[USC05] 10 USC Ch. 725: RANK AND COMMAND
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TEXT OF PART V OF SUBTITLE A (3001 ET SEQ.), EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2022, CURRENTLY SET OUT AS A PREVIEW

10 USC Ch. 725: RANK AND COMMAND
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle B—ArmyPART II—PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 725—RANK AND COMMAND

Sec.
7222.
Rank: commissioned officers serving under temporary appointments.
7225.
Rank: warrant officers.
7229.
Command: commissioned officers of Army Medical Department.
7231.
Command: chaplains.
7233.
Requirement of exemplary conduct.

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §808(e)(2)(A), (f)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1839, redesignated chapter 345 of this title as this chapter and items 3572, 3575, 3579, 3581, and 3583 as 7222, 7225, 7229, 7231, and 7233, respectively.

1997Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title V, §507(a)(2), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1727, added item 3583.

1980Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(14), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2910, struck out items 3571 "Rank: commissioned officers on active duty", 3573 "Rank: commissioned officers in regular grades of brigadier general and major general; seniority list", 3574 "Rank; commissioned officers in regular grades below brigadier general", and 3582 "Command: retired officers".

1978Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(f), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627, struck out item 3580 "Command: commissioned officers of Women's Army Corps".

1968Pub. L. 90–329, June 4, 1968, 82 Stat. 170, substituted "Army Medical Department" for "Army Medical Service" in item 3579.

Pub. L. 90–235, §5(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761, struck out item 3576 "Command: when different commands of Army and Marine Corps join", and item 3578 "Command: commissioned officers of Army in same grade on duty at same place".

§7222. Rank: commissioned officers serving under temporary appointments

The President may, in accordance with the needs of the Army, adjust dates of rank of commissioned officers of the Army serving in temporary grades.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 204, §3572; renumbered §7222, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §808(b)(7), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1838.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
3572 10:506d(c) (last sentence). Aug. 7, 1947, ch. 512, §515(c) (last sentence), 61 Stat. 907.

The word "commissioned" is inserted for clarity, since the source statute related only to commissioned officers. The words "in his discretion, from time to time" are omitted as surplusage.

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 7222 to 7224 were renumbered sections 8622 to 8624 of this title, respectively.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 3572 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§7225. Rank: warrant officers

Warrant officers rank next below second lieutenants and rank among themselves within each warrant officer grade under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 205, §3575; renumbered §7225, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §808(b)(7), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1838.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
3575 10:593 (less 1st sentence). Aug. 21, 1941, ch. 384, §4 (less 1st sentence), 55 Stat. 653; May 29, 1954, ch. 249, §19(e), 68 Stat. 167.

10:593 (2d sentence) is omitted as executed. The words "within each warrant officer grade" are inserted for clarity, since section 745 of this title covers rank between warrant officers in different warrant officer grades.

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 7225 to 7228 were renumbered sections 8625 to 8628 of this title, respectively.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 3575 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§7229. Command: commissioned officers of Army Medical Department

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a commissioned officer of the Army Medical Department is not entitled to exercise command because of his rank, except within the Army Medical Department.

(b) An officer of the Medical Service Corps may exercise command of troops that are not part of the Army Medical Department whenever authorized by the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary of the Army may delegate such authority to appropriate commanders as the interest of the Army may require.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, §3579; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), (87), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1462, 1482; Pub. L. 87–142, Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 364; Pub. L. 90–329, June 4, 1968, 82 Stat. 170; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §212(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(46), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2625; renumbered §7229, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §808(b)(7), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1838.)

Historical and Revision Notes
1956 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
3579(a) 10:82. R.S. 1169.
3579(b) 10:166e (less 1st sentence). Apr. 16, 1947, ch. 38, §106 (less 1st sentence), 61 Stat. 44.

In subsection (a), the word "commissioned" is inserted for clarity. The words "Except as provided in section 94 of this title", not contained in section 1169 of the Revised Statutes, but contained in 10:94, are omitted as surplusage, since 10:94 deals exclusively with assignments. The words "except within the Army Medical Service" are substituted for the words "in the line or in other staff corps". Officers of the Army Nurse Corps and Women's Medical Specialist Corps are not covered by subsection (a), since their command authority is specifically stated in subsection (b).

In subsection (b), 10:166e (last 22 words of 1st sentence) is omitted as superseded by sections 3012(e) and 3065 of this title. The words "may exercise command only" are substituted for the words "shall not be entitled * * * to command except". The words "by virtue of their rank" and "by competent authority" are omitted as surplusage.

1958 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
3579(a) 10 App.:376(b). Aug. 9, 1955, ch. 654, §2, 69 Stat. 579.

The amendment of subsec. (b) also reflects the authority contained in section 3357 of this title to appoint males as reserve officers of the Corps concerned.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 7229 was renumbered section 8629 of this title.

A prior section 7230, added Pub. L. 85–43, §1(1), May 31, 1957, 71 Stat. 44; amended Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §125, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 514, related to sale of degaussing equipment, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §824(a)(4), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 3579 of this title as this section.

1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–525 substituted "subsection (b)" for "subsection (c)".

1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–513, §212(a)(1), struck out ", other than an officer of the Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps," after "officer of the Army Medical Department".

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 96–513, §212(a)(2), (3), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which provided that an officer of the Army Nurse Corps or the Army Medical Specialist Corps exercise command only within his branch, or over persons placed under his charge.

1968Pub. L. 90–329 substituted "Army Medical Department" for "Army Medical Service" in section catchline and in subsecs. (a) and (c).

1961—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–142, §1(1), substituted "Except as provided in subsection (c), a" for "A".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–142, §1(2), added subsec. (c).

1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), substituted "Army Medical Specialist Corps" for "Women's Medical Specialist Corps".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), (87), substituted "Army Medical Specialist Corps" for "Women's Medical Specialist Corps" and "his" for "her own" and "her".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, but the authority to prescribe regulations under the amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective on Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701 of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

§7231. Command: chaplains

A chaplain has rank without command.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, §3581; renumbered §7231, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §808(b)(7), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1838.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
3581 10:235. R.S. 1122.

The words "and shall be on the same footing with other officers of the Army, as to tenure of office, retirement, and pensions" are omitted as obsolete, since there is no distinction between the status of a chaplain as an officer and the status of other officers of the Army.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 7231 was renumbered section 8631 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 3581 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§7233. Requirement of exemplary conduct

All commanding officers and others in authority in the Army are required—

(1) to show in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism, and subordination;

(2) to be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all persons who are placed under their command;

(3) to guard against and suppress all dissolute and immoral practices, and to correct, according to the laws and regulations of the Army, all persons who are guilty of them; and

(4) to take all necessary and proper measures, under the laws, regulations, and customs of the Army, to promote and safeguard the morale, the physical well-being, and the general welfare of the officers and enlisted persons under their command or charge.

(Added Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title V, §507(a)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1726, §3583; renumbered §7233, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §808(b)(7), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1838.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 7233 to 7235 were renumbered sections 8633 to 8635 of this title, respectively.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 3583 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.