[USC03] 7 USC CHAPTER 100, SUBCHAPTER V: ADMINISTRATION
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7 USC CHAPTER 100, SUBCHAPTER V: ADMINISTRATION
From Title 7—AGRICULTURECHAPTER 100—AGRICULTURAL MARKET TRANSITION

SUBCHAPTER V—ADMINISTRATION

§7281. Administration

(a) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation

The Secretary shall carry out this chapter through the Commodity Credit Corporation.

(b) Omitted

(c) Determinations by Secretary

A determination made by the Secretary under this chapter shall be final and conclusive.

(d) Regulations

Not later than 90 days after April 4, 1996, the Secretary and the Commodity Credit Corporation, as appropriate, shall issue such regulations as are necessary to implement this chapter. The issuance of the regulations shall be made without regard to—

(1) the notice and comment provisions of section 553 of title 5;

(2) the Statement of Policy of the Secretary of Agriculture effective July 24, 1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 13804) relating to notices of proposed rulemaking and public participation in rulemaking; and

(3) chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly know 1 as the "Paperwork Reduction Act").

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §161, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 934.)

References in Text

For definition of "this chapter", referred to in text, see note set out under section 7201 of this title.

Codification

Section is comprised of section 161 of Pub. L. 104–127. Subsec. (b) of section 161 of Pub. L. 104–127 amended sections 714b, 714i, and 714k of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

1 So in original. Probably should be "known".

§7282. Adjustments of loans

(a) Adjustment authority

The Secretary may make appropriate adjustments in the loan rates for any commodity for differences in grade, type, quality, location, and other factors.

(b) Manner of adjustment

The adjustments under the authority of this section shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be made in such manner that the average loan level for the commodity will, on the basis of the anticipated incidence of the factors, be equal to the level of support determined as provided in this chapter and title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 [7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.].

(c) Adjustment on county basis

The Secretary may establish loan rates for a crop for producers in individual counties in a manner that results in the lowest such rate being 95 percent of the national average loan rate, except that such action shall not result in an increase in outlays. Adjustments under this subsection shall not result in an increase in the national average loan rate for any year.

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §162, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 935; Pub. L. 107–171, title I, §1606, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 218.)

References in Text

For definition of "this chapter", referred to in subsec. (b), see note set out under section 7201 of this title.

The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 107–171, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 134. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 106 (§7901 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note under section 7901 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–171 substituted "this chapter and title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002" for "this chapter".

§7283. Commodity Credit Corporation interest rate

(a) In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the monthly Commodity Credit Corporation interest rate applicable to loans provided for agricultural commodities by the Corporation shall be 100 basis points greater than the rate determined under the applicable interest rate formula in effect on October 1, 1995.

(b) Sugar

For purposes of this section, raw cane sugar, refined beet sugar, and in-process sugar eligible for a loan under section 7272 of this title shall not be considered an agricultural commodity.

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §163, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 935; Pub. L. 107–171, title I, §1401(c), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 187.)

Amendments

2002Pub. L. 107–171 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

§7284. Personal liability of producers for deficiencies

(a) In general

Except as provided in subsection (b), no producer shall be personally liable for any deficiency arising from the sale of the collateral securing any nonrecourse loan made under this chapter 1 title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 [7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.], title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 [7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.], and title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 [7 U.S.C. 9001 et seq.] unless the loan was obtained through a fraudulent representation by the producer.

(b) Limitations

Subsection (a) shall not prevent the Commodity Credit Corporation or the Secretary from requiring a producer to assume liability for—

(1) a deficiency in the grade, quality, or quantity of a commodity stored on a farm or delivered by the producer;

(2) a failure to properly care for and preserve a commodity; or

(3) a failure or refusal to deliver a commodity in accordance with a program established under this chapter 1 title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 [7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.], title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 [7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.], and title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 [7 U.S.C. 9001 et seq.].

(c) Acquisition of collateral

In the case of a nonrecourse loan made under this chapter 1 title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 [7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.], title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 [7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.], and title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 [7 U.S.C. 9001 et seq.] or the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714 et seq.), if the Commodity Credit Corporation acquires title to the unredeemed collateral, the Corporation shall be under no obligation to pay for any market value that the collateral may have in excess of the loan indebtedness.

(d) Sugarcane and sugar beets

A security interest obtained by the Commodity Credit Corporation as a result of the execution of a security agreement by the processor of sugarcane or sugar beets shall be superior to all statutory and common law liens on raw cane sugar and refined beet sugar in favor of the producers of sugarcane and sugar beets and all prior recorded and unrecorded liens on the crops of sugarcane and sugar beets from which the sugar was derived.

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §164, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 935; Pub. L. 107–171, title I, §1607, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 218; Pub. L. 110–234, title I, §1606, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1017; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title I, §1606, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1746; Pub. L. 113–79, title I, §1607, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 708.)

References in Text

For definition of "this chapter", referred to in text, see note set out under section 7201 of this title.

The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, referred to in subsecs. (a), (b)(3), and (c), is Pub. L. 107–171, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 134. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 106 (§7901 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note under section 7901 of this title and Tables.

The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, referred to in subsecs. (a), (b)(3), and (c), is Pub. L. 110–246, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1651. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 113 (§8701 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8701 of this title and Tables.

The Agricultural Act of 2014, referred to in subsecs. (a), (b)(3), and (c), is Pub. L. 113–79, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 649. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 115 (§9001 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 9001 of this title and Tables.

The Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, referred to in subsec. (c), is act June 29, 1948, ch. 704, 62 Stat. 1070, which is classified generally to subchapter II (§714 et seq.) of chapter 15 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 714 of title 15 and Tables.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2014—Subsecs. (a), (b)(3), (c). Pub. L. 113–79 substituted "title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, and title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014" for "and title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008".

2008—Subsecs. (a), (b)(3), (c). Pub. L. 110–246, §1606, substituted "title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, and title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008" for "and title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002".

2002—Subsecs. (a), (b)(3), (c). Pub. L. 107–171 substituted "this chapter and title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002" for "this chapter".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

§7285. Commodity Credit Corporation sales price restrictions

(a) General sales authority

The Commodity Credit Corporation may sell any commodity owned or controlled by the Corporation at any price that the Secretary determines will maximize returns to the Corporation.

(b) Nonapplication of sales price restrictions

Subsection (a) shall not apply to—

(1) a sale for a new or byproduct use;

(2) a sale of peanuts or oilseeds for the extraction of oil;

(3) a sale for seed or feed if the sale will not substantially impair any loan program;

(4) a sale of a commodity that has substantially deteriorated in quality or as to which there is a danger of loss or waste through deterioration or spoilage;

(5) a sale for the purpose of establishing a claim arising out of a contract or against a person who has committed fraud, misrepresentation, or other wrongful act with respect to the commodity;

(6) a sale for export, as determined by the Corporation; and

(7) a sale for other than a primary use.

(c) Presidential disaster areas

(1) In general

Notwithstanding subsection (a), on such terms and conditions as the Secretary may consider in the public interest, the Corporation may make available any commodity or product owned or controlled by the Corporation for use in relieving distress—

(A) in any area in the United States (including the Virgin Islands) declared by the President to be an acute distress area because of unemployment or other economic cause, if the President finds that the use will not displace or interfere with normal marketing of agricultural commodities; and

(B) in connection with any major disaster determined by the President to warrant assistance by the Federal Government under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).

(2) Costs

Except on a reimbursable basis, the Corporation shall not bear any costs in connection with making a commodity available under paragraph (1) beyond the cost of the commodity to the Corporation incurred in—

(A) the storage of the commodity; and

(B) the handling and transportation costs in making delivery of the commodity to designated agencies at 1 or more central locations in each State or other area.

(d) Efficient operations

Subsection (a) shall not apply to the sale of a commodity the disposition of which is desirable in the interest of the effective and efficient conduct of the operations of the Corporation because of the small quantity of the commodity involved, or because of the age, location, or questionable continued storability of the commodity.

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §165, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 936.)

References in Text

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(1)(B), is Pub. L. 93–288, May 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 143, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 68 (§5121 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5121 of Title 42 and Tables.

§7286. Commodity certificates

(a) In general

In making in-kind payments under subchapter III of this chapter, title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 [7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.], title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 [7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.], and Subtitle 1 B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 [7 U.S.C. 9031 et seq.], the Commodity Credit Corporation may—

(1) acquire and use commodities that have been pledged to the Commodity Credit Corporation as collateral for loans made by the Corporation;

(2) use other commodities owned by the Commodity Credit Corporation; and

(3) redeem negotiable marketing certificates for cash under terms and conditions established by the Secretary.

(b) Methods of payment

The Commodity Credit Corporation may make in-kind payments—

(1) by delivery of the commodity at a warehouse or other similar facility;

(2) by the transfer of negotiable warehouse receipts;

(3) by the issuance of negotiable certificates, which the Commodity Credit Corporation shall exchange for a commodity owned or controlled by the Corporation in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Corporation; or

(4) by such other methods as the Commodity Credit Corporation determines appropriate to promote the efficient, equitable, and expeditious receipt of the in-kind payments so that a person receiving the payments receives the same total return as if the payments had been made in cash.

(c) Administration

(1) Form

At the option of a producer, the Commodity Credit Corporation shall make negotiable certificates authorized under subsection (b)(3) available to the producer, in the form of program payments or by sale, in a manner that the Corporation determines will encourage the orderly marketing of commodities pledged as collateral for loans made to producers under subchapter III of this chapter, title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 [7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.], title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 [7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.], and Subtitle 1 B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 [7 U.S.C. 9031 et seq.].

(2) Transfer

A negotiable certificate issued in accordance with this subsection may be transferred to another person in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary.

(3) Application of authority

Beginning with the 2015 crop marketing year, the Secretary shall carry out paragraph (1) under the same terms and conditions as were in effect for the 2008 crop year for loans made to producers under subtitle B [7 U.S.C. 8731 et seq.] of title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.).

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §166, as added Pub. L. 106–78, title VIII, §812, Oct. 22, 1999, 113 Stat. 1181; amended Pub. L. 107–171, title I, §1608, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 218; Pub. L. 110–234, title I, §1607, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1018; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title I, §1607, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1746, Pub. L. 114–113, div. A, title VII, §740, Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 2281.)

References in Text

The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (c)(1), is Pub. L. 107–171, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 134. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 106 (§7901 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 7901 of this title and Tables.

The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (c)(1), (3), is Pub. L. 110–246, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1651. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 113 (§8701 et seq.) of this title. Subtitle B of title I of the Act is classified generally to subchapter II (§8731 et seq.) of chapter 113 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8701 of this title and Tables.

The Agricultural Act of 2014, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (c)(1), is Pub. L. 113–79, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 649. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 115 (§9001 et seq.) of this title. Subtitle B of title I of the Act is classified generally to subchapter II (§9031 et seq.) of chapter 115 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 9001 of this title and Tables.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2015—Subsecs. (a), (c)(1). Pub. L. 114–113, §740(1), substituted "title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, and Subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014" for "and title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008".

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 114–113, §740(2), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The authority to carry out paragraph (1) terminates effective ending with the 2009 crop year."

2008—Subsecs. (a), (c)(1). Pub. L. 110–246, §1607(1), substituted ", title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, and title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008" for "and subtitle B and C of title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002".

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 110–246, §1607(2), added par. (3).

2002—Subsecs. (a), (c)(1). Pub. L. 107–171 substituted "subchapter III of this chapter and subtitle B and C of title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002" for "subchapter III of this chapter".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should not be capitalized.

§7287. Commodity Credit Corporation storage payments

(a) Initial crop years

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for each of the 2008 through 2011 crop years, the Commodity Credit Corporation shall establish rates for the storage of forfeited sugar in an amount that is not less than—

(1) in the case of refined sugar, 15 cents per hundredweight of refined sugar per month; and

(2) in the case of raw cane sugar, 10 cents per hundredweight of raw cane sugar per month.

(b) Subsequent crop years

For each of the 2012 and subsequent crop years, the Commodity Credit Corporation shall establish rates for the storage of forfeited sugar in the same manner as was used on the day before the date of enactment of this section.

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §167, as added Pub. L. 110–234, title I, §1405, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 990, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title I, §1405, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1718.)

References in Text

The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec. (b), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–246, which was approved June 18, 2008.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 enacted identical sections. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Section 1405 of Pub. L. 110–246, which directed that this section be added at the end of subtitle E of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, was executed by adding this section at the end of subtitle E of title I of that Act, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Effective Date

Enactment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.