THE CONGRESS
Result 1 of 1
   
 

TITLE 2—THE CONGRESS

Chap.
Sec.
1.
Election of Senators and Representatives
1
2.
Organization of Congress
21
3.
Compensation and Allowances of Members [Transferred, Omitted, or Repealed]
31
4.
Officers and Employees of Senate and House of Representatives [Transferred, Omitted, or Repealed]
60
5.
Library of Congress
131
6.
Congressional and Committee Procedure; Investigations
190
7.
Contested Elections [Repealed]
201
8.
Federal Corrupt Practices [Repealed]
241
8A.
Regulation of Lobbying [Repealed]
261
9.
Office of Legislative Counsel
271
9A.
Office of Law Revision Counsel
285
9B.
Legislative Classification Office [Repealed]
286
9C.
Office of Parliamentarian of House of Representatives
287
9D.
Office of Senate Legal Counsel
288
10.
Classification of Employees of House of Representatives
291
10A.
Payroll Administration in House of Representatives [Transferred, Omitted, or Repealed]
331
11.
Citizens' Commission on Public Service and Compensation
351
12.
Contested Elections
381
13.
Joint Committee on Congressional Operations [Repealed]
411
14.
Federal Election Campaigns [Transferred or Repealed]
431
15.
Office of Technology Assessment
471
16.
Congressional Mailing Standards
501
17.
Congressional Budget Office
601
17A.
Congressional Budget and Fiscal Operations
621
17B.
Impoundment Control
681
18.
Legislative Personnel Financial Disclosure Requirements [Transferred]
701
19.
Congressional Award Program
801
19A.
John Heinz Competitive Excellence Award
831
20.
Emergency Powers To Eliminate Budget Deficits
900
20A.
Statutory Pay-as-You-Go
931
21.
Civic Achievement Award Program in Honor of Office of Speaker of House of Representatives [Repealed]
1001
22.
John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development
1101
22A.
Open World Leadership Center
1151
22B.
Hunger Fellowship Program
1161
23.
Government Employee Rights [Transferred or Repealed]
1201
24.
Congressional Accountability
1301
25.
Unfunded Mandates Reform
1501
26.
Disclosure of Lobbying Activities
1601
27.
Sound Recording Preservation by the Library of Congress
1701
28.
Architect of the Capitol
1801
29.
Capitol Police
1901
30.
Operation and Maintenance of Capitol Complex
2001
31.
Capitol Visitor Center
2201
41.
Congressional Officers and Administration
4101
43.
Congressional Committees
4301
45.
Congressional Pay and Benefits
4501
47.
Congressional Ethics
4701
49.
Congressional Pages
4901
51.
House of Representatives Leadership
5101
53.
House of Representatives Members
5301
55.
House of Representatives Officers and Administration
5501
61.
Senate Leadership
6101
63.
Senate Members
6301
65.
Senate Officers and Administration
6501

        

Disposition Table
(Showing disposition of former sections of Title 2)
Title 2

Former Classification

Title 2

New Classification

29d 4711
29d note (Pub. L. 101–194, title VIII, §801(e), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1772) 4711 note
29d note (Pub. L. 101–194, title VIII, §802(e), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1773) 4711 note
29d note (Pub. L. 101–194, title VIII, §805, Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1778) 4711 note
31 4501
31 note (Pub. L. 103–356, title I, §101, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3410) 4501 note
31 note (Mar. 2, 1955, ch. 9, §5, 69 Stat. 11) 4501 note
31 note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title VI, §601(a), 60 Stat. 850) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 113–3, §1, Feb. 4, 2013, 127 Stat. 51) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 104–186, §1(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1718) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §201, Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 413) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 113–3, §3, Feb. 4, 2013, 127 Stat. 51) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 113–46, div. A, §146, Oct. 17, 2013, 127 Stat. 565) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 112–240, title VIII, §802, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2369) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 111–165, §1, May 14, 2010, 124 Stat. 1185) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. J, §103, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 988) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title I, §115, as added by Pub. L. 110–5, §2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 12) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 103–6, §7, Mar. 4, 1993, 107 Stat. 35) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §908(d), (f), July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 338) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §130(c), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 966) 4502
31–2 4725
31–2 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title III, §314(g), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 470) 4725 note
31–3 4726
31–3 note (Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §544(f), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 771) 4726 note
31–3 note (Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §544(e), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 771) 4726 note
31a–1 6102
31a–1 note (Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §13(c), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3172) 6102 note
31a–1 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1(f), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349) 6102 note
31a–2 6135
31a–2a 6136
31a–2b 6137
31a–2c 6138
31a–2d 6101
31a–3 6159
31a–4 6160
31b 5121
31b–1 5125
31b–1 note (Pub. L. 91–665, ch. VIII, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1989) 5125 note
31b–1 note (Pub. L. 93–532, §1(a), Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1723) 5125 note
31b–2 5126
31b–4 5127
31b–5 5128
31b–7 5129
31b–7 note (Pub. L. 103–69, title I, §101A(b), Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 699) 5129 note
32 6111
32a 6112
32b 6115
32b note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §7, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 350) 6115 note
33 6301
33 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §112(e), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 963) 6301 note
34 5301
35 5302
35a 5303
36 6302
36a 4592
37 5304
38a 5305
38b omitted
39 5306
40 4522
40a 4523
42a 6116
43b–2 5343
43b–3 5344
43d 6311
46a 6117
46a note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §2(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349) 6117 note
46a note (Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507) 6117 note
46a note (July 15, 1952, ch. 758, Ch. II, 66 Stat. 639) 6117 note
46a note (Sept. 27, 1950, ch. 1052, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 1047) 6117 note
46a note (Oct. 10, 1949, ch. 662, title I, 63 Stat. 738) 6117 note
46a note (May 10, 1948, ch. 270, 62 Stat. 213) 6117 note
46a note (May 1, 1947, ch. 49, title I, 61 Stat. 58) 6117 note
46a note (July 23, 1946, ch. 591, title I, 60 Stat. 602) 6117 note
46a note (Dec. 28, 1945, ch. 589, title I, 59 Stat. 633) 6117 note
46a–1 6573
46a–1 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §112(b), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 892) 6573 note
46a–1 note (Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(l), formerly §506(i), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508) 6573 note
46a–1 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §6, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1045) 6573 note
46b–1 5534
46d–1 6118
47 4521
48 5307
49 5310
50 5308
51 4110
51 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title II, §209, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2448) 4110 note
51 note (Pub. L. 97–245, Aug. 26, 1982, 96 Stat. 313) 4110 note
54 5345
55 6316
57 4313
57 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §103(c), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 416) 4313 note
57 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §104, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2262) 4313 note
57a 4314
57b 5341
58 6314
58 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §1[(a)], Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 410) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §1(c), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 411) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §1(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2432) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(a), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §7(c), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 451) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §4(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2258) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §8, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §9(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2260) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §§8(b), 14(b), Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2162, 2163) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 100–137, §1(b)(1)–(5), Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 815–818) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 99–65, §2, July 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 163) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 98–181, title I, §1204(b), Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1290) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189 [§103(b) of S. 2939]) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189 [§106(b) of S. 2939]) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, §104(b), Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 849) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §122, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 965) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §103, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §104, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(b), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 95–240, title II, §208, Mar. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 117) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §112(f), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 665) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 93–145, §101, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 103–69, title I, §2, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 695) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §5(b), Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1045) 6314 note
58a 6315
58a note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §5, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517) 6315 note
58a note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §104(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568) 6315 note
58a note (Pub. L. 104–197, title I, §4(b), Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2397) 6315 note
58a–1 6621
58a–1 note (Pub. L. 100–123, §4, Oct. 5, 1987, 101 Stat. 795) 6621 note
58a–2 6622
58a–3 6623
58a–4 6624
58c 6313
58c note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(d), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180) 6313 note
59 6317
59 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §4(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 350) 6317 note
59 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §109, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 890) 6317 note
59 note (Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §106(b), July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 276) 6317 note
59–1 6318
59b 6320
59d 5346
59d–1 6319
59e 503
59e note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §105(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1018) 503 note
59e note (Pub. L. 106–19, §1(b), Apr. 8, 1999, 113 Stat. 29) 503 note
59f 504
59f note (Pub. L. 103–283, title I, §3(c), July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1427) 504 note
59g 505
59h 506
60–1 4101
60–2 4724
60a–1 4571
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title III, §311(c)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-310) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(g), (h), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 295) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 89–301, §11(g), (h), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1121) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(f), (g), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 414) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 87–793, title VI, §1005(c), (d), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 867) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(c), (d), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(c), (d), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 208) 4571 note
60a–1 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(c), 69 Stat. 176) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(e), 65 Stat. 614) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(d), 63 Stat. 974) 4571 note
60a–1a 4572
60a–1b 4573
60a–2 4531
60a–2 note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(k), (l), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 209) 4531 note
60a–2 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(c), 69 Stat. 176) 4531 note
60a–2 note (Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(e), 65 Stat. 614) 4531 note
60a–2 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(d), 63 Stat. 974) 4531 note
60a–2a 4532
60c–1 4591
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, §105(c), Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 849) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §111(b), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 962) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §108(b), July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 113) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 92–136, §9(b), Oct. 11, 1971, 85 Stat. 378) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 86–426, §3, Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 54) 4591 note
60c–2a 6568
60c–3 4594
60c–4 4524
60c–5 4579
60c–5 note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1001(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1124) 4579 note
60c–6 4536
60d–1 4551
60d–1 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §116(c), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 573) 4551 note
60e–1a 4555
60e–1b 4556
60e–1c 4557
60e–1d 4558
60e–2a 1853
60e–2b 1854
60g–2 5322
60g–2 note (Pub. L. 93–245, ch. VI, Jan. 3, 1974, 87 Stat. 1079 [§3 of House Res. 420, 93d Congress]) 5322 note
60j 4507
60j note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §107(d), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 890) 4507 note
60j note (Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §110(b), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 775) 4507 note
60j note (Pub. L. 95–240, title II, §205, Mar. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 117) 4507 note
60j note (Pub. L. 87–730, §106(e), Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 695) 4507 note
60j–1 1927 note
60j–1 note (Pub. L. 88–454, §104(d), Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 550) 1927 note
60j–2 4508
60j–4 4509
60k 1313 note
60l 1311 note
60o 4537
60o note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §103(b), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1183) 4537 note
60o note (Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §6], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-97) 4580
60p 4595
60q 4505
60q note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1401(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1134) 4505 note
61 4574
61–1 4575
61–1 note (Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, title I, §1, Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2026) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §1, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 814) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2220) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §4(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2221) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 109–55, title I, §1, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 568) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §1, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3168) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §1, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1010) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §3, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §106, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §2, Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 411) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §8, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2434) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §5, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1181) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §1(b)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-294) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–137, §1(c)(1), Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 818) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–71, title I, §3(a), July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 423) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §3(b), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §12(c), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 477) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–181, title I, §1203(b), Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1290) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §112(b), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 892) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §101(a), Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1443) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–371, §6, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 430) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532, 533) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 633) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 90–57, §105(k), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §10, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1014) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(c), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(c), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(a), (b), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 662) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–137, §3, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(d), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–71, title I, §3(b), (c), July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 423) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 99–349, title I, §1, July 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 741) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 99–88, title I, §191, Aug. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 348) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §9, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §901, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 335) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 849) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §106, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §105, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 96–86, §111(a), (b), Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 660, 661) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §104(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 772) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 81) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–157, title I, ch. IV, Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 830) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–32, title I, June 12, 1975, 89 Stat. 182) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 425) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 90–239, ch. IV, Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 774) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 89–697, ch. VI, Oct. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 1063) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 88–25, title I, May 17, 1963, 77 Stat. 31) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 87–545, title I, July 25, 1962, 76 Stat. 215) 4575 note
61–1 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(d), (f), 69 Stat. 176, 177) 4575 note
61–1 note (Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(c)(1), 65 Stat. 614) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(f), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 295) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 89–301, §11(f), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1121) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(e), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 413) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 87–793, title VI, §1005(b), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 867) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(b), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(b), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 207) 4575 note
61–1 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(e)(2), 69 Stat. 177) 4575 note
61–1 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(1), 63 Stat. 974) 4575 note
61–1 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(2), 63 Stat. 974) 4575 note
61–1 note (Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 617, §2(b), 58 Stat. 832) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–4, Feb. 16, 1977, 91 Stat. 12) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–32, title I, §5, June 12, 1975, 89 Stat. 183) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 86–213, Sept. 1, 1959, 73 Stat. 443) 4575 note
61–1a 4576
61–1b 4577
61–1c 4581
61a 6531
61a note (Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429 [Eff. Date of 1974 Amendment note]) 6531 note
61a note (Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429 [1974 Adjustment in Compensation note]) 6531 note
61a–3 6534
61a–9 6565
61a–9a 6564
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §1, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 474) 6564 note
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §102, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 61) 6564 note
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 95–355, title I, §101, Sept. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 533) 6564 note
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §106, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 661) 6564 note
61a–11 6539
61b 6535
61b note (Pub. L. 86–213, Sept. 1, 1959, 73 Stat. 443) 6535 note
61b–3 6541
61b–3 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, §107, Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 850) 6541 note
61c–1 6540
61c–2 6537
61c–2 note (Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 266) 6537 note
61c–2 note (May 19, 1956, ch. 313, Ch. XII, 70 Stat. 175) 6537 note
61d 6651
61d–1 6652
61d–2 6653
61d–4 6654
61e 6591
61e–1 6594
61e–1 note (Pub. L. 94–226, §1(b), Mar. 9, 1976, 90 Stat. 203) 6594 note
61e–1 note (Pub. L. 94–226, §1(c), Mar. 9, 1976, 90 Stat. 203) 6594 note
61e–1 note (Pub. L. 94–226, §1(a), Mar. 9, 1976, 90 Stat. 203) 6594 note
61e–2 6595
61e–3 6593
61e–4 6598
61f–1a 6612
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §6, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2258) 6612 note
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §6, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2161) 6612 note
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §108, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62) 6612 note
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 96–86, §111(c), Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 661) 6612 note
61f–7 6597
61f–7 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §8, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 451) 6597 note
61f–7 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §9, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 452) 6597 note
61f–8 6599
61f–9 6596
61f–10 6502
61f–11 6620
61f–12 6628
61f–12 note (Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title II, §20701(c)(2), as added by Pub. L. 110–5, §2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 38) 6628 note
61f–13 6633
61f–14 6617
61g 6151
61g note (Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §102(b), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 82) 6151 note
61g–4 6156
61g–5 6152
61g–6 6155
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §2(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1010) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §105(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2256) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1043) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e) [title I, §105], Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189) 6155 note
61g–6a 6153
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §7(b), Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 518) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §1(b), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 450) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §1, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1044) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §1, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2161) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §7], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-294) 6153 note
61g–6b 6154
61g–7 6157
61g–8 6158
61g–8 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §2, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1044) 6158 note
61g–8 note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §2, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2161) 6158 note
61g–8 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-292) 6158 note
61h–4 6131
61h–5 6132
61h–6 6501
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §2(b), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 815) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §6(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 350) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §101(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 563) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §4(c), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2433) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 101–302, title III, §314(b), May 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 246) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §110(b), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 662) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §8, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2222) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 109–55, title I, §2, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 568) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §2, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3169) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §6, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1013) 6501 note
61h–7 6133
61h–7 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §9, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1046) 6133 note
61j–2 6134
61k 6113
61l 6114
62 6592
64–1 6542
64–2 6562
64–2 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §113, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 963) 6562 note
64–2 note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §107, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62) 6562 note
64a 6532
64a–1 6536
64b 6533
65a 6507
65a note (Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504) 6507 note
65a note (July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 400) 6507 note
65a note (Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321) 6507 note
65a note (July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 467) 6507 note
65a note (Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 392) 6507 note
65a note (Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 597) 6507 note
65a note (June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 219) 6507 note
65a note (June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 425) 6507 note
65b 6613
65c 6512
65c note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §5(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1013) 6512 note
65c note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 334) 6512 note
65d 6614
65f 6567
65f note (Pub. L. 105–18, title II, §7003(b), June 12, 1997, 111 Stat. 192) 6567 note
66a 4578
67 6312
67a 4335
68 6503
68 note (Pub. L. 93–554, title I, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1776) 6503 note
68 note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §142, 60 Stat. 834) 6503 note
68–1 6504
68–2 6505
68–3 6506
68–4 6615
68–5 6629
68–5 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §3(b)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-294) 6629 note
68–6 6508
68–6 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §8], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-295) 6508 note
68–6a 6611
68–7 6574
68–8 6509
68a 6510
68a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §142, 60 Stat. 834) 6510 note
68b 6513
68c 4331
68d 6511
68e 6561
68f 6563
69 4333
69–1 4334
69–1 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §6(c), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1181) 4334 note
69a 6514
69a note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §6(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2222) 6514 note
69a note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §6], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-294) 6514 note
69b 6578
72a 4301
72a note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §105(b), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1184) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, title VI, §601, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1204) 4301 note
72a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §245, 60 Stat. 839) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, §1, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1140) 4301 note
72a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, §1(a), 60 Stat. 812) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §105, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 521) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 103–283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1430) 4315
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §301(d), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1177) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §301(e), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1177) 4301 note
72a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §244, 60 Stat. 839) 4301 note
72a–1b 4311
72a–1e 4332
72a–1e note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(f), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663) 4332 note
72a–1f 4338
72a–1g 4721
72a–1h 4722
72a–1i 4723
72b 4312
72d 4336
72d–1 4337
74–1 5122
74a 5101
74a note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(n), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 209) 5101 note
74a note (Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281 [House Res. No. 127, 89th Congress, Jan. 19, 1965]) 5101 note
74a note (Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281 [House Res. No. 258, 89th Congress, Mar. 9, 1965]) 5101 note
74a–2 4302
74a–3 5141
74a–3 note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §103, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 520) 5141 note
74a–4 5142
74a–5 5142 note
74a–7 5123
74a–7 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §113, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 572) 5123 note
74a–8 5161
74a–8 note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §104(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1123) 5161 note
74a–9 5102
74a–10 5144
74a–10a 5145
74a–10b 5146
74a–11 5105
74a–11a 5104
74a–12 5124
74a–13 5162
74a–13 note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §102(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1121) 5162 note
74b 6538
74c 5143
74c note (Pub. L. 91–145, §103, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 359) 5143 note
74c note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §103, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 520) 5143 note
74d 5621
74d note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §106, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1018) 5624
74d–1 5622
74d–2 5623
75a–1 5501
75f 5502
77 5601
78 5604
78 note (Pub. L. 104–53, title III, §313, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 538) 5605
79 5603
80 5309
80a 4560
83 5602
84–2 5521
84–2 note (Pub. L. 111–248, §3(b), Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2626) 5521 note
84–2 note (Pub. L. 98–51, title I, §111(1), July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 269) 5521 note
84a 5561
88b 4903
88b–1 4901
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §491(f), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1198) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 65) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 96–38, title III, §303, July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 142) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 95–391, title III, §305, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 789) 4901 note
88b–2 4911
88b–2 note (Pub. L. 110–2, §4, Feb. 2, 2007, 121 Stat. 5) 4911 note
88b–2 note (Pub. L. 110–2, §1, Feb. 2, 2007, 121 Stat. 4) 4911 note
88b–3 4912
88b–3 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §101(b), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2438) 4912 note
88b–4 4913
88b–5 4917
88b–7 4931
88c–2 4914
88c–2 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §103, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 479) 4914 note
88c–3 4915
88c–4 4916
89 4552
89a 4559
92 5321
92 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §104(b), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1184) 5321 note
92 note (Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167) 5321 note
92 note (Pub. L. 91–145, §103, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 359) 5321 note
92a 5323
92a note (Pub. L. 98–473, title I, §123A(a), Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1969) 5323 note
92b 5324
92b note (Aug. 21, 1935, ch. 600, §4, 49 Stat. 680) 5324 note
92b–1 5327
92b–2 5328
92b–3 5329
92c 5325
92d 5326
95–1 5505
95a 5506
95b 5507
95b note (Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, title I, §104(b), Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2029) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §103(b), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 817) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §105(c), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 818) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §109(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 355) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §102, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1183) 5507 note
95c 5532
95d 5508
95e 5533
101 4701
102a 4107
104a 4108
104a note (Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §1(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-96) 4108 note
104b 5535
104b note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §105, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2439) 4713
104c 5562
104d 4702
104d note (Pub. L. 110–81, title I, §105(c), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 741) 4702 note
104e 4712
104e note (Pub. L. 112–105, §19(b)(2), Apr. 4, 2012, 126 Stat. 305) 4712 note
104e note (Pub. L. 110–81, title III, §306, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 754) 4712 note
104f 4728
104g 4727
105 4303
106 6569
107 6570
108 6571
109 4104
110 4105
111 4102
111a 6625
111b 4103
111b note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §903(b), July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 336) 4103 note
112 6572
112 note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §142, 60 Stat. 834) 6572 note
112e 5536
112e note (Pub. L. 91–139, §3, Dec. 5, 1969, 83 Stat. 292) 5536 note
112f 5509
112g 5537
112h 5538
113 4109
114 6575
115 5563
117 6516
117 note (May 29, 1928, ch. 901, §1(122), 45 Stat. 995) 6516 note
117b 6630
117b–1 6517
117b–2 6631
117c 6632
117d 6626
117d–1 6627
117e 5540
117e note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §114(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 572) 5540 note
117e note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §103(c), Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1050) 5540 note
117e note (Pub. L. 100–71, title I, July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 425) 5540 note
117e note (Pub. L. 99–500, §101(j), Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(j), Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–287) 5540 note
117f 5539
117g 4121
117h 4122
117i 2013
117j 5541
117j note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §103(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2225) 5541 note
117j–1 5542
117k 5543
117l 5544
117m 5545
117m note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §102(c), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 817) 5545 note
117m note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §104(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2225) 5545 note
117m note (Pub. L. 109–13, div. A, title III, §3401(c), May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 272) 5545 note
117m note (Pub. L. 111–248, §1, Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2625) 5545 note
118 5503
118a 5504
119 4106
121 2052
121b 6634 note
121b–1 6634
121b–1 note (Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §3(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-96) 6634 note
121c 6635
121d 6576
121d note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §107(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 569) 6576 note
121d note (Pub. L. 103–283, title I, §1, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1426) 6576 note
121e 6515
121f 2026
121g 4123
123b 4131
123b note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §7(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 4131 note
123b note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §7(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 4131 note
123b note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §107, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 522) 4131 note
123b–1 4132
123b–1 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §7(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 4132 note
123c 6618
123c–1 6619
123d 6636
123e 6577
124 5606
124 note (Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 513) 5606 note
124 note (July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403) 5606 note
124 note (Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 325) 5606 note
125 4553
125a 4506
126–2 6543
126b 6544
127a 5342
127b 4538
130–1 5581
130–2 5582
130a 4504
130b 4503
130b note (Pub. L. 94–310, §4, June 15, 1976, 90 Stat. 687) 4503 note
130c 4593
130c note (Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §101(e), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3827) 4593 note
130d 4554
130e 2172
130f 5571
130f note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §110(c), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 355) 5571 note
130g 6616
130h 5546
130j 5531
130k 5547
130l 5591
331 4533
331 note (Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §477(b), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1195) 4533 note
333 5103
333a omitted
335 4534
336 4535
442 6566
2161 4902
2161 note (Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1512) 4902 note

CHAPTER 1—ELECTION OF SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES

Sec.
1.
Time for election of Senators.
1a.
Election to be certified by governor.
1b.
Countersignature of certificate of election.
2.
Omitted.
2a.
Reapportionment of Representatives; time and manner; existing decennial census figures as basis; statement by President; duty of clerk.
2b.
Number of Representatives from each State in 78th and subsequent Congresses.
2c.
Number of Congressional Districts; number of Representatives from each District.
3, 4.
Omitted.
5.
Nominations for Representatives at large.
6.
Reduction of representation.
7.
Time of election.
8.
Vacancies.
9.
Voting for Representatives.

        

§1. Time for election of Senators

At the regular election held in any State next preceding the expiration of the term for which any Senator was elected to represent such State in Congress, at which election a Representative to Congress is regularly by law to be chosen, a United States Senator from said State shall be elected by the people thereof for the term commencing on the 3d day of January next thereafter.

(June 4, 1914, ch. 103, §1, 38 Stat. 384; June 5, 1934, ch. 390, §3, 48 Stat. 879.)

Amendments

1934—Act June 5, 1934, substituted "3d day of January" for "fourth day of March".

Constitutional Provisions

The first section of Amendment XX to the Constitution provides in part: "* * * the terms of Senators and Representatives [shall end] at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin."

Time for election of Senators, see Const. Art. I, §4, cl. 1.

Vacancies in the Senate, see Const. Amend. XVII.

§1a. Election to be certified by governor

It shall be the duty of the executive of the State from which any Senator has been chosen to certify his election, under the seal of the State, to the President of the Senate of the United States.

(R.S. §18.)

Codification

R.S. §18 derived from act July 25, 1866, ch. 245, §3, 14 Stat. 244.

§1b. Countersignature of certificate of election

The certificate mentioned in section 1a of this title shall be countersigned by the secretary of state of the State.

(R.S. §19.)

Codification

R.S. §19 derived from act July 25, 1866, ch. 245, §3, 14 Stat. 244.

§2. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §§1, 2, 37 Stat. 13, 14, fixed composition of House of Representatives at 435 Members, to be apportioned to the States therein enumerated. For provisions dealing with reapportionment of Representatives and manner of election, etc., see sections 2a and 2b of this title.

§2a. Reapportionment of Representatives; time and manner; existing decennial census figures as basis; statement by President; duty of clerk

(a) On the first day, or within one week thereafter, of the first regular session of the Eighty-second Congress and of each fifth Congress thereafter, the President shall transmit to the Congress a statement showing the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed, as ascertained under the seventeenth and each subsequent decennial census of the population, and the number of Representatives to which each State would be entitled under an apportionment of the then existing number of Representatives by the method known as the method of equal proportions, no State to receive less than one Member.

(b) Each State shall be entitled, in the Eighty-third Congress and in each Congress thereafter until the taking effect of a reapportionment under this section or subsequent statute, to the number of Representatives shown in the statement required by subsection (a) of this section, no State to receive less than one Member. It shall be the duty of the Clerk of the House of Representatives, within fifteen calendar days after the receipt of such statement, to send to the executive of each State a certificate of the number of Representatives to which such State is entitled under this section. In case of a vacancy in the office of Clerk, or of his absence or inability to discharge this duty, then such duty shall devolve upon the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives.

(c) Until a State is redistricted in the manner provided by the law thereof after any apportionment, the Representatives to which such State is entitled under such apportionment shall be elected in the following manner: (1) If there is no change in the number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State, and if any of them are elected from the State at large they shall continue to be so elected; (2) if there is an increase in the number of Representatives, such additional Representative or Representatives shall be elected from the State at large and the other Representatives from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; (3) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives but the number of districts in such State is equal to such decreased number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; (4) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives but the number of districts in such State is less than such number of Representatives, the number of Representatives by which such number of districts is exceeded shall be elected from the State at large and the other Representatives from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; or (5) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives and the number of districts in such State exceeds such decreased number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the State at large.

(June 18, 1929, ch. 28, §22, 46 Stat. 26; Apr. 25, 1940, ch. 152, 54 Stat. 162; Nov. 15, 1941, ch. 470, §1, 55 Stat. 761; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §201, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724.)

Amendments

1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–186 struck out at end "; and in case of vacancies in the offices of both the Clerk and the Sergeant at Arms, or the absence or inability of both to act, such duty shall devolve upon the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives".

1941—Act Nov. 15, 1941, provided for reapportionment based on seventeenth and subsequent decennial censuses.

1940—Act Apr. 25, 1940, provided for reapportionment based on sixteenth decennial census.

Termination of Reporting Requirements

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103–7 (in which the report required by subsec. (a) of this section is listed on page 17), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

Constitutional Provisions

Apportionment of Representatives among the several States, see Const. Art. I, §2, cl. 3, and Amend. XIV, §2.

Temporary Increase in Membership

Representation of States of Alaska and Hawaii in House of Representatives as not affecting basis of apportionment established by this section, see section 9 of Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions, and section 8 of Pub. L. 86–3, Mar. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 4, set out as a note preceding section 491 of Title 48.

§2b. Number of Representatives from each State in 78th and subsequent Congresses

Each State shall be entitled, in the Seventy-eighth and in each Congress thereafter until the taking effect of a reapportionment under a subsequent statute or section 2a of this title, to the number of Representatives shown in the statement transmitted to the Congress on January 8, 1941, based upon the method known as the method of equal proportions, no State to receive less than one Member.

(Nov. 15, 1941, ch. 470, §2(a), 55 Stat. 762.)

Certificates to Executives of States

Act Nov. 15, 1941, ch. 470, §2(b), 55 Stat. 762, required Clerk of House of Representatives, within 15 days of Nov. 15, 1941, to send a new certificate of entitlement of a State to Representatives, if such a certificate had been sent prior to Nov. 15, 1941, under provisions of section 2a of this title.

§2c. Number of Congressional Districts; number of Representatives from each District

In each State entitled in the Ninety-first Congress or in any subsequent Congress thereafter to more than one Representative under an apportionment made pursuant to the provisions of section 2a(a) of this title, there shall be established by law a number of districts equal to the number of Representatives to which such State is so entitled, and Representatives shall be elected only from districts so established, no district to elect more than one Representative (except that a State which is entitled to more than one Representative and which has in all previous elections elected its Representatives at Large may elect its Representatives at Large to the Ninety-first Congress).

(Pub. L. 90–196, Dec. 14, 1967, 81 Stat. 581.)

§§3, 4. Omitted

Codification

Section 3, act Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §3, 37 Stat. 14, which related to election by districts, expired by its own limitation on enactment of Reapportionment Act of June 18, 1929, ch. 28, §22, 46 Stat. 21 (section 2a of this title). It was not restated in act June 18, 1929, providing for reapportionment under Fifteenth Census, and hence it was not applicable thereto. See Wood v. Broom, 1932 (53 S. Ct. 1, 287 U.S. 1, 77 L. Ed. 131).

Section 4, act Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §4, 37 Stat. 14, which related to additional Representatives at large, expired by its own limitation on enactment of Reapportionment Act of June 18, 1929, ch. 28, §22, 46 Stat. 21 (section 2a of this title). It was not restated in act June 18, 1929, providing for reapportionment under Fifteenth Census, and hence it was not applicable thereto. See Wood v. Broom, 1932 (53 S. Ct. 1, 287 U.S. 1, 77 L. Ed. 131).

§5. Nominations for Representatives at large

Candidates for Representative or Representatives to be elected at large in any State shall be nominated in the same manner as candidates for governor, unless otherwise provided by the laws of such State.

(Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §5, 37 Stat. 14.)

§6. Reduction of representation

Should any State deny or abridge the right of any of the male inhabitants thereof, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, to vote at any election named in the amendment to the Constitution, article 14, section 2, except for participation in the rebellion or other crime, the number of Representatives apportioned to such State shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall have to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

(R.S. §22.)

Codification

R.S. §22 derived from act Feb. 2, 1872, ch. 11, §6, 17 Stat. 29.

§7. Time of election

The Tuesday next after the 1st Monday in November, in every even numbered year, is established as the day for the election, in each of the States and Territories of the United States, of Representatives and Delegates to the Congress commencing on the 3d day of January next thereafter.

(R.S. §25; Mar. 3, 1875, ch. 130, §6, 18 Stat. 400; June 5, 1934, ch. 390, §2, 48 Stat. 879.)

Codification

R.S. §25 derived from act Feb. 2, 1872, ch. 11, §3, 17 Stat. 28.

The second sentence of this section, which was based on section 6 of the act Mar. 3, 1875 and made this section inapplicable to any State that had not yet changed its day of election and whose constitution required an amendment to change the day of election of its State officers, was omitted.

Amendments

1934—Act June 5, 1934, substituted "3d day of January" for "fourth day of March".

Constitutional Provisions

The first section of Amendment XX to the Constitution provides: "The terms of Senators and Representatives [shall end] at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin."

Time for election of Representatives, see Const. Art. I, §4, cl. 1.

§8. Vacancies

(a) In general

Except as provided in subsection (b), the time for holding elections in any State, District, or Territory for a Representative or Delegate to fill a vacancy, whether such vacancy is caused by a failure to elect at the time prescribed by law, or by the death, resignation, or incapacity of a person elected, may be prescribed by the laws of the several States and Territories respectively.

(b) Special rules in extraordinary circumstances

(1) In general

In extraordinary circumstances, the executive authority of any State in which a vacancy exists in its representation in the House of Representatives shall issue a writ of election to fill such vacancy by special election.

(2) Timing of special election

A special election held under this subsection to fill a vacancy shall take place not later than 49 days after the Speaker of the House of Representatives announces that the vacancy exists, unless, during the 75-day period which begins on the date of the announcement of the vacancy—

(A) a regularly scheduled general election for the office involved is to be held; or

(B) another special election for the office involved is to be held, pursuant to a writ for a special election issued by the chief executive of the State prior to the date of the announcement of the vacancy.

(3) Nominations by parties

If a special election is to be held under this subsection, the determination of the candidates who will run in such election shall be made—

(A) by nominations made not later than 10 days after the Speaker announces that the vacancy exists by the political parties of the State that are authorized by State law to nominate candidates for the election; or

(B) by any other method the State considers appropriate, including holding primary elections, that will ensure that the State will hold the special election within the deadline required under paragraph (2).

(4) Extraordinary circumstances

(A) In general

In this subsection, "extraordinary circumstances" occur when the Speaker of the House of Representatives announces that vacancies in the representation from the States in the House exceed 100.

(B) Judicial review

If any action is brought for declaratory or injunctive relief to challenge an announcement made under subparagraph (A), the following rules shall apply:

(i) Not later than 2 days after the announcement, the action shall be filed in the United States District Court having jurisdiction in the district of the Member of the House of Representatives whose seat has been announced to be vacant and shall be heard by a 3-judge court convened pursuant to section 2284 of title 28.

(ii) A copy of the complaint shall be delivered promptly to the Clerk of the House of Representatives.

(iii) A final decision in the action shall be made within 3 days of the filing of such action and shall not be reviewable.

(iv) The executive authority of the State that contains the district of the Member of the House of Representatives whose seat has been announced to be vacant shall have the right to intervene either in support of or opposition to the position of a party to the case regarding the announcement of such vacancy.

(5) Protecting ability of absent military and overseas voters to participate in special elections

(A) Deadline for transmittal of absentee ballots

In conducting a special election held under this subsection to fill a vacancy in its representation, the State shall ensure to the greatest extent practicable (including through the use of electronic means) that absentee ballots for the election are transmitted to absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters (as such terms are defined in the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act [52 U.S.C. 20301 et seq.]) not later than 15 days after the Speaker of the House of Representatives announces that the vacancy exists.

(B) Period for ballot transit time

Notwithstanding the deadlines referred to in paragraphs (2) and (3), in the case of an individual who is an absent uniformed services voter or an overseas voter (as such terms are defined in the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act), a State shall accept and process any otherwise valid ballot or other election material from the voter so long as the ballot or other material is received by the appropriate State election official not later than 45 days after the State transmits the ballot or other material to the voter.

(6) Application to District of Columbia and territories

This subsection shall apply—

(A) to a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to the Congress in the same manner as it applies to a Member of the House of Representatives; and

(B) to the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands in the same manner as it applies to a State, except that a vacancy in the representation from any such jurisdiction in the House shall not be taken into account by the Speaker in determining whether vacancies in the representation from the States in the House exceed 100 for purposes of paragraph (4)(A).

(7) Rule of construction regarding Federal election laws

Nothing in this subsection may be construed to affect the application to special elections under this subsection of any Federal law governing the administration of elections for Federal office (including any law providing for the enforcement of any such law), including, but not limited to, the following:

(A) The Voting Rights Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 1973 et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 10301 et seq.], as amended.

(B) The Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ee et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20101 et seq.], as amended.

(C) The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ff et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20301 et seq.], as amended.

(D) The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (42 U.S.C. 1973gg et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20501 et seq.], as amended.

(E) The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), as amended.

(F) The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.), as amended.

(G) The Help America Vote Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 15301 et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20901 et seq.], as amended.

(R.S. §26; Pub. L. 109–55, title III, §301, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 588.)

References in Text

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(5), (7)(C), is Pub. L. 99–410, Aug. 28, 1986, 100 Stat. 924, which was formerly classified principally to subchapter I–G (§1973ff et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified principally to chapter 203 (§20301 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(A), is Pub. L. 89–110, Aug. 6, 1965, 79 Stat. 437, which was formerly classified generally to subchapters I–A (§1973 et seq.), I–B (§1973aa et seq.), and I–C (§1973bb et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified generally to chapters 103 (§10301 et seq.), 105 (§10501 et seq.), and 107 (§10701 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(B), is Pub. L. 98–435, Sept. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1678, which was formerly classified generally to subchapter I–F (§1973ee et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified generally to chapter 201 (§20101 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The National Voter Registration Act of 1993, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(D), is Pub. L. 103–31, May 20, 1993, 107 Stat. 77, which was formerly classified principally to subchapter I–H (§1973gg et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified principally to chapter 205 (§20501 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(E), is Pub. L. 101–336, July 26, 1990, 104 Stat. 327, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 126 (§12101 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 12101 of Title 42 and Tables.

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(F), is Pub. L. 93–112, Sept. 26, 1973, 87 Stat. 355, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 16 (§701 et seq.) of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 701 of Title 29 and Tables.

The Help America Vote Act of 2002, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(G), is Pub. L. 107–252, Oct. 29, 2002, 116 Stat. 1666, which was formerly classified principally to chapter 146 (§15301 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified principally to chapter 209 (§20901 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

R.S. §26 derived from act Feb. 2, 1872, ch. 11, §4, 17 Stat. 28.

Amendments

2005—Pub. L. 109–55 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted "Except as provided in subsection (b), the time" for "The time", and added subsec. (b).

Constitutional Provisions

Vacancies in the House of Representatives, see Const. Art. I, §2, cl. 4.

§9. Voting for Representatives

All votes for Representatives in Congress must be by written or printed ballot, or voting machine the use of which has been duly authorized by the State law; and all votes received or recorded contrary to this section shall be of no effect.

(R.S. §27; Feb. 14, 1899, ch. 154, 30 Stat. 836.)

Codification

R.S. §27 derived from acts Feb. 28, 1871, ch. 99, §19, 16 Stat. 440, and May 30, 1872, ch. 239, 17 Stat. 192.

CHAPTER 2—ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

Sec.
21.
Oath of Senators.
22.
Oath of President of Senate.
23.
Presiding officer of Senate may administer oaths.
24.
Secretary of Senate or assistant secretary may administer oaths.
25.
Oath of Speaker, Members, and Delegates.
25a.
Delegate to House of Representatives from District of Columbia.
25b.
Repealed.
26.
Roll of Representatives-elect.
27.
Change of place of meeting.
28.
Parliamentary precedents of House of Representatives.
28a.
Compilation of the Precedents of House of Representatives; date of completion; biennial update; printing and availability of copies.
28b.
Printing and binding as public document of Precedents of House of Representatives; number of sets authorized.
28c.
Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office.
28d.
Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office for official use; particular distribution; marking and ownership of sets.
28e.
Distribution of Precedents by Joint Committee on Printing of surplus sets; additional printing, etc., of sets under authority of Joint Committee.
29.
Condensed and simplified versions of House precedents; other useful materials in summary form; form and distribution to Members of Congress, Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and others; appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of services of personnel of Federal agencies.
29a.
Early organization of House of Representatives.
29b, 29c.
Omitted.
29d.
Transferred.
30.
Term of service of Members of Congress as trustees or directors of corporations or institutions appropriated for.
30a.
Jury duty exemption of elected officials of legislative branch.
30b.
Notice of objecting to proceeding.

        

Change of Name and Transfer of Functions of Committees and Officers of House of Representatives

Pub. L. 104–14, June 3, 1995, 109 Stat. 186, provided that:

"SECTION 1. REFERENCES IN LAW TO COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

"(a) References to Committees With New Names.—Except as provided in subsection (c), any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to—

"(1) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives [Committee on National Security of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Armed Services of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999];

"(2) the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Banking and Financial Services of the House of Representatives [Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001];

"(3) the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities of the House of Representatives [Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Jan. 7, 1997; Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and Labor of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007; Committee on Education and Labor of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Jan. 5, 2011];

"(4) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives [Committee on Commerce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred to Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001];

"(5) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives [Committee on International Relations of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007];

"(6) the Committee on Government Operations of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight of the House of Representatives [Committee on Government Reform and Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Government Reform of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999; Committee on Government Reform of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007];

"(7) the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives [Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999];

"(8) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives [Committee on Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007];

"(9) the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; and

"(10) the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Science of the House of Representatives [Committee on Science of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Science and Technology of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007; Committee on Science and Technology of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Jan. 5, 2011].

"(b) References to Abolished Committees.—Any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to—

"(1) the Committee on District of Columbia of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight [now Committee on Oversight and Government Reform] of the House of Representatives;

"(2) the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight [now Committee on Oversight and Government Reform] of the House of Representatives, except that a reference with respect to the House Commission on Congressional Mailings [probably should be "Mailing"] Standards (the 'Franking Commission') shall be treated as referring to the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives; and

"(3) the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to—

"(A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to inspection of seafood or seafood products;

"(B) the Committee on National Security [now Committee on Armed Services] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to interoceanic canals, the Merchant Marine Academy and State Maritime Academies, or national security aspects of merchant marine;

"(C) the Committee on Resources [now Committee on Natural Resources] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to fisheries, wildlife, international fishing agreements, marine affairs (including coastal zone management) except for measures relating to oil and other pollution of navigable waters, or oceanography;

"(D) the Committee on Science [now Committee on Science, Space, and Technology] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to marine research; and

"(E) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to a matter other than a matter described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (D).

"(c) References to Committees With Jurisdiction Changes.—Any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to—

"(1) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to—

"(A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to inspection of seafood or seafood products;

"(B) the Committee on Banking and Financial Services [now Committee on Financial Services] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to bank capital markets activities generally or to depository institution securities activities generally; and

"(C) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to railroads, railway labor, or railroad retirement and unemployment (except revenue measures related thereto); and

"(2) the Committee on Government Operations of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives in the case of a provision of law relating to the establishment, extension, and enforcement of special controls over the Federal budget.

"SEC. 2. REFERENCES IN LAW TO OFFICERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

"Any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to a function, duty, or authority—

"(1) of the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives;

"(2) of the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives;

"(3) of the Postmaster of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives; and

"(4) of the Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives."

§21. Oath of Senators

The oath of office shall be administered by the President of the Senate to each Senator who shall be elected, previous to his taking his seat.

(R.S. §28.)

Codification

R.S. §28 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, §2, 1 Stat. 23.

§22. Oath of President of Senate

When a President of the Senate has not taken the oath of office, it shall be administered to him by any Member of the Senate.

(R.S. §29.)

Codification

R.S. §29 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, §2, 1 Stat. 23.

§23. Presiding officer of Senate may administer oaths

The presiding officer, for the time being, of the Senate of the United States, shall have power to administer all oaths and affirmations that are or may be required by the Constitution, or by law, to be taken by any Senator, officer of the Senate, witness, or other person, in respect to any matter within the jurisdiction of the Senate.

(Apr. 18, 1876, ch. 66, §1, 19 Stat. 34.)

§24. Secretary of Senate or assistant secretary may administer oaths

The Secretary of the Senate, and the assistant secretary thereof, shall, respectively, have power to administer any oath or affirmation required by law, or by the rules or orders of the Senate, to be taken by any officer of the Senate, and to any witness produced before it.

(Apr. 18, 1876, ch. 66, §2, 19 Stat. 34; Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125.)

Change of Name

Assistant secretary of the Senate deemed successor in references to chief clerk of the Senate in all laws, rules, resolutions, and orders, effective July 1, 1971, under provisions of Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125.

§25. Oath of Speaker, Members, and Delegates

At the first session of Congress after every general election of Representatives, the oath of office shall be administered by any Member of the House of Representatives to the Speaker; and by the Speaker to all the Members and Delegates present, and to the Clerk, previous to entering on any other business; and to the Members and Delegates who afterward appear, previous to their taking their seats.

The Clerk of the House of Representatives of the Eightieth and each succeeding Congress shall cause the oath of office to be printed, furnishing two copies to each Member and Delegate who has taken the oath of office in accordance with law, which shall be subscribed in person by the Member or Delegate, who shall thereupon deliver them to the Clerk, one to be filed in the records of the House of Representatives, and the other to be recorded in the Journal of the House and in the Congressional Record; and such signed copies, or certified copies thereof, or of either of such records thereof, shall be admissible in evidence in any court of the United States, and shall be held conclusive proof of the fact that the signer duly took the oath of office in accordance with law.

(R.S. §30; Feb. 18, 1948, ch. 53, 62 Stat. 20.)

Codification

R.S. §30 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, §2, 1 Stat. 23.

The last paragraph of this section, which permitted Members and Delegates of the House of Representatives of the Eightieth Congress to subscribe and deliver two signed copies of the printed oath of office at any time before the expiration of the Eightieth Congress, was omitted.

Amendments

1948—Act Feb. 18, 1948, added last two paragraphs to provide a way by which any Member of House of Representatives can establish by record evidence the fact that the Member took the oath of office and so became a Member.

§25a. Delegate to House of Representatives from District of Columbia

(a) The people of the District of Columbia shall be represented in the House of Representatives by a Delegate, to be known as the "Delegate to the House of Representatives from the District of Columbia", who shall be elected by the voters of the District of Columbia in accordance with the District of Columbia Election Act. The Delegate shall have a seat in the House of Representatives, with the right of debate, but not of voting, shall have all the privileges granted a Representative by section 6 of Article I of the Constitution, and shall be subject to the same restrictions and regulations as are imposed by law or rules on Representatives. The Delegate shall be elected to serve during each Congress.

(b) No individual may hold the office of Delegate to the House of Representatives from the District of Columbia unless on the date of his election—

(1) he is a qualified elector (as that term is defined in section 2(2) of the District of Columbia Election Act) of the District of Columbia;

(2) he is at least twenty-five years of age;

(3) he holds no other paid public office; and

(4) he has resided in the District of Columbia continuously since the beginning of the three-year period ending on such date.


He shall forfeit his office upon failure to maintain the qualifications required by this subsection.

(Pub. L. 91–405, title II, §202, Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 848.)

References in Text

The District of Columbia Election Act, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b)(1), is act Aug. 12, 1955, ch. 862, 69 Stat. 699, as amended, which is not classified to the Code.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 91–405, title II, §206(b), Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 855, provided that: "This title and the amendments made by this title [enacting this section and section 25b of this title and amending section 2106 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, sections 4342, 6954, and 9342 of Title 10, Armed Forces, sections 201, 203, 204, 591, 594, and 595 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and section 10307 of Title 52, Voting and Elections] shall take effect on the date of its enactment [Sept. 22, 1970]."

§25b. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724

Section, Pub. L. 91–405, title II, §204(a), Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 852, related to application of certain Federal laws to Delegate to House of Representatives from District of Columbia.

§26. Roll of Representatives-elect

Before the first meeting of each Congress the Clerk of the next preceding House of Representatives shall make a roll of the Representatives-elect, and place thereon the names of those persons, and of such persons only, whose credentials show that they were regularly elected in accordance with the laws of their States respectively, or the laws of the United States. In case of a vacancy in the office of Clerk of the House of Representatives, or of the absence or inability of the Clerk to discharge the duties imposed on him by law or custom relative to the preparation of the roll of Representatives or the organization of the House, those duties shall devolve on the Sergeant at Arms of the next preceding House of Representatives.

(R.S. §§31–33; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(2), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724.)

Codification

R.S. §31 derived from acts Feb. 21, 1867, ch. 56, §1, 14 Stat. 397 and Mar. 3, 1863, ch. 108, 12 Stat. 804.

R.S. §§32 and 33 derived from act Feb. 21, 1867, ch. 56, §2, 14 Stat. 397.

R.S. §31 constitutes first sentence; R.S. §32 constitutes second sentence; and R.S. §33 constituted the third sentence, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186. See 1996 Amendment note below.

Amendments

1996—Pub. L. 104–186 struck out third sentence which read as follows: "In case of vacancies in the offices of both the Clerk and the Sergeant at Arms, or of the absence or inability of both to act, the duties of the Clerk relative to the preparation of the roll of the House of Representatives or the organization of the House shall be performed by the Doorkeeper of the next preceding House of Representatives." See Codification note above.

§27. Change of place of meeting

Whenever Congress is about to convene, and from the prevalence of contagious sickness, or the existence of other circumstances, it would, in the opinion of the President, be hazardous to the lives or health of the members to meet at the seat of Government, the President is authorized, by proclamation, to convene Congress at such other place as he may judge proper.

(R.S. §34.)

Codification

R.S. §34 derived from act Apr. 3, 1794, ch. 17, 1 Stat. 353.

§28. Parliamentary precedents of House of Representatives

(a) Periodic compilation; other useful materials; index digest; date of completion

The Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives, at the beginning of the fifth fiscal year following the completion and publication of the parliamentary precedents of the House authorized by the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966 (79 Stat. 270; Public Law 89–90), and at the beginning of each fifth fiscal year thereafter, shall commence the compilation and preparation for printing of the parliamentary precedents of the House of Representatives, together with such other materials as may be useful in connection therewith, and an index digest of such precedents and other materials. Each such compilation and preparation for printing of the parliamentary precedents of the House shall be completed by the close of the fiscal year immediately following the fiscal year in which such work is commenced.

(b) Form, number, and distribution of compilation

As so compiled and prepared, such precedents and other materials and index digest shall be printed on pages of such size, and in such type and format, as the Parliamentarian may determine and shall be printed in such numbers and for such distribution as may be provided by law enacted prior to printing.

(c) Appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of services of personnel of Federal agencies

For the purpose of carrying out each such compilation and preparation, the Parliamentarian may—

(1) subject to the approval of the Speaker, appoint (as employees of the House of Representatives) clerical and other personnel and fix their respective rates of pay; and

(2) utilize the services of personnel of the Library of Congress and the Government Publishing Office.

(Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §331, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1186; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

References in Text

The Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Change of Name

"Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Government Printing Office" in subsec. (c)(2) on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note preceding section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

Effective Date

Section effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§28a. Compilation of the Precedents of House of Representatives; date of completion; biennial update; printing and availability of copies

The Speaker is authorized and directed to complete the Compilation of the Precedents of the House of Representatives by January 1, 1977, and prepare an updated compilation of such precedents every two years thereafter. Copies of the Compilation of Precedents shall be printed in sufficient quantity to be available to every Member and the standing committees of the House of Representatives.

(Pub. L. 93–554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777.)

Codification

Section is based on section 208 of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 93–554.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 93–554 provided that the enactment of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, into permanent law is effective Jan. 2, 1975.

§28b. Printing and binding as public document of Precedents of House of Representatives; number of sets authorized

(a) There shall be printed and bound as a public document two thousand sets of the Precedents of the House of Representatives compiled and prepared by Lewis Deschler (hereinafter in sections 28b to 28e of this title referred to as the "Precedents") in accordance with the provisions of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966 (Public Law 89–90; 79 Stat. 265).

(b) The number of sets authorized to be printed and bound by or pursuant to sections 28b to 28e of this title shall be in lieu of the usual number of copies for binding and distribution required by section 701 of title 44.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §1, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2537.)

References in Text

The Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

§28c. Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office

(a) Delivery to Members of Ninety-fifth Congress; marking of volumes

The Director of the Government Publishing Office shall deliver one set of the Precedents to each Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Ninety-fifth Congress. The name of the Member to whom the set is delivered shall be legibly stamped on the front cover of each volume of the set.

(b) Members of Congress following Ninety-fifth Congress not already having sets of Precedents; necessity of written request to Superintendent of Documents for set

Each Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, each Congress following the Ninety-fifth Congress who has not theretofore received a set of the Precedents shall be entitled to receive one set of the Precedents, upon transmitting a written request for such set to the Superintendent of Documents.

(c) Additional distribution of sets

The Director of the Government Publishing Office shall make the following distribution of sets of the Precedents:

(1) to the office of the Vice President, to the office of the speaker of the House of Representatives, and to the office of the President pro tempore of the Senate, each, five sets;

(2) to the office of the majority leader of the House of Representatives and to the office of the minority leader of the House of Representatives, each, three sets;

(3) to the Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives, sixty sets;

(4) to the Parliamentarian of the Senate, five sets;

(5) to the Clerk of the House of Representatives and to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, each 1 two sets;

(6) to the Secretary of the Senate and to the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, each, two sets;

(7) to the superintendent of the House document room, two sets;

(8) to the superintendent of the Senate document room, two sets;

(9) to the Library of Congress, for international exchange and for official use in Washington, District of Columbia, one hundred and fifty sets;

(10) to the National Archives, three sets;

(11) to the government of the District of Columbia, twelve sets;

(12) to the Smithsonian Institute, two sets;

(13) to the library of each legislative branch of each State, territory, and possession of the United States, one set; and

(14) to the Superintendent of Documents, eight hundred and sixteen sets for distribution to the depository library system.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §2, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2537; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(3), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(d), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

Amendments

1996—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(3)(A), substituted "Representatives, each" for "Representives, each".

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(3)(B), substituted "and to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, each two sets" for ", to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, and to the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives, each, two sets".

Change of Name

"Director of the Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Public Printer" in subsecs. (a) and (c) on authority of section 1301(d) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note under section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents. Substitution was also made in section catchline that had been supplied editorially.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

§28d. Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office for official use; particular distribution; marking and ownership of sets

(a) The Director of the Government Publishing Office shall make the following distribution of sets of the Precedents;

(1) to each standing or joint committee of the Congress which is in existence on October 18, 1976, or which is established after October 18, 1976, four sets;

(2) to the office of the Legislative Counsel of the House of Representatives, five sets;

(3) to the office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, five sets;

(4) to the library of the House of Representatives, four sets;

(5) to the library of the Senate, two sets;

(6) to the library of the Supreme Court of the United States, nine sets;

(7) to the office of the Official Reporter of Debates of the House of Representatives, three sets; and

(8) to the office of the Official Reporter of Debates of the Senate, three sets.


(b) Each set of Precedents distributed by the Director of the Government Publishing Office under subsection (a) of this section shall be for official use. Each such set shall be legibly stamped on the front cover "Property of the United States Government." Each such set, upon delivery, shall become and remain the property of the United States, and may not be removed from the building in which is located the designated library or office, as the case may be.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §3, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2538; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(d), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

Change of Name

"Director of the Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Public Printer" in text on authority of section 1301(d) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note under section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents. Substitution was also made in section catchline that had been supplied editorially.

§28e. Distribution of Precedents by Joint Committee on Printing of surplus sets;  additional printing, etc., of sets under authority of Joint Committee

(a) Any set of the Precedents printed and bound pursuant to subsection (a) of section 28b of this title, not needed to carry out the distributions required by sections 28b to 28e of this title, shall be distributed under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing.

(b) The Joint Committee on Printing may from time to time authorize and direct that additional sets of the Precedents, be printed, bound, and distributed in such manner as the Joint Committee determines will best carry out the purposes of sections 28b to 28e of this title.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §4, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2538.)

§29. Condensed and simplified versions of House precedents; other useful materials in summary form; form and distribution to Members of Congress, Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and others; appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of services of personnel of Federal agencies

The Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives shall prepare, compile, and maintain on a current basis and in cumulative form, for each Congress commencing with the Ninety-third Congress a condensed and, insofar as practicable, up-to-date version of all of the parliamentary precedents of the House of Representatives which have current use and application in the House, together with informative text prepared by the Parliamentarian and other useful related material in summary form. The Parliamentarian shall have such matter printed for each Congress on pages of such size and in such type and format as he considers advisable to promote the usefulness of such matter to the Members of the House and shall provide a printed copy thereof to each Member in each Congress, including the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and may make such other distribution of such printed copies as he considers advisable. In carrying out this section, the Parliamentarian may appoint and fix the pay of personnel and utilize the services of personnel of the Library of Congress and the Government Publishing Office.

(Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §332, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1186; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

Change of Name

"Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Government Printing Office" in text on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note preceding section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

Effective Date

Section effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§29a. Early organization of House of Representatives

(a) Caucus or conference for incumbent Members reelected to and Members-elect of ensuing Congress; time and procedure for calling

(1) The majority leader or minority leader of the House of Representatives after consultation with the Speaker may at any time during any even-numbered year call a caucus or conference of all incumbent Members of his or her political party who have been reelected to the ensuing Congress and all other Members-elect of such party, for the purpose of taking all steps necessary to achieve the prompt organization of the Members and Members-elect of such party for the ensuing Congress.

(2) If the majority leader or minority leader calls an organizational caucus or conference under paragraph (1), he or she shall file with the Clerk of the House a written notice designating the date upon which the caucus or conference is to convene. As soon as possible after the election of Members to the ensuing Congress, the Clerk shall furnish each Member-elect of the party involved with appropriate written notification of the caucus or conference.

(3) If a vacancy occurs in the office of majority leader or minority leader during any even-numbered year (and has not been filled), the chairman of the caucus or conference of the party involved for the current Congress may call an organizational caucus or conference under paragraph (1) by filing written notice thereof as provided by paragraph (2).

(b) Payment and reimbursement for travel and per diem expenses for Members attending caucus or conference; exceptions; regulations governing payments and reimbursements; reimbursement vouchers

(1)(A) Each Member-elect (other than an incumbent Member reelected to the ensuing Congress) who attends a caucus or conference called under subsection (a), and each incumbent Member reelected to the ensuing Congress who attends any such caucus or conference convening after the adjournment sine die of the Congress in the year involved, shall be paid for one round trip between his or her place of residence in the district which he or she represents and Washington, District of Columbia, for the purpose of attending such caucus or conference. Payment shall be made through the issuance of a transportation request form to each such Member-elect or incumbent Member by the Finance Office of the House before such caucus or conference.

(B) Each Member-elect (other than an incumbent Member reelected to the ensuing Congress) who attends a caucus or conference called under subsection (a) shall in addition be reimbursed on a per diem or other basis for expenses incurred in connection with his or her attendance at such caucus or conference.

(2) Payments and reimbursements to Members-elect under paragraph (1) shall be made as provided (with respect to Members) in the regulations prescribed by the Committee on House Oversight with respect to travel and other expenses of committees and Members. Reimbursements shall be paid on special voucher forms prescribed by the Committee on House Oversight.

(c) Availability of applicable accounts of House

The applicable accounts of the House of Representatives are made available to carry out the purposes of this section.

(d) Orientation programs for new Members

With the approval of the majority leader (in the case of a Member or Member-elect of the majority party) or the minority leader (in the case of a Member or Member-elect of the minority party), subsections (b) and (c) shall apply with respect to the attendance of a Member or Member-elect at a program conducted by the Committee on House Administration for the orientation of new members 1 in the same manner as such provisions apply to the attendance of the Member or Member-elect at the organizational caucus or conference.

(Pub. L. 93–554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1725; Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §107(a), (b)(1), (c)(1), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3176.)

Codification

Section is based on section 202 of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 93–554.

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–447, §107(a), substituted "conference of all" for "conference, to begin on or after the first day of December and conclude on or before the twentieth day of December in such year and to be attended by all".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 108–447, §107(b)(1), substituted a period for "for a period not to exceed the shorter of the following—

"(i) the period beginning with the day before the designated date upon which such caucus or conference is to convene and ending with the day after the date of the final adjournment of such caucus or conference; or

"(ii) fourteen days."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–447, §107(c)(1), added subsec. (d).

1996—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(4)(A), substituted "House Oversight" for "House Administration" in two places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(4)(B), substituted "applicable accounts of the House of Representatives are" for "contingent fund of the House is".

Change of Name

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §107(d), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3177, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 5343 of this title] shall apply with respect to the One Hundred Tenth Congress and each succeeding Congress."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 93–554 provided that the enactment of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, into permanent law is effective Jan. 2, 1975.

1 So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

§§29b, 29c. Omitted

Codification

Section 29b, based on section 204 of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into permanent law, effective Jan. 2, 1975, by Pub. L. 93–554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777, established a Commission on Information and Facilities in House of Representatives to be composed of nine members of the House appointed by Speaker, required Speaker to appoint an Advisory Council to assist Commission in carrying out its functions, required Commission to conduct study of informational problems, facilities and space, and House legislative counsel requirements, provided for the scope of study of informational problems, and required Commission to make an annual progress report to Speaker, to complete study of House legislative counsel requirements by Jan. 1, 1976, and to submit a final report by Jan. 2, 1977.

Section 29c, based on clause 10, rule I, of the Rules of the House of Representatives as in effect before July 17, 1984, relating to the Office for the Bicentennial for the House of Representatives, established by House Resolution No. 621, Ninety-seventh Congress, Dec. 17, 1982, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §102, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 479, established in House of Representatives an Office for the Bicentennial of the House of Representatives to coordinate planning of commemoration of two-hundredth anniversary of House of Representatives and to be staffed by a professional historian appointed by Speaker without regard to political affiliation and solely on basis of fitness to perform duties of the position and to serve at pleasure of Speaker, and provided that the Office cease to exist not later than Sept. 30, 1989, unless otherwise provided by law or resolution. Office of the Historian of the House of Representatives was established by clause 10, rule I, of the Rules of the House of Representatives, as added on Jan. 3, 1989 (H. Res. 5, 101st Congress).

§29d. Transferred

Codification

Section 29d was editorially reclassified as section 4711 of this title.

§30. Term of service of Members of Congress as trustees or directors of corporations or institutions appropriated for

In all cases where Members of Congress or Senators are appointed to represent Congress on any board of trustees or board of directors of any corporation or institution to which Congress makes any appropriation, the term of said Members or Senators, as such trustee or director, shall continue until the expiration of two months after the first meeting of the Congress chosen next after their appointment.

(Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 199, §1, 27 Stat. 553.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 722 of Title 31 prior to the general revision and enactment of Title 31, Money and Finance, by Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877.

§30a. Jury duty exemption of elected officials of legislative branch

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal, State or local law, no elected official of the legislative branch of the United States Government shall be required to serve on a grand or petit jury, convened by any Federal, State or local court, whether such service is requested by judicial summons or by some other means of compulsion.

(b) "Elected official of the legislative branch" shall mean each Member of the United States House of Representatives, the Delegates from the District of Columbia, Guam, the American Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and each United States Senator.

(Pub. L. 101–520, title III, §310, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2278.)

Codification

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991.

§30b. Notice of objecting to proceeding

(a) In general

The Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate or their designees shall recognize a notice of intent of a Senator who is a member of their caucus to object to proceeding to a measure or matter only if the Senator—

(1) following the objection to a unanimous consent to proceeding to, and, or passage of, a measure or matter on their behalf, submits the notice of intent in writing to the appropriate leader or their designee; and

(2) not later than 6 session days after the submission under paragraph (1), submits for inclusion in the Congressional Record and in the applicable calendar section described in subsection (b) the following notice:


"I, Senator ________, intend to object to proceedings to ________, dated ________ for the following reasons ________.".

(b) Calendar

(1) In general

The Secretary of the Senate shall establish for both the Senate Calendar of Business and the Senate Executive Calendar a separate section entitled "Notice of Intent to Object to Proceeding".

(2) Content

The section required by paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) the name of each Senator filing a notice under subsection (a)(2);

(B) the measure or matter covered by the calendar that the Senator objects to; and

(C) the date the objection was filed.

(3) Notice

A Senator who has notified their respective leader and who has withdrawn their objection within the 6 session day period is not required to submit a notification under subsection (a)(2).

(c) Removal

A Senator may have an item with respect to the Senator removed from a calendar to which it was added under subsection (b) by submitting for inclusion in the Congressional Record the following notice:

"I, Senator ________, do not object to proceed to ________, dated ________.".

(Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §512, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 759.)

Effective Date

Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §556, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 774, provided that: "Except as otherwise provided in this title [enacting this section, sections 4722, 4723, 4726, 4727, and 4728 of this title, and provisions set out as notes under this section and section 4726 of this title], this title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this title [Sept. 14, 2007]."

Exercise of Rulemaking Powers

Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §555, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 774, provided that: "The Senate adopts the provisions of this title [see Effective Date note above]—

"(1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate; and

"(2) with full recognition of the constitutional right of the Senate to change those rules at any time, in the same manner, and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of the Senate."

CHAPTER 3—COMPENSATION AND ALLOWANCES OF MEMBERS

Sec.
31.
Transferred.
31–1.
Repealed.
31–2, 31–3.
Transferred.
31a.
Repealed.
31a–1 to 31b–2.
Transferred.
31b–3.
Repealed.
31b–4, 31b–5.
Transferred.
31b–6.
Repealed.
31b–7.
Transferred.
31c.
Repealed.
32 to 37.
Transferred.
38.
Repealed.
38a.
Transferred.
38b.
Omitted.
39 to 40a.
Transferred.
41, 42.
Repealed.
42a.
Transferred.
42a–1 to 43b–1.
Repealed or Omitted.
43b–2, 43b–3.
Transferred.
43c.
Repealed.
43d.
Transferred.
44 to 46.
Omitted.
46a, 46a–1.
Transferred.
46a–2 to 46b.
Omitted or Repealed.
46b–1.
Transferred.
46b–2 to 46d.
Repealed.
46d–1.
Transferred.
46d–2 to 46i.
Repealed.
47 to 51.
Transferred.
52, 53.
Repealed.
54, 55.
Transferred.
56.
Repealed.
57 to 58a–4.
Transferred.
58b.
Repealed.
58c.
Transferred.
58c–1.
Repealed.
59, 59–1.
Transferred.
59a.
Repealed.
59b to 59h.
Transferred.

        

§31. Transferred

Codification

Section 31 was editorially reclassified as section 4501 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 31, acts Feb. 26, 1907, ch. 1635, §4, 34 Stat. 993; Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §4, 43 Stat. 1301; May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158, related to compensation of Members of Congress, prior to enactment of act Aug. 2, 1946.

Appropriation of Funds for Compensation of Members of Congress and for Administrative Expenses at Levels Authorized by Law and Recommended by the President for Federal Employees

Pub. L. 97–51, §130(c), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 966, which related to appropriation of funds for compensation of Members of Congress and for administrative expenses at levels authorized by law and recommended by the President for Federal employees, was editorially reclassified as section 4502 of this title.

Commission on Judicial and Congressional Salaries

Act Aug. 7, 1953, ch. 353, 67 Stat. 485, which established a Commission to determine appropriate rates of salaries for justices and judges of courts of United States and for Vice President, Speaker of House of Representatives, and Members of Congress, was repealed by Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 657.

§31–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §6(c), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 451

Section, Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §908(a)–(c), July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 337, 338; Pub. L. 99–190, §137, Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1323; Pub. L. 101–194, title VI, §601(b)(2), title XI, §1101(b), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1762, 1782; Pub. L. 101–280, §7(b)(2)[(d)(2)], May 4, 1990, 104 Stat. 161, related to maximum amount of honoraria which could be accepted by Members of Congress.

§31–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 31–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4725 of this title.

§31–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 31–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4726 of this title.

§31a. Repealed. Mar. 2, 1955, ch. 9, §4(b), 69 Stat. 11, eff. Mar. 1, 1955

Section, acts Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title VI, §601(b), 60 Stat. 850; Oct. 20, 1951, ch. 521, title VI, §619(d), 65 Stat. 570, related to expense allowance for Senators, Representatives, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner.

§31a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6102 of this title.

§31a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6135 of this title.

§31a–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2a was editorially reclassified as section 6136 of this title.

§31a–2b. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2b was editorially reclassified as section 6137 of this title.

§31a–2c. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2c was editorially reclassified as section 6138 of this title.

§31a–2d. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2d was editorially reclassified as section 6101 of this title.

§31a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6159 of this title.

§31a–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6160 of this title.

§31b. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b was editorially reclassified as section 5121 of this title.

§31b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5125 of this title.

§31b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5126 of this title.

§31b–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–151, title I, §102(b), Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 797

Section, based on H. Res. No. 1238, §3, Dec. 23, 1970, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 91–665, ch. VIII, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1989; Pub. L. 93–532, §1(a), Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1723, provided for reimbursement of former Speaker of House for telephone service charges for administration, etc., of matters pertaining to incumbency in office as Representative and Speaker.

§31b–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–4 was editorially reclassified as section 5127 of this title.

§31b–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–5 was editorially reclassified as section 5128 of this title.

§31b–6. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–151, title I, §102(b), Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 797

Section, based on H. Res. No. 1238, §6, Dec. 23, 1970, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 91–665, ch. VIII, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1989; Pub. L. 93–532, §1(a), Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1723, provided for an allowance to the former Speaker of the House for stationery and other office supplies.

§31b–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–7 was editorially reclassified as section 5129 of this title.

§31c. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–51, §139(b)(2), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 967

Section, acts July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 467; Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 322, provided that, for taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1953, the place of residence of a Member of Congress (including any Delegate and Resident Commissioner) within the State, congressional district, Territory, or possession which he represented in Congress would be considered his home for the purposes of tax provisions making deductible certain living expenses away from home, but that amounts expended by such Member within each taxable year for living expenses could not be deducted for income tax purposes in excess of $3,000.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1980, see section 139(b)(3) of Pub. L. 97–51, as amended, set out as an Effective Date of 1981 Amendment note under section 162 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

§32. Transferred

Codification

Section 32 was editorially reclassified as section 6111 of this title.

§32a. Transferred

Codification

Section 32a was editorially reclassified as section 6112 of this title.

§32b. Transferred

Codification

Section 32b was editorially reclassified as section 6115 of this title.

§33. Transferred

Codification

Section 33 was editorially reclassified as section 6301 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 33, act Mar. 3, 1883, ch. 143, 22 Stat. 632, entitled Senators to receive their compensation monthly, from the beginning of their term, prior to repeal by section 112(b)(1) of Pub. L. 97–51.

§34. Transferred

Codification

Section 34 was editorially reclassified as section 5301 of this title.

§35. Transferred

Codification

Section 35 was editorially reclassified as section 5302 of this title.

§35a. Transferred

Codification

Section 35a was editorially reclassified as section 5303 of this title.

§36. Transferred

Codification

Section 36 was editorially reclassified as section 6302 of this title.

§36a. Transferred

Codification

Section 36a was editorially reclassified as section 4592 of this title.

§37. Transferred

Codification

Section 37 was editorially reclassified as section 5304 of this title.

§38. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1725

Section, R.S. §§49, 50; acts Jan. 20, 1874, ch. 11, 18 Stat. 4; Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §4, 43 Stat. 1301, related to pay of Member dying after commencement of Congress. See section 5305 of this title.

§38a. Transferred

Codification

Section 38a was editorially reclassified as section 5305 of this title.

§38b. Omitted

Codification

Section, June 5, 1952, ch. 369, Ch. I, 66 Stat. 101; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(6), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1725, was set out as both this section and section 125a of this title prior to section 125a being editorially reclassified as section 4506 of this title.

§39. Transferred

Codification

Section 39 was editorially reclassified as section 5306 of this title.

§40. Transferred

Codification

Section 40 was editorially reclassified as section 4522 of this title.

§40a. Transferred

Codification

Section 40a was editorially reclassified as section 4523 of this title.

§§41, 42. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(9)(A), (10), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726

Section 41, R.S. §43, provided that no Member or Delegate was entitled to any allowance for newspapers.

Section 42, based on H. Res. No. 420, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, related to furnishing of postage stamps to Members, committees, and officers of House of Representatives.

A prior section 42, R.S. §44, which proscribed compensation or allowance to Senators, Representatives, or Delegates for postage, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(11), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726. See sections 6116 and 6117 of this title.

Applicability of Prohibition During Ninety-fifth Congress

Section 302(c) of H. Res. No. 287, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 2, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, which provided that former section 41 of this title was to have no effect during the Ninety-fifth Congress, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(9)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726.

§42a. Transferred

Codification

Section 42a was editorially reclassified as section 6116 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 42a, acts July 1, 1941, ch. 268, 55 Stat. 450; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 339; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 243; Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 391; July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 503; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359; July 31, 1958, Pub. L. 85–570, 72 Stat. 442; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 449; Dec. 30, 1963, Pub. L. 88–248, 77 Stat. 805; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 268; July 23, 1968, Pub. L. 90–417, 82 Stat. 400; Dec. 12, 1969, Pub. L. 91–145, 83 Stat. 342; July 9, 1971, Pub. L. 92–51, 85 Stat. 128; Oct. 31, 1972, Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(1), formerly §506(h)(1), 86 Stat. 1508, redesignated §506(i)(1) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, redesignated §506(j)(1) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and redesignated §506(k)(1) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided for an airmail and special-delivery postage allowance for President of the Senate, prior to repeal by section 127(a)(2) of Pub. L. 97–51.

§§42a–1, 42b. Omitted

Codification

Section 42a–1, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402, prescribed airmail and special-delivery postage allowances for Speaker and House majority and minority leaders and whips, and was omitted from the Code as superseded by former section 42d of this title.

Section 42b, acts June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 222; July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402, prescribed airmail and special-delivery postage allowances for each House standing committee, and was omitted from the Code as superseded by former section 42c of this title.

§§42c, 42d. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(12), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726

Section 42c, Pub. L. 85–778, §1, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 934; H. Res. No. 532, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–454, §103, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 550; H. Res. No. 1003, Ninetieth Congress, Dec. 14, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, related to airmail and special delivery stamps for House Members and standing committees.

Section 42d, Pub. L. 85–778, §2, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 934; H. Res. No. 532, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–454, §103, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 550; H. Res. No. 1003, Ninetieth Congress, Dec. 14, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, related to airmail and special delivery stamps for House Speaker, leaders, whips, and officers.

Existing Entitlements

Pub. L. 85–778, §§3, 4, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 934, which provided that Members, committees, and officers of the House of Representatives retained their existing entitlements to airmail and special delivery postage stamps until June 30, 1959, and thereafter the airmail and special delivery stamps made available under former sections 42c and 42d of this title were to be in lieu of any made available under any other law, were repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(12), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726.

§§43, 43a. Omitted

Codification

Section 43, acts July 28, 1866, ch. 296, §17, 14 Stat. 323; Aug. 11, 1993, Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §310(a), 107 Stat. 712, provided for Senators to receive mileage for travel to and from regular sessions, and was omitted from the Code in view of the termination of mileage under this section for Senators by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104–53, set out below.

Section 43a, acts July 8, 1935, ch. 374, 49 Stat. 459; Aug. 11, 1993, Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §310(b), 107 Stat. 712, provided for President of Senate to be paid mileage, and was omitted from the Code in view of the termination of mileage under this section for President of Senate by section 1(b) of Pub. L. 104–53, set out below.

Termination of Mileage for Senators and President of Senate

Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §1, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517, provided that:

"(a) On and after October 1, 1995, no Senator shall receive mileage under section 17 of the Act of July 28, 1866 (2 U.S.C. 43).

"(b) On and after October 1, 1995, the President of the Senate shall not receive mileage under the first section of the Act of July 8, 1935 (2 U.S.C. 43a)."

§§43b, 43b–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(13), (14), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726

Section 43b, Pub. L. 85–570, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 443; Pub. L. 86–176, Aug. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 401; Pub. L. 88–70, July 19, 1963, 77 Stat. 82; Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 89–147, §1, Aug. 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 583; Pub. L. 89–545, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 358; Pub. L. 90–86, §1, Sept. 17, 1967, 81 Stat. 226; Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 343; Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 128; Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §§502, 506(k)(2), formerly §506(h)(2), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1504, 1508, renumbered §506(i)(2), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(2), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(2), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided for reimbursement of House Members for additional transportation expenses.

Section 43b-1, Pub. L. 89–147, §2, Aug. 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 583; Pub. L. 90–86, §2, Sept. 17, 1967, 81 Stat. 226, authorized election by House Members of lump sum transportation payments in lieu of reimbursement of transportation expenses.

§43b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 43b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5343 of this title.

§43b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 43b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 5344 of this title.

§43c. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–147, §4, Aug. 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 584

Section, Pub. L. 86–628, §105(c), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 461, restricted payment of travel or subsistence expenses of Senators and Representatives to specifically authorized trips, official participation in funeral services of deceased Members, and official trips originating in Senator's State or Representative's district when Congress was not in session.

§43d. Transferred

Codification

Section 43d was editorially reclassified as section 6311 of this title.

§§44 to 46. Omitted

Codification

Section 44, act May 7, 1906, ch. 2083, §1, 34 Stat. 170, authorized a mileage allowance to Delegate from Alaska, and was omitted from the Code as obsolete because Alaska was admitted into the Union with membership of one Representative in Congress on Jan. 3, 1959, upon issuance of Proc. No. 3269, Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, as required by sections 1, 7 and 8 of Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as notes preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.

Section 45, acts July 1, 1902, ch. 1369, §8, 32 Stat. 694; Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 416, §20, 39 Stat. 552, which authorized a mileage allowance to Resident Commissioners from Philippine Islands, and was formerly covered by section 1237 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions, is no longer in force in view of the independence of the Philippine Islands effected by section 1394 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, and proclaimed by the President of the United States in Proc. No. 2695, July 4, 1946, 11 F.R. 7517, 60 Stat. 1352, set out as note under section 1394 of Title 22. Act Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 416, §20, 39 Stat. 552, from which section 45 of this title was derived, was repealed by Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 643.

Section 46, acts Mar. 2, 1917, ch. 145, §36, 39 Stat. 963; May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158, allowed sum of $500 as mileage for each session to Resident Commissioner, and was omitted from the Code as superseded by former section 43b–1 of this title.

§46a. Transferred

Codification

Section 46a was editorially reclassified as section 6117 of this title.

§46a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 46a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6573 of this title.

§46a–2. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 89–545, §101, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 356, provided, effective fiscal year 1967 and thereafter, for stationery allowance of $3,000 per annum for Senators from States having population of 10 million or more inhabitants. See amendment by Pub. L. 90–21 to section 6117 of this title providing such an allowance to all Senators effective fiscal year 1967 and thereafter.

§46a–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(4), formerly §506(h)(4), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, renumbered §506(i)(4), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(4), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(4), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, Pub. L. 90–417, §106, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 413, placed limits on the availability of the stationery allowance for Senators. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, as amended by Pub. L. 93–145, §101, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532, and renumbered §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and renumbered §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that, insofar as this section has application to Senators, the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§46a–4. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 342, made section 46a–3 of this title applicable to President of Senate, and was omitted from the Code in view of the repeal of section 46a–3.

§46b. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(16), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727

Section, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 452; H. Res. No. 533, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by act Aug. 20, 1964, Pub. L. 88–454, §103, 78 Stat. 550; H. Res. No. 1029, Eighty-ninth Congress, Oct. 5, 1966; H. Res. No. 112, Ninetieth Congress, Mar. 8, 1967, enacted into permanent law by act May 29, 1967, Pub. L. 90–21, title I, 81 Stat. 38, related to stationery allowance for House Members.

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior acts:

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 324.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 469.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 486, 65 Stat. 394.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 600.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 221.

June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 428.

July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 366.

June 16, 1939, ch. 208, 53 Stat. 830.

§46b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 46b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5534 of this title.

§46b–2. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(17), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727

Section, act Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 73, 70 Stat. 31, provided for prorated stationery allowance for House Members.

§§46c, 46d. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 129

Section 46c, acts June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 244; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 392; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §102, 60 Stat. 814; Nov. 1, 1951, ch. 665, Ch. 1, 65 Stat. 760; Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 360; Jan. 6, 1964, Pub. L. 88–258, title IV, 77 Stat. 863; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 268; Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–545, 80 Stat. 357, provided for payment of long-distance telephone calls for Senators and Vice President made to and from Washington, D.C. See section 6314 of this title.

Section 46d, acts June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 244; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 392; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §102, 60 Stat. 814; Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321; July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 400; July 31, 1958, Pub. L. 85–570, 72 Stat. 442; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 268, provided for payment from contingent fund of Senate of long-distance telephone calls for Senators, originating and terminating outside Washington, D.C., and additional payments for calls to or from Washington, D.C. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 90–57 provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1968.

§46d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 46d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6118 of this title.

§46d–2. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 130

Section, Pub. L. 89–90, §101, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 268, provided for computation of long-distance telephone calls for Senators, wide area telephone service contracts, and effective date of changes. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 90–57 provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1968.

§46d–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 635

Section, Pub. L. 90–21, title I, May 29, 1967, 81 Stat. 38, made contingent fund of Senate available for reimbursement of each Senator of strictly official telephone service charges incurred outside District of Columbia up to $300 in each fiscal quarter. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–184 provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1972.

§46d–4. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(5), formerly §506(h)(5), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, renumbered §506(i)(5), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(5), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(5), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 130, authorized payment from contingent fund of Senate of charges for long distance telephone calls by Senators. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, renumbered §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304 title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and renumbered §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§46d–5. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 435

Section, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 810, related to reimbursement to Senators and President of Senate of official telephone and telegraph communications charges incurred by them or on their behalf out of contingent fund of Senate up to a maximum of $150 per annum.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–342 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1972.

§46e. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(6), formerly §506(h)(6), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, renumbered §506(i)(6), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(6), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(6), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, acts July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 392; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §102, 60 Stat. 814, authorized the payment of charges for telegrams by Senators. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, renumbered §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and renumbered §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§46f. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(18)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727

Section, acts June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §1, 63 Stat. 264; May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §1, 65 Stat. 47; Mar. 10, 1953, ch. 6, §1, 67 Stat. 5; Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §1, 70 Stat. 31; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–340, §1, 73 Stat. 605, related to telephone, telegraph, and radiotelegraph allowances for Representatives, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner.

§46f–1. Repealed. Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §2(b), 70 Stat. 32

Section, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402, fixed maximum minute allowance on long distance telephone calls of House Members, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner.

Effective Date of Repeal

Act Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §3, 70 Stat. 32, provided that: "The amendments made by this Act [amending sections 46f and 46g of this title and repealing this section] shall take effect as of noon on January 3, 1956."

§§46g, 46g–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(18)(B), (19), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727, 1728

Section 46g, acts June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §2, 63 Stat. 265; May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §1, 65 Stat. 47; July 8, 1952, ch. 590, §1, 66 Stat. 443; Mar. 10, 1953, ch. 6, §1, 67 Stat. 5; Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §2(a), (c), 70 Stat. 32; Sept. 4, 1957, Pub. L. 85–289, §1, 71 Stat. 614; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–340, §2, 73 Stat. 605; H. Res. No. 735, Eighty-seventh Congress, July 25, 1962, enacted into permanent law by act Dec. 30, 1963, Pub. L. 88–248, §103, 77 Stat. 817; H. Res. No. 531, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by act Aug. 20, 1964, Pub. L. 88–454, §103, 78 Stat. 550; Aug. 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–131, §1, 79 Stat. 544; H. Res. No. 901, Eighty-ninth Congress, July 29, 1966, enacted into permanent law by act Oct. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–697, ch. VI, 80 Stat. 1064, related to telephone, telegraph, and radiotelegraph allowances for House Members.

Section 46g–1, based on H. Res. No. 418, §1, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, related to telephone allowances for House Members for strictly official telephone service.

A prior section 46g-1, based on H. Res. No. 161, Ninetieth Congress, May 11, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, was repealed by H. Res. No. 418, §3, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, effective Dec. 15, 1971.

§46h. Repealed. May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §2, 65 Stat. 47, eff. July 1, 1951

Section, act June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §3, 63 Stat. 265, related to limitation on charging telegrams to official business of the House.

§46i. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(18)(C), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728

Section, acts June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §6, 63 Stat. 265; May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §3, 65 Stat. 47, defined terms used in former section 46g of this title.

§47. Transferred

Codification

Section 47 was editorially reclassified as section 4521 of this title.

§48. Transferred

Codification

Section 48 was editorially reclassified as section 5307 of this title.

§49. Transferred

Codification

Section 49 was editorially reclassified as section 5310 of this title.

§50. Transferred

Codification

Section 50 was editorially reclassified as section 5308 of this title.

§51. Transferred

Codification

Section 51 was editorially reclassified as section 4110 of this title.

§§52, 53. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(7), formerly §506(h)(7), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, redesignated §506(i)(7), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, redesignated §506(j)(7), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, redesignated §506(k)(7), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section 52, Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 634, provided for office space for Senators in their home states. See section 6314 of this title.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriations acts:

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359, as amended Pub. L. 89–211, §1(b), Sept. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 857.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 399.

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 466.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 391.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 597.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 219.

June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 425.


Section 53, Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 634, provided for payment of office expenses of Senators in their home states. See section 6314 of this title.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriations acts:

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359, as amended Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 343.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 399.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, redesignated §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, redesignated §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and redesignated §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§54. Transferred

Codification

Section 54 was editorially reclassified as section 5345 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 54, based on H. Res. No. 506, Ninetieth Congress, Aug. 21, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, related to procurement for House Members of sets of United States Code Annotated or Federal Code Annotated, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186, title I, §107(d), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1723.

§55. Transferred

Codification

Section 55 was editorially reclassified as section 6316 of this title.

§56. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(20)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728

Section, based on H. Res. No. 418, §2, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, related to office expenses within District of Columbia of Delegate from District of Columbia.

Reimbursement of Expenses of House Members; Member of House of Representatives and Member Defined

Section 302(a), (b), and (d) of H. Res. No. 287, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 2, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, which related to reimbursement to Members of House of Representatives for official expenses incurred in the United States, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(20)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728.

§57. Transferred

Codification

Section 57 was editorially reclassified as section 4313 of this title.

§57a. Transferred

Codification

Section 57a was editorially reclassified as section 4314 of this title.

§57b. Transferred

Codification

Section 57b was editorially reclassified as section 5341 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 57b, Pub. L. 104–53, title III, §314, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 538, provided that, effective Sept. 1, 1995, Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives had authority to combine House of Representatives Clerk Hire Allowance, Official Expenses Allowance, and Official Mail Allowance into single allowance, to be known as the "Members' Representational Allowance" and to prescribe regulations relating to allocations, expenditures, and other matters with respect to Members' Representational Allowance.

§58. Transferred

Codification

Section 58 was editorially reclassified as section 6314 of this title.

§58a. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a was editorially reclassified as section 6315 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 58a, Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §112(g), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 665, directed Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate to furnish not more than two WATS lines to any Senator requesting them, with the cost of such service to be paid out of contingent fund of Senate, prior to repeal by section 1205(b) of Pub. L. 98–181, effective first day of first calendar month which begins more than thirty days after Nov. 30, 1983.

§58a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6621 of this title.

§58a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6622 of this title.

§58a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6623 of this title.

§58a–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6624 of this title.

§58b. Repealed. Pub. L. 100–137, §2, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819

Section, Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §110, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62; Pub. L. 97–51, §125, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 965; Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §11(a), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 476; Pub. L. 99–349, title I, §2(a), (b), July 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 741, 742, provided for transfer to a Senator's Official Office Expense Account of that Senator's clerk hire allowance funds remaining at end of fiscal year. See section 6313 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 100–137, §2, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1988.

§58c. Transferred

Codification

Section 58c was editorially reclassified as section 6313 of this title.

§58c–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(c)(1), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180

Section, Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §12, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2260; Pub. L. 102–392, title III, §313, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1723; Pub. L. 103–69, title I, §3, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 695, related to transfer of funds by Members of Senate from Senate Official Mail Costs Account to Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(c)(2), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180, provided that: "The amendment made by paragraph (1) [repealing this section] shall be effective on and after October 1, 1997."

§59. Transferred

Codification

Section 59 was editorially reclassified as section 6317 of this title.

§59–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 59–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6318 of this title.

§59a. Repealed. Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §103(b), Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1050

Section, Pub. L. 93–462, §1, Oct. 20, 1974, 88 Stat. 1388, related to purchase of office equipment or furnishings by House Members.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1989, see section 103(c) of Pub. L. 101–163, set out as an Effective Date of 1989 Amendment note under section 5540 of this title.

§59b. Transferred

Codification

Section 59b was editorially reclassified as section 6320 of this title.

§59c. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §103, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 97–51, §118, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 964, which related to disposal of used or surplus furniture and equipment by Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate, and procedure with respect to deposit of receipts from sale of such furniture and equipment, was transferred to section 117b of this title, which was then editorially reclassified as section 6630 of this title.

§59d. Transferred

Codification

Section 59d was editorially reclassified as section 5346 of this title.

§59d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 59d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6319 of this title.

§59e. Transferred

Codification

Section 59e was editorially reclassified as section 503 of this title.

§59f. Transferred

Codification

Section 59f was editorially reclassified as section 504 of this title.

§59g. Transferred

Codification

Section 59g was editorially reclassified as section 505 of this title.

§59h. Transferred

Codification

Section 59h was editorially reclassified as section 506 of this title.

CHAPTER 4—OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES OF SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Sec.
60.
Repealed.
60–1, 60–2.
Transferred.
60a.
Omitted.
60a–1 to 60a–2a. Transferred.
60b, 60c.
Omitted.
60c–1.
Transferred.
60c–2.
Repealed.
60c–2a to 60c–6. Transferred.
60d.
Repealed.
60d–1.
Transferred.
60e, 60e–1.
Repealed.
60e–1a to 60e–1d. Transferred.
60e–2.
Omitted.
60e–2a, 60e–2b.
Transferred.
60e–3 to 60g–1.
Omitted or Repealed.
60g–2.
Transferred.
60h, 60i.
Omitted or Repealed.
60j to 60j–2.
Transferred.
60j–3.
Repealed.
60j–4 to 60l.
Transferred.
60m, 60n.
Repealed.
60o to 61–1c.
Transferred.
61–2.
Omitted.
61a.
Transferred.
61a–1, 61a–2.
Omitted.
61a–3.
Transferred.
61a–4 to 61a–8.
Repealed or Omitted.
61a–9, 61a–9a.
Transferred.
61a–10.
Omitted.
61a–11, 61b.
Transferred.
61b–1 to 61b–2.
Omitted.
61b–3.
Transferred.
61c.
Omitted.
61c–1 to 61d–2.
Transferred.
61d–3.
Repealed.
61d–4 to 61e–4.
Transferred.
61f, 61f–1.
Omitted.
61f–1a.
Transferred.
61f–2 to 61f–6.
Omitted.
61f–7 to 61g.
Transferred.
61g–1 to 61g–3.
Omitted.
61g–4 to 61g–8.
Transferred.
61h to 61h–3.
Omitted.
61h–4 to 61h–7.
Transferred.
61i to 61j–1.
Omitted.
61j–2 to 62.
Transferred.
62a.
Omitted.
62b.
Transferred.
63.
Repealed.
64.
Omitted.
64–1 to 64b.
Transferred.
65.
Repealed.
65a to 65f.
Transferred.
66.
Repealed.
66a to 69b.
Transferred.
70 to 72.
Omitted.
72a.
Transferred.
72a–1, 72a–1a.
Repealed.
72a–1b.
Transferred.
72a–1c, 72a–1d.
Repealed.
72a–1e to 72a–1i. Transferred.
72a–2 to 72a–4.
Omitted or Repealed.
72b.
Transferred.
72b–1, 72c.
Omitted or Repealed.
72d, 72d–1.
Transferred.
73, 74.
Omitted.
74–1.
Transferred.
74–2.
Omitted.
74a.
Transferred.
74a–1.
Omitted.
74a–2 to 74a–5.
Transferred.
74a–6.
Repealed.
74a–7 to 74d–2.
Transferred.
75 to 75a.
Repealed.
75a–1.
Transferred.
75b to 75e.
Omitted.
75f.
Transferred.
76 to 76b.
Omitted or Repealed.
77.
Transferred.
77a.
Repealed.
78 to 80a.
Transferred.
81 to 82.
Repealed.
83.
Transferred.
84, 84–1.
Repealed.
84–2.
Transferred.
84–3, 84–4.
Omitted.
84a.
Transferred.
84a–1 to 88a.
Repealed or Omitted.
88b to 88b–5.
Transferred.
88b–6.
Repealed.
88b–7.
Transferred.
88c, 88c–1.
Repealed.
88c–2 to 89a.
Transferred.
90, 91.
Repealed.
92.
Transferred.
92–1.
Repealed.
92a to 92d.
Transferred.
92e to 95.
Repealed or Omitted.
95–1 to 95e.
Transferred.
96 to 100.
Repealed.
101.
Transferred.
102.
Repealed.
102a.
Transferred.
103, 104.
Omitted.
104a to 112.
Transferred.
112a to 112d.
Repealed.
112e to 115.
Transferred.
116.
Repealed.
117.
Transferred.
117a.
Omitted.
117b to 119.
Transferred.
119a, 120.
Repealed or Omitted.
121.
Transferred.
121a.
Repealed.
121b to 121g.
Transferred.
122 to 123a.
Repealed or Omitted.
123b to 125a.
Transferred.
126, 126–1.
Repealed or Omitted.
126–2.
Transferred.
126a.
Omitted.
126b.
Transferred.
127.
Repealed.
127a, 127b.
Transferred.
128 to 130.
Repealed.
130–1 to 130h.
Transferred.
130i.
Repealed.
130j to 130l.
Transferred.

        

§60. Repealed. June 20, 1929, ch. 33, §6, 46 Stat. 39

Section, acts May 24, 1924, ch. 183, §1, 43 Stat. 146; May 29, 1928, ch. 853, §1, 45 Stat. 885, related to rates of pay for various officers and employees of Government.

§60–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4101 of this title.

Reduction in Number of Employee Positions; Reports

Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §307, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 710, as amended by Pub. L. 103–283, title III, §305, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1441; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §102(a), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3827, provided for reduction in number of employee positions on full-time equivalent basis, other than those supported by gift and trust funds, for each entity of legislative branch with more than 100 employee positions, on full-time equivalent basis, as of Sept. 30, 1992, by at least 4 percent from level as of such date, provided that such reduction was to be completed not later than Sept. 30, 1995, with at least 62.5 percent of reduction for each entity to be achieved by Sept. 30, 1994, and defined "entity of legislative branch".

§60–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4724 of this title.

§60a. Omitted

Codification

Present provisions relating to personnel and compensation of Congressional officers and employees may be found elsewhere in this chapter and in Acts and Resolutions cited in notes hereunder. Section was based on the following acts:


1949Jan. 19, 1949, ch. 2, §1(d), (f), 63 Stat. 4.

May 24, 1949, ch. 138, title I, 63 Stat. 76.

Oct. 10, 1949, ch. 662, title I, 63 Stat. 738.

Oct. 14, 1949, ch. 694, title I, 63 Stat. 869.

1948June 14, 1948, ch. 467, §§101, 105, 62 Stat. 423, 437.

June 25, 1948, ch. 658, title I, 62 Stat. 1027.

1947Jan. 31, 1947, ch. 1, 61 Stat. 1.

Feb. 19, 1947, ch. 3, 61 Stat. 4.

July 17, 1947, ch. 262, §§101, 105, 61 Stat. 361, 377.

July 30, 1947, ch. 361, 61 Stat. 610.

July 31, 1947, ch. 414, 61 Stat. 695.

1946July 1, 1946, ch. 530, §§101, 105, 60 Stat. 387, 407.

July 23, 1946, ch. 591, title I, 60 Stat. 600.

Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §201(a), 60 Stat. 834.

Aug. 8, 1946, ch. 870, title I, 60 Stat. 910.

1945Apr. 25, 1945, ch. 95, title I, 59 Stat. 77.

June 13, 1945, ch. 189, §§101, 105, 59 Stat. 238, 259.

July 5, 1945, ch. 271, title I, 59 Stat. 412.

Dec. 28, 1945, ch. 589, title I, 59 Stat. 632.

1944June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, §§101, 104, 58 Stat. 334, 354.

June 28, 1944, ch. 304, title I, 58 Stat. 597.

Dec. 22, 1944, ch. 660, title I, 58 Stat. 853.

1943June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, §§101, 104, 57 Stat. 220, 239.

1942June 8, 1942, ch. 396, §§1, 4, 56 Stat. 330, 349.

1941Mar. 1, 1941, ch. 9, 55 Stat. 14.

July 1, 1941, ch. 268, §§1, 4, 55 Stat. 446, 465.

1940June 18, 1940, ch. 396, §§1, 4, 54 Stat. 462, 480.

Oct. 9, 1940, ch. 780, title I, 54 Stat. 1030.

1939June 16, 1939, ch. 208, §§1, 4, 53 Stat. 822, 839.

July 25, 1939, ch. 352, §2, 53 Stat. 1080.

1938May 17, 1938, ch. 236, §§1, 4, 52 Stat. 381, 398.

June 25, 1938, ch. 681, 52 Stat. 1114.

1937May 18, 1937, ch. 223, 50 Stat. 169.

1934May 30, 1934, ch. 372, 48 Stat. 817.

1933Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 134, 47 Stat. 1350.

1929June 20, 1929, ch. 33, 46 Stat. 32.


In addition to these acts the following House Resolutions affected the salary of certain employees and were made permanent law by section 105 of act July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 377: House Resolutions 628, 691, and 693 of the Seventy-ninth Congress and House Resolutions 42, 54, 74, 78, 96, 113, and 183 [which related to Office of Coordinator of Information of the House and which was repealed by Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §322, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1185] of the Eightieth Congress. House Resolutions 281 and 336 of the Eightieth Congress were made permanent law by act June 14, 1948, ch. 467, §105, 62 Stat. 437. House Resolutions No. 653 of the Eightieth Congress, and 6, 39, 45, 62, 84, 103, 172, and 188 of the 81st Congress were made permanent law by act June 22, 1949, ch. 235, §105, 63 Stat. 230.

Legislative Branch Appropriation Acts

The following acts have provided for funds for the operation of Congress:

Pub. L. 114–113, div. I, Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 2654.

Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2523.

Pub. L. 113–76, div. I, Jan. 17, 2014, 128 Stat. 417.

Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1116.

Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2023.

Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 812.

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2218.

Pub. L. 109–55, title I, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 565.

Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3166.

Pub. L. 108–83, title I, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1007.

Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 346.

Pub. L. 107–68, title I, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 560.

Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-93.

Pub. L. 106–57, title I, Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 408.

Pub. L. 105–275, title I, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2430.

Pub. L. 105–55, title I, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1177.

Pub. L. 104–197, title I, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2394.

Pub. L. 104–53, title I, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 514.

Pub. L. 103–283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1423.

Pub. L. 103–69, title I, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 692.

Pub. L. 102–392, title I, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1703.

Pub. L. 102–90, title I, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 447.

Pub. L. 101–520, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2254.

Pub. L. 101–163, title I, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1041.

Pub. L. 100–458, title I, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2158.

Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290.

Pub. L. 99–500, §101(j), Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(j), Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–287.

Pub. L. 99–151, title I, Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 792.

Pub. L. 98–367, title I, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 472.

Pub. L. 98–51, title I, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 263.

Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189.

Pub. L. 97–51, §101(c), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 959.

Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), (d), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167.

Pub. L. 96–369, §101(c), (d), Oct. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 1352, 1353.

Pub. L. 96–86, §101(c), Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 657.

Pub. L. 95–391, title I, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 763.

Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 653.

Pub. L. 94–440, title I, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1439.

Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 269.

Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 424.

Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 527.

Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 432.

Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125.

Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 807.

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339.

Pub. L. 90–417, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 398.

Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 127.

Pub. L. 89–545, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 354.

Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265.

Pub. L. 88–454, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 535.

Pub. L. 88–248, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 803.

Pub. L. 87–730, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 680.

Pub. L. 87–130, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 320.

Pub. L. 86–628, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 446.

Pub. L. 86–176, Aug. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 398.

Pub. L. 85–570, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 439.

Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 244.

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 356.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 499.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 396.

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 318.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 464.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 388.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 595.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 216.

Limitation on Funds Available to Senate for Fiscal Year Beginning October 1, 1980

Pub. L. 96–508, §10, Dec. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 2749, provided that in the fiscal year beginning October 1, 1980, the aggregate amount of funds made available to the Senate shall not exceed 90 per centum of the aggregate amount of the funds made available for such purposes for the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1979.

Senate and House Committee Employees

Senate and House committee employees, formerly provided for by this section, are covered by section 4301 of this title.

§60a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4571 of this title.

§60a–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–1a was editorially reclassified as section 4572 of this title.

§60a–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4573 of this title.

§60a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4531 of this title.

§60a–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–2a was editorially reclassified as section 4532 of this title.

§§60b, 60c. Omitted

Codification

Section 60b, acts June 20, 1929, ch. 33, §2, 46 Stat. 38; July 25, 1939, ch. 352, §3, 53 Stat. 1080, which provided that clerk hire should be at rate of $6,500 per annum and limited individual salaries to $3,900 per annum, was superseded by former section 60g of this title.

Section 60c, R.S. §55, related to payment of salaries of chaplains.

§60c–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4591 of this title.

§60c–2. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–258, §5(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1068

Section, Pub. L. 92–136, §4, Oct. 11, 1971, 85 Stat. 377, authorized and directed Secretary of Senate, if requested by an individual paid by Secretary, to pay compensation by sending a check to a financial organization designated by the individual. See section 3332 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

§60c–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–2a was editorially reclassified as section 6568 of this title.

§60c–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4594 of this title.

§60c–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4524 of this title.

§60c–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–5 was editorially reclassified as section 4579 of this title.

§60c–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–6 was editorially reclassified as section 4536 of this title.

§60d. Repealed. Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §116(b)(1), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 573

Section, acts May 21, 1937, ch. 236, §1, 50 Stat. 199; Pub. L. 86–426, §2(a), Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 53; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(3), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1729, provided for payment of salaries of officers and employees of the House of Representatives for the month of December on the 20th day of that month.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to pay periods beginning after the expiration of the 1-year period which begins Nov. 12, 2001, see section 116(c) of Pub. L. 107–68, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4551 of this title.

§60d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4551 of this title.

§§60e, 60e–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §116(b)(1), (2), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 573

Section 60e, act May 21, 1937, ch. 236, §2, as added June 2, 1939, ch. 171, 53 Stat. 802; amended Pub. L. 86–426, §2(b), Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 54; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(3), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1729, related to time of payment of salaries of officers and employees of the House of Representatives for months other than the month of December.

Section 60e–1, acts Dec. 28, 1945, ch. 589, title I, 59 Stat. 633; Pub. L. 86–426, §2(c), Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 54, related to time of payment of salaries in or under the House of Representatives when the usual payday fell on Saturday.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to pay periods beginning after the expiration of the 1-year period which begins Nov. 12, 2001, see section 116(c) of Pub. L. 107–68, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4551 of this title.

§60e–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1a was editorially reclassified as section 4555 of this title.

§60e–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4556 of this title.

§60e–1c. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1c was editorially reclassified as section 4557 of this title.

§60e–1d. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1d was editorially reclassified as section 4558 of this title.

§60e–2. Omitted

Section, acts June 30, 1945, ch. 212, title I, §§101(c), 102(a), 59 Stat. 295, 296; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, title XI, §1106(a), 63 Stat. 972; Sept. 6, 1966, Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), 80 Stat. 653, which related to coverage of officers and employees of legislative branch under act June 30, 1945, known as Federal Employees Pay Act of 1945, was omitted in view of repeal or omission from the Code of provisions of act June 30, 1945, with exception of section 1854 of this title which was expressly exempted from the provisions involved.

§60e–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–2a was editorially reclassified as section 1853 of this title.

§60e–2b. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–2b was editorially reclassified as section 1854 of this title.

§§60e–3 to 60e–14. Omitted

Codification

Sections were omitted as obsolete and superseded. See sections 4533 to 4535, 4575, and 5103 of this title.

Section 60e–3, acts June 30, 1945, ch. 212, title V, §501, 59 Stat. 301; May 24, 1946, ch. 270, §5(a), (b), 60 Stat. 217; June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §5, 63 Stat. 265, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–4, acts June 30, 1945, ch. 212, title V, §502, 59 Stat. 301; May 24, 1946, ch. 270, §5(c), 60 Stat. 217, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–4a, act July 3, 1948, ch. 830, title III, §301, 62 Stat. 1267, provided for payment of additional compensation to employees of the Federal Government and the District of Columbia government.

Section 60e–5, acts Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(a), (b), 63 Stat. 974; June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(e)(1), 69 Stat. 177, provided for payment of additional compensation to and an annual limit on compensation for legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–6, acts Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(a), (b), (d), 65 Stat. 613; June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(b), (e)(1), 69 Stat. 176, 177, provided for payment of additional compensation to and an annual limit on compensation for legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–7, acts June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(a), (e)(1), (g), (h), 69 Stat. 176–178; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §101, 70 Stat. 363, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–8, Pub. L. 85–462, §4(a), (e), (f), (r), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 207–209, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–9, Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(a), (e)–(h), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–10, Pub. L. 87–793, §1005(a), (e)–(g), (i), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 866, provided for payment of additional compensation to and an annual limit on compensation for legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–11, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(a)–(c), (h), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 413, 414, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–12, Pub. L. 89–301, §11(a), (b), (i), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1120, 1121, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–13, Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(a), (b), (e), (i), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 294, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–14, Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(a), (b), (f), (m), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 635–637, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

§60f. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(2), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144

Section, acts July 1, 1941, ch. 268, 55 Stat. 448; June 8, 1942, ch. 396, 56 Stat. 333; June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, 57 Stat. 222; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 337; Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 617, §2(a), 58 Stat. 832; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 241; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 390; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(3), 63 Stat. 974; Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(c)(2), 65 Stat. 614; June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(e)(3), 69 Stat. 177; May 19, 1956, ch. 313, Ch. XII, 70 Stat. 175; Sept. 1, 1959, Pub. L. 86–213, §1(a), (b), 73 Stat. 443; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 323, authorized Senators and committee chairmen to change employees' salaries, required certifications, and provided for designation of titles for positions. See section 4575(a), (d), (e) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Aug. 1, 1967, see section 105(k) of Pub. L. 90–57, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4575 of this title.

§60f–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 86–213, §1(c), Sept. 1, 1959, 73 Stat. 444

Section, act June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359, authorized Senators to fix basic compensation of one employee at a rate not to exceed $8,040 per annum.

§§60g, 60g–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §477(a)(1), (2), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1195

Section 60g, acts Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 617, §1, 58 Stat. 831; June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §4, 63 Stat. 265, related to clerk hire for Members and Resident Commissioner, rearrangements or changes in salaries and number of employees, maximum and minimum salaries, prohibition against increase in aggregate amount of salaries, required compensation rate to be in multiples of five, and certification of rearrangements or changes of salary schedules.

Section 60g–1, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 401; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §11(a), 69 Stat. 509; Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 938, §1(a), 70 Stat. 990; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, §103, 75 Stat. 334; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, §103, 79 Stat. 81; Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89– 545, §103, 80 Stat. 369, related to increase in basic rates for clerk hire for House Members and Resident Commissioner, including the case of a constituency having a population of five hundred thousand or more, limited basic rate to $7,500 per annum and to one person at any one time.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§60g–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60g–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5322 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 60g–2, based on House Resolution No. 416, Eighty-ninth Congress, June 16, 1965, as enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 89–545, §103, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 369, which related to employment of student congressional interns by Members of the House of Representatives and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, was repealed by section 2 of House Resolution No. 420, Ninety-third Congress, Sept. 18, 1973, as enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 93–245, ch. VI, §600, Jan. 3, 1974, 87 Stat. 1079, which provided that: "H. Res. 416, Eighty-ninth Congress, adopted June 16, 1965, and enacted as permanent law by section 103 of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1967 (80 Stat. 369; Public Law 89–545; 2 U.S.C. 60g–2), shall not be effective in the Ninety-third Congress on and after the effective date specified in section 3 of this resolution; and, effective on the date of enactment of the provisions of this resolution as permanent law, such H. Res. 416, Eighty-ninth Congress, is repealed."

§60h. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Apr. 25, 1945, ch. 95, title I, 59 Stat. 78, limited salary increases under section 60g of this title of standing committee clerks.

§60i. Repealed. Pub. L. 87–730, §106(c), Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 695

Section, act Feb. 13, 1945, ch. 2, §1, 59 Stat. 4, prescribed basic rates of compensation of telephone operators on the United States Capitol telephone exchange and authorized certain longevity increases. See section 4507 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Sept. 1, 1962, see section 106(e) of Pub. L. 87–730, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4507 of this title.

Prohibition Against Payment of Longevity Increase After September 1, 1962

Pub. L. 87–730, §106(c), Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 695, provided in part that no longevity increase payable under authority of this section prior to Sept. 1, 1962, shall be payable on or after Sept. 1, 1962.

§60j. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j was editorially reclassified as section 4507 of this title.

§60j–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j–1 was editorially reclassified as a note under section 1927 of this title.

§60j–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4508 of this title.

§60j–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §109, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773; Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §107(c), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 890, provided for merit compensation for employees rated as outstanding and exceptional by Secretary of Senate and Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, respectively.

Effective Date of Repeal

Section 101 of S. 2939, 97th Congress, 2d Session, as reported Sept. 22, 1982, and incorporated by reference in section 101(e) of Pub. L. 97–276, to be effective as if enacted into law, provided that the repeal is effective Oct. 1, 1982.

Reports Covering Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 1982

Section 101 of S. 2939, 97th Congress, 2d Session, as reported Sept. 22, 1982, and incorporated by reference in section 101(e) of Pub. L. 97–276, to be effective as if enacted into law, provided in part that the reports required by subsec. (e) of this section with respect to the fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1982, be filed notwithstanding the repeal. Subsec. (e) of this section had required that within thirty days following the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary of the Senate and the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper file reports with the Senate Committee on Appropriations detailing the use and implementation of the authority contained in this section and that such reports include the names of all employees receiving merit compensation under authority of this section at the end of the fiscal year, the positions occupied by them and the date when each such employee first began to receive merit compensation.

§60j–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4509 of this title.

§60k. Transferred

Codification

Section 60k was editorially reclassified as a note under section 1313 of this title.

§60l. Transferred

Codification

Section 60l was editorially reclassified as a note under section 1311 of this title.

§§60m, 60n. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–1, title V, §504(b), Jan. 23, 1995, 109 Stat. 41

Section 60m, Pub. L. 103–3, title V, §501, Feb. 5, 1993, 107 Stat. 27; Pub. L. 103–283, title III, §312(f)(4), July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1447, related to family and medical leave for certain Senate employees. See section 1301 et seq. of this title.

Section 60n, Pub. L. 103–3, title V, §502, Feb. 5, 1993, 107 Stat. 28, related to family and medical leave for certain employees of House of Representatives. See section 1301 et seq. of this title.

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 104–1, title V, §504(b), Jan. 23, 1995, 109 Stat. 41, provided in part that sections 60m and 60n of this title are repealed, except as provided in section 1435 of this title.

§60o. Transferred

Codification

Section 60o was editorially reclassified as section 4537 of this title.

Lump Sum Payment for Accrued Annual Leave of Senate Employees

Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §6], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-97, which related to lump sum payment for accrued annual leave of Senate employees, was editorially reclassified as section 4580 of this title.

§60p. Transferred

Codification

Section 60p was editorially reclassified as section 4595 of this title.

§60q. Transferred

Codification

Section 60q was editorially reclassified as section 4505 of this title.

§61. Transferred

Codification

Section 61 was editorially reclassified as section 4574 of this title.

§61–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4575 of this title.

§61–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1a was editorially reclassified as section 4576 of this title.

§61–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4577 of this title.

§61–1c. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1c was editorially reclassified as section 4581 of this title.

§61–2. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(g)–(i), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 636, provided for an increase in annual rate of gross compensation for pay periods after Dec. 16, 1967, for certain employees whose compensation is disbursed by Secretary of Senate and Clerk of House of Representatives.

§61a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a was editorially reclassified as section 6531 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61a, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 499, prescribed gross annual compensation of Secretary of Senate.

§§61a–1, 61a–2. Omitted

Codification

Section 61a–1, acts June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §101, 70 Stat. 356; July 9, 1971, Pub. L. 92–51, §101, 85 Stat. 125, provided for rate of compensation of Chief Clerk of Senate which office was superseded by Assistant Secretary of Senate.

Section 61a–2, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(i), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 414; Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §108(a), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 661, provided for rate of compensation for Postmaster and Assistant Postmaster of Senate. See section 6597 of this title which abolished all statutory positions in Office of Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate, with specified exceptions, effective Oct. 1, 1981, and authorized Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of such employees as appropriate.

§61a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6534 of this title.

§61a–4. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 531

Section, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340; Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 807, provided for appointment and salary of a Comptroller of the Senate and a secretary to the Comptroller.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 93–145 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1973.

§61a–4a. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 92–342, §101, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 433, authorized Comptroller of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of an auditor in lieu of a secretary. Section was omitted in view of repeal of section 61a–4 of this title which authorized appointment of a Comptroller of Senate by President pro tempore of the Senate and the appointment by Comptroller of Senate of a secretary, and repeal of section 61a–5 of this title which set out duties of Comptroller of Senate, one of which was to appoint a secretary.

§61a–5. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 531

Section, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 807, set out the duties to be performed by the Comptroller of the Senate.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 93–145 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1973.

§§61a–6 to 61a–8. Omitted

Codification

Sections were omitted for lack of general applicability. Sections were taken from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1971, the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1972, and the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1973, respectively, and provided for the appointment and compensation of specified employees of the Senate by the Secretary of the Senate.

Section 61a–6, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 808, was effective Aug. 1, 1970.

Section 61a–7, Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125, was effective July 1, 1971.

Section 61a–8, Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1504, was effective Nov. 1, 1972.

§61a–9. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–9 was editorially reclassified as section 6565 of this title.

§61a–9a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–9a was editorially reclassified as section 6564 of this title.

§61a–10. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 528, which was from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1974, and provided for appointment and compensation of specified Senate employees by Secretary of Senate, effective July 1, 1973, was omitted for lack of general applicability.

§61a–11. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–11 was editorially reclassified as section 6539 of this title.

§61b. Transferred

Codification

Section 61b was editorially reclassified as section 6535 of this title.

§§61b–1 to 61b–2. Omitted

Codification

Sections were omitted in view of section 6539 of this title which abolished all statutory positions in Office of Secretary of Senate, with specified exceptions, effective Oct. 1, 1981, and authorized Secretary of Senate to appoint and fix the compensation of such employees as appropriate.

Section 61b–1, Pub. L. 87–730, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 680, provided for the appointment and compensation of a second assistant parliamentarian.

Section 61b–1a, Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 433; Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 654, provided for the appointment and compensation of a third assistant parliamentarian.

Section 61b–2, Pub. L. 90–608, ch. VII, §701, Oct. 21, 1968, 82 Stat. 1195, provided for the appointment and compensation of a Curator of Art and Antiquities.

§61b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 61b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6541 of this title.

§61c. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 270, which set the compensation for certain positions in office of Secretary of Senate, was omitted for lack of general applicability.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61c, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 499; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 356; Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 398; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 320, set basic annual compensation of certain positions in office of Secretary of Senate.

§61c–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61c–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6540 of this title.

§61c–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61c–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6537 of this title.

§61d. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d was editorially reclassified as section 6651 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61d, Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 528; Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80; Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §103, July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 112; Pub. L. 97–51, §121, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 965, provided that effective October 1, 1981, the compensation of Chaplain of Senate would be $52,750.

Another prior section 61d, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 499; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 446; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §203(h), 78 Stat. 415; Dec. 12, 1969, Pub. L. 91–145, 83 Stat. 340; Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–382, 84 Stat. 808, made provision for the appointment of a Secretary to Chaplain of Senate and prescribed compensation of Chaplain of Senate and Secretary to Chaplain.

§61d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6652 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61d–1, Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 424; Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §103, July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 112, authorized Chaplain of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of a secretary at not to exceed $20,034 per annum.

§61d–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6653 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61d–2, Pub. L. 94–303, title I, §114, June 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 614, authorized a postage allowance for Chaplain of Senate, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–51, §127(b)(2), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 966.

§61d–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 108–199, div. H, §155(b)(1), Jan. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 450

Section, acts Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §2, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517; Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §2(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2433, related to the Office of the Chaplain Expense Revolving Fund. See section 6654 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to fiscal year 2004 and each fiscal year thereafter, see section 6654(c) of this title.

§61d–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6654 of this title.

§61e. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e was editorially reclassified as section 6591 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61e, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 501, prescribed gross annual compensation of Sergeant at Arms of Senate.

§61e–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6594 of this title.

§61e–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6595 of this title.

§61e–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6593 of this title.

§61e–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6598 of this title.

§§61f, 61f–1. Omitted

Section 61f, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 501; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 357; July 1, 1957, Pub. L. 85–75, 71 Stat. 245; July 31, 1958, Pub. L. 85–570, 72 Stat. 440; Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 399; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 447; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 321; Oct. 2, 1962, Pub. L. 87–730, 76 Stat. 681; Dec. 30, 1963, Pub. L. 88–248, 77 Stat. 804, prescribed the basic annual compensation of certain clerical, skilled, and unskilled employees in the office of Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

Section 61f–1, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 808, authorized Sergeant at Arms to employ certain additional personnel and prescribed their compensation, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

§61f–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–1a was editorially reclassified as section 6612 of this title.

§§61f–2 to 61f–6. Omitted

Sections were omitted for lack of general applicability. Sections were from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1972, the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1972, the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1973, the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1974, and the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1974, respectively, and provided for the appointment and compensation of specified Senate employees by the Sergeant at Arms.

Section 61f–2, Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 127, was effective July 1, 1971.

Section 61f–3, Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 634, was effective Jan. 1, 1972.

Section 61f–4, Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1504, was effective Nov. 1, 1972.

Section 61f–5, Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 529, was effective July 1, 1973.

Section 61f–6, Pub. L. 93–245, ch. VI, Jan. 3, 1974, 87 Stat. 1078, was effective Dec. 1, 1973.

§61f–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6597 of this title.

§61f–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–8 was editorially reclassified as section 6599 of this title.

§61f–9. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–9 was editorially reclassified as section 6596 of this title.

§61f–10. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–10 was editorially reclassified as section 6502 of this title.

§61f–11. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–11 was editorially reclassified as section 6620 of this title.

§61f–12. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–12 was editorially reclassified as section 6628 of this title.

§61f–13. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–13 was editorially reclassified as section 6633 of this title.

§61f–14. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–14 was editorially reclassified as section 6617 of this title.

§61g. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g was editorially reclassified as section 6151 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61g, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 502; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §101, 70 Stat. 357, prescribed the gross annual compensation of Secretaries of Senate Majority and Minority.

§§61g–1 to 61g–3. Omitted

Codification

Section 61g–1, Pub. L. 89–691, title IV, §404, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 1024, authorized, effective Oct. 1, 1966, Senate Majority Leader to fix the gross compensation of Secretary for Majority at not to exceed $25,611.05 per annum so long as position is held by present incumbent. See section 6151 of this title.

Sections 61g–2 and 61g–3, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 272, originally classified to section 61g–3 and later reclassified to section 61g–2, authorized, effective July 1, 1975, and each fiscal year thereafter, Secretaries for Senate Majority and Minority to each appoint and fix compensation of an assistant during emergencies at specified rates of compensation for not more than six months in each fiscal year. Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 658, abolished such positions, effective Oct. 1, 1977, and authorized Secretaries concerned to appoint such employees as they deem appropriate. See section 6152 of this title.

§61g–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6156 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61g–4, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §100, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, authorized Secretary of Conference of Majority and Secretary of Conference of Minority each to appoint and fix compensation of an Executive Assistant and a Secretary. These positions were abolished by section 102 of Pub. L. 96–38, effective Oct. 1, 1979.

§61g–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–5 was editorially reclassified as section 6152 of this title.

§61g–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–6 was editorially reclassified as section 6155 of this title.

§61g–6a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–6a was editorially reclassified as section 6153 of this title.

§61g–6b. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–6b was editorially reclassified as section 6154 of this title.

§61g–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6157 of this title.

§61g–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–8 was editorially reclassified as section 6158 of this title.

§§61h, 61h–1. Omitted

Codification

Section 61h, Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set forth maximum annual rate of compensation for Assistant Secretaries for Senate Majority and Minority. Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 658, abolished such positions, effective Oct. 1, 1977, and authorized Secretaries concerned to appoint and fix compensation of such employees as they deem appropriate. See section 6152 of this title.

A prior section 61h, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 502; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 357; Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 399; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 321; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 266, authorized basic per annum compensation of Assistant Secretaries for Senate Majority and Minority to be fixed by the respective Secretaries.

Section 61h–1, Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set a maximum annual rate of compensation of $38,000 for administrative assistants in Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, formerly classified to this section, authorized respective leaders to appoint an administrative assistant, were abolished, see title I of Pub. L. 95–26, 91 Stat. 80, set out below. See, also, section 6131 of this title.

A prior section 61h–1, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Leaders to each appoint and fix compensation of an administrative assistant, a legislative assistant, an executive secretary, and a clerical assistant in lieu of positions heretofore authorized by Senate Resolution 158, agreed to December 9, 1941, Pub. L. 86–30, approved May 20, 1959, and Senate Resolution 240, agreed to January 24, 1952.

Abolition of Positions in Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders

Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, provided in part: "That the positions established by the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970 [Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 338], for the Offices of the Majority and Minority Leaders [of the Senate] are abolished effective April 1, 1977." The positions referred to were enumerated in Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61h–1 of this title, which authorized the respective leaders to appoint an administrative assistant, a legislative assistant, an executive secretary, and a clerical assistant in lieu of the positions authorized prior thereto by Senate Resolution 158, agreed to Dec. 9, 1941, Pub. L. 86–30, approved May 20, 1959, and Senate Resolution 240, agreed to Jan. 24, 1952. See section 6131 of this title.

§§61h–2, 61h–3. Omitted

Codification

Section 61h–2, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set a maximum annual rate of compensation of $36,500 for legislative assistants in Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61h–1 of this title, authorized the respective leaders to appoint a legislative assistant, were abolished, see Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, set out as a note under former section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6131 of this title.

Section 61h–3, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 269, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Leaders to appoint and fix compensation of an executive secretary and a clerical assistant effective July 1, 1975. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61h–1 of this title, authorized the respective leaders to appoint an executive secretary, and a clerical assistant, were abolished, see Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, set out as a note under former section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6131 of this title.

§61h–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6131 of this title.

§61h–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–5 was editorially reclassified as section 6132 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61h–5, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, authorizing the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader to appoint, respectively, an Assistant to the Majority Leader for Floor Operations and an Assistant to the Minority Leader for Floor Operations, was omitted in view of section 101(b) of Pub. L. 98–51, title I, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 265, which provided that effective Oct. 1, 1983, the positions of Assistant to the Majority Leader for Floor Operations and Assistant to the Minority Leader for Floor Operations established by the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1977 (Pub. L. 95–26) were abolished.

§61h–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–6 was editorially reclassified as section 6501 of this title.

§61h–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6133 of this title.

§§61i to 61j–1. Omitted

Codification

Section 61i, Pub. L. 86–30, title I, May 20, 1959, 73 Stat. 48, which was from the Second Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1959, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Leaders to fix, effective May 1, 1959, basic salaries of research assistants authorized by S. Res. 158, agreed to Dec. 9, 1941, at not to exceed $8,820 per annum. See section 6131 of this title.

Section 61j, Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set a maximum annual rate of compensation of $37,000 for administrative assistants in offices of Senate Majority and Minority Whips. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Whips, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61j of this title, authorized the respective whips to appoint an administrative assistant, were abolished, see title I of Pub. L. 95–26, set out in part as a note under former section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6134 of this title.

A prior section 61j, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Whips to each appoint and fix compensation of an administrative assistant and an executive secretary.

Section 61j–1, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 270, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Whips, effective July 1, 1975, each to appoint and fix compensation of a legislative assistant. The positions established by Pub. L. 94–59 for the Offices of Majority and Minority Whips were abolished effective Apr. 1, 1977, by Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, set out as a note under section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6134 of this title.

§61j–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61j–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6134 of this title.

§61k. Transferred

Codification

Section 61k was editorially reclassified as section 6113 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61k, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 79, authorized President pro tempore of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of an Administrative Assistant, a Legislative Assistant, and an Executive Secretary. These positions were abolished effective Oct. 1, 1979, by section 101 of Pub. L. 96–38.

§61l. Transferred

Codification

Section 61l was editorially reclassified as section 6114 of this title.

§62. Transferred

Codification

Section 62 was editorially reclassified as section 6592 of this title.

§62a. Omitted

Codification

Section, act May 1, 1947, ch. 49, title I, 61 Stat. 58, accorded Sergeant at Arms of Senate the same priority as executive agencies under the Surplus Property Act of 1944, act Oct. 3, 1944, ch. 479, 58 Stat. 765. The Surplus Property Act of 1944, which was formerly classified principally to sections 1611 to 1646 of the former Appendix to Title 50, War and National Defense, was repealed, with certain exceptions, by act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title V, §503, 63 Stat. 399, and the priorities thereunder expired Dec. 31, 1949. See References in Text note under section 352 of Title 30, Mineral Lands and Mining.

§62b. Transferred

Codification

Section, act July 26, 1949, ch. 366, 63 Stat. 482, which related to audits and reports by Comptroller General of fiscal records of House Sergeant at Arms, was transferred to section 81a of this title, and was subsequently repealed by Pub. L. 104–186.

§63. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(21), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section, R.S. §73, related to duties of Doorkeeper of Senate. Provisions of R.S. §73 which related to duties of Doorkeeper of House of Representatives were classified to section 76 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186.

§64. Omitted

Codification

Section, R.S. §56, authorizing payment on requisitions drawn by Secretary of Senate of moneys appropriated for compensation of Senate members and officers and for contingent Senate expenses, was omitted in view of the abolition of appropriation for the fund provided for in this section on and after July 1, 1935, and the authorization of annual definite appropriations by act June 26, 1934, ch. 756, §14, 48 Stat. 1230.

§64–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 64–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6542 of this title.

§64–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 64–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6562 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 64–2, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §108, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 85, provided that, on and after May 4, 1977, Secretary of Senate was authorized to transfer funds between appropriations with approval of a resolution of Senate.

§64–3. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §111, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 87; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1018(h)(3), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 369, which related to reimbursement for Capitol Police salaries paid by Capitol Police for service at Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, was transferred to section 1905a of this title.

§64a. Transferred

Codification

Section 64a was editorially reclassified as section 6532 of this title.

§64a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 64a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6536 of this title.

§64b. Transferred

Codification

Section 64b was editorially reclassified as section 6533 of this title.

§65. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(a), (c), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 204

Section, R.S. §§57, 59; acts Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §5, 28 Stat. 807; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, §13, 65 Stat. 715, required Secretary of Senate to give a bond in the sum of $20,000.

§65a. Transferred

Codification

Section 65a was editorially reclassified as section 6507 of this title.

§65b. Transferred

Codification

Section 65b was editorially reclassified as section 6613 of this title.

§65c. Transferred

Codification

Section 65c was editorially reclassified as section 6512 of this title.

§65d. Transferred

Codification

Section 65d was editorially reclassified as section 6614 of this title.

§65e. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 98–63, title I, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 333, which provided that effective with fiscal year 1983 and each fiscal year thereafter, the expense allowance of Majority and Minority Whips of Senate could not exceed $5,000 each fiscal year for each Whip, was transferred and executed to section 31a–1 of this title. Section 31a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6102 of this title.

§65f. Transferred

Codification

Section 65f was editorially reclassified as section 6567 of this title.

§66. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–344, title V, §505(1), July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 322

Section, act June 19, 1934, ch. 648, title I, §1, 48 Stat. 1022, directed that the fiscal year for adjustment of accounts of Secretary of Senate for compensation and mileage of Senators extend from July 1 to June 30.

§66a. Transferred

Codification

Section 66a was editorially reclassified as section 4578 of this title.

§67. Transferred

Codification

Section 67 was editorially reclassified as section 6312 of this title.

§67a. Transferred

Codification

Section 67a was editorially reclassified as section 4335 of this title.

§68. Transferred

Codification

Section 68 was editorially reclassified as section 6503 of this title.

§68–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6504 of this title.

§68–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6505 of this title.

§68–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6506 of this title.

§68–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6615 of this title.

§68–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–5 was editorially reclassified as section 6629 of this title.

§68–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–6 was editorially reclassified as section 6508 of this title.

§68–6a. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–6a was editorially reclassified as section 6611 of this title.

§68–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6574 of this title.

§68–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–8 was editorially reclassified as section 6509 of this title.

§68a. Transferred

Codification

Section 68a was editorially reclassified as section 6510 of this title.

§68b. Transferred

Codification

Section 68b was editorially reclassified as section 6513 of this title.

§68c. Transferred

Codification

Section 68c was editorially reclassified as section 4331 of this title.

§68d. Transferred

Codification

Section 68d was editorially reclassified as section 6511 of this title.

§68e. Transferred

Codification

Section 68e was editorially reclassified as section 6561 of this title.

§68f. Transferred

Codification

Section 68f was editorially reclassified as section 6563 of this title.

§69. Transferred

Codification

Section 69 was editorially reclassified as section 4333 of this title.

§69–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 69–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4334 of this title.

§69a. Transferred

Codification

Section 69a was editorially reclassified as section 6514 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 69a, Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §105, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 661, provided for expenditure of $1,000 during any fiscal year to conduct orientation seminars for new Senators and their staffs, prior to repeal, effective July 1, 1979, by Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §107(b), July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 113.

§69b. Transferred

Codification

Section 69b was editorially reclassified as section 6578 of this title.

§§70 to 72. Omitted

Codification

Section 70, act July 16, 1914, ch. 141, §1, 38 Stat. 456, repealed resolutions passed prior to July 1, 1914, authorizing payment for clerical and messenger service.

Section 71, act July 11, 1919, ch. 6, §1, 41 Stat. 57, was a provision in the Third Deficiency Act of 1919 authorizing Secretary of the Army to transfer to Sergeant at Arms of Senate motor equipment no longer required by the War Department. It is the opinion of the Department of the Army the section was intended to cover only surplus Army material on hand following World War I.

Section 72, acts Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1291; May 13, 1926, ch. 294, §1, 44 Stat. 542; Feb. 23, 1927, ch. 168, §1, 44 Stat. 1152; May 14, 1928, ch. 551, §1, 45 Stat. 522; Feb. 28, 1929, ch. 367, §1, 45 Stat. 1392; June 6, 1930, ch. 407, §1, 46 Stat. 509; Feb. 20, 1931, ch. 234, §1, 46 Stat. 1179; June 30, 1932, ch. 314, pt. I, §1, 47 Stat. 387; Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 134, §1, 47 Stat. 1356, related to Committee employees after termination of Congress, and was limited to the Legislative Branch Appropriation Acts of which it was a part.

§72a. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a was editorially reclassified as section 4301 of this title.

Overtime Pay for FBI Employees Detailed to House Committee on Appropriations

Pub. L. 103–283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1430, which related to overtime pay for FBI employees detailed to House Committee on Appropriations, was editorially reclassified as section 4315 of this title.

Office of Classified National Security Information

Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §105, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 772, as amended by Pub. L. 97–51, §115, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 963, eff. Oct. 1, 1981; Pub. L. 99–492, §2(a), Oct. 16, 1986, 100 Stat. 1240; Pub. L. 100–18, §1(a), Apr. 3, 1987, 101 Stat. 262, established for the period beginning on Oct. 1, 1981, and ending on June 5, 1987, within the Office of the Secretary of the Senate, the Office of Classified National Security Information under the policy direction of the Majority Leader, the Minority Leader, and the chairman of the committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, and under the administrative direction and supervision of the Secretary of the Senate with the responsibility for safeguarding such restricted data and such other classified information as any committee of the Senate may from time to time assign to it.

§§72a–1, 72a–1a. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(4), (5), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144

Section 72a–1, acts Feb. 19, 1947, ch. 4, 61 Stat. 5; June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 423, provided for compensation of clerical employees of Senate standing committees. See section 4575(e) of this title.

Section 72a–1a, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 505; June 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–462, §4(h), 72 Stat. 208; Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–545, 80 Stat. 357, limited compensation of committee staff employees. See section 4575(e) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Aug. 1, 1967, see section 105(k) of Pub. L. 90–57, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4575 of this title.

§72a–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4311 of this title.

§72a–1c. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(f), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 84

Section, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §108, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 276; Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §102, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1443, authorized Senators to hire staff assistance in connection with their committee memberships. See section 4332 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(g)(1), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 84, which provided that the repeal is effective Mar. 1, 1977, was repealed by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(e)(1), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663.

§72a–1d. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(e)(1), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663

Section, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(a)–(e), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 83, 84, authorized Senators to employ individuals to assist with committee memberships of Senators and set forth compensation limitations and procedures applicable for employment of such individuals. See section 4332 of this title and section 111(a), (b) of Pub. L. 95–94, set out as a note under section 4575 of this title for related provisions.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 111(f) of Pub. L. 95–94, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4332 of this title.

Effective Date and Savings Provisions

Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(g), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 84, provided that this section is effective Mar. 1, 1977, and set forth savings provisions relating to designations and availability of amounts for employees covered by section 72a–1d of this title, and was repealed by section 111(e)(1) of Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663.

§72a–1e. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1e was editorially reclassified as section 4332 of this title.

§72a–1f. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1f was editorially reclassified as section 4338 of this title.

§72a–1g. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1g was editorially reclassified as section 4721 of this title.

§72a–1h. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1h was editorially reclassified as section 4722 of this title.

§72a–1i. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1i was editorially reclassified as section 4723 of this title.

§§72a–2, 72a–3. Omitted

Codification

Section 72a–2, acts July 20, 1951, ch. 237, §§1–3, 65 Stat. 123; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §§1, 8, 69 Stat. 501, 509; Feb. 14, 1956, ch. 34, Ch. IV, 70 Stat. 13; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 357; July 28, 1967, Pub. L. 90–57, §103, 81 Stat. 141; Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–382, §103, 84 Stat. 825, prescribed basic compensation of employees of House and Senate press, periodical, and radio galleries, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

Section 72a–3, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 814, which related to computation of salaries and wages paid out of House appropriation items, was from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1971, and was not repeated in subsequent appropriation acts. See sections 4533 to 4535 and 5103 of this title. Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 347.

Pub. L. 90–417, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 404.

Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 133.

Pub. L. 89–545, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 361.

Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 273.

Pub. L. 88–454, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 542.

Pub. L. 88–248, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 809.

Pub. L. 87–730, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 686.

Pub. L. 87–130, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 327.

Pub. L. 86–628, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 453.

Pub. L. 86–176, Aug. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 405.

Pub. L. 85–570, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 446.

Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 249.

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 363.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 513.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403.

§72a–4. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(1), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144

Section, Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 246, provided for computation of salaries and wages paid out of Senate contingent-expense items. See section 4575(b), (c) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Aug. 1, 1967, see section 105(k) of Pub. L. 90–57, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4575 of this title.

§72b. Transferred

Codification

Section 72b was editorially reclassified as section 4312 of this title.

§72b–1. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §134(b), 60 Stat. 832, related to reports of committees and subcommittees of the Senate and House of Representatives on employed personnel. See section 72c of this title and the Standing Rules of the Senate. Section 2(a) of Senate Resolution No. 274, Ninety-sixth Congress, Nov. 14, 1979, provided in part that this section, insofar as it relates to the Senate, is repealed.

§72c. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(13), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1732

Section, act July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 367, related to House committee reports on employed personnel.

§72d. Transferred

Codification

Section 72d was editorially reclassified as section 4336 of this title.

§72d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 72d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4337 of this title.

§§73, 74. Omitted

Codification

Section 73, act Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1292, related to clerk hire for Ways and Means Committee. See section 4301(c) of this title and Rules of House of Representatives.

Section 74, acts Mar. 3, 1893, No. 21, 27 Stat. 757; July 16, 1914, ch. 141, §§1, 6, 38 Stat. 454, 509; Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 141, §§1, 6, 38 Stat. 997, 1049; June 7, 1924, ch. 303, §1, 43 Stat. 581, and Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1286, related to clerk hire. See section 4301 of this title.

Repeals

R.S. §53 and act May 24, 1924, ch. 183, §1, 43 Stat. 149, formerly cited as a credit to section 74, were repealed by act Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 202, §1, 47 Stat. 1428, and act June 20, 1929, ch. 33, §6, 46 Stat. 39, respectively.

§74–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 74–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5122 of this title.

§74–2. Omitted

Section, Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817; Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 81; Pub. L. 90–417, §103, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 413, was based on House Resolutions No. 603, Apr. 16, 1962, and No. 685, Apr. 14, 1964, related to messengers in Office of Speaker, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

§74a. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a was editorially reclassified as section 5101 of this title.

§74a–1. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 87–367, title III, §302(c), Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 793, provided that rate of gross annual compensation of Chief of Staff of Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation was to be an amount equal to $17,500 as increased in the manner provided by sections 60e–8(d) and 60e–9(d) of this title. See section 4302 of this title.

A prior section 74a–1, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §9, 69 Stat. 509, prescribed compensation of Chief of Staff of Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation.

§74a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4302 of this title.

§74a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 5141 of this title.

§74a–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–4 was editorially reclassified as section 5142 of this title.

§74a–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–5 was editorially reclassified as a note under section 5142 of this title.

§74a–6. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(17), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1732

Section, Pub. L. 103–283, title I, §101, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1430, provided for transfer of authority over Majority and Minority Printers of House to Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services of House.

§74a–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–7 was editorially reclassified as section 5123 of this title.

§74a–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–8 was editorially reclassified as section 5161 of this title.

§74a–9. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–9 was editorially reclassified as section 5102 of this title.

§74a–10. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–10 was editorially reclassified as section 5144 of this title.

§74a–10a. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–10a was editorially reclassified as section 5145 of this title.

§74a–10b. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–10b was editorially reclassified as section 5146 of this title.

§74a–11. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–11 was editorially reclassified as section 5105 of this title.

§74a–11a. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–11a was editorially reclassified as section 5104 of this title.

§74a–12. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–12 was editorially reclassified as section 5124 of this title.

§74a–13. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–13 was editorially reclassified as section 5162 of this title.

§74b. Transferred

Codification

Section 74b was editorially reclassified as section 6538 of this title.

§74c. Transferred

Codification

Section 74c was editorially reclassified as section 5143 of this title.

§74d. Transferred

Codification

Section 74d was editorially reclassified as section 5621 of this title.

Transfer of Positions in Corrections Calendar Office

Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §106, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1018, which related to the transfer of positions in the Corrections Calendar Office, was editorially reclassified as section 5624 of this title.

§74d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 74d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5622 of this title.

§74d–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 74d–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5623 of this title.

§75. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(b), (c), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 204

Section, R.S. §§58, 59; act Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §5, 28 Stat. 807, required Clerk of House of Representatives to give a bond in the sum of $20,000.

§75–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(A)(iii), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section, based on H. Res. No. 8, par. (3), Ninety-fifth Congress, Jan. 4, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, related to compensation of Clerk of House.

A prior section 75–1, based on H. Res. No. 890, Ninety-second Congress, Oct. 4, 1972, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1509, set forth the compensation of the Clerk at equal to the annual rate of basic pay fixed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§75a. Repealed. Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title II, §20702(b), as added Pub. L. 110–5, §2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 38

Section, act June 8, 1942, ch. 396, §7, 56 Stat. 350; Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(i), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 205; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(19), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1732; Pub. L. 108–271, §8(b), July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814, provided for continuation of payments by and legal liability of the disbursing clerk of the House of Representatives in case of the death, resignation, separation from office, or disability of the Chief Administrative Officer of the House.

Repeal of section is based on section 103(b)(1) of title I of H.R. 5521, as passed by the House of Representatives on June 7, 2006, which was enacted into law by section 20702(b) of Pub. L. 109–289, as added by Pub. L. 110–5.

§75a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 75a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5501 of this title.

§§75b to 75e. Omitted

Codification

Section 75b, act May 1, 1947, ch. 49, title I, 61 Stat. 58, accorded Clerk of House the same priority as executive agencies under the Surplus Property Act of 1944, act Oct. 3, 1944, ch. 479, 58 Stat. 765. The Surplus Property Act of 1944, which was formerly classified principally to sections 1611 to 1646 of the former Appendix to Title 50, War and National Defense, was repealed, with certain exceptions, by act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title V, §503, 63 Stat. 399, and the priorities thereunder expired Dec. 31, 1949. See References in Text note under section 352 of Title 30, Mineral Lands and Mining.

Sections 75c to 75e were omitted from the Code for lack of general applicability.

Section 75c, based on H. Res. No. 449, Sept. 21, 1961, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693, related to basic compensation of Assistant Tally Clerks in Office of Clerk of House.

Section 75d, based on H. Res. No. 331, June 7, 1961, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693, related to basic compensation of stationery and assistant stationery clerks.

Section 75e, based on H. Res. Nos. 225, 341, 402 and 773 of the 87th Congress, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–130, §103, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 334; Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693; Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817, related to compensation of certain laborers and clerks in offices of Clerk, Doorkeeper and Postmaster of House.

§75f. Transferred

Codification

Section 75f was editorially reclassified as section 5502 of this title.

§§76 to 76a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(21), (22)(A)(iii), (23), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section 76, R.S. §73, related to duties of Doorkeeper of House. Provisions of R.S. §73 which related to duties of Doorkeeper of Senate were classified to section 63 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186.

Section 76–1, based on H. Res. No. 8, par. (3), Ninety-fifth Congress, Jan. 4, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, related to compensation of Doorkeeper of House.

A prior section 76–1 was based on provisions of H. Res. No. 890, Ninety-second Congress, Oct. 4, 1972, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1509, relating to compensation of the Doorkeeper being equal to the annual rate of basic pay fixed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, prior to those provisions being struck out by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733.

Another prior section 76–1, based on H. Res. No. 909, Eighty-ninth Congress, Sept. 8, 1966, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 89–697, ch. VI, §601, Oct. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 1064, set forth the compensation of the Doorkeeper at equal to the gross per annum rate of compensation of the Clerk of House and Sergeant at Arms of House, prior to being repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733.

Section 76a, based on H. Res. No. 560, Eighty-seventh Congress, Mar. 27, 1962, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693, related to position of a special assistant in Office of Doorkeeper.

§76b. Omitted

Codification

Section 76b, based on H. Res. No. 603, §§2, 3, Eighty-seventh Congress, Apr. 16, 1962, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817, related to compensation of telephone clerks in Office of Doorkeeper, was omitted from Code in view of repeal of section 2 of H. Res. No. 603 by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(24) Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733.

§77. Transferred

Codification

Section 77 was editorially reclassified as section 5601 of this title.

§77a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(A)(iii), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section, based on H. Res. No. 8, par. (3), Ninety-fifth Congress, Jan. 4, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, related to compensation of Sergeant at Arms of House.

A prior section 77a, based on H. Res. No. 890, Ninety-second Congress, Oct. 4, 1972, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1509, set forth the compensation of the Sergeant at Arms at equal to the annual rate of basic pay fixed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§78. Transferred

Codification

Section 78 was editorially reclassified as section 5604 of this title.

Law Enforcement Authority of Sergeant at Arms

Pub. L. 104–53, title III, §313, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 538, which related to the law enforcement authority of the Sergeant at Arms, was editorially reclassified as section 5605 of this title.

§79. Transferred

Codification

Section 79 was editorially reclassified as section 5603 of this title.

§80. Transferred

Codification

Section 80 was editorially reclassified as section 5309 of this title.

§80a. Transferred

Codification

Section 80a was editorially reclassified as section 4560 of this title.

§81. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–344, title V, §505(2), July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 322

Section, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 400, directed that the fiscal year for the adjustment of the accounts of Sergeant at Arms of House for compensation and mileage of Members, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner extend from July 1 to June 30.

§§81a to 81c. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(27)–(29), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 81a, act July 26, 1949, ch. 366, 63 Stat. 482, related to audits and reports of fiscal records of Sergeant at Arms of House.

Section 81b, based on H. Res. No. 465, Eighty-fourth Congress, Apr. 11, 1956, enacted into permanent law by act June 27, 1956, ch. 453, title I, §103, 70 Stat. 370, related to payment from House contingent fund for restoration or adjustment of trust fund account of Sergeant at Arms.

Section 81c, based on H. Res. No. 144, Eighty-fifth Congress, Feb. 7, 1957, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 85–75, title I, §103, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 256, related to purchase of and payment for insurance of office funds of Sergeant at Arms of House.

§82. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(d), (e), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 204

Section, acts Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1256, §§4, 5, 26 Stat. 645, 646; Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §5, 28 Stat. 807, required Sergeant at Arms of House of Representatives to give a bond in sum of $50,000.

§83. Transferred

Codification

Section 83 was editorially reclassified as section 5602 of this title.

§§84, 84–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(30), (31), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 84, act Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1256, §7, 26 Stat. 646, related to statement of disbursements by Sergeant at Arms.

Section 84–1, based on H. Res. No. 6, Ninety-eighth Congress, Jan. 3, 1983, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 98–51, title I, §110, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 269, fixed compensation of Postmaster of House of Representatives.

A prior section 84–1, based on H. Res. No. 393, §3, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 31, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, provided that per annum gross rate of compensation of Postmaster was to equal amount for level 13, step 5, of House Employees Schedule.

Another prior section 84–1, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §5, 69 Stat. 508; Dec. 16, 1967, Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(b), 81 Stat. 635, set forth compensation of Postmaster.

§84–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 84–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5521 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 84–2, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §203(f), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 415; H. Res. 313, 89th Cong., Mar. 31, 1965, as enacted by Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(b), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 635, provided that the compensation of Chaplain of House shall be at a gross per annum rate which is equal to the gross per annum rate of compensation of Chaplain of Senate, subject to further increases.

§§84–3, 84–4. Omitted

Codification

Section 84–3, which related to compensation of Deputy Sergeant at Arms (charge of pairs), was based on House Resolution No. 138, Feb. 2, 1961, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–130, §103, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 334. See section 291 et seq. of this title.

Section 84–4, which related to compensation of a clerk-messenger in office of Parliamentarian, was based on House Resolution No. 603, Apr. 16, 1962, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817, and was omitted because a lump-sum appropriation is now made for the Office of Parliamentarian.

§84a. Transferred

Codification

Section 84a was editorially reclassified as section 5561 of this title.

§84a–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(32), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section, based on H. Res. No. 1495, Ninety-fourth Congress, Sept. 30, 1976, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668; amended Pub. L. 101–509, title V, §529 [title I, §101(b)(4)(G)], Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1427, 1440, related to adjustment of compensation of Official Reporter of Debates and Official Reporter to Committees.

§84b. Omitted

Codification

Section, acts July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 365; Oct. 18, 1986, Pub. L. 99–500, §101(j), 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Oct. 30, 1986, Pub. L. 99–591, §101(j), 100 Stat. 3341–287; July 11, 1987, Pub. L. 100–71, title I, 101 Stat. 425, provided that on and after July 17, 1947, sums received from the sales of copies of transcripts of hearings of committees reported by such reporters be covered into the Treasury. See section 5540 of this title.

Amendment of section by Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591, as amended by Pub. L. 100–71, is based on section 104(b) of title I of H.R. 5203 (see House Report 99–805 as filed in the House on Aug. 15, 1986), and incorporated by reference in section 101(j) of Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591, to be effective as if enacted into law. Pub. L. 99–591 is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99–500.

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in appropriation acts which were classified to section 117a of this title.

§§85 to 88a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(33), (34)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 85, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to performance of duties by employees of House.

Section 86, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to division of salaries of employees of House.

Section 87, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to requiring or permitting employees of House to sublet duties.

Section 88, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, prescribed age limits of twelve and eighteen for service as pages in House of Representatives but made the restriction inapplicable to chief pages, riding pages, and telephone pages. See section 4901(b) of this title.

Section 88a, act Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §243, 60 Stat. 839, related to education of Congressional and Supreme Court pages, authorized appropriations, and allowed pages to elect to attend private or parochial schools.

§88b. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b was editorially reclassified as section 4903 of this title.

§88b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4901 of this title.

§88b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4911 of this title.

§88b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4912 of this title.

§88b–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4913 of this title.

§88b–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–5 was editorially reclassified as section 4917 of this title.

§88b–6. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(39), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1735

Section, Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §902, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §4, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517, related to withholding from salary charges for lodging, meals, and related services furnished Senate pages in page residence hall.

§88b–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–7 was editorially reclassified as section 4931 of this title.

§88c. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §491(e), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1198

Section, acts June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 426; Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 390; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–652, §16(b), 78 Stat. 1084, provided for compensation of pages of Senate and House.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§88c–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(40)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1735

Section, based on H. Res. No. 234, §1, Ninety-eighth Congress, June 29, 1983, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §103, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 479, related to payment for educational services and related items for pages.

§88c–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 88c–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4914 of this title.

§88c–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 88c–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4915 of this title.

§88c–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 88c–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4916 of this title.

§89. Transferred

Codification

Section 89 was editorially reclassified as section 4552 of this title.

§89a. Transferred

Codification

Section 89a was editorially reclassified as section 4559 of this title.

§§90, 91. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(33), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 90, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to removal from office of employees of House for violation of sections 85 to 87 and 4552 of this title.

Section 91, acts Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, §121, 60 Stat. 822, related to investigations of violations of sections 85 to 87, 90, and 4552 of this title.

§92. Transferred

Codification

Section 92 was editorially reclassified as section 5321 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 92, acts Jan. 25, 1923, ch. 43, 42 Stat. 1217; July 25, 1939, ch. 352, §1, 53 Stat. 1080; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §11(b), 69 Stat. 509; Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 938, §1(b), 70 Stat. 990, related to payment of appropriations for clerk hire for Members of House of Representatives, Delegates, and Resident Commissioners, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186, title I, §104(e)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1721.

§92–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(43), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1736

Section, based on H. Res. No. 294, §2, Eighty-eighth Congress, Aug. 14, 1964, as continued by H. Res. No. 7, Eighty-ninth Congress, Jan. 4, 1965, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281, related to place of performance of services for which clerk hire allowances were paid.

§92a. Transferred

Codification

Section 92a was editorially reclassified as section 5323 of this title.

§92b. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b was editorially reclassified as section 5324 of this title.

§92b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5327 of this title.

§92b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5328 of this title.

§92b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 5329 of this title.

§92c. Transferred

Codification

Section 92c was editorially reclassified as section 5325 of this title.

§92d. Transferred

Codification

Section 92d was editorially reclassified as section 5326 of this title.

§92e. Repealed. Pub. L. 98–473, title I, §123A(b), Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1969

Section, acts June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, 57 Stat. 223; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 337; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 241; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 390, provided for continuation of salaries of clerical assistants to Senators upon death of that Senator in office.

§§93, 94. Omitted

Codification

Section 93, act June 28, 1886, No. 15, 24 Stat. 342, related to time of beginning of compensation of committee clerks. See section 4301 of this title and Rules of House of Representatives.

Section 94, acts Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1291; May 13, 1926, ch. 294, §1, 44 Stat. 542; Feb. 23, 1927, ch. 168, §1, 44 Stat. 1152; May 14, 1928, ch. 551, §1, 45 Stat. 522; Feb. 28, 1929, ch. 367, §1, 45 Stat. 1392; June 6, 1930, ch. 407, §1, 46 Stat. 509; Feb. 20, 1931, ch. 234, §1, 46 Stat. 1180; June 30, 1932, ch. 314, pt. I, §1, 47 Stat. 388; Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 134, §1, 47 Stat. 1356, related to appointment and removal of janitors, and was limited to the appropriation acts of which it was a part.

§95. Omitted

Codification

Section was based on provisions of acts Oct. 2, 1888, ch. 1069, 25 Stat. 546; Mar. 4, 1911, ch. 240, 36 Stat. 1318; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, §121, 60 Stat. 822; Dec. 27, 1974, Pub. L. 93–554, title I, 88 Stat. 1776; Aug. 20, 1996, Pub. L. 104–186, title I, §105(c), 110 Stat. 1722, relating to payments from contingent fund of House of Representatives prior to being struck out by Pub. L. 104–186. See section 5505 of this title. Provisions of act Oct. 2, 1888, relating to payments from contingent fund of the Senate are classified to section 6503 of this title.

§95–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 95–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5505 of this title.

§95a. Transferred

Codification

Section 95a was editorially reclassified as section 5506 of this title.

§95b. Transferred

Codification

Section 95b was editorially reclassified as section 5507 of this title.

§95c. Transferred

Codification

Section 95c was editorially reclassified as section 5532 of this title.

§95d. Transferred

Codification

Section 95d was editorially reclassified as section 5508 of this title.

§95e. Transferred

Codification

Section 95e was editorially reclassified as section 5533 of this title.

§§96 to 100. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(46)–(51), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1737

Section 96, acts July 16, 1914, ch. 141, §1, 38 Stat. 462; Mar. 3, 1926, ch. 44, §1, 44 Stat. 163, related to payment of certain bills from moneys of House.

Section 96a, Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §311, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 712, related to transfer of responsibility for legislative service organization financial activity to Clerk of House.

Section 97, act Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §1, 28 Stat. 768, related to temporary committee on accounts of House.

Section 98, act Mar. 3, 1885, ch. 360, 23 Stat. 512, related to contracts for horses for service of House of Representatives.

Section 99, act Mar. 3, 1891, ch. 541, §1, 26 Stat. 914, related to contracts for horses and mail wagons for House of Representatives.

Section 100, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 967, related to contracts for packing boxes for House.

§101. Transferred

Codification

Section 101 was editorially reclassified as section 4701 of this title.

§102. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(52), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1737

Section, R.S. §§60, 61; Pub. L. 86–628, §105(c), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 461, required submission by Secretary of Senate and Clerk of House to two Houses of statements as to persons employed and as to expenditures and balances on hand and providing for printing of such reports as Senate and House documents. See sections 4108 and 5535 of this title.

§102a. Transferred

Codification

Section 102a was editorially reclassified as section 4107 of this title.

§§103, 104. Omitted

Codification

Section 103, R.S. §62, authorized Secretary of Senate and Clerk of House to require disbursing officers subject to their authority to return analytical statements and receipts for expenditures and to communicate such returns annually to Congress. See sections 4108 and 5535 of this title.

Section 104, R.S. §63, required that all expenditures of Senate and House be made up to end of each fiscal year and reported to Congress at beginning of each regular session. See sections 4108 and 5535 of this title.

§104a. Transferred

Codification

Section 104a was editorially reclassified as section 4108 of this title.

§104b. Transferred

Codification

Section 104b was editorially reclassified as section 5535 of this title.

Reporting Payments Made to Witnesses Before Committee on Standards of Official Conduct

Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §105, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2439, which related to reporting payments made to witnesses before Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, was editorially reclassified as section 4713 of this title.

§104c. Transferred

Codification

Section 104c was editorially reclassified as section 5562 of this title.

§104d. Transferred

Codification

Section 104d was editorially reclassified as section 4702 of this title.

§104e. Transferred

Codification

Section 104e was editorially reclassified as section 4712 of this title.

§104f. Transferred

Codification

Section 104f was editorially reclassified as section 4728 of this title.

§104g. Transferred

Codification

Section 104g was editorially reclassified as section 4727 of this title.

§105. Transferred

Codification

Section 105 was editorially reclassified as section 4303 of this title.

§106. Transferred

Codification

Section 106 was editorially reclassified as section 6569 of this title.

§107. Transferred

Codification

Section 107 was editorially reclassified as section 6570 of this title.

§108. Transferred

Codification

Section 108 was editorially reclassified as section 6571 of this title.

§109. Transferred

Codification

Section 109 was editorially reclassified as section 4104 of this title.

§110. Transferred

Codification

Section 110 was editorially reclassified as section 4105 of this title.

§111. Transferred

Codification

Section 111 was editorially reclassified as section 4102 of this title.

§111a. Transferred

Codification

Section 111a was editorially reclassified as section 6625 of this title.

§111b. Transferred

Codification

Section 111b was editorially reclassified as section 4103 of this title.

§112. Transferred

Codification

Section 112 was editorially reclassified as section 6572 of this title.

§§112a to 112d. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–139, §2(a), Dec. 5, 1969, 83 Stat. 291

For subject matter of former sections 112a to 112d of this title, see section 5536 of this title.

Section 112a, acts Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §1, 67 Stat. 7; Mar. 25, 1955, ch. 15, §§1, 2, 69 Stat. 13; Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §1, 70 Stat. 30; July 26, 1961, Pub. L. 87–107, §1, 75 Stat. 221; Aug. 13, 1965, Pub. L. 89–122, 79 Stat. 517; Nov. 8, 1965, Pub. L. 89–342, 79 Stat. 1302, authorized electrical and mechanical office equipment for House Members, officers, and committees.

Section 112a–1, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §2, as added Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31; amended July 26, 1961, Pub. L. 87–107, §2, 75 Stat. 221; Oct. 9, 1965, Pub. L. 89–248, 79 Stat. 968; Oct. 24, 1967, Pub. L. 90–116, 81 Stat. 337, related to supply of additional typewriters.

Section 112a–2, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §3, as added Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, provided for payment for equipment supplied.

Section 112b, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §4, formerly §2, 67 Stat. 8, renumbered §4, Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, provided for registration and ownership of equipment supplied.

Section 112c, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §6, formerly §4, 67 Stat. 8, renumbered §6, Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, defined "Member".

Section 112d, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §7, formerly §5, 67 Stat. 8, renumbered §7, Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, related to the issuance of rules and regulations.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective at beginning of first calendar month which commenced on or after Dec. 5, 1969, see section 3 of Pub. L. 91–139, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5536 of this title.

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 91–139, §2(b), Dec. 5, 1969, 83 Stat. 291, provided that: "The repeal by subsection (a) of this section of the joint resolution of March 25, 1953 [sections 112a to 112d of this title], does not deprive any Member, officer, or committee of the House of Representatives, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, of entitlement to the continued possession and use of office equipment furnished, under any provision of that joint resolution, to that Member, officer, committee, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and in use on the effective date of this Act [see Effective Date note set out under section 5536 of this title]. However, the total value (less allowance for depreciation) of that equipment furnished to a Member or the Resident Commissioner under the first section and section 2 of the joint resolution of March 25, 1953, while in use by that Member or the Resident Commissioner on and after the effective date of this Act shall be taken into account for the purpose of determining the total value of equipment in use at any one time in the office of the Member or the Resident Commissioner under the regulations prescribed by the Committee on House Administration under the first section of this Act [section 5536 of this title]."

§112e. Transferred

Codification

Section 112e was editorially reclassified as section 5536 of this title.

§112f. Transferred

Codification

Section 112f was editorially reclassified as section 5509 of this title.

§112g. Transferred

Codification

Section 112g was editorially reclassified as section 5537 of this title.

§112h. Transferred

Codification

Section 112h was editorially reclassified as section 5538 of this title.

§113. Transferred

Codification

Section 113 was editorially reclassified as section 4109 of this title.

§114. Transferred

Codification

Section 114 was editorially reclassified as section 6575 of this title.

§115. Transferred

Codification

Section 115 was editorially reclassified as section 5563 of this title.

§116. Repealed. May 29, 1928, ch. 901, §1, 45 Stat. 995

Section, R.S. §72, related to accounting by the Secretaries, Clerks, Sergeant at Arms, Postmasters, and Doorkeepers of Senate and House for property of the Government in their possession.

§117. Transferred

Codification

Section 117 was editorially reclassified as section 6516 of this title.

§117a. Omitted

Codification

Section, acts July 1, 1941, ch. 268, 55 Stat. 454; June 8, 1942, ch. 396, 56 Stat. 338; June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, 57 Stat. 228; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 343; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 248; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 397, related to depositing in Treasury sums received from sale of transcripts of House committee hearings, and applied only to fiscal years covered by such acts. Permanent provisions were enacted by act July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 365, and classified to section 84b of this title.

§117b. Transferred

Codification

Section 117b was editorially reclassified as section 6630 of this title.

§117b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 117b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6517 of this title.

§117b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 117b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6631 of this title.

§117c. Transferred

Codification

Section 117c was editorially reclassified as section 6632 of this title.

§117d. Transferred

Codification

Section 117d was editorially reclassified as section 6626 of this title.

§117d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 117d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6627 of this title.

§117e. Transferred

Codification

Section 117e was editorially reclassified as section 5540 of this title.

§117f. Transferred

Codification

Section 117f was editorially reclassified as section 5539 of this title.

§117g. Transferred

Codification

Section 117g was editorially reclassified as section 4121 of this title.

§117h. Transferred

Codification

Section 117h was editorially reclassified as section 4122 of this title.

§117i. Transferred

Codification

Section 117i was editorially reclassified as section 2013 of this title.

§117j. Transferred

Codification

Section 117j was editorially reclassified as section 5541 of this title.

§117j–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 117j–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5542 of this title.

§117k. Transferred

Codification

Section 117k was editorially reclassified as section 5543 of this title.

§117l. Transferred

Codification

Section 117l was editorially reclassified as section 5544 of this title.

§117m. Transferred

Codification

Section 117m was editorially reclassified as section 5545 of this title.

§118. Transferred

Codification

Section 118 was editorially reclassified as section 5503 of this title.

§118a. Transferred

Codification

Section 118a was editorially reclassified as section 5504 of this title.

§119. Transferred

Codification

Section 119 was editorially reclassified as section 4106 of this title.

§119a. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–620, §3, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1309

Section, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, 68 Stat. 397, provided that on and after July 2, 1954, the Senate Folding Room shall be known as the Senate Service Department. See section 740 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

§120. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Feb. 23, 1927, ch. 168, §1, 44 Stat. 1150, changed the name of "clerk to Speaker's table" to "parliamentarian" and was omitted as executed.

§121. Transferred

Codification

Section 121 was editorially reclassified as section 2052 of this title.

§121a. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §6(h)(1), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2434

Section, Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §106, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1444; Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §107(a), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 85; Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §10(b), Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2162, related to Senate Barber and Beauty Shops Revolving Fund.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective 30 days after Oct. 21, 1998, see section 6634(i) of this title.

§121b. Transferred

Codification

Section 121b was editorially reclassified as a note under section 6634 of this title.

§121b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 121b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6634 of this title.

§121c. Transferred

Codification

Section 121c was editorially reclassified as section 6635 of this title.

§121d. Transferred

Codification

Section 121d was editorially reclassified as section 6576 of this title.

§121e. Transferred

Codification

Section 121e was editorially reclassified as section 6515 of this title.

§121f. Transferred

Codification

Section 121f was editorially reclassified as section 2026 of this title.

§121g. Transferred

Codification

Section 121g was editorially reclassified as section 4123 of this title.

§122. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777

Section, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403; Sept. 7, 1957, Pub. L. 85–301, §1, 71 Stat. 622; Sept. 29, 1965, Pub. L. 89–211, §1(a), 79 Stat. 857, provided for office space in the home districts of House Members and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.

The repeal of this section is based on section 6(b) of House Resolution No. 687, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 325.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 470.

Effective Date of Repeal

Section 6(b) of House Resolution No. 687, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, provided that the repeal of this section is applicable beginning on Jan. 3, 1978, upon the enactment of House Resolution No. 687 as permanent law, which was effected by Pub. L. 95–391, §111.

§122a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(66), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1740

Section, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403; June 13, 1957, Pub. L. 85–54, 71 Stat. 82; H. Res. No. 831, Eighty-eighth Congress, Aug. 14, 1964, enacted into permanent law by act July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, §103, 79 Stat. 281, related to reimbursement of House Members for office expenses outside District of Columbia.

Reimbursement of Expenses of House Members; Member of House of Representatives and Member Defined

Section 302(a), (b), and (d) of H. Res. No. 287, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 2, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, which related to reimbursement to Members of House of Representatives for official expenses incurred in United States, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(20)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728.

§§122b to 122g. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(67), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1740

Section 122b, based on H. Res. No. 687, §1, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to leasing of office space in home districts of House Members.

Section 122c, based on H. Res. No. 687, §2, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to determination of annual amount which could be disbursed on behalf of each Member under former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

Section 122d, based on H. Res. No. 687, §3, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to authorization by Committee on House Administration of disbursements under former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

Section 122e, based on H. Res. No. 687, §4, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to furnishing office equipment, carpeting, and draperies.

Section 122f, based on H. Res. No. 687, §5, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, authorized Committee on House Administration to prescribe rules and regulations to carry out former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

Section 122g, based on H. Res. No. 687, §7, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, defined terms for purposes of former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

§123. Repealed. June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §105(m), 70 Stat. 372

Section, act Aug. 7, 1953, ch. 341, 67 Stat. 439, established a joint Senate and House Recording Facility revolving fund, provided for the disposition of monies, and required the coordinator of the Facility to give a penal bond.

§123a. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 500, which established the basic annual compensation of the coordinator, Joint Recording Facility, has been omitted because of section 4131(l) of this title which abolished the Joint Recording Facility positions and salaries established pursuant to the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1948, and all subsequent acts.

§123b. Transferred

Codification

Section 123b was editorially reclassified as section 4131 of this title.

§123b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 123b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4132 of this title.

§123c. Transferred

Codification

Section 123c was editorially reclassified as section 6618 of this title.

§123c–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 123c–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6619 of this title.

§123d. Transferred

Codification

Section 123d was editorially reclassified as section 6636 of this title.

§123e. Transferred

Codification

Section 123e was editorially reclassified as section 6577 of this title.

§124. Transferred

Codification

Section 124 was editorially reclassified as section 5606 of this title.

§125. Transferred

Codification

Section 125 was editorially reclassified as section 4553 of this title.

§125a. Transferred

Codification

Section 125a was editorially reclassified as section 4506 of this title. Section 38b of this title, which was identical to this section, was omitted from the Code.

§126. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–554, §8, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 658

Section, act Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1208, title VI, §603, 68 Stat. 1116, provided that official reporters of Senate proceedings and their employees be considered officers or employees of the legislative branch within section 2091(a) of former Title 5. See section 8701(a)(3) of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§126–1. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265; Pub. L. 90–239, ch. IV, Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §105(1), July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 112, which authorized Secretary of Senate to employ one chief reporter of debates, seven reporters of debates, one assistant reporter of debates, two clerks, and six expert transcribers, was omitted because of section 6539 of this title which abolished all statutory positions in the Office of the Secretary of the Senate, with specified exceptions, effective Oct. 1, 1981, and authorized Secretary of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of such employees as appropriate.

§126–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 126–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6543 of this title.

§126a. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 86–628, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 447, related to appointment of reporters, transcribers and other employees by Official Reporter of Debates of Senate. See section 6539 of this title.

§126b. Transferred

Codification

Section 126b was editorially reclassified as section 6544 of this title.

§127. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 129

Section, Pub. L. 87–130, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 323; Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 343, provided for reimbursement of transportation expenses of employees in Senator's office, authorizing eight round trips in any fiscal year and two additional mileage payments when office of Senator is from a State having a population of ten million or more inhabitants and requiring voucher certification of travel as being in line of official duty.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Act June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 360, as amended by acts July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 449; Mar. 31, 1961, Pub. L. 87–14, title I, 75 Stat. 29.

Act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–51 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1971.

§127a. Transferred

Codification

Section 127a was editorially reclassified as section 5342 of this title.

§127b. Transferred

Codification

Section 127b was editorially reclassified as section 4538 of this title.

§§128, 129. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 658, 659

Section 128, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 513, authorized contributions for group life insurance of House