[USC02] 10 USC Subtitle A, PART V: ACQUISITION
Result 1 of 1
   
 

TEXT OF PART V OF SUBTITLE A (3001 ET SEQ.), EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2022, CURRENTLY SET OUT AS A PREVIEW

10 USC Subtitle A, PART V: ACQUISITION
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle A—General Military Law

PART V—ACQUISITION

Chap.
Sec.

        

subpart a—general

201.
Definitions
3001
203.
General Matters
3021
205.
Defense Acquisition System
3051
207.
Budgeting and Appropriations Matters
3101
209.
Operational Contract Support
3151

        

subpart b—acquisition planning

221.
Planning and Solicitation Generally
3201
222.
Independent Cost Estimation and Cost Analysis
3221
223.
Other Provisions Relating to Planning and Solicitation Generally
3241
225.
Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or Services
3271

        

subpart c—contracting methods and contract types

241.
Awarding of Contracts
3301
242.
Specific Types of Contracts
3321
243.
Other Matters Relating to Awarding and Types of Contracts 1
3341

        

244.
Undefinitized Contractual Actions
3371
245.
Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award Contracts)
3401
247.
Acquisition of Commercial Items
3451
249.
Multiyear Contracts
3501
251.
Simplified Acquisition Procedures
3551
253.
Rapid Acquisition Procedures
3601
255.
Contracting With or Through Other Agencies
3651
257.
Contracts for Long-Term Lease or Charter of Vessels, Aircraft, and Combat 1
3671 2

        

258.
Other Types of Contracts Used for Procurements for Particular Purposes 3
3681

        

subpart d—general contracting requirements

271.
Truthful Cost or Pricing Data (Truth in Negotiations)
3701
272.
Other Provisions Relating to Cost or Pricing Data
3721
273.
Allowable Costs
3741
275.
Proprietary Contractor Data and Rights in Technical Data
3771
277.
Contract Financing
3801
279.
Contractor Audits and Accounting
3841
281.
Claims and Disputes
3861
283.
Foreign Acquisitions
3881
287.
Socioeconomic Programs
3961

        

Subpart E—Research and Engineering

301.
Research and Engineering Generally
4001 2
303.
Innovation
4061 2
305.
Department of Defense Laboratories
4101 2
307.
Research and Development Centers and Facilities
4141 2
309.
Test and Evaluation
4171 2

        

Subpart F—Major Systems, Major Defense Acquisition Programs, and Weapon Systems Development

321.
General Matters
4201 2
322.
Major Systems and Major Defense Acquisition Programs Generally
4211 2
323.
Life-Cycle And Sustainment
4321 2
324.
Program Status—Selected Acquisition Reports
4350 2
325.
Cost Growth—Unit Cost Reports (Nunn-McCurdy)
4371 2
327.
Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters
4401 2

        

subpart g—other special categories of contracting

341.
Acquisition of Services Generally
4501
343.
Acquisition of Services of Contractors Performing Private Security Functions
4541
345.
Acquisition of Information Technology
4571

        

subpart h—contract management

361.
Contract Administration
4601
363.
Prohibitions and Penalties 1
4651
365.
Contractor Workforce
4701
367.
Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions 1
4751

        

subpart i—defense industrial base

381.
Defense Industrial Base Generally
4801
382.
Policies and Planning
4811
383.
Development, Application, & Support of Dual-Use Technologies 1
4831
384.
Manufacturing Technology
4841
385.
Other Technology Base Policies and Programs
4851
387.
Small Business Programs
4901
388.
Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program
4951
389.
Loan Guarantee Programs
4971

        

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §§1811(a), 1816(a), 1824(b), 1825(l), 1831(l), 1833(a)(2), 1841(a)(2), 1846(a), 1856(a), 1866(a), 1873(f), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4164, 4181, 4205, 4208, 4217, 4226, 4243, 4247, 4273, 4279, 4290, added items for chapters 221 to 225, 241 to 244, 253, 257, 271, 272, and 275, items for subpart E and chapters 301 to 309 and for subpart F and chapters 321 to 327, and items for chapters 341, 343, 381 to 385, and 387 to 389 and struck out former items for chapters 221 "Planning and Solicitation Generally", 223 "Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or Services", 241 "Awarding of Contracts", 243 "Specific Types of Contracts", 253 "Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions", 271 "Truthful Cost or Pricing Data", 275 "Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data", and 285 "Small Business Programs", items for subpart E "special categories of contracting: major defense acquisition programs and major systems" and chapters 301 "Major Defense Acquisition Programs", 303 "Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters", and 305 "Other Matters Relating to Major Systems" and for subpart F "special categories of contracting: research, development, test, and evaluation" and for chapters 321 "Research and Development Generally", 323 "Innovation", 325 "Department of Defense Laboratories", 327 "Research and Development Centers and Facilities", and 329 "Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and Evaluation", and former items for chapters 341 "Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or Industrial Type Functions", 343 "Acquisition of Services", 381 "Defense Industrial Base Generally", 383 "Loan Guarantee Programs", and 385 "Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program".

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1825, added analysis for part V consisting of items for subparts A to I and chapters 201 to 385. Capitalization in subpart headings is as it appears in the original.

Redesignations by Pub. L. 115–232 of Chapters and Sections in Former Subtitles B to D

Chapters 301 to 953 and sections 3001 to 9448 of this title, which formerly comprised subtitles B to D, were significantly redesignated by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §§806–808, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1832–1839. The chapter and section redesignations made by Pub. L. 115–232 throughout subtitles B to D of this title are shown in the following table:

Table Showing Redesignations Made by Pub. L. 115–232
Title 10

Chapter or Section

Before Redesignation

Title 10

Chapter or Section

After Redesignation

Ch. 301 10 U.S.C. Ch. 701
3001 10 U.S.C. 7001
Ch. 303 10 U.S.C. Ch. 703
3011 10 U.S.C. 7011
3012 10 U.S.C. 7012
3013 10 U.S.C. 7013
3014 10 U.S.C. 7014
3015 10 U.S.C. 7015
3016 10 U.S.C. 7016
3017 10 U.S.C. 7017
3018 10 U.S.C. 7018
3019 10 U.S.C. 7019
3020 10 U.S.C. 7020
3021 10 U.S.C. 7021
3022 10 U.S.C. 7022
3023 10 U.S.C. 7023
3024 10 U.S.C. 7024
Ch. 305 10 U.S.C. Ch. 705
3031 10 U.S.C. 7031
3032 10 U.S.C. 7032
3033 10 U.S.C. 7033
3034 10 U.S.C. 7034
3035 10 U.S.C. 7035
3036 10 U.S.C. 7036
3037 10 U.S.C. 7037
3038 10 U.S.C. 7038
Ch. 307 10 U.S.C. Ch. 707
3061 10 U.S.C. 7061
3062 10 U.S.C. 7062
3063 10 U.S.C. 7063
3064 10 U.S.C. 7064
3065 10 U.S.C. 7065
3067 10 U.S.C. 7067
3068 10 U.S.C. 7068
3069 10 U.S.C. 7069
3070 10 U.S.C. 7070
3072 10 U.S.C. 7072
3073 10 U.S.C. 7073
3074 10 U.S.C. 7074
3075 10 U.S.C. 7075
3081 10 U.S.C. 7081
3083 10 U.S.C. 7083
3084 10 U.S.C. 7084
Ch. 331 10 U.S.C. Ch. 711
3201 10 U.S.C. 7101
3210 10 U.S.C. 7110
Ch. 333 10 U.S.C. Ch. 713
3251 10 U.S.C. 7131
3258 10 U.S.C. 7138
3262 10 U.S.C. 7142
Ch. 335 10 U.S.C. Ch. 715
3281 10 U.S.C. 7151
3282 10 U.S.C. 7152
3283 10 U.S.C. 7153
Ch. 339 10 U.S.C. Ch. 719
3446 10 U.S.C. 7176
Ch. 341 10 U.S.C. Ch. 721
3491 10 U.S.C. 7191
3503 10 U.S.C. 7203
Ch. 343 10 U.S.C. Ch. 723
3533 10 U.S.C. 7213
3534 10 U.S.C. 7214
3536 10 U.S.C. 7216
3547 10 U.S.C. 7217
3548 10 U.S.C. 7218
Ch. 345 10 U.S.C. Ch. 725
3572 10 U.S.C. 7222
3575 10 U.S.C. 7225
3579 10 U.S.C. 7229
3581 10 U.S.C. 7231
3583 10 U.S.C. 7233
Ch. 349 10 U.S.C. Ch. 729
3639 10 U.S.C. 7239
Ch. 353 10 U.S.C. Ch. 733
3681 10 U.S.C. 7251
3384 10 U.S.C. 7252
3691 10 U.S.C. 7253
Ch. 355 10 U.S.C. Ch. 735
3723 10 U.S.C. 7263
Ch. 357 10 U.S.C. Ch. 737
3741 10 U.S.C. 7271
3742 10 U.S.C. 7272
3743 10 U.S.C. 7273
3744 10 U.S.C. 7274
3745 10 U.S.C. 7275
3746 10 U.S.C. 7276
3747 10 U.S.C. 7277
3748 10 U.S.C. 7278
3749 10 U.S.C. 7279
3750 10 U.S.C. 7280
3751 10 U.S.C. 7281
3752 10 U.S.C. 7282
3753 10 U.S.C. 7283
3754 10 U.S.C. 7284
3755 10 U.S.C. 7285
3756 10 U.S.C. 7286
Ch. 367 10 U.S.C. Ch. 741
3911 10 U.S.C. 7311
3914 10 U.S.C. 7314
3917 10 U.S.C. 7317
3918 10 U.S.C. 7318
3920 10 U.S.C. 7320
3921 10 U.S.C. 7321
3924 10 U.S.C. 7324
3925 10 U.S.C. 7325
3926 10 U.S.C. 7326
3929 10 U.S.C. 7329
Ch. 369 10 U.S.C. Ch. 743
3961 10 U.S.C. 7341
3962 10 U.S.C. 7342
3963 10 U.S.C. 7343
3964 10 U.S.C. 7344
3965 10 U.S.C. 7345
3966 10 U.S.C. 7346
Ch. 371 10 U.S.C. Ch. 745
3991 10 U.S.C. 7361
3992 10 U.S.C. 7362
Ch. 373 10 U.S.C. Ch. 747
4021 10 U.S.C. 7371
4024 10 U.S.C. 7374
4025 10 U.S.C. 7375
4027 10 U.S.C. 7377
Ch. 375 10 U.S.C. Ch. 749
4061 10 U.S.C. 7381
Ch. 401 10 U.S.C. Ch. 751
4301 10 U.S.C. 7401
4302 10 U.S.C. 7402
4303 10 U.S.C. 7403
4306 10 U.S.C. 7406
4309 10 U.S.C. 7409
4314 10 U.S.C. 7414
4315 10 U.S.C. 7415
4317 10 U.S.C. 7417
4318 10 U.S.C. 7418
4319 10 U.S.C. 7419
4320 10 U.S.C. 7420
4321 10 U.S.C. 7421
Ch. 403 10 U.S.C. Ch. 753
4331 10 U.S.C. 7431
4332 10 U.S.C. 7432
4333 10 U.S.C. 7433
4333a 10 U.S.C. 7433a
4334 10 U.S.C. 7434
4335 10 U.S.C. 7435
4336 10 U.S.C. 7436
4337 10 U.S.C. 7437
4338 10 U.S.C. 7438
4340 10 U.S.C. 7440
4341 10 U.S.C. 7441
4341a 10 U.S.C. 7441a
4342 10 U.S.C. 7442
4343 10 U.S.C. 7443
4346 10 U.S.C. 7446
4347 10 U.S.C. 7447
4348 10 U.S.C. 7448
4349 10 U.S.C. 7449
4350 10 U.S.C. 7450
4351 10 U.S.C. 7451
4352 10 U.S.C. 7452
4353 10 U.S.C. 7453
4354 10 U.S.C. 7454
4355 10 U.S.C. 7455
4356 10 U.S.C. 7456
4357 10 U.S.C. 7457
4358 10 U.S.C. 7458
4359 10 U.S.C. 7459
4360 10 U.S.C. 7460
4361 10 U.S.C. 7461
4362 10 U.S.C. 7462
Ch. 407 10 U.S.C. Ch. 757
4411 10 U.S.C. 7481
4412 10 U.S.C. 7482
4413 10 U.S.C. 7483
4414 10 U.S.C. 7484
4416 10 U.S.C. 7486
4417 10 U.S.C. 7487
Ch. 433 10 U.S.C. Ch. 763
4532 10 U.S.C. 7532
4536 10 U.S.C. 7536
4540 10 U.S.C. 7540
4541 10 U.S.C. 7541
4542 10 U.S.C. 7542
4543 10 U.S.C. 7543
4544 10 U.S.C. 7544
Ch. 434 10 U.S.C. Ch. 764
4551 10 U.S.C. 7551
4552 10 U.S.C. 7552
4553 10 U.S.C. 7553
4554 10 U.S.C. 7554
4555 10 U.S.C. 7555
Ch. 435 10 U.S.C. Ch. 765
4561 10 U.S.C. 7561
4562 10 U.S.C. 7562
4563 10 U.S.C. 7563
4564 10 U.S.C. 7564
4565 10 U.S.C. 7565
Ch. 437 10 U.S.C. Ch. 767
4591 10 U.S.C. 7591
4592 10 U.S.C. 7592
4593 10 U.S.C. 7593
4594 10 U.S.C. 7594
4595 10 U.S.C. 7595
Ch. 439 10 U.S.C. Ch. 769
4621 10 U.S.C. 7621
4622 10 U.S.C. 7622
4624 10 U.S.C. 7624
4625 10 U.S.C. 7625
4626 10 U.S.C. 7626
4627 10 U.S.C. 7627
4628 10 U.S.C. 7628
4629 10 U.S.C. 7629
Ch. 441 10 U.S.C. Ch. 771
4652 10 U.S.C. 7652
4653 10 U.S.C. 7653
4654 10 U.S.C. 7654
4655 10 U.S.C. 7655
4656 10 U.S.C. 7656
4657 10 U.S.C. 7657
Ch. 443 10 U.S.C. Ch. 773
4682 10 U.S.C. 7682
4683 10 U.S.C. 7683
4684 10 U.S.C. 7684
4685 10 U.S.C. 7685
4686 10 U.S.C. 7686
4687 10 U.S.C. 7687
4688 10 U.S.C. 7688
4689 10 U.S.C. 7689
4690 10 U.S.C. 7690
Ch. 445 10 U.S.C. Ch. 775
4712 10 U.S.C. 7712
4714 10 U.S.C. 7714
Ch. 446 10 U.S.C. Ch. 776
4721 10 U.S.C. 7721
4722 10 U.S.C. 7722
4723 10 U.S.C. 7723
4724 10 U.S.C. 7724
4725 10 U.S.C. 7725
4726 10 U.S.C. 7726
4727 10 U.S.C. 7727
Ch. 447 10 U.S.C. Ch. 777
4749 10 U.S.C. 7749
Ch. 449 10 U.S.C. Ch. 779
4771 10 U.S.C. 7771
4772 10 U.S.C. 7772
4776 10 U.S.C. 7776
4777 10 U.S.C. 7777
4778 10 U.S.C. 7778
4779 10 U.S.C. 7779
4780 10 U.S.C. 7780
4781 10 U.S.C. 7781
Ch. 451 10 U.S.C. Ch. 781
4801 10 U.S.C. 7801
4802 10 U.S.C. 7802
4803 10 U.S.C. 7803
4804 10 U.S.C. 7804
4806 10 U.S.C. 7806
Ch. 453 10 U.S.C. Ch. 783
4831 10 U.S.C. 7831
4837 10 U.S.C. 7837
4838 10 U.S.C. 7838
4839 10 U.S.C. 7839
4840 10 U.S.C. 7840
4841 10 U.S.C. 7841
4842 10 U.S.C. 7842
Ch. 501 10 U.S.C. Ch. 801
5001 10 U.S.C. 8001
Ch. 503 10 U.S.C. Ch. 803
5011 10 U.S.C. 8011
5012 10 U.S.C. 8012
5013 10 U.S.C. 8013
5013a 10 U.S.C. 8013a
5014 10 U.S.C. 8014
5015 10 U.S.C. 8015
5016 10 U.S.C. 8016
5017 10 U.S.C. 8017
5018 10 U.S.C. 8018
5019 10 U.S.C. 8019
5020 10 U.S.C. 8020
5022 10 U.S.C. 8022
5023 10 U.S.C. 8023
5024 10 U.S.C. 8024
5025 10 U.S.C. 8025
5026 10 U.S.C. 8026
5027 10 U.S.C. 8027
5028 10 U.S.C. 8028
Ch. 505 10 U.S.C. Ch. 805
5031 10 U.S.C. 8031
5032 10 U.S.C. 8032
5033 10 U.S.C. 8033
5035 10 U.S.C. 8035
5036 10 U.S.C. 8036
5037 10 U.S.C. 8037
5038 10 U.S.C. 8038
Ch. 506 10 U.S.C. Ch. 806
5041 10 U.S.C. 8041
5042 10 U.S.C. 8042
5043 10 U.S.C. 8043
5044 10 U.S.C. 8044
5045 10 U.S.C. 8045
5046 10 U.S.C. 8046
5047 10 U.S.C. 8047
Ch. 507 10 U.S.C. Ch. 807
5061 10 U.S.C. 8061
5062 10 U.S.C. 8062
5063 10 U.S.C. 8063
Ch. 513 10 U.S.C. Ch. 809
5131 10 U.S.C. 8071
5132 10 U.S.C. 8072
5135 10 U.S.C. 8075
5137 10 U.S.C. 8077
5138 10 U.S.C. 8078
5139 10 U.S.C. 8079
5141 10 U.S.C. 8081
5142 10 U.S.C. 8082
5142a 10 U.S.C. 8082a
5143 10 U.S.C. 8083
5144 10 U.S.C. 8084
5148 10 U.S.C. 8088
5149 10 U.S.C. 8089
5150 10 U.S.C. 8090
Ch. 533 10 U.S.C. Ch. 811
5441 10 U.S.C. 8101
5450 10 U.S.C. 8102
5451 10 U.S.C. 8103
Ch. 535 10 U.S.C. Ch. 812
5501 10 U.S.C. 8111
5502 10 U.S.C. 8112
5503 10 U.S.C. 8113
5508 10 U.S.C. 8118
Ch. 537 10 U.S.C. Ch. 813
5540 10 U.S.C. 8120
Ch. 539 10 U.S.C. Ch. 815
5582 10 U.S.C. 8132
5585 10 U.S.C. 8135
5587 10 U.S.C. 8137
5587a 10 U.S.C. 8138
5589 10 U.S.C. 8139
5596 10 U.S.C. 8146
Ch. 551 10 U.S.C. Ch. 821
5942 10 U.S.C. 8162
5943 10 U.S.C. 8163
5944 10 U.S.C. 8164
5945 10 U.S.C. 8165
5946 10 U.S.C. 8166
5947 10 U.S.C. 8167
5948 10 U.S.C. 8168
5949 10 U.S.C. 8169
5951 10 U.S.C. 8171
5952 10 U.S.C. 8172
Ch. 553 10 U.S.C. Ch. 823
5983 10 U.S.C. 8183
5985 10 U.S.C. 8185
5986 10 U.S.C. 8186
Ch. 555 10 U.S.C. Ch. 825
6011 10 U.S.C. 8211
6012 10 U.S.C. 8212
6013 10 U.S.C. 8213
6014 10 U.S.C. 8214
6019 10 U.S.C. 8215
6021 10 U.S.C. 8216
6022 10 U.S.C. 8217
6024 10 U.S.C. 8218
6027 10 U.S.C. 8219
6029 10 U.S.C. 8220
6031 10 U.S.C. 8221
6032 10 U.S.C. 8222
6035 10 U.S.C. 8225
6036 10 U.S.C. 8226
Ch. 557 10 U.S.C. Ch. 827
6081 10 U.S.C. 8241
6082 10 U.S.C. 8242
6083 10 U.S.C. 8243
6084 10 U.S.C. 8244
6085 10 U.S.C. 8245
6086 10 U.S.C. 8246
6087 10 U.S.C. 8247
Ch. 559 10 U.S.C. Ch. 829
6113 10 U.S.C. 8253
Ch. 561 10 U.S.C. Ch. 831
6141 10 U.S.C. 8261
6151 10 U.S.C. 8262
6152 10 U.S.C. 8263
6153 10 U.S.C. 8264
6154 10 U.S.C. 8265
6155 10 U.S.C. 8266
6156 10 U.S.C. 8267
6160 10 U.S.C. 8270
6161 10 U.S.C. 8271
Ch. 563 10 U.S.C. Ch. 833
6201 10 U.S.C. 8281
6202 10 U.S.C. 8282
6203 10 U.S.C. 8283
Ch. 565 10 U.S.C. Ch. 835
6221 10 U.S.C. 8286
6222 10 U.S.C. 8287
Ch. 567 10 U.S.C. Ch. 837
6241 10 U.S.C. 8291
6242 10 U.S.C. 8292
6243 10 U.S.C. 8293
6244 10 U.S.C. 8294
6245 10 U.S.C. 8295
6246 10 U.S.C. 8296
6247 10 U.S.C. 8297
6248 10 U.S.C. 8298
6249 10 U.S.C. 8299
6250 10 U.S.C. 8300
6251 10 U.S.C. 8301
6252 10 U.S.C. 8302
6253 10 U.S.C. 8303
6254 10 U.S.C. 8304
6255 10 U.S.C. 8305
6256 10 U.S.C. 8306
6257 10 U.S.C. 8307
6258 10 U.S.C. 8308
Ch. 569 10 U.S.C. Ch. 839
6292 10 U.S.C. 8317
Ch. 571 10 U.S.C. Ch. 841
6321 10 U.S.C. 8321
6322 10 U.S.C. 8322
6323 10 U.S.C. 8323
6324 10 U.S.C. 8324
6325 10 U.S.C. 8325
6326 10 U.S.C. 8326
6327 10 U.S.C. 8327
6328 10 U.S.C. 8328
6329 10 U.S.C. 8329
6330 10 U.S.C. 8330
6331 10 U.S.C. 8331
6332 10 U.S.C. 8332
6333 10 U.S.C. 8333
6334 10 U.S.C. 8334
6335 10 U.S.C. 8335
6336 10 U.S.C. 8336
Ch. 573 10 U.S.C. Ch. 843
6371 10 U.S.C. 8371
6383 10 U.S.C. 8372
6389 10 U.S.C. 8373
6404 10 U.S.C. 8374
6408 10 U.S.C. 8375
Ch. 575 10 U.S.C. Ch. 845
6483 10 U.S.C. 8383
6484 10 U.S.C. 8384
6485 10 U.S.C. 8385
6486 10 U.S.C. 8386
Ch. 577 10 U.S.C. Ch. 847
6522 10 U.S.C. 8392
Ch. 601 10 U.S.C. Ch. 851
6911 10 U.S.C. 8411
6912 10 U.S.C. 8412
6913 10 U.S.C. 8413
6915 10 U.S.C. 8415
Ch. 602 10 U.S.C. Ch. 852
6931 10 U.S.C. 8431
6932 10 U.S.C. 8432
Ch. 603 10 U.S.C. Ch. 853
6951 10 U.S.C. 8451
6951a 10 U.S.C. 8451a
6952 10 U.S.C. 8452
6953 10 U.S.C. 8453
6954 10 U.S.C. 8454
6955 10 U.S.C. 8455
6956 10 U.S.C. 8456
6958 10 U.S.C. 8458
6959 10 U.S.C. 8459
6960 10 U.S.C. 8460
6961 10 U.S.C. 8461
6962 10 U.S.C. 8462
6963 10 U.S.C. 8463
6964 10 U.S.C. 8464
6965 10 U.S.C. 8465
6966 10 U.S.C. 8466
6967 10 U.S.C. 8467
6968 10 U.S.C. 8468
6969 10 U.S.C. 8469
6970 10 U.S.C. 8470
6970a 10 U.S.C. 8470a
6971 10 U.S.C. 8471
6972 10 U.S.C. 8472
6973 10 U.S.C. 8473
6974 10 U.S.C. 8474
6975 10 U.S.C. 8475
6976 10 U.S.C. 8476
6977 10 U.S.C. 8477
6978 10 U.S.C. 8478
6979 10 U.S.C. 8479
6980 10 U.S.C. 8480
6981 10 U.S.C. 8481
Ch. 605 10 U.S.C. Ch. 855
7041 10 U.S.C. 8541
7042 10 U.S.C. 8542
7043 10 U.S.C. 8543
7044 10 U.S.C. 8544
7045 10 U.S.C. 8545
7046 10 U.S.C. 8546
7047 10 U.S.C. 8547
7048 10 U.S.C. 8548
7049 10 U.S.C. 8549
7050 10 U.S.C. 8550
Ch. 607 10 U.S.C. Ch. 857
7081 10 U.S.C. 8581
7082 10 U.S.C. 8582
7083 10 U.S.C. 8583
7084 10 U.S.C. 8584
7085 10 U.S.C. 8585
7086 10 U.S.C. 8586
7087 10 U.S.C. 8587
7088 10 U.S.C. 8588
Ch. 609 10 U.S.C. Ch. 859
7101 10 U.S.C. 8591
7102 10 U.S.C. 8592
7103 10 U.S.C. 8593
7104 10 U.S.C. 8594
Ch. 631 10 U.S.C. Ch. 861
7204 10 U.S.C. 8604
7205 10 U.S.C. 8605
7207 10 U.S.C. 8607
7211 10 U.S.C. 8611
7212 10 U.S.C. 8612
7214 10 U.S.C. 8614
7216 10 U.S.C. 8616
7219 10 U.S.C. 8619
7220 10 U.S.C. 8620
7221 10 U.S.C. 8621
7222 10 U.S.C. 8622
7223 10 U.S.C. 8623
7224 10 U.S.C. 8624
7225 10 U.S.C. 8625
7226 10 U.S.C. 8626
7227 10 U.S.C. 8627
7228 10 U.S.C. 8628
7229 10 U.S.C. 8629
7231 10 U.S.C. 8631
7233 10 U.S.C. 8633
7234 10 U.S.C. 8634
7235 10 U.S.C. 8635
Ch. 633 10 U.S.C. Ch. 863
7291 10 U.S.C. 8661
7292 10 U.S.C. 8662
7293 10 U.S.C. 8663
7294 10 U.S.C. 8664
7297 10 U.S.C. 8667
7299 10 U.S.C. 8669
7299a 10 U.S.C. 8669a
7300 10 U.S.C. 8670
7301 10 U.S.C. 8671
7303 10 U.S.C. 8673
7304 10 U.S.C. 8674
7305 10 U.S.C. 8675
7305a 10 U.S.C. 8675a
7306 10 U.S.C. 8676
7306a 10 U.S.C. 8676a
7306b 10 U.S.C. 8676b
7307 10 U.S.C. 8677
7308 10 U.S.C. 8678
7309 10 U.S.C. 8679
7310 10 U.S.C. 8680
7311 10 U.S.C. 8681
7312 10 U.S.C. 8682
7313 10 U.S.C. 8683
7314 10 U.S.C. 8684
7315 10 U.S.C. 8685
7316 10 U.S.C. 8686
7317 10 U.S.C. 8687
7318 10 U.S.C. 8688
7319 10 U.S.C. 8689
7320 10 U.S.C. 8690
7321 10 U.S.C. 8691
Ch. 637 10 U.S.C. Ch. 865
7361 10 U.S.C. 8701
7362 10 U.S.C. 8702
7363 10 U.S.C. 8703
7364 10 U.S.C. 8704
Ch. 639 10 U.S.C. Ch. 867
7395 10 U.S.C. 8715
7396 10 U.S.C. 8716
Ch. 641 10 U.S.C. Ch. 869
7420 10 U.S.C. 8720
7421 10 U.S.C. 8721
7422 10 U.S.C. 8722
7423 10 U.S.C. 8723
7424 10 U.S.C. 8724
7425 10 U.S.C. 8725
7427 10 U.S.C. 8727
7428 10 U.S.C. 8728
7429 10 U.S.C. 8729
7430 10 U.S.C. 8730
7431 10 U.S.C. 8731
7432 10 U.S.C. 8732
7433 10 U.S.C. 8733
7435 10 U.S.C. 8735
7436 10 U.S.C. 8736
7437 10 U.S.C. 8737
7438 10 U.S.C. 8738
7439 10 U.S.C. 8739
Ch. 643 10 U.S.C. Ch. 871
7472 10 U.S.C. 8742
7473 10 U.S.C. 8743
7476 10 U.S.C. 8746
7477 10 U.S.C. 8747
7478 10 U.S.C. 8748
7479 10 U.S.C. 8749
7479a 10 U.S.C. 8749a
7480 10 U.S.C. 8750
Ch. 645 10 U.S.C. Ch. 873
7522 10 U.S.C. 8752
7523 10 U.S.C. 8753
7524 10 U.S.C. 8754
Ch. 647 10 U.S.C. Ch. 875
7541 10 U.S.C. 8761
7541a 10 U.S.C. 8761a
7541b 10 U.S.C. 8761b
7542 10 U.S.C. 8762
7543 10 U.S.C. 8763
7544 10 U.S.C. 8764
7545 10 U.S.C. 8765
7546 10 U.S.C. 8766
7547 10 U.S.C. 8767
Ch. 649 10 U.S.C. Ch. 877
7571 10 U.S.C. 8771
7572 10 U.S.C. 8772
7573 10 U.S.C. 8773
7576 10 U.S.C. 8776
7577 10 U.S.C. 8777
7579 10 U.S.C. 8779
7580 10 U.S.C. 8780
7581 10 U.S.C. 8781
7582 10 U.S.C. 8782
Ch. 651 10 U.S.C. Ch. 879
7601 10 U.S.C. 8801
7602 10 U.S.C. 8802
7603 10 U.S.C. 8803
7604 10 U.S.C. 8804
7605 10 U.S.C. 8805
7606 10 U.S.C. 8806
Ch. 653 10 U.S.C. Ch. 881
7621 10 U.S.C. 8821
7622 10 U.S.C. 8822
7623 10 U.S.C. 8823
Ch. 655 10 U.S.C. Ch. 883
7651 10 U.S.C. 8851
7652 10 U.S.C. 8852
7653 10 U.S.C. 8853
7654 10 U.S.C. 8854
7655 10 U.S.C. 8855
7656 10 U.S.C. 8856
7657 10 U.S.C. 8857
7658 10 U.S.C. 8858
7659 10 U.S.C. 8859
7660 10 U.S.C. 8860
7661 10 U.S.C. 8861
7662 10 U.S.C. 8862
7663 10 U.S.C. 8863
7664 10 U.S.C. 8864
7665 10 U.S.C. 8865
7666 10 U.S.C. 8866
7667 10 U.S.C. 8867
7668 10 U.S.C. 8868
7669 10 U.S.C. 8869
7670 10 U.S.C. 8870
7671 10 U.S.C. 8871
7672 10 U.S.C. 8872
7673 10 U.S.C. 8873
7674 10 U.S.C. 8874
7675 10 U.S.C. 8875
7676 10 U.S.C. 8876
7677 10 U.S.C. 8877
7678 10 U.S.C. 8878
7679 10 U.S.C. 8879
7680 10 U.S.C. 8880
7681 10 U.S.C. 8881
Ch. 657 10 U.S.C. Ch. 885
7721 10 U.S.C. 8891
7722 10 U.S.C. 8892
7723 10 U.S.C. 8893
7724 10 U.S.C. 8894
7725 10 U.S.C. 8895
7726 10 U.S.C. 8896
7727 10 U.S.C. 8897
7728 10 U.S.C. 8898
7729 10 U.S.C. 8899
7730 10 U.S.C. 8900
Ch. 659 10 U.S.C. Ch. 887
7851 10 U.S.C. 8901
7852 10 U.S.C. 8902
7853 10 U.S.C. 8903
7854 10 U.S.C. 8904
Ch. 661 10 U.S.C. Ch. 889
7861 10 U.S.C. 8911
7862 10 U.S.C. 8912
7863 10 U.S.C. 8913
Ch. 663 10 U.S.C. Ch. 891
7881 10 U.S.C. 8921
Ch. 665 10 U.S.C. Ch. 893
7901 10 U.S.C. 8931
7902 10 U.S.C. 8932
7903 10 U.S.C. 8933
Ch. 667 10 U.S.C. Ch. 895
7912 10 U.S.C. 8942
7913 10 U.S.C. 8943
Ch. 669 10 U.S.C. Ch. 897
7921 10 U.S.C. 8951
Ch. 801 10 U.S.C. Ch. 901
Ch. 803 10 U.S.C. Ch. 903
8011 10 U.S.C. 9011
8012 10 U.S.C. 9012
8013 10 U.S.C. 9013
8014 10 U.S.C. 9014
8015 10 U.S.C. 9015
8016 10 U.S.C. 9016
8017 10 U.S.C. 9017
8018 10 U.S.C. 9018
8019 10 U.S.C. 9019
8020 10 U.S.C. 9020
8021 10 U.S.C. 9021
8022 10 U.S.C. 9022
8023 10 U.S.C. 9023
8024 10 U.S.C. 9024
Ch. 805 10 U.S.C. Ch. 905
8031 10 U.S.C. 9031
8032 10 U.S.C. 9032
8033 10 U.S.C. 9033
8034 10 U.S.C. 9034
8035 10 U.S.C. 9035
8036 10 U.S.C. 9036
8037 10 U.S.C. 9037
8038 10 U.S.C. 9038
8039 10 U.S.C. 9039
8040 10 U.S.C. 9040
Ch. 807 10 U.S.C. Ch. 907
8061 10 U.S.C. 9061
8062 10 U.S.C. 9062
8067 10 U.S.C. 9067
8069 10 U.S.C. 9069
8074 10 U.S.C. 9074
8075 10 U.S.C. 9075
8081 10 U.S.C. 9081
8084 10 U.S.C. 9084
Ch. 831 10 U.S.C. Ch. 911
8210 10 U.S.C. 9110
Ch. 833 10 U.S.C. Ch. 913
8251 10 U.S.C. 9131
8252 10 U.S.C. 9132
8257 10 U.S.C. 9137
8258 10 U.S.C. 9138
Ch. 835 10 U.S.C. Ch. 915
8281 10 U.S.C. 9151
8310 10 U.S.C. 9160
Ch. 839 10 U.S.C. Ch. 919
8446 10 U.S.C. 9176
Ch. 841 10 U.S.C. Ch. 921
8491 10 U.S.C. 9191
8503 10 U.S.C. 9203
Ch. 843 10 U.S.C. Ch. 923
8547 10 U.S.C. 9217
8548 10 U.S.C. 9218
Ch. 845 10 U.S.C. Ch. 925
8572 10 U.S.C. 9222
8575 10 U.S.C. 9225
8579 10 U.S.C. 9229
8581 10 U.S.C. 9231
8583 10 U.S.C. 9233
Ch. 849 10 U.S.C. Ch. 929
8639 10 U.S.C. 9239
Ch. 853 10 U.S.C. Ch. 933
8681 10 U.S.C. 9251
8684 10 U.S.C. 9252
8691 10 U.S.C. 9253
Ch. 855 10 U.S.C. Ch. 935
8723 10 U.S.C. 9263
Ch. 857 10 U.S.C. Ch. 937
8741 10 U.S.C. 9271
8742 10 U.S.C. 9272
8743 10 U.S.C. 9273
8744 10 U.S.C. 9274
8745 10 U.S.C. 9275
8746 10 U.S.C. 9276
8747 10 U.S.C. 9277
8748 10 U.S.C. 9278
8749 10 U.S.C. 9279
8750 10 U.S.C. 9280
8751 10 U.S.C. 9281
8752 10 U.S.C. 9282
8754 10 U.S.C. 9284
8755 10 U.S.C. 9285
8756 10 U.S.C. 9286
Ch. 861 10 U.S.C. Ch. 939
8817 10 U.S.C. 9307
Ch. 867 10 U.S.C. Ch. 941
8911 10 U.S.C. 9311
8914 10 U.S.C. 9314
8917 10 U.S.C. 9317
8918 10 U.S.C. 9318
8920 10 U.S.C. 9320
8921 10 U.S.C. 9321
8924 10 U.S.C. 9324
8925 10 U.S.C. 9325
8926 10 U.S.C. 9326
8929 10 U.S.C. 9329
Ch. 869 10 U.S.C. Ch. 943
8961 10 U.S.C. 9341
8962 10 U.S.C. 9342
8963 10 U.S.C. 9343
8964 10 U.S.C. 9344
8965 10 U.S.C. 9345
8966 10 U.S.C. 9346
Ch. 871 10 U.S.C. Ch. 945
8991 10 U.S.C. 9361
8992 10 U.S.C. 9362
Ch. 873 10 U.S.C. Ch. 947
9021 10 U.S.C. 9371
9025 10 U.S.C. 9375
9027 10 U.S.C. 9377
Ch. 875 10 U.S.C. Ch. 949
9061 10 U.S.C. 9381
Ch. 901 10 U.S.C. Ch. 951
9301 10 U.S.C. 9401
9302 10 U.S.C. 9402
9303 10 U.S.C. 9403
9304 10 U.S.C. 9404
9305 10 U.S.C. 9405
9306 10 U.S.C. 9406
9314 10 U.S.C. 9414
9314a 10 U.S.C. 9414a
9314b 10 U.S.C. 9414b
9315 10 U.S.C. 9415
9317 10 U.S.C. 9417
9319 10 U.S.C. 9419
9320 10 U.S.C. 9420
Ch. 903 10 U.S.C. Ch. 953
9331 10 U.S.C. 9431
9332 10 U.S.C. 9432
9333 10 U.S.C. 9433
9333a 10 U.S.C. 9433a
9334 10 U.S.C. 9434
9335 10 U.S.C. 9435
9336 10 U.S.C. 9436
9338 10 U.S.C. 9438
9341 10 U.S.C. 9441
9341a 10 U.S.C. 9441a
9342 10 U.S.C. 9442
9343 10 U.S.C. 9443
9346 10 U.S.C. 9446
9347 10 U.S.C. 9447
9348 10 U.S.C. 9448
9349 10 U.S.C. 9449
9350 10 U.S.C. 9450
9351 10 U.S.C. 9451
9352 10 U.S.C. 9452
9353 10 U.S.C. 9453
9354 10 U.S.C. 9454
9355 10 U.S.C. 9455
9356 10 U.S.C. 9456
9357 10 U.S.C. 9457
9359 10 U.S.C. 9459
9360 10 U.S.C. 9460
9361 10 U.S.C. 9461
9362 10 U.S.C. 9462
Ch. 907 10 U.S.C. Ch. 957
9411 10 U.S.C. 9481
9412 10 U.S.C. 9482
9413 10 U.S.C. 9483
9414 10 U.S.C. 9484
9417 10 U.S.C. 9487
Ch. 909 10 U.S.C. Ch. 959
9441 10 U.S.C. 9491
9442 10 U.S.C. 9492
9443 10 U.S.C. 9493
9444 10 U.S.C. 9494
9445 10 U.S.C. 9495
9446 10 U.S.C. 9496
9447 10 U.S.C. 9497
9448 10 U.S.C. 9498
Ch. 931 10 U.S.C. Ch. 961
Ch. 933 10 U.S.C. Ch. 963
Ch. 935 10 U.S.C. Ch. 965
Ch. 937 10 U.S.C. Ch. 967
Ch. 939 10 U.S.C. Ch. 969
Ch. 941 10 U.S.C. Ch. 971
Ch. 943 10 U.S.C. Ch. 973
Ch. 945 10 U.S.C. Ch. 975
Ch. 947 10 U.S.C. Ch. 977
Ch. 949 10 U.S.C. Ch. 979
Ch. 951 10 U.S.C. Ch. 981
Ch. 953 10 U.S.C. Ch. 983

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1801(d), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4151, provided that:

"(1) Delayed enactment.—Except as specifically provided, this title [see Tables for classification] and the amendments made by this title shall take effect on January 1, 2022.

"(2) Delayed implementation.—Not later than January 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall take such action as necessary to revise or modify the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation and other existing authorities affected by the enactment of this title and the amendments made by this title.

"(3) Applicability.—

"(A) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall apply the law as in effect on December 31, 2021, with respect to contracts entered into during the covered period.

"(B) Covered period defined.—In this paragraph, the term 'covered period' means the period beginning on January 1, 2022, and ending on the earlier of—

"(i) the date on which the Secretary of Defense revises or modifies authorities pursuant to paragraph (2); or

"(ii) January 1, 2023."

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Coordination of Amendments

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §800, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1825, provided that:

"(a) Effective Dates.—

"(1) Parts i and ii.—Parts I and II of this subtitle [probably means parts I (§801) and II (§§806–809) of subtitle A of title VIII of div. A of Pub. L. 115–232, see Tables for classification], and the redesignations and amendments made by such parts, shall take effect on February 1, 2019.

"(2) Part iii.—Part III of this subtitle [probably means part III (§§811–813) of subtitle A of title VIII of div. A of Pub. L. 115–232, see Tables for classification] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 2018].

"(b) Coordination of Amendments.—The redesignations and amendments made by part II of this subtitle shall be executed before the amendments made by part I of this subtitle.

"(c) Rule for Certain Redesignations.—In the case of a redesignation specified in part II of this subtitle (1) that is to be made to a section of subtitle B, C, or D of title 10, United States Code, for which the current section designation consists of a four-digit number and a letter, and (2) that is directed to be made by the addition of a specified number to the current section designation, the new section designation shall consist of a new four-digit number and the same letter, with the new four-digit number being the number that is the sum of the specified number and the four-digit number in the current section designation."

Rule of Construction

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1885, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4294, provided that: "This title [see Tables for classification], including the amendments made by this title, is intended only to reorganize title 10, United States Code, and may not be construed to alter—

"(1) the effect of a provision of title 10, United States Code, including any authority or requirement therein;

"(2) a department or agency interpretation with respect to title 10, United States Code; or

"(3) a judicial interpretation with respect to title 10, United States Code."

Savings Provisions

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1884, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4294, provided that:

"(a) Regulations, Orders, and Other Administrative Actions.—A regulation, order, or other administrative action in effect under a provision of title 10, United States Code, redesignated by this title [see Tables for classification] continues in effect under the provision as so redesignated.

"(b) Actions Taken and Offenses Committed.—An action taken or an offense committed under a provision of title 10, United States Code, redesignated by this title is deemed to have been taken or committed under the provision as so redesignated."

Transfer and Reorganization of Defense Acquisition Statutes

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1801(a), (b), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4150, provided that:

"(a) Activities.—Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to engage interested parties and experts from the public and private sectors, as determined appropriate by the Secretary, in a comprehensive review of this title [see Tables for classification] and the amendments made by this title.

"(b) Assessment and Report.—Not later than March 15, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report evaluating this title and the amendments made by this title that shall include the following elements:

"(1) Specific recommendations for modifications to the legislative text of this title and the amendments made by this title, along with a list of conforming amendments to law required by this title and the amendments made by this title.

"(2) A summary of activities conducted pursuant to the process established under subsection (a), including an assessment of the effect of this title and the amendments made by this title on related Department of Defense activities, guidance, and interagency coordination.

"(3) An implementation plan for updating the regulations and guidance relating to this title and the amendments made by this title that contains the following elements:

"(A) A description of how the plan will be implemented.

"(B) A schedule with milestones for the implementation of the plan.

"(C) A description of the assignment of roles and responsibilities for the implementation of the plan.

"(D) A description of the resources required to implement the plan.

"(E) A description of how the plan will be reviewed and assessed to monitor progress.

"(4) Such other items as the Secretary considers appropriate."

References to Sections Redesignated by Title XVIII of Pub. L. 116–283

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1883, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4294, provided that:

"(a) Definitions.—In this section:

"(1) Redesignated section.—The term 'redesignated section' means a section of title 10, United States Code, that is redesignated by this title [see Tables for classification], as that section is so redesignated.

"(2) Source section.—The term 'source section' means a section of title 10, United States Code, that is redesignated by this title, as that section was in effect before the redesignation.

"(b) Reference to Source Section.—

"(1) Treatment of reference.—Except as otherwise provided in this title, a reference to a source section, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding redesignated section.

"(2) Title 10.—Except as otherwise provided in this title, in title 10, United States Code, each reference in the text of such title to a source section is amended by striking such reference and inserting a reference to the appropriate redesignated section."

1 So in original. Does not conform to chapter heading.

2 Editorially supplied.

3 Editorially supplied. Chapter 258 added by Pub. L. 116–283 without corresponding amendment of part analysis.

Subpart A—General

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 201—DEFINITIONS

Subchapter
Sec.
I.
Definitions Relating to Defense Acquisition System Generally
3001
II.
Definitions Applicable to Procurement Generally
3011
III.
Definitions Relating to Major Systems and Major Defense Acquisition Programs
3041

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 201 "DEFINITIONS", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, and consisting of reserved section 3001, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(a)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4151.

SUBCHAPTER I—DEFINITIONS RELATING TO DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM GENERALLY

Sec.
3001.
Defense acquisition system; element of the defense acquisition system.
3002.
Federal Acquisition Regulation.
3003.
Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement.
3004.
Head of an agency.
3005.
Service chief concerned.
3006.
Acquisition workforce.

        

§3001. Defense acquisition system; element of the defense acquisition system

(a) Defense Acquisition System.—In this part, the term "defense acquisition system" means—

(1) the workforce engaged in carrying out the acquisition of property and services for the Department of Defense;

(2) the management structure responsible for directing and overseeing the acquisition of property and services for the Department of Defense; and

(3) the statutory, regulatory, and policy framework that guides the acquisition of property and services for the Department of Defense.


(b) Element of the Defense Acquisition System.—In this part, the term "element of the defense acquisition system" means an organization that—

(1) employs members of the acquisition workforce;

(2) carries out acquisition functions; and

(3) focuses primarily on acquisition.


(c) Acquisition.—In this section, the term "acquisition" has the meaning provided in section 131 of title 41.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(a)(1)–(4), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4152.)

Codification

The text of pars. (2), (3), and (1) of section 2545 of this title, which were transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (a), (b), and (c), respectively, and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(2)–(4), was based on Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §861(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4288; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(a)(11), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3505.

Section 2545 of this title, which was transferred in large part to this section by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(2)–(4), was also transferred to section 3101 of this title by Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(a)(2).

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3001 was renumbered section 7001 of this title.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(2), redesignated par. (2) of section 2545 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, inserted heading and realigned margin, substituted "In this part, the term" for "The term", and inserted dash after "means", par. (1) designation before "the workforce", par. (2) designation before "the management", and par. (3) designation before "the statutory,".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(3), redesignated par. (3) of section 2545 of this title as subsec. (b) of this section, inserted heading and realigned margin, substituted "In this part, the term" for "The term", "workforce;" for "workforce,", and "functions;" for "functions,", and inserted dash after "organization that", par. (1) designation before "employs", par. (2) designation before "carries out", and par. (3) designation before "focuses".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(4), redesignated par. (1) of section 2545 of this title as subsec. (c) of this section, inserted heading and realigned margin, and substituted "In this section, the term" for "The term".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding this section.

§3002. Federal Acquisition Regulation

In this part, the term "Federal Acquisition Regulation" means the Federal Acquisition Regulation issued pursuant to section 1303(a)(1) of title 41.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(a)(1), (5), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4152.)

Codification

The text of par. (6) of section 2302 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(5), was based on Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VIII, §853(b)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1518; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(8)(B), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3843.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(5), transferred par. (6) of section 2302 of this title to this section, realigned margin, struck out par. (6) designation at beginning, and substituted "In this part, the term" for "The term".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3003. Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement

[Reserved].

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(a)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4152.)

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3004. Head of an agency

In this part, the term "head of an agency" means the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(a)(1), (6), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4152, 4153.)

Codification

The text of par. (1) of section 2302 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(6), was based on act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 127; Pub. L. 85–568, title III, §301(b), July 29, 1958, 72 Stat. 432; 96–513, title V, §511(74), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2926; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2722(a), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1186; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(2), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, §1704(b)(1), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(6), transferred par. (1) of section 2302 of this title to this section, realigned margin, struck out par. (1) designation at beginning, and substituted "In this part, the term" for "The term".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3005. Service chief concerned

[Reserved].

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(a)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4152.)

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3006. Acquisition workforce

For the definition of the term "acquisition workforce" for the purposes of this part, see section 101(a)(18) of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(a)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4152.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3010 was renumbered section 7011 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

SUBCHAPTER II—DEFINITIONS APPLICABLE TO PROCUREMENT GENERALLY

Sec.
3011.
Definitions incorporated from title 41.
3012.
Competitive procedures.
3013.
Technical data.
3014.
Nontraditional defense contractor.
3015.
Simplified acquisition threshold.
3016.
Chapter 137 legacy provisions.

        

§3011. Definitions incorporated from title 41

In any chapter 137 legacy provision, the following terms have the meanings provided such terms in chapter 1 of title 41:

(1) The term "procurement".

(2) The term "procurement system".

(3) The term "standards".

(4) The term "full and open competition".

(5) The term "responsible source".

(6) The term "item".

(7) The term "item of supply".

(8) The term "supplies".

(9) The term "commercial product".

(10) The term "commercial service".

(11) The term "nondevelopmental item".

(12) The term "commercial component".

(13) The term "component".

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(b)(1), (2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4153.)

Codification

The text of par. (3) of section 2302 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(2), was based on Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1502(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3296; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLIII, §4321(b)(3), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 672; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(8), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3842; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(c)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1864.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3011 was renumbered section 7011 of this title.

Another prior section 3011 was renumbered section 7012 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(2), transferred par. (3) of section 2302 of this title to this section, realigned margin, struck out par. (3) designation at beginning, substituted "In any chapter 137 legacy provision, the following" for "The following" in introductory provisions, and redesignated subpars. (A) to (M) as pars. (1) to (13), respectively.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3012. Competitive procedures

In this part, the term "competitive procedures" means procedures under which the head of an agency enters into a contract pursuant to full and open competition. Such term also includes—

(1) procurement of architectural or engineering services conducted in accordance with chapter 11 of title 40;

(2) the competitive selection for award of science and technology proposals resulting from a general solicitation and the peer review or scientific review (as appropriate) of such proposals;

(3) the procedures established by the Administrator of General Services for the multiple award schedule program of the General Services Administration if—

(A) participation in the program has been open to all responsible sources; and

(B) orders and contracts under such program result in the lowest overall cost alternative to meet the needs of the United States;


(4) procurements conducted in furtherance of section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) as long as all responsible business concerns that are entitled to submit offers for such procurements are permitted to compete; and

(5) a competitive selection of research proposals resulting from a general solicitation and peer review or scientific review (as appropriate) solicited pursuant to section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638).

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(b)(1), (3), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4153.)

Codification

The text of par. (2) of section 2302 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(3), was based on act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 127; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2722(a), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1186; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(b)(3), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3087; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(13), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3993; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(2), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(2), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1295; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title II, §221, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1333.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3012 was renumbered section 7012 of this title.

Another prior section 3012 was renumbered section 3013 of this title and subsequently repealed.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(3), transferred par. (2) of section 2302 of this title to this section, realigned margin, struck out par. (2) designation at beginning, substituted "In this part, the term" for "The term" in introductory provisions, redesignated subpars. (A) to (E) as pars. (1) to (5), respectively, and, in par. (3), redesignated cls. (i) and (ii) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3013. Technical data

In any chapter 137 legacy provision, the term "technical data" means recorded information (regardless of the form or method of the recording) of a scientific or technical nature (including computer software documentation) relating to supplies procured by an agency. Such term does not include computer software or financial, administrative, cost or pricing, or management data or other information incidental to contract administration.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(b)(1), (4), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4153.)

Codification

The text of par. (4) of section 2302 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(4), was based on Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1211, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2589; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(2), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3013 was renumbered section 7013 of this title.

Another prior section 3013, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 157, §3012; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(57), 72 Stat. 1462; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–651, title II, §211, 76 Stat. 524; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §§305(2), 306(j)(1), 78 Stat. 422, 431; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §22, 80 Stat. 1118; renumbered §3013, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(2), 100 Stat. 1034, related to Secretary of the Army, powers and duties, and delegations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §501(a)(5).

Another prior section 3013 was renumbered section 3014 of this title and subsequently repealed.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(4), transferred par. (4) of section 2302 of this title to this section, realigned margin, struck out par. (4) designation at beginning, and substituted "In any chapter 137 legacy provision, the term" for "The term".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3014. Nontraditional defense contractor

In this part, the term "nontraditional defense contractor", with respect to a procurement or with respect to a transaction authorized under section 4002(a) or 4003 of this title, means an entity that is not currently performing and has not performed, for at least the one-year period preceding the solicitation of sources by the Department of Defense for the procurement or transaction, any contract or subcontract for the Department of Defense that is subject to full coverage under the cost accounting standards prescribed pursuant to section 1502 of title 41 and the regulations implementing such section.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(b)(1), (5), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4153, 4154.)

Codification

The text of par. (9) of section 2302 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(5), was based on Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §866(g)(1), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4298; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(a)(2)(B), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3504; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VIII, §815(b), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 896.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3014 was renumbered section 7014 of this title.

Another prior section 3014, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 158, §3013; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §8(a), 72 Stat. 519; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(58), 72 Stat. 1462; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §305(3), 78 Stat. 422; Dec. 1, 1967, Pub. L. 90–168, §2(12), 81 Stat. 523; Dec. 31, 1970, Pub. L. 91–611, title II, §211(a), 84 Stat. 1829; Nov. 9, 1979, Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, §820(b), 93 Stat. 819; Sept. 24, 1983, Pub. L. 98–94, title XII, §1212(c)(1), 97 Stat. 687; renumbered §3014, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(2), 100 Stat. 1034, related to Under Secretary and Assistant Secretaries of the Army, appointment, and duties, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §501(a)(5).

Another prior section 3014 was renumbered section 3015 of this title and subsequently repealed.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(5), transferred par. (9) of section 2302 of this title to this section, realigned margin, struck out par. (9) designation at beginning, and substituted "In this part, the term" for "The term" and "section 4002(a) or 4003" for "section 2371(a) or 2371b".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3015. Simplified acquisition threshold

In this part:

(1) The term "simplified acquisition threshold" has the meaning provided that term in section 134 of title 41, except that, in the case of any contract to be awarded and performed, or purchase to be made, outside the United States in support of a contingency operation or a humanitarian or peacekeeping operation, the term means an amount equal to two times the amount specified for that term in such section.

(2) The term "humanitarian or peacekeeping operation" means a military operation in support of the provision of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance or in support of a peacekeeping operation under chapter VI or VII of the Charter of the United Nations. The term does not include routine training, force rotation, or stationing.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(b)(1), (6), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4153, 4154.)

Codification

The text of pars. (7) and (8) of section 2302 of this title, which were transferred to this section, redesignated as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(6), was based on Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1502, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3296; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VIII, §807(a), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2606; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VIII, §803(b), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1832; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(8)(C), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3843; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(a)(2)(A), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3504.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3015 was renumbered section 7015 of this title.

Another prior section 3015, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 158, §3014; renumbered §3015, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(2), 100 Stat. 1034, related to Comptroller and Deputy Comptroller of the Army, powers and duties, and appointment, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §501(a)(5).

Another prior section 3015 was renumbered section 3040 of this title and subsequently repealed.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(b)(6), redesignated pars. (7) and (8) of section 2302 of this title as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, of this section and inserted introductory provisions.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3016. Chapter 137 legacy provisions

In this part, the term "chapter 137 legacy provisions" means the following sections of this title: sections 3002, 3004, 3011–3015, 3041, 3063–3069, 3134, 3151–3157, 3201–3208, 3221–3227, 3241, 3243, 3249, 3252, 3301–3309, 3321–3323, 3344, 3345, 3371–3375, 3377, 3401, 3403, 3405, 3406, 3501–3511, 3531–3535, 3571, 3572, 3573, 3701–3708, 3741–3750, 3761, 3771–3775, 3781–3786, 3791, 3794, 3801–3807, 3841, 3842, 3847, 3881, 3901, 3902, 4202(b), 4324, 4325, 4501, 4502, 4505, 4506, 4507, 4576, 4657, 4660, 4751, 4752, and 8751.

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(b)(7), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4154.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3016 was renumbered section 7016 of this title.

Another prior section 3016 was renumbered section 7018 of this title.

Prior sections 3017 and 3018 were renumbered sections 7017 and 7018 of this title, respectively.

Another prior section 3018, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(59)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1462, prescribed compensation of General Counsel of Department of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §305(40)(A), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 427, eff. first day of first pay period beginning on or after July 1, 1964.

A prior section 3019 was renumbered section 7019 of this title.

Another prior section 3019 was renumbered section 7038 of this title.

A prior section 3020 was renumbered section 7020 of this title.

A prior section 3021 was renumbered section 7021 of this title.

Another prior section 3021 was renumbered section 10302 of this title.

Prior sections 3022 to 3024, 3031, and 3032 were renumbered sections 7022 to 7024, 7031, and 7032 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3033 was renumbered section 7033 of this title.

Another prior section 3033 was renumbered section 10302 of this title.

A prior section 3034 was renumbered section 7034 of this title.

Another prior section 3034 was renumbered section 7033 of this title.

A prior section 3035 was renumbered section 7035 of this title.

Another prior section 3035 was renumbered section 7034 of this title.

Prior sections 3036 and 3037 were renumbered sections 7036 and 7037 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3038 was renumbered section 7038 of this title.

Another prior section 3038, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 164, charged Chief of Engineers with responsibility for Army construction, real estate acquisition and management, and the operation of water, gas, electric, and sewer utilities, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–718, §25(a), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1119.

A prior section 3039, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 165, §3040; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §805(a), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1621; renumbered §3039 and amended Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §502(f)(2), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1042, related to deputy and assistant chiefs of branches, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(n)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2103.

Another prior section 3039, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 164, related to Inspector General and Provost Marshal General, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §502(f)(1). See section 7020 of this title.

A prior section 3040, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 159, §3015; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §12, 72 Stat. 521; renumbered §3040, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(1), 100 Stat. 1034; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to National Guard Bureau, Chief of Bureau, appointment and acting Chief, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(b)(1), (d), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2827, effective at the end of the 90-day period beginning on Oct. 5, 1994. See sections 10501, 10502, and 10505 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

SUBCHAPTER III—DEFINITIONS RELATING TO MAJOR SYSTEMS AND MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS

Sec.
3041.
Major system.
3042.
Major defense acquisition program.

        

§3041. Major system

(a) In General.—In this part (other than in sections 4292(e) and 4321), the term "major system" means a combination of elements that will function together to produce the capabilities required to fulfill a mission need. The elements may include hardware, equipment, software or any combination thereof, but excludes construction or other improvements to real property.

(b) System Considered to Be a Major System.—A system shall be considered a major system if—

(1) the conditions of subsection (c) or (d), as applicable, are satisfied; or

(2) the system is designated a "major system" by the head of the agency responsible for the system.


(c) Department of Defense Systems.—

(1) In general.—For purposes of subsection (b), a system for which the Department of Defense is responsible shall be considered a major system if—

(A) the total expenditures for research, development, test, and evaluation for the system are estimated to be more than $115,000,000 (based on fiscal year 1990 constant dollars); or

(B) the eventual total expenditure for procurement for the system is estimated to be more than $540,000,000 (based on fiscal year 1990 constant dollars).


(2) Adjustment authority.—Authority for the Secretary of Defense to adjust amounts and the base fiscal year in effect under this subsection is provided in section 4202(b) of this title.


(d) Civilian Agency Systems.—For purposes of subsection (b), a system for which a civilian agency is responsible shall be considered a major system if total expenditures for the system are estimated to exceed the greater of—

(1) $750,000 (based on fiscal year 1980 constant dollars); or

(2) the dollar threshold for a "major system" established by the agency pursuant to Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A–109, entitled "Major Systems Acquisitions".

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4154.)

Codification

The text of par. (5) of section 2302 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (a) and (b), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(c)(2), was based on Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1211, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2589; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(2), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VIII, §805(a)(1), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2605.

The text of subsecs. (a) and (b) of section 2302d of this title, which were transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (c) and (d), respectively, and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(c)(3), was based on Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VIII, §805(a)(2), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2605; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(41), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1902.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(c)(2)(A), redesignated par. (5) of section 2302 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, realigned margin, inserted heading, and substituted "In this part (other than in sections 4292(e) and 4321), the term" for "The term". Former third sentence of subsec. (a) designated (b).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(c)(2)(B), (C), after transfer of section 2302(5) of this title to subsec. (a) of this section, designated third sentence of subsec. (a) as (b), inserted heading, and substituted "system if—" and pars. (1) and (2) for "system if (A) the conditions of section 2302d of this title are satisfied, or (B) the system is designated a 'major system' by the head of the agency responsible for the system."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(c)(3), redesignated subsec. (a) of section 2302d of this title as subsec. (c) of this section, substituted "subsection (b)" for "section 2302(5) of this title" in introductory provisions, designated existing provisions as par. (1) and inserted heading, redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, and added par. (2).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(c)(3), redesignated subsec. (b) of section 2302d of this title as subsec. (d) of this section and substituted "subsection (b)" for "section 2302(5) of this title" in introductory provisions.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3042. Major defense acquisition program

For the definition of the term "major defense acquisition program" for purposes of this part, see section 4201 of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1806(c)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4154.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3061 was renumbered section 7061 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

CHAPTER 203—GENERAL MATTERS

Sec.
3061.
[Reserved].
3062.
Regulations.
3063.
Covered agencies.
3064.
Applicability chapter 137 legacy provisions.1

        

3065.
Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities: delegation within agency.
3066.
Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities: procurements for or with other agencies.
3067.
Approval required for military department termination or reduction in participation in joint acquisition programs.
3068.
Inapplicability of certain laws.
3069.
Buy-to-budget acquisition: end items.
3070.
Limitation on acquisition of excess supplies.
3071.
[Reserved].
3072.
Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and initiatives.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 203 "GENERAL MATTERS", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, and consisting of reserved section 3021, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(a), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4156.

1 So in original. Does not conform to section catchline.

§3062. Regulations

The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations governing the performance within the Department of Defense of the procurement functions, and related functions, of the Department of Defense.

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(b)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4157.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3062 was renumbered section 7062 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Restriction on Department of Defense Procurement of Certain Items Containing Perfluorooctane Sulfonate or Perfluorooctanoic Acid

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title III, §333, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3531, provided that:

"(a) Prohibition.—The Department of Defense may not procure any covered item that contains perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) or perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).

"(b) Definitions.—In this section, the term 'covered item' means—

"(1) nonstick cookware or cooking utensils for use in galleys or dining facilities; and

"(2) upholstered furniture, carpets, and rugs that have been treated with stain-resistant coatings.

"(c) Effective Date.—This section shall take effect on April 1, 2023."

§3063. Covered agencies

For purposes of any provision of law referring to this section, the agencies named in this section are the following:

(1) The Department of Defense.

(2) The Department of the Army.

(3) The Department of the Navy.

(4) The Department of the Air Force.

(5) The Coast Guard.

(6) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(c)(1), (2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4157.)

Codification

The text of pars. (1) to (6) of section 2303(a) of this title, which were transferred to this section by Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(c)(2), was based on act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 128; Pub. L. 85–568, title III, §301(b), July 29, 1958, 72 Stat. 432; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2722(b)(1)(C), (D), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3063 was renumbered section 7063 of this title.

Amendments

2021—Pars. (1) to (6). Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(c)(2), transferred pars. (1) to (6) of section 2303(a) of this title to this section.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3064. Applicability of chapter 137 legacy provisions

(a) General Applicability.—Any provision of this part that is a chapter 137 legacy provision; 1 applies to the procurement by any by any 2 of the agencies named in section 3063 of this title, for its use or otherwise, of all property (other than land) and all services for which payment is to be made from appropriated funds.

(b) Applicability to Contracts for Installation or Alteration.—The provisions of this part that are chapter 137 legacy provisions that apply to the procurement of property apply also to contracts for its installation or alteration.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(c)(1), (3), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4157.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (a) introductory provisions and subsec. (b) of section 2303 of this title, which were transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(c)(3), was based on act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 128; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2722(b)(1)(A), (B), (3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3064 was renumbered section 7064 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(c)(3), transferred introductory provisions of subsec. (a) and subsec. (b) of section 2303 of this title to this section.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(c)(3)(A), inserted heading and substituted "Any provision of this part that is a chapter 137 legacy provision;" for "This chapter", "by any of the agencies named in section 3063 of this title" for "of the following agencies", and period for colon at end.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(c)(3)(B), inserted heading and substituted "The provisions of this part that are chapter 137 legacy provisions" for "The provisions of this chapter".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 So in original. The semicolon probably should not appear.

2 So in original.

§3065. Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities: delegation within agency

Except to the extent expressly prohibited by another provision of law, the head of an agency may delegate, subject to his direction, to any other officer or official of that agency, any power under any provision of this part that is a chapter 137 legacy provision.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 132, §2311; Pub. L. 85–800, §11, Aug. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 967; Pub. L. 87–653, §1(g), Sept. 10, 1962, 76 Stat. 529; Pub. L. 90–378, §3, July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 290; Pub. L. 97–86, title IX, §§907(c), 909(f), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1117, 1120; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2726, July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1194; Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1214, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2592; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §505, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3087; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1503(a)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3296; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(b)(2), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1225; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(49), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1548; renumbered §3065 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(d)(1), (2)(A)–(C), (3), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4157, 4158.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3065 was renumbered section 7065 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(d)(2)(C), (3), in section catchline, substituted "Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities: delegation within agency" for "Emergency situations involving weapons of mass destruction" and, in text, struck out subsec. (a) designation and heading "In General" at beginning, and substituted "under any provision of this part that is a chapter 137 legacy provision" for "under this chapter".

Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(d)(1), renumbered section 2311 of this title as this section.

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(d)(2)(A), (B), transferred subsecs. (b) and (c) of this section to sections 3066 and 3067 of this title, respectively.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3066. Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities: procurements for or with other agencies

Subject to section 3065 of this title, to facilitate the procurement of property and services covered by any provision of this part that is a chapter 137 legacy provision by each agency named in section 3063 of this title for any other agency, and to facilitate joint procurement by those agencies—

(1) the head of an agency may delegate functions and assign responsibilities relating to procurement to any officer or employee within such agency;

(2) the heads of two or more agencies may by agreement delegate procurement functions and assign procurement responsibilities from one agency to another of those agencies or to an officer or civilian employee of another of those agencies; and

(3) the heads of two or more agencies may create joint or combined offices to exercise procurement functions and responsibilities.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(d)(2)(A), (D), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4158.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b) of section 2311 of this title, which was transferred first to section 3065(b) of this title and then to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(d)(1), (2)(A), (D), was based on Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1503(a)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3296.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3066, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 167; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(19), 72 Stat. 1565, authorized President, by and with consent of Senate, to make temporary appointments in grades of general and lieutenant general from officers of Army on active duty in any grade above brigadier general and specified number of positions in each such grade, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §201, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 601 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(d)(2)(D), transferred subsec. (b) of section 3065 of this title to this section, and, in introductory provisions, struck out subsec. (b) designation and heading "Procurements For or With Other Agencies" at beginning and substituted "Subject to section 3065 of this title" for "Subject to subsection (a)", "covered by any provision of this part that is a chapter 137 legacy provision" for "covered by this chapter", and "section 3063" for "section 2303".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3067. Approval required for military department termination or reduction in participation in joint acquisition programs

(a) Approval of Terminations and Reductions of Joint Acquisition Programs.—The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations that prohibit each military department participating in a joint acquisition program approved by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment from terminating or substantially reducing its participation in such program without the approval of the Under Secretary.

(b) Required Content of Regulations.—The regulations shall include the following provisions:

(1) A requirement that, before any such termination or substantial reduction in participation is approved, the proposed termination or reduction be reviewed by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council of the Department of Defense.

(2) A provision that authorizes the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment to require a military department whose participation in a joint acquisition program has been approved for termination or substantial reduction to continue to provide some or all of the funding necessary for the acquisition program to be continued in an efficient manner.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(d)(2)(B), (E), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4158.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (c) of section 2311 of this title, which was transferred first to section 3065(c) of this title and then to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(d)(1), (2)(B), (E), was based on Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1503(a)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3296; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(b)(2), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1225; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(49), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1548.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3067 was renumbered section 7067 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(d)(2)(E), redesignated subsec. (c) of section 3065 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, struck out par. (1) designation before "The Secretary of Defense shall", redesignated par. (2) and its subpars. (A) and (B) as subsec. (b) and pars. (1) and (2), respectively, and inserted subsec. (b) heading.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3068. Inapplicability of certain laws

(a) Laws Inapplicable to Agencies Named in Section 3063.—Sections 6101 and 6304 of title 41 do not apply to the procurement or sale of property or services by the agencies named in section 3063 of this title of this title.1

(b) Laws Inapplicable to Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment and Services for Certain Defense Purposes.—For purposes of subtitle III of title 40, the term "national security system", with respect to a telecommunications and information system operated by the Department of Defense, has the meaning given that term by section 3552(b)(6) of title 44.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(e)(1)–(3), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4158, 4159.)

Codification

The text of section 2314 of this title, which was transferred to this section, designated as subsec. (a), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(e)(2), was based on act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 133; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(78), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2927; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §822(b)(2), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(16), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3843; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(a)(4), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3504.

The text of section 2315 of this title, which was transferred to this section, designated as subsec. (b), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(e)(3), was based on Pub. L. 97–86, title IX, §908(a)(1), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1117; amended Pub. L. 97–295, §1(25), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1291; Pub. L. 104–106, div. E, title LVI, §5601(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 699; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title X, §1074(b)(4)(B), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2660; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(49), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1903; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(5), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1295; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title IX, §906(c), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2354; Pub. L. 113–283, §2(e)(5)(C), Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 3087; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(7), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1001.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3068 was renumbered section 7068 of this title.

Another prior section 3068, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 168; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(a)(1), 76 Stat. 494, contained substantially the same provisions as section 7068, which formerly was numbered as section 3068, but placed the upper limit for the rank of officers of the Medical Service Corps at colonel, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–603.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(e)(2), transferred text of section 2314 of this title to this section, designated it as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and substituted "section 3063 of this title" for "section 2303".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(e)(3), transferred text of section 2315 of this title to this section, designated it as subsec. (b), and inserted heading. Amendment directing insertion of heading before "Sections" was executed by inserting it before "For purposes of" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 So in original.

§3069. Buy-to-budget acquisition: end items

(a) Authority To Acquire Additional End Items.—Using funds available to the Department of Defense for the acquisition of an end item, the head of an agency making the acquisition may acquire a higher quantity of the end item than the quantity specified for the end item in a law providing for the funding of that acquisition if that head of an agency makes each of the following findings:

(1) The agency has an established requirement for the end item that is expected to remain substantially unchanged throughout the period of the acquisition.

(2) It is possible to acquire the higher quantity of the end item without additional funding because of production efficiencies or other cost reductions.

(3) The amount of the funds used for the acquisition of the higher quantity of the end item will not exceed the amount provided under that law for the acquisition of the end item.

(4) The amount so provided is sufficient to ensure that each unit of the end item acquired within the higher quantity is fully funded as a complete end item.


(b) Regulations.—The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section. The regulations shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(1) The level of approval within the Department of Defense that is required for a decision to acquire a higher quantity of an end item under subsection (a).

(2) Authority (subject to subsection (a)) to acquire up to 10 percent more than the quantity of an end item approved in a justification and approval of the use of procedures other than competitive procedures for the acquisition of the end item under sections 3201 through 3205 of this title.


(c) Notification of Congress.—(1) The head of an agency is not required to notify Congress in advance regarding a decision under the authority of this section to acquire a higher quantity of an end item than is specified in a law described in subsection (a), but, except as provided in paragraph (2), shall notify the congressional defense committees of the decision not later than 30 days after the date of the decision.

(2) A notification is not required under paragraph (1) if the end item being acquired in a higher quantity is an end item under a tactical missile program or a munitions program.

(d) Waiver by Other Law.—A provision of law may not be construed as prohibiting the acquisition of a higher quantity of an end item under this section unless that provision of law—

(1) specifically refers to this section; and

(2) specifically states that the acquisition of the higher quantity of the end item is prohibited notwithstanding the authority provided in this section.


(e) Definitions.—(1) For the purposes of this section, a quantity of an end item shall be considered specified in a law if the quantity is specified either in a provision of that law or in any related representation that is set forth separately in a table, chart, or explanatory text included in a joint explanatory statement or governing committee report accompanying the law.

(2) In this section:

(A) The term "end item" means a production product assembled, completed, and ready for issue or deployment.

(B) The term "head of an agency" means the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air Force.

(Added Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VIII, §801(a)(1), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2600, §2308; amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1043(b)(11), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1611; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §852, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2296; renumbered §3069 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(f), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3069 was renumbered section 7069 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2308 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 116–283 substituted "sections 3201 through 3205" for "section 2304".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3070. Limitation on acquisition of excess supplies

(a) Two-Year Supply.—The Secretary of Defense may not incur any obligation against a stock fund of the Department of Defense for the acquisition of any item of supply if that acquisition is likely to result in an on-hand inventory (excluding war reserves) of that item of supply in excess of two years of operating stocks.

(b) Exceptions.—The head of a procuring activity may authorize the acquisition of an item of supply in excess of the limitation contained in subsection (a) if that activity head determines in writing—

(1) that the acquisition is necessary to achieve an economical order quantity and will not result in an on-hand inventory (excluding war reserves) in excess of three years of operating stocks and that the need for the item is unlikely to decline during the period for which the acquisition is made; or

(2) that the acquisition is necessary for purposes of maintaining the industrial base or for other reasons of national security.

(Added Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title III, §317(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1338, §2213; renumbered §3070, Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1807(g)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3070 was renumbered section 7070 of this title.

A prior section 3071, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 169; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(a)(2), (3), 76 Stat. 494; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(8)(C), 81 Stat. 374, prescribed composition of Women's Army Corps and provided for a Director, a Deputy Director, and other positions for Women's Army Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(b), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2213 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3072. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and initiatives

(a) Assessment Required.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees an annual assessment of selected acquisition programs and initiatives of the Department of Defense by March 30th of each year from 2020 through 2023.

(b) Analyses To Be Included.—The assessment required under subsection (a) shall include—

(1) a macro analysis of how well acquisition programs and initiatives are performing and reasons for that performance;

(2) a discussion of selected organizational, policy, and legislative changes, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller General, and the potential implications for execution and oversight of programs and initiatives; and

(3) specific analyses of individual acquisition programs and initiatives.


(c) Acquisition Programs and Initiatives to Be Considered.—The assessment required under subsection (a) shall consider the following programs and initiatives:

(1) Selected weapon systems, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller General.

(2) Selected information technology systems and initiatives, including defense business systems, networks, and software-intensive systems, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller General.

(3) Selected prototyping and rapid fielding activities and initiatives, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller General.

(Added Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §833(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1858, §2229b; renumbered §3072 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title VIII, §813, title XVIII, §1807(g)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3749, 4159.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3072 to 3075 were renumbered sections 7072 to 7075 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 3076 to 3080 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1661(a)(3)(A), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2980, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided.

Section 3076, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 170, related to composition of Army Reserve. See section 10104 of this title.

Section 3077, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 170, related to composition of Army National Guard of United States. See section 10105 of this title.

Section 3078, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 171, provided that Army National Guard is a component of Army while in service of United States. See section 10106 of this title.

Section 3079, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 171, related to status of Army National Guard of United States when not in Federal service. See section 10107 of this title.

Section 3080, added Pub. L. 86–603, §1(2)(A), July 7, 1960, 74 Stat. 357, related to authority of officers of Army National Guard of United States with respect to Federal status. See section 10215 of this title.

Prior sections 3081, 3082, 3083, and 3084 were renumbered sections 7081, 10542, 7083, and 7084 of this title, respectively.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1807(g)(1), renumbered section 2229b of this title as this section.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §813, substituted "a discussion of selected organizational, policy, and legislative changes, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller General, and the potential" for "a summary of organizational and legislative changes and emerging assessment methodologies since the last assessment, and a discussion of the".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by section 1807(g)(1) of Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

CHAPTER 205—DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM

Sec.
3101.
Definitions.
3102.
Customer-oriented acquisition system.
3103.
Civilian management of the defense acquisition system.
3104.
Acquisition-related functions of chiefs of the armed forces.
3105.
Elements of the defense acquisition system: performance assessments.
3106.
Elements of the defense acquisition system: performance goals 1

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 205 "DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, and consisting of reserved section 3051, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1808(a)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §§1808(a)(1), (3)(B), (c)(3), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159, 4160, transferred chapter 149 of this title to this chapter, renumbered items 2545, 2546, 2546a, 2547, and 2548 as 3101, 3103, 3102, 3104, and 3105, respectively, moved item 3102 so as to follow item 3101, added items 3105 and 3106, and struck out former item 3105 (as renumbered from 2548) "Performance assessments of the defense acquisition system".

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.

§3101. Definitions

In this chapter, the term "acquisition" has the meaning provided in section 131 of title 41.

(Added Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §861(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4288, §2545; amended Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(a)(11), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3505; renumbered §3101 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1808(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159, 4160.)

Codification

Section 2545 of this title, which was transferred to this section by Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(a)(2), was also transferred in large part to section 3001 of this title by Pub. L. 116–283, §1806(a)(2)–(4).

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(b)(1), substituted "In this chapter, the term" for "In this chapter:", par. (1) designation, and "The term" and struck out pars. (2) to (4) which defined "defense acquisition system", "element of the defense acquisition system", and "acquisition workforce".

Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(a)(2), renumbered section 2545 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Digital Modernization of Analytical and Decision-Support Processes for Managing and Overseeing Department of Defense Acquisition Programs

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title VIII, §836, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3756, provided that:

"(a) Digital Data Management and Analytics Capabilities.—

"(1) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall iteratively develop and integrate advanced digital data management and analytics capabilities, consistent with private sector best practices, that—

"(A) integrate all aspects of the defense acquisition system, including the development of capability requirements, research, design, development, testing, evaluation, acquisition, management, operations, and sustainment of systems;

"(B) facilitate the management and analysis of all relevant data generated during the development of capability requirements, research, design, development, testing, evaluation, acquisition, operations, and sustainment of systems;

"(C) enable the use of such data to inform further development, acquisition, management and oversight of such systems, including portfolio management; and

"(D) include software capabilities to collect, transport, organize, manage, make available, and analyze relevant data throughout the life cycle of defense acquisition programs, including any data needed to support individual and portfolio management of acquisition programs.

"(2) Requirements.—The capabilities developed under paragraph (1) shall—

"(A) be accessible to, and useable by, individuals throughout the Department of Defense who have responsibilities relating to activities described in clauses (A) through (C) of paragraph (1);

"(B) enable the development, use, curation, and maintenance of original form and real-time digital systems by—

"(i) ensuring shared access to data within the Department;

"(ii) supplying data to digital engineering models for use in the defense acquisition, sustainment, and portfolio management processes; and

"(iii) supplying data to testing infrastructure and software to support automated approaches for testing, evaluation, and deployment throughout the defense acquisition, sustainment, and portfolio management processes; and

"(C) feature—

"(i) improved data management and sharing processes;

"(ii) timely, high-quality, transparent, and actionable analyses; and

"(iii) analytical models and simulations.

"(3) Enabling data infrastructure, tools, and processes.—In developing the capability required under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall—

"(A) move supporting processes and the data associated with such processes from analog to digital format, including planning and reporting processes;

"(B) make new and legacy data more accessible to, and usable by, appropriate employees and contractors (at any tier) of the Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces, including through migration of program and other documentation into digital formats;

"(C) modernize the query, collection, storage, retrieval, reporting, and analysis capabilities for stakeholders within the Department, including research entities, Program Management Offices, analytic organizations, oversight staff, and decision makers;

"(D) automate data collection and storage to minimize or eliminate manual data entry or manual reporting;

"(E) enable employees and other appropriate users to access data from all relevant data sources, including through—

"(i) streamlining data access privileges;

"(ii) sharing of appropriate data between and among Federal Government and contractor information systems; and

"(iii) enabling timely and continuous data collection and sharing from all appropriate personnel, including contractors;

"(F) modernize existing enterprise information systems to enable interoperability consistent with technical best practices; and

"(G) provide capabilities and platforms to enable continuous development and integration of software using public and private sector best practices.

"(b) Portfolio Management.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish capabilities for robust, effective, and data-driven portfolio management described in subsection (a)(1)(C), using the capability established in this section, to improve the Department of Defense-wide assessment, management, and optimization of the investments in weapon systems of the Department, including through consolidation of duplicate or similar weapon system programs.

"(c) Demonstration Activities.—

"(1) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to demonstrate the capability required under subsection (a).

"(2) Activity selection.—Not later than July 15, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall select decision support processes and individual acquisition programs to participate in the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), including—

"(A) decision support processes, including—

"(i) portfolio management as described in subsection (b);

"(ii) one or more acquisition data management test cases; and

"(iii) one or more development and test modeling and simulation test cases to demonstrate the ability to collect data from tests and operations in the field, and feed the data back into models and simulations for better software development and testing;

"(B) individual acquisition programs representing—

"(i) one or more defense business systems;

"(ii) one or more command and control systems;

"(iii) one or more middle tier of acquisition programs;

"(iv) programs featuring a cost-plus contract type, and a fixed-price contract type, and a transaction authorized under section 2371 or 2371b of title 10, United States Code; and

"(v) at least one program in each military department.

"(3) Execution of demonstration activities.—As part of the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall—

"(A) conduct a comparative analysis that assesses the risks and benefits of the digital management and analytics capability used in each of the programs participating in the demonstration activities relative to the traditional data collection, reporting, exposing, and analysis approaches of the Department;

"(B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy for each of the programs participating in the demonstration activities is best aligned to meet the goals of the program; and

"(C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to support any new policies and guidance implemented in connection with the demonstration activities, including any policies and guidance implemented after the completion of such activities.

"(d) Policies and Guidance Required.—Not later than March 15, 2022, based on the results of the demonstration activities carried out under subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify policies and guidance to—

"(1) promote the use of digital data management and analytics capabilities; and

"(2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures relating to such capabilities.

"(e) Steering Committee.—

"(1) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a steering committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out subsections (a) through (c).

"(2) Membership.—The steering committee shall be composed of the following members or their designees:

"(A) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.

"(B) The Chief Information Officer.

"(C) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.

"(D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

"(E) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

"(F) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

"(G) The Service Acquisition Executives.

"(H) The Director for Force Structure, Resources, and Assessment of the Joint Staff.

"(I) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.

"(J) Such other officials of the Department of Defense as the Secretary determines appropriate.

"(f) Independent Assessments.—

"(1) Initial assessment.—

"(A) In general.—The Defense Innovation Board, in consultation with the Defense Digital Service, shall conduct an independent assessment and cost-benefits analysis to identify recommended approaches for the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).

"(B) Elements.—The assessment under subparagraph (A) shall include the following:

"(i) A plan for the development and implementation of the capabilities required under subsection (a), including a plan for any procurement that may be required as part of such development and implementation.

"(ii) An independent cost assessment of the total estimated cost of developing and implementing the capability, as well as an assessment of any potential cost savings.

"(iii) An independent estimate of the schedule for the development approach, and order of priorities for implementation of the capability, including a reasonable estimate of the dates on which the capability can be expected to achieve initial operational capability and full operational capability, respectively.

"(iv) A recommendation identifying the office or other organization of the Department of Defense that would be most appropriate to manage and execute the capability.

"(C) Report.—Not later than July 15, 2021, the Defense Innovation Board, in consultation with the Defense Digital Service, shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report on the findings of the assessment under subparagraph (A), including the findings of the assessment with respect to each element specified in subparagraph (B).

"(2) Second assessment.—

"(A) In general.—Not later than March 15, 2023, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly complete an independent assessment of the progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board have access to the resources, data, and information necessary to complete the assessment.

"(B) Information to congress.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the assessment under subparagraph (A) is completed, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly provide to the congressional defense committees—

"(i) a report summarizing the assessment; and

"(ii) a briefing on the findings of the assessment.

"(g) Demonstrations and Briefing.—

"(1) Demonstration of implementation.—Not later than October 20, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a demonstration and briefing on the progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The briefing shall include an explanation of how the results of the demonstration activities carried out under subsection (c) will be incorporated into the policy and guidance required under subsection (d), particularly the policy and guidance of the members of the steering committee established under subsection (e).

"(2) Briefing on legislative recommendations.—Not later than February 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and of the House of Representatives a briefing that identifies any changes to existing law that may be necessary to facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).

"(3) Demonstration of portfolio management.—In conjunction with the budget of the President for fiscal year 2023 (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 21 [probably should be title "31"], United States Code), the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall schedule a demonstration of the portfolio management capability developed under subsection (b) with the congressional defense committees."

§3102. Customer-oriented acquisition system

(a) Objective.—It shall be the objective of the defense acquisition system to meet the needs of its customers in the most cost-effective manner practicable. The acquisition policies, directives, and regulations of the Department of Defense shall be modified as necessary to ensure the development and implementation of a customer-oriented acquisition system.

(b) Customer.—The customer of the defense acquisition system is the armed force that will have primary responsibility for fielding the system or systems acquired. The customer is represented with regard to a major defense acquisition program by the Secretary of the military department concerned and the Chief of the armed force concerned.

(c) Role of Customer.—The customer of a major defense acquisition program shall be responsible for balancing resources against priorities on the acquisition program and ensuring that appropriate trade-offs are made among cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and performance on a continuing basis throughout the life of the acquisition program.

(Added Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VIII, §802(a)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 878, §2546a; renumbered §3102 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1808(a)(2), (3)(A), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2546a of this title as this section and transferred it so as to appear after section 3101 of this title. Directory language transferring this section "within such section" was executed as if it had read "within such chapter", meaning chapter 205 of this title, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3103. Civilian management of the defense acquisition system

(a) Responsibility of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.—Subject to the authority, direction and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall be responsible for the management of the defense acquisition system and shall exercise such control of the system and perform such duties as are necessary to ensure the successful and efficient operation of the defense acquisition system, including the duties enumerated and assigned to the Under Secretary elsewhere in this title.

(b) Responsibility of the Service Acquisition Executives.—Subject to the direction of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment on matters pertaining to acquisition, and subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the military department concerned, a service acquisition executive of a military department shall be responsible for the management of elements of the defense acquisition system in that military department and shall exercise such control of the system and perform such duties as are necessary to ensure the successful and efficient operation of such elements of the defense acquisition system.

(Added Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §861(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4288, §2546; amended Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(78), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1552; renumbered §3103, Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1808(a)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2546 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3104. Acquisition-related functions of chiefs of the armed forces

(a) Performance of Certain Acquisition-related Functions.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Chief of Space Operations assist the Secretary of the military department concerned in the performance of the following acquisition-related functions of such department:

(1) The development of requirements for equipping the armed force concerned (subject, where appropriate, to validation by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council pursuant to section 181 of this title).

(2) Decisions regarding the balancing of resources and priorities, and associated trade-offs among cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and performance on major defense acquisition programs.

(3) The coordination of measures to control requirements creep in the defense acquisition system.

(4) The recommendation of trade-offs among life-cycle cost, schedule, and performance objectives, and procurement quantity objectives, to ensure acquisition programs deliver best value in meeting the approved military requirements.

(5) Termination of development or procurement programs for which life-cycle cost, schedule, and performance expectations are no longer consistent with approved military requirements and levels of priority, or which no longer have approved military requirements.

(6) The development and management of career paths in acquisition for military personnel (as required by section 1722a of this title).

(7) The assignment and training of contracting officer representatives when such representatives are required to be members of the armed forces because of the nature of the contract concerned.


(b) Adherence to Requirements in Major Defense Acquisition Programs.—(1) The Secretary of the military department concerned shall ensure that the program capability document supporting a Milestone B or subsequent decision for a major defense acquisition program may not be approved until the chief of the armed force concerned determines in writing that the requirements in the document are necessary and realistic in relation to the program cost and fielding targets established under section 4271(a) of this title.

(2) Consistent with the performance of duties under subsection (a), the Chief of the armed force concerned, or in the case of a joint program the chiefs of the armed forces concerned, with respect to major defense acquisition programs, shall—

(A) concur with the need for a materiel solution as identified in the Materiel Development Decision Review prior to entry into the Materiel Solution Analysis Phase under Department of Defense Instruction 5000.02;

(B) concur with the cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been made with regard to the program before Milestone A approval is granted under section 4251 of this title;

(C) concur that appropriate trade-offs among cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and performance objectives have been made to ensure that the program is affordable when considering the per unit cost and the total life-cycle cost before Milestone B approval is granted under section 4252 of this title; and

(D) concur that the requirements in the program capability document are necessary and realistic in relation to program cost and fielding targets as required by paragraph (1) before Milestone C approval is granted.


(c) Rule of Construction.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the assignment of functions under section 7014(c)(1)(A), section 8014(c)(1)(A), or section 9014(c)(1)(A) of this title, except as explicitly provided in this section.

(d) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "requirements creep" means the addition of new technical or operational specifications after a requirements document is approved by the appropriate validation authority for the requirements document.

(2) The term "requirements document" means a document produced in the requirements process that is provided for an acquisition program to guide the subsequent development, production, and testing of the program and that—

(A) justifies the need for a materiel approach, or an approach that is a combination of materiel and non-materiel, to satisfy one or more specific capability gaps;

(B) details the information necessary to develop an increment of militarily useful, logistically supportable, and technically mature capability, including key performance parameters; or

(C) identifies production attributes required for a single increment of a program.


(3) The term "program capability document" has the meaning provided in section 4401(b)(5) of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §861(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4289, §2547; amended Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title IX, §951(c), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1891; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VIII, §802(b), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 879; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §807(c), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2261; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VIII, §833, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1468; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §809(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1840; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(a)(52), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1815; renumbered §3104 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title IX, §924(b)(32), title XVIII, §1808(a)(2), (b)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3825, 4159, 4160.)

Codification

In addition to being transferred to this section as part of section 2547 of this title, subsec. (b) of section 2547 of this title was also transferred to section 4274 of this title and redesignated as subsec. (a) of such section 4274 by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1847(e)(4)(B), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4257.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(a)(2), renumbered section 2547 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §924(b)(32), substituted "the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Chief of Space Operations" for "and the Commandant of the Marine Corps".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(b)(2)(A), substituted "section 4271(a)" for "section 2448a(a)".

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(b)(2)(B), substituted "section 4251" for "section 2366a".

Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(b)(2)(C), substituted "section 4252" for "section 2366b".

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(b)(2)(D), substituted "section 4401(b)(5)" for "section 2446a(b)(5)".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by section 1808(a)(2), (b)(2) of Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3105. Elements of the defense acquisition system: performance assessments

(a) Performance Assessments Required.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Director of Procurement and Acquisition Policy, and the Director of the Office of Performance Assessment and Root Cause Analysis, shall issue guidance, with detailed implementation instructions, for the Department of Defense to provide for periodic independent performance assessments of elements of the defense acquisition system for the purpose of—

(1) determining the extent to which such elements of the defense acquisition system deliver value to the Department of Defense, taking into consideration the performance elements identified in subsection (b);

(2) assisting senior officials of the Department of Defense in identifying and developing lessons learned from best practices and shortcomings in the performance of such elements of the defense acquisition system; and

(3) assisting senior officials of the Department of Defense in developing acquisition workforce excellence under section 1701a of this title.


(b) Areas Considered in Performance Assessments.—(1) Each performance assessment conducted pursuant to subsection (a) shall consider, at a minimum—

(A) the extent to which acquisitions conducted by the element of the defense acquisition system under review meet applicable cost, schedule, and performance objectives; and

(B) the staffing and quality of the acquisition workforce and the effectiveness of the management of the acquisition workforce, including workforce incentives and career paths.


(2) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the performance assessments required by this section are appropriately tailored to reflect the diverse nature of the work performed by each element of the defense acquisition system. In addition to the mandatory areas under paragraph (1), a performance assessment may consider, as appropriate, specific areas of acquisition concern, such as—

(A) the selection of contractors, including—

(i) the extent of competition and the use of exceptions to competition requirements;

(ii) compliance with Department of Defense policies regarding the participation of small business concerns and various categories of small business concerns, including the use of contract bundling and the availability of non-bundled contract vehicles;

(iii) the quality of market research;

(iv) the effective consideration of contractor past performance; and

(v) the number of bid protests, the extent to which such bid protests have been successful, and the reasons for such success;


(B) the negotiation of contracts, including—

(i) the appropriate application of sections 3701 through 3708 of this title (relating to truth in negotiations);

(ii) the appropriate use of contract types appropriate to specific procurements;

(iii) the appropriate use of performance requirements;

(iv) the appropriate acquisition of technical data and other rights and assets necessary to support long-term sustainment and follow-on procurement; and

(v) the timely definitization of any undefinitized contract actions; and


(C) the management of contractor performance, including—

(i) the assignment of appropriately qualified contracting officer representatives and other contract management personnel;

(ii) the extent of contract disputes, the reasons for such disputes, and the extent to which they have been successfully addressed;

(iii) the appropriate consideration of long-term sustainment and energy efficiency objectives; and

(iv) the appropriate use of integrated testing.


(c) Contents of Guidance.—The guidance issued pursuant to subsection (a) shall ensure that each element of the defense acquisition system is subject to a performance assessment under this section not less often than once every four years, and shall address, at a minimum—

(1) the designation of elements of the defense acquisition system that are subject to performance assessment at an organizational level that ensures such assessments can be performed in an efficient and integrated manner;

(2) the frequency with which such performance assessments should be conducted;

(3) goals, standards, tools, and metrics for use in conducting performance assessments;

(4) the composition of the teams designated to perform performance assessments;

(5) any phase-in requirements needed to ensure that qualified staff are available to perform performance assessments;

(6) procedures for tracking the implementation of recommendations made pursuant to performance assessments;

(7) procedures for developing and disseminating lessons learned from performance assessments; and

(8) procedures for ensuring that information from performance assessments are retained electronically and are provided in a timely manner to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Director of the Office of Performance Assessment and Root Cause Analysis as needed to assist them in performing their responsibilities under this section.

(Added Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §861(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4289, §2548; amended Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(d)(5), (f)(30), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1951, 1953; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(41), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1596; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(79), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1553; renumbered §3105 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1808(a)(2), (b)(3), (c)(1)(A), (2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4159, 4160.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(a)(2), (c)(2), renumbered section 2548 of this title as this section and substituted "Elements of the defense acquisition system: performance assessments" for "Performance assessments of the defense acquisition system" in section catchline.

Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(b)(3), substituted "sections 3701 through 3708" for "section 2306a".

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(c)(1)(A), transferred subsecs. (d) and (e) of this section to section 3106 of this title.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3106. Elements of the defense acquisition system: performance goals

(a) Performance Goals Under Government Performance and Results Act of 1993.—The annual performance plan prepared by the Department of Defense pursuant to section 1115 of title 31 shall include appropriate performance goals for elements of the defense acquisition system.

(b) Reporting Requirement.—The annual report prepared by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 1116 of title 31 shall address the Department's success in achieving performance goals established pursuant to such section for elements of the defense acquisition system.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1808(c)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4160.)

Codification

The text of subsecs. (d) and (e) of section 2548 of this title, which were transferred first to section 3105(d) and (e) of this title and then to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (a) and (b), respectively, and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(a)(2), (c)(1), was based on Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §861(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4289; amended Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(d)(5), (f)(30)(B), (C), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1951, 1953; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(41), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1596.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1808(c)(1)(B), redesignated subsecs. (d) and (e) of section 3105 of this title as subsecs. (a) and (b), respectively, of this section.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

CHAPTER 207—BUDGETING AND APPROPRIATIONS

Sec.
3131.
Availability of appropriations.
3132.
Availability of appropriations for procurement of technical military equipment and supplies.
3133.
Contracts for periods crossing fiscal years: severable service contracts; leases of real or personal property.
3134.
Allocation of appropriations.
3135.
Comparable budgeting for common procurement weapon systems.
3136.
Defense Modernization Account.
3137.
Procurement of contract services: specification of amounts requested in budget.
3138.
Obligations for contract services: reporting in budget object classes.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 207 "BUDGETING AND APPROPRIATIONS MATTERS", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, and consisting of reserved section 3101, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1809(a), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4160.

§3131. Availability of appropriations

(a) Funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for research and development remain available for obligation for a period of two consecutive years.

(b) Funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for research and development may be used—

(1) for the purposes of section 4141 1 of this title; and

(2) for purposes related to research and development for which expenditures are specifically authorized in other appropriations of the Department of Defense.

(Added Pub. L. 97–258, §2(b)(3)(B), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1052, §2361; renumbered §2351 and amended Pub. L. 100–370, §1(g)(1), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 846; renumbered §3131 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §§1809(b), 1883(b)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4161, 4294.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1809(b), renumbered section 2351 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1883(b)(2), substituted "section 4141" for "section 2353".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 Reference reflects amendment made by section 1883(b)(2) of Pub. L. 116–283.

§3132. Availability of appropriations for procurement of technical military equipment and supplies

Funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for the procurement of technical military equipment and supplies remain available until spent.

(Added Pub. L. 97–258, §2(b)(4)(B), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1052, §2394; renumbered §2395 and amended Pub. L. 97–295, §1(28)(A), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1291; renumbered §3132, Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1809(c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4161.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2395 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3133. Contracts for periods crossing fiscal years: severable service contracts; leases of real or personal property

(a) Authority.—(1) The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of a military department, or the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may enter into a contract for a purpose described in paragraph (2) for a period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal year if (without regard to any option to extend the period of the contract) the contract period does not exceed one year.

(2) The purpose of a contract described in this paragraph is as follows:

(A) The procurement of severable services.

(B) The lease of real or personal property, including the maintenance of such property when contracted for as part of the lease agreement.


(b) Obligation of Funds.—Funds made available for a fiscal year may be obligated for the total amount of a contract entered into under the authority of subsection (a).

(Added Pub. L. 100–370, §1(h)(2), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 847, §2410a; amended Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title III, §342, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1343; Pub. L. 104–324, title II, §214(b), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3915; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1831; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, §1704(b)(1), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1005(a), (b)(1), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1584; renumbered §3133, Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1809(d), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4161.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2410a of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3134. Allocation of appropriations

(a) Appropriations available for procurement by an agency named in section 3063 of this title may, through administrative allotment, be made available for obligation for procurement by any other agency in amounts authorized by the head of the allotting agency and without transfer of funds on the books of the Department of the Treasury.

(b) A disbursing official of the allotting agency may make any disbursement chargeable to an allotment under subsection (a) upon a voucher certified by an officer or civilian employee of the procuring agency.

(c) For purposes of sections 3064 and 3066 of this title, this section shall be deemed to be a section of chapter 137 of this title.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 132, §2309; Pub. L. 97–258, §2(b)(1)(B), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1052; renumbered §3134 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1809(e), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4161.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1809(e)(1), renumbered section 2309 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1809(e)(2)(A), substituted "named in section 3063" for "named in section 2303".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1809(e)(2)(B), added subsec. (c).

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3135. Comparable budgeting for common procurement weapon systems

(a) Matters To Be Included in Annual Defense Budgets.—In preparing the defense budget for any fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall—

(1) specifically identify each common procurement weapon system included in the budget;

(2) take all feasible steps to minimize variations in procurement unit costs for any such system as shown in the budget requests of the different armed forces requesting procurement funds for the system; and

(3) identify and justify in the budget all such variations in procurement unit costs for common procurement weapon systems.


(b) Comptroller.—The Secretary shall carry out this section through the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).

(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "defense budget" means the budget of the Department of Defense included in the President's budget submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31 for a fiscal year.

(2) The term "common procurement weapon system" means a weapon system for which two or more of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Space Force request procurement funds in a defense budget.

(Added Pub. L. 100–370, §1(d)(3)(A), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 843, §2217; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1503(a)(20), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 512; renumbered §3135 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title IX, §924(b)(1)(N), title XVIII, §1809(f)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3820, 4161.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1809(f)(1), renumbered section 2217 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §924(b)(1)(N), substituted "Marine Corps, and Space Force" for "and Marine Corps".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by section 1809(f)(1) of Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3136. Defense Modernization Account

(a) Establishment.—There is established in the Treasury an account to be known as the "Defense Modernization Account".

(b) Funds Available for Account.—The Defense Modernization Account shall consist of the following:

(1) Amounts appropriated to the Defense Modernization Account for the costs of projects described in subsection (d)(1), and amounts reimbursed to the Defense Modernization Account under subsection (c)(1)(B)(ii) out of savings derived from such projects.

(2) Amounts transferred to the Defense Modernization Account under subsection (c).


(c) Transfers to Account.—(1)(A) Upon a determination by the Secretary of a military department, or the Secretary of Defense with respect to Defense-wide appropriations accounts, of the availability and source of funds described in subparagraph (B), the Secretary concerned may transfer to the Defense Modernization Account during any fiscal year any amount of funds available to the Secretary described in that subparagraph. Such funds may be transferred to that account only after the Secretary concerned notifies the congressional defense committees in writing of the amount and source of the proposed transfer.

(B) This subsection applies to the following funds that have been appropriated for fiscal years after fiscal year 2016 and are available to the Secretary concerned:

(i) Unexpired funds in appropriations accounts that are available for new obligations and that, as a result of economies, efficiencies, and other savings achieved in carrying out an acquisition program, are excess to the requirements of that program.

(ii) Unexpired funds in appropriations accounts that are available for procurement or operation and maintenance of a system, if and to the extent that savings are achieved for such accounts through reductions in life cycle costs of such system that result from one or more projects undertaken with respect to such systems with funds made available from the Defense Modernization Account under subsection (b)(1).


(C) Any transfer under subparagraph (A) shall be made under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.

(2) Funds referred to in paragraph (1) may not be transferred to the Defense Modernization Account if the balance of funds in the account, after transfer of funds to the account, would exceed $1,000,000,000.

(3) Amounts deposited in the Defense Modernization Account shall remain available for transfer and obligation until the end of the third fiscal year that follows the fiscal year in which the amounts are deposited in the account.

(d) Authorized Use of Funds.—Funds in the Defense Modernization Account may be used for the following purposes:

(1) For paying the costs of any project that, in accordance with criteria prescribed by the Secretary concerned, is undertaken by the Secretary of a military department or the head of a Defense Agency or other element of the Department of Defense to reduce the life cycle cost of a new or existing system.

(2) For increasing, subject to subsection (e), the quantity of items and services procured under an acquisition program in order to achieve a more efficient production or delivery rate.

(3) For research, development, test, and evaluation, for procurement, and for sustainment activities necessary for paying costs of unforeseen contingencies that are approved by the milestone decision authority concerned, that could prevent an ongoing acquisition program from meeting critical schedule or performance requirements.

(4) For paying costs of changes to program requirements or system configuration that are approved by the configuration steering board for a major defense acquisition program.


(e) Limitations.—(1) Funds in the Defense Modernization Account may not be used to increase the quantity of an item or services procured under a particular acquisition program to the extent that doing so would—

(A) result in procurement of a total quantity of items or services in excess of—

(i) a specific limitation provided by law on the quantity of the items or services that may be procured; or

(ii) the requirement for the items or services as approved by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council and reported to Congress by the Secretary of Defense; or


(B) result in an obligation or expenditure of funds in excess of a specific limitation provided by law on the amount that may be obligated or expended, respectively, for that acquisition program.


(2) Funds in the Defense Modernization Account may not be used for a purpose or program for which Congress has not authorized appropriations, unless the procedures for initiating a new start program are complied with.

(3) Funds may not be transferred from the Defense Modernization Account in any year for the purpose of—

(A) making an expenditure for which there is no corresponding obligation; or

(B) making an expenditure that would satisfy an unliquidated or unrecorded obligation arising in a prior fiscal year.


(f) Transfer of Funds.—(1) The Secretary of a military department, or the Secretary of Defense with respect to Defense-wide appropriations accounts, may transfer funds in the Defense Modernization Account to appropriations available for purposes set forth in subsection (d).

(2) Funds in the Defense Modernization Account may not be transferred under paragraph (1) until 30 days after the date on which the Secretary concerned notifies the congressional defense committees in writing of the amount and purpose of the proposed transfer.

(3) The total amount of transfers from the Defense Modernization Account during any fiscal year under this subsection may not exceed $500,000,000.

(g) Availability of Funds by Appropriation.—In addition to transfers under subsection (f), funds in the Defense Modernization Account may be made available for purposes set forth in subsection (d), but only to the extent authorized in an Act other than an appropriations Act. Funds deposited in the Defense Modernization Account shall remain available for obligation until the end of the third fiscal year that follows the fiscal year in which the amounts are deposited in the account.

(h) Secretary To Act Through Comptroller.—(1) The Secretary of Defense shall carry out this section through the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), who shall be authorized to implement this section through the issuance of any necessary regulations, policies, and procedures after consultation with the General Counsel and Inspector General of the Department of Defense.

(2) The regulations prescribed under paragraph (1) shall, at a minimum, provide for—

(A) the establishment and management of subaccounts for each of the military departments and Defense Agencies concerned for the use of funds in the Defense Modernization Account, consistent with each military department's or Defense Agency's deposits in the Account;

(B) the submission of proposals by the Secretaries concerned or heads of Defense Agencies or other elements of the Department of Defense to the Comptroller for the use of Defense Modernization Account funds for purposes set forth in subsection (d);

(C) the use of a competitive process for the evaluation of such proposals and the selection of programs, projects, and activities to be funded out of the Defense Modernization Account and subaccounts from among those proposed for such funding; and

(D) the calculation of—

(i) the savings to be derived from projects described in subsection (d)(1) that are to be funded out of the Defense Modernization Account; and

(ii) the amounts to be reimbursed to the Defense Modernization Account out of such savings pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B)(ii).


(i) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "major defense acquisition program" has the meaning given the term in section 4201 of this title.

(2) The term "unexpired funds" means funds appropriated for a definite period that remain available for obligation.


(j) Expiration of Authority and Account.—(1) The authority under subsection (c) to transfer funds into the Defense Modernization Account terminates at the close of September 30, 2022.

(2) Three years after the termination date specified in paragraph (1), the Defense Modernization Account shall be closed and any remaining balance in the account shall be canceled and thereafter shall not be available for any purpose.

(Added Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title IX, §912(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 407, §2216; amended Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §§1008(a)–(f)(1), 1043(b)(8), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1586, 1587, 1611; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, §1071(a)(16), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2399; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, §1084(a)(2), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 871; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §804, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2250; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(a)(30), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1814; renumbered §3136 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §§1809(g)(1), 1883(b)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4161, 4294.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1809(g)(1), renumbered section 2216 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1883(b)(2), substituted "section 4201 of this title" for "section 2430(a) of this title".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3137. Procurement of contract services: specification of amounts requested in budget

(a) Submission With Annual Budget Justification Materials.—In the budget justification materials submitted to Congress in support of the Department of Defense budget for any fiscal year (as submitted with the budget of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31), the Secretary of Defense shall include the information described in subsection (b) with respect to the procurement of contract services.

(b) Information Provided.—For each budget account, the materials submitted shall clearly and separately identify—

(1) the amount requested for the procurement of contract services for each Department of Defense component, installation, or activity; and

(2) the number of full-time contractor employees (or the equivalent of full-time in the case of part-time contractor employees) projected and justified for each Department of Defense component, installation, or activity based on the inventory of contracts for services required by subsection (c) of section 4505 of this title and the review required by subsection (e) of such section.


(c) Contract Services Defined.—In this section, the term "contract services"—

(1) means services from contractors; but

(2) excludes services relating to research and development and services relating to military construction.

(Added Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VIII, §803(a)(1), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2401, §235; renumbered §3137 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §§1809(h)(1), 1883(b)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162, 4294.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1809(h)(1), renumbered section 235 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1883(b)(2), substituted "section 4505 of this title" for "section 2330a of this title".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3138. Obligations for contract services: reporting in budget object classes

(a) Limitation on Reporting in Miscellaneous Services Object Class.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, in reporting to the Office of Management and Budget (pursuant to OMB Circular A–11 (relating to preparation and submission of budget estimates)) obligations of the Department of Defense for any period of time for contract services, no more than 15 percent of the total amount of obligations so reported is reported in the miscellaneous services object class.

(b) Definition of Reporting Categories for Advisory and Assistance Services.—In carrying out section 1105(g) of title 31 for the Department of Defense (and in determining what services are to be reported to the Office of Management and Budget in the advisory and assistance services object class), the Secretary of Defense shall apply to the terms used for the definition of "advisory and assistance services" in paragraph (2)(A) of that section the following meanings (subject to the authorized exemptions):

(1) Management and professional support services.—The term "management and professional support services" (used in clause (i) of section 1105(g)(2)(A) of title 31) means services that provide engineering or technical support, assistance, advice, or training for the efficient and effective management and operation of organizations, activities, or systems. Those services—

(A) are closely related to the basic responsibilities and mission of the using organization; and

(B) include efforts that support or contribute to improved organization or program management, logistics management, project monitoring and reporting, data collection, budgeting, accounting, auditing, and administrative or technical support for conferences and training programs.


(2) Studies, analyses, and evaluations.—The term "studies, analyses, and evaluations" (used in clause (ii) of section 1105(g)(2)(A) of title 31) means services that provide organized, analytic assessments to understand or evaluate complex issues to improve policy development, decisionmaking, management, or administration and that result in documents containing data or leading to conclusions or recommendations. Those services may include databases, models, methodologies, and related software created in support of a study, analysis, or evaluation.

(3) Engineering and technical services.—The term "engineering and technical services" (used in clause (iii) of section 1105(g)(2)(A) of title 31) means services that take the form of advice, assistance, training, or hands-on training necessary to maintain and operate fielded weapon systems, equipment, and components (including software when applicable) at design or required levels of effectiveness.


(c) Proper Classification of Advisory and Assistance Services.—Before the submission to the Office of Management and Budget of the proposed Department of Defense budget for inclusion in the President's budget for a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), shall conduct a review of Department of Defense services expected to be performed as contract services during the fiscal year for which that budget is to be submitted in order to ensure that those services that are advisory and assistance services (as defined in accordance with subsection (b)) are in fact properly classified, in accordance with that subsection, in the advisory and assistance services object class.

(d) Report to Congress.—The Secretary shall submit to Congress each year, not later than 30 days after the date on which the budget for the next fiscal year is submitted pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, a report containing the information derived from the review under subsection (c).

(e) Assessment by Comptroller General.—(1) The Comptroller General shall conduct a review of the report of the Secretary of Defense under subsection (d) each year and shall—

(A) assess the methodology used by the Secretary in obtaining the information submitted to Congress in that report; and

(B) assess the information submitted to Congress in that report.


(2) Not later than 120 days after the date on which the Secretary submits to Congress the report required under subsection (d) for any year, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress the Comptroller General's report containing the results of the review for that year under paragraph (1).

(f) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "contract services" means all services that are reported to the Office of Management and Budget pursuant to OMB Circular A–11 (relating to preparation and submission of budget estimates) in budget object classes that are designated in the Object Class 25 series.

(2) The term "advisory and assistance services object class" means those contract services constituting the budget object class that is denominated "Advisory and Assistance Service" and designated (as of October 17, 1998) as Object Class 25.1 (or any similar object class established after October 17, 1998, for the reporting of obligations for advisory and assistance contract services).

(3) The term "miscellaneous services object class" means those contract services constituting the budget object class that is denominated "Other Services (services not otherwise specified in the 25 series)" and designated (as of October 17, 1998) as Object Class 25.2 (or any similar object class established after October 17, 1998, for the reporting of obligations for miscellaneous or unspecified contract services).

(4) The term "authorized exemptions" means those exemptions authorized (as of October 17, 1998) under Department of Defense Directive 4205.2, captioned "Acquiring and Managing Contracted Advisory and Assistance Services (CAAS)" and issued by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology on February 10, 1992, such exemptions being set forth in Enclosure 3 to that directive (captioned "CAAS Exemptions").

(Added Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title IX, §911(a)(1), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2097, §2212; amended Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1066(a)(17), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 771; renumbered §3138, Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1809(i)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2212 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

CHAPTER 209—OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT

Subchapter
Sec.
I.
Joint Policies on Requirements Definition, Contingency Program Management, and Contingency Contracting
3151
II.
Other Provisions Relating to Operational Contract Support
3171

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 209 "OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, and consisting of reserved section 3151, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162.

SUBCHAPTER I—JOINT POLICIES ON REQUIREMENTS DEFINITION, CONTINGENCY PROGRAM MANAGEMENT, AND CONTINGENCY CONTRACTING

Sec.
3151.
Joint policy requirement.
3152.
Requirements definition matters covered.
3153.
Contingency program management matters covered.
3154.
Contingency contracting matters covered.
3155.
Training for personnel outside acquisition workforce.
3156.
Mission readiness exercises.
3157.
Definitions; applicability.

        

§3151. Joint policy requirement

The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall develop joint policies for requirements definition, contingency program management, and contingency contracting during combat operations and post-conflict operations.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), (b)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162, 4163.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (a) of section 2333 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(1), was based on Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VIII, §854(a)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2343.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(1), transferred subsec. (a) of section 2333 of this title to this section and struck out subsec. (a) designation and heading "Joint Policy Requirement" at beginning.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3152. Requirements definition matters covered

The joint policy for requirements definition required by section 3151 of this title shall, at a minimum, provide for the following:

(1) The assignment of a senior commissioned officer or civilian member of the senior executive service, with appropriate experience and qualifications related to the definition of requirements to be satisfied through acquisition contracts (such as for delivery of products or services, performance of work, or accomplishment of a project), to act as head of requirements definition and coordination during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations, if required, including leading a requirements review board involving all organizations concerned.

(2) An organizational approach to requirements definition and coordination during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations that is designed to ensure that requirements are defined in a way that effectively implements United States Government and Department of Defense objectives, policies, and decisions regarding the allocation of resources, coordination of interagency efforts in the theater of operations, and alignment of requirements with the proper use of funds.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), (b)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162, 4163.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b) of section 2333 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(2), was based on Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VIII, §854(a)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2343.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(2), transferred subsec. (b) of section 2333 of this title to this section and, in introductory provisions, struck out subsec. (b) designation and heading "Requirements Definition Matters Covered" at beginning and substituted "section 3151 of this title" for "subsection (a)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3153. Contingency program management matters covered

The joint policy for contingency program management required by section 3151 of this title shall, at a minimum, provide for the following:

(1) The assignment of a senior commissioned officer or civilian member of the senior executive service, with appropriate program management experience and qualifications, to act as head of program management during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations, including stabilization and reconstruction operations involving multiple United States Government agencies and international organizations, if required.

(2) A preplanned organizational approach to program management during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations that is designed to ensure that the Department of Defense is prepared to conduct such program management.

(3) Identification of a deployable cadre of experts, with the appropriate tools and authority, and trained in processes under paragraph (6).

(4) Utilization of the hiring and appointment authorities necessary for the rapid deployment of personnel to ensure the availability of key personnel for sufficient lengths of time to provide for continuing program and project management.

(5) A requirement to provide training (including training under a program to be created by the Defense Acquisition University) to program management personnel in—

(A) the use of laws, regulations, policies, and directives related to program management in combat or contingency environments;

(B) the integration of cost, schedule, and performance objectives into practical acquisition strategies aligned with available resources and subject to effective oversight; and

(C) procedures of the Department of Defense related to funding mechanisms and contingency contract management.


(6) Appropriate steps to ensure that training is maintained for such personnel even when they are not deployed in a contingency operation.

(7) Such steps as may be needed to ensure jointness and cross-service coordination in the area of program management during contingency operations.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), (b)(3), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162, 4163.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (c) of section 2333 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(3), was based on Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VIII, §854(a)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2343.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(3), transferred subsec. (c) of section 2333 of this title to this section and, in introductory provisions, struck out subsec. (c) designation and heading "Contingency Program Management Matters Covered" at beginning and substituted "section 3151 of this title" for "subsection (a)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3154. Contingency contracting matters covered

(a) In General.—The joint policy for contingency contracting required by section 3151 of this title shall, at a minimum, provide for the following:

(1) The designation of a senior commissioned officer or civilian member of the senior executive service in each military department with the responsibility for administering the policy.

(2) The assignment of a senior commissioned officer with appropriate acquisition experience and qualifications to act as head of contingency contracting during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations, who shall report directly to the commander of the combatant command in whose area of responsibility the operations occur.

(3) A sourcing approach to contingency contracting that is designed to ensure that each military department is prepared to conduct contingency contracting during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations, including stabilization and reconstruction operations involving interagency organizations, if required.

(4) A requirement to provide training (including training under a program to be created by the Defense Acquisition University) to contingency contracting personnel in—

(A) the use of law, regulations, policies, and directives related to contingency contracting operations;

(B) the appropriate use of rapid acquisition methods, including the use of exceptions to competition requirements under sections 3201 through 3205 of this title, sealed bidding, letter contracts, indefinite delivery-indefinite quantity task orders, set asides under section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)), undefinitized contract actions, and other tools available to expedite the delivery of goods and services during combat operations or post-conflict operations;

(C) the appropriate use of rapid acquisition authority, commanders' emergency response program funds, and other tools unique to contingency contracting; and

(D) instruction on the necessity for the prompt transition from the use of rapid acquisition authority to the use of full and open competition and other methods of contracting that maximize transparency in the acquisition process.


(5) Appropriate steps to ensure that training is maintained for such personnel even when they are not deployed in a contingency operation.

(6) Such steps as may be needed to ensure jointness and cross-service coordination in the area of contingency contracting.


(b) Interagency Plans.—To the extent practicable, the joint policy for contingency contracting required by section 3151 of this title should be taken into account in the development of interagency plans for stabilization and reconstruction operations, consistent with the report submitted by the President under section 1035 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109–364; 120 Stat. 2388) on interagency operating procedures for the planning and conduct of stabilization and reconstruction operations.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), (b)(4), (c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162–4164.)

References in Text

Section 1035 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007, referred to in subsec. (b), is section 1035 of Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2388, which is not classified to the Code.

Codification

The text of subsec. (d) of section 2333 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(4), (c), was based on Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VIII, §854(a)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2343Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(23)(A), (B), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2473.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(4)(A), (C), (D), substituted "In General" for "Contingency Contracting Matters Covered" in heading and "section 3151 of this title" for "subsection (a)" in introductory provisions, struck out par. (1) designation at beginning, redesignated subpars. (A) to (F) as pars. (1) to (6), respectively, and, in par. (4), redesignated cls. (i) to (iv) as subpars. (A) to (D), respectively. Former par. (2) redesignated subsec. (b).

Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(4), redesignated subsec. (d) of section 2333 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section.

Subsec. (a)(4)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(c), substituted "sections 3201 through 3205" for "section 2304".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(4)(B), (C), redesignated par. (2) of subsec. (a) as subsec. (b), inserted heading, and substituted "section 3151 of this title" for "subsection (a)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3155. Training for personnel outside acquisition workforce

(a) Required Training.—The joint policy for requirements definition, contingency program management, and contingency contracting required by section 3151 of this title shall provide for training of military personnel outside the acquisition workforce (including operational field commanders and officers performing key staff functions for operational field commanders) who are expected to have acquisition responsibility, including oversight duties associated with contracts or contractors, during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations.

(b) Scope of Training.—Training under subsection (a) shall be sufficient to ensure that the military personnel referred to in that subsection—

(1) understand the scope and scale of contractor support they will experience in contingency operations; and

(2) are prepared for their roles and responsibilities with regard to—

(A) requirements definition;

(B) program management (including contractor oversight); and

(C) contingency contracting.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), (b)(5), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162, 4163.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (e)(1) and (2) of section 2333 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(5), was based on Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, §849(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 245.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(5)(A), (B), redesignated subsec. (e)(1) and (2) of section 2333 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, in heading, substituted "Required Training" for "Training for Personnel Outside Acquisition Workforce", and, in text, struck out par. (1) designation at beginning and substituted "section 3151 of this title" for "subsection (a)". Par. (2) subsequently redesignated subsec. (b).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(5)(C), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b), inserted heading, and substituted "Training under subsection (a)" for "Training under paragraph (1)" and "referred to in that subsection—" and pars. (1) and (2) for "referred to in that paragraph understand the scope and scale of contractor support they will experience in contingency operations and are prepared for their roles and responsibilities with regard to requirements definition, program management (including contractor oversight), and contingency contracting."

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3156. Mission readiness exercises

The joint policy required by section 3151 of this title shall also provide for the incorporation of contractors and contract operations in mission readiness exercises for operations that will include contracting and contractor support.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), (b)(6), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162, 4164.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (e)(3) of section 2333 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(6), was based on Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, §849(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 245.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(6), transferred subsec. (e)(3) of section 2333 of this title to this section, struck out par. (3) designation at beginning, and inserted "required by section 3151 of this title" after "The joint policy".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3157. Definitions; applicability

In this subchapter:

(1) Requirements definition.—The term "requirements definition" means the process of translating policy objectives and mission needs into specific requirements, the description of which will be the basis for awarding acquisition contracts for projects to be accomplished, work to be performed, or products to be delivered.

(2) Contingency program management.—The term "contingency program management" means the process of planning, organizing, staffing, controlling, and leading the combined efforts of participating civilian and military personnel and organizations for the management of a specific defense acquisition program or programs during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations.

(3) Contingency contracting.—The term "contingency contracting" means all stages of the process of acquiring property or services by the Department of Defense during a contingency operation.

(4) Contingency contracting personnel.—The term "contingency contracting personnel" means members of the armed forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense who are members of the defense acquisition workforce and, as part of their duties, are assigned to provide support to contingency operations (whether deployed or not).

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(a), (b)(7), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4162, 4164.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (f)(1), (2), (5), and (6) of section 2333 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(7), was based on Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VIII, §854(a)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2343; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, §849(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 245.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1810(b)(7), redesignated pars. (6), (5), (2), and (1) of subsec. (f) of section 2333 of this title as pars. (1) to (4), respectively, of this section.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

SUBCHAPTER II—OTHER PROVISIONS RELATING TO OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT

Sec.
3171.
Contracts for property or services in support of a contingency operation: competition and review.
3172.
Operational contract support: chain of authority and responsibility within Department of Defense.

        

§3171. Contracts for property or services in support of a contingency operation: competition and review

[Reserved].

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(d), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4164.)

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3172. Operational contract support: chain of authority and responsibility within Department of Defense

[Reserved].

(Added Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1810(d), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4164.)

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Subpart B—Acquisition Planning

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 221—PLANNING AND SOLICITATION GENERALLY

Sec.
3201.
Full and open competition.
3202.
[Reserved].
3203.
Exclusion of particular source or restriction of solicitation to small business concerns.
3204.
Use of procedures other than competitive procedures.
3205.
Simplified procedures for small purchases.
3206.
Planning and solicitation requirements.
3207.
Assessment before contract for acquisition of supplies is entered into.
3208.
Planning for future competition in contracts for major systems.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 221 "PLANNING AND SOLICITATION GENERALLY", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, and consisting of reserved section 3201, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(b), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4164.

§3201. Full and open competition

(a) In General.—Except as provided in sections 3203, 3204(a), and 3205 of this title, and except in the case of procurement procedures otherwise expressly authorized by statute, the head of an agency in conducting a procurement for property or services—

(1) shall obtain full and open competition through the use of competitive procedures in accordance with the requirements of this section and sections 3069, 3203, 3204, 3205, 3403, 3405, 3406, 3901 1 4501, and 4502 of this title and the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and

(2) shall use the competitive procedure or combination of competitive procedures that is best suited under the circumstances of the procurement.


(b) Determination of Appropriate Competitive Procedures.—In determining the competitive procedure appropriate under the circumstances, the head of an agency—

(1) shall solicit sealed bids if—

(A) time permits the solicitation, submission, and evaluation of sealed bids;

(B) the award will be made on the basis of price and other price-related factors;

(C) it is not necessary to conduct discussions with the responding sources about their bids; and

(D) there is a reasonable expectation of receiving more than one sealed bid; and


(2) shall request competitive proposals if sealed bids are not appropriate under paragraph (1).


(c) Efficient Fulfillment of Government Requirements.—The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall ensure that the requirement to obtain full and open competition is implemented in a manner that is consistent with the need to efficiently fulfill the Government's requirements.

(d) Certain Purchases or Contracts to Be Treated as if Made With Sealed-bid Procedures.—For the purposes of the following, purchases or contracts awarded after using procedures other than sealed-bid procedures shall be treated as if they were made with sealed-bid procedures:

(1) Chapter 65 of title 41.

(2) Sections 3141–3144, 3146, and 3147 of title 40.


(e) New Contracts and Merit-based Selection Procedures.—

(1) Congressional policy.—It is the policy of Congress that an agency named in section 3063 of this title should not be required by legislation to award a new contract to a specific non-Federal Government entity. It is further the policy of Congress that any program, project, or technology identified in legislation be procured through merit-based selection procedures.

(2) New contract described.—For purposes of this subsection, a contract is a new contract unless the work provided for in the contract is a continuation of the work performed by the specified entity under a preceding contract.

(3) Provision of law described.—A provision of law may not be construed as requiring a new contract to be awarded to a specified non-Federal Government entity unless that provision of law—

(A) specifically refers to this subsection;

(B) specifically identifies the particular non-Federal Government entity involved; and

(C) specifically states that the award to that entity is required by such provision of law in contravention of the policy set forth in paragraph (1).


(4) Exception.—This subsection shall not apply with respect to any contract that calls upon the National Academy of Sciences to investigate, examine, or experiment upon any subject of science or art of significance to an agency named in section 3063 of this title and to report on such matters to the Congress or any agency of the Federal Government.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4165.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (a) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (a) and (b), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(2), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(a)(1)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1303(a)(13), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 739; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(d)(3)(A), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1001(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3249.

The text of subsec. (j) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (c), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(3), was based on Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §4101(a)(2), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 642.

The text of subsec. (h) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (d), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(4), was based on act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 128; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(76), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2926; Pub. L. 97–295, §1(24)(B), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1291; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §§2723(a)(1)(B), 2727(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187, 1194; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(b)(2), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLIII, §4321(b)(5), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 672; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(3), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1295; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(12)(E), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3843.

The text of subsec. (k) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (e), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(5), was based on Pub. L. 103–355, title VII, §7203(a)(1)(B), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3379; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §4101(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 642.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3201 was renumbered section 7101 of this title.

Another prior section 3201, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 172; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(62), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1462; Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(4), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1071, prescribed the authorized strength of the Army in members on active duty, exclusive of certain categories, and the authorized daily average strength of the Army in members on active duty during the fiscal year, exclusive of certain categories, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 3202, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 172; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(63), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463; Pub. L. 90–228, §1(1), (2), Dec. 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 745; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §203(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, related to authorized strength of Army in general officers on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title IV, §403(b)(1)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(2)(B), (C), inserted heading, struck out par. (1) designation at beginning and substituted "Except as provided in sections 3203, 3204(a), and 3205 of this title," for "Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (g)" in introductory provisions, and redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively. Substitution was executed to reflect the probable intent of Congress because quoted text directed to be stricken contained a comma after "(g)" but no comma was present. Par. (2) subsequently redesignated subsec. (b).

Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(2), transferred subsec. (a) of section 2304 of this title to this section.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(2)(D), substituted "this section and sections 3069, 3203, 3204, 3205, 3403, 3405, 3406, 3901 4501, and 4502 of this title" for "this chapter".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(2)(A), (E), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b) and inserted heading, redesignated subpar. (A) and cls. (i) to (iv) as par. (1) and subpars. (A) to (D), respectively, and redesignated subpar. (B) as par. (2) and substituted "paragraph (1)" for "clause (A)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(3), redesignated subsec. (j) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (c) of this section and inserted heading.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(4), redesignated subsec. (h) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (d) of this section and inserted heading.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(c)(5), redesignated subsec. (k) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (e) of this section, inserted subsec. and par. headings, switched order and designations of pars. (2) and (3), realigned margins of pars. (2) to (4), and substituted "section 3063" for "section 2303(a)" in pars. (1) and (4).

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

§3203. Exclusion of particular source or restriction of solicitation to small business concerns

(a) Exclusion of Particular Source.—

(1) Criteria for exclusion.—The head of an agency may provide for the procurement of property or services covered by chapter 137 legacy provisions using competitive procedures but excluding a particular source in order to establish or maintain an alternative source or sources of supply for that property or service if the head of the agency determines that to do so—

(A) would increase or maintain competition and would likely result in reduced overall costs for such procurement, or for any anticipated procurement, of property or services;

(B) would be in the interest of national defense in having a facility (or a producer, manufacturer, or other supplier) available for furnishing the property or service in case of a national emergency or industrial mobilization;

(C) would be in the interest of national defense in establishing or maintaining an essential engineering, research, or development capability to be provided by an educational or other nonprofit institution or a federally funded research and development center;

(D) would ensure the continuous availability of a reliable source of supply of such property or service;

(E) would satisfy projected needs for such property or service determined on the basis of a history of high demand for the property or service; or

(F) in the case of medical supplies, safety supplies, or emergency supplies, would satisfy a critical need for such supplies.


(2) Determination for Class Disallowed.—A determination under paragraph (1) may not be made for a class of purchases or contracts.


(b) Exclusion of Other Than Small Business Concerns.—The head of an agency may provide for the procurement of property or services covered by chapter 137 legacy provisions using competitive procedures, but excluding concerns other than small business concerns in furtherance of sections 9 and 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638, 644).

(c) Inapplicability of Justification and Approval Requirements.—A contract awarded pursuant to the competitive procedures referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not be subject to the justification and approval required by section 3204(e)(1) of this title.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(d)(1), (2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4166.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(2), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(a)(1)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(b)(1), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(14), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3993; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VIII, 853(d), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1519; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VIII, §801(h)(2), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2445; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1002, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3249; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §812(a)(2)(C)(v), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1847.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3203, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(64), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in members on active duty, exclusive of officers candidates, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (b) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section and inserted heading.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(2)(A)–(C), inserted heading, substituted "covered by chapter 137 legacy provisions" for "covered by this chapter" in introductory provisions, and realigned margins of subpars. (A) to (F).

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(2)(F), redesignated par. (4) as (2), inserted heading, and realigned margin. Former pars. (2) and (3) redesignated subsecs. (b) and (c), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(2)(D), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b), inserted heading, and substituted "chapter 137 legacy provisions" for "this section".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(2)(E), redesignated subsec. (a)(3) as (c), inserted heading, and substituted "section 3204(e)(1) of this title" for "subsection (f)(1)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3204. Use of procedures other than competitive procedures

(a) When Procedures Other Than Competitive Procedures May Be Used.—The head of an agency may use procedures other than competitive procedures only when—

(1) the property or services needed by the agency are available from only one responsible source or only from a limited number of responsible sources and no other type of property or services will satisfy the needs of the agency;

(2) the agency's need for the property or services is of such an unusual and compelling urgency that the United States would be seriously injured unless the agency is permitted to limit the number of sources from which it solicits bids or proposals;

(3) it is necessary to award the contract to a particular source or sources in order—

(A) to maintain a facility, producer, manufacturer, or other supplier available for furnishing property or services in case of a national emergency or to achieve industrial mobilization— 1

(B) to establish or maintain an essential engineering, research, or development capability to be provided by an educational or other nonprofit institution or a federally funded research and development center— 2

(C) to procure the services of an expert for use, in any litigation or dispute (including any reasonably foreseeable litigation or dispute) involving the Federal Government, in any trial, hearing, or proceeding before any court, administrative tribunal, or agency, or to procure the services of an expert or neutral for use in any part of an alternative dispute resolution or negotiated rulemaking process, whether or not the expert is expected to testify;


(4) the terms of an international agreement or a treaty between the United States and a foreign government or international organization, or the written directions of a foreign government reimbursing the agency for the cost of the procurement of the property or services for such government, have the effect of requiring the use of procedures other than competitive procedures;

(5) subject to section 3201(e) of this title, a statute expressly authorizes or requires that the procurement be made through another agency or from a specified source, or the agency's need is for a brand-name commercial product for authorized resale;

(6) the disclosure of the agency's needs would compromise the national security unless the agency is permitted to limit the number of sources from which it solicits bids or proposals; or

(7) the head of the agency (who may not delegate the authority under this paragraph)—

(A) determines that it is necessary in the public interest to use procedures other than competitive procedures in the particular procurement concerned, and

(B) notifies the Congress in writing of such determination not less than 30 days before the award of the contract.


(b) Property or Services Considered to Be Available From Only One Source.—For the purposes of applying subsection (a)(1)—

(A) in the case of a contract for property or services to be awarded on the basis of acceptance of an unsolicited research proposal, the property or services shall be considered to be available from only one source if the source has submitted an unsolicited research proposal that demonstrates a concept—

(i) that is unique and innovative or, in the case of a service, for which the source demonstrates a unique capability of the source to provide the service; and

(ii) the substance of which is not otherwise available to the United States, and does not resemble the substance of a pending competitive procurement; and


(B) in the case of a follow-on contract for the continued development or production of a major system or highly specialized equipment, or the continued provision of highly specialized services, such property or services may be deemed to be available only from the original source and may be procured through procedures other than competitive procedures when it is likely that award to a source other than the original source would result in—

(i) substantial duplication of cost to the United States which is not expected to be recovered through competition; or

(ii) unacceptable delays in fulfilling the agency's needs.


(c) Property or Services Needed With Unusual and Compelling Urgency.—

(1) Allowable contract period.—The contract period of a contract described in paragraph (2) that is entered into by an agency pursuant to the authority provided under subsection (a)(2)—

(A) may not exceed the time necessary—

(i) to meet the unusual and compelling requirements of the work to be performed under the contract; and

(ii) for the agency to enter into another contract for the required goods or services through the use of competitive procedures; and


(B) may not exceed one year unless the head of the agency entering into such contract determines that exceptional circumstances apply.


(2) Applicability of allowable contract period.—This subsection applies to any contract in an amount greater than the simplified acquisition threshold.


(d) Offer Requests to Potential Sources.—The head of an agency using procedures other than competitive procedures to procure property or services by reason of the application of paragraph (2) or (6) of subsection (a) shall request offers from as many potential sources as is practicable under the circumstances.

(e) Justification for Use of Procedures Other Than Competitive Procedures.—

(1) Prerequisites for awarding contract.—Except as provided in paragraphs (3), (4), and (7),,3 the head of an agency may not award a contract using procedures other than competitive procedures unless—

(A) the contracting officer for the contract justifies the use of such procedures in writing and certifies the accuracy and completeness of the justification;

(B) the justification is approved—

(i) in the case of a contract for an amount exceeding $500,000 (but equal to or less than $10,000,000), by the competition advocate for the procuring activity (without further delegation) or by an official referred to in clause (ii) or (iii);

(ii) in the case of a contract for an amount exceeding $10,000,000 (but equal to or less than $75,000,000), by the head of the procuring activity (or the head of the procuring activity's delegate designated pursuant to paragraph (5)(A)); or

(iii) in the case of a contract for an amount exceeding $75,000,000, by the senior procurement executive of the agency designated pursuant to section 1702(c) of title 41 (without further delegation) or in the case of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, acting in his capacity as the senior procurement executive for the Department of Defense, the Under Secretary's delegate designated pursuant to paragraph (5)(B); and


(C) any required notice has been published with respect to such contract pursuant to section 1708 of title 41 and all bids or proposals received in response to that notice have been considered by the head of the agency.


(2) Elements of justification.—The justification required by paragraph (1)(A) shall include—

(A) a description of the agency's needs;

(B) an identification of the statutory exception from the requirement to use competitive procedures and a demonstration, based on the proposed contractor's qualifications or the nature of the procurement, of the reasons for using that exception;

(C) a determination that the anticipated cost will be fair and reasonable;

(D) a description of the market survey conducted or a statement of the reasons a market survey was not conducted;

(E) a listing of the sources, if any, that expressed in writing an interest in the procurement; and

(F) a statement of the actions, if any, the agency may take to remove or overcome any barrier to competition before a subsequent procurement for such needs.


(3) Justification and approval allowed after contract awarded.—In the case of a procurement permitted by subsection (a)(2), the justification and approval required by paragraph (1) may be made after the contract is awarded.

(4) Justification and approval not required.—The justification and approval required by paragraph (1) is not required—

(A) when a statute expressly requires that the procurement be made from a specified source;

(B) when the agency's need is for a brand-name commercial product for authorized resale;

(C) in the case of a procurement permitted by subsection (a)(7);

(D) in the case of a procurement conducted under (i) chapter 85 of title 41, or (ii) section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)); or

(E) in the case of a procurement permitted by subsection (a)(4), but only if the head of the contracting activity prepares a document in connection with such procurement that describes the terms of an agreement or treaty, or the written directions, referred to in that subsection that have the effect of requiring the use of procedures other than competitive procedures.


(5) Restrictions on Agencies.—

(A) In no case may the head of an agency—

(i) enter into a contract for property or services using procedures other than competitive procedures on the basis of the lack of advance planning or concerns related to the amount of funds available to the agency for procurement functions; or

(ii) procure property or services from another agency unless such other agency complies fully with the requirements of chapter 137 legacy provisions in its procurement of such property or services.


(B) The restriction contained in subparagraph (A)(ii) is in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other restriction provided by law.


(6) Limitation on Delegations of Authority Under Paragraph (1)(B).—(A) The authority of the head of a procuring activity under paragraph (1)(B)(ii) may be delegated only to an officer or employee who—

(i) if a member of the armed forces, is a general or flag officer; or

(ii) if a civilian, is serving in a position with a grade under the General Schedule (or any other schedule for civilian officers or employees) that is comparable to or higher than the grade of brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half).


(B) The authority of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment under paragraph (1)(B)(iii) may be delegated only to—

(i) an Assistant Secretary of Defense; or

(ii) with respect to the element of the Department of Defense (as specified in section 111(b) of this title), other than a military department, carrying out the procurement action concerned, an officer or employee serving in or assigned or detailed to that element who—

(I) if a member of the armed forces, is serving in a grade above brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half); or

(II) if a civilian, is serving in a position with a grade under the General Schedule (or any other schedule for civilian officers or employees) that is comparable to or higher than the grade of major general or rear admiral.


(7) Justification and approval not required for phase iii sbir award.—The justification and approval required by paragraph (1) is not required in the case of a Phase III award made pursuant to section 9(r)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(r)(4)).


(f) Public Availability of Justification and Approval Required for Using Procedures Other Than Competitive Procedures.—

(1) Time requirement.—

(A) Within 14 days after contract award.—Except as provided in subparagraph (B), in the case of a procurement permitted by subsection (a), the head of an agency shall make publicly available, within 14 days after the award of the contract, the documents containing the justification and approval required by subsection (e)(1) with respect to the procurement.

(B) Within 30 days after contract award.—In the case of a procurement permitted by subsection (a)(2), subparagraph (A) shall be applied by substituting "30 days" for "14 days".


(2) Availability on websites.—The documents shall be made available on the website of the agency and through a government-wide website selected by the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy.

(3) Exception.—This subsection does not require the public availability of information that is exempt from public disclosure under section 552(b) of title 5.


(g) Regulations With Respect to Negotiation of Prices.—

(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe by regulation the manner in which the Department of Defense negotiates prices for supplies to be obtained through the use of procedures other than competitive procedures.

(2) The regulations required by paragraph (1) shall—

(A) specify the incurred overhead a contractor may appropriately allocate to supplies referred to in that paragraph; and

(B) require the contractor to identify those supplies which it did not manufacture or to which it did not contribute significant value.


(3) Such regulations shall not apply to an item of supply included in a contract or subcontract for which the price is based on established catalog or market prices of commercial products sold in substantial quantities to the general public.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(d)(1), (3)–(8), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4166–4169.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (c) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (a), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(3), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(a)(1)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 99–500, §101(c) [title X, §923(a)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783-152, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(c) [title X, §923(a)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341-152; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, §923(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3932, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, §3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1005, title VII, §7203(a)(1)(A), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3254, 3379; Pub. L. 104–320, §§7(a)(1), 11(c)(1), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3871, 3873; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(42), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1902; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, 836(c)(2)(A), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1864.

The text of subsec. (d) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (b) and (c), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(4), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(a)(1)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 99–500, §101(c) [title X, §923(b), (c)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783-152, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(c) [title X, §923(b), (c)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341-152,Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, §923(b), (c), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3932, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, §3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VIII, §862(b), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4546.

The text of subsec. (e) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (d), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(5), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(a)(1)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187.

The text of subsec. (f) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (e), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(a)(1)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 98–577, title V, §504(b)(2), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3086; Pub. L. 99–145, title IX, §961(a)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 703; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(d)(3)(A), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title VIII, §803, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2008; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VIII, §§817, 818, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1501, 1502; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title IX, §904(d)(1), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1728; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1003, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3249; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §§4102(a), title XLIII, §4321(b)(4), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 643, 672; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VIII, §841(b), title X, §1073(a)(43), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1843, 1902; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(b)(2), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1225; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VIII, §815, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2015; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, §1071(a)(2), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2398; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, §844(b)(2), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 239; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(12)(A)–(C), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3843; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title XVII, §1709(b)(2), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1809; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(c)(2)(A), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(39), title XVII, §1731(a)(37), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1547, 1814.

The text of subsec. (l) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (f), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(7), was based on Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, §844(b)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 239.

The text of subsec. (i) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (g), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(8), was based on Pub. L. 99–500, §101(c) [title X, §927(a)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783-155, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(c) [title X, §927(a)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341-155; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, §927(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3935, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, §3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(c)(2)(C), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1864.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3204, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173, Pub. L. 85–600, §1(2), Aug. 6, 1958, 72 Stat. 522; Pub. L. 95–551, §2, Oct. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 2069, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in commissioned officers of active list, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(3)(A), inserted heading.

Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(3), redesignated subsec. (c) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(3)(B), substituted "in order—

(A) to maintain" for "in order (A) to maintain", "industrial mobilization—

(B) to establish" for "industrial mobilization, (B) to establish", and "development center—

(C) to procure" for "development center, or (C) to procure".

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(3)(C), substituted "section 3201(e) of this title" for "subsection (k)".

Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(3)(D), inserted "(who may not delegate the authority under this paragraph)" after "the head of the agency" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(4)(A), (B), inserted heading, struck out par. (1) designation at beginning, and substituted "subsection (a)(1)" for "subsection (c)(1)" in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(4), redesignated subsec. (d) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (b) of this section.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(4)(C), struck out par. (2) which read as follows: "The authority of the head of an agency under subsection (c)(7) may not be delegated."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(4)(D), redesignated subsec. (b)(3) as (c) and inserted heading; redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, inserted headings, and realigned margins; in par. (1) as redesignated, substituted "paragraph (2)" for "subparagraph (B)" and "subsection (a)(2)" for "subsection (c)(2)" in introductory provisions, redesignated cl. (i) and subcls. (I) and (II) as subpar. (A) and cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, redesignated cl. (ii) as subpar. (B), and realigned margins; and, in par. (2) as redesignated, substituted "This subsection" for "This paragraph". Substitution in par. (2) was executed by making the substitution for "This paragraph" instead of "this paragraph" as quoted in the directory language, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(5), redesignated subsec. (e) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (d) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "paragraph (2) or (6) of subsection (a)" for "subsection (c)(2) or (c)(6)". Directory language inserting "Offer Requests to Potential Sources.—The head of", without specifying where insertion was to take place, was executed by striking out "The head of" at beginning and inserting quoted text in its place, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(A), inserted heading.

Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6), redesignated subsec. (f) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (e) of this section.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(A), (B), inserted heading, substituted "Except as provided in paragraphs (3), (4), and (7)," for "Except as provided in paragraph (2) and paragraph (6)", and realigned margins of subpars. (A) to (C).

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(C), (D), (K), redesignated par. (3) as (2), inserted heading, and realigned margin. Former par. (2) redesignated (3).

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(C), (E), (K), redesignated par. (2) as (3), inserted heading, substituted "subsection (a)(2)" for "subsection (c)(2)", and realigned margin. Former par. (3) redesignated (2).

Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(G), (K), designated second sentence of par. (3) as (4), inserted heading, realigned margin, and substituted "subsection (a)(7)" for "subsection (c)(7)" in subpar. (C) and "subsection (a)(4)" for "subsection (c)(4)" in subpar. (E). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).

Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(F), (H), (K), redesignated par. (4) as (5), inserted heading, and realigned margin; inserted subpar. (A) designation before "In no case", redesignated former subpars. (A) and (B) as cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, and, in cl. (ii), substituted "chapter 137 legacy provisions" for "this chapter"; and designated concluding provisions as subpar. (B) and substituted "subparagraph (A)(ii)" for "clause (B)". Former par. (5) redesignated (6).

Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(I), (K), redesignated par. (5) as (6), inserted heading, and realigned margin. Former par. (6) redesignated (7).

Subsec. (e)(7). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(6)(J), (K), redesignated par. (6) as (7), inserted heading, and realigned margin.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(7)(A), inserted heading.

Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(7), redesignated subsec. (l) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (f) of this section.

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(7)(A)–(C), inserted par. and subpar. headings, substituted "subsection (a)" for "subsection (c)" and "subsection (e)(1)" for "subsection (f)(1)" in subpar. (A) and "subsection (a)(2)" for "subsection (c)(2)" in subpar. (B).

Subsec. (f)(2), (3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(7)(D)–(F), inserted headings and realigned margins.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(8)(A), inserted heading.

Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(8), redesignated subsec. (i) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (g) of this section.

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(8)(B), struck out ", as defined in section 2302(2) of this title" before period at end.

Subsec. (g)(2), (3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(8)(C), realigned margins.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 So in original. The dash probably should be a semicolon.

2 So in original. The dash probably should be "; or".

3 So in original.

§3205. Simplified procedures for small purchases

(a) Authorization.—In order to promote efficiency and economy in contracting and to avoid unnecessary burdens for agencies and contractors, the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall provide for—

(1) special simplified procedures for purchases of property and services for amounts not greater than the simplified acquisition threshold; and

(2) special simplified procedures for purchases of property and services for amounts greater than the simplified acquisition threshold but not greater than $5,000,000 with respect to which the contracting officer reasonably expects, based on the nature of the property or services sought and on market research, that offers will include only commercial products or commercial services.


(b) Prohibition on Dividing Contracts.—A proposed purchase or contract for an amount above the simplified acquisition threshold may not be divided into several purchases or contracts for lesser amounts in order to use the simplified procedures required by subsection (a).

(c) Promotion of Competition.—In using simplified procedures, the head of an agency shall promote competition to the maximum extent practicable.

(d) Compliance With Special Requirements of Federal Acquisition Regulation.—The head of an agency shall comply with the Federal Acquisition Regulation provisions referred to in section 1901(e) of title 41.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(d)(1), (9), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4166, 4170.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (g) of section 2304 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(9), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(a)(1)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(d)(3)(A), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title VIII, §806(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1592; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, §701(d)(2)(A), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 114; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1001(2), title IV, §4401(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3249, 3347; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLII, §4202(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 652; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VIII, §850(f)(3)(B), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1850; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(12)(D), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3843; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(c)(2), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1864.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3205, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Pub. L. 85–600, §1(3), Aug. 6, 1958, 72 Stat. 522; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), (65), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1462, 1463; Pub. L. 95–551, §2, Oct. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 2069, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in commissioned officers on active list, exclusive of certain categories, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(9)(A), (C), inserted heading, struck out par. (1) designation before "In order to", and redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively. Former pars. (2) to (4) redesignated subsecs. (b) to (d), respectively.

Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(9), redesignated subsec. (g) of section 2304 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(9)(B), (D), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b), inserted heading, and substituted "subsection (a)" for "paragraph (1)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(9)(B), (E), redesignated subsec. (a)(3) as (c) and inserted heading.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(d)(9)(B), (F), redesignated subsec. (a)(4) as (d) and inserted heading.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3206. Planning and solicitation requirements

(a) Planning and Specifications.—

(1) Preparing for procurement.—In preparing for the procurement of property or services, the head of an agency shall—

(A) specify the agency's needs and solicit bids or proposals in a manner designed to achieve full and open competition for the procurement;

(B) use advance procurement planning and market research; and

(C) develop specifications in such manner as is necessary to obtain full and open competition with due regard to the nature of the property or services to be acquired.


(2) Requirements of specifications.—Each solicitation under chapter 137 legacy provisions shall include specifications which—

(A) consistent with the provisions of chapter 137 legacy provisions, permit full and open competition; and

(B) include restrictive provisions or conditions only to the extent necessary to satisfy the needs of the agency or as authorized by law.


(3) Types of specifications.—For the purposes of subparagraphs (A) and (B), the type of specification included in a solicitation shall depend on the nature of the needs of the agency and the market available to satisfy such needs. Subject to such needs, specifications may be stated in terms of—

(A) function, so that a variety of products or services may qualify;

(B) performance, including specifications of the range of acceptable characteristics or of the minimum acceptable standards; or

(C) design requirements.


(b) Contents of solicitation.—In addition to the specifications described in subsection (a), a solicitation for sealed bids or competitive proposals (other than for a procurement for commercial products or commercial services using special simplified procedures or a purchase for an amount not greater than the simplified acquisition threshold) shall at a minimum include—

(1) a statement of—

(A) all significant factors and significant subfactors which the head of the agency reasonably expects to consider in evaluating sealed bids (including price) or competitive proposals (including cost or price, cost-related or price-related factors and subfactors, and noncost-related or nonprice-related factors and subfactors); and

(B) the relative importance assigned to each of those factors and subfactors; and


(2)(A) in the case of sealed bids—

(i) a statement that sealed bids will be evaluated without discussions with the bidders; and

(ii) the time and place for the opening of the sealed bids; or


(B) in the case of competitive proposals—

(i) either a statement that the proposals are intended to be evaluated with, and award made after, discussions with the offerors, or a statement that the proposals are intended to be evaluated, and award made, without discussions with the offerors (other than discussions conducted for the purpose of minor clarification) unless discussions are determined to be necessary; and

(ii) the time and place for submission of proposals.


(c) Evaluation Factors.—

(1) In general.—In prescribing the evaluation factors to be included in each solicitation for competitive proposals, the head of an agency—

(A) shall (except as provided in paragraph (3)) clearly establish the relative importance assigned to the evaluation factors and subfactors, including the quality of the product or services to be provided (including technical capability, management capability, prior experience, and past performance of the offeror);

(B) shall (except as provided in paragraph (3)) include cost or price to the Federal Government as an evaluation factor that must be considered in the evaluation of proposals; and

(C) shall disclose to offerors whether all evaluation factors other than cost or price, when combined, are—

(i) significantly more important than cost or price;

(ii) approximately equal in importance to cost or price; or

(iii) significantly less important than cost or price.


(2) Restriction on implementing regulations.—The regulations implementing paragraph (1)(C) may not define the terms "significantly more important" and "significantly less important" as specific numeric weights that would be applied uniformly to all solicitations or a class of solicitations.

(3) Exceptions for certain multiple task or delivery order contracts.—If the head of an agency issues a solicitation for multiple task or delivery order contracts under section 3403(d)(1)(B) of this title for the same or similar services and intends to make a contract award to each qualifying offeror—

(A) cost or price to the Federal Government need not, at the Government's discretion, be considered under paragraph (1)(B) as an evaluation factor for the contract award; and

(B) if, pursuant to subparagraph (A), cost or price to the Federal Government is not considered as an evaluation factor for the contract award—

(i) the disclosure requirement of paragraph (1)(C) shall not apply; and

(ii) cost or price to the Federal Government shall be considered in conjunction with the issuance pursuant to section 3406(c) of this title of a task or delivery order under any contract resulting from the solicitation.


(4) Definition.—In paragraph (3), the term "qualifying offeror" means an offeror that—

(A) is determined to be a responsible source;

(B) submits a proposal that conforms to the requirements of the solicitation; and

(C) the contracting officer has no reason to believe would likely offer other than fair and reasonable pricing.


(5) Exclusion of applicability to certain contracts.—Paragraph (3) shall not apply to multiple task or delivery order contracts if the solicitation provides for sole source task or delivery order contracts pursuant to section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)).


(d) Additional Information in Solicitation.—Nothing in this section prohibits an agency from—

(1) providing additional information in a solicitation, including numeric weights for all evaluation factors and subfactors on a case-by-case basis; or

(2) stating in a solicitation that award will be made to the offeror that meets the solicitation's mandatory requirements at the lowest cost or price.


(e) Limitation on Evaluation of Purchase Options.—The head of an agency, in issuing a solicitation for a contract to be awarded using sealed bid procedures, may not include in such solicitation a clause providing for the evaluation of prices for options to purchase additional property or services under the contract unless the head of the agency has determined that there is a reasonable likelihood that the options will be exercised.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(e), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4170.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (a) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(2)–(7), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1191; Pub. L. 99–500, §101(c) [title X, §924(a)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783-153, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(c) [title X, §924(a)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341-153; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, §924(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3932, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, §3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title VIII, §802(a)–(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1588, 1589; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1011, 1012, title IV, §4401(b), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3254, 3255, 3347; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLII, §4202(a)(2), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 653; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §825(a), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2279; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(c)(3)(A), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1864.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3206, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(4), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 376; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(A), (B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army Nurse Corps in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(2), transferred subsec. (a) of section 2305 of this title to this section and redesignated pars. (2) to (5) thereof as subsecs. (b) to (e), respectively.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(3)(A), (E)(i), inserted heading and redesignated subpars. (A) to (C) of par. (1) as pars. (1) to (3), respectively.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(3)(E), redesignated par. (1)(A) as (1), inserted heading, redesignated cls. (i) to (iii) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, and realigned margins. Amendment directing redesignation of cls. "(i), (ii), and (ii)" as subpars. (A) to (C) was executed as if it had read "(i), (ii), and (iii)", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(3)(A), (B), (D), redesignated par. (1)(B) as (2), inserted heading, and realigned margin, redesignated cls. (i) and (ii) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, and substituted "chapter 137 legacy provisions" for "this chapter" in introductory provisions and in subpar. (A). Former par. (2) redesignated subsec. (b).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(3)(A), (C), (D), redesignated par. (1)(C) as (3), inserted heading, and realigned margin and redesignated cls. (i) to (iii) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively. Amendment directing redesignation of cls. "(i), (ii), and (ii)" as subpars. (A) to (C) was executed as if it had read "(i), (ii), and (iii)", to reflect the probable intent of Congress. Former par. (3) redesignated subsec. (c).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(2), (4), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b), inserted heading, and substituted "subsection (a)" for "paragraph (1)" in introductory provisions, redesignated subpar. (A) and its cls. (i) and (ii) as par. (1) and subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, and redesignated subpar. (B), its cls. (i) and (ii), and each of their subcls. (I) and (II) as par. (2), subpars. (A) and (B), and cls. (i) and (ii), respectively.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(2), (5)(A), (B), redesignated subsec. (a)(3) as (c), inserted heading, redesignated subpars. (A) to (E) as pars. (1) to (5), respectively, and realigned margins.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(5)(A), (C), inserted heading, substituted "paragraph (3)" for "subparagraph (C)" in two places, redesignated cls. (i) to (iii) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, and, in subpar. (C) as redesignated, redesignated subcls. (I) to (III) as cls. (i) to (iii), respectively.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(5)(B), (D), redesignated par. (3)(B) as (2), inserted heading, and substituted "paragraph (1)(C)" for "clause (iii) of subparagraph (A)".

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(5)(B), (E), redesignated par. (3)(C) as (3), inserted heading, and substituted "section 3403(d)(1)(B)" for "section 2304a(d)(1)(B)" in introductory provisions; redesignated cl. (i) as subpar. (A) and substituted "paragraph (1)(B)" for "clause (ii) of subparagraph (A)"; and redesignated cl. (ii) and its subcls. (I) and (II) as subpar. (B) and cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, and substituted "subparagraph (A)" for "clause (i)" in introductory provisions, "paragraph (1)(C)" for "clause (iii) of subparagraph (A)" in cl. (i), and "section 3406(c)" for "section 2304c(b)" in cl. (ii).

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(5)(B), (F), redesignated par. (3)(D) as (4), inserted heading, substituted "paragraph (3)" for "subparagraph (C)" in introductory provisions, and redesignated cls. (i) to (iii) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively.

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(5)(B), (G), redesignated par. (3)(E) as (5), inserted heading, and substituted "Paragraph (3)" for "Subparagraph (C)".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(2), (6), redesignated subsec. (a)(4) as (d), inserted heading, substituted "this section" for "this subsection" in introductory provisions, and redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(e)(2), (7), redesignated subsec. (a)(5) as (e) and inserted heading.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3207. Assessment before contract for acquisition of supplies is entered into

The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that before a contract for the delivery of supplies to the Department of Defense is entered into—

(1) when the appropriate officials of the Department are making an assessment of the most advantageous source for acquisition of the supplies (considering quality, price, delivery, and other factors), there is a review of the availability and cost of each item of supply—

(A) through the supply system of the Department of Defense; and

(B) under standard Government supply contracts, if the item is in a category of supplies defined under regulations of the Secretary of Defense as being potentially available under a standard Government supply contract; and


(2) there is a review of both the procurement history of the item and a description of the item, including, when necessary for an adequate description of the item, a picture, drawing, diagram, or other graphic representation of the item.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(f), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4173.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (c) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(f)(2), was based on Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1213(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2591.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3207, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(5), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 376; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(C), (D), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Army Medical Specialist Corps in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(f)(2), transferred subsec. (c) of section 2305 of this title to this section and struck out subsec. (c) designation at beginning.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3208. Planning for future competition in contracts for major systems

(a) Development Contract.—

(1) Determining whether proposals are necessary.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, in preparing a solicitation for the award of a development contract for a major system, the head of an agency consider requiring in the solicitation that an offeror include in its offer proposals described in paragraph (2). In determining whether to require such proposals, the head of the agency shall give due consideration to the purposes for which the system is being procured and the technology necessary to meet the system's required capabilities. If such proposals are required, the head of the agency shall consider them in evaluating the offeror's price.

(2) Contents of proposals.—Proposals referred to in the first sentence of paragraph (1) are the following:

(A) Proposals to incorporate in the design of the major system items which are currently available within the supply system of the Federal agency responsible for the major system, available elsewhere in the national supply system, or commercially available from more than one source.

(B) With respect to items that are likely to be required in substantial quantities during the system's service life, proposals to incorporate in the design of the major system items which the United States will be able to acquire competitively in the future.


(b) Production Contract.—

(1) Determining whether proposals are necessary.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, in preparing a solicitation for the award of a production contract for a major system, the head of an agency consider requiring in the solicitation that an offeror include in its offer proposals described in paragraph (2). In determining whether to require such proposals, the head of the agency shall give due consideration to the purposes for which the system is being procured and the technology necessary to meet the system's required capabilities. If such proposals are required, the head of the agency shall consider them in evaluating the offeror's price.

(2) Contents of proposals.—Proposals referred to in the first sentence of paragraph (1) are proposals identifying opportunities to ensure that the United States will be able to obtain on a competitive basis items procured in connection with the system that are likely to be reprocured in substantial quantities during the service life of the system. Proposals submitted in response to such requirement may include the following:

(A) Proposals to provide to the United States the right to use technical data to be provided under the contract for competitive reprocurement of the item, together with the cost to the United States, if any, of acquiring such technical data and the right to use such data.

(B) Proposals for the qualification or development of multiple sources of supply for the item.


(c) Consideration of Factors as Objectives in Negotiations.—If the head of an agency is making a noncompetitive award of a development contract or a production contract for a major system, the factors specified in subsections (a) and (b) to be considered in evaluating an offer for a contract may be considered as objectives in negotiating the contract to be awarded. Such objectives may not impair the rights of prospective contractors or subcontractors otherwise provided by law.

(d) Items Developed Exclusively at Private Expense.—

(1) Limitation.—Whenever the head of an agency requires that proposals described in subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2) be submitted by an offeror in its offer, the offeror shall not be required to provide a proposal that enables the United States to acquire competitively in the future an identical item if the item was developed exclusively at private expense unless the head of the agency determines that—

(A) the original supplier of such item will be unable to satisfy program schedule or delivery requirements; or

(B) proposals by the original supplier of such item to meet the mobilization requirements are insufficient to meet the agency's mobilization needs.


(2) Evaluation.—In considering offers in response to a solicitation requiring proposals described in subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2), the head of an agency shall base any evaluation of items developed exclusively at private expense on an analysis of the total value, in terms of innovative design, life-cycle costs, and other pertinent factors, of incorporating such items in the system.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(g), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4173.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (d) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(g)(2)–(6) was based on Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1213(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2591; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title VIII, §806, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2010.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3209, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 174; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1462; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(E), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(c)(1), (2), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627, prescribed, with exception of Army Nurse Corps and Army Medical Specialist Corps, the authorized strength of each branch in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 3210 was renumbered section 7110 of this title.

A prior section 3211, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 175; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(67), 72 Stat. 1463; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(F), 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in officers in each regular grade on promotion lists set forth in section 3296 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 3212, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 175; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(68), 72 Stat. 1463; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, §1(6), 74 Stat. 265; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(G), 81 Stat. 375; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(6), 94 Stat. 2909, related to temporary increases in authorized strength in grades of Army Reserve and Army National Guard of United States, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12009 of this title.

Prior sections 3213 and 3214 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3213, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in warrant officers on active list.

Section 3214, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(64), 72 Stat. 1463, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in enlisted members on active duty, exclusive of officer candidates.

A prior section 3215, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(H), 81 Stat. 375, authorized strength of Women's Army Corps of Regular Army in warrant officers on active list and in enlisted members on active duty to be prescribed by Secretary, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(c)(3), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627.

A prior section 3216, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, prescribed authorized strength of Corps of Engineers in enlisted members on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 3217 to 3220 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 3217, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve commissioned officers in active status. See section 12003 of this title.

Section 3218, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title III, §302(a), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1061(a)(20)(B), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve general officers in active status. See section 12004 of this title.

Section 3219, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve commissioned officers in active status in grades below brigadier general. See section 12005(a) of this title.

Section 3220, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464; amended Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(c)(4), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627, related to distribution of reserve commissioned officers by Secretary of the Army. See section 12007 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(g)(2), redesignated subsec. (d) of section 2305 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section and redesignated pars. (2) to (4) thereof as subsecs. (b) to (d), respectively.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(g)(3), inserted subsec. heading, redesignated par. (1)(A) as (1), inserted par. heading, and substituted "paragraph (2)" for "subparagraph (B)", and redesignated par. (1)(B) and its cls. (i) and (ii) as par. (2) and subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, inserted par. heading, and substituted "paragraph (1)" for "subparagraph (A)" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(g)(2), (4), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b), inserted subsec. heading, redesignated subpar. (A) as par. (1), inserted par. heading, and substituted "paragraph (2)" for "subparagraph (B)", and redesignated subpar. (B) and its cls. (i) and (ii) as par. (2) and subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, inserted par. heading, and substituted "paragraph (1)" for "subparagraph (A)" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(g)(2), (5), redesignated subsec. (a)(3) as (c), inserted heading, and substituted "subsections (a) and (b)" for "paragraphs (1) and (2)".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1811(g)(2), (6), redesignated subsec. (a)(4) as (d), inserted subsec. heading, and substituted "subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2)" for "paragraph (1)(B) or (2)(B)" in introductory provisions; redesignated subpar. (A) and its cls. (i) and (ii) as par. (1) and subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, inserted par. heading, and realigned margins; and redesignated subpar. (B) as par. (2), inserted heading, realigned margin, and substituted "subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2)" for "paragraph (1)(B) or (2)(B)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

CHAPTER 222—INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATION AND COST ANALYSIS

Sec.1

        

3221.
Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.
3222.
Independent cost estimate required before approval.
3223.
Director: review of cost estimates, cost analyses, and records of the military departments and Defense Agencies.
3224.
Director: participation, concurrence, and approval in cost estimation.
3225.
Discussion of risk in cost estimates.
3226.
Estimates for program baseline and analyses and targets for contract negotiation purposes.
3227.
Guidelines and collection method for acquisition of cost data.

        

1 Editorially supplied.

§3221. Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation

(a) In General.—The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall ensure that the cost estimation and cost analysis processes of the Department of Defense provide accurate information and realistic estimates of cost for the acquisition programs of the Department of Defense.

(b) Functions.—In carrying out the responsibility of the Director under subsection (a), the Director shall—

(1) prescribe, by authority of the Secretary of Defense, policies and procedures for the conduct of cost estimation and cost analysis for the acquisition programs of the Department of Defense;

(2) with respect to cost estimation in the Department of Defense in general and with respect to specific cost estimates and cost analyses to be conducted in connection with a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram under chapter 144 of this title, provide guidance to and consult with—

(A) the Secretary of Defense;

(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment;

(C) the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller);

(D) the Secretaries of the military departments; and

(E) the heads of the Defense Agencies;


(3) issue guidance relating to the proper discussion of risk in cost estimates generally, and specifically, for the proper discussion of risk in cost estimates for major defense acquisition programs and major subprograms;

(4) issue guidance relating to full consideration of life-cycle management and sustainability costs in major defense acquisition programs and major subprograms;

(5) review all cost estimates and cost analyses conducted in connection with major defense acquisition programs and major subprograms;

(6) conduct or approve independent cost estimates and cost analyses for all major defense acquisition programs and major subprograms—

(A) in advance of—

(i) any decision to grant milestone approval pursuant to section 4251 or 4252 of this title;

(ii) any decision to enter into low-rate initial production or full-rate production;

(iii) any certification under section 4376 of this title; and

(iv) any report under section 2445c(f) 1 of this title; and


(B) at any other time considered appropriate by the Director, upon the request of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, or upon the request of the milestone decision authority;


(7) periodically assess and update the cost indexes used by the Department to ensure that such indexes have a sound basis and meet the Department's needs for realistic cost estimation; and

(8) annually review the cost and associated information required to be included, by section 4353(a) of this title, in the Selected Acquisition Reports required by that section.


(c) Staff.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation has sufficient professional staff of military and civilian personnel to enable the Director to carry out the duties and responsibilities of the Director under this section.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), (b), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4174.)

References in Text

Section 2445c of this title, referred to in subsec. (b)(6)(A)(iv), was repealed by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §846(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2292.

Codification

The text of subsec. (a) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (a) and (b), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(1), (2), was based on Pub. L. 111–23, title I, §101(b)(1), May 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title VIII, §812(c)(1), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 808; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VIII, §824(b), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 907; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §§842(a)(1), (2), (b)(1), (2), 846(3), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288, 2289, 2292; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(31), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1596; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(53), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1549.

The text of subsec. (h) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (c), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(3), was based on Pub. L. 111–23, title I, §101(b)(1), May 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1077(a), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 998; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §842(a)(3), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3221, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12001 of this title.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(1), transferred subsec. (a) of section 2334 of this title to this section.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(1), (2)(A), designated second sentence of subsec. (a) as (b), inserted heading, and substituted "In carrying out the responsibility of the Director under subsection (a)," for "In carrying out that responsibility," in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(2)(B), struck out "provide guidance to and consult with the Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), the Secretaries of the military departments, and the heads of the Defense Agencies" before "with respect to cost estimation" and substituted "of this title, provide guidance to and consult with—" and subpars. (A) to (E) for "of this title;".

Subsec. (b)(6)(A)(i). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(2)(C)(i), substituted "section 4251 or 4252" for "section 2366a or 2366b".

Subsec. (b)(6)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(2)(C)(ii), substituted "section 4376" for "section 2433a".

Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(2)(D), substituted "section 4353(a)" for "section 2432(c)(1)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(b)(3), redesignated subsec. (h) of section 2334 of this title as subsec. (c) of this section.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 See References in Text note below.

§3222. Independent cost estimate required before approval

(a) Requirement.— A milestone decision authority may not approve entering a milestone phase of a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram unless an independent cost estimate has been conducted or approved by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation and considered by the milestone decision authority that—

(1) for the technology maturation and risk reduction phase, includes the identification and sensitivity analysis of key cost drivers that may affect life-cycle costs of the program or subprogram; and

(2) for the engineering and manufacturing development phase, or production and deployment phase, includes a cost estimate of the full life-cycle cost of the program or subprogram.


(b) Regulations.—The regulations governing the content and submission of independent cost estimates required by section 3221 of this title shall require that the independent cost estimate of the full life-cycle cost of a program or subprogram include—

(1) all costs of development, procurement, military construction, operations and support, and trained manpower to operate, maintain, and support the program or subprogram upon full operational deployment, without regard to funding source or management control; and

(2) an analysis to support decisionmaking that identifies and evaluates alternative courses of action that may reduce cost and risk, and result in more affordable programs and less costly systems.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), (c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4174, 4175.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(c), was based on Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §842(a)(4), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3222, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(7), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2909, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve, exclusive of members on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12002(a) of this title.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(c)(1), (2)(A), (D), redesignated subsec. (b) of section 2334 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, substituted "Requirement" for "Independent Cost Estimate Required Before Approval" in heading, struck out par. (1) designation before "A milestone", and redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(c)(2)(B)–(D), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b), inserted heading, substituted "section 3221 of this title" for "subsection (a)" in introductory provisions, and redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3223. Director: review of cost estimates, cost analyses, and records of the military departments and Defense Agencies

The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation—

(1) promptly receives the results of all cost estimates and cost analyses conducted by the military departments and Defense Agencies, and all studies conducted by the military departments and Defense Agencies in connection with such cost estimates and cost analyses, for major defense acquisition programs and major subprograms of the military departments and Defense Agencies; and

(2) has timely access to any records and data in the Department of Defense (including the records and data of each military department and Defense Agency and including classified and proprietary information) that the Director considers necessary to review in order to carry out any duties under this section.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), (d), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4174, 4175.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (c) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(d), was based on Pub. L. 111–23, title I, §101(b)(1), May 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §842(a)(3), (b)(2), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288, 2289.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3223, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve in warrant officers, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12008 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(d), transferred subsec. (c) of section 2334 of this title to this section and struck out subsec. (c) designation and heading "Review of Cost Estimates, Cost Analyses, and Records of the Military Departments and Defense Agencies" at beginning.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3224. Director: participation, concurrence, and approval in cost estimation

The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation may—

(1) participate in the discussion of any discrepancies between an independent cost estimate and the cost estimate of a military department or Defense Agency for a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram of the Department of Defense;

(2) comment on deficiencies in the methodology or execution of any cost estimate or cost analysis developed by a military department or Defense Agency for a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram;

(3) concur in the choice of a cost estimate within the baseline description or any other cost estimate (including the discussion of risk for any such cost estimate) for use at any event specified in section 3221(b)(6) of this title; and

(4) participate in the consideration of any decision to request authorization of a multiyear procurement contract for a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), (e), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4174, 4175.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (d) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(e), was based on Pub. L. 111–23, title I, §101(b)(1), May 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §842(a)(3), (5), (b)(3), (4), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288–2290.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3224, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177, related to authorized strength of Army National Guard of United States, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12001 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(e)(1), (2)(A), transferred subsec. (d) of section 2334 of this title to this section and struck out subsec. (d) designation and heading "Participation, Concurrence, and Approval in Cost Estimation" at beginning.

Par. (3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(e)(2)(B), substituted "section 3221(b)(6) of this title" for "subsection (a)(6)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3225. Discussion of risk in cost estimates

The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, and the Secretary of the military department concerned or the head of the Defense Agency concerned (as applicable), shall each—

(1) issue guidance requiring a discussion of risk, the potential impacts of risk on program costs, and approaches to mitigate risk in cost estimates for major defense acquisition programs and major subprograms;

(2) ensure that cost estimates are developed, to the extent practicable, based on historical actual cost information that is based on demonstrated contractor and Government performance and that such estimates provide a high degree of confidence that the program or subprogram can be completed without the need for significant adjustment to program budgets; and

(3) include the information required in the guidance under paragraph (1)—

(A) in any decision documentation approving a cost estimate within the baseline description or any other cost estimate for use at any event specified in section 3221(b)(6) of this title; and

(B) in the next Selected Acquisition Report pursuant to sections 4351 through 4358 of this title in the case of a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram, or the next quarterly report pursuant to section 2445c 1 of this title in the case of a major automated information system program.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), (f), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4174, 4176.)

References in Text

Section 2445c of this title, referred to in par. (3)(B), was repealed by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §846(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2292.

Codification

The text of subsec. (e) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(f), was based on Pub. L. 111–23, title I, §101(b)(1), May 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §811(1), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4263; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §842(a)(3), (6), (b)(5), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288–2290.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3225, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(7), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2909; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to authorized strength of Army National Guard and Army National Guard of United States, exclusive of members on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12002 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(f)(1), (2)(A), transferred subsec. (e) of section 2334 of this title to this section and struck out subsec. (e) designation and heading "Discussion of Risk in Cost Estimates" at beginning.

Par. (3)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(f)(2)(B), substituted "section 3221(b)(6) of this title" for "subsection (a)(6)".

Par. (3)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(f)(2)(C), substituted "sections 4351 through 4358" for "section 2432".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 See References in Text note below.

§3226. Estimates for program baseline and analyses and targets for contract negotiation purposes

(a) Cost Estimates Developed for Specified Purposes Not to Be Used for Contract Negotiations or Obligation of Funds.—The policies, procedures, and guidance issued by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation in accordance with the requirements of section 3221 of this title shall provide that cost estimates developed for baseline descriptions and other program purposes conducted pursuant to subsection (b)(6) of such section are not to be used for the purpose of contract negotiations or the obligation of funds.

(b) Cost Estimates Developed for Specified Purposes Not to Be Used for Contract Negotiations or Obligation of Funds.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall, in consultation with the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, develop policies, procedures, and guidance to ensure that cost analyses and targets developed for the purpose of contract negotiations and the obligation of funds are based on the Government's reasonable expectation of successful contractor performance in accordance with the contractor's proposal and previous experience.

(c) Program Manager and Contracting Officer.—The program manager and contracting officer for each major defense acquisition program and major subprogram shall ensure that cost analyses and targets developed for the purpose of contract negotiations and the obligation of funds are carried out in accordance with the requirements of subsection (a) and the policies, procedures, and guidance issued by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment under subsection (b).

(d) Availability of Excess Funds.—

(1) Funds that are made available for a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram in accordance with a cost estimate conducted pursuant to section 3221(b)(6) of this title, but are excess to a cost analysis or target developed pursuant to subsection (b), shall remain available for obligation in accordance with the terms of applicable authorization and appropriations Acts.

(2) Funds described in paragraph (1)—

(A) may be used—

(i) to cover any increased program costs identified by a revised cost analysis or target developed pursuant to subsection (b);

(ii) to acquire additional end items in accordance with the requirements of section 3069 of this title; or

(iii) to cover the cost of risk reduction and process improvements; and


(B) may be reprogrammed, in accordance with established procedures, only if determined to be excess to program needs on the basis of a cost estimate developed with the concurrence of the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), (g), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4174, 4176.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (f) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(g), was based on Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §811(3), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4263; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VIII, §833, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1506; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §842(a)(3), (b)(3), (6), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288–2290; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(53), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1549.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(g)(1), (2)(A), (B), redesignated subsec. (f) of section 2334 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, substituted "Cost Estimates Developed for Specified Purposes Not to Be Used for Contract Negotiations or Obligation of Funds" for "Estimates for Program Baseline and Analyses and Targets for Contract Negotiation Purposes" in heading, struck out par. (1) designation before "The policies,", and substituted "section 3221 of this title" for "subsection (a)" and "subsection (b)(6) of such section" for "subsection (a)(6)". Pars. (2), (3), (4), and (5) of subsec. (a) redesignated subsecs. (b), (c), (d)(1), and (d)(2), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(g)(2)(C), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b) and inserted heading.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(g)(2)(D), redesignated subsec. (a)(3) as (c), inserted heading, and substituted "The program manager" for "The Program Manager", "subsection (a)" for "paragraph (1)", and "subsection (b)" for "paragraph (2)".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(g)(2)(E)(i), (iii), redesignated subsec. (a)(4) and (5) as (d)(1) and (2), respectively, inserted subsec. heading, and realigned margin of par. (2).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(g)(2)(E)(ii), substituted "section 3221(b)(6) of this title" for "subsection (a)(6)" and "subsection (b)" for "paragraph (2)".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(g)(2)(E)(iv), substituted "paragraph (1)" for "paragraph (4)" in introductory provisions, "subsection (b)" for "paragraph (2)" in subpar. (A)(i), and "section 3069" for "section 2308" in subpar. (A)(ii).

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3227. Guidelines and collection method for acquisition of cost data

(a) Director of Cape to Develop Guidelines and Collection Method.—The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, develop policies, procedures, guidance, and a collection method to ensure that quality acquisition cost data are collected to facilitate cost estimation and comparison across acquisition programs.

(b) Applicability to Acquisition Programs in Amount Greater Than Specified Threshold.—The program manager and contracting officer for each acquisition program in an amount greater than $100,000,000, in consultation with the cost estimating component of the relevant military department or Defense Agency, shall ensure that cost data are collected in accordance with the requirements of subsection (a).

(c) Limitation on Waiver Authority.—The requirement under subsection (a) may be waived only by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), (h), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4174, 4177.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (g) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(h), was based on Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §842(a)(7), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2289; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(53), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1549.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3230, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464, provided that members of Army who are detailed for duty with agencies of United States outside Department of Defense on a reimbursable basis not be counted in computing strengths under any law, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(h)(1), (2)(A), redesignated subsec. (g) of section 2334 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, substituted "Director of Cape to Develop Guidelines and Collection Method" for "Guidelines and Collection of Cost Data" in heading, and struck out par. (1) designation before "The Director". Amendment striking heading was executed to reflect the probable intent of Congress notwithstanding error in formatting of text. Pars. (2) and (3) of subsec. (a) redesignated subsecs. (b) and (c), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(h)(2)(B), redesignated subsec. (a)(2) as (b), inserted heading, and substituted "subsection (a)" for "paragraph (1)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1812(h)(2)(C), redesignated subsec. (a)(3) as (c), inserted heading, and substituted "subsection (a)" for "paragraph (1)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

CHAPTER 223—OTHER PROVISIONS RELATING TO PLANNING AND SOLICITATION GENERALLY

Sec.
3241.
Design-build selection procedures.
3242.
Supplies: economic order quantities.
3243.
Encouragement of new competitors: qualification requirement.
3244.
[Reserved].
3245.
[Reserved].
3246.
[Reserved].
3247.
Contracts: regulations for bids.
3248.
Matters relating to reverse auctions.1

        

3249.
Advocates for competition.
3250.
[Reserved].
3251.
[Reserved].
3252.
Requirements for information relating to supply chain risk.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 223 "PLANNING AND SOLICITATION RELATING TO PARTICULAR ITEMS OR SERVICES", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, and consisting of reserved section 3251, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(b), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4164.

1 So in original. There is no section 3248.

§3241. Design-build selection procedures

(a) Authorization.—Unless the traditional acquisition approach of design-bid-build established under chapter 11 of title 40 is used or another acquisition procedure authorized by law is used, the head of an agency shall use the two-phase selection procedures authorized in this section for entering into a contract for the design and construction of a public building, facility, or work when a determination is made under subsection (b) that the procedures are appropriate for use.

(b) Criteria for Use.—A contracting officer shall make a determination whether two-phase selection procedures are appropriate for use for entering into a contract for the design and construction of a public building, facility, or work when—

(1) the contracting officer anticipates that three or more offers will be received for such contract;

(2) design work must be performed before an offeror can develop a price or cost proposal for such contract;

(3) the offeror will incur a substantial amount of expense in preparing the offer; and

(4) the contracting officer has considered information such as the following:

(A) The extent to which the project requirements have been adequately defined.

(B) The time constraints for delivery of the project.

(C) The capability and experience of potential contractors.

(D) The suitability of the project for use of the two-phase selection procedures.

(E) The capability of the agency to manage the two-phase selection process.

(F) Other criteria established by the agency.


(c) Procedures Described.—Two-phase selection procedures consist of the following:

(1) Development of scope of work statement.—The agency develops, either in-house or by contract, a scope of work statement for inclusion in the solicitation that defines the project and provides prospective offerors with sufficient information regarding the Government's requirements (which may include criteria and preliminary design, budget parameters, and schedule or delivery requirements) to enable the offerors to submit proposals which meet the Government's needs. If the agency contracts for development of the scope of work statement, the agency shall contract for architectural and engineering services as defined by and in accordance with chapter 11 of title 40.

(2) Solicitation of phase-one proposals.—The contracting officer solicits phase-one proposals that—

(A) include information on the offeror's—

(i) technical approach; and

(ii) technical qualifications; and


(B) do not include—

(i) detailed design information; or

(ii) cost or price information.


(3) Evaluation factors.—

(A) Evaluation factors to be used.—The evaluation factors to be used in evaluating phase-one proposals are stated in the solicitation and include—

(i) specialized experience and technical competence;

(ii) capability to perform;

(iii) past performance of the offeror's team (including the architect-engineer and construction members of the team); and

(iv) other appropriate factors, except that cost-related or price-related evaluation factors are not permitted.


(B) Relative importance of evaluation factors and subfactors.—Each solicitation establishes the relative importance assigned to the evaluation factors and subfactors that must be considered in the evaluation of phase-one proposals.

(C) Evaluation of proposals.—The agency evaluates phase-one proposals on the basis of the phase-one evaluation factors set forth in the solicitation.


(4) Selection by contracting officer.—

(A) Number of offerors selected and what is to be evaluated.—The contracting officer selects as the most highly qualified the number of offerors specified in the solicitation to provide the property or services under the contract and requests the selected offerors to submit phase-two competitive proposals that include technical proposals and cost or price information. Each solicitation establishes with respect to phase two—

(i) the technical submission for the proposal, including design concepts or proposed solutions to requirements addressed within the scope of work (or both), and

(ii) the evaluation factors and subfactors, including cost or price, that must be considered in the evaluations of proposals in accordance with subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 3206 of this title.


(B) The contracting officer separately evaluates the submissions described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A).


(5) Awarding of contract.—The agency awards the contract in accordance with section 3303 of this title.


(d) Solicitation to State Number of Offerors To Be Selected for Phase Two Requests for Competitive Proposals.—A solicitation issued pursuant to the procedures described in subsection (c) shall state the maximum number of offerors that are to be selected to submit competitive proposals pursuant to subsection (c)(4). If the contract value exceeds $4,000,000, the maximum number specified in the solicitation shall not exceed 5 unless—

(1) the solicitation is issued pursuant to an indefinite delivery-indefinite quantity contract for design-build construction; or

(2)(A) the head of the contracting activity, delegable to a level no lower than the senior contracting official within the contracting activity, approves the contracting officer's justification with respect to an individual solicitation that a maximum number greater than 5 is in the interest of the Federal Government; and

(B) the contracting officer provides written documentation of how a maximum number greater than 5 is consistent with the purposes and objectives of the two-phase selection procedures.


(e) Requirement for Guidance and Regulations.—The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall include guidance—

(1) regarding the factors that may be considered in determining whether the two-phase contracting procedures authorized by subsection (a) are appropriate for use in individual contracting situations;

(2) regarding the factors that may be used in selecting contractors; and

(3) providing for a uniform approach to be used Government-wide.


(f) Special Authority for Military Construction Projects.—(1) The Secretary of a military department may use funds available to the Secretary under section 2807(a) or 18233(e) of this title to accelerate the design effort in connection with a military construction project for which the two-phase selection procedures described in subsection (c) are used to select the contractor for both the design and construction portion of the project before the project is specifically authorized by law and before funds are appropriated for the construction portion of the project. Notwithstanding the limitations contained in such sections, use of such funds for the design portion of a military construction project may continue despite the subsequent authorization of the project. The advance notice requirement of section 2807(b) of this title shall continue to apply whenever the estimated cost of the design portion of the project exceeds the amount specified in such section.

(2) Any military construction contract that provides for an accelerated design effort, as authorized by paragraph (1), shall include as a condition of the contract that the liability of the United States in a termination for convenience before funds are first made available for construction may not exceed an amount attributable to the final design of the project.

(3) For each fiscal year during which the authority provided by this subsection is in effect, the Secretary of a military department may select not more than two military construction projects to include the accelerated design effort authorized by paragraph (1) for each armed force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary. To be eligible for selection under this subsection, a request for the authorization of the project, and for the authorization of appropriations for the project, must have been included in the annual budget of the President for a fiscal year submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31.

(4) Not later than March 1, 2008, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report evaluating the usefulness of the authority provided by this subsection in expediting the design and construction of military construction projects. The authority provided by this subsection expires September 30, 2008, except that, if the report required by this paragraph is not submitted by March 1, 2008, the authority shall expire on that date.

(Added Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §4105(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 645, §2305a; amended Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(44), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1902; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(4), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1295; Pub. L. 108–178, §4(b)(3), Dec. 15, 2003, 117 Stat. 2641; Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2807, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2123; Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2807, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3508; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title VIII, §814, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3430; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VIII, §823, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(a)(38), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1814; renumbered §3241 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1813(b), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4177.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b), renumbered section 2305a of this title as this section.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(1), inserted dash after "or work when", reorganized remainder of former introductory provisions of subsec. (b) into designated pars. (1) to (4), and redesignated former pars. (1) to (6) as subpars. (A) to (F), respectively, of par. (4) and realigned margins.

Subsec. (c)(1), (2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(2)(A), (B), inserted headings.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(2)(C)(i), (ii), inserted par. heading, designated first, second, and third sentences of existing provisions as subpars. (A), (B), and (C), respectively, and inserted subpar. headings.

Subsec. (c)(3)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(2)(C)(iii), inserted dash after "and include—" and reorganized remainder of subpar. (A) into designated cls. (i) to (iv).

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(2)(D)(i), (ii), (iv), inserted par. heading, designated first sentence as subpar. (A), inserted subpar. heading, and redesignated former subpars. (A) and (B) as cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, and designated concluding provisions as subpar. (B) and realigned margin.

Subsec. (c)(4)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(2)(D)(iii), substituted "subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 3206" for "paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of section 2305(a)".

Subsec. (c)(4)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(2)(D)(v), substituted "clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A)" for "subparagraphs (A) and (B)".

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(b)(2)(E), inserted heading and substituted "section 3303" for "section 2305(b)(4)".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3242. Supplies: economic order quantities

(a) Quantity to Procure.—

(1) An agency referred to in section 3063 of this title shall procure supplies in such quantity as—

(A) will result in the total cost and unit cost most advantageous to the United States, where practicable; and

(B) does not exceed the quantity reasonably expected to be required by the agency.


(2) The Secretary of Defense shall take paragraph (1) into account in approving rates of obligation of appropriations under section 2204 of this title.


(b) Opinion of Offeror With Respect to Quantity to Be Procured.—Each solicitation for a contract for supplies shall, if practicable, include a provision inviting each offeror responding to the solicitation to state an opinion on whether the quantity of the supplies proposed to be procured is economically advantageous to the United States and, if applicable, to recommend a quantity or quantities which would be more economically advantageous to the United States. Each such recommendation shall include a quotation of the total price and the unit price for supplies procured in each recommended quantity.

(Added Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1233(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2600, §2384a; renumbered §3242 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1813(c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4179.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(c), renumbered section 2384a of this title as this section.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(c)(1), inserted heading, in par. (1), substituted "section 3063" for "section 2303(a)" and reformatted subpars. (A) and (B) to add line breaks before each subpar. designation, and, in par. (2), realigned margin.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(c)(2), inserted heading.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3243. Encouragement of new competitors: qualification requirement

(a) Qualification Requirement Defined.—In this section, the term "qualification requirement" means a requirement for testing or other quality assurance demonstration that must be completed by an offeror before award of a contract.

(b) Actions Before Establishing Qualification Requirement.—Except as provided in subsection (c), the head of the agency shall, before establishing a qualification requirement—

(1) prepare a written justification stating the necessity for establishing the qualification requirement and specify why the qualification requirement must be demonstrated before contract award;

(2) specify in writing and make available to a potential offeror upon request all requirements which a prospective offeror, or its product, must satisfy in order to become qualified, such requirements to be limited to those least restrictive to meet the purposes necessitating the establishment of the qualification requirement;

(3) specify an estimate of the costs of testing and evaluation likely to be incurred by a potential offeror in order to become qualified;

(4) ensure that a potential offeror is provided, upon request and on a reimbursable basis, a prompt opportunity to demonstrate its ability to meet the standards specified for qualification using qualified personnel and facilities of the agency concerned or of another agency obtained through interagency agreement, or under contract, or other methods approved by the agency (including use of approved testing and evaluation services not provided under contract to the agency);

(5) if testing and evaluation services are provided under contract to the agency for the purposes of paragraph (4), provide to the extent possible that such services be provided by a contractor who is not expected to benefit from an absence of additional qualified sources and who shall be required in such contract to adhere to any restriction on technical data asserted by the potential offeror seeking qualification; and

(6) ensure that a potential offeror seeking qualification is promptly informed as to whether qualification is attained and, in the event qualification is not attained, is promptly furnished specific information why qualification was not attained.


(c) Applicability, Waiver Authority, and Referral of Offers.—

(1) Applicability.—Subsection (b) does not apply with respect to a qualification requirement established by statute or administrative action before October 19, 1984, unless such requirement is a qualified products list.

(2) Waiver Authority.—

(A) Submission of determination of unreasonableness.—Except as provided in subparagraph (C), if it is unreasonable to specify the standards for qualification which a prospective offeror or its product must satisfy, a determination to that effect shall be submitted to the advocate for competition of the procuring activity responsible for the purchase of the item subject to the qualification requirement.

(B) Authority to grant waiver.—After considering any comments of the advocate for competition reviewing such determination, the head of the purchasing office may waive the requirements of clauses (2) through (6) of subsection (b) for up to two years with respect to the item subject to the qualification requirement.

(C) Inapplicability to qualified products list.—The waiver authority provided in this paragraph does not apply with respect to a qualified products list.


(3) Submission and consideration of offer not to be denied in certain cases.—A potential offeror may not be denied the opportunity to submit and have considered an offer for a contract solely because the potential offeror (A) is not on a qualified bidders list, qualified manufacturers list, or qualified products list, or (B) has not been identified as meeting a qualification requirement established after October 19, 1984, if the potential offeror can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the contracting officer (or, in the case of a contract for the procurement of an aviation critical safety item or ship critical safety item, the head of the design control activity for such item) that the potential offeror or its product meets the standards established for qualification or can meet such standards before the date specified for award of the contract.

(4) Referral to small business administration.—Nothing contained in this subsection requires the referral of an offer to the Small Business Administration pursuant to section 8(b)(7) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(b)(7)) if the basis for the referral is a challenge by the offeror to either the validity of the qualification requirement or the offeror's compliance with such requirement.

(5) Delay of procurement not required.—The head of an agency need not delay a proposed procurement in order to comply with subsection (b) or in order to provide a potential offeror with an opportunity to demonstrate its ability to meet the standards specified for qualification.

(6) Requirements before enforcement of certain lists.—The requirements of subsection (b) also apply before enforcement of any qualified products list, qualified manufacturers list, or qualified bidders list.


(d) Fewer Than 2 Actual Manufacturers.—

(1) Solicitation and testing of additional sources or products.—If the number of qualified sources or qualified products available to compete actively for an anticipated future requirement is fewer than two actual manufacturers or the products of two actual manufacturers, respectively, the head of the agency concerned shall—

(A) periodically publish notice in the Commerce Business Daily soliciting additional sources or products to seek qualification, unless the contracting officer determines that such publication would compromise national security; and

(B) subject to paragraph (2), bear the cost of conducting the specified testing and evaluation (excluding the costs associated with producing the item or establishing the production, quality control, or other system to be tested and evaluated) for a small business concern or a product manufactured by a small business concern which has met the standards specified for qualification and which could reasonably be expected to compete for a contract for that requirement.


(2) Certification when agency may bear cost.—Costs may be borne under paragraph (1)(B) only if the head of the agency determines that such additional qualified sources or products are likely to result in cost savings from increased competition for future requirements sufficient to amortize the costs incurred by the agency within a reasonable period of time considering the duration and dollar value of anticipated future requirements.

(3) Certification required.—The head of an agency shall require a prospective contractor requesting the United States to bear testing and evaluation costs under paragraph (1)(B) to certify as to its status as a small business concern under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).


(e) Examination and Revalidation of Qualification Requirement.—Within seven years after the establishment of a qualification requirement under subsection (b) or within seven years following an agency's enforcement of a qualified products list, qualified manufacturers list, or qualified bidders list, any such qualification requirement shall be examined and revalidated in accordance with the requirements of subsection (b). The preceding sentence does not apply in the case of a qualification requirement for which a waiver is in effect under subsection (c)(2).

(f) Restriction on Enforcement.—Except in an emergency as determined by the head of the agency, whenever the head of the agency determines not to enforce a qualification requirement for a solicitation, the agency may not thereafter enforce that qualification requirement unless the agency complies with the requirements of subsection (b).

(g) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "aviation critical safety item" means a part, an assembly, installation equipment, launch equipment, recovery equipment, or support equipment for an aircraft or aviation weapon system if the part, assembly, or equipment contains a characteristic any failure, malfunction, or absence of which could cause a catastrophic or critical failure resulting in the loss of or serious damage to the aircraft or weapon system, an unacceptable risk of personal injury or loss of life, or an uncommanded engine shutdown that jeopardizes safety.

(2) The term "ship critical safety item" means any ship part, assembly, or support equipment containing a characteristic the failure, malfunction, or absence of which could cause a catastrophic or critical failure resulting in loss of or serious damage to the ship or unacceptable risk of personal injury or loss of life.

(3) The term "design control activity", with respect to an aviation critical safety item or ship critical safety item, means the systems command of a military department that is specifically responsible for ensuring the airworthiness of an aviation system or equipment, or the seaworthiness of a ship or ship equipment, in which such item is to be used.

(Added Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1216(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2593, §2319; amended Pub. L. 100–26, §7(d)(5), (i)(4), (k)(3), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281, 282, 284; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title VIII, §802(d), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1541; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title I, §130(d), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2110; renumbered §3243 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1813(d), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4179.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(1), substituted "Encouragement of new competitors: qualification requirement" for "Encouragement of new competitors" in section catchline.

Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d), renumbered section 2319 of this title as this section.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(2), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(3)(A), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(3)(B), substituted "paragraph (4)" for "clause (4)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(4)(A), inserted heading.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(4)(A), inserted heading and struck out "of this section" after "Subsection (b)".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(4)(C)(i), inserted heading and realigned margin.

Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(4)(C)(i), inserted heading and substituted "Except as provided in subparagraph (C)," for "Except as provided in subparagraph (B),".

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(4)(C)(iii), (iv), redesignated second sentence of subsec. (c)(2)(A) as (B) and inserted heading. Former subpar. (B) redesignated (C).

Subsec. (c)(2)(B), (C). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(4)(C)(ii), (v), redesignated subpar. (B) as (C) and inserted heading.

Subsec. (c)(3) to (6). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(4)(B), (D)–(G), inserted headings and realigned margins.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(5)(A), inserted heading.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(5)(A), (F), inserted heading and realigned margins of subpars. (A) and (B).

Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(5)(C), inserted "subject to paragraph (2)," before "bear the cost of" and substituted "that requirement." for "that requirement, but such costs may be borne". Remainder of subpar. (B) redesignated par. (2).

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(5)(D), (E), designated text of par. (1)(B) beginning with "only if the head" as (2), inserted heading, and inserted "Costs may be borne under paragraph (1)(B)" at beginning. Former par. (2) redesignated (3).

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(5)(B), redesignated par. (2) as (3), inserted heading, and realigned margin.

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(d)(6), (7), inserted headings.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3247. Contracts: regulations for bids

(a) The Secretary of Defense may—

(1) prescribe regulations for the preparation, submission, and opening of bids for contracts; and

(2) require that a bid be accompanied by a written guaranty, signed by one or more responsible persons, undertaking that the bidder, if his bid is accepted, will, within the time prescribed by the Secretary or other officer authorized to make the contract, make a contract and furnish a bond with good and sufficient sureties for the performance of the contract.


(b) If a bidder, after being notified of the acceptance of his bid, fails within the time prescribed under subsection (a)(2) to enter into a contract and furnish the prescribed bond, the Secretary concerned or other authorized officer shall—

(1) contract with another person; and

(2) charge against the defaulting bidder and his guarantors the difference between the amount specified by the bidder in his bid and the amount for which a contract is made with the other person, this difference being immediately recoverable by the United States for the use of the military department concerned in an action against the bidder and his guarantors, jointly or severally.


(c) Proceedings under this section are subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, unless exempted therefrom under section 501(a)(2) of title 40.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 136, §2381; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(35), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2624; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1507, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3298; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(6), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1295; renumbered §3247, Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1813(e), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4181.)

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283 renumbered section 2381 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3249. Advocates for competition

Each advocate for competition designated pursuant to section 1705(a) of title 41 for an agency named in section 3063 of this title shall be a general or flag officer if a member of the armed forces or in a position classified above GS–15 pursuant to section 5108 of title 5, if a civilian employee and shall be designated to serve for a minimum of two years.

(Added Pub. L. 98–525, title XII, §1216(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2593, §2318; amended Pub. L. 100–26, §7(d)(4), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, §701(f)(1), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 115; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1031, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3260; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(17), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3843; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(f)(24), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1953; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §811(d), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1845; renumbered §3249 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1813(f), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4181.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3251 was renumbered section 7131 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(f), renumbered section 2318 of this title as this section and substituted "section 3063" for "section 2303(a)".

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3252. Requirements for information relating to supply chain risk

(a) Authority.—Subject to subsection (b), the head of a covered agency may—

(1) carry out a covered procurement action; and

(2) limit, notwithstanding any other provision of law, in whole or in part, the disclosure of information relating to the basis for carrying out a covered procurement action.


(b) Determination and Notification.—The head of a covered agency may exercise the authority provided in subsection (a) only after—

(1) obtaining a joint recommendation by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, on the basis of a risk assessment by the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, that there is a significant supply chain risk to a covered system;

(2) making a determination in writing, in unclassified or classified form, with the concurrence of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, that—

(A) use of the authority in subsection (a)(1) is necessary to protect national security by reducing supply chain risk;

(B) less intrusive measures are not reasonably available to reduce such supply chain risk; and

(C) in a case where the head of the covered agency plans to limit disclosure of information under subsection (a)(2), the risk to national security due to the disclosure of such information outweighs the risk due to not disclosing such information; and


(3) providing a classified or unclassified notice of the determination made under paragraph (2) to the appropriate congressional committees, which notice shall include—

(A) the information required by section 3204(e)(2) of this title;

(B) the joint recommendation by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense as specified in paragraph (1);

(C) a summary of the risk assessment by the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 1 that serves as the basis for the joint recommendation specified in paragraph (1); and

(D) a summary of the basis for the determination, including a discussion of less intrusive measures that were considered and why they were not reasonably available to reduce supply chain risk.


(c) Delegation.—The head of a covered agency may not delegate the authority provided in subsection (a) or the responsibility to make a determination under subsection (b) to an official below the level of the service acquisition executive for the agency concerned.

(d) Limitation on Disclosure.—If the head of a covered agency has exercised the authority provided in subsection (a)(2) to limit disclosure of information—

(1) no action undertaken by the agency head under such authority shall be subject to review in a bid protest before the Government Accountability Office or in any Federal court; and

(2) the agency head shall—

(A) notify appropriate parties of a covered procurement action and the basis for such action only to the extent necessary to effectuate the covered procurement action;

(B) notify other Department of Defense components or other Federal agencies responsible for procurements that may be subject to the same or similar supply chain risk, in a manner and to the extent consistent with the requirements of national security; and

(C) ensure the confidentiality of any such notifications.


(e) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) Head of a covered agency.—The term "head of a covered agency" means each of the following:

(A) The Secretary of Defense.

(B) The Secretary of the Army.

(C) The Secretary of the Navy.

(D) The Secretary of the Air Force.


(2) Covered procurement action.—The term "covered procurement action" means any of the following actions, if the action takes place in the course of conducting a covered procurement:

(A) The exclusion of a source that fails to meet qualification standards established in accordance with the requirements of section 3243 of this title for the purpose of reducing supply chain risk in the acquisition of covered systems.

(B) The exclusion of a source that fails to achieve an acceptable rating with regard to an evaluation factor providing for the consideration of supply chain risk in the evaluation of proposals for the award of a contract or the issuance of a task or delivery order.

(C) The decision to withhold consent for a contractor to subcontract with a particular source or to direct a contractor for a covered system to exclude a particular source from consideration for a subcontract under the contract.


(3) Covered procurement.—The term "covered procurement" means—

(A) a source selection for a covered system or a covered item of supply involving either a performance specification, as provided in section 3206(a)(3)(B) of this title, or an evaluation factor, as provided in section 3206(b)(1) of this title, relating to supply chain risk;

(B) the consideration of proposals for and issuance of a task or delivery order for a covered system or a covered item of supply, as provided in section 3406(d)(3) of this title, where the task or delivery order contract concerned includes a contract clause establishing a requirement relating to supply chain risk; or

(C) any contract action involving a contract for a covered system or a covered item of supply where such contract includes a clause establishing requirements relating to supply chain risk.


(4) Supply chain risk.—The term "supply chain risk" means the risk that an adversary may sabotage, maliciously introduce unwanted function, or otherwise subvert the design, integrity, manufacturing, production, distribution, installation, operation, or maintenance of a covered system so as to surveil, deny, disrupt, or otherwise degrade the function, use, or operation of such system.

(5) Covered system.—The term "covered system" means a national security system, as that term is defined in section 3552(b)(6) of title 44.

(6) Covered item of supply.—The term "covered item of supply" means an item of information technology (as that term is defined in section 11101 of title 40) that is purchased for inclusion in a covered system, and the loss of integrity of which could result in a supply chain risk for a covered system.

(7) Appropriate congressional committees.—The term "appropriate congressional committees" means—

(A) in the case of a covered system included in the National Intelligence Program or the Military Intelligence Program, the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the congressional defense committees; and

(B) in the case of a covered system not otherwise included in subparagraph (A), the congressional defense committees.

(Added Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §881(a)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1910, §2339a; amended Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(a)(43), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1814; renumbered §3252 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(36), title XVIII, §1813(g), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3872, 4181.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3252, added Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, §671(a)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 181; amended Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VI, §615(b), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4485; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VI, §616(2), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2354; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VI, §616(2), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4238, related to bonus to encourage Army personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, §618(a), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 840.

Another prior section 3252, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177, provided that temporary enlistments could be made only in the Army without specification of component, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

A prior section 3253, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177; Pub. L. 87–143, §1(1), Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 364; Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(A), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(3), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929, provided that, in peace time, Army enlistment was available only to citizens and persons lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, §542(b)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3253.

Prior sections 3254 to 3256 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

Section 3254, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, provided for temporary enlistments in the Army during war or emergency.

Section 3255, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, provided for recruiting campaigns to obtain enlistments in the Regular Army.

Section 3256, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, set forth qualifications for and term of enlistments in the Regular Army and the grade in which such enlistments were made.

A prior section 3258 was renumbered section 7138 of this title.

Prior sections 3259 to 3261 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(b)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2990, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 3259, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfers in grade of enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States to Army Reserve. See section 12105 of this title.

Section 3260, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179, provided that enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States are transferred to Army Reserve upon withdrawal as members of Army National Guard. See section 12106 of this title.

Section 3261, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(20), 72 Stat. 1565; Oct. 4, 1961, Pub. L. 87–378, §3, 75 Stat. 808, related to enlistment in Army National Guard of United States. See section 12107 of this title.

A prior section 3262 was renumbered section 7142 of this title.

Another prior section 3262, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 180; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(71), 72 Stat. 1464, provided for extension of enlistment of members of the Army needing medical care or hospitalization, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

A prior section 3263, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(71)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(4), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, provided for voluntary extension of enlistments in the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

A prior section 3264, added Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, §541(a)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1109, related to an 18-month enlistment pilot program to increase participation of prior service persons in Selected Reserve and to provide assistance in building pool of participants in Individual Ready Reserve, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title V, §531(c), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2544.

Prior sections 3281 to 3283 were renumbered sections 7151 to 7153 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 3284 to 3300 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3284, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181, provided that appointments in commissioned grades in Regular Army be made by President, by and with the advice and consent of Senate. See section 531 of this title.

Section 3285, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(72), 72 Stat. 1465, prescribed eligibility requirements for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps or Dental Corps and except a graduating cadet. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3286, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(73), 72 Stat. 1465, prescribed age limitations for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3287, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 182; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(74), 72 Stat. 1466, provided service credit, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Army, for a person originally appointed in a commissioned grade in the Regular Army, except the Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps, for the purpose of determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in his grade in the Regular Army, and eligibility for promotion, with appointment and service credit restrictions on persons who were cadets at the United States Military, Naval, or Air Force Academies but were not graduated, and a disallowance of service credits under this section for persons who graduated from one of these Academies. See section 533 of this title.

Section 3288, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(7), 71 Stat. 376; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(75), 72 Stat. 1466, provided for determination of grade of a person originally appointed as a commissioned officer in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 533 of this title.

Section 3289, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183, provided that no person be originally appointed as a first lieutenant in Regular Army in Medical Corps until he passes an examination of his professional fitness before an examining board composed of at least three officers of Medical Corps designated by Secretary of the Army. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3290, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183, provided that an original appointment in Regular Army in Medical Service Corps be made only in grade of second lieutenant and from members of Regular Army, reserves not in an inactive status, or graduates of an accredited school of pharmacy or optometry, or of a school or college who hold a degree in a science allied to medicine or any other degree approved by Surgeon General. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3291, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(8), 71 Stat. 376; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(4), 80 Stat. 852, prescribed eligibility requirements for an original appointment in Regular Army in Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps in grade of second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and captain and provided for determination of years of service creditable for promotion. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3292, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184, provided that original appointments in commissioned grades in Regular Army in Judge Advocate General's Corps be made from officers of Regular Army in other branches, reserve commissioned officers assigned to Judge Advocate General's Corps, or qualified civilian graduates of accredited law schools. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3293, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184, provided that no person in civil life be originally appointed as a chaplain in Regular Army unless he has passed an examination prescribed by President as to his morale, mental, and physical qualifications. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3294, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(77), 72 Stat. 1467, provided that original appointments in Regular Army be made in grades of first lieutenant through colonel in Medical Corps or Dental Corps as the Army requires, from qualified doctors of medicine, osteopathy, or dentistry who are citizens of the United States and have such other qualifications as the Secretary of the Army prescribes, with specific additional eligibility requirements for a doctor of osteopathy, and that officers so appointed receive service credit for determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in grade in Regular Army, and eligibility for promotion. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3295, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(78), 72 Stat. 1467, provided for determination of the place on a promotion list of name of each person who is originally appointed in a commissioned grade in Regular Army and whose name is to be carried on a promotion list, other than persons appointed in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 624 of this title.

Section 3296, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(10), 71 Stat. 377; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, §1(5), 72 Stat. 522; June 4, 1968, Pub. L. 90–329, 82 Stat. 170; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(d)(2), 92 Stat. 1627; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, §2, 92 Stat. 2069, provided for promotion lists in Regular Army for all commissioned officers in grades below brigadier general on active list, with exceptions, which officers are known as "promotion-list officers", a separate list for Chaplains and each of the several branches of Army Medical Department, and determination of place on list upon transfer or promotion. See section 624 of this title.

Section 3297, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 185; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(11), 71 Stat. 377; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §1(1), 74 Stat. 386; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(d)(3), 92 Stat. 1627, provided for selection boards to recommend promotion-list officers and brigadier generals of Regular Army for promotion in Regular Army. See section 611 et seq. of this title.

Section 3298, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 185; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(12), 71 Stat. 377; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(A), 81 Stat. 375, provided for promotion from grade of second lieutenant to first lieutenant after 3 years of service, discharge under section 3814 of this title upon failure of promotion, and filling vacancies for first lieutenants with second lieutenants prior to completion of 3 years of service. See section 630 of this title.

Section 3299, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 186; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(13), 71 Stat. 377; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(21), 72 Stat. 1565; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(B), 81 Stat. 375, provided that promotion-list officers be promoted to regular grades of captain, major, and lieutenant colonel, after specified length of service or without regard to length of service in view of actual or anticipated vacancies if Secretary of the Army so directs, or be eliminated from active list under section 3303 of this title and a promotion-list officer who has twice been considered and not recommended for promotion to any one regular grade not be again considered for promotion under this section. See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

Section 3300, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 186; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §1(2), 74 Stat. 386, provided for selection board procedure when promotion-list officers in regular grade of first lieutenant, captain, or major are to be considered for promotion under section 3299 of this title. See section 611 et seq. of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(g), renumbered section 2339a of this title as this section.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1081(a)(36), inserted "and Security" after "for Intelligence".

Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(g)(1), substituted "section 3204(e)(2)" for "section 2304(f)(3)".

Subsec. (e)(2)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(g)(2), substituted "section 3243" for "section 2319".

Subsec. (e)(3)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(g)(3)(A), substituted "section 3206(a)(3)(B)" for "section 2305(a)(1)(C)(ii)" and "section 3206(b)(1)" for "section 2305(a)(2)(A)".

Subsec. (e)(3)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, §1813(g)(3)(B), substituted "section 3406(d)(3)" for "section 2304c(d)(3)".

Change of Name

Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence redesignated and references deemed to refer to Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, see section 1621(a) of Pub. L. 116–92, set out as a note under section 137 of this title.

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by section 1813(g) of Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 See Change of Name note below.

CHAPTER 225—PLANNING AND SOLICITATION RELATING TO PARTICULAR ITEMS OR SERVICES

Sec.
3271.
[Reserved].

        

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1813(h), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4181, added chapter heading and item 3271.

Subpart C—Contracting Methods and Contract Types

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 241—AWARDING OF CONTRACTS

Sec.
3301.
Basis of award and rejection.
3302.
Sealed bids.
3303.
Competitive proposals.
3304.
Post-award debriefings.
3305.
Pre-award debriefings.
3306.
Encouragement of alternative dispute resolution.
3307.
Antitrust violations.
3308.
Protests.
3309.
Prohibition on release of contractor proposals.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 241 "AWARDING OF CONTRACTS", as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, and consisting of reserved section 3301, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1816(b), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4182.

§3301. Basis of award and rejection

(a) Award.—The head of an agency shall evaluate sealed bids and competitive proposals and make an award based solely on the factors specified in the solicitation.

(b) Rejection.—All sealed bids or competitive proposals received in response to a solicitation may be rejected if the head of the agency determines that such action is in the public interest.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1816(c)(2)(A), (3), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4182.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b)(1), (2) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(1), (2)(A), (3), was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1191, 1192; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title VIII, §802(d)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1589.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(3), redesignated subsec. (b)(1) and (2) of section 2305 of this title as subsecs. (a) and (b), respectively, of this section and inserted headings.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3302. Sealed bids

(a) Opening of Bids.—Sealed bids shall be opened publicly at the time and place stated in the solicitation.

(b) Criteria for Awarding Contract.—The head of the agency shall evaluate the bids in accordance with section 3301(a) of this title without discussions with the bidders and, except as provided in section 3301(b) of this title, shall award a contract with reasonable promptness to the responsible bidder whose bid conforms to the solicitation and is most advantageous to the United States, considering only price and the other price-related factors included in the solicitation.

(c) Notice of Award.—The award of a contract shall be made by transmitting, in writing or by electronic means, notice of the award to the successful bidder. Within three days after the date of contract award, the head of the agency shall notify, in writing or by electronic means, each bidder not awarded the contract that the contract has been awarded.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1816(c)(2)(B), (4), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4182.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b)(3) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(1), (2)(B), (4) was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1192; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title VIII, §802(d)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1589; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1013(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3255.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3302, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 187, related to promotion to captain, major, or lieutenant colonel of commissioned officers of Medical Corps, Dental Corps, and Veterinary Corps upon examination of professional fitness and effect upon failure of promotion, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(4)(A), (C), redesignated subsec. (b)(3) of section 2305 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section and inserted heading. Former second and third sentences of subsec. (a) designated subsecs. (b) and (c), respectively.

Subsec (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(4)(B), (D), designated second sentence of subsec. (a) as subsec. (b) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "section 3301(a) of this title" for "paragraph (1)" and "section 3301(b) of this title" for "paragraph (2)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(4)(B), (E), designated third sentence of subsec. (a) as subsec. (c) of this section and inserted heading.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3303. Competitive proposals

(a) Evaluation and Award.—The head of an agency shall evaluate competitive proposals in accordance with section 3301(a) of this title and may award a contract—

(1) after discussions with the offerors, provided that written or oral discussions have been conducted with all responsible offerors who submit proposals within the competitive range; or

(2) based on the proposals received, without discussions with the offerors (other than discussions conducted for the purpose of minor clarification) provided that the solicitation included a statement that proposals are intended to be evaluated, and award made, without discussions, unless discussions are determined to be necessary.


(b) Limit on Number of Proposals.—If the contracting officer determines that the number of offerors that would otherwise be included in the competitive range under subsection (a)(1) exceeds the number at which an efficient competition can be conducted, the contracting officer may limit the number of proposals in the competitive range, in accordance with the criteria specified in the solicitation, to the greatest number that will permit an efficient competition among the offerors rated most highly in accordance with such criteria.

(c) Criteria for Awarding Contract.—Except as provided in section 3301(b) of this title, the head of the agency shall award a contract with reasonable promptness to the responsible source whose proposal is most advantageous to the United States, considering only cost or price and the other factors included in the solicitation.

(d) Notice of Award.—The head of the agency shall award the contract by transmitting, in writing or by electronic means, notice of the award to such source and, within three days after the date of contract award, shall notify, in writing or by electronic means, all other offerors of the rejection of their proposals. This subsection does not apply with respect to the award of a contract for the acquisition of perishable subsistence items.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1816(c)(2)(C), (5), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4182, 4183.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b)(4) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(1), (2)(C), (5) was based on Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VII, §2723(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1192; Pub. L. 99–500, §101(c) [title X, §924(b)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783-153, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(c) [title X, §924(b)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341-153; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, §313(b), title IX, formerly title IV, §924(b), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3853, 3933, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, §3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VIII, §853(f), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1519; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title VIII, §802(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1589; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1013(b), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3255; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §4103(a), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 643.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3303, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 188; Pub. L. 86–616, §1(3), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 386; Pub. L. 87–509, §4(a), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 121, related to effect of failure of a promotion-list officer considered for promotion to grade of captain, major, or lieutenant colonel under section 3299 of this title to be recommended for promotion, which officer was to be known as a "deferred officer", prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(5)(A), transferred subsec. (b)(4) of section 2305 of this title to this section and struck out par. (4) designation at beginning.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(5)(B), (D), redesignated subpar. (A) of former section 2305(b)(4) of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, inserted heading, substituted "section 3301(a) of this title" for "paragraph (1)" in introductory provisions, and redesignated cls. (i) and (ii) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(5)(B), (E), redesignated subpar. (B) of former section 2305(b)(4) of this title as subsec. (b) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "subsection (a)(1)" for "subparagraph (A)(i)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(5)(B), (F), redesignated subpar. (C) of former section 2305(b)(4) of this title as subsec. (c) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "section 3301(b) of this title" for "paragraph (2)". Former second and third sentences designated subsec. (d).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(5)(G), inserted heading and substituted "This subsection" for "This subparagraph".

Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(5)(C), which directed designation of the "second sentence of subsection (c)" as (d), was executed by designating the second and third sentences of subsec. (c) as subsec. (d) of this section to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the subsequent amendment made by section 1816(c)(5)(G), which was directed to "subsection (d), as so designated" and could only be executed in what had been the third sentence. See note above.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

§3304. Post-award debriefings

(a) Request for Debriefing.—When a contract is awarded by the head of an agency on the basis of competitive proposals, an unsuccessful offeror, upon written request received by the agency within 3 days after the date on which the unsuccessful offeror receives the notification of the contract award, shall be debriefed and furnished the basis for the selection decision and contract award.

(b) When Debriefing to Be Conducted.—The head of the agency shall debrief the offeror within, to the maximum extent practicable, five days after receipt of the request by the agency.

(c) Information to Be Provided.—(1) The debriefing shall include, at a minimum—

(A) the agency's evaluation of the significant weak or deficient factors in the offeror's offer;

(B) the overall evaluated cost and technical rating of the offer of the contractor awarded the contract and the overall evaluated cost and technical rating of the offer of the debriefed offeror;

(C) the overall ranking of all offers;

(D) a summary of the rationale for the award;

(E) in the case of a proposal that includes a commercial product that is an end item under the contract, the make and model of the item being provided in accordance with the offer of the contractor awarded the contract;

(F) reasonable responses to relevant questions posed by the debriefed offeror as to whether source selection procedures set forth in the solicitation, applicable regulations, and other applicable authorities were followed by the agency; and

(G) an opportunity for a disappointed offeror to submit, within two business days after receiving a post-award debriefing, additional questions related to the debriefing.


(2) The agency shall respond in writing to any additional question submitted under paragraph (1)(G) within five business days after receipt of the question. The agency shall not consider the debriefing to be concluded until the agency delivers its written responses to the disappointed offeror.

(d) Information Not to Be Included.—The debriefing may not include point-by-point comparisons of the debriefed offeror's offer with other offers and may not disclose any information that is exempt from disclosure under section 552(b) of title 5.

(e) Inclusion of Statement in Solicitation.—Each solicitation for competitive proposals shall include a statement that information described in subsection (c) may be disclosed in post-award debriefings.

(f) After Successful Protest.—If, within one year after the date of the contract award and as a result of a successful procurement protest, the agency seeks to fulfill the requirement under the protested contract either on the basis of a new solicitation of offers or on the basis of new best and final offers requested for that contract, the agency shall make available to all offerors—

(1) the information provided in debriefings under this paragraph regarding the offer of the contractor awarded the contract; and

(2) the same information that would have been provided to the original offerors.


(g) Summary to Be Included in File.—The contracting officer shall include a summary of any debriefing conducted this section 1 in the contract file.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1816(c)(2)(D), (6), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4182, 4183.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b)(5) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (a) to (f), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(1), (2)(D), (6)(A)–(J), was based on Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §1014(2), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3256; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §4104(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 644; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VIII, §818(b), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1463; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(c)(3), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1864.

For derivation of subsec. (g) of this section, see Codification note related to subsec. (f) set out under section 3305 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3304, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 189; Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(14), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 378, covered promotion of officers in the Army Nurse Corps and the Army Medical Specialists Corps to colonel and lieutenant colonel, set out the requirements of officers on the promotion lists, and provided for the procedure to be followed in determining the order of promotion, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(C), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat 375.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(A), transferred subsec. (b)(5) of section 2305 of this title to this section and struck out par. (5) designation at beginning.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(B), (E), redesignated subpar. (A) of former section 2305(b)(5) of this title as subsec. (a) of this section and inserted heading. Former second sentence of subsec. (a) designated subsec. (b).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(C), (F), designated second sentence of subsec. (a) as subsec. (b) of this section and inserted heading.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(B), (G)(i), (ii), redesignated subpar. (B) of former section 2305(b)(5) of this title and its cls. (i) to (vii) as subsec. (c)(1) of this section and subpars. (A) to (G), respectively, and inserted subsec. heading.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(D), (G)(iii), redesignated subpar. (C) of former section 2305(b)(5) of this title as subsec. (c)(2) of this section and substituted "paragraph (1)(G)" for "subparagraph (B)(vii)".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(B), (H), redesignated subpar. (D) of former section 2305(b)(5) of this title as subsec. (d) of this section and inserted heading.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(B), (I), redesignated subpar. (E) of former section 2305(b)(5) of this title as subsec. (e) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "subsection (c)" for "subparagraph (B)".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(B), (J), redesignated subpar. (F) of former section 2305(b)(5) of this title as subsec. (f) of this section, inserted heading, and redesignated cls. (i) and (ii) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(6)(K), added subsec. (g) identical to subsec. (f) of section 3305 of this title.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be "under this section".

§3305. Pre-award debriefings

(a) Request for Debriefing.—When the contracting officer excludes an offeror submitting a competitive proposal from the competitive range (or otherwise excludes such an offeror from further consideration prior to the final source selection decision), the excluded offeror may request in writing, within three days after the date on which the excluded offeror receives notice of its exclusion, a debriefing prior to award.

(b) When Debriefing to Be Conducted.—The contracting officer shall make every effort to debrief the unsuccessful offeror as soon as practicable but may refuse the request for a debriefing if it is not in the best interests of the Government to conduct a debriefing at that time.

(c) Precondition for Post-award Debriefing.—The contracting officer is required to debrief an excluded offeror in accordance with section 3304 of this title only if that offeror requested and was refused a preaward debriefing under subsections (a) and (b).

(d) Information to Be Provided.—The debriefing conducted under subsections (a) and (b) shall include—

(1) the executive agency's evaluation of the significant elements in the offeror's offer;

(2) a summary of the rationale for the offeror's exclusion; and

(3) reasonable responses to relevant questions posed by the debriefed offeror as to whether source selection procedures set forth in the solicitation, applicable regulations, and other applicable authorities were followed by the executive agency.


(e) Information Not to Be Disclosed.—The debriefing conducted under subsections (a) and (b) may not disclose the number or identity of other offerors and shall not disclose information about the content, ranking, or evaluation of other offerors' proposals.

(f) Summary to Be Included in File.—The contracting officer shall include a summary of any debriefing conducted this section 1 in the contract file.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1816(c)(2)(E), (7), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4182, 4183.)

Codification

The text of subsec. (b)(6) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsecs. (a) to (e), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(1), (2)(E), (7)(A), (C)–(I), was based on Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §4104(a)(3), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 644; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title X, §1074(a)(11), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2659.

The text of subsec. (b)(7) of section 2305 of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated as subsec. (f), and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(1), (2)(E), (7)(B), (J), was based on Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLI, §4104(a)(3), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 644.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3305, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 189; Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(16), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 379; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(D), (E), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of lieutenant colonel to grade of colonel, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Amendments

2021Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(7)(A), transferred subsec. (b)(6) of section 2305 of this title to this section and struck out par. (6) designation at beginning.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(7)(C), (E), redesignated subpar. (A) of former section 2305(b)(6) of this title as subsec. (a) of this section and inserted heading. Former second sentence of subsec. (a) designated subsec. (b).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(7)(D), (F), designated second sentence of subsec. (a) as subsec. (b) of this section and inserted heading.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(7)(B), (G), redesignated subpar. (B) of former section 2305(b)(6) of this title as subsec. (c) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "section 3304 of this title" for "paragraph (5)" and "subsections (a) and (b)" for "subparagraph (A)".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(7)(B), (H), redesignated subpar. (C) of former section 2305(b)(6) of this title and its cls. (i) to (iii) as subsec. (d) of this section and pars. (1) to (3), respectively, inserted heading, and substituted "subsections (a) and (b)" for "subparagraph (A)" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(7)(B), (I), redesignated subpar. (D) of former section 2305(b)(6) of this title as subsec. (e) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "subsections (a) and (b)" for "subparagraph (A)".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 116–283, §1816(c)(7)(B), (J), redesignated subsec. (b)(7) of section 2305 of this title as subsec. (f) of this section, inserted heading, and substituted "this section" for "under paragraph (5) or (6)".

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be "under this section".

§3306. Encouragement of alternative dispute resolution

The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall include a provision encouraging the use of alternative dispute resolution techniques to provide informal, expeditious, and inexpensive procedures for an offeror to consider using before filing a protest, prior to the award of a contract, of the exclusion of the offeror from the competitive range (or otherwise from further consideration) for that contract.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1816(c)(2)(F), (8), Jan. 1, 2021,