[USC02] 41 USC Subtitle I, Division A, CHAPTER 1, SUBCHAPTER I: SUBTITLE DEFINITIONS
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41 USC Subtitle I, Division A, CHAPTER 1, SUBCHAPTER I: SUBTITLE DEFINITIONS
From Title 41—PUBLIC CONTRACTSSubtitle I—Federal Procurement PolicyDivision A—GeneralCHAPTER 1—DEFINITIONS

SUBCHAPTER I—SUBTITLE DEFINITIONS

§101. Administrator

In this subtitle, the term "Administrator" means the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy appointed under section 1102 of this title.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3678.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
101 no source.

Short Title of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–390, §1(a), Dec. 21, 2018, 132 Stat. 5173, provided that: "This Act [enacting subchapter III of chapter 13 of this title and section 4713 of this title, amending sections 3553 and 3554 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents, and section 3348 of Title 50, War and National Defense, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 1321 and 4713 of this title, section 663 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and section 3553 of Title 44] may be cited as the 'Strengthening and Enhancing Cyber-capabilities by Utilizing Risk Exposure Technology Act' or the 'SECURE Technology Act'."

Pub. L. 115–390, title II, §201, Dec. 21, 2018, 132 Stat. 5178, provided that: "This title [enacting subchapter III of chapter 13 of this title and section 4713 of this title, amending sections 3553 and 3554 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 1321 and 4713 of this title and section 3553 of Title 44] may be cited as the 'Federal Acquisition Supply Chain Security Act of 2018'."

Short Title of 2016 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–260, §1, Dec. 14, 2016, 130 Stat. 1361, provided that: "This Act [amending section 4106 of this title] may be cited as the 'GAO Civilian Task and Delivery Order Protest Authority Act of 2016'."

Short Title of 2012 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–194, §1, Oct. 5, 2012, 126 Stat. 1445, provided that: "This Act [enacting section 1909 of this title, amending section 2784 of Title 10, Armed Forces, enacting provisions set out as notes under section 1909 of this title and section 5701 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 5701 of Title 5] may be cited as the 'Government Charge Card Abuse Prevention Act of 2012'."

Short Title of 2008 Act

Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VIII, §861, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4546, provided that: "This subtitle [subtitle G (§§861–874) of title VIII of Pub. L. 110–417, see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Clean Contracting Act of 2008'."

Pub. L. 110–252, title VI, §6101, June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2386, provided that: "This chapter [chapter 1 (§§6101–6103) of title VI of Pub. L. 110–252, see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Close the Contractor Fraud Loophole Act'."

Short Title of 2003 Act

Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title XIV, §1401, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1663, provided that: "This title [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Services Acquisition Reform Act of 2003'."

Short Title of 1996 Act

Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, §4001, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 642, as amended by Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VIII, §808(a)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009-393, provided that: "This division [div. D (§§4001–4402) of Pub. L. 104–106, see Tables for classification] and division E [§§5001–5703 of Pub. L. 104–106, repealed and reenacted, generally, as subtitle III (§11101 et seq.) of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, by Pub. L. 107–217, §§1, 6(b), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062, 1304, see Tables for complete classification] may be cited as the 'Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996'."

Short Title of 1994 Act

Pub. L. 103–355, §1, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3243, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994'."

Short Title of 1988 Act

Pub. L. 100–679, §1, Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4055, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act Amendments of 1988'."

Pub. L. 100–418, title VII, §7001, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1545, provided that: "This title [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Buy American Act of 1988'."

Short Title of 1986 Act

Pub. L. 99–634, §1, Nov. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 3523, provided: "That this Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Anti-Kickback Enforcement Act of 1986'."

Short Title of 1984 Act

Pub. L. 98–577, §1, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3066, provided that this Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the "Small Business and Federal Procurement Competition Enhancement Act of 1984".

Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2701, July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1175, provided that: "This title [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Competition in Contracting Act of 1984'."

Short Title of 1983 Act

Pub. L. 98–191, §1, Dec. 1, 1983, 97 Stat. 1325, provided: "That this Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act Amendments of 1983'."

Short Title of 1979 Act

Pub. L. 96–83, §1(a), Oct. 10, 1979, 93 Stat. 648, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act Amendments of 1979'."

Short Title of 1974 Act

Pub. L. 93–400, §1(a), Aug. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 796, as amended by Pub. L. 103–355, title X, §10005(a)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3406, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act'."

Short Title of 1949 Act

Act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, §1(a), 63 Stat. 377, as amended by Pub. L. 103–355, title X, §10005(a)(2), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3406; Pub. L. 107–217, §6(b), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1304; Pub. L. 108–178, §2(b)(1), Dec. 15, 2003, 117 Stat. 2640, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949'."

[Pub. L. 107–217, §6(b), which had repealed section 1(a) of act June 30, 1949, set out above, was itself repealed effective Aug. 21, 2002, by Pub. L. 108–178, §2(b)(1), insofar as it related to section 1(a) of act June 30, 1949, and Pub. L. 108–178, §2(b)(1), further provided that section 1(a) of act June 30, 1949, was revived to read as if Pub. L. 107–217, §6(b), had not been enacted.]

Short Title of 1936 Act

Act June 30, 1936, ch. 881, §14, formerly §12, as added by Pub. L. 103–355, title X, §10005(f)(5), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3409; renumbered §14, Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLIII, §4321(f)(1)(B), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 675, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Walsh-Healey Act'."

Short Title of 1933 Act

Act Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 212, title III, §7, formerly §5, as added by Pub. L. 103–355, title X, §10005(f)(4), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3409; renumbered §7 and amended by Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLIII, §4321(a)(11), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 671, provided that: "This title [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Buy American Act'."

§102. Commercial component

In this subtitle, the term "commercial component" means a component that is a commercial item.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3678; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(2)(A), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1860.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
102 41:259(c)(13). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(13), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:264a ("commercial component"). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §314A ("commercial component"), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8202, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3394.
41:403(15). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(15), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

Amendment of Section

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(2)(A), (h), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1860, 1874, provided that, effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, this section is amended by striking "commercial item" and inserting "commercial product". See 2018 Amendment note below.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 substituted "commercial product" for "commercial item".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, see section 836(h) of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Savings Provision note under section 453b of Title 6, Domestic Security.

§103. Commercial item

In this subtitle, the term "commercial item" means—

(1) an item, other than real property, that—

(A) is of a type customarily used by the general public or by nongovernmental entities for purposes other than governmental purposes; and

(B) has been sold, leased, or licensed, or offered for sale, lease, or license, to the general public;


(2) an item that—

(A) evolved from an item described in paragraph (1) through advances in technology or performance; and

(B) is not yet available in the commercial marketplace but will be available in the commercial marketplace in time to satisfy the delivery requirements under a Federal Government solicitation;


(3) an item that would satisfy the criteria in paragraph (1) or (2) were it not for—

(A) modifications of a type customarily available in the commercial marketplace; or

(B) minor modifications made to meet Federal Government requirements;


(4) any combination of items meeting the requirements of paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (5) that are of a type customarily combined and sold in combination to the general public;

(5) installation services, maintenance services, repair services, training services, and other services if—

(A) those services are procured for support of an item referred to in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4), regardless of whether the services are provided by the same source or at the same time as the item; and

(B) the source of the services provides similar services contemporaneously to the general public under terms and conditions similar to those offered to the Federal Government;


(6) services offered and sold competitively, in substantial quantities, in the commercial marketplace based on established catalog or market prices for specific tasks performed or specific outcomes to be achieved and under standard commercial terms and conditions;

(7) any item, combination of items, or service referred to in paragraphs (1) to (6) even though the item, combination of items, or service is transferred between or among separate divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor; or

(8) a nondevelopmental item if the procuring agency determines, in accordance with conditions in the Federal Acquisition Regulation, that the item was developed exclusively at private expense and has been sold in substantial quantities, on a competitive basis, to multiple State and local governments or to multiple foreign governments.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3679; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VIII, §847(a), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1487.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
103 41:259(c)(11). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(11), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:264a ("commercial item"). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §314A ("commercial item"), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8202, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3394.
41:403(12). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(12), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3385; Pub. L. 104–106, title XLII, §4204, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 655; Pub. L. 106–65, title VIII, §805, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 705; Pub. L. 108–136, title XIV, §1433, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1673.

Repeal and Reenactment of Section

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(1), (h), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1859, 1874, provided that, effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to savings provision, this section is repealed and a new section 103 is enacted to read as follows:

§103. Commercial product

In this subtitle, the term "commercial product" means any of the following:

(1) A product, other than real property, that—

(A) is of a type customarily used by the general public or by nongovernmental entities for purposes other than governmental purposes; and

(B) has been sold, leased, or licensed, or offered for sale, lease, or license, to the general public.


(2) A product that—

(A) evolved from a product described in paragraph (1) through advances in technology or performance; and

(B) is not yet available in the commercial marketplace but will be available in the commercial marketplace in time to satisfy the delivery requirements under a Federal Government solicitation.


(3) A product that would satisfy the criteria in paragraph (1) or (2) were it not for—

(A) modifications of a type customarily available in the commercial marketplace; or

(B) minor modifications made to meet Federal Government requirements.


(4) Any combination of products meeting the requirements of paragraph (1), (2), or (3) that are of a type customarily combined and sold in combination to the general public.

(5) A product, or combination of products, referred to in paragraphs (1) through (4), even though the product, or combination of products, is transferred between or among separate divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor.

(6) A nondevelopmental item if the procuring agency determines, in accordance with conditions in the Federal Acquisition Regulation, that—

(A) the product was developed exclusively at private expense; and

(B) has been sold in substantial quantities, on a competitive basis, to multiple State and local governments or to multiple foreign governments.

Amendments

2017—Par. (8). Pub. L. 115–91 inserted "or to multiple foreign governments" before period at end.

Effective Date of Repeal

Section repealed effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, see section 836(h) of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Savings Provision note under section 453b of Title 6, Domestic Security.

Construction of 2017 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VIII, §847(b), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1487, provided that: "Nothing in the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall affect the meaning of the term 'commercial item' for purposes of subsection (a)(5) of section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, or any requirement under subsection (a)(3) or subsection (c) of such section."

§103a. Commercial service

In this subtitle, the term "commercial service" means any of the following:

(1) Installation services, maintenance services, repair services, training services, and other services if—

(A) those services are procured for support of a commercial product, regardless of whether the services are provided by the same source or at the same time as the commercial product; and

(B) the source of the services provides similar services contemporaneously to the general public under terms and conditions similar to those offered to the Federal Government;


(2) Services of a type offered and sold competitively, in substantial quantities, in the commercial marketplace—

(A) based on established catalog or market prices;

(B) for specific tasks performed or specific outcomes to be achieved; and

(C) under standard commercial terms and conditions.


(3) A service described in paragraph (1) or (2), even though the service is transferred between or among separate divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor.

(Added Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1860.)

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, see section 836(h) of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Savings Provision note under section 453b of Title 6, Domestic Security.

§104. Commercially available off-the-shelf item

In this subtitle, the term "commercially available off-the-shelf item"—

(1) means an item that—

(A) is a commercial item (as described in section 103(1) of this title);

(B) is sold in substantial quantities in the commercial marketplace; and

(C) is offered to the Federal Government, without modification, in the same form in which it is sold in the commercial marketplace; but


(2) does not include bulk cargo, as defined in section 40102(4) of title 46, such as agricultural products and petroleum products.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3679; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(2)(B), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1860.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
104 41:431(c). Pub. L. 93–400, §35(c), as added Pub. L. 104–106, title XLII, §4203(a), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 655.

In paragraph (2), the words "section 40102(4) of title 46" are substituted for "section 3 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. App. 1702)" because of section 18(c) of Public Law 109–304 (46 U.S.C. note prec. 101).

Amendment of Paragraph (1)(A)

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(2)(B), (h), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1860, 1874, provided that, effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, paragraph (1)(A) of this section is amended by striking "commercial item" and inserting "commercial product". See 2018 Amendment note below.

Amendments

2018—Par. (1)(A). Pub. L. 115–232, which directed substitution of "commercial product" for "commercial item" in section 104(1)(A), without specifying the Code title to be amended, was executed by making the substitution in par. (1)(A) of this section, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, see section 836(h) of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Savings Provision note under section 453b of Title 6, Domestic Security.

§105. Component

In this subtitle, the term "component" means an item supplied to the Federal Government as part of an end item or of another component.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3680.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
105 41:259(c)(14). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(14), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:264a ("component"). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §314A ("component"), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8202, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3394.
41:403(14). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(14), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§106. Federal Acquisition Regulation

In this subtitle, the term "Federal Acquisition Regulation" means the regulation issued under section 1303(a)(1) of this title.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3680.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
106 41:259(e). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(e), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.

The defined term is made applicable to the subtitle because of the numerous references throughout the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (Public Law 93–400, 88 Stat. 796), restated in division B of this subtitle, and especially because of sections 6(a) and 25(c) of the Act, restated in sections 1121 and 1303, respectively.

§107. Full and open competition

In this subtitle, the term "full and open competition", when used with respect to a procurement, means that all responsible sources are permitted to submit sealed bids or competitive proposals on the procurement.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3680.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
107 41:259(c)(4). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(4), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(6). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(6), formerly §4(7), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2731(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1195; Pub. L. 98–577, title I, §102(1), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3067; redesignated as §4(6), Pub. L. 100–679, §3(c), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4056; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1)–(3), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§108. Item and item of supply

In this subtitle, the terms "item" and "item of supply"—

(1) mean an individual part, component, subassembly, assembly, or subsystem integral to a major system, and other property which may be replaced during the service life of the system, including spare parts and replenishment spare parts; but

(2) do not include packaging or labeling associated with shipment or identification of an item.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3680.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
108 41:259(c)(8), (9). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(8), (9), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(10) ("item", "item of supply"). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(10) ("item", "item of supply"), formerly §4(11), as added Pub. L. 98–577, title I, §102(3), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3067; redesignated as §4(10), Pub. L. 100–679, §3(c), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4056; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1), (2), (4), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§109. Major system

(a) In General.—In this subtitle, the term "major system" means a combination of elements that will function together to produce the capabilities required to fulfill a mission need. These elements may include hardware, equipment, software, or a combination of hardware, equipment, and software, but do not include construction or other improvements to real property.

(b) System Deemed To Be Major System.—A system is deemed to be a major system if—

(1) the Department of Defense is responsible for the system and the total expenditures for research, development, testing, and evaluation for the system are estimated to exceed $75,000,000 (based on fiscal year 1980 constant dollars) or the eventual total expenditure for procurement exceeds $300,000,000 (based on fiscal year 1980 constant dollars);

(2) a civilian agency is responsible for the system and total expenditures for the system are estimated to exceed the greater of $750,000 (based on fiscal year 1980 constant dollars) or the dollar threshold for a major system established by the agency pursuant to Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A–109, entitled "Major Systems Acquisitions"; or

(3) the head of the agency responsible for the system designates the system a major system.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3680.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
109 41:259(c)(7). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(7), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(9). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(9), formerly §4(10), as added Pub. L. 98–577, title I, §102(3), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3067; redesignated as §4(9), Pub. L. 100–679, §3(c), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4056; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1)–(3), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§110. Nondevelopmental item

In this subtitle, the term "nondevelopmental item" means—

(1) a commercial item;

(2) a previously developed item of supply that is in use by a department or agency of the Federal Government, a State or local government, or a foreign government with which the United States has a mutual defense cooperation agreement;

(3) an item of supply described in paragraph (1) or (2) that requires only minor modification or modification of the type customarily available in the commercial marketplace to meet the requirements of the procuring department or agency; or

(4) an item of supply currently being produced that does not meet the requirements of paragraph (1), (2), or (3) solely because the item is not yet in use.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3680; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(2)(C), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1860.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
110 41:259(c)(12). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(12), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:264a ("nondevelopmental item"). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §314A ("nondevelopmental item"), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8202, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3394.
41:403(13). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(13), as added Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3385.

Amendment of Paragraph (1)

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(a)(2)(C), (h), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1860, 1874, provided that, effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, paragraph (1) of this section is amended by striking "commercial item" and inserting "commercial product". See 2018 Amendment note below.

Amendments

2018—Par. (1). Pub. L. 115–232 substituted "commercial product" for "commercial item".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, see section 836(h) of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Savings Provision note under section 453b of Title 6, Domestic Security.

§111. Procurement

In this subtitle, the term "procurement" includes all stages of the process of acquiring property or services, beginning with the process for determining a need for property or services and ending with contract completion and closeout.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3681.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
111 41:259(c)(1). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(1), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3298.
41:403(2). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(2), Aug. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 797; Pub. L. 96–83, §3, Oct. 10, 1979, 93 Stat. 649; Pub. L. 98–191, §4, Dec. 1, 1983, 97 Stat. 1326; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1)–(3), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§112. Procurement system

In this subtitle, the term "procurement system" means the integration of the procurement process, the professional development of procurement personnel, and the management structure for carrying out the procurement function.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3681.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
112 41:259(c)(2). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(2), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(3). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(3), Aug. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 797; Pub. L. 96–83, §3, Oct. 10, 1979, 93 Stat. 649; Pub. L. 98–191, §4, Dec. 1, 1983, 97 Stat. 1326; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1)–(3), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§113. Responsible source

In this subtitle, the term "responsible source" means a prospective contractor that—

(1) has adequate financial resources to perform the contract or the ability to obtain those resources;

(2) is able to comply with the required or proposed delivery or performance schedule, taking into consideration all existing commercial and Government business commitments;

(3) has a satisfactory performance record;

(4) has a satisfactory record of integrity and business ethics;

(5) has the necessary organization, experience, accounting and operational controls, and technical skills, or the ability to obtain the organization, experience, controls, and skills;

(6) has the necessary production, construction, and technical equipment and facilities, or the ability to obtain the equipment and facilities; and

(7) is otherwise qualified and eligible to receive an award under applicable laws and regulations.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3681.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
113 41:259(c)(5). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(5), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(7). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(7), formerly §4(8), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2731(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1195; Pub. L. 98–577, title I, §102(2), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3067; redesignated as §4(7), Pub. L. 100–679, §3(c), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4056; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1)–(3), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§114. Standards

In this subtitle, the term "standards" means the criteria for determining the effectiveness of the procurement system by measuring the performance of the various elements of the system.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3681.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
114 41:259(c)(3). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(3), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(4). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(4), formerly §4(5), Aug. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 797; Pub. L. 96–83, §3, Oct. 10, 1979, 93 Stat. 649; Pub. L. 98–191, §4, Dec. 1, 1983, 97 Stat. 1326; Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2731(2), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1195; redesignated as §4(4), Pub. L. 100–679, §3(c), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4056; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1), (2), (4), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§115. Supplies

In this subtitle, the term "supplies" has the same meaning as the terms "item" and "item of supply".

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3681.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
115 41:259(c)(10). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(10) ("supplies"), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(10) ("supplies"). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(10) ("supplies"), formerly §4(11), as added Pub. L. 98–577, title I, §102(3), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3067; redesignated as §4(10), Pub. L. 100–679, §3(c), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4056; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1), (2), (4), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.

§116. Technical data

In this subtitle, the term "technical data"—

(1) means recorded information (regardless of the form or method of the recording) of a scientific or technical nature (including computer software documentation) relating to supplies procured by an agency; but

(2) does not include computer software or financial, administrative, cost or pricing, or management data or other information incidental to contract administration.

(Pub. L. 111–350, §3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3681.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
116 41:259(c)(6). June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title III, §309(c)(6), as added Pub. L. 98–369, title VII, §2711(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1180; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(a)(4), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1551, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3299.
41:403(8). Pub. L. 93–400, §4(8), formerly §4(9), as added Pub. L. 98–577, title I, §102(3), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3067; redesignated as §4(8), Pub. L. 100–679, §3(c), Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4056; Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8001(b)(1)–(3), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3386.