[USC03] 5 USC Ch. 84: FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM
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5 USC Ch. 84: FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM
From Title 5—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEESPART III—EMPLOYEESSubpart G—Insurance and Annuities

CHAPTER 84—FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM

SUBCHAPTER I—GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.
8401.
Definitions.
8402.
Federal Employees' Retirement System; exclusions.
8403.
Relationship to the Social Security Act.

        

SUBCHAPTER II—BASIC ANNUITY

8410.
Eligibility for annuity.
8411.
Creditable service.
8412.
Immediate retirement.
8412a.
Phased retirement.
8413.
Deferred retirement.
8414.
Early retirement.
8415.
Computation of basic annuity.
8416.
Survivor reduction for a current spouse.
8417.
Survivor reduction for a former spouse.
8418.
Survivor elections; deposit; offsets.
8419.
Survivor reductions; computation.
8420.
Insurable interest reductions.
8420a.
Alternative forms of annuities.
8421.
Annuity supplement.
8421a.
Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while entitled to an annuity supplement.
8422.
Deductions from pay; contributions for other service; deposits.
8423.
Government contributions.
8424.
Lump-sum benefits; designation of beneficiary; order of precedence.
8425.
Mandatory separation.

        

SUBCHAPTER III—THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN

8431.
Certain transfers to be treated as a separation.
8432.
Contributions.
8432a.
Payment of lost earnings.
8432b.
Contributions of persons who perform military service.
8432c.
Contributions of certain persons reemployed after service with international organizations.
8432d.
Qualified Roth contribution program.
8433.
Benefits and election of benefits.
8434.
Annuities: methods of payment; election; purchase.
8435.
Protections for spouses and former spouses.
8436.
Administrative provisions.
8437.
Thrift Savings Fund.
8438.
Investment of Thrift Savings Fund.
8439.
Accounting and information.
8440.
Tax treatment of the Thrift Savings Fund.
8440a.
Justices and judges.
8440b.
Bankruptcy judges and magistrate judges.
8440c.
Court of Federal Claims judges.
8440d.
Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims.
8440e.
Members of the uniformed services.
8440f.
Maximum percentage allowable for certain participants.

        

SUBCHAPTER IV—SURVIVOR ANNUITIES

8441.
Definitions.
8442.
Rights of a widow or widower.
8443.
Rights of a child.
8444.
Rights of a named individual with an insurable interest.
8445.
Rights of a former spouse.

        

SUBCHAPTER V—DISABILITY BENEFITS

8451.
Disability retirement.
8452.
Computation of disability annuity.
8453.
Application.
8454.
Medical examination.
8455.
Recovery; restoration of earning capacity.
8456.
Military reserve technicians.

        

SUBCHAPTER VI—GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

8461.
Authority of the Office of Personnel Management.
8462.
Cost-of-living adjustments.
8463.
Rate of benefits.
8464.
Commencement and termination of annuities of employees and Members.
8464a.
Relationship between annuity and workers' compensation.
8465.
Waiver, allotment, and assignment of benefits.
8466.
Application for benefits.
8467.
Court orders.
8468.
Annuities and pay on reemployment.
8469.
Withholding of State income taxes.
8470.
Exemption from legal process; recovery of payments.

        

SUBCHAPTER VII—FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

8471.
Definitions.
8472.
Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board.
8473.
Employee Thrift Advisory Council.
8474.
Executive Director.
8475.
Investment policies.
8476.
Administrative provisions.
8477.
Fiduciary responsibilities; liability and penalties.
8478.
Bonding.
8478a.
Investigative authority.
8479.
Exculpatory provisions; insurance.
8480.
Subpoena authority.

        

Amendments

2012Pub. L. 112–141, div. F, title I, §100121(b)(2), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 914, added item 8412a.

2009Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XIX, §1904(b)(3)(B), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2617, added item 8422 and struck out former item 8422 "Deductions from pay; contributions for other service".

Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §§103(b), 107(b), June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1854, 1856, added items 8432d and 8480.

2001Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XI, §1132(b)(2)(C), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1244, substituted "other service" for "military service" in item 8422.

2000Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(4) [div. B, title I, §138(a)(7)(B)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-234, added item 8440f.

1999Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §203(a)(2), Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1820, added item 8431.

Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, §1000(a)(7) [div. A, title III, §334(b)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-441, added item 8432c.

Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, §§661(a)(2)(B), 663, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 671, 673, as amended by Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title VI, §661(a)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-167, added item 8440e, effective 180 days after Oct. 30, 2000, unless postponed.

1998Pub. L. 105–368, title V, §512(b)(2)(B), Nov. 11, 1998, 112 Stat. 3342, substituted "Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims" for "Judges of the United States Court of Veterans Appeals" in item 8440d.

1996Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §206(b)(1)]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372, 3009-378, struck out item 8431 "Definition".

1994Pub. L. 103–353, §4(a)(2), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3172, added item 8432b.

1992Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, §902(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516, substituted "Court of Federal Claims" for "Claims Court" in item 8440c.

Pub. L. 102–378, §5(d)(2), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1358, amended directory language of Pub. L. 101–198, §7(c)(4)(B). See 1991 Amendment note below.

1991Pub. L. 102–198, §7(c)(2), Dec. 9, 1991, 105 Stat. 1625, redesignated item 8440b "Claims Court judges" as item 8440c.

Pub. L. 102–198, §7(c)(4)(B), Dec. 9, 1991, 105 Stat. 1625, as amended by Pub. L. 102–378, §5(d)(2), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1358, redesignated item 8440c "Judges of the United States Court of Veterans Appeals" as item 8440d.

Pub. L. 102–82, §5(a)(2), Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 376, added item 8440c "Judges of the United States Court of Veterans Appeals".

1990Pub. L. 101–650, title III, §306(d)(2), Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5111, which directed the amendment of the table of sections for this chapter by adding at the end thereof item 8440b "Claims Court judges", was executed by adding that item after the first item 8440b.

Pub. L. 101–335, §§2(a)(2), 9(b), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 320, 326, added item 8432a and redesignated item 8440a "Bankruptcy judges and magistrates" as item 8440b.

1988Pub. L. 100–659, §7(b), Nov. 15, 1988, 102 Stat. 3920, added item 8440a "Bankruptcy judges and magistrates".

Pub. L. 100–654, title IV, §401(b), Nov. 14, 1988, 102 Stat. 3847, added item 8440a "Justices and judges".

Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §124(a)(2), (b)(2), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1756, added item 8464a, redesignated item 8457 as 8456, and struck out former item 8456 "Relationship to workers' compensation".

1986Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §110(b), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3132, added item 8478a.

Change of Name

Words "magistrate judges" substituted for "magistrates" in item 8440b pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101–650, set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

SUBCHAPTER I—GENERAL PROVISIONS

§8401. Definitions

For the purpose of this chapter—

(1) the term "account" means an account established and maintained under section 8439(a) of this title;

(2) the term "annuitant" means a former employee or Member who, on the basis of that individual's service, meets all requirements for title to an annuity under subchapter II or V of this chapter and files claim therefor;

(3) the term "average pay" means the largest annual rate resulting from averaging an employee's or Member's rates of basic pay in effect over any 3 consecutive years of service or, in the case of an annuity under this chapter based on service of less than 3 years, over the total service, with each rate weighted by the period it was in effect;

(4) the term "basic pay" has the meaning given such term by section 8331(3);

(5) the term "Board" means the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board established by section 8472(a) of this title;

(6) the term "Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund" or "Fund" means the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund under section 8348;

(7) the term "court" means any court of any State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands, and any Indian court;

(8) the term "Director" means the Director of the Office of Personnel Management;

(9) the term "dynamic assumptions" means economic assumptions that are used in determining actuarial costs and liabilities of a retirement system and in anticipating the effects of long-term future—

(A) investment yields;

(B) increases in rates of basic pay; and

(C) rates of price inflation;


(10) the term "earnings", when used with respect to the Thrift Savings Fund, means the amount of the gain realized or yield received from the investment of sums in such Fund;

(11) the term "employee" means—

(A) an individual referred to in subparagraph (A), (E), (F), (H), (I), (J), or (K) of section 8331(1) of this title;

(B) a Congressional employee as defined in section 2107 of this title, including a temporary Congressional employee and an employee of the Congressional Budget Office; and

(C) an employee described in section 2105(c) who has made an election under section 8461(n)(1) to remain covered under this chapter;


whose civilian service after December 31, 1983, is employment for the purposes of title II of the Social Security Act and chapter 21 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, except that such term does not include—

(i) any individual referred to in—

(I) clause (i), (vi), or (ix) of paragraph (1) of section 8331;

(II) clause (ii) of such paragraph; or

(III) the undesignated material after the last clause of such paragraph;


(ii) any individual excluded under section 8402(c) of this title;

(iii) a member of the Foreign Service described in section 103(6) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980; or

(iv) an employee who has made an election under section 8461(n)(2) to remain covered by a retirement system established for employees described in section 2105(c);


(12) the term "former spouse" means a former spouse of an individual—

(A) if such individual performed at least 18 months of civilian service creditable under section 8411 as an employee or Member; and

(B) if the former spouse was married to such individual for at least 9 months;


(13) the term "Executive Director" means the Executive Director appointed under section 8474(a);

(14) the term "firefighter" means—

(A) an employee, the duties of whose position—

(i) are primarily to perform work directly connected with the control and extinguishment of fires; and

(ii) are sufficiently rigorous that employment opportunities should be limited to young and physically vigorous individuals, as determined by the Director considering the recommendations of the employing agency; and


(B) an employee who is transferred directly to a supervisory or administrative position after performing duties described in subparagraph (A) for at least 3 years;


(15) the term "Government" means the Federal Government, Gallaudet College, and, in the case of an employee described in paragraph (11)(C), a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the Department of Defense or the Coast Guard described in section 2105(c);

(16) the term "Indian court" has the meaning given such term by section 8331(24);

(17) the term "law enforcement officer" means—

(A) an employee, the duties of whose position—

(i) are primarily—

(I) the investigation, apprehension, or detention of individuals suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States, or

(II) the protection of officials of the United States against threats to personal safety; and


(ii) are sufficiently rigorous that employment opportunities should be limited to young and physically vigorous individuals, as determined by the Director considering the recommendations of the employing agency;


(B) an employee of the Department of the Interior or the Department of the Treasury (excluding any employee under subparagraph (A)) who occupies a position that, but for the enactment of the Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986, would be subject to the District of Columbia Police and Firefighters' Retirement System, as determined by the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of the Treasury, as appropriate;

(C) an employee who is transferred directly to a supervisory or administrative position after performing duties described in subparagraph (A) and (B) for at least 3 years; and

(D) an employee—

(i) of the Bureau of Prisons or Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated;

(ii) of the Public Health Service assigned to the field service of the Bureau of Prisons or of the Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated; or

(iii) in the field service at Army or Navy disciplinary barracks or at any other confinement and rehabilitation facility operated by any of the armed forces;


whose duties in connection with individuals in detention suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States or of the District of Columbia or offenses against the punitive articles of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (chapter 47 of title 10) require frequent direct contact with these individuals in their detention and are sufficiently rigorous that employment opportunities should be limited to young and physically vigorous individuals, as determined by the head of the employing agency;


(18) the term "loss", as used with respect to the Thrift Savings Fund, includes the amount of any loss resulting from the investment of sums in such Fund, or from the breach of any responsibility, duty, or obligation under section 8477.1

(19) the term "lump-sum credit" means the unrefunded amount consisting of—

(A) retirement deductions made from the basic pay of an employee or Member under section 8422(a) of this title (or under section 204 of the Federal Employees' Retirement Contribution Temporary Adjustment Act of 1983);

(B) amounts deposited by an employee or Member under section 8422(e);

(C) amounts deposited by an employee, Member, or survivor under section 8411(f) or 8422(i); and

(D) interest on the deductions and deposits which, for any calendar year, shall be equal to the overall average yield to the Fund during the preceding fiscal year from all obligations purchased by the Secretary of the Treasury during such fiscal year under section 8348(c), (d), and (e), as determined by the Secretary (compounded annually);


but does not include interest—

(i) if the service covered thereby aggregates 1 year or less; or

(ii) for a fractional part of a month in the total service;


(20) the term "Member" has the same meaning as provided in section 2106, except that such term does not include an individual who irrevocably elects, by written notice to the official by whom such individual is paid, not to participate in the Federal Employees' Retirement System, and who (in the case of an individual who is a Member of the House of Representatives, including a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to the Congress) serves as a Member prior to the date of the enactment of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2004;

(21) the term "net earnings" means the excess of earnings over losses;

(22) the term "net losses" means the excess of losses over earnings;

(23) the term "normal-cost percentage" means the entry-age normal cost of the provisions of the System which relate to the Fund, computed by the Office in accordance with generally accepted actuarial practice and standards (using dynamic assumptions) and expressed as a level percentage of aggregate basic pay;

(24) the term "Office" means the Office of Personnel Management;

(25) the term "price index" has the same meaning as provided in section 8331(15);

(26) the term "service" means service which is creditable under section 8411;

(27) the term "supplemental liability" means the estimated excess of—

(A) the actuarial present value of all future benefits payable from the Fund under this chapter based on the service of current or former employees or Members, over

(B) the sum of—

(i) the actuarial present value of deductions to be withheld from the future basic pay of employees and Members currently subject to this chapter pursuant to section 8422;

(ii) the actuarial present value of the future contributions to be made pursuant to section 8423(a) with respect to employees and Members currently subject to this chapter;

(iii) the Fund balance as of the date the supplemental liability is determined, to the extent that such balance is attributable—

(I) to the System, or

(II) to contributions made under the Federal Employees' Retirement Contribution Temporary Adjustment Act of 1983 by or on behalf of an individual who became subject to the System; and


(iv) any other appropriate amount, as determined by the Office in accordance with generally accepted actuarial practices and principles;


(28) the term "survivor" means an individual entitled to an annuity under subchapter IV of this chapter;

(29) the term "System" means the Federal Employees' Retirement System described in section 8402(a);

(30) the term "military technician (dual status)" means an employee described in section 10216 of title 10;

(31) the term "military service" means honorable active service—

(A) in the armed forces;

(B) in the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service after June 30, 1960; or

(C) in the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or a predecessor entity in function, after June 30, 1961;


and includes service as a cadet at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the United States Coast Guard Academy, or as a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, but does not include service in the National Guard except when ordered to active duty in the service of the United States or full-time National Guard duty (as such term is defined in section 101(d) of title 10) if such service interrupts creditable civilian service under this subchapter and is followed by reemployment in accordance with chapter 43 of title 38 that occurs on or after August 1, 1990;

(32) the term "nonforfeitable account balance" means any amounts in an account, established and maintained under subchapter III, which are nonforfeitable (as determined under section 8432(g));

(33) "Nuclear materials courier" has the meaning given that term in section 8331(27);

(34) the term "Government physician" has the meaning given such term under section 5948;

(35) the term "air traffic controller" or "controller" means—

(A) a controller within the meaning of section 2109(1); and

(B) a civilian employee of the Department of Transportation or the Department of Defense who is the immediate supervisor of a person described in section 2109(1)(B);


(36) the term "customs and border protection officer" means an employee in the Department of Homeland Security (A) who holds a position within the GS–1895 job series (determined applying the criteria in effect as of September 1, 2007) or any successor position, and (B) whose duties include activities relating to the arrival and departure of persons, conveyances, and merchandise at ports of entry, including any such employee who is transferred directly to a supervisory or administrative position in the Department of Homeland Security after performing such duties (as described in subparagraph (B)) in 1 or more positions (as described in subparagraph (A)) for at least 3 years;

(37) the term "revised annuity employee" means any individual who—

(A) on December 31, 2012—

(i) is not an employee or Member covered under this chapter;

(ii) is not performing civilian service which is creditable service under section 8411; and

(iii) has less than 5 years of creditable civilian service under section 8411; and


(B) after December 31, 2012, and before January 1, 2014, becomes employed as an employee or becomes a Member covered under this chapter performing service which is creditable service under section 8411; and


(38) the term "further revised annuity employee" means any individual who—

(A) on December 31, 2013—

(i) is not an employee or Member covered under this chapter;

(ii) is not performing civilian service which is creditable service under section 8411; and

(iii) has less than 5 years of creditable civilian service under section 8411; and


(B) after December 31, 2013, becomes employed as an employee or becomes a Member covered under this chapter performing service which is creditable service under section 8411.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 517; amended Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §§107, 109, 119, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3132, 3134; Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §§103(a)(2), (c), (d)(2), 113(b)(1), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1744, 1745, 1750; Pub. L. 100–679, §13(a)(2), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4071; Pub. L. 101–335, §6(a)(1), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 322; Pub. L. 101–474, §5(o), Oct. 30, 1990, 104 Stat. 1100; Pub. L. 101–508, title VII, §7202(k)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–338; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1677(a)(4), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3019; Pub. L. 103–353, §5(c), (e)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3174; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §206(a)(1)]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372, 3009-378; Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3154(f), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2255; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, §522(c)(2), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 597; Pub. L. 106–571, §3(c)(2), Dec. 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 3056; Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §104(a), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1017; Pub. L. 108–176, title II, §226(a)(2), Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2529; Pub. L. 110–161, div. E, title V, §535(b)(1), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2076; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XI, §1115(b), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 361; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XIX, §1904(b)(1), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2616; Pub. L. 112–96, title V, §5001(a), Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 199; Pub. L. 113–67, div. A, title IV, §401(a), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1183.)

References in Text

The Social Security Act, referred to in par. (11), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620. Title II of the Social Security Act is classified generally to subchapter II (§401 et seq.) of chapter 7 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.

Chapter 21 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in par. (11), is classified to chapter 21 (§3101 et seq.) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Section 103(6) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in par. (11)(iii), is classified to section 3903(6) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

The Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986, referred to in par. (17)(B), is Pub. L. 99–335, June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 514. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8401 of this title and Tables.

The Federal Employees' Retirement Contribution Temporary Adjustment Act of 1983, referred to in pars. (19)(A) and (27)(B)(iii)(II), is Pub. L. 98–168, title II, Nov. 29, 1983, 97 Stat. 1106, which is set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

The date of the enactment of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2004, referred to in par. (20), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 108–83, which was approved Sept. 30, 2003.

Amendments

2013—Par. (37)(B). Pub. L. 113–67, §401(a)(2), inserted "and before January 1, 2014," after "after December 31, 2012,".

Par. (38). Pub. L. 113–67, §401(a)(1), added par. (38).

2012—Par. (37). Pub. L. 112–96 added par. (37).

2009—Par. (19)(C). Pub. L. 111–84 substituted "8411(f) or 8422(i);" for "8411(f);".

2008—Par. (31). Pub. L. 110–181, in concluding provisions, substituted "and includes service as a cadet at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the United States Coast Guard Academy, or as a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, but" for "but".

2007—Par. (36). Pub. L. 110–161 added par. (36).

2003—Par. (20). Pub. L. 108–83 inserted before semicolon at end ", and who (in the case of an individual who is a Member of the House of Representatives, including a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to the Congress) serves as a Member prior to the date of the enactment of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2004".

Par. (35). Pub. L. 108–176 added par. (35).

2000—Par. (34). Pub. L. 106–571 added par. (34).

1999—Par. (30). Pub. L. 106–65 amended par. (30) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (30) read as follows: "the term 'military reserve technician' means a member of one of the reserve components of the armed forces specified in section 10101 of title 10 who—

"(A) is assigned to a civilian position as a technician in the administration and training of such reserve components or in the maintenance and repair of supplies issued to such reserve components; and

"(B) as a condition of employment in such position, is required to be a member of one of such reserve components serving in a specified military grade;".

1998—Par. (33). Pub. L. 105–261 added par. (33).

1996—Par. (4). Pub. L. 104–208 struck out "except as provided in subchapter III of this chapter," before "the term".

1994—Par. (11). Pub. L. 103–353, §5(e)(1), in flush provisions before cl. (i), substituted "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954".

Par. (30). Pub. L. 103–337 substituted "section 10101" for "section 261(a)" in introductory provisions.

Par. (31). Pub. L. 103–353, §5(c), in closing provisions, inserted before semicolon "or full-time National Guard duty (as such term is defined in section 101(d) of title 10) if such service interrupts creditable civilian service under this subchapter and is followed by reemployment in accordance with chapter 43 of title 38 that occurs on or after August 1, 1990".

1990—Par. (11)(C). Pub. L. 101–508, §7202(k)(1)(A)(i)–(iii), added subpar. (C).

Par. (11)(i)(I). Pub. L. 101–474 struck out "(v)," after "(i),".

Par. (11)(iv). Pub. L. 101–508, §7202(k)(1)(A)(iv)–(vi), added cl. (iv).

Par. (15). Pub. L. 101–508, §7202(k)(1)(B), substituted ", Gallaudet College, and, in the case of an employee described in paragraph (11)(C), a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the Department of Defense or the Coast Guard described in section 2105(c);" for "and Gallaudet College;".

Par. (32). Pub. L. 101–335 added par. (32).

1988—Par. (11)(A). Pub. L. 100–679 substituted "(J), or (K)" for "or (J)".

Par. (11)(i)(II). Pub. L. 100–238, §103(d)(2), struck out "(other than an employee of the United States Park Police, or the United States Secret Service, whose civilian service after December 31, 1983, is such employment)".

Par. (11)(iii). Pub. L. 100–238, §113(b)(1), added cl. (iii).

Par. (14)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 100–238, §103(a)(2), substituted "should be" for "are required to be".

Par. (14)(B). Pub. L. 100–238, §103(c)(2), substituted "for at least 3 years" for "for at least 10 years".

Par. (17). Pub. L. 100–238, §103(a)(2), (c)(1), in subpar. (A)(ii), substituted "should be" for "are required to be", added subpar. (B), redesignated former subpar. (B) as (C) and amended it generally, substituting "subparagraph (A) and (B) for at least 3 years" for "subparagraph (A) for at least 10 years", redesignated former subpar. (C) as (D), and in concluding provisions, substituted "should be" for "are required to be".

1986—Par. (11). Pub. L. 99–556, §119, struck out "any of" before "whose civilian service" in two places.

Par. (18). Pub. L. 99–556, §109, amended par. (18) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (18) read as follows: "the term 'loss', when used with respect to the Thrift Savings Fund, means the amount of the loss resulting from the investment of sums in such Fund;".

Par. (19)(C), (D). Pub. L. 99–556, §107, added subpar. (C) and redesignated former subpar. (C) as (D).

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–181 applicable to any annuity, eligibility for which is based upon a separation occurring before, on, or after Jan. 28, 2008, and any period of service as a cadet at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the United States Coast Guard Academy, or as a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, occurring before, on, or after Jan. 28, 2008, see section 1115(c) of Pub. L. 110–181, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment; Transition Rules

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective on the later of June 30, 2008, or the first day of the first pay period beginning at least 6 months after Dec. 26, 2007, with transition rules and rights of election, see section 535(e) of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 3307 of this title.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–176, title II, §226(c), Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2530, provided that:

"(1) In general.—This section [amending this section and sections 8331, 8335, 8415, 8422, 8425, 8452, and 8468 of this title] and the amendments made by this section—

"(A) shall take effect on the 60th day after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 2003]; and

"(B) shall apply with respect to—

"(i) any annuity entitlement to which is based on an individual's separation from service occurring on or after the effective date of this section; and

"(ii) any service performed by any such individual before, on, or after the effective date of this section, subject to paragraph (2).

"(2) Special rule.—

"(A) Deposit requirement.—For purposes of determining eligibility for immediate retirement under section 8412(e) of title 5, United States Code, the amendment made by subsection (a)(2) [amending this section] shall, with respect to any service described in subparagraph (B), be disregarded unless there is deposited into the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund, with respect to such service, in such time, form, and manner as the Office of Personnel Management by regulation requires, an amount equal to the amount by which—

"(i) the deductions from pay which would have been required for such service if the amendments made by subsection (a)(2) had been in effect when such service was performed, exceeds

"(ii) the unrefunded deductions or deposits actually made under subchapter II of chapter 84 of such title with respect to such service.

An amount under this subparagraph shall include interest, computed under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8334(e) of such title 5.

"(B) Prior service described.—This paragraph applies with respect to any service performed by an individual before the effective date of this section as an employee described in section 8401(35)(B) of title 5, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)(2))."

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–261 effective at the beginning of the first pay period that begins after Oct. 17, 1998, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a nuclear materials courier, as defined by section 8331(27) or 8401(33) of this title, after Oct. 17, 1998, see section 3154(m), (n) of Pub. L. 105–261, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–208 effective Sept. 30, 1996, and withdrawals and elections as provided under such amendment to be made at earliest practicable date as determined by Executive Director in regulations, see section 101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §207]] of Pub. L. 104–208, set out as a note under section 5545a of this title.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–353 effective with respect to reemployments initiated on or after the first day after the 60-day period beginning Oct. 13, 1994, with transition rules, see section 8 of Pub. L. 103–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits.

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–337 effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 applicable with respect to any individual who, on or after Jan. 1, 1987, moves from employment in nonappropriated fund instrumentality of Department of Defense or Coast Guard, that is described in section 2105(c) of this title, to employment in Department or Coast Guard, that is not described in section 2105(c), or who moves from employment in Department or Coast Guard, that is not described in section 2105(c), to employment in nonappropriated fund instrumentality of Department or Coast Guard, that is described in section 2105(c), see section 7202(m)(1) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 2105 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–335 effective as of second election period described in section 8432(b) of this title beginning after July 17, 1990, or such earlier date as Executive Director may by regulation prescribe, and applicable with respect to separations occurring before, on, or after that effective date, see section 6(c) of Pub. L. 101–335, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 103(a)(2), (c), and (d)(2) of Pub. L. 100–238, effective Jan. 1, 1987, see section 103(f) of Pub. L. 100–238, set out as a note under section 3307 of this title.

Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §113(b)(2), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1751, provided that: "The amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall be effective as of January 1, 1987. Any refund which becomes payable as a result of the preceding sentence shall, to the extent that such refund involves an individual's contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund (established under section 8437 of title 5, United States Code), be adjusted to reflect any earnings attributable thereto."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 99–335, title VII, §702(a), (b), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 631, provided that:

"(a) In General.—Except as provided in subsection (b), this Act and the amendments made by this Act [see Short Title note below] shall take effect on January 1, 1987.

"(b) Exceptions.—(1) Subchapter VII of chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, as added by section 101 of this Act, shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [June 6, 1986].

"(2) Except as provided in section 305 of this Act [enacting and amending provisions set out as notes under section 8331 of this title], title III of this Act, and the amendments made by such title [amending sections 3121 and 6103 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, section 1005 of Title 39, Postal Service, and section 410 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 8331, 8432, and 8472 of this title and section 6103 of Title 26, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 8331 of this title], shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(3) The amendments made by sections 204 and 205 of this Act [enacting sections 8343a and 8350 of this title and amending section 8342 of this title] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(4) Section 701 of this Act [enacting provisions set out as a note under section 8472 of this title] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(5) Sections 505 [amending provisions formerly set out as a note under section 403 of Title 50, War and National Defense] and 601 of this Act and the amendments made by such section 601 [not classified to the Code] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act."

Reference to a specific date in section 702(a) of Pub. L. 99–335, set out above, for certain purposes, deemed to be a reference to the first day of the first pay period beginning after such date, or to the day before such day, as appropriate, see section 505 of Pub. L. 99–556, set out as a Coordination With Pay Periods note under section 8331 of this title.

Short Title of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §201, Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1817, provided that: "This title [enacting section 8431 of this title, amending sections 8351, 8402, and 8411 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 8402 and 8431 of this title] may be cited as the 'Federal Reserve Board Retirement Portability Act'."

Short Title of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–274, §1, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2419, provided that: "This Act [amending section 8402 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 8402 of this title] may be cited as the 'District of Columbia Courts and Justice Technical Corrections Act of 1998'."

Short Title of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §101]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372, provided that: "This title [title I (§§101–104) of section 659 of section 101(f) of Pub. L. 104–208, amending sections 8438 and 8439 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 8438 of this title] may be cited as the 'Thrift Savings Investment Funds Act of 1996'."

Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §201]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-374, provided that: "This title [title II (§§201–207) of section 659 of section 101(f) of Pub. L. 104–208, amending this section and sections 5545a, 8351, 8433, 8435, and 8440a to 8440c of this title, repealing section 8431 of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 5545a and 8433 of this title, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 5343 of this title] may be cited as the 'Thrift Savings Plan Act of 1996'."

Short Title of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–335, §1, July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 319, provided that: "This Act [enacting section 8432a of this title, amending this section and sections 3392, 8351, 8433 to 8435, 8438, 8440a, 8440b, and 8477 of this title, renumbering former section 8440a of this title as section 8440b, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 3392, 8351, 8432a, 8433, 8434, and 8438 of this title, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 8477 of this title] may be cited as the 'Thrift Savings Plan Technical Amendments Act of 1990'."

Short Title of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–43, §1, May 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 315, provided: "That this Act [amending section 8438 of this title] may be cited as the 'Thrift Savings Fund Investment Act of 1987'."

Short Title of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–556, §1, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3131, provided that: "This Act [enacting section 8478a of this title and section 4069 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, amending this section and sections 6301, 8332, 8350, 8402, 8411 to 8413, 8415, 8421a, 8442, 8443, 8452, 8457, 8461, 8462, 8477, 8478, and 8901 of this title and sections 4046, 4064, 4071c, 4071d, and 4071j of Title 22, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 6301, 8331, 8332, 8335, 8341, 8477, and 8478 of this title and section 4046 of Title 22, and amending provisions set out as notes under sections 8331 and 8341 of this title] may be cited as the 'Federal Employees' Retirement System Technical Corrections Act of 1986'."

Short Title

Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §100(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 514, provided that: "This Act [enacting this chapter, sections 8343a, 8349, 8350, and 8351 of this title, and sections 4068 and 4071 to 4071k of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, amending sections 2105, 2109, 5102, 5314, 6301, 6303, 8116, 8331, 8332, 8334, 8342, 8347, 8348, 8701, 8706, 8714, 8714b, 8714c, 8901, and 8905 of this title, section 1605 of Title 10, Armed Forces, sections 4041 to 4049, 4054 to 4056, 4058, 4060, 4061, 4063, 4064, 4066, and 4067 of Title 22, sections 3121 and 6103 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, section 1005 of Title 39, Postal Service, and section 410 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 8331, 8351, 8432, and 8472 of this title, sections 3901 and 4046 of Title 22, and section 6103 of Title 26, and amending provisions set out as notes under section 8331 of this title and sections 402 and 403 of Title 50, War and National Defense] may be cited as the 'Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986'."

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Election

Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §104(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1018, provided that:

"(1) During the 60-day period which begins on the date of the enactment of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2004 [Sept. 30, 2003], any individual who, as of such date, is serving as a Member of the House of Representatives and on such date is not subject to chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, may elect to become subject to such chapter.

"(2) Any election under this paragraph shall be carried out in accordance with such procedures as the Office of Personnel Management may provide.

"(3) In this subsection, the term 'Member of the House of Representatives' includes a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to the Congress."

Service as Law Enforcement Officer

Pub. L. 104–52, title VI, §640, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 513, as amended by Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §629(a)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-362, provided that: "Hereafter, service performed during the period January 1, 1984, through December 31, 1986, which would, if performed after that period, be considered service as a law enforcement officer, as defined in section 8401(17)(A)(i)(II) and (B) of title 5, United States Code, shall be deemed service as a law enforcement officer for the purposes of chapter 84 of such title."

[Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §629(b)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-362, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending section 640 of Pub. L. 104–52, set out above] shall take effect as if included in Public Law 104–52 on the date of its enactment [Nov. 19, 1995]."]

Congressional Declaration of Purpose

Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §100A, June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 516, provided that: "The purposes of this Act [see Short Title note above] are—

"(1) to establish a Federal employees' retirement plan which is coordinated with title II of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.];

"(2) to ensure a fully funded and financially sound retirement benefits plan for Federal employees;

"(3) to enhance portability of retirement assets earned as an employee of the Federal Government;

"(4) to provide options for Federal employees with respect to retirement planning;

"(5) to assist in building a quality career work force in the Federal Government;

"(6) to encourage Federal employees to increase personal savings for retirement; and

"(7) to extend financial protection from disability to additional Federal employees and to increase such protection for eligible Federal employees."

Use of Normal-Cost Percentage

Pub. L. 99–335, title III, §307, June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 607, as amended by Pub. L. 100–366, §1, July 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 826, provided that: "Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the normal-cost percentage (as defined by section 8401(23) of title 5, United States Code, as added by this Act) of the Federal Employees' Retirement System shall be used to value the cost of such System to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund for all purposes in which the cost of the System is required to be determined by the Federal Government. For any comparisons between the cost of performing commercial activities under the contract with commercial sources and the cost of performing such activities using Government facilities and personnel, the cost of the System shall include the cost of such System to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund as specified in the preceding sentence, the cost of the thrift savings plan under subchapter III of chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, and the cost of social security."

First Cost-of-Living Adjustment

Pub. L. 99–335, title VII, §702(c), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 631, provided that:

"(1) For purposes of the first adjustment under subsection (b) of section 8462 of title 5, United States Code (as added by section 101 of this Act), the base quarter ending on September 30, 1986, shall be considered to have been the base quarter for a year in which an adjustment under such subsection was made.

"(2) As used in paragraph (1), the term 'base quarter' has the meaning provided by section 8462(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code (as added by section 101 of this Act)."

1 So in original. The period probably should be a semicolon.

§8402. Federal Employees' Retirement System; exclusions

(a) The provisions of this chapter comprise the Federal Employees' Retirement System.

(b) The provisions of this chapter shall not apply with respect to—

(1) any individual who has performed service of a type described in subparagraph (C), (D), (E), or (F) of section 210(a)(5) of the Social Security Act continuously since December 31, 1983 (determined in accordance with the provisions of section 210(a)(5)(B) of the Social Security Act, relating to continuity of employment); or

(2)(A) any employee or Member who has separated from the service after—

(i) having been subject to—

(I) subchapter III of chapter 83 of this title;

(II) subchapter I of chapter 8 of title I of the Foreign Service Act of 1980; or

(III) the benefit structure for employees of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System appointed before January 1, 1984, that is a component of the Retirement Plan for Employees of the Federal Reserve System, established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act; and


(ii) having completed—

(I) at least 5 years of civilian service creditable under subchapter III of chapter 83 of this title;

(II) at least 5 years of civilian service creditable under subchapter I of chapter 8 of title I of the Foreign Service Act of 1980; or

(III) at least 5 years of civilian service (other than any service performed in the employ of a Federal Reserve Bank) creditable under the benefit structure for employees of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System appointed before January 1, 1984, that is a component of the Retirement Plan for Employees of the Federal Reserve System, established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act,


determined without regard to any deposit or redeposit requirement under either such subchapter or under such benefit structure, or any requirement that the individual become subject to either such subchapter or to such benefit structure after performing the service involved; or


(B) any employee having at least 5 years of civilian service performed before January 1, 1987, creditable under subchapter III of chapter 83 of this title (determined without regard to any deposit or redeposit requirement under such subchapter, any requirement that the individual become subject to such subchapter after performing the service involved, or any requirement that the individual give notice in writing to the official by whom such individual is paid of such individual's desire to become subject to such subchapter);


except to the extent provided for under subsection (d) of this section or title III of the Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986 pursuant to an election under such title to become subject to this chapter.

(c)(1) The Office may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee or group of employees in or under an Executive agency, the United States Postal Service, or the Postal Regulatory Commission, whose employment is temporary or intermittent, except an employee whose employment is part-time career employment (as defined in section 3401(2)).

(2) The Architect of the Capitol may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee under the Office of the Architect of the Capitol whose employment is temporary or of uncertain duration.

(3) The Librarian of Congress may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee under the Library of Congress whose employment is temporary or of uncertain duration.

(4) The Director or Acting Director of the Botanic Garden may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee under the Botanic Garden whose employment is temporary or of uncertain duration.

(5) The Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives and the Secretary of the Senate each may exclude from the operation of this chapter a Congressional employee—

(A) whose employment is temporary or intermittent; and

(B) who is paid by such Chief Administrative Officer or Secretary, as the case may be.


(6) The Director of the Office of Technology Assessment may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee under the Office of Technology Assessment whose employment is temporary or intermittent.

(7) The Director of the Congressional Budget Office may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee under the Congressional Budget Office whose employment is temporary or intermittent.

(8) The Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, or a court named by section 610 of title 28, whose employment is temporary or of uncertain duration.

(9) The Joint Committee on Judicial Administration in the District of Columbia may exclude from the operation of this chapter an employee of the District of Columbia Courts whose employment is temporary or of uncertain duration.

(d) Paragraph (2) of subsection (b) shall not apply to an individual who—

(1) becomes subject to—

(A) subchapter II of chapter 8 of title I of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (relating to the Foreign Service Pension System) pursuant to an election; or

(B) the benefit structure in which employees of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System appointed on or after January 1, 1984, participate, which benefit structure is a component of the Retirement Plan for Employees of the Federal Reserve System, established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act (and any redesignated or successor version of such benefit structure, if so identified in writing by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for purposes of this chapter); and


(2) subsequently enters a position in which, but for paragraph (2) of subsection (b), such individual would be subject to this chapter.


(e) A bankruptcy judge or magistrate judge who is covered by section 377 of title 28 or section 2(c) of the Retirement and Survivors' Annuities for Bankruptcy Judges and Magistrates Act of 1988 shall be excluded from the operation of this chapter, other than subchapters III and VII of such chapter, if the judge or magistrate judge notifies the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts of an election of a retirement annuity under those provisions. Upon such election, the judge or magistrate judge shall be entitled to a lump-sum credit under section 8424 of this title.

(f) A judge who is covered by section 7296 of title 38 shall be excluded from the operation of this chapter if the judge notifies the Director of the Office of Personnel Management of an election of a retirement annuity under that section. Upon such election, the judge shall be entitled to a lump-sum credit under section 8424 of this title.

(g) A judge of the United States Court of Federal Claims who is covered by section 178 of title 28 shall be excluded from the operation of this chapter, other than subchapters III and VII of such chapter, if the judge notifies the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts of an election of a retirement annuity under those provisions. Upon such election, the judge shall be entitled to a lump-sum credit under section 8424 of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 521; amended Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §116, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3134; Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §130, Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 100–659, §6(c), Nov. 15, 1988, 102 Stat. 3919; Pub. L. 101–94, title I, §102(b), Aug. 16, 1989, 103 Stat. 626; Pub. L. 101–474, §5(p), Oct. 30, 1990, 104 Stat. 1100; Pub. L. 101–650, title III, §§306(e)(3), 321, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5112, 5117; Pub. L. 102–40, title IV, §402(d)(2), May 7, 1991, 105 Stat. 239; Pub. L. 102–198, §7(d), Dec. 9, 1991, 105 Stat. 1625; Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, §902(b)(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516; Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §115, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 527; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §215(13), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1746; Pub. L. 105–274, §6(a), Oct. 20, 1998, 112 Stat. 2424; Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §202(b), Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1818; Pub. L. 109–435, title VI, §604(b), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3241.)

References in Text

Section 210(a)(5) of the Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is classified to section 410(a)(5) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

The Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 99–335, June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 514. Title III of the Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986 amended sections 3121 and 6103 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, section 1005 of Title 39, Postal Service, and section 410 of Title 42, enacted provisions set out as notes under sections 8331, 8401, 8432, and 8472 of this title and section 6103 of Title 26, and amended provisions set out as a note under section 8331 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8401 of this title and Tables.

The Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2)(A)(i)(II), (ii)(II) and (d)(1)(A), is Pub. L. 96–465, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2071. Subchapters I and II of chapter 8 of title I of the Act are classified generally to parts I (§4041 et seq.) and II (§4071 et seq.), respectively, of subchapter VIII of chapter 52 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3901 of Title 22 and Tables.

Section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2)(A)(i)(III), (ii)(III) and (d)(1)(B), is section 10 of act Dec. 23, 1913, ch. 6, 38 Stat. 260, as amended. For classification of section 10 to the Code, see Codification note set out under section 241 of Title 12, Banks and Banking, and Tables.

Section 2(c) of the Retirement and Survivors' Annuities for Bankruptcy Judges and Magistrates Act of 1988, referred to in subsec. (e), is section 2(c) of Pub. L. 100–659, which is set out as a note under section 377 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Amendments

2006—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 109–435 substituted "Postal Regulatory Commission" for "Postal Rate Commission".

1999—Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 106–168, §202(b)(1), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "any employee or Member who has separated from the service after—

"(i) having been subject to subchapter III of chapter 83 of this title, or subchapter I of chapter 8 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980; and

"(ii) having completed at least 5 years of civilian service creditable under subchapter III of chapter 83 of this title, or at least 5 years of civilian service creditable under subchapter I of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (determined without regard to any deposit or redeposit requirement under either such subchapter, or any requirement that the individual become subject to either such subchapter after performing the service involved); or".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–168, §202(b)(2), amended subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Paragraph (2) of subsection (b) shall not apply to an individual who becomes subject to subchapter II of chapter 8 of title I of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (relating to the Foreign Service Pension System) pursuant to an election and who subsequently enters a position in which, but for such paragraph (2), he would be subject to this chapter."

1998—Subsec. (c)(9). Pub. L. 105–274 added par. (9).

1996—Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104–186 substituted "Chief Administrative Officer" for "Clerk" in introductory provisions and subpar. (B).

1995—Subsec. (c)(7), (8). Pub. L. 104–53 added par. (7) and redesignated former par. (7) as (8).

1992—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102–572 substituted "United States Court of Federal Claims" for "United States Claims Court".

1991—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–40 substituted "section 7296 of title 38" for "section 4096 of title 38".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102–198 inserted a comma after "such chapter".

1990—Subsec. (c)(7). Pub. L. 101–474 added par. (7).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101–650 added subsec. (g).

1989—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–94 added subsec. (f).

1988—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–238, §130(1), inserted "subsection (d) of this section or" before "title III" in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–238, §130(2), added subsec. (d).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–659 added subsec. (e).

1986—Subsec. (c)(5), (6). Pub. L. 99–556 added pars. (5) and (6).

Change of Name

Words "magistrate judge" substituted for "magistrate" wherever appearing in subsec. (e) pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101–650, set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §202(d), Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1819, provided that:

"(1) In general.—Subject to succeeding provisions of this subsection, this section [amending this section and section 8411 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under this section] and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 1999].

"(2) Provisions relating to creditability and certain former employees.—The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending section 8411 of this title] and the provisions of subsection (c) [set out as a note below] shall apply only to individuals who separate from service subject to chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 1999].

"(3) Provisions relating to exclusion from chapter.—The amendments made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall not apply to any former employee of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System who, subsequent to his or her last period of service as an employee of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and prior to the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 1999], became subject to subchapter III of chapter 83 or chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, under the law in effect at the time of the individual's appointment."

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–274, §10, Oct. 20, 1998, 112 Stat. 2429, provided that: "Except as otherwise specifically provided, this Act [amending this section and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 8401 of this title] and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect as if included in the enactment of title XI of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 [Pub. L. 105–33]."

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–572 effective Oct. 29, 1992, see section 911 of Pub. L. 102–572, set out as a note under section 171 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–650 applicable to judges of, and senior judges in active service with, the United States Court of Federal Claims on or after Dec. 1, 1990, see section 306(f) of Pub. L. 101–650, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–659 effective Nov. 15, 1988, and applicable to bankruptcy judges and magistrate judges who retire on or after Nov. 15, 1988, with exception for judges and magistrate judges retiring on or after July 31, 1987, see section 9 of Pub. L. 100–659, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 377 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Provisions Relating to Certain Former Employees

Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §202(c), Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1819, provided that: "A former employee of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System who—

"(1) has at least 5 years of civilian service (other than any service performed in the employ of a Federal Reserve Bank) creditable under the benefit structure for employees of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System appointed before January 1, 1984, that is a component of the Retirement Plan for Employees of the Federal Reserve System, established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act [Act Dec. 23, 1913, ch. 6, see Codification note set out under 12 U.S.C. 241];

"(2) was subsequently employed subject to the benefit structure in which employees of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System appointed on or after January 1, 1984, participate, which benefit structure is a component of the Retirement Plan for Employees of the Federal Reserve System, established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act (and any redesignated or successor version of such benefit structure, if so identified in writing by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for purposes of chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code); and

"(3) after service described in paragraph (2), becomes subject to and thereafter entitled to benefits under chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code,

shall, for purposes of section 302 of the Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–335] (100 Stat. 601; 5 U.S.C. 8331 note) be considered to have become subject to chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, pursuant to an election under section 301 of such Act [5 U.S.C. 8331 note]."

§8403. Relationship to the Social Security Act

Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the benefits payable under the System are in addition to the benefits payable under the Social Security Act.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 522.)

References in Text

The Social Security Act, referred to in text, is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 7 (§301 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.

SUBCHAPTER II—BASIC ANNUITY

§8410. Eligibility for annuity

Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, an employee or Member must complete at least 5 years of civilian service creditable under section 8411 in order to be eligible for an annuity under this subchapter.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 522.)

§8411. Creditable service

(a)(1) The total service of an employee or Member is the full years and twelfth parts thereof, excluding from the aggregate the fractional part of a month, if any.

(2) Credit may not be allowed for a period of separation from the service in excess of 3 calendar days.

(b) For the purpose of this chapter, creditable service of an employee or Member includes—

(1) employment as an employee, and any service as a Member (including the period from the date of the beginning of the term for which elected or appointed to the date of taking office as a Member), after December 31, 1986;

(2) except as provided in subsection (f), service with respect to which deductions and withholdings under section 204(a)(1) of the Federal Employees' Retirement Contribution Temporary Adjustment Act of 1983 have been made;

(3) except as provided in subsection (f) or (h), any civilian service (performed before January 1, 1989, other than any service under paragraph (1) or (2)) which, but for the amendments made by subsections (a)(4) and (b) of section 202 of the Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986, would be creditable under subchapter III of chapter 83 of this title (determined without regard to any deposit or redeposit requirement under such subchapter, any requirement that the individual become subject to such subchapter after performing the service involved, or any requirement that the individual give notice in writing to the official by whom such individual is paid of such individual's desire to become subject to such subchapter);

(4) a period of service (other than any service under any other paragraph of this subsection and other than any military service) that was creditable under the Foreign Service Pension System described in subchapter II of chapter 8 1 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980, if the employee or Member waives credit for such service under the Foreign Service Pension System and makes a payment to the Fund equal to the amount that would have been deducted from pay under section 8422(a) had the employee been subject to this chapter during such period of service (together with interest on such amount computed under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8334(e));

(5) a period of service (other than any service under any other paragraph of this subsection, any military service, and any service performed in the employ of a Federal Reserve Bank) that was creditable under the Bank Plan (as defined in subsection (i)), if the employee waives credit for such service under the Bank Plan and makes a payment to the Fund equal to the amount that would have been deducted from pay under section 8422(a) had the employee been subject to this chapter during such period of service (together with interest on such amount computed under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8334(e)); and

(6) service performed by any individual as an employee paid from nonappropriated funds of an instrumentality of the Department of Defense or the Coast Guard described in section 2105(c) that is not otherwise creditable, if the individual elects (in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Office) to have such service credited under this paragraph.


Paragraph (5) shall not apply in the case of any employee as to whom subsection (g) (or, to the extent subchapter III of chapter 83 is involved, section 8332(n)) otherwise applies.

(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2), (3), and (5), an employee or Member shall be allowed credit for—

(A) each period of military service performed before January 1, 1957; and

(B) each period of military service performed after December 31, 1956, and before the separation on which title to annuity is based, if a deposit (including interest, if any) is made with respect to such period in accordance with section 8422(e).


(2) If an employee or Member is awarded retired pay based on any period of military service, the service of the employee or Member may not include credit for such period of military service unless the retired pay is awarded—

(A) based on a service-connected disability—

(i) incurred in combat with an enemy of the United States; or

(ii) caused by an instrumentality of war and incurred in line of duty during a period of war as defined by section 1101 of title 38; or


(B) under chapter 1223 of title 10 (or under chapter 67 of that title as in effect before the effective date of the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act).


(3) An employee or Member who has made a deposit under section 8334(j) (or a similar prior provision of law) with respect to a period of military service, and who has not taken a refund of such deposit—

(A) shall be allowed credit for such service without regard to the deposit requirement under paragraph (1)(B); and

(B) shall be entitled, upon filing appropriate application therefor with the Office, to a refund equal to the difference between—

(i) the amount deposited with respect to such period under such section 8334(j) (or prior provision), excluding interest; and

(ii) the amount which would otherwise have been required with respect to such period under paragraph (1)(B).


(4)(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), for purposes of computing a survivor annuity for a survivor of an employee or Member—

(i) who was awarded retired pay based on any period of military service, and

(ii) whose death occurs before separation from the service,


creditable service of the deceased employee or Member shall include each period of military service includable under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) or under paragraph (3). In carrying out this subparagraph, any amount deposited under section 8422(e)(5) shall be taken into account.

(B) A survivor annuity computed based on an amount which, under authority of subparagraph (A), takes into consideration any period of military service shall be reduced by the amount of any survivor's benefits—

(i) payable to a survivor (other than a child) under a retirement system for members of the uniformed services;

(ii) if, or to the extent that, such benefits are based on such period of military service.


(C) The Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe regulations to carry out this paragraph, including regulations under which—

(i) a survivor may elect not to be covered by this paragraph; and

(ii) this paragraph shall be carried out in any case which involves a former spouse.


(5) If, after January 1, 1997, an employee or Member waives retired pay that is subject to a court order for which there has been effective service on the Secretary concerned for purposes of section 1408 of title 10, the military service on which the retired pay is based may be credited as service for purposes of this chapter only if the employee or Member authorizes the Director to deduct and withhold from the annuity payable to the employee or Member under this subchapter an amount equal to the amount that, if the annuity payment was instead a payment of the employee's or Member's retired pay, would have been deducted and withheld and paid to the former spouse covered by the court order under such section 1408. The amount deducted and withheld under this paragraph shall be paid to that former spouse. The period of civil service employment by the employee or Member shall not be taken into consideration in determining the amount of the deductions and withholding or the amount of the payment to the former spouse. The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe regulations to carry out this paragraph.

(d) Credit under this chapter shall be allowed for leaves of absence without pay granted an employee while performing military service, or while receiving benefits under subchapter I of chapter 81. An employee or former employee who returns to duty after a period of separation is deemed, for the purpose of this subsection, to have been on leave of absence without pay for that part of the period in which that individual was receiving benefits under subchapter I of chapter 81. Credit may not be allowed for so much of other leaves of absence without pay as exceeds 6 months in the aggregate in a calendar year.

(e) Credit shall be allowed for periods of approved leave without pay granted an employee to serve as a full-time officer or employee of an organization composed primarily of employees (as defined by section 8331(1) or 8401(11)), subject to the employee arranging to pay, through the employee's employing agency, within 60 days after commencement of such leave without pay, amounts equal to the retirement deductions and agency contributions which would be applicable under sections 8422(a) and 8423(a), respectively, if the employee were in pay status. If the election and all payments provided by this subsection are not made, the employee may not receive credit for the periods of leave without pay, notwithstanding the third sentence of subsection (d).

(f)(1) An employee or Member who has received a refund of retirement deductions under subchapter III of chapter 83 with respect to any service described in subsection (b)(2) or (b)(3) may not be allowed credit for such service under this chapter unless such employee or Member deposits an amount equal to 1.3 percent of basic pay for such service, with interest. A deposit under this paragraph may be made only with respect to a refund received pursuant to an application filed with the Office before the date on which the employee or Member first becomes subject to this chapter.

(2) An employee or Member may not be allowed credit under this chapter for any service described in subsection (b)(3) for which retirement deductions under subchapter III of chapter 83 have not been made, unless such employee or Member deposits an amount equal to 1.3 percent of basic pay for such service, with interest.

(3) Interest under paragraph (1) or (2) shall be computed in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8334(e) and regulations prescribed by the Office.

(4) For the purpose of survivor annuities, deposits authorized by the preceding provisions of this subsection may also be made by a survivor of an employee or Member.

(g) Any employee who—

(1) served in a position in which the employee was excluded from coverage under this subchapter because the employee was covered under a retirement system established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act; and

(2) transferred without a break in service to a position to which the employee was appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and in which position the employee is subject to this subchapter,


shall be treated for all purposes of this subchapter as if any service that would have been creditable under the retirement system established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act was service performed while subject to this subchapter if any employee and employer deductions, contributions or rights with respect to the employee's service are transferred from such retirement system to the Fund.

(h) An employee or Member shall be allowed credit for service as a volunteer or volunteer leader under part A of title VIII of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, as a full-time volunteer enrolled in a program of at least 1 year's duration under part A, B,1 or C of title I of the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973, or as a volunteer or volunteer leader under the Peace Corps Act performed at any time prior to the separation on which the entitlement to any annuity under this subchapter is based if the employee or Member has made a deposit with interest, if any, with respect to such service under section 8422(f).

(i) 2 For purposes of subsection (b)(5), the term "Bank Plan" means the benefit structure in which employees of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System appointed on or after January 1, 1984, participate, which benefit structure is a component of the Retirement Plan for Employees of the Federal Reserve System, established under section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act (and any redesignated or successor version of such benefit structure, if so identified in writing by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for purposes of this chapter).

(i)(1) 2 Upon application to the Office of Personnel Management, any individual who was an employee on the date of enactment of this paragraph, and who has on such date or thereafter acquired 5 years or more of creditable civilian service under this section (exclusive of service for which credit is allowed under this subsection) shall be allowed credit (as service as a congressional employee) for service before December 31, 1990, while employed by the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee, the Democratic National Congressional Committee, or the Republican National Congressional Committee, if—

(A) such employee has at least 4 years and 6 months of service on such committees as of December 31, 1990; and

(B) such employee deposits to the Fund an amount equal to 1.3 percent of the base pay for such service, with interest.


(2) The Office shall accept the certification of the President of the Senate (or the President's designee) or the Speaker of the House of Representatives (or the Speaker's designee), as the case may be, concerning the service of, and the amount of compensation received by, an employee with respect to whom credit is to be sought under this subsection.

(3) An individual shall not be granted credit for such service under this subsection if eligible for credit under section 8332(m) for such service.

(k)(1) 3 The Office of Personnel Management shall accept, for the purposes of this chapter, the certification of the head of a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the United States concerning service of the type described in subsection (b)(6) that was performed for such nonappropriated fund instrumentality.

(2) Service credited under subsection (b)(6) may not also be credited under any other retirement system provided for employees paid from nonappropriated funds of a nonappropriated fund instrumentality.

(l)(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the service of an individual finally convicted of an offense described in paragraph (2) shall not be taken into account for purposes of this chapter, except that this sentence applies only to service rendered as a Member (irrespective of when rendered). Any such individual (or other person determined under section 8424(d), if applicable) shall be entitled to be paid so much of such individual's lump-sum credit as is attributable to service to which the preceding sentence applies.

(2) An offense described in this paragraph is any offense described in section 8332(o)(2)(B) for which the following apply:

(A) Every act or omission of the individual (referred to in paragraph (1)) that is needed to satisfy the elements of the offense occurs while the individual is a Member, the President, the Vice President, or an elected official of a State or local government.

(B) Every act or omission of the individual that is needed to satisfy the elements of the offense directly relates to the performance of the individual's official duties as a Member, the President, the Vice President, or an elected official of a State or local government.

(C) The offense is committed after the date of enactment of this subsection.


(3) An individual convicted of an offense described in paragraph (2) shall not, after the date of the final conviction, be eligible to participate in the retirement system under this chapter while serving as a Member.

(4) The Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe any regulations necessary to carry out this subsection. Such regulations shall include—

(A) provisions under which interest on any lump-sum payment under the second sentence of paragraph (1) shall be limited in a manner similar to that specified in the last sentence of section 8316(b); and

(B) provisions under which the Office may provide for—

(i) the payment, to the spouse or children of any individual referred to in the first sentence of paragraph (1), of any amounts which (but for this clause) would otherwise have been nonpayable by reason of such first sentence, subject to paragraph (5); and

(ii) an appropriate adjustment in the amount of any lump-sum payment under the second sentence of paragraph (1) to reflect the application of clause (i).


(5) Regulations to carry out clause (i) of paragraph (4)(B) shall include provisions to ensure that the authority to make any payment under such clause to the spouse or children of an individual shall be available only to the extent that the application of such clause is considered necessary and appropriate taking into account the totality of the circumstances, including the financial needs of the spouse or children, whether the spouse or children participated in an offense described in paragraph (2) of which such individual was finally convicted, and what measures, if any, may be necessary to ensure that the convicted individual does not benefit from any such payment.

(6) For purposes of this subsection—

(A) the terms "finally convicted" and "final conviction" refer to a conviction (i) which has not been appealed and is no longer appealable because the time for taking an appeal has expired, or (ii) which has been appealed and the appeals process for which is completed;

(B) the term "Member" has the meaning given such term by section 2106, notwithstanding section 8401(20); and

(C) the term "child" has the meaning given such term by section 8441.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 522; amended Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §103, title V, §502(b), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3131, 3140; Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §§104(b), 105(a), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1746; Pub. L. 102–83, §5(c)(2), Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 406; Pub. L. 102–242, title IV, §466(b), Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2385; Pub. L. 103–82, title III, §371(b)(1), Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 910; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1677(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3019; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, §637(b), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2580; Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §202(a), Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1817; Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(4) [div. A, §901(a)(2)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-196; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XI, §1132(b)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1243; Pub. L. 110–81, title IV, §401(b), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 112–105, §15(a)(2), Apr. 4, 2012, 126 Stat. 301.)

References in Text

Section 204(a)(1) of the Federal Employees' Retirement Contribution Temporary Adjustment Act of 1983 [Pub. L. 98–168], referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Subsections (a)(4) and (b) of section 202 of the Federal Employees' Retirement System Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–335], referred to in subsec. (b)(3), amended section 8331(1) and (2) of this title.

The Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (b)(4), is Pub. L. 96–465, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2071. Subchapter II of chapter 8 of the Act probably means subchapter II of chapter 8 of title I of the Act which is classified generally to part II (§4071 et seq.) of subchapter VIII of chapter 52 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3901 of Title 22 and Tables.

Chapter 67 of that title as in effect before the effective date of the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(B), means chapter 67 (§1331 et seq.) of Title 10, Armed Forces, prior to its transfer to part II of subtitle E of Title 10, its renumbering as chapter 1223, and its general revision by section 1662(j)(1) of Pub. L. 103–337. A new chapter 67 (§1331) of Title 10 was added by section 1662(j)(7) of Pub. L. 103–337. For effective date of the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act (Pub. L. 103–337, title XVI), see section 1691 of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of Title 10.

Section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act, referred to in subsecs. (g) and (i), is section 10 of act Dec. 23, 1913, ch. 6, 38 Stat. 260. For classification of section 10 to the Code, see Codification note set out under section 241 of Title 12, Banks and Banking, and Tables.

The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, referred to in subsec. (h), is Pub. L. 88–452, Aug. 20, 1964, 73 Stat. 508. Part A of title VIII of that Act is part A of title VIII of Pub. L. 88–452 as added by Pub. L. 90–222, title I, §110, Dec. 23, 1967, 81 Stat. 722, which was classified generally to part A (§2992 et seq.) of subchapter VIII of chapter 34 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to its repeal by Pub. L. 93–113, title VI, §603, Oct. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 417. See sections 4951 et seq. and 5055 of Title 42.

The Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973, referred to in subsec. (h), is Pub. L. 93–113, Oct. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 394. Parts A and C of title I of the Act are classified generally to parts A (§4951 et seq.) and C (§4991 et seq.), respectively, of subchapter I of chapter 66 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. Part B of title I of the Act, which was classified generally to part B (§4971 et seq.) of subchapter I of chapter 66 of Title 42, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–13, title II, §2121, Apr. 21, 2009, 123 Stat. 1584. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4950 of Title 42 and Tables.

The Peace Corps Act, referred to in subsec. (h), is Pub. L. 87–293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, which is classified principally to chapter 34 (§2501 et seq.) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2501 of Title 22 and Tables.

The date of enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (i)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106–554, which was approved Dec. 21, 2000.

The date of enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (l)(2)(C), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–81, which was approved Sept. 14, 2007.

Amendments

2012—Subsec. (l)(2)(A), (B). Pub. L. 112–105 inserted ", the President, the Vice President, or an elected official of a State or local government" after "Member".

2007—Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 110–81 added subsec. (l).

2001—Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 107–107, §1132(b)(1)(A), added par. (6).

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 107–107, §1132(b)(1)(B), added subsec. (k).

2000—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 106–554 added subsec. (i) relating to credit for service as congressional employee for certain service before Dec. 31, 1990.

1999—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–168, §202(a)(1), in par. (3), struck out "and" at end, in par. (4), substituted "other paragraph" for "of the preceding provisions" and "; and" for period at end, and added par. (5) and concluding provisions.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 106–168, §202(a)(2), added subsec. (i) defining "Bank Plan" for purposes of subsec. (b)(5).

1996—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104–201, §637(b)(2), in introductory provisions, substituted "Except as provided in paragraphs (2), (3), and (5)" for "Except as provided in paragraph (2) or (3)".

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104–201, §637(b)(1), added par. (5).

1994—Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–337 substituted "chapter 1223 of title 10 (or under chapter 67 of that title as in effect before the effective date of the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act)" for "chapter 67 of title 10".

1993—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 103–82, §371(b)(1)(A), substituted "subsection (f) or (h)" for "subsection (f)".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 103–82, §371(b)(1)(B), added subsec. (h).

1991—Subsec. (c)(2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 102–83 substituted "section 1101 of title 38" for "section 301 of title 38".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102–242 added subsec. (g).

1988—Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 100–238, §104(b), substituted "section 8422(e)(5)" for "subsection (f)(4)" in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 100–238, §105(a), inserted at end "A deposit under this paragraph may be made only with respect to a refund received pursuant to an application filed with the Office before the date on which the employee or Member first becomes subject to this chapter."

1986—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 99–556, §103(1), inserted "except as provided in subsection (f),".

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 99–556, §502(b), added par. (4).

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 99–556, §103(2), inserted "(b)(2) or".

Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–107 applicable only to separations from service as an employee of the United States on or after Dec. 28, 2001, see section 1132(c) of Pub. L. 107–107, set out as a note under section 8332 of this title.

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–168 effective Dec. 12, 1999, and applicable only to individuals who separate from service subject to chapter 84 of this title on or after Dec. 12, 1999, see section 202(d) of Pub. L. 106–168, set out as a note under section 8402 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–201 effective Jan. 1, 1997, see section 637(c) of Pub. L. 104–201, set out as a note under section 8332 of this title.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–337 effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–82 effective Oct. 1, 1993, and applicable with respect to any individual entitled to an annuity on the basis of a separation from service occurring before, on, or after Oct. 1, 1993, subject to rule relating to annuities based on earlier separations, see sections 371(c) and 392 of Pub. L. 103–82, set out as notes under section 8332 of this title and section 4951 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, respectively.

Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–242 applicable with respect to any individual who transfers to a position in which he or she is subject to subchapter III of chapter 83 of this title or chapter 84 of this title, on or after Oct. 1, 1991, see section 466(c) of Pub. L. 102–242, set out as a note under section 8332 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by section 502(b) of Pub. L. 99–556 applicable to a survivor of an employee or member who dies on or after the 180th day after Oct. 27, 1986, and to other survivors upon application, see section 502(c) of Pub. L. 99–556, set out as a note under section 8332 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Retirement Credit for Certain Government Service Performed Abroad

Pub. L. 107–228, div. A, title III, §321, Sept. 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 1380, provided that:

"(a) Retirement Credit for Certain Government Service Performed Abroad.—Subject to subsection (b)(1), credit under chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, shall be allowed for any service performed by an individual if or to the extent that—

"(1) it was performed by such individual—

"(A) after December 31, 1988, and before May 24, 1998;

"(B) at a United States diplomatic mission, consular post (other than a consular agency), or other Foreign Service post abroad; and

"(C) under a temporary appointment pursuant to sections 309 and 311 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3949 and 3951);

"(2) at the time of performing such service, such individual would have satisfied all eligibility requirements under regulations of the Department (as in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 2002]) for a family member limited noncareer appointment (within the meaning of such regulations, as in effect on such date of enactment), except that, in applying this paragraph, an individual not employed by the Department while performing such service shall be treated as if then so employed;

"(3) such service would have been creditable under section 8411(b)(3) of such title 5 if—

"(A) the service had been performed before January 1, 1989; and

"(B) the deposit requirements of section 8411(f) of such title 5 had been met with respect to such service;

"(4) such service would not otherwise be creditable under the Federal Employees' Retirement System or any other retirement system for employees of the United States Government (disregarding title II of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.]); and

"(5) the total amount of service performed by such individual (satisfying paragraphs (1) through (4)) is not less than 90 days.

"(b) Requirements.—

"(1) Requirements of the individual.—In order to receive credit under chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, for any service described in subsection (a), the individual who performed such service (or, if deceased, any person who is or would be eligible for a survivor annuity under the Federal Employees' Retirement System based on the service of such individual)—

"(A) shall file a written application with the Office of Personnel Management not later than 36 months after the effective date of the regulations prescribed to carry out this section (as specified in those regulations); and

"(B) shall remit to the Office (for deposit in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund) the total amount that, under section 8422 of such title 5, should have been deducted from the basic pay of such individual for such service if such service had then been creditable under such chapter 84.

"(2) Government contributions.—

"(A) In general.—In addition to any other payment that it is required to make under chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, a department, agency, or other instrumentality of the United States shall remit to the Office of Personnel Management (for deposit in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Fund) the amount described in subparagraph (B).

"(B) Amount described.—The amount described in this subparagraph is, with respect to a remittance under paragraph (1), the total amount of Government contributions that would, under section 8423 of title 5, United States Code, have been required of the instrumentality involved (to the extent that it was the employing entity during the period of service to which such remittance relates) in connection with such service.

"(C) Special rule.—If an amount cannot be remitted under this paragraph because an instrumentality has ceased to exist, such amount shall instead be treated as part of the supplemental liability referred to in section 8423(b)(1)(A) or (B) of title 5, United States Code (whichever would be appropriate).

"(3) Related requirements.—Any remittance under paragraph (1) or (2)—

"(A) shall be made in such time, form, and manner as the Office of Personnel Management may by regulation require; and

"(B) shall be computed with interest (in accordance with section 8334(e) of title 5, United States Code, and such requirements as the Office may by regulation prescribe).

"(4) Notification and assistance requirements.—

"(A) In general.—The Office of Personnel Management shall take such action as may be necessary and appropriate to inform individuals entitled to have any service credited under this section, or to have any annuity computed or recomputed under this section, of their entitlement to such credit, computation, or recomputation.

"(B) Assistance to individuals.—The Office shall, on request, assist any individual referred to in subparagraph (A) in obtaining from any department, agency, or other instrumentality of the United States such information in the possession of such instrumentality as may be necessary to verify the entitlement of such individual to have any service credited, or to have any annuity computed or recomputed, pursuant to this section.

"(C) Assistance from instrumentalities.—Any department, agency, or other instrumentality of the United States that possesses any information with respect to any service described in subsection (a) shall, at the request of the Office, furnish such information to the Office.

"(c) Definitions.—In this section:

"(1) Abroad.—The term 'abroad' has the meaning given such term under section 102 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3902).

"(2) Basic pay.—The term 'basic pay' has the meaning given such term under section 8401 of title 5, United States Code.

"(3) Civil service retirement and disability fund.—The term 'Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund' or 'Fund' means the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund under section 8348 of title 5, United States Code.

"(4) Temporary appointment.—The term 'temporary appointment' means an appointment that is limited by its terms to a period of one year or less.

"(d) Rule of Construction.—Nothing in this section shall be considered to permit or require the making of any contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund that would not otherwise have been permitted or required had this section not been enacted.

"(e) Applicability.—

"(1) Annuities commencing on or after effective date of implementing regulations.—An annuity or survivor annuity—

"(A) which is based on the service of an individual who performed service described in subsection (a), and

"(B) which commences on or after the effective date of the regulations prescribed to carry out this section (as determined under subsection (b)(1)(A)),

shall (subject to subsection (b)(1)) be computed taking into account all service described in subsection (a) that was performed by such individual.

"(2) Annuities with commencement date preceding effective date of implementing regulations.—

"(A) Recomputation cases.—An annuity or survivor annuity—

"(i) which is based on the service of an individual who performed service described in subsection (a), and

"(ii) which commences before the effective date referred to in paragraph (1)(B),

  shall (subject to subsection (b)(1)) be recomputed taking into account all service described in subsection (a) that was performed by such individual.

"(B) Other cases.—An annuity or survivor annuity—

"(i) which is based on the service of an individual who performed service described in subsection (a),

"(ii) the requirements for entitlement which could not be met without taking into account service described in subsection (a), and

"(iii) which (if service described in subsection (a) had been taken into account, and an appropriate application been submitted) would have commenced before the effective date referred to in paragraph (1)(B),

  shall (subject to subsection (b)(1)) be computed taking into account all service described in subsection (a) that was performed by such individual.

"(C) Retroactive effect.—Any computation or recomputation of an annuity or survivor annuity pursuant to this paragraph shall—

"(i) if pursuant to subparagraph (A), be effective as of the commencement date of the annuity or survivor annuity involved; and

"(ii) if pursuant to subparagraph (B), be effective as of the commencement date that would have applied if application for the annuity or survivor annuity involved had been submitted on the earliest date possible in order for it to have been approved.

"(D) Lump-sum payment.—Any amounts which by virtue of subparagraph (C) are payable for any months preceding the first month (on or after the effective date referred to in paragraph (1)(B)) as of which annuity or survivor annuity payments become payable fully reflecting the computation or recomputation under subparagraph (A) or (B) (as the case may be) shall be payable in the form of a lump-sum payment.

"(E) Order of precedence.—Section 8424(d) of title 5, United States Code, shall apply in the case of any payment under subparagraph (D) payable to an individual who has died.

"(f) Implementation.—The Office of Personnel Management, in consultation with the Secretary, shall prescribe such regulations and take such action as may be necessary and appropriate to implement this section."

[For definitions of "Department" and "Secretary" as used in section 321 of Pub. L. 107–228, set out above, see section 3 of Pub. L. 107–228, set out as a note under section 2651 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.]

1 See References in Text note below.

2 So in original. Two subsecs. (i) have been enacted.

3 So in original. No subsec. (j) has been enacted.

§8412. Immediate retirement

(a) An employee or Member who is separated from the service after attaining the applicable minimum retirement age under subsection (h) and completing 30 years of service is entitled to an annuity.

(b) An employee or Member who is separated from the service after becoming 60 years of age and completing 20 years of service is entitled to an annuity.

(c) An employee or Member who is separated from the service after becoming 62 years of age and completing 5 years of service is entitled to an annuity.

(d) An employee who is separated from the service, except by removal for cause on charges of misconduct or delinquency—

(1) after completing 25 years of service as a law enforcement officer, member of the Capitol Police or Supreme Court Police, firefighter, nuclear materials courier, or customs and border protection officer, or any combination of such service totaling at least 25 years, or

(2) after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service as a law enforcement officer, member of the Capitol Police or Supreme Court Police, firefighter, nuclear materials courier, or customs and border protection officer, or any combination of such service totaling at least 20 years,


is entitled to an annuity.

(e) An employee who is separated from the service, except by removal for cause on charges of misconduct or delinquency—

(1) after completing 25 years of service as an air traffic controller, or

(2) after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service as an air traffic controller,


is entitled to an annuity.

(f) A Member who is separated from the service, except by resignation or expulsion—

(1) after completing 25 years of service, or

(2) after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service,


is entitled to an annuity.

(g)(1) An employee or Member who is separated from the service after attaining the applicable minimum retirement age under subsection (h) and completing 10 years of service is entitled to an annuity. This subsection shall not apply to an employee or Member who is entitled to an annuity under any other provision of this section.

(2) An employee or Member entitled to an annuity under this subsection may defer the commencement of such annuity by written election. The date to which the commencement of the annuity is deferred may not precede the 31st day after the date of filing the election, and must precede the date on which the employee or Member becomes 62 years of age.

(3) The Office shall prescribe regulations under which an election under paragraph (2) shall be made.

(h)(1) The applicable minimum retirement age under this subsection is—

(A) for an individual whose date of birth is before January 1, 1948, 55 years of age;

(B) for an individual whose date of birth is after December 31, 1947, and before January 1, 1953, 55 years of age plus the number of months in the age increase factor determined under paragraph (2)(A);

(C) for an individual whose date of birth is after December 31, 1952, and before January 1, 1965, 56 years of age;

(D) for an individual whose date of birth is after December 31, 1964, and before January 1, 1970, 56 years of age plus the number of months in the age increase factor determined under paragraph (2)(B); and

(E) for an individual whose date of birth is after December 31, 1969, 57 years of age.


(2)(A) For an individual whose date of birth occurs during the 5-year period consisting of calendar years 1948 through 1952, the age increase factor shall be equal to two-twelfths times the number of months in the period beginning with January 1948 and ending with December of the year in which the date of birth occurs.

(B) For an individual whose date of birth occurs during the 5-year period consisting of calendar years 1965 through 1969, the age increase factor shall be equal to two-twelfths times the number of months in the period beginning with January 1965 and ending with December of the year in which the date of birth occurs.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 524; amended Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §105(a), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3131; Pub. L. 101–428, §3(a), Oct. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 929; Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3154(g), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2255; Pub. L. 106–553, §1(a)(2) [title III, §308(c)(1)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2762, 2762A-87; Pub. L. 110–161, div. E, title V, §535(b)(2), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2076.)

Amendments

2007—Subsec. (d)(1), (2). Pub. L. 110–161 substituted "nuclear materials courier, or customs and border protection officer," for "or nuclear materials courier,".

2000—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–553 inserted "or Supreme Court Police" after "Capitol Police" in pars. (1) and (2).

1998—Subsec. (d)(1), (2). Pub. L. 105–261 substituted "firefighter, or nuclear materials courier" for "or firefighter".

1990—Subsec. (d)(1), (2). Pub. L. 101–428 substituted "officer, member of the Capitol Police," for "officer".

1986—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 99–556 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment; Transition Rules

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective on the later of June 30, 2008, or the first day of the first pay period beginning at least 6 months after Dec. 26, 2007, with transition rules and rights of election, see section 535(e) of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 3307 of this title.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–553 effective on the first day of the first applicable pay period that begins on Dec. 21, 2000, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a member of the Supreme Court Police after Dec. 21, 2000, see section 1(a)(2) [title III, §308(i), (j)] of Pub. L. 106–553, set out in a Supreme Court Police Retirement note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–261 effective at the beginning of the first pay period that begins after Oct. 17, 1998, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a nuclear materials courier, as defined by section 8331(27) or 8401(33) of this title, after Oct. 17, 1998, see section 3154(m), (n) of Pub. L. 105–261, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

§8412a. Phased retirement

(a) For the purposes of this section—

(1) the term "composite retirement annuity" means the annuity computed when a phased retiree attains full retirement status;

(2) the term "full retirement status" means that a phased retiree has ceased employment and is entitled, upon application, to a composite retirement annuity;

(3) the term "phased employment" means the less-than-full-time employment of a phased retiree;

(4) the term "phased retiree" means a retirement-eligible employee who—

(A) makes an election under subsection (b); and

(B) has not entered full retirement status;


(5) the term "phased retirement annuity" means the annuity payable under this section before full retirement;

(6) the term "phased retirement percentage" means the percentage which, when added to the working percentage for a phased retiree, produces a sum of 100 percent;

(7) the term "phased retirement period" means the period beginning on the date on which an individual becomes entitled to receive a phased retirement annuity and ending on the date on which the individual dies or separates from phased employment;

(8) the term "phased retirement status" means that a phased retiree is concurrently employed in phased employment and eligible to receive a phased retirement annuity;

(9) the term "retirement-eligible employee"—

(A) means an individual who, if the individual separated from the service, would meet the requirements for retirement under subsection (a) or (b) of section 8412; and

(B) does not include—

(i) an individual who, if the individual separated from the service, would meet the requirements for retirement under subsection (d) or (e) of section 8412; but

(ii) does not include an employee described in section 8425 after the date on which the employee is required to be separated from the service by reason of such section; and


(10) the term "working percentage" means the percentage of full-time employment equal to the quotient obtained by dividing—

(A) the number of hours per pay period to be worked by a phased retiree, as scheduled in accordance with subsection (b)(2); by

(B) the number of hours per pay period to be worked by an employee serving in a comparable position on a full-time basis.


(b)(1) With the concurrence of the head of the employing agency, and under regulations promulgated by the Director, a retirement-eligible employee who has been employed on a full-time basis for not less than the 3-year period ending on the date on which the retirement-eligible employee makes an election under this subsection may elect to enter phased retirement status.

(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), at the time of entering phased retirement status, a phased retiree shall be appointed to a position for which the working percentage is 50 percent.

(B) The Director may, by regulation, provide for working percentages different from the percentage specified under subparagraph (A), which shall be not less than 20 percent and not more than 80 percent.

(C) The working percentage for a phased retiree may not be changed during the phased retiree's phased retirement period.

(D)(i) Not less than 20 percent of the hours to be worked by a phased retiree shall consist of mentoring.

(ii) The Director may, by regulation, provide for exceptions to the requirement under clause (i).

(iii) Clause (i) shall not apply to a phased retiree serving in the United States Postal Service. Nothing in this clause shall prevent the application of clause (i) or (ii) with respect to a phased retiree serving in the Postal Regulatory Commission.

(3) A phased retiree—

(A) may not be employed in more than one position at any time; and

(B) may transfer to another position in the same or a different agency, only if the transfer does not result in a change in the working percentage.


(4) A retirement-eligible employee may make not more than one election under this subsection during the retirement-eligible employee's lifetime.

(5) A retirement-eligible employee who makes an election under this subsection may not make an election under section 8420a.

(c)(1) Except as otherwise provided under this subsection, the phased retirement annuity for a phased retiree is the product obtained by multiplying—

(A) the amount of an annuity computed under section 8415 that would have been payable to the phased retiree if, on the date on which the phased retiree enters phased retirement status, the phased retiree had separated from service and retired under section 8412 (a) or (b); by

(B) the phased retirement percentage for the phased retiree.


(2) A phased retirement annuity shall be paid in addition to the basic pay for the position to which a phased retiree is appointed during the phased employment.

(3) A phased retirement annuity shall be adjusted in accordance with section 8462.

(4)(A) A phased retirement annuity shall not be subject to reduction for any form of survivor annuity, shall not serve as the basis of the computation of any survivor annuity, and shall not be subject to any court order requiring a survivor annuity to be provided to any individual.

(B) A phased retirement annuity shall be subject to a court order providing for division, allotment, assignment, execution, levy, attachment, garnishment, or other legal process on the same basis as other annuities.

(5)(A) Any deposit, or election of an actuarial annuity reduction in lieu of a deposit, for military service or for creditable civilian service for which retirement deductions were not made or refunded, shall be made by a retirement-eligible employee at or before the time the retirement-eligible employee enters phased retirement status. No such deposit may be made, or actuarial adjustment in lieu thereof elected, at the time a phased retiree enters full retirement status.

(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if a phased retiree does not make such a deposit and dies in service as a phased retiree, a survivor of the phased retiree shall have the same right to make such deposit as would have been available had the employee not entered phased retirement status and died in service.

(6) A phased retirement annuity shall commence on the date on which a phased retiree enters phased employment.

(7) No unused sick leave credit may be used in the computation of the phased retirement annuity.

(d) All basic pay not in excess of the full-time rate of pay for the position to which a phased retiree is appointed shall be deemed to be basic pay for purposes of sections 8422 and 8423.

(e) Under such procedures as the Director may prescribe, a phased retiree may elect to enter full retirement status at any time. Upon making such an election, a phased retiree shall be entitled to a composite retirement annuity.

(f)(1) Except as provided otherwise under this subsection, a composite retirement annuity is a single annuity computed under regulations prescribed by the Director, equal to the sum of—

(A) the amount of the phased retirement annuity as of the date of full retirement, including any adjustments made under section 8462; and

(B) the product obtained by multiplying—

(i) the amount of an annuity computed under section 8412 that would have been payable at the time of full retirement if the individual had not elected a phased retirement and as if the individual was employed on a full-time basis in the position occupied during the phased retirement period and before any adjustment to provide for a survivor annuity; by

(ii) the working percentage.


(2) After computing a composite retirement annuity under paragraph (1), the Director shall adjust the amount of the annuity for any applicable reductions for a survivor annuity.

(3) A composite retirement annuity shall be adjusted in accordance with section 8462, except that subsection (c)(1) of that section shall not apply.

(4) In computing a composite retirement annuity under paragraph (1)(B)(i), the unused sick leave to the credit of a phased retiree at the time of entry into full retirement status shall be adjusted by dividing the number of hours of unused sick leave by the working percentage.

(g)(1) Under such procedures and conditions as the Director may provide, and with the concurrence of the head of employing agency, a phased retiree may elect to terminate phased retirement status and return to a full-time work schedule.

(2) Upon entering a full-time work schedule based on an election under paragraph (1), the phased retirement annuity of a phased retiree shall terminate.

(3) After termination of the phased retirement annuity under this subsection, the individual's rights under this chapter shall be determined based on the law in effect at the time of any subsequent separation from service. For purposes of this chapter, at the time of the subsequent separation from service, the phased retirement period shall be treated as if it had been a period of part-time employment with the work schedule described in subsection (b)(2).

(h) For purposes of subchapter IV—

(1) the death of a phased retiree shall be deemed to be the death in service of an employee;

(2) except for purposes of section 8442(b)(1)(A)(i), the phased retirement period shall be deemed to have been a period of part-time employment with the work schedule described in subsection (b)(2) of this section; and

(3) for purposes of section 8442(b)(1)(A)(i), the phased retiree shall be deemed to have been at the full-time rate of pay for the position occupied.


(i) Employment of a phased retiree shall not be deemed to be part-time career employment, as defined in section 3401(2).

(j) A phased retiree is not eligible to receive an annuity supplement under section 8421.

(k) For purposes of subchapter III, a phased retiree shall be deemed to be an employee.

(l) For purposes of section 8445(d), retirement shall be deemed to occur on the date on which a phased retiree enters into full retirement status.

(m) A phased retiree is not eligible to apply for an annuity under subchapter V.

(n) A phased retiree is not subject to section 8468.

(o) For purposes of chapter 87, a phased retiree shall be deemed to be receiving basic pay at the rate of a full-time employee in the position to which the phased retiree is appointed.

(Added Pub. L. 112–141, div. F, title I, §100121(b)(1), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 910.)

Effective Date

Section effective on Nov. 6, 2014, see section 100121(d) of Pub. L. 112–141, set out as an Effective Date of 2012 Amendment note under section 8331 of this title.

§8413. Deferred retirement

(a) An employee or Member who is separated from the service, or transferred to a position in which the employee or Member does not continue subject to this chapter, after completing 5 years of service is entitled to an annuity beginning at the age of 62 years.

(b)(1) An employee or Member who is separated from the service, or transferred to a position in which the employee or Member does not continue subject to this chapter, after completing 10 years of service but before attaining the applicable minimum retirement age under section 8412(h) is entitled to an annuity beginning on the date designated by the employee or Member in a written election under this subsection. The date designated under this subsection may not precede the date on which the employee or Member attains such minimum retirement age and must precede the date on which the employee or Member becomes 62 years of age.

(2) The election of an annuity under this subsection shall not be effective unless—

(A) it is made at such time and in such manner as the Office shall by regulation prescribe; and

(B) the employee or Member will not otherwise be eligible to receive an annuity within 31 days after filing the election.


(3) The election of an annuity under this subsection extinguishes the right of the employee or Member to receive any other annuity based on the service on which the annuity under this subsection is based.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 525; amended Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §105(b)(1), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3132.)

Amendments

1986—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 99–556 inserted "but before attaining the applicable minimum retirement age under section 8412(h)" in first sentence and substituted "such minimum retirement age" for "the applicable minimum retirement age under section 8412(h)" in second sentence.

§8414. Early retirement

(a)(1) A member of the Senior Executive Service who is removed from the Senior Executive Service for less than fully successful executive performance (as determined under subchapter II of chapter 43 of this title) after completing 25 years of service, or after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service, is entitled to an annuity.

(2) A member of the Defense Intelligence Senior Executive Service or the Senior Cryptologic Executive Service who is removed from such service for failure to be recertified as a senior executive or for less than fully successful executive performance after completing 25 years of service, or after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service, is entitled to an annuity.

(3) A member of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Drug Enforcement Administration Senior Executive Service who is removed from such service for failure to be recertified as a senior executive or for less than fully successful executive performance after completing 25 years of service or after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service is entitled to an annuity.

(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), an employee who—

(A) is separated from the service involuntarily, except by removal for cause on charges of misconduct or delinquency; or

(B)(i) has been employed continuously, by the agency in which the employee is serving, for at least the 31-day period ending on the date on which such agency requests the determination referred to in clause (iv);

(ii) is serving under an appointment that is not time limited;

(iii) has not been duly notified that such employee is to be involuntarily separated for misconduct or unacceptable performance;

(iv) is separate 1 from the service voluntarily during a period in which, as determined by the Office of Personnel Management (upon request of the agency) under regulations prescribed by the Office—

(I) such agency (or, if applicable, the component in which the employee is serving) is undergoing substantial delayering, substantial reorganization, substantial reductions in force, substantial transfer of function, or other substantial workforce restructuring (or shaping);

(II) a significant percentage of employees serving in such agency (or component) are likely to be separated or subject to an immediate reduction in the rate of basic pay (without regard to subchapter VI of chapter 53, or comparable provisions); or

(III) identified as being in positions which are becoming surplus or excess to the agency's future ability to carry out its mission effectively; and


(v) as determined by the agency under regulations prescribed by the Office, is within the scope of the offer of voluntary early retirement, which may be made on the basis of—

(I) 1 or more organizational units;

(II) 1 or more occupational series or levels;

(III) 1 or more geographical locations;

(IV) specific periods;

(V) skills, knowledge, or other factors related to a position; or

(VI) any appropriate combination of such factors.2


after completing 25 years of service, or after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service, is entitled to an annuity.

(2) An employee under paragraph (1) who is separated as described in subparagraph (A) of such paragraph is not entitled to an annuity under this subsection if the employee has declined a reasonable offer of another position in the employee's agency for which the employee is qualified, and the offered position is not lower than 2 grades (or pay levels) below the employee's grade (or pay level) and is within the employee's commuting area.

(3) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to an employee entitled to an annuity under subsection (d) or (e) of section 8412.

(c)(1) An employee who was hired as a military reserve technician on or before February 10, 1996 (under the provisions of this title in effect before that date), and who is separated from technician service, after becoming 50 years of age and completing 25 years of service, by reason of being separated from the Selected Reserve of the employee's reserve component or ceasing to hold the military grade specified by the Secretary concerned for the position held by the employee is entitled to an annuity.

(2) An employee who is initially hired as a military technician (dual status) after February 10, 1996, and who is separated from the Selected Reserve or ceases to hold the military grade specified by the Secretary concerned for the position held by the technician—

(A) after completing 25 years of service as a military technician (dual status), or

(B) after becoming 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service as a military technician (dual status),


is entitled to an annuity.

(d)(1) The Secretary of Defense may, during fiscal years 2002 and 2003, carry out a program under which an employee of the Department of Defense may be separated from the service entitled to an immediate annuity under this subchapter if the employee—

(A) has—

(i) completed 25 years of service; or

(ii) become 50 years of age and completed 20 years of service; and


(B) is eligible for the annuity under paragraph (2) or (3).


(2)(A) For the purposes of paragraph (1), an employee referred to in that paragraph is eligible for an immediate annuity under this paragraph if the employee—

(i) is separated from the service involuntarily other than for cause; and

(ii) has not declined a reasonable offer of another position in the Department of Defense for which the employee is qualified, which is not lower than 2 grades (or pay levels) below the employee's grade (or pay level), and which is within the employee's commuting area.


(B) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(A)(i), a separation for failure to accept a directed reassignment to a position outside the commuting area of the employee concerned or to accompany a position outside of such area pursuant to a transfer of function may not be considered to be a removal for cause.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), an employee referred to in that paragraph is eligible for an immediate annuity under this paragraph if the employee satisfies all of the following conditions:

(A) The employee is separated from the service voluntarily during a period in which the organization within the Department of Defense in which the employee is serving is undergoing a major organizational adjustment.

(B) The employee has been employed continuously by the Department of Defense for more than 30 days before the date on which the head of the employee's organization requests the determinations required under subparagraph (A).

(C) The employee is serving under an appointment that is not limited by time.

(D) The employee is not in receipt of a decision notice of involuntary separation for misconduct or unacceptable performance.

(E) The employee is within the scope of an offer of voluntary early retirement, as defined on the basis of one or more of the following objective criteria:

(i) One or more organizational units.

(ii) One or more occupational groups, series, or levels.

(iii) One or more geographical locations.

(iv) Any other similar objective and nonpersonal criteria that the Office of Personnel Management determines appropriate.


(4) Under regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, the determinations of whether an employee meets—

(A) the requirements of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (3) shall be made by the Office upon the request of the Secretary of Defense; and

(B) the requirements of subparagraph (E) of such paragraph shall be made by the Secretary of Defense.


(5) A determination of which employees are within the scope of an offer of early retirement shall be made only on the basis of consistent and well-documented application of the relevant criteria.

(6) In this subsection, the term "major organizational adjustment" means any of the following:

(A) A major reorganization.

(B) A major reduction in force.

(C) A major transfer of function.

(D) A workforce restructuring—

(i) to meet mission needs;

(ii) to achieve one or more reductions in strength;

(iii) to correct skill imbalances; or

(iv) to reduce the number of high-grade, managerial, supervisory, or similar positions.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 526; amended Pub. L. 100–325, §2(m), May 30, 1988, 102 Stat. 583; Pub. L. 101–194, title V, §506(b)(9), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title XI, §1109(b), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2144; Pub. L. 106–58, title VI, §651(b), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 480; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, §522(b), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 597; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title XI, §1152(b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-321; Pub. L. 107–296, title XIII, §§1313(b)(2), 1321(a)(5)(A), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2295, 2297.)

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–296, §1321(a)(5)(A), struck out "for failure to be recertified as a senior executive under section 3393a or" before "for less than fully".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 107–296, §1313(b)(2), added subpar. (B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "except in the case of an employee who is separated from the service under a program carried out under subsection (d), while serving in a geographic area designated by the Director, is separated from the service voluntarily during a period in which (as determined by the Director)—

"(i) the agency in which the employee is serving is undergoing a major reorganization, a major reduction in force, or a major transfer of function; and

"(ii) a significant percentage of the total number of employees serving in such agency will be separated or subject to an immediate reduction in the rate of basic pay (without regard to subchapter VI of chapter 53 of this title or comparable provisions);".

2000—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title XI, §1152(b)(1)], inserted "except in the case of an employee who is separated from the service under a program carried out under subsection (d)," before "while serving" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title XI, §1152(b)(2)], added subsec. (d).

1999—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 106–58 repealed Pub. L. 105–261, §1109(b)(1). See 1998 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–65 amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: "A military reserve technician who is separated from technician service, after becoming 50 years of age and completing 25 years of service, by reason of ceasing to satisfy the condition described in section 8401(30)(B) is entitled to an annuity."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–58 repealed Pub. L. 105–261, §1109(b)(2). See 1998 Amendment note below.

1998—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105–261, §1109(b)(1), which directed insertion of "except in the case of an employee described in subsection (d)(1)," after "(B)", was repealed by Pub. L. 106–58.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–261, §1109(b)(2), which directed addition of subsec. (d), relating to authority of Department of Defense to offer employees voluntary early retirement, was repealed by Pub. L. 106–58.

1989—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–194, §506(b)(9)(A), substituted "for failure to be recertified as a senior executive under section 3393a or for" for "for".

Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 101–194, §506(b)(9)(B), (C), substituted "for failure to be recertified as a senior executive or for" for "for".

1988—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100–325 added par. (3).

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296 effective 60 days after Nov. 25, 2002, see section 4 of Pub. L. 107–296, set out as an Effective Date note under section 101 of Title 6, Domestic Security.

Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–194 effective Jan. 1, 1991, see section 506(d) of Pub. L. 101–194, set out as a note under section 3151 of this title.

Government Accountability Office: Voluntary Early Retirement

For provisions relating to the application of subsection (b)(1)(B) of this section to officers and employees of the Government Accountability Office effective Oct. 13, 2000, see section 1 of Pub. L. 106–303, set out as a note under section 8336 of this title.

Application of Subsection (b)(1)(B)

Pub. L. 105–174, title III, §7001(b), May 1, 1998, 112 Stat. 91, as amended by Pub. L. 106–58, title VI, §651(a), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 480, which provided that, effective May 1, 1998, subsec. (b)(1)(B) of this section was to be applied as if it read as specified in Pub. L. 105–174, §7001(b), was repealed by Pub. L. 107–296, title XIII, §1313(b)(4), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2296.

1 So in original. Probably should be "separated".

2 So in original. Probably should be a semicolon.

§8415. Computation of basic annuity

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the annuity of an employee retiring under this subchapter is 1 percent of that individual's average pay multiplied by such individual's total service.

(b) The annuity of a Member, or former Member with title to a Member annuity, retiring under this subchapter is computed under subsection (a), except that if the individual has had at least 5 years of service as a Member or Congressional employee, or any combination thereof, so much of the annuity as is computed with respect to either such type of service (or a combination thereof), not exceeding a total of 20 years, shall be computed by multiplying 17/10 percent of the individual's average pay by the years of such service.

(c) The annuity of a Congressional employee, or former Congressional employee, retiring under this subchapter is computed under subsection (a), except that if the individual has had at least 5 years of service as a Congressional employee or Member, or any combination thereof, so much of the annuity as is computed with respect to either such type of service (or a combination thereof), not exceeding a total of 20 years, shall be computed by multiplying 17/10 percent of the individual's average pay by the years of such service.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the annuity of an individual described in subsection (b) or (c) who is a revised annuity employee or a further revised annuity employee shall be computed in the same manner as in the case of an individual described in subsection (a).

(e) The annuity of an employee retiring under subsection (d) or (e) of section 8412 or under subsection (a), (b), or (c) of section 8425 is—

(1) 17/10 percent of that individual's average pay multiplied by so much of such individual's total service as does not exceed 20 years; plus

(2) 1 percent of that individual's average pay multiplied by so much of such individual's total service as exceeds 20 years.


(f) The annuity of an air traffic controller or former air traffic controller retiring under section 8412(a) is computed under subsection (a), except that if the individual has at least 5 years of service in any combination as—

(1) an air traffic controller as defined by section 2109(1)(A)(i);

(2) a first level supervisor of an air traffic controller as defined by section 2109(1)(A)(i); or

(3) a second level supervisor of an air traffic controller as defined by section 2109(1)(A)(i);


so much of the annuity as is computed with respect to such type of service shall be computed by multiplying 1 7/10 percent of the individual's average pay by the years of such service.

(g)(1) In computing an annuity under this subchapter for an employee whose service includes service performed on a part-time basis—

(A) the average pay of the employee, to the extent that it includes pay for service performed in any position on a part-time basis, shall be determined by using the annual rate of basic pay that would be payable for full-time service in the position; and

(B) the benefit so computed shall then be multiplied by a fraction equal to the ratio which the employee's actual service, as determined by prorating the employee's total service to reflect the service that was performed on a part-time basis, bears to the total service that would be creditable for the employee if all of the service had been performed on a full-time basis.


(2) For the purpose of this subsection, employment on a part-time basis shall not be considered to include employment on a temporary or intermittent basis.

(h)(1) The annuity of an employee or Member retiring under section 8412(g) or 8413(b) is computed in accordance with applicable provisions of this section, except that the annuity shall be reduced by five-twelfths of 1 percent for each full month by which the commencement date of the annuity precedes the sixty-second anniversary of the birth of the employee or Member.

(2)(A) Paragraph (1) does not apply in the case of an employee or Member retiring under section 8412(g) or 8413(b) if the employee or Member would satisfy the age and service requirements for title to an annuity under section 8412(a), (b), (d)(2), (e)(2), or (f)(2), determined as if the employee or Member had, as of the date of separation, attained the age specified in subparagraph (B).

(B) A determination under subparagraph (A) shall be based on how old the employee or Member will be as of the date on which the annuity under section 8412(g) or 8413(b) is to commence.

(i)(1) In applying subsection (a) with respect to an employee under paragraph (2), the percentage applied under such subsection shall be 1.1 percent, rather than 1 percent.

(2) This subsection applies in the case of an employee who—

(A) retires entitled to an annuity under section 8412; and

(B) at the time of the separation on which entitlement to the annuity is based, is at least 62 years of age and has completed at least 20 years of service;


but does not apply in the case of a Congressional employee, military technician (dual status), law enforcement officer, member of the Supreme Court Police, firefighter, nuclear materials courier, air traffic controller, or customs and border protection officer 1

(j) The annuity of a Member who has served in a position in the executive branch for which the rate of basic pay was reduced for the duration of the service of the Member in that position to remove the impediment to the appointment of the Member imposed by article I, section 6, clause 2 of the Constitution, shall, subject to a deposit in the Fund as provided under section 8422(g), be computed as though the rate of basic pay which would otherwise have been in effect during that period of service had been in effect.

(k)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term "physicians comparability allowance" refers to an amount described in section 8331(3)(H).

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, no part of a physicians comparability allowance shall be treated as basic pay for purposes of any computation under this section unless, before the date of the separation on which entitlement to annuity is based, the separating individual has completed at least 15 years of service as a Government physician (whether performed before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this subsection).

(3) If the condition under paragraph (2) is met, then, any amounts received by the individual in the form of a physicians comparability allowance shall (for the purposes referred to in paragraph (2)) be treated as basic pay, but only to the extent that such amounts are attributable to service performed on or after the date of the enactment of this subsection, and only to the extent of the percentage allowable, which shall be determined as follows:

 
If the total amount of service

 performed, on or after the date of

 the enactment of this subsection,

 as a Government physician is:

Then, the percentage allowable is:
Less than 2 years 0  
At least 2 but less than 4 years 25  
At least 4 but less than 6 years 50  
At least 6 but less than 8 years 75  
At least 8 years 100.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, 100 percent of all amounts received as a physicians comparability allowance shall, to the extent attributable to service performed on or after the date of the enactment of this subsection, be treated as basic pay (without regard to any of the preceding provisions of this subsection) for purposes of computing—

(A) an annuity under section 8452; and

(B) a survivor annuity under subchapter IV, if based on the service of an individual who dies before separating from service.


(l) The annuity of an employee retiring under this chapter with service credited under section 8411(b)(6) shall be reduced by the amount necessary to ensure that the present value of the annuity payable to the employee under this subchapter is actuarially equivalent to the present value of the annuity that would be payable to the employee under this subchapter if it were computed—

(1) on the basis of service that does not include service credited under section 8411(b)(6); and

(2) assuming the employee separated from service on the actual date of the separation of the employee.


The amount of the reduction shall be computed under regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management for the administration of this subsection.

(m)(1) In computing an annuity under this subchapter, the total service of an employee who retires from the position of a registered nurse with the Veterans Health Administration on an immediate annuity, or dies while employed in that position leaving any survivor entitled to an annuity, includes the days of unused sick leave to the credit of that employee under a formal leave system, except that such days shall not be counted in determining average pay or annuity eligibility under this subchapter.

(2)(A) Except as provided in paragraph (1), in computing an annuity under this subchapter, the total service of an employee who retires on an immediate annuity or who dies leaving a survivor or survivors entitled to annuity includes the applicable percentage of the days of unused sick leave to his credit under a formal leave system and for which days the employee has not received payment, except that these days will not be counted in determining average pay or annuity eligibility under this subchapter. For purposes of this subsection, in the case of any such employee who is excepted from subchapter I of chapter 63 under section 6301(2)(x) through (xiii), the days of unused sick leave to his credit include any unused sick leave standing to his credit when he was excepted from such subchapter.

(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term "applicable percentage" means—

(i) 50 percent in the case of an annuity, entitlement to which is based on a death or other separation occurring during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this paragraph and ending on December 31, 2013; and

(ii) 100 percent in the case of an annuity, entitlement to which is based on a death or other separation occurring after December 31, 2013.


(n) In the case of any annuity computation under this section that includes, in the aggregate, at least 2 months of credit under section 8411(d) for any period while receiving benefits under subchapter I of chapter 81, the percentage otherwise applicable under this section for that period so credited shall be increased by 1 percentage point.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 527; amended Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §105(b)(2), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3132; Pub. L. 103–283, title III, §307(b)(2), July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1442; Pub. L. 105–61, title V, §516(a)(7), Oct. 10, 1997, 111 Stat. 1306; Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3154(h), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2255; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, §522(c)(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 597; Pub. L. 106–553, §1(a)(2) [title III, §308(c)(2)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2762, 2762A-87; Pub. L. 106–571, §3(c)(1), Dec. 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 3055; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XI, §1132(b)(3), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1244; Pub. L. 107–135, title I, §122(a), Jan. 23, 2002, 115 Stat. 2451; Pub. L. 108–92, §1(a), Oct. 3, 2003, 117 Stat. 1160; Pub. L. 108–176, title II, §226(b)(1), Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2530; Pub. L. 110–161, div. E, title V, §535(b)(3), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2076; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XIX, §1901(a), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2615; Pub. L. 112–96, title V, §5001(c)(1), Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 199; Pub. L. 113–67, div. A, title IV, §401(d), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1185; Pub. L. 114–190, title II, §2304(a), July 15, 2016, 130 Stat. 640.)

References in Text

The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (k), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106–571, which was approved Dec. 28, 2000.

The date of enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (m)(2)(B)(i), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 111–84, which was approved Oct. 28, 2009.

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 114–190 amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (f) read as follows: "The annuity of an air traffic controller or former air traffic controller retiring under section 8412(a) is computed under subsection (a), except that if the individual has had at least 5 years of service as an air traffic controller as defined by section 2109(1)(A)(i), so much of the annuity as is computed with respect to such type of service shall be computed by multiplying 17/10 percent of the individual's average pay by the years of such service."

2013—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–67 inserted "or a further revised annuity employee" after "a revised annuity employee".

2012—Subsecs. (d) to (n). Pub. L. 112–96 added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsecs. (d) to (m) as (e) to (n), respectively.

2009—Subsecs. (k) to (m). Pub. L. 111–84 redesignated subsec. (k), relating to inclusion of unused sick leave in computing an annuity of a registered nurse with the Veterans Health Administration, as (l), designated existing provisions as par. (1), added par. (2), and redesignated former subsec. (l) as (m).

2007—Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 110–161 substituted "air traffic controller, or customs and border protection officer" for "or air traffic controller." in concluding provisions.

2003—Subsecs. (e) to (h). Pub. L. 108–176, §226(b)(1), added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsecs. (e) to (g) as (f) to (h), respectively. Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 108–176, §226(b)(1)(A), redesignated subsec. (h) as (i). Former subsec. (i) redesignated (j).

Pub. L. 108–176, §226(b)(1)(A), which directed the redesignation of the second subsec. (i) as (l), could not be executed because of the redesignation of the second subsec. (i) as (k) by Pub. L. 108–92, §1(a)(1). See below.

Pub. L. 108–92, §1(a)(1), redesignated second subsec. (i), relating to inclusion of unused sick leave in computing an annuity of a registered nurse with the Veterans Health Administration, as (k).

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 108–176, §226(b)(1)(A), redesignated subsec. (i) as (j). Former subsec. (j) redesignated (k).

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 108–176, §226(b)(1)(A), redesignated subsec. (j) as (k).

Pub. L. 108–92, §1(a)(1), redesignated second subsec. (i), relating to inclusion of unused sick leave in computing an annuity of a registered nurse with the Veterans Health Administration, as (k).

Subsec.(l). Pub. L. 108–92, §1(a)(2), added subsec. (l).

2002—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 107–135 added subsec. (i) relating to inclusion of unused sick leave in computing an annuity of a registered nurse with the Veterans Health Administration.

2001—Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 107–107 added subsec. (j).

2000—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 106–553 inserted "member of the Supreme Court Police," after "law enforcement officer," in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 106–571 added subsec. (i).

1999—Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted "military technician (dual status)" for "military reserve technician" in concluding provisions.

1998—Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 105–261 inserted "nuclear materials courier," after "firefighter," in concluding provisions.

1997—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105–61 added subsec. (h).

1994—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–283 substituted "(a), (b), or (c)" for "(a) or (b)".

1986—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 99–556 inserted "8412(g) or" in subpars. (A) and (B).

Effective Date of 2016 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–190, title II, §2304(b), July 15, 2016, 130 Stat. 640, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be deemed to be effective on December 12, 2003."

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XIX, §1901(c), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2615, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 8422 of this title] shall apply with respect to any annuity, entitlement to which is based on a death or other separation from service occurring on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2009]."

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment; Transition Rules

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective on the later of June 30, 2008, or the first day of the first pay period beginning at least 6 months after Dec. 26, 2007, with transition rules and rights of election, see section 535(e) of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 3307 of this title.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–176 effective on 60th day after Dec. 12, 2003, and applicable with respect to any annuity entitlement based on an individual's separation from service occurring on or after such effective date, and any service performed by any such individual before, on, or after such effective date, subject to special rule relating to deposit requirement, see section 226(c) of Pub. L. 108–176, set out as a note under section 8401 of this title.

Pub. L. 108–92, §2, Oct. 3, 2003, 117 Stat. 1160, provided that: "The amendments made by this Act [amending this section and section 8422 of this title] shall apply with respect to any annuity entitlement to which is based on a separation from service occurring on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2003]."

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–135, title I, §122(c), Jan. 23, 2002, 115 Stat. 2451, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 8422 of this title] shall take effect 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 23, 2002] and shall apply to individuals who separate from service on or after that effective date."

Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–107 applicable only to separations from service as an employee of the United States on or after Dec. 28, 2001, see section 1132(c) of Pub. L. 107–107, set out as a note under section 8332 of this title.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–553 effective on the first day of the first applicable pay period that begins on Dec. 21, 2000, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a member of the Supreme Court Police after Dec. 21, 2000, see section 1(a)(2) [title III, §308(i), (j)] of Pub. L. 106–553, set out in a Supreme Court Police Retirement note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–261 effective at the beginning of the first pay period that begins after Oct. 17, 1998, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a nuclear materials courier, as defined by section 8331(27) or 8401(33) of this title, after Oct. 17, 1998, see section 3154(m), (n) of Pub. L. 105–261, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–61 applicable to any annuity commencing before, on, or after Oct. 10, 1997, and effective with regard to any payment made after the first month following Oct. 10, 1997, see section 516(b) of Pub. L. 105–61, set out as a note under section 8334 of this title.

Procedures Required

Pub. L. 114–190, title II, §2304(c), July 15, 2016, 130 Stat. 640, provided that: "The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall establish such procedures as are necessary to provide for—

"(1) notification to each annuitant affected by the amendments made by this section [amending this section];

"(2) recalculation of the benefits of affected annuitants;

"(3) an adjustment to applicable monthly benefit amounts pursuant to such recalculation, to begin as soon as is practicable; and

"(4) a lump-sum payment to each affected annuitant equal to the additional total benefit amount that such annuitant would have received had the amendment made by subsection (a) been in effect on December 12, 2003."

Clarification Relating to Consideration of Pre-1987 Service as an Air Traffic Controller for Retirement Purposes

See section 2 of Pub. L. 100–92, set out as a note under section 8332 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.

§8416. Survivor reduction for a current spouse

(a)(1) If an employee or Member is married at the time of retiring under this chapter, the reduction described in section 8419(a) shall be made unless the employee or Member and the spouse jointly waive, by written election, any right which the spouse may have to a survivor annuity under section 8442 based on the service of such employee or Member. A waiver under this paragraph shall be filed with the Office under procedures prescribed by the Office.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), an employee or Member who is married at the time of retiring under this chapter may waive the annuity for a surviving spouse without the spouse's consent if the employee or Member establishes to the satisfaction of the Office (in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Office)—

(A) that the spouse's whereabouts cannot be determined; or

(B) that, due to exceptional circumstances, requiring the employee or Member to seek the spouse's consent would otherwise be inappropriate.


(3) Except as provided in subsection (d), a waiver made under this subsection shall be irrevocable.

(b)(1) Upon remarriage, a retired employee or Member who was married at the time of retirement (including an employee or Member whose annuity was not reduced to provide a survivor annuity for the employee's or Member's spouse or former spouse as of the time of retirement) may irrevocably elect during such marriage, in a signed writing received by the Office within 2 years after such remarriage or, if later, within 2 years after the death or remarriage of any former spouse of such employee or Member who was entitled to a survivor annuity under section 8445 (or of the last such surviving former spouse, if there was more than one), a reduction in the employee's or Member's annuity under section 8419(a) for the purpose of providing an annuity for such employee's or Member's spouse in the event such spouse survives the employee or Member.

(2) The election and reduction shall be effective the first day of the second month after the election is received by the Office, but not less than 9 months after the date of the remarriage.

(3) An election to provide a survivor annuity to an individual under this subsection—

(A) shall prospectively void any election made by the employee or Member under section 8420 with respect to such individual; or

(B) shall, if an election was made by the employee or Member under section 8420 with respect to a different individual, prospectively void such election if appropriate written application is made by such employee or Member at the time of making the election under this subsection.


(4) Any election under this subsection made by an employee or Member on behalf of an individual after the retirement of such employee or Member shall not be effective if—

(A) the employee or Member was married to such individual at the time of retirement; and

(B) the annuity rights of such individual based on the service of such employee or Member were then waived under subsection (a).


(c)(1) An employee or Member who is unmarried at the time of retiring under this chapter and who later marries may irrevocably elect, in a signed writing received by the Office within 2 years after such employee or Member marries or, if later, within 2 years after the death or remarriage of any former spouse of such employee or Member who was entitled to a survivor annuity under section 8445 (or of the last such surviving former spouse, if there was more than one), a reduction in the current annuity of the retired employee or Member, in accordance with section 8419(a).

(2) The election and reduction shall take effect the first day of the first month beginning 9 months after the date of marriage. Any such election to provide a survivor annuity for an individual—

(A) shall prospectively void any election made by the employee or Member under section 8420 with respect to such individual; or

(B) shall, if an election was made by the employee or Member under section 8420 with respect to a different individual, prospectively void such election if appropriate written application is made by such employee or Member at the time of making the election under this subsection.


(d)(1) An employee or Member—

(A) who is married on the date of retiring under this chapter, and

(B) with respect to whose spouse a waiver under subsection (a) has been made,


may, during the 18-month period beginning on such date, elect to have a reduction made under section 8419 in order to provide a survivor annuity under section 8442 for such spouse.

(2)(A) An election under this subsection shall not be effective unless the amount described in subparagraph (B) is deposited into the Fund before the expiration of the 18-month period referred to in paragraph (1).

(B) The amount to be deposited under this subparagraph is equal to the sum of—

(i) the difference (for the period between the date on which the annuity of the former employee or Member commences and the date on which reductions pursuant to the election under this subsection commence) between the amount paid to the former employee or Member from the Fund under this chapter and the amount which would have been paid if such election had been made at the time of retirement; and

(ii) the costs associated with providing for the election under this subsection.


The amount to be deposited under clause (i) shall include interest, computed at the rate of 6 percent a year.

(3) An annuity which is reduced pursuant to an election by a former employee or Member under this subsection shall be reduced by the same percentage as was in effect under section 8419 as of the date of the employee's or Member's retirement.

(4) Rights and obligations under this chapter resulting from an election under this subsection shall be the same as the rights and obligations which would have resulted had the election been made at the time of retirement.

(5) The Office shall inform each employee and Member who is eligible to make an election under this subsection of the right to make such election and the procedures and deadlines applicable in making any such election.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 528.)

§8417. Survivor reduction for a former spouse

(a) If an employee or Member has a former spouse who is entitled to a survivor annuity as provided in section 8445, the reduction described in section 8419(a) shall be made.

(b)(1) An employee or Member who has a former spouse may elect, under procedures prescribed by the Office, a reduction in the annuity of the employee or Member under section 8419(a) in order to provide a survivor annuity for such former spouse under section 8445.

(2) An election under this subsection shall be made at the time of retirement or, if the marriage is dissolved after the date of retirement, within 2 years after the date on which the marriage of the former spouse to the employee or Member is so dissolved.

(3) An election under this subsection—

(A) shall not be effective to the extent that it—

(i) conflicts with—

(I) any court order or decree referred to in section 8445(a) which was issued before the date of such election; or

(II) any agreement referred to in such section 8445(a) which was entered into before such date; or


(ii) would cause the total of survivor annuities payable under sections 8442 and 8445, respectively, based on the service of the employee or Member to exceed the amount which would be payable to a widow or widower of such employee or Member under such section 8442 (determined without regard to any reduction to provide for an annuity under such section 8445); and


(B) shall not be effective, in the case of an employee or Member who is then married, unless it is made with the spouse's written consent.


The Office shall by regulation provide that subparagraph (B) may be waived for either of the reasons set forth in section 8416(a)(2).

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 530.)

§8418. Survivor elections; deposit; offsets

(a)(1) An individual who makes an election under subsection (b) or (c) of section 8416 or section 8417(b) which is required to be made within 2 years after the date of a prescribed event shall deposit into the Fund an amount determined by the Office (as nearly as may be administratively feasible) to reflect the amount by which the annuity of such individual would have been reduced if the election had been in effect since the date of retirement (or, if later, and in the case of an election under such section 8416(b), since the date the previous reduction in the annuity of such individual was terminated under paragraph (1) or (2) of section 8419(b)), plus interest.

(2) Interest under paragraph (1) shall be computed at the rate of 6 percent a year.

(b) The Office shall, by regulation, provide for payment of the deposit required under subsection (a) by a reduction in the annuity of the employee or Member. The reduction shall, to the extent practicable, be designed so that the present value of the future reduction is actuarially equivalent to the deposit required under subsection (a), except that the total reductions in the annuity of an employee or Member to pay deposits required by this section shall not exceed 25 percent of the annuity computed under section 8415 or section 8452, including adjustments under section 8462. The reduction required by this subsection, which shall be effective at the same time as the election under section 8416(b) and (c) or section 8417(b), shall be permanent and unaffected by any future termination of the marriage or the entitlement of the former spouse. Such reduction shall be independent of and in addition to the reduction required under section 8416(b) and (c) or section 8417(b).

(c) Subsections (a) and (b) shall not apply if—

(1) the employee or Member makes an election under section 8416(b) or (c) after having made an election under section 8420; and

(2) the election under such section 8420 becomes void under subsection (b)(3) or (c)(2) of such section 8416.


(d) The Office shall prescribe regulations under which the survivor of an employee or Member may make a deposit under this section.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 530; amended Pub. L. 103–66, title XI, §11004(b), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 412.)

Amendments

1993—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103–66, §11004(b)(1), struck out ", before the expiration of the 2-year period involved," after "into the Fund".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–66, §11004(b)(2), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: "If the electing individual does not make the deposit required under subsection (a), the Office shall collect such amount by offset against such individual's annuity, up to a maximum of 25 percent of the net annuity otherwise payable, and the individual is deemed to consent to such offset."

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective on first day of first month beginning at least 30 days after Aug. 10, 1993, and applicable to all deposits required under section 8339(j)(3) or (5), 8339(k)(2), or 8418 of this title, on which no payment has been made prior to such effective date, with provision for partial deposit, see section 11004(c) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 8339 of this title.

§8419. Survivor reductions; computation

(a)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the annuity of an annuitant computed under section 8415, or under section 8452 (including subsection (a)(2) of such section, if applicable) or one-half of the annuity, if jointly designated for this purpose by the employee or Member and the spouse of the employee or Member under procedures prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, shall be reduced by 10 percent if a survivor annuity, or a combination of survivor annuities, under section 8442 or 8445 (or both) are to be provided for.

(2)(A) If no survivor annuity under section 8442 is to be provided for, but one or more survivor annuities under section 8445 involving a total of less than the entirety of the amount referred to in subsection (b)(2) of such section are to be provided for, the annuity of the annuitant involved (as computed under section 8415, or under section 8452 (including subsection (a)(2) of such section, if applicable)) or one-half of the annuity, if jointly designated for this purpose by the employee or Member and the spouse of the employee or Member under procedures prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, shall be reduced by an appropriate percentage determined under subparagraph (B).

(B) The Office shall prescribe regulations under which an appropriate reduction under this paragraph, not to exceed a total of 10 percent, shall be made.

(b)(1) Any reduction in an annuity for the purpose of providing a survivor annuity for the current spouse of a retired employee or Member shall be terminated for each full month—

(A) after the death of the spouse; or

(B) after the dissolution of the spouse's marriage to the employee or Member, except that an appropriate reduction shall be made thereafter if the spouse is entitled, as a former spouse, to a survivor annuity under section 8445.


(2) Any reduction in an annuity for the purpose of providing a survivor annuity for a former spouse of a retired employee or Member shall be terminated for each full month after the former spouse remarries before reaching age 55 or dies. This reduction shall be replaced by appropriate reductions under subsection (a) if the retired employee or Member has one or more of the following:

(A) another former spouse who is entitled to a survivor annuity under section 8445;

(B) a current spouse to whom the employee or Member was married at the time of retirement and with respect to whom a survivor annuity was not waived under section 8416(a) (or, if waived, with respect to whom an election under section 8416(d) has been made); or

(C) a current spouse whom the employee or Member married after retirement and with respect to whom an election has been made under subsection (b) or (c) of section 8416.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 531; amended Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §131(a), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1759.)

Amendments

1988—Subsec. (a)(1), (2)(A). Pub. L. 100–238 inserted "or one-half of the annuity, if jointly designated for this purpose by the employee or Member and the spouse of the employee or Member under procedures prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management" before ", shall be reduced".

§8420. Insurable interest reductions

(a)(1) At the time of retiring under section 8412, 8413, or 8414, an employee or Member who is found to be in good health by the Office may elect to have such employee's or Member's annuity (as computed under section 8415) reduced under paragraph (2) in order to provide an annuity under section 8444 for an individual having an insurable interest in the employee or Member. Such individual shall be designated by the employee or Member in writing.

(2) The annuity of the employee or Member making the election is reduced by 10 percent, and by 5 percent for each full 5 years the individual named is younger than the retiring employee or Member, except that the total reduction may not exceed 40 percent.

(3) An annuity which is reduced under this subsection shall, effective the first day of the month following the death of the individual named under this subsection, be recomputed and paid as if the annuity had not been so reduced.

(b)(1) In the case of a married employee or Member, an election under this section on behalf of the spouse may be made only if any right of such spouse to a survivor annuity based on the service of such employee or Member is waived in accordance with section 8416(a).

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply in the case of an employee or Member if such employee or Member has a former spouse who would become entitled to an annuity under section 8445 as a survivor of such employee or Member.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 532.)

§8420a. Alternative forms of annuities

(a) The Office shall prescribe regulations under which any employee or Member who has a life-threatening affliction or other critical medical condition may, at the time of retiring under this subchapter, elect annuity benefits under this section instead of any other benefits under this subchapter, and any benefits under subchapter IV of this chapter, based on the service of the employee or Member.

(b) Subject to subsection (c), the Office shall by regulation provide for such alternative forms of annuities as the Office considers appropriate, except that among the alternatives offered shall be—

(1) an alternative which provides for—

(A) payment of the lump-sum credit (excluding interest) to the employee or Member; and

(B) payment of an annuity to the employee or Member for life; and


(2) in the case of an employee or Member who is married at the time of retirement, an alternative which provides for—

(A) payment of the lump-sum credit (excluding interest) to the employee or Member; and

(B) payment of an annuity to the employee or Member for life, with a survivor annuity payable for the life of a surviving spouse.


(c) Each alternative provided for under subsection (b) shall, to the extent practicable, be designed such that the present value of the benefits provided under such alternative (including any lump-sum credit) is actuarially equivalent to the sum of—

(1) the present value of the annuity which would otherwise be provided under this subchapter, as computed under section 8415; and

(2) the present value of the annuity supplement which would otherwise be provided (if any) under section 8421.


(d) An employee or Member who, at the time of retiring under this subchapter—

(1) is married, shall be ineligible to make an election under this section unless a waiver is made under section 8416(a); or

(2) has a former spouse, shall be ineligible to make an election under this section if the former spouse is entitled to benefits under section 8445 or 8467 (based on the service of the employee or Member) under the terms of a decree of divorce or annulment, or a court order or court-approved property settlement incident to any such decree, with respect to which the Office has been duly notified.


(e) An employee or Member who is married at the time of retiring under this subchapter and who makes an election under this section may, during the 18-month period beginning on the date of retirement, make the election provided for under section 8416(d), subject to the deposit requirement thereunder.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 532; amended Pub. L. 101–508, title VII, §7001(a)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–327; Pub. L. 103–66, title XI, §11002(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 409.)

Amendments

1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–66, §11002(a)(1), substituted "any employee or Member who has a life-threatening affliction or other critical medical condition" for "an employee or Member".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 103–66, §11002(a)(2), struck out subsec. (f) which prohibited election of alternative form of annuity where commencement date would be after Dec. 1, 1990, with certain exceptions.

1990—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–508 added subsec. (f).

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Oct. 1, 1994, and applicable with respect to any annuity commencing on or after that date, see section 11002(d) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 8343a of this title.

Applicability of Sections 8343a(f) and 8420a(f) to Individuals Called to or Performing Duty in Connection With Operation Desert Shield

For provisions relating to application of subsec. (f) of this section to certain members of Armed Forces who were called or ordered to active duty in connection with Operation Desert Shield and to certain employees of Department of Defense who are certified to have performed duties essential for support of Operation Desert Shield, see section 7001(a)(4) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 8343a of this title.

Partial Deferred Payment of Lump-Sum Credit for Certain Individuals Electing Alternative Forms of Annuities

For provisions relating to deferred payment of lump-sum credit for certain individuals electing alternative forms of annuities, see notes set out under section 8343a of this title.

§8421. Annuity supplement

(a)(1) Subject to paragraph (3), an individual shall, if and while entitled to an annuity under subsection (a), (b), (d), or (e) of section 8412, or under section 8414(c), also be entitled to an annuity supplement under this section.

(2) Subject to paragraph (3), an individual shall, if and while entitled to an annuity under section 8412(f), or under subsection (a) or (b) of section 8414, also be entitled to an annuity supplement under this section if such individual is at least the applicable minimum retirement age under section 8412(h).

(3)(A) An individual whose entitlement to an annuity under section 8412 or 8414 does not commence before age 62 is not entitled to an annuity supplement under this section.

(B) An individual entitled to an annuity supplement under this section ceases to be so entitled after the last day of the month preceding the first month for which such individual would, on proper application, be entitled to old-age insurance benefits under title II of the Social Security Act, but not later than the last day of the month in which such individual attains age 62.

(b)(1) The amount of the annuity supplement of an annuitant under this section for any month shall be equal to the product of—

(A) an amount determined under paragraph (2), multiplied by

(B) a fraction, as described in paragraph (3).


(2) The amount under this paragraph for an annuitant is an amount equal to the old-age insurance benefit which would be payable to such annuitant under title II of the Social Security Act (without regard to sections 203, 215(a)(7), and 215(d)(5) of such Act) upon attaining age 62 and filing application therefor, determined as if the annuitant had attained such age and filed application therefor, and were a fully insured individual (as defined in section 214(a) of such Act), on January 1 of the year in which such annuitant's entitlement to any payment under this section commences, except that the reduction of such old-age insurance benefit under section 202(q) of such Act shall be the maximum applicable for an individual born in the same year as the annuitant. In computing the primary insurance amount under section 215 of such Act for purposes of this paragraph, the number of elapsed years (referred to in section 215(b)(2)(B)(iii) of such Act and used to compute the number of benefit computation years) shall not include years beginning with the year in which such annuitant's entitlement to any payment under this section commences, and—

(A) only basic pay for service performed (if any) shall be taken into account in computing the total wages and self-employment income of the annuitant for a benefit computation year;

(B) for a benefit computation year which commences after the date of the separation with respect to which entitlement to the annuitant's annuity under this subchapter is based and before the date as of which such annuitant is treated, under the preceding sentence, to have attained age 62, the total wages and self-employment income of such annuitant for such year shall be deemed to be zero; and

(C) for a benefit computation year after age 21 which precedes the separation referred to in subparagraph (B), and during which the individual did not perform a full year of service, the total wages and self-employment income of such annuitant for such year shall be deemed to have been an amount equal to the product of—

(i) the average total wages of all workers for that year, multiplied by

(ii) a fraction—

(I) the numerator of which is the total basic pay of the individual for service performed in the first year thereafter in which such individual performed a full year of service; and

(II) the denominator of which is the average total wages of all workers for the year referred to in subclause (I).


(3) The fraction under this paragraph for any annuitant is a fraction—

(A) the numerator of which is the annuitant's total years of service (rounding a fraction to the nearest whole number, with ½ being rounded to the next higher number), not to exceed the number under subparagraph (B); and

(B) the denominator of which is 40.


(4) For the purpose of this subsection—

(A) the term "benefit computation year" has the meaning provided in section 215(b)(2)(B)(i) of the Social Security Act;

(B) the term "average total wages of all workers", for a year, means the average of the total wages, as defined and computed under section 215(b)(3)(A)(ii)(I) of the Social Security Act for such year; and

(C) the term "service" does not include military service.


(c) An amount under this section shall, for purposes of section 8467, be treated in the same way as an amount computed under section 8415.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 533; amended Pub. L. 101–194, title V, §506(b)(10), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 102–378, §2(65), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1354; Pub. L. 107–296, title XIII, §1321(a)(5)(B), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2297.)

References in Text

The Social Security Act, referred to in subsecs. (a)(3)(B) and (b)(2), (4)(A), (B), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended. Title II of the Social Security Act is classified generally to subchapter II (§401 et seq.) of chapter 7 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. Sections 202, 203, 214, and 215 of the Social Security Act are classified to sections 402, 403, 414, and 415, respectively, of Title 42. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107–296, which directed amendment of par. (2) by striking ", except that an individual entitled to an annuity under section 8414(a) for failure to be recertified as a senior executive shall be entitled to an annuity supplement without regard to such applicable retirement age", was executed by striking out ", except that an individual entitled to an annuity under section 8414(a) for failure to be recertified as a senior executive shall be entitled to an annuity supplement without regard to such applicable minimum retirement age" before period at end, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

1992—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102–378 inserted period at end.

1989—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–194 substituted ", except that an individual entitled to an annuity under section 8414(a) for failure to be recertified as a senior executive shall be entitled to an annuity supplement without regard to such applicable minimum retirement age" for period at end.

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296 effective 60 days after Nov. 25, 2002, see section 4 of Pub. L. 107–296, set out as an Effective Date note under section 101 of Title 6, Domestic Security.

Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–194 effective Jan. 1, 1991, see section 506(d) of Pub. L. 101–194, set out as a note under section 3151 of this title.

§8421a. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while entitled to an annuity supplement

(a) Except as provided in subsection (c), the amount of the annuity supplement to which an individual is entitled under section 8421 for any month (determined without regard to subsection (c) of such section) shall be reduced by the amount of any excess earnings of such individual which are required to be charged to such supplement for such month, as determined under subsection (b).

(b) The amount of an individual's excess earnings shall be charged to months as follows:

(1)(A) There shall be charged to each month of a year under subsection (a) an amount equal to the individual's excess earnings (as determined under paragraph (2) with respect to such year), divided by the number of the individual's supplement entitlement months for such year (as determined under paragraph (3)).

(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the amount charged to a month under subsection (a) may not exceed the amount of the annuity supplement to which the individual is entitled under section 8421 for such month (determined without regard to subsection (c) of such section).

(2) The excess earnings based on which reductions under subsection (a) shall be made with respect to an individual in a year—

(A) shall be equal to 50 percent of so much of such individual's earnings for the immediately preceding year as exceeds the applicable exempt amount for such preceding year; but

(B) may not exceed the total amount of the annuity supplement payments to which such individual was entitled for such preceding year under section 8421 (determined without regard to subsection (c) of such section, and without regard to this section).


(3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the number of an individual's supplement entitlement months for a year shall be 12.

(B) The number determined under subparagraph (A) shall be reduced so as not to include any month after which such individual ceases to be entitled to an annuity supplement by reason of section 8421(a)(3)(B), relating to cessation of entitlement upon attaining age 62.

(4)(A) For purposes of this section, and except as provided in subparagraph (B), the "earnings" and the "applicable exempt amount" of an individual shall be determined in a manner consistent with applicable provisions of section 203 of the Social Security Act.

(B) For purposes of this section—

(i) in determining the excess earnings of any individual, only earnings attributable to periods during which such individual was entitled to an annuity supplement under section 8421 shall be considered; and

(ii) any earnings attributable to a period before attaining the applicable retirement age under section 8412(h) shall not be considered in determining the excess earnings of an individual who retires under section 8412(d) or (e), or section 8414(c).


(5) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (4), the reduction required by subsection (a) shall be effective with respect to the annuity supplement payable for each month in the 12-month period beginning on the first day of the seventh month after the end of the calendar year in which the excess earnings were earned.


(c) This section shall not apply to an individual described in section 8412(e) during any period in which the individual, after separating from the service as described in that section, is employed full-time as an air traffic control instructor under contract with the Federal Aviation Administration, including an instructor working at an on-site facility (such as an airport).

(d) The Office shall prescribe regulations under which this section shall be applied in the case of a reemployed annuitant.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 535; amended Pub. L. 99–556, title I, §121, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3134; Pub. L. 106–394, §3(a), Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1630; Pub. L. 114–251, §1, Dec. 8, 2016, 130 Stat. 1002.)

References in Text

Section 203 of the Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(4)(A), is classified to section 403 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–251, §1(1), substituted "Except as provided in subsection (c), the amount" for "The amount".

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 114–251, §1(2), (3), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).

2000—Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 106–394 added par. (5).

1986—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 99–556 redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which read as follows: "If, after an individual ceases to be entitled to an annuity supplement under section 8421 by reason of subsection (a)(3)(B) of such section, any portion of the individual's excess earnings remains outstanding, an amount not to exceed 25 percent of the amount otherwise payable to such individual under this chapter for each month shall be deducted from such monthly payment until the full amount of that outstanding portion has been accounted for. To the extent practicable, reductions under this subsection shall be made by a level percentage."

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–394, §3(b), Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1630, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to reductions required to be made in calendar years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 30, 2000]."

§8422. Deductions from pay; contributions for other service; deposits

(a)(1) The employing agency shall deduct and withhold from basic pay of each employee and Member a percentage of basic pay determined in accordance with paragraph (2).

(2) The percentage to be deducted and withheld from basic pay for any pay period shall be equal to—

(A) the applicable percentage under paragraph (3), minus

(B) the percentage then in effect under section 3101(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to rate of tax for old-age, survivors, and disability insurance).


(3)(A) The applicable percentage under this paragraph for civilian service by employees or Members other than revised annuity employees or further revised annuity employees shall be as follows:

 
   
Employee 7 January 1, 1987, to December 31, 1998.
  7.25 January 1, 1999, to December 31, 1999.
  7.4 January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000.
  7 After December 31, 2000.
Congressional employee 7.5 January 1, 1987, to December 31, 1998.
  7.75 January 1, 1999, to December 31, 1999.
  7.9 January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000.
  7.5 After December 31, 2000.
Member 7.5 January 1, 1987, to December 31, 1998.
  7.75 January 1, 1999, to December 31, 1999.
  7.9 January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000.
  8 January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2002.
  7.5 After December 31, 2002.
Law enforcement officer, firefighter, member of the Capitol Police, member of the Supreme Court Police, or air traffic controller 7.5

 

7.75

 

7.9

 

7.5

January 1, 1987, to December 31, 1998.

January 1, 1999, to December 31, 1999.

January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000.

After December 31, 2000.

Nuclear materials courier 7 January 1, 1987, to October 16, 1998.
  7.5 October 17, 1998, to December 31, 1998.
  7.75 January 1, 1999, to December 31, 1999.
  7.9 January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000.
  7.5 After December 31, 2000.
Customs and border protection officer 7.5 After June 29, 2008.

(B) The applicable percentage under this paragraph for civilian service by revised annuity employees shall be as follows:

Employee 9.3 After December 31, 2012.
Congressional employee 9.3 After December 31, 2012.
Member 9.3 After December 31, 2012.
Law enforcement officer, firefighter, member of the Capitol Police, member of the Supreme Court Police, or air traffic controller 9.8 After December 31, 2012.
Nuclear materials courier 9.8 After December 31, 2012.
Customs and border protection officer 9.8 After December 31, 2012.

(C) The applicable percentage under this paragraph for civilian service by further revised annuity employees shall be as follows:

 
   
Employee 10.6 After December 31, 2013.
Congressional employee 10.6 After December 31, 2013.
Member 10.6 After December 31, 2013.
Law enforcement officer, firefighter, member of the Capitol Police, member of the Supreme Court Police, or air traffic controller 11.1 After December 31, 2013.
Nuclear materials courier 11.1 After December 31, 2013.
Customs and border protection officer 11.1 After December 31, 2013.

(b) Each employee or Member is deemed to consent and agree to the deductions under subsection (a). Notwithstanding any law or regulation affecting the pay of an employee or Member, payment less such deductions is a full and complete discharge and acquittance of all claims and demands for regular services during the period covered by the payment, except the right to any benefits under this subchapter, or under subchapter IV or V of this chapter, based on the service of the employee or Member.

(c) The amounts deducted and withheld under this section shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Fund under such procedures as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. Deposits made by an employee, Member, or survivor also shall be credited to the Fund.

(d)(1) Under such regulations as the Office may prescribe, amounts deducted under subsection (a) shall be entered on individual retirement records.

(2) Deposit may not be required for days of unused sick leave credited under paragraph (1) or (2) of section 8415(m).

(e)(1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), and subject to paragraph (6), each employee or Member who has performed military service before the date of the separation on which the entitlement to any annuity under this subchapter, or subchapter V of this chapter, is based may pay, in accordance with such regulations as the Office shall issue, to the agency by which the employee is employed, or, in the case of a Member or a Congressional employee, to the Secretary of the Senate or the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, as appropriate, an amount equal to 3 percent of the amount of the basic pay paid under section 204 of title 37 to the employee or Member for each period of military service after December 1956. The amount of such payments shall be based on such evidence of basic pay for military service as the employee or Member may provide, or if the Office determines sufficient evidence has not been so provided to adequately determine basic pay for military service, such payment shall be based on estimates of such basic pay provided to the Office under paragraph (4).

(B) In any case where military service interrupts creditable civilian service under this subchapter and reemployment pursuant to chapter 43 of title 38 occurs on or after August 1, 1990, the deposit payable under this paragraph may not exceed the amount that would have been deducted and withheld under subsection (a)(1) from basic pay during civilian service if the employee had not performed the period of military service.

(2) Any deposit made under paragraph (1) more than two years after the later of—

(A) January 1, 1987; or

(B) the date on which the employee or Member making the deposit first becomes an employee or Member following the period of military service for which such deposit is due,


shall include interest on such amount computed and compounded annually beginning on the date of the expiration of the two-year period. The interest rate that is applicable in computing interest in any year under this paragraph shall be equal to the interest rate that is applicable for such year under section 8334(e).

(3) Any payment received by an agency, the Secretary of the Senate, or the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives under this subsection shall be immediately remitted to the Office for deposit in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Fund.

(4) The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Commerce, or the Secretary of Health and Human Services, as appropriate, shall furnish such information to the Office as the Office may determine to be necessary for the administration of this subsection.

(5) For the purpose of survivor annuities, deposits authorized by this subsection may also be made by a survivor of an employee or Member.

(6) The percentage of basic pay under section 204 of title 37 payable under paragraph (1), with respect to any period of military service performed during—

(A) January 1, 1999, through December 31, 1999, shall be 3.25 percent; and

(B) January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2000, shall be 3.4 percent.


(f)(1) Each employee or Member who has performed service as a volunteer or volunteer leader under part A of title VIII of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, as a full-time volunteer enrolled in a program of at least 1 year's duration under part A, B,1 or C of title I of the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973, or as a volunteer or volunteer leader under the Peace Corps Act before the date of the separation on which the entitlement to any annuity under this subchapter, or subchapter V of this chapter, is based may pay, in accordance with such regulations as the Office of Personnel Management shall issue, an amount equal to 3 percent of the readjustment allowance paid to the employee or Member under title VIII of the Economic Opportunity Service Act of 1964 or section 5(c) or 6(1) of the Peace Corps Act or the stipend paid to the employee or Member under part A, B,1 or C of title I of the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973, for each period of service as such a volunteer or volunteer leader. This paragraph shall be subject to paragraph (4).

(2) Any deposit made under paragraph (1) more than 2 years after the later of—

(A) October 1, 1993, or

(B) the date on which the employee or Member making the deposit first becomes an employee or Member,


shall include interest on such amount computed and compounded annually beginning on the date of the expiration of the 2-year period. The interest rate that is applicable in computing interest in any year under this paragraph shall be equal to the interest rate that is applicable for such year under section 8334(e).

(3) The Director of the Peace Corps and the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and Community Service shall furnish such information to the Office of Personnel Management as the Office may determine to be necessary for the administration of this subsection.

(4) The percentage of the readjustment allowance or stipend (as the case may be) payable under paragraph (1), with respect to any period of volunteer service performed during—

(A) January 1, 1999, through December 31, 1999, shall be 3.25 percent; and

(B) January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2000, shall be 3.4 percent.


(g) A Member who has served in a position in the executive branch for which the rate of basic pay was reduced for the duration of the service of the Member to remove the impediment to the appointment of the Member imposed by article I, section 6, clause 2 of the Constitution, or the survivor of such a Member, may deposit to the credit of the Fund an amount equal to the difference between the amount deducted from the basic pay of the Member during that period of service and the amount that would have been deducted if the rate of basic pay which would otherwise have been in effect during that period had been in effect, plus interest computed under section 8334(e).

(h) No deposit may be made with respect to service credited under section 8411(b)(6).

(i)(1) Each employee or Member who has received a refund of retirement deductions under this or any other retirement system established for employees of the Government covering service for which such employee or Member may be allowed credit under this chapter may deposit the amount received, with interest. Credit may not be allowed for the service covered by the refund until the deposit is made.

(2) Interest under this subsection shall be computed in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8334(e) and regulations prescribed by the Office. The option under the third sentence of section 8334(e)(2) to make a deposit in one or more installments shall apply to deposits under this subsection.

(3) For the purpose of survivor annuities, deposits authorized by this subsection may also be made by a survivor of an employee or Member.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 536; amended Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §104(a), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1746; Pub. L. 103–82, title III, §371(b)(2), Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 911; Pub. L. 103–353, §5(d), (e)(2), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3174; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §215(14), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1746; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §103(g), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3829; Pub. L. 105–33, title VII, §7001(b)(1), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 657; Pub. L. 105–61, title V, §516(a)(8), Oct. 10, 1997, 111 Stat. 1307; Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3154(i)(1), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2255; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1066(d)(3), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 773; Pub. L. 106–346, §101(a) [title V, §505(b)], Oct. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 1356, 1356A-52; Pub. L. 106–553, §1(a)(2) [title III, §308(c)(3)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2762, 2762A-87; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XI, §1132(b)(2)(A), (B), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1243, 1244; Pub. L. 107–135, title I, §122(b), Jan. 23, 2002, 115 Stat. 2451; Pub. L. 108–92, §1(b), Oct. 3, 2003, 117 Stat. 1160; Pub. L. 108–176, title II, §226(b)(2)(A), Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2530; Pub. L. 110–161, div. E, title V, §535(b)(4), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2076; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XIX, §§1901(b), 1904(a), (b)(2), (3)(A), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2615, 2616; Pub. L. 112–96, title V, §5001(b), (c)(2)(A), Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 199; Pub. L. 113–67, div. A, title IV, §401(b), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1184.)

References in Text

Section 3101(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(B), is classified to section 3101(a) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, referred to in subsec. (f)(1), is Pub. L. 88–452, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 508. Title VIII of the Act probably means title VIII of Pub. L. 88–452 as added by Pub. L. 89–794, title VIII, §801, Nov. 8, 1966, 80 Stat. 1472, and generally revised and amended by Pub. L. 90–222, title I, §110, Dec. 23, 1967, 81 Stat. 722, which was classified generally to subchapter VIII (§2991 et seq.) of chapter 34 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to its repeal by Pub. L. 93–113, title VI, §603, Oct. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 417. Part A of title VIII of the Act is part A of title VIII of Pub. L. 88–452 as added by Pub. L. 90–222, §110, which was classified generally to part A (§2992 et seq.) of subchapter VIII of chapter 34 of Title 42, prior to its repeal by Pub. L. 93–113, §603. See sections 4951 et seq. and 5055 of Title 42. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973, referred to in subsec. (f)(1), is Pub. L. 93–113, Oct. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 394. Parts A and C of title I of the Act are classified generally to parts A (§4951 et seq.) and C (§4991 et seq.), respectively, of subchapter I of chapter 66 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. Part B of title I of the Act, which was classified generally to part B (§4971 et seq.) of subchapter I of chapter 66 of Title 42, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–13, title II, §2121, Apr. 21, 2009, 123 Stat. 1584. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4950 of Title 42 and Tables.

The Peace Corps Act, referred to in subsec. (f)(1), is Pub. L. 87–293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, which is classified principally to chapter 34 (§2501 et seq.) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. Sections 5(c) and 6(1) of the Act are classified to sections 2504(c) and 2505(1), respectively, of Title 22. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2501 of Title 22 and Tables.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a)(3)(A). Pub. L. 113–67, §401(b)(1), inserted "or further revised annuity employees" after "revised annuity employees".

Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 113–67, §401(b)(2), added subpar. (C).

2012—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 112–96, §5001(b), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), substituted "The applicable percentage under this paragraph for civilian service by employees or Members other than revised annuity employees" for "The applicable percentage under this paragraph for civilian service", and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 112–96, §5001(c)(2)(A), substituted "section 8415(m)" for "section 8415(l)".

2009Pub. L. 111–84, §1904(b)(3)(A), amended section catchline generally, inserting "; deposits" after "service".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84, §1904(b)(2), inserted at end "Deposits made by an employee, Member, or survivor also shall be credited to the Fund."

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 111–84, §1901(b), substituted "paragraph (1) or (2) of section 8415(l)" for "section 8415(k)".

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 111–84, §1904(a), added subsec. (i).

2007—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 110–161 inserted table for customs and border protection officer.

2003—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 108–176, which directed the substitution of "8415(j)" for "8415(i)", could not be executed because "8415(i)" did not appear subsequent to amendment by Pub. L. 108–92. See below.

Pub. L. 108–92 substituted "8415(k)" for "8415(i)".

2002—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–135 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

2001Pub. L. 107–107, §1132(b)(2)(B), substituted "other service" for "military service" in section catchline.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107–107, §1132(b)(2)(A), added subsec. (h).

2000—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 106–553 inserted "member of the Supreme Court Police," after "member of the Capitol Police," in table for law enforcement officer, firefighter, member of the Capitol Police, or air traffic controller.

Pub. L. 106–346, §101(a) [title V, §505(b)(1)], added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3), which set out tables of applicable percentages for employee, Congressional employee, Member, law enforcement officer, firefighter, member of the Capitol Police, air traffic controller, and nuclear materials courier.

Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 106–346, §101(a) [title V, §505(b)(2)], inserted "and" at end of subpar. (A), substituted a period for "; and" at end of subpar. (B), and struck out subpar. (C) which read as follows: "January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2002, shall be 3.5 percent."

Subsec. (f)(4). Pub. L. 106–346, §101(a) [title V, §505(b)(3)], inserted "and" at end of subpar. (A), substituted a period for "; and" at end of subpar. (B), and struck out subpar. (C) which read as follows: "January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2002, shall be 3.5 percent."

1999—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 106–65, in table for nuclear materials courier, substituted "October 16, 1998" for "the day before the date of the enactment of the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999" and "October 17, 1998" for "The date of the enactment of the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999".

1998—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105–261 inserted table for nuclear materials courier.

1997—Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 105–33, §7001(b)(1)(A), added pars. (2) and (3) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "The applicable percentage under this subsection for any pay period shall be—

"(A) in the case of an employee (other than a law enforcement officer, firefighter, air traffic controller, or Congressional employee) a percentage equal to—

"(i) 7 percent, minus

"(ii) the percentage then in effect under section 3101(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to rate of tax for old-age, survivors, and disability insurance); and

"(B) in the case of a Member, law enforcement officer, firefighter, air traffic controller, or Congressional employee, a percentage equal to—

"(i) 7½ percent, minus

"(ii) the same percentage as would apply in the case of an employee under subparagraph (A)(ii)."

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105–33, §7001(b)(1)(B)(i), inserted "and subject to paragraph (6)," after "Except as provided in subparagraph (B),".

Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 105–33, §7001(b)(1)(B)(ii), added par. (6).

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 105–33, §7001(b)(1)(C)(i), inserted at end "This paragraph shall be subject to paragraph (4)."

Subsec. (f)(4). Pub. L. 105–33, §7001(b)(1)(C)(ii), added par. (4).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–61 added subsec. (g).

1996—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–316 substituted "Secretary of the Treasury" for "Comptroller General of the United States".

Subsec. (e)(1)(A), (3). Pub. L. 104–186 substituted "Chief Administrative Officer" for "Clerk".

1994—Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 103–353, §5(e)(2), substituted "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954".

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 103–353, §5(d)(1), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and substituted "Except as provided in subparagraph (B), each employee" for "Each employee" and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–353, §5(d)(2), inserted before comma at end "following the period of military service for which such deposit is due".

1993—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 103–82 added subsec. (f).

1988—Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 100–238 added par. (5).

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Amendment by section 1901(b) of Pub. L. 111–84 applicable with respect to any annuity, entitlement to which is based on a death or other separation from service occurring on or after Oct. 28, 2009, see section 1901(c) of Pub. L. 111–84, set out as a note under section 8415 of this title.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment; Transition Rules

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective on the later of June 30, 2008, or the first day of the first pay period beginning at least 6 months after Dec. 26, 2007, with transition rules and rights of election, see section 535(e) of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 3307 of this title.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–176 effective on 60th day after Dec. 12, 2003, and applicable with respect to any annuity entitlement based on an individual's separation from service occurring on or after such effective date, and any service performed by any such individual before, on, or after such effective date, subject to special rule relating to deposit requirement, see section 226(c) of Pub. L. 108–176, set out as a note under section 8401 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–92 applicable with respect to any annuity entitlement which is based on a separation from service occurring on or after Oct. 3, 2003, see section 2 of Pub. L. 108–92, set out as a note under section 8415 of this title.

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–135 effective 60 days after Jan. 23, 2002, and applicable to individuals who separate from service on or after that effective date, see section 122(c) of Pub. L. 107–135, set out as a note under section 8415 of this title.

Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–107 applicable only to separations from service as an employee of the United States on or after Dec. 28, 2001, see section 1132(c) of Pub. L. 107–107, set out as a note under section 8332 of this title.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–553 effective on the first day of the first applicable pay period that begins on Dec. 21, 2000, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a member of the Supreme Court Police after Dec. 21, 2000, see section 1(a)(2) [title III, §308(i), (j)] of Pub. L. 106–553, set out in a Supreme Court Police Retirement note under section 8331 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–346 effective upon the close of calendar year 2000 and applicable thereafter, see section 101(a) [title V, §505(i)] of Pub. L. 106–346, set out as a note under section 8334 of this title.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–261 effective at the beginning of the first pay period that begins after Oct. 17, 1998, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a nuclear materials courier, as defined by section 8331(27) or 8401(33) of this title, after Oct. 17, 1998, see section 3154(m), (n) of Pub. L. 105–261, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–61 applicable to any annuity commencing before, on, or after Oct. 10, 1997, and effective with regard to any payment made after the first month following Oct. 10, 1997, see section 516(b) of Pub. L. 105–61, set out as a note under section 8334 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–33 effective Oct. 1, 1997, see section 7001(f) of Pub. L. 105–33, set out as a note under section 8334 of this title.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–353 effective with respect to reemployments initiated on or after the first day after the 60-day period beginning Oct. 13, 1994, with transition rules, see section 8 of Pub. L. 103–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–82 effective Oct. 1, 1993, and applicable with respect to any individual entitled to an annuity on the basis of a separation from service occurring before, on, or after Oct. 1, 1993, subject to rule relating to annuities based on earlier separations, see sections 371(c) and 392 of Pub. L. 103–82, set out as notes under section 8332 of this title and section 4951 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, respectively.

No Reduction in Agency Contributions

Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3154(i)(2), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2256, provided that: "Contributions under subsections (a) and (b) of section 8423 of title 5, United States Code, shall not be reduced as a result of that portion of the amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] requiring employee deductions at a rate in excess of 7.5 percent for the period beginning on January 1, 1999, and ending on December 31, 2002."

Pub. L. 105–33, title VII, §7001(b)(2), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 658, provided that: "Contributions under section 8423(a) and (b) of title 5, United States Code, shall not be reduced as a result of the amendments made under paragraph (1) [amending this section] of this subsection."

1 See References in Text note below.

§8423. Government contributions

(a)(1) Each employing agency having any employees or Members subject to section 8422(a) shall contribute to the Fund an amount equal to the sum of—

(A) the product of—

(i) the normal-cost percentage, as determined for employees (other than employees covered by subparagraph (B)), multiplied by

(ii) the aggregate amount of basic pay payable by the agency, for the period involved, to employees (under clause (i)) who are within such agency; and


(B) the product of—

(i) the normal-cost percentage, as determined for Members, Congressional employees, law enforcement officers, members of the Supreme Court Police, firefighters, nuclear materials couriers, customs and border protection officers, air traffic controllers, military reserve technicians, and employees under sections 302 and 303 of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act, multiplied by

(ii) the aggregate amount of basic pay payable by the agency, for the period involved, to employees and Members (under clause (i)) who are within such agency.


(2)(A) In determining any normal-cost percentage to be applied under this subsection, amounts provided for under section 8422 shall be taken into account.

(B)(i) Subject to clauses (ii) and (iii), for purposes of any period in any year beginning after December 31, 2013, the normal-cost percentage under this subsection shall be determined and applied as if section 401(b) of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 had not been enacted.

(ii) Any contributions under this subsection in excess of the amounts which (but for clause (i)) would otherwise have been payable shall be applied toward reducing the unfunded liability of the Civil Service Retirement System.

(iii) After the unfunded liability of the Civil Service Retirement System has been eliminated, as determined by the Office, Government contributions under this subsection shall be determined and made disregarding this subparagraph.

(iv) The preceding provisions of this subparagraph shall be disregarded for purposes of determining the contributions payable by the United States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory Commission.

(3) Contributions under this subsection shall be paid—

(A) in the case of law enforcement officers, members of the Supreme Court Police, firefighters, nuclear materials couriers, customs and border protection officers, air traffic controllers, military reserve technicians, and other employees, from the appropriation or fund used to pay such law enforcement officers, members of the Supreme Court Police, firefighters, nuclear materials couriers, customs and border protection officers, air traffic controllers, military reserve technicians, or other employees, respectively;

(B) in the case of elected officials, from an appropriation or fund available for payment of other salaries of the same office or establishment; and

(C) in the case of employees of the legislative branch paid by the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, from the applicable accounts of the House of Representatives.


(4) A contribution to the Fund under this subsection shall be deposited under such procedures as the Comptroller General of the United States may prescribe.

(b)(1) The Office shall compute—

(A) the amount of the supplemental liability of the Fund with respect to individuals other than those to whom subparagraph (B) relates, and

(B) the amount of the supplemental liability of the Fund with respect to current or former employees of the United States Postal Service (and the Postal Regulatory Commission) and their survivors;


as of the close of each fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1987.

(2) The amount of any supplemental liability computed under paragraph (1)(A) or (1)(B) shall be amortized in 30 equal annual installments, with interest computed at the rate used in the most recent valuation of the System.

(3) At the end of each fiscal year, the Office shall notify—

(A) the Secretary of the Treasury of the amount of the installment computed under this subsection for such year with respect to individuals under paragraph (1)(A); and

(B) the Postmaster General of the United States of the amount of the installment computed under this subsection for such year with respect to individuals under paragraph (1)(B).


(4)(A) Before closing the accounts for a fiscal year, the Secretary of the Treasury shall credit to the Fund, as a Government contribution, out of any money in the Treasury of the United States not otherwise appropriated, the amount under paragraph (3)(A) for such year.

(B) Upon receiving notification under paragraph (3)(B), the United States Postal Service shall pay the amount specified in such notification to the Fund.

(5) For the purpose of carrying out paragraph (1) with respect to any fiscal year, the Office may—

(A) require the Board of Actuaries of the Civil Service Retirement System to make actuarial determinations and valuations, make recommendations, and maintain records in the same manner as provided in section 8347(f); and

(B) use the latest actuarial determinations and valuations made by such Board of Actuaries.


(c) Under regulations prescribed by the Office, the head of an agency may request reconsideration of any amount determined to be payable with respect to such agency under subsection (a) or (b). Any such request shall be referred to the Board of Actuaries of the Civil Service Retirement System. The Board of Actuaries shall review the computations of the Office and may make any adjustment with respect to any such amount which the Board determines appropriate. A determination by the Board of Actuaries under this subsection shall be final.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 537; amended Pub. L. 102–378, §2(66), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1354; Pub. L. 102–496, title VIII, §803(c), Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3253; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §215(15), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1746; Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3154(j), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2256; Pub. L. 106–553, §1(a)(2) [title III, §308(c)(4)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2762, 2762A-87; Pub. L. 109–435, title VI, §604(b), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3241; Pub. L. 110–161, div. E, title V, §535(b)(5), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2076; Pub. L. 113–67, div. A, title IV, §401(c), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1184.)

References in Text

Sections 302 and 303 of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(B)(i), are classified to sections 2152 and 2153, respectively, of Title 50, War and National Defense.

Section 401(b) of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(B)(i), is section 401(b) of div. A of Pub. L. 113–67, which amended section 8422 of this title.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 113–67 designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).

2007—Subsec. (a)(1)(B)(i), (3)(A). Pub. L. 110–161 inserted "customs and border protection officers," after "nuclear materials couriers," wherever appearing.

2006—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 109–435 substituted "Postal Regulatory Commission" for "Postal Rate Commission".

2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–553 inserted "members of the Supreme Court Police," after "law enforcement officers," wherever appearing.

1998—Subsec. (a)(1)(B)(i), (3)(A). Pub. L. 105–261 inserted "nuclear materials couriers," after "firefighters," wherever appearing.

1996—Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 104–186 substituted "Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, from the applicable accounts of the House of Representatives" for "Clerk of the House of Representatives, from the contingent fund of the House".

1992—Subsec. (a)(1)(B)(i). Pub. L. 102–496 substituted "the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act" for "the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 for Certain Employees".

Pub. L. 102–378 substituted "multiplied" for "multipled".

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment; Transition Rules

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective on the later of June 30, 2008, or the first day of the first pay period beginning at least 6 months after Dec. 26, 2007, with transition rules and rights of election, see section 535(e) of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 3307 of this title.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–553 effective on the first day of the first applicable pay period that begins on Dec. 21, 2000, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a member of the Supreme Court Police after Dec. 21, 2000, see section 1(a)(2) [title III, §308(i), (j)] of Pub. L. 106–553, set out in a Supreme Court Police Retirement note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–261 effective at the beginning of the first pay period that begins after Oct. 17, 1998, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a nuclear materials courier, as defined by section 8331(27) or 8401(33) of this title, after Oct. 17, 1998, see section 3154(m), (n) of Pub. L. 105–261, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–496 effective first day of fourth month beginning after Oct. 24, 1992, see section 805 of Pub. L. 102–496, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2001 of Title 50, War and National Defense.

Transfer of Functions

Statutory functions, duties, or authority of Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives or Secretary of the Senate as disbursing officers for the Capitol Police transferred to Chief of the Capitol Police, and references in any law or resolution before Feb. 20, 2003, to funds paid or disbursed by Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives and Secretary of the Senate relating to pay and allowances of Capitol Police employees deemed to refer to Chief of the Capitol Police. See section 1907(a) of Title 2, The Congress.

§8424. Lump-sum benefits; designation of beneficiary; order of precedence

(a) Subject to subsection (b), an employee or Member who—

(1)(A) is separated from the service for at least 31 consecutive days; or

(B) is transferred to a position in which the individual is not subject to this chapter and remains in such a position for at least 31 consecutive days;

(2) files an application with the Office for payment of the lump-sum credit;

(3) is not reemployed in a position in which the individual is subject to this chapter at the time of filing the application; and

(4) will not become eligible to receive an annuity within 31 days after filing the application;


is entitled to be paid the lump-sum credit. Except as provided in section 8420a, payment of the lump-sum credit to an employee or Member voids all annuity rights under this subchapter, and subchapters IV and V of this chapter, based on the service on which the lump-sum credit is based, until the employee or Member is reemployed in the service subject to this chapter.

(b)(1)(A) Payment of the lump-sum credit under subsection (a) may be made only if the spouse, if any, and any former spouse of the employee or Member are notified of the employee or Member's application.

(B) The Office shall prescribe regulations under which the lump-sum credit shall not be paid without the consent of a spouse or former spouse of the employee or Member where the Office has received such additional information or documentation as the Office may require that—

(i) a court order bars payment of the lump-sum credit in order to preserve the court's ability to award an annuity under section 8445 or 8467; or

(ii) payment of the lump-sum credit would extinguish the entitlement of the spouse or former spouse, under a court order on file with the Office, to a survivor annuity under section 8445 or to any portion of an annuity under section 8467.


(2)(A) Notification of a spouse or former spouse under this subsection shall be made in accordance with such requirements as the Office shall by regulation prescribe.

(B) Under the regulations, the Office may provide that paragraph (1)(A) may be waived with respect to a spouse or former spouse if the employee or Member establishes to the satisfaction of the Office that the whereabouts of such spouse or former spouse cannot be determined.

(3) The Office shall prescribe regulations under which this subsection shall be applied in any case in which the Office receives two or more orders or decrees referred to in paragraph (1)(B)(i).

(c) Under regulations prescribed by the Office, an employee or Member, or a former employee or Member, may designate one or more beneficiaries under this section.

(d) Lump-sum benefits authorized by subsections (e) through (g) shall be paid to the individual or individuals surviving the employee or Member and alive at the date title to the payment arises in the following order of precedence, and the payment bars recovery by any other individual:

First, to the beneficiary or beneficiaries designated by the employee or Member in a signed and witnessed writing received in the Office before the death of such employee or Member. For this purpose, a designation, change, or cancellation of beneficiary in a will or other document not so executed and filed has no force or effect.

Second, if there is no designated beneficiary, to the widow or widower of the employee or Member.

Third, if none of the above, to the child or children of the employee or Member and descendants of deceased children by representation.

Fourth, if none of the above, to the parents of the employee or Member or the survivor of them.

Fifth, if none of the above, to the duly appointed executor or administrator of the estate of the employee or Member.

Sixth, if none of the above, to such other next of kin of the employee or Member as the Office determines to be entitled under the laws of the domicile of the employee or Member at the date of death of the employee or Member.


For the purpose of this subsection, "child" includes a natural child and an adopted child, but does not include a stepchild.

(e) If an employee or Member, or former employee or Member, dies—

(1) without a survivor, or

(2) with a survivor or survivors and the right of all survivors under subchapter IV terminates before a claim for survivor annuity under such subchapter is filed,


the lump-sum credit shall be paid.

(f) If all annuity rights under this chapter (other than under subchapter III of this chapter) based on the service of a deceased employee or Member terminate before the total annuity paid equals the lump-sum credit, the difference shall be paid.

(g) If an annuitant dies, annuity accrued and unpaid shall be paid.

(h) Annuity accrued and unpaid on the termination, except by death, of the annuity of an annuitant or survivor shall be paid to that individual. Annuity accrued and unpaid on the death of a survivor shall be paid in the following order of precedence, and the payment bars recovery by any other person:

First, to the duly appointed executor or administrator of the estate of the survivor.

Second, if there is no executor or administrator, payment may be made, after 30 days from the date of death of the survivor, to such next of kin of the survivor as the Office determines to be entitled under the laws of the domicile of the survivor at the date of death.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 539; amended Pub. L. 106–361, §3(b), Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1402; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XIX, §1904(b)(4), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2617.)

Amendments

2009—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–84 substituted "based, until the employee or Member is reemployed in the service subject to this chapter." for "based." in concluding provisions.

2000—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106–361 amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: "Payment of the lump-sum credit under subsection (a)—

"(A) may be made only if any current spouse and any former spouse of the employee or Member are notified of the application by the employee or Member; and

"(B) in any case in which there is a former spouse, shall be subject to the terms of a court decree of divorce, annulment, or legal separation issued with respect to such former spouse if—

"(i) the decree expressly relates to any portion of the lump-sum credit involved; and

"(ii) payment of the lump-sum credit would affect any right or interest of the former spouse with respect to a survivor annuity under section 8445, or to any portion of an annuity under section 8467."

§8425. Mandatory separation

(a) An air traffic controller who is otherwise eligible for immediate retirement under section 8412(e) shall be separated from the service on the last day of the month in which that air traffic controller becomes 56 years of age or completes 20 years of service if then over that age. The Secretary, under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, may exempt a controller having exceptional skills and experience as a controller from the automatic separation provisions of this subsection until that controller becomes 61 years of age. The Secretary shall notify the controller in writing of the date of separation at least 60 days before that date. Action to separate the controller is not effective, without the consent of the controller, until the last day of the month in which the 60-day notice expires. For purposes of this subsection, the term "air traffic controller" or "controller" has the meaning given to it under section 8401(35)(A).

(b)(1) A law enforcement officer, firefighter, nuclear materials courier, or customs and border protection officer who is otherwise eligible for immediate retirement under section 8412(d) shall be separated from the service on the last day of the month in which that law enforcement officer, firefighter, nuclear materials courier, or customs and border protection officer 1 as the case may be, becomes 57 years of age or completes 20 years of service if then over that age. If the head of the agency judges that the public interest so requires, that agency head may exempt such an employee from automatic separation under this subsection until that employee becomes 60 years of age. The employing office shall notify the employee in writing of the date of separation at least 60 days before that date. Action to separate the employee is not effective, without the consent of the employee, until the last day of the month in which the 60-day notice expires.

(2) In the case of employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the second sentence of paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting "65 years of age" for "60 years of age". The authority to grant exemptions in accordance with the preceding sentence shall cease to be available after December 31, 2011.

(c) A member of the Capitol Police who is otherwise eligible for immediate retirement under section 8412(d) shall be separated from the service on the last day of the month in which such member becomes 57 years of age or completes 20 years of service if then over that age. The Capitol Police Board, when in its judgment the public interest so requires, may exempt such a member from automatic separation under this subsection until that member becomes 60 years of age. The Board shall notify the member in writing of the date of separation at least 60 days before that date. Action to separate the member is not effective, without the consent of the member, until the last day of the month in which the 60-day notice expires.

(d) A member of the Supreme Court Police who is otherwise eligible for immediate retirement under section 8412(d) shall be separated from the service on the last day of the month in which such member becomes 57 years of age or completes 20 years of service if then over that age. The Marshal of the Supreme Court of the United States, when in his judgment the public interest so requires, may exempt such a member from automatic separation under this subsection until that member becomes 60 years of age. The Marshal shall notify the member in writing of the date of separation at least 60 days before the date. Action to separate the member is not effective, without the consent of the member, until the last day of the month in which the 60-day notice expires.

(e) The President, by Executive order, may exempt an employee (other than a member of the Capitol Police or Supreme Court Police) from automatic separation under this section if the President determines the public interest so requires.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 540; amended Pub. L. 101–428, §3(b)(1)(A), (2), Oct. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 929, 930; Pub. L. 101–509, title V, §529 [title IV, §409(b)], Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1427, 1468; Pub. L. 102–378, §2(67), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1354; Pub. L. 103–283, title III, §307(b)(1), July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1441; Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3154(k), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2256; Pub. L. 106–553, §1(a)(2) [title III, §308(c)(5)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2762, 2762A-87; Pub. L. 107–27, §2(b), Aug. 20, 2001, 115 Stat. 207; Pub. L. 108–176, title II, §226(a)(3)(B), Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2529; Pub. L. 108–447, div. B, title I, §112(b), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 2868; Pub. L. 108–458, title II, §2005(b), Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3704; Pub. L. 110–161, div. E, title V, §535(b)(6), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2076; Pub. L. 111–259, title IV, §444(b), Oct. 7, 2010, 124 Stat. 2733.)

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 111–259, §444(b)(2), struck out par. (2) added by section 2005(b)(2) of Pub. L. 108–458 which read as follows: "In the case of employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the second sentence of paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting '65 years of age' for '60 years of age'. The Federal Bureau of Investigation may not grant more than 50 exemptions in any fiscal year in accordance with the preceding sentence, and the authority to grant such exemptions shall cease to be available after September 30, 2007."

Pub. L. 111–259, §444(b)(1), amended par. (2) relating to employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and providing that authority to grant exemptions shall cease to be available after Dec. 31, 2009, by substituting "2011" for "2009".

2007—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 110–161 substituted "nuclear materials courier, or customs and border protection officer who" for "or nuclear materials courier who" and "nuclear materials courier, or customs and border protection officer" for "or nuclear materials courier,".

2004—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–447, §112(b)(1), and Pub. L. 108–458, §2005(b)(1), amended subsec. (b) identically, designating existing provisions as par. (1).

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–458, §2005(b)(2), added par. (2) relating to employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, limiting number of exemptions to 50 per fiscal year, and providing that authority to grant such exemptions shall cease to be available after Sept. 30, 2007.

Pub. L. 108–447, §112(b)(2), added par. (2) relating to employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and providing that authority to grant exemptions shall cease to be available after Dec. 31, 2009.

2003—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–176 inserted at end "For purposes of this subsection, the term 'air traffic controller' or 'controller' has the meaning given to it under section 8401(35)(A)."

2001—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–27 struck out first sentence which read "A firefighter who is otherwise eligible for immediate retirement under section 8412(d) shall be separated from the service on the last day of the month in which such firefighter becomes 55 years of age or completes 20 years of service if then over that age." and, in second sentence, inserted ", firefighter," after "law enforcement officer" in two places and substituted "courier, as the case may be, becomes 57 years of age" for "courier becomes 57 years of age".

2000—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–553, §1(a)(2) [title III, §308(c)(5)(A)], added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106–553, §1(a)(2) [title III, §308(c)(5)], redesignated subsec. (d) as (e) and substituted "Police or Supreme Court Police)" for "Police)".

1998—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–261, in second sentence, inserted "or nuclear materials courier" after "law enforcement officer" in two places.

1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–283, §307(b)(1)(A), struck out "member of the Capitol Police or" before "firefighter who is" and "member or" before "firefighter becomes" in first sentence.

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 103–283, §307(b)(1)(B), (C), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).

1992—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–378 amended first sentence generally and, in second sentence, substituted "becomes" for "become". Prior to amendment, first sentence read as follows: "A law enforcement officer, member of the Capitol Police, or firefighter who is otherwise eligible for immediate retirement under section 8412(d) shall be separated from the service on the last day of the month in which that law enforcement officer, member of the Capitol Police, or firefighter becomes 55 years of age or completes 20 years of service if then over that age."

1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–509, §529 [title IV, §409(b)(1)], which directed the amendment of subsec. (b) by striking out "law enforcement officer or" wherever appearing in first sentence, could not be executed because of a prior amendment by Pub. L. 101–428, §3(b)(1)(A), see below.

Pub. L. 101–509, §529 [title IV, §409(b)(2)], inserted after first sentence "A law enforcement officer who is otherwise eligible for immediate retirement under section 8412(d) shall be separated from the service on the last day of the month in which that law enforcement officer become 57 years of age or completes 20 years of service if then over that age."

Pub. L. 101–428, §3(b)(1)(A), substituted "officer, member of the Capitol Police, or" for "officer or" in two places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–428, §3(b)(2), inserted "(other than a member of the Capitol Police)" after "employee".

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment; Transition Rules

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective on the later of June 30, 2008, or the first day of the first pay period beginning at least 6 months after Dec. 26, 2007, with transition rules and rights of election, see section 535(e) of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 3307 of this title.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–176 effective on 60th day after Dec. 12, 2003, and applicable with respect to any annuity entitlement based on an individual's separation from service occurring on or after such effective date, and any service performed by any such individual before, on, or after such effective date, subject to special rule relating to deposit requirement, see section 226(c) of Pub. L. 108–176, set out as a note under section 8401 of this title.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–553 effective on the first day of the first applicable pay period that begins on Dec. 21, 2000, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a member of the Supreme Court Police after Dec. 21, 2000, see section 1(a)(2) [title III, §308(i), (j)] of Pub. L. 106–553, set out in a Supreme Court Police Retirement note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–261 effective 1 year after Oct. 17, 1998, and applicable only to an individual who is employed as a nuclear materials courier, as defined by section 8331(27) or 8401(33) of this title, after Oct. 17, 1998, see section 3154(m), (n) of Pub. L. 105–261, set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–378 effective Nov. 5, 1990, see section 9(b)(6) of Pub. L. 102–378, set out as a note under section 6303 of this title.

Exception to Automatic Separation of Members of Capitol Police

Pub. L. 101–428, §3(b)(1)(B), Oct. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 929, provided that: "Nothing in section 8425(b) of title 5, United States Code, as amended by subparagraph (A), shall require the automatic separation of any member of the Capitol Police before the end of the 2-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 15, 1990]."

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

SUBCHAPTER III—THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN

§8431. Certain transfers to be treated as a separation

(a) For purposes of this subchapter, separation from Government employment includes a transfer from a position that is subject to one of the retirement systems described in subsection (b) to a position that is not subject to any of them.

(b) The retirement systems described in this subsection are—

(1) the retirement system under this chapter;

(2) the retirement system under subchapter III of chapter 83; and

(3) any other retirement system under which individuals may contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund through withholdings from pay.

(Added Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §203(a)(1), Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1820.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 8431, added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 541; amended Pub. L. 101–509, title V, §529 [title I, §101(b)(6)(B)], Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1427, 1440, provided a definition of "basic pay" for this subchapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §§206(a)(2), 207]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372, 3009-378, effective Sept. 30, 1996.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 106–168, title II, §203(c), Dec. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1820, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending section 8351 of this title] shall apply with respect to transfers occurring before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 1999], except that, for purposes of applying such amendments with respect to any transfer occurring before such date of enactment, the date of such transfer shall be considered to be the date of the enactment of this Act. The Executive Director (within the meaning of section 8401(13) of title 5, United States Code) may prescribe any regulations necessary to carry out this subsection."

§8432. Contributions

(a)(1) An employee or Member may contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund in any pay period, pursuant to an election under subsection (b), an amount not to exceed the maximum percentage of such employee's or Member's basic pay for such pay period allowable under paragraph (2). Contributions under this subsection pursuant to such an election shall, with respect to each pay period for which such election remains in effect, be made in accordance with a program of regular contributions provided in regulations prescribed by the Executive Director.

(2) The maximum percentage allowable under this paragraph shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

 
In the case of a pay period beginning

 in fiscal year:

The maximum percentage

allowable is:

2001 11  
2002 12  
2003 13  
2004 14  
2005 15  
2006 or thereafter 100.

(3) Notwithstanding any limitation under this subsection, an eligible participant (as defined by section 414(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) may make such additional contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund as are permitted by such section 414(v) and regulations of the Executive Director consistent therewith.

(b)(1)(A)(i) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations under which employees and Members may make contributions under subsection (a), to modify the amount to be contributed under such subsection, or to terminate such contributions.

(ii) An election to make contributions under this paragraph—

(I) may be made at any time;

(II) shall take effect on the earliest date after the election that is administratively feasible; and

(III) shall remain in effect until modified or terminated.


(B) The amount to be contributed pursuant to an election under subparagraph (A) shall be the percentage of basic pay or amount designated by the employee or Member.

(2)(A) The Executive Director shall by regulation provide for an eligible individual to be automatically enrolled to make contributions under subsection (a) at the default percentage of basic pay.

(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the default percentage shall be equal to 3 percent or such other percentage, not less than 2 percent nor more than 5 percent, as the Board may prescribe.

(C) The regulations shall include provisions under which any individual who would otherwise be automatically enrolled in accordance with subparagraph (A) may—

(i) modify the percentage or amount to be contributed pursuant to automatic enrollment, effective not later than the first full pay period following receipt of the election by the appropriate processing entity; or

(ii) decline automatic enrollment altogether.


(D)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), for purposes of this paragraph, the term "eligible individual" means any individual who, after any regulations under subparagraph (A) first take effect, is appointed, transferred, or reappointed to a position in which that individual becomes eligible to contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund.

(ii) (ii) 1 Except in the case of a full TSP member (as defined in section 8440e(a)), members of the uniformed services shall not be eligible individuals for purposes of this paragraph.

(E) Sections 8351(a)(1), 8440a(a)(1), 8440b(a)(1), 8440c(a)(1), 8440d(a)(1), and 8440e(b)(1) shall be applied in a manner consistent with the purposes of this paragraph.

(F) Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, if a full TSP member (as defined in section 8440e(a)) has declined automatic enrollment into the Thrift Savings Plan for a year, the full TSP member shall be automatically reenrolled on January 1 of the succeeding year, with contributions under subsection (a) at the default percentage of basic pay.

(c)(1)(A) At the time prescribed by the Executive Director, but no later than 12 days after the end of the pay period that includes the first date on which an employee or Member may make contributions under subsection (a) (without regard to whether the employee or Member has elected to make such contributions during such pay period), and within such time as the Executive Director may prescribe with respect to succeeding pay periods (but no later than 12 days after the end of each such pay period), the employing agency shall contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund for the benefit of such employee or Member the amount equal to 1 percent of the basic pay of such employee or Member for such pay period.

(B) In the case of each employee or Member who is an employee or Member on January 1, 1987, and continues as an employee or Member without a break in service through April 1, 1987, the employing agency shall contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund for the benefit of such employee or Member the amount equal to 1 percent of the total basic pay paid to such employee or Member for that period of service.

(C) If an employee or Member—

(i) is an employee or Member on January 1, 1987;

(ii) separates from Government employment before April 1, 1987; and

(iii) before separation, completes the number of years of civilian service applicable to such employee or Member under subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (g)(2),


the employing agency shall contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund for the benefit of such employee or Member the amount equal to 1 percent of the total basic pay paid to such employee or Member for service performed on or after January 1, 1987, and before the date of the separation.

(2)(A) In addition to contributions made under paragraph (1), the employing agency of an employee or Member who contributes to the Thrift Savings Fund under subsection (a) for any pay period shall make a contribution to the Thrift Savings Fund for the benefit of such employee or Member. The employing agency's contribution shall be made within such time as the Executive Director may prescribe, but no later than 12 days after the end of each such pay period.

(B) The amount contributed under subparagraph (A) by an employing agency with respect to a contribution of an employee or Member during any pay period shall be the amount equal to the sum of—

(i) such portion of the total amount of the employee's or Member's contribution as does not exceed 3 percent of such employee's or Member's basic pay for such period; and

(ii) one-half of such portion of the amount of the employee's or Member's contribution as exceeds 3 percent, but does not exceed 5 percent, of such employee's or Member's basic pay for such pay period.


(C) Notwithstanding subparagraph (B), the amount contributed under subparagraph (A) by an employing agency with respect to any contribution made by an employee or Member during any pay period which begins after the date on which such employee or Member makes an election under subsection (b)(4) 2 and before July 1, 1987, shall be the amount equal to the sum of—

(i) two times such portion of the total amount of the employee's or Member's contribution as does not exceed 3 percent of such employee's or Member's basic pay for such pay period; and

(ii) such portion of the total amount of the employee's or Member's contributions as exceeds 3 percent, but does not exceed 5 percent, of such employee's or Member's basic pay for such pay period.


(3)(A) There shall be contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund on behalf of each employee or Member described in subparagraph (B) the amount determined under subparagraph (C).

(B) An employee or Member referred to in subparagraph (A) is an employee or Member who—

(i) is an employee or Member on January 1, 1987;

(ii) has creditable service described in section 8411(b)(2) of this title; and

(iii) has not received a refund of the amount of the retirement deductions made with respect to such service under section 204 of the Federal Employees' Retirement Contribution Temporary Adjustment Act of 1983.


(C) The amount referred to in subparagraph (A) in the case of an employee or Member is equal to the sum of—

(i) 1 percent of the total basic pay paid to such employee or Member for service described in section 8411(b)(2) of this title; and

(ii) interest on such amount computed with respect to such service in the manner provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8334(e) of this title.


(D) The Secretary of the Treasury shall credit to the Thrift Savings Fund, out of any sums in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the amounts determined by the Director to be necessary to carry out this paragraph.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no contribution may be made under this section for any year to the extent that such contribution, when added to prior contributions for such year, exceeds any limitation under section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. However, no contribution made under subsection (c)(3) shall be subject to, or taken into account, for purposes of the preceding sentence.

(e) The sums required to be contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund by an employing agency under subsection (c) for the benefit of an employee or Member shall be paid from the appropriation or fund available to such agency for payment of salaries of the employee's or Member's office or establishment. When an employee or Member in the legislative branch is paid by the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, the Chief Administrative Officer may pay from the applicable accounts of the House of Representatives the contribution that otherwise would be contributed from the appropriation or fund used to pay the employee or Member.

(f) Amounts contributed by an employee or Member under subsection (a) and amounts contributed with respect to such employee or Member under subsection (c) shall be deposited in the Thrift Savings Fund to the credit of that employee's or Member's account in accordance with such procedures as the Secretary of the Treasury may, in consultation with the Executive Director, prescribe in regulations.

(g)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, all contributions made under this section shall be fully nonforfeitable when made.

(2) Contributions made for the benefit of an employee under subsection (c)(1) and all earnings attributable to such contributions shall be forfeited if the employee separates from Government employment before completing—

(A) 2 years of civilian service in the case of an employee who, at the time of separation, is serving in—

(i) a position in the Senior Executive Service as a noncareer appointee (as defined in section 3132(a)(7) of this title);

(ii) a position listed in section 5312, 5313, 5314, 5315, or 5316 of this title or a position placed in level IV or V of the Executive Schedule under section 5317 of this title; or

(iii) a position in the Executive branch which is excepted from the competitive service by the Office by reason of the confidential and policy-determining character of the position;


(B) 3 years of civilian service in the case of an employee who is not serving in a position described in subparagraph (A) at the time of separation; or

(C) 2 years of service in the case of a member of the uniformed services.


(3) Contributions made for the benefit of a Member or Congressional employee under subsection (c)(1) and all earnings attributable to such contributions shall be forfeited if the Member or Congressional employee separates from Government employment before completing 2 years of civilian service.

(4) Nothing in paragraph (2) or (3) shall cause the forfeiture of any contributions made for the benefit of an employee, Member, or Congressional employee under subsection (c)(1), or any earnings attributable thereto, if such employee, Member, or Congressional employee is not separated from Government employment as of date of death.

(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, contributions made by the Government for the benefit of an employee or Member under subsection (c), and all earnings attributable to such contributions, shall be forfeited if the annuity of the employee or Member, or that of a survivor or beneficiary, is forfeited under subchapter II of chapter 83.

(h) No transfers or contributions may be made to the Thrift Savings Fund except as provided in this chapter or section 8351 of this title.

(i)(1) This subsection applies to any employee—

(A) to whom section 8432b applies; and

(B) who, during the period of such employee's absence from civilian service (as referred to in section 8432b(b)(2)(B))—

(i) is eligible to make an election described in subsection (b)(1); or

(ii) would be so eligible but for having either elected to terminate individual contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund within 2 months before commencing military service or separated in order to perform military service.


(2) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations to ensure that any employee to whom this subsection applies shall, within a reasonable time after being restored or reemployed (in the manner described in section 8432b(a)(2)), be afforded the opportunity to make, for purposes of this section, any election which would be allowable during a period described in subsection (b)(1)(A).

(j)(1) For the purpose of this subsection—

(A) the term "eligible rollover distribution" has the meaning given such term by section 402(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and

(B) the term "qualified trust" has the meaning given such term by section 402(c)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.


(2) An employee or Member may contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund an eligible rollover that a qualified trust could accept under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. A contribution made under this subsection shall be made in the form described in section 401(a)(31) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. In the case of an eligible rollover distribution, the maximum amount transferred to the Thrift Savings Fund shall not exceed the amount which would otherwise have been included in the employee's or Member's gross income for Federal income tax purposes.

(3) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations to carry out this subsection.

(k)(1) Only those employees of the Central Intelligence Agency participating in the pilot project required by section 402(b) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107–306; 50 U.S.C. 403–4 note2 and making contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund out of basic pay may also contribute (by direct transfer to the Fund) any part of bonus pay received by the employee as part of the pilot project.

(2) Contributions under this subsection are subject to subsection (d).

(3) For purposes of subsection (c), basic pay of an employee of the Central Intelligence Agency participating in the pilot project referred to in paragraph (1) shall include bonus pay received by the employee as part of the pilot project.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 541; amended Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, §6001(a)(1), (2), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1929, 1930; Pub. L. 100–20, §1(b), Apr. 7, 1987, 101 Stat. 265; Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §§114, 115, 121, Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1751, 1752; Pub. L. 103–353, §§4(c), 5(e)(3), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3172, 3174; Pub. L. 104–93, title III, §304(a), Jan. 6, 1996, 109 Stat. 965; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §215(16), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1746; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §103(g), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3829; Pub. L. 106–361, §§1(a), 2(a), (b)(1)–(3), Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1400, 1401; Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(4) [div. B, title I, §138(a)(1)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-233; Pub. L. 107–304, §1(b)(1), Nov. 27, 2002, 116 Stat. 2363; Pub. L. 108–177, title IV, §405(b)(2), Dec. 13, 2003, 117 Stat. 2632; Pub. L. 108–469, §1(b), (c), (d)(2), Dec. 21, 2004, 118 Stat. 3891; Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §102, June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1853; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, §632(b), (c), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 847; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VI, §632, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2162.)

References in Text

The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsecs. (a)(3), (d), and (j), is classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Subsection (b)(4), referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(C), was repealed by section 102(a) of Pub. L. 111–31. See 2009 Amendment note below.

Section 204 of the Federal Employees' Retirement Contribution Temporary Adjustment Act of 1983 [Pub. L. 98–168], referred to in subsec. (c)(3)(B)(iii), is set out as a note under section 8331 of this title.

The Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003, referred to in subsec. (k)(1), is Pub. L. 107–306, Nov. 27, 2002, 116 Stat. 2383. Section 402 of the Act was formerly set out as a note under section 403–4 of Title 50, War and National Defense, and was editorially reclassified as a note under section 3505 of Title 50.

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (g)(6). Pub. L. 114–328, §632, repealed Pub. L. 114–92, §632(c)(2). See 2015 Amendment note below.

2015—Subsec. (b)(2)(D)(ii). Pub. L. 114–92, §632(b)(1), substituted "(ii) Except in the case of a full TSP member (as defined in section 8440e(a)), members" for "Members".

Subsec. (b)(2)(E). Pub. L. 114–92, §632(b)(2), substituted "8440e(b)(1)" for "8440e(a)(1)".

Subsec. (b)(2)(F). Pub. L. 114–92, §632(b)(3), added subpar. (F).

Subsec. (g)(2)(C). Pub. L. 114–92, §632(c)(1), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (g)(6). Pub. L. 114–92, §632(c)(2), which directed the amendment of subsec. (g) by adding at the end "(6) For purposes of this subsection, a member of the uniformed services shall be considered to have separated from Government employment if the member is discharged or released from service in the uniformed services.", was repealed by Pub. L. 114–328, §632.

2009—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 111–31, §102(b), which directed the amendment of par. (1) by "striking the parenthetical matter in subparagraph (B)" was executed by striking out "(or any election allowable by virtue of paragraph (4))" before "shall be the percentage", but not striking out "(A)" after "subparagraph", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (b)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 111–31, §102(a), added par. (2) and struck out former pars. (2) to (4) which related to eligibility to make an election regarding contributions.

2004—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 108–469, §1(b), designated existing provisions as cl. (i), substituted "may" for "shall be afforded a reasonable period every 6 months to elect to", struck out second sentence which read "An election to make such contributions shall remain in effect until modified or terminated.", and added cl. (ii).

Subsec. (b)(2)(A), (C). Pub. L. 108–469, §1(d)(2)(A), (B), substituted "until the date" for "until the second period".

Subsec. (b)(2)(D). Pub. L. 108–469, §1(d)(2)(C), substituted "as provided" for "other than during a period afforded".

Subsec. (b)(4)(C). Pub. L. 108–469, §1(c), designated existing provisions as cl. (i) and added cl. (ii).

2003—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 108–177 added subsec. (k).

2002—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 107–304 added par. (3).

2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–554 designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted "the maximum percentage of such employee's or Member's basic pay for such pay period allowable under paragraph (2)." for "10 percent of such individual's basic pay for such period.", and added par. (2).

Pub. L. 106–361, §2(b)(1), substituted "(b)" for "(b)(1)" and "Contributions under this subsection pursuant to such an election shall, with respect to each pay period for which such election remains in effect, be made in accordance with a program of regular contributions provided in regulations prescribed by the Executive Director" for "Contributions made under this subsection during any 6-month period for which an election period is provided under subsection (b)(1) shall be made each pay period during such 6-month period pursuant to a program of regular contributions provided in regulations prescribed by the Executive Director".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 106–361, §2(b)(2), inserted "(or any election allowable by virtue of paragraph (4))" after "subparagraph (A)".

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 106–361, §2(b)(3), substituted "An" for "Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(A), an".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 106–361, §2(a), amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows:

"(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(A), an employee or Member who is an employee or Member on January 1, 1987, and continues as an employee or Member without a break in service through April 1, 1987, may make the first election for the purpose of subsection (a) during the election period prescribed for such purpose by the Executive Director. The Executive Director shall prescribe an election period for such purpose which shall commence on April 1, 1987. An election by such an employee or Member during that election period shall be effective on the first day of the employee's or Member's first pay period which begins after the date on which the employee or Member makes that election.

"(B) Notwithstanding subsection (a), the maximum amount that an employee or Member may contribute during any pay period which begins on or after April 1, 1987, and before October 1, 1987, pursuant to an election made during the election period provided under subparagraph (A) is the amount equal to 15 percent of such individual's basic pay for such pay period."

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 106–361, §1(a), added subsec. (j).

1996—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–186 substituted "Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, the Chief Administrative Officer may pay from the applicable accounts" for "Clerk of the House of Representatives, the Clerk may pay from the contingent fund".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–316 substituted "Secretary of the Treasury" for "Comptroller General of the United States".

Subsec. (g)(5). Pub. L. 104–93 added par. (5).

1994—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–353, §5(e)(3), substituted "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954".

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 103–353, §4(c), added subsec. (i).

1988—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 100–238, §121(a), substituted "At the time prescribed by the Executive Director, but no later than 12 days after the end of" for "At the end of" and "within such time as the Executive Director may prescribe with respect to succeeding pay periods (but no later than 12 days after the end of each such pay period)" for "at the end of each succeeding pay period".

Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 100–238, §121(b), substituted "within such time as the Executive Director may prescribe, but no later than 12 days after the end of each such pay period" for "at the end of such pay period".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–238, §114, inserted at end "However, no contribution made under subsection (c)(3) shall be subject to, or taken into account, for purposes of the preceding sentence."

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 100–238, §115(1), substituted "Except as otherwise provided in this subsection" for "Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3)".

Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 100–238, §115(2), added par. (4).

1987—Subsec. (b)(4)(A). Pub. L. 100–20 substituted "Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(A), an employee or Member who is an employee or Member on January 1, 1987, and continues as an employee or Member without a break in service through April 1, 1987, may make the first election for the purpose of subsection (a) during the election period prescribed for such purpose by the Executive Director" for "Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(A), an employee or Member who is an employee or Member on January 1, 1987, continues as an employee or Member without a break in service through April 1, 1987, and has creditable service described in section 8411(b)(2) of this title may make the first election for the purpose of subsection (a) during the election period prescribed for such purpose by the Executive Director".

1986—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 99–509, §6001(a)(1), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted "continues as an employee or Member without a break in service through April 1, 1987," substituted "April 1, 1987" for "January 1, 1987", substituted "the date on which the employee or Member makes that election" for "the last day of that election period", and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 99–509, §6001(a)(2)(A), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpars. (B) and (C).

Subsec. (c)(2)(C). Pub. L. 99–509, §6001(a)(2)(B), added subpar. (C).

Effective Date of 2016 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VI, §632, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2162, provided that, effective Dec. 23, 2016, paragraph (2) of section 632(c) of Pub. L. 114–92 (amending this section) is repealed, and the amendment proposed to be made by that paragraph shall not be made or go into effect.

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment; Implementation

Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, §635, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 851, provided that:

"(a) Effective Date.—The amendments made by this part [part I (§§631–635) of subtitle D of title VI of Pub. L. 114–92, enacting section 1415 of Title 10, Armed Forces, and section 356 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services, and amending this section and sections 8432b, 8438, and 8440e of this title, sections 1401, 1401a, 1409, 1410, 1413a, 1414, 1463, and 12739 of Title 10, section 3045 of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters, sections 211 and 354 of Title 37, section 5304 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits, and section 212 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare] shall take effect on January 1, 2018.

"(b) Implementation.—

"(1) In general.—The Secretaries concerned, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, and the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board shall each and jointly take appropriate actions to ensure the full and effective implementation of the amendments made by this part in order to ensure that members of the uniformed services will be able to participate in the modernized retirement plan provided by this part commencing on the date specified in subsection (a).

"(2) Implementation plan.—Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretaries concerned shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report containing a plan to ensure the full and effective commencement and operational implementation of the amendments made by this part in accordance with paragraph (1).

"(c) Additional Technical and Conforming Amendments.—The report required by subsection (b) shall contain a draft of such legislation as may be necessary to make any additional technical and conforming changes to titles 10 and 37, United States Code, and other provisions of law that are required or should be made by reason of the amendments made by this part.

"(d) Definitions.—In this section:

"(1) The term 'appropriate committees of Congress' means—

"(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Natural Resources, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; and

"(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.

"(2) The term 'Secretary concerned' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of title 37, United States Code."

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–304 effective as of the earliest practicable date determined by the Executive Director in regulations, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 107–304, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–361, §1(b), Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1400, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect at the earliest practicable date after September 30, 2000, as determined by the Executive Director in regulations." [Final regulations implementing the amendments became effective May 2, 2001. See 66 F.R. 22088.]

Pub. L. 106–361, §2(c)(1), Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1401, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 8439, 8440a, and 8440d of this title] shall take effect at the earliest practicable date after September 30, 2000, as determined by the Executive Director in regulations." [Final regulations implementing the amendments became effective May 2, 2001. See 66 F.R. 22088.]

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–93, title III, §304(b), Jan. 6, 1996, 109 Stat. 965, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to offenses upon which the requisite annuity forfeitures are based occurring on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 6, 1996]."

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by section 4(c) of Pub. L. 103–353 effective Oct. 13, 1994, and applicable to any employee whose release from military service, discharge from hospitalization, or other similar event making the individual eligible to seek restoration or reemployment under chapter 43 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits, occurs on or after Aug. 2, 1990, with special rules for applying amendment to employees restored or reemployed before effective date, see section 4(e), (f) of Pub. L. 103–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8432b of this title.

Amendment by section 5(e)(3) of Pub. L. 103–353 effective with respect to reemployments initiated on or after the first day after the 60-day period beginning Oct. 13, 1994, with transition rules, see section 8 of Pub. L. 103–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of Title 38.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, §6001(f), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1931, provided that: "This section [amending this section and section 8472 of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 8351 of this title], other than subsection (d) [set out below], and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on January 1, 1987."

Regulations

Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, §6001(d), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1931, provided that: "The Executive Director of the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board may prescribe regulations to carry out subsections (a), (b), and (c) [amending this section, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 8351 of this title] and the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b)."

Savings Provisions

Pub. L. 106–361, §2(c)(2), Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1401, provided that: "Notwithstanding any other provision of this section [amending this section and sections 8439, 8440a, and 8440d of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under this section], until the amendments made by this section take effect [see Effective Date of 2000 Amendment note above], title 5, United States Code, shall be applied as if this section had not been enacted."

Eligibility of Certain Individuals To Participate in Thrift Savings Plan

Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §125, Jan. 8, 1988. 101 Stat. 1756, as amended by Pub. L. 107–347, title II, §209(g)(3), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2932; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7101(b)(6), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1214; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7101(b)(6), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1975, provided that:

"(a) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

"(1) the term 'Executive Director' means the Executive Director under section 8474 of title 5, United States Code; and

"(2) the term 'Thrift Savings Plan' refers to the program under subchapter III of chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code.

"(b) Regulations.—

"(1) In general.—The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations relating to participation in the Thrift Savings Plan by an individual described in subsection (c).

"(2) Specific matters to be included.—Under the regulations—

"(A) in computing a percentage of basic pay to determine an amount to be contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund, the rate of basic pay to be used shall be the same as that used in computing any amount which the individual involved is otherwise required, as a condition for participating in the Civil Service Retirement System or the Federal Employees' Retirement System (as the case may be), to contribute to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund; and

"(B) an employing authority which would not otherwise make contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund shall be allowed, with respect to any individual under subsection (c) who is serving under such authority, and at the sole discretion of such authority, to make any contributions on behalf of such individual which would be permitted or required under the provisions of section 8432(c) of title 5, United States Code, if such authority were the individual's employing agency under such provisions.

"(c) Applicability.—This section applies with respect to—

"(1) any individual participating in the Civil Service Retirement System or the Federal Employees' Retirement System as—

"(A) an individual who has entered on approved leave without pay to serve as a full-time officer or employee of an organization composed primarily of employees (as defined by section 8331(1) or 8401(11) of title 5, United States Code);

"(B) an individual assigned from a Federal agency to a State or local government under subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code;

"(C) an individual appointed or otherwise assigned to one of the cooperative extension services, as defined by section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103); or

"(D) an individual assigned from a Federal agency to a private sector organization under chapter 37 of title 5, United States Code; and

"(2) any individual who is participating in the Civil Service Retirement System as a result of a provision of law described in section 8347(o).

"(d) Effective Date.—

"(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the regulations prescribed under this section shall become effective in accordance with the provisions of such regulations.

"(2) Exception.—The regulations prescribed under this section shall, with respect to individuals under subsection (c)(1)(C), be effective as of January 1, 1987."

Contributions to Thrift Savings Fund

Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, §6001(a)(3), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1930, directed that contributions made to Thrift Savings Fund under 5 U.S.C. 8432(c)(1)(B), (C) and (3) be made as soon as practicable during the 15-day period which began on Apr. 1, 1987.

Inapplicability of Limitation on Number of Elections Within a Six-Month Period

Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, §6001(c), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1931, provided that the requirement that contributions be made for a 6-month period after an election, as provided in 5 U.S.C. 8432(a), did not apply to contributions made pursuant to an election made during the period provided in former 5 U.S.C. 8432(b)(4) or section 206(b) of Pub. L. 99–335, formerly set out as a note under section 8351 of this title; that the first election period prescribed under 5 U.S.C. 8432(b)(1) commence on July 1, 1987; and that each employee or Member who made such an election could make an election under 5 U.S.C. 8432(b)(1) during the election period that began on July 1, 1987.

Plan for Delayed Contributions to Thrift Savings Fund

Pub. L. 99–335, title III, §312, June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 608, directed Executive Director of Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board to transmit to Congress, not later than Jan. 1, 1988, a plan to afford Federal employees and Members of Congress who make less than maximum amount of authorized contributions to Thrift Savings Fund in any period an opportunity to contribute to such Fund, in a later period, the excess of such amount over the amount contributed during such period, with plan to include such recommendations for legislation as Executive Director considered appropriate.

1 So in original.

2 See References in Text note below.

§8432a. Payment of lost earnings

(a)(1) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations under which an employing agency shall be required to pay to the Thrift Savings Fund amounts representing lost earnings resulting from errors (including errors of omission) made by such agency in carrying out this subchapter, subject to paragraph (2).

(2) If the error involves an employing agency's failure to deduct from basic pay contributions (in whole or in part) on behalf of an individual in accordance with section 8432(a), the regulations shall not provide for the payment of any lost earnings which would be attributable to—

(A) the contributions that the agency failed to deduct from basic pay in accordance with section 8432(a); or

(B) any related contributions under section 8432(c)(2) that the employing agency is not required (by statute or otherwise) to make up.


(b) The regulations—

(1) shall include—

(A) procedures for computing lost earnings; and

(B) procedures under which amounts paid to the Thrift Savings Fund under this section shall be credited to appropriate accounts;


(2) may provide for exceptions from the requirements of this section to the extent that correction of an error is not administratively feasible;

(3) may require an employing agency to reimburse the Thrift Savings Fund for costs incurred by the Thrift Savings Fund in implementing corrections of employing agency errors under this section; and

(4) may include such other provisions as the Executive Director determines appropriate to carry out this section.


(c) Any amounts required to be paid by an employing agency under this section shall be paid from the appropriation or fund available to the employing agency for payment of salaries of the participant's office or establishment. If a participant in the legislative branch is paid by the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, the Chief Administrative Officer may pay from the applicable accounts of the House of Representatives the amount required to be paid to correct errors relating to the Thrift Savings Fund that otherwise would be paid from the appropriation or fund used to pay the participant.

(Added Pub. L. 101–335, §2(a)(1), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 319; amended Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §215(17), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1746.)

Amendments

1996—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–186 substituted "Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, the Chief Administrative Officer may pay from the applicable accounts" for "Clerk of the House of Representatives, the Clerk may pay from the contingent fund".

Effective Date

Pub. L. 101–335, §2(b), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 320, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting this section] shall apply with respect to lost earnings attributable to errors made before, on, or after the date of enactment of this Act [July 17, 1990]."

§8432b. Contributions of persons who perform military service

(a) This section applies to any employee who—

(1) separates or enters leave-without-pay status in order to perform military service; and

(2) is subsequently restored to or reemployed in a position which is subject to this chapter, pursuant to chapter 43 of title 38.


(b)(1) Each employee to whom this section applies may contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund, in accordance with this subsection, an amount not to exceed the amount described in paragraph (2).

(2) The maximum amount which an employee may contribute under this subsection is equal to—

(A) the contributions under section 8432(a) which would have been made, over the period beginning on date of separation or commencement of leave-without-pay status (as applicable) and ending on the day before the date of restoration or reemployment (as applicable); reduced by

(B) any contributions under section 8432(a) or 8440e actually made by such employee over the period described in subparagraph (A).


(3) Contributions under this subsection—

(A) shall be made at the same time and in the same manner as would any contributions under section 8432(a);

(B) shall be made over the period of time specified by the employee under paragraph (4)(B); and

(C) shall be in addition to any contributions then actually being made under section 8432(a).


(4) The Executive Director shall prescribe the time, form, and manner in which an employee may specify—

(A) the total amount such employee wishes to contribute under this subsection with respect to any particular period referred to in paragraph (2)(B); and

(B) the period of time over which the employee wishes to make contributions under this subsection.


The employing agency may place a maximum limit on the period of time referred to in subparagraph (B), which cannot be shorter than two times the period referred to in paragraph (2)(B) and not longer than four times such period.

(c)(1) If an employee makes contributions under subsection (b), the employing agency shall make contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund on such employee's behalf—

(A) in the same manner as would be required under section 8432(c)(2) if the employee contributions were being made under section 8432(a); and

(B) disregarding any contributions then actually being made under section 8432(a) and any agency contributions relating thereto.


(2) An employee to whom this section applies is entitled to have contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund on such employee's behalf an amount equal to—

(A) the total contributions to which that individual would have been entitled under section 8432(c)(2), based on the amounts contributed by such individual under section 8440e (other than under subsection (d)(2) thereof) with respect to the period referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B), if those amounts had been contributed by such individual under section 8432(a); reduced by

(B) any contributions actually made on such employee's behalf under section 8432(c)(2) with respect to the period referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B).


(d) An employee to whom this section applies is entitled to have contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund on such employee's behalf an amount equal to—

(1) 1 percent of such employee's basic pay (as determined under subsection (e)) for the period referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B); reduced by

(2) any contributions actually made on such employee's behalf under section 8432(c)(1) with respect to the period referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B).


(e) For purposes of any computation under this section, an employee shall, with respect to the period referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B), be considered to have been paid at the rate which would have been payable over such period had such employee remained continuously employed in the position which such employee last held before separating or entering leave-without-pay status to perform military service.

(f)(1) The employing agency may be required to pay lost earnings on contributions made pursuant to subsections (c) and (d). Such earnings, if required, shall be calculated retroactively to the date the contribution would have been made had the employee not separated or entered leave without pay status to perform military service.

(2) Procedures for calculating and crediting the earnings payable pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by the Executive Director.

(g) Amounts paid under subsection (c), (d), or (f) shall be paid—

(1) by the agency to which the employee is restored or in which such employee is reemployed;

(2) from the same source as would be the case under section 8432(e) with respect to sums required under section 8432(c); and

(3) within the time prescribed by the Executive Director.


(h)(1) For purposes of section 8432(g), in the case of an employee to whom this section applies—

(A) a separation from civilian service in order to perform the military service on which the employee's restoration or reemployment rights are based shall be disregarded; and

(B) such employee shall be credited with a period of civilian service equal to the period referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B).


(2)(A) An employee to whom this section applies may elect, for purposes of section 8433(d), or paragraph (1) or (2) of section 8433(h),1 as the case may be, to have such employee's separation (described in subsection (a)(1)) treated as if it had never occurred.

(B) An election under this paragraph shall be made within such period of time after restoration or reemployment (as the case may be) and otherwise in such manner as the Executive Director prescribes.

(i) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

(Added Pub. L. 103–353, §4(a)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3170; amended Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, §661(a)(3)(A), (C), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 671; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, §632(e)(2), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 847; Pub. L. 115–84, §2(e), Nov. 17, 2017, 131 Stat. 1273.)

Amendment of Subsection (h)(2)(A)

Pub. L. 115–84, §2(e), (g), Nov. 17, 2017, 131 Stat. 1273, provided that, effective on the date on which the regulations prescribed under section 2(f) of Pub. L. 115–84 (set out as a note under section 8433 of this title) take effect, subsection (h)(2)(A) of this section is amended by striking "section 8433(d), or paragraph (1) or (2) of section 8433(h)" and inserting "subsection (d) or (f) of section 8433". See 2017 Amendment note below.

References in Text

Section 8433(h), referred to in subsec. (h)(2)(A), was redesignated section 8433(f) by Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), Mar. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 119.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (h)(2)(A). Pub. L. 115–84 substituted "subsection (d) or (f) of section 8433" for "section 8433(d), or paragraph (1) or (2) of section 8433(h)".

2015—Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 114–92 struck out "(including pursuant to an agreement under section 211(d) of title 37)" before "with respect to the period".

1999—Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 106–65, §661(a)(3)(A), inserted "or 8440e" after "section 8432(a)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–65, §661(a)(3)(C), designated existing provisions as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, of par. (1), and added par. (2).

Effective Date of 2017 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–84, §2(g), Nov. 17, 2017, 131 Stat. 1273, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 8433 of this title] shall take effect on the date on which the regulations prescribed under subsection (f) [section 2(f) of Pub. L. 115–84, set out as a Regulations note under section 8433 of this title] take effect."

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment; Implementation

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–92 effective Jan. 1, 2018, with certain implementation requirements, see section 635 of Pub. L. 114–92, set out as a note under section 8432 of this title.

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–65 effective 180 days after Oct. 30, 2000, unless postponed, see section 663 of Pub. L. 106–65, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8440e of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 103–353, §4(e), (f), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3172, 3173, provided that:

"(e) Effective Date; Applicability.—This section [enacting this section and amending sections 8351, 8432, and 8433 of this title] and the amendments made by this section—

"(1) shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 13, 1994]; and

"(2) shall apply to any employee whose release from military service, discharge from hospitalization, or other similar event making the individual eligible to seek restoration or reemployment under chapter 43 of title 38, United States Code, occurs on or after August 2, 1990.

"(f) Rules for Applying Amendments to Employees Restored or Reemployed Before Effective Date.—In the case of any employee (described in subsection (e)(2)) who is reemployed or restored (in the circumstances described in section 8432b(a) of title 5, United States Code, as amended by this section) before the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 13, 1994], the amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending sections 8351, 8432, and 8433 of this title] shall apply to such employee, in accordance with their terms, subject to the following:

"(1) The employee shall be deemed not to have been reemployed or restored until—

"(A) the date of enactment of this Act, or

"(B) the first day following such employee's reemployment or restoration on which such employee is or was eligible to make an election relating to contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund,

whichever occurs or occurred first.

"(2) If the employee changed agencies during the period between the date of actual reemployment or restoration and the date of enactment of this Act, the employing agency as of such date of enactment shall be considered the reemploying or restoring agency.

"(3)(A) For purposes of any computation under section 8432b of such title, pay shall be determined in accordance with subsection (e) of such section, except that, with respect to the period described in subparagraph (B), actual pay attributable to such period shall be used.

"(B) The period described in this subparagraph is the period beginning on the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after the date of the employee's actual reemployment or restoration and ending on the day before the date determined under paragraph (1).

"(4) Deem section 8432b(b)(2)(A) of such title to be amended by striking 'ending on the day before the date of restoration or reemployment (as applicable)' and inserting 'ending on the date determined under section 4(f)(1) of the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994'."

1 See References in Text note below.

§8432c. Contributions of certain persons reemployed after service with international organizations

(a) In this section, the term "covered person" means any person who—

(1) transfers from a position of employment covered by chapter 83 or 84 or subchapter I or II of chapter 8 1 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to a position of employment with an international organization pursuant to section 3582;

(2) pursuant to section 3582 elects to retain coverage, rights, and benefits under any system established by law for the retirement of persons during the period of employment with the international organization and currently deposits the necessary deductions in payment for such coverage, rights, and benefits in the system's fund; and

(3) is reemployed pursuant to section 3582(b) to a position covered by chapter 83 or 84 or subchapter I or II of chapter 8 1 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 after separation from the international organization.


(b)(1) Each covered person may contribute to the Thrift Savings Fund, in accordance with this subsection, an amount not to exceed the amount described in paragraph (2).

(2) The maximum amount which a covered person may contribute under paragraph (1) is equal to—

(A) the total amount of all contributions under section 8351(b)(2) or 8432(a), as applicable, which the person would have made over the period beginning on the date of transfer of the person (as described in subsection (a)(1)) and ending on the day before the date of reemployment of the person (as described in subsection (a)(3)), minus

(B) the total amount of all contributions, if any, under section 8351(b)(2) or 8432(a), as applicable, actually made by the person over the period described in subparagraph (A).


(3) Contributions under paragraph (1)—

(A) shall be made at the same time and in the same manner as would any contributions under section 8351(b)(2) or 8432(a), as applicable;

(B) shall be made over the period of time specified by the person under paragraph (4)(B); and

(C) shall be in addition to any contributions actually being made by the person during that period under section 8351(b)(2) or 8432(a), as applicable.


(4) The Executive Director shall prescribe the time, form, and manner in which a covered person may specify—

(A) the total amount the person wishes to contribute with respect to any period described in paragraph (2)(A); and

(B) the period of time over which the covered person wishes to make contributions under this subsection.


(c) If a covered person who makes contributions under section 8432(a) makes contributions under subsection (b), the agency employing the person shall make those contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund on the person's behalf in the same manner as contributions are made for an employee described in section 8432b(a) under sections 8432b(c), 8432b(d), and 8432b(f). Amounts paid under this subsection shall be paid in the same manner as amounts are paid under section 8432b(g).

(d) For purposes of any computation under this section, a covered person shall, with respect to the period described in subsection (b)(2)(A), be considered to have been paid at the rate which would have been payable over such period had the person remained continuously employed in the position that the person last held before transferring to the international organization.

(e) For purposes of section 8432(g), a covered person shall be credited with a period of civilian service equal to the period beginning on the date of transfer of the person (as described in subsection (a)(1)) and ending on the day before the date of reemployment of the person (as described in subsection (a)(3)).

(f) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

(Added Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, §1000(a)(7) [div. A, title III, §334(a)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-440.)

References in Text

The Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), (3), is Pub. L. 96–465, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2071, as amended. Subchapters I and II of chapter 8 of the Act probably mean subchapters I and II of chapter 8 of title I of the Act which are classified generally to parts I (§4041 et seq.) and II (§4071 et seq.), respectively, of subchapter VIII of chapter 52 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3901 of Title 22 and Tables.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, §1000(a)(7) [div. A, title III, §334(c)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-441, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [enacting this section] shall apply to persons reemployed on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1999]."

1 See References in Text note below.

§8432d. Qualified Roth contribution program

(a) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

(1) the term "qualified Roth contribution program" means a program described in paragraph (1) of section 402A(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 which meets the requirements of paragraph (2) of such section; and

(2) the terms "designated Roth contribution" and "elective deferral" have the meanings given such terms in section 402A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.


(b) Authority To Establish.—The Executive Director shall by regulation provide for the inclusion in the Thrift Savings Plan of a qualified Roth contribution program, under such terms and conditions as the Board may prescribe.

(c) Required Provisions.—The regulations under subsection (b) shall include—

(1) provisions under which an election to make designated Roth contributions may be made—

(A) by any individual who is eligible to make contributions under section 8351, 8432(a), 8440a, 8440b, 8440c, 8440d, or 8440e; and

(B) by any individual, not described in subparagraph (A), who is otherwise eligible to make elective deferrals under the Thrift Savings Plan;


(2) any provisions which may, as a result of enactment of this section, be necessary in order to clarify the meaning of any reference to an "account" made in section 8432(f), 8433, 8434(d), 8435, 8437, or any other provision of law; and

(3) any other provisions which may be necessary to carry out this section.

(Added Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §103(a), June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1853.)

References in Text

Section 402A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a), is classified to section 402A of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

§8433. Benefits and election of benefits

(a) An employee or Member who separates from Government employment is entitled to the amount of the balance in the employee's or Member's account (except for the portion of such amount forfeited under section 8432(g) of this title, if any) as provided in this section.

(b) Subject to section 8435 of this title, any employee or Member who separates from Government employment is entitled and may elect to withdraw from the Thrift Savings Fund the balance of the employee's or Member's account as—

(1) an annuity;

(2) a single payment;

(3) 2 or more substantially equal payments to be made not less frequently than annually; or

(4) any combination of payments as provided under paragraphs (1) through (3) as the Executive Director may prescribe by regulation.


(c)(1) In addition to the right provided under subsection (b) to withdraw the balance of the account, an employee or Member who separates from Government service and who has not made a withdrawal under subsection (h)(1)(A) may make one withdrawal of any amount as a single payment in accordance with subsection (b)(2) from the employee's or Member's account.

(2) An employee or Member may request that the amount withdrawn from the Thrift Savings Fund in accordance with subsection (b)(2) be transferred to an eligible retirement plan.

(3) The Executive Director shall make each transfer elected under paragraph (2) directly to an eligible retirement plan or plans (as defined in section 402(c)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) identified by the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member for whom the transfer is made.

(4) A transfer may not be made for an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member under paragraph (2) until the Executive Director receives from that individual the information required by the Executive Director specifically to identify the eligible retirement plan or plans to which the transfer is to be made.

(d)(1) Subject to paragraph (2) and subsections (a) and (c) of section 8435 of this title, an employee or Member may change an election previously made under this subchapter.

(2) A former employee or Member may not change an election under this section on or after the date on which a payment is made in accordance with such election or, in the case of an election to receive an annuity, the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity elected by the former employee or Member.

(e)(1) If an employee or Member (or former employee or Member) dies without having made an election under this section or after having elected an annuity under this section but before making an election under section 8434 of this title, an amount equal to the value of that individual's account (as of death) shall, subject to any decree, order, or agreement referred to in section 8435(c)(2) of this title be paid in a manner consistent with section 8424(d) of this title.

(2) Notwithstanding section 8424(d), if an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member dies and has designated as sole or partial beneficiary his or her spouse at the time of death, or, if an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member, dies with no designated beneficiary and is survived by a spouse, the spouse may maintain the portion of the employee's or Member's account to which the spouse is entitled in accordance with the following terms:

(A) Subject to the limitations of subparagraph (B), the spouse shall have the same withdrawal options under subsection (b) as the employee or Member were the employee or Member living.

(B) The spouse may not make withdrawals under subsection (g) or (h).

(C) The spouse may not make contributions or transfers to the account.

(D) The account shall be disbursed upon the death of the surviving spouse. A beneficiary or surviving spouse of a deceased spouse who has inherited an account is ineligible to maintain the inherited spousal account.


(3) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations to carry out this subsection.

(f)(1) Notwithstanding subsection (b), if an employee or Member separates from Government employment, and such employee's or Member's nonforfeitable account balance is less than an amount that the Executive Director prescribes by regulation, the Executive Director shall pay the nonforfeitable account balance to the participant in a single payment, unless an election under section 8432b(h)(2) is made to treat such separation for purposes of this paragraph as if it had never occurred.

(2) Unless otherwise elected under this section, and subject to paragraph (1), benefits under this subchapter shall be paid as an annuity commencing for an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member on April 1 of the year following the latest of the year in which—

(A) the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member becomes 70½ years of age; or

(B) the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member separates from Government employment.


(g)(1) At any time before separation, an employee or Member may apply to the Board for permission to borrow from the employee's or Member's account an amount not exceeding the value of that portion of such account which is attributable to contributions made by the employee or Member. Before a loan is issued, the Executive Director shall provide in writing the employee or Member with appropriate information concerning the cost of the loan relative to other sources of financing, as well as the lifetime cost of the loan, including the difference in interest rates between the funds offered by the Thrift Savings Fund, and any other effect of such loan on the employee's or Member's final account balance.

(2) Loans under this subsection shall be available to all employees and Members on a reasonably equivalent basis, and shall be subject to such other conditions as the Board may by regulation prescribe. The restrictions of section 8477(c)(1) of this title shall not apply to loans made under this subsection.

(3) A loan may not be made under this subsection to the extent that the loan would be treated as a taxable distribution under section 72(p) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(4) A loan may not be made under this subsection unless the requirements of section 8435(e) of this title are satisfied.

(h)(1) An employee or Member may apply, before separation, to the Board for permission to withdraw an amount from the employee's or Member's account based upon—

(A) the employee or Member having attained age 59½; or

(B) financial hardship.


(2) A withdrawal under paragraph (1)(A) shall be available to each eligible participant one time only.

(3) A withdrawal under paragraph (1)(B) shall be available only for an amount not exceeding the value of that portion of such account which is attributable to contributions made by the employee or Member.

(4) Withdrawals under paragraph (1) shall be subject to such other conditions as the Executive Director may prescribe by regulation.

(5) A withdrawal may not be made under this subsection unless the requirements of section 8435(e) of this title are satisfied.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 544; amended Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §132, Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1760; Pub. L. 101–335, §§5(a), 6(a)(2), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 321, 322; Pub. L. 102–484, div. D, title XLIV, §4437(a), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2724; Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b), (i)(3)–(7), Mar. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 119, 121, 122; Pub. L. 103–353, §§4(b), 5(e)(4), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3172, 3174; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372, 3009-374; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, §661(a)(4), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 672; Pub. L. 108–469, §3(1), Dec. 21, 2004, 118 Stat. 3893; Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §109, June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1856; Pub. L. 115–84, §2(a)–(d), Nov. 17, 2017, 131 Stat. 1272, 1273.)

Amendment of Section

Pub. L. 115–84, §2(a)–(d), (g), Nov. 17, 2017, 131 Stat. 1272, 1273, made a number of amendments to this section, effective on the date on which the regulations prescribed under section 2(f) of Pub. L. 115–84 (set out as a Regulations note below) take effect. After such effective date, subsections (c), (d), (f), and (h) of this section will read as follows:

(c)(1) In addition to the right provided under subsection (b) to withdraw the balance of the account, an employee or Member who separates from Government service may make one or more withdrawals of any amount in the same manner as a single payment is made in accordance with subsection (b)(2) from the employee's or Member's account.

(2) An employee or Member may request that the amount withdrawn from the Thrift Savings Fund in accordance with subsection (b)(2) be transferred to an eligible retirement plan.

(3) The Executive Director shall make each transfer elected under paragraph (2) directly to an eligible retirement plan or plans (as defined in section 402(c)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) identified by the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member for whom the transfer is made.

(4) A transfer may not be made for an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member under paragraph (2) until the Executive Director receives from that individual the information required by the Executive Director specifically to identify the eligible retirement plan or plans to which the transfer is to be made.

(5) Withdrawals under this subsection shall be subject to such other limitations or conditions as the Executive Director may prescribe by regulation.

(d)(1) Subject to paragraph (2) and subsections (a) and (c) of section 8435 of this title, an employee or Member may change an election previously made under this subchapter, except that in the case of an election to receive an annuity, a former employee or Member may not change an election under this section on or after the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity elected by the former employee or Member.

(2) A former employee or Member may not return a payment that was made pursuant to an election under this section.

(f) Notwithstanding subsection (b), if an employee or Member separates from Government employment, and such employee's or Member's nonforfeitable account balance is less than an amount that the Executive Director prescribes by regulation, the Executive Director shall pay the nonforfeitable account balance to the participant in a single payment, unless an election under section 8432b(h)(2) is made to treat such separation for purposes of this subsection as if it had never occurred.

(h)(1) An employee or Member may apply, before separation, to the Board for permission to withdraw an amount from the employee's or Member's account based upon—

(A) the employee or Member having attained age 59½; or

(B) financial hardship.


(2) A withdrawal under paragraph (1)(B) shall be available only for an amount not exceeding the value of that portion of such account which is attributable to contributions made by the employee or Member.

(3) Withdrawals under paragraph (1) shall be subject to such other limitations or conditions as the Executive Director may prescribe by regulation.

(4) A withdrawal may not be made under this subsection unless the requirements of section 8435(e) of this title are satisfied.

See 2017 Amendment notes below.

References in Text

Sections 72(p) and 402(c)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsecs. (c)(3) and (g)(3), are classified to sections 72(p) and 402(c)(8), respectively, of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(a)(1), substituted "may make one or more withdrawals" for "and who has not made a withdrawal under subsection (h)(1)(A) may make one withdrawal" and "in the same manner as a single payment is made" for "as a single payment".

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(a)(2), added par. (5).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(b)(1), inserted ", except that in the case of an election to receive an annuity, a former employee or Member may not change an election under this section on or after the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity elected by the former employee or Member" after "this subchapter".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(b)(2), substituted "return a payment that was made pursuant to an" for "change an" and struck out before period at end "on or after the date on which a payment is made in accordance with such election or, in the case of an election to receive an annuity, the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity elected by the former employee or Member".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(c), struck out par. (1) designation before "Notwithstanding", substituted "this subsection" for "this paragraph", and struck out par. (2) which read as follows: "Unless otherwise elected under this section, and subject to paragraph (1), benefits under this subchapter shall be paid as an annuity commencing for an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member on April 1 of the year following the latest of the year in which—

"(A) the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member becomes 70½ years of age; or

"(B) the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member separates from Government employment."

Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(d)(1), (2), redesignated par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "A withdrawal under paragraph (1)(A) shall be available to each eligible participant one time only."

Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(d)(2), (3), redesignated par. (4) as (3) and inserted "limitations or" before "conditions". Former par. (3) redesignated (2).

Subsec. (h)(4), (5). Pub. L. 115–84, §2(d)(2), redesignated pars. (4) and (5) as (3) and (4), respectively.

2009—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–31 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added pars. (2) and (3).

2004—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 108–469 substituted "paragraph (2)" for "paragraph (3)".

1999—Subsecs. (g)(1), (h)(3). Pub. L. 106–65 struck out "under section 8432(a) of this title" after "by the employee or Member".

1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(1)]], added subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as follows: "Subject to section 8435 of this title, any employee or Member who separates from Government employment is entitled and may elect—

"(1) to receive an immediate annuity from the Thrift Savings Fund;

"(2) to defer the commencement of the payment of an annuity from the Thrift Savings Fund until such date as the employee or Member specifies, but not later than April 1 of the year following the year in which the employee or Member becomes 70½ years of age;

"(3) to withdraw the amount of the balance in the employee's or Member's account in the Thrift Savings Fund in one or more substantially equal payments to be made not less frequently than annually and to commence before April 1 of the year following the year in which the employee or Member becomes 70½ years of age; or

"(4) to transfer the amount of the balance in the employee's or Member's account to an eligible retirement plan as provided in subsection (c)."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(1)]], added subsec. (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which read as follows:

"(1) The Executive Director shall make each transfer elected under subsection (b)(4) directly to an eligible retirement plan or plans (as defined in section 402(c)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) identified by the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member for whom the transfer is made.

"(2) A transfer may not be made for an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member under paragraph (1) until the Executive Director receives from that individual the information required by the Executive Director specifically to identify the eligible retirement plan or plans to which the transfer is to be made."

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(2)(A)]], substituted "(3)" for "(3)(A)" after "Subject to paragraph".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(2)(C)]], struck out subpar. (A) designation before "A former employee" and struck out subpar. (B) which read as follows: "A modification of a date may not be made under paragraph (2) on or after the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity involved, and may not specify a date for the commencement of an annuity earlier than 90 days after the date on which the modification is submitted to the Executive Director (or such period shorter than 90 days as the Executive Director may by regulation prescribe)."

Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(2)(B)]], redesignated par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "Subject to paragraph (3)(B) and section 8435(c) of this title, a former employee or Member who has made an election pursuant to subsection (b)(2) may modify the date specified in such election or in a previous modification under this paragraph."

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(2)(B)]], redesignated par. (3) as (2).

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(3)]], substituted "less than an amount that the Executive Director prescribes by regulation" for "$3,500 or less" and substituted a comma for "unless the employee or Member elects, at such time and otherwise in such manner as the Executive Director prescribes, one of the options available under subsection (b), or".

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(4)]], in introductory provisions substituted "April 1" for "February 1", in subpar. (A) substituted "70½" for "65" and inserted "or" after semicolon, redesignated subpar. (C) as (B), and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "occurs the tenth anniversary of the year in which the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member became subject to this subchapter; or".

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(5)(A)]], struck out "after December 31, 1987, and" after "At any time", and inserted at end "Before a loan is issued, the Executive Director shall provide in writing the employee or Member with appropriate information concerning the cost of the loan relative to other sources of financing, as well as the lifetime cost of the loan, including the difference in interest rates between the funds offered by the Thrift Savings Fund, and any other effect of such loan on the employee's or Member's final account balance."

Subsec. (g)(2) to (5). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(5)(B)]], redesignated pars. (3) to (5) as (2) to (4), respectively, and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "An application under this subsection may be approved only for—

"(A) the purchase of a primary residence;

"(B) educational expenses;

"(C) medical expenses; or

"(D) financial hardship."

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(a)(6)]], added subsec. (h).

1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(1), amended introductory provisions generally, substituting "Subject to section 8435 of this title, any employee or Member who separates from Government employment is entitled and may elect—" for "Subject to section 8435 of this title, any employee or Member who separates from Government employment entitled to an immediate annuity under subchapter II of this chapter, any employee or Member who separates from Government employment entitled to benefits under subchapter I of chapter 81 of this title, any employee who separates from Government employment pursuant to regulations under section 3502(a) of this title or procedures under section 3595(a) of this title in a reduction in force, and any employee or Member who is entitled to receive disability benefits under subchapter V of this chapter is entitled and may elect—".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(3), substituted "subsection (c)" for "subsection (e)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), redesignated subsec. (e) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to permissible elections by employees separating from Government who are entitled to a deferred annuity.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(3), substituted "directly to an eligible retirement plan or plans (as defined in section 402(c)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986)" for "or (c)(4) or required under subsection (d) directly to an eligible retirement plan or plans (as defined in section 402(a)(5)(E) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954)".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–353, §4(b)(1), inserted before period at end ", unless an election under section 8432b(h)(2) is made to treat such separation for purposes of this subsection as if it had never occurred".

Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), redesignated subsec. (f) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows: "Subject to section 8435 of this title, any employee or Member who separates from Government employment before becoming entitled to a deferred annuity under subchapter II of this chapter shall transfer the amount of the balance in the employee's or Member's account to an eligible retirement plan as provided in subsection (e), unless an election under section 8432b(h)(2) is made to treat such separation for purposes of this subsection as if it had never occurred."

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(4), substituted "(c) of section 8435" for "(d) of section 8435".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(4), (i)(5), substituted "section 8435(c)" for "section 8435(d)" and struck out "or (c)(2)" after "subsection (b)(2)".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), (i)(6), redesignated subsec. (g) as (e) and substituted "section 8435(c)(2)" for "section 8435(d)(2)". Former subsec. (e) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), redesignated subsec. (h) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (d).

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(5)(A), (B), redesignated par. (2) as (1), substituted "Notwithstanding subsection (b), if an employee or Member separates from Government employment, and such employee's or Member's" for "Notwithstanding subsections (b) and (c), if an employee or Member separates from Government employment under circumstances making such employee or Member eligible to make an election under either of those subsections, and such employee's or Member's", struck out "or (c), as applicable" before period at end, and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: "Notwithstanding subsection (d), if an employee or Member separates from Government employment before becoming entitled to a deferred annuity under subchapter II, and such employee's or Member's nonforfeitable account balance is $3,500 or less, the Executive Director shall pay the nonforfeitable account balance to the participant in a single payment unless the employee or Member elects, at such time and otherwise in such manner as the Executive Director prescribes, to have the nonforfeitable account balance transferred to an eligible retirement plan as provided in subsection (e), or unless an election under section 8432b(h)(2) is made to treat such separation for purposes of this paragraph as if it had never occurred."

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(5)(A), (C), redesignated par. (3) as (2) and substituted "paragraph (1)" for "paragraphs (1) and (2)" before ", benefits under this chapter". Former par. (2) redesignated (1).

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(5)(A), redesignated par. (3) as (2).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), redesignated subsec. (i) as (g). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (g)(5). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(7), substituted "section 8435(e)" for "section 8435(f)".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), redesignated subsec. (h) as (f).

Subsec. (h)(1), (2). Pub. L. 103–353, §4(b)(2), inserted before period at end ", or unless an election under section 8432b(h)(2) is made to treat such separation for purposes of this paragraph as if it had never occurred".

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(b)(2), redesignated subsec. (i) as (g).

Subsec. (i)(4). Pub. L. 103–353, §5(e)(4), substituted "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954".

1992—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–484 inserted "any employee who separates from Government employment pursuant to regulations under section 3502(a) of this title or procedures under section 3595(a) of this title in a reduction in force," after "chapter 81 of this title,".

1990—Subsec. (f)(3)(A). Pub. L. 101–335, §5(a)(1), substituted "an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity elected by the former employee or Member" for "an annuity elected by the former employee or Member commences".

Subsec. (f)(3)(B). Pub. L. 101–335, §5(a)(2), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: "A modification of a date may not be made under paragraph (2) on or after such date and may not specify a date for the commencement of an annuity earlier than 1 month after the date on which the modification is submitted to the Executive Director."

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101–335, §6(a)(2), amended subsec. (h) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (h) read as follows: "Unless otherwise elected under this section, benefits under this subchapter shall be paid as an annuity commencing for an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member on February 1 of the year following the latest of the year in which—

"(1) the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member becomes 65 years of age;

"(2) occurs the tenth anniversary of the year in which the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member became subject to this subchapter; or

"(3) the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member separates from Government employment."

1988—Subsec. (i)(3). Pub. L. 100–238 amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: "Loans under this subsection shall be subject to such conditions as the Board may prescribe consistent with section 408(b)(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1108(b)(1)). The conditions shall be included in regulations issued by the Executive Director."

Effective Date of 2017 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–84 effective on the date on which the regulations prescribed under subsection (f) (section 2(f) of Pub. L. 115–84, set out as a Regulations note below) take effect, see section 2(g) of Pub. L. 115–84, set out as a note under section 8432b of this title.

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–65 effective 180 days after Oct. 30, 2000, unless postponed, see section 663 of Pub. L. 106–65, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8440e of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–208 effective Sept. 30, 1996, and withdrawals and elections as provided under such amendment to be made at earliest practicable date as determined by Executive Director in regulations, see section 101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §207]] of Pub. L. 104–208, set out as a note under section 5545a of this title.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendments

Amendment by section 4(b) of Pub. L. 103–353 effective Oct. 13, 1994, and applicable to any employee whose release from military service, discharge from hospitalization, or other similar event making the individual eligible to seek restoration or reemployment under chapter 43 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits, occurs on or after Aug. 2, 1990, with special rules for applying amendment to employees restored or reemployed before effective date, see section 4(e), (f) of Pub. L. 103–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8432b of this title.

Amendment by section 5(e)(4) of Pub. L. 103–353 effective with respect to reemployments initiated on or after the first day after the 60-day period beginning Oct. 13, 1994, with transition rules, see section 8 of Pub. L. 103–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of Title 38.

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–226 effective Mar. 10, 1995, see section 9(j) of Pub. L. 103–226, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–484 applicable with respect to separations occurring after Dec. 31, 1993, or such earlier date as Executive Director (appointed under section 8474 of this title) may by regulation prescribe, see section 4437(d) of Pub. L. 102–484, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–335, §5(d), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 322, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 8434, and 8435 of this title] shall be effective as of April 1, 1987."

Amendment by section 6(a)(2) of Pub. L. 101–335 effective as of second election period described in section 8432(b) of this title beginning after July 17, 1990, or such earlier date as Executive Director may by regulation prescribe, and applicable with respect to separations occurring before, on, or after that effective date, see section 6(c) of Pub. L. 101–335, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Regulations

Pub. L. 115–84, §2(f), Nov. 17, 2017, 131 Stat. 1273, provided that: "As soon as is practicable, as determined by the Executive Director of the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board, but not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 17, 2017], the Executive Director shall prescribe such regulations as are necessary to carry out the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 8432b of this title]."

Pub. L. 101–335, §6(b)(4), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 324, provided that: "The Executive Director (as appointed under section 8474(a) of title 5, United States Code) shall prescribe regulations under which the purposes of the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 8351, 8401, 8435, 8440a, and 8440b of this title] shall be carried out with respect to any individuals participating in the Thrift Savings Plan who would not otherwise be affected by this section."

Invalidity of Certain Prior Elections

Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §203(b)]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-376, provided that: "Any election made under section 8433(b)(2) of title 5, United States Code (as in effect before the effective date of this title [Sept. 30, 1996]), with respect to an annuity which has not commenced before the implementation date of this title as provided by regulation by the Executive Director in accordance with section 207 of this title [5 U.S.C. 5545a note], shall be invalid."

§8434. Annuities: methods of payment; election; purchase

(a)(1) The Board shall prescribe methods of payment of annuities under this subchapter.

(2) The methods of payment prescribed under paragraph (1) shall include, but not be limited to—

(A) a method which provides for the payment of a monthly annuity only to an annuitant during the life of the annuitant;

(B) a method which provides for the payment of a monthly annuity to an annuitant for the joint lives of the annuitant and the spouse of the annuitant and an appropriate monthly annuity to the one of them who survives the other of them for the life of the survivor;

(C) a method described in subparagraph (A) which provides for automatic adjustments in the amount of the annuity payable so long as the amount of the annuity payable in any one year shall not be less than the amount payable in the previous year;

(D) a method described in subparagraph (B) which provides for automatic adjustments in the amount of the annuity payable so long as the amount of the annuity payable in any one year shall not be less than the amount payable in the previous year; and

(E) a method which provides for the payment of a monthly annuity—

(i) to the annuitant for the joint lives of the annuitant and an individual who is designated by the annuitant under regulations prescribed by the Executive Director and (I) is a former spouse of the annuitant, or (II) has an insurable interest in the annuitant; and

(ii) to the one of them who survives the other of them for the life of the survivor.


(b) Subject to section 8435(b) of this title, under such regulations as the Executive Director shall prescribe, an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member who elects under section 8433 of this title to receive an annuity under this subchapter shall elect, on or before the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for that annuity, one of the methods of payment prescribed under subsection (a).

(c) Notwithstanding the elimination of a method of payment by the Board, an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member may elect the eliminated method if the elimination of such method becomes effective less than 5 years before the date on which that individual's annuity commences.

(d)(1) Not earlier than 90 days (or such shorter period as the Executive Director may by regulation prescribe) before an annuity is to commence under this subchapter, the Executive Director shall expend the balance in the annuitant's account to purchase an annuity contract from any entity which, in the normal course of its business, sells and provides annuities.

(2) The Executive Director shall assure, by contract entered into with each entity from which an annuity contract is purchased under paragraph (1), that the annuity shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter and subchapter VII of this chapter.

(3) An annuity contract purchased under paragraph (1) shall include such terms and conditions as the Executive Director requires for the protection of the annuitant.

(4) The Executive Director shall require, from each entity from which an annuity contract is purchased under paragraph (1), a bond or proof of financial responsibility sufficient to protect the annuitant.

(e)(1) No tax, fee, or other monetary payment may be imposed or collected by any State, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or by any political subdivision or other governmental authority thereof, on, or with respect to, any amount paid to purchase an annuity contract under this section.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not be construed to exempt any company or other entity issuing an annuity contract under this section from the imposition, payment, or collection of a tax, fee, or other monetary payment on the net income or profit accruing to or realized by that entity from the sale of an annuity contract under this section if that tax, fee, or payment is applicable to a broad range of business activity.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 546; amended Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §129, Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 101–335, §§4(a), 5(b), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 321; Pub. L. 103–226, §9(c), (i)(8), Mar. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 120, 122.)

Amendments

1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(8), substituted "section 8435(b)" for "section 8435(c)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(c), amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: "Notwithstanding an elimination of a method of payment by the Board—

"(1) an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member who is entitled under section 8412 of this title to an immediate annuity not reduced under section 8415(f) of this title may elect the eliminated method if the elimination of such method became effective less than 5 years before the date on which the annuity commences; and

"(2) any other employee, Member, former employee, or former Member may elect such method of payment for amounts contributed by or on behalf of the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member under section 8432 of this title before such effective date and for earnings attributable to such amounts."

1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–335, §5(b)(1), substituted "an annuity contract is purchased to provide for that annuity," for "the annuity commences,".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101–335, §5(b)(2), substituted "Not earlier than 90 days (or such shorter period as the Executive Director may by regulation prescribe) before an annuity" for "At the time an annuity".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–335, §4(a), added subsec. (e).

1988—Subsec. (a)(2)(C), (D). Pub. L. 100–238 amended subpars. (C) and (D) generally. Prior to amendment, subpars. (C) and (D) read as follows:

"(C) a method described in subparagraph (A) which provides annual increases in the amount of the annuity payable;

"(D) a method described in subparagraph (B) which provides annual increases in the amount of the annuity payable; and".

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–226 effective Mar. 10, 1995, see section 9(j) of Pub. L. 103–226, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–335, §4(b), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 321, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act [July 17, 1990]."

Amendment by section 5(b) of Pub. L. 101–335 effective Apr. 1, 1987, see section 5(d) of Pub. L. 101–335, set out as a note under section 8433 of this title.

§8435. Protections for spouses and former spouses

(a)(1)(A) A married employee or Member (or former employee or Member) may withdraw all or part of a Thrift Savings Fund account under subsection (b)(2), (3), or (4) of section 8433 of this title or change a withdrawal election only if the employee or Member (or former employee or Member) satisfies the requirements of subparagraph (B). A married employee or Member (or former employee or Member) may make a withdrawal from a Thrift Savings Fund account under subsection (c)(1) of section 8433 of this title only if the employee or Member (or former employee or Member) satisfies the requirements of subparagraph (B).

(B) An employee or Member (or former employee or Member) may make an election or change referred to in subparagraph (A) if the employee or Member and the employee's or Member's spouse (or the former employee or Member and the former employee's or Member's spouse) jointly waive, by written election, any right which the spouse may have to a survivor annuity with respect to such employee or Member (or former employee or Member) under section 8434 of this title or subsection (b).

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to an election or change of election by an employee or Member (or former employee or Member) who establishes to the satisfaction of the Executive Director (at the time of the election or change and in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Executive Director)—

(A) that the spouse's whereabouts cannot be determined; or

(B) that, due to exceptional circumstances, requiring the spouse's waiver would otherwise be inappropriate.


(b)(1) Notwithstanding any election under subsection (b) of section 8434 of this title, the method described in subsection (a)(2)(B) of such section (or, if more than one form of such method is available, the form which the Board determines to be the one which provides for a surviving spouse a survivor annuity most closely approximating the annuity of a surviving spouse under section 8442 of this title) shall be deemed the applicable method under such subsection (b) in the case of an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member who is married on the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the employee's, Member's, former employee's, or former Member's annuity under this subchapter.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply if—

(A) a joint waiver of such method is made, in writing, by the employee or Member and the spouse; or

(B) the employee or Member waives such method, in writing, after establishing to the satisfaction of the Executive Director that circumstances described under subsection (a)(2)(A) or (B) make the requirement of a joint waiver inappropriate.


(c)(1) An election or change of election shall not be effective under this subchapter to the extent that the election, change, or transfer conflicts with any court decree, order, or agreement described in paragraph (2).

(2) A court decree, order, or agreement referred to in paragraph (1) is, with respect to an employee or Member (or former employee or Member), a court decree of divorce, annulment, or legal separation issued in the case of such employee or Member (or former employee or Member) and any former spouse of the employee or Member (or former employee or Member) or any court order or court-approved property settlement agreement incident to such decree if—

(A) the decree, order, or agreement expressly relates to any portion of the balance in the employee's or Member's (or former employee's or Member's) account; and

(B) notice of the decree, order, or agreement was received by the Executive Director before—

(i) the date on which payment is made, or

(ii) in the case of an annuity, the date on which an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity,


in accordance with the election, change, or contribution referred to in paragraph (1).


(3) The Executive Director shall prescribe regulations under which this subsection shall be applied in any case in which the Executive Director receives two or more decrees, orders, or agreements referred to in paragraph (1).

(d)(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) through (7), a former spouse of a deceased employee or Member (or a deceased former employee or Member) who died after performing 18 or more months of service and a former spouse of a deceased former employee or Member who died entitled to an immediate or deferred annuity under subchapter II of this chapter is entitled to a survivor annuity under this subsection if and to the extent that—

(A) an election under section 8434(a)(2)(E) of this title, or

(B) any court decree, order, or agreement (described in subsection (c)(2), without regard to subparagraph (B) of such subsection) which relates to such deceased individual and such former spouse,


expressly provides for such survivor annuity.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall apply only to payments made by the Executive Director after the date on which the Executive Director receives written notice of the election, decree, order, or agreement, and such additional information and documentation as the Executive Director may require.

(3) The amount of the survivor annuity payable from the Thrift Savings Fund to a former spouse of a deceased employee, Member, former employee, or former Member under this section may not exceed the excess, if any, of—

(A) the amount of the survivor annuity determined for a surviving spouse of the deceased employee, Member, former employee, or former Member under the method described in subsection (b)(1), over

(B) the total amount of all other survivor annuities payable under this subchapter to other former spouses of such deceased employee, Member, former employee, or former Member based on the order of precedence provided in paragraph (4).


(4) If more than one former spouse of a deceased employee, Member, former employee, or former Member is entitled to a survivor annuity pursuant to this subsection, the amount of each such survivor annuity shall be limited appropriately to carry out paragraph (3) in the order of precedence established for the entitlements by the chronological order of the dates on which elections are properly made pursuant to section 8434(a)(2)(E) of this title and the dates on which the court decrees, orders, or agreements applicable to the entitlement were issued, as the case may be.

(5) Subsections (c) and (d) of section 8445 of this title shall apply to an entitlement of a former spouse to a survivor annuity under this subsection.

(6) For the purposes of this section, a court decree, order, or agreement or an election referred to in subsection (a) of this section shall not be effective, in the case of a former spouse, to the extent that the election is inconsistent with any joint waiver previously executed with respect to such former spouse under subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2).

(7) Any payment under this subsection to any individual bars recovery by any other individual.

(e)(1)(A) A loan or withdrawal may be made to a married employee or Member under section 8433(g) and (h) of this title only if the employee's or Member's spouse consents to such loan or withdrawal in writing.

(B) A consent under subparagraph (A) shall be irrevocable with respect to the loan or withdrawal to which the consent relates.

(C) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a loan or withdrawal to an employee or Member who establishes to the satisfaction of the Executive Director (at the time the employee or Member applies for such loan or withdrawal and in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Executive Director)—

(i) that the spouse's whereabouts cannot be determined; or

(ii) that, due to exceptional circumstances, requiring the employee or Member to seek the spouse's consent would otherwise be inappropriate.


(2) An application for a loan or withdrawal under section 8433(g) and (h) of this title shall not be approved if approval would have the result described under subsection (c)(1).

(f) Waivers and notifications required by this section and waivers of the requirements for such waivers and notifications (as authorized by this section) may be made only in accordance with procedures prescribed by the Executive Director.

(g) Except with respect to the making of loans or withdrawals under section 8433(g) and (h), none of the provisions of this section requiring notification to, or the consent or waiver of, a spouse or former spouse of an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member shall apply in any case in which the nonforfeitable account balance of the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member is $3,500 or less.

(h) The protections provided by this section are in addition to the protections provided by section 8467 of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 547; amended Pub. L. 101–335, §§5(c), 6(a)(3), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 322, 323; Pub. L. 102–484, div. D, title XLIV, §4437(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2724; Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d), (i)(9)–(15), Mar. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 120, 122; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372, 3009-376.)

Amendments

1996—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(1)]], substituted "may withdraw all or part of a Thrift Savings Fund account under subsection (b)(2), (3), or (4) of section 8433 of this title or change a withdrawal election" for "may make an election under subsection (b)(3) or (b)(4) of section 8433 of this title or change an election previously made under subsection (b)(1) or (b)(2) of such section" and inserted at end "A married employee or Member (or former employee or Member) may make a withdrawal from a Thrift Savings Fund account under subsection (c)(1) of section 8433 of this title only if the employee or Member (or former employee or Member) satisfies the requirements of subparagraph (B)."

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(2)(A)]], substituted "An election or change of election" for "An election, change of election, or modification of the commencement date of a deferred annuity" and "or transfer" for "modification, or transfer".

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(2)(B)]], struck out "modification," after "change," in closing provisions.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(3)(A)]], in subpar. (A) inserted "or withdrawal" after "A loan", "and (h)" after "8433(g)", and "or withdrawal" after "such loan", in subpar. (B) inserted "or withdrawal" after "loan", and in subpar. (C) inserted "or withdrawal" after "to a loan" and after "for such loan".

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(3)(B)(i)]], inserted "or withdrawal" after "loan".

Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(3)(B)(ii)]], which directed insertion of "and (h)" after "8344(g)", was executed by making the insertion after "8433(g)" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(4)(A)]], inserted "or withdrawals" after "loans".

Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §204(4)(B)]], which directed insertion of "and (h)" after "8344(g)" was executed by making the insertion after "8433(g)" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

1994—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(1), substituted "subsection (b)(3) or (b)(4) of section 8433 of this title or change an election previously made under subsection (b)(1) or (b)(2)" for "subsection (b)(3), (b)(4), (c)(3), or (c)(4) of section 8433 of this title or change an election previously made under subsection (b)(1), (b)(2), (c)(1), or (c)(2)".

Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(9), substituted "subsection (b)" for "subsection (c)".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(4), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "Paragraph (1) shall not apply—

"(A) in the case of an employee or Member retiring under section 8412, 8413, 8414, or 8451 of this title, or who separates from Government employment pursuant to regulations under section 3502(a) of this title or procedures under section 3595(a) of this title in a reduction in force, if—

"(i) a joint waiver of such method is made, in writing, by the employee or Member and the spouse; or

"(ii) the employee or Member waives such method, in writing, after establishing to the satisfaction of the Executive Director that circumstances described in subsection (a)(2)(A) or (a)(2)(B) make the requirement of a joint waiver inappropriate; or

"(B) in the case of an employee or Member not covered by subparagraph (A), if the employee or Member waives such method after—

"(i) having provided notification to the spouse of intent to waive; or

"(ii) establishing to the satisfaction of the Executive Director that the whereabouts of such spouse cannot be determined."

Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(2), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as follows:

"(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a transfer may be made by an employee or Member (or former employee or Member) under section 8433(d) of this title only after the Executive Director notifies any current spouse and each former spouse of the employee or Member (or former employee or Member), if any, that the transfer is to be made.

"(2) Paragraph (1) may be waived with respect to a spouse or former spouse if the employee or Member (or former employee or Member) establishes to the satisfaction of the Executive Director that the whereabouts of such spouse or former spouse cannot be determined."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(3), (5), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and, in par. (1), struck out "and a transfer may not be made under section 8433(d) of this title" after "effective under this subchapter". Former subsec. (c) redesignated (b).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(3), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(10), substituted "subsection (c)(2)" for "subsection (d)(2)".

Subsec. (d)(3)(A). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(11), substituted "subsection (b)(1)" for "subsection (c)(1)".

Subsec. (d)(6). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(12), substituted "or (b)(2)" for "or (c)(2)".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(3), redesignated subsec. (f) as (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (d).

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(13), substituted "section 8433(g)" for "section 8433(i)".

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(14), substituted "section 8433(g) of this title shall not be approved if approval would have the result described under subsection (c)(1)" for "section 8433(i) of this title shall not be approved if approval would have the result described in subsection (d)(1)".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(3), redesignated subsec. (g) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(3), (i)(15), redesignated subsec. (h) as (g) and substituted "section 8433(g)" for "section 8433(i)". Former subsec. (g) redesignated (f).

Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 103–226, §9(d)(3), redesignated subsec. (i) as (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (g).

1992—Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 102–484 inserted ", or who separates from Government employment pursuant to regulations under section 3502(a) of this title or procedures under section 3595(a) of this title in a reduction in force," after "8451 of this title".

1990—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 101–335, §5(c)(1), inserted "an annuity contract is purchased to provide for" after "the date on which" and struck out "commences" after "former Member's annuity".

Subsec. (d)(2)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 101–335, §5(c)(2), substituted "an annuity contract is purchased to provide for the annuity" for "the annuity commences".

Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 101–335, §6(a)(3), added subsec. (h) and redesignated former subsec. (h) as (i).

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–208 effective Sept. 30, 1996, and withdrawals and elections as provided under such amendment to be made at earliest practicable date as determined by Executive Director in regulations, see section 101(f) [title VI, §659 [title II, §207]] of Pub. L. 104–208, set out as a note under section 5545a of this title.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–226 effective Mar. 10, 1995, see section 9(j) of Pub. L. 103–226, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–484 applicable with respect to separations occurring after Dec. 31, 1993, or such earlier date as Executive Director (appointed under section 8474 of this title) may by regulation prescribe, see section 4437(d) of Pub. L. 102–484, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 5(c) of Pub. L. 101–335 effective Apr. 1, 1987, see section 5(d) of Pub. L. 101–335, set out as a note under section 8433 of this title.

Amendment by section 6(a)(3) of Pub. L. 101–335 effective as of second election period described in section 8432(b) of this title beginning after July 17, 1990, or such earlier date as Executive Director may by regulation prescribe, and applicable with respect to separations occurring before, on, or after that effective date, see section 6(c) of Pub. L. 101–335, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

§8436. Administrative provisions

(a) The Executive Director shall make or provide for payments and transfers in accordance with an election of an employee or Member under section 8433 or 8434(b) of this title or, if applicable, in accordance with section 8435 of this title.

(b) Any election, change of election, or modification of a deferred annuity commencement date made under this subchapter shall be in writing and shall be filed with the Executive Director in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Executive Director.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 550.)

§8437. Thrift Savings Fund

(a) There is established in the Treasury of the United States a Thrift Savings Fund.

(b) The Thrift Savings Fund consists of the sum of all amounts contributed under section 8432 of this title and all amounts deposited under section 8479(b) of this title, increased by the total net earnings from investments of sums in the Thrift Savings Fund or reduced by the total net losses from investments of the Thrift Savings Fund, and reduced by the total amount of payments made from the Thrift Savings Fund (including payments for administrative expenses).

(c) The sums in the Thrift Savings Fund are appropriated and shall remain available without fiscal year limitation—

(1) to invest under section 8438 of this title;

(2) to pay benefits or purchase annuity contracts under this subchapter;

(3) to pay the administrative expenses of the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Management System prescribed in subchapter VII of this chapter;

(4) to make distributions for the purposes of section 8440(b) of this title;

(5) to make loans to employees and Members as authorized under section 8433(g) of this title; and

(6) to purchase insurance as provided in section 8479(b)(2) of this title.


(d) Administrative expenses incurred to carry out this subchapter and subchapter VII of this chapter shall be paid first out of any sums in the Thrift Savings Fund forfeited under section 8432(g) of this title and then out of net earnings in such Fund.

(e)(1) Subject to subsection (d) and paragraphs (2) and (3), sums in the Thrift Savings Fund credited to the account of an employee, Member, former employee, or former Member may not be used for, or diverted to, purposes other than for the exclusive benefit of the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member or his beneficiaries under this subchapter.

(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), sums in the Thrift Savings Fund may not be assigned or alienated and are not subject to execution, levy, attachment, garnishment, or other legal process. For the purposes of this paragraph, a loan made from such Fund to an employee or Member shall not be considered to be an assignment or alienation.

(3) Moneys due or payable from the Thrift Savings Fund to any individual and, in the case of an individual who is an employee or Member (or former employee or Member), the balance in the account of the employee or Member (or former employee or Member) shall be subject to legal process for the enforcement of the individual's legal obligations to provide child support or make alimony payments as provided in section 459 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 659), the enforcement of an order for restitution under section 3663A of title 18, forfeiture under section 8432(g)(5) of this title, or an obligation of the Executive Director to make a payment to another person under section 8467 of this title, and shall be subject to a Federal tax levy under section 6331 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. For the purposes of this paragraph, an amount contributed for the benefit of an individual under section 8432(c)(1) (including any earnings attributable thereto) shall not be considered part of the balance in such individual's account unless such amount is nonforfeitable, as determined under applicable provisions of section 8432(g).

(f) The sums in the Thrift Savings Fund shall not be appropriated for any purpose other than the purposes specified in this section and may not be used for any other purpose.

(g) All sums contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund by an employee or Member or by an employing agency for the benefit of such employee or Member and all net earnings in such Fund attributable to investment of such sums are held in such Fund in trust for such employee or Member.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 550; amended Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §§116, 117(a), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1751; Pub. L. 103–226, §9(i)(16), Mar. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 122; Pub. L. 103–358, §2(b)(4), Oct. 14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3421; Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §108, June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1856; Pub. L. 112–267, §1, Jan. 14, 2013, 126 Stat. 2440.)

References in Text

Section 6331 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (e)(3), is classified to section 6331 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 112–267, in first sentence, substituted "659)," for "659)" and inserted ", and shall be subject to a Federal tax levy under section 6331 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986" before period.

2009—Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 111–31 which directed substitution of "the enforcement of an order for restitution under section 3663A of title 18, forfeiture under section 8432(g)(5) of this title, or an obligation of the Executive Director to make a payment to another person under section 8467 of this title" for "or relating to the enforcement of a judgment for the physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child as provided under section 8467(a)" in the first sentence, was executed by making the substitution for "or relating to the enforcement of a judgment for physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child as provided under section 8467(a)", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

1994—Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 103–226 substituted "section 8433(g)" for "section 8433(i)".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 103–358 substituted "or relating to the enforcement of a judgment for physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child as provided under section 8467(a)." for period at end of first sentence.

1988—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–238, §117(a)(1), struck out "attributable to sums contributed to such Fund under section 8432(c) of this title" after "such Fund".

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 100–238, §117(a)(2), inserted "subsection (d) and" after "Subject to".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 100–238, §116, inserted at end "For the purposes of this paragraph, an amount contributed for the benefit of an individual under section 8432(c)(1) (including any earnings attributable thereto) shall not be considered part of the balance in such individual's account unless such amount is nonforfeitable, as determined under applicable provisions of section 8432(g)."

Effective Date of 1994 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–358 effective Oct. 14, 1994, and applicable with respect to any decree, order, or other legal process, or notice of agreement received by Office of Personnel Management or Executive Director of Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board on or after Oct. 14, 1994, see section 3 of Pub. L. 103–358, set out as a note under section 8345 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–226 effective Mar. 10, 1995, see section 9(j) of Pub. L. 103–226, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–238, title I, §117(b), Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1751, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the first day of the first month beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 8, 1988]."

Disposition of Amounts

Pub. L. 112–267, §2, Jan. 14, 2013, 126 Stat. 2440, provided that: "Any potential revenue gain attributable to the enactment of this Act [amending this section], as determined by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office—

"(1) shall be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury of the United States; and

"(2) shall be used solely for purposes of deficit reduction."

§8438. Investment of Thrift Savings Fund

(a) For the purposes of this section—

(1) the term "Common Stock Index Investment Fund" means the Common Stock Index Investment Fund established under subsection (b)(1)(C);

(2) the term "equity capital" means common and preferred stock, surplus, undivided profits, contingency reserves, and other capital reserves;

(3) the term "Fixed Income Investment Fund" means the Fixed Income Investment Fund established under subsection (b)(1)(B);

(4) the term "Government Securities Investment Fund" means the Government Securities Investment Fund established under subsection (b)(1)(A);

(5) the term "International Stock Index Investment Fund" means the International Stock Index Investment Fund established under subsection (b)(1)(E);

(6) the term "net worth" means capital, paid-in and contributed surplus, unassigned surplus, contingency reserves, group contingency reserves, and special reserves;

(7) the term "plan" means an employee benefit plan, as defined in section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1002(3));

(8) the term "qualified professional asset manager" means—

(A) a bank, as defined in section 202(a)(2) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80b–2(a)(2)) which—

(i) has the power to manage, acquire, or dispose of assets of a plan; and

(ii) has, as of the last day of its latest fiscal year ending before the date of a determination for the purpose of this clause, equity capital in excess of $1,000,000;


(B) a savings and loan association, the accounts of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which—

(i) has applied for and been granted trust powers to manage, acquire, or dispose of assets of a plan by a State or Government authority having supervision over savings and loan associations; and

(ii) has, as of the last day of its latest fiscal year ending before the date of a determination for the purpose of this clause, equity capital or net worth in excess of $1,000,000;


(C) an insurance company which—

(i) is qualified under the laws of more than one State to manage, acquire, or dispose of any assets of a plan;

(ii) has, as of the last day of its latest fiscal year ending before the date of a determination for the purpose of this clause, net worth in excess of $1,000,000; and

(iii) is subject to supervision and examination by a State authority having supervision over insurance companies; or


(D) an investment adviser registered under section 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80b–3) if the investment adviser has, on the last day of its latest fiscal year ending before the date of a determination for the purpose of this subparagraph, total client assets under its management and control in excess of $50,000,000, and—

(i) the investment adviser has, on such day, shareholder's or partner's equity in excess of $750,000; or

(ii) payment of all of the investment adviser's liabilities, including any liabilities which may arise by reason of a breach or violation of a duty described in section 8477 of this title, is unconditionally guaranteed by—

(I) a person (as defined in section 8471(4) of this title) who directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the investment adviser and who has, on the last day of the person's latest fiscal year ending before the date of a determination for the purpose of this clause, shareholder's or partner's equity in an amount which, when added to the amount of the shareholder's or partner's equity of the investment adviser on such day, exceeds $750,000;

(II) a qualified professional asset manager described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C); or

(III) a broker or dealer registered under section 15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78o) that has, on the last day of the broker's or dealer's latest fiscal year ending before the date of a determination for the purpose of this clause, net worth in excess of $750,000;


(9) the term "shareholder's or partner's equity", as used in paragraph (8)(D) with respect to an investment adviser or a person (as defined in section 8471(4) of this title) who is affiliated with the investment adviser in a manner described in clause (ii)(I) of such paragraph (8)(D), means the equity shown in the most recent balance sheet prepared for such investment adviser or affiliated person, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, within 2 years before the date on which the investment adviser's status as a qualified professional asset manager is determined for the purposes of this section; and

(10) the term "Small Capitalization Stock Index Investment Fund" means the Small Capitalization Stock Index Investment Fund established under subsection (b)(1)(D).


(b)(1) The Board shall establish—

(A) a Government Securities Investment Fund under which sums in the Thrift Savings Fund are invested in securities of the United States Government issued as provided in subsection (e);

(B) a Fixed Income Investment Fund under which sums in the Thrift Savings Fund are invested in—

(i) insurance contracts;

(ii) certificates of deposits; or

(iii) other instruments or obligations selected by qualified professional asset managers,


which return the amount invested and pay interest, at a specified rate or rates, on that amount during a specified period of time;

(C) a Common Stock Index Investment Fund as provided in paragraph (2);

(D) a Small Capitalization Stock Index Investment Fund as provided in paragraph (3);

(E) an International Stock Index Investment Fund as provided in paragraph (4); and

(F) a service that enables participants to invest in mutual funds, if the Board authorizes the mutual fund window under paragraph (5).


(2)(A) The Board shall select an index which is a commonly recognized index comprised of common stock the aggregate market value of which is a reasonably complete representation of the United States equity markets.

(B) The Common Stock Index Investment Fund shall be invested in a portfolio designed to replicate the performance of the index selected under subparagraph (A). The portfolio shall be designed such that, to the extent practicable, the percentage of the Common Stock Index Investment Fund that is invested in each stock is the same as the percentage determined by dividing the aggregate market value of all shares of that stock by the aggregate market value of all shares of all stocks included in such index.

(3)(A) The Board shall select an index which is a commonly recognized index comprised of common stock the aggregate market value of which represents the United States equity markets excluding the common stocks included in the Common Stock Index Investment Fund.

(B) The Small Capitalization Stock Index Investment Fund shall be invested in a portfolio designed to replicate the performance of the index in subparagraph (A). The portfolio shall be designed such that, to the extent practicable, the percentage of the Small Capitalization Stock Index Investment Fund that is invested in each stock is the same as the percentage determined by dividing the aggregate market value of all shares of that stock by the aggregate market value of all shares of all stocks included in such index.

(4)(A) The Board shall select an index which is a commonly recognized index comprised of stock the aggregate market value of which is a reasonably complete representation of the international equity markets excluding the United States equity markets.

(B) The International Stock Index Investment Fund shall be invested in a portfolio designed to replicate the performance of the index in subparagraph (A). The portfolio shall be designed such that, to the extent practicable, the percentage of the International Stock Index Investment Fund that is invested in each stock is the same as the percentage determined by dividing the aggregate market value of all shares of that stock by the aggregate market value of all shares of all stocks included in such index.

(5)(A) The Board may authorize the addition of a mutual fund window under the Thrift Savings Plan if the Board determines that such addition would be in the best interests of participants.

(B) The Board shall ensure that any expenses charged for use of the mutual fund window are borne solely by the participants who use such window.

(C) The Board may establish such other terms and conditions for the mutual fund window as the Board considers appropriate to protect the interests of participants, including requirements relating to risk disclosure.

(D) The Board shall consult with the Employee Thrift Advisory Council (established under section 8473) before authorizing the addition of a mutual fund window or establishing a service that enables participants to invest in mutual funds.

(c)(1) The Executive Director shall invest the sums available in the Thrift Savings Fund for investment as provided in elections made under subsection (d).

(2) If an election has not been made with respect to any sums available for investment in the Thrift Savings Fund, the Executive Director shall invest such sums in an age-appropriate target date asset allocation investment fund, as determined by the Executive Director. Such investment fund shall consist of any of the funds described in subsection (b).

(d)(1) At least twice each year, an employee or Member (or former employee or Member) may elect the investment funds and options referred to in subsection (b) into which the sums in the Thrift Savings Fund credited to such individual's account are to be invested or reinvested.

(2) An election may be made under paragraph (1) only in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Executive Director and within such period as the Executive Director shall provide in such regulations.

(e)(1) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to issue special interest-bearing obligations of the United States for purchase by the Thrift Savings Fund for the Government Securities Investment Fund.

(2)(A) Obligations issued for the purpose of this subsection shall have maturities fixed with due regard to the needs of such Fund as determined by the Executive Director, and shall bear interest at a rate equal to the average market yield (computed by the Secretary of the Treasury on the basis of market quotations as of the end of the calendar month next preceding the date of issue of such obligations) on all marketable interest-bearing obligations of the United States then forming a part of the public debt which are not due or callable earlier than 4 years after the end of such calendar month.

(B) Any average market yield computed under subparagraph (A) which is not a multiple of one-eighth of 1 percent, shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of one-eighth of 1 percent.

(f) The Board, other Government agencies, the Executive Director, an employee, a Member, a former employee, and a former Member may not exercise voting rights associated with the ownership of securities by the Thrift Savings Fund.

(g)(1) Notwithstanding subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury may suspend the issuance of additional amounts of obligations of the United States, if such issuances could not be made without causing the public debt of the United States to exceed the public debt limit, as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury.

(2) Any issuances of obligations to the Government Securities Investment Fund which, solely by reason of the public debt limit are not issued, shall be issued under subsection (e) by the Secretary of the Treasury as soon as such issuances can be issued without exceeding the public debt limit.

(3) Upon expiration of the debt issuance suspension period, the Secretary of the Treasury shall immediately issue to the Government Securities Investment Fund obligations under chapter 31 of title 31 that (notwithstanding subsection (e)(2) of this section) bear such interest rates and maturity dates as are necessary to ensure that, after such obligations are issued, the holdings of obligations of the United States by the Government Securities Investment Fund will replicate the obligations that would then be held by the Government Securities Investment Fund under the procedure set forth in paragraph (5), if the suspension of issuances under paragraph (1) of this subsection had not occurred.

(4) On the first business day after the expiration of any debt issuance suspension period, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the Government Securities Investment Fund, from amounts in the general fund of the Treasury of the United States not otherwise appropriated, an amount equal to the excess of the net amount of interest that would have been earned by the Government Securities Investment Fund from obligations of the United States during such debt issuance suspension period if—

(A) amounts in the Government Securities Investment Fund that were available for investment in obligations of the United States and were not invested during such debt issuance suspension period solely by reason of the public debt limit had been invested under the procedure set forth in paragraph (5), over

(B) the net amount of interest actually earned by the Government Securities Investment Fund from obligations of the United States during such debt issuance suspension period.


(5) On each business day during the debt limit suspension period, the Executive Director shall notify the Secretary of the Treasury of the amounts, by maturity, that would have been invested or redeemed each day had the debt issuance suspension period not occurred.

(6) For purposes of this subsection and subsection (h) of this section—

(A) the term "public debt limit" means the limitation imposed by section 3101(b) of title 31; and

(B) the term "debt issuance suspension period" means any period for which the Secretary of the Treasury determines for purposes of this subsection that the issuance of obligations of the United States may not be made without exceeding the public debt limit.


(h)(1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall report to Congress on the operation and status of the Thrift Savings Fund during each debt issuance suspension period for which the Secretary is required to take action under paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (g) of this section. The report shall be submitted as soon as possible after the expiration of such period, but not later than 30 days after the first business day after the expiration of such period. The Secretary shall concurrently transmit a copy of such report to the Executive Director.

(2) Whenever the Secretary of the Treasury determines that, by reason of the public debt limit, the Secretary will be unable to fully comply with the requirements of subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary shall immediately notify Congress and the Executive Director of the determination. The notification shall be made in writing.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 551; amended Pub. L. 100–43, §2, May 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 315; Pub. L. 100–366, §2(a), July 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 826; Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 320; Pub. L. 102–378, §2(68), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1355; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §102]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §103(i), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3829; Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §104, June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1854; Pub. L. 113–255, §2(a), Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 2920; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, §632(d), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 847.)

Amendments

2015—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 114–92 substituted "If an" for "(A) Consistent with the requirements of subparagraph (B), if an" and struck out subpar. (B) which read as follows: "If an election has not been made by an eligible member under section 8440e with respect to any sums available for investment in such member's Thrift Savings Fund account, the Executive Director shall invest such sums in the Government Securities Investment Fund."

2014—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 113–255 amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "If an election has not been made with respect to any sums in the Thrift Savings Fund available for investment, the Executive Director shall invest such sums in the Government Securities Investment Fund."

2009—Subsec. (b)(1)(F). Pub. L. 111–31, §104(a), added subpar. (F).

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 111–31, §104(b), added par. (5).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 111–31, §104(c), inserted "and options" after "investment funds".

1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §102(1)]], added par. (5), redesignated former pars. (5) to (8) as (6) to (9), respectively, in par. (9) substituted "paragraph (8)(D)" for "paragraph (7)(D)" in two places, and added par. (10).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–208, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §102(2)]], in par. (1) added subpars. (D) and (E) and added pars. (3) and (4).

Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 104–316 struck out "and the Comptroller General of the United States" before period at end.

1992—Subsec. (a)(7)(B). Pub. L. 102–378 substituted "Deposit" for "Savings and Loan".

1990—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a)(2), substituted "subsection (e)" for "subsection (f)".

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a)(3), substituted "The" for "Subject to subsection (e), the".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a)(4), struck out "and not subject to subsection (e)" after "individual's account".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a)(1), redesignated subsec. (f) as (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which related to minimum percentages to be invested in Government Securities Investment Fund and limitations on reinvestment of sums invested in Government Securities Investment Fund prior to years 1992 and 1997.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a)(1), redesignated subsec. (g) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a)(1), (5), (6), redesignated subsec. (h) as (g) and substituted "subsection (e)" for "subsection (f)" in pars. (1) and (2), "subsection (e)(2)" for "subsection (f)(2)" in par. (3), and "subsection (h)" for "subsection (i)" in par. (6). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (f).

Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 101–335, §3(a)(1), (7), redesignated subsec. (i) as (h) and substituted "subsection (g)" for "subsection (h)" in par. (1) and "subsection (e)" for "subsection (f)" in par. (2). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (g).

1988—Subsec. (e)(3)(A). Pub. L. 100–366 struck out "and the earnings attributable to the investment of such sums" after "paragraph (1)".

1987—Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 100–43 added subsecs. (h) and (i).

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment; Implementation

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–92 effective Jan. 1, 2018, with certain implementation requirements, see section 635 of Pub. L. 114–92, set out as a note under section 8432 of this title.

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Pub. L. 113–255, §2(e), Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 2920, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section 8439 of this title] shall—

"(1) take effect on the date that the Executive Director issues guidance under subsection (d) [guidance published Aug. 28, 2015, effective Sept. 5, 2015, see section 2(d) of Pub. L. 113–255, set out as a Guidance note below]; and

"(2) apply to individuals enrolled in the Thrift Savings Plan on or after such date."

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Section 101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §104]] provided that: "This title [title I (§§101–104) of section 659 of section 101(f) of Pub. L. 104–208, amending this section and section 8439 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 8401 of this title] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 1996], and the Funds established under this title shall be offered for investment at the earliest practicable election period (described in section 8432(b) of title 5, United States Code) as determined by the Executive Director in regulations."

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–335 effective as of second election period described in section 8432(b) of this title beginning after July 17, 1990, or as of such earlier date as Executive Director may by regulation prescribe, see section 3(c) of Pub. L. 101–335, set out as a note under section 8351 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–366, §2(b), July 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 826, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to earnings attributable to contributions made to the Thrift Savings Fund on or after April 1, 1987."

Guidance

Pub. L. 113–255, §2(d), Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 2920, provided that: "Not later than 9 months after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 2014], the Executive Director (as that term is defined under section 8401(13) of title 5, United States Code) shall develop and issue guidance implementing the requirements of this Act [see section 1 of Pub. L. 113–255, set out as a Short Title of 2014 Amendment note under section 101 of this title]."

[Guidance issued in the form of a final rule published Aug. 28, 2015, effective Sept. 5, 2015, see 80 F.R. 52173.]

Removal of Investment Restrictions

Pub. L. 101–335, §3(b)(4), July 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 320, provided that: "Any other provision of law, in effect on the date of enactment of this Act [July 17, 1990], which provides that any amounts contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund, or earnings thereon, may be invested or reinvested only in the Government Securities Investment Fund established under section 8438(b)(1)(A) of title 5, United States Code, shall cease to be effective."

§8439. Accounting and information

(a)(1) The Executive Director shall establish and maintain an account for each individual who makes contributions or for whom contributions are made under section 8432 of this title or who makes contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund.

(2) The balance in an individual's account at any time is the excess of—

(A) the sum of—

(i) all contributions made to the Thrift Savings Fund by the individual;

(ii) all contributions made to such Fund for the benefit of the individual; and

(iii) the total amount of the allocations made to and reductions made in the account pursuant to paragraph (3), over


(B) the amounts paid out of the Thrift Savings Fund with respect to such individual under this subchapter.


(3) Pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Executive Director, the Executive Director shall allocate to each account an amount equal to a pro rata share of the net earnings and net losses from each investment of sums in the Thrift Savings Fund attributable to sums credited to such account, reduced by an appropriate share of the administrative expenses paid out of the net earnings under section 8437(d) of this title, as determined by the Executive Director.

(b)(1) For the purposes of this subsection, the term "qualified public accountant" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 103(a)(3)(D) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1023(a)(3)(D)).

(2) The Executive Director shall annually engage, on behalf of all individuals for whom an account is maintained, an independent qualified public accountant, who shall conduct an examination of all accounts and other books and records maintained in the administration of this subchapter and subchapter VII as the public accountant considers necessary to enable the public accountant to make the determination required by paragraph (3). The examination shall be conducted in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and shall involve such tests of the accounts, books, and records as the public accountant considers necessary.

(3) The public accountant conducting an examination under paragraph (2) shall determine whether the accounts, books, and records referred to in such paragraph have been maintained in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles applied on a basis consistent with the manner in which such principles were applied during the examination conducted under such paragraph during the preceding year. The public accountant shall transmit to the Board a report on his examination, including his determination under this paragraph.

(4) In making a determination under paragraph (3), a public accountant may rely on the correctness of any actuarial matter certified by an enrolled actuary if the public accountant states his reliance in the report transmitted to the Board under such paragraph.

(c)(1) The Board shall prescribe regulations under which each individual for whom an account is maintained shall be furnished with—

(A) a periodic statement relating to the individual's account; and

(B) a summary description of the investment options under section 8438 of this title covering, and an evaluation of, each such option the 5-year period preceding the date as of which such evaluation is made.


(2) Information under this subsection shall be provided on a regular basis, and in a manner designed to facilitate informed decisionmaking with respect to elections under sections 8432 and 8438 of this title. Nothing in this paragraph shall be considered to limit the dissemination of information only to the times required under the preceding sentence.

(d)(1) Each employee, Member, former employee, or former Member who elects to invest in any investment fund or option under this chapter, other than the Government Securities Investment Fund, shall sign an acknowledgement prescribed by the Executive Director which states that the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member understands that an investment in any such fund or option is made at the employee's, Member's, former employee's, or former Member's risk, that the employee, Member, former employee, or former Member is not protected by the Government against any loss on such investment, and that a return on such investment is not guaranteed by the Government.

(2) Prior to enrollment in the Thrift Savings Fund, or as soon as practicable thereafter, an individual who is automatically enrolled pursuant to section 8432(b)(2) shall receive the risk acknowledgment information described under paragraph (1).

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 555; amended Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §103]], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-372, 3009-373; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §103(j), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3829; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, §661(a)(5), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 672; Pub. L. 106–361, §2(b)(4), (5), Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1401; Pub. L. 108–469, §1(d)(3), Dec. 21, 2004, 118 Stat. 3892; Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §106(a), June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1855; Pub. L. 113–255, §2(b), Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 2920.)

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–255 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

2009—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–31, §106(a)(2), substituted "any such fund or option" for "either such Fund".

Pub. L. 111–31, §106(a)(1), which directed substitution of "any investment fund or option under this chapter, other than the Government Securities Investment Fund," for "the matter after 'who elects to invest in' and before 'shall sign an acknowledgment' ", was executed by making the substitution for "the Common Stock Index Investment Fund, the Fixed Income Investment Fund, the International Stock Index Investment Fund, or the Small Capitalization Stock Index Investment Fund, defined in paragraphs (1), (3), (5), and (10), respectively, of section 8438(a) of this title", before "shall sign an acknowledgement", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2004—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–469 substituted "on a regular basis" for "at least 30 calendar days before the beginning of each election period under section 8432(b)(1)(A) of this title".

2000—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 106–361, §2(b)(4), inserted "who makes contributions or" after "for each individual" and substituted "section 8432" for "section 8432(c)(1)".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 106–361, §2(b)(5), inserted at end "Nothing in this paragraph shall be considered to limit the dissemination of information only to the times required under the preceding sentence."

1999—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 106–65, §661(a)(5)(A), in so far as it directed amendment of par. (1) by striking out "under section 8432(c)(1) of this title", could not be executed because the words "under section 8432(c)(1) of this title" did not appear subsequent to amendment by Pub. L. 106–361, §2(b)(4). See 2000 Amendment note above.

Pub. L. 106–65, §661(a)(5)(A), struck out "under section 8351 of this title" after "Thrift Savings Fund".

Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 106–65, §661(a)(5)(B), struck out "under section 8432(a) or 8351 of this title" after "individual".

Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 106–65, §661(a)(5)(C), struck out "under section 8432(c) of this title" after "individual".

1996—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 104–316 struck out "and the Comptroller General of the United States" after "to the Board".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–208 substituted "Each employee, Member, former employee, or former Member who elects to invest in the Common Stock Index Investment Fund, the Fixed Income Investment Fund, the International Stock Index Investment Fund, or the Small Capitalization Stock Index Investment Fund, defined in paragraphs (1), (3), (5), and (10)," for "Each employee, Member, former employee, or former Member who elects to invest in the Common Stock Index Investment Fund or the Fixed Income Investment Fund described in paragraphs (1) and (3),".

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–255 effective on the date that the Executive Director issues guidance under section 2(d) Pub. L. 113–255, set out as a Guidance note under section 8438 of this title [guidance published Aug. 28, 2015, effective Sept. 5, 2015], and applicable to individuals enrolled in the Thrift Savings Plan on or after such date, see section 2(e) of Pub. L. 113–255, set out as a note under section 8438 of this title.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–361 effective at the earliest practicable date after Sept. 30, 2000, as determined by the Executive Director in regulations, see section 2(c)(1) of Pub. L. 106–361, set out as a note under section 8432 of this title.

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–65 effective 180 days after Oct. 30, 2000, unless postponed, see section 663 of Pub. L. 106–65, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8440e of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–208 effective Sept. 30, 1996, with provisions for certain funds to be offered for investment at earliest practicable election period, see section 101(f) [title VI, §659 [title I, §104]] of Pub. L. 104–208, set out as a note under section 8438 of this title.

Reporting Requirements

Pub. L. 111–31, div. B, title I, §105, June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1855, provided that:

"(a) Annual Report.—The Board shall, not later than June 30 of each year, submit to Congress an annual report on the operations of the Thrift Savings Plan. Such report shall include, for the prior calendar year, information on the number of participants as of the last day of such prior calendar year, the median balance in participants' accounts as of such last day, demographic information on participants, the percentage allocation of amounts among investment funds or options, the status of the development and implementation of the mutual fund window, the diversity demographics of any company, investment adviser, or other entity retained to invest and manage the assets of the Thrift Savings Fund, and such other information as the Board considers appropriate. A copy of each annual report under this subsection shall be made available to the public through an Internet website.

"(b) Reporting of Fees and Other Information.—

"(1) In general.—The Board shall include in the periodic statements provided to participants under section 8439(c) of title 5, United States Code, the amount of the investment management fees, administrative expenses, and any other fees or expenses paid with respect to each investment fund and option under the Thrift Savings Plan. Any such statement shall also provide a statement notifying participants as to how they may access the annual report described in subsection (a), as well as any other information concerning the Thrift Savings Plan that might be useful.

"(2) Use of estimates.—For purposes of providing the information required under this subsection, the Board may provide a reasonable and representative estimate of any fees or expenses described in paragraph (1) and shall indicate any such estimate as being such an estimate. Any such estimate shall be based on the previous year's experience.

"(c) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

"(1) the term 'Board' has the meaning given such term by 8401(5) of title 5, United States Code;

"(2) the term 'participant' has the meaning given such term by section 8471(3) of title 5, United States Code; and

"(3) the term 'account' means an account established under section 8439 of title 5, United States Code."

§8440. Tax treatment of the Thrift Savings Fund

(a) For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986—

(1) the Thrift Savings Fund shall be treated as a trust described in section 401(a) of such Code which is exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code;

(2) any contribution to, or distribution from, the Thrift Savings Fund shall be treated in the same manner as contributions to or distributions from such a trust; and

(3) subject to section 401(k)(4)(B) of such Code and any dollar limitation on the application of section 402(a)(8) of such Code, contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund shall not be treated as distributed or made available to an employee or Member nor as a contribution made to the Fund by an employee or Member merely because the employee or Member has, under the provisions of this subchapter and section 8351 of this title, an election whether the contribution will be made to the Thrift Savings Fund or received by the employee or Member in cash.


(b) Nondiscrimination requirements.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Thrift Savings Fund is not subject to the nondiscrimination requirements applicable to arrangements described in section 401(k) of title 26, United States Code, or to matching contributions (as described in section 401(m) of title 26, United States Code), so long as it meets the requirements of this section.

(c) Subsection (a) shall not be construed to provide that any amount of the employee's or Member's basic pay which is contributed to the Thrift Savings Fund shall not be included in the term "wages" for the purposes of section 209 of the Social Security Act or section 3121(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(Added Pub. L. 99–335, title I, §101(a), June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 557; amended Pub. L. 100–202, §101(m) [title VI, §624(b)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–390, 1329-430; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1011A(m)(2), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3483; Pub. L. 102–378, §2(69), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1355; Pub. L. 103–353, §5(e)(5), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3174.)

References in Text

The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (c), is classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Section 209 of the Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (c), is classified to section 409 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Amendments

1994—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 103–353 substituted "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954".

1992—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–378 inserted "section 401(k)(4)(B) of such Code and" after "subject to".

1988—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100–647, which directed the insertion of ", 401(k)(4)(B) of such Code," after "subsection (b)", could not be executed because of previous amendment by Pub. L. 100–202, §101(m) [title VI, §624(b)(1)] which struck out "subsection (b)". See 1987 Amendment note below.

1987—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100–202, §101(m) [title VI, §624(b)(1)], struck out "the provisions of subsection (b) and" after "subject to".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–202, §101(m) [title VI, §624(b)(2)], added subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which consisted of pars. (1) and (2) providing that subsec. (a)(3) not apply to the Thrift Savings Fund unless the Fund meets the antidiscrimination requirements applicable to arrangements described in section 401(k) of title 26 and to matching contributions.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–353 effective with respect to reemployments initiated on or after the first day after the 60-day period beginning Oct. 13, 1994, with transition rules, see section 8 of Pub. L. 103–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–378 effective Nov. 10, 1988, see section 9(b)(8) of Pub. L. 102–378, set out as a note under section 6303 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647 effective as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99&ndas