[USC02] 10 USC Ch. 821: OFFICERS IN COMMAND
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TEXT OF PART V OF SUBTITLE A (3001 ET SEQ.), EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2022, CURRENTLY SET OUT AS A PREVIEW

10 USC Ch. 821: OFFICERS IN COMMAND
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle C—Navy and Marine CorpsPART II—PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 821—OFFICERS IN COMMAND

Sec.
8162.
Aviation commands: eligibility.
8163.
Naval shipyards.
8164.
Marine Corps officers: limitation on power to command.
8165.
Staff corps officers: limitation on power to command.
8166.
Precedence accorded commanding officers.
8167.
Requirement of exemplary conduct.
8168.
Consular powers: senior officer present afloat.
8169.
Policy as to leave and liberty.
8171.
Continuation of authority after loss of vessel or aircraft.
8172.
Marine Corps organizations on vessels: authority of officers.

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(e)(2)(A), (f)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1837, 1838, redesignated chapter 551 of this title as this chapter and items 5942 to 5949, 5951, and 5952 as 8162 to 8169, 8171, and 8172, respectively.

1980Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(41), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914, struck out item 5955 "Retired officers withdrawn from command".

1968Pub. L. 90–235, §5(a)(4), (b)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761, struck out item 5941 "Assignment to command: regulations", item 5950 "Exemption from Supply Corps duties", item 5953 "Executive officer: assignment; authority", and item 5954 "Command: when different commands of Marine Corps and Army or Air Force join".

§8162. Aviation commands: eligibility

(a)(1) To be eligible to command an aircraft carrier or an aircraft tender, an officer must be an officer in the line of the Navy who is designated as a naval aviator or naval flight officer and who is otherwise qualified.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply to command of a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier that has been inactivated for the purpose of permanent decommissioning and disposal.

(b) To be eligible to command a naval aviation school, a naval air station, or a naval aviation unit organized for flight tactical purposes, an officer must be an officer in the line of the Navy designated as a naval aviator or naval flight officer.

(c) To be eligible to command a Marine Corps aviation school, a Marine Corps air station, or a Marine Corps aviation unit organized for flight tactical purposes, an officer must be an officer of the Marine Corps designated as a naval aviator or naval flight officer.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 371, §5942; Pub. L. 91–198, §1(1), Feb. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 15; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title V, §507, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3357; renumbered §8162, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5942(a) 34 U.S.C. 735 (5th par.). June 24, 1926, ch. 668, §3 (5th par.), 44 Stat. 767.
5942(b) 34 U.S.C. 735 (4th par.). June 24, 1926, ch. 668, §3 (4th par.), 44 Stat. 767.
5942(c) 34 U.S.C. 735 (7th par.). June 24, 1926, ch. 668, §3 (7th par.), 44 Stat. 767.

The last proviso of §8 of the Act of July 12, 1921, ch. 44 (34 U.S.C. 734), was superseded by paragraphs 4, 5, and 7 of §3 of the Act of June 24, 1926, ch. 668 (34 U.S.C. 735), insofar as ships and activities mentioned in those paragraphs are concerned. The requirements of this section are stated as conditions of eligibility for clarity.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5942 of this title as this section.

2014—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–291 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–198 substituted "naval flight officer" for "naval aviation observer".

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 91–198 inserted "or naval flight officer" after "naval aviator".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8163. Naval shipyards

Commanders of naval shipyards may be selected by the President from officers of the Navy not below the grade of commander.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 371, §5943; renumbered §8163, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5943 34 U.S.C. 501. R.S. 1542.

The words "Commanders of naval shipyards" are substituted for the words "commandants of the several navy yards" to conform to present terminology. The words "of the Navy" are inserted for clarity.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5943 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8164. Marine Corps officers: limitation on power to command

Officers of the Marine Corps may not command vessels or naval shipyards.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 371, §5944; renumbered §8164, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5944 34 U.S.C. 713. R.S. 1617.

The words "of the United States" are omitted as surplusage. The word "command" is substituted for the words "exercise command over any".

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5944 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8165. Staff corps officers: limitation on power to command

An officer in a staff corps may command only such activities as are appropriate to his corps.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 371, §5945; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(21), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 380; renumbered §8165, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5945 34 U.S.C. 253. R.S. 1488; Mar. 3, 1899, ch. 413, §7 (3d proviso of 2d sentence, and 3d sentence), 30 Stat. 1006; June 24, 1910, ch. 378, 36 Stat. 614 (3d proviso).
  34 U.S.C. 30h (1st 23 words). Aug. 4, 1947, ch. 459, §207 (1st 23 words), 61 Stat. 738; renumbered §206, Aug. 7, 1947, ch. 512, §433(b), 61 Stat. 881.
  34 U.S.C. 43d (proviso). Apr. 16, 1947, ch. 38, §205 (proviso), 61 Stat. 48.

The provision of §7 of the Act of March 3, 1899 (supra), relating to relative rank is omitted as executed. The provision that the rank conferred upon staff corps officers shall not change their titles is omitted because these titles were abolished by §405 of the Officer Personnel Act of 1947 (34 U.S.C. 10a) and the corresponding line grades substituted. The cited proviso in the Act of June 24, 1910 (34 U.S.C. 253 (proviso)) is omitted as obsolete because the officers referred to were officers of the Construction Corps which has been abolished.

The first sentence of this section is phrased so as to reflect the accepted meaning of the cited provision. 34 U.S.C. 253, as worded, if interpreted literally, could be held to prohibit, for example, the assignment of members of the Medical Service Corps, Nurse Corps, and Hospital Corps to duty under officers of the Medical Corps, despite the fact that all of these corps were established by law within the Medical Department of the Navy. The provision is not so interpreted. It is understood to restrict only the types of activities that staff corps officers may command, and not to restrict to a single corps the personnel who may be assigned to an activity commanded by a staff corps officer.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5945 of this title as this section.

1967Pub. L. 90–130 struck out provision that an officer in the Nurse Corps may not exercise command.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8166. Precedence accorded commanding officers

The commanding officer of a vessel or of a naval station takes precedence over all officers under his command.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, §5946; renumbered §8166, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5946 34 U.S.C. 246. R.S. 1468.

The word "placed" is omitted as surplusage. The words "of war" are omitted to avoid an erroneous implication that the section does not apply to the commanding officers of noncombatant ships of the Navy. As of the date of enactment of R.S. 1468, all vessels of the Navy were "vessels of war"; the elimination of the words, therefore, preserves the purpose of the statute.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5946 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8167. Requirement of exemplary conduct

All commanding officers and others in authority in the naval service are required to show in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism, and subordination; to be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all persons who are placed under their command; to guard against and suppress all dissolute and immoral practices, and to correct, according to the laws and regulations of the Navy, all persons who are guilty of them; and to take all necessary and proper measures, under the laws, regulations, and customs of the naval service, to promote and safeguard the morale, the physical well-being, and the general welfare of the officers and enlisted persons under their command or charge.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, §5947; renumbered §8167, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5947 34 U.S.C. 265. May 5, 1950, ch. 169, §7(c), 64 Stat. 146.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5947 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8168. Consular powers: senior officer present afloat

In any foreign port where there is no resident consul of the United States, or on the high seas, the senior officer present afloat has the powers of a consul in relation to mariners of the United States.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, §5948; renumbered §8168, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5948 34 U.S.C. 217. R.S. 1433.

The words "the senior officer present afloat" are substituted for the words "The commanding officer of any fleet, squadron, or vessel acting singly". At the time of enactment of the Revised Statutes, the word "squadron" meant any number of vessels more than one. Today the concept of "senior officer present afloat" covers as nearly as possible the current equivalent of the original statute.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5948 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8169. Policy as to leave and liberty

The commanding officer of a vessel shall favor the faithful and obedient in granting leave and liberty.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, §5949; renumbered §8169, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5949 34 U.S.C. 220. R.S. 1431.

The words "to exercise carefully a discrimination in" are omitted as surplusage. The words "leave and liberty" are substituted for "temporary leave of absence and liberty on shore" to conform to modern terminology.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5949 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8171. Continuation of authority after loss of vessel or aircraft

If the crew of any naval vessel or naval aircraft are separated from their vessel or aircraft because of its wreck, loss, or destruction, all the command and authority given to the officers of the vessel or aircraft remain in full force until the crew are discharged or reassigned.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, §5951; renumbered §8171, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5951 34 U.S.C. 264. May 5, 1950, ch. 169, §7(a), 64 Stat. 145.

The word "officers" is substituted for the word "officer" since the cited subsection of the Act of May 5, 1950, was intended to reenact the substance of Article 21 of the Articles for the Government of the Navy (R.S. 1624; 34 U.S.C. 1200), in which the word "officers" was used. The words "regularly" and "by competent authority" are omitted as surplusage.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5951 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§8172. Marine Corps organizations on vessels: authority of officers

When an organization of the Marine Corps is embarked in any vessel, not as part of the authorized complement of the vessel, the authority of the officers of that organization is the same as though the organization were serving at a naval station. However, this section does not impair the paramount authority of the commanding officer of a vessel over the vessel and all persons embarked in it.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, §5952; renumbered §8172, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §807(b)(5), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1834.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
5952 34 U.S.C. 623c. May 5, 1950, ch. 169, §7(b), 64 Stat. 145.

The words "organization of the Marine Corps" are substituted for "force of marines" for clarity. The words "or vessels", "and powers", "on shore", and "under his command" are omitted as surplusage.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 5952 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.