applicable to added lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER XL—HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK

361.
Establishment; supply of water; free baths for indigent; dedication to United States.
361a.
Additions to park.
361b.
Additions to park.
361c.
Additions to park.
361c–1.
Omitted.
361d.
Additions to park.
361e.
Acceptance of donations.
361f.
Exchange of lands.
361g.
Modification of park boundary.
362.
Leases of bathhouses and sites; supply of water.
363.
Rules and regulations.
364.
Investigation of applicant for lease or contract.
365.
Taxation, under State laws.
366.
Collection of water on reservation.
367.
Sale of lots.
368.
Operation of bathhouse in connection with hotel.
369.
Charges assessable against bath attendants and masseurs and physicians prescribing use of hot waters.
370.
Omitted.
370a.
Retention of Arlington Hotel site for park and landscape purposes.
371.
Use of free bathhouses limited.
372.
Laws operative within judicial district of Arkansas.
372a.
Acceptance of jurisdiction over part of park; application of laws.
373.
Injuries to property.
374.
Taking or use of or bathing in water in violation of rules and regulations.
375 to 383.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLI—HAWAII NATIONAL PARK

391.
Establishment; boundaries.
391a.
Boundary on island of Maui changed.
391b.
Extension of boundaries.
391b–1.
Laws applicable to added lands.
391c.
Withdrawal of lands for use as bombing target range.
391d.
Change in name of part of Hawaii National Park.
392.
Acquisition of privately owned lands.
392a.
Provisions of section 392 extended to additional lands.
392b.
Conveyance of added lands to United States by Governor.
392c.
Addition to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
393.
Entries under land laws; rights-of-way; lands excluded.
394.
Control; rules and regulations; leases; appropriations.
395.
Exclusive jurisdiction in United States; exceptions; laws applicable; fugitives from justice.
395a, 395b.
Repealed.
395c.
Hunting and fishing; general rules and regulations; protection of property; violation of statutes and rules; penalties.
395d.
Forfeiture of property used for unlawful purposes.
395e to 395j.
Repealed.
396.
Additional lands; acceptance of title.
396a.
Lease of lands to native Hawaiians, residence requirements; fishing.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLII—HALEAKALA NATIONAL PARK

396b.
Establishment; boundaries; administration.
396c.
Land acquisition; authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLII–A—KALOKO-HONOKOHAU NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

396d.
Establishment.
396e.
Exchange of lands.
396f.
Acquisition of private lands; creation of surplus property accounts; transfer and sale of accounts.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLIII—PUUHONUA o HONAUNAU NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

397.
Establishment; boundaries.
397a.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register.
397b.
Procurement of lands.
397c.
Acquisition of lands by Governor of the Territory of Hawaii.
397d.
Administration.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLIV—VIRGIN ISLANDS NATIONAL PARK

398.
Establishment; administration.
398a.
Conditions and limitations.
398b.
Repealed.
398c.
Addition of lands.
398d.
Acquisition of lands, waters, and interests therein.
398e.
Bathing and fishing rights protected.
398f.
Authorization of appropriations for acquisitions, grants, etc.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLV—BRYCE CANYON NATIONAL PARK

401.
Establishment; boundaries; administration.
402.
Existing claims, locations, or entries not affected; exchange of lands.
402a.
Utah National Park; change of name to Bryce Canyon National Park.
402b.
Additions to park.
402c.
Further additions to park.
402d.
Extension of boundaries; laws applicable.
402e.
Application of Federal Power Act.
402f.
Further additions to park.
402g.
Elimination of lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLVI—SHENANDOAH NATIONAL PARK AND GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK

403.
Establishment; boundaries.
403–1.
Addition of lands to Shenandoah National Park.
403–2.
Exchange of lands within Shenandoah National Park.
403–3.
Addition of lands to Shenandoah National Park; administration.
403a.
Acceptance of title to lands.
403b.
Administration, protection, and development; Federal Power Act inapplicable; minimum area.
403c.
Use of existing commission.
403c–1.
Respective jurisdiction of Virginia and United States over lands in Shenandoah Park.
403c–2.
Repealed.
403c–3.
Criminal offenses concerning hunting, fishing, and property.
403c–4.
Forfeiture of property used in commission of offenses.
403c–5 to 403c–11. Repealed.
403d.
Lease of lands within Shenandoah National Park and Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
403e.
Acceptance of title to lands; reservations; leases; rights-of-way and easements.
403f.
Great Smoky Mountains National Park; extension of boundaries.
403g.
Establishment; minimum area.
403g–1.
Exchange of lands.
403h.
Inclusion of acquired lands.
403h–1.
Acceptance of jurisdiction by United States; saving provisions.
403h–2.
Repealed.
403h–3.
Hunting, fishing, etc.; rules and regulations; protection of property; penalties for violating laws and rules.
403h–4.
Forfeiture of property used in commission of offenses.
403h–5 to 403h–9. Repealed.
403h–10.
Notice to Governors of North Carolina and Tennessee; application of sections 403h–3 and 403h–4 to subsequent lands accepted.
403h–11.
Further additions for construction of scenic parkway.
403h–12.
Entrance road to Cataloochee section.
403h–13.
Authorization of appropriations.
403h–14.
Authorization to transfer additional lands for scenic parkway.
403h–15.
Conveyances to Tennessee of lands within Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
403h–16.
Reconveyance of rights-of-way and lands for control of landslides along Gatlinburg Spur of the Foothills Parkway; conditions.
403h–17.
Elimination of lands from Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Gatlinburg Spur of the Foothills Parkway.
403i.
Secretary of the Interior authorized to purchase necessary lands.
403j.
Authorization of appropriation.
403k.
Boundary between Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Cherokee-Pisgah-Nantahala National Forests.
403k–1.
Laws applicable.
403k–2.
Addition of lands to Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
403k–3.
Palmer's Chapel in Cataloochee Valley of Great Smoky Mountains National Park; protection and continued use; communication of Chapel history to visitors.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLVII—MAMMOTH CAVE NATIONAL PARK

404.
Establishment; boundaries.
404a.
Acceptance of title to lands.
404b.
Administration, protection, and development; Federal Power Act inapplicable; minimum area.
404b–1.
Exclusion of Great Onyx and Crystal Caves.
404b–2.
Eventual acquisition of Great Onyx and Crystal Caves; cooperation with State of Kentucky.
404c.
Omitted.
404c–1.
Acceptance of cession by United States; jurisdiction.
404c–2.
Fugitives from justice.
404c–3.
Criminal offenses concerning hunting, fishing, and property; prima facie evidence; rules and regulations.
404c–4.
Forfeiture of property used in commission of offenses.
404c–5 to 404c–9. Repealed.
404c–10.
Notice of assumption of police jurisdiction by United States; acceptance by Secretary of further cessions.
404c–11.
Secretary of the Interior authorized to acquire additional lands; appropriation; approval of title.
404c–12.
Entrance roads.
404d.
Acceptance of title to lands; reservations; leases; rights-of-way and easements.
404e.
Donations of money; acquisition of title to lands.
404f.
Acquisition of additional lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLVIII—COOS COUNTY, OREGON

405.
Reservation for park and camp sites.
405a.
Rules and regulations; fees.

        

SUBCHAPTER XLIX—GRAND TETON NATIONAL PARK

406 to 406d.
Repealed.
406d–1.
Establishment; boundaries; administration.
406d–2.
Rights-of-way; continuation of leases, permits, and licenses; renewal; grazing privileges.
406d–3.
Compensation for tax losses; limitation on annual amount.
406d–4.
Acceptance of other lands by Secretary of the Interior.
406d–5.
Use for reclamation purposes of certain lands within exterior boundary.

        

SUBCHAPTER L—CARLSBAD CAVERNS NATIONAL PARK

407.
Establishment; description of area.
407a.
Administration, protection, and development.
407b.
Applicability of Federal Power Act.
407c.
Repealed.
407d.
Admission and guide fees exempt from tax.
407e.
Boundaries.
407f.
Exchange of lands.
407g.
State right-of-way for park-type road; reconveyance of interest upon completion of road.
407h.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LI—INDEPENDENCE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

407m.
Establishment; acquisition of land; property involved.
407m–1.
Acquisition of additional lands and buildings.
407m–2.
Acquisition of property adjacent to Old Saint Joseph's Church.
407m–3.
Acquisition of site of Graff House.
407m–4.
Erection of replica of Graff House; maintenance.
407m–5.
Inclusion of additional lands and building; administration.
407m–6.
Authorization of appropriations.
407m–7.
Exchange of property.
407n.
Cooperative agreements between Secretary of the Interior and City of Philadelphia; contents.
407o.
Construction of buildings; acceptance of donations.
407p.
Establishment of advisory commission; composition, appointment, and duties.
407q.
Administration, protection, and development.
407r.
Authorization of appropriations.
407s.
Administration and operation of properties; use of funds; contracts.

        

SUBCHAPTER LI–A—NATIONAL CONSTITUTION CENTER

407aa.
Findings and purposes.
407bb.
Establishment.
407cc.
Acquisition of site for and operation of Center.
407dd.
Directives to Secretary.
407ee.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LII—ISLE ROYALE NATIONAL PARK

408.
Establishment; acquisition of land.
408a.
Acceptance of title to lands.
408b.
Administration, protection, and development.
408c.
Acceptance of title to lands; reservations; leases; rights-of-way and easements.
408d.
Addition of lands purchased within boundaries for conservation or forestation purposes.
408e.
Addition of lands; Passage Island.
408f.
Former Siskiwit Islands Bird Reservation.
408g.
Submerged lands surrounding islands.
408h.
Federally owned lands within park boundaries.
408i.
Acceptance of territory ceded by Michigan; jurisdiction.
408j.
Repealed.
408k.
Hunting and fishing; general rules and regulations; protection of property; violation of statutes or rules; penalties.
408l.
Forfeiture of property used in hunting, fishing, etc.
408m to 408q. Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIII—MORRISTOWN NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

409.
Establishment; acquisition of land.
409a.
Acceptance of title to lands.
409b.
George Washington headquarters; maintenance.
409c.
Board of advisers.
409d.
Employees of Washington Association of New Jersey.
409e.
Administration, protection, and development.
409f.
Jurisdiction of New Jersey in civil, criminal and legislative matters retained; citizenship unaffected.
409g.
Additional lands.
409h.
Administration of additional lands.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIV—EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK

410.
Establishment; acquisition of land.
410a.
Acceptance of title to lands.
410b.
Administration, protection, and development.
410c.
Preservation of primitive condition.
410d.
Acceptance and protection of property pending establishment of park; publication of establishment order.
410e.
Acquisition of additional lands; reservation of oil, gas, and mineral rights; reservation of royalty rights.
410f.
Limitation of Federal action during reservation period.
410g.
Rules and regulations governing reservation rights.
410h.
Ascertainment of owners’ election regarding reservation rights.
410i.
Exterior boundaries; administration.
410j.
Acquisition of land, water, and interests therein; consent of owner; reservations.
410k.
Limitation of Federal action during reservation period.
410l.
Rules and regulations governing reservation rights.
410m.
Ascertainment of owners’ election regarding reservation rights.
410n.
Drainage of lands; right-of-way.
410o.
Exchange of land, water, and interests therein.
410p.
Authorization of appropriations.
410q.
Exchange of lands.
410r.
Lands acquired as part of park; rules and regulations.
410r–1.
Acceptance of additional lands.
410r–2.
Lands acquired as part of park; rules and regulations.
410r–3.
Acceptance of additional lands; lands acquired as part of park; reimbursement of revolving fund.
410r–4.
Authorization of appropriations for reimbursement of revolving fund.
410r–5.
Findings, purposes, and definitions.
410r–6.
Boundary modification.
410r–7.
Administration.
410r–8.
Modification of certain water projects.

        

SUBCHAPTER LV—MINUTE MAN NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410s.
Establishment.
410t.
Acquisition and transfer of lands; private owner's retention of right of use and occupancy.
410u.
Preservation of historic sites.
410v.
Appointment and composition of advisory commission.
410w.
Administration, protection, and development.
410x.
Authorization of appropriations.
410x–1.
Residential occupancy.
410x–2.
“Residential property” defined.

        

SUBCHAPTER LVI—CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410y.
Definitions.
410y–1.
Purposes; establishment; boundaries; acquisition of lands; procedure for acquisition; time of acquisition.
410y–1a.
Boundary revision.
410y–2.
Consideration by Secretary of comprehensive local or State development, land use, or recreational plans.
410y–3.
Access.
410y–4.
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Commission.
410y–5.
Administration.
410y–6.
Availability of funds; authorization of appropriations; adjustment of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LVII—BOSTON NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410z.
Establishment.
410z–1.
Acquisition of additional sites.
410z–2.
Boston National Historical Park Advisory Commission.
410z–3.
Visitor center.
410z–4.
Administration.
410z–5.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LVIII—VALLEY FORGE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410aa.
Establishment.
410aa–1.
Lands and property.
410aa–2.
Notice in Federal Register; appropriations; administration.
410aa–3.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX—KLONDIKE GOLD RUSH NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410bb.
Establishment.
410bb–1.
Administration.
410bb–2.
Cooperation with Canada for planning and development of international park.
410bb–3.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–A—LOWELL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

Part A—Establishment of Park and Preservation District

410cc.
Congressional statement of findings and purpose.
410cc–1.
Definitions.
410cc–11.
Establishment of Lowell National Historical Park.
410cc–12.
Consultations, cooperation, and conduct of activities by Federal entities; issuance of licenses or permits by Federal entities.
410cc–13.
Authorization of appropriations.
410cc–14.
Funding limitations.

        

Part B—Powers and Duties of Secretary

410cc–21.
Park management plan.
410cc–22.
Acquisition of property.
410cc–23.
Agreements and technical assistance.
410cc–24.
Withholding of funds; criteria.
410cc–25.
Administrative functions.

        

Part C—Powers and Duties of Preservation Commission

410cc–31.
Lowell Historic Preservation Commission.
410cc–32.
Park preservation plan and index.
410cc–33.
Financial and technical assistance.
410cc–34.
Acquisition and disposition of property.
410cc–35.
Powers of Commission.
410cc–36.
Staff of Commission.
410cc–37.
Use of funds; maintenance of financial records; audits.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–B—WAR IN THE PACIFIC NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410dd.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–C—SAN ANTONIO MISSIONS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410ee.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–D—CHANNEL ISLANDS NATIONAL PARK

410ff.
Establishment.
410ff–1.
Acquisition of property.
410ff–2.
Natural resources study reports to Congress; cooperative agreements for enforcement of laws and regulations on State-owned land.
410ff–3.
Administration.
410ff–4.
Federal or federally assisted undertakings with respect to lands and waters within, adjacent to, or related to park.
410ff–5.
Designation of wilderness areas.
410ff–6.
Entrance or admission fees prohibited.
410ff–7.
Expenditure of Federal funds for research, resources management, and visitor protection and use on private property; transfer of funds; authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–E—BISCAYNE NATIONAL PARK

410gg.
Establishment; description of boundary; minor boundary revisions; publication in Federal Register.
410gg–1.
Acquisition of property.
410gg–2.
Administration; fishing; abolition of Biscayne National Monument; monument incorporated within and made part of park; monument funds and appropriations available for park.
410gg–3.
Report as to suitability for designation as wilderness area; compliance with procedure for such designation.
410gg–4.
Revised comprehensive general management plan; submission to Congressional committees.
410gg–5.
Authorization of appropriations; entrance or admission fees prohibition.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–F—ALASKAN NATIONAL PARKS

410hh.
Establishment of new areas.
410hh–1.
Additions to existing areas.
410hh–2.
Administration; hunting and subsistence uses; admission fees.
410hh–3.
Native selections.
410hh–4.
Commercial fishing.
410hh–5.
Withdrawal of lands from mining and mineral leasing.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–G—CHACO CULTURE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410ii.
Findings and purpose.
410ii–1.
Establishment.
410ii–2.
Chaco Culture Archeological Protection Sites; additions and deletions.
410ii–3.
Acquisition of properties.
410ii–4.
Cooperative agreements for the protection, preservation, and maintenance of archeological resources.
410ii–5.
Administration.
410ii–6.
Research and data gathering.
410ii–7.
Authorization of appropriation.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–H—KALAUPAPA NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410jj.
Establishment.
410jj–1.
Purposes.
410jj–2.
Boundaries; revisions of boundary; publication in Federal Register.
410jj–3.
Acquisition of lands and interests.
410jj–4.
Administration.
410jj–5.
Special needs of leprosy patients residing in Kalaupapa settlement; specific provisions.
410jj–6.
Additional needs of leprosy patients and Native Hawaiians for employment and training; specific provisions.
410jj–7.
Advisory Commission.
410jj–8.
Reevaluation of management, etc., policies.
410jj–9.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–I—LYNDON B. JOHNSON NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410kk.
Establishment.
410kk–1.
Administration.
410kk–2.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–J—WOMEN'S RIGHTS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410ll.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–K—GREAT BASIN NATIONAL PARK

410mm.
Establishment.
410mm–1.
Administration.
410mm–2.
Acquisition of land.
410mm–3.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–L—SAN FRANCISCO MARITIME NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410nn.
Establishment.
410nn–1.
Administration.
410nn–2.
Acquisition of property.
410nn–3.
Advisory Commission.
410nn–4.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–M—NATCHEZ NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410oo.
Purposes.
410oo–1.
Establishment.
410oo–2.
Acquisition of property.
410oo–3.
Administration.
410oo–4.
Natchez Trace study.
410oo–5.
Advisory Commission.
410oo–6.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–N—ZUNI-CIBOLA NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410pp.
Establishment.
410pp–1.
Acquisition of leasehold.
410pp–2.
Management.
410pp–3.
Federal consistency.
410pp–4.
Zuni-Cibola Advisory Commission.
410pp–5.
Park plan.
410pp–6.
Cultural and religious uses.
410pp–7.
Definitions.
410pp–8.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–O—NATIONAL PARK OF AMERICAN SAMOA

410qq.
Findings and purpose.
410qq–1.
Establishment.
410qq–2.
Administration.
410qq–3.
“Native American Samoan” defined.
410qq–4.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–P—PECOS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410rr.
Purpose.
410rr–1.
Establishment.
410rr–2.
Acquisition of lands, waters, and interests in lands and waters.
410rr–3.
Administration.
410rr–4.
Management plan.
410rr–5.
Study of possible inclusion of additional sites and ruins.
410rr–6.
Authorization of appropriations.
410rr–7.
Glorieta Unit of Pecos National Historical Park.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–Q—TUMACACORI NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410ss.
Establishment.
410ss–1.
Administration.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–R—SALT RIVER BAY NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK AND ECOLOGICAL PRESERVE AT ST. CROIX, VIRGIN ISLANDS

410tt.
Findings.
410tt–1.
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve at St. Croix, Virgin Islands.
410tt–2.
Acquisition of land.
410tt–3.
Administration.
410tt–4.
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve at St. Croix, Virgin Islands, Commission.
410tt–5.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–S—HOPEWELL CULTURE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410uu.
Renaming.
410uu–1.
Expansion of boundaries.
410uu–2.
Cooperative agreements.
410uu–3.
Studies.
410uu–4.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–T—MARSH-BILLINGS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410vv.
Purposes.
410vv–1.
Establishment.
410vv–2.
Administration.
410vv–3.
Marsh-Billings National Historical Park Scenic Zone.
410vv–4.
Cooperative agreements.
410vv–5.
Endowment.
410vv–6.
Reservation of use and occupancy.
410vv–7.
General management plan.
410vv–8.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–U—DAYTON AVIATION HERITAGE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

Part A—Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park

410ww.
Establishment.
410ww–1.
Protection of historic properties.
410ww–2.
Park general management plan.
410ww–3.
Studies.
410ww–4.
Administration.
410ww–5.
Cooperation of Federal agencies.
410ww–6.
Coordination between Secretary and Secretary of Defense.
410ww–7.
Assistance.
410ww–8.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

Part B—Dayton Aviation Heritage Commission

410ww–21.
Dayton Aviation Heritage Commission.
410ww–22.
Dayton historic resources preservation and development plan.
410ww–23.
General powers of Commission.
410ww–24.
Staff of Commission.
410ww–25.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–V—DRY TORTUGAS NATIONAL PARK

410xx.
Establishment.
410xx–1.
Administration.
410xx–2.
Land acquisition and transfer of property.
410xx–3.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–W—KEWEENAW NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410yy.
Findings and purposes.
410yy–1.
Definitions.
410yy–2.
Establishment.
410yy–3.
Acquisition of property.
410yy–4.
Cooperation by Federal agencies.
410yy–5.
General management plan.
410yy–6.
Cooperative agreements.
410yy–7.
Financial and technical assistance.
410yy–8.
Keweenaw National Historical Park Advisory Commission.
410yy–9.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–X—SAGUARO NATIONAL PARK

410zz.
Findings and purpose.
410zz–1.
Establishment.
410zz–2.
Expansion of boundaries.
410zz–3.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–Y—CALIFORNIA DESERT LANDS PARKS AND PRESERVE

Part A—Death Valley National Park

410aaa.
Findings.
410aaa–1.
Establishment.
410aaa–2.
Transfer and administration of lands.
410aaa–3.
Maps and legal description.
410aaa–4.
Withdrawal.
410aaa–5.
Grazing.
410aaa–6.
Death Valley National Park Advisory Commission.
410aaa–7.
Boundary adjustment.

        

Part B—Joshua Tree National Park

410aaa–21.
Findings.
410aaa–22.
Establishment.
410aaa–23.
Transfer and administration of lands.
410aaa–24.
Maps and legal description.
410aaa–25.
Withdrawal.
410aaa–26.
Utility rights-of-way.
410aaa–27.
Joshua Tree National Park Advisory Commission.

        

Part C—Mojave National Preserve

410aaa–41.
Findings.
410aaa–42.
Establishment.
410aaa–43.
Transfer of lands.
410aaa–44.
Maps and legal description.
410aaa–45.
Abolishment of scenic area.
410aaa–46.
Administration.
410aaa–47.
Withdrawal.
410aaa–48.
Regulation of mining.
410aaa–49.
Study as to validity of mining claims.
410aaa–50.
Grazing.
410aaa–51.
Utility rights-of-way.
410aaa–52.
Preparation of management plan.
410aaa–53.
Granite Mountains Natural Reserve.
410aaa–54.
Soda Springs Desert Study Center.
410aaa–55.
Construction of visitor center.
410aaa–56.
Acquisition of lands.
410aaa–57.
Acquired lands to be made part of Mojave National Preserve.
410aaa–58.
Mojave National Preserve Advisory Commission.
410aaa–59.
No adverse effect on land until acquired.

        

Part D—Miscellaneous Provisions

410aaa–71.
Transfer of lands to Red Rock Canyon State Park.
410aaa–72.
Land tenure adjustments.
410aaa–73.
Land disposal.
410aaa–74.
Management of newly acquired lands.
410aaa–75.
Native American uses and interests.
410aaa–76.
Federal reserved water rights.
410aaa–77.
California State School lands.
410aaa–78.
Access to private property.
410aaa–79.
Federal facilities fee equity.
410aaa–80.
Land appraisal.
410aaa–81.
Definition.
410aaa–82.
Military overflights.
410aaa–83.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–Z—NEW ORLEANS JAZZ NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

410bbb.
Findings and purpose.
410bbb–1.
Establishment.
410bbb–2.
Administration.
410bbb–3.
Acquisition of property.
410bbb–4.
General management plan.
410bbb–5.
New Orleans Jazz Commission.
410bbb–6.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LIX–AA—CANE RIVER CREOLE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK AND NATIONAL HERITAGE AREA

Part A—Cane River Creole National Historical Park

410ccc.
Findings and purposes.
410ccc–1.
Establishment.
410ccc–2.
Administration.
410ccc–3.
Acquisition of property.
410ccc–4.
General management plan.

        

Part B—Cane River National Heritage Area

410ccc–21.
Establishment.
410ccc–22.
Cane River National Heritage Area Commission.
410ccc–23.
Preparation of plan.
410ccc–24.
Termination of Heritage Area Commission.
410ccc–25.
Duties of other Federal agencies.
410ccc–26.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LX—NATIONAL MILITARY PARKS

411.
Military maneuvers.
412.
Camps for military instruction; regulations for militia.
413.
Offenses relating to structures and vegetation.
414.
Trespassing for hunting, or shooting.
415.
Repealed.
416.
Refusal to surrender leased land; recovery.
417 to 419.
Omitted, Repealed, or Transferred.
420.
Rights-of-way through military and other reservations for power and communications facilities.
421.
Vacancies occurring in commissions in charge of parks not to be filled.
422.
Moores Creek National Battlefield; establishment.
422a.
Acceptance of lands.
422a–1.
Acquisition of property.
422a–2.
Authorization of appropriations.
422b.
Duties of Secretary of the Interior.
422c.
Ascertaining and marking of lines of battle.
422d.
Monuments, etc., protected.
423.
Petersburg National Battlefield; establishment.
423a.
Acceptance of donations of lands.
423a–1.
Addition of lands.
423a–2.
Adjustment of boundary.
423b.
Commission; organization.
423c.
Duties of commission.
423d.
Acceptance and disposition of gifts.
423e.
Ascertaining and marking lines of battle.
423f.
Protection of monuments, etc.
423g.
Rules and regulations.
423h.
Report of completion; superintendent of battlefield.
423h–1.
Redesignation of park.
423h–2.
Acquisition of lands; publication in Federal Register; administration.
423h–3.
Authorization of appropriation.
423i.
Omitted.
423j.
Richmond National Battlefield Park; establishment.
423k.
Acceptance of donations of lands and funds; acquisition of lands.
423l.
Administration, protection, and development.
423m.
Eutaw Springs Battlefield Site; establishment; purpose.
423n.
Acceptance of lands and funds; acquisition of lands.
423o.
Administration, protection, and development.
424.
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park.
424a.
Acceptance of donations of lands.
424a–1.
Acceptance of donations of lands and other property on Signal Mountain.
424a–2.
Conveyance of portion of park to Georgia.
424a–3.
Addition of surplus Government lands; publication of notice; effective date.
424a–4.
Acquisition of additional lands.
424b.
Application of laws to donated lands.
425.
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battle Fields Memorial; establishment.
425a.
Acquisition of lands.
425b.
Leasing lands for memorial.
425c.
Commission; organization.
425d.
Duties of commission.
425e.
Acceptance and distribution of gifts.
425f.
Ascertaining and marking lines of battle.
425g.
Protection of monuments, etc.
425h.
Rules and regulations.
425i.
Report of completion of acquisition of land and work of commission; superintendent of park.
425j.
Authorization of appropriation.
425k.
Revision of park boundaries.
425l.
Acquisitions and conveyances.
425m.
Retained rights.
425n.
Interpretation.
425o.
Authorization of appropriations.
426.
Stones River National Battlefield; establishment; appointment of commission.
426a.
Qualifications of members of commission.
426b.
Duties of commission.
426c.
Assistants to commission; expenses of commission.
426d.
Receipt of report of commission by Secretary of the Interior; acquisition of land for battlefield; other duties of Secretary.
426e.
Lands acquired declared national battlefield; name.
426f.
Control of battlefield, regulations.
426g.
Occupation of lands by former owners.
426h.
Ascertaining and marking lines of battle.
426i.
Protection of monuments, etc.
426j.
Authorization of appropriation; fixing of boundaries as condition to purchase of lands.
426k.
Acquisition of additional lands.
426l.
Redesignation; availability of appropriations.
426m.
Administration, protection and development.
426n.
Boundary revision of Stones River National Battlefield.
426o.
Agreement with Murfreesboro, Tennessee, respecting battlefield.
426o–1.
Planning.
426p.
Authorization of appropriations.
427.
Site of battle with Sioux Indians; purchase; erection of monument.
427a.
Omitted.
428.
Fort Donelson National Battlefield; establishment; appointment of commission.
428a.
Qualifications of members of commission.
428b.
Duties of commission.
428c.
Assistants to commission; expenses of commission.
428d.
Receipt of report of commission by Secretary of the Interior; acquisition of land for battlefield; other duties of Secretary.
428d–1.
Acquisition of additional lands.
428d–2.
Acceptance of donations by Secretary of the Interior.
428d–3.
Administration, protection, and development.
428e.
Lands acquired declared national battlefield; name.
428f.
Control of battlefield; regulations.
428g.
Occupation of lands by former owners.
428h.
Ascertaining and marking line of battle.
428i.
Protection of monuments, etc.
428j.
Omitted.
428k.
Addition of lands.
428l.
Acquisition of lands; agreement for transfer of jurisdiction.
428m.
Authorization of appropriation.
428n.
Change in name to Fort Donelson National Battlefield.
428o.
Administration, protection, and development.
429.
Brices Cross Roads and Tupelo battlefields in Mississippi; establishment.
429a.
Jurisdiction and control; authorization of annual appropriation.
429a–1.
Tupelo National Battlefield; acquisition of additional lands.
429a–2.
Change in name to Tupelo National Battlefield; administration.
429b.
Manassas National Battlefield Park.
429b–1.
Acquisition and use of lands.
429b–2.
Retention of right of use and occupation of improved property by owner.
429b–3.
Definitions.
429b–4.
Funds from Land and Water Conservation Fund.
429b–5.
Funding limitations; contracting authority, etc.
430.
Kings Mountain National Military Park; establishment.
430a.
Acquisition of land.
430a–1.
Revision of boundaries.
430a–2.
Acquisition of lands within revised boundary.
430a–3.
Applicability of laws and regulations to acquired lands and interests therein.
430b.
Control; regulations for care and management.
430c.
Permits to occupy land.
430d.
Repair of roads; historical markers.
430e.
Monuments and tablets within park; approval.
430f.
Shiloh National Military Park.
430f–1.
Conveyance of lands.
430f–2.
Conveyance of right-of-way; construction and maintenance of roadways.
430f–3.
Conveyance of lands for recreational area; development and use.
430f–4.
Jurisdiction of lands.
430g.
Gettysburg National Military Park.
430g–1.
Exchange of lands.
430g–2.
Exchange of lands.
430g–3.
Donation of non-Federal lands.
430g–4.
Gettysburg National Military Park boundary revision.
430g–5.
Acquisition and disposal of lands.
430g–6.
Agreements with respect to monuments and tablets located outside park boundary.
430g–7.
Conservation within Gettysburg Battlefield historic district.
430g–8.
Advisory Commission.
430g–9.
Interpretation.
430g–10.
Authorization of appropriations.
430h.
Vicksburg National Military Park.
430h–1.
Donations of land and property.
430h–2.
Exchange of certain lands authorized.
430h–3.
Consolidation of lands and installation of park tour road.
430h–4.
Jurisdiction over lands and roads.
430h–5.
Authorization of appropriations.
430h–6.
Addition of lands to Vicksburg National Military Park.
430h–7.
Exclusion of lands from park.
430h–8.
Park interpretation.
430h–9.
Authorization of appropriations.
430i.
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park.
430j.
Monocacy National Battlefield; establishment.
430k.
Condemnation proceedings; purchase without condemnation; acceptance of donations of land.
430l.
Leases with preceding owners of acquired lands; conditions.
430m.
Administration.
430n.
Repealed.
430o.
Gifts and donations; acceptance by Secretary.
430p.
Right of States to enter and mark battle lines.
430q.
Offenses.
430r.
Rules and regulations.
430s.
Authorization of appropriations.
430t.
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park; establishment.
430u.
Donations of land; purchase and condemnation.
430v.
Monuments and memorials; regulations; historical markers.
430w.
Administration, protection, and development.
430x.
Authorization of appropriations; authorization to expand boundaries.
430y.
Spanish War Memorial Park; establishment.
430z.
Monument within park; construction authorized.
430z–1.
Landscaping park; employment of architects and engineers.
430z–2.
Memorials within park; erection authorized.
430z–3.
Administration, protection, and development.
430aa.
Pea Ridge National Military Park; establishment.
430bb.
Determination of desirable areas.
430cc.
Administration, protection, and development; improvements.
430dd.
Dedication.
430ee.
Authorization of appropriations.
430ff.
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park; establishment.
430gg.
Determination of desirable areas.
430hh.
Administration, protection, and development; improvements.
430ii.
Dedication.
430jj.
Authorization of appropriations.
430kk.
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield; establishment; acquisition of lands.
430ll.
Designation.
430mm.
Authorization of appropriations.
430nn.
Antietam Battlefield site; acquisition of lands, buildings, structures, and other property.
430oo.
Acquisition of lands for preservation, protection and improvement; limitation.
430pp.
Fort Necessity National Battlefield; acquisition of land.
430qq.
Exchange of lands.
430rr.
Change in name to Fort Necessity National Battlefield.
430ss.
Administration, protection, and development.
430tt.
Authorization of appropriation.
430uu.
Big Hole National Battlefield; redesignation of monument.
430uu–1.
Revision of boundaries.
430uu–2.
Acquisition of land; exclusion from Beaverhead National Forest; administration.
430uu–3.
Jurisdiction.
430uu–4.
Authorization of appropriation.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXI—NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL MONUMENTS AND MEMORIALS

431.
National monuments; reservation of lands; relinquishment of private claims.
431a.
Limitation on further extension or establishment of national monuments in Wyoming.
432.
Permits to examine ruins, excavations, and gathering of objects; regulations.
433.
American antiquities.
433a.
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial; establishment.
433b.
Administration, protection, and development.
433c.
Acceptance of donations of lands and funds; acquisition of land.
433d.
Repealed.
433e.
Repealed.
433f.
Inconsistent laws repealed.
433f–1.
Change in name of Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial National Monument.
433g.
Fort Federica National Monument; establishment.
433h.
Donation of property; acquisition of lands.
433h–1.
Acquisition of additional lands.
433i.
Museum; historical markers.
433j.
Administration, protection, and development.
433k.
Whitman Mission National Historic Site; acquisition of land; establishment, supervision and maintenance.
433k–1.
Acquisition of additional land.
433l.
Erection of monuments and tablets.
433m.
Authorization of appropriation.
433n.
Change in name of Whitman National Monument.
434.
National monument in Riverside County, California.
435.
Acquiring reservation land.
436.
Omitted.
437.
Fort McHenry; restoration and preservation.
438.
Repairs and improvements; how made.
439.
Land for use of Secretary of the Treasury.
440.
Closure in times of national emergency.
440a.
Change in name of Fort McHenry Park.
441.
Badlands National Park; establishment.
441a.
Boundaries.
441b.
Construction of highway by State of South Dakota.
441c.
Administration, protection, and promotion; franchises for hotel and lodge accommodations.
441d.
Examinations, excavations, and gathering of objects of interest within park.
441e.
Effective date of sections 441 to 441d.
441e–1.
Change in name of Badlands National Monument.
441f.
Adjustment and redefinition of boundaries.
441g.
Orders to effectuate revision of boundaries; publication.
441h.
Jurisdiction of mining and mineral rights; patents.
441i.
Exchanges of land.
441j.
Revision of boundaries.
441k.
Acquisition of property for park.
441l.
Exchange of lands; transfer from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary; terms and conditions of purchase.
441m.
Disposition of excess gunnery range lands and reservation lands; purchase; terms and conditions; life estates and use restrictions.
441n.
Lands outside gunnery range; exchange of lands; reservation of mineral rights; grazing and mineral development rights of Indians; execution of instruments; trust title.
441o.
Facilities for interpretation of park and history of Sioux Nation; conveyance of reservation lands; submission of terms to Congressional committees.
442.
George Washington Birthplace National Monument.
443 to 443f.
Transferred.
444.
Petrified Forest National Monument; elimination of private holdings of land within boundaries; exchange of lands.
444a.
Ascertainment of value of lands offered for exchange; evidence of title.
445.
Canyon De Chelly National Monument; establishment; boundaries.
445a.
Rights and privileges of Navajo Indians in canyons.
445b.
Administration by National Park Service; powers and duties.
445c.
Pipestone National Monument.
445d.
Acquisition of additional lands, Pipestone School Reserve and non-Federal land; redefining of boundaries; quarry rights of Indians.
446.
Sites for tablets at Antietam; care and supervision.
447.
Repealed.
447a.
Ocmulgee National Monument; establishment; acquisition of property.
447b.
Donation of property; condemnation proceedings.
447c.
Administration, protection, and development.
448.
Pioneer National Monument; establishment.
449.
Acceptance of donations of land and funds acquisition of land.
450.
Administration, protection, and development.
450a.
Chalmette, Louisiana, Monument.
450b to 450e.
Repealed.
450e–1.
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park.
450f to 450k.
Repealed.
450l.
Fort Stanwix National Monument; establishment.
450m.
Acceptance of donations of lands and funds; acquisition of land.
450n.
Administration, protection, and development.
450o.
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site; authorization.
450p.
Acquisition of property; donations.
450q.
Administration, protection, and development.
450r.
Ackia Battleground National Monument; establishment.
450s.
Omitted.
450t.
Administration, protection, and development.
450u.
Homestead National Monument of America; establishment.
450v.
Omitted.
450w.
Administration; establishment of museum.
450x.
Authorization of annual appropriations.
450y.
Coronado National Memorial; establishment.
450y–1.
Administration.
450y–2.
Grazing within memorial area.
450y–3.
Construction of fences.
450y–4.
Acquisition of property; donations.
450y–5.
Revision of boundaries.
450y–6.
Acquisition of lands; administration.
450y–7.
Authorization of appropriations.
450z.
Repealed.
450aa.
George Washington Carver National Monument; acquisition of land.
450aa–1.
Establishment and supervision.
450aa–2.
Maintenance of museum; construction of roads and use of markers.
450bb.
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park; establishment; acceptance of donations of land, etc.
450bb–1.
Administration.
450bb–2.
Maintenance of museum; acceptance of museum articles; construction of roads, etc.
450bb–3.
Acquisition of additional lands.
450bb–4.
Acceptance and purchase of lands and improvements; payment; exchange of lands.
450bb–5.
Authorization of appropriations.
450bb–6.
Change in name of Harpers Ferry National Monument.
450cc.
Castle Clinton National Monument; establishment.
450cc–1.
Administration, protection, and development.
450dd.
De Soto National Memorial; establishment.
450dd–1.
Administration.
450ee.
Fort Sumter National Monument; establishment.
450ee–1.
Administration.
450ff.
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site; establishment.
450ff–1.
Size of site; effective date; additional lands.
450ff–2.
Administration, protection, and development.
450ff–3.
Revision of boundaries.
450ff–4.
Acquisition of lands.
450ff–5.
Administrative jurisdiction of Federal lands.
450ff–6.
Change in name of Fort Vancouver National Monument.
450gg to 450gg–3. Repealed.
450hh.
Saint Croix Island International Historic Site; establishment; acceptance of land; size.
450hh–1.
Designation; acquisition of additional lands; lands excluded.
450hh–2.
Administration.
450ii.
Joshua Tree National Monument; revision of boundaries.
450ii–1.
Excluded lands opened to entry under mining laws.
450ii–2.
Continuation of leases, permits, and licenses.
450ii–3.
Survey and report of mineral value.
450jj.
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial; authorization.
450jj–1.
Construction of memorial.
450jj–2.
Railroad agreement as condition precedent to undertaking memorial project.
450jj–3.
Designation of additional land by Secretary; manner of acquiring additional land.
450jj–4.
Transfer of land.
450jj–5.
Administration of Memorial; cooperation with State and local governments and private sector.
450jj–6.
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Commission.
450jj–7.
Development and management plan for East Saint Louis, Illinois, portion of Memorial.
450jj–8.
Repealed.
450jj–9.
Activities in Memorial area pending submission of plan.
450kk.
Fort Union National Monument; acquisition of site and other lands; reversions and reservations.
450kk–1.
Establishment; publication in Federal Register; additional properties.
450ll.
Booker T. Washington National Monument; acquisition of site.
450ll–1.
Establishment and supervision.
450ll–2.
Maintenance of museum; provision for parks, construction of roads and use of markers.
450mm.
Fort Clatsop National Memorial; establishment.
450mm–1.
Designation of land and improvements; size.
450mm–2.
Acquisition of lands.
450mm–3.
Effective date; administration.
450nn.
General Grant National Memorial; establishment.
450oo.
Grand Portage National Monument; establishment; effective date.
450oo–1.
Acceptance of donations of land; instruments of relinquishment; life assignments.
450oo–2.
Procurement of other lands within monument.
450oo–3.
Visitor accommodations and services.
450oo–4.
Employment preferences.
450oo–5.
Production and sale of handicraft objects; noninterference with trade or business outside monument.
450oo–6.
Traversing privileges; regulations.
450oo–7.
Docking facilities.
450oo–8.
Advisory assistance for developments upon adjacent lands.
450oo–9.
Administration, protection, and development.
450oo–10.
Reversion upon abandonment.
450pp.
Roger Williams National Memorial; acquisition of site.
450pp–1.
Establishment; notice of establishment; administration.
450pp–2.
Cooperation with city of Providence and local historical and preservation societies.
450pp–3.
Authorization of appropriations.
450qq to 450qq–4. Omitted.
450rr.
R.M.S. Titanic; international maritime memorial; findings and purposes.
450rr–1.
Definitions.
450rr–2.
Commendation.
450rr–3.
International guidelines.
450rr–4.
International agreement.
450rr–5.
Sense of Congress regarding conduct of future activities.
450rr–6.
Disclaimer of extraterritorial sovereignty.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXII—MISCELLANEOUS

451.
Limit on cost of buildings erected in national parks.
451a.
Limitation on further extension or establishment of national parks in Wyoming.
452.
Revenues of national parks covered into Treasury; estimates for care of parks.
452a.
Acquisition of non-Federal land within existing boundaries of any National Park; donations; authorization of appropriations.
453.
Donations of land for park purposes near or adjacent to National Forest Reserve in North Carolina.
454.
Repealed.
455.
Study of battlefields for commemorative purposes.
455a.
Report to Congress.
455b.
Inclusion of estimate of cost of projected surveys in appropriation estimates.
455c.
Purchase of real estate for military park.
456.
Expense of depositing money payable from appropriations.
456a.
Collections and pay-roll deductions for meals and quarters.
457.
Action for death or personal injury within national park or other place under jurisdiction of United States; application of State laws.
458.
Travel expenses incident to study of battlefields; payment.
458a.
Mats for reproduction in magazines and newspapers of photographs of scenery.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXIII—NATIONAL SEASHORE RECREATIONAL AREAS

459.
Cape Hatteras National Seashore Recreational Area; conditional establishment; acquisition of lands.
459a.
Acceptance of donations; acquisition of property by purchase and condemnation.
459a–1.
Administration, protection, and development; commercial fishing by residents; hunting.
459a–2.
Preservation of natural features; acquisition of additional property; reversion of property on failure of conditions.
459a–3.
Migratory bird refuges not to be affected.
459a–4.
Omitted.
459a–5.
Addition of lands; Naval Amphibious Training Station.
459a–5a.
Addition of lands; Hatteras.
459a–6.
Acquisition of non-Federal land within boundaries of recreational area.
459a–7.
Availability of appropriations.
459a–8.
Limitation on expenditure.
459a–9.
Conveyance of land for improvement with public health facility; reversion; consideration; status of property upon transfer of title.
459b.
Cape Cod National Seashore; description of area.
459b–1.
Acquisition of property.
459b–2.
Establishment.
459b–3.
Acquisition by condemnation.
459b–4.
Zoning regulations.
459b–5.
Certificate of suspension of authority for acquisition by condemnation.
459b–6.
Administration of acquired property.
459b–7.
Cape Cod National Seashore Advisory Commission.
459b–8.
Authorization of appropriations.
459c.
Point Reyes National Seashore; purposes; authorization for establishment.
459c–1.
Description of area.
459c–2.
Acquisition of property.
459c–3.
Repealed.
459c–4.
Point Reyes National Seashore.
459c–5.
Owner's reservation of right of use and occupancy for fixed term of years or life.
459c–6.
Administration of property.
459c–6a.
The Clem Miller Environmental Education Center; designation.
459c–6b.
Cooperation with utilities district; land use and occupancy; terms and conditions.
459c–7.
Authorization of appropriations; restriction on use of land.
459d.
Padre Island National Seashore; description of land and waters.
459d–1.
Acquisition of property.
459d–2.
Establishment.
459d–3.
Reservation of oil, gas, and other minerals.
459d–4.
Administration; utilization of authority for conservation and management of natural resources.
459d–5.
Roadways to access highways from mainland.
459d–6.
Aerial gunnery and bombing range agreements of Secretary of the Interior and Secretary of the Navy.
459d–7.
Authorization of appropriations.
459e.
Fire Island National Seashore.
459e–1.
Acquisition of property.
459e–2.
Zoning regulations.
459e–3.
Retention by owner of right of use and occupancy of improved property for residential purposes.
459e–4.
Hunting and fishing regulations.
459e–5.
Acceptance of donations.
459e–6.
Administration, protection, and development.
459e–7.
Shore erosion control or beach protection measures; Fire Island inlet.
459e–8.
Omitted.
459e–9.
Authorization of appropriations.
459e–10.
Authority to accept donation of William Floyd Estate.
459e–11.
Authority to accept donation of main dwelling on William Floyd Estate; lease-back of donated property.
459e–12.
Administration of property of William Floyd Estate; detached unit.
459f.
Assateague Island National Seashore; purposes; description of area.
459f–1.
Acquisition of property.
459f–2.
Compensation for bridge construction costs; acquisition of land for park purposes.
459f–3.
Establishment of Seashore; notice in Federal Register.
459f–4.
Hunting and fishing provisions.
459f–5.
Administration of Seashore.
459f–6.
Repealed.
459f–7.
Beach erosion control and hurricane protection.
459f–8.
Repealed.
459f–9.
Public utility facilities; purchase of facilities without value to utility; amount of payment.
459f–10.
Authorization of appropriations.
459f–11.
Comprehensive plan for protection, management, and use of seashore.
459g.
Cape Lookout National Seashore; purposes; authorization for establishment; description of area.
459g–1.
Acquisition of property.
459g–2.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register; copies to Congress.
459g–3.
Hunting and fishing provisions.
459g–4.
Administration; public outdoor recreation and enjoyment; utilization of authorities for conservation and development of natural resources.
459g–5.
Shore erosion control or beach protection measures.
459g–6.
Preservation and designation as wilderness; review of area by Secretary; report to President.
459g–7.
Authorization of appropriations; master plan to Congressional committees; time; contents.
459h.
Gulf Islands National Seashore; purposes; authorization for establishment; boundaries.
459h–1.
Acquisition of property.
459h–2.
Designation by Secretary of hunting and fishing zones; consultation with appropriate State agencies.
459h–3.
Rights-of-way or easements for transportation of oil and gas minerals.
459h–4.
Administration of seashore; conservation and management of wildlife and natural resources; authority to designate areas as national historic sites.
459h–5.
Beach erosion control and hurricane protection; study and formulation of plans; activities by Chief of Engineers, Department of Army.
459h–6.
Transfer of Horn Island and Petit Bois National Wildlife Refuges from National Wildlife Refuge System; administration.
459h–7.
Preservation of any area as wilderness; study and report to President; procedure for designation of any area as a wilderness.
459h–8.
Authority of Department of Army or Chief of Engineers over navigation or related matters.
459h–9.
Gulf Islands National Seashore Advisory Commission; establishment; termination; membership; term; Chairman; compensation and payment of expenses; consultation by Secretary.
459h–10.
Authorization of appropriations.
459i.
Cumberland Island National Seashore; establishment; boundary revisions: notification of Congressional committees, publication in Federal Register.
459i–1.
Acquisition of lands; authority of Secretary; mainland lands for access to seashore administrative and visitor facilities; State lands; transfer from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary.
459i–2.
Cumberland Island Parkway; right-of-way; administration; regulations.
459i–3.
Acquisition of property.
459i–4.
Hunting and fishing.
459i–5.
Administration, protection, and development.
459i–6.
State and local jurisdiction.
459i–7.
Water resource developments.
459i–8.
Report to President.
459i–9.
Authorization of appropriations.
459j.
Canaveral National Seashore; establishment; boundary; boundary revisions; limitation on area.
459j–1.
Acquisition of property; donation and development of State lands; transfer from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary; written cooperative agreement with National Aeronautics and Space Administration; construction and development; report to Congressional committees.
459j–2.
Improved property.
459j–3.
Designation of hunting, fishing and trapping zones; regulations; consultation with appropriate State agencies.
459j–4.
Administration, protection, and development.
459j–5.
Canaveral National Seashore Advisory Commission.
459j–6.
Transfer of lands for use as administrative and visitor facilities to Secretary of the Interior; use of portion of John F. Kennedy Space Center; transfer of excess land within seashore to Secretary of the Interior.
459j–7.
Report to President.
459j–8.
Authorization of appropriations; reports to Congressional committees.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXIV—RECREATIONAL DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS

459r.
Disposition of recreational demonstration projects.
459s.
Lands for certain projects added to certain projects.
459t.
Secretary of the Interior authorized to execute deeds and leases for project lands; inclusion of conditional covenants.
459u.
Exchange of recreational demonstration project lands by grantee.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXV—NATIONAL PARKWAYS

460.
Natchez Trace Parkway.
460–1.
Inclusion of Ackia Battleground National Monument and Meriwether Lewis National Monument.
460a.
Licenses or permits for right-of-way over parkway lands.
460a–1.
Acceptance of lands conveyed for Blue Ridge or Natchez Trace Parkways.
460a–2.
Blue Ridge Parkway; establishment; administration and maintenance.
460a–3.
Licenses or permits to owners of adjacent lands.
460a–4.
Transfer of jurisdiction to Secretary of Agriculture; national forest lands.
460a–5.
Acquisition of land contiguous to Blue Ridge or Natchez Trace Parkways.
460a–6.
Blue Ridge Parkway extension; acceptance of lands; public use, administration, and maintenance areas; survey location of parkway extension crossing national forest land; transfer from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary of the Interior; national forest uses following transfer within national forest.
460a–7.
Coordination of recreational development on parkway and national forest lands; administration of forest land recreational facilities and access road development by Secretary of Agriculture; forest road and Appalachian Trail relocation and reconstruction and alternative forest road provision by Secretary of the Interior.
460a–8.
Licenses or permits for rights-of-way over parkway lands.
460a–9.
Part of Blue Ridge Parkway; administration and maintenance of parkway extension.
460a–10.
Transfer of national forest lands to Secretary of Agriculture.
460a–11.
Authorization of appropriations.
460b, 460c.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXVI—PUBLIC PARK AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES AT WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

460d.
Construction and operation of public parks and recreational facilities in water resource development projects; lease of lands; preference for use; penalty; application of section 3401 of title 18; citations and arrests with and without process; limitations; disposition of receipts.
460d–1.
Rentals or other considerations in leases for construction, maintenance, and operation of commercial recreational facilities; adjustment by Chief of Engineers.
460d–2.
Adjustment by Secretary of Agriculture.
460d–3.
Recreational user fees.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXVII—COTTAGE SITE DEVELOPMENTS AND USES IN RESERVOIR AREAS

460e.
Authorization for sale of public lands; rights of lessee.
460f.
Notice and method of sale; price; conveyance.
460g.
Transfer to State, etc., for roadway purposes.
460h.
Costs of surveys or relocation of boundaries.
460i.
Delegation of powers; regulations.
460j.
Disposition of proceeds.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXVIII—NATIONAL CONSERVATION RECREATIONAL AREAS

460k.
Public recreation use of fish and wildlife conservation areas; compatibility with conservation purposes; appropriate incidental or secondary use; consistency with other Federal operations and primary objectives of particular areas; curtailment; forms of recreation not directly related to primary purposes of individual areas; repeal or amendment of provisions for particular areas.
460k–1.
Acquisition of lands for recreational development; funds.
460k–2.
Cooperation with agencies, organizations and individuals; acceptance of donations; restrictive covenants.
460k–3.
Charges and fees; permits; regulations; penalties; enforcement.
460k–4.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXIX—OUTDOOR RECREATION PROGRAMS

Part A—Coordination of Programs

460l.
Congressional findings and declaration of policy.
460l–1.
Powers and duties of Secretary of the Interior.
460l–2.
Consultations of Secretary of the Interior with administrative officers; execution of administrative responsibilities in conformity with nationwide plan.
460l–3.
Definitions.

        

Part B—Land and Water Conservation Fund

460l–4.
Land and water conservation provisions; statement of purposes.
460l–5.
Land and water conservation fund; establishment; covering certain revenues and collections into fund.
460l–5a.
Repealed.
460l–6.
Appropriations for expenditure of land and water conservation fund moneys; transfers to miscellaneous receipts of Treasury.
460l–6a.
Admission and special recreation use fees.
460l–6b.
Repealed.
460l–6c.
Admission, entrance, and recreation fees.
460l–7.
Allocation of land and water conservation fund for State and Federal purposes.
460l–8.
Financial assistance to States.
460l–9.
Allocation of land and water conservation fund moneys for Federal purposes.
460l–10.
Availability of land and water conservation fund for publicity purposes; standardized temporary signing; standards and guidelines.
460l–10a.
Contracts for acquisition of lands and waters.
460l–10b.
Contracts for options to acquire lands and waters in national park system.
460l–10c.
Repeal of provisions prohibiting collection of recreation fees or user charges.
460l–10d.
Review and report; submittal to Congressional committees; contents.
460l–11.
Transfers to and from land and water conservation fund.

        

Part C—Water Resources Projects

460l–12.
Recreation and fish and wildlife benefits of Federal multiple-purpose water resources projects; Congressional declaration of policy.
460l–13.
Non-Federal administration of project land and water areas.
460l–14.
Facilities of project modifications to be provided without written indication of intent.
460l–15.
Lease of facilities and lands to non-Federal public bodies.
460l–16.
Postauthorization development of projects without allocation or reallocation of costs.
460l–17.
Miscellaneous provisions.
460l–18.
Authority of Secretary of the Interior.
460l–19.
Feasibility reports.
460l–20.
Construction of projects under certain laws with allocations to recreation and fish and wildlife enhancement exceeding allocations to other functions unauthorized; exception.
460l–21.
Definitions.

        

Part D—Land Transfers

460l–22.
Conveyance of property and interests in property in national park system and miscellaneous areas.

        

Part E—Reclamation Recreation Management

460l–31.
Findings.
460l–32.
Definitions.
460l–33.
Management of reclamation lands.
460l–34.
Protection of authorized purposes of reclamation projects.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXX—OZARK NATIONAL SCENIC RIVERWAYS

460m.
Establishment.
460m–1.
Acquisition of lands, easements, etc.; exchange of lands; consent of State; reversion to State; administrative jurisdiction of Federal lands or waters.
460m–2.
Reservation of use and occupancy of improved property for noncommercial residential purposes; term; valuation.
460m–3.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register; alteration of boundaries; acreage limitation.
460m–4.
Cooperative land development programs; hunting and fishing.
460m–5.
Administration.
460m–6.
Ozark National Scenic Riverways Commission.
460m–7.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXI—BUFFALO NATIONAL RIVER

460m–8.
Establishment.
460m–9.
Acquisition of lands and waters.
460m–10.
Hunting and fishing; rules and regulations.
460m–11.
Water resource projects.
460m–12.
Administration, protection, and development.
460m–13.
Suitability for preservation as a wilderness; area review and report to President.
460m–14.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXI–A—NEW RIVER GORGE NATIONAL RIVER

460m–15.
Establishment; administration, protection, and development; utilization of other authorities; boundary description, availability for public inspection.
460m–16.
Acquisition of property.
460m–17.
Lands and areas plan; submission to Congressional committees.
460m–18.
Zoning laws and ordinances; establishment; assistance; restrictions; variances.
460m–19.
Mineral lands.
460m–20.
Hunting and fishing zones; designation; rules and regulations, consultation.
460m–21.
Project work prohibition; advisement to Secretary; report to Congress.
460m–22.
General management plan; submission to Congressional committees.
460m–23.
Cooperation.
460m–24.
Class I or class II redesignation for clean air purposes.
460m–25.
Authorization of appropriations.
460m–26.
Cooperative agreements with State.
460m–27.
Improvement of access at Cunard.
460m–28.
Flow management.
460m–29.
Glade Creek visitor facility.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXII—LAKE MEAD NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460n.
Administration.
460n–1.
Boundaries of area; filing of map with Federal Register; revision; donations of land; property acquisition and exclusion.
460n–2.
Hualapai Indian lands; inclusion within area; mineral rights; leases and permits; hunting and fishing rights.
460n–3.
Purposes and uses of area.
460n–4.
Hunting, fishing and trapping.
460n–5.
Regulation of area; violations and penalties.
460n–6.
Political jurisdiction; taxing power; Hualapai Indians.
460n–7.
Revenues and fees; disposition.
460n–8.
United States magistrate judge: appointment; functions; probation; fees.
460n–9.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXIII—DELAWARE WATER GAP NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460o.
Establishment.
460o–1.
Acquisition of lands.
460o–2.
Designation of area; boundaries.
460o–3.
Administration authorities for conservation, management, or disposal of natural resources; coordination of administrative responsibilities of the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of the Army.
460o–4.
Land and water use management plan; adoption, implementation, and revision; provisions.
460o–5.
Hunting and fishing.
460o–6.
Civil and criminal jurisdiction and taxing power of State.
460o–7.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXIV—SPRUCE KNOB-SENECA ROCKS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460p.
Establishment.
460p–1.
Designation of area; acreage limitation; boundaries; publication in Federal Register.
460p–2.
Acquisition of lands, etc.
460p–3.
Outdoor recreation facilities development; cooperation with Federal and State agencies.
460p–4.
Administration, protection, and development.
460p–5.
Hunting and fishing.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXV—WHISKEYTOWN-SHASTA-TRINITY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460q.
Establishment; boundaries; administration; integrated management policies.
460q–1.
Acquisition of property.
460q–2.
Establishment of units; publication in Federal Register; boundary descriptions.
460q–3.
Administration; land and water use management plans, preparation and revision; utilization of statutory authorities.
460q–4.
Hunting and fishing.
460q–5.
Mineral development; payment of receipts into certain funds or accounts in Treasury; disposition of receipts.
460q–6.
State jurisdiction.
460q–7.
Shasta and Trinity National Forests; additions of lands.
460q–8.
Revenues and fees; disposition.
460q–9.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXVI—MOUNT ROGERS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460r.
Establishment.
460r–1.
Designation of area; boundaries; publication in Federal Register.
460r–2.
Acquisition of lands.
460r–3.
Outdoor recreation facilities development.
460r–4.
Administration, protection, and development of area.
460r–5.
Hunting and fishing.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXVII—PICTURED ROCKS NATIONAL LAKESHORE

460s.
Establishment.
460s–1.
Description of area.
460s–2.
Establishment; notice in Federal Register.
460s–3.
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Advisory Commission.
460s–4.
Hunting and fishing.
460s–5.
Administration, protection, and development.
460s–6.
Taxing power.
460s–7.
Acquisition of property.
460s–8.
Inland buffer zone.
460s–9.
Property subject to condemnation.
460s–10.
Acquisition of property.
460s–11.
Zoning bylaws; assistance and consultation with township or county officers or employees; technical aid payments.
460s–12.
Certificate of prohibition of authority for acquisition by condemnation.
460s–13.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXVIII—BIGHORN CANYON NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460t.
Establishment.
460t–1.
Acquisition of land.
460t–2.
Administration.
460t–3.
Hunting and fishing.
460t–4.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXIX—INDIANA DUNES NATIONAL LAKESHORE

460u.
Establishment; description of area.
460u–1.
Acquisition of property.
460u–2.
Direction for establishment; publication in Federal Register; continuing acquisition of lands.
460u–3.
“Improved property” and “appropriate map” defined; terms and conditions for rights of use and occupancy.
460u–4.
Repealed.
460u–5.
Owner's retention of right of use and occupancy for residential purposes.
460u–6.
Administration.
460u–7.
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Advisory Commission.
460u–8.
State jurisdiction.
460u–9.
Authorization of appropriations; general management plan; submittal to Congressional committees; feasibility study.
460u–10.
Rights-of-way and easements; existing property rights of Northern Indiana Public Service Company.
460u–11.
Legal cooling, process, or surface drainage into Little Calumet River; Federal, State or local air and water pollution standards not affected.
460u–12.
Repealed.
460u–13.
Acquisition of area I–C; owner consent required.
460u–14.
Plan, lands acquired, land acquisition program; submittal to Congressional committees.
460u–15.
Rights-of-way; public access to Little Calumet River.
460u–16.
Road construction cooperative agreements with landowners north of Little Calumet River; prevention of soil erosion; minimization of aural and visual impact.
460u–17.
Lands within area I–E used for solid waste disposal.
460u–18.
Study of areas III–A, III–C, and II–A; report to Congressional committees.
460u–19.
Acquisition of land outside present boundaries; notice to Congressional committees; publication in Federal Register.
460u–20.
Paul H. Douglas Ecological and Recreational Unit and Center for Environmental Education.
460u–21.
Public access study.
460u–22.
Consideration of property owner's hardship in property acquisition.
460u–23.
Acquisition of interest in area VII–A.
460u–24.
Little Calumet River and Burns/Portage Waterway.
460u–25.
Cooperative agreement with Gary, Indiana.
460u–26.
Units VII–D and I–M.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXX—FLAMING GORGE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460v.
Establishment.
460v–1.
Administration, protection, and development by Secretary of Agriculture; administration of land or waters for Colorado River storage project by Secretary of the Interior.
460v–2.
Boundaries; adjustments; publication in Federal Register.
460v–3.
Hunting, fishing, and trapping.
460v–4.
Lands withdrawn from location, entry, and patent under United States mining laws; removal of minerals; receipts, disposition.
460v–5.
Ashley National Forest; addition of lands of Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area.
460v–6.
Addition of lands to Forest; administration of land for Colorado River storage project by Secretary of the Interior.
460v–7.
Availability of land and water conservation fund moneys.
460v–8.
State and local jurisdiction.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXI—APOSTLE ISLANDS NATIONAL LAKESHORE

460w.
Establishment; boundaries.
460w–1.
Boundaries not to include lands held in trust by United States for Red Cliff Band or Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians; exceptions.
460w–2.
Acquisition of property; authority of Secretary; State and Federal lands.
460w–3.
Retention rights of owners of improved property.
460w–4.
Hunting, fishing, and trapping.
460w–5.
Administration, protection, and development of lakeshore by Secretary.
460w–6.
Land and water use management plan; adoption, implementation, and revision of plan by Secretary; required provisions of plan.
460w–7.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXII—SLEEPING BEAR DUNES NATIONAL LAKESHORE

460x.
Establishment.
460x–1.
Description of area.
460x–2.
Designation of lakeshore areas.
460x–3.
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Advisory Commission.
460x–4.
Hunting and fishing; issuance of regulations.
460x–5.
Administration, protection, and development.
460x–6.
Taxing power.
460x–7.
Acquisition of property.
460x–8.
Zoning bylaws.
460x–9.
Right of retention of residential use in improved lands.
460x–10.
Improved property.
460x–11.
Scenic roads.
460x–12.
Condemnation of commercial property.
460x–13.
Certificate of Secretary to interested person indicating prohibition from acquiring particular property by condemnation; contents.
460x–14.
Authorization of appropriations; adjustments.
460x–15.
Lakeshore wilderness report; administration.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXIII—KING RANGE NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA

460y.
Establishment; boundaries.
460y–1.
Management of lands.
460y–2.
Program of multiple usage and sustained yield of renewable natural resources; public and private assistance in preparation; provisions.
460y–3.
Procedure for establishment.
460y–4.
Authority of Secretary.
460y–5.
Applicability of mining laws; prospecting commenced or conducted and mining claims located subsequent to October 21, 1970, as subject to regulations; patents issued on mining claims located subsequent to October 21, 1970, as subject to regulations; provisions of regulations; rights of owner of existing valid mining claim as unaffected.
460y–6.
Administration of public lands within Area.
460y–7.
Withdrawal of certain public lands for classification; revocation of Executive Order Numbered 5237.
460y–8.
Survey and investigation area.
460y–9.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXIV—OREGON DUNES NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460z.
Establishment.
460z–1.
Administration, protection, and development.
460z–2.
Inland sector; establishment as buffer sector.
460z–3.
Boundary map; revision.
460z–4.
Transfer of Federal property.
460z–5.
Land acquisition in inland sector.
460z–6.
Land acquisition in recreation area; donation and exchange; railway right-of-way; retention rights of owners of improved property.
460z–7.
Hunting, fishing, and trapping.
460z–8.
Mining restriction.
460z–9.
Water utilization; transportation of wastes; easements.
460z–10.
Advisory Council.
460z–11.
Area review; report to the President; wilderness designation.
460z–12.
Federal-State cooperation.
460z–13.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXV—SAWTOOTH NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460aa.
Establishment.
460aa–1.
Administration.
460aa–2.
Acquisition of land.
460aa–3.
Private land, regulations.
460aa–4.
Administrative determination of suitability for designation as wilderness areas.
460aa–5.
Cooperation with other agencies in development and operation of facilities and services; Stanley, restoration.
460aa–6.
State civil and criminal jurisdiction.
460aa–7.
Hunting and fishing regulations.
460aa–8.
Federal-State water rights.
460aa–9.
Mining restriction; Federal lands withdrawn from location, entry, and patent under United States mining laws.
460aa–10.
Land surface protection; regulations.
460aa–11.
Patents; restriction on issuance.
460aa–12.
Authorization of appropriations; availability of land and water conservation fund money.
460aa–13.
Area analysis for park or park administrative unit proposal.
460aa–14.
Separability.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXVI—GOLDEN GATE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460bb.
Establishment.
460bb–1.
Composition and boundaries.
460bb–2.
Acquisition policy.
460bb–3.
Administration.
460bb–4.
Golden Gate National Recreation Area Advisory Commission.
460bb–5.
Authorization of appropriations; limitation; adjustments.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXVII—GATEWAY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460cc.
Establishment.
460cc–1.
Acquisition of property.
460cc–2.
Administration.
460cc–3.
Gateway National Recreation Area Advisory Commission.
460cc–4.
Authorization of appropriations; limitation; adjustments.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXVIII—GLEN CANYON NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460dd.
Establishment; boundaries; publication in Federal Register.
460dd–1.
Acquisition of property.
460dd–2.
Public lands.
460dd–3.
Administration, protection, and development; statutory authorities for conservation and management of natural resources; Glen Canyon Dam and Reservoir.
460dd–4.
Hunting and fishing.
460dd–5.
Mineral and grazing leases; Bureau of Land Management administration and policies.
460dd–6.
Easements and rights-of-way.
460dd–7.
Proposed road study.
460dd–8.
Report to President.
460dd–9.
Authorization of appropriations; limitation.

        

SUBCHAPTER LXXXIX—BIG SOUTH FORK NATIONAL RIVER AND RECREATION AREA

460ee.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER XC—CUYAHOGA VALLEY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460ff.
Establishment.
460ff–1.
Acquisition of land.
460ff–2.
Land acquisition plan.
460ff–3.
Administration.
460ff–4.
Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area Advisory Commission.
460ff–5.
Authorization of appropriations; master plan.

        

SUBCHAPTER XCI—HELLS CANYON NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460gg.
Establishment.
460gg–1.
Wilderness designation.
460gg–2.
Federal power and water resources projects.
460gg–3.
Present and future use of Snake River.
460gg–4.
Administration, protection, and development.
460gg–5.
Management plan for recreation area.
460gg–6.
Acquisition of property.
460gg–7.
Rules and regulations.
460gg–8.
Lands withdrawn from location, entry, and patent under United States mining laws.
460gg–9.
Hunting and fishing.
460gg–10.
Ranching, grazing, etc., as valid uses of area.
460gg–11.
Civil and criminal jurisdiction of Idaho and Oregon.
460gg–12.
Development and operation of facilities and services; cooperation with Federal, State, etc., agencies.
460gg–13.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XCII—CHICKASAW NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460hh.
Establishment; boundaries; publication in Federal Register.
460hh–1.
Acquisition of property.
460hh–2.
Establishment of hunting and fishing zones; exceptions; consultation with State agencies.
460hh–3.
Law governing; Arbuckle Dam and Reservoir.
460hh–4.
Platt National Park designation repealed; incorporation of areas into Chickasaw National Recreation Area.
460hh–5.
Concurrent legislative jurisdiction with State of Oklahoma; requisites; notice in Federal Register.
460hh–6.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XCIII—CHATTAHOOCHEE RIVER NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460ii.
Establishment; boundaries; publication in Federal Register.
460ii–1.
Acquisition of property.
460ii–2.
Administration, protection, and development.
460ii–3.
Federal supervision of water resources projects.
460ii–4.
Funding and reporting requirements.
460ii–5.
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Advisory Commission.

        

SUBCHAPTER XCIV—ARAPAHO NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460jj.
Establishment.
460jj–1.
Land acquisition.
460jj–2.
Hunting and fishing.
460jj–3.
Permits for facilities and services.
460jj–4.
Application of State water laws.
460jj–5.
Filing of maps.
460jj–6.
State civil and criminal jurisdiction.
460jj–7.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER XCV—SANTA MONICA MOUNTAINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460kk.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER XCVI—RATTLESNAKE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460ll.
Findings and declaration of policy.
460ll–1.
Rattlesnake Wilderness.
460ll–2.
Rattlesnake National Recreation Area.
460ll–3.
Land acquisition and exchange.
460ll–4.
Filing of maps and descriptions.
460ll–5.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

[SUBCHAPTER XCVII—RESERVED]

SUBCHAPTER XCVIII—STEESE NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA AND WHITE MOUNTAINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460mm.
Establishment of conservation area.
460mm–1.
Administration of conservation area.
460mm–2.
Establishment of recreation area.
460mm–3.
Rights of holders of unperfected mining claims.
460mm–4.
Administration of recreation area.

        

SUBCHAPTER XCIX—WHITE ROCKS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460nn.
Findings and purpose.
460nn–1.
Establishment.
460nn–2.
Map and description.
460nn–3.
Administration.

        

SUBCHAPTER C—OREGON CASCADES RECREATION AREA

460oo.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER CI—MOUNT BAKER RECREATION AREA

460pp.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER CII—ALLEGHENY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460qq.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER CIII—PINE RIDGE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460rr.
Establishment.
460rr–1.
Map and description.
460rr–2.
Administration.

        

SUBCHAPTER CIV—KLAMATH RIVER CONSERVATION AREA

460ss.
Findings.
460ss–1.
Establishment.
460ss–2.
Klamath Fishery Management Council.
460ss–3.
Klamath River Basin Fisheries Task Force.
460ss–4.
Enforcement.
460ss–5.
Appropriations.
460ss–6.
Definitions.

        

SUBCHAPTER CV—CROSS FLORIDA NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA

460tt.
Cross Florida Barge Canal.

        

SUBCHAPTER CVI—EL MALPAIS NATIONAL MONUMENT AND CONSERVATION AREA

Part A—El Malpais National Monument

460uu.
Establishment; description of area.
460uu–1.
Transfer of administrative control of lands and waters.
460uu–2.
Management.
460uu–3.
Grazing permits.

        

Part B—Masau Trail

460uu–11.
Designation.
460uu–12.
Areas included.
460uu–13.
Information and interpretation.
460uu–14.
Markers.

        

Part C—El Malpais National Conservation Area

460uu–21.
Establishment; description of area.
460uu–22.
Management.

        

Part D—Wilderness

460uu–31.
Designation; description of area.
460uu–32.
Management; provisions applicable.

        

Part E—General Provisions

460uu–41.
Management plans.
460uu–42.
Acquisition of lands and interests.
460uu–43.
State exchanges of lands and interests.
460uu–44.
Mineral exchanges.
460uu–45.
Acoma Pueblo exchanges.
460uu–46.
Exchanges and acquisitions generally; withdrawal.
460uu–47.
Access.
460uu–48.
Cooperative agreements with Federal, State and local public departments and agencies.
460uu–49.
Water rights.
460uu–50.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CVII—WINDING STAIR MOUNTAIN NATIONAL RECREATION AND WILDERNESS AREA

460vv.
Findings and purposes.
460vv–1.
Additions to National Wilderness Preservation System.
460vv–2.
Maps and descriptions.
460vv–3.
Administration.
460vv–4.
Wilderness review.
460vv–5.
Adjacent management.
460vv–6.
Winding Stair Mountain National Recreation Area.
460vv–7.
Botanical areas.
460vv–8.
Indian Nations National Scenic and Wildlife Area.
460vv–9.
Beech Creek National Scenic Area.
460vv–10.
Nomenclature.
460vv–11.
Timber management report.
460vv–12.
Advisory committee.
460vv–13.
Planning.
460vv–14.
Fire, insect, and disease.
460vv–15.
Grazing.
460vv–16.
Fishing and wildlife.
460vv–17.
Permits.
460vv–18.
Land acquisition.
460vv–19.
Acreages.

        

SUBCHAPTER CVIII—GAULEY RIVER NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460ww.
Establishment.
460ww–1.
Administration.
460ww–2.
Miscellaneous.
460ww–3.
Authorization of appropriations.
460ww–4.
Special conditions.
460ww–5.
Advisory committee.

        

SUBCHAPTER CIX—SAN PEDRO RIPARIAN NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA

460xx.
Establishment.
460xx–1.
Management.
460xx–2.
Management plan.
460xx–3.
Advisory committee.
460xx–4.
Land acquisition.
460xx–5.
Report to Congress.
460xx–6.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CX—CITY OF ROCKS NATIONAL RESERVE

460yy.
Establishment.
460yy–1.
Plan and management.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXI—MISSISSIPPI NATIONAL RIVER AND RECREATION AREA

Part A—Mississippi National River and Recreation Area

460zz.
Findings and purposes.
460zz–1.
Establishment.
460zz–2.
Mississippi River Coordinating Commission.
460zz–3.
Federal lands and developments.
460zz–4.
Administration.
460zz–5.
State and local assistance and jurisdiction.
460zz–6.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

Part B—Tri-Rivers Management

460zz–11.
Tri-Rivers Management Board.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXII—GRAND ISLAND NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460aaa.
Establishment.
460aaa–1.
Boundaries.
460aaa–2.
Administration.
460aaa–3.
Acquisition.
460aaa–4.
Fish and game.
460aaa–5.
Minerals.
460aaa–6.
Management plan.
460aaa–7.
Grand Island Advisory Commission.
460aaa–8.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXIII—SMITH RIVER NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460bbb.
Findings.
460bbb–1.
Definitions.
460bbb–2.
Establishment.
460bbb–3.
Administration.
460bbb–4.
Acquisition and disposal of lands and other property.
460bbb–5.
Fish and game.
460bbb–6.
Minerals.
460bbb–7.
Management planning.
460bbb–8.
Streamside protection zones.
460bbb–9.
State and local jurisdiction and assistance.
460bbb–10.
Savings provision.
460bbb–11.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXIV—RED ROCK CANYON NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA

460ccc.
Definitions.
460ccc–1.
Establishment.
460ccc–3.
Management plan.
460ccc–4.
Acquisitions.
460ccc–5.
Withdrawal; exchange of lands.
460ccc–6.
Cooperative agreements.
460ccc–7.
Coordinated management.
460ccc–8.
Water.
460ccc–9.
No buffer zones.
460ccc–10.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXV—GILA BOX RIPARIAN NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA

460ddd.
Establishment.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXVI—LAKE MEREDITH NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460eee.
Establishment.
460eee–1.
Administration.
460eee–2.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXVII—AMISTAD NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460fff.
Establishment.
460fff–1.
Administration.
460fff–2.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXVIII—ED JENKINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA AND COOSA BALD NATIONAL SCENIC AREA

460ggg.
Wilderness.
460ggg–1.
National scenic area.
460ggg–2.
Recreation area.
460ggg–3.
Maps and legal descriptions.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXIX—SPRING MOUNTAINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

460hhh.
Definitions.
460hhh–1.
Purposes.
460hhh–2.
Establishment.
460hhh–3.
Management.
460hhh–4.
Management plan.
460hhh–5.
Acquisition of lands.
460hhh–6.
Withdrawal.
460hhh–7.
Cooperative agreements.
460hhh–8.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXX—SNAKE RIVER BIRDS OF PREY NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA

460iii.
Findings.
460iii–1.
Definitions.
460iii–2.
Establishment.
460iii–3.
Management and use.
460iii–4.
Additions.
460iii–5.
Other laws and administrative provisions.
460iii–6.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER CXXI—JEMEZ NATIONAL RECREATIONAL AREA

460jjj.
Establishment.
460jjj–1.
Administration.
460jjj–2.
Minerals and mining.
460jjj–3.
Adjoining lands.
460jjj–4.
Acquisition of land.
460jjj–5.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER I—NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

§1. Service created; director; other employees

There is created in the Department of the Interior a service to be called the National Park Service, which shall be under the charge of a director. The Secretary of the Interior shall appoint the director, and there shall also be in said service such subordinate officers, clerks, and employees as may be appropriated for by Congress. The service thus established shall promote and regulate the use of the Federal areas known as national parks, monuments, and reservations hereinafter specified, except such as are under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Army, as provided by law, by such means and measures as conform to the fundamental purpose of the said parks, monuments, and reservations, which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.

(Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, §1, 39 Stat. 535; Ex. Ord. No. 6166, §2, June 10, 1933; Mar. 2, 1934, ch. 38, §1, 48 Stat. 389; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, §205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

Codification

Provisions relating to the pay of the Director and other employees have been omitted as the pay of the Director is prescribed by section 5316 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and the pay of the other employees is fixed pursuant to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of Title 5.

Change of Name

Office of National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations designated National Park Service by act Mar. 2, 1934, ch. 38, §1, 48 Stat. 389.

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces” which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued military Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

Short Title of 1983 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–141, §1, Oct. 31, 1983, 97 Stat. 909, provided: “That this Act [amending sections 459b–8, 459g–7, and 460x–14 of this title and sections 872, 874, 875, 880, and 885 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, repealing section 433e of this title, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 433c of this title] may be cited as the ‘Public Lands and National Parks Act of 1983’.”

Short Title of 1978 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–625, §1, Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3467, provided that: “This Act [enacting chapter 45 and sections 45f, 230 to 230i, 241g, 396d, 410y–1a, 441e–1, 459c–6b, 460m–15 to 460m–25, 460kk, 471i, and 1285a of this title, amending sections 1a–5, 1a–7, 273f, 282c, 283e, 397 to 397d, 410y–6, 410z, 410z–1, 430mm, 450mm–1, 450qq–4, 459c–1, 459c–5, 459e, 459e–1, 459e–6, 459e–9, 459h–10, 459i, 459i–9, 460l–8, 460m–14, 460o–1, 460q–9, 460u–9, 460aa–12, 460bb–1 to 460bb–4, 460ff–1, 460ff–3, 460ff–5, 460gg, 463, 469c, 470t, 698m, 1241, 1242, 1244 to 1247, 1249, 1273, 1274, 1276, 1277, 1283, and 1287 of this title, repealing sections 45a–3 and 688 of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 1a–5, 45a–1, 45f, 410z, 430nn, 430oo, 431, 461, 602, 688, 1246, 1274, and 2501 of this title, and amending provisions set out as notes under sections 431, 433c, 450bb, 461, and 1132 of this title] may be cited as the ‘National Parks and Recreation Act of 1978’.”

Short Title of 1970 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–383, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 825, as amended, which enacted sections 1a–1 to 1a–7 of this title, amended sections 1b, 1c, 17j, 460n–5, 463, 470a, and 559 of this title, and repealed sections 10, 10a, 17b–1, and 415 of this title, is popularly known as the “National Park System General Authorities Act”.

Short Title

Act of August 25, 1916, ch. 408, 39 Stat. 535, as amended, which is classified generally to this section and sections 2, 3, and 4 of this title, is popularly known as the “National Park Service Organic Act”.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Functions of Federal Works Agency and of all agencies thereof, together with functions of Federal Works Administrator, and functions of Commissioner of Public Buildings, and Public Buildings Administration, transferred to Administrator of General Services by act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title I, §103(a), 63 Stat. 380. Federal Works Agency, Office of Federal Works Administrator, Office of Commissioner of Public Buildings, and Public Building Administration abolished by section 103(b) of that act. Section 103 is classified to section 753 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.

Branch of Buildings Management of National Park Service in Department of the Interior and its functions and personnel, except those relating to monuments and memorials, and certain functions of National Park Service in connection with public buildings in District of Columbia, together with personnel engaged exclusively in such functions, transferred to Public Buildings Administration, and functions of Secretary of the Interior and Director of National Park Service relating thereto transferred to Federal Works Administrator by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, §§301, 303, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2729, 53 Stat. 1427, set out in the Appendix to Title 5.

Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission and its functions transferred to National Park Service by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, §4(i), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1434, set out in the Appendix to Title 5.

Functions of administration of public buildings, reservations, national parks, national monuments, and national cemeteries, including those with respect to enumerated national cemeteries and parks of War Department located within continental limits of United States, consolidated, with certain exceptions, in National Park Service in Department of the Interior by Ex. Ord. No. 6166, set out as a note under section 901 of Title 5. Cemeteries and parks located outside of continental United States remained under War Department.

National Park Police Drug Enforcement Supplemental Authority Act

Pub. L. 99–570, title V, subtitle B (§§5051, 5052), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–156, as amended by Pub. L. 100–690, title VI, §6254(d)(2), Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4365, provided that:

“SEC. 5051. SHORT TITLE.

“This subtitle may be cited as the ‘National Park Police Drug Enforcement Supplemental Authority Act’.

“SEC. 5052. NATIONAL PARK AUTHORIZATION.

“In order to improve Federal law enforcement activities relating to the use and production of narcotics and controlled substances in National Park System units, from amounts appropriated there shall be made available to the Secretary of the Interior, in addition to sums made available under other authority of law, $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1989, and for each fiscal year thereafter, to be used for the employment and training of officers or employees of the Department of the Interior designated pursuant to section 10(b) of the Act of August 18, 1970 (16 U.S.C. 1a–6), for equipment and facilities to be used by such personnel, and for expenses related to such employment, training, equipment, and facilities.”

Codification of Laws Relating to United States Park Police; Feasibility Study and Report by Secretary of the Interior

Pub. L. 94–533, §3, Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2494, directed Secretary of the Interior to submit to Congress not later than one year after Oct. 17, 1976, a report on feasibility and desirability of enacting as a part of United States Code those provisions concerning powers, duties, functions, salaries, and benefits of officers and members of the United States Park Police force which presently are contained in several statutes and are compiled in District of Columbia Code.

National Park Centennial Commission

Pub. L. 91–332, July 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 427, provided that 1972 was to be designated by President as “National Parks Centennial Year”, in recognition in 1872 of establishment of world's first national park at Yellowstone. There was also established a National Park Centennial Commission, composed of four members of Senate, four members of House, Secretary of the Interior, and six persons to be appointed by President. The Commission was empowered to prepare a suitable plan for commemoration of establishment of Yellowstone, to coordinate all activities under such plan, and to provide host services for a world conference on National Parks in 1972. The Commission was to submit a final report of its activities, including an accounting of funds received and expended, to Congress, not later than Dec. 31, 1973, and was to cease to exist upon submission of said report.

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1a–1, 1c, 3, 4, 20, 20f, 21b, 45f, 79i, 80d, 81g, 81h, 90c, 108, 111c, 119, 158, 159b, 160f, 197, 201b, 205a, 221b, 222, 230e, 231c, 245, 254, 264, 271d, 272d, 273d, 281d, 282a, 283c, 284a, 291b, 342, 345, 346a–2, 355a, 391b–1, 396b, 396d, 397d, 398c, 401, 403–3, 403b, 404b, 406d–2, 407a, 407q, 408b, 409e, 410b, 410r–7, 410w, 410y–5, 410z–4, 410aa–2, 410bb–1, 410ee, 410ff–3, 410gg–2, 410hh–2, 410ii–5, 410jj–4, 410kk–1, 410ll, 410mm–1, 410nn–1, 410oo–3, 410pp–2, 410qq–2, 410rr–3, 410rr–7, 410ss–1, 410tt–3, 410vv–2, 410ww–4, 410xx–1, 410yy–2, 410aaa–2, 410aaa–23, 410aaa–46, 410bbb–2, 410ccc–2, 423h–2, 423l, 423o, 426m, 428d–3, 428o, 429a–2, 430m, 430w, 430cc, 430hh, 430ll, 430ss, 430uu–2, 433b, 433j, 441c, 442, 445c, 447c, 450, 450e–1, 450n, 450q, 450t, 450y–1, 450y–6, 450bb–1, 450cc–1, 450dd–1, 450ee–1, 450ff–2, 450hh–2, 450jj–5, 450mm–3, 450oo–9, 450pp–1, 459a–1, 459b–6, 459c–6, 459d–4, 459h–4, 459i–5, 459j–4, 460, 460a–2, 460m–5, 460m–12, 460m–15, 460s–5, 460w–5, 460x–5, 460bb–3, 460cc–2, 460dd–3, 460ee, 460ff–3, 460hh–3, 460ii–2, 460kk, 460uu–2, 460ww–1, 460yy–1, 460eee–1, 460fff–1, 467b, 698c, 698i, 698n, 698r, 1133, 1902, 3125 of this title; title 30 section 1014; title 36 section 4614; title 40 sections 319c, 803, 804; title 48 section 1705.

§1a. Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §39, 62 Stat. 992, eff. Sept. 1, 1948

Section, act June 28, 1938, ch. 778, §1, 52 Stat. 1213, related to residence of United States Commissioners [now magistrate judges].

§1a–1. National Park System: administration; declaration of findings and purpose

Congress declares that the national park system, which began with establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872, has since grown to include superlative natural, historic, and recreation areas in every major region of the United States, its territories and island possessions; that these areas, though distinct in character, are united through their inter-related purposes and resources into one national park system as cumulative expressions of a single national heritage; that, individually and collectively, these areas derive increased national dignity and recognition of their superb environmental quality through their inclusion jointly with each other in one national park system preserved and managed for the benefit and inspiration of all the people of the United States; and that it is the purpose of this Act to include all such areas in the System and to clarify the authorities applicable to the system. Congress further reaffirms, declares, and directs that the promotion and regulation of the various areas of the National Park System, as defined in section 1c of this title, shall be consistent with and founded in the purpose established by section 1 of this title, to the common benefit of all the people of the United States. The authorization of activities shall be construed and the protection, management, and administration of these areas shall be conducted in light of the high public value and integrity of the National Park System and shall not be exercised in derogation of the values and purposes for which these various areas have been established, except as may have been or shall be directly and specifically provided by Congress.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §1, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 825; Pub. L. 95–250, title I, §101(b), Mar. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 166.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, means Pub. L. 91–383, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 825, as amended, popularly known as the “National Park System General Authorities Act”. As originally enacted, Pub. L. 91–383 contained sections 1 to 4, the first 3 of which enacted sections 1a–1 and 1a–2 and amended sections 1b and 1c of this title. Pub. L. 94–458 amended Pub. L. 91–383 by adding sections 5 to 12, which enacted sections 1a–3 to 1a–7, amended sections 17j, 460n–5, 463, 470a, and 559, and repealed sections 10, 10a, 17b–1, and 415 of this title. Pub. L. 103–322 amended Pub. L. 91–383 by adding section 13, which enacted section 1a–7a of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Amendments

1978—Pub. L. 95–250 provided that the promotion and regulation of the various areas of the National Park System, as defined in section 1c of this title, be consistent with and founded in the purpose established by section 1 of this title, to the common benefit of all the people of the United States, and that the authorization of activities be construed and the protection, management, and administration of these areas be conducted in light of the high public value and integrity of the National Park System and not be exercised in derogation of the values and purposes for which these various areas have been established, except as may have been or shall be directly and specifically provided by Congress.

Short Title

Pub. L. 91–383 is popularly known as the “National Park System General Authorities Act”. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see References in Text note above and Tables.

Study of Air Traffic Over Grand Canyon

Pub. L. 102–581, title I, §134, Oct. 31, 1992, 106 Stat. 4887, provided that:

“(a) Study.—The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, in consultation with the Director of the National Park Service, the State of Arizona, the State of Nevada, the Clark County Department of Aviation, affected Indian tribes, and the general public, shall conduct a study on increased air traffic over Grand Canyon National Park.

“(b) Report.—The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a). The report shall include the following:

“(1) A report on the increase in air traffic over Grand Canyon National Park since 1987.

“(2) A forecast of the increase in air traffic over Grand Canyon National Park through 2010.

“(3) A report on the carrying capacity of the airspace over Grand Canyon National Park to ensure aviation safety and to meet the requirements established by section 3 of the Act of August 18, 1987 (Public Law 100–91; 101 Stat. 676) [set out below], including the substantial restoration of natural quiet at the Park.

“(4) A plan of action to manage increased air traffic over Grand Canyon National Park to ensure aviation safety and to meet the requirements established by such section 3 of the Act of August 18, 1987, including any measures to encourage or require the use of quiet aircraft technology by commercial air tour operators.”

Removal of Feral Burros and Horses From Death Valley National Monument

Pub. L. 102–381, title I, Oct. 5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1384, provided in part: “That in fiscal year 1993 and thereafter, the National Park Service may use helicopters and motorized equipment at Death Valley National Monument for removal of feral burros and horses”.

Study To Determine Appropriate Minimum Altitude for Aircraft Flying Over National Park System Units

Pub. L. 100–91, Aug. 18, 1987, 101 Stat. 674, provided that:

“SECTION 1. STUDY OF PARK OVERFLIGHTS.

“(a) Study by Park Service.—The Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Secretary’), acting through the Director of the National Park Service, shall conduct a study to determine the proper minimum altitude which should be maintained by aircraft when flying over units of the National Park System. The Secretary of Transportation, acting through the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Administrator’), shall provide technical assistance to the Secretary in carrying out the study.

“(b) General Requirements of Study.—The study shall identify any problems associated with overflight by aircraft of units of the National Park System and shall provide information regarding the types of overflight which may be impacting on park unit resources. The study shall distinguish between the impacts caused by sightseeing aircraft, military aircraft, commercial aviation, general aviation, and other forms of aircraft which affect such units. The study shall identify those park system units, and portions thereof, in which the most serious adverse impacts from aircraft overflights exist.

“(c) Specific Requirements.—The study under this section shall include research at the following units of the National Park System: Cumberland Island National Seashore, Yosemite National Park, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Haleakala National Park, Glacier National Park, and Mount Rushmore National Memorial, and at no less than four additional units of the National Park System, excluding all National Park System units in the State of Alaska. The research at each such unit shall provide information and an evaluation regarding each of the following:

“(1) the impacts of aircraft noise on the safety of the park system users, including hikers, rock-climbers, and boaters;

“(2) the impairment of visitor enjoyment associated with flights over such units of the National Park System;

“(3) other injurious effects of overflights on the natural, historical, and cultural resources for which such units were established; and

“(4) the values associated with aircraft flights over such units of the National Park System in terms of visitor enjoyment, the protection of persons or property, search and rescue operations and firefighting.

Such research shall evaluate the impact of overflights by both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters. The research shall include an evaluation of the differences in noise levels within such units of the National Park System which are associated with flight by commonly used aircraft at different altitudes. The research shall apply only to overflights and shall not apply to landing fields within, or adjacent to, such units.

“(d) Report to Congress.—The Secretary shall submit a report to the Congress within 3 years after the enactment of this Act [Aug. 18, 1987] containing the results of the study carried out under this section. Such report shall also contain recommendations for legislative and regulatory action which could be taken regarding the information gathered pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (c). Before submission to the Congress, the Secretary shall provide a draft of the report and recommendations to the Administrator for review. The Administrator shall review such report and recommendations and notify the Secretary of any adverse effects which the implementation of such recommendations would have on the safety of aircraft operations. The Administrator shall consult with the Secretary to resolve issues relating to such adverse effects. The final report shall include a finding by the Administrator that implementation of the recommendations of the Secretary will not have adverse effects on the safety of aircraft operations, or if the Administrator is unable to make such finding, a statement by the Administrator of the reasons he believes the Secretary's recommendations will have an adverse effect on the safety of aircraft operations.

“(e) FAA Review of Rules.—The Administrator shall review current rules and regulations pertaining to flights of aircraft over units of the National Park System at which research is conducted under subsection (c) and over any other such units at which such a review is determined necessary by the Administrator or is requested by the Secretary. In the review under this subsection, the Administrator shall determine whether changes are needed in such rules and regulations on the basis of aviation safety. Not later than 180 days after the identification of the units of the National Park System for which research is to be conducted under subsection (c), the Administrator shall submit a report to Congress containing the results of the review along with recommendations for legislative and regulatory action which are needed to implement any such changes.

“(f) Authorization.—There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the studies and review under this section.

“SEC. 2. FLIGHTS OVER YOSEMITE AND HALEAKALA DURING STUDY AND REVIEW.

“(a) Yosemite National Park.—During the study and review periods provided in subsection (c), it shall be unlawful for any fixed wing aircraft or helicopter flying under visual flight rules to fly at an altitude of less than 2,000 feet over the surface of Yosemite National Park. For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘surface’ refers to the highest terrain within the park which is within 2,000 feet laterally of the route of flight and with respect to Yosemite Valley such term refers to the upper-most rim of the valley.

“(b) Haleakala National Park.—During the study and review periods provided in subsection (c), it shall be unlawful for any fixed wing aircraft or helicopter flying under visual flight rules to fly at an altitude below 9,500 feet above mean sea level over the surface of any of the following areas in Haleakala National Park: Haleakala Crater, Crater Cabins, the Scientific Research Reserve, Halemauu Trail, Kaupo Gap Trail, or any designated tourist viewpoint.

“(c) Study and Review Periods.—For purposes of subsections (a) and (b), the study period shall be the period of the time after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 18, 1987] and prior to the submission of the report under section 1. The review period shall comprise a 2-year period for Congressional review after the submission of the report to Congress.

“(d) Exceptions.—The prohibitions contained in subsections (a) and (b) shall not apply to any of the following:

“(1) emergency situations involving the protection of persons or property, including aircraft;

“(2) search and rescue operations;

“(3) flights for purposes of firefighting or for required administrative purposes; and

“(4) compliance with instructions of an air traffic controller.

“(e) Enforcement.—For purposes of enforcement, the prohibitions contained in subsections (a) and (b) shall be treated as requirements established pursuant to section 307 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 [see 49 U.S.C. 40103(b)]. To provide information to pilots regarding the restrictions established under this Act, the Administrator shall provide public notice of such restrictions in appropriate Federal Aviation Administration publications as soon as practicable after the enactment of this Act [Aug. 18, 1987].

“SEC. 3. GRAND CANYON NATIONAL PARK.

“(a) Noise associated with aircraft overflights at the Grand Canyon National Park is causing a significant adverse effect on the natural quiet and experience of the park and current aircraft operations at the Grand Canyon National Park have raised serious concerns regarding public safety, including concerns regarding the safety of park users.

“(b) Recommendations.—

“(1) Submission.—Within 30 days after the enactment of this Act [Aug. 18, 1987], the Secretary shall submit to the Administrator recommendations regarding actions necessary for the protection of resources in the Grand Canyon from adverse impacts associated with aircraft overflights. The recommendations shall provide for substantial restoration of the natural quiet and experience of the park and protection of public health and safety from adverse effects associated with aircraft overflight. Except as provided in subsection (c), the recommendations shall contain provisions prohibiting the flight of aircraft below the rim of the Canyon, and shall designate flight free zones. Such zones shall be flight free except for purposes of administration and for emergency operations, including those required for the transportation of persons and supplies to and from Supai Village and the lands of the Havasupai Indian Tribe of Arizona. The Administrator, after consultation with the Secretary, shall define the rim of the Canyon in a manner consistent with the purposes of this paragraph.

“(2) Implementation.—Not later than 90 days after receipt of the recommendations under paragraph (1) and after notice and opportunity for hearing, the Administrator shall prepare and issue a final plan for the management of air traffic in the air space above the Grand Canyon. The plan shall, by appropriate regulation, implement the recommendations of the Secretary without change unless the Administrator determines that implementing the recommendations would adversely affect aviation safety. If the Administrator determines that implementing the recommendations would adversely affect aviation safety, he shall, not later than 60 days after making such determination, in consultation with the Secretary and after notice and opportunity for hearing, review the recommendations consistent with the requirements of paragraph (1) to eliminate the adverse effects on aviation safety and issue regulations implementing the revised recommendations in the plan. In addition to the Administrator's authority to implement such regulations under the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 [see 49 U.S.C. 40101 et seq.], the Secretary may enforce the appropriate requirements of the plan under such rules and regulations applicable to the units of the National Park System as he deems appropriate.

“(3) Report.—Within 2 years after the effective date of the plan required by subsection (b)(2), the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report discussing—

“(A) whether the plan has succeeded in substantially restoring the natural quiet in the park; and

“(B) such other matters, including possible revisions in the plan, as may be of interest.

The report shall include comments by the Administrator regarding the effect of the plan's implementation on aircraft safety.

“(c) Helicopter Flights of River Runners.—Subsection (b) shall not prohibit the flight of helicopters—

“(1) which fly a direct route between a point on the north rim outside of the Grand Canyon National Park and locations on the Hualapai Indian Reservation (as designated by the Tribe); and

“(2) whose sole purpose is transporting individuals to or from boat trips on the Colorado River and any guide of such a trip.

“SEC. 4. BOUNDARY WATERS CANOE AREA WILDERNESS.

“The Administrator shall conduct surveillance of aircraft flights over the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness as authorized by the Act of October 21, 1978 (92 Stat. 1649–1659) for a period of not less than 180 days beginning within 60 days of enactment of this Act [Aug. 18, 1987]. In addition to any actions the Administrator may take as a result of such surveillance, he shall provide a report to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the United States House of Representatives and to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the United States Senate. Such report is to be submitted within 30 days of completion of the surveillance activities. Such report shall include but not necessarily be limited to information on the type and frequency of aircraft using the airspace over the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness.

“SEC. 5. ASSESSMENT OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM WILDERNESS OVERFLIGHTS.

“(a) Assessment by Forest Service.—The Chief of the Forest Service (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Chief’) shall conduct an assessment to determine what, if any, adverse impacts to wilderness resources are associated with overflights of National Forest System wilderness areas. The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall provide technical assistance to the Chief in carrying out the assessment. Such assessment shall apply only to overflight of wilderness areas and shall not apply to aircraft flights or landings adjacent to National Forest System wilderness units. The assessment shall not apply to any National Forest System wilderness units in the State of Alaska.

“(b) Report to Congress.—The Chief shall submit a report to Congress within 2 years after enactment of this Act [Aug. 18, 1987] containing the results of the assessments carried out under this section.

“(c) Authorization.—Effective October 1, 1987, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the assessment under this section.

“SEC. 6. CONSULTATION WITH FEDERAL AGENCIES.

“In conducting the study and the assessment required by this Act, the Secretary of the Interior and the Chief of the Forest Service shall consult with other Federal agencies that are engaged in an analysis of the impacts of aircraft overflights over federally-owned land.”

§1a–2. Secretary of the Interior's authorization of activities

In order to facilitate the administration of the national park system, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized, under such terms and conditions as he may deem advisable, to carry out the following activities:

(a) Transportation

Provide transportation of employees located at isolated areas of the national park system and to members of their families, where (1) such areas are not adequately served by commercial transportation, and (2) such transportation is incidental to official transportation services;

(b) Recreation

Provide recreation facilities, equipment, and services for use by employees and their families located at isolated areas of the national park system;

(c) Advisory committees; compensation and travel expenses

Appoint and establish such advisory committees in regard to the functions of the National Park Service as he may deem advisable, members of which shall receive no compensation for their services as such but who shall be allowed necessary travel expenses as authorized by section 5703 of title 5;

(d) Park equipment purchases

Purchase field and special purpose equipment required by employees for the performance of assigned functions which shall be regarded and listed as park equipment;

(e) Services, resources, or water contracts

Enter into contracts which provide for the sale or lease to persons, States, or their political subdivisions, of services, resources, or water available within an area of the national park system, as long as such activity does not jeopardize or unduly interfere with the primary natural or historic resource of the area involved, if such person, State, or its political subdivision—

(1) provides public accommodations or services within the immediate vicinity of an area of the national park system to persons visiting the area; and

(2) has demonstrated to the Secretary that there are no reasonable alternatives by which to acquire or perform the necessary services, resources, or water;

(f) Vehicular air-conditioning

Acquire, and have installed, air-conditioning units for any Government-owned passenger motor vehicles used by the National Park Service, where assigned duties necessitate long periods in automobiles or in regions of the United States where high temperatures and humidity are common and prolonged;

(g) Exhibits and demonstrations; sale of products and services; contracts and cooperative arrangements; credits to appropriation

Sell at fair market value without regard to the requirements of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended [40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.], products and services produced in the conduct of living exhibits and interpretive demonstrations in areas of the national park system, to enter into contracts including cooperative arrangements with respect to such living exhibits and interpretive demonstrations and park programs, and to credit the proceeds therefrom to the appropriation bearing the cost of such exhibits and demonstrations;

(h) Regulations; promulgation and enforcement

Promulgate and enforce regulations concerning boating and other activities on or relating to waters located within areas of the National Park System, including waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States: Provided, That any regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection shall be complementary to, and not in derogation of, the authority of the United States Coast Guard to regulate the use of waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States;

(i) United States Park Police and other National Park Service employees; meals and lodging

Provide meals and lodging, as the Secretary deems appropriate, for members of the United States Park Police and other employees of the National Park Service, as he may designate, serving temporarily on extended special duty in areas of the National Park System, and for this purpose he is authorized to use funds appropriated for the expenses of the Department of the Interior.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §3, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 826; Pub. L. 94–458, §1, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1939.)

References in Text

The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, referred to in subsec. (g), is act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, 63 Stat. 377, as amended. Provisions of that act relating to management and disposal of Government property are classified to chapter 10 (§471 et seq.) of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 471 of Title 40 and Tables.

Codification

In subsec. (c), “section 5703 of title 5” substituted for “section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946 (5 U.S.C. 5703)” on authority of Pub. L. 89–554, §7(b), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, the first section of which enacted Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Amendments

1976—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 94–458, §1(1), inserted provision requiring Secretary to consider impact on primary natural and historic resources of an area before entering into contracts.

Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 94–458, §1(2), added subsecs. (h) and (i).

Termination of Advisory Committees

Advisory committees in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a committee established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a committee established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See section 14 of Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§1a–3. Legislative jurisdiction; relinquishment by Secretary; submittal of proposed agreement to Congressional committees; concurrent legislative jurisdiction

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior may relinquish to a State, or to a Commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States, part of the legislative jurisdiction of the United States over National Park System lands or interests therein in that State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession: Provided, That prior to consummating any such relinquishment, the Secretary shall submit the proposed agreement to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives, and shall not finalize such agreement until sixty calendar days after such submission shall have elapsed. Relinquishment of legislative jurisdiction under this section may be accomplished (1) by filing with the Governor (or, if none exists, with the chief executive officer) of the State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession concerned a notice of relinquishment to take effect upon acceptance thereof, or (2) as the laws of the State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession may otherwise provide. The Secretary shall diligently pursue the consummation of arrangements with each State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession within which a unit of the National Park System is located to the end that insofar as practicable the United States shall exercise concurrent legislative jurisdiction within units of the National Park System.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §6, as added Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1939; amended Pub. L. 103–437, §6(a)(1), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

Amendments

1994—Pub. L. 103–437 substituted “Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives” for “Committees on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States Congress”.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

§1a–4. Uniform allowance

Notwithstanding section 5901(a) of title 5, the uniform allowance for uniformed employees of the National Park Service may be up to $400 annually.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §7, as added Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1940.)

§1a–5. Additional areas for National Park System

(a) Areas of national significance for potential inclusion; investigation and study; transmittal to Congress of report and annual listings of areas, included on Registry of Natural Landmarks and National Register of Historic places, subject to threats of damage; printing as House document; authorization of appropriations

The Secretary of the Interior is directed to investigate, study, and continually monitor the welfare of areas whose resources exhibit qualities of national significance and which may have potential for inclusion in the National Park System. At the beginning of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the President of the Senate, comprehensive reports on each of those areas upon which studies have been completed. Each such report shall indicate and elaborate on the theme(s) which the area represents as indicated in the National Park System Plan. On this same date, and accompanying such reports, the Secretary shall transmit a listing, in generally descending order of importance or merit, of not less than twelve such areas which appear to be of national significance and which may have potential for inclusion in the National Park System. Threats to resource values, and cost escalation factors shall be considered in listing the order of importance or merit. Such listing may be comprised of any areas heretofore submitted under terms of this section, and which at the time of listing are not included in the National Park System. Accompanying the annual listing of areas shall be a synopsis, for each report previously submitted, of the current and changed condition of the resource integrity of the area and other relevant factors, compiled as a result of continual periodic monitoring and embracing the period since the previous such submission or initial report submission one year earlier. The Secretary is also directed to transmit annually to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the President of the Senate, at the beginning of each fiscal year, a complete and current list of all areas included on the Registry of Natural Landmarks and those areas of national significance listed on the National Register of Historic places which areas exhibit known or anticipated damage or threats to the integrity of their resources, along with notations as to the nature and severity of such damage or threats. Each report and annual listing shall be printed as a House document: Provided, That should adequate supplies of previously printed identical reports remain available, newly submitted identical reports shall be omitted from printing upon the receipt by the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives of a joint letter from the chairman of the Committee on Natural Resources of the United States House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate indicating such to be the case. For the purposes of carrying out the studies for potential new Park System units and for monitoring the welfare of those resources, there are authorized to be appropriated annually not to exceed $1,000,000. For the purposes of monitoring the welfare and integrity of the national landmarks, there are authorized to be appropriated annually not to exceed $1,500,000.

(b) National Park System Plan; submission to Congress; revision and annual update of Plan

The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Natural Resources of the United States House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate, a comprehensive, “National Park System Plan”, which document shall constitute a professional guide for the identification of natural and historic themes of the United States, and from which candidate areas can be identified and selected to constitute units of the National Park System. Such plan shall be revised and updated annually.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §8, as added Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1940; amended Pub. L. 95–625, title VI, §604(1), Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3518; Pub. L. 96–199, title I, §104, Mar. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 68; Pub. L. 96–344, §8, Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1135; Pub. L. 103–437, §6(b), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–437, §6(b)(1), substituted “Natural Resources” for “Interior and Insular Affairs” after “Committee on”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–437, §6(b)(2), substituted “The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Natural Resources” for “Within six months of March 5, 1980, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs”.

1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–344 inserted provisions requiring that each report indicate and elaborate on the theme or themes which the area represents as indicated in the National Park System Plan and the annual priority listing of areas be accomplished by a synopsis, for each report previously submitted, of current and changed conditions of the resource integrity of the area or other relevant factors, to cover the period since the previous such submission or initial report submission one year earlier.

Pub. L. 96–199, §104(a), (b), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and inserted provision that should adequate supplies of previously printed identical reports remain available, newly submitted identical reports shall be omitted from printing upon the receipt by the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives of a joint letter from the chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate indicating such to be the case.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–199, §104(b), added subsec. (b).

1978—Pub. L. 95–625 authorized annual appropriations of $1,000,000 for studies for potential new Park System units and for monitoring the welfare of those resources and $1,500,000 for monitoring the welfare and integrity of the national landmarks.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

Lower Mississippi Delta Region Initiatives

Pub. L. 103–433, title XI, Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4512, directed Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with Delta Region States, the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Center, the Chairs of the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Director of the Smithsonian Institution, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, State Archaeological Surveys and Regional Archaeological Centers and other appropriate institutions, to prepare and transmit to Congress a series of studies involving Delta Region heritage particularly development of Delta Region Corridors and Heritage and Cultural Centers, preservation of historic and prehistoric sites and structures, Delta antiquities survey, and comprehensive historic and archaeological resources program.

Boston Harbor Islands Study

Pub. L. 102–525, title V, §501, Oct. 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 3442, directed Secretary of the Interior to study within one year after Oct. 26, 1992, opportunities for National Park Service to promote conservation and use by the public of Boston Harbor Islands, and in so doing to consult local governmental authorities, to evaluate suitability of establishing Boston Harbor Islands as unit of National Park System, to assess tourism and public education opportunities of management in conjunction with nearby units of National Park System, to evaluate possible transportation links with those units, and to submit, not later than one year after Oct. 26, 1992, a report of findings, conclusions, and recommendations to Congress.

National Historic Landmark Theme Study on American Labor History

Pub. L. 102–101, Aug. 17, 1991, 105 Stat. 493, directed Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with workers, workers’ representatives, scholars, and preservationists, and under cooperative agreements with scholarly and public historic organizations, to prepare and transmit to Congress, within 3 years of date of funding, a theme study to identify key sites in American labor history, to nominate districts, sites, etc., as national historic landmarks, to identify possible new park units, and to prepare a list of the most appropriate sites, and authorized appropriations of $250,000 to carry out study.

African-American History Landmark Theme Study

Pub. L. 102–98, Aug. 17, 1991, 105 Stat. 485, directed Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with scholars and preservationists, and under cooperative agreements with scholarly and public historic organizations, to prepare and transmit to Congress, within 3 years of date of funding, a theme study to identify key sites in history and experience of African-Americans, to nominate districts, sites, etc. as national historic landmarks, to identify possible new park units, and to prepare a list of most appropriate sites, and authorized appropriations of $500,000 to carry out study.

Niobrara-Buffalo Prairie National Park Study

Pub. L. 102–50, §8, May 24, 1991, 105 Stat. 257, directed Secretary of the Interior to study within 18 months after May 24, 1991, feasibility and suitability of establishing Niobrara-Buffalo Prairie National Park in Nebraska, including assessment of significance of natural, cultural, historic, scenic, and recreational resources and study of feasibility of managing the area by various methods, in consultation with appropriate Federal agencies, Nature Conservancy, and Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, and directed Secretary to submit study to Congress.

Underground Railroad Study

Pub. L. 101–628, title VI, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4495, directed Secretary of the Interior to conduct a study of alternatives for commemorating the Underground Railroad in order to preserve and protect this aspect of American history, directed preparation of an interpretive handbook on the Underground Railroad in larger context of American antebellum society, including history of slavery and abolitionism, and authorized establishment of Underground Railroad Advisory Committee to meet and consult with Secretary on matters relating to the study.

Civil War and Other Studies

Pub. L. 101–628, title XII, §§1201–1210, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4503–4507, as amended by Pub. L. 102–166, title V, §501, Nov. 21, 1991, 105 Stat. 1100, known as the “Civil War Sites Study Act of 1990”, directed Secretary of the Interior to prepare a study of Shenandoah Valley Civil War sites in order to obtain information on significance of such sites, threats to their integrity, and alternatives for their preservation, authorized establishment of Civil War Sites Advisory Commission, directed such Commission to prepare a study of historically significant sites other than Shenandoah Valley Civil War sites, and directed Secretary to undertake a complete revision of National Park Service “Thematic Framework” to reflect current scholarship on American history and culture, historic and prehistoric archeology, and architecture.

Report to Congress on Criteria for Inclusion as Affiliated Area of National Park System

Pub. L. 100–336, §2, June 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 617, directed Secretary, in consultation with interested conservation, professional, and park management organizations and individuals, to prepare and submit to Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of House of Representatives and Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of Senate a report of criteria for elements of national significance and other factors necessary for a proposed area to be considered appropriate for inclusion as an affiliated area of National Park System including an analysis of applicability to Wildlife Prairie Park, this report to address responsibilities to be required of operators of an affiliated area and responsibilities of National Park Service to any such designated area, with report to be submitted not later than two years from June 17, 1988, and to provide recommendations by Secretary of the Interior including but not limited to how criteria for national significance and other factors should be made applicable to future proposed affiliated areas, when such areas are considered by the Secretary, and any criteria or procedures for such considerations by Congress including recommendations for legislative action.

Study of Historical Camden, South Carolina, Regarding Establishment as Unit of National Park System; Transmittal to President and Congressional Committees

Pub. L. 95–629, title IV, §401, Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3640, directed Secretary of the Interior to prepare and transmit to President, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of House of Representatives, and Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of Senate a study of Historical Camden, consisting of approximately ninety acres of land in Camden, South Carolina, to determine feasibility and desirability of establishing such area as a unit of the National Park System, with study to be transmitted not later than two years following date on which funds are appropriated for study and to include cost estimates for any necessary acquisition, development, operation and maintenance, as well as any alternatives for administration and protection of area.

Crow Creek Village Archeological Site, South Dakota; Feasibility/Suitability Study; Transmittal to Congressional Committees; Cost Estimates; Site Preservation

Section 512 of Pub. L. 95–625 directed Secretary to prepare and transmit to Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of Senate and Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of House of Representatives within two years from Nov. 10, 1978, a feasibility/suitability study of Crow Creek Village archeological site, Buffalo County, South Dakota, as a unit of National Park System, including cost estimates for any necessary acquisition, development, operation and maintenance, as well as any feasible alternatives for administration and protection of area, including, but not limited to, Federal financial and technical assistance to State of South Dakota, Buffalo County or other suitable entity, and directed Secretary of the Army to take such actions as may be necessary to preserve and protect such site from any adverse impact on site and to refrain from any activities which might cause such impact until two years from date of submission of study by Secretary.

Ridgelands Area Study; Consultation and Coordination; Report to President and Congress; Authorization of Appropriations

Section 602 of Pub. L. 95–625 directed Secretary to study feasibility and desirability of establishing Ridgelands area east of San Francisco Bay as a unit of National Park System, to consult with other Federal, State, and local agencies in conduct of this study, to coordinate this study with applicable local and State plans and planning activities relating to Ridgelands, and to report findings and recommendations to President and Congress not later than one year after Nov. 10, 1978.

Oak Creek Canyon, Yavapai, Soldiers Wash-Mormon Canyon, and Chiricahua National Monument, Arizona; Studies by Secretaries of the Interior and Agriculture

Section 605 of Pub. L. 95–625 directed Secretary, in cooperation with Secretary of Agriculture where national forest lands are involved, to conduct a study to determine suitable boundaries for Oak Creek Canyon, Yavapai, Soldiers Wash-Mormon Canyon areas in Arizona as a unit or units of National Park System, and to conduct a study of boundary of Chiricahua National Monument, Arizona, to determine appropriate location of a boundary line for additions to monument, with both reports to be submitted by Secretary to Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of House of Representatives and Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of Senate not later than one year following date on which funds are appropriated for purpose of study.

Irvine Coast-Laguna, California Study

Section 608 of Pub. L. 95–625 directed Secretary to study feasibility and desirability of establishing Irvine Coast-Laguna beach area as a unit of National Park System, to consult with other Federal, State, and local agencies in conduct of this study, and to report findings and recommendations to President and Congress within six months after Nov. 10, 1978.

§1a–6. Law enforcement personnel within National Park System

(a) Omitted

(b) Designation authority of Secretary; powers and duties of designees

In addition to any other authority conferred by law, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to designate, pursuant to standards prescribed in regulations by the Secretary, certain officers or employees of the Department of the Interior who shall maintain law and order and protect persons and property within areas of the National Park System. In the performance of such duties, the officers or employees, so designated, may—

(1) carry firearms and make arrests without warrant for any offense against the United States committed in his presence, or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if he has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony, provided such arrests occur within that system or the person to be arrested is fleeing therefrom to avoid arrest;

(2) execute any warrant or other process issued by a court or officer of competent jurisdiction for the enforcement of the provisions of any Federal law or regulation issued pursuant to law arising out of an offense committed in that system or, where the person subject to the warrant or process is in that system, in connection with any Federal offense; and

(3) conduct investigations of offenses against the United States committed in that system in the absence of investigation thereof by any other Federal law enforcement agency having investigative jurisdiction over the offense committed or with the concurrence of such other agency.

(c) Supplemental special policemen; designation authority of Secretary; cooperation with State officials in enforcement of State law; reimbursement to State; concurrent jurisdiction; delegation of enforcement responsibilities

The Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to—

(1) designate officers and employees of any other Federal agency or law enforcement personnel of any State or political subdivision thereof, when deemed economical and in the public interest and with the concurrence of that agency or that State or subdivision, to act as special policemen in areas of the National Park System when supplemental law enforcement personnel may be needed, and to exercise the powers and authority provided by paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (b) of this section;

(2) cooperate, within the National Park System, with any State or political subdivision thereof in the enforcement of supervision of the laws or ordinances of that State or subdivision; and

(3) provide limited reimbursement, to a State or its political subdivisions, in accordance with such regulations as he may prescribe, where the State has ceded concurrent legislative jurisdiction over the affected area of the system, for expenditures incurred in connection with its activities within that system which were rendered pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(4) the authorities provided by this subsection shall supplement the law enforcement responsibilities of the National Park Service, and shall not authorize the delegation of law enforcement responsibilities of the agency to State and local governments.

(d) Special policemen not deemed Federal employees; exceptions

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a law enforcement officer of any State or political subdivision thereof designated to act as a special policeman under subsection (c) of this section shall not be deemed a Federal employee and shall not be subject to the provisions of law relating to Federal employment, including, but not limited to, those relating to hours of work, rates of compensation, leave, unemployment compensation, and Federal benefits.

(2) For purposes of the tort claim provisions of title 28, a law enforcement officer of any State or political subdivision thereof shall, when acting as a special policeman under subsection (c) of this section, be considered a Federal employee.

(3) For purposes of subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5, relating to compensation to Federal employees for work injuries, a law enforcement officer of any State or political subdivision thereof shall, when acting as a special policeman under subsection (c) of this section be deemed a civil service employee of the United States within the meaning of the term “employee” as defined in section 8101 of title 5, and the provisions of that subchapter shall apply.

(e) Federal investigative jurisdiction and State civil and criminal jurisdiction not preempted within National Park System

Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed or applied to limit or restrict the investigative jurisdiction of any Federal law enforcement agency other than the National Park Service, and nothing shall be construed or applied to affect any right of a State or a political subdivision thereof to exercise civil and criminal jurisdiction within the National Park System.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §10, as added Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1941.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in subsec. (e), is Pub. L. 91–383, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 825, as amended. As originally enacted, Pub. L. 91–383 contained sections 1 to 4, the first 3 of which enacted sections 1a–1 and 1a–2 and amended sections 1b and 1c of this title. Pub. L. 94–458 amended Pub. L. 91–383 by adding sections 5 to 12, which enacted sections 1a–3 to 1a–7, amended sections 17j, 460n–5, 463, 470a, and 559, and repealed sections 10, 10a, 17b–1, and 415 of this title. Pub. L. 103–322 amended Pub. L. 91–383 by adding section 13, which enacted section 1a–7a of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

Section is comprised of section 10 of Pub. L. 91–383, as added. Subsec. (a) of section 10 of Pub. L. 91–383 amended sections 460n–5 and 559 of this title and repealed sections 10, 10a, and 415 of this title.

Cross References

Park Police uniforms to display U.S. flag emblem or colors, see section 210a of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.

§1a–7. National Park System development program

(a) Transmittal to Congressional committees

Not later than January 15 of each calendar year, the Secretary of the Interior shall transmit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives a detailed program for the development of facilities, structures, or buildings for each unit of the National Park System consistent with the general management plans required in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) General management plans; preparation and revision by Director of National Park Service; list to Congress; contents

General management plans for the preservation and use of each unit of the National Park System, including areas within the national capital area, shall be prepared and revised in a timely manner by the Director of the National Park Service. On January 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a list indicating the current status of completion or revision of general management plans for each unit of the National Park System. General management plans for each unit shall include, but not be limited to:

(1) measures for the preservation of the area's resources;

(2) indications of types and general intensities of development (including visitor circulation and transportation patterns, systems and modes) associated with public enjoyment and use of the area, including general locations, timing of implementation, and anticipated costs;

(3) identification of and implementation commitments for visitor carrying capacities for all areas of the unit; and

(4) indications of potential modifications to the external boundaries of the unit, and the reasons therefor.

(c) Concession leases and contracts; proposed awards; transmittal to Congressional committees

The Secretary of the Interior shall hereafter transmit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives all proposed awards of concession leases and contracts involving a gross annual business of $100,000 or more, or of five years or more in duration (including renewals thereof), and all proposed rules and regulations relating thereto, sixty days before such awards are made or such rules and regulations are promulgated.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §12, as added Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1942; amended Pub. L. 95–625, title VI, §604(3), (4), Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3518, 3519; Pub. L. 103–437, §6(c), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

Codification

The last sentence of section 12(c) of Pub. L. 91–383, as added by Pub. L. 94–458, §2, repealed section 17b–1 of this title. The remainder of section 12(c) enacted subsec. (c) of this section.

Amendments

1994—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 103–437 substituted “Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives” for “Committees on Interior and Insular Affairs”.

1978—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–625, §604(3), in revising text, substituted provisions for preservation and use of units of the National Park Service for prior provision for development of the units and for submission of an annual list to Congress on January 1 for prior provision for transmission of the plans to the Committees on Interior and Insular Affairs, provided for revision of the plans in a timely manner, inserted items (1) to (4) and struck out prior items covering (1) the facilities which the Director found necessary to accommodate the health, safety, and recreation needs of the visiting public, including provision of appropriate facilities under Act Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 969 [Pub. L. 89–249]; (2) the location and estimated cost of all the facilities; and (3) the projected need for any additional facilities required for the unit.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–625, §604(4), substituted “or of five years or more” for “or exceeding five years”.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 284h, 410ff–3, 410gg–4, 410ii–5, 410oo–3, 410qq–2, 410ww–2, 410yy–5 of this title.

§1a–7a. National Park System crime prevention assistance

(a) Availability of funds

There are authorized to be appropriated out of the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, not to exceed $10,000,000, for the Secretary of the Interior to take all necessary actions to seek to reduce the incidence of violent crime in the National Park System.

(b) Recommendations for improvement

The Secretary shall direct the chief official responsible for law enforcement within the National Park Service to—

(1) compile a list of areas within the National Park System with the highest rates of violent crime;

(2) make recommendations concerning capital improvements, and other measures, needed within the National Park System to reduce the rates of violent crime, including the rate of sexual assault; and

(3) publish the information required by paragraphs (1) and (2) in the Federal Register.

(c) Distribution of funds

Based on the recommendations and list issued pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary shall distribute the funds authorized by subsection (a) of this section throughout the National Park System. Priority shall be given to those areas with the highest rates of sexual assault.

(d) Use of funds

Funds provided under this section may be used—

(1) to increase lighting within or adjacent to National Park System units;

(2) to provide emergency phone lines to contact law enforcement or security personnel in areas within or adjacent to National Park System units;

(3) to increase security or law enforcement personnel within or adjacent to National Park System units; or

(4) for any other project intended to increase the security and safety of National Park System units.

(Pub. L. 91–383, §13, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title IV, §40132, Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1917.)

Cross References

Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, see section 14211 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

§1a–8. Maintenance management system

(a) Implementation and elements

Beginning in fiscal year 1985, the National Park Service shall implement a maintenance management system into the maintenance and operations programs of the National Park System. For purposes of this section the term “maintenance management system” means a system that contains but is not limited to the following elements:

(1) a work load inventory of assets including detailed information that quantifies for all assets (including but not limited to buildings, roads, utility systems, and grounds that must be maintained) the characteristics affecting the type of maintenance work performed;

(2) a set of maintenance tasks that describe the maintenance work in each unit of the National Park System;

(3) a description of work standards including frequency of maintenance, measurable quality standard to which assets should be maintained, methods for accomplishing work, required labor, equipment and material resources, and expected worker production for each maintenance task;

(4) a work program and performance budget which develops an annual work plan identifying maintenance needs and financial resources to be devoted to each maintenance task;

(5) a work schedule which identifies and prioritizes tasks to be done in a specific time period and specifies required labor resources;

(6) work orders specifying job authorizations and a record of work accomplished which can be used to record actual labor and material costs; and

(7) reports and special analyses which compare planned versus actual accomplishments and costs and can be used to evaluate maintenance operations.

(b) Reports to Congressional committees; contents

The National Park Service shall transmit to the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate, at the end of each fiscal year, a copy of a report summarizing the status of implementation of a maintenance management system until such a system has been implemented.

The report shall incorporate the following information:

(1) the number of units in the National Park System that have implemented a maintenance management system during the period;

(2) contract costs versus management efficiencies achieved;

(3) the total amount of dollars spent on contracts for services; and

(4) estimation of the total value of benefits achieved through greater management efficiency.

(Pub. L. 98–540, §4, Oct. 24, 1984, 98 Stat. 2719; Pub. L. 103–437, §6(d)(1), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–437 in introductory provisions substituted “Natural Resources” for “Interior and Insular Affairs” after “Committee on”.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

§1a–9. Periodic review of National Park System

The Secretary of the Interior (hereafter in sections 1a–9 to 1a–13 of this title referred to as the “Secretary”) is authorized and directed to conduct a systematic and comprehensive review of certain aspects of the National Park System and to submit on a periodic basis but not later than every 3 years a report to the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on Appropriations of the United States House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee on Appropriations of the United States Senate on the findings of such review, together with such recommendations as the Secretary determines necessary. The first report shall be submitted no later than 3 years after November 28, 1990.

(Pub. L. 101–628, title XII, §1213, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4507; Pub. L. 103–437, §6(d)(2), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

References in Text

Sections 1a–9 to 1a–13 of this title, referred to in text, was in the original “this title”, meaning title XII of Pub. L. 101–628, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4503, which enacted sections 1a–9 to 1a–13 of this title, amended section 463 of this title, and enacted provisions set out as a note under section 1a–5 of this title. For complete classification of title XII to the Code, see Tables.

Amendments

1994—Pub. L. 103–437 substituted “Natural Resources” for “Interior and Insular Affairs” after “Committee on”.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1a–10 of this title.

§1a–10. Consultation with affected agencies and organizations

In conducting and preparing the report referred to in section 1a–9 of this title, the Secretary shall consult with appropriate officials of affected Federal, State and local agencies, together with national, regional, and local organizations, including but not limited to holding such public hearings as the Secretary determines to be appropriate to provide a full opportunity for public comment.

(Pub. L. 101–628, title XII, §1214, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4508.)

References in Text

Section 1a–9 of this title, referred to in text, was in the original “section 1”, and was translated as reading “section 1213”, meaning section 1213 of Pub. L. 101–628, title XII, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4507, which enacted section 1a–9 relating to submission of reports, as the probable intent of Congress.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1a–9 of this title.

§1a–11. Contents of report

The report shall contain—

(a) A comprehensive listing of all authorized but unacquired lands within the exterior boundaries of each unit of the National Park System as of November 28, 1990.

(b) A priority listing of all such unacquired parcels by individual park unit and for the National Park System as a whole. The list shall describe the acreage and ownership of each parcel, the estimated cost of acquisition for each parcel (subject to any statutory acquisition limitations for such lands), and the basis for such estimate.

(c) An analysis and evaluation of the current and future needs of each unit of the National Park System for resource management, interpretation, construction, operation and maintenance, personnel, housing, together with an estimate of the costs thereof.

(Pub. L. 101–628, title XII, §1215, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4508.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1a–9 of this title.

§1a–12. Evaluation of proposed boundary changes

Within one year after November 28, 1990, the Secretary shall develop criteria to evaluate any proposed changes to the existing boundaries of individual park units including—

(a) analysis of whether or not the existing boundary provides for the adequate protection and preservation of the natural, historic, cultural, scenic and recreational resources integral to the unit;

(b) an evaluation of each parcel proposed for addition or deletion to the unit based on the analysis under paragraph (1); 1

(c) an assessment of the impact of potential boundary adjustments taking into consideration the factors in paragraph (c) 2 as well as the effect of the adjustments on the local communities and surrounding area.

(Pub. L. 101–628, title XII, §1216, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4508.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1a–9, 1a–13 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be paragraph “(a);”.

2 So in original.

§1a–13. Proposals for boundary changes

In proposing any boundary change after November 28, 1990, the Secretary shall—

(a) consult with affected agencies of State and local governments 1 surrounding communities, affected landowners and private national, regional, and local organizations;

(b) apply the criteria developed pursuant to section 1a–12 of this title and accompany this proposal with a statement reflecting the results of the application of such criteria;

(c) include with such proposal an estimate of the cost for acquisition of any parcels proposed for acquisition together with the basis for the estimate and a statement on the relative priority for the acquisition of each parcel within the priorities for acquisition of other lands for such unit and for the National Park System.

(Pub. L. 101–628, title XII, §1217, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4508.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1a–9 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

§1a–14. National Park System advisory committees

(a) Charter

The provisions of section 14(b) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. Appendix; 86 Stat. 776) are hereby waived with respect to any advisory commission or advisory committee established by law in connection with any national park system unit during the period such advisory commission or advisory committee is authorized by law.

(b) Members

In the case of any advisory commission or advisory committee established in connection with any national park system unit, any member of such Commission or Committee may serve after the expiration of his or her term until a successor is appointed.

(Pub. L. 102–525, title III, §301, Oct. 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 3441.)

References in Text

Section 14(b) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is section 14(b) of Pub. L. 92–463, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§1b. Secretary of the Interior's authorization of additional activities; administration of National Park System

In order to facilitate the administration of the National Park System, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to carry out the following activities, and he may use applicable appropriations for the aforesaid system for the following purposes:

(1) Emergency assistance

Rendering of emergency rescue, fire fighting, and cooperative assistance to nearby law enforcement and fire prevention agencies and for related purposes outside of the National Park System.

(2) Utility facilities; erection and maintenance

The erection and maintenance of fire protection facilities, water lines, telephone lines, electric lines, and other utility facilities adjacent to any area of the said National Park System, where necessary, to provide service in such area.

(3) Transportation of employees of Carlsbad Caverns National Park; rates

Transportation to and from work, outside of regular working hours, of employees of Carlsbad Caverns National Park, residing in or near the city of Carlsbad, New Mexico, such transportation to be between the park and the city, or intervening points, at reasonable rates to be determined by the Secretary of the Interior taking into consideration, among other factors, comparable rates charged by transportation companies in the locality for similar services, the amounts collected for such transportation to be credited to the appropriation current at the time payment is received: Provided, That if adequate transportation facilities are available, or shall be available by any common carrier, at reasonable rates, then and in that event the facilities contemplated by this paragraph shall not be offered.

(4) Utility services for concessioners; reimbursement

Furnishing, on a reimbursement of appropriation basis, all types of utility services to concessioners, contractors, permittees, or other users of such services, within the National Park System: Provided, That reimbursements for cost of such utility services may be credited to the appropriation current at the time reimbursements are received.

(5) Supplies and rental of equipment; reimbursement

Furnishing, on a reimbursement of appropriation basis, supplies, and the rental of equipment to persons and agencies that in cooperation with, and subject to the approval of, the Secretary of the Interior, render services or perform functions that facilitate or supplement the activities of the Department of the Interior in the administration of the National Park System: Provided, That reimbursements hereunder may be credited to the appropriation current at the time reimbursements are received.

(6) Contracts for utility facilities

Contracting, under such terms and conditions as the said Secretary considers to be in the interest of the Federal Government, for the sale, operation, maintenance, repair, or relocation of Government-owned electric and telephone lines and other utility facilities used for the administration and protection of the National Park System, regardless of whether such lines and facilities are located within or outside said system and areas.

(7) Rights-of-way

Acquiring such rights-of-way as may be necessary to construct, improve, and maintain roads within the authorized boundaries of any area of said National Park System and the acquisition also of land and interests in land adjacent to such rights-of-way, when deemed necessary by the Secretary, to provide adequate protection of natural features or to avoid traffic and other hazards resulting from private road access connections, or when the acquisition of adjacent residual tracts, which otherwise would remain after acquiring such rights-of-way, would be in the public interest.

(8) Operation and maintenance of motor and other equipment; rent of equipment; reimbursement

The operation, repair, maintenance, and replacement of motor and other equipment on a reimbursable basis when such equipment is used on Federal projects of the said National Park System, chargeable to other appropriations, or on work of other Federal agencies, when requested by such agencies. Reimbursement shall be made from appropriations applicable to the work on which the equipment is used at rental rates established by the Secretary, based on actual or estimated cost of operation, repair, maintenance, depreciation, and equipment management control and credited to appropriations currently available at the time adjustment is effected, and the Secretary may also rent equipment for fire control purposes to State, county, private, or other non-Federal agencies that cooperate with the Secretary in the administration of the said National Park System and other areas in fire control, such rental to be under the terms of written cooperative agreements, the amount collected for such rentals to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time payment is received.

(Aug. 8, 1953, ch. 384, §1, 67 Stat. 495; Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–383, §2(a), 84 Stat. 826.)

Amendments

1970—Pub. L. 91–383 struck out “and miscellaneous areas administered in connection therewith” after “National Park System” and “and miscellaneous areas” after “aforesaid system” in introductory text and “National Park System” in pars. (1), (2), (4) to (7), and (8) where first appearing.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 459b–6, 459c–6 of this title.

§1c. General administration provisions; system defined; particular areas

(a) “National park system” defined

The “national park system” shall include any area of land and water now or hereafter administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the National Park Service for park, monument, historic, parkway, recreational, or other purposes.

(b) Specific provisions applicable to area; uniform application of sections 1b to 1d and other provisions of this title to all areas when not in conflict with specific provisions; references in other provisions to national parks, monuments, recreation areas, historic monuments, or parkways not a limitation of such other provisions to those areas

Each area within the national park system shall be administered in accordance with the provisions of any statute made specifically applicable to that area. In addition, the provisions of sections 1b to 1d of this title, and the various authorities relating to the administration and protection of areas under the administration of the Secretary of the Interior through the National Park Service, including but not limited to the Act of August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535), as amended [16 U.S.C. 1, 2, 3, and 4], the Act of March 4, 1911 (36 Stat. 1253), as amended (16 U.S.C. 5) relating to rights-of-way, the Act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 917), as amended (16 U.S.C. 6), relating to donation of land and money, sections 1, 4, 5, and 6 of the Act of April 9, 1924 (43 Stat. 90), as amended (16 U.S.C. 8 and 8a–8c), relating to roads and trails, the Act of March 4, 1931 (46 Stat. 1570; 16 U.S.C. 8d), relating to approach roads to national monuments, the Act of June 3, 1948 (62 Stat. 334), as amended (16 U.S.C. 8e–8f), relating to conveyance of roads to States, the Act of August 31, 1954 (68 Stat. 1037), as amended (16 U.S.C. 452a), relating to acquisitions of inholdings, section 1 of the Act of July 3, 1926 (44 Stat. 900), as amended (16 U.S.C. 12), relating to aid to visitors in emergencies, the Act of March 3, 1905 (33 Stat. 873; 16 U.S.C. 10), relating to arrests, sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 of the Act of May 26, 1930 (46 Stat. 381), as amended (16 U.S.C. 17b, 17c, 17d, and 17e), relating to services or other accommodations for the public, emergency supplies and services to concessioners, acceptability of travelers checks, care and removal of indigents, the Act of October 9, 1965 (79 Stat. 696; 16 U.S.C. 20–20g), relating to concessions, the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965, as amended [16 U.S.C. 460l–4 et seq.], and the Act of July 15, 1968 (82 Stat. 355), shall to the extent such provisions are not in conflict with any such specific provision, be applicable to all areas within the national park system and any reference in such Act to national parks, monuments, recreation areas, historic monuments, or parkways shall hereinafter not be construed as limiting such Acts to those areas.

(Aug. 8, 1953, ch. 384, §2, 67 Stat. 496; Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–383, §2(b), 84 Stat. 826.)

References in Text

Act of October 9, 1965, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 89–249, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 969, known as the National Park System Concessions Policy Act, which is classified generally to subchapter IV (§20 et seq.) of this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 20 of this title and Tables.

Act of March 3, 1905 (33 Stat. 873; 16 U.S.C. 10), referred to in subsec. (b), related to arrests by National Park Service personnel in the national forests and national parks. Provisions of that Act that related to arrests by Forest Service personnel in the national forest and national parks are classified to section 559 of this title. Section 10(a)(2) of Pub. L. 91–383, as added by Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1941, amended the 1905 Act by striking out references to the National Park Service and the national parks, and had the effect of repealing those provisions of the 1905 Act that were classified to section 10 of this title. Provisions relating to law and order within areas of the National Park System are covered by section 1a–6 of this title.

Section 17d of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was omitted from the Code as obsolete.

The Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 88–578, Sept. 3, 1964, 78 Stat. 897, as amended, which is classified generally to part B (§460l–4 et seq.) of subchapter LXIX of chapter 1 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 460l–4 of this title and Tables.

Act of July 15, 1968 (82 Stat. 355), referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 90–401, which enacted sections 460l–10a to 460l–10c and 460l–22 of this title, amended section 460l–5, 460l–7, and 460l–9 of this title, and enacted provisions set out as notes under section 460l–5 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Amendments

1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–383, in redefining the national park system, substituted provision for inclusion of any area of land and water now or hereafter administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the National Park Service for park, monument, historic, parkway, recreational, or other purposes for prior provision defining such system to mean all federally owned or controlled lands administered under direction of Secretary of the Interior under sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this title and grouped in the following descriptive categories: (1) National parks, (2) national monuments, (3) national historic parks, (4) national memorials, (5) national parkways, and (6) national capital parks.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–383 substituted provisions making specific provisions applicable to an area of the national park system, for uniform application of authorities, and prohibiting construction of references in other provisions to national parks, monuments, recreation areas, historic monuments or parkways as limitation of such other provisions to those areas, for prior definition of “miscellaneous areas” as including lands under administrative jurisdiction of another Federal agency, or privately owned lands, and over which National Park Service, under direction of Secretary of the Interior, exercises supervision for recreational, historical, or other related purposes, and lands under care and custody of such Service other than those herein described.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1a–1, 459b–6, 459c–6, 5207 of this title.

§1d. Appropriations

On and after August 8, 1953, applicable appropriations of the National Park Service shall be available for the objects and purposes specified in section 17j–2 of this title.

(Aug. 8, 1953, ch. 384, §3, 67 Stat. 496.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 459b–6, 459c–6 of this title.

§1e. National Capital region arts and cultural affairs; grant program

There is hereby established under the direction of the National Park Service a program to support and enhance artistic and cultural activities in the National Capital region. Eligibility for grants shall be limited to organizations of demonstrated national significance which meet at least two of the additional following criteria:

(1) an annual operating budget in excess of $1,000,000;

(2) an annual audience or visitation of at least 200,000 people;

(3) a paid staff of at least one hundred persons; or

(4) eligibility under the Historic Sites Act of 1935 (16 U.S.C. 462(e)).


Public or private colleges and universities are not eligible for grants under this program.

Grants awarded under this section may be used to support general operations and maintenance, security, or special projects. No organization may receive a grant in excess of $500,000 in a single year.

The Director of the National Park Service shall establish an application process, appoint a review panel of five qualified persons, at least a majority of whom reside in the National Capital region, and develop other program guidelines and definitions as required.

The contractual amounts required for the support of Ford's Theater and Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts shall be available within the amount herein provided without regard to any other provisions of this section.

(Pub. L. 98–473, title I, §101(c) [title I, §100], Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1837, 1844.)

References in Text

The Historic Sites Act of 1935, referred to in text, which is also known as the Historic Sites, Buildings, and Antiquities Act, is act Aug. 21, 1935, ch. 593, 49 Stat. 666, as amended, which is classified to sections 461 to 467 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 461 of this title and Tables.

Cross References

National Capital arts and cultural affairs grant program under the direction of the National Endowment for the Humanities, see section 956a of Title 20, Education.

§2. National parks, reservations, and monuments; supervision

The director shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, have the supervision, management, and control of the several national parks and national monuments which on August 25, 1916, were under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior, and of the Hot Springs National Park in the State of Arkansas, and of such other national parks and reservations of like character as may be created by Congress. In the supervision, management, and control of national monuments contiguous to national forests the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with said National Park Service to such extent as may be requested by the Secretary of the Interior.

(Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, §2, 39 Stat. 535; Mar. 4, 1921, ch. 161, §1, 41 Stat. 1407.)

Change of Name

Hot Springs Reservation was changed to Hot Springs National Park by section 1 of act Mar. 4, 1921.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Cross References

National Park System Advisory Board, see section 463 of this title.

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 3, 4, 20, 20f, 21b, 45f, 79i, 80d, 81g, 81h, 90c, 108, 111c, 119, 158, 159b, 160f, 197, 201b, 205a, 221b, 222, 230e, 231c, 245, 254, 264, 271d, 272d, 273d, 281d, 282a, 283c, 284a, 291b, 342, 345, 346a–2, 355a, 391b–1, 396b, 396d, 397d, 398c, 401, 403–3, 403b, 404b, 406d–2, 407a, 407q, 408b, 409e, 410b, 410r–7, 410w, 410y–5, 410z–4, 410aa–2, 410bb–1, 410ee, 410ff–3, 410gg–2, 410hh–2, 410ii–5, 410jj–4, 410kk–1, 410ll, 410mm–1, 410nn–1, 410oo–3, 410pp–2, 410qq–2, 410rr–3, 410rr–7, 410ss–1, 410tt–3, 410vv–2, 410ww–4, 410xx–1, 410yy–2, 410aaa–2, 410aaa–23, 410aaa–46, 410bbb–2, 410ccc–2, 423h–2, 423l, 423o, 426m, 428d–3, 428o, 429a–2, 430m, 430w, 430cc, 430hh, 430ll, 430ss, 430uu–2, 433b, 433j, 441c, 442, 445c, 447c, 450, 450e–1, 450n, 450q, 450t, 450y–1, 450y–6, 450bb–1, 450cc–1, 450dd–1, 450ee–1, 450ff–2, 450hh–2, 450jj–5, 450mm–3, 450oo–9, 450pp–1, 459a–1, 459b–6, 459c–6, 459d–4, 459h–4, 459i–5, 459j–4, 460, 460a–2, 460m–5, 460m–12, 460m–15, 460s–5, 460w–5, 460x–5, 460bb–3, 460cc–2, 460dd–3, 460ee, 460ff–3, 460hh–3, 460ii–2, 460kk, 460uu–2, 460ww–1, 460yy–1, 460eee–1, 460fff–1, 467b, 698c, 698i, 698n, 698r, 1133, 1902, 3125 of this title; title 30 section 1014; title 36 section 4614; title 40 sections 319c, 803, 804; title 48 section 1705.

§3. Rules and regulations of national parks, reservations, and monuments; timber; leases

The Secretary of the Interior shall make and publish such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary or proper for the use and management of the parks, monuments, and reservations under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, and any violation of any of the rules and regulations authorized by this section and sections 1, 2, and 4 of this title shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment for not exceeding six months, or both, and be adjudged to pay all cost of the proceedings. He may also, upon terms and conditions to be fixed by him, sell or dispose of timber in those cases where in his judgment the cutting of such timber is required in order to control the attacks of insects or diseases or otherwise conserve the scenery or the natural or historic objects in any such park, monument, or reservation. He may also provide in his discretion for the destruction of such animals and of such plant life as may be detrimental to the use of any of said parks, monuments, or reservations. He may also grant privileges, leases, and permits for the use of land for the accommodation of visitors in the various parks, monuments, or other reservations herein provided for, but for periods not exceeding thirty years; and no natural curiosities, wonders, or objects of interest shall be leased, rented, or granted to anyone on such terms as to interfere with free access to them by the public: Provided, however, That the Secretary of the Interior may, under such rules and regulations and on such terms as he may prescribe, grant the privilege to graze livestock within any national park, monument, or reservation herein referred to when in his judgment such use is not detrimental to the primary purpose for which such park, monument, or reservation was created, except that this provision shall not apply to the Yellowstone National Park: And provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may grant said privileges, leases, and permits and enter into contracts relating to the same with responsible persons, firms, or corporations without advertising and without securing competitive bids: And provided further, That no contract, lease, permit, or privilege granted shall be assigned or transferred by such grantees, permittees, or licensees without the approval of the Secretary of the Interior first obtained in writing: And provided further, That the Secretary may, in his discretion, authorize such grantees, permittees, or licensees to execute mortgages and issue bonds, shares of stock, and other evidences of interest in or indebtedness upon their rights, properties, and franchises, for the purposes of installing, enlarging, or improving plant and equipment and extending facilities for the accommodation of the public within such national parks and monuments.

(Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, §3, 39 Stat. 535; June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §5, 41 Stat. 732; Mar. 7, 1928, ch. 137, §1, 45 Stat. 235; May 29, 1958, Pub. L. 85–434, 72 Stat. 152.)

References in Text

Herein, referred to in text, means act Aug. 25, 1916, which is classified to this section and sections 1, 2, and 4 of this title.

Amendments

1958—Pub. L. 85–434 substituted “thirty years” for “twenty years”.

1928—Act Mar. 7, 1928, inserted last three provisos.

1920—Act June 2, 1920, substituted “and any violation of any of the rules and regulations authorized by this section and sections 1, 2, and 4 of this title shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment for not exceeding six months, or both, and be adjudged to pay all cost of the proceedings” for “and any violations of any of the rules and regulations authorized by this section and sections 1, 2, and 4 of this title shall be punished as provided for in section 50 of the Act entitled ‘An Act to codify and amend the Penal Laws of the United States,’ approved March 4, 1909, as amended by section 6 of the Act of June 25, 1910 (Thirty-sixth United States Statutes at Large, page 857,”.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Cross References

Maintenance and repair of Government improvements under concession contracts, see section 303c of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 4, 20, 20f, 21b, 22, 45f, 47–1, 61, 63, 79i, 80d, 81g, 81h, 90c, 108, 111c, 112, 119, 158, 159b, 160f, 195, 197, 201b, 205a, 221b, 222, 230e, 231c, 245, 254, 264, 271d, 272d, 273d, 281d, 282a, 283c, 284a, 291b, 342, 345, 346a–2, 355a, 391b–1, 394, 396b, 396d, 397d, 398c, 401, 403–3, 403b, 404b, 406d–2, 407a, 407q, 408b, 409e, 410b, 410r–7, 410w, 410y–5, 410z–4, 410aa–2, 410bb–1, 410ee, 410ff–3, 410gg–2, 410hh–2, 410ii–5, 410jj–4, 410kk–1, 410ll, 410mm–1, 410nn–1, 410oo–3, 410pp–2, 410qq–2, 410rr–3, 410rr–7, 410ss–1, 410tt–3, 410vv–2, 410ww–4, 410xx–1, 410yy–2, 410aaa–2, 410aaa–23, 410aaa–46, 410bbb–2, 410ccc–2, 423h–2, 423l, 423o, 426m, 428d–3, 428o, 429a–2, 430m, 430w, 430cc, 430hh, 430ll, 430ss, 430uu–2, 433b, 433j, 441c, 442, 445c, 447c, 450, 450e–1, 450n, 450q, 450t, 450y–1, 450y–6, 450bb–1, 450cc–1, 450dd–1, 450ee–1, 450ff–2, 450hh–2, 450jj–5, 450mm–3, 450oo–9, 450pp–1, 459a–1, 459b–6, 459c–6, 459d–4, 459h–4, 459i–5, 459j–4, 460, 460a–2, 460m–5, 460m–12, 460m–15, 460s–5, 460w–5, 460x–5, 460bb–3, 460cc–2, 460dd–3, 460ee, 460ff–3, 460hh–3, 460ii–2, 460kk, 460uu–2, 460ww–1, 460yy–1, 460eee–1, 460fff–1, 467b, 698c, 698i, 698n, 698r, 1133, 1902, 3125 of this title; title 30 section 1014; title 36 section 4614; title 40 sections 303c, 319c, 803, 804; title 48 section 1705.

§3a. Recovery of costs associated with special use permits

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the National Park Service may on and after November 11, 1993, recover all costs of providing necessary services associated with special use permits, such reimbursements to be credited to the appropriation current at that time.

(Pub. L. 103–138, title I, Nov. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 1387.)

Similar Provisions

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 102–381, title I, Oct. 5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1384.

Pub. L. 102–154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 999.

Pub. L. 101–512, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1923.

Pub. L. 101–121, title I, Oct. 23, 1989, 103 Stat. 709.

Pub. L. 100–446, title I, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1788.

Pub. L. 100–202, §101(g) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–213, 1329–223.

Pub. L. 99–500, §101(h) [title I], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–242, 1783–251, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(h) [title I], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–242, 3341–251.

§4. Rights-of-way through public lands

The provisions of sections 1, 2, and 3 of this title shall not affect or modify the provisions of section 79 of this title.

(Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, §4, 39 Stat. 536.)

References in Text

Section 79 of this title, referred to in text, was in the original a reference to act Feb. 15, 1901, ch. 372, 31 Stat. 790. For further details, see Codification note set out under section 79 of this title.

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 3, 20, 20f, 21b, 45f, 79i, 80d, 81g, 81h, 90c, 108, 111c, 119, 158, 159b, 160f, 197, 201b, 205a, 221b, 222, 230e, 231c, 245, 254, 264, 271d, 272d, 273d, 281d, 282a, 283c, 284a, 291b, 342, 345, 346a–2, 355a, 391b–1, 396b, 396d, 397d, 398c, 401, 403–3, 403b, 404b, 406d–2, 407a, 407q, 408b, 409e, 410b, 410r–7, 410w, 410y–5, 410z–4, 410aa–2, 410bb–1, 410ee, 410ff–3, 410gg–2, 410hh–2, 410ii–5, 410jj–4, 410kk–1, 410ll, 410mm–1, 410nn–1, 410oo–3, 410pp–2, 410qq–2, 410rr–3, 410rr–7, 410ss–1, 410tt–3, 410vv–2, 410ww–4, 410xx–1, 410yy–2, 410aaa–2, 410aaa–23, 410aaa–46, 410bbb–2, 410ccc–2, 423h–2, 423l, 423o, 426m, 428d–3, 428o, 429a–2, 430m, 430w, 430cc, 430hh, 430ll, 430ss, 430uu–2, 433b, 433j, 441c, 442, 445c, 447c, 450, 450e–1, 450n, 450q, 450t, 450y–1, 450y–6, 450bb–1, 450cc–1, 450dd–1, 450ee–1, 450ff–2, 450hh–2, 450jj–5, 450mm–3, 450oo–9, 450pp–1, 459a–1, 459b–6, 459c–6, 459d–4, 459h–4, 459i–5, 459j–4, 460, 460a–2, 460m–5, 460m–12, 460m–15, 460s–5, 460w–5, 460x–5, 460bb–3, 460cc–2, 460dd–3, 460ee, 460ff–3, 460hh–3, 460ii–2, 460kk, 460uu–2, 460ww–1, 460yy–1, 460eee–1, 460fff–1, 467b, 698c, 698i, 698n, 698r, 1133, 1902, 3125 of this title; title 30 section 1014; title 36 section 4614; title 40 sections 319c, 803, 804; title 48 section 1705.

§5. Rights-of-way through parks or reservations for power and communications facilities

The head of the department having jurisdiction over the lands be, and he hereby is, authorized and empowered, under general regulations to be fixed by him, to grant an easement for rights-of-way, for a period not exceeding fifty years from the date of the issuance of such grant, over, across, and upon the public lands and reservations of the United States for electrical poles and lines for the transmission and distribution of electrical power, and for poles and lines for communication purposes, and for radio, television, and other forms of communication transmitting, relay, and receiving structures and facilities, to the extent of two hundred feet on each side of the center line of such lines and poles and not to exceed four hundred feet by four hundred feet for radio, television, and other forms of communication transmitting, relay, and receiving structures and facilities, to any citizen, association, or corporation of the United States, where it is intended by such to exercise the right-of-way herein granted for any one or more of the purposes herein named: Provided, That such right-of-way shall be allowed within or through any national park or any other reservation only upon the approval of the chief officer of the department under whose supervision or control such reservation falls, and upon a finding by him that the same is not incompatible with the public interest: Provided further, That all or any part of such right-of-way may be forfeited and annulled by declaration of the head of the department having jurisdiction over the lands for nonuse for a period of two years or for abandonment.

Any citizen, association, or corporation of the United States to whom there has been issued a permit, prior to March 4, 1911, for any of the purposes specified herein under any law existing at that date, may obtain the benefit of this section upon the same terms and conditions as shall be required of citizens, associations, or corporations making application under the provisions of this section subsequent to said date.

(Mar. 4, 1911, ch. 238, 36 Stat. 1253; May 27, 1952, ch. 338, 66 Stat. 95.)

Repeals

Section repealed by Pub. L. 94–579, title VII, §706(a), Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2793, effective on and after Oct. 21, 1976, insofar as applicable to the issuance of rights-of-way over, upon, under, and through the public lands and lands in the National Forest System.

Codification

Section, insofar as it relates also to rights-of-way in military and other reservations and national forests, is also set out as sections 420 and 523 of this title, and, in so far as it relates to rights-of-way on public lands generally, and Indian reservations, is set out as section 961 of Title 43, Public Lands.

Amendments

1952—Act May 27, 1952, inserted reference to rights-of-way for radio, television, and other forms of communication, and increased from 40 feet to 400 feet the maximum width of rights-of-way for lines and poles.

Savings Provision

Repeal by Pub. L. 94–579, insofar as applicable to the issuance of rights-of-way, not to be construed as terminating any valid lease, permit, patent, etc., existing on Oct. 21, 1976, see note set out under section 1701 of Title 43, Public Lands.

Cross References

Issuance of licenses for construction, operation and maintenance of transmission lines, for development, transmission and utilization of power, across public lands and reservations, see section 797 of this title.

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1c of this title.

§6. Donations of lands within national parks and monuments and moneys

The Secretary of the Interior in his administration of the National Park Service is authorized, in his discretion, to accept patented lands, rights-of-way over patented lands or other lands, buildings, or other property within the various national parks and national monuments, and moneys which may be donated for the purposes of the national park and monument system.

(June 5, 1920, ch. 235, §1, 41 Stat. 917.)

Cross References

Appropriation to cover cost of recording donated lands, see section 14c of this title.

Trust funds, donations for National Park Service deposited into Treasury as, see section 1321 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1c of this title.

§6a. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–209, §2, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 656

Section, act July 10, 1935, ch. 375, §4, 49 Stat. 478, related to acceptance of gifts or bequests of money. See section 19g of this title.

§7. Repealed. Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 654, §1(35), 65 Stat. 702

Section, act Jan. 24, 1923, ch. 42, 42 Stat. 1215, related to purchase of supplies or services for National Park Service. See section 5 of Title 41, Public Contracts.

§7a. Airports in national parks, monuments and recreation areas; construction, etc.

The Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter called the “Secretary”) is authorized to plan, acquire, establish, construct, enlarge, improve, maintain, equip, operate, regulate, and protect airports in the continental United States in, or in close proximity to, national parks, national monuments, and national recreation areas, when such airports are determined by him to be necessary to the proper performance of the functions of the Department of the Interior: Provided, That no such airport shall be acquired, established, or constructed by the Secretary unless such airport is included in the then current revision of the national airport plan formulated by the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to the provisions of the Federal Airport Act: Provided further, That the operation and maintenance of such airports shall be in accordance with the standards, rules, or regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation.

(Mar. 18, 1950, ch. 72, §1, 64 Stat. 27; Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, title XIV, §1402(e), 72 Stat. 807; May 21, 1970, Pub. L. 91–258, title I, §52(b)(1), 84 Stat. 235.)

References in Text

The Federal Airport Act, referred to in text, is act May 13, 1946, ch. 251, 60 Stat. 170, as amended, which was classified to chapter 14 (§1101 et seq.) of former Title 49, Transportation. The Act was repealed by section 52(a) of the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970 (Pub. L. 91–258, title I, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 235). See chapter 471 of Title 49, Transportation.

Amendments

1970—Pub. L. 91–258 substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency” in two places.

1958—Pub. L. 85–726 substituted “Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency” for “Administrator of Civil Aeronautics” in two places.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Section 1505(2) of Pub. L. 85–726 provided that the amendment made by Pub. L. 85–726 is effective on 60th day following date on which the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency first appointed under Pub. L. 85–726 qualifies and takes office. The Administrator was appointed, qualified and took office on Oct. 31, 1958.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 7b, 7c, 7e of this title.

§7b. Acquisition of lands for airport use; contracts for operation and maintenance

In order to carry out the purposes of sections 7a to 7e of this title, the Secretary is authorized to acquire necessary lands and interests in or over lands; to contract for the construction, improvement, operation, and maintenance of airports and incidental facilities; to enter into agreements with other public agencies providing for the construction, operation, or maintenance of airports by such other public agencies or jointly by the Secretary and such other public agencies upon mutually satisfactory terms; and to enter into such other agreements and take such other action with respect to such airports as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of said sections: Provided, That nothing in said sections shall be held to authorize the Secretary to acquire any land, or interest in or over land, by purchase, condemnation, grant, or lease without first obtaining the consent of the Governor of the State, and the consent of the State political subdivision in which such land is located: And provided further, That the authorization herein granted shall not exceed $3,500,000.

(Mar. 18, 1950, ch. 72, §2, 64 Stat. 28; Nov. 5, 1966, Pub. L. 89–763, 80 Stat. 1313.)

Amendments

1966—Pub. L. 89–763 substituted “$3,500,000” for “$2,000,000”.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 7c, 7e of this title.

§7c. Authorization to sponsor airport projects; use of funds

In order to carry out the purposes of sections 7a to 7e of this title, the Secretary is authorized to sponsor projects under the Federal Airport Act either independently or jointly with other public agencies, and to use, for payment of the sponsor's share of the project costs of such projects, any funds that may be contributed or otherwise made available to him for such purpose (receipt of which funds and their use for such purposes is authorized) or may be appropriated or otherwise specifically authorized therefor.

(Mar. 18, 1950, ch. 72, §3, 64 Stat. 28.)

References in Text

The Federal Airport Act, referred to in text, is act May 13, 1946, ch. 251, 60 Stat. 170, as amended, which was classified to chapter 14 (§1101 et seq.) of former Title 49, Transportation. The Act was repealed by section 52(a) of the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970 (Pub. L. 91–258, title I, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 235). See chapter 471 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 7b, 7e of this title.

§7d. Jurisdiction over airports; public operation

All airports under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, unless otherwise specifically provided by law, shall be operated as public airports, available for public use on fair and reasonable terms and without unjust discrimination.

(Mar. 18, 1950, ch. 72, §4, 64 Stat. 28.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 7b, 7c, 7e of this title.

§7e. Definitions

The terms “airport”, “project”, “project costs”, “public agency”, and “sponsor”, as used in sections 7a to 7e of this title, shall have the respective meanings prescribed in the Federal Airport Act.

(Mar. 18, 1950, ch. 72, §5, 64 Stat. 28.)

References in Text

The Federal Airport Act, referred to in text, is act May 13, 1946, ch. 251, 60 Stat. 170, as amended, which was classified to chapter 14 (§1101 et seq.) of former Title 49, Transportation. The Act was repealed by section 52(a) of the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970 (Pub. L. 91–258, title I, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 235). See chapter 471 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 7b, 7c of this title.

§8. Roads and trails in national parks and monuments; construction, etc.

The Secretary of the Interior, in his administration of the National Park Service, is authorized to construct, reconstruct, and improve roads and trails, inclusive of necessary bridges, in the national parks and monuments under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior.

(Apr. 9, 1924, ch. 86, §1, 43 Stat. 90.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Cross References

Approach roads and trails in national parks and national monuments, see section 8b of this title.

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 8b, 8d of this title.

§8–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 85–767, §2 [33], Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 919

Section, act Sept. 7, 1950, ch. 912, §4(a), 64 Stat. 787, related to administration of appropriations for construction, reconstruction, and improvement of roads and trails in national parks, monuments, and other areas administered by National Park Service.

Act Sept. 5, 1940, ch. 715, §8, 54 Stat. 870, which was formerly classified to this section, was repealed by Pub. L. 85–767, §2[23], Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 919.

§8a. National-park approach roads; designation

Whenever the Secretary of the Interior shall determine it to be in the public interest he may designate as national-park approach roads and as supplementary parts of the highway systems of any of the national parks roads whose primary value is to carry national-park travel and which lead across lands wholly or to the extent of 90 per centum owned by the Government of the United States and which will connect the highways within a national park with a convenient point on or leading to the Federal 7 per centum highway system: Provided, That such approach roads so designated shall be limited to not to exceed sixty miles in length between a park gateway and such point on or leading to the nearest convenient 7 per centum system road; or, if such approach road is on the 7 per centum system, it shall be limited to not to exceed thirty miles: Provided further, That not to exceed forty miles of any one approach road shall be designated in any one county.

(Apr. 9, 1924, ch. 86, §4, as added Jan. 31, 1931, ch. 79, 46 Stat. 1053.)

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 8b, 8c, 8d of this title.

§8b. National-park approach roads and roads and trails within national parks and national monuments; construction, improvement, and maintenance; appropriation

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized during the fiscal years 1950 and 1951 to construct, reconstruct, and improve national-park approach roads designated under section 8a of this title, inclusive of necessary bridges, and to enter into agreements for the maintenance thereof by State or county authorities, or to maintain them when otherwise necessary, as well as hereafter to construct, reconstruct, and improve roads and trails within the national parks and national monuments; and for all such purposes there is authorized to be appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the following sums: $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1950; the sum of $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1951: Provided, That under agreement with the Secretary of the Interior the Secretary of Commerce may carry out any or all of the provisions of this section: Provided further, That not to be exceed $1,500,000 shall be allocated annually for the construction, reconstruction, and improvement of such national-park approach roads: And provided further, That nothing in this section or sections 8, 8a, and 8c of this title shall be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to hereafter construct, reconstruct, improve, and maintain roads and trails within the national parks and national monuments.

(Apr. 9, 1924, ch. 86, §5, as added Jan. 31, 1931, ch. 79, 46 Stat. 1053; amended 1939 Reorg. Plan No. I, §§301, 302, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2727, 53 Stat. 1426; June 29, 1948, ch. 732, §4(a), 62 Stat. 1107; June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title I, §103, 63 Stat. 380; 1949 Reorg. Plan No. 7, §2, eff. Aug. 10, 1949, 14 F.R. 5228, 63 Stat. 1070.)

Amendments

1948—Act June 29, 1948, appropriated $10,000,000 for fiscal years 1950 and 1951, respectively.

Transfer of Functions

Functions of Administrator of General Services with respect to Bureau of Public Roads transferred to Secretary of Commerce by Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1949, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Functions of Federal Works Agency and of all agencies thereof, together with functions of Federal Works Administrator transferred to Administrator of General Services by section 103(a) of act June 30, 1949. Both Federal Works Agency and office of Federal Works Administrator abolished by section 103(b) of that act. Section 103 is classified to section 753 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.

Functions of Secretary of Agriculture with respect to Public Roads Administration transferred to Federal Works Administrator by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Effective Date of Transfer of Functions

Transfer of functions effective July 1, 1949, see Effective Date note set out under section 471 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 8c, 8d of this title.

§8c. National-park approach roads across or within national forests; approval of Secretary of Agriculture

Whenever any approach road is proposed under the terms of this section and sections 8, 8a, and 8b of this title across or within any national forest the Secretary of the Interior shall secure the approval of the Secretary of Agriculture before construction shall begin.

(Apr. 9, 1924, ch. 86, §6, as added Jan. 31, 1931, ch. 79, 46 Stat. 1054.)

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 8b, 8d of this title.

§8d. National-monument approach roads

Approach roads to national monuments shall be included within the provisions of sections 8 and 8a to 8c of this title under the same conditions as approach roads to national parks, and the limitation therein on the amount of annual allocation of funds to national park approach roads shall be inclusive of such national monument approaches.

(Mar. 4, 1931, ch. 522, title I, 46 Stat. 1570.)

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1c of this title.

§8e. Conveyance to States of roads leading to certain historical areas; conditions; jurisdiction

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized in his discretion, subject to such conditions as may seem to him proper, to convey by proper quitclaim deed to any State, county, municipality, or proper agency thereof, in which the same is located, all the right, title, and interest of the United States in and to any Government owned or controlled road leading to any national cemetery, national military park, national historical park, national battlefield park, or national historic site administered by the National Park Service. Prior to the delivery of any conveyance under this section and section 8f of this title, the State, county, or municipality to which the conveyance authorized in this section is to be made shall notify the Secretary of the Interior in writing of its willingness to accept and maintain the road or roads included in such conveyance. Upon the execution and delivery of any conveyance authorized in this section, any jurisdiction heretofore ceded to the United States by a State over the roads conveyed shall thereby cease and determine and shall thereafter vest and be in the particular State in which such roads are located.

(June 3, 1948, ch. 401, §1, 62 Stat. 334.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Cross References

Uniform application of this section and section 8f of this title to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 8f of this title.

§8f. Roads leading to certain historical areas; “State” defined

The word “State” as used in section 8e of this title includes Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.

(June 3, 1948, ch. 401, §2, 62 Stat. 334; Aug. 1, 1956, ch. 852, §5, 70 Stat. 908.)

Amendments

1956—Act Aug. 1, 1956, inserted “Guam” after “Puerto Rico”.

Admission of Alaska and Hawaii to Statehood

Alaska was admitted into the Union on Jan. 3, 1959, on issuance of Proc. No. 3269, Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, and Hawaii was admitted into the Union on Aug. 21, 1959, on issuance of Proc. No. 3309, Aug. 21, 1959, 24 F.R. 6868, 73 Stat. c74. For Alaska Statehood Law, see Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions. For Hawaii Statehood Law, see Pub. L. 86–3, Mar. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 4, set out as a note preceding section 491 of Title 48.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 1c, 8e of this title.

§9. Repealed. June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title VI, §602(a)(12), 63 Stat. 400, eff. July 1, 1949; renumbered Sept. 5, 1950, ch. 849, §6(a), (b), 64 Stat. 583

Section, act Jan. 24, 1923, ch. 42, 42 Stat. 1215, related to exchange of motor vehicles and equipment as part consideration in purchase of new equipment.

§9a. Government of parks, etc.; violation of regulations as misdemeanor

The Secretary of the Army is authorized to prescribe and publish such regulations as he deems necessary for the proper government and protection of, and maintenance of good order in, national military parks, national parks, battlefield sites, national monuments, and miscellaneous memorials as are now or hereafter may be under the control of the Department of the Army; and any person who knowingly and willfully violates any such regulation shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and punishable by a fine of not more than $100 or by imprisonment for not more than three months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

(Mar. 2, 1933, ch. 180, §1, 47 Stat. 1420; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, §205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

Change of Name

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces” which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued military Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

Consolidation of Functions

Functions of administration of national parks, national monuments, etc., including national cemeteries and parks of Department of the Army located within continental limits of United States, consolidated in an Office of National Parks, Buildings and Reservations, see Ex. Ord. No. 6166, §2, June 10, 1933, set out as a note under section 901 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

National Park Service substituted for Office of National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations referred to in Ex. Ord. No. 6166, §2, June 10, 1933, by act Mar. 2, 1934, ch. 38, §1, 48 Stat. 389.

Cemeteries and Parks Transferred

Cemeteries and parks transferred, and postponement of transfer of national cemeteries other than those named by Ex. Ord. No. 6166, §2, as amended by Ex. Ord. No. 6228, §§1, 2, July 28, 1933, set out as notes under section 901 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§§10, 10a. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–383, §10(a)(2), (3), as added Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1941

Section 10, act Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1405, 33 Stat. 873, authorized National Park Service employees to arrest and prosecute persons violating the laws and regulations relating to the national forests and national parks. Act Mar. 3, 1905, insofar as it relates to the Forest Service, is classified to section 559 of this title. Pub. L. 91–383, §10(a), as amended, amended act Mar. 3, 1905, to delete references to the National Park Service and the national parks. Authority to maintain law and order within areas of the National Park System is now covered by section 1a–6 of this title.

Section 10a, act Mar. 2, 1933, ch. 180, §2, 47 Stat. 1420, related to the authorization of commissioners, superintendents, caretakers, officers, or guards of national military parks, national parks, battlefield sites, national monuments, and miscellaneous memorials, to arrest and prosecute persons for violations of any of the regulations prescribed pursuant to section 9a of this title.

§11. Medical attention for employees

The Secretary of the Interior in his administration of the National Park Service is authorized to contract for medical attention and service for employees and to make necessary pay-roll deductions agreed to by the employees therefor.

(May 10, 1926, ch. 277, §1, 44 Stat. 491.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§12. Aid to visitors in emergencies

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to aid and assist visitors within the national parks or national monuments in emergencies, and when no other source is available for the procurement of food or supplies, by the sale, at cost, of food or supplies in quantities sufficient to enable them to reach safely a point where such food or supplies can be purchased: Provided, That the receipts from such sales shall be deposited as a refund to the appropriation or appropriations current at the date of covering in of such deposit and shall be available for the purchase of similar food or supplies.

(July 3, 1926, ch. 792, §1, 44 Stat. 900.)

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1c of this title.

§13. Medical attention to employees at isolated places; removal of bodies for burial

The Secretary of the Interior, in his discretion, is authorized to provide, out of moneys appropriated for the general expense of the several national parks and national monuments, medical attention for employees of the National Park Service located at isolated situations, including the moving of such employees to hospitals or other places where medical assistance is available, and in case of death to remove the bodies of deceased employees to the nearest place where they can be prepared for shipment or for burial.

(July 3, 1926, ch. 792, §2, 44 Stat. 900.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§14. Repealed. Pub. L. 88–578, §2(a), Sept. 3, 1964, 78 Stat. 899

Section, acts Mar. 7, 1928, ch. 137, §1, 45 Stat. 238; Mar. 4, 1929, ch. 705, §1, 45 Stat. 1602, prohibited expenditure of appropriations for National Park Service where campground privileges are charged for by the Park Service.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Jan. 1, 1965, see section 1(a) of Pub. L. 88–578, set out as an Effective Date note under section 460l–4 of this title.

§14a. Appropriations; availability for printing information and signs

Appropriations made for the National Park Service shall be available for the printing of information and directional signs made of cloth and required in the administration of areas under its jurisdiction.

(May 10, 1939, ch. 119, §1, 53 Stat. 729.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§14b. Credits of receipts for meals and quarters furnished Government employees in the field

Cash collections and pay-roll deductions made for meals and quarters furnished by the National Park Service to employees of the Government in the field and to cooperating agencies may be credited as a reimbursement to the current appropriation for the administration of the park or monument in which the accommodations are furnished.

(May 9, 1935, ch. 101, §1, 49 Stat. 209.)

Codification

Section is also set out as section 456a of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§14c. Availability for expense of recording donated lands

Appropriations made for the National Park Service shall be available for any expenses incident to the preparation and recording of title evidence covering lands to be donated to the United States for administration by the National Park Service.

(June 28, 1941, ch. 259, §1, 55 Stat. 350.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§14d. Use of funds for law enforcement and emergencies

On and after October 5, 1992, any funds, not to exceed $250,000 per incident, available to the National Park Service may be used, with the approval of the Secretary, to maintain law and order in emergency and other unforeseen law enforcement situations and conduct emergency search and rescue operations in the National Park System: Provided further, That any exercise of this authority must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible.

(Pub. L. 102–381, title I, Oct. 5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1384; Pub. L. 103–332, title I, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2507.)

Amendments

1994—Pub. L. 103–332 inserted “, not to exceed $250,000 per incident,” after “funds” and “: Provided further, That any exercise of this authority must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible” after “System”.

§15. Appropriations for purchase of equipment; waterproof footwear

Appropriations whenever made for the National Park Service, which are available for the purchase of equipment may be used for purchase of waterproof footwear which shall be regarded and listed as park equipment.

(Mar. 7, 1928, ch. 137, §1, 45 Stat. 238.)

§16. Central warehouses at parks and monuments; maintenance; purchase of supplies and materials; distribution

The Secretary of the Interior, in his administration of the national parks and national monuments, is authorized to maintain central warehouses at said parks and monuments, and appropriations made for the administration, protection, maintenance, and improvement of the said parks and monuments shall be available for the purchase of supplies and materials to be kept in said central warehouses for distribution at cost, including transportation and handling, to projects under specific appropriations, and transfers between the various appropriations made for the national parks and national monuments are authorized for the purpose of charging the cost of supplies and materials, including transportation and handling, drawn from central warehouses maintained under this authority to the particular appropriation benefited; and such supplies and materials as remain therein at the end of any fiscal year shall be continuously available for issuance during subsequent fiscal years and to be charged for by such transfers of funds between appropriations made for the administration, protection, maintenance, and improvement of said parks and monuments for the fiscal year then current without decreasing in any way the appropriations made for that fiscal year: Provided, That supplies and materials shall not be purchased solely for the purpose of increasing the value of storehouse stock beyond reasonable requirements for any current fiscal year.

(Apr. 18, 1930, ch. 187, 46 Stat. 219.)

Transfer of Functions

Functions of procurement of supplies, services, stores, etc., exercised by any other agency transferred to Procurement Division in Department of the Treasury by Ex. Ord. No. 6166, §1, June 10, 1933, set out as a note under section 901 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Procurement Division changed to Bureau of Federal Supply by Department of the Treasury Order 73 dated Nov. 19, 1946. Bureau transferred on July 1, 1949, to General Services Administration, where it functions as Federal Supply Service, pursuant to act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title I, §102, 63 Stat. 380, which is classified to section 752 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Parks.

§17. Personal equipment and supplies for employees; purchase by Secretary of the Interior; deductions from moneys due employees

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to purchase personal equipment and supplies for employees of the National Park Service, and to make deductions therefor from moneys appropriated for salary payments or otherwise due such employees.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §1, 46 Stat. 381.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§17a. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 647

Section, act May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §2, 46 Stat. 382, provided for travel allowances and mileage for administration of National Park Service.

§17b. Services or other accommodations for public; contracts; rates

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to contract for services or other accommodations provided in the national parks and national monuments for the public under contract with the Department of the Interior, as may be required in the administration of the National Park Service, at rates approved by him for the furnishing of such services or accommodations to the Government and without compliance with the provisions of section 5 of title 41.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §3, 46 Stat. 382.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1c of this title.

§17b–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–383, §12(c), as added Pub. L. 94–458, §2, Oct. 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 1943

Section, acts July 31, 1953, ch. 298, title I, §1, 67 Stat. 271; July 14, 1956, ch. 598, 70 Stat. 543, related to transmittal of reports of proposed contract and lease awards to Congressional officers by Secretary. See section 1a–7(c) of this title.

The last sentence of section 12(c) of Pub. L. 91–383, as added by Pub. L. 94–458, repealed this section. The remainder of section 12(c) enacted section 1a–7(c) of this title.

§17c. Procurement of supplies, materials, and special services to aid permittees and licensees in emergencies; authority of Secretary of the Interior

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized in emergencies, when no other source is available for the immediate procurement of supplies, materials, or special services, to aid and assist grantees, permittees, or licensees conducting operations for the benefit of the public in the national parks and national monuments by the sale at cost, including transportation and handling of such supplies, materials, or special services as may be necessary to relieve the emergency and insure uninterrupted service to the public: Provided, That the receipts from such sales shall be deposited as a refund to the appropriation or appropriations current at the date of covering in of such deposit, and shall be available for expenditure for national-park and national-monument purposes.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §4, 46 Stat. 382.)

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1c of this title.

§17d. Omitted

Codification

Section, act May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §5, 46 Stat. 382, which provided that section 543 of former title 31 should not be construed to prohibit the acceptance of traveler's checks and other forms of money equivalent in payment of automobile license fees, etc. charged at national parks, was omitted as obsolete in view of the repeal of section 543 of former title 31 by Pub. L. 97–258, §5(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1068.

§17e. Care and removal of indigents; disposition of dead persons

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized, in his discretion, to provide, out of moneys appropriated for the general expenses of the several national parks, for the temporary care and removal from the park of indigents, and in case of death to provide for their burial in those national parks not under local jurisdiction for these purposes, this section in no case to authorize transportation of such indigent or dead for a distance of more than fifty miles from the national park.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §6, 46 Stat. 382.)

Cross References

Uniform application of this section to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1c of this title.

§17f. Property of employee lost, damaged, or destroyed while in use on official business; reimbursement of employee

The Secretary of the Interior in his administration of the National Park Service is authorized to reimburse employees and other owners of horses, vehicles, and other equipment lost, damaged, or destroyed while in the custody of such employee or the Department of the Interior, under authorization, contract, or loan, for necessary fire fighting, trail, or other official business, such reimbursement to be made from any available funds in the appropriation to which the hire of such equipment would be properly chargeable.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §7, 46 Stat. 382.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§17g. Equipment required by field employees; by whom furnished and maintained

The Secretary of the Interior may require field employees of the National Park Service to furnish horses, motor and other vehicles, and miscellaneous equipment necessary for the performance of their official work; and he may provide, at Government expense, forage, care, and housing for animals, and housing or storage and fuel for vehicles and other equipment so required to be furnished.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §8, 46 Stat. 383.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§17h. Hire, rental, and purchase of property of employees; when authorized

The Secretary of the Interior may, under such regulations as he may prescribe, authorize the hire, rental, or purchase of property from employees of the National Park Service whenever the public interest will be promoted thereby.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §9, 46 Stat. 383.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§17i. Hire of work animals, vehicles and equipment with or without personal services; rates

The National Park Service may hire, with or without personal services, work animals and animal-drawn and motor-propelled vehicles and equipment at rates to be approved by the Secretary of the Interior and without compliance with the provisions of sections 5 and 16 of title 41.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §10, 46 Stat. 383.)

References in Text

Section 16 of title 41, referred to in text, was repealed by act Oct. 21, 1941, ch. 452, 55 Stat. 743.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§17j. Traveling expenses of National Park System employees and dependents of deceased employees

In the administration of the National Park System, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized, under regulations prescribed by him, to pay (a) the traveling expenses of employees, including the costs of packing, crating, and transporting (including draying) their personal property, upon permanent change of station of such employees and (b) the traveling expenses as aforesaid of dependents of deceased employees (i) to the nearest housing reasonably available and of a standard not less than that which is vacated, and to include compensation for not to exceed sixty days rental cost thereof, in the case of an employee who occupied Government housing and the death of such employee requires that housing to be promptly vacated, and (ii) to the nearest port of entry in the conterminous forty-eight States in the case of an employee whose last permanent station was outside the conterminous forty-eight States.

(May 26, 1930, ch. 324, §11, 46 Stat. 383; Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–383, §5, as added Oct. 7, 1976, Pub. L. 94–458, §2, 90 Stat. 1939.)

Amendments

1976—Pub. L. 91–383, §5, as added by Pub. L. 94–458, included travel expenses for dependents of a deceased National Park System employee.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§17j–1. Omitted

Codification

Section, act June 18, 1940, ch. 395, §1, 54 Stat. 445, which related to travel expenses for attendance of National Park Service field employees at authorized meetings, was enacted as part of the Interior Department Appropriations Act, 1941, and was not repeated in the Interior Department Appropriations Act, 1942 (approved June 28, 1941, ch. 259, 55 Stat. 303), or subsequent appropriation acts. Similar provisions were contained in prior appropriation acts.

§17j–2. Authorization of appropriations for road maintenance and repair; administrative expenses; lectures, investigations, telephone service, etc.

Appropriations for the National Park Service are authorized for—

(a) Necessary protection of the area of federally owned land in the custody of the National Park Service known as the Ocean Strip and Queets Corridor, adjacent to Olympic National Park, Washington; necessary repairs to the roads from Glacier Park Station through the Blackfeet Indian Reservation to the various points in the boundary line of Glacier National Park, Montana, and the international boundary; repair and maintenance of approximately two and seventy-seven one-hundredths miles of road leading from United States Highway 187 to the north entrance of Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming; maintenance of approach roads through the Lassen National Forest leading to Lassen Volcanic National Park, California; maintenance and repair of the Generals Highway between the boundaries of Sequoia National Park, California, and the Grant Grove section of Kings Canyon National Park, California; maintenance of approximately two and one-fourth miles of roads comprising those portions of the Fresno-Kings Canyon approach road, Park Ridge Lookout Road, and Ash Mountain-Advance truck trail, necessary to the administration and protection of the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks; maintenance of the roads in the national forests leading out of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana; maintenance of the road in the Stanislaus National Forest connecting the Tioga Road with the Hetch Hetchy Road near Mather Station, Yosemite National Park, California; and maintenance and repair of the approach road to the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument and the road connecting the said monument with the Reno Monument site, Montana; repair and maintenance of the class “C” road lying between the terminus of F.A. 383 at the east boundary of Coronado National Forest and the point where said class “C” road enters Coronado National Memorial in the vicinity of Montezuma Pass, approximately 5.3 miles.

(b) Administration, protection, improvement, and maintenance of areas, under the jurisdiction of other agencies of the Government, devoted to recreational use pursuant to cooperative agreements.

(c) Necessary local transportation and subsistence in kind of persons selected for employment or as cooperators, serving without other compensation, while attending fire-protection training camps.

(d) Administration, protection, maintenance, and improvement of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.

(e) Educational lectures in or in the vicinity of and with respect to the national parks, national monuments, and other reservations under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service; and services of field employees in cooperation with such nonprofit scientific and historical societies engaged in educational work in the various parks and monuments as the Secretary of the Interior may designate.

(f) Travel expenses of employees attending Government camps for training in forest-fire prevention and suppression and the Federal Bureau of Investigation National Police Academy, and attending Federal, State, or municipal schools for training in building fire prevention and suppression.

(g) Investigation and establishment of water rights in accordance with local custom, laws, and decisions of courts, including the acquisition of water rights or of lands or interests in lands or rights-of-way for use and protection of water rights necessary or beneficial in the administration and public use of the national parks and monuments.

(h) Acquisition of rights-of-way and construction and maintenance of a water supply line partly outside the boundaries of Mesa Verde National Park.

(i) Official telephone service in the field in the case of official telephones installed in private houses when authorized under regulations established by the Secretary.

(Aug. 7, 1946, ch. 788, 60 Stat. 885; Sept. 2, 1960, Pub. L. 86–689, §3, 74 Stat. 737; Dec. 10, 1991, Pub. L. 102–201, title I, §101, 105 Stat. 1631.)

Amendments

1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–689 authorized appropriations for the repair and maintenance of the class “C” road lying between the terminus of F.A. 383 at the east boundary of Coronado National Forest and the point where said class “C” road enters Coronado National Memorial in the vicinity of Montezuma Pass.

Change of Name

“Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument” substituted in text for “Custer Battlefield National Monument” pursuant to Pub. L. 102–201.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 460eee–1, 460fff–1 of this title.

§17k. Park, parkway and recreational-area programs; study by National Park Service; consent of States; purpose; cooperation of government agencies

The Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter referred to as the “Secretary”) is authorized and directed to cause the National Park Service to make a comprehensive study, other than on lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture, of the public park, parkway, and recreational-area programs of the United States, and of the several States and political subdivisions thereof, and of the lands throughout the United States which are or may be chiefly valuable as such areas, but no such study shall be made in any State without the consent and approval of the State officials, boards, or departments having jurisdiction over such lands and park areas. The said study shall be such as, in the judgment of the Secretary, will provide data helpful in developing a plan for coordinated and adequate public park, parkway, and recreational-area facilities for the people of the United States. In making the said study and in accomplishing any of the purposes of this section and sections 17l to 17n of this title, the Secretary is authorized and directed, through the National Park Service, to seek and accept the cooperation and assistance of Federal departments or agencies having jurisdiction of lands belonging to the United States, and may cooperate and make agreements with and seek and accept the assistance of other Federal agencies and instrumentalities, and of States and political subdivisions thereof and the agencies and instrumentalities of either of them.

(June 23, 1936, ch. 735, §1, 49 Stat. 1894.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

National Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission

Pub. L. 85–470, June 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 238, as amended by Pub. L. 86–6, Mar. 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 14; Pub. L. 87–12, Mar. 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 19, created a bipartisan Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission.

The Commission was directed to proceed as soon as practicable to set in motion a nationwide inventory and evaluation of outdoor recreation resources and opportunities, directly and through the Federal agencies, the States, and private organizations and groups, utilizing to the fullest extent possible such studies, data, and reports previously prepared or concurrently in process by Federal agencies, States, private organizations, groups, and others, and to compile such data and in the light of the data so compiled and of information available concerning trends in population, leisure, transportation, and other factors shall determine the amount, kind, quality, and location of such outdoor recreation resources and opportunities as will be required by the year 1976 and the year 2000, and shall recommend what policies should best be adopted and what programs be initiated, at each level of government and by private organizations and other citizen groups and interests, to meet such future requirements.

The Commission was required to present not later than January 31, 1962, a report of its review, a compilation of its data, and its recommendations on a State by State, region by region, and national basis to the President and to the Congress, and ceased to exist not later than September 1, 1962.

Outdoor Recreation Programs

Coordination and development of programs relating to outdoor recreation, see sections 460l to 460l–3 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 17n of this title.

§17l. Coordination; planning by States with aid of National Park Service

For the purpose of developing coordinated and adequate public park, parkway, and recreational-area facilities for the people of the United States, the Secretary is authorized to aid the several States and political subdivisions thereof in planning such areas therein, and in cooperating with one another to accomplish these ends. Such aid shall be made available through the National Park Service acting in cooperation with such State agencies or agencies of political subdivisions of States as the Secretary deems best.

(June 23, 1936, ch. 735, §2, 49 Stat. 1894.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, §§1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 17k, 17n of this title.

§17m. Consent of Congress to agreements between States; when agreements effective

The consent of Congress is given to any two or more States to negotiate and enter into compacts or agreements with one another with reference to planning, establishing, developing, improving, and maintaining any park, parkway, or recreational area. No such compact or agreement shall be effective until approved by the legislatures of the several States which are parties thereto and by the Congress of the United States.

(June 23, 1936, ch. 735, §3, 49 Stat. 1895.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 17k of this title.

§17n. “State” defined

As used in sections 17k and 17l of this title the term “State” shall be deemed to include Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia.

(June 23, 1936, ch. 735, §4, 49 Stat. 1895; Aug. 1, 1956, ch. 852, §6, 70 Stat. 908.)

Amendments

1956—Act Aug. 1, 1956, inserted “Guam” after “Puerto Rico”.

Admission of Alaska and Hawaii to Statehood

Alaska was admitted into the Union on Jan. 3, 1959, on issuance of Proc. No. 3269, Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, and Hawaii was admitted into the Union on Aug. 21, 1959, on issuance of Proc. No. 3309, Aug. 21, 1959, 24 F.R. 6868, 73 Stat. c74. For Alaska Statehood Law, see Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions. For Hawaii Statehood Law, see Pub. L. 86–3, Mar. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 4, set out as a note preceding section 491 of Title 48.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 17k of this title.

§18. Promotion of tourist travel

The Secretary of Commerce shall encourage, promote, and develop travel within the United States, including any Commonwealth, territory, and possession thereof, through activities which are in the public interest and which do not compete with activities of any State, city, or private agency.

(July 19, 1940, ch. 642, §1, 54 Stat. 773; Dec. 19, 1973, Pub. L. 93–193, §2, 87 Stat. 765; July 9, 1975, Pub. L. 94–55, §2(b), 89 Stat. 262.)

Amendments

1975—Pub. L. 94–55 substituted “shall encourage, promote, and develop travel within the United States, including any Commonwealth, territory, and possession thereof, through activities which are in the public interest and which do not compete with activities of any State, city, or private agency” for “is authorized and directed to encourage, promote, and develop travel within the United States, its Territories and possessions, providing such activities do not compete with the activities of private agencies; and to administer all existing travel promotion functions of the Department of Commerce”.

Transfer of Functions

Section 2 of Pub. L. 93–193, Dec. 19, 1973, 87 Stat. 765, provided that:

“(a) There are hereby transferred to and vested in the Secretary of Commerce all functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary of the Interior and other offices and officers of the Department of the Interior under the Act of July 19, 1940 (54 Stat. 773; 16 U.S.C. 18–18d).

“(b) The assets, liabilities, contracts, property, records, authorizations, and allocations, employed, held, used, rising from, available or to be made available in connection with the functions, powers, and duties transferred by subsection (a) of this section are hereby transferred to the Secretary of Commerce.”

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 18a to 18d of this title.

§18a. Cooperation with travel agencies; publication of information

In carrying out the purposes of sections 18 to 18d of this title, the Secretary is authorized to cooperate with public and private tourist, travel, and other agencies in the display of exhibits, and in the collection, publication, and dissemination of information with respect to places of interest, routes, transportation facilities, accommodations, and such other matters as he deems advisable and advantageous for the purpose of encouraging, promoting, or developing such travel. Nothing in said sections shall prohibit the preparation of graphic materials in foreign languages, designed to call attention to the attractions and places of interest in the United States and to encourage the use of American registered ships and planes. The existing facilities of the United States Government in foreign countries are authorized to assist in the distribution of this material. The Secretary may enter into contracts with private publishers for such printing and binding as he may deem advisable in carrying out the purposes of said sections. The Secretary is also authorized to make charges for any publications made available to the public pursuant to said sections; and any proceeds from the sale of publications produced by the expenditure of contributed funds shall continue to be available for printing and binding as aforesaid.

(July 19, 1940, ch. 642, §2, 54 Stat. 773.)

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of Secretary of the Interior to Secretary of Commerce, see Transfer of Functions note set out under section 18 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 18b, 18c, 18d of this title.

§18b. Advisory committee for promotion of tourist travel; expenses

The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to create an advisory committee to consist of a representative from each of the Departments of State, Agriculture, and Commerce, the Interstate Commerce Commission, and the Department of Transportation, as may be designated by such Departments or agencies, respectively, and such additional members, representatives of the various sections of the Nation, including transportation and accommodations agencies, not to exceed six members, to be appointed by the Secretary of Commerce to serve at his pleasure. Meetings of the committee shall be held at the request of the Secretary for the purpose of making recommendations concerning the promotion of tourist travel under the provisions of sections 18 to 18d of this title. The members of the committee shall receive no compensation for their services as members, but shall be entitled to reimbursement for such necessary travel and other expenses in connection with their attendance at committee meetings as may be authorized or approved by the Secretary.

(July 19, 1940, ch. 642, §3, 54 Stat. 773; Dec. 19, 1973, Pub. L. 93–193, §2, 87 Stat. 765; Aug. 6, 1981, Pub. L. 97–31, §12(10), 95 Stat. 154; Oct. 4, 1984, Pub. L. 98–443, §9(o), 98 Stat. 1708.)

Amendments

1984—Pub. L. 98–443 struck out “the Civil Aeronautics Authority,” after “the Interstate Commerce Commission,”.

1981—Pub. L. 97–31 substituted “Department of Transportation” for “United States Maritime Commission”.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–443 effective Jan. 1, 1985, see section 9(v) of Pub. L. 98–443, set out as a note under section 5314 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Transfer of Functions

Secretary of Commerce substituted for Secretary of the Interior in view of transfer of functions to Secretary of Commerce from Secretary of the Interior by section 2 of Pub. L. 93–193. See Transfer of Functions note set out under section 18 of this title.

Termination of Advisory Committees

Advisory committees in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a committee established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a committee established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See section 14 of Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 18a, 18c, 18d of this title.

§18c. Rules and regulations; employees

In the performance of his functions and duties under the provisions of sections 18 to 18d of this title, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized—

(a) To prescribe, amend, and repeal such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary, and to accept contributions for carrying out the purposes of said sections; and

(b) To employ, subject to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, one special assistant and not to exceed five artists and illustrators.

(July 19, 1940, ch. 642, §4, 54 Stat. 774; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, title XI, §1106(a), 63 Stat. 972; Dec. 19, 1973, Pub. L. 93–193, §2, 87 Stat. 765.)

Codification

Provisions of par. (b) authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to employ “without regard to the civil-service laws” were omitted as such employment is subject to the civil service laws unless specifically excepted by those laws or by laws enacted subsequent to Executive Order 8743, Apr. 23, 1941, issued by the President pursuant to the Act of Nov. 26, 1940, ch. 919, title I, §1, 54 Stat. 1211, which covered most excepted positions into the classified (competitive) civil service. The Order is set out as a note under section 3301 of Title 5, Government Organization and employees.

“Chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5” substituted in par. (b) for “the Classification Act of 1949, as amended” on authority of Pub. L. 89–554, §7(b), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, the first section of which enacted Title 5.

Amendments

1949—Par. (b). Act Oct. 28, 1949, substituted “Classification Act of 1949” for “Classification Act of 1923”.

Repeals

Act Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, cited as a credit to this section, was repealed (subject to a savings clause) by Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, §8, 80 Stat. 632, 655.

Transfer of Functions

Secretary of Commerce substituted for Secretary of the Interior in view of transfer of functions to Secretary of Commerce from Secretary of the Interior by section 2 of Pub. L. 93–193. See Transfer of Functions note set out under section 18 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 18a, 18b, 18d of this title.

§18d. Authorization of appropriations

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of sections 18 to 18d of this title, there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $2,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1976; $625,000 for the transition period of July 1, 1976, through September 30, 1976; $2,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1977, and $2,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978.

(July 19, 1940, ch. 642, §5, 54 Stat. 774; Dec. 14, 1970, Pub. L. 91–549, 84 Stat. 1437; July 9, 1975, Pub. L. 94–55, §2(a), 89 Stat. 262.)

Amendments

1975—Pub. L. 94–55 substituted provisions authorizing appropriations not to exceed $2,500,000 for fiscal year ending June 30, 1976, $625,000 for the transition period of July 1, 1976 through Sept. 30, 1976, $2,500,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1977, and $2,500,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1978, for provisions authorizing appropriations not to exceed $250,000 for fiscal year 1971 and $750,000 for fiscal year 1972.

1970—Pub. L. 91–549 substituted provisions authorizing appropriations of not more than $250,000 for fiscal year 1971 and not more than $750,000 for fiscal year 1972, for provisions which authorized appropriations of not more than $100,000 annually.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 18a, 18b, 18c of this title.

§18e. Repealed. Sept. 20, 1941, ch. 412, title V, §541(c), 55 Stat. 710

Section, act June 28, 1941, ch. 259, §1, 55 Stat. 350, exempted national park, etc., admission fees from all Federal tax on admissions. Act Sept. 20, 1941, was made effective on, and applicable only with respect to the period beginning with Oct. 1, 1941, by section 550(a) thereof.

§18f. Management of museum properties

The purpose of this section shall be to increase the public benefits from museums established within the individual areas administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the National Park Service as a means of informing the public concerning the areas and preserving valuable objects and relics relating thereto. The Secretary of the Interior, notwithstanding other provisions or limitations of law, may perform the following functions in such manner as he shall consider to be in the public interest:

(a) Donations and bequests

Accept donations and bequests of money or other personal property, and hold, use, expend, and administer the same for purposes of this section;

(b) Use of donations

Purchase from such donations and bequests of money museum objects, museum collections, and other personal properties at prices he considers to be reasonable;

(c) Exchanges

Make exchanges by accepting museum objects, museum collections, and other personal properties, and by granting in exchange therefor museum property under the administrative jurisdiction of the Secretary which is no longer needed or which may be held in duplicate among the museum properties administered by the Secretary, such exchanges to be consummated on a basis which the Secretary considers to be equitable and in the public interest;

(d) Accepting loans of museum objects

Accept the loan of museum objects, museum collections, and other personal properties and pay transportation costs incidental thereto, such loans to be accepted upon terms and conditions which he shall consider necessary; and

(e) Making loans of museum objects

Loan to responsible public or private organizations, institutions, or agencies, without cost to the United States, such museum objects, museum collections, and other personal property as he shall consider advisable, such loans to be made upon terms and conditions which he shall consider necessary to protect the public interest in such properties.

(July 1, 1955, ch. 259, 69 Stat. 242.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 18f–1 of this title.

§18f–1. Disposal of unnecessary or duplicate museum objects; use of proceeds

In fiscal year 1991 and thereafter, the Secretary may exercise the authorities granted in section 18f of this title in administration of the Department of the Interior Museum, and may dispose of objects no longer needed for the Museum or held in duplicate among museum properties and apply the proceeds to the purchase of museum objects, museum collections, and other personal properties at reasonable prices.

(Pub. L. 101–512, title I, §116, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1937.)

SUBCHAPTER II—VOLUNTEERS IN PARKS PROGRAM

Subchapter Referred to in Other Sections

This subchapter is referred to in sections 1246, 1250, 1282 of this title.

§18g. Creation of program

The Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter referred to as the Secretary) is authorized to recruit, train, and accept without regard to the civil service classification laws, rules, or regulations the services of individuals without compensation as volunteers for or in aid of interpretive functions, or other visitor services or activities in and related to areas administered by the Secretary through the National Park Service. In accepting such services of individuals or volunteers, the Secretary shall not permit the use of volunteers in hazardous duty or law enforcement work or in policymaking processes, or to displace any employee: Provided, That the services of individuals whom the Secretary determines are skilled in performing hazardous activities may be accepted.

(Pub. L. 91–357, §1, July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 472; Pub. L. 98–540, §1(b), Oct. 24, 1984, 98 Stat. 2718.)

References in Text

The civil service classification laws, referred to in text, are set forth in chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Amendments

1984—Pub. L. 98–540 restricted the activities of volunteers except in the case of skilled individuals.

Short Title

Section 5 of Pub. L. 91–357, July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 472, provided that: “This Act [enacting this subchapter] may be cited as the ‘Volunteers in the Parks Act of 1969’.”

§18h. Incidental expenses

The Secretary is authorized to provide for incidental expenses, such as transportation, uniforms, lodging, and subsistence.

(Pub. L. 91–357, §2, July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 472.)

§18i. Federal employee status for volunteers

(a) Employment status of volunteers

Except as otherwise provided in this section, a volunteer shall not be deemed a Federal employee and shall not be subject to the provisions of law relating to Federal employment, including those relating to hours of work, rates of compensation, leave, unemployment compensations, and Federal employee benefits.

(b) Tort claims

For the purpose of the tort claim provisions of title 28, a volunteer under this subchapter shall be considered a Federal employee.

(c) Civil employees

For the purposes of subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5, relating to compensation to Federal employees for work injuries, volunteers under this subchapter shall be deemed civil employees of the United States within the meaning of the term “employee” as defined in section 8101 of title 5, and the provisions of that subchapter shall apply.

(d) Compensation for losses and damages

For the purpose of claims relating to damage to, or loss of, personal property of a volunteer incident to volunteer service, a volunteer under this subchapter shall be considered a Federal employee, and the provisions of section 3721 of title 31 shall apply.

(Pub. L. 91–357, §3, July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 472; Pub. L. 101–286, title II, §204(b), May 9, 1990, 104 Stat. 175.)

References in Text

The tort claim provisions of title 28, referred to in subsec. (b), are the provisions of the Federal Tort Claims Act, classified to section 1346(b) and chapter 171 (§2671 et seq.) of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Amendments

1990—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–286 added subsec. (d).

§18j. Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter, but not more than $1,000,000 shall be appropriated in any one year.

(Pub. L. 91–357, §4, July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 472; Pub. L. 94–128, Nov. 13, 1975, 89 Stat. 682; Pub. L. 98–540, §1(a), Oct. 24, 1984, 98 Stat. 2718.)

Amendments

1984—Pub. L. 98–540 substituted “$1,000,000” for “$250,000”.

1975—Pub. L. 94–128 substituted “$250,000” for “$100,000”.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Section 1(a) of Pub. L. 98–540 provided in part that: “The amendment made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply with respect to fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1984.”

SUBCHAPTER III—NATIONAL PARK FOUNDATION

§§19 to 19c. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–209, §2, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 656

Sections, act July 10, 1935, ch. 375, §§1–3, 5, 49 Stat. 477, 478, related to: creation of National Park Trust Fund Board, its composition, conduct of business, and compensation; authority to accept and administer gifts, disposition of income, and limitations thereof; succession, powers as trustee, and jurisdiction of suits; and exemption of gifts from taxation, respectively. See sections 19e to 19n of this title.

§19d. Repealed. Aug. 30, 1954, ch. 1076, §1(25), 68 Stat. 968

Section, act July 10, 1935, ch. 375, §6, 49 Stat. 478, required the National Park Trust Fund Board to submit an annual report to Congress of the moneys or securities received and held by it, and of its operations.

§19e. Congressional statement of purpose; establishment of Foundation

In order to encourage private gifts of real and personal property or any income therefrom or other interest therein for the benefit of, or in connection with, the National Park Service, its activities, or its services, and thereby to further the conservation of natural, scenic, historic, scientific, educational, inspirational, or recreational resources for future generations of Americans, there is hereby established a charitable and nonprofit corporation to be known as the National Park Foundation to accept and administer such gifts.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §1, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 656.)

Short Title

Pub. L. 90–209, which enacted this subchapter, is popularly known as the “National Park Foundation Act”.

§19f. Board: membership, term of office, vacancies, Chairman, Secretary, non-Federal office, quorum, seal, meetings, compensation, traveling and subsistence expenses; Foundation as successor to right, title, and interest of National Park Trust Fund Board in property or funds; abolition and repeal of National Park Trust Fund and Board provisions

The National Park Foundation shall consist of a Board having as members the Secretary of the Interior, the Director of the National Park Service, ex officio, and no less than six private citizens of the United States appointed by the Secretary of the Interior whose initial terms shall be staggered to assure continuity of administration. Thereafter, the term shall be six years, unless a successor is chosen to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was chosen, in which event the successor shall be chosen only for the remainder of that term. The Secretary of the Interior shall be the Chairman of the Board and the Director of the National Park Service shall be the Secretary of the Board. Membership on the Board shall not be deemed to be an office within the meaning of the statutes of the United States. A majority of the members of the Board serving at any one time shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the Foundation shall have an official seal, which shall be judicially noticed. The Board shall meet at the call of the Chairman and there shall be at least one meeting each year.

No compensation shall be paid to the members of the Board for their services as members, but they shall be reimbursed for actual and necessary traveling and subsistence expenses incurred by them in the performance of their duties as such members out of National Park Foundation funds available to the Board for such purposes. The Foundation shall succeed to all right, title, and interest of the National Park Trust Fund Board established in any property or funds, including the National Park Trust Fund, subject to the terms and conditions thereof. The National Park Trust Fund is hereby abolished, and the Act of July 10, 1935 (49 Stat. 477), as amended, is hereby repealed.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §2, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 656.)

References in Text

Act of July 10, 1935 (49 Stat. 477), as amended, referred to in text, prior to its repeal by Pub. L. 90–209, §2, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 656, was classified to sections 6a and 19 to 19d of this title.

§19g. Gifts, devises, or bequests; restriction; real property interests; property with encumbrances, restrictions, or subject to beneficial interests of private persons

The Foundation is authorized to accept, receive, solicit, hold, administer, and use any gifts, devises, or bequests, either absolutely or in trust of real or personal property or any income therefrom or other interest therein for the benefit of or in connection with, the National Park Service, its activities, or its services: Provided, That the Foundation may not accept any such gift, devise, or bequest which entails any expenditure other than from the resources of the Foundation. An interest in the real property includes, among other things, easements or other rights for preservation, conservation, protection, or enhancement by and for the public of natural, scenic, historic, scientific, educational, inspirational, or recreational resources. A gift, devise, or bequest may be accepted by the Foundation even though it is encumbered, restricted, or subject to beneficial interests of private persons if any current or future interest therein is for the benefit of the National Park Service, its activities, or its services.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §3, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 656.)

§19h. Property and income dealings and transactions; prohibition of engagement in business; trust company type of investments; utilization of services and facilities of Federal agencies without reimbursement; transfer instrument requirements and investments

Except as otherwise required by the instrument of transfer, the Foundation may sell, lease, invest, reinvest, retain, or otherwise dispose of or deal with any property or income thereof as the Board may from time to time determine. The Foundation shall not engage in any business, nor shall the Foundation make any investment that may not lawfully be made by a trust company in the District of Columbia, except that the Foundation may make any investment authorized by the instrument of transfer, and may retain any property accepted by the Foundation. The Foundation may utilize the services and facilities of the Department of the Interior and the Department of Justice, and such services and facilities may be made available on request to the extent practicable without reimbursement therefor.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §4, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 656.)

§19i. Corporate succession; powers and duties of trustee; suits; personal liability for malfeasance

The Foundation shall have perpetual succession, with all the usual powers and obligations of a corporation acting as a trustee, including the power to sue and to be sued in its own name, but the members of the Board shall not be personally liable, except for malfeasance.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §5, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 657.)

§19j. Authority for execution of contracts, instruments, and necessary or appropriate acts

The Foundation shall have the power to enter into contracts, to execute instruments, and generally to do any and all lawful acts necessary or appropriate to its purposes.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §6, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 657.)

§19k. Bylaws, rules, and regulations; contracts for services

In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the Board may adopt bylaws, rules, and regulations necessary for the administration of its functions and contract for any necessary services.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §7, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 657.)

§19l. Tax exemptions; contributions toward costs of local government; contributions, gifts, or transfers to or for use of United States

The Foundation and any income or property received or owned by it, and all transactions relating to such income or property, shall be exempt from all Federal, State, and local taxation with respect thereto. The Foundation may, however, in the discretion of its directors, contribute toward the costs of local government in amounts not in excess of those which it would be obligated to pay such government if it were not exempt from taxation by virtue of the foregoing or by virtue of its being a charitable and nonprofit corporation and may agree so to contribute with respect to property transferred to it and the income derived therefrom if such agreement is a condition of the transfer. Contributions, gifts, and other transfers made to or for the use of the Foundation shall be regarded as contributions, gifts, or transfers to or for the use of the United States.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §8, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 657.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in title 26 section 2055.

§19m. Liability of United States

The United States shall not be liable for any debts, defaults, acts, or omissions of the Foundation.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §9, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 657.)

§19n. Annual reports to Congress

The Foundation shall, as soon as practicable after the end of each fiscal year, transmit to Congress an annual report of its proceedings and activities, including a full and complete statement of its receipts, expenditures, and investments.

(Pub. L. 90–209, §10, Dec. 18, 1967, 81 Stat. 657.)

SUBCHAPTER III–A—NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM VISITOR FACILITY

§§19aa to 19gg. Omitted

Codification

Sections 19aa to 19gg were omitted pursuant to section 19gg which provided that all authorities contained in this subchapter expired Sept. 30, 1989.

Section 19aa, Pub. L. 97–433, §2, Jan. 8, 1983, 96 Stat. 2277, defined terms for purposes of this subchapter.

Section 19bb, Pub. L. 97–433, §3, Jan. 8, 1983, 96 Stat. 2277, established in United States Treasury the National Park System Visitor Facilities Fund and provided for funds to be credited to that Fund.

Section 19cc, Pub. L. 97–433, §4, Jan. 8, 1983, 96 Stat. 2277, authorized appropriations to be made available to National Park Foundation to carry out its functions under this subchapter.

Section 19dd, Pub. L. 97–433, §5, Jan. 8, 1983, 96 Stat. 2278, related to administration of Fund projects and required Foundation to include in its annual report a description of projects undertaken and accomplishments made under this subchapter.

Section 19ee, Pub. L. 97–433, §6, Jan. 8, 1983, 96 Stat. 2278, related to authority of National Park Foundation.

Section 19ff, Pub. L. 97–433, §7, Jan. 8, 1983, 96 Stat. 2279, provided that nothing in this subchapter affect responsibilities of Secretary of the Interior under other provisions of law.

Section 19gg, Pub. L. 97–433, §8, Jan. 8, 1983, 96 Stat. 2279, provided that authorities contained in this subchapter expire Sept. 30, 1989, and that any moneys credited to Fund not appropriated, expended, or obligated be transferred to miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury.

Short Title

Section 1 of Pub. L. 97–433 provided that this subchapter be cited as the “National Park System Visitor Facilities Fund Act”.

SUBCHAPTER III–B—PARK SYSTEM RESOURCE PROTECTION

Subchapter Referred to in Other Sections

This subchapter is referred to in title 43 section 1474b–1.

§19jj. Definitions

As used in this subchapter the term:

(a) “Attorney General” means the Attorney General of the United States.

(b) “Damages” includes the following:

(1) Compensation for—

(A)(i) the cost of replacing, restoring, or acquiring the equivalent of a park system resource; and

(ii) the value of any significant loss of use of a park system resource pending its restoration or replacement or the acquisition of an equivalent resource; or

(B) the value of the park system resource in the event the resource cannot be replaced or restored.


(2) The cost of damage assessments under section 19jj–2(b) of this title.


(c) “Response costs” means the costs of actions taken by the Secretary of the Interior to prevent or minimize destruction or loss of or injury to park system resources; or to abate or minimize the imminent risk of such destruction, loss, or injury; or to monitor ongoing effects of incidents causing such destruction, loss, or injury.

(d) “Park system resource” means any living or nonliving resource that is located within or is a living part of a marine regimen or a Great Lakes aquatic regimen (including an aquatic regimen within Voyageurs National Park) within the boundaries of a unit of the National Park System, except for resources owned by a non-Federal entity.

(e) “Regimen” means a water column and submerged lands, up to the high-tide or high-water line.

(f) “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Interior.

(Pub. L. 101–337, §1, July 27, 1990, 104 Stat. 379.)

§19jj–1. Liability

(a) In general

Subject to subsection (c) of this section, any person who destroys, causes the loss of, or injures any park system resource is liable to the United States for response costs and damages resulting from such destruction, loss, or injury.

(b) Liability in rem

Any instrumentality, including but not limited to a vessel, vehicle, aircraft, or other equipment that destroys, causes the loss of, or injures any park system resource shall be liable in rem to the United States for response costs and damages resulting from such destruction, loss, or injury to the same extent as a person is liable under subsection (a) of this section.

(c) Defenses

A person is not liable under this section if such person can establish that—

(1) the destruction, loss of, or injury to the park system resource was caused solely by an act of God or an act of war;

(2) such person acted with due care, and the destruction, loss of, or injury to the park system resource was caused solely by an act or omission of a third party, other than an employee or agent of such person; or

(3) the destruction, loss, or injury to the park system resource was caused by an activity authorized by Federal or State law.

(d) Scope

The provisions of this section shall be in addition to any other liability which may arise under Federal or State law.

(Pub. L. 101–337, §2, July 27, 1990, 104 Stat. 379.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 19jj–2 of this title.

§19jj–2. Actions

(a) Civil actions for response costs and damages

The Attorney General, upon request of the Secretary after a finding by the Secretary—

(1) of damage to a park system resource; or

(2) that absent the undertaking of response costs, damage to a park system resource would have occurred;


may commence a civil action in the United States district court for the appropriate district against any person who may be liable under section 19jj–1 of this title for response costs and damages. The Secretary shall submit a request for such an action to the Attorney General whenever a person may be liable or an instrumentality may be liable in rem for such costs and damages as provided in section 19jj–1 of this title.

(b) Response actions and assessment of damages

(1) The Secretary shall undertake all necessary actions to prevent or minimize the destruction, loss of, or injury to park system resources, or to minimize the imminent risk of such destruction, loss, or injury.

(2) The Secretary shall assess and monitor damages to park system resources.

(Pub. L. 101–337, §3, July 27, 1990, 104 Stat. 380.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 19jj of this title.

§19jj–3. Use of recovered amounts

Response costs and damages recovered by the Secretary under the provisions of this subchapter or amounts recovered by the Federal Government under any Federal, State, or local law or regulation or otherwise as a result of damage to any living or nonliving resource located within a unit of the National Park System, except for damage to resources owned by a non-Federal entity, shall be available to the Secretary and without further congressional action may be used only as follows:

(a) Response costs and damage assessments

To reimburse response costs and damage assessments by the Secretary or other Federal agencies as the Secretary deems appropriate.

(b) Restoration and replacement

To restore, replace, or acquire the equivalent of resources which were the subject of the action and to monitor and study such resources: Provided, That no such funds may be used to acquire any lands or waters or interests therein or rights thereto unless such acquisition is specifically approved in advance in appropriations Acts and any such acquisition shall be subject to any limitations contained in the organic legislation for such park unit.

(c) Excess funds

Any amounts remaining after expenditures pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall be deposited into the General Fund of the United States Treasury.

(d) Report to Congress

The Secretary shall report annually to the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Natural Resources of the United States House of Representatives on funds expended pursuant to this subchapter. The report shall contain a detailed analysis and accounting of all funds recovered and expended, including, but not limited to, donations received pursuant to section 19jj–4 of this title, projects undertaken, and monies returned to the Treasury.

(Pub. L. 101–337, §4, July 27, 1990, 104 Stat. 380; Pub. L. 103–437, §6(d)(3), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–437 substituted “Natural Resources” for “Interior and Insular Affairs” after “Committee on”.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

§19jj–4. Donations

The Secretary may accept donations of money or services for expenditure or employment to meet expected, immediate, or ongoing response costs. Such donations may be expended or employed at any time after their acceptance, without further congressional action.

(Pub. L. 101–337, §5, July 27, 1990, 104 Stat. 381.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 19jj–3 of this title.

SUBCHAPTER IV—CONCESSIONS FOR ACCOMMODATIONS, FACILITIES, AND SERVICES IN AREAS ADMINISTERED BY NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

Subchapter Referred to in Other Sections

This subchapter is referred to in sections 1c, 251g, 460l–6a, 2302 of this title.

§20. Congressional findings and statement of purpose

In furtherance of sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this title, as amended, which direct the Secretary of the Interior to administer national park system areas in accordance with the fundamental purpose of conserving their scenery, wildlife, natural and historic objects, and providing for their enjoyment in a manner that will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations, the Congress hereby finds that the preservation of park values requires that such public accommodations, facilities, and services as have to be provided within those areas should be provided only under carefully controlled safeguards against unregulated and indiscriminate use, so that the heavy visitation will not unduly impair these values and so that development of such facilities can best be limited to locations where the least damage to park values will be caused. It is the policy of the Congress that such development shall be limited to those that are necessary and appropriate for public use and enjoyment of the national park area in which they are located and that are consistent to the highest practicable degree with the preservation and conservation of the areas.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §1, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 969.)

Short Title

Public Law 89–249, which enacted this subchapter and amended section 462 of this title, is popularly known as the “National Park System Concessions Policy Act”.

Cross References

Uniform application of sections 20 to 20g of this title to all areas of national park system when not in conflict with specific provisions applicable to an area, see section 1c of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 20a of this title.

§20a. Authority of Secretary of the Interior to encourage concessioners

Subject to the findings and policy stated in section 20 of this title, the Secretary of the Interior shall take such action as may be appropriate to encourage and enable private persons and corporations (hereinafter referred to as “concessioners”) to provide and operate facilities and services which he deems desirable for the accommodation of visitors in areas administered by the National Park Service.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §2, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 969.)

§20b. Protection of concessioner's investment

(a) Contract terms; compensation for loss of investment

Without limitation of the foregoing, the Secretary may include in contracts for the providing of facilities and services such terms and conditions as, in his judgment, are required to assure the concessioner of adequate protection against loss of investment in structures, fixtures, improvements, equipment, supplies, and other tangible property provided by him for the purposes of the contract (but not against loss of anticipated profits) resulting from discretionary acts, policies, or decisions of the Secretary occurring after the contract has become effective under which acts, policies, or decisions the concessioner's authority to conduct some or all of his authorized operations under the contract ceases or his structures, fixtures, and improvements, or any of them, are required to be transferred to another party or to be abandoned, removed, or demolished. Such terms and conditions may include an obligation of the United States to compensate the concessioner for loss of investment, as aforesaid.

(b) Profit commensurate with capital invested and obligations assumed

The Secretary shall exercise his authority in a manner consistent with a reasonable opportunity for the concessioner to realize a profit on his operation as a whole commensurate with the capital invested and the obligations assumed.

(c) Reasonableness of concessioner's rates and charges

The reasonableness of a concessioner's rates and charges to the public shall, unless otherwise provided in the contract, be judged primarily by comparison with those current for facilities and services of comparable character under similar conditions, with due consideration for length of season, provision for peakloads, average percentage of occupancy, accessibility, availability, and costs of labor and materials, type of patronage, and other factors deemed significant by the Secretary.

(d) Determination of franchise fees; reconsideration every five years or oftener

Franchise fees, however stated, shall be determined upon consideration of the probable value to the concessioner of the privileges granted by the particular contract or permit involved. Such value is the opportunity for net profit in relation to both gross receipts and capital invested. Consideration of revenue to the United States shall be subordinate to the objectives of protecting and preserving the areas and of providing adequate and appropriate services for visitors at reasonable rates. Appropriate provisions shall be made for reconsideration of franchise fees at least every five years unless the contract is for a lesser period of time.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §3, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 969.)

Termination for Cause Clauses in Concessionaire Contracts

Provisions prohibiting the Park Service from entering into future concessionaire contracts, including renewals, that do not include a termination for cause clause that provides for possible extinguishment of possessory interests excluding depreciated book value of concessionaire investments without compensation were contained in the following appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 102–381, title I, Oct. 5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1381.

Pub. L. 102–154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 996.

Pub. L. 101–512, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1920.

Pub. L. 101–121, title I, Oct. 23, 1989, 103 Stat. 706.

Pub. L. 100–446, title I, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1779.

Pub. L. 100–202, §101(g) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–213, 1329–219.

Pub. L. 99–500, §101(h) [title I], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–242, 1783–247, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(h) [title I], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–242, 3341–247.

Pub. L. 99–190, §101(d) [title I], Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1224, 1228.

Pub. L. 98–473, title I, §101(c) [title I], Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1837, 1842.

Pub. L. 98–146, title I, Nov. 4, 1983, 97 Stat. 923.

Pub. L. 97–394, title I, Dec. 30, 1982, 96 Stat. 1970.

Pub. L. 97–100, title I, Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1395.

Pub. L. 96–514, title I, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2962.

Pub. L. 96–126, title I, Nov. 27, 1979, 93 Stat. 959.

§20c. New or additional services; preferential rights; operations by a single concessioner

The Secretary may authorize the operation of all accommodations, facilities, and services for visitors, or of all such accommodations, facilities, and services of generally similar character, in each area, or portion thereof, administered by the National Park Service by one responsible concessioner and may grant to such concessioner a preferential right to provide such new or additional accommodations, facilities, or services as the Secretary may consider necessary or desirable for the accommodation and convenience of the public. The Secretary may, in his discretion, grant extensions, renewals, or new contracts to present concessioners, other than the concessioner holding a preferential right, for operations substantially similar in character and extent to those authorized by their current contracts or permits.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §4, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 970.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 20d of this title.

§20d. Renewal preference for satisfactory performance; extensions; new contracts; public notice

The Secretary shall encourage continuity of operation and facilities and services by giving preference in the renewal of contracts or permits and in the negotiation of new contracts or permits to the concessioners who have performed their obligations under prior contracts or permits to the satisfaction of the Secretary. To this end, the Secretary, at any time in his discretion, may extend or renew a contract or permit, or may grant a new contract or permit to the same concessioner upon the termination or surrender before expiration of a prior contract or permit. Before doing so, however, and before granting extensions, renewals or new contracts pursuant to the last sentence of section 20c of this title, the Secretary shall give reasonable public notice of his intention so to do and shall consider and evaluate all proposals received as a result thereof.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §5, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 970.)

§20e. Concessioner's possessory interest in concession property; limitations; compensation for taking; determination of just compensation

A concessioner who has heretofore acquired or constructed or who hereafter acquires or constructs, pursuant to a contract and with the approval of the Secretary, any structure, fixture, or improvement upon land owned by the United States within an area administered by the National Park Service shall have a possessory interest therein, which shall consist of all incidents of ownership except legal title, and except as hereinafter provided, which title shall be vested in the United States. Such possessory interest shall not be construed to include or imply any authority, privilege, or right to operate or engage in any business or other activity, and the use or enjoyment of any structure, fixture, or improvement in which the concessioner has a possessory interest shall be wholly subject to the applicable provisions of the contract and of laws and regulations relating to the area. The said possessory interest shall not be extinguished by the expiration or other termination of the contract and may not be taken for public use without just compensation. The said possessory interest may be assigned, transferred, encumbered, or relinquished. Unless otherwise provided by agreement of the parties, just compensation shall be an amount equal to the sound value of such structure, fixture, or improvement at the time of taking by the United States determined upon the basis of reconstruction cost less depreciation evidenced by its condition and prospective serviceability in comparison with a new unit of like kind, but not to exceed fair market value. The provisions of this section shall not apply to concessioners whose current contracts do not include recognition of a possessory interest, unless in a particular case the Secretary determines that equitable considerations warrant recognition of such interest.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §6, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 970.)

§20f. Use of non-monetary consideration in leases of government property

The provisions of section 303b of title 40, relating to the leasing of buildings and properties of the United States, shall not apply to privileges, leases, permits, and contracts granted by the Secretary of the Interior for the use of lands and improvements thereon, in areas administered by the National Park Service, for the purpose of providing accommodations, facilities, and services for visitors thereto, pursuant to sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this title, as amended, or sections 461 to 467 of this title, as amended.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §7, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 971.)

§20g. Recordkeeping; audit and examination; access to books and records

Each concessioner shall keep such records as the Secretary may prescribe to enable the Secretary to determine that all terms of the concession contract have been and are being faithfully performed, and the Secretary and his duly authorized representatives shall, for the purpose of audit and examination, have access to said records and to other books, documents, and papers of the concessioner pertinent to the contract and all the terms and conditions thereof.

The Comptroller General of the United States or any of his duly authorized representatives shall, until the expiration of five (5) calendar years after the close of the business year of each concessioner or subconcessioner have access to and the right to examine any pertinent books, documents, papers, and records of the concessioner or subconcessioner related to the negotiated contract or contracts involved.

(Pub. L. 89–249, §9, Oct. 9, 1965, 79 Stat. 971.)

SUBCHAPTER V—YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK

§21. Establishment; boundaries; trespassers

The tract of land in the States of Montana and Wyoming, lying near the headwaters of the Yellowstone River and described as follows, to wit, commencing at the junction of Gardiner's River, with the Yellowstone River, and running east to the meridian passing ten miles to the eastward of the most eastern point of Yellowstone Lake; thence south along said meridian to the parallel of latitude passing ten miles south of the most southern point of Yellowstone Lake; thence west along said parallel to the meridian passing fifteen miles west of the most western point of Madison Lake; thence north along said meridian to the latitude of the junction of the Yellowstone and Gardiner's Rivers; thence east to the place of beginning, is reserved and withdrawn from settlement, occupancy, or sale under the laws of the United States, and dedicated and set apart as a public park or pleasuring ground for the benefit and enjoyment of the people; and all persons who locate, or settle upon, or occupy any part of the land thus set apart as a public park, except as provided in section 22 of this title, shall be considered trespassers and removed therefrom.

(R.S. §2474.)

Codification

R.S. §2474 derived from act Mar. 1, 1872, ch. 24, §1, 17 Stat. 32.

Cross References

Change of boundaries, see section 21a of this title.

Limitation on further extension or establishment of national parks in Wyoming, see section 451a of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 21b of this title.

§21a. Revision of boundaries; contiguous national forests; jurisdiction of forests

The boundary of the Yellowstone National Park is changed so as to read as follows:

Beginning on the present north boundary line of Yellowstone National Park at its intersection with the hydrographic divide immediately north of Pebble Creek, approximately at park boundary monument 29 east; thence following said divide around the head of the drainage of Pebble Creek to its intersection with the present east boundary line of Yellowstone National Park, at a point near park boundary monument 54 north; thence southerly along said boundary line to its intersection with the hydrographic divide between Soda Butte and Cache Creeks, at a point near park boundary monument 51 north; thence easterly along said hydrographic divide to its intersection with the crest of the Absaroka Range; thence southerly along said crest to its intersection with the main hydrographic divide between Little Lamar River and the North Fork of Shoshone River, passing over Republic and Hoodoo Peaks; thence westerly along said divide passing over Notch Mountain to its intersection with the present east boundary line of Yellowstone National Park, at a point near park boundary monument 26 north; thence continuing westerly along said divide, now between the headwaters of Lamar River and Jones Creek; headwaters of Sedge, Bear, Cub, and Clear Creeks, and the headwaters of Jones and Crow Creeks, and between Crow Creek and Middle Creek, to its intersection with the present east boundary line of Yellowstone National Park, approximately at park boundary monument 18 north, passing over Pyramid and Cathedral Peaks, Mount Chittenden, and Avalanche Peak, thence southerly along said boundary line to its intersection with the hydrographic divide immediately south of Middle Creek, approximately at park boundary monument 15 north; thence westerly along said divide, now between a southern tributary of Middle Creek, headwaters of Beaverdam, Trappers, and Mountain Creeks, and the headwaters of Canfield and Eagle Creeks, to its intersection with the present east boundary line of Yellowstone National Park, at a point near park boundary monument 5 north, passing over Reservation and Atkins Peaks, Mount Schurz, Mount Humphreys, and Eagle Peak; and

Beginning on the present west boundary line of Yellowstone National Park at its intersection with the left bank of Gallatin River between park monuments 45 and 46 north; thence northwesterly along said bank to a point opposite the hydrographic divide between Daly and Tepee Creeks; thence northeasterly across the Gallatin River and along said divide, around the headwaters of Daly, Black Butte, Specimen, and Fan Creeks, to the intersection of said divide with the present north boundary line of Yellowstone National Park, at a point near park boundary monument 11 west.

All of those lands lying within the boundary lines above described and the present north, east, and west boundary lines are included in and made a part of the Yellowstone National Park; and all of those lands of the present Yellowstone National Park excluded from the park are included in and made a part of the contiguous national forests subject to all laws and regulations applicable to national forests, and upon acceptance thereof by appropriate action of the State, jurisdiction for all purposes whatsoever shall be, and is, ceded over the land excluded from the park to the State of Wyoming.

(Mar. 1, 1929, ch. 437, §1, 45 Stat. 1435; Apr. 19, 1930, ch. 190, 46 Stat. 220.)

Amendments

1930—Act Apr. 19, 1930, struck out “Provided, That whereas it is the purpose and intent of Congress to retain the areas hereby added to the park in its original wilderness character, therefore, no new roads shall be constructed and no hotels or permanent camps shall be authorized or permitted to be maintained on such lands”.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 21c of this title.

§21b. Extension of certain laws to park

The provisions of section 21 of this title, reserving lands for park purposes, the Act of July 10, 1890 admitting the State of Wyoming into the Union, and sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 24, 26, 30 and 30a of this title and all Acts supplementary to and amendatory of said sections are made applicable to and extended over the lands added to the park: Provided, That the provisions of the Federal Power Act [16 U.S.C. 791a et seq.] shall not apply to or extend over such lands.

(Mar. 1, 1929, ch. 437, §2, 45 Stat. 1436.)

References in Text

The Federal Power Act, referred to in text, was in the original the “Act of June 10, 1920, entitled ‘An Act to create a Federal Power Commission, to provide for the improvement of navigation, the development of water power, the use of the public lands in relation thereto, and to repeal section 18 of the River and Harbor Appropriation Act, approved August 8, 1917, and for other purposes,’ ” and was redesignated the Federal Power Act by section 791a of this title. The Federal Power Act is act June 10, 1920, ch. 285, 41 Stat. 1063, as amended, and is classified generally to chapter 12 (§791a et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 791a of this title and Tables.

§21c. Section 485 as extending to revised boundaries; lands acquired by exchange

The provisions of section 485 of this title shall continue to be applicable to the areas included within the Yellowstone National Park by section 21a of this title, and any lands within such areas acquired by exchange thereunder shall thereupon become a part of the Yellowstone National Park.

(Mar. 1, 1929, ch. 437, §3, 45 Stat. 1436.)

§21d. Existing claims, locations, and entries as affected by revised boundaries

Nothing herein contained shall affect any valid existing claim, location, or entry under the land laws of the United States, whether for homestead, mineral right of way, or any other purposes whatsoever, or shall affect the right of any such claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of his land.

(Mar. 1, 1929, ch. 437, §4, 45 Stat. 1436.)

References in Text

Herein, referred to in text, means act Mar. 1, 1929, which is classified to sections 21a to 21d of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

§22. Control of park by Secretary of the Interior; removal of trespassers

The Yellowstone National Park shall be under the exclusive control of the Secretary of the Interior. In addition to the powers and duties enumerated in section 3 of this title not inconsistent with this section, he shall make regulations providing for the preservation, from injury or spoliation, of all timber, mineral deposits, natural curiosities, or wonders, within the park, and their retention in their natural condition. The Secretary may, in his discretion, grant leases for building purposes for terms not exceeding thirty years, of small parcels of ground, at such places in the park as may require the erection of buildings for the accommodation of visitors. He shall provide against the wanton destruction of the fish and game found within the park, and against their capture or destruction for the purposes of merchandise or profit. He shall also cause all persons trespassing upon the same to be removed therefrom, and generally is authorized to take all such measures as may be necessary or proper to fully carry out the objects and purposes of this section.

(R.S. §2475; Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, §3, 39 Stat. 535; May 29, 1958, Pub. L. 85–434, 72 Stat. 152.)

Codification

R.S. §2475 derived from act Mar. 1, 1872, ch. 24, §2, 17 Stat. 33.

The words “whose duty it shall be, as soon as practicable, to make and publish such regulations as he may deem necessary or proper for the care and management of the same” were omitted from the end of the first sentence as executed legislation.

The words “In addition to the powers and duties enumerated in section 3 of this title not inconsistent with this section” were added to relate this section to later law, defining the duties of the Secretary of the Interior as to national parks.

“Thirty years” was substituted for “ten years” in view of section 3 of act Aug. 25, 1916, and act May 29, 1958, which authorized the Secretary to grant privileges, leases, and permits in the various parks for periods not exceeding thirty years. See section 3 of this title.

As originally enacted, this section also contained a provision that “all of the proceeds of such leases, and all other revenues that may be derived from any source connected with the park, to be expended under his [Secretary of the Interior] direction in the management of the same, and the construction of roads and bridlepaths therein.” This provision was superseded by section 452 of this title providing for the disposition of all revenues from national parks.

§23. Detail of troops for protection of park

The Secretary of the Army, upon the request of the Secretary of the Interior, is authorized and directed to make the necessary details of troops to prevent trespassers or intruders from entering the park for the purpose of destroying the game or objects of curiosity therein, or for any other purpose prohibited by law, and to remove such persons from the park if found therein.

(Mar. 3, 1883, ch. 143, 22 Stat. 627; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, §205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

Change of Name

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces” which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued military Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

Cross References

Sequoia and Yosemite National Parks, detail of troops for protection of, see section 78 of this title.

§24. Jurisdiction over park; fugitives from justice

The Yellowstone National Park, as its boundaries now are defined, or as they may be hereafter defined or extended, shall be under the sole and exclusive jurisdiction of the United States. All the laws applicable to places under the sole and exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, shall have force and effect in said park. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to forbid the service in the park of any civil or criminal process of any court having jurisdiction in the States of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming. All fugitives from justice taking refuge in said park shall be subject to the same laws as refugees from justice found in the State of Wyoming.

(May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §1, 28 Stat. 73.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is act May 7, 1894, which is classified to sections 24 to 30a of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

Section 2 of act May 7, 1894, provided that the Yellowstone National Park should be part of the judicial district of Wyoming, and that the courts of the United States for the district should have jurisdiction of all offenses committed within the park. It was superseded by act Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, §115, 36 Stat. 1130, constituting the State of Wyoming and Yellowstone National Park the judicial district of Wyoming, that section being in turn superseded by act June 5, 1924, ch. 260, 43 Stat. 388. Provisions of that act are covered by section 131 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Wyoming: Jurisdiction Over Park

The act admitting the State of Wyoming into the Union, act July 10, 1890, ch. 664, 26 Stat. 222, contained a proviso annexed to the description of the boundaries of the State, in section 2 of the act, as follows: “That nothing in this act contained shall repeal or affect any act of Congress relating to the Yellowstone National Park, or the reservation of the Park as now defined, or as may be hereafter defined or extended, or the power of the United States over it; and nothing contained in this act shall interfere with the right and ownership of the United States in said park and reservation as it now is or may hereafter be defined or extended by law; but exclusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, shall be exercised by the United States, which shall have exclusive control and jurisdiction over the same; but nothing in this proviso contained shall be construed to prevent the service within said park of civil and criminal process lawfully issued by the authority of said State.”

Cross References

Laws of States adopted for areas within Federal jurisdiction, see section 13 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 21b, 30a of this title.

§25. Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §39, 62 Stat. 992, eff. Sept. 1, 1948

Section, act May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §3, 28 Stat. 73, related to applicability of criminal laws. See section 13 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

§26. Regulations for hunting and fishing in park; punishment for violations; forfeitures

All hunting, or the killing, wounding, or capturing at any time of any bird or wild animal, except dangerous animals, when it is necessary to prevent them from destroying human life or inflicting an injury, is prohibited within the limits of said park; nor shall any fish be taken out of the waters of the park by means of seines, nets, traps, or by the use of drugs or any explosive substances or compounds, or in any other way than by hook and line, and then only at such seasons and in such times and manner as may be directed by the Secretary of the Interior. The Secretary of the Interior shall make and publish such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary and proper for the management and care of the park and for the protection of the property therein, especially for the preservation from injury or spoliation of all timber, mineral deposits, natural curiosities, or wonderful objects within said park; and for the protection of the animals and birds in the park, from capture or destruction, or to prevent their being frightened or driven from the park; and he shall make rules and regulations governing the taking of fish from the streams or lakes in the park. Possession within the said park of the dead bodies, or any part thereof, of any wild bird or animal shall be prima facie evidence that the person or persons having the same are guilty of violating this Act. Any person or persons, or stage or express company or railway company, receiving for transportation any of the said animals, birds, or fish so killed, taken, or caught shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined for every such offense not exceeding $300. Any person found guilty of violating any of the provisions of this Act or any rule or regulation that may be promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior with reference to the management and care of the park, or for the protection of the property therein, for the preservation from injury or spoliation of timber, mineral deposits, natural curiosities, or wonderful objects within said park, or for the protection of the animals, birds, and fish in the said park, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be subjected to a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both, and be adjudged to pay all costs of the proceedings.

All guns, traps, teams, horses, or means of transportation of every nature or description used by any person or persons within said park limits when engaged in killing, trapping, ensnaring, or capturing such wild beasts, birds, or wild animals shall be forfeited to the United States, and may be seized by the officers in said park and held pending the prosecution of any person or persons arrested under charge of violating the provisions of this Act, and upon conviction under this Act of such person or persons using said guns, traps, teams, horses, or other means of transportation such forfeiture shall be adjudicated as a penalty in addition to the other punishment provided in this Act. Such forfeited property shall be disposed of and accounted for by and under the authority of the Secretary of the Interior.

(May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §4, 28 Stat. 73; June 28, 1916, ch. 179, 39 Stat. 238.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is act May 7, 1894, which is classified to sections 24 to 30a of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Cross References

Destruction of such animals as may be detrimental to use of national parks, see section 3 of this title.

Rules and regulations for use and management of national parks to be made by Secretary of the Interior, see section 3 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 21b, 30a of this title.

§§27 to 29. Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §39, 62 Stat. 992, eff. Sept. 1, 1948

Section 27, acts May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §5, 28 Stat. 74; Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, §291, 36 Stat. 1167; June 28, 1938, ch. 778, §1, 52 Stat. 1213, related to jurisdiction and powers of commissioner [now magistrate judges]. See sections 131, 631, and 632 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Section 28, act May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §6, 28 Stat. 75, related to deputy marshals. See section 562 of Title 28.

Section 29, acts May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §7, 28 Stat. 75; Apr. 17, 1900, ch. 192, §1, 31 Stat. 133; Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 295, 42 Stat. 1560, related to compensation of commissioners [now magistrate judges], marshals, and United States attorneys. See sections 548, 571, 572, and 634 of Title 28.

§30. Jail building; office of magistrate judge

The Secretary of the Interior shall cause to be erected in Yellowstone National Park a suitable building to be used as a jail, and also having in said building an office for the use of the United States magistrate judge.

(May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §9, 28 Stat. 75; Oct. 17, 1968, Pub. L. 90–578, title IV, §402(b)(2), 82 Stat. 1118; Dec. 1, 1990, Pub. L. 101–650, title III, §321, 104 Stat. 5117.)

Codification

Section 9 of the act of May 7, 1894, contained the added clause, “the cost of such building not to exceed five thousand dollars, to be paid out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated upon certificate of the Secretary as a voucher therefor,” which was superseded by the provisions contained in section 451 of this title.

Change of Name

“United States magistrate judge” substituted in text for “magistrate” pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101–650, set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Previously, “magistrate” substituted for “commissioner” pursuant to Pub. L. 90–578. See chapter 43 (§631 et seq.) of Title 28.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 21b, 30a of this title.

§30a . Existing laws as affected

This Act shall not be construed to repeal existing laws conferring upon the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of the Army certain powers with reference to the protection, improvement, and control of the said Yellowstone National Park.

(May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §10, 28 Stat. 75; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, §205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is act May 7, 1894, which is classified to sections 24 to 30a of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Change of Name

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces’ which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued military Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 21b of this title.

§31 . Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §39, 62 Stat. 992, eff. Sept. 1, 1948

Section, act May 7, 1894, ch. 72, §8, 28 Stat. 75, related to payment of costs and expenses.

§32 . Lease of lands within park

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and empowered to lease for a period not exceeding twenty years, at an annual rental to be determined by him, to any person, corporation, or company he may authorize to transact business in the Yellowstone National Park, separate tracts of land, not exceeding twenty acres each, at such places not to exceed ten in number to any one person, corporation, or company, in said park as the comfort and convenience of visitors may require for the construction and maintenance of substantial hotel buildings and buildings for the protection of stage, stock, and equipment.

Such lease or leases shall not include any of the geysers or any objects of curiosity or interest in said park, or exclude the public from free and convenient approach thereto, or include any ground within one-eighth of a mile of any of the geysers of the Yellowstone Falls, the Grand Canyon, or the Yellowstone River, Mammoth Hot Springs, or any object of curiosity in the park; nor shall such lease convey either expressly or by implication any exclusive privilege within the park, except on the premises held thereunder and for the time therein granted. Every lease made for any property of said park shall require the lessee to observe and obey each and every provision in any Act of Congress, every rule, order, or regulation made or which shall hereafter be made and published by the Secretary of the Interior concerning the use, care, management, or government of the park, or any object or property therein under penalty of forfeiture of such lease, and shall be subject to the right of revocation and forfeiture, which shall therein be reserved by the Secretary of the Interior.

The provisions of this section are not to be construed as mandatory upon the Secretary of the Interior, but the authority herein given is to be exercised in his sound discretion.

(Aug. 3, 1894, ch. 198, 28 Stat. 222; June 4, 1906, ch. 2570, 34 Stat. 207; Mar. 2, 1907, ch. 2518, 34 Stat. 1219.)

Codification

The first paragraph of this section is from act June 4, 1906, as amended by act Mar. 2, 1907, which changed the authorized term of leasing from ten years to twenty years as set out above. It superseded earlier provisions covering similar matter contained in the first sentence of act Aug. 3, 1894.

The second paragraph of the section is from act Aug. 3, 1894, which contained a further proviso that “persons or corporations now holding leases of ground in the park may, upon the surrender thereof, be granted new leases hereunder, and upon the terms and stipulations contained in their present leases, with such modifications, restrictions, and reservations as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe” which has been omitted as temporary and executed.

A further provision that “so much of that portion of the act of March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, relating to the Yellowstone Park as conflict with the act, be and the same is hereby, repealed” and the portion of the act March 3, 1883, referred to in such provision, have been omitted from the Code, the last named portion having been superseded by the Acts cited to text.

Cross References

Leases of land in national parks generally, see section 3 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 33 of this title.

§33 . Mortgages by lessees within the park

Any person, corporation, or company holding a lease within Yellowstone Park for the purposes described in section 32 of this title is authorized, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, to execute mortgages upon his or its rights, properties, and franchises, including his or its contract or contracts with the Secretary of the Interior, and such mortgages, together with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior may be filed for record in the office of the Secretary of the Interior, and when so recorded shall have all the effect of a public record. Any mortgage, lien, or encumbrance created under the provisions of this section shall be subject to the rights of the Government to compel the enforcement of the terms of the lease or contract of the mortgagor, and any purchaser under a foreclosure of such encumbrance shall take subject to all the conditions assumed by the original lessee or contractor.

(June 4, 1906, ch. 2570, 34 Stat. 207.)

Cross References

Leases of land in national parks generally, see section 3 of this title.

§34 . Road extensions

Road extensions and improvements shall be made in the Yellowstone National Park under and in harmony with the general plan of roads and improvements to be approved by the Secretary of the Interior.

(July 1, 1918, ch. 113, §1, 40 Stat. 678.)

Cross References

Roads, trails, and national park approach roads, see sections 8 and 8a to 8d of this title.

§35 . Private use of electricity from lighting and power plant

Private parties or companies doing business in the Yellowstone National Park under authority from the Government may be permitted, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Army, to use electricity furnished by the electric lighting and power plant of Fort Yellowstone and Mammoth Hot Springs at actual cost to the Government for operation, maintenance, and depreciation of the plant and 10 per centum additional, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.

(Mar. 3, 1903, ch. 1007, §1, 32 Stat. 1130; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, §205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

Change of Name

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces” which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued military Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

§36 . Disposition of surplus elk, buffalo, bear, beaver, and predatory animals

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized, in his discretion and under regulations to be prescribed by him, to give surplus elk, buffalo, bear, beaver, and predatory animals inhabiting Yellowstone National Park to Federal, State, county, and municipal authorities for preserves, zoos, zoological gardens, and parks. He may sell or otherwise dispose of the surplus buffalo of the Yellowstone National Park herd, and all moneys received from the sale of any such surplus buffalo shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.

(Jan. 24, 1923, ch. 42, 42 Stat. 1214.)

Cross References

Conservation of elk in Wyoming, National Elk Refuge in Wyoming, and Wyoming Elk Reserve, see sections 673 to 673c of this title.

§36a . Disposition of surplus elk

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized in his discretion, and under regulations to be prescribed by him, to sell or otherwise dispose of the surplus elk from the Yellowstone National Park herd, and all moneys received from the sale of any such surplus elk shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.

(Mar. 4, 1929, ch. 707, 45 Stat. 1644.)

Cross References

Conservation of elk in Wyoming, National Elk Refuge in Wyoming, and Wyoming Elk Reserve, see sections 673 to 673c of this title.

§37 . Provision of feed and range facilities for game animals

As a means of providing within township 8 south, ranges 7 and 8 east, and township 9 south, ranges 7, 8, and 9 east, Montana principal meridian, the winter range and winter feed facilities indispensable for the adequate and proper protection, preservation, and propagation of the elk, antelope, and other game animals of the Yellowstone National Park and adjacent lands, the Secretary of the Interior, in his discretion, and subject to the limitation hereinafter prescribed may, and is, authorized to perform the following acts:

(a) Accept and deposit in a special fund in the Treasury, and expend for the acquisition of lands as herein authorized, private funds donated for such purpose.

(b) Acquire by purchase, or by acceptance of donations or bequests, such lands in private or State ownership within the townships above described as he may deem necessary to carry out the purpose of sections 37 to 40 of this title.

(May 26, 1926, ch. 399, §1, 44 Stat. 655.)

Cross References

Conservation of elk in Wyoming, National Elk Refuge in Wyoming, and Wyoming Elk Reserve, see sections 673 to 673c of this title.

Trust funds, donations for National Park Service deposited into Treasury as, see section 1321 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 38, 39, 40 of this title.

§38 . Exchange for State or private lands authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized in his discretion to accept, on behalf of the United States, title to any lands held in private or State ownership within the townships described in section 37 of this title, and in exchange therefor may patent not to exceed an equal value of national forest land in the State of Montana, surveyed and nonmineral in character, or the Secretary of Agriculture may authorize the grantor to cut and remove not to exceed an equal value of timber within the national forests of said State, the values in each case to be determined by the Secretary of Agriculture: Provided, That before any such exchange is effected, notice of the contemplated exchange reciting the lands involved shall be published once each week for four successive weeks in some newspaper of general circulation in the county or counties in which may be situated the lands to be accepted and in some like newspaper published in any county in which may be situated any lands or timber to be given in such exchange. Timber given in exchange shall be cut and removed from national forests under the laws and regulations relating to the national forests and under the direction and supervision and in accordance with the requirements of the Secretary of Agriculture.

(May 26, 1926, ch. 399, §2, 44 Stat. 655; June 11, 1960, Pub. L. 86–509, §1(f), 74 Stat. 205.)

Transfer of Functions

Functions of Secretary of the Interior under this section, with respect to exchanges of lands held in private or State ownership for national forest lands or timber in Montana, transferred to Secretary of Agriculture, see Pub. L. 86–509, June 11, 1960, 74 Stat. 205, set out as a note under section 2201 of Title 7, Agriculture.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 37, 39, 40 of this title.

§39 . Reservation of timber, minerals, or easements by owners on exchange

Reservations of timber, minerals, or easements, the values of which shall be duly considered in determining the values of the lands conveyed, may be made by the owner or owners thereof in lands conveyed to the United States under the provisions of sections 37 to 40 of this title. Where such reservations are made, the right to enjoy them shall be subject to such reasonable conditions respecting ingress and egress and the use of the surface of the land as may be deemed necessary by the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of Agriculture, whichever may be responsible for the handling and use of the land as provided in said sections: Provided, That all property, rights, easements, and benefits authorized by this section to be retained by or reserved to owners of land conveyed to the United States shall be subject to the tax laws of the States where such lands are located.

(May 26, 1926, ch. 399, §3, 44 Stat. 656.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 37, 40 of this title.

§40 . Additions to park; entry under other acts

The President of the United States is authorized, in his discretion, to add by Executive proclamation to Yellowstone National Park any or all of the lands within a certain territory or tract in township 9 south, ranges 7 and 8 east, Montana principal meridian, to wit: Beginning at a point on the north line of said Yellowstone National Park where said line crosses the divide between Reese Creek and Mol Heron Creek, thence northeasterly along said divide to the junction of said divide with the branch divide north and west of Reese Creek; thence along said branch divide in a northeasterly and easterly direction around the drainage of Reese Creek, to the Yellowstone River; thence southerly and southeasterly along the west bank of the Yellowstone River to the line marking the western limits of the town of Gardiner, Montana; thence south on said town limits line to the northern boundary of Yellowstone National Park; thence west along the north boundary of Yellowstone National Park to the point of beginning, which are unappropriated lands of the United States or which may be acquired by the United States under the provisions of sections 37 to 40 of this title, within the territory described in this section, subject, however, to all valid existing claims and to reservations such as are authorized by section 39 of this title; but, with the exception of valid existing claims, no land so added to Yellowstone National Park shall be subject to entry under the mining laws of the United States: Provided, That the Secretary of the Interior for such lands as are added to Yellowstone National Park may provide by rules and regulations for the management and use of the added lands as may in his discretion be necessary to accomplish the purposes of sections 37 to 40 of this title: And provided further, That the lands of the United States acquired by donation or purchase within the area described in section 37 of this title shall not be subject to location and entry under the mining laws of the United States nor the Act of June 11, 1906, authorizing homestead entries in national forests.

(May 26, 1926, ch. 399, §6, 44 Stat. 656.)

References in Text

The mining laws of the United States, referred to in text, are classified generally to Title 30, Mineral Lands and Mining.

Act of June 11, 1906, referred to in text, means act June 11, 1906, ch. 3074, 34 Stat. 233, which was classified to sections 506 to 508 and 509 of this title, and was repealed by Pub. L. 87–869, §4, Oct. 23, 1962, 76 Stat. 1157.

Cross References

Change of boundaries of park, see section 21a of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 37, 39 of this title.

§40a . Educational facilities for dependents of employees; payments to school districts; limitation on amount

Under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior, payments may be made, as provided in sections 40a to 40c of this title, in advance or otherwise, from any revenues received by the United States from visitors to Yellowstone National Park, to the appropriate school district or districts serving that park, as reimbursement for educational facilities (including, where appropriate, transportation to and from school) furnished by the said district or districts to pupils who are dependents of persons engaged in the administration, operation, and maintenance of the park, and living at or near the park upon real property of the United States not subject to taxation by the State or local agencies and upon which payments in lieu of taxes are not made by the United States: Provided, That the payments for any school year for the aforesaid purpose shall not exceed that part of the cost of operating and maintaining such facilities which the number of pupils, in average daily attendance during that year, bears to the whole number of pupils in average daily attendance at those schools for that year.

(June 4, 1948, ch. 417, §1, 62 Stat. 338.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 40b, 40c of this title.

§40b . Cooperative agreements with States or local agencies; expansion; Federal contributions

If in the opinion of the Secretary of the Interior, the aforesaid educational facilities cannot be provided adequately and payment made therefor on a pro rata basis, as prescribed in section 40a of this title, the Secretary of the Interior, in his discretion, may enter into cooperative agreements with States or local agencies for (a) the operation of school facilities, (b) for the construction and expansion of local facilities at Federal expense, and (c) for contribution by the Federal Government, on an equitable basis satisfactory to the Secretary, to cover the increased cost to local agencies for providing the educational services required for the purposes of sections 40a to 40c of this title.

(June 4, 1948, ch. 417, §2, 62 Stat. 339.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 40a, 40c of this title.

§40c . Creation of special fund; expenditure

For the purposes of sections 40a and 40b of this title, the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to maintain hereafter in a special fund a sufficient portion of the park revenues, based upon estimates to be submitted by the Secretary of the Interior, and to expend the same upon certification by the Secretary of the Interior.

(June 4, 1948, ch. 417, §3, 62 Stat. 339.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 40a, 40b of this title.

SUBCHAPTER VI—SEQUOIA AND YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARKS

General Grant National Park Abolished

General Grant National Park was abolished and lands transferred to Kings Canyon National Park, see section 80a of this title.

§41 . Sequoia National Park; establishment; boundaries; trespassers

The tract of land in the State of California known and described as township numbered 18 south, of range numbered 30 east, also township 18 south, range 31 east; and sections 31, 32, 33, and 34, township 17 south, range 30 east, all east of Mount Diablo meridian, is reserved and withdrawn from settlement, occupancy, or sale under the laws of the United States, and dedicated and set apart as a public park, or pleasure ground, for the benefit and enjoyment of the people; and all persons who shall locate or settle upon, or occupy the same or any part thereof except as provided in section 43 of this title, shall be considered trespassers and removed therefrom.

(Sept. 25, 1890, ch. 926, §1, 26 Stat. 478.)

Cross References

Revision of boundaries of park, see section 45a of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 45f, 471d of this title.

§42 . Repealed. Dec. 16, 1930, ch. 14, §1, 46 Stat. 1028

Section, act July 1, 1916, ch. 209, §1, 39 Stat. 308, related to donations of lands or rights-of-way. For general provisions relating to donations of lands, etc., see section 6 of this title.

§43 . Sequoia National Park; rules and regulations; leases; fish and game; trespassers

Sequoia National Park shall be under the exclusive control of the Secretary of the Interior, whose duty it shall be to make and publish such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary or proper for the care and management of the same. Such regulations shall provide for the preservation from injury of all timber, mineral deposits, natural curiosities or wonders within said park, and their retention in their natural condition. He may, in his discretion, grant leases for building purposes for terms not exceeding thirty years of small parcels of ground not exceeding five acres, at such places in said park as shall require the erection of buildings for the accommodation of visitors. He shall provide against the wanton destruction of the fish and game found within said park, and against their capture or destruction, for the purposes of merchandise or profit. He shall also cause all persons trespassing upon the same to be removed therefrom, and, generally, shall be authorized to take all such measures as shall be necessary or proper to fully carry out the objects and purposes of this section and section 41 of this title.

(Sept. 25, 1890, ch. 926, §2, 26 Stat. 478; Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, §3, 39 Stat. 535; May 29, 1958, Pub. L. 85–434, 72 Stat. 152.)

Codification

“Thirty years” substituted for “ten years” in view of section 3 of act Aug. 25, 1916, and act May 29, 1958, which authorized the Secretary to grant privileges, leases, and permits in the various parks for periods not exceeding thirty years. See section 3 of this title.

As originally enacted, this section contained a further provision that “all of the proceeds of said leases and other revenues that may be derived from any source connected with said park to be expended under his [Secretary of the Interior] direction in the management of the same and the construction of roads and paths therein”. This provision was superseded by section 452 of this title providing for the disposition of all revenues from the national parks.

Cross References

Rules and regulations for Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks, leases, fish and game, see sections 45b and 61 of this title.

Rules and regulations for government of parks, generally, see section 3 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 41, 45f of this title.

§§44, 45 . Transferred

Codification

Section 44, act Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1263, §1, 26 Stat. 650, which related to lands in California set aside as reserved forest lands, was transferred to section 471c of this title.

Section 45, act Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1263, §3, 26 Stat. 651, which related to additional forest reserves in California, was transferred to section 471d of this title.

§45a . Sequoia National Park; revision of boundaries

The boundaries of the Sequoia National Park, California, are changed as follows:

Beginning at the southwest corner of the present boundary of Sequoia National Park, being the southwest corner of township 18 south, range 30 east of the Mount Diablo base and meridian, California, thence easterly along the present south boundary of Sequoia National Park to its intersection with the hydrographic divide between the headwaters of South Fort 1 Kaweah River and the headwaters of that branch of Little Kern River known as Pecks Canyon; thence southerly and easterly along the crest of the hydrographic divide between Pecks Canyon and Soda Creek to its intersection with a lateral divide at approximately the east line of section 2, township 19 south, range 31 east; thence northeasterly along said lateral divide to its intersection with the township line near the southeast corner of township 18 south, range 31 east of the Mount Diablo base and meridian; thence north approximately thirty-five degrees west to the summit of the butte next north of Soda Creek (United States Geological Survey altitude eight thousand eight hundred and eighty-eight feet); thence northerly and northwesterly along the crest of the hydrographic divide to a junction with the crest of the main hydrographic divide between the headwaters of the South Fork of the Kaweah River and the headwaters of Little Kern River; thence northerly along said divide now between Horse and Cow Creeks and the headwaters of East Fork Kaweah River to its intersection with the present east boundary of Sequoia National Park, approximately at Tar Gap, being the east line of township 17 south, range 30 east; thence northerly along said line to its intersection with the main hydrographic divide north of East Fork Kaweah River; thence easterly following said divide, passing through Timber Gap to the summit of Sawtooth Peak; thence southeasterly along the crest of the Great Western Divide to the summit of Coyote Peaks (United States Geological Survey bench mark, altitude ten thousand nine hundred and nineteen feet); thence northeasterly following the main hydrographic divide south of Coyote Creek to the junction of Coyote Creek and Kern River; thence due east across Kern River to the east bank; thence following said east bank of Kern River northerly to the junction of Golden Trout Creek and Kern River; thence northeasterly following the main hydrographic divide north of Golden Trout Creek, and between the headwaters of Golden Trout Creek and Rock Creek to a junction with the main crest of the Sierra Nevada, northwest of Cirque Peak; thence northerly and westerly along said main crest of the Sierra Nevada to Junction Peak (United States Geological Survey bench mark thirteen thousand nine hundred and three feet); thence westerly along the crest of the Kings-Kern Divide to a junction with the crest of the Great Western Divide at Thunder Mountain (United States Geological Survey bench mark thirteen thousand five hundred and seventy-eight feet); thence southwesterly along the crest of the Great Western Divide to Triple Divide Peak (United States Geological Survey altitude twelve thousand six hundred and fifty-one feet); thence westerly and northwesterly along the crest of the hydrographic divide between the headwaters of Roaring River and the headwaters of the Middle and Marble Forks of the Kaweah River to Kettle Peak (United States Geological Survey altitude ten thousand and thirty-eight feet); thence westerly and southwesterly along the crest of the main hydrographic divide next north of Clover Creek and Dorst Creek to the Junction of Stony Creek and Dorst Creek; thence following the west bank of the North Fork Kaweah River to its junction with Cactus Creek; thence easterly along the first hydrographic divide south of Cactus Creek to its intersection with the present west boundary of Sequoia National Park, being the west line of township 16 south, range 29 east; thence southerly along said west boundary to the southwest corner of said township; thence easterly along the present boundary of Sequoia National Park, being the north line of township 17 south, range 29 east, to the northeast corner of said township; thence southerly along the present boundary of Sequoia National Park, being the west lines of townships 17 and 18 south, range 30 east, to the place of beginning; and all of those lands lying within the boundary line above described are included in and made a part of the Roosevelt-Sequoia National Park; and all of those lands excluded from the present Sequoia National Park are included in and made a part of the Sequoia National Forest, subject to all laws and regulations applicable to the national forests.

(July 3, 1926, ch. 744, §1, 44 Stat. 818.)

Exclusion and Addition of Lands

Certain lands excluded from Kings Canyon National Park and added to Sequoia National Forest, see section 80a–1 of this title.

Certain lands excluded from Sequoia National Forest and added to Kings Canyon National Park, see section 80a–2 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 45e of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be “Fork”.

§45a–1. Addition of lands authorized

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized, in his discretion, to accept title to lands and interests in lands near the entrance to the Sequoia National Park, subject to existing easements for public highways and public utilities, within the following described tracts:

Tract A. A portion of tract 37, township 17 south, range 29 east, Mount Diablo meridian, Tulare County, California, comprising approximately two acres.

Tract B. A portion of the east half of the northeast quarter of section 4, township 17 south, range 29 east, Mount Diablo meridian, Tulare County, California, comprising approximately thirty-eight acres.

Tract C. A portion of the south half of tract 37, township 17 south, range 29 east, Mount Diablo meridian, Tulare County, California, comprising approximately sixty one-hundredths acre.

The owners of the lands to be conveyed to the United States, before any exchange is effective, shall furnish to the Secretary of the Interior evidence satisfactory to him of title to such lands. Such property shall become a part of the Sequoia National Park upon the acceptance of title thereto by the Secretary, and shall thereafter be subject to all laws and regulations applicable to the park.

(Dec. 21, 1943, ch. 372, §1, 57 Stat. 606.)

Electric Power Development Permits

Pub. L. 99–338, June 19, 1986, 100 Stat. 641, as amended by Pub. L. 103–437, §6(d)(4), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583, provided: “That the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to issue a permit for ten years, and may issue not more than one renewal of equivalent duration, for portions of an existing hydroelectric project, known as the Kaweah Project of Southern California Edison Company, to continue to occupy and use lands of the United States within Sequoia National Park as necessary for continued operation and maintenance.

Sec. 2. The Secretary shall not execute any permit renewal prior to one hundred and twenty calendar days from the date the same is submitted to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate and to the Committee on Natural Resources [now Committee on Resources] of the United States House of Representatives.

Sec. 3. The permit shall contain a provision prohibiting expansion of the Kaweah Project in Sequoia National Park and shall also contain such other terms and conditions as the Secretary of the Interior shall deem necessary and proper for the management and care of Sequoia National Park and the purposes for which it was established.”

Pub. L. 93–522, Dec. 14, 1974, 88 Stat. 1660, as amended by Pub. L. 95–625, title III, §314(d)(3), Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3482, authorized Secretary of the Interior to issue a permit to occupy and use lands of United States within Sequoia National Park necessary for continued operation, maintenance, and use of hydroelectric project known as the Kaweah Number 3 project of Southern California Edison Company, provided that in no event could the term of such permit extend for any period in excess of ten years following the date of its issuance, unless specifically authorized by law, provided for terms and conditions of permit, required report on impact of hydroelectric project, and provided for applicability of the Act.

Pub. L. 88–47, June 21, 1963, 77 Stat. 70, authorized Secretary of the Interior to issue a permit to use and occupy United States lands within Sequoia National Park necessary for continued operation, maintenance, and use of the Kaweah number 3 hydroelectric project of Southern California Edison Company, which by its terms was to provide that any privileges granted thereunder were to be exercised in accord with Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 791a et seq.) and rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, and which was to expire no later than Aug. 6, 1974.

Section 3 of act Dec. 21, 1943, provided as follows: “Nothing in this Act [sections 45a–1 and 45a–2 of this title] shall be construed to alter or affect in any manner the provisions, or extend the term, of the permit heretofore granted to the Southern California Edison Company and predecessors thereof for the use of lands in the Sequoia National Park for electric power development purposes, or to relieve the company of any financial or other obligation under said permit, or under agreements or orders relating or supplementary thereto.”

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 45a–2 of this title.

§45a–2. Exchange of certain lands for lands conveyed to United States

In exchange for the conveyance to the United States of tract A, as provided in section 45a–1 of this title, the Secretary is authorized, in his discretion, to patent to the owner of tract A, subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may deem necessary, certain lands of approximately equal value described as follows:

Tract D. A portion of the southeast quarter of section 33, township 16 south, range 29 east, Mount Diablo meridian, Tulare County, California, comprising approximately two and fifty one-hundredths acres.

In exchange for the conveyance to the United States of tracts B and C, as provided in section 45a–1 of this title, the Secretary is authorized to patent, in a similar manner, to the owner of tracts B and C certain lands of approximately equal value described as follows:

Tract E. The southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of section 4, which shall be subject to section 818 of this title; the south half of the northeast quarter of section 5; and approximately sixty-eight acres of the north half of the southeast quarter of section 5, which shall not include the surveyed two-hundred-foot strip as shown on map “D” of exhibit “K”, entitled “Detailed Map of Kaweah Project of the Southern California Edison Company, Ltd.”, and filed in the office of the Federal Power Commission on December 12, 1923; all of said lands in tract E being situated in township 17 south, range 29 east, Mount Diablo meridian, comprising approximately one hundred and eighty-eight acres.

(Dec. 21, 1943, ch. 372, §2, 57 Stat. 606.)

Cross References

Electric power development permits, see note set out under section 45a–1 of this title.

§45a–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–625, title III, §314(g), Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3483

Section, Pub. L. 85–648, Aug. 14, 1958, 72 Stat. 604, authorized addition of certain lands to the Sequoia National Game Refuge and exclusion of such lands from the Sequoia National Park. See section 45f(b)(2) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective on transfer of abolished Sequoia National Game Refuge by Secretary of Agriculture to administrative jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior under section 45f(b)(2) of this title, see section 314(g) of Pub. L. 95–625, set out as an Effective Date of Repeal note under section 688 of this title.

§45b. Rules and regulations; leases; fish and game

The said park shall be under the exclusive control of the Secretary of the Interior, whose duty it shall be, as soon as practicable, to make and publish such reasonable rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of the United States, as he may deem necessary or proper for the care, protection, management, and improvement of the same, such regulations being primarily aimed at the freest use of said park for recreation purposes by the public and for the preservation from injury or spoliation of all timber, natural curiosities, or wonders within said park and their retention in their natural condition as far as practicable, and for the preservation of said park in a state of nature so far as is consistent with the purposes of this Act. Such rules and regulations shall permit the taking of fish by hook and line from the streams or lakes in said park, but at such seasons, during such times, and in such manner as may be directed by the Secretary of the Interior. Such rules and regulations, however, shall provide against the destruction of the wild life within said park, and the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to take all such measures as shall be necessary to fully carry out the objects and purposes of this Act. Said Secretary may, in his discretion, execute leases to parcels of ground not exceeding ten acres in extent at any one place to any one person or persons or company for not to exceed twenty years, when such ground is necessary for the erection of buildings for the accommodation of visitors. Such leases or privileges may be renewed or extended at the expiration of the terms thereof: Provided, That existing leases from the Department of Agriculture may be continued, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior, for so long as such extension is not detrimental to the public purposes for which the park is created.

(July 3, 1926, ch. 744, §2, 44 Stat. 820.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is act July 3, 1926, which is classified to sections 45a, 45b to 45e, and 688 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Cross References

Rules and regulations for Sequoia National Park, leases, timber, etc., see sections 3 and 43 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 45e of this title.

§45c. Prior claims, locations, and entries; permits for use of natural resources

Nothing herein contained shall affect any valid existing claim, location, or entry established prior to July 3, 1926, under the land laws of the United States, whether for homestead, mineral, right-of-way, or any other purpose whatsoever, or shall affect the rights of any such claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of his land: Provided, That under rules and regulations to be prescribed by him the Secretary of the Interior may issue permits to any bona fide claimant, entryman, landowner, or lessee of land within the boundaries herein established to secure timber for use on and for the improvement of his land; and he shall also have authority to issue, under rules and regulations to be prescribed by him, grazing permits and authorize the grazing of livestock on the lands within said park at fees not to exceed those charged by the Forest Service on adjacent areas, so long as such timber cutting and grazing are not detrimental to the primary purpose for which such park is created: Provided, That no permit, license, lease, or authorization for dams, conduits, reservoirs, power houses, transmission lines, or other works for storage or carriage of water, or for the development, transmission, or utilization of power within the limits of said park as constituted by said sections, shall be granted or made without specific authority of Congress.

(July 3, 1926, ch. 744, §3, 44 Stat. 820.)

References in Text

Herein, referred to in text, means act July 3, 1926, which is classified to sections 45a, 45b to 45e, and 688 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 45e of this title.

§45d. Exclusive privileges within park prohibited

No exclusive privilege shall be granted within said park, or on or over the roads and trails therein, except upon ground leased for the erection of buildings or camps thereon.

(July 3, 1926, ch. 744, §4, 44 Stat. 820.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 45e of this title.

§45e. Violations of park regulations; penalty

Any person found guilty of violating any of the provisions of this Act or any rule or regulation that may be promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior with reference to the management and care of the park, or for the protection of the property therein, for the preservation from injury or spoliation of timber, natural curiosities, or other objects within said park, or for the protection of the animals, birds, and fish in said park, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be subjected to a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment not exceeding six months or both.

(July 3, 1926, ch. 744, §5, 44 Stat. 820.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is act July 3, 1926, which is classified to sections 45a, 45b to 45e, and 688 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 45b of this title.

§45f. Mineral King Valley addition authorized

(a) Statement of purpose

It is the purpose of this section to—

(1) assure the preservation for this and future generations of the outstanding natural and scenic features of the area commonly known as the Mineral King Valley and previously designated as the Sequoia National Game Refuge; and

(2) enhance the ecological values and public enjoyment of such area by adding such area to the Sequoia National Park.

(b) Drawing copy, availability; boundary revisions: notification of Congressional committees, publication in Federal Register; abolition and transfer of Sequoia National Game Refuge to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary

(1) In order to add to the Sequoia National Park (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “park”) a certain area known as Mineral King Valley possessing unique natural and scenic values, there is hereby established as part of such park all lands, waters, and interests therein, constituting approximately sixteen thousand two hundred acres designated before November 10, 1978, as the Sequoia National Game Refuge and as depicted on the drawing entitled “Boundary Map, Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Park”, numbered 102–90,000 and dated April 1975. A copy of such drawing shall be on file and available for public inspection in the office of the Director, National Park Service, Department of the Interior. After advising the Committee on Natural Resources of the United States House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate in writing, the Secretary is authorized to make minor revisions of the boundaries of the park when necessary by publication of a revised drawing or other boundary description in the Federal Register.

(2) The Sequoia National Game Refuge is hereby abolished and the Secretary of Agriculture shall transfer, without consideration, to the administrative jurisdiction of the Secretary, the area constituting such refuge, and any unexpended funds available for purposes of management of the refuge shall be available for purposes of management of the park.

(c) Acquisition of property; place and manner; owner's right of use and occupancy for fixed term of years or life; election of term; fair market value; termination; notification; incompatible commercial uses; unitary parcels; access road, right-of-way, and protective measures; hardship sale offers; limitation of authority; State donated lands; report to Congressional committees

(1) Within the boundaries of the area added to the park pursuant to this section, the Secretary may acquire lands and interests in lands by donation, purchase with donated or appropriated funds, exchange, or transfer from other Federal departments or agencies.

(2) Where the private use of any property acquired pursuant to this subsection would, in the judgment of the Secretary, be compatible with the purposes of this section, the Secretary may, as a condition of such acquisition, permit the owner or owners of such property to retain for themselves and their successors or assigns rights of use and occupancy. Such rights of use and occupancy shall be for not more than twenty-five years or for a term ending at the death of the owner or his or her spouse, whichever is later. The owner shall reserve such rights and elect the term to be reserved on the date of acquisition of the property. Except for so much of the property as is donated, the Secretary shall pay to the owner the fair market value of the property on the date of its acquisition, less the fair market value on that date of the right retained by the owner.

(3) A right of use and occupancy retained pursuant to paragraph (2) may be terminated by the Secretary upon his determination that the property or any portion thereof is being used in a manner which is incompatible with the purposes of this section. Such right shall terminate by operation of law upon notification by the Secretary to the holder of the right of such determination and tendering to him the amount equal to the fair market value of that portion which remains unexpired as of the date of such tender. In the case of any property which was used for noncommercial purposes during the ten calendar years immediately preceding November 10, 1978, the commercial use of such property subsequent to November 10, 1978, shall be treated as incompatible with the purposes of this section. In the case of any property which was used for commercial purposes at any time during the ten calendar years immediately preceding November 10, 1978, any substantial change or expansion of such commercial use subsequent to November 10, 1978, without the express approval of the Secretary shall be treated as incompatible with such purposes.

(4) In exercising his authority to acquire property under this section, the Secretary shall give prompt and careful consideration to any offer made by an individual owning property within the park to sell such property if such individual notifies the Secretary that the continued ownership of such property is causing, or would result in, undue hardship. Nothing in this section, or in any other provision of law, shall prevent the Secretary from exercising his authority to acquire property referred to in this subsection at any time after November 10, 1978.

(5) If any individual tract or parcel of land acquired is partly inside and partly outside the boundaries of the park the Secretary may, in order to minimize the payment of severance damages, acquire the whole of the tract or parcel.

(6) If the management plan prepared under subsection (e) of this section provides for improved access to the area added to the park under this section, the Secretary is authorized to acquire, by donation, purchase with donated or appropriated funds, exchange or transfer from other Federal departments or agencies, the area comprising the road from State Route 198 to, and within, the Mineral King Valley together with a right-of-way for such road of a width sufficient to include improvements to the road and all bridges, ditches, cuts, and fills appurtenant thereto, but not exceeding a maximum average width of two hundred feet. Property acquired from the State or any political subdivision thereof may be acquired by donation only. With regard to routes of access to and within the Mineral King Valley, the Secretary shall take such measures as are necessary to protect against the effects of siltation on the ecosystem of the park.

(7) The Secretary shall report to the committees of the Congress named in subsection (b)(1) of this section the action taken by him pursuant to this subsection. Such report shall contain information sufficient to inform such committees of—

(A) the acquisitions made by him pursuant to this subsection during the period covered by such report;

(B) his reasons why all of such property authorized to be acquired and not so acquired as of the date of such report, if any, have not been acquired; and

(C) his schedule of a timetable for the acquisition of such property referred to in subparagraph (B).


Such report shall be submitted before the expiration of the second fiscal year beginning after the date on which the comprehensive management plan is submitted to the committees of Congress pursuant to subsection (e) of this section.

(d) Administration; statutory authorities applicable; leases or permits: renewals or extensions, review; termination

(1) The area added to the park by this section shall be administered in accordance with this section and the provisions of law generally applicable to units of the National Park System including sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 41, and 43 of this title. Any other statutory authority available to the Secretary for the conservation and management of wildlife, wildlife habitat, and natural resources may be utilized to the extent he finds such authority will further the purposes of this section.

(2)(A) Except in the case of a lease or permit which the Secretary determines to be incompatible with the administration of the park pursuant to this section, any lease or permit on Federal land within the area added to the park under this section which is in effect immediately before November 10, 1978, shall continue in effect pursuant to its terms and conditions following the expansion of the park under this section.

(B) In the case of a lease or permit which is continued under subparagraph (A), upon notice to the Secretary by the lessee or permittee of his intention to seek renewal or extension of such lease or permit, the lease or permit shall be reviewed by the Secretary, and may be renewed or extended for an additional period of five years. Any such lease or permit shall be reviewed at the end of such renewal or extension period and may also be renewed or extended in the same manner for additional five-year periods thereafter. Any renewals or extensions of leases or permits shall be granted only to those persons who were lessees or permittees of record on November 10, 1978, and any such lease or permit shall provide that the lease or permit may be terminated by the Secretary at any time if the Secretary determines that such lease or permit is incompatible with the administration of the park pursuant to this section or that the land is needed for park purposes.

(3) Omitted

(e) Comprehensive management plan; submission to Congressional committees; preparation considerations; public participation; advance notice: publication in newspapers and Federal Register, other communication; cooperation; consultation

(1) Within two years from November 10, 1978, the Secretary, in cooperation with the State of California, shall develop and submit to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate, a comprehensive management plan for the area added to the park under this section. In the preparation of such plan, the Secretary shall give appropriate consideration to the need for the development of additional recreational opportunities and other public uses which are consistent with sound environmental management of the area and the policies of the National Park Service.

(2)(A) In preparing the comprehensive management plan required by this subsection and in preparing any subsequent revision of such plan, the Secretary shall provide for full public participation and shall consider the comments and views of all interested agencies, organizations, and individuals.

(B) For purposes of insuring such full public participation, the Secretary shall provide reasonable advance notice to State and local governments, interested Federal agencies, private organizations, and the general public of hearings, workshops, meetings, and other opportunities available for such participation. Such notice shall be published in newspapers of general circulation in the localities affected by the development and management of the park, published in the Federal Register, and communicated by other appropriate means. The Western Regional Advisory Committee of the National Park Service (or a subcommittee thereof) shall also be utilized for purposes of facilitating public involvement.

(C) The Secretaries or Directors of all Federal departments, agencies, and commissions having a relevant expertise are hereby authorized and directed to cooperate with the Secretary in his development of such plan and to make such studies as the Secretary may request on a cost reimbursable basis.

(D) In preparing the comprehensive management plan required by this subsection, the Secretary shall consider technical information and other pertinent data assembled or produced by field studies or investigations conducted separately or jointly by the technical and administrative personnel of the Federal and State agencies involved in order to insure the permanent conservation of wildlife within the area added to the park by this section. Except in emergencies, rules and regulations pertaining to the management of wildlife within the area added to the park by this section shall be put into effect only after consultation with the State of California.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for the acquisition of land and interests therein described in this section.

(g) Omitted

(h) Skiing prohibition

The Congress recognizes that the Mineral King Valley area has outstanding potential for certain year-round recreational opportunities, but the development of permanent facilities for downhill skiing within the area would be inconsistent with the preservation and enhancement of its ecological values.

(Pub. L. 95–625, title III, §314, Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3479; Pub. L. 103–437, §6(d)(5), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

References in Text

This section, referred to in text, other than as appearing with a reference to a subsection of this section, means section 314 of Pub. L. 95–625, which in addition to enacting this section, repealed sections 45a–3 and 688 of this title, enacted provisions set out as a note under section 688 of this title, and amended provisions set out as a note under section 45a–1 of this title.

Codification

Section is comprised of section 314 of Pub. L. 95–625. Subsec. (d)(3) of section 314 of Pub. L. 95–625 amended Pub. L. 93–522, which is set out as a note under section 45a–1 of this title. Subsec. (g) of section 314 of Pub. L. 95–625 repealed sections 45a–3 and 688 of this title and enacted provisions set out as notes under section 688 of this title.

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 103–437 substituted “Natural Resources” for “Interior and Insular Affairs” after “Committee on”.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

“Secretary” Defined

Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior, see section 2 of Pub. L. 95–625, set out as a note under section 2503 of this title.

§46. Yosemite National Park; lands segregated from and included in Sierra National Forest; rights-of-way over

All those tracts or parcels of ground described in section 471c of this title, but not included within the metes and bounds of the land hereinafter described are included and made a part of the Sierra National Forest, namely: The tracts of land in the State of California known and described as follows: Beginning at the point where the middle of the channel of the South Fork of the Merced River intersects the line between sections 3 and 4, township 4 south, range 20 east, Mount Diablo base and meridian; thence northerly along section lines through the middle of townships 3 and 4 south, range 20 east, to the northwest corner of section 3, township 3 south, range 20 east; thence westerly along township line to the southwest corner of section 33, township 2 south, range 20 east; thence northerly along section lines to the northwest corner of section 21, said township; thence westerly along section lines to the southwest corner of section 18, said township; thence southerly along range line to the southeast corner of the northeast quarter of section 24, township 2 south, range 19 east; thence westerly to the southwest corner of the northeast quarter of section 24, said township; thence southerly to the southeast corner of the southwest quarter of section 24, said township; thence westerly along section lines to the southwest corner of section 23, said township; thence northerly along section lines to the northwest corner of the southwest quarter of section 14, said township; thence easterly to the northeast corner of the southeast quarter of section 14, said township; thence northerly along section line to the northwest corner of section 13, said township; thence easterly along section line to the northeast corner of section 13, said township; thence northerly along range line to the northwest corner of the southwest quarter of section 7, township 2, south, range 20 east; thence easterly to the northeast corner of the southeast quarter of section 7, said township; thence southerly along section line to the northwest corner of section 17, said township; thence easterly along section lines to the northeast corner of section 16, said township; thence northerly along section lines to the northwest corner of section 3, said township; thence westerly along township line to the southwest corner of section 33, township 1 south, range 20 east; thence northerly along section lines to the northwest corner of section 21, said township; thence westerly along section lines to the southwest corner of section 18, said township; thence northerly along range line to the northwest corner of section 6, said township; thence westerly along Mount Diablo base line to the southwest corner of section 34, township 1 north, range 19 east; thence northerly along section lines through the middle of townships 1 and 2 north, range 19 east, to the point of intersection with the summit of the divide between Cherry Creek on the west and Eleanor and Fall Creeks on the east; thence along the summit of said divide in a northeasterly direction to the summit of the Sierra Nevada Mountains; thence southeasterly along the summit of the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the divide between the Merced and San Joaquin Rivers; thence southwesterly along said divide to the point of intersection with the south boundary of township 4 south, range 23 east, Mount Diablo base and meridian; thence westerly along township line to the point of intersection with the middle of the channel of the South Fork of the Merced River; thence westerly down the middle of said river to the place of beginning. The lands above described are reserved and withdrawn from settlement, occupancy, or sale under the laws of the United States, and set apart as reserved forest lands, subject to all the provisions of sections 55, 61, 471c and 471d of this title. The Secretary of the Interior may require the payment of such price as he may deem proper for privileges on the land herein segregated from the Yosemite National Park and made a part of the Sierra National Forest accorded under section 79 of this title, relating to rights of way over certain parks, reservations, and other lands, and other acts concerning rights of way over public lands; and the moneys received from the privileges accorded on the lands herein segregated and included in the Sierra National Forest shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States as provided by law. The forest lands herein set aside and reserved shall be known as the “Yosemite National Park.”

(Feb. 7, 1905, ch. 547, §1, 33 Stat. 702; Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1279.)

References in Text

Section 79 of this title, referred to in text, was in the original a reference to act Feb. 15, 1901, ch. 372, 31 Stat. 790. For further details, see Codification note set out under section 79 of this title.

Codification

“Sierra National Forest” substituted in text for “Sierra Forest Reserve” on authority of act Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1269, which provided that forest reserves shall hereafter be known as national forests.

Additions to Yosemite National Park

The following provisions authorized the addition of lands to Yosemite National Park:

Pub. L. 98–425, title I, §105(a)(2), (d), Sept. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1626.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 48, 49 of this title.

§47. Additional lands excluded from Yosemite National Park and added to Sierra National Forest

That portion of the Yosemite National Park lying between the boundary line described in section 46 of this title and the line next herein described is excluded from said park and the said portion so described added to and made a part of the Sierra National Forest, to wit: Beginning at the point on the line between sections 35 and 36, township 4 south, range 21 east, where same intersects the middle of the channel of the South Fork of the Merced River; thence north on section line to the southwest corner of section 25; thence west on section lines to the southwest corner of section 28; thence north on section line to the northwest corner of section 28; thence west on section line to the quarter-section corner between sections 20 and 29; thence north through the middle of section 20 to the center thereof; thence east through the middle of section 20 to the quarter-section corner between sections 20 and 21; thence north on section line to the quarter-section corner between sections 16 and 17; thence west through middle of section 17 to the center thereof; thence north through the middle of sections 17, 8, and 5 to the quarter-section corner of north boundary of section 5 on township boundary, all in township 4 south, range 21 east; thence north through the middle of section 32, township 3 south, range 21 east, to the center thereof; thence west through the middle of section 32, said township, and section 36, township 3 south, range 20 east, to the quarter-section corner between sections 35 and 36; thence north on section line to the quarter-section corner between sections 25 and 26; thence east through the middle of section 25 to the center thereof; thence north through the middle of sections 25 and 24 to the center of section 24; thence west through the middle of sections 24, 23, and 22 to the quarter-section corner between sections 21 and 22, township 3 south, range 20 east, on the present western boundary of the Yosemite National Park. The above-indicated portion of land so made a part of the Sierra National Forest shall be subject to all of the Acts of Congress with relation thereto. The Secretary of the Interior may require the payment of such price as he may deem proper for privileges on the land herein segregated from the Yosemite National Park and made a part of the Sierra National Forest accorded under section 79 of this title, relating to rights-of-way over certain parks, reservations, and other lands, and other sections concerning right-of-way over public lands. In the grant of any right-of-way for railway purposes across the lands placed under this measure within the Sierra National Forest it shall be stipulated that no logs or timber shall be hauled over the same without the consent of the Secretary of the Interior and under regulations to be promulgated by him.

(June 11, 1906, No. 27, §1, 34 Stat. 831; Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1269.)

References in Text

Section 79 of this title, referred to in text, was in the original a reference to act Feb. 15, 1901, ch. 372, 31 Stat. 790. For further details, see Codification note set out under section 79 of this title.

Codification

Section is derived from the second paragraph of section 1 of the Resolution of June 11, 1906. The second paragraph, aforesaid, originally began with the following words omitted here “The south and west boundary lines of the Yosemite National Park are hereby changed as follows:” The first portion of this section before the colon was derived from a later portion of the original section reading as follows: “And all that portion of the Yosemite National Park lying between the boundary line last above mentioned and the present boundary line of said national park is excluded from said park; and the said lands so excluded, and all thereof, are added to and made a part of the Sierra Forest Reserve, and shall hereafter form a part of said Sierra Forest Reserve, and shall be subject to all of the Acts of Congress with relation thereto:” The words of the first sentence of this section “described in section 46 of this title” replace the words “present boundary line” hereinbefore quoted.

For the first paragraph of the Resolution of June 11, 1906, see section 48 of this title.

“Sierra National Forest” substituted in text for “Sierra Forest Reserve” on authority of act Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1269, which provided that forest reserves shall hereafter be known as national forests.

Cross References

Permit or authorization for transmission lines, etc., within limits of national parks, see, also, section 797 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 49 of this title.

§47–1 . Administrative site for Yosemite National Park

(a) Establishment of site

To enable the Secretary of the Interior to preserve the extraordinary natural qualities of Yosemite National Park, notwithstanding its increasing use by the public, the Secretary is hereby authorized to provide in the manner hereinafter set forth an administrative site in the El Portal area adjacent to Yosemite National Park, in order that utilities, facilities, and services required in the operation and administration of Yosemite National Park may be located on such site outside the park.

(b) Acquisition of land

For said site the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to acquire by purchase or donation, or with donated funds, approximately twelve hundred acres, as shown on map numbered NP–YOS–7011, of non-Federal land, interests in land, and appurtenances thereto, and, to avoid severing parcels in private ownership which extend beyond the area so depicted, the Secretary of the Interior may acquire in their entirety such parcels of land or interests therein.

(c) Transfers of jurisdiction

The Secretaries of Agriculture and Interior are authorized to arrange and effect mutually satisfactory transfers of jurisdiction over land administered by each in the El Portal area. Land so transferred to the Secretary of the Interior shall thereupon be excluded from the national forest or forests involved and thereafter be administered by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to this section as a part of said administrative site. Land transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to this section shall thereupon become national forest land subject to all laws, rules, and regulations applicable to land acquired pursuant to the Week's law.

(d) Pre-existing claim, location, or entry

Nothing herein contained shall affect any valid claim, location, or entry existing under the land laws of the United States, or the rights of any such claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of his land.

(e) Status of acquired land

Until further action by the Congress, the lands acquired by or transferred to the Secretary of the Interior hereunder shall not become a part of Yosemite National Park, nor be subject to the laws and regulations governing said park, but the Secretary of the Interior shall have supervision, management, and control of the area and shall make and publish such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary and proper for its use and management: Provided, That he may grant nonexclusive privileges, leases, and permits for the use of land in the area and enter into contracts relating to the same, subject to the limitations and conditions applying to the similar authority provided in section 3 of this title.

(f) Availability of funds

Funds now or hereafter appropriated or otherwise available for operating and capital programs in the areas administered by the National Park Service, including funds for acquisition of land and interests in land, are made available to acquire land, interests in land, and appurtenances thereto, within the administrative site, and to further the purpose of this section.

(Pub. L. 85–922, §§1–6, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1772.)

References in Text

Week's law, referred to in subsec. (c), is act Mar. 1, 1911, ch. 186, 36 Stat. 961, which is classified to sections 480, 500, 513 to 519, 521, 552 and 563 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 552 of this title and Tables.

Codification

Subsecs. (a) to (f) are based on sections 1 to 6, respectively, of Pub. L. 85–922.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 47–2 of this title.

§47–2 . Leases for employee housing, community facilities, administrative offices, maintenance facilities, and commercial services at or on administrative site

In furtherance of the purposes of section 47–1 of this title, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to lease lands within the El Portal administrative site for periods of not to exceed ninety-nine years to any individual, including an employee of the United States Government, to any operator of concession facilities in the park, or the administrative site, or its successor, or to any public or private corporation or organization (including a nonprofit corporation) for purposes of providing employee housing, community facilities, administrative offices, maintenance facilities, and commercial services. Such leases shall provide that if the lessee is a concessioner, corporation, or other organization (including a nonprofit corporation) such lessee may sublease the property to its employees, employees of the United States Government, or other individuals whose residence on the leased premises is solely in support of Yosemite National Park or the El Portal administrative site for terms not to exceed the remaining terms of such leases, and they shall be subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary of the Interior may require to assure appropriate administration, protection, and development of the land for purposes incident to the provisions of facilities and services required in the operation and administration of the park: Provided, That the Secretary of the Interior shall grant such leases in consideration of payment to the United States of the fair rental value of the leased lands, as determined by him.

(Pub. L. 90–409, §1, July 21, 1968, 82 Stat. 393; Pub. L. 99–542, §1(1)–(3), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3037.)

Codification

Section formerly consisted of subsecs. (a) and (b) which were based on sections 1 and 2, respectively, of Pub. L. 90–409. Section 2 was renumbered section 3 of Pub. L. 90–409 and is classified to section 47–4 of this title. A new section 2 of Pub. L. 90–409 was added and is classified to section 47–3 of this title.

Amendments

1986—Pub. L. 99–542 substituted “not to exceed ninety-nine years to any individual, including an employee of the United States Government, to any operator of concession facilities in the park, or the administrative site, or its successor, or to any public or private corporation or organization (including a nonprofit corporation) for purposes of providing employee housing, community facilities, administrative offices, maintenance facilities, and commercial services” for “fifty-five years to any operator of concession facilities in the park, or its successor, for purposes of providing employee housing”, substituted “if the lessee is a concessioner, corporation, or other organization (including a nonprofit corporation) such lessee may sublease the property to its employees, employees of the United States Government, or other individuals whose residence on the leased premises is solely in support of Yosemite National Park or the El Portal administrative site” for “the concessioner may sublease the property to its employees”, struck out “an annual” before “payment” in proviso, and substituted a period for “at the beginning of each calendar year” after “him”.

Limitation on New Spending Authority

Section 2 of Pub. L. 99–542 provided that: “Any new spending authority (within the meaning of section 401 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 [2 U.S.C. 651]) which is provided under this Act [enacting sections 47–3 to 47–6 of this title and amending section 47–2 of this title] shall be effective for any fiscal year only to the extent or in such amounts as provided in appropriation Acts or to the extent that proceeds are available from any leases issued by the Secretary pursuant to the first section of this Act [probably means section 1 of Pub. L. 90–409, 16 U.S.C. 47–2].”

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 47–3, 47–4, 47–6 of this title.

§47–3 . Use of proceeds; administration of leases

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the proceeds from any leases issued by the Secretary pursuant to section 47–2 of this title may be credited to the appropriation bearing the cost of administering (directly or by contract) the leases and of constructing, improving, and maintaining roads, utilities, buildings, and other facilities within the El Portal administrative site. In the administration of the leases, the Secretary may contract for the management of the leases and of the leased premises, subject to such terms and conditions, including the right of the Secretary to purchase and sell the unexpired terms of leases and subleases, as will protect the interests of the United States. The Secretary may also contract for the use by him of any improvements to leased property for purposes of the El Portal administrative site or for purposes of Yosemite National Park, and he may use the proceeds from any leases for the purpose of making payments under any such contract.

(b) The Secretary may at any time acquire the unexpired term of any lease or sublease issued or entered into pursuant to sections 47–2 to 47–6 of this title by purchase with funds available from the proceeds of leases, or with donated or appropriated funds, or by donation or exchange.

(Pub. L. 90–409, §2, as added Pub. L. 99–542, §1(4), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3037.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2 of Pub. L. 90–409, which was classified to section 47–2(b) of this title, was renumbered section 3 of Pub. L. 90–409 and is classified to section 47–4 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 47–4, 47–6 of this title.

§47–4 . Agreements to effectuate leases

The Secretary of the Interior may enter into agreements with other Federal agencies and with any concessioner or its successor in order to effectuate the purposes of sections 47–2 to 47–6 of this title.

(Pub. L. 90–409, §3, formerly §2, July 21, 1968, 82 Stat. 393; renumbered §3, Pub. L. 99–542, §1(4), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3037.)

Codification

Section was classified to section 47–2(b) of this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 99–542.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 47–3, 47–6 of this title.

§47–5 . Regulations

After October 27, 1986, no lease may be issued for the purpose of providing housing or other facilities in the El Portal administrative site except in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior. Such regulations shall establish the qualifications of natural persons and corporations who may be eligible to acquire a lease and a sublease, the process to be used in establishing fees for such leases and subleases, and they shall set forth the circumstances under which the Secretary may elect to acquire any unexpired lease or sublease. Such regulations shall become effective only after sixty calendar days from the day on which they have been submitted to the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.

(Pub. L. 90–409, §4, as added Pub. L. 99–542, §1(5), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3038; amended Pub. L. 103–437, §6(d)(6), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

Amendments

1994—Pub. L. 103–437 substituted “Natural Resources” for “Interior and Insular Affairs” after “Committee on”.

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 47–3, 47–4, 47–6 of this title.

§47–6 . Conflicts of interest prohibited

In carrying out the provisions of sections 47–2 to 47–6 of this title, the Secretary shall take care that there be no opportunity for any personal influence by an employee of the Department of the Interior upon the availability of housing for other such employees or employees of persons in a contractual relationship with the Department. In the selection of lessees and sublessees, the issuance of leases and subleases, the establishment or 1 rental values, and the acquisition of any unexpired term of any lease or sublease, the Secretary shall act through an agent or agents appointed by the Secretary from among associations, corporations, or natural persons having no material, financial, legal, or equitable interest in the action proposed, other than a reasonable fee for their services.

(Pub. L. 90–409, §5, as added Pub. L. 99–542, §1(5), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3038.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 47–3, 47–4 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be “of”.

§47a . Addition of certain lands to park authorized

For the purpose of preserving and consolidating timber stands along the western boundary of the Yosemite National Park the President of the United States is authorized, upon the joint recommendation of the Secretaries of Interior and Agriculture, to add to the Yosemite National Park, in the State of California, by Executive proclamation, section 1 and the north half of section 12, township 1 south, range 19 east, Mount Diablo meridian.

(May 9, 1930, ch. 234, §1, 46 Stat. 265.)

§47b . Inapplicability of certain laws to lands acquired under section 47a

The provisions of the Federal Power Act [16 U.S.C. 791a et seq.] shall not apply to any lands added to the Yosemite National Park under the authority of section 47a of this title.

(May 9, 1930, ch. 234, §2, 46 Stat. 265.)

References in Text

The Federal Power Act, referred to in text, was in the original the “Act of June 10, 1920, known as the Federal Water Power Act,” and was redesignated as the Federal Power Act by section 791a of this title. The Federal Power Act is act June 10, 1920, ch. 285, 41 Stat. 1063, as amended, and is classified generally to chapter 12 (§791a et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 791a of this title and Tables.

§47c . Acquisition of certain lands for preservation and consolidation of timber stands

For the purpose of preserving and consolidating certain timber stands along the western boundary of the Yosemite National Park, the President of the United States is authorized, upon the joint recommendation of the Secretaries of the Interior and of Agriculture, to add to said park by Executive proclamation any or all of the following-described lands: Sections 19, 20, 29, 30, 31, and 32, township 1 south, range 20 east, Mount Diablo meridian; east half section 1; east half section 12; southeast quarter section 24, township 2 south, range 19 east, Mount Diablo meridian; sections 4, 5, and 6; north half section 7; sections 8 and 9, and 19 and 20, township 2 south, range 20 east, Mount Diablo meridian, approximately nine thousand acres.

(Mar. 2, 1929, ch. 498, 45 Stat. 1486.)

§47d . Acquisition of certain lands for protection of park deer

For the purpose of protecting park deer along the western boundary of the Yosemite National Park, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to acquire as part of said park, by exchange as hereinafter provided, title in fee for and on behalf of the United States of America to all that land in sections 21 and 28 in township 3 south, range 20 east, Mount Diablo meridian, lying between the abandoned railroad grade running from a point in the Wawona Road near Chinquapin to the top of the abandoned incline hoist in the northeast quarter of the southwest quarter of section 21, and the east and west center line of section 21, and in sections 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, and 27 lying between said abandoned railroad grade and the existing park boundary, containing one thousand three hundred and fifty acres, more or less, now held in private ownership, which lands upon acquisition shall be, and are, added to the park; and in exchange therefor the said Secretary is authorized to issue patent to the owner of said lands, for the Government lands described as follows: That part of the north half of northeast quarter lying south of abandoned railroad grade hereinbefore mentioned, north half of southwest quarter of northeast quarter, southwest quarter of southwest quarter of northeast quarter, southwest quarter, west half of northeast quarter of southeast quarter, and southwest quarter of southeast quarter of section 25, township 3 south, range 20 east; north half section 36, township 3 south, range 20 east; southwest quarter northeast quarter, south half northeast quarter northwest quarter, west half northwest quarter, southeast quarter northwest quarter, northwest quarter southeast quarter, and west half southwest quarter southeast quarter section 32, township 3 south, range 21 east; and northwest quarter section 5, township 4 south, range 21 east; containing one thousand and ten acres, more or less, which lands upon issuance of patent shall be, and are eliminated from said park.

(May 28, 1928, ch. 817, 45 Stat. 787.)

§47e . Purchase of private lands for park authorized

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to acquire, by purchase when purchaseable 1 at prices deemed by him reasonable—otherwise by condemnation under the provisions of sections 257 and 258 of title 40, on behalf of the United States under any fund or moneys available for such purpose, on July 9, 1937, except from the general fund of the Treasury, any of the following-described lands in the State of California now in private ownership, to wit: Section 25, lots 3, 4, 5, 8, and 9, section 34, northeast quarter, southeast quarter of the northwest quarter, lots 1 to 10, inclusive, section 35, section 36, township 1 south, range 19 east; southeast quarter northwest quarter, east half southwest quarter, southeast quarter, lots 2, 3, and 4, section 30, section 31, township 1 south, range 20 east; sections 1, 2, and 3, east half section 10, sections 11 and 12, north half section 14, northeast quarter section 15, township 2 south, range 19 east; southeast quarter northwest quarter, east half southwest quarter, lots 3 to 7, inclusive, section 6, township 2 south, range 20 east, Mount Diablo meridian.

When title to the aforesaid privately owned lands has been vested in the United States, all of the lands described in this section shall be added to and become a part of the Yosemite National Park and shall be subject to all laws and regulations applicable thereto: Provided, That nothing in this section or section 47f of this title shall be construed to affect any valid existing rights.

(July 9, 1937, ch. 469, §§1, 2, 50 Stat. 485, 486.)

References in Text

Section 258 of title 40, referred to in text, has been omitted from the Code as superseded by rule 71A of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, set out in the Appendix to Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 47f of this title.

1 So in original.

§47f . Inapplicability of certain laws to lands acquired under section 47e

The provisions of the Federal Power Act, as amended [16 U.S.C. 791a et seq.], shall not apply to any of the lands added to the Yosemite National Park pursuant to the provisions of section 47e of this title.

(July 9, 1937, ch. 469, §3, 50 Stat. 486.)

References in Text

The Federal Power Act, referred to in text, was in the original the “Act approved June 10, 1920, as amended, known as the Federal Water Power Act,” and was redesignated as the Federal Power Act by section 791a of this title. The Federal Power Act is act June 10, 1920, ch. 285, 41 Stat. 1063, as amended, and is classified generally to chapter 12 (§791a et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 791a of this title and Tables.

§48 . Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Big Tree Grove reserved and made part of Yosemite National Park

The tracts of land embracing the Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Big Tree Grove, described as the “Cleft” or “Gorge” in the granite peak of the Sierra Nevada mountains, situated in the county of Mariposa, in the State of California, and the headwaters of the Merced River, and known as the Yosemite Valley, with its branches or spurs, in estimated length fifteen miles, and in average width one mile back from the main edge of the precipice, on each side of the valley, and the tracts embracing what is known as the “Mariposa Big Tree Grove”, not to exceed the area of four sections, and to be taken in legal subdivisions of one quarter section each, together with that part of fractional sections 5 and 6, township 5 south, range 22 east, Mount Diablo meridian, California, lying south of the South Fork of Merced River and almost wholly between the Mariposa Big Tree Grove and the south boundary of the Yosemite National Park, on June 11, 1906, are reserved and withdrawn from settlement, occupancy, or sale under the laws of the United States and set apart as a national forest, subject to all the limitations, conditions, and provisions of sections 61, 471c and 471d of this title, as well as the limitations, conditions, and provisions of section 46 of this title, and shall hereafter form a part of the Yosemite National Park.

(June 30, 1864, ch. 184, §§1, 2, 13 Stat. 325; June 11, 1906, No. 27, §1, 34 Stat. 831.)

§49 . Rights of claimants and owners of lands included; laws and regulations applicable within park

None of the lands patented and in private ownership in the area included under sections 46 and 47 of this title in the Sierra National Forest shall have the privileges of the lieu-land scrip provisions of the land laws, but otherwise to be in all respects under the laws and regulations affecting the national forests. All laws, rules, and regulations affecting national forests, including the right to change the boundaries thereof by Executive proclamation, shall take effect and be in force within the limits of the territory excluded by sections 46 and 47 of this title from the Yosemite National Park, except as otherwise provided.

(Feb. 7, 1905, ch. 547, §2, 33 Stat. 703; June 11, 1906, No. 27, §2, 34 Stat. 832; Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1269.)

Codification

“Sierra National Forest” and “national forests” substituted in text for “Sierra Forest Reserve” and for “forest reserves” and “forest reservations”, respectively, on authority of act Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1269, which provided that forest reserves shall hereafter be known as national forests.

§50 . Repealed. Dec. 16, 1930, ch. 14, §1, 46 Stat. 1028

Section, Joint Res. June 11, 1906, No. 27, §3, 34 Stat. 832, related to disposition of revenues from privileges.

§51 . Yosemite National Park; exchange of privately owned lands in park

The Secretaries of the Departments of Interior and Agriculture, for the purpose of eliminating private holdings within the Yosemite National Park and to preserve intact timber along and adjoining the roads in the scenic portion of the park on patented lands, are empowered in their discretion to obtain and accept for the United States a complete title to any and all patented lands within the boundaries of said park by the exchange of timber or timber and lands within the Yosemite National Park and the Sierra and Stanislaus National Forests for such lands and the timber thereon within the park, necessary conveyances of park and national forest timber or timber and lands to be made by said secretaries, respectively. The secretaries of the said departments are authorized to acquire title in fee by the exchange of lands of the United States for patented lands not exceeding six hundred and forty acres in the Sierra and Stanislaus National Forests, adjacent and contiguous to the Yosemite National Park, and when such patented lands are thus acquired, said lands shall become a part of the Yosemite National Park and be subject to all the provisions of sections 55, 61, 471c and 471d of this title.

(Apr. 9, 1912, ch. 74, §1, 37 Stat. 80; Apr. 16, 1914, ch. 58, 38 Stat. 345.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 52 of this title.

§52 . Values of lands and timber to be exchanged; lands added to park

The value of patented lands within the park offered in exchange, and the value of the timber on park lands proposed to be given in exchange for such patented lands, shall be ascertained in such manner as the Secretary of the Interior may, in his discretion, direct, and all expenses incident to ascertaining such values shall be paid by the owners of said patented lands, and such owners shall, before any exchange is effective, furnish the Secretary of the Interior evidence satisfactory to him of title to the patented lands offered in exchange, and if the value of the timber on park lands exceeds the value of the patented lands deeded to the Government in the exchange such excess shall be paid to the Secretary of the Interior by the owners of the patented lands before any of the timber is removed from the park, and shall be deposited and covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. The same course shall be pursued in relation to exchange for timber standing near public roads on patented lands for timber to be exchanged on park lands. The lands conveyed to the Government under section 51 of this title shall become a part of the Yosemite National Park.

(Apr. 9, 1912, ch. 74, §2, 37 Stat. 80.)

§53 . Cutting and removal of timber

All timber must be cut and removed from the Yosemite National Park under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior, and any damage which may result to the roads or any part of the park in consequence of the cutting and removal of the timber from the reservation shall be borne by the owners of the patented lands, and bond satisfactory to the Secretary of the Interior must be given for the payment of such damages, if any, as shall be determined by the Secretary of the Interior.

(Apr. 9, 1912, ch. 74, §3, 37 Stat. 81.)

§54 . Sale of matured, dead, or down timber

The Secretary of the Interior may sell and permit the removal of such matured or dead or down timber as he may deem necessary or advisable for the protection or improvement of the park, and the proceeds derived therefrom shall be deposited and covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

(Apr. 9, 1912, ch. 74, §4, 37 Stat. 81.)

§55 . Leases of land in park; mortgages by lessees

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and empowered to grant leases, for periods of not exceeding twenty years, at annual rentals, and under terms and conditions to be determined by him, to any person, corporation, or company he may authorize to transact business in the Yosemite National Park, for separate tracts of land, not exceeding twenty acres each, at such places, not to exceed ten in number, to any person, corporation, or company in said park, as the comfort and convenience of visitors may require, for the construction and maintenance of substantial hotel buildings and buildings for the protection of motor cars, stages, stock and equipment, and so forth. Such leases may, at the option of the Secretary of the Interior, contain appropriate provisions for the appraisement, at the expiration of the lease, of the value of such hotel and other buildings (or portions thereof) as may be constructed by the lessees, respectively, and the payment of the same to the lessees in case a new lease be made to persons other than said lessees, such payments to be made by such new lessees, respectively.

Any person or corporation or company holding a lease or leases within said park for the purposes above described is authorized, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, to execute mortgages upon his or its rights and properties, including his or its contract or contracts with the Secretary of the Interior; such mortgages shall be executed in duplicate and delivered to the Secretary of the Interior for his approval, and upon his approval thereof he shall retain one of said duplicates and file the same for record in his office.

Any mortgage, lien, or encumbrance created under the provisions hereof shall be subject to the rights of the Government to compel the enforcement of the terms of the lease or contract of the mortgagor, and any purchaser under a foreclosure of such encumbrance shall take subject to all the conditions assumed by the original lessee or contractor.

(Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1263, §2, 26 Stat. 651; July 23, 1914, ch. 206, 38 Stat. 554; June 12, 1917, ch. 27, §1, 40 Stat. 153.)

Codification

This section superseded earlier provisions as to leases contained in section 2 of act Oct. 1, 1890.

As enacted by act July 23, 1914, this section contained a provision, omitted for purposes of codification, continuing in effect all existing laws relating to the park and not in conflict with it.

Section 1 of the act of June 12, 1917, incorporated in section 452 of this title, provides for the disposition of all revenue of National Parks and did not directly affect this section. It may have been considered as superseding similar provisions of the act of Oct. 1, 1890, §2.

Cross References

Leases of land in national parks generally, see section 3 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 51, 471c, 471d of this title.

§56 . Repealed. Dec. 16, 1930, ch. 14, §1, 46 Stat. 1028

Section, act July 1, 1916, ch. 209, §1, 39 Stat. 308, related to donations of lands or rights-of-way. For general provisions relating to donations of lands, etc., see section 6 of this title.

§57 . Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks; exclusive jurisdiction of United States; jurisdiction remaining in and taxation by California

Sole and exclusive jurisdiction is assumed by the United States over the territory embraced and included within the Yosemite National Park and Sequoia National Park, respectively, saving, however, to the State of California the right to serve civil or criminal process within the limits of the aforesaid parks or either of them in suits or prosecutions for or on account of rights acquired, obligations incurred, or crimes committed in said State outside of said parks; and saving further to the said State the right to tax persons and corporations, their franchises and property on the lands included in said parks, and the right to fix and collect license fees for fishing in said parks; and saving also to the persons residing in any of said parks now or hereafter the right to vote at all elections held within the county or counties in which said parks are situated.

(June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §1, 41 Stat. 731; Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43.)

Codification

A provision accepting the act of the California Legislature which ceded to the United States exclusive jurisdiction over the territory referred to in this section has been omitted as executed.

General Grant National Park Abolished

Act Mar. 4, 1940, set out as section 80a of this title, abolished the General Grant National Park and added the lands to the Kings Canyon National Park as the General Grant grove section.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 63, 64, 65 of this title.

§58 . Laws applicable; fugitives from justice

All the laws applicable to places under sole and exclusive jurisdiction of the United States shall have force and effect in said parks or either of them. All fugitives from justice taking refuge in said parks, or either of them, shall be subject to the same laws as refugees from justice found in the State of California.

(June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §1, 41 Stat. 731.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 63, 64, 65 of this title.

§59 . Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §39, 62 Stat. 992, eff. Sept. 1, 1948

Section, acts June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §4, 41 Stat. 731; Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43, related to offenses punishable by State laws. See section 13 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

§60 . Hunting or fishing prohibited

All hunting or the killing, wounding, or capturing at any time of any wild bird or animal, except dangerous animals, when it is necessary to prevent them from destroying human lives or inflicting personal injury, is prohibited within the limits of said parks; nor shall any fish be taken out of any of the waters of the said parks, or any one of them, in any other way than by hook and line, and then only at such seasons and such times and manner as may be directed by the Secretary of the Interior.

(June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §5, 41 Stat. 731.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 62, 63, 64, 65 of this title.

§61 . Rules and regulations in parks

In addition to the powers and duties enumerated in section 3 of this title, not inconsistent with this section, the Secretary of the Interior shall make and publish such general rules and regulations as he may deem necessary and proper for the management and care of the park and for the protection of the property therein, especially for the preservation from injury or spoliation of all timber, mineral deposits other than those legally located prior to the date of passage of the respective Acts creating and establishing said parks, natural curiosities or wonderful objects within said parks, and for the protection of the animals in the park from capture or destruction, and to prevent their being frightened or driven from the said parks; and he shall make rules and regulations governing the taking of fish from the streams or lakes in the said parks or either of them. He shall cause all persons trespassing upon the same to be removed therefrom.

(Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1263, §2, 26 Stat. 651; June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §5, 41 Stat. 732.)

Codification

The first sentence of this section was from section 5 of the act of June 2, 1920. The first portion reading “In addition to the powers and duties enumerated in section 3 of this title, not inconsistent with this section” was inserted to relate this section to section 3 of this title, providing general powers for the Secretary of the Interior.

The last sentence of this section is from section 2 of act Oct. 1, 1890.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 46, 48, 51, 62, 63, 64, 65, 471c, 471d of this title.

§62 . Possession of dead bodies of birds or animals

Possession within said parks, or either of them, of the dead bodies or any part thereof of any wild bird or animal shall be prima facie evidence that person or persons having same are guilty of violating sections 60 to 63 of this title.

(June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §5, 41 Stat. 732.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 63, 65 of this title.

§63 . Transportation of birds, animals, or fish; violations of statute or rules or regulations for management, care, and preservation of parks; damage or spoliation; punishment

Any person or persons, or stage or express company, or railway company, who knows or has reason to believe that they were taken or killed contrary to the provisions of sections 57, 58, and 60 to 65 of this title, and who receives for transportation any of said animals, birds, or fish so killed, caught, or taken, or who shall violate any of the other provisions of said sections, or any rule or regulation that may be promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior, with reference to the management and care of the said parks, or either of them, or for the protection of the property therein for the preservation from injury or spoliation of timber, mineral deposits, other than those legally located prior to the passage of the respective Acts creating and establishing said parks, natural curiosities, or wonderful objects within said parks, or either of them, or for the protection of the animals, birds, or fish in the said parks, or either of them, or who shall within said parks commit any damage, injury, spoliation to or upon any building, fence, hedge, gate, guidepost, tree, wood, underwood, timber, garden, crops, vegetables, plants, land, springs, mineral deposits other than those legally located prior to the passage of the respective Acts creating and establishing said parks, natural curiosities, or other matter or thing growing or being thereon, or situated therein, shall be subject to the penalty provided for the violation of rules and regulations of the Secretary of the Interior authorized by section 3 of this title.

(June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §5, 41 Stat. 732.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 62, 64, 65 of this title.

§64 . Sale or disposal of timber; destruction of detrimental animal or plant life

Nothing in sections 57, 58, and 60 to 65 of this title shall be construed as repealing or in any way modifying the authority granted the Secretary of the Interior by said section 3 of this title to sell or dispose of timber in national parks in those cases where, in his judgment, the cutting of such timber is required in order to control the attacks of insects or diseases or otherwise conserve the scenery of the natural or historic objects in such parks and to provide for the destruction of such animals and such palnt 1 life as may be detrimental to the use of any of said parks, or the authority granted to said Secretary by sections 51 to 54 of this title.

(June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §5, 41 Stat. 732.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 63, 65 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be “plant”.

§65 . Seizure and forfeiture of guns, traps, teams, horses, etc.

All guns, traps, teams, horses, or means of transportation of every nature or description used by any person or persons within the limits of said parks, or either of them, when engaged in killing, trapping, ensnaring, or capturing such wild beasts, birds, or animals, shall be forfeited to the United States and may be seized by the officers in said parks, or either of them, and held pending prosecution of any person or persons arrested under the charge of violating the provisions of sections 57, 58, and 60 to 65 of this title, and upon conviction such forfeiture shall be adjudicated as a penalty in addition to the other punishment prescribed therein. Such forfeited property shall be disposed of and accounted for by and under the authority of the Secretary of the Interior.

(June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §6, 41 Stat. 733.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 63, 64 of this title.

§§66 to 77 . Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §39, 62 Stat. 992, eff. Sept. 1, 1948

Section 66, acts June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §§7, 8, 41 Stat. 733; Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43, related to appointment and jurisdiction of commissioners. See provisions covering United States magistrate judges in section 631 et seq. of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Section 67, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §§7, 8, 41 Stat. 733, related to power of commissioners [now magistrate judges] to make arrests.

Section 68, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §§7, 8, 41 Stat. 733, related to appeal from conviction by commissioner [now magistrate judge].

Section 69, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §11, 41 Stat. 734, related to residence of commissioners [now magistrate judges].

Section 70, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §9, 41 Stat. 734, related to arrests for certain offenses. See sections 3041 and 3141 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and rules 4, 5(c), and 9 of Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Title 18, Appendix.

Section 71, acts June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §10, 41 Stat. 734; Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43, related to service of process. See rule 4 of Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Title 18, Appendix, and section 3053 of title 18.

Section 72, acts June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §11, 41 Stat. 734; Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43, related to commissioners’ salaries. See section 634 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Section 73, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §11, 41 Stat. 734, related to fees and costs.

Section 74, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §13, 41 Stat. 734, related to disposition of fines and costs.

Section 75, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §12, 41 Stat. 734, related to payment of fees, costs, and expenses chargeable to the United States.

Section 76, act June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §2, 41 Stat. 731, related to inclusion of Yosemite National Park within judicial district. See section 84 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Section 77, acts June 2, 1920, ch. 218, §3, 41 Stat. 731; Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43, related to inclusion of Sequoia National Park within a judicial district. See section 84 of Title 28.

§78 . Detail of troops to Sequoia and Yosemite Parks

The Secretary of the Army, upon the request of the Secretary of the Interior, is authorized and directed to make the necessary detail of troops to prevent trespassers or intruders from entering the Sequoia National Park and the Yosemite National Park, respectively, in California, for the purpose of destroying the game or objects of curiosity therein, or for any other purpose prohibited by law or regulation for the government of said reservations, and to remove such persons from said parks if found therein.

(June 6, 1900, ch. 791, §1, 31 Stat. 618; Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, §205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

Change of Name

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces” which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued military Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

General Grant National Park Abolished

Act Mar. 4, 1940, set out as section 80a of this title, abolished the General Grant National Park and added the lands to the Kings Canyon National Park as the General Grant grove section.

§79 . Rights-of-way for public utilities

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and empowered, under general regulations to be fixed by him, to permit the use of rights of way through the public lands, forest and other reservations of the United States, and the Yosemite, Sequoia, and General Grant national parks, California, for electrical plants, poles, and lines for the generation and distribution of electrical power, and for telephone and telegraph purposes, and for canals, ditches, pipes and pipe lines, flumes, tunnels, or other water conduits, and for water plants, dams, and reservoirs used to promote irrigation or mining or quarrying, or the manufacturing or cutting of timber or lumber, or the supplying of water for domestic, public, or any other beneficial uses to the extent of the ground occupied by such canals, ditches, flumes, tunnels, reservoirs, or other water conduits or water plants, or electrical or other works permitted hereunder, and not to exceed fifty feet on each side of the marginal limits thereof, or not to exceed fifty feet on each side of the center line of such pipes and pipe lines, electrical, telegraph, and telephone lines and poles, by any citizen, association, or corporation of the United States, where it is intended by such to exercise the use permitted hereunder or any one or more of the purposes herein named: Provided, That such permits shall be allowed within or through any of said parks or any forest, military, Indian, or other reservation only upon the approval of the chief officer of the Department under whose supervision such park or reservation falls and upon a finding by him that the same is not incompatible with the public interest: Provided further, That all permits given hereunder for telegraph and telephone purposes shall be subject to the provision of title 65 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and amendments thereto, regulating rights of way for telegraph companies over the public domain: And provided further, That any permission given by the Secretary of the Interior under the provisions of this section may be revoked by him or his successor in his discretion, and shall not be held to confer any right, or easement, or interest in, to, or over any public land, reservation, or park.

(Feb. 15, 1901, ch. 372, 31 Stat. 790.)

Repeals

Section repealed by Pub. L. 94–579, title VII, §706(a), Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2793, effective on and after Oct. 21, 1976, insofar as applicable to the issuance of rights-of-way over, upon, under, and through the public lands and lands in the National Forest System.

References in Text

Title 65 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and amendments thereto, referred to in text, which consisted of R.S. §§5263 to 5269, was classified to sections 1 to 6 and 8 of Title 47, Telegraphs, Telephones, and Radiotelegraphs, and was repealed by act July 16, 1947, ch. 256, §1, 61 Stat. 327.

Codification

Section, insofar as it relates to rights-of-way through public lands, forests, and reservations, and the Yosemite, Sequoia, and General Grant National Parks is also set out as section 959 of Title 43, Public Lands, and insofar as it related to rights-of-way through national forests was also set out as section 522 of this title which was omitted from the Code.

Section was formerly classified to section 419 of this title.

Savings Provision

Repeal by Pub. L. 94–579, title VII, §706(a), Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2793, insofar as applicable to the issuance of rights-of-way, not to be construed as terminating any valid lease, permit, patent, etc., existing on Oct. 21, 1976, see note set out under section 1701 of Title 43, Public Lands.

General Grant National Park Abolished

Act Mar. 4, 1940, ch. 40, §2, 54 Stat. 43, which is classified to section 80a of this title, abolished the General Grant National Park and added the lands to the Kings Canyon National Park as the General Grant grove section.

Cross References

Issuance of licenses for construction, operation, and maintenance of transmission lines, for development, transmission, and utilization of power, across public lands and reservations, see section 797 of this title.

Rights-of-way through public lands, provisions of sections 1, 2, and 3 of this title not to affect or modify this section, see section 4 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 4, 46, 47, 193, 225, 349, 393 of this title.

§79–1 . Yosemite National Park; expansion of reservoir capacity

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no Federal lands may be used for the expansion of the capacity of any reservoir which is located within the boundaries of Yosemite National Park unless Congress enacts specific statutory authorization after October 31, 1988, for such expansion.

(Pub. L. 100–563, §6, Oct. 31, 1988, 102 Stat. 2830.)

SUBCHAPTER VII—REDWOOD NATIONAL PARK

Subchapter Referred to in Other Sections

This subchapter is referred to in title 31 section 1603.

§79a . Establishment; statement of purposes

In order to preserve significant examples of the primeval coastal redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forests and the streams and seashores with which they are associated for purposes of public inspiration, enjoyment, and scientific study, there is hereby established a Redwood National Park in Del Norte and Humboldt Counties, California.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §1, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 931.)

§79b . Park area

(a) Boundaries; maps; maximum acreage

The area to be included within the Redwood National Park is that generally depicted on the maps  entitled  “Redwood  National  Park,” numbered NPS–RED–7114–A and NPS–RED–7114–B, and dated September 1968, and the area indicated as “Proposed Additions” on the map entitled “Additional Lands, Redwood National Park, California,” numbered 167–80005–D and dated March 1978, copies of which maps shall be kept available for public inspection in the offices of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior, and shall be filed with appropriate officers of Del Norte and Humboldt Counties. The Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter referred to as the “Secretary”) may from time to time, with a view to carrying out the purpose of this subchapter and with particular attention to minimizing siltation of the streams, damage to the timber, and assuring the preservation of the scenery within the boundaries of the national park as depicted on said maps, modify said boundaries, giving notice of any changes involved therein by publication of a revised drawing or boundary description in the Federal Register and by filing said revision with the officers with whom the original maps were filed, but the acreage within said park shall at no time exceed one hundred and six thousand acres, exclusive of submerged lands and publicly owned highways and roads.

(b) Highways and roads

The Secretary is authorized to acquire all or part of existing publicly owned highways and roads within the boundaries of the park as he may deem necessary for park purposes. Until such highways and roads have been acquired, the Secretary may cooperate with appropriate State and local officials in patroling 1 and maintaining such roads and highways.

(c) Park protection zone

Within the area outside the boundaries of Redwood National Park indicated as the “Park Protection Zone” on the map entitled “Proposed Additions, Redwood National Park, California”, numbered 167–80005–D and dated March 1978, the Secretary is authorized to acquire lands and interests in land: Provided, That lands may be acquired from a willing seller or upon a finding by the Secretary that failure to acquire all or a portion of such lands could result in physical damage to park resources and following notice to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives. Any lands so acquired shall be managed in a manner which will maximize the protection of the resources of Redwood National Park, and in accordance with the Act of October 21, 1976 (90 Stat. 2473) [43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.]. Acquisition of a parcel of land under the authority of this subsection shall not as a result of such acquisition diminish the right of owners of adjacent lands to the peaceful use and enjoyment of their land and shall not confer authority upon the Secretary to acquire additional lands except as provided in this subsection.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §2, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 931; Pub. L. 95–250, title I, §101(a)(1), (2), Mar. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 163; Pub. L. 103–437, §6(d)(7), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4583.)

References in Text

Act of October 21, 1976 (90 Stat. 2743), referred to in subsec. (c), is Pub. L. 94–579, Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2743, as amended, known as the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, which is classified principally to chapter 35 (§1701 et seq.) of Title 43, Public Lands. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1701 of Title 43 and Tables.

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–437 substituted “Natural Resources” for “Interior and Insular Affairs” after “Committee on”.

1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–250, §101(a)(1), (2), inserted “and the area indicated as ‘Proposed Additions’ on the map entitled ‘Additional Lands, Redwood National Park, California’, numbered 167–80005–D and dated March 1978,” after “and dated September 1968,” and substituted “one hundred and six thousand acres, exclusive of submerged lands and publicly owned highways and roads” for “fifty-eight thousand acres, exclusive of submerged lands”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–250, §101(a)(2), struck out “by donation only” after “The Secretary is authorized to acquire”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–250, §101(a)(2), added subsec. (c).

Change of Name

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 79c, 79f, 79k, 79m of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be “patrolling”.

§79c . Acquisition of land

(a) Authority of Secretary; administrative sites; manner and place; donation of State lands; reverters and other conditions

The Secretary is authorized to acquire lands and interests in land within the boundaries of the Redwood National Park and, in addition thereto, not more than ten acres outside of those boundaries for an administrative site or sites. Such acquisition may be by donation, purchase with appropriated or donated funds, exchange, or otherwise, but lands and interests in land owned by the State of California may be acquired only by donation which donation of lands or interest in lands may be accepted in the discretion of the Secretary subject to such preexisting reverters and other conditions as may appear in the title to these lands held by the State of California, and such other reverters and conditions as may be consistent with the use and management of the donated lands as a portion of Redwood National Park. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may expend appropriated funds for the management of and for the construction, design, and maintenance of permanent improvements on such lands and interests in land as are donated by the State of California in a manner not inconsistent with such reverters and other conditions.

(b) Vested and possessory rights in certain real property; termination of operations; removal of equipment, facilities, and personal property; down tree personal property; acquired roads; just compensation; payment; jurisdiction; acreage limitation; notice

(1) Effective on October 2, 1968, there is hereby vested in the United States all right, title, and interest in, and the right to immediate possession of, all real property within the park boundaries designated in maps NPS–RED–7114–A and NPS–RED–7114–B and effective on March 27, 1978, there is hereby vested in the United States all right, title, and interest in, and the right to immediate possession of, all real property within the area indicated as “Proposed Additions” on the map entitled “Additional Lands, Redwood National Park, California,” numbered 167–80005–D and dated March 1978, and all right, title, and interest in, and the right to immediate possession of the down tree personal property (trees severed from the ground by man) severed prior to January 1, 1975, or subsequent to January 31, 1978, within the area indicated as “Proposed Additions” on the map entitled “Additional Lands, Redwood National Park, California,” numbered 167–80005–D and dated March 1978, except real property owned by the State of California or a political subdivision thereof and except as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection. The Secretary shall allow for the orderly termination of all operations on real property acquired by the United States under this subsection, and for the removal of equipment, facilities, and personal property therefrom.

Down tree personal property severed subsequent to December 31, 1974, and prior to February 1, 1978 may be removed in accordance with applicable State and Federal law, or other applicable licenses, permits, and existing agreements, unless the Secretary determines that the removal of such down timber would damage second growth resources or result in excessive sedimentation in Redwood Creek: Provided, however, That down timber lying in stream beds may not be removed without permission of the Secretary: Provided, That such removal shall also be subject to such reasonable conditions as may be required by the Secretary to insure the continued availability of raw materials to Redwoods United, Incorporated, a nonprofit corporation located in Manila, California.

The Secretary shall permit, at existing levels and extent of access and use, continued access and use of each acquired segment of the B line, L line, M line, and K and K roads by each current affected woods employer or its successor in title and interest: Provided, That such use is limited to forest and land management and protection purposes, including timber harvesting and road maintenance. The Secretary shall permit, at existing levels and extent of access and use, continued access and use of acquired portions of the Bald Hills road by each current affected woods employer or its successor in title and interest: Provided further, That nothing in this sentence shall diminish the authority of the Secretary to otherwise regulate the use of the Bald Hills road.

(2) The United States will pay just compensation to the owner of any real property taken by paragraph (1) of this subsection. Such compensation shall be paid either: (A) by the Secretary of the Treasury from money appropriated from the Land and Water Conservation Fund, including money appropriated to the Fund pursuant to section 4(b) of the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965, as amended [16 U.S.C. 460l–7(b)] subject to the appropriation limitation in section 79j of this title, upon certification to him by the Secretary of the agreed negotiated value of such property, or the valuation of the property awarded by judgment, including interest at the rate of 6 per centum per annum from the date of taking the property to the date of payment therefor; or (B) by the Secretary, if the owner of the land concurs, with any federally owned property available to him for purposes of exchange pursuant to the provisions of section 79e of this title; or (C) by the Secretary using any combination of such money or federally owned property. Any action against the United States with regard to the provisions of this subchapter and for the recovery of just compensation for the lands and interests therein taken by the United States, and for the down tree personal property taken, shall be brought in the United States district court for the district where the land is located without regard to the amount claimed. The United States may initiate proceedings at any time seeking a determination of just compensation in the district court in the manner provided by sections 1358 and 1403 of title 28 and may deposit in the registry of the court the estimated just compensation, or a part thereof, in accordance with the procedure generally described by section 258a of title 40. Interest shall not be allowed on such amounts as shall have been paid into the court. In the event that the Secretary determines that the fee simple title to any property (real or personal) taken under this section is not necessary for the purposes of this subchapter, he may, with particular attention to minimizing the payment of severance damages and to allow for the orderly removal of down timber, revest title to such property subject to such reservations, terms, and conditions, if any, as he deems appropriate to carry out the purposes of this subchapter, and may compensate the former owner for no more than the fair market value of the rights so reserved, except that the Secretary may not revest title to any property for which just compensation has been paid; or, the Secretary may sell at fair market value without regard to the requirements of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended [40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.], such down timber as in his judgment may be removed without damage to the park, the proceeds from such sales being credited to the Treasury of the United States. If the State of California designates a right-of-way for a bypass highway around the eastern boundary of Prairie Creek Redwood State Park prior to October 1, 1984, the Secretary is authorized and directed to acquire such lands or interests in lands as may be necessary for such a highway and, subject to such conditions as the Secretary may determine are necessary to assure the adequate protection of Redwood National Park, shall thereupon donate the designated right-of-way to the State of California for a new bypass highway from a point south of Prairie Creek Redwood State Park through the drainage of May Creek and Boyes Creek to extend along the eastern boundary of Prairie Creek Redwood State Park within Humboldt County. Such acreage as may be necessary in the judgment of the Secretary for this conveyance, and for a buffer thereof, shall be deemed to be a publicly owned highway for purposes of section 79b(a) of this title effective on March 27, 1978.

(3) This subsection shall apply to ownerships of fifty acres or less only if such ownerships are held or occupied primarily for nonresidential or nonagricultural purposes, and if the Secretary gives notice to the owner within sixty days after October 2, 1968, of the application of this subsection. Notice by the Secretary shall be deemed to have been made as of October 2, 1968. The district court of the United States for that district in which such ownerships are located shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any action brought by any person having an interest therein for damages occurring by reason of the temporary application of this paragraph, between October 2, 1968, and the date upon which the Secretary gives such notice. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as affecting the authority of the Secretary under subsections (a) and (c) of this section to acquire such areas for the purposes of this subchapter.

(c) Minimization of severance damages; costs not chargeable against appropriations authorization

If any individual tract or parcel of land acquired is partly inside and partly outside the boundaries of the park or the administrative site the Secretary may, in order to minimize the payment of severance damages, acquire the whole of the tract or parcel and exchange that part of it which is outside the boundaries for land or interests in land inside the boundaries or for other land or interests in land acquired pursuant to this subchapter, and dispose of so much thereof as is not so utilized in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended [40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.]. The cost of any land so acquired and disposed of shall not be charged against the limitation on authorized appropriations contained in section 79j of this title.

(d) Lands for screen of trees along certain highway

The Secretary is further authorized to acquire, as provided in subsection (a) of this section, lands and interests in land bordering both sides of the highway between the present southern boundary of Prairie Creek Redwood State Park and a point on Redwood Creek near the town of Orick to a depth sufficient to maintain or to restore a screen of trees between the highway and the land behind the screen and the activities conducted thereon.

(e) Timber, soil, and stream protection; “interests in land” defined; notice to Congress of intended action, costs, and benefits requisite for acquisitions, contracts, or cooperative agreements; availability of funds; authorization of appropriations; rehabilitative activities

In order to afford as full protection as is reasonably possible to the timber, soil, and streams within the boundaries of the park, the Secretary is authorized, by any of the means set out in subsections (a) and (c) of this section, to acquire interests in land from, and to enter into contracts and cooperative agreements with, the owners of land on the periphery of the park and on watersheds tributary to streams within the park designed to assure that the consequences of forestry management, timbering, land use, and soil conservation practices conducted thereon, or of the lack of such practices, will not adversely affect the timber, soil, and streams within the park as aforesaid. As used in this subsection, the term “interests in land” does not include fee title unless the Secretary finds that the cost of a necessary less-than-fee interest would be disproportionately high as compared with the estimated cost of the fee. No acquisition other than by donation shall be effectuated and no contract or cooperative agreement shall be executed by the Secretary pursuant to the provisions of this subsection until after he has notified the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives of his intended action and of the costs and benefits to the United States involved therein. Effective on March 27, 1978, there are made available from the amounts provided in section 79j of this title or as may be hereafter provided such sums as may be necessary for the acquisition of interests in land. Effective on October 1, 1978, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for the implementation of contracts and cooperative agreements pursuant to this subsection: Provided, That it is the express intent of Congress that the Secretary shall to the greatest degree possible insure that such contracts and cooperative agreements provide for the maximum retention of senior employees by such owners and for their utilization in rehabilitation and other efforts. The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, is further authorized, pursuant to contract or cooperative agreement with agencies of the Federal Executive, the State of California, any political or governmental subdivision thereof, any corporation, not-for-profit corporation, private entity or person, to initiate, provide funds, equipment, and personnel for the development and implementation of a program for the rehabilitation of areas within and upstream from the park contributing significant sedimentation because of past logging disturbances and road conditions, and, to the extent feasible, to reduce risk of damage to streamside areas adjacent to Redwood Creek and for other reasons: Provided further, That authority to make payments under this subsection shall be effective only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts. Such contracts or cooperative agreements shall be subject to such other conditions as the Secretary may determine necessary to assure the adequate protection of Redwood National Park generally, and to provide employment opportunities to those individuals affected by this taking and to contribute to the economic revival of Del Norte and Humboldt Counties in northern California. The Secretary shall undertake and publish studies on erosion and sedimentation originating within the hydrographic basin of Redwood Creek with particular effort to identify sources and causes, including differentiation between natural and man-aggravated conditions, and shall adapt his general management plan to benefit from the results of such studies. The Secretary, or the Secretary of Agriculture, where appropriate, shall also manage any additional Federal lands under his jurisdiction that are within the hydrographic basin of Redwood Creek in a manner which will minimize sedimentation which could affect the park, and in coordination with plans for sediment management within the basin. To effectuate the provisions of this subsection, and to further develop scientific and professional information and data concerning the Redwood Forest ecosystem, and the various factors that may affect it, the Secretary may authorize access to the area subject to this subsection by designated representatives of the United States.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §3, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 931; Pub. L. 95–250, title I, §101(a)(3)–(6), Mar. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 163–165.)

References in Text

The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2) and (c), is act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, 63 Stat. 377, as amended. Provisions of that act relating to disposal of Government property are classified to chapter 10 (§471 et. seq.) of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 471 of Title 40 and Tables.

Section 79b(a) of this title, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), was in the original “section 101(a)(2) of this amendment”, meaning section 101(a)(2) of Pub. L. 95–250, which amended section 79b(a) of this title.

Amendments

1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–250, §101(a)(3), inserted provisions authorizing the Secretary to accept donations of lands owned by the State of California subject to such preexisting reverters and other conditions as may appear in the title to those lands and such other reverters and conditions as may be consistent with the use and management of the donated lands as a portion of the Redwood National Park and further authorizing the Secretary to expend appropriated funds for permanent improvements on the donated lands in a manner not inconsistent with the reverters and other conditions.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 95–250, §101(a)(4), expanded existing provisions, effective Mar. 27, 1978, by inserting references to the vesting in the United States of all right, title, and interest in, and right to immediate possession of, all real property, and to immediate possession of down tree personal property, within the area indicated as “Proposed Additions” on the map entitled “Additional Lands, Redwood National Park, California”, numbered 167–80005–D and dated March 1978, and inserted two unlettered paragraphs relating, respectively, to the removal of down tree personal property and to the continued access and use of acquired roads.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 95–250, §101(a)(5), struck out provision for the bringing of actions in the Court of Claims, as provided in section 1491 of title 28, against the United States for the recovery of just compensation for the land and interests therein taken by the United States and inserted provisions directing that such actions, as well as actions for down tree personal property taken, be brought in the United States district court for the district where the land is located without regard to the amount claimed, authorizing the United States to initiate proceedings to determine just compensation and to deposit the estimated just compensation in the registry of the court, making provision for the revestment of title in cases where the Secretary determines that fee simple title is not necessary, and otherwise relating to the right-of-way for a new bypass highway.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–250, §101(a)(6), substituted “until after he has notified the President of the Senate” for “until sixty days after he has notified the President of the Senate” in existing provisions and inserted provisions relating to the availability of funds for the acquisition of interests in land, the implementation of contracts and cooperative agreements pursuant to this subsection, and rehabilitative activities generally designed to minimize erosion and sedimentation in ways designed to assure adequate protection for Redwood National Park, contribute to the economic revival of Del Norte and Humboldt Counties in northern California, and provide employment opportunities to individuals affected by taking of land and interests in land.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in sections 79c–1, 79e, 79f, 79g, 79k, 79m of this title.

§79c–1. Vesting in United States of all right, title, etc., in real property and down tree personal property in additional lands; effective date; authorization of appropriations

Notwithstanding any provision of this subchapter the vesting in the United States of all right, title, and interest in, and the right to immediate possession of, all real property and all down tree personal property within the area indicated as “Proposed Additions” on the map entitled “Additional Lands, Redwood National Park, California,” numbered 167–80005–D and dated March 1978, as established by section 79c(b)(1) of this title, shall be effective on March 27, 1978. The provisions of section 79c(b)(3) of this title, shall also relate to the effective date of this section. From the appropriations authorized for fiscal year 1978 and succeeding fiscal years such sums as may be necessary may be expended for the acquisition of lands and interests in lands, and down tree personal property, authorized to be acquired, or acquired, pursuant to the provisions of this Act.

(Pub. L. 95–250, title I, §101(c), Mar. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 166.)

References in Text

Section 79c(b)(1) of this title, referred to in text, was in the original “subsection (a)(4) of the first section of this Act”, meaning section 101(a)(4) of Pub. L. 95–250, which amended section 79c(b)(1) of this title.

This Act, referred to in text, means Pub. L. 95–250, Mar. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 163, as amended, which, insofar as classified to the Code, enacted sections 79c–1 and 79k to 79q of this title, amended sections 1a–1, 79b, and 79c of this title, and enacted provisions set out as a note under section 79k of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The effective date of this section, referred to in text, probably means the date of enactment of section 101 of Pub. L. 95–250, which was approved Mar. 27, 1978.

Codification

Section was not enacted as part of Pub. L. 90–545, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 931, which comprises this subchapter.

§79d. Acquisition of lands

(a) Owner's retention of right of use and occupancy for noncommercial residential purposes for fixed term of years or for life; election of term; fair market value; termination of use and occupancy inconsistent with stated purpose and upon payment of sum for unexpired right

The owner of improved property on the date of its acquisition by the Secretary under this subchapter may, as a condition of such acquisition, retain for himself and his heirs and assigns a right of use and occupancy of the improved property for noncommercial residential purposes for a definite term of not more than twenty-five years or, in lieu thereof, for a term ending at the death of the owner or the death of his spouse, whichever is later. The owner shall elect the term to be reserved. Unless the property is wholly or partially donated to the United States, the Secretary shall pay the owner the fair market value of the property on the date of acquisition minus the fair market value on that date of the right retained by the owner. A right retained pursuant to this section shall be subject to termination by the Secretary upon his determination that it is being exercised in a manner inconsistent with the purpose of this subchapter, and it shall terminate by operation of law upon the Secretary's notifying the holder of the right of such determination and tendering to him an amount equal to the fair market value of that portion of the right which remains unexpired.

(b) “Improved property” defined

The term “improved property”, as used in this section, means a detached, noncommercial residential dwelling, the construction of which was begun before October 9, 1967, together with so much of the land on which the dwelling is situated, the said land being in the same ownership as the dwelling, as the Secretary shall designate to be reasonably necessary for the enjoyment of the dwelling for the sole purpose of noncommercial residential use, together with any structures accessory to the dwelling which are situated on the land so designated.

(c) Sale or lease of certain realty to former owner; conditions and restrictions

The Secretary shall have, with respect to any real property acquired by him in sections 5 and 8, township 13 north, range 1 east, Humboldt meridian, authority to sell or lease the same to the former owner under such conditions and restrictions as will assure that it is not utilized in a manner or for purposes inconsistent with the national park.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §4, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 933.)

§79e. Exchange of property; cash equalization payments; commercial operations, minimum economic dislocation and disruption

In exercising his authority to acquire property by exchange, the Secretary may accept title to any non-Federal property within the boundaries of the park, and outside of such boundaries within the limits prescribed in this subchapter. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may acquire such property from the grantor by exchange for any federally owned property under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management in California, except property needed for public use and management, which he classifies as suitable for exchange or other disposal, or any federally owned property he may designate within the Northern Redwood Purchase Unit in Del Norte County, California, except that section known and designated as the Yurok Experimental Forest, consisting of approximately nine hundred and thirty-five acres. Such federally owned property shall also be available for use by the Secretary in lieu of, or together with, cash in payment of just compensation for any real property taken pursuant to section 79c(b) of this title. The values of the properties so exchanged either shall be approximately equal or, if they are not approximately equal, the value shall be equalized by the payment of cash to the grantor or to the Secretary as the circumstances require. Through the exercise of his exchange authority, the Secretary shall, to the extent possible, minimize economic dislocation and the disruption of the grantor's commercial operations.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §5, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 933.)

§79f. Transfer of property from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any Federal property located within any of the areas described in sections 79b and 79c of this title may, with the concurrence of the head of the agency having custody thereof, be transferred without consideration to the administrative jurisdiction of the Secretary for use by him in carrying out the provisions of this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §6, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 934.)

§79g. Contract authorization within prescribed cost limits; installments: duration, interest; provisions for payment of judgments and compromise settlements applicable to judgments against United States

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall have the same authority with respect to contracts for the acquisition of land and interests in land for the purposes of this subchapter as was given the Secretary of the Treasury for other land acquisitions by section 261 of title 40, and the Secretary and the owner of land to be acquired under this subchapter may agree that the purchase price will be paid in periodic installments over a period that does not exceed ten years, with interest on the unpaid balance thereof at a rate which is not in excess of the current average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States with remaining periods to maturity comparable to the average maturities on the installments.

(b) Judgments against the United States, including final partial judgments and compromise settlements of claims referred to the Attorney General for defense of suits against the United States, for amounts in excess of the deposit in court in actions under section 79c of this title shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of section 1304 of title 31, and section 2414 of title 28. Final partial judgments and compromise settlements are payable only after certification by the Attorney General to the Comptroller General that it is in the interest of the United States to do so.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §7, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 934; Pub. L. 99–151, title II, §203, Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 807.)

Amendments

1985—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–151, in amending subsec. (b) generally, inserted provisions relating to final partial judgments and compromise settlements, substituted reference to actions under section 79c of this title for reference to condemnation actions, and deleted reference to section 2517 of title 28.

§79h. Memorial groves named for benefactors

The present practice of the California Department of Parks and Recreation of maintaining memorial groves of redwood trees named for benefactors of the State redwood parks shall be continued by the Secretary in the Redwood National Park.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §8, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 934.)

§79i. Administration

The Secretary shall administer the Redwood National Park in accordance with the provisions of sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this title, as amended and supplemented.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §9, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 934.)

§79j. Authorization of appropriations

There are hereby authorized to be appropriated $92,000,000 for land acquisition to carry out the provisions of this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 90–545, §10, Oct. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 934.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 79c of this title.

§79k. Mitigation of adverse economic impacts to local economy resulting from additional lands; analysis of Federal actions necessary or desirable; consultations and considerations by Secretaries concerned; reports to Congress; implementation of programs; funding requirements

(a) The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, and Labor, shall conduct an analysis of appropriate Federal actions that may be necessary or desirable to mitigate any adverse economic impacts to public and private segments of the local economy, other than the owners of properties taken by this Act, as a result of the