[USC02] 42 USC 290bb-36b: Mental health and substance use disorder services on campus
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42 USC 290bb-36b: Mental health and substance use disorder services on campus Text contains those laws in effect on September 16, 2019
From Title 42-THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARECHAPTER 6A-PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICESUBCHAPTER III-A-SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATIONPart B-Centers and Programssubpart 3-center for mental health services

§290bb–36b. Mental health and substance use disorder services on campus

(a) In general

The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Center for Mental Health Services and in consultation with the Secretary of Education, may award grants on a competitive basis to institutions of higher education to enhance services for students with mental health or substance use disorders that can lead to school failure, such as depression, substance use disorders, and suicide attempts, prevent mental and substance use disorders, reduce stigma, and improve the identification and treatment for students at risk, so that students will successfully complete their studies.

(b) Use of funds

The Secretary may not make a grant to an institution of higher education under this section unless the institution agrees to use the grant only for one or more of the following:

(1) Educating students, families, faculty, and staff to increase awareness of mental and substance use disorders.

(2) The operation of hotlines.

(3) Preparing informational material.

(4) Providing outreach services to notify students about available mental and substance use disorder services.

(5) Administering voluntary mental and substance use disorder screenings and assessments.

(6) Supporting the training of students, faculty, and staff to respond effectively to students with mental and substance use disorders.

(7) Creating a network infrastructure to link institutions of higher education with health care providers who treat mental and substance use disorders.

(8) Providing mental and substance use disorders prevention and treatment services to students, which may include recovery support services and programming and early intervention, treatment, and management, including through the use of telehealth services.

(9) Conducting research through a counseling or health center at the institution of higher education involved regarding improving the behavioral health of students through clinical services, outreach, prevention, or academic success, in a manner that is in compliance with all applicable personal privacy laws.

(10) Supporting student groups on campus, including athletic teams, that engage in activities to educate students, including activities to reduce stigma surrounding mental and behavioral disorders, and promote mental health.

(11) Employing appropriately trained staff.

(12) Developing and supporting evidence-based and emerging best practices, including a focus on culturally and linguistically appropriate best practices.

(c) Eligible grant recipients

Any institution of higher education receiving a grant under this section may carry out activities under the grant through-

(1) college counseling centers;

(2) college and university psychological service centers;

(3) mental health centers;

(4) psychology training clinics; or

(5) institution of higher education supported, evidence-based, mental health and substance use disorder programs.

(d) Application

To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, an institution of higher education shall prepare and submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require. At a minimum, the application shall include the following:

(1) A description of the population to be targeted by the program carried out under the grant, including veterans whenever possible and appropriate, and of identified mental and substance use disorder needs of students at the institution of higher education.

(2) A description of Federal, State, local, private, and institutional resources currently available to address the needs described in paragraph (1) at the institution of higher education, which may include, as appropriate and in accordance with subsection (b)(7), a plan to seek input from relevant stakeholders in the community, including appropriate public and private entities, in order to carry out the program under the grant.

(3) A description of the outreach strategies of the institution of higher education for promoting access to services, including a proposed plan for reaching those students most in need of mental health services.

(4) A plan to evaluate program outcomes, including a description of the proposed use of funds, the program objectives, and how the objectives will be met.

(5) An assurance that the institution will submit a report to the Secretary each fiscal year on the activities carried out with the grant and the results achieved through those activities.

(6) An outline of the objectives of the program carried out under the grant.

(7) For an institution of higher education proposing to use the grant for an activity described in paragraph (8) or (9) of subsection (b), a description of the policies and procedures of the institution of higher education that are related to applicable laws regarding access to, and sharing of, treatment records of students at any campus-based mental health center or partner organization, including the policies and State laws governing when such records can be accessed and shared for non-treatment purposes and a description of the process used by the institution of higher education to notify students of these policies and procedures, including the extent to which written consent is required.

(8) An assurance that grant funds will be used to supplement and not supplant any other Federal, State, or local funds available to carry out activities of the type carried out under the grant.

(e) Requirement of matching funds

(1) In general

The Secretary may make a grant under this section to an institution of higher education only if the institution agrees to make available (directly or through donations from public or private entities) non-Federal contributions in an amount that is not less than $1 for each $1 of Federal funds provided in the grant, toward the costs of activities carried out with the grant (as described in subsection (b)) and other activities by the institution to reduce student mental health and substance use disorders.

(2) Determination of amount contributed

Non-Federal contributions required under paragraph (1) may be in cash or in kind. Amounts provided by the Federal Government, or services assisted or subsidized to any significant extent by the Federal Government, may not be included in determining the amount of such non-Federal contributions.

(3) Waiver

The Secretary may waive the requirement established in paragraph (1) with respect to an institution of higher education if the Secretary determines that extraordinary need at the institution justifies the waiver.

(f) Reports

For each fiscal year that grants are awarded under this section, the Secretary shall conduct a study on the results of the grants and submit to the Congress a report on such results that includes the following:

(1) An evaluation of the grant program outcomes, including a summary of activities carried out with the grant and the results achieved through those activities.

(2) Recommendations on how to improve access to mental health and substance use disorder services at institutions of higher education, including efforts to reduce the incidence of suicide and substance use disorders.

(g) Definition

In this section, the term "institution of higher education" has the meaning given such term in section 1001 of title 20.

(h) Technical assistance

The Secretary may provide technical assistance to grantees in carrying out this section.

(i) Authorization of appropriations

For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022.

(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title V, §520E–2, as added Pub. L. 108–355, §3(d), Oct. 21, 2004, 118 Stat. 1413 ; amended Pub. L. 114–255, div. B, title IX, §9031, Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1257 .)

Amendments

2016-Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(1), substituted "health and substance use disorder" for "and behavioral health" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(2), substituted "Services and" for "Services,", "health or substance use disorders" for "and behavioral health problems", and "substance use disorders, and" for "substance abuse, and", and inserted "prevent mental and substance use disorders, reduce stigma, and improve the identification and treatment for students at risk," after "suicide attempts,".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(3), substituted "for one or more of the following:" for "for-" in introductory provisions, added pars. (1) to (12), and struck out former pars. (1) to (6) which read as follows:

"(1) educational seminars;

"(2) the operation of hot lines;

"(3) preparation of informational material;

"(4) preparation of educational materials for families of students to increase awareness of potential mental and behavioral health issues of students enrolled at the institution of higher education;

"(5) training programs for students and campus personnel to respond effectively to students with mental and behavioral health problems that can lead to school failure, such as depression, substance abuse, and suicide attempts; or

"(6) the creation of a networking infrastructure to link colleges and universities that do not have mental health services with health care providers who can treat mental and behavioral health problems."

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(4), substituted "substance use disorder" for "substance abuse".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(5)(A), in introductory provisions, substituted "To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, an institution of higher education" for "An institution of higher education desiring a grant under this section".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(5)(B), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: "A description of identified mental and behavioral health needs of students at the institution of higher education."

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(5)(C), inserted ", which may include, as appropriate and in accordance with subsection (b)(7), a plan to seek input from relevant stakeholders in the community, including appropriate public and private entities, in order to carry out the program under the grant" before period at end.

Subsec. (d)(6) to (8). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(5)(D), added pars. (6) to (8).

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(6), substituted "health and substance use disorders" for "and behavioral health problems".

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(7), substituted "health and substance use disorder" for "and behavioral health" and "suicide and substance use disorders" for "suicide and substance abuse".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(9), added subsec. (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 114–255, §9031(8), (10), redesignated subsec. (h) as (i) and substituted "$7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022." for "$5,000,000 for fiscal year 2005, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2006, and $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2007."

Interagency Working Group on College Mental Health

Pub. L. 114–255, div. B, title IX, §9032, Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1259 , provided that:

"(a) Purpose.-It is the purpose of this section to provide for the establishment of a College Campus Task Force to discuss mental and behavioral health concerns on campuses of institutions of higher education.

"(b) Establishment.-The Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this section as the 'Secretary') shall establish a College Campus Task Force (referred to in this section as the 'Task Force') to discuss mental and behavioral health concerns on campuses of institutions of higher education.

"(c) Membership.-The Task Force shall be composed of a representative from each Federal agency (as appointed by the head of the agency) that has jurisdiction over, or is affected by, mental health and education policies and projects, including-

"(1) the Department of Education;

"(2) the Department of Health and Human Services;

"(3) the Department of Veterans Affairs; and

"(4) such other Federal agencies as the Assistant Secretary for Mental Health and Substance Use, in consultation with the Secretary, determines to be appropriate.

"(d) Duties.-The Task Force shall-

"(1) serve as a centralized mechanism to coordinate a national effort to-

"(A) discuss and evaluate evidence and knowledge on mental and behavioral health services available to, and the prevalence of mental illness among, the age population of students attending institutions of higher education in the United States;

"(B) determine the range of effective, feasible, and comprehensive actions to improve mental and behavioral health on campuses of institutions of higher education;

"(C) examine and better address the needs of the age population of students attending institutions of higher education dealing with mental illness;

"(D) survey Federal agencies to determine which policies are effective in encouraging, and how best to facilitate outreach without duplicating, efforts relating to mental and behavioral health promotion;

"(E) establish specific goals within and across Federal agencies for mental health promotion, including determinations of accountability for reaching those goals;

"(F) develop a strategy for allocating responsibilities and ensuring participation in mental and behavioral health promotion, particularly in the case of competing agency priorities;

"(G) coordinate plans to communicate research results relating to mental and behavioral health amongst the age population of students attending institutions of higher education to enable reporting and outreach activities to produce more useful and timely information;

"(H) provide a description of evidence-based practices, model programs, effective guidelines, and other strategies for promoting mental and behavioral health on campuses of institutions of higher education;

"(I) make recommendations to improve Federal efforts relating to mental and behavioral health promotion on campuses of institutions of higher education and to ensure Federal efforts are consistent with available standards, evidence, and other programs in existence as of the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 13, 2016];

"(J) monitor Federal progress in meeting specific mental and behavioral health promotion goals as they relate to settings of institutions of higher education; and

"(K) examine and disseminate best practices related to intracampus sharing of treatment records;

"(2) consult with national organizations with expertise in mental and behavioral health, especially those organizations working with the age population of students attending institutions of higher education; and

"(3) consult with and seek input from mental health professionals working on campuses of institutions of higher education as appropriate.

"(e) Meetings.-

"(1) In general.-The Task Force shall meet not fewer than three times each year.

"(2) Annual conference.-The Secretary shall sponsor an annual conference on mental and behavioral health in settings of institutions of higher education to enhance coordination, build partnerships, and share best practices in mental and behavioral health promotion, data collection, analysis, and services.

"(f) Definition.-In this section, the term 'institution of higher education' has the meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

"(g) Authorization of Appropriations.-To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2018 through 2022."