[USC02] 49 USC Ch. 805: MISCELLANEOUS
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49 USC Ch. 805: MISCELLANEOUS
From Title 49—TRANSPORTATIONSUBTITLE X—MISCELLANEOUS

CHAPTER 805—MISCELLANEOUS

Sec.
80501.
Damage to transported property.
80502.
Transportation of animals.
80503.
Payments for inspection and quarantine services.
80504.
Medals of honor.

        

§80501. Damage to transported property

(a) Criminal Penalty.—A person willfully damaging, or attempting to damage, property in the possession of an air carrier, motor carrier, or rail carrier and being transported in interstate or foreign commerce, shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both. In a criminal proceeding under this section, a shipping document for the property is prima facie evidence of the places to which and from which the property was being transported.

(b) Prohibition Against Multiple Prosecutions for Same Act.—A person may not be prosecuted for an act under this section when the person has been convicted or acquitted on the merits for the same act under the laws of a State, the District of Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United States.

(Pub. L. 103–272, §1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1356.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
80501(a) 15:1281. Sept. 13, 1961, Pub. L. 87–221, 75 Stat. 494.
80501(b) 15:1282.

In subsection (a), the words "A person . . . shall be fined under title 18" are substituted for "It shall be unlawful for any person" and "Whoever violates any provision of subsection (a) of this section shall be fined not more than $5,000" to eliminate unnecessary words and for consistency with title 18. The word "damaging" is substituted for "destroy or injure" because it is inclusive. The words "air carrier, motor carrier, or rail carrier" are substituted for "common or contract carrier by railroad, motor vehicle, or aircraft", and the words "being transported" are substituted for "moving", for consistency in the revised title. The words "In a criminal proceeding under this section" are substituted for "To establish the interstate or foreign commerce character of any property involved in any prosecution under this section" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "shipping document" are substituted for "waybill or similar shipping document" because they are inclusive.

In subsection (b), the words "A person may not be prosecuted for an act under this section when the person has been convicted or acquitted on the merits for the same act" are substituted for "A judgment of conviction or acquittal on the merits . . . shall be a bar to any prosecution under this chapter for the same act or acts" for clarity. The word "territory" is added for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The words "or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico" are omitted as unnecessary because of 48:734.

§80502. Transportation of animals

(a) Confinement.—(1) Except as provided in this section, a rail carrier, express carrier, or common carrier (except by air or water), a receiver, trustee, or lessee of one of those carriers, or an owner or master of a vessel transporting animals from a place in a State, the District of Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United States through or to a place in another State, the District of Columbia, or a territory or possession, may not confine animals in a vehicle or vessel for more than 28 consecutive hours without unloading the animals for feeding, water, and rest.

(2) Sheep may be confined for an additional 8 consecutive hours without being unloaded when the 28-hour period of confinement ends at night. Animals may be confined for—

(A) more than 28 hours when the animals cannot be unloaded because of accidental or unavoidable causes that could not have been anticipated or avoided when being careful; and

(B) 36 consecutive hours when the owner or person having custody of animals being transported requests, in writing and separate from a bill of lading or other rail form, that the 28-hour period be extended to 36 hours.


(3) Time spent in loading and unloading animals is not included as part of a period of confinement under this subsection.

(b) Unloading, Feeding, Watering, and Rest.—Animals being transported shall be unloaded in a humane way into pens equipped for feeding, water, and rest for at least 5 consecutive hours. The owner or person having custody of the animals shall feed and water the animals. When the animals are not fed and watered by the owner or person having custody, the rail carrier, express carrier, or common carrier (except by air or water), the receiver, trustee, or lessee of one of those carriers, or the owner or master of a vessel transporting the animals—

(1) shall feed and water the animals at the reasonable expense of the owner or person having custody, except that the owner or shipper may provide food;

(2) has a lien on the animals for providing food, care, and custody that may be collected at the destination in the same way that a transportation charge is collected; and

(3) is not liable for detaining the animals for a reasonable period to comply with subsection (a) of this section.


(c) Nonapplication.—This section does not apply when animals are transported in a vehicle or vessel in which the animals have food, water, space, and an opportunity for rest.

(d) Civil Penalty.—A rail carrier, express carrier, or common carrier (except by air or water), a receiver, trustee, or lessee of one of those carriers, or an owner or master of a vessel that knowingly and willfully violates this section is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of at least $100 but not more than $500 for each violation. On learning of a violation, the Attorney General shall bring a civil action to collect the penalty in the district court of the United States for the judicial district in which the violation occurred or the defendant resides or does business.

(Pub. L. 103–272, §1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1356.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
80502(a) 45:71 (less 1st sentence 132d–153d words). June 29, 1906, ch. 3594, §§1–4, 34 Stat. 607.
80502(b) 45:71 (1st sentence 132d–153d words).
  45:72.
80502(c) 45:73 (proviso).
80502(d) 45:73 (less proviso).
  45:74.

In this section, the words "rail carrier, express carrier" are substituted for "railroad, express company, car company" for consistency in the revised title. The word "air" is included in the exception because when the source provision was enacted air carriers did not exist. The words "a vehicle or vessel" are substituted for "cars, boats, or vessels of any description", and the word "vessel" is substituted for "steam, sailing, or other vessels", for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code.

In subsection (a)(1), the words "transporting animals" are substituted for "whose road forms any part of a line of road over which cattle, sheep, swine, or other animals shall be conveyed" and "carrying or transporting cattle, sheep, swine, or other animals" to eliminate unnecessary words. The word "possession" is added for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code. The words "for feeding, water, and rest" are added because of the restatement.

In subsection (a)(2), before clause (A), the words "Sheep may be confined for an additional 8 consecutive hours without being unloaded when the 28-hour period of confinement ends at night" are substituted for 45:71 (last proviso) for clarity. The words "Animals may be confined for" are added because of the restatement. In clause (A), the words "more than 28 hours when the animals cannot be unloaded because of" are substituted for "unless prevented by" because of the restatement. The word "storm" is omitted as being included in "accidental or unavoidable causes". The words "when being careful" are substituted for "by the exercise of due diligence and foresight" to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (B), the words "36 consecutive hours when" are substituted for "Provided, That . . . the time of confinement may be extended to thirty-six hours" because of the restatement. The word "printed" is omitted as surplus.

In subsection (a)(3), the words "but the time during which the animals have been confined without such rest or food or water on connecting roads shall be included, it being the intent of this chapter to prohibit their continuous confinement beyond the period of twenty-eight hours, except upon the contingencies hereinbefore stated" are omitted as unnecessary because of the restatement.

In subsection (b), before clause (1), the word "properly" is omitted as surplus. The words "Animals being transported shall be unloaded" are added because of the restatement. In clause (1), the words "except that the owner or shipper may provide food" are substituted for "but nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the owner or shipper of animals from furnishing food therefor, if he so desires" for clarity.

In subsection (c), the word "proper" is omitted as surplus.

In subsection (d), the words "liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty" are substituted for "liable for and forfeit and pay a penalty" in 45:73 for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code. The words "On learning of a violation, the Attorney General shall bring a civil action to collect the penalty" are substituted for "The penalty created by section 73 of this title shall be recovered by civil action in the name of the United States" in 45:74 and "and it shall be the duty of United States attorneys to prosecute all violations of this chapter reported by the Secretary of Agriculture, or which come to their notice or knowledge by other means" to eliminate unnecessary words and because of 28:509. The words "in the district court of the United States for the judicial district" are substituted for "in the circuit or district court holden within the district" in section 4 of the Act of June 29, 1906 (ch. 3594, 34 Stat. 608), because of section 291 of the Act of March 3, 1911 (ch. 231, 36 Stat. 1167), and for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code.

§80503. Payments for inspection and quarantine services

(a) General.—(1) In this subsection—

(A) "private aircraft" means a civilian aircraft not being used to transport passengers or property for compensation.

(B) "private vessel" means a civilian vessel not being used—

(i) to transport passengers or property for compensation; or

(ii) in fishing or fish processing operations.


(2) Notwithstanding section 451 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1451), the owner, operator, or agent of a private aircraft or private vessel may pay not more than $25 for the services of an officer or employee of the Department of Agriculture, the Customs Service, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, or the Public Health Service (including an independent contractor performing an inspection service for the Public Health Service) when the services are performed on a Sunday, holiday, or from 5 p.m. through 8 a.m. on a weekday, and are related to the aircraft's or vessel's arrival in, or departure from, the United States. However, the owner, operator, or agent does not have to pay for the services from 5 p.m. through 8 a.m. on a weekday when an officer or employee on regular duty is available at the place of arrival or departure to perform services.

(3) The head of a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government providing services under paragraph (2) of this subsection shall collect the amount paid for the services and deposit the amount in the Treasury. The amount shall be credited to the appropriation of the department, agency, or instrumentality against which the expense of those services was charged.

(b) Limitations on Reimbursement.—(1) An owner or operator of an aircraft is required to reimburse the head of a department, agency, or instrumentality of the Government for the expenses of performing an inspection or quarantine service related to the aircraft at a place of inspection during regular service hours on a Sunday or holiday only to the same extent that an owner or operator makes reimbursement for the service during regular service hours on a weekday. The head of the department, agency, or instrumentality may not assess an owner or operator of an aircraft for administrative overhead expenses for inspection or quarantine service provided by the department, agency, or instrumentality at an entry airport.

(2) This subsection does not require reimbursement for costs incurred by the Secretary of the Treasury in providing customs services described in section 13031(e)(1) of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (19 U.S.C. 58c(e)(1)).

(Pub. L. 103–272, §1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1357.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
80503(a)(1) 49 App.:1741(d). May 21, 1970, Pub. L. 91–258, §53(a)–(d), 84 Stat. 236.
80503(a)(2) 49 App.:1741(a), (b).
80503(a)(3) 49 App.:1741(c).
80503(b) 49 App.:1741(e). May 21, 1970, Pub. L. 91–258, 84 Stat. 219, §53(e); added Oct. 22, 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, §1893(f), 100 Stat. 2930.

In subsection (a)(1), the word "passengers" is substituted for "persons" for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The word "hire" is omitted as being included in "compensation". In clause (B)(ii), the words "fishing or fish processing operations" are substituted for "fishing operations or in processing of fish or fish products" to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (a)(2), the words "or any other provisions of law" are omitted as unnecessary. The words "on or after July 1, 1970" are omitted as executed. The words "upon the request of such owner, operator, or agent" are omitted as unnecessary. The words "from 5 p.m. through 8 a.m." are substituted for "at any time after 5 o'clock postmeridian or before 8 o'clock antemeridian" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "Notwithstanding any other provision of law" are omitted as unnecessary because of the restatement. The words "the owner, operator, or agent does not have to pay" are substituted for "no payment shall be required" for clarity. The words "from 5 p.m. through 8 a.m." after "the services" are added for clarity. The words "an officer or employee on regular duty" are substituted for "an officer or employee stationed on his regular tour of duty" to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (b)(1), the words "related to the aircraft" are substituted for "as a consequence of the operation of aircraft", and the words "a place of inspection" are substituted for "at airports of entry or other places of inspection", to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "The head of the department, agency, or instrumentality may not assess" are substituted for "shall not be assessed against" because of the restatement. The word "expenses" is substituted for "costs" for consistency in this section.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6. For establishment of U.S. Customs and Border Protection in the Department of Homeland Security, treated as if included in Pub. L. 107–296 as of Nov. 25, 2002, see section 211 of Title 6, as amended generally by Pub. L. 114–125, and section 802(b) of Pub. L. 114–125, set out as a note under section 211 of Title 6.

Abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service and Transfer of Functions

For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out under section 1551 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.

§80504. Medals of honor

(a) Medals.—The President may prepare and give a bronze medal of honor with emblematic devices to an individual who by extreme daring endangers that individual's life in trying to prevent, or save the life of another in, a grave accident in the United States involving a rail carrier providing transportation in interstate commerce or involving a motor vehicle on the public streets, roads, or highways. The President may give a medal only when sufficient evidence that the individual deserves the medal has been filed under regulations prescribed by the President.

(b) Ribbons, Knots, and Rosettes.—The President may give an individual who receives a medal a ribbon to be worn with the medal and a knot or rosette to be worn in place of the medal. The President shall prescribe the design for the ribbon, knot, and rosette. If the ribbon is lost, destroyed, or made unfit for use and the individual receiving the medal is not negligent, the President shall issue a new ribbon without charge to the individual.

(c) Availability of Appropriations.—Appropriations made to the Secretary of Transportation are available to carry out this section.

(Pub. L. 103–272, §1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1358.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
80504(a) 49 App.:1201. Feb. 23, 1905, ch. 744, §1, 33 Stat. 743; June 13, 1957, Pub. L. 85–50, §1(1), 71 Stat. 69.
80504(b) 49 App.:1202. Feb. 23, 1905, ch. 744, §2, 33 Stat. 743.
80504(c) 49 App.:1203. Feb. 23, 1905, ch. 744, §3, 33 Stat. 743; restated June 13, 1957, Pub. L. 85–50, §1(2), 71 Stat. 69.
  49 App.:1655(e)(3). Oct. 15, 1966, Pub. L. 89–670, §6(e)(3), 80 Stat. 939.

In subsection (a), the words "may prepare and give" are substituted for "is authorized to cause to be prepared . . . which shall be bestowed" for clarity. The word "suitable" is omitted as surplus. The word "individual" is substituted for "persons" because it is more precise. The words "trying to prevent, or save the life of another in" are substituted for "in saving, or endeavoring to save, lives . . . or in preventing or endeavoring to prevent" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "grave accident" are substituted for "wreck, disaster, or grave accident" because they are inclusive. The words "rail carrier providing transportation in interstate commerce" are substituted for "railroad . . . engaged in interstate commerce" for consistency in the revised title. The words "The President may give a medal only when" are substituted for "Provided, That no award of said medal shall be made to any person until" for clarity. The word "filed" is substituted for "furnished and placed on file" to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (b), the words "and the individual receiving the medal is not negligent" are substituted for "without fault or neglect on the part of the person to whom it was issued" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "the President shall issue" are substituted for "shall be issued" for clarity.

In subsection (c), the words "to the Secretary of Transportation" are substituted for "for the Department of Transportation" because of 49:102(b).