[USC02] 20 USC CHAPTER 44, SUBCHAPTER II, Part A: Federal Administrative Provisions
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20 USC CHAPTER 44, SUBCHAPTER II, Part A: Federal Administrative Provisions
From Title 20—EDUCATIONCHAPTER 44—CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATIONSUBCHAPTER II—GENERAL PROVISIONS

Part A—Federal Administrative Provisions

§2391. Fiscal requirements

(a) Supplement not supplant

Funds made available under this chapter for career and technical education activities shall supplement, and shall not supplant, non-Federal funds expended to carry out career and technical education activities.

(b) Maintenance of effort

(1) Determination

(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), (C), or (D), in order for a State to receive its full allotment of funds under this chapter for any fiscal year, the Secretary must find that the State's fiscal effort per student, or the aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for the preceding fiscal year was not less than the fiscal effort per student, or the aggregate expenditures of such State, for the second preceding fiscal year.

(B) Computation

In computing the fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures pursuant to subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall, at the request of the State, exclude competitive or incentive-based programs established by the State, capital expenditures, special one-time project costs, and the cost of pilot programs.

(C) Decrease in Federal support

If the amount made available for career and technical education programs under this chapter for a fiscal year is less than the amount made available for career and technical education programs under this chapter for the preceding fiscal year, then the fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures of a State required by subparagraph (A) for the preceding fiscal year shall be decreased by the same percentage as the percentage decrease in the amount so made available.

(D) Establishing the state baseline

For purposes of applying subparagraph (A) for years which require the calculation of the State's fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for the first full fiscal year following July 31, 2018, the State may determine the State's fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for such first full fiscal year by—

(i) continuing to use the State's fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education, as was in effect on the day before July 31, 2018; or

(ii) establishing a new level of fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education, which is not less than 95 percent of the State's fiscal effort per student, or the aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to career and technical education for the preceding fiscal year.

(2) Failure to meet

(A) In general

The Secretary shall reduce the amount of a State's allotment of funds under this chapter for any fiscal year in the exact proportion by which the State fails to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) by falling below the State's fiscal effort per student or the State's aggregate expenditures (using the measure most favorable to the State), if the State failed to meet such requirement (as determined using the measure most favorable to the State) for 1 or more of the 5 immediately preceding fiscal years.

(B) Special rule

No such lesser amount shall be used for computing the effort required under paragraph (1) for subsequent years.

(3) Waiver

The Secretary may waive paragraph (2) due to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances affecting the ability of the State to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) such as a natural disaster or an unforeseen and precipitous decline in financial resources. No level of funding permitted under such a waiver may be used as the basis for computing the fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures required under this section for years subsequent to the year covered by such waiver. The fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures for the subsequent years shall be computed on the basis of the level of funding that would, but for such waiver, have been required.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §211, formerly title III, §311, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 742.; renumbered title II, §211, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(1), (5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1620, 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2391, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §311, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3121, related to fiscal requirements, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2391, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §331, formerly §341, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2463; renumbered §331 and amended Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §307(a)(2), (c), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 787, stated findings of Congress, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(A), struck out "and tech prep program activities" before period at end.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(i)(I), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), no payments shall be made under this chapter for any fiscal year to a State for career and technical education programs or tech prep programs unless the Secretary determines that the fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures of such State for career and technical education programs for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made, equaled or exceeded such effort or expenditures for career and technical education programs for the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made."

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(i)(II), substituted "shall, at the request of the State, exclude competitive or incentive-based programs established by the State, capital expenditures, special one-time project costs, and the cost of pilot programs." for "shall exclude capital expenditures, special 1-time project costs, and the cost of pilot programs."

Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(i)(III), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(1)(B)(ii), added pars. (2) and (3) and struck out former par. (2). Prior to amendment, text of par. (2) read as follows: "The Secretary may waive the requirements of this section, with respect to not more than 5 percent of expenditures by any eligible agency for 1 fiscal year only, on making a determination that such waiver would be equitable due to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances affecting the ability of the eligible agency to meet such requirements, such as a natural disaster or an unforeseen and precipitous decline in financial resources. No level of funding permitted under such a waiver may be used as the basis for computing the fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures required under this section for years subsequent to the year covered by such waiver. The fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures for the subsequent years shall be computed on the basis of the level of funding that would, but for such waiver, have been required."

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2392. Authority to make payments

Any authority to make payments or to enter into contracts under this chapter shall be available only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §212, formerly title III, §312, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 743; renumbered title II, §212, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2392, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §312, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3122, related to authority to make payments, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2392, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §332, formerly §342, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2464; amended Pub. L. 99–159, title VII, §709, Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 906; renumbered §332 and amended Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §307(a)(2), (d), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 787, authorized business-labor-education partnership training grants, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2393. Construction

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to permit, allow, encourage, or authorize any Federal control over any aspect of a private, religious, or home school, regardless of whether a home school is treated as a private school or home school under State law. This section shall not be construed to bar students attending private, religious, or home schools from participation in programs or services under this chapter.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §213, formerly title III, §313, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 743; renumbered title II, §213, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2393, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §313, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3122, related to construction of this chapter, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2393, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §333, formerly §343, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2465; amended Pub. L. 100–418, title VI, §6134(a), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1512; renumbered §333, Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §307(a)(2), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 787, related to use of grant funds, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2394. Voluntary selection and participation

No funds made available under this chapter shall be used—

(1) to require any secondary school student to choose or pursue a specific career pathway or program of study; or

(2) to mandate that any individual participate in a career and technical education program, including a career and technical education program that requires the attainment of a federally funded skill level, standard, or certificate of mastery.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §214, formerly title III, §314, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 743; renumbered title II, §214, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(2), (5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2394, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §314, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to voluntary selection and participation, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2394 and prior sections 2394a to 2394e were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2394, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §342, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 789, stated findings and purpose of Congress.

Section 2394a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §343, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 789; amended Pub. L. 102–103, title III, §315, Aug. 17, 1991, 105 Stat. 508, authorized grants for tech-prep education programs.

Section 2394b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §344, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 790; amended Pub. L. 103–239, title VII, §711(a), May 4, 1994, 108 Stat. 606, related to use of grant funds.

Section 2394c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §345, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 791; amended Pub. L. 103–239, title VII, §711(b), May 4, 1994, 108 Stat. 606, related to applications for grants.

Section 2394d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §346, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 792, related to reports.

Section 2394e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §347, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 792; amended Pub. L. 105–244, title I, §102(a)(6)(E), Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1618, defined terms for purposes of tech-prep education grant program.

Amendments

2018—Par. (1). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(2), substituted "career pathway or program of study" for "career path or major".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §341, as added by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §308, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 788, which provided that part E of title III of Pub. L. 88–210, enacting part E (§2394 et seq.) of former subchapter III of this chapter, could be cited as the "Tech-Prep Education Act", was omitted in the general amendment of Pub. L. 88–210 by Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3076.

§2395. Limitation for certain students

No funds received under this chapter may be used to provide career and technical education programs or programs of study to students prior to the the 1 middle grades (as such term is defined in section 7801 of this title), except that equipment and facilities purchased with funds under this chapter may be used by such students.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §215, formerly title III, §315, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §215, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(3), (5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2395, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §315, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, imposed a limitation for certain students, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2395 and prior sections 2395a to 2395e were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2395, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §351, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 792, stated purpose of supplementary State grant program.

Section 2395a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §352, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to allotment to States.

Section 2395b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §353, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to allocations to local educational agencies.

Section 2395c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §354, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to use of grant funds.

Section 2395d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §355, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 793, related to State applications for grants.

Section 2395e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §356, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §309, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, related to local applications for grants.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(3), inserted "or programs of study" after "career and technical education programs" and substituted "the middle grades (as such term is defined in section 7801 of this title)" for "seventh grade".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

1 So in original.

§2396. Federal laws guaranteeing civil rights

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to be inconsistent with applicable Federal law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, or disability in the provision of Federal programs or services.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §216, formerly title III, §316, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §216, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2396, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §316, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to Federal laws guaranteeing civil rights, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2396 and prior sections 2396a to 2396m were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2396, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §362, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, stated purpose of community education employment centers and vocational education lighthouse schools program.

Section 2396a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §363, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, authorized grants to establish and operate community education employment centers.

Section 2396b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §364, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, related to program requirements.

Section 2396c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §365, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 795, related to support services requirements.

Section 2396d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §366, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 796, related to parental and community participation.

Section 2396e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §367, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 797, related to employment and training of professional staff.

Section 2396f, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §368, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 797, related to eligibility for grants.

Section 2396g, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §369, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 797, related to applications to participate in grant program.

Section 2396h, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §370, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 798; amended Pub. L. 104–66, title I, §1041(d), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 714, related to evaluation of student learning progress.

Section 2396i, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §371, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 798, defined terms "eligible recipient" and "parent".

Section 2396m, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §375, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 798, authorized grants to establish and operate vocational education lighthouse schools.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §361, as added by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §310, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 794, which provided that part G of title III of Pub. L. 88–210, enacting part G (§2396 et seq.) of former subchapter III of this chapter, could be cited as the "Community Education Employment Center Act of 1990", was omitted in the general amendment of Pub. L. 88–210 by Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3076.

§2397. Participation of private school personnel and children

(a) Personnel

An eligible agency or eligible recipient that uses funds under this chapter for in-service and preservice career and technical education professional development programs for career and technical education teachers, administrators, and other personnel shall, to the extent practicable, upon written request, permit the participation in such programs of career and technical education secondary school teachers, administrators, and other personnel in nonprofit private schools offering career and technical secondary education programs located in the geographical area served by such eligible agency or eligible recipient.

(b) Student participation

(1) Student participation

Except as prohibited by State or local law, an eligible recipient may, upon written request, use funds made available under this chapter to provide for the meaningful participation, in career and technical education programs and activities, including programs of study, receiving funding under this chapter, of secondary school students attending nonprofit private schools in areas served by the eligible recipient.

(2) Consultation

An eligible recipient shall consult, upon written request, in a timely and meaningful manner with representatives of nonprofit private schools in areas served by the eligible recipient described in paragraph (1) regarding the meaningful participation, in career and technical education programs and activities, including programs of study, receiving funding under this chapter, of secondary school students attending nonprofit private schools.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §217, formerly title III, §317, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §217, and amended Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(4)–(6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2397, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §317, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to authorization of Secretary, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Another prior section 2397 and prior sections 2397a to 2397h were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2397, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §382, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, stated purpose of program to assist tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions.

Section 2397a, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §383, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, authorized grants to tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions.

Section 2397b, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §384, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, related to eligible grant recipients.

Section 2397c, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §385, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 800, related to applications for grants, consultation, and use of grants.

Section 2397d, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §386, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 801, related to amount of grants.

Section 2397e, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §387, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 802, related to effect of grant receipt on eligibility under other programs.

Section 2397f, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §388, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 802, related to grant adjustments.

Section 2397g, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §389, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 803, related to report on facilities and facilities improvement.

Section 2397h, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §390, as added Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 803, defined terms for purposes of tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions grant program.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(4)(A), inserted ", including programs of study," after "activities" and substituted "in areas served by" for "who reside in the geographical area served by".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 115–224, §201(a)(4)(B), substituted "areas" for "the geographical area" and inserted ", including programs of study," after "activities".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §381, as added by Pub. L. 101–392, title III, §311, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 799, which provided that part H of title III of Pub. L. 88–210, enacting part H (§2397 et seq.) of former subchapter III of this chapter, could be cited as the "Tribally Controlled Vocational Institutions Support Act of 1990", was omitted in the general amendment of Pub. L. 88–210 by Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3076.

§2398. Limitation on Federal regulations

The Secretary may issue regulations under this chapter only to the extent necessary to administer and ensure compliance with the specific requirements of this chapter.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §218, formerly title III, §318, as added Pub. L. 109–270, §1(b), Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 744; renumbered title II, §218, Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(5), (6), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2398, Pub. L. 88–210, title III, §318, as added Pub. L. 105–332, §1(b), Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3123, related to participation of private school personnel, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 109–270.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–224 effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as a note under section 2301 of this title.

§2399. Study on programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage occupations

(a) Scope of study

The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study to evaluate—

(1) the strategies, components, policies, and practices used by eligible agencies or eligible recipients receiving funding under this chapter to successfully assist—

(A) all students in pursuing and completing programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage occupations; and

(B) any special population or specific subgroup of students identified in section 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii) of this title in pursuing and completing programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage occupations in fields in which such special population or subgroup is underrepresented; and


(2) any challenges associated with replication of such strategies, components, policies, and practices.

(b) Consultation

In carrying out the study conducted under subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall consult with a geographically diverse (including urban, suburban, and rural) representation of—

(1) students and parents;

(2) eligible agencies and eligible recipients;

(3) teachers, faculty, specialized instructional support personnel, and paraprofessionals, including those with expertise in preparing career and technical education students for non-traditional fields;

(4) Indian Tribes and Tribal organizations;

(5) special populations; and

(6) representatives of business and industry.

(c) Submission

Upon completion, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit the study conducted under subsection (a) to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.

(Pub. L. 88–210, title II, §219, as added Pub. L. 115–224, title II, §201(a)(8), July 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 2401 to 2404 were omitted in the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–332.

Section 2401, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §401, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2466; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §402, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 806, related to research objectives.

Section 2402, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §402, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2466; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §403, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 806, related to research activities.

Section 2403, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §403, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2467; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §404, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 807, related to national assessment of vocational education programs.

Section 2404, Pub. L. 88–210, title IV, §404, as added Pub. L. 98–524, §1, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2468; amended Pub. L. 101–392, title IV, §405, Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 809; Pub. L. 103–382, title III, §351(a)(2), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3966, related to National Center or Centers for Research in Vocational Education.

Change of Name

Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and Labor of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Sixteenth Congress, Jan. 9, 2019.

Effective Date

Section effective July 1, 2019, see section 4 of Pub. L. 115–224, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment note under section 2301 of this title.