[USC02] 16 USC CHAPTER 1, SUBCHAPTER LXXVII: PICTURED ROCKS NATIONAL LAKESHORE
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TEXT OF PART V OF SUBTITLE A (3001 ET SEQ.), EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2022, CURRENTLY SET OUT AS A PREVIEW

16 USC CHAPTER 1, SUBCHAPTER LXXVII: PICTURED ROCKS NATIONAL LAKESHORE
From Title 16—CONSERVATIONCHAPTER 1—NATIONAL PARKS, MILITARY PARKS, MONUMENTS, AND SEASHORES

SUBCHAPTER LXXVII—PICTURED ROCKS NATIONAL LAKESHORE

§460s. Establishment

In order to preserve for the benefit, inspiration, education, recreational use, and enjoyment of the public a significant portion of the diminishing shoreline of the United States and its related geographic and scientific features, the Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") is authorized to take appropriate action, as herein provided, to establish in the State of Michigan the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §1, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 922.)

§460s–1. Description of area

The area comprising that particular land and water depicted on the map identified as "Proposed Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Boundary Map, NL–PR–7100A, July 1966", which is on file and available for public inspection in the office of the National Park Service of the Department of the Interior, is hereby designated for establishment as the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. An exact copy of such map shall be filed for publication in the Federal Register within thirty days following October 15, 1966.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §2, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 922.)

§460s–2. Establishment; notice in Federal Register

As soon as practicable after October 15, 1966, and following the acquisition by the Secretary of an acreage within the boundaries of the area which in his opinion is efficiently administrable for the purposes of this subchapter, he shall establish the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore by publication of notice thereof in the Federal Register.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §3, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 922.)

§460s–3. Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Advisory Commission

(a) Establishment; termination

There is hereby established a Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Advisory Commission. Said commission shall terminate ten years after the date the lakeshore is established pursuant to this subchapter.

(b) Membership; term

The commission shall be composed of five members, each appointed for a term of two years by the Secretary, as follows:

(1) Two members to be appointed from recommendations made by the county in which the lakeshore is situated;

(2) Two members to be appointed from recommendations made by the Governor of the State of Michigan; and

(3) One member to be designated by the Secretary.

(c) Chairman; vacancies

The Secretary shall designate one member to be chairman. Any vacancy in the commission shall be filled in the same manner in which the original appointment was made.

(d) Compensation and expenses

Members of the commission shall serve without compensation as such. The Secretary is authorized to pay the expenses reasonably incurred by the commission in carrying out its responsibilities under this subchapter on vouchers signed by the chairman.

(e) Development consultations

The Secretary or his designee shall, from time to time, consult with the commission with respect to the matters relating to the development of the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §4, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 922.)

§460s–4. Hunting and fishing

In administering the lakeshore the Secretary shall permit hunting and fishing on lands and waters under his jurisdiction in accordance with the applicable laws of the United States and of Michigan. The Secretary, after consultation with the Michigan Department of Conservation, may designate zones and establish periods where and when no hunting shall be permitted for reasons of public safety, administration, or public use and enjoyment. The Secretary shall, after consultation with such department, issue regulations, consistent with this section, as he may determine necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §5, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 923.)

§460s–5. Administration, protection, and development

(a) Utilization of authority for conservation and management of natural resources

The administration, protection, and development of the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore shall be exercised by the Secretary, subject to the provisions of the Act of August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535; 16 U.S.C. 1 et seq.),1 as amended and supplemented, relating to the areas administered and supervised by the Secretary through the National Park Service; except that authority otherwise available to the Secretary for the conservation and management of natural resources may be utilized to the extent he finds such authority will further the purposes of this subchapter.

(b) Land and water use management plan; preparation and implementation; provisions

In the administration, protection, and development of the lakeshore, the Secretary shall prepare and implement a land and water use management plan, which shall include specific provision for—

(1) development of facilities to provide the benefits of public recreation, including appropriate improvements to Alger County Road H–58;

(2) protection of scenic, scientific, and historic features contributing to public enjoyment; and

(3) such protection, management, and utilization (subject to the provisions of sections 460s–8 and 460s–9 of this title) of renewable natural resources, including forage and forest products, as in the judgment of the Secretary is consistent with, and does not significantly impair public recreation and protection of scenic, scientific, and historic features contributing to public enjoyment.

(c) Prohibition of certain construction

A scenic shoreline drive may not be constructed in the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §6, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 923; Pub. L. 105–378, title II, §202, Nov. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 3398.)

References in Text

The Act of August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535; 16 U.S.C. 1 et seq.), referred to in subsec. (a), is act Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, 39 Stat. 535, known as the National Park Service Organic Act, which enacted sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 100101 of Title 54, National Park Service and Related Programs. Sections 1 to 4 of the Act were repealed and restated as section 1865(a) of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and section 100101(a), chapter 1003, and sections 100751(a), 100752, 100753, and 102101 of Title 54 by Pub. L. 113–287, §§3, 4(a)(1), 7, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3094, 3260, 3272. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables. For disposition of former sections of this title, see Disposition Table preceding section 100101 of Title 54.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105–378, §202(1), substituted "including appropriate improvements to Alger County Road H–58" for "including a scenic shoreline drive".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–378, §202(2), added subsec. (c).

1 See References in Text note below.

§460s–6. Taxing power

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed as prohibiting governmental jurisdiction in the State of Michigan from assessing taxes upon any interest in real estate retained under the provisions of section 460s–10 of this title to the owner of such interest.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §7, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 923.)

§460s–7. Acquisition of property

(a) Authority of Secretary; manner and place; condemnation authority

The Secretary is authorized, subject to the limitations, conditions, and restrictions imposed by this subchapter, to acquire the land, water, and other property, and improvements thereon, and any interests therein (including easements) within the boundary described in section 460s–1 of this title by donation, purchase with donated or appropriated funds, transfer from any Federal agency, exchange, or condemnation; except that such authority to acquire by condemnation shall be exercised only in the manner and to the extent specifically authorized in this subchapter.

(b) Sale offers; hardship from delay

In exercising his authority to acquire property under this subchapter, the Secretary shall give immediate and careful consideration to any offer made by an individual owning property within the lakeshore to sell such property to the Secretary. In considering any such offer, the Secretary shall take into consideration any hardship to the owner which might result from any undue delay in acquiring his property.

(c) State donations; transfer from Federal agency to administrative jurisdiction of Secretary

Any property or interests therein, owned by the State of Michigan, or any political subdivisions thereof, may be acquired only by donation. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any Federal property located within such area may, with the concurrence of the agency having custody thereof, be transferred without consideration to the administrative jurisdiction of the Secretary for use by him in carrying out the provisions of this subchapter.

(d) Negotiation and purchase; condemnation proceedings; fair market value

The Secretary shall make every reasonable effort to acquire property through negotiation and purchase. Where agreement is not reached and condemnation proceedings are filed, the owner of such property shall be paid the fair market value thereof as determined in such proceedings.

(e) Condemnation to acquire clear, marketable and encumbrance-free title

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to prohibit the use of condemnation as a means of acquiring a clear and marketable title, free of any and all encumbrances.

(f) Exchange of properties; cash equalization payments

In exercising his authority to acquire property by exchange the Secretary may accept title to any non-Federal property within the area designated by section 460s–1 of this title for inclusion in the lakeshore, and in exchange therefor he may convey to the grantor of such property any federally owned property under his jurisdiction within the State of Michigan which he classifies as suitable for exchange or other disposal. The values of the properties so exchanged either shall be approximately equal or, if they are not approximately equal, the values shall be equalized by the payment of cash to the grantor or to the Secretary as the circumstances require.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §8, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 923.)

§460s–8. Inland buffer zone

(a) Statement of purposes

The area hereinafter described in subsection (b) of this section is hereby established as an inland buffer zone in order to stabilize and protect the existing character and uses of the lands, waters, and other properties within such zone for the purpose of preserving the setting of the shoreline and lakes, protecting the watersheds and streams, and providing for the fullest economic utilization of the renewable resources through sustained yield timber management and other resource management compatible with the purposes of this subchapter.

(b) Description of area; places for examination of map

As used in this subchapter, the term "inland buffer zone" means that part of the lakeshore delineated as such on the map identified as "Proposed Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Boundary Map, NL–PR–7100A, July, 1966". The Secretary shall file the map with the Office of the Federal Register, and it may also be examined in the Offices of the Department of the Interior.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §9, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 924.)

§460s–9. Property subject to condemnation

(a) Limitation on condemnation of improved or other property

The Secretary shall be prohibited from acquiring by condemnation any (1) improved property within the inland buffer zone or (2) property within the inland buffer zone during all times when, in his judgment, such property is being used (A) for the growing and harvesting of timber under a scientific program of selective cutting and forest management, or (B) for commercial purposes, if such commercial purposes are the same such purposes for which such property is being used on December 31, 1964, so long as the use of such improved or other property would further the purposes of this subchapter and such use does not impair the usefulness and attractiveness of the lakeshore.

(b) "Improved property" defined

As used in this subchapter, the term "improved property" shall mean any one-family dwelling on which construction was begun before December 31, 1964, together with so much of the land on which the dwelling is situated (such land being in the same ownership as the dwelling) as shall be reasonably necessary for the enjoyment of the dwelling.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §10, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 924.)

§460s–10. Acquisition of property

(a) Owner's retention of right of use and occupancy for residential purposes for term of years or life; adjustment of compensation; conveyance or lease of right for noncommercial residential purposes

Any owner or owners of improved property on the date of its acquisition by the Secretary may, as a condition to such acquisition, retain, for a term of not to exceed twenty-five years, or for a term ending at the death of such owner or owners, the right of use and occupancy of such property for any residential purpose which is not incompatible with the purposes of this subchapter or which does not impair the usefulness and attractiveness of the area designated for inclusion. The Secretary shall pay to the owner the value of the property on the date of such acquisition, less the value on such date of the right retained by the owner. Where any such owner retains a right of use and occupancy as herein provided, such right during its existence may be conveyed or leased for noncommercial residential purposes in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(b) Termination of use and occupancy because of noncompliance with statutory uses; adjustment of compensation

Any deed or other instrument used to transfer title to property, with respect to which a right of use and occupancy is retained under this section, shall provide that such property shall not be used for any purpose which is incompatible with purposes of this subchapter, or which impairs the usefulness and attractiveness of the lakeshore and if it should be so used, the Secretary shall have authority to terminate such right. In the event the Secretary exercises his power of termination under this subsection he shall pay to the owner of the right terminated an amount equal to the value of that portion of such right which remained unexpired on the date of such termination.

(c) Land subject to lease of cottage or hunting lodge; new lease for term of years or life; conditions of lease

Any land acquired by the Secretary under this subchapter on which there is situated a cottage or hunting lodge which, on December 31, 1964, was under lease to any lessee or lessees shall, if such lease is in effect on the date such land is so acquired, be acquired by the Secretary subject to such lease and the right of such lessee or lessees to continue using the property covered by such lease in accordance with the provisions thereof. Upon the expiration of such lease, the Secretary shall have the authority to enter into a lease with such lessee or lessees authorizing them to continue using such cottage or lodge (as the case may be) for a term of not to exceed twenty-five years, or for a term ending at the death of such lessee or lessees, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by the Secretary.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §11, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 925.)

§460s–11. Zoning bylaws; assistance and consultation with township or county officers or employees; technical aid payments

The Secretary shall, at the request of any township or county in or adjacent to the lakeshore affected by this subchapter, assist and consult with the appropriate officers and employees of such township or county in establishing zoning bylaws. Such assistance may include payments to the county or township for technical aid.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §12, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 925.)

§460s–12. Certificate of prohibition of authority for acquisition by condemnation

The Secretary shall furnish to any interested person requesting the same a certificate indicating, with respect to any property which the Secretary has been prohibited from acquiring by condemnation in accordance with provisions of this subchapter, that such authority is prohibited and the reasons therefor.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §13, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 925.)

§460s–13. Authorization of appropriations

There are hereby authorized to be appropriated not more than $6,873,000 for the acquisition of lands and interests in land in connection with, and not more than $6,348,000 for development of, the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.

(Pub. L. 89–668, §14, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 925.)

§460s–14. Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore boundary adjustment

The boundary of Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore is hereby modified as depicted on the map entitled "Area Proposed for Addition to Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore", numbered 625–80,043A, and dated July 1992.

(Pub. L. 104–333, div. I, title II, §203, Nov. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 4106.)

Codification

Section was enacted as part of the Omnibus Parks and Public Lands Management Act of 1996, and not as part of Pub. L. 89–668 which comprises this subchapter.

§460s–15. Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore boundary revision

(a) Transfer

As soon as practicable after November 25, 2002, the Administrator of General Services may transfer to the Secretary, without consideration, administrative jurisdiction over, and management of, the public land.

(b) Boundary revision

The boundary of the Lakeshore is revised to include the public land transferred under subsection (a).

(c) Availability of map

The map shall be on file and available for public inspection in the appropriate offices of the National Park Service.

(d) Administration

The Secretary may administer the public land transferred under section 1 (a)—

(1) as part of the Lakeshore; and

(2) in accordance with applicable laws (including regulations).

(e) Access to aids to navigation

The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary, may access the front and rear range lights on the public land for the purposes of servicing, operating, maintaining, and repairing those lights.

(f) Definitions

In this section:

(1) Lakeshore

The term "Lakeshore" means the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore in the State of Michigan.

(2) Map

The term "map" means the map entitled "Proposed Addition to Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore", numbered 625/80048, and dated April 2002.

(3) Public land

The term "public land" means the approximately .32 acres of United States Coast Guard land and improvements to the land, including the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary Operations Station and the front and rear range lights, as depicted on the map.

(4) Secretary

The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Interior.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $225,000 to restore, preserve, and maintain the public land transferred under subsection (a).

(Pub. L. 107–295, title IV, §437, Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2129.)

Codification

Section was enacted as part of the Omnibus Maritime and Coast Guard Improvements Act of 2002, and also as part of the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002, and not as part of Pub. L. 89–668 which comprises this subchapter.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

1 So in original. Probably should be "subsection".