[USC02] 50 USC CHAPTER 42, SUBCHAPTER II, Part A: Stockpile Stewardship and Weapons Production
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50 USC CHAPTER 42, SUBCHAPTER II, Part A: Stockpile Stewardship and Weapons Production
From Title 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSECHAPTER 42—ATOMIC ENERGY DEFENSE PROVISIONSSUBCHAPTER II—NUCLEAR WEAPONS STOCKPILE MATTERS

Part A—Stockpile Stewardship and Weapons Production

§2521. Stockpile stewardship program

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Energy, acting through the Administrator, shall establish a stewardship program to ensure—

(1) the preservation of the core intellectual and technical competencies of the United States in nuclear weapons, including weapons design, system integration, manufacturing, security, use control, reliability assessment, and certification; and

(2) that the nuclear weapons stockpile is safe, secure, and reliable without the use of underground nuclear weapons testing.

(b) Program elements

The program shall include the following:

(1) An increased level of effort for advanced computational capabilities to enhance the simulation and modeling capabilities of the United States with respect to the performance over time of nuclear weapons.

(2) An increased level of effort for above-ground experimental programs, such as hydrotesting, high-energy lasers, inertial confinement fusion, plasma physics, and materials research.

(3) Support for new facilities construction projects that contribute to the experimental capabilities of the United States, such as an advanced hydrodynamics facility, the National Ignition Facility, and other facilities for above-ground experiments to assess nuclear weapons effects.

(4) Support for the use of, and experiments facilitated by, the advanced experimental facilities of the United States, including—

(A) the National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory;

(B) the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory;

(C) the Z Machine at Sandia National Laboratories; and

(D) the experimental facilities at the Nevada National Security Site.


(5) Support for the sustainment and modernization of facilities with production and manufacturing capabilities that are necessary to ensure the safety, security, and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile, including—

(A) the nuclear weapons production facilities; and

(B) production and manufacturing capabilities resident in the national security laboratories.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4201, formerly Pub. L. 103–160, div. C, title XXXI, §3138, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1946; Pub. L. 105–85, div. C, title XXXI, §3152(e), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 2042; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4201, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1758; Pub. L. 111–84, div. C, title XXXI, §3111, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2702; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(b), (bb)(1)(C), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2180, 2185; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(1), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1073.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(1)(A), struck out "for Nuclear Security" after "Administrator" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(4)(D). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(1)(B)(i), which directed substitution of "Nevada National Security Site" for "Nevada national security site", could not be executed because the words "Nevada National Security Site" already appeared in text after the amendment by Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(bb)(1)(C). See below.

Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(bb)(1)(C), which directed substitution of "Nevada National Security Site" for "Nevada Test Site", was executed by making the substitution for "Nevada test site", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(1)(B)(ii), added subpar. (A), redesignated subpar. (E) as (B), and struck out former subpars. (A) to (D) which read as follows:

"(A) the Pantex Plant;

"(B) the Y–12 National Security Complex;

"(C) the Kansas City Plant;

"(D) the Savannah River Site; and".

Subsec. (b)(5)(E). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(b), struck out "(as defined in section 2471 of this title)" after "laboratories".

2009—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–84, §3111(a), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of Energy shall establish a stewardship program to ensure the preservation of the core intellectual and technical competencies of the United States in nuclear weapons, including weapons design, system integration, manufacturing, security, use control, reliability assessment, and certification."

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 111–84, §3111(b)(1), substituted "performance over time" for "detonation".

Subsec. (b)(4), (5). Pub. L. 111–84, §3111(b)(2), added pars. (4) and (5).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84, §3111(c), struck out subsec. (c). Text read as follows: "Of funds authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Energy for fiscal year 1994 for weapons activities, $157,400,000 shall be available for the stewardship program established under subsection (a)."

1997—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–85, which directed amendment of this section by striking out subsecs. (d) and (e), redesignating subsecs. (f) to (h) as (d) to (f), respectively, and striking out "and the 60-day period referred to in subsection (e)(2)(A)(ii)" in subsec. (e), as so redesignated, was executed by striking out subsec. (d) which directed President to report to Congress, because this section did not contain subsecs. (e) to (g).

Nuclear Warhead Design Competition

Pub. L. 115–91, div. C, title XXXI, §3118, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1890, provided that:

"(a) Findings.—Congress finds the following:

"(1) In January 2016, the co-chairs of a congressionally mandated study panel from the National Academies of Science testified to the following before the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives:

"(A) 'The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) complex must engage in robust design competitions in order to exercise the design and production skills that underpin stockpile stewardship and are necessary to meet evolving threats.'.

"(B) 'To exercise the full set of design skills necessary for an effective nuclear deterrent, the NNSA should develop and conduct the first in what the committee envisions to be a series of design competitions that integrate the full end-to-end process from novel design conception through engineering, building, and non-nuclear testing of a prototype.'.

"(2) In March 2016 testimony before the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives regarding a December 2016 Defense Science Board report entitled, 'Seven Defense Priorities for the New Administration', members of that Board said the following:

"(A) 'A key contributor to nuclear deterrence is the continuous, adaptable exercise of the development, design, and production functions for nuclear weapons in both the DOD and DOE. . . . Yet the DOE laboratories and DOD contractor community have done little integrated design and development work outside of life extension for 25 years, let alone concept development that could serve as a hedge to surprise.'.

"(B) 'The Defense Science Board believes that the triad's complementary features remain robust tenets for the design of a future force. Replacing our current, aging force is essential, but not sufficient in the more complex nuclear environment we now face to provide the adaptability or flexibility to confidently hold at risk what adversaries value. In particular, if the threat evolves in ways that favorably change the cost/benefit calculus in the view of an adversary's leadership, then we should be in a position to quickly restore a credible deterrence posture.'.

"(3) In a memorandum dated May 9, 2014, then-Secretary of Energy Ernie Moniz said the following:

"(A) 'If nuclear military capabilities are to provide deterrence for the nation they need to be relevant to the emerging global strategic environment. The current stockpile was designed to meet the needs of a bipolar world with roots in the Cold War era. A more complex, chaotic, and dynamic security environment is emerging. In order to uphold the Department's mission to ensure an effective nuclear deterrent. . . . we must ensure our nuclear capabilities meet the challenges of known and potential geopolitical and technological trends. Therefore we must look ahead, using the expertise of our laboratories, to how the capabilities that may be employed by other nations could impact deterrence over the next several decades.'.

"(B) 'We must challenge our thinking about our programs of record in order to permit foresighted actions that may reduce, in the coming decades, the chances for surprise and that buttress deterrence.'.

"(b) Design Competition.—

"(1) In general.—In accordance with paragraph (2), the Administrator for Nuclear Security, in coordination with the Chairman of the Nuclear Weapons Council, shall carry out a new and comprehensive design competition for a nuclear warhead that could be employed on ballistic missiles of the United States by 2030. Such competition shall—

"(A) examine options for warhead design and related delivery system requirements in the 2030s, including—

"(i) life extension of existing weapons;

"(ii) new capabilities; and

"(iii) such other concepts as the Administrator and the Chairman determine necessary to fully exercise and create responsive design capabilities in the enterprise and ensure a robust nuclear deterrent into the 2030s;

"(B) assess how the capabilities and defenses that may be employed by other countries could impact deterrence in 2030 and beyond and how such threats could be addressed or mitigated in the warhead and related delivery systems;

"(C) exercise the full set of design skills necessary for an effective nuclear deterrent and responsive enterprise through production of conceptual designs and, as the Administrator determines appropriate, production of non-nuclear prototypes of components or subsystems; and

"(D) examine and recommend actions for significantly shortening timelines and significantly reducing costs associated with design, development, certification, and production of the warhead, without reducing worker or public health and safety.

"(2) Timing.—The Administrator shall—

"(A) during fiscal year 2018, develop a plan to carry out paragraph (1); and

"(B) during fiscal year 2019, implement such plan.

"(c) Briefing.—Not later than March 1, 2018, the Administrator, in coordination with the Chairman, shall provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] on the plan of the Administrator to carry out the warhead design competition under subsection (b). Such briefing shall include an assessment of the costs, benefits, risks, and opportunities of such plan, particularly impacts to ongoing life extension programs and infrastructure projects."

Plan for Developing Exascale Computing and Incorporating Such Computing Into the Stockpile Stewardship Program

Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3129, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1066, provided that:

"(a) Plan Required.—The Administrator for Nuclear Security shall develop and carry out a plan to develop exascale computing and incorporate such computing into the stockpile stewardship program under section 4201 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2521) during the 10-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 26, 2013].

"(b) Milestones.—The plan required by subsection (a) shall include major programmatic milestones in—

"(1) the development of a prototype exascale computer for the stockpile stewardship program; and

"(2) mitigating disruptions resulting from the transition to exascale computing.

"(c) Coordination With Other Agencies.—In developing the plan required by subsection (a), the Administrator shall coordinate, as appropriate, with the Under Secretary of Energy for Science, the Secretary of Defense, and elements of the intelligence community (as defined in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4))).

"(d) Inclusion of Costs in Future-Years Nuclear Security Program.—The Administrator shall—

"(1) address, in the estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations reflected in each future-years nuclear security program submitted under section 3253 of the National Nuclear Security Administration Act (50 U.S.C. 2453) during the 10-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the costs of—

"(A) developing exascale computing and incorporating such computing into the stockpile stewardship program; and

"(B) mitigating potential disruptions resulting from the transition to exascale computing; and

"(2) include in each such future-years nuclear security program a description of the costs of efforts to develop exascale computing borne by the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Office of Science of the Department of Energy, other Federal agencies, and private industry.

"(e) Submission to Congress.—The Administrator shall submit the plan required by subsection (a) to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] with each summary of the plan required by subsection (a) of section 4203 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2523) submitted under subsection (b)(1) of that section during the 10-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(f) Exascale Computing Defined.—In this section, the term 'exascale computing' means computing through the use of a computing machine that performs near or above 10 to the 18th power floating point operations per second."

§2522. Stockpile stewardship criteria

(a) Requirement for criteria

The Secretary of Energy shall develop clear and specific criteria for judging whether the science-based tools being used by the Department of Energy for determining the safety and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile are performing in a manner that will provide an adequate degree of certainty that the stockpile is safe and reliable.

(b) Coordination with Secretary of Defense

The Secretary of Energy, in developing the criteria required by subsection (a), shall coordinate with the Secretary of Defense.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4202, formerly Pub. L. 105–261, div. C, title XXXI, §3158, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2257; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(3), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4202, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(3), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1758; Pub. L. 111–84, div. C, title XXXI, §3112, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2703; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3133(b)(1), (2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2192.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013Pub. L. 112–239, §3133(b)(2), substituted "Stockpile stewardship criteria" for "Report on stockpile stewardship criteria" in section catchline.

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 112–239, §3133(b)(1), struck out subsecs. (c) and (d), which related, respectively, to report and definitions.

2009—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84, §3112(a), amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) required submission of report not later than Mar. 1, 2000, to Congressional committees on Department of Energy efforts to develop subsec. (a) criteria.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–84, §3112(b), added subsec. (d).

1999—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted "Committee on Armed Services" for "Committee on National Security" before "of the House of Representatives".

§2523. Nuclear weapons stockpile stewardship, management, and responsiveness plan

(a) Plan requirement

The Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and other appropriate officials of the departments and agencies of the Federal Government, shall develop and annually update a plan for sustaining the nuclear weapons stockpile. The plan shall cover, at a minimum, stockpile stewardship, stockpile management, stockpile responsiveness, stockpile surveillance, program direction, infrastructure modernization, human capital, and nuclear test readiness. The plan shall be consistent with the programmatic and technical requirements of the most recent annual Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Memorandum.

(b) Submissions to Congress

(1) In accordance with subsection (c), not later than March 15 of each even-numbered year, the Administrator shall submit to the congressional defense committees a summary of the plan developed under subsection (a).

(2) In accordance with subsection (d), not later than March 15 of each odd-numbered year, the Administrator shall submit to the congressional defense committees a detailed report on the plan developed under subsection (a).

(3) The summaries and reports required by this subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(c) Elements of biennial plan summary

Each summary of the plan submitted under subsection (b)(1) shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(1) A summary of the status of the nuclear weapons stockpile, including the number and age of warheads (including both active and inactive) for each warhead type.

(2) A summary of the status, plans, budgets, and schedules for warhead life extension programs and any other programs to modify, update, or replace warhead types.

(3) A summary of the methods and information used to determine that the nuclear weapons stockpile is safe and reliable, as well as the relationship of science-based tools to the collection and interpretation of such information.

(4) A summary of the status of the nuclear security enterprise, including programs and plans for infrastructure modernization and retention of human capital, as well as associated budgets and schedules.

(5) A summary of the status, plans, and budgets for carrying out the stockpile responsiveness program under section 2538b of this title.

(6) A summary of the plan regarding the research and development, deployment, and lifecycle sustainment of technologies described in subsection (d)(7).

(7) A summary of the assessment under subsection (d)(8) regarding the execution of programs with current and projected budgets and any associated risks.

(8) Identification of any modifications or updates to the plan since the previous summary or detailed report was submitted under subsection (b).

(9) Such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

(d) Elements of biennial detailed report

Each detailed report on the plan submitted under subsection (b)(2) shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(1) With respect to stockpile stewardship, stockpile management, and stockpile responsiveness—

(A) the status of the nuclear weapons stockpile, including the number and age of warheads (including both active and inactive) for each warhead type;

(B) for each five-year period occurring during the period beginning on the date of the report and ending on the date that is 20 years after the date of the report—

(i) the planned number of nuclear warheads (including active and inactive) for each warhead type in the nuclear weapons stockpile; and

(ii) the past and projected future total lifecycle cost of each type of nuclear weapon;


(C) the status, plans, budgets, and schedules for warhead life extension programs and any other programs to modify, update, or replace warhead types;

(D) a description of the process by which the Administrator assesses the lifetimes, and requirements for life extension or replacement, of the nuclear and non-nuclear components of the warheads (including active and inactive warheads) in the nuclear weapons stockpile;

(E) a description of the process used in recertifying the safety, security, and reliability of each warhead type in the nuclear weapons stockpile;

(F) any concerns of the Administrator that would affect the ability of the Administrator to recertify the safety, security, or reliability of warheads in the nuclear weapons stockpile (including active and inactive warheads);

(G) mechanisms to provide for the manufacture, maintenance, and modernization of each warhead type in the nuclear weapons stockpile, as needed;

(H) mechanisms to expedite the collection of information necessary for carrying out the stockpile management program required by section 2524 of this title, including information relating to the aging of materials and components, new manufacturing techniques, and the replacement or substitution of materials;

(I) mechanisms to ensure the appropriate assignment of roles and missions for each national security laboratory and nuclear weapons production facility, including mechanisms for allocation of workload, mechanisms to ensure the carrying out of appropriate modernization activities, and mechanisms to ensure the retention of skilled personnel;

(J) mechanisms to ensure that each national security laboratory has full and complete access to all weapons data to enable a rigorous peer-review process to support the annual assessment of the condition of the nuclear weapons stockpile required under section 2525 of this title;

(K) mechanisms for allocating funds for activities under the stockpile management program required by section 2524 of this title, including allocations of funds by weapon type and facility;

(L) for each of the five fiscal years following the fiscal year in which the report is submitted, an identification of the funds needed to carry out the program required under section 2524 of this title;

(M) the status, plans, activities, budgets, and schedules for carrying out the stockpile responsiveness program under section 2538b of this title;

(N) for each of the five fiscal years following the fiscal year in which the report is submitted, an identification of the funds needed to carry out the program required under section 2538b of this title; and

(O) as required, when assessing and developing prototype nuclear weapons of foreign countries, a report from the directors of the national security laboratories on the need and plan for such assessment and development that includes separate comments on the plan from the Secretary of Energy and the Director of National Intelligence.


(2) With respect to science-based tools—

(A) a description of the information needed to determine that the nuclear weapons stockpile is safe and reliable;

(B) for each science-based tool used to collect information described in subparagraph (A), the relationship between such tool and such information and the effectiveness of such tool in providing such information based on the criteria developed pursuant to section 2522(a) of this title; and

(C) the criteria developed under section 2522(a) of this title (including any updates to such criteria).


(3) An assessment of the stockpile stewardship program under section 2521(a) of this title by the Administrator, in consultation with the directors of the national security laboratories, which shall set forth—

(A) an identification and description of—

(i) any key technical challenges to the stockpile stewardship program; and

(ii) the strategies to address such challenges without the use of nuclear testing;


(B) a strategy for using the science-based tools (including advanced simulation and computing capabilities) of each national security laboratory to ensure that the nuclear weapons stockpile is safe, secure, and reliable without the use of nuclear testing;

(C) an assessment of the science-based tools (including advanced simulation and computing capabilities) of each national security laboratory that exist at the time of the assessment compared with the science-based tools expected to exist during the period covered by the future-years nuclear security program; and

(D) an assessment of the core scientific and technical competencies required to achieve the objectives of the stockpile stewardship program and other weapons activities and weapons-related activities of the Administration, including—

(i) the number of scientists, engineers, and technicians, by discipline, required to maintain such competencies; and

(ii) a description of any shortage of such individuals that exists at the time of the assessment compared with any shortage expected to exist during the period covered by the future-years nuclear security program.


(4) With respect to the nuclear security infrastructure—

(A) a description of the modernization and refurbishment measures the Administrator determines necessary to meet the requirements prescribed in—

(i) the national security strategy of the United States as set forth in the most recent national security strategy report of the President under section 3043 of this title if such strategy has been submitted as of the date of the plan;

(ii) the most recent quadrennial defense review if such strategy has not been submitted as of the date of the plan; and

(iii) the most recent Nuclear Posture Review as of the date of the plan;


(B) a schedule for implementing the measures described under subparagraph (A) during the 10-year period following the date of the plan;

(C) the estimated levels of annual funds the Administrator determines necessary to carry out the measures described under subparagraph (A), including a discussion of the criteria, evidence, and strategies on which such estimated levels of annual funds are based; and

(D)(i) a description of—

(I) the metrics (based on industry best practices) used by the Administrator to determine the infrastructure deferred maintenance and repair needs of the nuclear security enterprise; and

(II) the percentage of replacement plant value being spent on maintenance and repair needs of the nuclear security enterprise; and


(ii) an explanation of whether the annual spending on such needs complies with the recommendation of the National Research Council of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine that such spending be in an amount equal to four percent of the replacement plant value, and, if not, the reasons for such noncompliance and a plan for how the Administrator will ensure facilities of the nuclear security enterprise are being properly sustained.


(5) With respect to the nuclear test readiness of the United States—

(A) an estimate of the period of time that would be necessary for the Administrator to conduct an underground test of a nuclear weapon once directed by the President to conduct such a test;

(B) a description of the level of test readiness that the Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, determines to be appropriate;

(C) a list and description of the workforce skills and capabilities that are essential to carrying out an underground nuclear test at the Nevada National Security Site;

(D) a list and description of the infrastructure and physical plants that are essential to carrying out an underground nuclear test at the Nevada National Security Site; and

(E) an assessment of the readiness status of the skills and capabilities described in subparagraph (C) and the infrastructure and physical plants described in subparagraph (D).


(6) A strategy for the integrated management of plutonium for stockpile and stockpile stewardship needs over a 20-year period that includes the following:

(A) An assessment of the baseline science issues necessary to understand plutonium aging under static and dynamic conditions under manufactured and nonmanufactured plutonium geometries.

(B) An assessment of scientific and testing instrumentation for plutonium at elemental and bulk conditions.

(C) An assessment of manufacturing and handling technology for plutonium and plutonium components.

(D) An assessment of computational models of plutonium performance under static and dynamic loading, including manufactured and nonmanufactured conditions.

(E) An identification of any capability gaps with respect to the assessments described in subparagraphs (A) through (D).

(F) An estimate of costs relating to the issues, instrumentation, technology, and models described in subparagraphs (A) through (D) over the period covered by the future-years nuclear security program under section 2453 of this title.

(G) An estimate of the cost of eliminating the capability gaps identified under subparagraph (E) over the period covered by the future-years nuclear security program.

(H) Such other items as the Administrator considers important for the integrated management of plutonium for stockpile and stockpile stewardship needs.


(7) A plan for the research and development, deployment, and lifecycle sustainment of the technologies employed within the nuclear security enterprise to address physical and cyber security threats during the five fiscal years following the date of the report, together with—

(A) for each site in the nuclear security enterprise, a description of the technologies deployed to address the physical and cybersecurity threats posed to that site;

(B) for each site and for the nuclear security enterprise, the methods used by the Administration to establish priorities among investments in physical and cybersecurity technologies; and

(C) a detailed description of how the funds identified for each program element specified pursuant to paragraph (1) in the budget for the Administration for each fiscal year during that five-fiscal-year period will help carry out that plan.


(8) An assessment of whether the programs described by the report can be executed with current and projected budgets and any associated risks.

(9) Identification of any modifications or updates to the plan since the previous summary or detailed report was submitted under subsection (b).

(e) Nuclear Weapons Council assessment

(1) For each detailed report on the plan submitted under subsection (b)(2), the Nuclear Weapons Council shall conduct an assessment that includes the following:

(A) An analysis of the plan, including—

(i) whether the plan supports the requirements of the national security strategy of the United States or the most recent quadrennial defense review, as applicable under subsection (d)(4)(A), and the Nuclear Posture Review;

(ii) whether the modernization and refurbishment measures described under subparagraph (A) of subsection (d)(4) and the schedule described under subparagraph (B) of such subsection are adequate to support such requirements; and

(iii) whether the plan supports the stockpile responsiveness program under section 2538b of this title in a manner that meets the objectives of such program and an identification of any improvements that may be made to the plan to better carry out such program.


(B) An analysis of whether the plan adequately addresses the requirements for infrastructure recapitalization of the facilities of the nuclear security enterprise.

(C) If the Nuclear Weapons Council determines that the plan does not adequately support modernization and refurbishment requirements under subparagraph (A) or the nuclear security enterprise facilities infrastructure recapitalization requirements under subparagraph (B), a risk assessment with respect to—

(i) supporting the annual certification of the nuclear weapons stockpile; and

(ii) maintaining the long-term safety, security, and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile.


(2) Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Administrator submits the plan under subsection (b)(2), the Nuclear Weapons Council shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report detailing the assessment required under paragraph (1).

(f) Definitions

In this section:

(1) The term "budget", with respect to a fiscal year, means the budget for that fiscal year that is submitted to Congress by the President under section 1105(a) of title 31.

(2) The term "future-years nuclear security program" means the program required by section 2453 of this title.

(3) The term "nuclear security budget materials", with respect to a fiscal year, means the materials submitted to Congress by the Administrator in support of the budget for that fiscal year.

(4) The term "quadrennial defense review" means the review of the defense programs and policies of the United States that is carried out every four years under section 118 1 of title 10.

(5) The term "weapons activities" means each activity within the budget category of weapons activities in the budget of the Administration.

(6) The term "weapons-related activities" means each activity under the Department of Energy that involves nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons technology, or fissile or radioactive materials, including activities related to—

(A) nuclear nonproliferation;

(B) nuclear forensics;

(C) nuclear intelligence;

(D) nuclear safety; and

(E) nuclear incident response.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4203, formerly Pub. L. 105–85, div. C, title XXXI, §3151, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 2041; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4203, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(4), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1758; amended Pub. L. 108–375, div. C, title XXXI, §3115, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2162; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3133(a)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2187; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §§3123, 3146(a)(2)(A), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1061, 1072; Pub. L. 113–291, div. C, title XXXI, §3142(c), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3900; Pub. L. 114–92, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(c)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1190; Pub. L. 115–91, div. C, title XXXI, §§3111(c), 3133(c)(1), 3134, 3135(a), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1882, 1896, 1898.)

References in Text

Section 118 of title 10, referred to in subsec. (f)(4), was repealed by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title IX, §941(b)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2367. For provisions related to national defense strategy similar to those contained in former section 118 prior to repeal, see section 113(g) of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior authorization act:

Pub. L. 104–106, div. C, title XXXI, §3153, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 624; repealed Pub. L. 105–85, div. C, title XXXI, §3152(c), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 2042.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 115–91, §3133(c)(1)(A)(ii), added par. (6). Former par. (6) redesignated (8).

Subsec. (c)(7). Pub. L. 115–91, §3134(1)(B), added par. (7). Former par. (7) redesignated (9).

Subsec. (c)(8), (9). Pub. L. 115–91, §§3133(c)(1)(A)(i), 3134(1)(A), redesignated pars. (6) and (7) first as (7) and (8) and then as (8) and (9), respectively.

Subsec. (d)(1)(O). Pub. L. 115–91, §3135(a), added subpar. (O).

Subsec. (d)(4)(D). Pub. L. 115–91, §3111(c), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (d)(7). Pub. L. 115–91, §3133(c)(1)(B)(ii), added par. (7). Former par. (7) redesignated (9).

Subsec. (d)(8). Pub. L. 115–91, §3134(2)(B), added par. (8).

Subsec. (d)(9). Pub. L. 115–91, §§3133(c)(1)(B)(i), 3134(2)(A), redesignated par. (7) first as (8) and then as (9).

2015Pub. L. 114–92, §3112(c)(1)(A), substituted "responsiveness" for "infrastructure" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–92, §3112(c)(1)(B), inserted "stockpile responsiveness," after "stockpile management,".

Subsec. (c)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 114–92, §3112(c)(1)(C), added par. (5) and redesignated former pars. (5) and (6) as (6) and (7), respectively.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 114–92, §3112(c)(1)(D)(i), substituted "stewardship, stockpile management, and stockpile responsiveness" for "stewardship and management" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d)(1)(M), (N). Pub. L. 114–92, §3112(c)(1)(D)(ii)–(iv), added subpars. (M) and (N).

Subsec. (e)(1)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 114–92, §3112(c)(1)(E), added cl. (iii).

2014—Subsec. (d)(4)(A)(i). Pub. L. 113–291 substituted "section 3043 of this title" for "section 404a of this title".

2013Pub. L. 112–239 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to the plan for stewardship, management, and certification of warheads in the nuclear weapons stockpile.

Subsec. (d)(6), (7). Pub. L. 113–66, §3123, added par. (6) and redesignated former par. (6) as (7).

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(a)(2)(A), struck out "established by section 179 of title 10" after "Council" in introductory provisions.

2004—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–375 substituted "May 1 of each year thereafter" for "March 15 of each year thereafter".

Report on the Plan for the Nuclear Weapons Stockpile, Nuclear Weapons Complex, and Delivery Platforms and Sense of Congress on Follow-on Negotiations to START Treaty

Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XII, §1251, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2549, provided that:

"(a) Report on the Plan for the Nuclear Weapons Stockpile, Nuclear Weapons Complex, and Delivery Platforms.—

"(1) Report required.—Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2009] or at the time a follow-on treaty to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START Treaty) is submitted by the President to the Senate for its advice and consent, whichever is later, the President shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives], the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report on the plan to—

"(A) enhance the safety, security, and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile of the United States;

"(B) modernize the nuclear weapons complex; and

"(C) maintain the delivery platforms for nuclear weapons.

"(2) Elements.—The report required under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

"(A) A description of the plan to enhance the safety, security, and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile of the United States.

"(B) A description of the plan to modernize the nuclear weapons complex, including improving the safety of facilities, modernizing the infrastructure, and maintaining the key capabilities and competencies of the nuclear weapons workforce, including designers and technicians.

"(C) A description of the plan to maintain delivery platforms for nuclear weapons.

"(D) An estimate of budget requirements, including the costs associated with the plans outlined under subparagraphs (A) through (C), over a 10-year period.

"(b) Sense of Congress.—It is the sense of Congress that—

"(1) the President should maintain the stated position of the United States that the follow-on treaty to the START Treaty not include any limitations on the ballistic missile defense systems, space capabilities, or advanced conventional weapons systems of the United States;

"(2) the enhanced safety, security, and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile, modernization of the nuclear weapons complex, and maintenance of the nuclear delivery systems are key to enabling further reductions in the nuclear forces of the United States; and

"(3) the President should submit budget requests for fiscal year 2011 and subsequent fiscal years for the programs of the National Nuclear Security Administration of the Department of Energy that are adequate to sustain the needed capabilities to support the long-term maintenance of the nuclear stockpile of the United States."

Inclusion in 2005 Stockpile Stewardship Plan of Certain Information Relating to Stockpile Stewardship Criteria

Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3133, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1751, provided that:

"(a) Inclusion in 2005 Stockpile Stewardship Plan.—In submitting to Congress the updated version of the 2005 stockpile stewardship plan, the Secretary of Energy shall include the matters specified in subsection (b).

"(b) Matters Included.—The matters referred to in subsection (a) are the following:

"(1) An update of any information or criteria described in the report on stockpile stewardship criteria submitted under section 4202 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act [50 U.S.C. 2522] (as transferred and redesignated by section 3161(e)(3) [probably should be "3141(e)(3)"] of this Act).

"(2) A description of any additional information identified, or criteria established, on matters covered by such section 4202 during the period beginning on the date of the submittal of the report under such section 4202 and ending on the date of the submittal of the updated version of the plan under subsection (a) of this section.

"(3) For each science-based tool developed by the Department of Energy during such period—

"(A) a description of the relationship of such science-based tool to the collection of information needed to determine that the nuclear weapons stockpile is safe and reliable; and

"(B) a description of the criteria for judging whether or not such science-based tool provides for the collection of such information.

"(c) 2005 Stockpile Stewardship Plan Defined.—In this section, the term '2005 stockpile stewardship plan' means the updated version of the plan for maintaining the nuclear weapons stockpile developed under section 4203 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act [50 U.S.C. 2523] (as transferred and redesignated by section 3161(e)(4) [probably should be "3141(e)(4)"] of this Act) that is required to be submitted to Congress not later than March 15, 2005."

Annual Update to the Report Specified in Section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84)

Memorandum of President of the United States, Feb. 7, 2011, 76 F.R. 7477, provided:

Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense [and] the Secretary of Energy

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby direct the Secretaries of Defense and Energy to jointly provide annual updates to the report specified in section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84) (the "1251 Report") [set out as a note above]. I further authorize and direct the Secretaries of Defense and Energy to jointly submit this annual update to the 1251 Report concurrently with the President's budget each year, beginning in calendar year 2011.

The Secretary of Defense is authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.

Barack Obama.      

1 See References in Text note below.

§2523a. Repealed. Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3133(c)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2192

Section, Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4203A, as added Pub. L. 111–383, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4507, related to biennial plan on modernization and refurbishment of the nuclear security complex.

§2523b. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title X, §1045, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1577; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(a)(19), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1949, which related to nuclear force reductions, was transferred to section 494 of Title 10, Armed Forces, by Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1033(b)(1)(A)–(C), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1920.

§2523c. Major warhead refurbishment program

In fiscal year 2015 and subsequent fiscal years, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to the congressional defense committees (as defined in U.S.C. 101(a)(16) 1) a report, on each major warhead refurbishment program that reaches the Phase 6.3 milestone, that provides an analysis of alternatives. Such report shall include—

(1) a full description of alternatives considered prior to the award of Phase 6.3;

(2) a comparison of the costs and benefits of each of those alternatives, to include an analysis of trade-offs among cost, schedule, and performance objectives against each alternative considered;

(3) identification of the cost and risk of critical technology elements associated with each alternative, including technology maturity, integration risk, manufacturing feasibility, and demonstration needs;

(4) identification of the cost and risk of additional capital asset and infrastructure capabilities required to support production and certification of each alternative;

(5) a comparative analysis of the risks, costs, and scheduling needs for any military requirement intended to enhance warhead safety, security, or maintainability, including any requirement to consolidate and/or integrate warhead systems or mods as compared to at least one other feasible refurbishment alternative the Nuclear Weapons Council considers appropriate; and

(6) a life-cycle cost estimate for the alternative selected that details the overall cost, scope, and schedule planning assumptions.

(Pub. L. 113–235, div. D, title III, §308, Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2324.)

Codification

Section was enacted as part of the Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015, and also as part of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, and not as part of the Atomic Energy Defense Act which comprises this chapter.

1 So in original. Probably should be "10 U.S.C. 101(a)(16)".

§2524. Stockpile management program

(a) Program required

The Secretary of Energy, acting through the Administrator and in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall carry out a program, in support of the stockpile stewardship program, to provide for the effective management of the weapons in the nuclear weapons stockpile, including the extension of the effective life of such weapons. The program shall have the following objectives:

(1) To increase the reliability, safety, and security of the nuclear weapons stockpile of the United States.

(2) To further reduce the likelihood of the resumption of underground nuclear weapons testing.

(3) To achieve reductions in the future size of the nuclear weapons stockpile.

(4) To reduce the risk of an accidental detonation of an element of the stockpile.

(5) To reduce the risk of an element of the stockpile being used by a person or entity hostile to the United States, its vital interests, or its allies.

(b) Program limitations

In carrying out the stockpile management program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Energy shall ensure that—

(1) any changes made to the stockpile shall be made to achieve the objectives identified in subsection (a); and

(2) any such changes made to the stockpile shall—

(A) remain consistent with basic design parameters by including, to the maximum extent feasible, components that are well understood or are certifiable without the need to resume underground nuclear weapons testing; and

(B) use the design, certification, and production expertise resident in the nuclear security enterprise to fulfill current mission requirements of the existing stockpile.

(c) Program budget

In accordance with the requirements under section 2529 of this title, for each budget submitted by the President to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, the amounts requested for the program under this section shall be clearly identified in the budget justification materials submitted to Congress in support of that budget.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4204, formerly Pub. L. 106–65, div. C, title XXXI, §3133, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 926; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4204, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §§3111, 3141(e)(5), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1743, 1758; Pub. L. 111–84, div. C, title XXXI, §3113(a)(2), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2704; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3133(d), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2192; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(2), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1073.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66 struck out "for Nuclear Security" after "Administrator" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 112–239, §3133(d)(1), substituted "nuclear security enterprise" for "nuclear complex".

Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 112–239, §3133(d)(2), (3), redesignated subsec. (e) as (c) and struck out former subsecs. (c) and (d), which related, respectively, to program plan and annual updates.

2009Pub. L. 111–84 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to the nuclear weapons stockpile life extension program.

2003—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–136, §3111, struck out subsec. (c), which related to a plan for the extension of the effective life of the weapons in the nuclear weapons stockpile.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(e)(5)(D), substituted "October 5, 1999" for "the date of the enactment of this Act".

Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 108–136, §3111, struck out subsecs. (d) to (f). Prior to amendment, subsec. (d) required submittal to committees of the House and Senate of a plan for the extension of the effective life of the weapons in the nuclear weapons stockpile and annual updates of the plan, subsec. (e) required a GAO assessment of the plan and updates, and subsec. (f) stated the sense of Congress regarding funding of the program under subsec. (a).

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3111, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1743, provided that the amendment made by section 3111 is effective December 31, 2004.

§2524a. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–84, div. C, title XXXI, §3113(a)(1), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2704

Section, Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4204A, formerly §4204a, as added Pub. L. 109–163, div. C, title XXXI, §3111(a), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3539; renumbered §4204A, Pub. L. 110–181, div. C, title XXXI, §3117(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 578, related to the Reliable Replacement Warhead program.

§2525. Annual assessments and reports to the President and Congress regarding the condition of the United States nuclear weapons stockpile

(a) Annual assessments required

For each nuclear weapon type in the stockpile of the United States, each official specified in subsection (b) on an annual basis shall, to the extent such official is directly responsible for the safety, reliability, performance, or military effectiveness of that nuclear weapon type, complete an assessment of the safety, reliability, performance, or military effectiveness (as the case may be) of that nuclear weapon type.

(b) Covered officials

The officials referred to in subsection (a) are the following:

(1) The head of each national security laboratory.

(2) The Commander of the United States Strategic Command.

(c) Dual validation teams in support of assessments

In support of the assessments required by subsection (a), the Administrator may establish teams, known as "dual validation teams", to provide each national security laboratory responsible for weapons design with independent evaluations of the condition of each warhead for which such laboratory has lead responsibility. A dual validation team established by the Administrator shall—

(1) be comprised of weapons experts from the laboratory that does not have lead responsibility for fielding the warhead being evaluated;

(2) have access to all surveillance and underground test data for all stockpile systems for use in the independent evaluations;

(3) use all relevant available data to conduct independent calculations; and

(4) pursue independent experiments to support the independent evaluations.

(d) Use of teams of experts for assessments

The head of each national security laboratory shall establish and use one or more teams of experts, known as "red teams", to assist in the assessments required by subsection (a). Each such team shall include experts from both of the other national security laboratories. Each such team for a national security laboratory shall—

(1) review both the matters covered by the assessments under subsection (a) performed by the head of that laboratory and any independent evaluations conducted by a dual validation team under subsection (c);

(2) subject such matters to challenge; and

(3) submit the results of such review and challenge, together with the findings and recommendations of such team with respect to such review and challenge, to the head of that laboratory.

(e) Report on assessments

Not later than December 1 of each year, each official specified in subsection (b) shall submit to the Secretary concerned, and to the Nuclear Weapons Council, a report on the assessments that such official was required by subsection (a) to complete. The report shall include the following:

(1) The results of each such assessment.

(2)(A) Such official's determination as to whether or not one or more underground nuclear tests are necessary to resolve any issues identified in the assessments and, if so—

(i) an identification of the specific underground nuclear tests that are necessary to resolve such issues; and

(ii) a discussion of why options other than an underground nuclear test are not available or would not resolve such issues.


(B) An identification of the specific underground nuclear tests which, while not necessary, might have value in resolving any such issues and a discussion of the anticipated value of conducting such tests.

(C) Such official's determination as to the readiness of the United States to conduct the underground nuclear tests identified under subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B), if directed by the President to do so.

(3) In the case of a report submitted by the head of a national security laboratory—

(A) a concise statement regarding the adequacy of the science-based tools and methods being used to determine the matters covered by the assessments;

(B) a concise statement regarding the adequacy of the tools and methods employed by the manufacturing infrastructure required by section 2532 of this title to identify and fix any inadequacy with respect to the matters covered by the assessments;

(C) a concise summary of the findings and recommendations of any teams under subsection (d) that relate to the assessments, together with a discussion of those findings and recommendations;

(D) a concise summary of the results of any independent evaluation conducted by a dual validation team under subsection (c); and

(E) a concise summary of any significant finding investigations initiated or active during the previous year for which the head of the national security laboratory has full or partial responsibility.


(4) In the case of a report submitted by the Commander of the United States Strategic Command—

(A) a discussion of the relative merits of other nuclear weapon types (if any), or compensatory measures (if any) that could be taken, that could enable accomplishment of the missions of the nuclear weapon types to which the assessments relate, should such assessments identify any deficiency with respect to such nuclear weapon types;

(B) a summary of all major assembly releases in place as of the date of the report for the active and inactive nuclear weapon stockpiles; and

(C) the views of the Commander on the stockpile responsiveness program under section 2538b of this title, the activities conducted under such program, and any suggestions to improve such program.


(5) An identification and discussion of any matter having an adverse effect on the capability of the official submitting the report to accurately determine the matters covered by the assessments.

(f) Submittals to the President and Congress

(1) Not later than February 1 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy shall submit to the President—

(A) each report, without change, submitted to either Secretary under subsection (e) during the preceding year;

(B) any comments that the Secretaries individually or jointly consider appropriate with respect to each such report;

(C) the conclusions that the Secretaries individually or jointly reach as to the safety, reliability, performance, and military effectiveness of the nuclear weapons stockpile of the United States; and

(D) any other information that the Secretaries individually or jointly consider appropriate.


(2) Not later than March 15 of each year, the President shall forward to Congress the matters received by the President under paragraph (1) for that year, together with any comments the President considers appropriate.

(3) If the President does not forward to Congress the matters required under paragraph (2) by the date required by such paragraph, the officials specified in subsection (b) shall provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees not later than March 30 on the report such officials submitted to the Secretary concerned under subsection (e).

(g) Classified form

Each submittal under subsection (f) shall be in classified form only, with the classification level required for each portion of such submittal marked appropriately.

(h) Definition

In this section, the term "Secretary concerned" means—

(1) the Secretary of Energy, with respect to matters concerning the Department of Energy; and

(2) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to matters concerning the Department of Defense.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4205, formerly div. C, title XXXI, §3141, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2730; renumbered div. D, title XLII, §4205, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(6), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 111–84, div. C, title XXXI, §3114(a)(2)–(d), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2706, 2707; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(c), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2180; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §§3122, 3146(c)(3), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1061, 1074; Pub. L. 113–291, div. C, title XXXI, §3142(d), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3900; Pub. L. 114–92, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(d), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1191.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7274s of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2015—Subsec. (e)(4)(C). Pub. L. 114–92 added subpar. (C).

2014—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 113–291 substituted "Commander" for "commander".

2013—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(3)(A), struck out "for Nuclear Security" before "may establish teams," in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (e)(3)(E). Pub. L. 113–66, §3122(a)(1), added subpar. (E).

Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 113–66, §3122(a)(2), amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows: "In the case of a report submitted by the Commander of the United States Strategic Command, a discussion of the relative merits of other nuclear weapon types (if any), or compensatory measures (if any) that could be taken, that could enable accomplishment of the missions of the nuclear weapon types to which the assessments relate, should such assessments identify any deficiency with respect to such nuclear weapon types."

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 113–66, §3122(b)(1), substituted "February 1" for "March 1" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 113–66, §3122(b)(2), added par. (3).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(3)(B), in heading, substituted "Definition" for "Definitions" and, in text, substituted "section, the term" for "section:", struck out par. (1) which defined "national security laboratory", struck out par. (2) designation and "The term" before " 'Secretary concerned' ", redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) of former par. (2) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, and realigned margins.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 112–239 struck out subsec. (i) which related to first submissions under subsecs. (e) and (f).

2009—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(a)(2)(B), added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(a)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (c) as (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(b), inserted "both" after "review" and "and any independent evaluations conducted by a dual validation team under subsection (c)" after "that laboratory".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(a)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (e)(3)(C). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(d)(1), substituted "subsection (d)" for "subsection (c)".

Subsec. (e)(3)(D). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(c), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(a)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (e) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (f)(1)(A). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(d)(2), substituted "subsection (e)" for "subsection (d)".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(d)(3), substituted "subsection (f)" for "subsection (e)".

Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(a)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (f) as (g). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (h).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(a)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (g) as (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(a)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (h) as (i).

Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(d)(4)(A), substituted "subsection (e)" for "subsection (d)".

Subsec. (i)(2). Pub. L. 111–84, §3114(d)(4)(B), substituted "subsection (f)" for "subsection (e)".

2003—Subsec. (d)(3)(B). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(e)(6)(D), substituted "section 2532 of this title" for "section 3137 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (42 U.S.C. 2121 note)".

§2526. Form of certifications regarding the safety or reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile

Any certification submitted to the President by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of Energy regarding confidence in the safety or reliability of a nuclear weapon type in the United States nuclear weapons stockpile shall be submitted in classified form only.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4206, formerly Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. C, title XXXI, §3194], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-481; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4206, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(7), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1759.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

§2527. Nuclear test ban readiness program

(a) Establishment of program

The Secretary of Energy shall establish and support a program to assure that the United States is in a position to maintain the reliability, safety, and continued deterrent effect of its stockpile of existing nuclear weapons designs in the event that a low-threshold or comprehensive ban on nuclear explosives testing is negotiated and ratified within the framework agreed to by the United States and the Russian Federation.

(b) Purposes of program

The purposes of the program under subsection (a) shall be the following:

(1) To assure that the United States maintains a vigorous program of stockpile inspection and non-explosive testing so that, if a low-threshold or comprehensive test ban is entered into, the United States remains able to detect and identify potential problems in stockpile reliability and safety in existing designs of nuclear weapons.

(2) To assure that the specific materials, components, processes, and personnel needed for the remanufacture of existing nuclear weapons or the substitution of alternative nuclear warheads are available to support such remanufacture or substitution if such action becomes necessary in order to satisfy reliability and safety requirements under a low-threshold or comprehensive test ban agreement.

(3) To assure that a vigorous program of research in areas related to nuclear weapons science and engineering is supported so that, if a low-threshold or comprehensive test ban agreement is entered into, the United States is able to maintain a base of technical knowledge about nuclear weapons design and nuclear weapons effects.

(c) Conduct of program

The Secretary of Energy shall carry out the program provided for in subsection (a). The program shall be carried out with the participation of representatives of the Department of Defense, the nuclear weapons production facilities, and the national security laboratories.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4207, formerly Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XIV, §1436, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2075; Pub. L. 105–85, div. C, title XXXI, §3152(i), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 2042; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4207, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(8), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(4), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1074.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(4)(A)–(C), redesignated subsec. (b) as (a), substituted "Russian Federation" for "Soviet Union", and struck out former subsec. (a) which related to congressional findings regarding negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union on nuclear test ban verification measures.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(4)(B), (D), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and substituted "subsection (a)" for "subsection (b)" in introductory provisions. Former subsec. (b) redesignated (a).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(4)(B), (E), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and substituted "subsection (a)" for "subsection (b)" and "national security laboratories" for "national nuclear weapons laboratories". Former subsec. (c) redesignated (b).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(4)(B), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c).

2003Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(e)(8)(D), made technical amendment to section catchline.

1997—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–85 struck out heading and text of subsec. (e). Text read as follows: "The Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress each year an unclassified report (with a classified annex as necessary) that describes the progress made to the date of the report in achieving the purposes of the program required to be established under subsection (b)."

§2528. Repealed. Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3133(e)(1)(A), (2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2192, 2193

Section, Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4208, formerly Pub. L. 104–106, div. C, title XXXI, §3152, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 623; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. C, title XXXI, §3192], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-480; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4208, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(9), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 110–181, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(b)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 577, required the Secretary of Energy to submit to Congress in odd-numbered years reports on the nuclear test readiness of the United States.

Codification

Section 3133(e)(1)(A) of Pub. L. 112–239 repealed section 4208 of Pub. L. 107–314, which was classified to this section. Section 3133(e)(2) of Pub. L. 112–239 repealed section 3152 of Pub. L. 104–106, which was transferred and redesignated as section 4208 of Pub. L. 107–314, and section 3133(e)(2) is treated as also repealing this section, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

§2528a. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–181, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 577

Section, Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3113, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1743, related to readiness posture for resumption by the United States of underground nuclear weapons tests.

§2529. Requirements for specific request for new or modified nuclear weapons

(a) Requirement for request for funds for development

(1) In any fiscal year after fiscal year 2002 in which the Secretary of Energy plans to carry out activities described in paragraph (2) relating to the development of a new nuclear weapon or modified nuclear weapon, the Secretary—

(A) shall specifically request funds for such activities in the budget of the President for that fiscal year under section 1105(a) of title 31; and

(B) may carry out such activities only if amounts are authorized to be appropriated for such activities by an Act of Congress consistent with section 7270 of title 42.


(2) The activities described in this paragraph are as follows:

(A) The conduct, or provision for conduct, of research and development which could lead to the production of a new nuclear weapon by the United States.

(B) The conduct, or provision for conduct, of engineering or manufacturing to carry out the production of a new nuclear weapon by the United States.

(C) The conduct, or provision for conduct, of research and development which could lead to the production of a modified nuclear weapon by the United States.

(D) The conduct, or provision for conduct, of engineering or manufacturing to carry out the production of a modified nuclear weapon by the United States.

(b) Budget request format

The Secretary shall include in a request for funds under subsection (a) the following:

(1) In the case of funds for activities described in subparagraph (A) or (C) of subsection (a)(2), a single dedicated line item for all such activities for new nuclear weapons or modified nuclear weapons that are in phase 1, 2, or 2A or phase 6.1, 6.2, or 6.2A (as the case may be), or any concept work prior to phase 1 or 6.1 (as the case may be), of the nuclear weapons acquisition process.

(2) In the case of funds for activities described in subparagraph (B) or (D) of subsection (a)(2), a dedicated line item for each such activity for a new nuclear weapon or modified nuclear weapon that is in phase 3 or higher or phase 6.3 or higher (as the case may be) of the nuclear weapons acquisition process.

(c) Exception

Subsection (a) shall not apply to funds for purposes of conducting, or providing for the conduct of, research and development, or manufacturing and engineering, determined by the Secretary to be necessary to address proliferation concerns.

(d) Definitions

In this section:

(1) The term "modified nuclear weapon" means a nuclear weapon that contains a pit or canned subassembly, either of which—

(A) is in the nuclear weapons stockpile as of December 2, 2002; and

(B) is being modified in order to meet a military requirement that is other than the military requirements applicable to such nuclear weapon when first placed in the nuclear weapons stockpile.


(2) The term "new nuclear weapon" means a nuclear weapon that contains a pit or canned subassembly, either of which is neither—

(A) in the nuclear weapons stockpile on December 2, 2002; nor

(B) in production as of that date.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4209, formerly div. C, title XXXI, §3143, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2733; renumbered div. D, title XLII, §4209, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(10), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1759; Pub. L. 111–84, div. C, title XXXI, §3115, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2707; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(5), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1074; Pub. L. 115–232, div. C, title XXXI, §3111(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2289.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7271d of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 115–232 inserted dash after "weapon, the Secretary", designated remainder of existing provisions as subpar. (A), and added subpar. (B).

2013—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–66 made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to "December 2, 2002" in two places.

2009—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84, §3115(1), substituted "necessary to address proliferation concerns." for "necessary—

"(1) for the nuclear weapons life extension program;

"(2) to modify an existing nuclear weapon solely to address safety or reliability concerns; or

"(3) to address proliferation concerns."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–84, §3115(2), redesignated pars. (2) and (3) as (1) and (2), respectively, and struck out former par. (1), which read as follows: "The term 'life extension program' means the program to repair or replace non-nuclear components, or to modify the pit or canned subassembly, of nuclear weapons that are in the nuclear weapons stockpile on December 2, 2002, in order to assure that such nuclear weapons retain the ability to meet the military requirements applicable to such nuclear weapons when first placed in the nuclear weapons stockpile."

Development of Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons; Authorization and Limitation

Pub. L. 115–232, div. C, title XXXI, §3111(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2289, provided that: "The Secretary of Energy, acting through the Administrator for Nuclear Security, may carry out the engineering development phase, and any subsequent phase, to modify or develop a low-yield nuclear warhead for submarine-launched ballistic missiles."

Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3116(c), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1746, as amended by Pub. L. 115–232, div. C, title XXXI, §3111(b), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2289, provided that: "The Secretary of Energy may not commence the engineering development phase, or any subsequent phase, of a low-yield nuclear weapon unless the Secretary specifically requests funding for the development of that weapon pursuant to section 4209(a) of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2529(a))."

§2530. Testing of nuclear weapons

(a) Underground testing

No underground test of nuclear weapons may be conducted by the United States after September 30, 1996, unless a foreign state conducts a nuclear test after this date, at which time the prohibition on United States nuclear testing is lifted.

(b) Atmospheric testing

None of the funds appropriated pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103–160; 107 Stat. 1547) or any other Act for any fiscal year may be available to maintain the capability of the United States to conduct atmospheric testing of a nuclear weapon.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4210, formerly Pub. L. 102–377, title V, §507(f), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1345; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4210, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(11), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1760; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(d)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2180.)

References in Text

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 103–160, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1547. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

Section was formerly set out in a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(11), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1760, which directed the transfer to this section of section 507(f) of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1993, "(Public Law 102–337; 106 Stat. 1345)", was executed by transferring section 507(f) of Pub. L. 102–377 to this section, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Amendments

2013Pub. L. 112–239 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "No underground test of nuclear weapons may be conducted by the United States after September 30, 1996, unless a foreign state conducts a nuclear test after this date, at which time the prohibition on United States nuclear testing is lifted."

2003Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(e)(11)(C)(i), inserted section catchline.

§2531. Repealed. Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(d)(3), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2181

Section, Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4211, formerly Pub. L. 103–160, div. C, title XXXI, §3137, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1946; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4211, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(12), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1760, provided for availablity of funds for maintaining the technical capability to resume underground nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site.

§2532. Manufacturing infrastructure for refabrication and certification of nuclear weapons stockpile

(a) Manufacturing program

(1) The Secretary of Energy shall carry out a program for purposes of establishing within the Government a manufacturing infrastructure that has the capabilities of meeting the following objectives as specified in the Nuclear Posture Review:

(A) To provide a stockpile surveillance engineering base.

(B) To refabricate and certify weapon components and types in the enduring nuclear weapons stockpile, as necessary.

(C) To fabricate and certify new nuclear warheads, as necessary.

(D) To support nuclear weapons.

(E) To supply sufficient tritium in support of nuclear weapons to ensure an upload hedge in the event circumstances require.


(2) The purpose of the program carried out under paragraph (1) shall also be to develop manufacturing capabilities and capacities necessary to meet the requirements specified in the annual Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Memorandum.

(b) Required capabilities

The manufacturing infrastructure established under the program under subsection (a) shall include the following capabilities (modernized to attain the objectives referred to in that subsection):

(1) The weapons assembly capabilities of the Pantex Plant.

(2) The weapon secondary fabrication capabilities of the Y–12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

(3) The capabilities of the Savannah River Site relating to tritium recycling and fissile materials components processing and fabrication.

(4) The non-nuclear component capabilities of the Kansas City Plant.

(c) Nuclear Posture Review

For purposes of subsection (a), the term "Nuclear Posture Review" means the Department of Defense Nuclear Posture Review as contained in the Report of the Secretary of Defense to the President and Congress dated February 19, 1995, or subsequent such reports.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4212, formerly Pub. L. 104–106, div. C, title XXXI, §3137, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 620; Pub. L. 104–201, div. C, title XXXI, §3132(a), (b), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2829; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4212, and amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(13), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1760; Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(e), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2181; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(6), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1074.)

Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 2121 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(6)(A), substituted "Memorandum" for "Review".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(6)(B), substituted "Congress" for "the Congress".

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 112–239 struck out subsecs. (d) and (e), which related, respectively, to funding and submission to Congress by Secretary of plans and reports.

2003—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–136, §3141(e)(13)(D), inserted "of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104–106)" after "section 3101(b)".

1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–201, §3132(a), designated existing provisions as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) to (5) as subpars. (A) to (E), respectively, and added par. (2).

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 104–201, §3132(b), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: "The tritium production, recycling, and other weapons-related capabilities of the Savannah River Site."

§2533. Reports on critical difficulties at national security laboratories and nuclear weapons production facilities

(a) Reports by heads of laboratories and facilities

In the event of a difficulty at a national security laboratory or a nuclear weapons production facility that has a significant bearing on confidence in the safety or reliability of a nuclear weapon or nuclear weapon type, the head of the laboratory or facility, as the case may be, shall submit to the Administrator a report on the difficulty. The head of the laboratory or facility shall submit the report as soon as practicable after discovery of the difficulty.

(b) Transmittal by Administrator

Not later than 10 days after receipt of a report under subsection (a), the Administrator shall transmit the report (together with the comments of the Administrator) to the congressional defense committees, to the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Defense, and to the President.

(c) Omitted

(d) Inclusion of reports in annual stockpile assessment

Any report submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall also be submitted to the President and Congress with the matters required to be submitted under section 2525(f) of this title for the year in which such report is submitted.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4213, formerly Pub. L. 104–201, div. C, title XXXI, §3159, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2842, §4218(b), (c), formerly Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title XIII, §1305(c), (d), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1954; Pub. L. 106–65, div. C, title XXXI, §3163(f), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 946; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4213, by Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(e)(14), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1760; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4218(c), (d), and amended Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §§3131(f)(1), 3164(a)(3), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2181, 2206; renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4218(b), (c), and amended Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(7), (10)(B), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1074, 1075.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 7274o of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.

Section is comprised in part of section 4213 of Pub. L. 107–314. See note below. Subsec. (c) of section 4213 of Pub. L. 107–314 amended section 179 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Section is comprised of sections 4213 and 4218(b), (c) of Pub. L. 107–314. Section 4213, which was formerly part of Pub. L. 104–201, originally enacted this section, and section 4218(b), (c), which was formerly part of Pub. L. 105–85, originally amended this section. Both sections were renumbered to become part of Pub. L. 107–314 and, as a result, are shown in the source credit above as jointly comprising this section.

Amendments

2013Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(B), renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, §4218(c), (d), as §4218(b), (c). See 1997 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 112–239, §3164(a)(3), renumbered Pub. L. 105–85, §1305(c), (d), as Pub. L. 107–314, §4218(c), (d). See 1997 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(f)(1)(A), substituted "national security laboratories and nuclear weapons production facilities" for "nuclear weapons laboratories and nuclear weapons production plants" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(7)(A), substituted "facilities" for "plants" in heading and "laboratory or facility" for "laboratory or plant" in two places in text.

Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(f)(1)(B), in first sentence, substituted "national security laboratory" for "nuclear weapons laboratory", "production facility" for "production plant", and "Administrator" for "Assistant Secretary of Energy for Defense Programs".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(f)(1)(C), substituted "Administrator" for "Assistant Secretary" in heading and in two places in text.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(7)(B), substituted "assessment" for "certification" in heading and "submitted to the President and Congress with the matters required to be submitted under section 2525(f) of this title" for "included with the decision documents that accompany the annual certification of the safety and reliability of the United States nuclear weapons stockpile which is provided to the President" in text.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 112–239, §3131(f)(1)(D), struck out subsec. (e), which defined terms "nuclear weapons laboratory" and "nuclear weapons production plant".

1999—Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 106–65 added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).

1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–314, §4218(b), (c), formerly §4218(c), (d), formerly Pub. L. 105–85, §1305(c), (d), substituted "Not later than 10 days" for "As soon as practicable" and "committees," for "committees and" and inserted before period at end ", and to the President".

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the advanced scientific computing research program and activities at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, including the functions of the Secretary of Energy relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, see sections 183(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

All national security functions and activities performed immediately before Oct. 5, 1999, by nuclear weapons laboratories and production facilities defined in this section, transferred to the Administrator for Nuclear Security of the National Nuclear Security Administration of the Department of Energy, see section 2481 of this title.

§2534. Repealed. Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(8)(A), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1075

Section, Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4214, as added Pub. L. 109–364, div. C, title XXXI, §3111(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2502; amended Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(g)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2181, related to plan for transformation of National Nuclear Security Administration nuclear security enterprise.

§2535. Replacement project for Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico

(a) Replacement building required

The Secretary of Energy shall construct at Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, a building to replace the functions of the existing Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building at Los Alamos National Laboratory associated with Department of Energy Hazard Category 2 special nuclear material operations.

(b) Limitation on cost

The cost of the building constructed under subsection (a) may not exceed $3,700,000,000. If the Secretary determines the cost will exceed such amount, the Secretary shall submit a detailed justification for such increase to the congressional defense committees.

(c) Project basis

The construction authorized by subsection (a) shall use as its basis the facility project in the Department of Energy Readiness and Technical Base designated 04–D–125 (chemistry and metallurgy facility replacement project at Los Alamos National Laboratory).

(d) Assistance

(1) In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall procure the services of the Commander of the Naval Facilities Engineering Command to assist the Secretary with respect to the program management, oversight, and design activities of the project authorized by subsection (a).

(2) The Secretary shall carry out this subsection using funds made available for the Administration.

(e) Deadline for commencement of operations

The building constructed under subsection (a) shall commence operations by not later than December 31, 2026.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4215, as added Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3114(a)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2170; amended Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(c)(9), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1075.)

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 113–66 struck out "National Nuclear Security" before "Administration".

Alternative Plutonium Strategy; Full Operational Capability of Replacement Project

Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3114(c)–(e), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2171, 2172, as amended by Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3117, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1058, provided that:

"(c) Limitation on Alternative Plutonium Strategy.—

"(1) Limitation on use of funds.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), no funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act [see Tables for classification] or any other Act may be obligated or expended on any activities associated with a plutonium strategy for the National Nuclear Security Administration that does not include achieving full operational capability of the replacement project by December 31, 2026, as required by section 4215(e) of the Atomic Energy Defense Act [50 U.S.C. 2535(e)], as added by subsection (a).

"(2) Use of funds for modular building strategy.—The Administrator for Nuclear Security may obligate and expend funds referred to in paragraph (1) for activities relating to a modular building strategy on and after the date that is 60 days after the date on which the Nuclear Weapons Council established under section 179 of title 10, United States Code, notifies the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] that—

"(A) the modular building strategy—

"(i) meets requirements for maintaining the nuclear weapons stockpile over a 30-year period;

"(ii) meets requirements for implementation of a responsive infrastructure, including meeting plutonium pit production requirements; and

"(iii) will achieve full operating capability for not less than two modular structures by not later than 2027;

"(B) in fiscal year 2015, the National Nuclear Security Administration will begin the process of designing and building modular buildings in accordance with Department of Energy Order 413.3 (relating to relating to program management and project management for the acquisition of capital assets); and

"(C) the Administrator will include the costs of the modular building strategy in the estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations reflected in the future-years nuclear security program submitted under section 3253 of the National Nuclear Security Administration Act (50 U.S.C. 2453).

"(3) Modular building strategy defined.—In this subsection, the term 'modular building strategy' means an alternative strategy to the replacement project that consists of repurposing existing facilities and constructing a series of modular structures, each of which is fully useable, to complement the function of the plutonium facility (PF–4) at Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, in accordance with all applicable safety and security standards of the Department of Energy.

"(d) Naval Reactor Study.—

"(1) In general.—The Deputy Administrator for Naval Reactors shall conduct a study of the replacement project, including an analysis of the cost, benefits, and risks with respect to nuclear safety.

"(2) Submission.—Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 2, 2013], the Deputy Administrator shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the study under paragraph (1), including recommendations of the Deputy Administrator with respect to the project structure, oversight model, and potential cost savings of the replacement project.

"(3) Consideration of recommendations.—In carrying out the replacement project, the Secretary of Energy shall consider the recommendations made by the Deputy Administrator in the report under paragraph (2) and incorporate such recommendations into the project as the Secretary considers appropriate.

"(4) Funding.—The Secretary of Energy and the Deputy Administrator shall carry out this subsection using funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act [see Tables for classification] or otherwise made available for the National Nuclear Security Administration that are not made available for the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program.

"(e) Replacement Project Defined.—In this section [enacting this section and this note], the term 'replacement project' means the replacement project for the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building authorized by section 4215 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act [50 U.S.C. 2535], as added by subsection (a)."

§2536. Reports on lifetime extension programs

(a) Reports required

Before proceeding beyond phase 6.2 activities with respect to any lifetime extension program, the Nuclear Weapons Council shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on such phase 6.2 activities, including—

(1) an assessment of the lifetime extension options considered for the phase 6.2 activities, including whether the subsystems and components in each option are considered to be a refurbishment, reuse, or replacement of such subsystem or component; and

(2) an assessment of the option selected for the phase 6.2 activities, including—

(A) whether the subsystems and components will be refurbished, reused, or replaced; and

(B) the advantages and disadvantages of refurbishment, reuse, and replacement for each such subsystem and component.

(b) Phase 6.2 activities defined

In this section, the term "phase 6.2 activities" means, with respect to a lifetime extension program, the phase 6.2 feasibility study and option down-select.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4216, as added Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3141(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2193; amended Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(a)(2)(B), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1072.)

Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66 struck out "established by section 179 of title 10" after "Nuclear Weapons Council" in introductory provisions.

§2537. Selected Acquisition Reports and independent cost estimates and reviews of certain programs and facilities

(a) Selected Acquisition Reports

(1) At the end of the first quarter of each fiscal year, the Secretary of Energy, acting through the Administrator, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on each nuclear weapon system undergoing life extension and each major alteration project (as defined in section 2753(a)(2) of this title) during the preceding fiscal year. The reports shall be known as Selected Acquisition Reports for the weapon system concerned.

(2) The information contained in the Selected Acquisition Report for a fiscal year for a nuclear weapon system shall be the information contained in the Selected Acquisition Report for each fiscal-year quarter in that fiscal year for a major defense acquisition program under section 2432 of title 10, expressed in terms of the nuclear weapon system.

(b) Independent cost estimates and reviews

(1) The Secretary, acting through the Administrator, shall submit to the congressional defense committees and the Nuclear Weapons Council the following:

(A) An independent cost estimate of the following:

(i) Each nuclear weapon system undergoing life extension at the completion of phase 6.2A, relating to design definition and cost study.

(ii) Each nuclear weapon system undergoing life extension at the completion of phase 6.3, relating to development engineering.

(iii) Each nuclear weapon system undergoing life extension at the completion of phase 6.4, relating to production engineering, and before the initiation of phase 6.5, relating to first production.

(iv) Each new nuclear facility within the nuclear security enterprise that is estimated to cost more than $500,000,000 before such facility achieves critical decision 1 and before such facility achieves critical decision 2 in the acquisition process.

(v) Each nuclear weapons system undergoing a major alteration project (as defined in section 2753(a)(2) of this title).


(B) An independent cost review of each nuclear weapon system undergoing life extension at the completion of phase 6.2, relating to study of feasibility and down-select.


(2) Each independent cost estimate and independent cost review under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) whether the cost baseline or the budget estimate for the period covered by the future-years nuclear security program has changed, and the rationale for any such change; and

(B) any views of the Secretary or the Administrator regarding such estimate or review.


(3) The Administrator shall review and consider the results of any independent cost estimate or independent cost review of a nuclear weapon system or a nuclear facility, as the case may be, under this subsection before entering the next phase of the development process of such system or the acquisition process of such facility.

(4) Except as otherwise specified in paragraph (1), each independent cost estimate or independent cost review of a nuclear weapon system or a nuclear facility under this subsection shall be submitted not later than 30 days after the date on which—

(A) in the case of a nuclear weapons system, such system completes a phase specified in such paragraph; or

(B) in the case of a nuclear facility, such facility achieves critical decision 1 as specified in subparagraph (A)(iv) of such paragraph.


(5) Each independent cost estimate or independent cost review submitted under this subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex if necessary.

(c) Authority for further assessments

Upon the request of the Administrator, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation and in consultation with the Administrator, may conduct an independent cost assessment of any initiative or program of the Administration that is estimated to cost more than $500,000,000.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4217, as added Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3162(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2204; amended Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §§3112(b), 3146(a)(2)(C), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1053, 1072; Pub. L. 113–291, div. C, title XXXI, §3114(a), (b), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3887, 3888; Pub. L. 114–92, div. C, title XXXI, §3113(b)(1), (2)(A), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1192; Pub. L. 115–91, div. C, title XXXI, §§3113, 3133(d), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1884, 1896.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 115–91, §3133(d)(1), substituted "the first quarter of each fiscal year" for "each fiscal-year quarter" and "and each major" for "or a major" and inserted "during the preceding fiscal year" after "2753(a)(2) of this title)".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §3133(d)(2), substituted "a fiscal year" for "a fiscal-year quarter" and "each fiscal-year quarter in that fiscal year" for "such fiscal-year quarter".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–91, §3113, amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) related to independent cost estimates and reviews, consisting of three pars.

2015Pub. L. 114–92, §3113(b)(2)(A), substituted "certain programs and facilities" for "life extension programs and new nuclear facilities" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 114–92, §3113(b)(1)(A), inserted "or a major alteration project (as defined in section 2753(a)(2) of this title)" after "life extension".

Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 114–92, §3113(b)(1)(B), added cl. (iv).

2014Pub. L. 113–291, §3114(b)(1), substituted "estimates and reviews of" for "estimates on" in section catchline.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–291, §3114(b)(2)(A), inserted "and reviews" after "estimates" in heading.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 113–291, §3114(a)(3), struck out "an independent cost estimate of" after "Nuclear Weapons Council" in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 113–291, §3114(a)(1), (4), (5), inserted subpar. (A) designation and introductory provisions, redesignated former subpars. (A) to (C) as cls. (i) to (iii), respectively, of subpar. (A), and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 113–291, §3114(a)(2), substituted "critical decision 1 and before such facility achieves critical decision 2" for "critical decision 2".

Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 113–291, §3114(b)(2)(B), inserted "or review" after "estimate".

2013—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(a)(2)(C), struck out "established under section 179 of title 10" after "Council" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 113–66, §3112(b)(1), substituted "submitted under this subsection before October 1, 2015," for "for purposes of this subsection".

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 113–66, §3112(b)(2), added par. (3).

§2538. Advice to President and Congress regarding safety, security, and reliability of United States nuclear weapons stockpile

(a) Policy

(1) In general

It is the policy of the United States—

(A) to maintain a safe, secure, effective, and reliable nuclear weapons stockpile; and

(B) as long as other nations control or actively seek to acquire nuclear weapons, to retain a credible nuclear deterrent.

(2) Nuclear weapons stockpile

It is in the security interest of the United States to sustain the United States nuclear weapons stockpile through a program of stockpile stewardship, carried out at the national security laboratories and nuclear weapons production facilities.

(3) Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that—

(A) the United States should retain a triad of strategic nuclear forces sufficient to deter any future hostile foreign leadership with access to strategic nuclear forces from acting against the vital interests of the United States;

(B) the United States should continue to maintain nuclear forces of sufficient size and capability to implement an effective and robust deterrent strategy; and

(C) the advice of the persons required to provide the President and Congress with assurances of the safety, security, effectiveness, and reliability of the nuclear weapons force should be scientifically based, without regard for politics, and of the highest quality and integrity.

(b), (c) Omitted

(d) Advice and opinions regarding nuclear weapons stockpile

In addition to a director of a national security laboratory or a nuclear weapons production facility under section 2533 of this title, any member of the Nuclear Weapons Council or the Commander of the United States Strategic Command may also submit to the President, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, or the congressional defense committees advice or opinion regarding the safety, security, effectiveness, and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile.

(e) Expression of individual views

(1) In general

No individual, including a representative of the President, may take any action against, or otherwise constrain, a director of a national security laboratory or a nuclear weapons production facility, a member of the Nuclear Weapons Council, or the Commander of the United States Strategic Command from presenting the professional views of the director, member, or Commander, as the case may be, to the President, the National Security Council, or Congress regarding—

(A) the safety, security, reliability, or credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile and nuclear forces; or

(B) the status of, and plans for, the capabilities and infrastructure that support and sustain the nuclear weapons stockpile and nuclear forces.

(2) Construction

Nothing in paragraph (1)(B) may be construed to affect the interagency budget process.

(f) Representative of the President defined

In this section, the term "representative of the President" means the following:

(1) Any official of the Department of Defense or the Department of Energy who is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

(2) Any member or official of the National Security Council.

(3) Any member or official of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(4) Any official of the Office of Management and Budget.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4218, formerly Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title XIII, §1305, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1952, renumbered Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4218, and amended Pub. L. 112–239, div. C, title XXXI, §3164(a), (b), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2206; Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXI, §3146(a)(2)(D), (c)(10), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1072, 1075; Pub. L. 113–291, div. C, title XXXI, §3142(e), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3900.)

References in Text

Section 2533 of this title, referred to in subsec. (d), was in the original "section 4213", meaning section 4213 of Pub. L. 107–314, which is classified principally to section 2533 of this title.

Codification

Section is comprised of section 4218 of Pub. L. 107–314. Subsecs. (b) and (c) of section 4218 of Pub. L. 107–314 amended section 2533 of this title.

Section was formerly classified to section 7274p of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 112–239.

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–291, §3142(e)(1), substituted "Commander" for "commander".

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 113–291, §3142(e)(2), substituted "a representative" for "representatives" in introductory provisions.

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(A), (B), redesignated subsec. (b) as (a) and struck out former subsec. (a), which related to congressional findings concerning safety and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile.

Subsec. (a)(9). Pub. L. 112–239, §3164(b)(1), (3), substituted "national security laboratories" for "nuclear weapons laboratories" and "nuclear weapons production facilities" for "nuclear weapons production plants".

Subsec. (a)(11). Pub. L. 112–239, §3164(b)(1), substituted "national security laboratories" for "nuclear weapons laboratories".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(B), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (a).

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 112–239, §3164(b)(1), (3), substituted "national security laboratories" for "nuclear weapons laboratories" and "nuclear weapons production facilities" for "nuclear weapons production plants".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(B), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (b).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(B), (C), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and substituted "under section 2533 of this title" for "(under section 3159 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104–201; 42 U.S.C. 7274o))". Former subsec. (d) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(B), redesignated subsec. (f) as (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (d).

Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(a)(2)(D)(i), struck out "Joint" before "Nuclear Weapons Council".

Pub. L. 112–239, §3164(b)(2), (4), substituted "national security laboratory" for "nuclear weapons laboratory" and "nuclear weapons production facility" for "nuclear weapons production plant".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(B), redesignated subsec. (g) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).

Pub. L. 112–239, §3164(a)(4), amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "A representative of the President may not take any action against, or otherwise constrain, a director of a nuclear weapons laboratory or a nuclear weapons production plant, a member of the Joint Nuclear Weapons Council, or the Commander of United States Strategic Command for presenting individual views to the President, the National Security Council, or Congress regarding the safety, security, effectiveness, and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile."

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(a)(2)(D)(ii), struck out "established under section 179 of title 10" after "Nuclear Weapons Council" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 113–66, §3146(c)(10)(B), redesignated subsec. (g) as (f).

Pub. L. 112–239, §3164(b)(5), amended subsec. (g) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (g) set out definitions.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the advanced scientific computing research program and activities at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, including the functions of the Secretary of Energy relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, see sections 183(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

All national security functions and activities performed immediately before Oct. 5, 1999, by nuclear weapons laboratories and production plants defined in this section, transferred to the Administrator for Nuclear Security of the National Nuclear Security Administration of the Department of Energy, see section 2481 of this title.

§2538a. Plutonium pit production capacity

(a) Requirement

Consistent with the requirements of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy shall ensure that the nuclear security enterprise—

(1) during 2021, begins production of qualification plutonium pits;

(2) during 2024, produces not less than 10 war reserve plutonium pits;

(3) during 2025, produces not less than 20 war reserve plutonium pits;

(4) during 2026, produces not less than 30 war reserve plutonium pits; and

(5) during a pilot period of not less than 90 days during 2027 (subject to subsection (b)), demonstrates the capability to produce war reserve plutonium pits at a rate sufficient to produce 80 pits per year.

(b) Authorization of two-year delay of demonstration requirement

The Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Defense may jointly delay, for not more than two years, the requirement under subsection (a)(5) if—

(1) the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy jointly submit to the congressional defense committees a report describing—

(A) the justification for the proposed delay;

(B) the effects of the proposed delay on stockpile stewardship and modernization, life extension programs, future stockpile strategy, and dismantlement efforts; and

(C) whether the proposed delay is consistent with national policy regarding creation of a responsive nuclear infrastructure; and


(2) the Commander of the United States Strategic Command submits to the congressional defense committees a report containing the assessment of the Commander with respect to the potential risks to national security of the proposed delay in meeting—

(A) the nuclear deterrence requirements of the United States Strategic Command; and

(B) national requirements related to creation of a responsive nuclear infrastructure.

(c) Annual certification

Not later than March 1, 2015, and each year thereafter through 2027 (or, if the authority under subsection (b) is exercised, 2029), the Secretary of Energy shall certify to the congressional defense committees and the Secretary of Defense that the programs and budget of the Secretary of Energy will enable the nuclear security enterprise to meet the requirements under subsection (a).

(d) Plan

If the Secretary of Energy does not make a certification under subsection (c) by March 1 of any year in which a certification is required under that subsection, by not later than May 1 of such year, the Chairman of the Nuclear Weapons Council shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan to enable the nuclear security enterprise to meet the requirements under subsection (a). Such plan shall include identification of the resources of the Department of Energy that the Chairman determines should be redirected to support the plan to meet such requirements.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4219, as added Pub. L. 113–291, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(b)(1), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3886.)

§2538b. Stockpile responsiveness program

(a) Statement of policy

It is the policy of the United States to identify, sustain, enhance, integrate, and continually exercise all capabilities required to conceptualize, study, design, develop, engineer, certify, produce, and deploy nuclear weapons to ensure the nuclear deterrent of the United States remains safe, secure, reliable, credible, and responsive.

(b) Program required

The Secretary of Energy, acting through the Administrator and in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall carry out a stockpile responsiveness program, along with the stockpile stewardship program under section 2521 of this title and the stockpile management program under section 2524 of this title, to identify, sustain, enhance, integrate, and continually exercise all capabilities required to conceptualize, study, design, develop, engineer, certify, produce, and deploy nuclear weapons.

(c) Objectives

The program under subsection (b) shall have the following objectives:

(1) Identify, sustain, enhance, integrate, and continually exercise all of the capabilities, infrastructure, tools, and technologies across the science, engineering, design, certification, and manufacturing cycle required to carry out all phases of the joint nuclear weapons life cycle process, with respect to both the nuclear security enterprise and relevant elements of the Department of Defense.

(2) Identify, enhance, and transfer knowledge, skills, and direct experience with respect to all phases of the joint nuclear weapons life cycle process from one generation of nuclear weapon designers and engineers to the following generation.

(3) Periodically demonstrate stockpile responsiveness throughout the range of capabilities required, including prototypes, flight testing, and development of plans for certification without the need for nuclear explosive testing.

(4) Shorten design, certification, and manufacturing cycles and timelines to minimize the amount of time and costs leading to an engineering prototype and production.

(5) Continually exercise processes for the integration and coordination of all relevant elements and processes of the Administration and the Department of Defense required to ensure stockpile responsiveness.

(6) The retention of the ability, in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, to assess and develop prototype nuclear weapons of foreign countries and, if necessary, to conduct no-yield testing of those prototypes.

(d) Joint nuclear weapons life cycle process defined

In this section, the term "joint nuclear weapons life cycle process" means the process developed and maintained by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy for the development, production, maintenance, and retirement of nuclear weapons.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4220, as added Pub. L. 114–92, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(b)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1189; amended Pub. L. 115–91, div. C, title XXXI, §3135(b), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1898.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 115–91 added par. (6).

§2538c. Long-term plan for meeting national security requirements for unencumbered uranium

(a) In general

Not later than December 31 of each even-numbered year through 2026, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for meeting national security requirements for unencumbered uranium through 2065.

(b) Plan requirements

The plan required by subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) An inventory of unencumbered uranium (other than depleted uranium), by program source and enrichment level, that, as of the date of the plan, is allocated to national security requirements.

(2) An inventory of unencumbered uranium (other than depleted uranium), by program source and enrichment level, that, as of the date of the plan, is not allocated to national security requirements but could be allocated to such requirements.

(3) An identification of national security requirements for unencumbered uranium, by program source and enrichment level.

(4) A description of any shortfall in obtaining unencumbered uranium to meet national security requirements and an assessment of whether that shortfall could be mitigated through the blending down of uranium that is of a higher enrichment level.

(5) An inventory of unencumbered depleted uranium, an assessment of the portion of that uranium that could be allocated to national security requirements through re-enrichment, and an estimate of the costs of re-enriching that uranium.

(6) A description of the swap and barter agreements involving unencumbered uranium needed to meet national security requirements that are in effect on the date of the plan.

(7) An assessment of whether additional enrichment of uranium will be required to meet national security requirements and an estimate of the time for production operations and the cost for each type of enrichment being considered.

(8) A description of changes in policy that would mitigate any shortfall in obtaining unencumbered uranium to meet national security requirements and the implications of those changes.

(c) Form of plan

The plan required by subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(d) Definitions

In this section:

(1) The term "depleted", with respect to uranium, means that the uranium is depleted in uranium-235 compared with natural uranium.

(2) The term "unencumbered", with respect to uranium, means that the United States has no obligation to foreign governments to use the uranium for only peaceful purposes.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4221, as added Pub. L. 114–92, div. C, title XXXI, §3131(a), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1201; amended Pub. L. 115–91, div. C, title XXXI, §3133(e), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1897.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–91 substituted "Not later than December 31 of each even-numbered year through 2026" for "Concurrent with the submission to Congress of the budget of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, in each even-numbered year beginning in 2016 and ending in 2026".

§2538d. Incorporation of integrated surety architecture

(a) Shipments

(1) The Administrator shall ensure that shipments described in paragraph (2) incorporate surety technologies relating to transportation and shipping developed by the Integrated Surety Architecture program of the Administration.

(2) A shipment described in this paragraph is an over-the-road shipment of the Administration that involves any nuclear weapon planned to be in the active stockpile after 2025.

(b) Certain programs

(1) The Administrator, in coordination with the Chairman of the Nuclear Weapons Council, shall ensure that each program described in paragraph (2) incorporates integrated designs compatible with the Integrated Surety Architecture program.

(2) A program described in this subsection is a program of the Administration that is a warhead development program, a life extension program, or a warhead major alteration program.

(c) Determination

(1) If, on a case-by-case basis, the Administrator determines that a shipment under subsection (a) will not incorporate some or all of the surety technologies described in such subsection, or that a program under subsection (b) will not incorporate some or all of the integrated designs described in such subsection, the Administrator shall submit such determination to the congressional defense committees, including the results of an analysis conducted pursuant to paragraph (2).

(2) Each determination made under paragraph (1) shall be based on a documented, system risk analysis that considers security risk reduction, operational impacts, and technical risk.

(d) Termination

The requirements of subsections (a) and (b) shall terminate on December 31, 2029.

(Pub. L. 107–314, div. D, title XLII, §4222, as added Pub. L. 115–91, div. C, title XXXI, §3112(a), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1883.)