[USC02] 20 USC CHAPTER 44, SUBCHAPTER II: GENERAL PROVISIONS
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20 USC CHAPTER 44, SUBCHAPTER II: GENERAL PROVISIONS
From Title 20—EDUCATIONCHAPTER 44—CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION

SUBCHAPTER II—GENERAL PROVISIONS

Codification

Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621, redesignated subchapter III (§2391 et seq.) of this chapter as this subchapter.

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter II, consisting of sections 2371 to 2376, related to tech prep education, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–224, §4, title II, §201(a)(5), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1564, 1621, effective July 1, 2019.

Section 2371, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §201, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 737, related to state allotment and application.

Another prior section 2371, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §202, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3117, provided definitions, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2371, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §321, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2459; amended Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6131(a)(2), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1509, provided findings and purposes of program, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §305, title VII, §702(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, 843, effective July 1, 1991.

A prior section 201 of Pub. L. 88–210, as added by Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3117, which provided that former title II of Pub. L. 88–210 could be cited as the "Tech-Prep Education Act", was set out as a note under former section 2301 of this title, prior to the general amendment of Pub. L. 88–210 by Pub. L. 109–270.

Section 2372, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §202, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 738, related to consolidation of funds.

Another prior section 2372, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §203, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3118, related to State allotment and application, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2372, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §322, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2460; amended Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6131(a)(2), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1509; Pub. L. 101–476, title IX, §901(a)(2), Oct. 30, 1990, 104 Stat. 1142, authorized Secretary to make grants and specified uses of funds for program, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §305, title VII, §702(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, 843, effective July 1, 1991.

A prior section 202 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2371 of this title, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 202 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2332 of this title, prior to the general amendment of former subchapter II of this chapter by Pub. L. 101–392.

Section 2373, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §203, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 738; amended Pub. L. 110–315, title IX, §941(k)(2)(D)(iii), Aug. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 3466; Pub. L. 114–95, title IX, §9215(n)(10), Dec. 10, 2015, 129 Stat. 2170, related to tech prep program.

Another prior section 2373, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §204, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3118, related to tech-prep education, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2373, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §323, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2461; amended Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6131(a)(2), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1509, provided for coordination of program with Job Training Partnership Act, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §305, title VII, §702(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, 843, effective July 1, 1991.

A prior section 203 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2372 of this title, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 203 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2333 of this title, prior to the general amendment of former subchapter II of this chapter by Pub. L. 101–392.

Section 2374, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §204, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 741, related to consortium applications.

Another prior section 2374, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §205, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3120, related to consortium applications, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

A prior section 204 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2373 of this title, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 204 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2334 of this title, prior to the general amendment of former subchapter II of this chapter by Pub. L. 101–392.

Section 2375, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §205, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 742, related to annual report on effectiveness of the tech prep programs.

Another prior section 2375, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §206, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3120, required a report from grantees, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

A prior section 205 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2374 of this title, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Section 2376, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §206, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 742, related to authorization of appropriations.

Another prior section 2376, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §207, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3121, related to demonstration programs, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2376, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §326, as added Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6131(a)(3), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1509, provided findings and purpose of special program of financial assistance to States to enable them to expand and improve vocational education programs designed to meet current needs for training, retraining, and employment development of adults who had completed or left high school and were preparing to enter or had entered the labor market, including workers who were 55 years of age and older, in order to equip adults with competencies and skills required for productive employment, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §305, title VII, §702(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, 843, effective July 1, 1991.

A prior section 206 of Pub. L. 88–210 was classified to section 2375 of this title, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

A prior section 2377, Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §208, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3121, which related to authorization of appropriations, was omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2377 and prior section 2378 were repealed by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §305, title VII, §702(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, 843, effective July 1, 1991.

Section 2377, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §327, as added Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6131(a)(3), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1509; amended Pub. L. 101–476, title IX, §901(a)(2), Oct. 30, 1990, 104 Stat. 1142, authorized giving of grants and uses of funds in connection with special program.

Section 2378, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §328, as added Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6131(a)(3), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1510, provided for coordination of special program with Job Training Partnership Act.

Prior sections 2381 to 2383 were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2381, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §321, formerly §331, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2462; renumbered §321, Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §306(a)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, related to grants for career guidance and counseling.

Section 2382, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §322, formerly §332, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2462; renumbered §322 and amended Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §306(a)(2), (c), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, 787, related to use of funds from career guidance and counseling grants.

Section 2383, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §323, formerly §333, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2463; amended Pub. L. 99–159, title VII, §708, Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 906; renumbered §323, Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §306(a)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 786, related to information dissemination and leadership.

Part A—Federal Administrative Provisions

§2391. Fiscal requirements

(a) Supplement not supplant

Funds made available under this chapter for career and technical education activities shall supplement, and shall not supplant, non-Federal funds expended to carry out career and technical education activities.

(b) Maintenance of effort

(1) Determination

(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), (C), or (D), in order for a State to receive its full allotment of funds under this chapter for any fiscal year, the Secretary must find that the State's fiscal effort per student, or the aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for the preceding fiscal year was not less than the fiscal effort per student, or the aggregate expenditures of such State, for the second preceding fiscal year.

(B) Computation

In computing the fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures pursuant to subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall, at the request of the State, exclude competitive or incentive-based programs established by the State, capital expenditures, special one-time project costs, and the cost of pilot programs.

(C) Decrease in Federal support

If the amount made available for career and technical education programs under this chapter for a fiscal year is less than the amount made available for career and technical education programs under this chapter for the preceding fiscal year, then the fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures of a State required by subparagraph (A) for the preceding fiscal year shall be decreased by the same percentage as the percentage decrease in the amount so made available.

(D) Establishing the state baseline

For purposes of applying subparagraph (A) for years which require the calculation of the State's fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for the first full fiscal year following July 31, 2018, the State may determine the State's fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for such first full fiscal year by—

(i) continuing to use the State's fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education, as was in effect on the day before July 31, 2018; or

(ii) establishing a new level of fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education, which is not less than 95 percent of the State's fiscal effort per student, or the aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for the preceding fiscal year.

(2) Failure to meet

(A) In general

The Secretary shall reduce the amount of a State's allotment of funds under this chapter for any fiscal year in the exact proportion by which the State fails to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) by falling below the State's fiscal effort per student or the State's aggregate expenditures (using the measure most favorable to the State), if the State failed to meet such requirement (as determined using the measure most favorable to the State) for 1 or more of the 5 immediately preceding fiscal years.

(B) Special rule

No such lesser amount shall be used for computing the effort required under paragraph (1) for subsequent years.

(3) Waiver

The Secretary may waive paragraph (2) due to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances affecting the ability of the State to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) such as a natural disaster or an unforeseen and precipitous decline in financial resources. No level of funding permitted under such a waiver may be used as the basis for computing the fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures required under this section for years subsequent to the year covered by such waiver. The fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures for the subsequent years shall be computed on the basis of the level of funding that would, but for such waiver, have been required.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §211, formerly title III, §311, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 742.; renumbered title II, §211, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(1), (5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1620, 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2391, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §311, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3121, related to fiscal requirements, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2391, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §331, formerly §341, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2463; renumbered §331 and amended Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §307(a)(2), (c), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 787, stated findings of Congress, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(A), struck out "and tech prep program activities" before period at end.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(i)(I), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), no payments shall be made under this chapter for any fiscal year to a State for career and technical education programs or tech prep programs unless the Secretary determines that the fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures of such State for career and technical education programs for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made, equaled or exceeded such effort or expenditures for career and technical education programs for the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made."

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(i)(II), substituted "shall, at the request of the State, exclude competitive or incentive-based programs established by the State, capital expenditures, special one-time project costs, and the cost of pilot programs." for "shall exclude capital expenditures, special 1-time project costs, and the cost of pilot programs."

Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(i)(III), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(ii), added pars. (2) and (3) and struck out former par. (2). Prior to amendment, text of par. (2) read as follows: "The Secretary may waive the requirements of this section, with respect to not more than 5 percent of expenditures by any eligible agency for 1 fiscal year only, on making a determination that such waiver would be equitable due to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances affecting the ability of the eligible agency to meet such requirements, such as a natural disaster or an unforeseen and precipitous decline in financial resources. No level of funding permitted under such a waiver may be used as the basis for computing the fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures required under this section for years subsequent to the year covered by such waiver. The fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures for the subsequent years shall be computed on the basis of the level of funding that would, but for such waiver, have been required."

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2392. Authority to make payments

Any authority to make payments or to enter into contracts under this chapter shall be available only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §212, formerly title III, §312, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 743; renumbered title II, §212, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2392, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §312, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3122, related to authority to make payments, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2392, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §332, formerly §342, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2464; amended Pub. L. 99–159, title VII, §709, Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 906; renumbered §332 and amended Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §307(a)(2), (d), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 787, authorized business-labor-education partnership training grants, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2393. Construction

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to permit, allow, encourage, or authorize any Federal control over any aspect of a private, religious, or home school, regardless of whether a home school is treated as a private school or home school under State law. This section shall not be construed to bar students attending private, religious, or home schools from participation in programs or services under this chapter.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §213, formerly title III, §313, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 743; renumbered title II, §213, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2393, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §313, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3122, related to construction of this chapter, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2393, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §333, formerly §343, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2465; amended Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6134(a), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1512; renumbered §333, Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §307(a)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 787, related to use of grant funds, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2394. Voluntary selection and participation

No funds made available under this chapter shall be used—

(1) to require any secondary school student to choose or pursue a specific career pathway or program of study; or

(2) to mandate that any individual participate in a career and technical education program, including a career and technical education program that requires the attainment of a federally funded skill level, standard, or certificate of mastery.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §214, formerly title III, §314, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 743; renumbered title II, §214, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(2), (5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2394, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §314, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to voluntary selection and participation, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2394 and prior sections 2394a to 2394e were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2394, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §342, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 789, stated findings and purpose of Congress.

Section 2394a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §343, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 789; amended Pub. L. 102–103, title III, §315, Aug. 17, 1991, 105 Stat. 508, authorized grants for tech-prep education programs.

Section 2394b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §344, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 790; amended Pub. L. 103–239, title VII, §711(a), May 4, 1994, 108 Stat. 606, related to use of grant funds.

Section 2394c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §345, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 791; amended Pub. L. 103–239, title VII, §711(b), May 4, 1994, 108 Stat. 606, related to applications for grants.

Section 2394d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §346, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 792, related to reports.

Section 2394e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §347, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 792; amended Pub. L. 105–244, title I, §102(a)(6)(E), Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1618, defined terms for purposes of tech-prep education grant program.

Amendments

2018—Par. (1). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(2), substituted "career pathway or program of study" for "career path or major".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §341, as added by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 788, which provided that part E of title III of Pub. L. 88–210, enacting part E (§2394 et seq.) of former subchapter III of this chapter, could be cited as the "Tech-Prep Education Act", was omitted in the general amendment of Pub. L. 88–210 by Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3076.

§2395. Limitation for certain students

No funds received under this chapter may be used to provide career and technical education programs or programs of study to students prior to the the 1 middle grades (as such term is defined in section 7801 of this title), except that equipment and facilities purchased with funds under this chapter may be used by such students.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §215, formerly title III, §315, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §215, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(3), (5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2395, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §315, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, imposed a limitation for certain students, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2395 and prior sections 2395a to 2395e were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2395, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §351, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 792, stated purpose of supplementary State grant program.

Section 2395a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §352, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to allotment to States.

Section 2395b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §353, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to allocations to local educational agencies.

Section 2395c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §354, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to use of grant funds.

Section 2395d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §355, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to State applications for grants.

Section 2395e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §356, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, related to local applications for grants.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(3), inserted "or programs of study" after "career and technical education programs" and substituted "the middle grades (as such term is defined in section 7801 of this title)" for "seventh grade".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

1 So in original.

§2396. Federal laws guaranteeing civil rights

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to be inconsistent with applicable Federal law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, or disability in the provision of Federal programs or services.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §216, formerly title III, §316, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §216, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2396, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §316, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to Federal laws guaranteeing civil rights, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2396 and prior sections 2396a to 2396m were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2396, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §362, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, stated purpose of community education employment centers and vocational education lighthouse schools program.

Section 2396a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §363, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, authorized grants to establish and operate community education employment centers.

Section 2396b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §364, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, related to program requirements.

Section 2396c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §365, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 795, related to support services requirements.

Section 2396d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §366, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 796, related to parental and community participation.

Section 2396e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §367, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 797, related to employment and training of professional staff.

Section 2396f, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §368, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 797, related to eligibility for grants.

Section 2396g, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §369, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 797, related to applications to participate in grant program.

Section 2396h, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §370, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 798; amended Pub. L. 104–66, title I, §1041(d), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 714, related to evaluation of student learning progress.

Section 2396i, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §371, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 798, defined terms "eligible recipient" and "parent".

Section 2396m, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §375, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 798, authorized grants to establish and operate vocational education lighthouse schools.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §361, as added by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, which provided that part G of title III of Pub. L. 88–210, enacting part G (§2396 et seq.) of former subchapter III of this chapter, could be cited as the "Community Education Employment Center Act of 1990", was omitted in the general amendment of Pub. L. 88–210 by Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3076.

§2397. Participation of private school personnel and children

(a) Personnel

An eligible agency or eligible recipient that uses funds under this chapter for in-service and preservice career and technical education professional development programs for career and technical education teachers, administrators, and other personnel shall, to the extent practicable, upon written request, permit the participation in such programs of career and technical education secondary school teachers, administrators, and other personnel in nonprofit private schools offering career and technical secondary education programs located in the geographical area served by such eligible agency or eligible recipient.

(b) Student participation

(1) Student participation

Except as prohibited by State or local law, an eligible recipient may, upon written request, use funds made available under this chapter to provide for the meaningful participation, in career and technical education programs and activities, including programs of study, receiving funding under this chapter, of secondary school students attending nonprofit private schools in areas served by the eligible recipient.

(2) Consultation

An eligible recipient shall consult, upon written request, in a timely and meaningful manner with representatives of nonprofit private schools in areas served by the eligible recipient described in paragraph (1) regarding the meaningful participation, in career and technical education programs and activities, including programs of study, receiving funding under this chapter, of secondary school students attending nonprofit private schools.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §217, formerly title III, §317, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §217, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(4)–(6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2397, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §317, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to authorization of Secretary, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2397 and prior sections 2397a to 2397h were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2397, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §382, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, stated purpose of program to assist tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions.

Section 2397a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §383, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, authorized grants to tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions.

Section 2397b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §384, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, related to eligible grant recipients.

Section 2397c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §385, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, related to applications for grants, consultation, and use of grants.

Section 2397d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §386, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 801, related to amount of grants.

Section 2397e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §387, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 802, related to effect of grant receipt on eligibility under other programs.

Section 2397f, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §388, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 802, related to grant adjustments.

Section 2397g, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §389, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 803, related to report on facilities and facilities improvement.

Section 2397h, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §390, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 803, defined terms for purposes of tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions grant program.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(4)(A), inserted ", including programs of study," after "activities" and substituted "in areas served by" for "who reside in the geographical area served by".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(4)(B), substituted "areas" for "the geographical area" and inserted ", including programs of study," after "activities".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §381, as added by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 799, which provided that part H of title III of Pub. L. 88–210, enacting part H (§2397 et seq.) of former subchapter III of this chapter, could be cited as the "Tribally Controlled Vocational Institutions Support Act of 1990", was omitted in the general amendment of Pub. L. 88–210 by Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3076.

§2398. Limitation on Federal regulations

The Secretary may issue regulations under this chapter only to the extent necessary to administer and ensure compliance with the specific requirements of this chapter.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §218, formerly title III, §318, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §218, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2398, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §318, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to participation of private school personnel, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2399. Study on programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage occupations

(a) Scope of study

The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study to evaluate—

(1) the strategies, components, policies, and practices used by eligible agencies or eligible recipients receiving funding under this chapter to successfully assist—

(A) all students in pursuing and completing programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage occupations; and

(B) any special population or specific subgroup of students identified in section 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii) of this title in pursuing and completing programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage occupations in fields in which such special population or subgroup is underrepresented; and


(2) any challenges associated with replication of such strategies, components, policies, and practices.

(b) Consultation

In carrying out the study conducted under subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall consult with a geographically diverse (including urban, suburban, and rural) representation of—

(1) students and parents;

(2) eligible agencies and eligible recipients;

(3) teachers, faculty, specialized instructional support personnel, and paraprofessionals, including those with expertise in preparing career and technical education students for non-traditional fields;

(4) Indian Tribes and Tribal organizations;

(5) special populations; and

(6) representatives of business and industry.

(c) Submission

Upon completion, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit the study conducted under subsection (a) to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §219, as added Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(8), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 2401 to 2404 were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2401, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §401, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2466; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §402, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 806, related to research objectives.

Section 2402, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §402, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2466; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §403, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 806, related to research activities.

Section 2403, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §403, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2467; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §404, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 807, related to national assessment of vocational education programs.

Section 2404, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §404, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2468; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §405, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 809; Pub. L. 103–382, title III, §351(a)(2), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3966, related to National Center or Centers for Research in Vocational Education.

Change of Name

Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and Labor of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Sixteenth Congress, Jan. 9, 2019.

Effective Date

Section effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment note under section 2301 of this title.

Part B—State Administrative Provisions

§2411. Joint funding

(a) General authority

Funds made available to eligible agencies under this chapter may be used to provide additional funds under an applicable program if—

(1) such program otherwise meets the requirements of this chapter and the requirements of the applicable program;

(2) such program serves the same individuals that are served under this chapter;

(3) such program provides services in a coordinated manner with services provided under this chapter; and

(4) such funds are used to supplement, and not supplant, funds provided from non-Federal sources.

(b) Applicable program

For the purposes of this section, the term "applicable program" means any program under any of the following provisions of law:

(1) Chapters 2 and 3 of subtitle B of title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act [29 U.S.C. 3161 et seq., 3171 et seq.].

(2) The Wagner-Peyser Act [29 U.S.C. 49 et seq.].

(c) Use of funds as matching funds

For the purposes of this section, the term "additional funds" does not include funds used as matching funds.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §221, formerly title III, §321, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 745; amended Pub. L. 113–128, title V, §512(e)(7), July 22, 2014, 128 Stat. 1707; renumbered title II, §221, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (7), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

References in Text

The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is Pub. L. 113–128, July 22, 2014, 128 Stat. 1425. Chapters 2 and 3 of subtitle B of title I of the Act are classified generally to subparts 2 (§3161 et seq.) and 3 (§3171 et seq.), respectively, of part B of subchapter I of chapter 32 of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3101 of Title 29 and Tables.

The Wagner-Peyser Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is act June 6, 1933, ch. 49, 48 Stat. 113, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 4B (§49 et seq.) of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 49 of Title 29 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2411, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §321, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to joint funding, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2411, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §411, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 812, authorized grants for demonstration programs, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Another prior section 2411, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §411, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2470, related to programs and projects Secretary was authorized to carry out from available funds, prior to the general amendment of part B of former subchapter IV of this chapter by Pub. L. 101–392.

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 113–128 substituted "Chapters 2 and 3 of subtitle B of title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act" for "Chapters 4 and 5 of subtitle B of title I of Public Law 105–220".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–128 effective on the first day of the first full program year after July 22, 2014 (July 1, 2015), see section 506 of Pub. L. 113–128, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3101 of Title 29, Labor.

§2412. Prohibition on use of funds to induce out-of-State relocation of businesses

No funds provided under this chapter shall be used for the purpose of directly providing incentives or inducements to an employer to relocate a business enterprise from one State to another State if such relocation will result in a reduction in the number of jobs available in the State where the business enterprise is located before such incentives or inducements are offered.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §222, formerly title III, §322, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 745; renumbered title II, §222, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (7), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2412, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §322, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3124, prohibited use of funds to induce out-of-State relocation of businesses, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2412, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §412, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 812, authorized grants for development, production, and distribution of instructional telecommunications materials and services, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2413. State administrative costs

(a) General rule

Except as provided in subsection (b), for each fiscal year for which an eligible agency receives assistance under this chapter, the eligible agency shall provide, from non-Federal sources for the costs the eligible agency incurs for the administration of programs under this chapter, an amount that is not less than the amount provided by the eligible agency from non-Federal sources for such costs for the preceding fiscal year.

(b) Exception

If the amount made available from Federal sources for the administration of programs under this chapter for a fiscal year (referred to in this section as the "determination year") is less than the amount made available from Federal sources for the administration of programs under this chapter for the preceding fiscal year, then the amount the eligible agency is required to provide from non-Federal sources for costs the eligible agency incurs for the administration of programs under this chapter for the determination year under subsection (a) shall bear the same ratio to the amount the eligible agency provided from non-Federal sources for such costs for the preceding fiscal year, as the amount made available from Federal sources for the administration of programs under this chapter for the determination year bears to the amount made available from Federal sources for the administration of programs under this chapter for the preceding fiscal year.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §223, formerly title III, §323, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 745; renumbered title II, §223, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (7), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2413, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §323, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3124, related to State administrative costs, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2413, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §413, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 813, authorized establishment of demonstration centers for training of dislocated workers, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Another prior section 2413, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §413, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2471, related to program of competitive grants to State boards for State programs involving loan of high-technology, state-of-the-art equipment to eligible recipients for use in local vocational education programs, prior to the general amendment of part B of former subchapter IV of this chapter by Pub. L. 101–392.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2414. Student assistance and other Federal programs

(a) Attendance costs not treated as income or resources

The portion of any student financial assistance received under this chapter that is made available for attendance costs described in subsection (b) shall not be considered as income or resources in determining eligibility for assistance under any other program funded in whole or in part with Federal funds.

(b) Attendance costs

The attendance costs described in this subsection are—

(1) tuition and fees normally assessed a student carrying an academic workload as determined by the institution, and including costs for rental or purchase of any equipment, materials, or supplies required of all students in that course of study; and

(2) an allowance for books, supplies, transportation, dependent care, and miscellaneous personal expenses for a student attending the institution on at least a half-time basis, as determined by the institution.

(c) Costs of career and technical education services

Funds made available under this chapter may be used to pay for the costs of career and technical education services required in an individualized education program developed pursuant to section 1414(d) of this title and services necessary to meet the requirements of section 794 of title 29 with respect to ensuring equal access to career and technical education.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §224, title III, §324, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 746; renumbered title II, §224, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (7), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2414, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §324, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3124, limited Federal regulations, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2414, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §414, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 813, authorized grants for professional development, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

A prior section 2415, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §325, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3124, which related to student assistance and other Federal programs, was omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2415 and prior sections 2416 to 2424 were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2415, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §415, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 817, related to Blue Ribbon Vocational Education Programs.

Another prior section 2415, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §415, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2471, related to establishment by Secretary of demonstration centers for retraining of dislocated workers, prior to the general amendment of part B of former subchapter IV of this chapter by Pub. L. 101–392.

Section 2416, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §416, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 818, related to development of business and education standards.

Section 2417, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §417, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 818, related to educational programs for Federal correctional institutions.

Another prior section 2417, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §417, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2471; amended Pub. L. 99–159, title VII, §710, Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 907, related to establishment of grant program to establish and operate model centers for vocational education for older individuals, prior to the general amendment of part B of former subchapter IV of this chapter by Pub. L. 101–392.

Section 2418, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §418, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 819, related to dropout prevention.

Section 2419, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §419, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 819, related to model programs of regional training for skilled trades.

Section 2420, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §420, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 820; amended Pub. L. 103–382, title III, §391(s)(6), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 4025, related to demonstration projects for integration of vocational and academic learning.

Section 2420a, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §420A, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §406(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 820, related to cooperative demonstration programs.

Section 2421, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §421, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2472; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §407, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 822; Pub. L. 101–476, title IX, §901(a)(2), Oct. 30, 1990, 104 Stat. 1142; Pub. L. 103–227, title X, §1021, Mar. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 269, authorized vocational education and occupational information data systems.

Section 2422, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §422, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2473; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §408, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 825; Pub. L. 103–227, title IX, §991, Mar. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 264, related to National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee.

Section 2423, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §423, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2474; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §409, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 827, related to information base for vocational education data system.

Section 2424, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §424, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §410, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 829, related to collection of information at reasonable cost and cooperation of States.

A prior section 2431, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §431, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2474, established National Council on Vocational Education, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §411(a), (c), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 829, effective Oct. 1, 1991.

Prior sections 2441 to 2461 were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2441, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §441, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2477; amended Pub. L. 104–66, title I, §1041(h), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 715, authorized grants for bilingual vocational training.

Section 2451, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §451, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2479; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §412, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 829, related to distribution of assistance.

Section 2461, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §501, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2479, related to Federal payments to States.

A prior section 2462, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §502, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2479; amended Pub. L. 99–159, title VII, §711, Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 907, related to Federal share of, and non-Federal contributions for, costs of vocational education programs, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(a)(1), title VII, §702(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 830, 843, effective July 1, 1991.

A prior section 2463, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §502, formerly §503, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2480; renumbered §502 and amended Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(a)(2), (b), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 830, related to maintenance of effort, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Prior sections 2464 and 2465 were repealed by Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(a)(1), title VII, §702(a), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 830, 843, effective July 1, 1991.

Section 2464, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §504, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2480; amended Pub. L. 99–159, title VII, §713(a)(3), Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 907, related to withholding of payments and judicial review of such action.

Section 2465, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §505, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2482, required States to conduct biennial audits.

Prior sections 2466 to 2471 were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2466, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §503, formerly §506, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2482; renumbered §503, Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(a)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 830, related to authority to make payments. See section 2392 of this title.

Section 2466a, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §504, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 830; amended Pub. L. 103–382, title II, §261(i)(1), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3929, related to regional meetings and negotiated rulemaking.

Section 2466b, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §505, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 831, contained requirements relating to reports, plans, and regulations.

Section 2466c, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §506, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 831, provided for consistency of this chapter with Federal laws guaranteeing civil rights.

Section 2466d, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §507, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 831, related to student assistance and other Federal programs.

Section 2466e, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §508, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 831, related to Federal monitoring of compliance with this chapter.

Section 2468, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §511, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 832, related to use of funds for joint funding of programs.

Section 2468a, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §512, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 832, related to review of regulations.

Section 2468b, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §513, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 833, related to identification of State-imposed requirements.

Section 2468c, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §514, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 833, prohibited use of funds to induce out-of-State relocation of businesses. See section 2412 of this title.

Section 2468d, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §515, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 833, related to State administrative costs. See section 2413 of this title.

Section 2468e, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §516, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §501(c)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 833, contained additional administrative provisions.

Section 2471, Pub. L. 88–210, title V, §521, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2482; amended Pub. L. 99–159, title VII, §713(a)(4), Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 907; Pub. L. 101–392, title V, §502, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 834; Pub. L. 103–382, title III, §391(s)(7), (8), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 4025; Pub. L. 104–193, title I, §110(i)(3), Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2172, defined terms for purposes of this chapter.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.