[USC02] 10 USC Ch. 907: THE AIR FORCE
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10 USC Ch. 907: THE AIR FORCE
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle D—Air ForcePART I—ORGANIZATION

CHAPTER 907—THE AIR FORCE

Sec.
9061.
Regulations.
9062.
Policy; composition; aircraft authorization.
9063.
Designation: officers to perform certain professional functions.
9064.
Air Force nurses: Chief; appointment.
9065.
Commands: territorial organization.
9066.
Regular Air Force: composition.
9067.
Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services.
[9069, 9074, 9075, 9081, 9084. Renumbered.]

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 907, consisting of sections 9411 to 9417, related to schools and camps, prior to renumbering as chapter 957 of this title.

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §952(g), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1563, added items 9063 to 9067 and struck out former item 9067 "Designation: officers to perform certain professional functions" and items 9069 "Air Force nurses: Chief; appointment", 9074 "Commands: territorial organization", 9075 "Regular Air Force: composition", 9081 "Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services", and 9084 "Officer career field for space".

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §806(d)(4), (e)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833, redesignated chapter 807 of this title as this chapter and items 8061, 8062, 8067, 8069, 8074, 8075, 8081, and 8084 as 9061, 9062, 9067, 9069, 9074, 9075, 9081, and 9084, respectively.

2016Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(nn)(3), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2106, substituted "Air Force nurses: Chief; appointment" for "Air Force nurses: Chief and assistant chief; appointment; grade" in item 8069.

2001Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title IX, §912(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1196, added item 8084.

1997Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(66), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1904, substituted "nurses" for "Nurse Corps" in item 8069.

1996Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title V, §502(c)(2), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2511, added item 8069.

1994Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1674(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3016, struck out items 8076 "Air Force Reserve: composition", 8077 "Air National Guard of United States: composition", 8078 "Air National Guard: when a component of Air Force", 8079 "Air National Guard of United States: status when not in Federal service", and 8080 "Air National Guard of the United States: authority of officers with respect to Federal status".

1986Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §522(g)(4), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1063, struck out item 8072 "Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocate General: appointment; duties". See section 8037 of this title.

1980Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §504(3), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2915, struck out item 8066 "Generals and lieutenant generals".

Pub. L. 96–343, §12(b)(2), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1131, substituted "General, Deputy Judge Advocate General:" for "General:" in item 8072.

1978Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §805(c)(2), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1622, added item 8081.

1967Pub. L. 90–130, §1(25), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382, struck out item 8071 "Temporary grade of colonel in the Air Force: appointment of women."

1960Pub. L. 86–603, §1(3)(B), July 7, 1960, 74 Stat. 358, added item 8080.

§9061. Regulations

The President may prescribe regulations for the government of the Air Force.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 493, §8061; renumbered §9061, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §806(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
8061 10:16. July 15, 1870, ch. 294, §20, 16 Stat. 319; Mar. 1, 1875, ch. 115, 18 Stat. 337.

The word "prescribe" is substituted for the words "make and publish". 10:16 (last 35 words) is omitted as surplusage.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 9061 was renumbered section 9381 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 8061 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§9062. Policy; composition; aircraft authorization

(a) It is the intent of Congress to provide an Air Force that is capable, in conjunction with the other armed forces, of—

(1) preserving the peace and security, and providing for the defense, of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States;

(2) supporting the national policies;

(3) implementing the national objectives; and

(4) overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States.


(b) There is a United States Air Force within the Department of the Air Force.

(c) In general, the Air Force includes aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned. It shall be organized, trained, and equipped primarily for prompt and sustained offensive and defensive air operations. It is responsible for the preparation of the air forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air Force to meet the needs of war.

(d) The Air Force consists of—

(1) the Regular Air Force, the Air National Guard of the United States, the Air National Guard while in the service of the United States, and the Air Force Reserve;

(2) all persons appointed or enlisted in, or conscripted into, the Air Force without component; and

(3) all Air Force units and other Air Force organizations, with their installations and supporting and auxiliary combat, training, administrative, and logistic elements; and all members of the Air Force, including those not assigned to units; necessary to form the basis for a complete and immediate mobilization for the national defense in the event of a national emergency.


(e) Subject to subsection (f) of this section, chapter 911 of this title, and the strength authorized by law pursuant to section 115 of this title, the authorized strength of the Air Force is 70 Regular Air Force groups and such separate Regular Air Force squadrons, reserve groups, and supporting and auxiliary regular and reserve units as required.

(f) There are authorized for the Air Force 24,000 serviceable aircraft or 225,000 airframe tons of serviceable aircraft, whichever the Secretary of the Air Force considers appropriate to carry out this section. This subsection does not apply to guided missiles.

(g)(1) Effective October 1, 2011, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of strategic airlift aircraft of not less than 301 aircraft. Effective on the date that is 45 days after the date on which the report under section 141(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 is submitted to the congressional defense committees, the Secretary shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of strategic airlift aircraft of not less than 275 aircraft.

(2) In this subsection:

(A) The term "strategic airlift aircraft" means an aircraft—

(i) that has a cargo capacity of at least 150,000 pounds; and

(ii) that is capable of transporting outsized cargo an unrefueled range of at least 2,400 nautical miles.


(B) The term "outsized cargo" means any single item of equipment that exceeds 1,090 inches in length, 117 inches in width, or 105 inches in height.


(h)(1) Beginning October 1, 2011, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire more than six B–1 aircraft.

(2) The Secretary shall maintain in a common capability configuration not less than 36 B–1 aircraft as combat-coded aircraft.

(3) In this subsection, the term "combat-coded aircraft" means aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to a unit for the performance of its wartime mission.

(i)(1) During the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft of not less than 1,970 aircraft, and a total primary mission aircraft inventory (combat-coded) of not less than 1,145 fighter aircraft.

(2) In this subsection:

(A) The term "fighter aircraft" means an aircraft that—

(i) is designated by a mission design series prefix of F– or A–;

(ii) is manned by one or two crewmembers; and

(iii) executes single-role or multi-role missions, including air-to-air combat, air-to-ground attack, air interdiction, suppression or destruction of enemy air defenses, close air support, strike control and reconnaissance, combat search and rescue support, or airborne forward air control.


(B) The term "primary mission aircraft inventory" means aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to a unit for the performance of its wartime mission.


(j)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), effective October 1, 2019, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of air refueling tanker aircraft of not less than 479 aircraft.

(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce the number of air refueling tanker aircraft in the total aircraft inventory of the Air Force below 479 only if—

(A) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees that such reduction is justified by the results of the mobility capability and requirements study conducted under section 144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91); and

(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the certification is made to the congressional defense committees under subparagraph (A).


(3) In this subsection:

(A) The term "air refueling tanker aircraft" means an aircraft that has as its primary mission the refueling of other aircraft.

(B) The term "total aircraft inventory" means aircraft authorized to a flying unit for operations or training.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 493, §8062; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §504(4), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2916; Pub. L. 99–433, title I, §110(g)(10), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1004; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(g)(3), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 282; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XIII, §1314(b)(9), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1176; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1057(a)(6), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3441; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title I, §132, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2112; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title I, §139, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2223; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title I, §131, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1320; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title I, §§141(a), 142(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1659, 1662; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title I, §131(a), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1314; renumbered §9062 and amended Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title I, §141(a), title VIII, §§806(c), 809(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1666, 1833, 1840.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
8062(a)

8062(b)

8062(c)

8062(d)

10:20.

5:626c(a).

5:626c(f).

10:20r(a).

10:1831.

July 26, 1947, ch. 343, §208(a), (f), 61 Stat. 503; Aug. 10, 1949, ch. 412, §12(d), 63 Stat. 591.
 

8062(e)

8062(f)

50:1091.

10:20r(b).

10:20t.

July 10, 1950, ch. 454, §§2, 201, 203, 64 Stat. 321, 323, 324.
  Sept. 19, 1951, ch. 407, §301, 65 Stat. 329.
  July 9, 1952, ch. 608, §601, 66 Stat. 501.

In subsection (a), 10:20 (1st 19 words) is omitted as surplusage. The words "any areas occupied by the United States" are substituted for the words "occupied areas wherever located".

Subsection (b) is substituted for 5:626c(a) (1st sentence). 5:626c(a) (last sentence) is omitted as executed.

In subsection (d), the words "consists of" are substituted for the word "includes".

In subsection (d)(1), 10:20r(a) is omitted as superseded by 10:1831. The words "all persons serving in the Air Force under call or * * * under any provision of law, including members of the Air National Guard of the several States, Territories, and the District of Columbia when in the service of the United States pursuant to call as provided by law" are omitted as covered by the words "the Air National Guard while in the service of the United States". 50:1091 (last sentence) is omitted, since the components listed include their members.

In subsection (d)(2), the words "or inducted" are omitted as covered by the word "conscripted".

In subsection (e), the words "Effective on July 10, 1950" are omitted as executed. The words "the limitations imposed by" are omitted as surplusage. The words "not to exceed" are omitted as surplusage, since the revised section states the authorized number and any number over that would not be authorized. The words "and chapter 31 of this title" are substituted for the reference to 10:20s to make it clear that the authority for a 70 group Air Force is subject to all provisions which prescribe the authorized personnel strength of the Air Force.

In subsection (f), the word "considers" is substituted for the words "may determine is more". The words "aggregate" and "amount" are omitted as surplusage. The words "carry out this section" are substituted for the words "fulfill the requirements of the Air Force of the United States for aircraft necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter, section 481 of this title, and sections 235, 235a, 628, and 628a of title 5", since the purposes to which the reference is made are stated in the revised section. The last sentence is substituted for 10:20t (proviso).

References in Text

Section 141(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, referred to in subsec. (g)(1), is section 141(c)(3) of Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title I, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1661, which is not classified to the Code.

Section 144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, referred to in subsec. (j)(2)(A), is section 144(b) of Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title I, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1321, which is not classified to the Code.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, §806(c), renumbered section 8062 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 115–232, §809(a), substituted "chapter 911" for "chapter 831".

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 115–232, §141(a), added subsec. (j).

2017—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 115–91 added subsec. (i).

2013—Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 112–239, §141(a), inserted at end "Effective on the date that is 45 days after the date on which the report under section 141(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 is submitted to the congressional defense committees, the Secretary shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of strategic airlift aircraft of not less than 275 aircraft."

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 112–239, §142(a), added subsec. (h).

2011—Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 112–81 substituted "October 1, 2011" for "October 1, 2009" and "301 aircraft" for "316 aircraft".

2009—Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 111–84 substituted "2009" for "2008" and "316" for "299".

2006—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 109–163 substituted "Commonwealths and possessions" for "Territories, Commonwealths, and possessions".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 109–364 added subsec. (g).

1987—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–26 and Pub. L. 100–180 amended subsec. (e) identically, substituting "section 115" for "section 114".

1986—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–433 substituted "section 114" for "section 138".

1980—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–513 substituted ", chapter 831 of this title, and the strength authorized by law pursuant to section 138" for "and chapter 831".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by sections 806(c) and 809(a) of Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

Retirement of Air Force Fighter Aircraft

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title I, §131(b)–(d), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1314, 1315, as amended by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §809(b)(11), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1841, provided that:

"(b) Limitation on Retirement of Air Force Fighter Aircraft.—

"(1) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (c), during the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force may not proceed with a decision to retire fighter aircraft in any number that would reduce the total number of such aircraft in the Air Force total active inventory below 1,970, and shall maintain a minimum of 1,145 fighter aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.

"(2) Additional limitations on retirement of fighter aircraft.—Except as provided in subsection (c), during the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire fighter aircraft from the total active inventory as of the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 2017] until the later of the following:

"(A) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the Secretary submits the report required under paragraph (3).

"(B) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] that—

"(i) the retirement of such fighter aircraft will not increase the operational risk of meeting the National Defense Strategy; and

"(ii) the retirement of such aircraft will not reduce the total fighter force structure below 1,970 fighter aircraft or the primary mission aircraft inventory below 1,145.

"(3) Report on retirement of aircraft.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth the following:

"(A) The rationale for the retirement of existing fighter aircraft and an operational analysis of the portfolio of capabilities of the Air Force that demonstrates performance of the designated mission at an equal or greater level of effectiveness as the retiring aircraft.

"(B) An assessment of the implications for the Air Force, the Air National Guard, and the Air Force Reserve of the force mix ratio of fighter aircraft.

"(C) Such other matters relating to the retirement of fighter aircraft as the Secretary considers appropriate.

"(c) Exception for Certain Aircraft.—The requirement of subsection (b) does not apply to individual fighter aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

"(d) Fighter Aircraft Defined.—In this section, the term 'fighter aircraft' has the meaning given the term in subsection (i)(2)(A) of section 9062 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section."

Transition of Air Force to Operation of Remotely Piloted Aircraft by Enlisted Personnel

Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title X, §1052, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2397, provided that:

"(a) Transition Required.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall transition the Air Force to an organizational model for all Air Force remotely piloted aircraft that uses a significant number of enlisted personnel as operators of such aircraft rather than officers only.

"(b) Deadlines.—

"(1) Regular component.—For the regular component of the Air Force, the transition required by subsection (a) shall be completed not later than September 30, 2020.

"(2) Reserve components.—For the Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard, the transition required by subsection (a) shall be completed not later than September 30, 2023.

"(c) Transition Matters.—The transition required by subsection (a) shall account for the following:

"(1) Training infrastructure for enlisted personnel operating Air Force remotely piloted aircraft.

"(2) Supervisory roles for officers and senior enlisted personnel for enlisted personnel operating Air Force remotely piloted aircraft.

"(d) Reports.—

"(1) Initial report.—Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report that sets forth a detailed description of the plan for the transition required by subsection (a), including the following:

"(A) The objectives of the transition.

"(B) The timeline of the transition.

"(C) The resources required to implement the transition.

"(D) Recommendations for any legislation action required to implement the transition.

"(E) The assumptions used to complete the transition.

"(F) Risks associated with implementing the transition.

"(2) Reports on progress of implementation.—Not later than March 1, 2018, and each March 1 thereafter until the transition required by subsection (a) is completed, the Secretary shall submit to the committees referred to in paragraph (1) a report on the progress of the Air Force in implementing the plan required under that paragraph and in achieving the transition required by subsection (a)."

Requirements for Transferring Aircraft Within the Air Force Inventory

Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title III, §345, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4191, as amended by Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1088, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1014, provided that:

"(a) Requirements.—Before making an aircraft transfer described in subsection (c), the Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that a written agreement regarding such transfer has been entered into between the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Director of the Air National Guard or the Chief of Air Force Reserve. Any such agreement shall specify each of the following:

"(1) The number of and type of aircraft to be transferred.

"(2) In the case of any aircraft transferred on a temporary basis—

"(A) the schedule under which the aircraft will be returned to the reserve component;

"(B) a description of the condition, including the estimated remaining service life, in which any such aircraft will be returned to the reserve component; and

"(C) a description of the allocation of resources, including the designation of responsibility for funding aircraft operation and maintenance and a detailed description of budgetary responsibilities, for the period for which the aircraft is transferred to the regular component.

"(3) The designation of responsibility for funding maintenance requirements or modifications to the aircraft generated as a result of the transfer, including any such requirements and modifications required during the period for which the aircraft is transferred to the regular component.

"(4) Any location from which the aircraft will be transferred.

"(5) The effects on manpower that such a transfer may have at any facility identified under paragraph (4).

"(6) The effects on the skills and proficiencies of the reserve component personnel affected by the transfer.

"(7) Any other items the Director of the Air National Guard or the Chief of Air Force Reserve determines are necessary in order to execute such a transfer.

"(b) Submittal of Agreements to the Department of Defense and Congress.—The Secretary of the Air Force may not take any action to transfer an aircraft until the Secretary—

"(1) ensures that the Air Force has complied with Department of Defense regulations applicable to the transfer; and

"(2) for a transfer described in subsection (c)(1), submits to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] an agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a) regarding the transfer of the aircraft.

"(c) Covered Aircraft Transfers.—

"(1) Covered transfers.—An aircraft transfer described in this subsection is the transfer (other than as specified in paragraph (2)) from a reserve component of the Air Force to the regular component of the Air Force of—

"(A) the permanent assignment of an aircraft that terminates a reserve component's equitable interest in the aircraft; or

"(B) possession of an aircraft for a period in excess of 90 days.

"(2) Exceptions.—Paragraph (1) does not apply to the following:

"(A) A routine temporary transfer of possession of an aircraft from a reserve component that is made solely for the benefit of the reserve component for the purpose of maintenance, upgrade, conversion, modification, or testing and evaluation.

"(B) A routine permanent transfer of assignment of an aircraft that terminates a reserve component's equitable interest in the aircraft if notice of the transfer has previously been provided to the congressional defense committees and the transfer has been approved by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to Department of Defense regulations.

"(C) A transfer described in paragraph (1)(A) when there is a reciprocal permanent assignment of an aircraft from the regular component of the Air Force to the reserve component that does not degrade the capability of, or reduce the total number of, aircraft assigned to the reserve component.

"(d) Return of Aircraft After Routine Temporary Transfer.—In the case of an aircraft transferred from a reserve component of the Air Force to the regular component of the Air Force for which an agreement under subsection (a) is not required by reason of subsection (c)(2)(A), possession of the aircraft shall be transferred back to the reserve component upon completion of the work described in subsection (c)(2)(A)."

Consolidation of Air Force and Air National Guard Aircraft Maintenance

Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title III, §324, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4416, as amended by Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(e)(4), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4374, provided that:

"(a) Restriction on Implementation of Consolidation.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall not implement the consolidation of aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the active Air Force with aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the Air National Guard or the consolidation of aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the Air National Guard with aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the active Air Force unless and until the Secretary of the Air Force submits the reports required by (b) and (c), the Chief of the National Guard Bureau submits the assessment required by subsection (d), and the Secretary of Defense submits the certification required by subsection (e).

"(b) Report on Criteria.—Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 14, 2008], the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report stating all the criteria being used by the Department of the Air Force and the Rand Corporation to evaluate the feasibility of consolidating Air Force maintenance functions into organizations that would integrate active, Guard, and Reserve components into a total-force approach. The report shall include the assumptions that were provided to or developed by the Rand Corporation for its study of the feasibility of the consolidation proposal.

"(c) Report on Feasibility Study.—At least 90 days before any consolidation of aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the active Air Force with aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the Air National Guard, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the findings of the Rand Corporation feasibility study and the Rand Corporation's recommendations, the Air Force's assessment of the findings and recommendations, any plans developed for implementation of the consolidation, and a delineation of all infrastructure costs anticipated as a result of implementation.

"(d) Assessment by Chief of the National Guard Bureau.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the report required by subsection (c) is submitted, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a written assessment of—

"(1) the proposed actions to consolidate aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the active Air Force with aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the Air National Guard by the Secretary of the Air Force; and

"(2) the information included in the report required by subsection (c).

"(e) Certification by the Secretary of Defense.—After the Secretary of the Air Force submits the reports required by subsections (b) and (c), and before any consolidation of aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the active Air Force with aircraft repair facilities and personnel of the Air National Guard by the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of Defense shall certify that such consolidation is in the national interest and will not adversely affect recruitment, retention, or execution of the Air National Guard mission in the individual States."

§9063. Designation: officers to perform certain professional functions

(a) Medical functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force and who are designated as medical officers.

(b) Dental functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary and who are designated as dental officers.

(c) Veterinary functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as veterinary officers.

(d) Medical service functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as medical service officers.

(e) Nursing functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary and who are designated as Air Force nurses.

(f) Biomedical science functions, including physician assistant functions and chiropractic functions, in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as biomedical science officers.

(g) Judge advocate functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as judge advocates.

(h) Chaplain functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary and who are designated as chaplains.

(i) Other functions in the Air Force requiring special training or experience shall be performed by members of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as being in named categories.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 494, §8067; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(156), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1513; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §504(5), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2916; Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, §403, Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, §505(c), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2404; renumbered §9067, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §806(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833; renumbered §9063, Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §952(b)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1561.)

Historical and Revision Notes
1956 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
8067(a)

 

8067(b)

 

8067(c)

10:1837(a) (as applicable to medical officers).

10:1837(a) (as applicable to dental officers).

10:1837(a) (as applicable to veterinary officers).

Sept. 19, 1951, ch. 407, §307 (less (d)), 65 Stat. 330.

June 24, 1952, ch. 457 (less 1st and last provisos), 66 Stat. 156.

8067(d) 10:1837(a) (as applicable to medical service officers).
8067(e) 10:1837(a) (as applicable to nurses).
8067(f) 10:1837(a) (as applicable to women medical specialists).
8067(g) 10:1837(a) (as applicable to judge advocates).
8067(h) 10:1837(a) (as applicable to chaplains).
8067(i) 10:1837(a) (less categories covered by subsections (a)–(h)).

10:1837(b), (c).

10:81–2 (less 1st and last provisos).

The references in clauses (4), (6), and (7) of 10:1837(a) are omitted, since the laws to which reference is made deal with qualifications for appointment as commissioned officers and do not specify professional qualifications prerequisite to designation to duties requiring special training or experience. The reference in clause (8) is omitted as executed.

10:1837(b) and (c) are omitted, since, except in the case of a reference to a law not presently in effect, their substance is covered by including the laws referred to in various revised sections of this title (see the distribution tables). 10:81–2 (less 1st and last provisos) is omitted as unnecessary.

In subsections (a)–(d), (g), and (h), the words "commissioned officers" are substituted for the word "members", in 10:1837(a), since, under the laws to which reference is made, only commissioned officers may be designated to perform these functions.

In subsections (e) and (f), the words "female commissioned officers" are substituted for the word "members", in 10:1837(a), since, under the laws to which reference is made, only female commissioned officers may be designated to perform these functions.

1958 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
8067(e), (f) 10 App.:166b–3.

10 App.:1837.

Aug. 9, 1955, ch. 654, §§1, 3(b), 69 Stat. 579.

The section is amended to reflect the authority contained in the source statute to appoint male reserve officers with a view to designation as Air Force nurses or medical specialists.

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92 renumbered section 9067 of this title as this section.

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 8067 of this title as section 9067 of this title.

1992—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–484 inserted "and chiropractic functions" after "physician assistant functions".

1981—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 97–86 inserted reference to physician assistant functions.

1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–513, §504(5)(A), struck out "in conformity with section 8289 or 8294 of this title," after "Secretary of the Air Force".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–513, §504(5)(B), struck out "in conformity with section 8294 of this title," after "prescribed by the Secretary".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–513, §504(5)(C), struck out "in conformity with section 8291 of this title," after "prescribed by the Secretary".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–513, §504(5)(D), substituted "Biomedical science functions" for "Medical specialist functions" and "biomedical science officers" for "medical specialists".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 96–513, §504(5)(E), struck out "in conformity with section 8293 of this title," after "prescribed by the Secretary".

1958—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 85–861 struck out "female" before "commissioned officers".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 85–861 struck out "female" before "commissioned officers", and "women" before "medical specialists".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

§9064. Air Force nurses: Chief; appointment

(a) Position of Chief.—There is a Chief of the Air Force Nurse Corps.

(b) Chief.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall appoint the Chief from the officers of the Regular Air Force designated as Air Force nurses whose regular grade is above lieutenant colonel and who are recommended by the Surgeon General. The Chief serves during the pleasure of the Secretary.

(Added Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title V, §502(b), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2511, §8069; amended Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title V, §505, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2004; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title V, §504(a)(3), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2531; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(nn)(1), (2), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2106; renumbered §9069, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §806(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833; renumbered §9064 and amended Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §952(b)(1), title XVII, §1731(a)(61), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1561, 1815.)

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92, §952(b)(1), renumbered section 9069 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–92, §1731(a)(61), substituted "is" for "are". Amendment was directed to section 9069 of this title and was executed before amendment by section 952(b)(1) of Pub. L. 116–92, see above, pursuant to section 1731(f) of Pub. L. 116–92, set out as a Coordination of Certain Sections of an Act With Other Provisions of That Act note under section 101 of this title.

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 8069 of this title as section 9069 of this title.

2016Pub. L. 114–328, §502(nn)(2), amended section catchline generally, substituting "Air Force nurses: Chief; appointment" for "Air Force nurses: Chief and assistant chief; appointment; grade".

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–328, §502(nn)(1)(A), substituted "Position of Chief" for "Positions of Chief and Assistant Chief" in heading and struck out "and assistant chief" after "There are a Chief" in text.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 114–328, §502(nn)(1)(B), struck out second sentence which read as follows: "An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 114–328, §502(nn)(1)(C), struck out subsec. (c). Text read as follows: "The Surgeon General shall appoint the assistant chief from the officers of the Regular Air Force designated as Air Force nurses whose regular grade is above lieutenant colonel."

2002—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–314 substituted "major general" for "brigadier general" in second sentence.

1998—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–261 struck out ", but not for more than three years, and may not be reappointed to the same position" after "pleasure of the Secretary".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§9065. Commands: territorial organization

(a) Except as otherwise prescribed by law or by the Secretary of Defense, the Air Force shall be divided into such organizations as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe.

(b) For Air Force purposes, the United States, its possessions, and other places in which the Air Force is stationed or is operating, may be divided into such areas as directed by the Secretary. Officers of the Air Force may be assigned to command Air Force activities, installations, and personnel in those areas. In the discharge of the Air Force's functions or other functions authorized by law, officers so assigned have the duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 495, §8074; Pub. L. 85–599, §4(f), Aug. 6, 1958, 72 Stat. 517; Pub. L. 89–37, title III, §306(a), June 11, 1965, 79 Stat. 129; Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §523, Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1063; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title IX, §931(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1200; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1057(a)(2), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3440; renumbered §9074, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §806(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833; renumbered §9065, Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §952(b)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1561.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
8074(a)

8074(b)

8074(c)

10:1838(a)(1).

10:1838(a)(2).

10:1838(b).

Sept. 19, 1951, ch. 407, §§308, 309, 65 Stat. 332.
8074(d) 10:1839.

In subsection (b), the words "from time to time" are omitted as surplusage.

In subsection (d), the words "have the duties and powers" are substituted for the words "shall perform such duties and exercise such powers". The words "of America", "elements of", "other provisions of", and "so assigned" are omitted as surplusage.

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92 renumbered section 9074 of this title as this section.

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 8074 of this title as section 9074 of this title.

2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–163 struck out "its Territories," after "the United States,".

2001—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–107 struck out subsec. (c) which read as follows: "The Military Air Transport Service is redesignated as the Military Airlift Command."

1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–433 substituted "Except as otherwise prescribed by law or by the Secretary of Defense, the" for "The".

1965—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–37 added subsec. (c).

1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–599, §4(f)(1), substituted provisions permitting the Air Force to be divided into such organizations as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe for provisions which established an air-defense, a strategic, and a tactical command in the Air Force.

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 85–599, §4(f)(2), redesignated subsec. (d) as (b), and repealed former subsecs. (b) and (c) which permitted the Secretary of the Air Force to establish additional commands and organizations in the interest of efficiency and economy of operation, and, for the duration of any war or national emergency, to establish new major commands or to discontinue or consolidate major commands.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Pub. L. 89–37, title III, §306(b), June 11, 1965, 79 Stat. 129, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) of this section [amending this section] shall become effective January 1, 1966."

§9066. Regular Air Force: composition

(a) The Regular Air Force is the component of the Air Force that consists of persons whose continuous service on active duty in both peace and war is contemplated by law, and of retired members of the Regular Air Force.

(b) The Regular Air Force includes—

(1) the officers and enlisted members of the Regular Air Force;

(2) the professors, registrar, and cadets at the United States Air Force Academy; and

(3) the retired officers and enlisted members of the Regular Air Force.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 496, §8075; Pub. L. 85–600, §1(13), Aug. 6, 1958, 72 Stat. 523; renumbered §9075, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §806(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833; renumbered §9066, Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §952(b)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1561.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
8075(a)

8075(b)

10:1832(a).

10:1832 (less (a)).

Sept. 19, 1951, ch. 407, §302, 65 Stat. 329; Apr. 1, 1954, ch. 127, §7, 68 Stat. 48.

In subsection (b), the words "holding appointments or enlisted in the Regular Air Force as now or hereafter provided by law", "and such other persons as are now or may hereafter be specified by law", and "commissioned * * * warrant officers" are omitted as surplusage, since the revised section lists all persons in the Regular Air Force. 10:1832(b) (last sentence) is omitted as executed.

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92 renumbered section 9075 of this title as this section.

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 8075 of this title as section 9075 of this title.

1958—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 85–600 included the registrar of the Air Force Academy.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§9067. Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services

There is an Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services in the Air Force who is appointed by the Secretary of the Air Force upon the recommendation of the Surgeon General from officers of the Air Force above the grade of lieutenant colonel who are designated as dental officers under section 9067(b) of this title. The Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services serves at the pleasure of the Secretary.

(Added Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §805(c)(1), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1622, §8081; amended Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title V, §506, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2004; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title V, §504(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2179; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(oo), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2106; renumbered §9081 and amended Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §§806(c), 809(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833, 1840; renumbered §9067, Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §952(b)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1561.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 9067 was renumbered section 9063 of this title.

A prior section 9068 of this title resulted from the redesignation of section 9084 of this title as section 9068 of this title by section 952(b)(1) of Pub. L. 116–92. Such section 9068 was renumbered section 9083 of this title by section 952(e) of Pub. L. 116–92.

A prior section 9069 was renumbered section 9064 of this title.

A prior section 9074 was renumbered section 9065 of this title.

A prior section 9075 was renumbered section 9066 of this title.

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92 renumbered section 9081 of this title as this section.

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 8081 of this title as section 9081 of this title and substituted "section 9067(b)" for "section 8067(b)".

2016Pub. L. 114–328 struck out second sentence which read as follows: "An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general."

2006Pub. L. 109–364 substituted "major general" for "brigadier general".

1998Pub. L. 105–261 substituted "lieutenant colonel" for "major" and "An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of brigadier general. The Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services serves at the pleasure of the Secretary." for "The term of office of the Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services is four years but may be increased or decreased by the Secretary of the Air Force."

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title V, §504(b), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2179, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the occurrence of the next vacancy in the position of Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services in the Air Force that occurs after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 17, 2006] or, if earlier, on the date of the appointment to the grade of major general of the officer who is the incumbent in that position on the date of the enactment of the Act."