21 USC Ch. 28: SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS
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TEXT OF PART V OF SUBTITLE A (3001 ET SEQ.), EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2022, CURRENTLY SET OUT AS A PREVIEW

21 USC Ch. 28: SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS
From Title 21—FOOD AND DRUGS

CHAPTER 28—SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec.
2301.
Sense of Congress.
2302.
Definitions.

        

SUBCHAPTER I—SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN OPIOID TRAFFICKERS

2311.
Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
2312.
Imposition of sanctions.
2313.
Description of sanctions.
2314.
Waivers.
2315.
Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
2316.
Briefings on implementation.

        

SUBCHAPTER II—OTHER MATTERS

2331.
Director of National Intelligence program on use of intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign opioid traffickers.
2332.
Authorization of appropriations.
2333.
Regulatory authority.
2334.
Termination.
2335.
Exception relating to importation of goods.

        

Termination of Chapter

For termination of chapter 7 years after Dec. 20, 2019, see section 2334 of this title.

§2301. Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1) the United States should apply economic and other financial sanctions to foreign traffickers of illicit opioids to protect the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States and the health of the people of the United States;

(2) it is imperative that the People's Republic of China follow through on full implementation of the new regulations, adopted May 1, 2019, to treat all fentanyl analogues as controlled substances under the laws of the People's Republic of China, including by devoting sufficient resources for implementation and strict enforcement of the new regulations; and

(3) the effective enforcement of the new regulations should result in diminished trafficking of illicit fentanyl originating from the People's Republic of China into the United States.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7202, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2262.)


Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries

Short Title

Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7201, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2262, provided that: "This title [enacting this chapter and amending section 2291h of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse] may be cited as the 'Fentanyl Sanctions Act'."

§2302. Definitions

In this chapter:

(1) Alien; national; national of the United States

The terms "alien", "national", and "national of the United States" have the meanings given those terms in section 1101 of title 8.

(2) Appropriate congressional committees and leadership

The term "appropriate congressional committees and leadership" means—

(A) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, the Committee on the Judiciary, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the majority leader and the minority leader of the Senate; and

(B) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Homeland Security, the Committee on the Judiciary, the Committee on Oversight and Reform, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Speaker and the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

(3) Controlled substance; listed chemical

The terms "controlled substance", "listed chemical", "narcotic drug", and "opioid" have the meanings given those terms in section 802 of this title.

(4) Entity

The term "entity" means a partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, organization, network, group, or subgroup, or any form of business collaboration.

(5) Foreign opioid trafficker

The term "foreign opioid trafficker" means any foreign person that the President determines plays a significant role in opioid trafficking.

(6) Foreign person

The term "foreign person"—

(A) means—

(i) any citizen or national of a foreign country; or

(ii) any entity not organized under the laws of the United States or a jurisdiction within the United States; and


(B) does not include the government of a foreign country.

(7) Knowingly

The term "knowingly", with respect to conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the circumstance, or the result.

(8) Opioid trafficking

The term "opioid trafficking" means any illicit activity—

(A) to produce, manufacture, distribute, sell, or knowingly finance or transport—

(i) synthetic opioids, including controlled substances that are synthetic opioids and listed chemicals that are synthetic opioids; or

(ii) active pharmaceutical ingredients or chemicals that are used in the production of controlled substances that are synthetic opioids;


(B) to attempt to carry out an activity described in subparagraph (A); or

(C) to assist, abet, conspire, or collude with other persons to carry out such an activity.

(9) Person

The term "person" means an individual or entity.

(10) United States person

The term "United States person" means—

(A) any citizen or national of the United States;

(B) any alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States;

(C) any entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including a foreign branch of such an entity); or

(D) any person located in the United States.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7203, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2262.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this title", meaning title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2262, known as the Fentanyl Sanctions Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2301 of this title and Tables.

SUBCHAPTER I—SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN OPIOID TRAFFICKERS

§2311. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers

(a) Public report

(1) In general

The President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership, in accordance with subsection (c), a report—

(A) identifying the foreign persons that the President determines are foreign opioid traffickers;

(B) detailing progress the President has made in implementing this subchapter; and

(C) providing an update on cooperative efforts with the governments of Mexico, the People's Republic of China, and other countries of concern with respect to combating foreign opioid traffickers.

(2) Identification of additional persons

If, at any time after submitting a report required by paragraph (1) and before the submission of the next such report, the President determines that a foreign person not identified in the report is a foreign opioid trafficker, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership an additional report containing the information required by paragraph (1) with respect to the foreign person.

(3) Exclusion

The President shall not be required to include in a report under paragraph (1) or (2) any persons with respect to which the United States has imposed sanctions before the date of the report under this subchapter or any other provision of law with respect to opioid trafficking.

(4) Form of report

(A) In general

Each report required by paragraph (1) or (2) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

(B) Availability to public

The unclassified portion of a report required by paragraph (1) or (2) shall be made available to the public.

(b) Classified report

(1) In general

The President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership, in accordance with subsection (c), a report, in classified form—

(A) describing in detail the status of sanctions imposed under this subchapter, including the personnel and resources directed toward the imposition of such sanctions during the preceding fiscal year;

(B) providing background information with respect to persons newly identified as foreign opioid traffickers and their illicit activities;

(C) describing actions the President intends to undertake or has undertaken to implement this subchapter; and

(D) providing a strategy for identifying additional foreign opioid traffickers.

(2) Effect on other reporting requirements

The report required by paragraph (1) is in addition to, and in no way delimits or restricts, the obligations of the President to keep Congress fully and currently informed pursuant to the provisions of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.).

(c) Submission of reports

Not later than 180 days after December 20, 2019, and annually thereafter until the date that is 5 years after December 20, 2019, the President shall submit the reports required by subsections (a) and (b) to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership.

(d) Exclusion of certain information

(1) Intelligence

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a report required by subsection (a) or (b) shall not disclose the identity of any person if the Director of National Intelligence determines that such disclosure could compromise an intelligence operation, activity, source, or method of the United States.

(2) Law enforcement

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a report required by subsection (a) or (b) shall not disclose the identity of any person if the Attorney General, in coordination, as appropriate, with the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, and the head of any other appropriate Federal law enforcement agency, determines that such disclosure could reasonably be expected—

(A) to compromise the identity of a confidential source, including a State, local, or foreign agency or authority or any private institution that furnished information on a confidential basis;

(B) to jeopardize the integrity or success of an ongoing criminal investigation or prosecution;

(C) to endanger the life or physical safety of any person; or

(D) to cause substantial harm to physical property.

(3) Notification required

If the Director of National Intelligence makes a determination under paragraph (1) or the Attorney General makes a determination under paragraph (2), the Director or the Attorney General, as the case may be, shall notify the appropriate congressional committees and leadership of the determination and the reasons for the determination.

(4) Rule of construction

Nothing in this section may be construed to authorize or compel the disclosure of information determined by the President to be law enforcement information, classified information, national security information, or other information the disclosure of which is prohibited by any other provision of law.

(e) Provision of information required for reports

The Secretary of the Treasury, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence shall consult among themselves and provide to the President and the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy the appropriate and necessary information to enable the President to submit the reports required by subsection (a).

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7211, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2263.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1)(B), (3) and (b)(1)(A), (C), was in the original "this subtitle", meaning subtitle A (§§7211–7217) of title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, which is classified principally to this subchapter. For complete classification of subtitle A to the Code, see Tables.

The National Security Act of 1947, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, 61 Stat. 495, which is classified principally to chapter 44 (§3001 et seq.) of Title 50, War and National Defense. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.


Executive Documents

Delegation of Certain Functions and Authorities Under the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020

Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 31, 2020, 85 F.R. 22343, provided:

Memorandum for the Secretary of State[,] the Secretary of the Treasury[,] the Secretary of Defense[, and] the Director of National Drug Control Policy

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby order as follows:

Section 1. (a) I hereby delegate to the Secretary of State the functions and authorities vested in the President by section 7426 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92) (the "Act") [22 U.S.C. 8791 note].

(b) I hereby delegate to the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, the functions and authorities vested in the President by the following provisions of the Act:

(i) section 7214 [21 U.S.C. 2314];

(ii) section 7413 [22 U.S.C. 8791 note];

(iii) section 7431 [22 U.S.C. 8791 note]; and

(iv) section 7432 [22 U.S.C. 8791 note].

(c) I hereby delegate to the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Director of National Drug Control Policy, the functions and authorities vested in the President by section 7211(a)(1)(C) of the Act [21 U.S.C. 2311(a)(1)(C)].

(d) I hereby delegate to the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the functions and authorities vested in the President by the following provisions of the Act:

(i) section 7211(a)(1)(A)–(B) [21 U.S.C. 2311(a)(1)(A), (B)];

(ii) section 7211(a)(2)–(3) [21 U.S.C. 2311(a)(2), (3)];

(iii) section 7211(b) [21 U.S.C. 2311(b)];

(iv) section 7211(c) [21 U.S.C. 2311(c)];

(v) section 7212 [21 U.S.C. 2312];

(vi) section 7213(a)(4)–(9) [21 U.S.C. 2313(a)(4) to (9)];

(vii) section 7213(d) [21 U.S.C. 2313(d)];

(viii) section 7215(a) [21 U.S.C. 2315(a)];

(ix) section 7233 [21 U.S.C. 2333];

(x) section 7412(a) [22 U.S.C. 8791 note]; and

(xi) section 7412(b)(1)(A) [22 U.S.C. 8791 note].

(e) I hereby delegate to the Secretary of the Treasury the functions and authorities vested in the President by section 7433 of the Act [22 U.S.C. 8791 note].

(f) I hereby delegate to the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense the functions and authorities vested in the President by section 7423 of the Act [22 U.S.C. 8791 note].

Sec. 2. The delegations in this memorandum shall apply to any provisions of any future public laws that are the same or substantially the same as those provisions referenced in this memorandum.

Sec. 3. The Secretary of State is authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.

Donald J. Trump.      

§2312. Imposition of sanctions

The President shall impose five or more of the sanctions described in section 2313 of this title with respect to each foreign person that is an entity, and four or more of such sanctions with respect to each foreign person that is an individual, that—

(1) is identified as a foreign opioid trafficker in a report submitted under section 2311(a) of this title; or

(2) the President determines is owned, controlled, directed by, knowingly supplying or sourcing precursors for, or knowingly acting for or on behalf of, such a foreign opioid trafficker.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7212, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2265.)


Executive Documents

Delegation of Functions

Functions and authorities of President under this section delegated to Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, by section 1(d)(v) of Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 31, 2020, 85 F.R. 22343, set out as a note under section 2311 of this title.

§2313. Description of sanctions

(a) In general

The sanctions that may be imposed with respect to a foreign person under section 2312 of this title are the following:

(1) Loans from United States financial institutions

The United States Government may prohibit any United States financial institution from making loans or providing credits to the foreign person.

(2) Prohibitions on financial institutions

The following prohibitions may be imposed with respect to a foreign person that is a financial institution:

(A) Prohibition on designation as primary dealer

Neither the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System nor the Federal Reserve Bank of New York may designate, or permit the continuation of any prior designation of, the financial institution as a primary dealer in United States Government debt instruments.

(B) Prohibition on service as a repository of Government funds

The financial institution may not serve as agent of the United States Government or serve as repository for United States Government funds.


The imposition of either sanction under subparagraph (A) or (B) shall be treated as one sanction for purposes of section 2312 of this title, and the imposition of both such sanctions shall be treated as 2 sanctions for purposes of that section.

(3) Procurement ban

The United States Government may not procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of, any goods or services from the foreign person.

(4) Foreign exchange

The President may, pursuant to such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and in which the foreign person has any interest.

(5) Banking transactions

The President may, pursuant to such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any transfers of credit or payments between financial institutions or by, through, or to any financial institution, to the extent that such transfers or payments are subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and involve any interest of the foreign person.

(6) Property transactions

The President may, pursuant to such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any person from—

(A) acquiring, holding, withholding, using, transferring, withdrawing, or transporting any property that is subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and with respect to which the foreign person has any interest;

(B) dealing in or exercising any right, power, or privilege with respect to such property; or

(C) conducting any transaction involving such property.

(7) Ban on investment in equity or debt of sanctioned person

The President may, pursuant to such regulations or guidelines as the President may prescribe, prohibit any United States person from investing in or purchasing significant amounts of equity or debt instruments of the foreign person.

(8) Exclusion of corporate officers

The President may direct the Secretary of State to deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security to exclude from the United States, any alien that the President determines is a corporate officer or principal of, or a shareholder with a controlling interest in, the foreign person.

(9) Sanctions on principal executive officers

The President may impose on the principal executive officer or officers of the foreign person, or on individuals performing similar functions and with similar authorities as such officer or officers, any of the sanctions described in paragraphs (1) through (8) that are applicable.

(b) Penalties

A person that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of any regulation, license, or order issued to carry out subsection (a) shall be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 1705 of title 50 to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) of that section.

(c) Exceptions

(1) Intelligence and law enforcement activities

Sanctions under this section shall not apply with respect to—

(A) any activity subject to the reporting requirements under title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et seq.); or

(B) any authorized intelligence or law enforcement activities of the United States.

(2) Exception to comply with United Nations headquarters agreement

Sanctions under subsection (a)(8) shall not apply to an alien if admitting the alien into the United States is necessary to permit the United States to comply with the Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into force November 21, 1947, between the United Nations and the United States, the Convention on Consular Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into force March 19, 1967, or other applicable international obligations.

(d) Implementation

The President may exercise all authorities provided under sections 1702 and 1704 of title 50 to carry out this section.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7213, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2266.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

The National Security Act of 1947, referred to in subsec. (c)(1)(A), is act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, 61 Stat. 495. Title V of the Act is classified generally to subchapter III (§3091 et seq.) of chapter 44 of Title 50, War and National Defense. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.


Executive Documents

Delegation of Functions

Functions and authorities of President under subsections (a)(4) to (9) and (d) of this section delegated to Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, by section 1(d)(vi) and (vii) of Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 31, 2020, 85 F.R. 22343, set out as a note under section 2311 of this title.

§2314. Waivers

(a) Waiver for state-owned entities in countries that cooperate in multilateral anti-trafficking efforts

(1) In general

The President may waive for a period of not more than 12 months the application of sanctions under this subchapter with respect to an entity that is owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a foreign government or any political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality of a foreign government, if, not less than 15 days before the waiver is to take effect, the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership that the foreign government is closely cooperating with the United States in efforts to prevent opioid trafficking.

(2) Certification

The President may certify under paragraph (1) that a foreign government is closely cooperating with the United States in efforts to prevent opioid trafficking if that government is—

(A) implementing domestic laws to schedule all fentanyl analogues as controlled substances; and

(B) doing two or more of the following:

(i) Implementing substantial improvements in regulations involving the chemical and pharmaceutical production and export of illicit opioids.

(ii) Implementing substantial improvements in judicial regulations to combat transnational criminal organizations that traffic opioids.

(iii) Increasing efforts to prosecute foreign opioid traffickers.

(iv) Increasing intelligence sharing and law enforcement cooperation with the United States with respect to opioid trafficking.

(3) Subsequent renewal of waiver

The President may renew a waiver under paragraph (1) for subsequent periods of not more than 12 months each if, not less than 15 days before the renewal is to take effect, the Secretary of State certifies to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership that the government of the country to which the waiver applies has effectively implemented and is effectively enforcing the measures that formed the basis for the certification under paragraph (2).

(b) Waivers for national security and access to prescription medications

(1) In general

The President may waive the application of sanctions under this subchapter if the President determines that the application of such sanctions would harm—

(A) the national security interests of the United States; or

(B) subject to paragraph (2), the access of United States persons to prescription medications.

(2) Monitoring

The President shall establish a monitoring program to verify that a person that receives a waiver under paragraph (1)(B) is not trafficking illicit opioids.

(3) Notification

Not later than 15 days after making a determination under paragraph (1), the President shall notify the appropriate congressional committees and leadership of the determination and the reasons for the determination.

(c) Humanitarian waiver

The President may waive, for renewable periods of 180 days, the application of the sanctions under this subchapter if the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership that the waiver is necessary for the provision of humanitarian assistance.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7214, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2267.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1), (b)(1), and (c), was in the original "this subtitle", meaning subtitle A (§§7211–7217) of title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, which is classified principally to this subchapter. For complete classification of subtitle A to the Code, see Tables.


Executive Documents

Delegation of Functions

Functions and authorities of President under this section delegated to Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, by section 1(b)(i) of Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 31, 2020, 85 F.R. 22343, set out as a note under section 2311 of this title.

§2315. Procedures for judicial review of classified information

(a) In general

If a finding under this subchapter, or a prohibition, condition, or penalty imposed as a result of any such finding, is based on classified information (as defined in section 1(a) of the Classified Information Procedures Act (18 U.S.C. App.)) and a court reviews the finding or the imposition of the prohibition, condition, or penalty, the President may submit such information to the court ex parte and in camera.

(b) Rule of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed—

(1) to confer or imply any right to judicial review of any finding under this subchapter, or any prohibition, condition, or penalty imposed as a result of any such finding; or

(2) to limit or restrict any other practice, procedure, right, remedy, or safeguard that—

(A) relates to the protection of classified information; and

(B) is available to the United States in connection with any type of administrative hearing, litigation, or other proceeding.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7215, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2268.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

Section 1(a) of the Classified Information Procedures Act, referred to in subsec.(a), is section 1(a) of Pub. L. 95–456, Oct. 15, 1980, 94 Stat. 2025, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b)(1), was in the original "this subtitle", meaning subtitle A (§§7211–7217) of title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, which is classified principally to this subchapter. For complete classification of subtitle A to the Code, see Tables.


Executive Documents

Delegation of Functions

Functions and authorities of President under subsection (a) of this section delegated to Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, by section 1(d)(viii) of Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 31, 2020, 85 F.R. 22343, set out as a note under section 2311 of this title.

§2316. Briefings on implementation

Not later than 90 days after December 20, 2019, and every 180 days thereafter until the date that is 5 years after December 20, 2019, the President, acting through the Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence, in coordination with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall provide to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a comprehensive briefing on efforts to implement this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7216, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2269.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This subchapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this subtitle", meaning subtitle A (§§7211–7217) of title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, which is classified principally to this subchapter. For complete classification of subtitle A to the Code, see Tables.

SUBCHAPTER II—OTHER MATTERS

§2331. Director of National Intelligence program on use of intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign opioid traffickers

(a) Program required

(1) In general

The Director of National Intelligence shall, in consultation with the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, carry out a program to allocate and enhance use of resources of the intelligence community, including intelligence collection and analysis, to assist the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, and the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration in efforts to identify and impose sanctions with respect to foreign opioid traffickers under subchapter I.

(2) Focus on illicit finance

To the extent practicable, efforts described in paragraph (1) shall—

(A) take into account specific illicit finance risks related to narcotics trafficking; and

(B) be developed in consultation with the Undersecretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Crimes, appropriate officials of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury, the Director of the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, and appropriate Federal law enforcement agencies.

(b) Review of counternarcotics efforts of the intelligence community

The Director of National Intelligence shall, in coordination with the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, carry out a comprehensive review of the current intelligence collection priorities of the intelligence community for counternarcotics purposes in order to identify whether such priorities are appropriate and sufficient in light of the number of lives lost in the United States each year due to use of illegal drugs.

(c) Reports

(1) Quarterly reports on program

Not later than 90 days after December 20, 2019, and every 90 days thereafter, the Director of National Intelligence and the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy shall jointly submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a report on the status and accomplishments of the program required by subsection (a) during the 90-day period ending on the date of the report. The first report under this paragraph shall also include a description of the amount of funds devoted by the intelligence community to the efforts described in subsection (a) during each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018.

(2) Report on review

Not later than 120 days after December 20, 2019, the Director of National Intelligence, in consultation with the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy and other relevant agencies, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership—

(A) a comprehensive description of the results of the review required by subsection (b); and

(B) an assessment of whether—

(i) the priorities described in that subsection are appropriate and sufficient in light of the number of lives lost in the United States each year due to use of illegal drugs; and

(ii) any changes to such priorities are necessary.

(d) Intelligence community defined

In this section, the term "intelligence community" has the meaning given that term in section 3003(4) of title 50.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7231, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2273.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

Subchapter I, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), was in the original "subtitle A", meaning subtitle A (§§7211–7217) of title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, which is classified principally to subchapter I of this chapter. For complete classification of subtitle A to the Code, see Tables.

§2332. Authorization of appropriations

(a) Department of the Treasury

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of the Treasury such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2020 to carry out operations and activities of the Department of the Treasury solely for purposes of carrying out this chapter.

(b) Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Of the amount authorized to be appropriated by section 1403 for fiscal year 2020 [133 Stat. 1711] and available for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide, as specified in the funding table in section 4501 [133 Stat. 2086], the Secretary of Defense may, notwithstanding section 2215 of title 10, transfer $5,000,000 to the Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking established under section 7221 [133 Stat. 2270] in order to carry out the duties of the Commission.

(c) Supplement not supplant

Amounts authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a) shall supplement and not supplant other amounts available to carry out operations and activities described in such subsections.

(d) Notification requirement

Amounts authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a) may not be obligated until 15 days after the date on which the President notifies the appropriate committees of Congress of the President's intention to obligate such funds.

(e) Appropriate committees of Congress defined

In this section, the term "appropriate committees of Congress" means—

(1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on the Judiciary, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and

(2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Oversight and Reform, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7232, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2274.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original "this title", meaning title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, known as the Fentanyl Sanctions Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Sections 1403, 4501, and section 7221, referred to in subsec. (b), mean sections sections 1403, 4501, and section 7221 of Pub. L. 116–92, respectively, which are not classified to the Code.

§2333. Regulatory authority

Not later than 90 days after December 20, 2019, the President shall issue such regulations as are necessary to carry out this chapter, including guidance with respect to what activities are included under the definition of "opioid trafficking" under section 2302(8) of this title.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7233, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2275.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this title", meaning title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, known as the Fentanyl Sanctions Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2301 of this title and Tables.


Executive Documents

Delegation of Functions

Functions and authorities of President under this section delegated to Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, by section 1(d)(ix) of Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 31, 2020, 85 F.R. 22343, set out as a note under section 2311 of this title.

§2334. Termination

The provisions of this chapter, and any sanctions imposed pursuant to this chapter, shall terminate on the date that is 7 years after December 20, 2019.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7234, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2275.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this title", meaning title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, known as the Fentanyl Sanctions Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2301 of this title and Tables.

§2335. Exception relating to importation of goods

(a) In general

The authorities and requirements to impose sanctions under this chapter shall not include the authority or a requirement to impose sanctions on the importation of goods.

(b) Good defined

In this section, the term "good" means any article, natural or manmade substance, material, supply, or manufactured product, including inspection and test equipment, and excluding technical data.

(Pub. L. 116–92, div. F, title LXXII, §7235, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2275.)


Editorial Notes

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original "this title", meaning title LXXII of div. F of Pub. L. 116–92, known as the Fentanyl Sanctions Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2301 of this title and Tables.