[USC02] 50 USC CHAPTER 42, SUBCHAPTER VI: PERSONNEL MATTERS
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50 USC CHAPTER 42, SUBCHAPTER VI: PERSONNEL MATTERS
From Title 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSECHAPTER 42—ATOMIC ENERGY DEFENSE PROVISIONS

SUBCHAPTER VI—PERSONNEL MATTERS

Part A—Personnel Management

§2701. Authority for appointment of certain scientific, engineering, and technical personnel

(a) Authority

(1) Notwithstanding any provision of title 5 governing appointments in the competitive service and General Schedule classification and pay rates, the Secretary of Energy may—

(A) establish and set the rates of pay for not more than 200 positions in the Department of Energy for scientific, engineering, and technical personnel whose duties will relate to safety at defense nuclear facilities of the Department; and

(B) appoint persons to such positions.


(2) The rate of pay for a position established under paragraph (1) may not exceed the rate of pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5.

(3) To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall appoint persons under paragraph (1)(B) to the positions established under paragraph (1)(A) in accordance with the merit system principles set forth in section 2301 of such title.

(b) OPM review

(1) The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management under which agreement the Director shall periodically evaluate the use of the authority set forth in subsection (a)(1). The Secretary shall reimburse the Director for evaluations conducted by the Director pursuant to the agreement. Any such reimbursement shall be credited to the revolving fund referred to in section 1304(e) of title 5.

(2) If the Director determines as a result of such evaluation that the Secretary of Energy is not appointing persons to positions under such authority in a manner consistent with the merit system principles set forth in section 2301 of title 5 or is setting rates of pay at levels that are not appropriate for the qualifications and experience of the persons appointed and the duties of the positions involved, the Director shall notify the Secretary and Congress of that determination.

(3) Upon receipt of a notification under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall—

(A) take appropriate actions to appoint persons to positions under such authority in a manner consistent with such principles or to set rates of pay at levels that are appropriate for the qualifications and experience of the persons appointed and the duties of the positions involved; or

(B) cease appointment of persons under such authority.

(c) Termination

(1) The authority provided under subsection (a)(1) shall terminate on September 30, 2020.

(2) An employee may not be separated from employment with the Department of Energy or receive a reduction in pay by reason of the termination of authority under paragraph (1).

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4601, formerly Pub. L. 103–337, div. C, title XXXI, §3161, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3095; Pub. L. 105–85, div. C, title XXXI, §3139, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 2040; Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §§3152, 3155, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2253, 2257; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. C, title XXXI, §3191], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-480; Pub. L. 107–314, div. C, title XXXI, §3174, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2745; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4601, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1776; Pub. L. 108–375, div. C, title XXXI, §3112, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2160; Pub. L. 109–364, div. C, title XXXI, §3115, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2506; Pub. L. 111–32, title IV, §402, June 24, 2009, 123 Stat. 1877; Pub. L. 111–84, div. C, title XXXI, §3119, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2709; Pub. L. 111–383, div. C, title XXXI, §3117, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4513; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(1), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1079; Pub. L. 114–328, div. C, title XXXI, §3136(b), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2771.)

References in Text

The General Schedule, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), is set out under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 7231 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 114–328 substituted "2020" for "2016".

2013—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 113–66 struck out par. (4) which read as follows: "The Secretary may not appoint more than 100 persons during fiscal year 1995 under the authority provided in this subsection."

2011—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 111–383 substituted "September 30, 2016" for "September 30, 2011".

2009—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 111–84 substituted "September 30, 2011" for "September 30, 2009".

Pub. L. 111–32 substituted "September 30, 2009" for "September 30, 2008".

2006—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 109–364 substituted "September 30, 2008" for "September 30, 2006".

2004—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 108–375 substituted "September 30, 2006" for "September 30, 2004".

2002—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 107–314, §3174, substituted "September 30, 2004" for "September 30, 2002".

2000—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 106–398 substituted "September 30, 2002" for "September 30, 2000".

1998—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105–261, §3155, substituted "level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314" for "level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315".

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–261, §3152, substituted "September 30, 2000" for "September 30, 1999".

1997—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–85, §3139(a), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to a study to be conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–85, §3139(b), substituted "September 30, 1999" for "September 30, 1997".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–85, §3139(a)(2), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c).

§2702. Whistleblower protection program

(a) Program required

The Secretary of Energy shall establish a program to ensure that covered individuals may not be discharged, demoted, or otherwise discriminated against as a reprisal for making protected disclosures.

(b) Covered individuals

For purposes of this section, a covered individual is an individual who is an employee of the Department of Energy, or of a contractor of the Department, who is engaged in the defense activities of the Department.

(c) Protected disclosures

For purposes of this section, a protected disclosure is a disclosure—

(1) made by a covered individual who takes appropriate steps to protect the security of the information in accordance with guidance provided under this section;

(2) made to a person or entity specified in subsection (d); and

(3) of classified or other information that the covered individual reasonably believes to provide direct and specific evidence of any of the following:

(A) A violation of law or Federal regulation.

(B) Gross mismanagement, a gross waste of funds, or abuse of authority.

(C) A false statement to Congress on an issue of material fact.

(d) Persons and entities to which disclosures may be made

A person or entity specified in this subsection is any of the following:

(1) A member of a committee of Congress having primary responsibility for oversight of the department, agency, or element of the Government to which the disclosed information relates.

(2) An employee of Congress who is a staff member of such a committee and has an appropriate security clearance for access to information of the type disclosed.

(3) The Inspector General of the Department of Energy.

(4) The Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(5) Any other element of the Government designated by the Secretary as authorized to receive information of the type disclosed.

(e) Official capacity of persons to whom information is disclosed

A member of, or an employee of Congress who is a staff member of, a committee of Congress specified in subsection (d) who receives a protected disclosure under this section does so in that member or employee's official capacity as such a member or employee.

(f) Assistance and guidance

The Secretary, acting through the Inspector General of the Department of Energy, shall provide assistance and guidance to each covered individual who seeks to make a protected disclosure under this section. Such assistance and guidance shall include the following:

(1) Identifying the persons or entities under subsection (d) to which that disclosure may be made.

(2) Advising that individual regarding the steps to be taken to protect the security of the information to be disclosed.

(3) Taking appropriate actions to protect the identity of that individual throughout that disclosure.

(4) Taking appropriate actions to coordinate that disclosure with any other Federal agency or agencies that originated the information.

(g) Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to ensure the security of any information disclosed under this section.

(h) Notification to covered individuals

The Secretary shall notify each covered individual of the following:

(1) The rights of that individual under this section.

(2) The assistance and guidance provided under this section.

(3) That the individual has a responsibility to obtain that assistance and guidance before seeking to make a protected disclosure.

(i) Complaint by covered individuals

If a covered individual believes that that individual has been discharged, demoted, or otherwise discriminated against as a reprisal for making a protected disclosure under this section, the individual may submit a complaint relating to such matter to the Director of the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy.

(j) Investigation by Office of Hearings and Appeals

(1) For each complaint submitted under subsection (i), the Director of the Office of Hearings and Appeals shall—

(A) determine whether or not the complaint is frivolous; and

(B) if the Director determines the complaint is not frivolous, conduct an investigation of the complaint.


(2) The Director shall submit a report on each investigation undertaken under paragraph (1)(B) to—

(A) the individual who submitted the complaint on which the investigation is based;

(B) the contractor concerned, if any; and

(C) the Secretary of Energy.

(k) Remedial action

(1) Whenever the Secretary determines that a covered individual has been discharged, demoted, or otherwise discriminated against as a reprisal for making a protected disclosure under this section, the Secretary shall—

(A) in the case of a Department employee, take appropriate actions to abate the action; or

(B) in the case of a contractor employee, order the contractor concerned to take appropriate actions to abate the action.


(2)(A) If a contractor fails to comply with an order issued under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary may file an action for enforcement of the order in the appropriate United States district court.

(B) In any action brought under subparagraph (A), the court may grant appropriate relief, including injunctive relief and compensatory and exemplary damages.

(l) Relationship to other laws

The protections provided by this section are independent of, and not subject to any limitations that may be provided in, the Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 (Public Law 101–12; 103 Stat. 16) or any other law that may provide protection for disclosures of information by employees of the Department of Energy or of a contractor of the Department.

(m) Annual report

(1) Not later than 30 days after the commencement of each fiscal year, the Director shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on the investigations undertaken under subsection (j)(1)(B) during the preceding fiscal year, including a summary of the results of each such investigation.

(2) A report under paragraph (1) may not identify or otherwise provide any information about an individual submitting a complaint under this section without the consent of the individual.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4602, formerly Pub. L. 106–65, div. C, title XXXI, §3164, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 946; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4602, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(3), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1776; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(2), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1079.)

References in Text

The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989, referred to in subsec. (l), is Pub. L. 101–12, Apr. 10, 1989, 103 Stat. 16, as amended, which enacted subchapters II (§1211 et seq.) and III (§1221 et seq.) of chapter 12 and section 3352 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, amended sections 1201 to 1206, 1209, 1211, 2302, 2303, 3393, 7502, 7512, 7521, 7542, 7701, and 7703 of Title 5 and section 4139 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, repealed sections 1207 and 1208 of Title 5, and enacted provisions set out as notes under sections 1201, 1211, and 5509 of Title 5. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1989 Amendment note set out under section 1201 of Title 5 and Tables.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7239 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(2)(A), substituted "Public Law 101–12; 103 Stat. 16" for "Public Law 101–512".

Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(2)(B), struck out subsec. (n). Text read as follows: "Not later than December 5, 1999, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report describing the implementation of the program required by this section."

2003—Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(3)(D), substituted "December 5, 1999," for "60 days after October 5, 1999,".

§2703. Repealed. Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(3)(A), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1079

Section, Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4603, formerly Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. C, title XXXI, §3136], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-458; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4603, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(4), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1777, related to employee incentives for employees at closure project facilities.

§2704. Department of Energy defense nuclear facilities workforce restructuring plan

(a) In general

Upon determination that a change in the workforce at a defense nuclear facility is necessary, the Secretary of Energy shall develop a plan for restructuring the workforce for the defense nuclear facility that takes into account—

(1) the reconfiguration of the defense nuclear facility; and

(2) the plan for the nuclear weapons stockpile that is the most recently prepared plan at the time of the development of the plan referred to in this subsection.

(b) Consultation

(1) In developing a plan referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of Labor, appropriate representatives of local and national collective-bargaining units of individuals employed at Department of Energy defense nuclear facilities, appropriate representatives of departments and agencies of State and local governments, appropriate representatives of State and local institutions of higher education, and appropriate representatives of community groups in communities affected by the restructuring plan.

(2) The Secretary shall determine appropriate representatives of the units, governments, institutions, and groups referred to in paragraph (1).

(c) Objectives

In preparing the plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall be guided by the following objectives:

(1) Changes in the workforce at a Department of Energy defense nuclear facility—

(A) should be accomplished so as to minimize social and economic impacts;

(B) should be made only after the provision of notice of such changes not later than 120 days before the commencement of such changes to such employees and the communities in which such facilities are located; and

(C) should be accomplished, when possible, through the use of retraining, early retirement, attrition, and other options that minimize layoffs.


(2) Employees whose employment in positions at such facilities is terminated shall, to the extent practicable, receive preference in any hiring of the Department of Energy (consistent with applicable employment seniority plans or practices of the Department of Energy and with section 3152 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101–189; 103 Stat. 1682)).

(3) Employees shall, to the extent practicable, be retrained for work in environmental restoration and waste management activities at such facilities or other facilities of the Department of Energy.

(4) The Department of Energy should provide relocation assistance to employees who are transferred to other Department of Energy facilities as a result of the plan.

(5) The Department of Energy should assist terminated employees in obtaining appropriate retraining, education, and reemployment assistance (including employment placement assistance).

(6) The Department of Energy should provide local impact assistance to communities that are affected by the restructuring plan and coordinate the provision of such assistance with—

(A) programs carried out by the Secretary of Labor under title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act [29 U.S.C. 3111 et seq.];

(B) programs carried out pursuant to the Defense Economic Adjustment, Diversification, Conversion, and Stabilization Act of 1990 (division D of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2391 note); and

(C) programs carried out by the Department of Commerce pursuant to title II of the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3141 et seq.).

(d) Implementation

The Secretary shall, subject to the availability of appropriations for such purpose, work on an ongoing basis with representatives of the Department of Labor, workforce bargaining units, and States and local communities in carrying out a plan required under subsection (a).

(e) Submittal to Congress

(1) The Secretary shall submit to Congress a plan referred to in subsection (a) with respect to a defense nuclear facility within 90 days after the date on which a notice of changes described in subsection (c)(1)(B) is provided to employees of the facility, or 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,1 whichever is later.

(2) In addition to the plans submitted under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to Congress every six months a report setting forth a description of, and the amount or value of, all local impact assistance provided during the preceding six months under subsection (c)(6).

(f) Department of Energy defense nuclear facility defined

In this section, the term "Department of Energy defense nuclear facility" means—

(1) a production facility or utilization facility (as those terms are defined in section 2014 of title 42) that is under the control or jurisdiction of the Secretary and that is operated for national security purposes (including the tritium loading facility at Savannah River, South Carolina, and the 236 H facility at Savannah River, South Carolina), but the term does not include any facility that does not conduct atomic energy defense activities and does not include any facility or activity covered by Executive Order Number 12344, dated February 1, 1982, pertaining to the naval nuclear propulsion program;

(2) a nuclear waste storage or disposal facility that is under the control or jurisdiction of the Secretary;

(3) a testing and assembly facility that is under the control or jurisdiction of the Secretary and that is operated for national security purposes (including the Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, and the Pantex facility, Texas);

(4) an atomic weapons research facility that is under the control or jurisdiction of the Secretary (including Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Sandia National Laboratories); or

(5) any facility described in paragraphs (1) through (4) that—

(A) is no longer in operation;

(B) was under the control or jurisdiction of the Department of Defense, the Atomic Energy Commission, or the Energy Research and Development Administration; and

(C) was operated for national security purposes.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4604, formerly Pub. L. 102–484, div. C, title XXXI, §3161, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2644; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1070(c)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2857; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, §101(f) [title VIII, §405(d)(7)(A), (f)(6)(A)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–337, 2681-419, 2681-430; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(h)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1229; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4604, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(5), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1777; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §§3131(q)(1), (bb)(1)(A), (C), 3134(b)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2183, 2185, 2193; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(4), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1079; Pub. L. 113–128, title V, §512(d), July 22, 2014, 128 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 113–291, div. C, title XXXI, §3142(o), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3901.)

References in Text

Section 3152 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), is section 3152 of Pub. L. 101–189, div. C, title XXXI, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1682, which is not classified to the Code.

The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(6)(A), is Pub. L. 113–128, July 22, 2014, 128 Stat. 1425. Title I of the Act is classified generally to subchapter I (§3111 et seq.) of chapter 32 of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3101 of Title 29 and Tables.

The Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965, referred to in subsec. (c)(6)(C), is Pub. L. 89–136, Aug. 26, 1965, 79 Stat. 552, as amended. Title II of the Act is classified generally to subchapter II (§3141 et seq.) of chapter 38 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3121 of Title 42 and Tables.

The date of the enactment of this Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(1), meant Oct. 23, 1992, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 102–484, in this section as originally enacted. As renumbered by Pub. L. 108–136, this section is now part of Pub. L. 107–314, which was approved Dec. 2, 2002.

Executive Order Number 12344, referred to in subsec. (f)(1), is set out as a note under section 2511 of this title.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7274h of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (c)(6)(A). Pub. L. 113–128, which directed amendment of subpar. (A) by substituting "programs carried out by the Secretary of Labor under title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act" for "programs carried out by the Secretary of Labor under the Job Training Partnership Act or title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.)", was executed by making the substitution for "programs carried out by the Secretary of Labor under title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.)" to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the intervening amendment by Pub. L. 105–277, §101(f) [title VIII, §405(f)(6)(A)]. See 1998 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 113–291 substituted "Nevada, and" for "Nevada and".

2013—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 112–239, §3134(b)(1)(A), struck out "and any updates of the plan under subsection (e)" after "plan referred to in subsection (a)".

Subsec. (c)(6)(A). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(4)(A), inserted "(29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.)" after "1998".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 112–239, §3134(b)(1)(B), (D), redesignated subsec. (f) as (e) and struck out former subsec. (e), which required the Secretary to issue plan updates.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 112–239, §3134(b)(1)(D), redesignated subsec. (g) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(4)(B), substituted "and the 236 H facility at Savannah River, South Carolina" for "the 236 H facility at Savannah River, South Carolina; and the Mound Laboratory, Ohio".

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 112–239, §3134(b)(1)(C), redesignated par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "The Secretary shall submit to Congress any updates of the plan under subsection (e) immediately upon completion of any such update."

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 112–239, §3134(b)(1)(C)(ii), redesignated par. (3) as (2).

Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(q)(1), added par. (3).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 112–239, §3134(b)(1)(D), redesignated subsec. (g) as (f).

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(bb)(1)(A), (C), substituted "Nevada National Security Site" for "Nevada Test Site" and struck out "; the Pinnellas Plant, Florida;" before "and the Pantex facility".

2003—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(5)(D)(i), struck out "(hereinafter in this subtitle referred to as the 'Secretary')" after "Secretary of Energy".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(5)(D)(ii), added subsec. (g).

2001—Subsec. (c)(6)(C). Pub. L. 107–107 substituted "title II of the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3141 et seq.)" for "title IX of the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3241 et seq.)".

1998—Subsec. (c)(6)(A). Pub. L. 105–277, §101(f) [title VIII, §405(f)(6)(A)], added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "programs carried out by the Secretary of Labor under the Job Training Partnership Act or title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998;".

Pub. L. 105–277, §101(f) [title VIII, §405(d)(7)(A)], added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "programs carried out by the Department of Labor pursuant to the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.);"

1994Pub. L. 103–337, §1070(c)(2)(B), substituted "workforce" for "work force" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–337, §1070(c)(2)(A), substituted "workforce for" for "work force for" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 103–337, §1070(c)(2)(A), substituted "workforce" for "work force" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(6)(B). Pub. L. 103–337, §1070(c)(2)(C), substituted "division D" for "Part D".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–337, §1070(c)(2)(A), substituted "workforce" for "work force".

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–128 effective on the first day of the first full program year after July 22, 2014 (July 1, 2015), see section 506 of Pub. L. 113–128, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3101 of Title 29, Labor.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by section 101(f) [title VIII, §405(d)(7)(A)] of Pub. L. 105–277 effective Oct. 21, 1998, and amendment by section 101(f) [title VIII, §405(f)(6)(A)] of Pub. L. 105–277 effective July 1, 2000, see section 101(f) [title VIII, §405(g)(1), (2)(B)] of Pub. L. 105–277, set out as a note under section 3502 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1070(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2857, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective as of Oct. 23, 1992, and as if included in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993, Pub. L. 102–484, as enacted.

1 See References in Text note below.

§2705. Authority to provide certificate of commendation to Department of Energy and contractor employees for exemplary service in stockpile stewardship and security

(a) Authority to present certificate of commendation

The Secretary of Energy may present a certificate of commendation to any current or former employee of the Department of Energy, and any current or former employee of a Department contractor, whose service to the Department in matters relating to stockpile stewardship and security assisted the Department in furthering the national security interests of the United States.

(b) Certificate

The certificate of commendation presented to a current or former employee under subsection (a) shall include an appropriate citation of the service of the current or former employee described in that subsection, including a citation for dedication, intellect, and sacrifice in furthering the national security interests of the United States by maintaining a strong, safe, and viable United States nuclear deterrent during the cold war or thereafter.

(c) Department of Energy defined

For purposes of this section, the term "Department of Energy" includes any predecessor agency of the Department of Energy.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4605, formerly Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. C, title XXXI, §3195], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-481; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4605, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(6), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1778; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(5), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1079.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–66 substituted "cold war" for "Cold War".

Part B—Education and Training

§2721. Executive management training in Department of Energy

(a) Establishment of training program

The Secretary of Energy shall establish and implement a management training program for personnel of the Department of Energy involved in the management of atomic energy defense activities.

(b) Training provisions

The training program shall at a minimum include instruction in the following areas:

(1) Department of Energy policy and procedures for management and operation of atomic energy defense facilities.

(2) Methods of evaluating technical performance.

(3) Federal and State environmental laws and requirements for compliance with such environmental laws, including timely compliance with reporting requirements in such laws.

(4) The establishment of program milestones and methods to evaluate success in meeting such milestones.

(5) Methods for conducting long-range technical and budget planning.

(6) Procedures for reviewing and applying innovative technology to defense environmental cleanup.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4621, formerly Pub. L. 101–189, div. C, title XXXI, §3142, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1680; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4621, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(8), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1778; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(6), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7236 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 113–66 substituted "defense environmental cleanup" for "environmental restoration and defense waste management".

2003Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(8)(D), made technical amendment to section catchline.

§2722. Stockpile stewardship recruitment and training program

(a) Conduct of program

(1) As part of the stockpile stewardship program established pursuant to section 2521 of this title, the Secretary of Energy shall conduct a stockpile stewardship recruitment and training program at the national security laboratories.

(2) The recruitment and training program shall be conducted in coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Nuclear Weapons Council established by section 179 of title 10 and the directors of the laboratories referred to in paragraph (1).

(b) Support of dual-use programs

As part of the recruitment and training program, the directors of the national security laboratories may employ undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdoctoral fellows to carry out research sponsored by such laboratories for military or nonmilitary dual-use programs related to nuclear weapons stockpile stewardship.

(c) Establishment of retiree corps

As part of the training and recruitment program, the Secretary, in coordination with the directors of the national security laboratories, shall establish for the laboratories a retiree corps of retired scientists who have expertise in research and development of nuclear weapons. The directors may employ the retired scientists on a part-time basis to provide appropriate assistance on nuclear weapons issues, to contribute relevant information to be archived, and to help to provide training to other scientists.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4622, formerly Pub. L. 103–337, div. C, title XXXI, §3131, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3085; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4622, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(9), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1778; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(r), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2184; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(7), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(7)(A), substituted "national security laboratories" for "Sandia National Laboratories, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and the Los Alamos National Laboratory".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(7)(B), substituted "national security laboratories" for "laboratories referred to in subsection (a)(1)".

Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(r)(1), struck out par. (1) designation and struck out par. (2) which read as follows: "Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Energy in section 3101(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103–337) for weapons activities for core research and development and allocated by the Secretary for education initiatives, $5,000,000 shall be available for employing students and fellows to carry out research referred to in paragraph (1). The amount available under this paragraph shall be allocated equally among the laboratories referred to in subsection (a)(1)."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(7)(B), substituted "national security laboratories" for "laboratories referred to in subsection (a)(1)".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(r)(2), struck out subsec. (d), which required the Secretary to submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the demographic trends of personnel.

2003—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(9)(D)(i), substituted "section 2521 of this title" for "section 3138 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103–160; 107 Stat. 1946; 42 U.S.C. 2121 note)".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(9)(D)(ii), inserted "of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103–337)" after "section 3101(a)(1)".

§2723. Fellowship program for development of skills critical to the nuclear security enterprise

(a) In general

The Secretary of Energy shall conduct a fellowship program for the development of skills critical to the ongoing mission of the nuclear security enterprise. Under the fellowship program, the Secretary shall provide educational assistance and research assistance to eligible individuals to facilitate the development by such individuals of skills critical to maintaining the ongoing mission of the nuclear security enterprise.

(b) Eligible individuals

Individuals eligible for participation in the fellowship program are United States citizens who are either of the following:

(1) Students pursuing graduate degrees in fields of science or engineering that are related to nuclear weapons engineering or to the science and technology base of the Department of Energy.

(2) Individuals engaged in postdoctoral studies in such fields.

(c) Covered facilities

The Secretary shall carry out the fellowship program at or in connection with the national security laboratories and nuclear weapons production facilities.

(d) Administration

The Secretary shall carry out the fellowship program at a facility referred to in subsection (c) through the stockpile manager of the facility.

(e) Allocation of funds

The Secretary shall, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Defense Programs, allocate funds available for the fellowship program under subsection (f) among the facilities referred to in subsection (c). The Secretary shall make the allocation after evaluating an assessment by the weapons program director of each such facility of the personnel and critical skills necessary at the facility for carrying out the ongoing mission of the facility.

(f) Agreement

(1) The Secretary may allow an individual to participate in the program only if the individual signs an agreement described in paragraph (2).

(2) An agreement referred to in paragraph (1) shall be in writing, shall be signed by the participant, and shall include the participant's agreement to serve, after completion of the course of study for which the assistance was provided, as a full-time employee in a position in the nuclear security enterprise for a period of time to be established by the Secretary of Energy of not less than one year, if such a position is offered to the participant.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4623, formerly Pub. L. 104–106, div. C, title XXXI, §3140, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 621; Pub. L. 106–65, div. C, title XXXI, §3162(a)–(d), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 943; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4623, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(10), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1779; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(s)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2184; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(8), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(s)(1)(A), substituted "nuclear security enterprise" for "Department of Energy nuclear weapons complex" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(s)(1)(B), substituted "nuclear security enterprise" for "Department of Energy nuclear weapons complex" in two places.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–66 inserted "either of" after "who are" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(s)(1)(C), substituted "national security laboratories and nuclear weapons production facilities." for "following facilities:

"(1) The Kansas City Plant, Kansas City, Missouri.

"(2) The Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas.

"(3) The Y–12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

"(4) The Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina.

"(5) The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California.

"(6) The Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico.

"(7) The Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California."

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(s)(1)(D), substituted "the nuclear security enterprise for" for "the Department of Energy for".

1999—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–65, §3162(a), substituted "Secretary shall" for "Secretary shall—", struck out par. (1) designation before "provide educational assistance", and struck out pars. (2) and (3) which read as follows:

"(2) employ eligible individuals at the facilities described in subsection (c) in order to facilitate the development of such skills by these individuals; or

"(3) provide eligible individuals with the assistance and the employment."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–65, §3162(b), inserted "are United States citizens who" after "program" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 106–65, §3162(c), added pars. (5) to (7).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 106–65, §3162(d), amended heading and text of subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1996 under section 3101(b), $10,000,000 may be used for the purpose of carrying out the fellowship program under this section."

Part C—Worker Safety

§2731. Worker protection at nuclear weapons facilities

(a) Training grant program

(1) The Secretary of Energy is authorized to award grants to organizations referred to in paragraph (2) in order for such organizations—

(A) to provide training and education to persons who are or may be engaged in hazardous substance response or emergency response at Department of Energy nuclear weapons facilities; and

(B) to develop curricula for such training and education.


(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary is authorized to award grants under paragraph (1) to non-profit organizations that have demonstrated (as determined by the Secretary) capabilities in—

(i) implementing and conducting effective training and education programs relating to the general health and safety of workers; and

(ii) identifying, and involving in training, groups of workers whose duties include hazardous substance response or emergency response.


(B) The Secretary shall give preference in the award of grants under this section to employee organizations and joint labor-management training programs that are grant recipients under section 9660a of title 42.

(3) An organization awarded a grant under paragraph (1) shall carry out training, education, or curricula development pursuant to Department of Energy orders relating to employee safety training, including orders numbered 5480.4 and 5480.11.

(b) Enforcement of employee safety standards

(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall assess civil penalties against any contractor of the Department of Energy who (as determined by the Secretary)—

(A) employs individuals who are engaged in hazardous substance response or emergency response at Department of Energy nuclear weapons facilities; and

(B) fails (i) to provide for the training of such individuals to carry out such hazardous substance response or emergency response, or (ii) to certify to the Department of Energy that such employees are adequately trained for such response pursuant to orders issued by the Department of Energy relating to employee safety training (including orders numbered 5480.4 and 5480.11).


(2) Civil penalties assessed under this subsection may not exceed $5,000 for each day in which a failure referred to in paragraph (1)(B) occurs.

(c) Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

(d) Definitions

For the purposes of this section, the term "hazardous substance" includes radioactive waste and mixed radioactive and hazardous waste.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4641, formerly Pub. L. 102–190, div. C, title XXXI, §3131, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1571; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4641, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(12), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1779; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(9), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7274d of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–66 struck out subsec. (e). Text read as follows: "Of the funds authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 3101(9)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102–190), $10,000,000 may be used for the purpose of carrying out this section."

2003—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(12)(D), inserted "of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102–190)" after "section 3101(9)(A)".

§2732. Safety oversight and enforcement at defense nuclear facilities

The Secretary of Energy shall take appropriate actions to ensure that—

(1) officials of the Department of Energy who are responsible for independent oversight of matters relating to nuclear safety at defense nuclear facilities and enforcement of nuclear safety standards at such facilities maintain independence from officials who are engaged in, or who are advising persons who are engaged in, management of such facilities;

(2) the independent, internal oversight functions carried out by the Department include activities relating to—

(A) the assessment of the safety of defense nuclear facilities;

(B) the assessment of the effectiveness of Department program offices in carrying out programs relating to the environment, safety, health, and security at defense nuclear facilities;

(C) the provision to the Secretary of oversight reports that—

(i) contain validated technical information; and

(ii) provide a clear analysis of the extent to which line programs governing defense nuclear facilities meet applicable goals for the environment, safety, health, and security at such facilities; and


(D) the development of clear performance standards to be used in assessing the adequacy of the programs referred to in subparagraph (C)(ii);


(3) the Department has a system for bringing issues relating to nuclear safety at defense nuclear facilities to the attention of the officials of the Department (including the Secretary of Energy) who have authority to resolve such issues in an adequate and timely manner; and

(4) an adequate number of qualified personnel of the Department are assigned to oversee matters relating to nuclear safety at defense nuclear facilities and enforce nuclear safety standards at such facilities.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4642, formerly Pub. L. 103–337, div. C, title XXXI, §3163, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3097; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4642, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(13), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1779; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(10), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7274m of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013Pub. L. 113–66 struck out subsec. (a) designation and heading and subsec. (b) which required report regarding fulfillment of safety oversight requirements.

2003—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(13)(D), substituted "January 5, 1995," for "90 days after October 5, 1994,".

§2733. Program to monitor Department of Energy workers exposed to hazardous and radioactive substances

(a) In general

The Secretary of Energy shall establish and carry out a program for the identification and on-going medical evaluation of current and former Department of Energy employees who are subject to significant health risks as a result of the exposure of such employees to hazardous or radioactive substances during such employment.

(b) Implementation of program

(1) The Secretary shall, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, issue regulations under which the Secretary shall implement the program. Such regulations shall, to the extent practicable, provide for a process to—

(A) identify the hazardous substances and radioactive substances to which current and former Department of Energy employees may have been exposed as a result of such employment;

(B) identify employees referred to in subparagraph (A) who received a level of exposure identified under paragraph (2)(B);

(C) determine the appropriate number, scope, and frequency of medical evaluations and laboratory tests to be provided to employees who have received a level of exposure identified under paragraph (2)(B) to permit the Secretary to evaluate fully the extent, nature, and medical consequences of such exposure;

(D) make available the evaluations and tests referred to in subparagraph (C) to the employees referred to in such subparagraph;

(E) ensure that privacy is maintained with respect to medical information that personally identifies any such employee; and

(F) ensure that employee participation in the program is voluntary.


(2)(A) In determining the most appropriate means of carrying out the activities referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services under the agreement referred to in subsection (c).

(B) The Secretary of Health and Human Services, with the assistance of the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and the Secretary of Labor shall identify the levels of exposure to the substances referred to in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) that present employees referred to in such subparagraph with significant health risks under Federal and State occupational, health, and safety standards.

(3) In prescribing the guidelines referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with representatives of the following entities:

(A) The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

(B) The National Academy of Sciences.

(C) The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements.

(D) Any labor organization or other collective bargaining agent authorized to act on the behalf of employees of a Department of Energy defense nuclear facility.


(4) The Secretary shall provide for each employee identified under paragraph (1)(B) and provided with any medical examination or test under paragraph (1) to be notified by the appropriate medical personnel of the identification and the results of any such examination or test. Each notification under this paragraph shall be provided in a form that is readily understandable by the employee.

(5) The Secretary shall collect and assemble information relating to the examinations and tests carried out under paragraph (1).

(6) The Secretary shall commence carrying out the program described in this subsection not later than October 23, 1993.

(c) Agreement with Secretary of Health and Human Services

Not later than April 23, 1993, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary of Health and Human Services relating to the establishment and conduct of the program required and regulations issued under this section.

(d) Definitions

In this section:

(1) The term "Department of Energy defense nuclear facility" has the meaning given that term in section 2704(f) of this title.

(2) The term "Department of Energy employee" means any employee of the Department of Energy employed at a Department of Energy defense nuclear facility, including any employee of a contractor or subcontractor of the Department of Energy employed at such a facility.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4643, formerly Pub. L. 102–484, div. C, title XXXI, §3162, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2646; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4643, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(14), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1779; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3134(b)(2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2193; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(11), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7274i of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(11)(A), inserted "of Energy" after "Secretary".

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(11)(B)(i), inserted "and Prevention" after "Disease Control" and substituted a period for semicolon at end.

Subsec. (b)(3)(C). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(11)(B)(ii), inserted "and Measurements" after "Radiation Protection".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(11)(B)(iii), substituted "paragraph (1)(B)" for "paragraph (1)(D)" and "paragraph (1)" for "paragraph (1)(E)".

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(11)(B)(iv), substituted "paragraph (1)" for "paragraph (1)(E)".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 112–239 substituted "section 2704(f)" for "section 2704(g)".

2003—Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(14)(D)(i), substituted "October 23, 1993" for "1 year after October 23, 1992".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(14)(D)(ii), substituted "April 23, 1993," for "180 days after October 23, 1992,".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(14)(D)(iii), added subsec. (d).

§2734. Programs for persons who may have been exposed to radiation released from Hanford Nuclear Reservation

(a) Funding

Of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy under title XXXI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101–510), the Secretary of Energy shall make available $3,000,000 to the State of Washington, $1,000,000 to the State of Oregon, and $1,000,000 to the State of Idaho. Such funds shall be used to develop and implement programs for the benefit of persons who may have been exposed to radiation released from the Department of Energy Hanford Nuclear Reservation (Richland, Washington) between the years 1944 and 1972.

(b) Programs

The programs to be developed by the States may include only the following activities:

(1) Preparing and distributing information on the health effects of radiation to health care professionals, and to persons who may have been exposed to radiation.

(2) Developing and implementing mechanisms for referring persons who may have been exposed to radiation to health care professionals with expertise in the health effects of radiation.

(3) Evaluating and, if feasible, implementing, registration and monitoring of persons who may have been exposed to radiation released from the Hanford Nuclear Reservation.

(c) Plan and reports

(1) The States of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho shall jointly develop a single plan for implementing this section.

(2) Not later than May 5, 1991, such States shall submit to the Secretary of Energy and Congress a copy of the plan developed under paragraph (1).

(3) Not later than May 5, 1992, such States shall submit to the Secretary of Energy and Congress a single report on the implementation of the plan developed under paragraph (1).

(4) In developing and implementing the plan, such States shall consult with persons carrying out current radiation dose and epidemiological research programs (including the Hanford Thyroid Disease Study of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project of the Department of Energy), and may not cause substantial damage to such research programs.

(d) Prohibition on disclosure of exposure information

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a person may not disclose to the public the following:

(A) Any information obtained through a program that identifies a person who may have been exposed to radiation released from the Hanford Nuclear Reservation.

(B) Any information obtained through a program that identifies a person participating in any of the programs developed under this section.

(C) The name, address, and telephone number of a person requesting information referred to in subsection (b)(1).

(D) The name, address, and telephone number of a person who has been referred to a health care professional under subsection (b)(2).

(E) The name, address, and telephone number of a person who has been registered and monitored pursuant to subsection (b)(3).

(F) Information that identifies the person from whom information referred to in this paragraph was obtained under a program or any other third party involved with, or identified by, any such information so obtained.

(G) Any other personal or medical information that identifies a person or party referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (F).

(H) Such other information or categories of information as the chief officers of the health departments of the States of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho jointly designate as information covered by this subsection.


(2) Information referred to in paragraph (1) may be disclosed to the public if the person identified by the information, or the legal representative of that person, has consented in writing to the disclosure.

(3) The States of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho shall establish uniform procedures for carrying out this subsection, including procedures governing the following:

(A) The disclosure of information under paragraph (2).

(B) The use of the Hanford Health Information Network database.

(C) The future disposition of the database.

(D) Enforcement of the prohibition provided in paragraph (1) on the disclosure of information described in that paragraph.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4644, formerly Pub. L. 101–510, div. C, title XXXI, §3138, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 103–337, div. C, title XXXI, §3138(b), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3087; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4644, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(i)(15), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1780; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(12), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

References in Text

Title XXXI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991, referred to in subsec. (a), is title XXXI of div. C of Pub. L. 101–510, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1824, as amended. For complete classification of title XXXI to the Code, see Tables.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (c)(2), (3). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(12)(A), substituted "Congress" for "the Congress".

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(g)(12)(B), inserted "and Prevention" after "Disease Control".

2003Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(15)(D)(i), made technical amendment to section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(15)(D)(ii), substituted "title XXXI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101–510)" for "this title".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(15)(D)(iii)(I), substituted "May 5, 1991," for "six months after the date of the enactment of this Act,".

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(i)(15)(D)(iii)(II), substituted "May 5, 1992," for "18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act,".

1994—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–337 added subsec. (d).

§2735. Use of probabilistic risk assessment to ensure nuclear safety of facilities of the Administration and the Office of Environmental Management

(a) Nuclear safety at NNSA and DOE facilities

The Administrator and the Secretary of Energy shall ensure that the methods for assessing, certifying, and overseeing nuclear safety at the facilities specified in subsection (c) use national and international standards and nuclear industry best practices, including probabilistic or quantitative risk assessment if sufficient data exist.

(b) Adequate protection

The use of probabilistic or quantitative risk assessment under subsection (a) shall be to support, rather than replace, the requirement under section 2232 of title 42 that the utilization or production of special nuclear material will be in accordance with the common defense and security and will provide adequate protection to the health and safety of the public.

(c) Facilities specified

Subsection (a) shall apply—

(1) to the Administrator with respect to the national security laboratories and the nuclear weapons production facilities; and

(2) to the Secretary of Energy with respect to defense nuclear facilities of the Office of Environmental Management of the Department of Energy.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4645, as added Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3161(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2203.)

§2736. Notification of nuclear criticality and non-nuclear incidents

(a) Notification

The Secretary of Energy or the Administrator, as the case may be, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a notification of a nuclear criticality incident resulting from a covered program that results in an injury or fatality or results in the shutdown, or partial shutdown, of a covered facility by not later than 15 days after the date of such incident.

(b) Elements of notification

Each notification submitted under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) A description of the incident, including the cause of the incident.

(2) In the case of a criticality incident, whether the incident caused a facility, or part of a facility, to be shut down.

(3) The effect, if any, on the mission of the Administration or the Office of Environmental Management of the Department of Energy.

(4) Any corrective action taken in response to the incident.

(c) Database

(1) The Secretary shall maintain a record of incidents described in paragraph (2).

(2) An incident described in this paragraph is any of the following incidents resulting from a covered program:

(A) A nuclear criticality incident that results in an injury or fatality or results in the shutdown, or partial shutdown, of a covered facility.

(B) A non-nuclear incident that results in serious bodily injury or fatality at a covered facility.

(d) Cooperation

In carrying out this section, the Secretary and the Administrator shall ensure that each management and operating contractor of a covered facility cooperates in a timely manner.

(e) Definitions

In this section:

(1) The term "appropriate congressional committees" means—

(A) the congressional defense committees; and

(B) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.


(2) The term "covered facility" means—

(A) a facility of the nuclear security enterprise; and

(B) a facility conducting activities for the defense environmental cleanup program of the Office of Environmental Management of the Department of Energy.


(3) The term "covered program" means—

(A) programs of the Administration; and

(B) defense environmental cleanup programs of the Office of Environmental Management of the Department of Energy.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLVI, §4646, as added Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3142(a)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2194; amended Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(g)(13), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1080.)

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66 substituted "Energy or" for "Energy and".