[USC07] 26 USC Subtitle E, CHAPTER 51, Subchapter A, PART I, Subpart A: Distilled Spirits
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26 USC Subtitle E, CHAPTER 51, Subchapter A, PART I, Subpart A: Distilled Spirits
From Title 26—INTERNAL REVENUE CODESubtitle E—Alcohol, Tobacco, and Certain Other Excise TaxesCHAPTER 51—DISTILLED SPIRITS, WINES, AND BEERSubchapter A—Gallonage and Occupational TaxesPART I—GALLONAGE TAXES

Subpart A—Distilled Spirits

Sec.
5001.
Imposition, rate, and attachment of tax.
5002.
Definitions.
5003.
Cross references to exemptions, etc.
5004.
Lien for tax.
5005.
Persons liable for tax.
5006.
Determination of tax.
5007.
Collection of tax on distilled spirits.
5008.
Abatement, remission, refund, and allowance for loss or destruction of distilled spirits.
[5009.
Repealed.]
5010.
Credit for wine content and for flavors content.
5011.
Income tax credit for average cost of carrying excise tax.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subpart A, comprising sections 5001 to 5012, related to tax on distilled spirits, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859, title II, 201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1313.

Amendments

2005Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11126(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1958, added item 5011.

1980Pub. L. 96–598, §6(b), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3489, added item 5010.

1979Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §807(b)(2), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 290, struck out item 5009 "Drawback".

§5001. Imposition, rate, and attachment of tax

(a) Rate of tax

(1) General

There is hereby imposed on all distilled spirits produced in or imported into the United States a tax at the rate of $13.50 on each proof gallon and a proportionate tax at the like rate on all fractional parts of a proof gallon.

(2) Products containing distilled spirits

All products of distillation, by whatever name known, which contain distilled spirits, on which the tax imposed by law has not been paid, and any alcoholic ingredient added to such products, shall be considered and taxed as distilled spirits.

(3) Wines containing more than 24 percent alcohol by volume

Wines containing more than 24 percent of alcohol by volume shall be taxed as distilled spirits.

(4) Distilled spirits withdrawn free of tax

Any person who removes, sells, transports, or uses distilled spirits, withdrawn free of tax under section 5214(a) or section 7510, in violation of laws or regulations now or hereafter in force pertaining thereto, and all such distilled spirits shall be subject to all provisions of law relating to distilled spirits subject to tax, including those requiring payment of the tax thereon; and the person so removing, selling, transporting, or using the distilled spirits shall be required to pay such tax.

(5) Denatured distilled spirits or articles

Any person who produces, withdraws, sells, transports, or uses denatured distilled spirits or articles in violation of laws or regulations now or hereafter in force pertaining thereto, and all such denatured distilled spirits or articles shall be subject to all provisions of law pertaining to distilled spirits that are not denatured, including those requiring the payment of tax thereon; and the person so producing, withdrawing, selling, transporting, or using the denatured distilled spirits or articles shall be required to pay such tax.

(6) Fruit-flavor concentrates

If any volatile fruit-flavor concentrate (or any fruit mash or juice from which such concentrate is produced) containing one-half of 1 percent or more of alcohol by volume, which is manufactured free from tax under section 5511, is sold, transported, or used by any person in violation of the provisions of this chapter or regulations promulgated thereunder, such person and such concentrate, mash, or juice shall be subject to all provisions of this chapter pertaining to distilled spirits and wines, including those requiring the payment of tax thereon; and the person so selling, transporting, or using such concentrate, mash, or juice shall be required to pay such tax.

(7) Imported liqueurs and cordials

Imported liqueurs and cordials, or similar compounds, containing distilled spirits, shall be taxed as distilled spirits.

(8) Imported distilled spirits withdrawn for beverage purposes

There is hereby imposed on all imported distilled spirits withdrawn from customs custody under section 5232 without payment of the internal revenue tax, and thereafter withdrawn from bonded premises for beverage purposes, an additional tax equal to the duty which would have been paid had such spirits been imported for beverage purposes, less the duty previously paid thereon.

(9) Alcoholic compounds from Puerto Rico

Except as provided in section 5314, upon bay rum, or any article containing distilled spirits, brought from Puerto Rico into the United States for consumption or sale there is hereby imposed a tax on the spirits contained therein at the rate imposed on distilled spirits produced in the United States.

(b) Time of attachment on distilled spirits

The tax shall attach to distilled spirits as soon as this substance is in existence as such, whether it be subsequently separated as pure or impure spirits, or be immediately, or at any subsequent time, transferred into any other substance, either in the process of original production or by any subsequent process.

(c) Cross reference

For provisions relating to the tax on shipments to the United States of taxable articles from Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, see section 7652.

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1314; amended Pub. L. 86–75, §3(a)(2), (3), June 30, 1959, 73 Stat. 157; Pub. L. 86–564, title II, §202(a)(4), (5), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 290; Pub. L. 87–72, §3(a)(4), (5), June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 193; Pub. L. 87–508, §3(a)(3), (4), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 114; Pub. L. 88–52, §3(a)(4), (5), June 29, 1963, 77 Stat. 72; Pub. L. 88–348, §2(a)(4), (5), June 30, 1964, 78 Stat. 237; Pub. L. 89–44, title V, §501(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 150; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §§802, 805(d), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 273, 278; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, §27(a)(1), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 507; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11201(a)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–415; Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §136(a), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4841.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5001, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 595; Mar. 30, 1955, ch. 18, §3(a)(4), (5), 69 Stat. 14; Mar. 29, 1956, ch. 115, §3(a)(4), (5), 70 Stat. 66; Mar. 29, 1957, Pub. L. 85–12, §3(a)(2), (3), 71 Stat. 9; June 30, 1958, Pub. L. 85–475, §3(a)(2), (3), 72 Stat. 259, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859. See section 5061(d) of this title.

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (a)(3) to (10). Pub. L. 103–465 redesignated pars. (4) to (10) as (3) to (9), respectively, and struck out former par. (3), "Imported perfumes containing distilled spirits", which read as follows: "There is hereby imposed on all perfumes imported into the United States containing distilled spirits a tax of $13.50 per wine gallon, and a proportionate tax at a like rate on all fractional parts of such wine gallon."

1990—Subsec. (a)(1), (3). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted "$13.50" for "$12.50".

1984—Subsec. (a)(1), (3). Pub. L. 98–369 substituted "$12.50" for "$10.50".

1979—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–39, §802, struck out "in bond or" after "distilled spirits" and "or wine gallon when below proof" after "each proof gallon" and substituted "a tax" for "an internal revenue tax" and "proof gallon" for "such proof or wine gallon".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 96–39, §805(d), inserted ", and any alcoholic ingredient added to such products" after "has not been paid".

1965—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 89–44 struck out last sentence which provided that the rate of tax imposed by par. (1) would be $9 on and after July 1, 1965.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 89–44 struck out last sentence which provided that the rate of tax imposed by par. (3) would be $9 on and after July 1, 1965.

1964—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 88–348 substituted "July 1, 1965" for "July 1, 1964".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 88–348 substituted "July 1, 1965" for "July 1, 1964".

1963—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 88–52, §3(a)(4), substituted "July 1, 1964" for "July 1, 1963".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 88–52, §3(a)(5), substituted "July 1, 1964" for "July 1, 1963".

1962—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 87–508, §3(a)(3), substituted "July 1, 1963" for "July 1, 1962".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 87–508, §3(a)(4), substituted "July 1, 1963" for "July 1, 1962".

1961—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 87–72, §3(a)(4), substituted "July 1, 1962" for "July 1, 1961".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 87–72, §3(a)(5), substituted "July 1, 1962" for "July 1, 1961".

1960—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 86–564, §202(a)(4), substituted "July 1, 1961" for "July 1, 1960".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 86–564, §202(a)(5), substituted "July 1, 1961" for "July 1, 1960".

1959—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 86–75, §3(a)(2), substituted "July 1, 1960" for "July 1, 1959".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 86–75, §3(a)(3), substituted "July 1, 1960" for "July 1, 1959".

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §136(d), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4842, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 5002, 5005, 5007, 5061, 5131, 5132, 5134, and 7652 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1995."

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11201(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–417, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 5010, 5041, 5051, and 5061 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1991."

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, §27(d), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 509, provided that:

"(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 5010 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1985.

"(2) Electronic transfer provisions.—The amendments made by subsection (c) [amending sections 5061 and 5703 of this title] shall apply to taxes required to be paid on or after September 30, 1984."

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §810, July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 292, provided that: "The amendments made by this title [amending this section and sections 5002 to 5008, 5043, 5061, 5064, 5066, 5116, 5171 to 5173, 5175 to 5178, 5180, 5181, 5201 to 5205, 5207, 5211 to 5215, 5221 to 5223, 5231, 5232, 5235, 5241, 5273, 5291, 5301, 5352, 5361 to 5363, 5365, 5381, 5391, 5551, 5601, 5604, 5610, 5612, 5615, 5663, 5681, 5682, and 5691 of this title, repealing sections 5009, 5021 to 5026, 5081 to 5084, 5174, 5233, 5234, 5251, 5252, 5364, and 5521 to 5523 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 1, 5061, 5171, and 5173 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1980."

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable on and after July 1, 1965, see section 701(d) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 5701 of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §210(a)(1), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1435, provided that: "The amendments made by sections 201 and 205 [amending this chapter and repealing acts Mar. 3, 1877, 114, 19 Stat. 393, and Oct. 18, 1888, ch. 1194, 25 Stat. 560] shall take effect on July 1, 1959, except that any provision having the effect of a provision contained in such amendments may be made effective at an earlier date by the promulgation of regulations by the Secretary or his delegate to effectuate such provision, in which case the effective date shall be that prescribed in such regulations. The amendments made by paragraphs (17) and (18) of section 204 [amending section 7652 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1959. Except as provided in section 206(f), all other provisions of this title [enacting sections 5849, 5854, 5855, and 7608 of this title, amending chapter 52 of this title and sections 5801, 5811, 5814, 5821, 5843, 5848, 5851, 6071, 6207, 6422, 7214, 7272, 7301, 7324 to 7326, 7609, and 7655 of this title, and repealing former section 5854 of this title] shall take effect on the day following the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958]."

Short Title

Pub. L. 85–859, §1(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1275, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Excise Tax Technical Changes Act of 1958'."

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §210(b), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1435, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: "The amendment of any provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] by this title [enacting sections 5849, 5854, 5855, and 7608 of this title, amending this chapter, chapter 52 of this title and sections 5801, 5811, 5814, 5821, 5843, 5848, 5851, 6071, 6207, 6422, 7214, 7272, 7301, 7324 to 7326, 7609, 7652, and 7655 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 5006, 5025, 5064, 5175, 5304, and 5601 of this title] shall not affect any act done or any right accruing or accrued, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil cause before such amendment; but all rights and liabilities under such code prior to such amendment shall continue, and may be enforced in the same manner, as if such amendment had not been made."

References to Other Provisions of Law

Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §210(d), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1435, provided that: "For the purpose of applying any provision of this title [see Savings Provision note above] to any occurrence on or after the effective date of such provision, any reference in this title to another provision thereof shall also be deemed to be a reference to the corresponding provision of prior law, when consistent with the purpose of the provision to be applied."

Repeal of Acts Mar. 3, 1877 and Oct. 18, 1888

Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §205, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1430, repealed acts March 3, 1877, ch. 114, 19 Stat. 393 and Oct. 18, 1888, ch. 1194, 25 Stat. 560, which related to production and warehousing of fruit brandy, and are covered by this chapter. For effective date of repeal, see section 210(a)(1) of Pub. L. 85–859, set out as an Effective Date note above.

Floor Stocks Taxes on Distilled Spirits, Wine, and Beer

Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11201(e), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–417, provided that:

"(1) Imposition of tax.—

"(A) In general.—In the case of any tax-increased article—

"(i) on which tax was determined under part I of subchapter A of chapter 51 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or section 7652 of such Code before January 1, 1991, and

"(ii) which is held on such date for sale by any person,

there shall be imposed a tax at the applicable rate on each such article.

"(B) Applicable rate.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the applicable rate is—

"(i) $1 per proof gallon in the case of distilled spirits,

"(ii) $0.90 per wine gallon in the case of wine described in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (5) of section 5041(b) of such Code, and

"(iii) $9 per barrel in the case of beer.

In the case of a fraction of a gallon or barrel, the tax imposed by subparagraph (A) shall be the same fraction as the amount of such tax imposed on a whole gallon or barrel.

"(C) Tax-increased article.—For purposes of this subsection, the term 'tax-increased article' means distilled spirits, wine described in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (5) of section 5041(b) of such Code, and beer.

"(2) Exception for small domestic producers.—

"(A) In the case of wine held by the producer thereof on January 1, 1991, if a credit would have been allowable under section 5041(c) of such Code (as added by this section) on such wine had the amendments made by subsection (b) [amending sections 5041 and 5061 of this title] applied to all wine removed during 1990 and had the wine so held been removed for consumption on December 31, 1990, the tax imposed by paragraph (1) on such wine shall be reduced by the credit which would have been so allowable.

"(B) In the case of beer held by the producer thereof on January 1, 1991, if the rate of the tax imposed by section 5051 of such Code would have been determined under subsection (a)(2) thereof had the beer so held been removed for consumption on December 31, 1990, the tax imposed by paragraph (1) on such beer shall not apply.

"(C) For purposes of this paragraph, an article shall not be treated as held by the producer if title thereto had at any time been transferred to any other person.

"(3) Exception for certain small wholesale or retail dealers.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1) on tax- increased articles held on January 1, 1991, by any dealer if—

"(A) the aggregate liquid volume of tax-increased articles held by such dealer on such date does not exceed 500 wine gallons, and

"(B) such dealer submits to the Secretary (at the time and in the manner required by the Secretary) such information as the Secretary shall require for purposes of this paragraph.

"(4) Credit against tax.—Each dealer shall be allowed as a credit against the taxes imposed by paragraph (1) an amount equal to—

"(A) $240 to the extent such taxes are attributable to distilled spirits,

"(B) $270 to the extent such taxes are attributable to wine, and

"(C) $87 to the extent such taxes are attributable to beer.

Such credit shall not exceed the amount of taxes imposed by paragraph (1) with respect to distilled spirits, wine, or beer, as the case may be, for which the dealer is liable.

"(5) Liability for tax and method of payment.—

"(A) Liability for tax.—A person holding any tax-increased article on January 1, 1991, to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies shall be liable for such tax.

"(B) Method of payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe by regulations.

"(C) Time for payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid on or before June 30, 1991.

"(6) Controlled groups.—

"(A) Corporations.—In the case of a controlled group—

"(i) the 500 wine gallon amount specified in paragraph (3), and

"(ii) the $240, $270, and $87 amounts specified in paragraph (4),

shall be apportioned among the dealers who are component members of such group in such manner as the Secretary shall by regulations prescribe. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term 'controlled group' has the meaning given to such term by subsection (a) of section 1563 of such Code; except that for such purposes the phrase 'more than 50 percent' shall be substituted for the phrase 'at least 80 percent' each place it appears in such subsection.

"(B) Nonincorporated dealers under common control.—Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, principles similar to the principles of subparagraph (A) shall apply to a group of dealers under common control where 1 or more of such dealers is not a corporation.

"(7) Other laws applicable.—

"(A) In general.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable to the comparable excise tax with respect to any tax-increased article shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection, apply to the floor stocks taxes imposed by paragraph (1) to the same extent as if such taxes were imposed by the comparable excise tax.

"(B) Comparable excise tax.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term 'comparable excise tax' means—

"(i) the tax imposed by section 5001 of such Code in the case of distilled spirits,

"(ii) the tax imposed by section 5041 of such Code in the case of wine, and

"(iii) the tax imposed by section 5051 of such Code in the case of beer.

"(8) Definitions.—For purposes of this subsection—

"(A) In general.—Terms used in this subsection which are also used in subchapter A of chapter 51 of such Code shall have the respective meanings such terms have in such part.

"(B) Person.—The term 'person' includes any State or political subdivision thereof, or any agency or instrumentality of a State or political subdivision thereof.

"(C) Secretary.—The term 'Secretary' means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.

"(9) Treatment of imported perfumes containing distilled spirits.—For purposes of this subsection, any article described in section 5001(a)(3) of such Code shall be treated as distilled spirits; except that the tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be imposed on a wine gallon basis in lieu of a proof gallon basis. To the extent provided by regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the preceding sentence shall not apply to any article held on January 1, 1991, on the premises of a retail establishment."

Floor Stocks Tax Treatment of Articles in Foreign Trade Zones

Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11218, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–438, provided that: "Notwithstanding the Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 998, 19 U.S.C. 81a) or any other provision of law, any article which is located in a foreign trade zone on the effective date of any increase in tax under the amendments made by this part or part I [part I (§§11201–11203) or part II (§§11211–11218) of subtitle B of title XI of Pub. L. 101–508, see Tables for classification] shall be subject to floor stocks taxes imposed by such parts if—

"(1) internal revenue taxes have been determined, or customs duties liquidated, with respect to such article before such date pursuant to a request made under the 1st proviso of section 3(a) of such Act [19 U.S.C. 81c(a)], or

"(2) such article is held on such date under the supervision of a customs officer pursuant to the 2d proviso of such section 3(a)."

Floor Stocks Taxes on Distilled Spirits

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, §27(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 507, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, title XVIII, §1801(c)(3), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, 2786, provided that:

"(1) Imposition of tax.—On distilled spirits on which tax was imposed under section 5001 or 7652 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] before October 1, 1985, and which were held on such date for sale by any person, there shall be imposed a tax at the rate of $2.00 for each proof gallon and a proportionate tax at the like rate on all fractional parts of a proof gallon.

"(2) Exception for certain small wholesale or retail dealers.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1) on distilled spirits held on October 1, 1985, by any dealer if—

"(A) the aggregate liquid volume of distilled spirits held by such dealer on such date does not exceed 500 wine gallons, and

"(B) such dealer submits to the Secretary (at the time and in the manner required by the Secretary) such information as the Secretary shall require for purposes of this paragraph.

"(3) Credit against tax.—Each dealer shall be allowed as a credit against the taxes imposed by paragraph (1) an amount equal to $800. Such credit shall not exceed the amount of taxes imposed by paragraph (1) for which the dealer is liable.

"(4) Liability for tax and method of payment.—

"(A) Liability for tax.—A person holding distilled spirits on October 1, 1985, to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies shall be liable for such tax.

"(B) Method of payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid in such manner as the Secretary shall by regulations prescribe.

"(C) Time for payment.—

"(i) In general.—Except as provided in clause (ii), the tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid on or before April 1, 1986.

"(ii) Installment payment of tax in case of small or middle-sized dealers.—In the case of any small or middle-sized dealer, the tax imposed by paragraph (1) may be paid in 3 equal installments due as follows:

"(I) The first installment shall be paid on or before April 1, 1986.

"(II) The second installment shall be paid on or before July 1, 1986.

"(III) The third installment shall be paid on or before October 1, 1986.

  If the taxpayer does not pay any installment under this clause on or before the date prescribed for its payment, the whole of the unpaid tax shall be paid upon notice and demand from the Secretary.

"(iii) Small or middle-sized dealer.—For purposes of clause (ii), the term 'small or middle-sized dealer' means any dealer if the aggregate gross sales receipts of such dealer for its most recent taxable year ending before October 1, 1985, does not exceed $500,000.

"(5) Controlled groups.—

"(A) Controlled groups of corporations.—In the case of a controlled group—

"(i) the 500 wine gallon amount specified in paragraph (2),

"(ii) the $800 amount specified in paragraph (3), and

"(iii) the $500,000 amount specified in paragraph (4)(C)(iii),

shall be apportioned among the dealers who are component members of such group in such manner as the Secretary shall by regulations prescribe. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term 'controlled group' has the meaning given to such term by subsection (a) of section 1563 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; except that for such purposes the phrase 'more than 50 percent' shall be substituted for the phrase 'at least 80 percent' each place it appears in such subsection.

"(B) Nonincorporated dealers under common control.—Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, principles similar to the principles of subparagraph (A) shall apply to a group of dealers under common control where 1 or more of such dealers is not a corporation.

"(6) Other laws applicable.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to the taxes imposed by section 5001 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection, apply in respect of the taxes imposed by paragraph (1) to the same extent as if such taxes were imposed by such section 5001.

"(7) Definitions and special rules.—For purposes of this subsection—

"(A) Dealer.—The term 'dealer' means—

"(i) any wholesale dealer in liquors (as defined in section 5112(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), and

"(ii) any retail dealer in liquors (as defined in section 5122(a) of such Code).

"(B) Distilled spirits.—The term 'distilled spirits' has the meaning given such term by section 5002(a)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

"(C) Person.—The term 'person' includes any State or political subdivision thereof, or any agency or instrumentality of a State or political subdivision thereof.

"(D) Secretary.—The term 'Secretary' means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.

"(E) Treatment of imported perfumes containing distilled spirits.—Any article described in section 5001(a)(3) of such Code shall be treated as distilled spirits; except that the tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be imposed on a wine gallon basis in lieu of a proof gallon basis. To the extent provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the preceding sentence shall not apply to any article held on October 1, 1985, on the premises of a retail establishment.

"(F) Treatment of distilled spirits in foreign trade zones.—Notwithstanding the Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 998, 19 U.S.C. 81a) or any other provision of law, distilled spirits which are located in a foreign trade zone on October 1, 1985, shall be subject to the tax imposed by paragraph (1) and shall be treated for purposes of this subsection as held on such date for sale if—

"(i) internal revenue taxes have been determined, or customs duties liquidated, with respect to such distilled spirits before such date pursuant to a request made under the first proviso of section 3(a) of such Act [19 U.S.C. 81c(a)], or

"(ii) such distilled spirits are held on such date under the supervision of customs pursuant to the second proviso of such section 3(a).

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, provisions similar to sections 5062 and 5064 of such Code shall apply to distilled spirits with respect to which tax is imposed by paragraph (1) by reason of this subparagraph."

§5002. Definitions

(a) In general

For purposes of this chapter—

(1) Distilled spirits plant

The term "distilled spirits plant" means an establishment which is qualified under subchapter B to perform any distilled spirits operation.

(2) Distilled spirits operation

The term "distilled spirits operation" means any operation for which qualification is required under subchapter B.

(3) Bonded premises

The term "bonded premises", when used with respect to distilled spirits, means the premises of a distilled spirits plant, or part thereof, on which distilled spirits operations are authorized to be conducted.

(4) Distiller

The term "distiller" includes any person who—

(A) produces distilled spirits from any source or substance,

(B) brews or makes mash, wort, or wash fit for distillation or for the production of distilled spirits (other than the making or using of mash, wort, or wash in the authorized production of wine or beer, or the production of vinegar by fermentation),

(C) by any process separates alcoholic spirits from any fermented substance, or

(D) making or keeping mash, wort, or wash, has a still in his possession or use.

(5) Processor

(A) In general

The term "processor", when used with respect to distilled spirits, means any person who—

(i) manufactures, mixes, or otherwise processes distilled spirits, or

(ii) manufactures any article.

(B) Rectifier, bottler, etc., included

The term "processor" includes (but is not limited to) a rectifier, bottler, and denaturer.

(6) Certain operations not treated as processing

In applying paragraph (5), there shall not be taken into account—

(A) Operations as distiller

Any process which is the operation of a distiller.

(B) Mixing of taxpaid spirits for immediate consumption

Any mixing (after determination of tax) of distilled spirits for immediate consumption.

(C) Use by apothecaries

Any process performed by an apothecary with respect to distilled spirits which such apothecary uses exclusively in the preparation or making up of medicines unfit for use for beverage purposes.

(7) Warehouseman

The term "warehouseman", when used with respect to distilled spirits, means any person who stores bulk distilled spirits.

(8) Distilled spirits

The terms "distilled spirits", "alcoholic spirits", and "spirits" mean that substance known as ethyl alcohol, ethanol, or spirits of wine in any form (including all dilutions and mixtures thereof from whatever source or by whatever process produced).

(9) Bulk distilled spirits

The term "bulk distilled spirits" means distilled spirits in a container having a capacity in excess of 1 wine gallon.

(10) Proof spirits

The term "proof spirits" means that liquid which contains one-half its volume of ethyl alcohol of a specific gravity of 0.7939 at 60 degrees Fahrenheit (referring to water at 60 degrees Fahrenheit as unity).

(11) Proof gallon

The term "proof gallon" means a United States gallon of proof spirits, or the alcoholic equivalent thereof.

(12) Container

The term "container", when used with respect to distilled spirits, means any receptacle, vessel, or form of package, bottle, tank, or pipeline used, or capable of use, for holding, storing, transferring, or conveying distilled spirits.

(13) Approved container

The term "approved container", when used with respect to distilled spirits, means a container the use of which is authorized by regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

(14) Article

Unless another meaning is distinctly expressed or manifestly intended, the term "article" means any substance in the manufacture of which denatured distilled spirits are used.

(15) Export

The terms "export", "exported", and "exportation" include shipments to a possession of the United States.

(b) Cross references

(1) For definition of manufacturer of stills, see section 5102.

(2) For definition of dealer, see section 5121(c)(3).

(3) For definitions of wholesale dealers, see section 5121(c).

(4) For definitions of retail dealers, see section 5122(c).

(5) For definitions of general application to this title, see chapter 79.

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1315; amended Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §807(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 164; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §805(e), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 278; Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §136(c)(1), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4841; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11125(b)(13), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1956.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5002, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 597, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Provisions similar to those comprising subsec. (a)(6), (9), and (11) of this section were contained in prior sections 5213(a)(1) and 5319(1), (2), and (7), act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 639, 661, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(13)(A), substituted "section 5121(c)(3)" for "section 5112(a)".

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(13)(B), substituted "section 5121(c)" for "section 5112".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(13)(C), substituted "section 5122(c)" for "section 5122".

1994—Subsec. (b)(1) to (6). Pub. L. 103–465 redesignated pars. (2) to (6) as (1) to (5), respectively, and struck out former par. (1) which provided a cross reference to section 5041(c) of this title for definition of "wine gallon".

1979—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–39 substituted "distilled spirits operation" for "operation, or any combination of operations, for which qualification is required under such subchapter".

Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 96–39 added par. (2) and redesignated former par. (2) as (3). Former par. (3), defining "bottling premises", was struck out.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 96–39 redesignated par. (5) as (4). Former par. (4), defining "bonded warehouseman", was struck out.

Subsec. (a)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 96–39 added pars. (5) to (7) and redesignated former pars. (5) to (7) as (4), (8), and (10), respectively.

Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 96–39 redesignated former par. (6) as (8). Former par. (8) redesignated (11).

Subsec. (a)(9). Pub. L. 96–39 added par. (9) and redesignated par. (9) as (12).

Subsec. (a)(10) to (15). Pub. L. 96–39 redesignated former pars. (7) to (12) as (10) to (15), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–39 struck out par. (2) which provided for a cross reference to section 5082 for a definition of rectifier and redesignated pars. (3) to (7) as (2) to (6), respectively.

1976—Subsec. (a)(10). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–44 added par. (12).

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11125(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1957, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [see Tables for classification] shall take effect on July 1, 2008, but shall not apply to taxes imposed for periods before such date."

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–465 effective Jan. 1, 1995, see section 136(d) of Pub. L. 103–465, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §807(c), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 164, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section 5053 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1965."

§5003. Cross references to exemptions, etc.

(1) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of distilled spirits free of tax for use by Federal or State agencies, see sections 5214(a)(2) and 5313.

(2) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of distilled spirits free of tax by nonprofit educational organizations, scientific universities or colleges of learning, laboratories, hospitals, blood banks, sanitariums, and charitable clinics, see section 5214(a)(3).

(3) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of certain imported distilled spirits from customs custody without payment of tax, see section 5232.

(4) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of denatured distilled spirits free of tax, see section 5214(a)(1).

(5) For provisions exempting from tax distilled spirits for use in production of vinegar by the vaporizing process, see section 5505(j).

(6) For provisions relating to the withdrawal of wine spirits without payment of tax for use in the production of wine, see section 5373.

(7) For provisions exempting from tax volatile fruit-flavor concentrates, see section 5511.

(8) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of distilled spirits from bonded premises without payment of tax for export, see section 5214(a)(4).

(9) For provisions authorizing withdrawal of distilled spirits without payment of tax to customs bonded warehouses for export, see section 5214(a)(9).

(10) For provisions relating to withdrawal of distilled spirits without payment of tax as supplies for certain vessels and aircraft, see 19 U.S.C. 1309.

(11) For provisions authorizing regulations for withdrawal of distilled spirits for use of United States free of tax, see section 7510.

(12) For provisions relating to withdrawal of distilled spirits without payment of tax to foreign-trade zones, see 19 U.S.C. 81c.

(13) For provisions relating to exemption from tax of taxable articles going into the possessions of the United States, see section 7653(b).

(14) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of distilled spirits without payment of tax for use in certain research, development, or testing, see section 5214(a)(10).

(15) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of distilled spirits without payment of tax for transfer to manufacturing bonded warehouses for manufacturing for export, see section 5214(a)(6).

(16) For provisions authorizing the withdrawal of articles from the bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant free of tax when contained in an article, see section 5214(a)(11).

(17) For provisions relating to allowance for certain losses in bond, see section 5008(a).

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1316; amended Pub. L. 95–176, §§3(c), 4(f), Nov. 14, 1977, 91 Stat. 1365, 1366; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §807(a)(1), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 280.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5003, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 597, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

1979—Par. (9). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(1)(A), struck out "section 5522(a) and" before "section 5214(a)(9)".

Pars. (15) to (17). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(1)(B), added pars. (15) and (16) and redesignated former par. (15) as (17).

1977—Par. (9). Pub. L. 95–176, §3(c), struck out "manufacturing" after "customs" and inserted reference to section 5214(a)(9).

Par. (14). Pub. L. 95–176, §4(f), substituted "withdrawal of distilled spirits without payment of tax for use in certain research, development, or testing, see section 5214(a)(10)" for "removal of samples free of tax for making tests or laboratory analyses, see section 5214(a)(9)".

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–176, §7, Nov. 14, 1977, 91 Stat. 1367, provided that: "The amendments made by this Act [amending this section and sections 5004, 5005, 5008, 5025, 5062, 5066, 5175, 5178, 5205, 5207, 5214, 5215, and 5234 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first calendar month which begins more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 14, 1977]."

§5004. Lien for tax

(a) Distilled spirits subject to lien

(1) General

The tax imposed by section 5001(a)(1) shall be a first lien on the distilled spirits from the time the spirits are in existence as such until the tax is paid.

(2) Exceptions

The lien imposed by paragraph (1), or any similar lien imposed on the spirits under prior provisions of internal revenue law, shall terminate in the case of distilled spirits produced on premises qualified under internal revenue law for the production of distilled spirits when such distilled spirits are—

(A) withdrawn from bonded premises on determination of tax; or

(B) withdrawn from bonded premises free of tax under provisions of section 5214(a)(1), (2), (3), (11), or (12), or section 7510; or

(C) exported, deposited in a foreign-trade zone, used in the production of wine, laden as supplies upon, or used in the maintenance or repair of, certain vessels or aircraft, deposited in a customs bonded warehouse, or used in certain research, development, or testing, as provided by law.

(b) Cross reference

For provisions relating to extinguishing of lien in case of redistillation, see section 5223(e).

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1317; amended Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §805(f)(1), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 161; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–176, §4(c), Nov. 14, 1977, 91 Stat. 1366; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §807(a)(2), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 96–223, title II, §232(e)(2)(C), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 280.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5004, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 598, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Provisions similar to those comprising subsec. (b)(1) of this section were contained in prior section 5007(e)(1), act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 600, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

1980—Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 96–223 substituted "(11), or (12)," for "or (11),".

1979—Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(2)(C), substituted "(3), or (11)" for "or (3)".

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(2)(A), (B), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b). Former subsec. (b), relating to other property subject to lien, was repealed.

1977—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 95–176 struck out reference to par. (9) of section 5214(a) in subpar. (B), and in subpar. (C) substituted "a customs bonded warehouse" for "customs manufacturing bonded warehouses" and provided for termination of the lien for tax when the distilled spirits are used in certain research, development, or testing.

1976—Subsec. (b)(3)(B), (4). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary", wherever appearing.

1965—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted "5223(e)" for "5223(d)".

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–223 effective on the first day of the first calendar month beginning more than 60 days after Apr. 2, 1980, see section 232(h)(3) of Pub. L. 96–223, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5181 of this title.

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–176 effective on first day of first calendar month beginning more than 90 days after Nov. 14, 1977, see section 7 of Pub. L. 95–176, set out as a note under section 5003 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §805(g)(2), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 162, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (b), (d), and (f) (other than paragraph (6)) [amending this section and sections 5025, 5083, 5223, and 5234 of this title], shall take effect on October 1, 1965."

§5005. Persons liable for tax

(a) General

The distiller or importer of distilled spirits shall be liable for the taxes imposed thereon by section 5001(a)(1).

(b) Domestic distilled spirits

(1) Liability of persons interested in distilling

Every proprietor or possessor of, and every person in any manner interested in the use of, any still, distilling apparatus, or distillery, shall be jointly and severally liable for the taxes imposed by law on the distilled spirits produced therefrom.

(2) Exception

A person owning or having the right of control of not more than 10 percent of any class of stock of a corporate proprietor of a distilled spirits plant shall not be deemed to be a person liable for the tax for which such proprietor is liable under the provisions of paragraph (1). This exception shall not apply to an officer or director of such corporate proprietor.

(c) Proprietors of distilled spirits plants

(1) Bonded storage

Every person operating bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant shall be liable for the internal revenue tax on all distilled spirits while the distilled spirits are stored on such premises, and on all distilled spirits which are in transit to such premises (from the time of removal from the transferor's bonded premises) pursuant to application made by him. Such liability for the tax on distilled spirits shall continue until the distilled spirits are transferred or withdrawn from bonded premises as authorized by law, or until such liability for tax is relieved by reason of the provisions of section 5008(a). Nothing in this paragraph shall relieve any person from any liability imposed by subsection (a) or (b).

(2) Transfers in bond

When distilled spirits are transferred in bond in accordance with the provisions of section 5212, persons liable for the tax on such spirits under subsection (a) or (b), or under any similar prior provisions of internal revenue law, shall be relieved of such liability, if proprietors of transferring and receiving premises are independent of each other and neither has a proprietary interest, directly or indirectly, in the business of the other, and all persons liable for the tax under subsection (a) or (b), or under any similar prior provisions of internal revenue law, have divested themselves of all interest in the spirits so transferred. Such relief from liability shall be effective from the time of removal from the transferor's bonded premises, or from the time of divestment of interest, whichever is later.

(d) Withdrawals free of tax

All persons liable for the tax under subsection (a) or (b), or under any similar prior provisions of internal revenue law, shall be relieved of such liability as to distilled spirits withdrawn free of tax under the provisions of section 5214(a)(1), (2), (3), (11), or (12), or under section 7510, at the time such spirits are so withdrawn from bonded premises.

(e) Withdrawals without payment of tax

(1) Liability for tax

Any person who withdraws distilled spirits from the bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant without payment of tax, as provided in section 5214(a)(4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), or (13), shall be liable for the internal revenue tax on such distilled spirits, from the time of such withdrawal; and all persons liable for the tax on such distilled spirits under subsection (a) or (b), or under any similar prior provisions of internal revenue law, shall, at the time of such withdrawal, be relieved of any such liability on the distilled spirits so withdrawn if the person withdrawing such spirits and the person, or persons, liable for the tax under subsection (a) or (b), or under any similar prior provisions of internal revenue law, are independent of each other and neither has a proprietary interest, directly or indirectly, in the business of the other, and all persons liable for the tax under subsection (a) or (b), or under any similar prior provisions of internal revenue law, have divested themselves of all interest in the spirits so withdrawn.

(2) Relief from liability

All persons liable for the tax on distilled spirits under paragraph (1) of this subsection, or under subsection (a) or (b), or under any similar prior provisions of internal revenue law, shall be relieved of any such liability at the time, as the case may be, the distilled spirits are exported, deposited in a foreign-trade zone, used in the production of wine, used in the production of nonbeverage wine or wine products, deposited in customs bonded warehouses, laden as supplies upon, or used in the maintenance or repair of, certain vessels or aircraft, or used in certain research, development, or testing, as provided by law.

(f) Cross references

(1) For provisions requiring bond covering operations at, and withdrawals from, distilled spirits plants, see section 5173.

(2) For provisions relating to transfer of tax liability to redistiller in case of redistillation, see section 5223.

(3) For liability for tax on denatured distilled spirits, articles, and volatile fruit-flavor concentrates, see section 5001(a)(5) and (6).

(4) For liability for tax on distilled spirits withdrawn free of tax, see section 5001(a)(4).

(5) For liability of wine producer for unlawfully using wine spirits withdrawn for the production of wine, see section 5391.

(6) For provisions relating to transfer of tax liability for wine, see section 5043(a)(1)(A).

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1318; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1905(a)(1), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1818; Pub. L. 95–176, §4(b), (d), Nov. 14, 1977, 91 Stat. 1366; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §807(a)(3), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 96–223, title II, §232(e)(2)(D), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IV, §455(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 823; Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §136(c)(2), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4841.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5005, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 599; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §206(d), 72 Stat. 1431, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Provisions similar to those comprising subsec. (c)(1), (2) of this section were contained in prior sections 5194(f), 5217(a), and 5232(a), act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 634, 641, 643, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 103–465, §136(c)(2)(A), substituted "section 5001(a)(5) and (6)" for "section 5001(a)(6) and (7)".

Subsec. (f)(4). Pub. L. 103–465, §136(c)(2)(B), substituted "section 5001(a)(4)" for "section 5001(a)(5)".

1984—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §455(b)(1), substituted "(10), or (13)" for "or (10)".

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 98–369, §455(b)(2), inserted "used in the production of nonbeverage wine or wine products,".

1980—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–223 substituted "(11), or (12)," for "or (11),".

1979—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(3)(A), struck out par. (3) which related to liability for taxes with regard to withdrawals of distilled spirits from the bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(3)(B), substituted "(3), or (11)" for "or (3)".

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(3)(C), substituted "requiring bond covering operations at, and withdrawals from, distilled spirits plants" for "conditioning warehousing bonds on the payment of the tax" and "5173" for "5173(c)".

Subsec. (f)(6). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(3)(D), added par. (6).

1977—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–176, §4(d)(1), struck out reference to par. (9) of section 5214(a).

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 95–176, §4(d)(2), inserted reference to pars. (9) and (10) of section 5214(a).

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 95–176, §4(b), substituted "customs bonded warehouses" for "customs manufacturing bonded warehouses" and provided for relief from liability for tax on distilled spirits used in certain research, development, or testing.

1976—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 94–455 substituted "Such relief from liability shall be effective from the time of removal from the transferor's bonded premises, or from the time of divestment of interest, whichever is later." for "Such liability for the tax on distilled spirits shall continue until the distilled spirits are transferred or withdrawn from bonded premises as authorized by law, or until such liability for tax is relieved by reason of the provisions of section 5008(a). Nothing in this paragraph shall relieve any person from any liability imposed by subsection (a) or (b).".

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–465 effective Jan. 1, 1995, see section 136(d) of Pub. L. 103–465, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective July 18, 1984, see section 456(c) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5101 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–223 effective on first day of first calendar month beginning more than 60 days after Apr. 2, 1980, see section 232(h)(3) of Pub. L. 96–223, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5181 of this title.

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–176 effective on first day of first calendar month beginning more than 90 days after Nov. 14, 1977, see section 7 of Pub. L. 95–176, set out as a note under section 5003 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1905(d), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1824, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 5007 to 5009, 5025, 5026, 5043, 5054, 5061, 5105, 5111, 5113, 5114, 5117, 5121, 5122, 5131, 5142, 5148, 5171, 5174, 5177, 5179, 5214, 5222, 5232 to 5234, 5272, 5314, 5362, 5368, 5392, 5505, 5551, 5601, 5662, 5685, 5701, 5703, 5704, 5712, 5723, 5751, 5752, 5762, and 5763 of this title and repealing sections 5104, 5144, 5315, 5676, and 5689 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first month which begins more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 4, 1976]."

§5006. Determination of tax

(a) Requirements

(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this section, the tax on distilled spirits shall be determined when the spirits are withdrawn from bond. Such tax shall be determined by such means as the Secretary shall by regulations prescribe, and with the use of such devices and apparatus (including but not limited to tanks and pipelines) as the Secretary may require. The tax on distilled spirits withdrawn from the bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant shall be determined upon completion of the gauge for determination of tax and before withdrawal from bonded premises, under such regulations as the Secretary shall prescribe.

(2) Distilled spirits not accounted for

If the Secretary finds that the distiller has not accounted for all the distilled spirits produced by him, he shall, from all the evidence he can obtain, determine what quantity of distilled spirits was actually produced by such distiller, and an assessment shall be made for the difference between the quantity reported and the quantity shown to have been actually produced at the rate of tax imposed by law for every proof gallon.

(b) Taxable loss

(1) On original quantity

Where there is evidence satisfactory to the Secretary that there has been any loss of distilled spirits from any cask or other package deposited on bonded premises, other than a loss which by reason of section 5008(a) is not taxable, the Secretary may require the withdrawal from bonded premises of such distilled spirits, and direct the officer designated by him to collect the tax accrued on the original quantity of distilled spirits entered for deposit on bonded premises in such cask or package; except that, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, when the extent of any loss from causes other than theft or unauthorized voluntary destruction can be established by the proprietor to the satisfaction of the Secretary an allowance of the tax on the loss so established may be credited against the tax on the original quantity. If such tax is not paid on demand it shall be assessed and collected as other taxes are assessed and collected.

(2) Alternative method

Where there is evidence satisfactory to the Secretary that there has been access, other than is authorized by law, to the contents of casks or packages stored on bonded premises, and the extent of such access is such as to evidence a lack of due diligence or a failure to employ necessary and effective controls on the part of the proprietor, the Secretary (in lieu of requiring the casks or packages to which such access has been had to be withdrawn and tax paid on the original quantity of distilled spirits entered for deposit on bonded premises in such casks or packages as provided in paragraph (1)) may assess an amount equal to the tax on 5 proof gallons of distilled spirits at the prevailing rate on each of the total number of such casks or packages as determined by him.

(3) Application of subsection

The provisions of this subsection shall apply to distilled spirits which are filled into casks or packages, as authorized by law, after entry and deposit on bonded premises, whether by recasking, filling from storage tanks, consolidation of packages, or otherwise; and the quantity filled into such casks or packages shall be deemed to be the original quantity for the purpose of this subsection, in the case of loss from such casks or packages.

(c) Distilled spirits not bonded

(1) General

The tax on any distilled spirits, removed from the place where they were distilled and (except as otherwise provided by law) not deposited in storage on bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant, shall, at any time within the period of limitation provided in section 6501, when knowledge of such fact is obtained by the Secretary, be assessed on the distiller of such distilled spirits (or other person liable for the tax) and payment of such tax immediately demanded and, on the neglect or refusal of payment, the Secretary shall proceed to collect the same by distraint. This paragraph shall not exclude any other remedy or proceeding provided by law.

(2) Production at other than qualified plants

Except as otherwise provided by law, the tax on any distilled spirits produced in the United States at any place other than a qualified distilled spirits plant shall be due and payable immediately upon production.

(d) Unlawfully imported distilled spirits

Distilled spirits smuggled or brought into the United States unlawfully shall, for purposes of this chapter, be held to be imported into the United States, and the internal revenue tax shall be due and payable at the time of such importation.

(e) Cross reference

For provisions relating to removal of distilled spirits from bonded premises on determination of tax, see section 5213.

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1320; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §§804(a), 807(a)(4), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 274, 280.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5006, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 599; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §206(a), 72 Stat. 1431, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Provisions similar to those comprising subsecs. (a)(2)(A), (3) of this section were contained in prior sections 5007(e)(1) and 5232(a), act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 600, 643, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

1979—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–39, §804(a), struck out "internal revenue" after "provided in this section, the" and "storage, gauging, and bottling" after "but not limited to".

Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 96–39, §804(a), redesignated par. (3) as (2). Former par. (2), relating to distilled spirits entered for storage, was struck out.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(4)(A), (B), substituted "on bonded premises" for "in storage in internal revenue bond" in two places and "; except" for ", notwithstanding that the time specified in any bond given for the withdrawal of the spirits entered in storage in such cask or package has not expired, except".

Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(4)(B), substituted "on bonded premises" for "in storage in internal revenue bond".

1976—Subsecs. (a) to (c). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Application of 1972 Amendments to Prior Sections

Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §206(f), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1431, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided:

"(1) The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 5005, 5232, 5242, and 5243 of this title] shall apply with respect to:

"(A) distilled spirits which on the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958] are in internal revenue bonded warehouses or are in transit to or between such warehouses, and in respect of which the 8-year bonding period has not expired before the date of enactment of this Act; and

"(B) distilled spirits which after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958] are entered for deposit in an internal revenue bonded warehouse.

"(2) If the 8 years from the date of original entry of any distilled spirits for deposit in internal revenue bonded warehouses expires at any time during the 10-day period which begins on the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958], the amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to such spirits if (and only if) before the close of such 10-day period there is filed with the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate either—

"(A) a consent of surety which changes (for periods on and after the date of the enactment of this Act) the condition based on the withdrawal of spirits from the internal revenue bonded warehouse within 8 years from the date of original entry for deposit to a condition based on the withdrawal of spirits from the internal revenue bonded warehouse within 20 years from the date of original entry for deposit, or

"(B) a bond which applies to periods on and after the date of the enactment of this Act and which satisfies the requirements of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954], as amended by this section, and is conditioned on the withdrawal of spirits from the internal revenue bonded warehouse within 20 years from the date of original entry for deposit."

§5007. Collection of tax on distilled spirits

(a) Tax on distilled spirits removed from bonded premises

The tax on domestic distilled spirits and on distilled spirits removed from customs custody under section 5232 shall be paid in accordance with section 5061.

(b) Collection of tax on imported distilled spirits

The internal revenue tax imposed by section 5001(a)(1) and (2) upon imported distilled spirits shall be collected by the Secretary and deposited as internal revenue collections, under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe. Section 5688 shall be applicable to the disposition of imported spirits.

(c) Cross references

(1) For authority of the Secretary to make determinations and assessments of internal revenue taxes and penalties, see section 6201(a).

(2) For authority to assess tax on distilled spirits not bonded, see section 5006(c).

(3) For provisions relating to payment of tax, under certain conditions, on distilled spirits withdrawn free of tax, denatured distilled spirits, articles, and volatile fruit-flavor concentrates, see section 5001(a)(4), (5), and (6).

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1322; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1905(b)(2)(A), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1822, 1834; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §807(a)(5), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §136(c)(3), (4), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4841, 4842.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5007, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 600, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Prior section 5007(c) related to "payment of tax on alcoholic compounds from Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands". See section 7652 of this title.

Prior section 5007(e)(1) related to "assessment for deficiencies in production and excess of materials used" and "requirement". See sections 5004(b)(1) and 5006(a)(3) of this title.

Prior section 5007(e)(2) related to "relief from assessment for deficiencies in production and excess of materials used" and is obsolete.

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–465, §136(c)(3), amended subsec. (b) generally, striking out provisions relating to collection and deposit as internal revenue collections of taxes on imported perfumes containing distilled spirits.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 103–465, §136(c)(4), substituted "section 5001(a)(4), (5), and (6)" for "section 5001(a)(5), (6), and (7)".

1979—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–39 struck out "(1) General" before "The tax on domestic" and par. (2) which related to distilled spirits withdrawn to bottling premises under withdrawal bond.

1976—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1905(b)(2)(A), 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out second sentence "Such tax shall be in addition to any customs duty imposed under the Tariff Act of 1930 (46 Stat. 590; 19 U.S.C., chapter 4), or any subsequent act." and "or his delegate" after "Secretary" wherever appearing.

Subsecs. (b)(2), (c)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary" wherever appearing.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–465 effective Jan. 1, 1995, see section 136(d) of Pub. L. 103–465, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 1905(b)(2)(A) of Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1905(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 5005 of this title.

§5008. Abatement, remission, refund, and allowance for loss or destruction of distilled spirits

(a) Distilled spirits lost or destroyed in bond

(1) Extent of loss allowance

No tax shall be collected in respect of distilled spirits lost or destroyed while in bond, except that such tax shall be collected—

(A) Theft

In the case of loss by theft, unless the Secretary finds that the theft occurred without connivance, collusion, fraud, or negligence on the part of the proprietor of the distilled spirits plant, owner, consignor, consignee, bailee, or carrier, or the employees or agents of any of them;

(B) Voluntary destruction

In the case of voluntary destruction, unless such destruction is carried out as provided in subsection (b); and

(C) Unexplained shortage

In the case of an unexplained shortage of bottled distilled spirits.

(2) Proof of loss

In any case in which distilled spirits are lost or destroyed, whether by theft or otherwise, the Secretary may require the proprietor of the distilled spirits plant or other person liable for the tax to file a claim for relief from the tax and submit proof as to the cause of such loss. In every case where it appears that the loss was by theft, the burden shall be upon the proprietor of the distilled spirits plant or other person responsible for the distilled spirits tax to establish to the satisfaction of the Secretary that such loss did not occur as the result of connivance, collusion, fraud, or negligence on the part of the proprietor of the distilled spirits plant, owner, consignor, consignee, bailee, or carrier, or the employees or agents of any of them.

(3) Refund of tax

In any case where the tax would not be collectible by virtue of paragraph (1), but such tax has been paid, the Secretary shall refund such tax.

(4) Limitations

Except as provided in paragraph (5), no tax shall be abated, remitted, credited, or refunded under this subsection where the loss occurred after the tax was determined (as provided in section 5006(a)). The abatement, remission, credit, or refund of taxes provided for by paragraphs (1) and (3) in the case of loss of distilled spirits by theft shall only be allowed to the extent that the claimant is not indemnified against or recompensed in respect of the tax for such loss.

(5) Applicability

The provisions of this subsection shall extend to and apply in respect of distilled spirits lost after the tax was determined and before completion of the physical removal of the distilled spirits from the bonded premises.

(b) Voluntary destruction

The proprietor of the distilled spirits plant or other persons liable for the tax imposed by this chapter or by section 7652 with respect to any distilled spirits in bond may voluntarily destroy such spirits, but only if such destruction is under such supervision and under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe.

(c) Distilled spirits returned to bonded premises

(1) In general

Whenever any distilled spirits on which tax has been determined or paid are returned to the bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant under section 5215(a), the Secretary shall abate or (without interest) credit or refund the tax imposed under section 5001(a)(1) (or the tax equal to such tax imposed under section 7652) on the spirits so returned.

(2) Claim must be filed within 6 months of return of spirits

No allowance under paragraph (1) may be made unless claim therefor is filed within 6 months of the date of the return of the spirits. Such claim may be filed only by the proprietor of the distilled spirits plant to which the spirits were returned, and shall be filed in such form as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe.

(d) Distilled spirits withdrawn without payment of tax

The provisions of subsection (a) shall be applicable to loss of distilled spirits occurring during transportation from bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant to—

(1) the port of export, in case of withdrawal under section 5214(a)(4);

(2) the customs manufacturing bonded warehouse, in case of withdrawal under section 5214(a)(6);

(3) the vessel or aircraft, in case of withdrawal under section 5214(a)(7);

(4) the foreign-trade zone, in case of withdrawal under section 5214(a)(8); and

(5) the customs bonded warehouse in the case of withdrawal under sections 5066 and 5214(a)(9).


The provisions of subsection (a) shall be applicable to loss of distilled spirits withdrawn from bonded premises without payment of tax under section 5214(a)(10) for certain research, development, or testing, until such distilled spirits are used as provided by law.

(e) Other laws applicable

All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable in respect of the internal revenue tax on distilled spirits, shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with subsection (c), be applicable to the credits or refunds provided for under such subsection to the same extent as if such credits or refunds constituted credits or refunds of such tax.

(f) Cross reference

For provisions relating to allowance for loss in case of wine spirits withdrawn for use in wine production, see section 5373(b)(3).

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1323; amended Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §805(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 160; Pub. L. 90–630, §1, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1328; Pub. L. 91–659, §§1, 2(a), (b), Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1964; Pub. L. 94–273, §47, Apr. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 382; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1905(a)(2), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1818, 1834; Pub. L. 95–176, §§2(f), 4(e), Nov. 14, 1977, 91 Stat. 1364, 1366; Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §807(a)(6), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §1411(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1046.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5008, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 602, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859. See sections 5205(a), (g) and 5604(a)(1) of this title.

Provisions similar to those comprising subsecs. (a)(1) to (4) and (f)(1), (2) of this section were contained in prior sections 5011(a)(1) to (4), 5023, 5247(e) and 5522(b), act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 604, 606, 648, 679, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

1997—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–34 substituted "on which tax has been determined or paid" for "withdrawn from bonded premises on payment or determination of tax".

1979—Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(A), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(B), substituted "before" for "prior to the completion" and struck out provisions relating to the applicability of this subsection where the loss occurred after the time prescribed for the withdrawal of the distilled spirits from the bonded premises under section 5006(a)(2) and relating to the applicability of this paragraph to any loss of distilled spirits for which abatement, remission, credit, or refund of tax is allowed under subsec. (c).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(C), struck out "(1) Distilled spirits in bond" before "The proprietor of" and provisions relating to distilled spirits withdrawn for rectification or bottling.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(C), added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c), which related to loss of distilled spirits withdrawn from bond for rectification or bottling, was struck out.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(D), redesignated subsec. (f) as (d). Former subsec. (d), which related to distilled spirits returned to bonded premises, was struck out.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(D), (E), redesignated subsec. (g) as (e) and substituted "subsection (c)" for "subsections (b)(2), (c), and (d)" and "under such subsection" for "under such subsections". Former subsec. (e), which related to samples of distilled spirits used for analysis or testing by United States, was struck out.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(D), redesignated subsec. (h) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (d).

Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 96–39, §807(a)(6)(D), redesignated subsecs. (g) and (h) as (e) and (f), respectively.

1977—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–176, §2(f), reenacted par. (1) and substituted heading "General" for "Allowance of tax" and "(or the tax equal to such tax imposed under section 7652)" for "or under section 7652"; added pars. (2) and (3); and redesignated as par. (4) provisions of former par. (2) and inserted reference to allowance of claims under par. (2) or (3).

Subsec. (f)(5). Pub. L. 95–176, §4(e), added par. (5).

1976—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1905(a)(2)(A), 1906(b)(13)(A), inserted "or by section 7652" after "tax imposed by this chapter" and struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1905(a)(2)(B), 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary" and inserted ", or under section 7652" after "under subpart B of this part".

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1905(a)(2)(C), 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary" wherever appearing and inserted "or under section 7652" after "under section 5001(a)(1)".

Subsec. (c)(2), (3). Pub. L. 94–273 substituted "computation year" for "fiscal year" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1905(a)(2)(C), (D), 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "on or after July 1, 1959," after "from bonded premises," and "or his delegate" after "Secretary" and inserted "or under section 7652" after "under section 5001(a)(1)".

1971—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 91–659, §2(a), struck out condition that the distilled spirits can be destroyed only before bottling and permitted destruction after completion of bottling so long as the distilled spirits are on the bottling premises and added taxes imposed under subpart B of this Part as additional taxes which can be claimed for abatement, remission, credit or refund.

Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 91–659, §1, added cl. (iii).

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 91–659, §2(b), permits distilled spirits returned to bottling premises to be treated for purposes of the various loss provisions as though they had not been removed from the bottling premises.

1968—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 90–630 inserted provisions allowing abatement, remission, and refund if the casualty loss occurs after completion of the packaging but before the spirits have been removed from the premises of the distilled spirits plant to which the spirits were removed from bond.

1965—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 89–44 struck out final clause prohibiting the allowance of a claim in respect to any distilled spirits withdrawn from bonded premises of a distilled spirits plant more than 6 months prior to the date of such return.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §1411(b), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1046, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the 1st day of the 1st calendar quarter that begins at least 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997]."

Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–176 effective on first day of first calendar month beginning more than 90 days after Nov. 14, 1977, see section 7 of Pub. L. 95–176, set out as a note under section 5003 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 1905(a)(2) of Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1905(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 5005 of this title.

Effective Date of 1971 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–659 effective on first day of first calendar month which begins more than 90 days after Jan. 8, 1971, see section 6 of Pub. L. 91–659, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5066 of this title.

Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Pub. L. 90–630, §4, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1329, provided that:

"(a) For purposes of subsection (b), the effective date of this Act is the first day of the first calendar month which begins more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 1968].

"(b) The amendments made by the first section of this Act [amending this section] shall apply only to losses sustained on or after such effective date. The amendments made by section 2 [amending section 5062 of this title and section 1313 of Title 19, Customs Duties] shall apply only to articles exported on or after such effective date. The amendments made by section 3 [amending section 5232 of this title] shall apply only to withdrawals from customs custody on or after such effective date."

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §805(g)(1), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 162, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a), (c), (e), and (f)(6) [amending this section and sections 5062, 5215, and 5608 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1965."

Distilled Spirits Returned to Bonded Premises of Distilled Spirits Plant During 1980

Subsec. (c)(1) of this section to be treated as including a reference to section 5041 of this title with respect to distilled spirits returned to the bonded premises of distilled spirits plants during 1980, see section 808(d) of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5061 of this title.

[§5009. Repealed. Pub. L. 96–39, title VIII, §807(a)(7), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 281]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1327; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1905(a)(3), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1818, 1834, related to drawback on exportation of distilled spirits in casks or packages.

A prior section 5009, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 603, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859. See sections 5205(c)(1), (f), (i)(4) and 5206(c) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as an Effective Date of 1979 Amendment note under section 5001 of this title.

§5010. Credit for wine content and for flavors content

(a) Allowance of credit

(1) Wine content

On each proof gallon of the wine content of distilled spirits, there shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by section 5001 (or 7652) equal to the excess of—

(A) $13.50, over

(B) the rate of tax which would be imposed on the wine under section 5041(b) but for its removal to bonded premises.

(2) Flavors content

On each proof gallon of the flavors content of distilled spirits, there shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by section 5001 (or 7652) equal to $13.50.

(3) Fractional part of proof gallon

In the case of any fractional part of a proof gallon of the wine content, or of the flavors content, of distilled spirits, a proportionate credit shall be allowed.

(b) Time for determining and allowing credit

(1) In general

The credit allowable by subsection (a)—

(A) shall be determined at the same time the tax is determined under section 5006 (or 7652) on the distilled spirits containing the wine or flavors, and

(B) shall be allowable at the time the tax imposed by section 5001 (or 7652) on such distilled spirits is payable as if the credit allowable by this section constituted a reduction in the rate of tax.

(2) Determination of content in the case of imports

For purposes of this section, the wine content, and the flavors content, of imported distilled spirits shall be established by such chemical analysis, certification, or other methods as may be set forth in regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

(c) Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1) Wine content

(A) In general

The term "wine content" means alcohol derived from wine.

(B) Wine

The term "wine"—

(i) means wine on which tax would be imposed by paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of section 5041(b) but for its removal to bonded premises, and

(ii) does not include any substance which has been subject to distillation at a distilled spirits plant after receipt in bond.

(2) Flavors content

(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term "flavors content" means alcohol derived from flavors of a type for which drawback is allowable under section 5114.

(B) Exceptions

The term "flavors content" does not include—

(i) alcohol derived from flavors made at a distilled spirits plant,

(ii) alcohol derived from flavors distilled at a distilled spirits plant, and

(iii) in the case of any distilled spirits product, alcohol derived from flavors to the extent such alcohol exceeds (on a proof gallon basis) 2½ percent of the finished product.

(Added Pub. L. 96–598, §6(a), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3488; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, §27(a)(2), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 507; Pub. L. 100–647, title V, §5063(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3681; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11201(a)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–415; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11125(b)(14), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1956.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5010, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 603, related to miscellaneous stamp provisions, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted "section 5114" for "section 5134".

1990—Subsec. (a)(1), (2). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted "$13.50" for "$12.50".

1988—Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 100–647 added cl. (ii) and redesignated former cl. (ii) as (iii).

1984—Subsec. (a)(1), (2). Pub. L. 98–369 substituted "$12.50" for "$10.50".

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–59 effective July 1, 2008, but inapplicable to taxes imposed for periods before such date, see section 11125(c) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 5002 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 effective Jan. 1, 1991, see section 11201(d) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–647, title V, §5063(b), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3681, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to distilled spirits withdrawn from bond after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988]."

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section 27(d)(1) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 96–598, §6(c), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3489, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [enacting this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1980."

§5011. Income tax credit for average cost of carrying excise tax

(a) In general

For purposes of section 38, the amount of the distilled spirits credit for any taxable year is the amount equal to the product of—

(1) in the case of—

(A) any eligible wholesaler, the number of cases of bottled distilled spirits—

(i) which were bottled in the United States, and

(ii) which are purchased by such wholesaler during the taxable year directly from the bottler of such spirits, or


(B) any person which is subject to section 5005 and which is not an eligible wholesaler, the number of cases of bottled distilled spirits which are stored in a warehouse operated by, or on behalf of, a State or political subdivision thereof, or an agency of either, on which title has not passed on an unconditional sale basis, and


(2) the average tax-financing cost per case for the most recent calendar year ending before the beginning of such taxable year.

(b) Eligible wholesaler

For purposes of this section, the term "eligible wholesaler" means any person which holds a permit under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act as a wholesaler of distilled spirits which is not a State or political subdivision thereof, or an agency of either.

(c) Average tax-financing cost

(1) In general

For purposes of this section, the average tax-financing cost per case for any calendar year is the amount of interest which would accrue at the deemed financing rate during a 60-day period on an amount equal to the deemed Federal excise tax per case.

(2) Deemed financing rate

For purposes of paragraph (1), the deemed financing rate for any calendar year is the average of the corporate overpayment rates under paragraph (1) of section 6621(a) (determined without regard to the last sentence of such paragraph) for calendar quarters of such year.

(3) Deemed Federal excise tax per case

For purposes of paragraph (1), the deemed Federal excise tax per case is $25.68.

(d) Other definitions and special rules

For purposes of this section—

(1) Case

The term "case" means 12 80-proof 750-milliliter bottles.

(2) Number of cases in lot

The number of cases in any lot of distilled spirits shall be determined by dividing the number of liters in such lot by 9.

(Added Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11126(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1957.)

References in Text

The Federal Alcohol Administration Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is act Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, 49 Stat. 977, as amended, which is classified generally to subchapter I (§201 et seq.) of chapter 8 of Title 27, Intoxicating Liquors. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 201 of Title 27 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5011, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 604, related to abatement, remission, refund and allowance for loss or destruction of distilled spirits, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

A prior section 5012, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 605, related to drawback on exportation of distilled spirits, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Effective Date

Section applicable to taxable years beginning after Sept. 30, 2005, see section 11126(d) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as an Effective Date of 2005 Amendments note under section 38 of this title.