[USC02] ARMED FORCES
Result 1 of 1
   
 

*Public Laws 116-315 through 117-1 have been enacted but classifications have not yet been finalized. The currency ("laws in effect") date does not reflect acts for which classification has not been finalized.

TITLE 10—ARMED FORCES

This title was enacted by act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, §1, 70A Stat. 1

Subtitle
Sec.
A.
General Military Law
101
B.
Army
7001
C.
Navy and Marine Corps
8001
D.
Air Force
9011
E.
Reserve Components
10001

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §809(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1840, substituted "7001" for "3001" in item for subtitle B and "8001" for "5001" in item for subtitle C.

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §809(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1840, substituted "9011" for "8001" in item for subtitle D to reflect the probable intent of Congress to include the number, as redesignated by section 806(c) of Pub. L. 115–232, of the first section of subtitle D.

1994Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1671(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3013, added item for subtitle E.

Table I
(Showing disposition of all sections of former Title 10)
Title 10

Former Sections

Title 10

New Sections

1 Rep.
1a(a) 3001
1a(b) 101
1a(c), (d) Rep.
1b 3062
1c 3075
1d, 1e 3074
1f Rep.
1g(a) 3063
1g(b) 3064
1g(c)–(f) 3065
2–10 Rep.
11 3536
12–14 Rep.
15 T. 18 §1385
15a 4711, 9711
16 3061, 8061
16a 3492, 8492
17, 17a Rep.
18 T. 37 §31a (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
19 1031
19a 4833
20 3062, 8062
20a 4503, 4531, 9503, 9531
20b 122
20c Rep.
20i 3062
20j(a) 3201
20j(b) 3205, 3213
20j(c) 3225
20j(d) 3222, 3223
20r 8062
20s(a) 8201
20s(b) 8205, 8213
20s(c) 8225
20s(d) 8222, 8223
20t 8062
21 Rep.
21a 3031
21b 3034
21c 3035
21d 3034
21e 3032
21f 3036
21g 3039
21h 3037, 3040
22, 22a Rep.
23, 23a Rep.
24–32a Rep.
33, 33a Rep.
34–37 Rep.
38 3033, 3034, 8033, 8034
41, 42 Rep.
51 Rep.
52 4024
53 Rep.
61 Rep.
61–1 3072, 3209, 3210
61a 3037
62 3037, 8072
62a 3037
63, 64 Rep.
65 3292
66–70c Rep.
71, 72 Rep.
72a (See former 1195a)
73 (See former 1377)
74 Elim.
75 (See former 1259d)
76 (See former 1259e)
77 Elim.
81, 81a Rep.
81–1 3067–3070
81–2 3311, 3685, 3818, 8067, 8685, 8818
82 3579, 8579
83 Rep.
91 Rep.
91a (less (c)–(f)) 3294, 8294
91a(c) 3294 nt.
91a(d) 3444, 8444
91a(e) 3452, 8452
91a(f) 5652a
91b Rep.
92, 92a Rep.
93 3289, 8289
94 Rep.
95 (See former 82)
96 3546, 8546
97–100 Rep.
101–103 3302, 8302
104 Rep.
105, 106 3539
107, 108 4022, 9022
121 Rep.
121a (less (c)–(f)) 3294, 8294
121a(c) 3294 nt.
121a(d) 3444, 8444
121a(e) 3452, 8452
121a(f) 5652a
121b Rep.
122–124 Rep.
125 3302
126–131 Rep.
141 Rep.
142 Rep. in part. Elim. in part.
143 Rep.
143a 3302, 8302
144, 145 Rep.
145a, 145a–1 Rep.
146 Rep.
151 Rep.
152 Rep. in part. Elim. in part.
153–156 Rep.
156a 3068, 3209
156b 3068
156c 3504, 3962, 3991
156d 3068
156e 3287, 3290
156f–156i Rep.
161–165 Rep.
166(a) 3069, 3206, 8206
166(b) 3069
166(c) 3291, 8291
166(d) Rep. See 3291(c)
166a(a) 3070, 3207, 8207
166a(b) 3070
166a(c) 3291, 8291
166a(d) Rep. See 3291(c)
166b to 166b–2 Rep.
166b–3 8067, 8209, 8296, 8579, 8683, 8963
166c to 166d–1 Rep.
166e(a) 3574, 3579, 8574, 8579
166e(b), (c) Rep.
166f 3206, 3207, 3212, 3304, 8206, 8207, 8212, 8304
166g(a), (b) 3504, 3881, 3882, 3887, 3912, 3928, 3962, 3991, 8881, 8882, 8887, 8912, 8928, 8891
166g(c) Rep.
166h Rep.
166i 3683, 8683
166j 3818, 8818
166k 3205
166l Rep.
171–177 Rep.
181 3036, 3040, 3074, 3209, 3216
181a 3040, 3209, 3493; T. 33 §583a
181b 3038
181c 3535
181d 3535 nt.
182–186 Rep.
187 Elim.
188 Rep.
189 (1st sent.) Elim.
189 (less 1st sent.) 3534
190 3534
190a T. 33 §§575, 701b–9
190b T. 33 §§576, 701b–10
191–196 Rep.
197, 197a Elim.
198 T. 50 §64a
199 (See former 190a)
211, 212 Rep.
213 Elim.
214, 215 Rep.
221, 222 Rep.
223 Elim.
231 Rep.
231a 3073
232 3293, 8293
233 Rep. in part. Elim. in part.
234 Rep.
235 3581, 8581
236, 237 Rep.
238, 239 3547, 8547
240 Rep.
251–253 Rep.
261, 262 Rep.
271–277 Rep.
281–283 Rep.
291–291b Rep.
291c, 291c–1 3691, 8691
291d 3692, 8692
291e 3691, 8691
291f, 291f–1 Rep.
291f–2 8257
291g Rep.
292 Rep.
292–1, 292a Rep.
292a–1, 292a–3 Rep.
292b to 292b–3 Rep.
292c 8537
292c–1 9305
292d, 293 Rep.
294 8577
295 Rep.
296, 296a 9303
297 Rep.
297a 8257
298, 298a Rep.
298a–1 9304
298b 4656, 9656
298c 4628, 9628
299 8257, 8356, 8817
299a–299d Rep.
299e 8356
300 Rep.
300a–300c Elim.
301, 302 Rep.
303 Rep.
304 Rep. See T. 37 §402(a)–(c)
304a Rep.
304b Rep. See T. 37 §402(a)–(c)
305, 306 Rep.
307 Elim.
308, 308a Rep.
309 Elim.
310(a), (b) 2271
310(c) 2272
310(d) 2273
310(e) 2271, 2272
310(f), (g) 2272
310(h) 2271
310(i) 2273
310(j) 2272, 2279
310(k) 2274
310(l), (m) 2276
310(n) 2272
310(o) 2277
310(p) 2276
310(q) Rep.
310(r) Elim.
310(s) 2271
310(t) 2275
311 2382
312 2278
313 Rep.
316, 316–1 3071
316a 3209, 3215
316b 3071, 3504, 3962, 3991
316c(a) 3311
316c(b) Rep.
316c(c) 3211
316d 3580
316e 3685
321 Rep. See 3063 nt.
321a Elim.
322–332 Rep.
333 Elim.
334, 335 Rep.
336 Elim.
337–343 Rep.
351–353 Rep.
354 3355, 8355
355, 355a Rep.
356–359a Rep.
360, 361 Rep.
361a Rep.
361b Rep.
362, 362a Rep.
363–365 Rep.
366 Rep.
367 Elim.
367a, 368 Rep.
369, 369a Rep.
369b 684
370 Rep.
371 Rep. See T. 5 §§3551, 6323(a), (b)
371a Rep. See T. 5 §6323(a), (b)
371b Rep. See T. 5 §§502, 5534
371c Elim.
372–375 Rep.
376 3357
377, 378 Rep.
381, 382 4382, 9382
383, 384 4383, 9383
385 4384, 9384
385a 4387, 9387
385b 4387
386 3540, 8540
386a 4387, 9387
387, 387a 4387, 9387
388 Rep.
389 4386, 9386. Rep. in part.
390 4386, 9386
391 Elim.
421–424 Rep.
425 (See former 628–1)
426, 427 Rep.
441 4385, 9385
442 4411–4414, 9411–9414
443 4385, 9385
444 (See former 387a)
445 Rep.
451–455 Rep.
455a–455c 3722, 8722
455d Rep.
455e 3723, 8723; T. 32 §320
455f Rep.
456 3687, 3688, 3721, 8687, 8688, 8721
456–1 3687 nt.
456–2 Rep.
456a, 457 Rep.
481 3205
481a Rep.
481b Rep.
482–482c Rep.
483, 484 Rep.
484a 3814, 8814
485, 486 Rep.
486a 4353, 9353. Rep. in part. See 4353 nt.
487, 487a Rep.
488, 489 Rep.
490, 491 3302, 8302
491a–491c 1521
491c–1 1521 nt.
491d 1523
492–494 Rep.
495 3544, 8544
496 Rep.
497 3545, 8545
498 3543, 8543
498a Rep.
499 3446, 8446
499a, 499b Rep.
500 3681, 8681
501 Elim.
502–504 Rep.
505–505e Rep.
506(a) 3281, 3284, 8281, 8284
506(b) 3282, 3283
506(c) 3283, 3533
506(d) 3209, 8209
506(e), (f) Rep.
506a(a) 3210, 8210
506a(b), (c) 3573, 8573
506b(a) Rep.
506b(b) 3066, 3531, 8066, 8531
506b(c) 711. Rep. in part. See T. 37 §414
506b(d) 3962, 3991, 8962, 8991. Rep. in part. See 3962 nt.
506c(a) 3284, 8284
506c(b) 3285, 8285
506c(c) 3287, 8287
506c(d) 3288, 3295, 8288, 8295
506c(e) 3286, 8286
506c(f) 3212, 3287, 3574, 4353, 8212, 8287, 8574, 9353
506c(g) Rep.
506c–1 Rep.
506c–2(a) Rep. See 3284
506c–2(b) 3285
506c–3 3286
506c–4(a) 3287. Rep. in part. See 3287 nt.
506c–4(b) 3287
506c–4(c) 3212, 3287, 3574, 4353
506c–5 3288, 3295
506c–6 3888, 3927
506c–7 3285–3288, 3295, 3314. Rep. in part. See 3287 nt.
506c–8 Rep.
506c–9 3314
506c–10 Rep. See 3287 nt.
506d(a), (b) 3442, 8442
506d(c) 3442, 3572, 8442, 8572
506d(d) 3443, 8443
506d(e) 3444, 8444
506d(f) 3447, 8447
506d(g) Rep.
506d(h) 3491, 8491
506d(i) 3441, 8441
506d–1 to 506d–3 3202
506d–4 686
507 3578, 8578
507a 3576, 5954, 8576
511 3571, 8571
512, 512a Rep.
513 3395, 3445, 3447, 8395, 8445, 8447
514 Rep.
515 744
516 Rep.
517 741
521–528 Rep.
531–534 Rep.
535, 535a 4301
536–539 Rep.
540 712
541 Elim.
551, 551a Rep.
552–552c Rep.
553–553b Rep.
554, 555 Rep.
555a 3302, 3309, 8302, 8309
556 3309, 8309
556a 3302, 3309, 8302, 8309
557 Rep.
558 3312, 3394, 3451, 8312, 8394, 8451
559(a) 3296, 8296
559(b) 3211, 3212, 8211, 8212
559(c) 3296, 8296
559(d) 3296, 3574, 8296, 8574
559(e) Rep.
559a(a) 3297, 3308, 8297, 8308
559a(b) 3313, 8313
559a(c) 3297, 8297
559a(d) Rep.
559b 3212, 3298, 8212, 8298
559c(a)–(d) 3299, 8299
559c(e) 3300, 8300
559c(f) 3299, 8299
559c(g) 3303, 8303
559c(h) 3303, 3913, 8303, 8913
559c(i) 3913, 8913
559c(j) 3299, 8299
559c(k) 3212, 3299, 8212, 8299
559c(l) 8301
559c(m) Rep.
559c–1 3299
559d 3305, 8305
559e 3306, 8306
559f 3307, 8307
559g 3036, 3212
559h, 559i Rep.
559j 3296
559k 3818
559l–559o Rep.
571–575 Rep.
576 3544, 8544
576a Rep.
577 3544, 8544
578, 579 Rep.
580 3784, 8784
581 3781, 8781
582 3782, 8782
583 3782–3784, 3786, 8782–8784, 8786
584 3785, 8785
585 3786, 8786
586 Elim.
587 Rep.
591 3310, 8310
591–1 3311, 3818
591a 3448, 8448
592 Rep.
593 3548, 3575, 8548, 8575
593a Rep.
594 3964, 3992, 8964, 8992
595 Elim.
596, 597 Rep.
598 (See former 631a)
599 Rep.
600(a), (b) 101
600(c) 564
600(d) 564, 1166, 1167, 1255, 1263, 1293, 1305. Rep. in part. See 1164 nt.
600a 555, 597, 745, 3445, 3448, 8445, 8448
600b Rep.
600c 555, 556, 597, 3448, 8448
600d 515, 1165
600e 557, 598, 3449, 8449
600f 558
600g 559, 561
600h 560, 562
600i 562, 563
600j 557
600k 564
600l(a) 1293
600l(b) 1255, 1263, 1305. Rep. in part. See 1164 nt.
600l(c) 1164
600l(d) 1371, 1401
600l(e) 564, 1164, 1166, 1255, 1263, 1305
600l(f) 1371, 1401
600l(g) Elim.
600m 515, 1166
600n 1167
600o Rep.
600p 565, 599, 3450, 8450
600q Rep.
600r 564, 1164, 1255, 1263, 1305
602 Rep.
603–604a Rep.
605–607 Rep.
608 3639, 8639
609 3635, 8635
610 3690, 8690
611 Rep.
612 1522
621 3256, 8256
621a Rep.
621b 3256, 3818
621c, 621d Elim.
622–625 3253, 8253
626, 626a Rep.
627 3256, 8256
628 3256, 3815, 3816, 8256, 8815, 8816
628–1 3256, 8256
628a 3262, 8262
628b 3263, 8263
629 3638, 8638
629a 972
630, 631 Rep.
631a 3258, 3684, 8258, 8684
632, 633 Rep.
634 3254, 3812, 8254, 8812
635 3255, 8255
636 3256, 8256
636a Rep.
637 Elim.
641–642a Rep.
643, 644 Rep.
645 Elim.
651 Rep.
652 3813, 8813
652a 3811, 8811
653, 653a Rep.
654, 654a Rep.
654b, 655 Elim.
656 Rep.
657 Elim.
658 Rep.
661 Elim.
662 Rep.
663 4023, 9023
664, 665 Rep.
671 Elim.
671a Rep.
672, 673 Elim.
681, 682 Elim.
683, 683a Rep.
684 T. 37 §4c (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
685 Elim.
686 Rep.
691, 692 Rep.
693 Elim.
694 T. 37 §235a (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
695–699 Rep.
711–716 Elim.
716a Rep.
716b 4561, 9561
717–722 Rep.
723 4593, 9593
724–726 4561, 9561
727 Elim.
728 4775, 9775
729 Rep.
741 Elim.
742–748a Rep.
749 4743, 9743
757 Elim.
758–760 Rep.
771, 772 Rep.
781 Elim.
782–786 Rep.
787 Elim.
801–811 Rep.
821–823 Rep.
824 T. 5 §73c (See Rev. T. 5 Table)
825 4748, 9748
831 4562, 9562
832 Elim.
833 Rep.
834 4563, 9563
835 Rep.
841, 842 Rep.
843 4306, 9306
844, 845 Rep.
846 Rep.
847 Rep.
847a 3632, 8632
847b Rep.
847c, 847d 3632, 8632
848 Rep.
849 3633, 8633
850–852 Rep.
861, 861a Rep.
862 T. 37 §310b (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
862a T. 31 §493b
862b Rep.
863–866j Rep.
867 Rep.
868 2771
869 T. 31 §492d
870 Rep.
871, 872 4837, 9837
873, 874 Rep.
875–875c 4837, 9837
876 3636, 8636
877 2772
878 4840, 9840
891–894 3689, 8689
895 Elim.
902, 902a Rep.
903, 903a 3688, 8688
904 4621, 9621
904a–904d Rep.
905 3634, 8634
906–906a Rep.
907, 908 Rep.
908a–908c 1035
909 Elim.
910 Rep.
911 Elim.
912–914 Rep.
914a Elim.
915–916d Rep.
917 Rep.
918 Elim.
919 Rep.
920 1584 nt.
921 3532
931–938 Rep.
938a (See former 984)
939–940a Rep.
941 Rep.
941a(a) 3883, 3885, 3886, 3961, 3991, 8883, 8885, 8886, 8961, 8991
941a(b) 3888, 3927, 8888, 8927
941a(c) 3919, 8919
941a(d) 3211, 3913, 3915, 3916, 3921–3923, 8211, 8913, 8916, 8921–8923
941a(e) 3303, 3888, 3913, 3927, 3961, 3991, 8303, 8888, 8913, 8927, 8961, 8991
941a(f) 3313, 8313
942 3924, 8924
943 3918, 8918
943a 3911, 8911
944–946 Rep.
947 3917, 3925, 8917, 8925
947a 3917, 3961, 8917, 8961
948 3914, 3991, 8914, 8991
948a 3914, 8914
951 3887, 3926, 3928, 8887, 8926, 8928
951a 3926, 8926
951b 3887, 3926, 3928, 8887, 8926, 8928
952 Elim.
953 Rep.
953a 3926, 8926
954, 955 Rep.
956 3914 nt.
957 Rep.
958 3925, 8925
961–966 Rep.
970 Rep.
971 3991, 8991
971a Rep.
971b 3911, 3991, 8911, 8991. Elim. in part.
971c 3963 nt.
972–973a Rep.
974–979 Rep.
980 3991, 8991
981–982a Rep.
983–985h Rep.
986 Rep.
990–996 Rep.
997 3504
998 T. 32 §314
999 3503, 8503
1001 3966, 8966
1002, 1003 3963, 3991, 8963, 8991
1004 3964, 3992, 8964, 8992
1005 Elim.
1006 3965, 8965
1007 Rep.
1011–1013 Rep.
1014 1375
1015 Rep.
1021, 1022 Rep.
1023 772, 3681, 8681
1024 3582, 8582
1025 3961, 8961
1026 3961, 3962, 3991
1026a Rep.
1026b T. 33 §642a
1026b–1, 1026c Rep.
1027–1028a Rep.
1028b 772
1028c Elim.
1028d Rep.
1028e Elim.
1029–1035 Rep.
1036 3966, 8966
1036a 676, 1331, 1332. Rep. in part. See 1331
1036b 1333, 1401
1036c 1001, 1334
1036d 1331, 1336
1036e 101, 1332, 1333
1036f Rep.
1036g 1334, 1335
1036h 1337
1036i Rep.
1041 4334
1042 4334, 9334
1043, 1044 4349, 9349
1051–1052a Rep.
1053–1054a Rep.
1055–1060 4355, 9355
1061 4331, 9331
1061a 4332, 9332
1062, 1063 4333, 9333
1064 4333
1065 4334
1066 Rep.
1067 4340
1068–1070 Rep.
1071 4331
1072 Rep.
1073 4331
1074–1076 Rep.
1077, 1077a 4331
1078 Rep.
1078a 4331
1079 4334, 9334
1079a(a) 4336, 9336
1079a(b) 3962, 3991, 8962, 8991
1079a(c) 3886, 3920, 8886, 8920
1080–1082 Rep.
1083 4337, 9337
1084, 1085 Rep.
1086 4338
1087 4331, 4332, 9331, 9332
1088 4331
1089 4331, 4335, 9331, 9335
1091 Rep.
1091–1 4347, 9347
1091a–1091e Rep.
1092 Rep.
1092a 4342, 9342
1092b 4342, 4346, 4351, 9342, 9346, 9351
1092c 4348, 9348
1092c–1 541
1092d 4343, 9343
1093 4345, 9345
1093a, 1093b Rep.
1093c 4344, 9344
1093d T. 20 §221a
1094 Rep.
1095, 1096 4346, 9346
1097 Rep.
1098 4342, 9342
1099 4346
1100, 1101 Rep.
1102 4349, 9349
1103, 1104 4351, 9351
1105 4349, 9349
1106 4350, 9350
1111, 1112 Rep.
1121, 1121a Elim.
1122–1124 Rep.
1125 4354
1126 4354, 9354
1127 Rep.
1131–1136 Rep.
1137 4337, 9337
1138, 1139 4339
1140–1143 Rep.
1144 4341, 9341
1145 Elim.
1146–1149 Rep.
1149a 4350, 9350
1150 T. 37 §308a (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
1151 Rep.
1161 Rep.
1161a 4333 nt.
1162 T. 44 §87 (See Rev. T. 44 Table)
1163 4352, 9352
1171 Rep.
1172 4302, 9302
1173, 1174 Rep.
1175 Elim.
1176 4302, 9302
1177–1178a Rep.
1179 4627, 4629, 9627, 9629
1180 4651, 9651
1180a, 1180b Rep.
1181 3540, 8540
1182 4654, 9654
1182a Rep.
1183 4653, 9653
1184 Rep.
1185 4652, 9652
1186–1186b Rep.
1191, 1192 Rep.
1192a 4506, 9506
1193–1195 Rep.
1195a 4533, 4561
1196 4621, 9621
1197 4535, 9535
1198 4534, 9534
1199, 1199a Rep.
1200–1203 Rep.
1204 Elim.
1205, 1206 Rep.
1206a 4539
1207 2384
1208 Rep.
1209, 1210 4538
1210a Rep.
1211 Elim.
1212 Rep.
1213, 1214 2421
1221–1225 Rep.
1231 Rep.
1232 4622, 9622
1233–1235 4621, 9621
1236 4624, 9624
1237, 1238 4621, 9621
1239 4623, 9623
1240 Rep.
1241 4621, 9621
1251, 1252 Rep.
1253 4621, 9621
1254 4624, 9624
1255, 1256 2542
1257 Rep.
1257a T. 5 §150p (See Rev. T. 5 Table)
1257b 2573
1258 Rep.
1259 4682, 9682
1259a–1259c Rep.
1259d, 1259e 4564, 9564
1261 Rep.
1262 4681, 9681
1262a Rep.
1262b 2574
1263–1267 Rep.
1268 Elim.
1269–1269b 2481
1270 2667
1270a–1270c Rep.
1270d 2667
1271, 1271a Rep.
1272–1274 Rep.
1281–1286 Rep.
1287 4591, 9591
1288 Rep.
1289 Rep.
1301 4832, 9832
1302 4838, 9838
1303 4839, 9839. See T. 18 §702
1304 4835
1305 9835
1311 Rep.
1312 4834. Rep. in part.
1313 4834
1314 Rep.
1315 3631, 8631
1316, 1317 4836, 9836
1318 Rep.
1319 4592, 9592
1320 Rep.
1331 Rep.
1332 4779, 9779
1333 Rep.
1334 4536, 9536
1335 4779, 9779
1336, 1336a Rep.
1337 Rep.
1337a 4774, 9774
1337b 4774
1337c Elim.
1337d Rep.
1337e Elim.
1338 Rep.
1339 4774, 9774
1340 Rep.
1341 4772, 9772
1342 4771, 9771
1343 Rep.
1343a–1343c 9773
1343d 9774
1344 4771, 9771
1345 4779, 9779
1346 4778, 9778
1347 T. 36 §12
1348 4777, 9777
1349 Rep.
1350 Elim.
1351 2669
1352–1354 Rep.
1361 4742, 9742
1362 T. 49 §6
1363 4741, 9741
1364 Rep.
1365 2631
1366 Rep.
1367 4745
1368 4747
1369, 1370 4744
1371 4744, 4747
1371a 4746, 9746
1372–1375b Rep.
1376 Rep.
1377 4749
1391 3611, 8611
1392 Rep.
1393 771–774, 3612, 6297, 8612
1394 Rep.
1395 4621, 4629, 9621, 9629
1401, 1402 Rep.
1403 3741, 8741
1404, 1405 Rep.
1406 3742, 8742
1407 3743, 8743
1408, 1408a Rep.
1408b 1121, 1122
1409 3744, 3752, 8744, 8752
1410 3745, 8745
1411 3744, 8744
1412 3746, 8746
1413, 1413a Elim.
1414, 1414a Elim.
1415 Elim.
1415a 3751, 3752, 8751, 8752. Rep. in part. See 3751 nt.
1415b, 1415c 3751, 8751. Rep. in part. See 3751 nt.
1416 3747, 8747
1417–1421 Rep.
1422, 1423 Elim.
1423a, 1423b Rep.
1423c Elim.
1424 3748, 8748
1425 Rep. See T. 18 §704
1426 Elim.
1427 1123
1428 3750, 8750
1429 3749, 3752, 8749, 8752
1430–1430b Rep.
1430c–1430h Elim.
1431 807 nt.
1432 3637, 8637
1433 Rep.
1434–1443 Elim.
1451 3661
1452 Rep.
1453–1455 3661
1456 3662, 8662
1457–1457b 3663, 8663
1458, 1459 3661
1460 858 nt.
1461 Elim.
1471–1578 Rep.
1579 (See former 629)
1580 (See former 652a)
1581–1583 Rep.
1584–1584c T. 5 §150j to 150j–3 (See Rev. T. 5 Table)
1585 (See former 15a)
1586–1590 Rep.
1591 (See former 507)
1592 (See former 507a)
1593, 1593a Rep.
1594–1594b Rep.
1595–1597a Rep.
1598–1605 Rep.
1701–1710 Rep.
1711 Elim.
1712–1719 Rep.
1801 (less (b)) Rep.
1801(b) 101
1802–1804 Rep.
1805 9833
1806 Rep.
1811 8031
1812 8034
1813 8035
1814 8034
1815 8032
1831 8062
1832 8075
1833 8076
1834 Rep.
1835 101, 8078; T. 32 §101
1836 Rep.
1837 8067, 8211, 8296, 8574
1838, 1839 8074
1840 8072. Elim. in part.
1843–1849 8202
1850 686
1850a 8285, 8287. Rep. in part. See 8284
1850b 8286
1850c(a) 8287, 8888, 8927
1850c(b) 8287
1850c(c) 8287, 8888, 8927
1850c(d) 8287
1850c(e) 8212, 8287, 8574, 9353. Rep. in part. See 8212 nt.
1850d 8288, 8295
1850e Rep.
1850f 8314
1850g (less (c)) Rep.
1850g(c) Rep. See 8299 nt.
1850h Rep. See 8287 nt.
1850i Rep. See 8287 nt., 8299 nt.
1850j 8285–8288, 8295, 8314
1850k 8285
1851 9331
1852(a) Rep.
1852(b) Elim.
1853 9331 nt.
1854 9331
1855 Elim.
1856 541
1857 9331 nt.
1861 4802, 4806, 9802, 9806
1862 4803, 4806, 9803, 9806
1863 4804, 9804
1864, 1865 4805, 9805
1866 4802, 4803, 9802, 9803
Table II
(Showing disposition of all sections of former Title 34)
Title 34

Former Sections

Title 10

New Sections

1 5501
2 5403, 5405
3 5404
3a(a), (b) 5447, 5448
3a(c) 5701 nt.
3a(d) 6387
3a(e) 5701 nt.
3b(a), (b) 5449
3b(c) 5701 nt.
3b(d) 6388
3b(e) 5701 nt.
3c(a) 5442–5444, 5446, 5596, 5652–5661, 5663, 5711, 5786, 6386. Rep. in part.
3c(b) 5442–5444, 5666, 5786, 6371–6380, 6382, 6383, 6385
3c(c) 5596
3c(d) 5784, 5788
3c(e) 5596, 5784, 6326
3c(f) See T. 37 §415
3c(g) 5596
3c(h) 5596, 5784, 5786, 5788
3c(i) Rep.
3c(j) 6381, 6383, 6400
3d 5445, 5546, 5596, 5662, 5711, 5784, 5785, 6386
3e 5234, 5451, 5662, 5711, 5785, 6386
3f 5442 nt.
4(a) 5447, 5448
4(b–e) 5447
4(f) 5447, 5448, 5455
4(g) 5454
5 5449, 5454, 5455
5a(a)–(e) 5442
5a(f) 5444
5a(g) 5442, 5443
5a(h) 5444
5a(i) 5442–5444, 5447–5449
5a(j) 5454, 5507
5a(k) 5442–5444
5a–1 5451
5a–2 686
5b 5591–5594
6–10 Rep.
10a 5501. Rep. in part.
11 5572
12 5572, 5573
13, 14 5572, 5582
15 Rep.
16 Elim.
17 5573a
17a–17c Rep.
21 5599
21a Rep.
21b 5574
21c(c) 3294 nt.
21c(d) 3444, 8444
21c(e) 5787a
21c(f) 5652a
21c (less (c)–(f)) 5572, 5574
21d 5574
21e 5446, 5574, 5578, 5579, 5581, 5663, 5702, 5707, 5708, 5710, 5711, 5753, 5762, 5766, 5773, 5776, 6033, 6393
22, 23 5574
24, 25 Rep.
26 5987
30a 5404, 6027, 6028. Rep. in part.
30a–1 5139
30b, 30c Rep.
30d Elim.
30e 5579
30f 5572
30g 6392
30h 5579, 5945
30i Rep.
30j 5579
30k–30m 5579 nt.
31 Rep.
32 Rep.
33 Rep.
34 5412, 6013, 6014
34a 6014
35–37 Rep.
41, 42 Rep.
43 5572, 6027. Rep. in part.
43a 5140
43b Rep.
43b–1 Elim.
43c 5580, 6392
43c–1 5601
43d 5945, 6030
43e, 43f Rep.
43g(a) 6396
43g(b) 5140
43g(c) 6151
43g(d) 6325, 6396
43g(e) Rep.
43g(f) 6151, 6325, 6396
43g(g) 6151, 6329, 6404
43g(h) 6324, 6396
43g(i) 772
43h(a) (provisos) 6033, 6086, 7577
43h (less provisos of (a)) Rep.
43i 6393
43j Elim.
43k–43o Rep.
51 5578, 6027
51a Rep.
51b(c) 3294 nt.
51b(d) 3444, 8444
51b(e) 5787a
51b(f) 5652a
51b (less (c)–(f)) 5572, 5578
51c 5578, 5787a
52 5578
53, 54 T. 5 §§456b, 456c (See Rev. T. 5 Table)
55 T. 5 §456d (See Rev. T. 5 Table)
61 5575
61a–63 Rep.
64–66 6026
67 6113
71 5587
71a, 71b Rep.
72 5406
73 5587
74, 74a Rep.
75, 76 Rep.
77 5572, 5587
78 5407, 5587
79 Rep.
81 Rep.
82–86 Rep.
91 5576
92, 93 Rep.
93a 5572, 5576
94 Rep.
95, 96 6031
97 5142
101 Elim.
102 Rep.
105 5532–5534, 5572, 5590
105a (proviso) Rep.
105a (less proviso) 5410
105b (1st sent.) Rep.
105b (less 1st sent.) 5452–5455
105c 5590
105d 5143
105e (proviso) Rep.
105e (less proviso) 5777
105f Rep.
105g 6015
105h 6033
105i 6294, 6393
105j 5446, 5504, 5596, 5663, 5704–5707, 5710, 5711, 5784
105k 5446, 5504, 5590, 5663, 5664, 5711, 5753, 5763, 5774
111, 112 Rep.
121–132a Rep.
133, 134 Rep.
135(a), (b) 101
135(c) 564
135(d) 564, 1166, 1167, 1255, 1263, 1293, 1305. Rep. in part. See 1164 nt.
135a 555, 597, 5503, 5596–5593, 5787; T. 14 §§435–438
135b Rep.
135c 555, 556, 597, 5596–5598, 5787; T. 14 §§435–438
135d 515, 1165
135e, 135f Rep.
135g T. 14 §§435–438
141–146 Rep.
151 5401
152 Rep.
153 5401, 5402
161 5532, 5533
161a (See former 206)
162 5535
163 5532
171–175 Rep.
176 6013
177 Rep.
181 5533, 5534, 5538, 6293
181a 5538
182 5534
183, 183a 5536
183b 972
184 5539
185 5537
186 5538
187 5531. Rep in part. See T. 14 §350
188 5534. Rep. in part. See T. 14 §351
189 Rep. See T. 14 §§350, 351
191 5401, 5410, 5412, 6296
192, 193 6291
194 Rep.
195 6295
196 Rep.
197 6297
197a, 198 Rep.
199 6298
200 Rep.
201–201b 5540
202 Rep.
203 6293
204 Rep.
205, 206 Elim.
211 6019
211a(a) (1st proviso of 2d sent.) Rep.
211a(a) (less 1st proviso of 2d sent.) 5504, 5786
211a(b)–(d) Rep.
211a(e) (words before 2d proviso) Rep.
211a(e) (less words before 2d proviso) Elim.
211a(f)–(h) Rep.
211a(i) (less 1st proviso) 5504
211a(j) Rep.
211a(k) (1st, 2d, 4th, 5th provisos) Elim.
211a(k) (less 1st, 2d, 4th, 5th provisos) Rep.
211a(l), (m) Rep.
211a(n) 5597, 5787
211a(o) 5504, 5505, 5786
211a(p) Rep.
211a(q) 5780–5782
211a(r) 6371
211a(s) Rep.
211a(t) Elim.
211b 5408, 5587
211b–1 to 211b–5 Elim.
211c(a) 5572, 5589
211c(e)–(g) 5409
211c(h) Rep.
211c (less (e)–(h)) 5589
211d 5231, 5501
211e 5450
212, 212a Rep.
213–215 Rep.
216 5981
217 5948
217a, 217a–1 Rep.
217a–2 1031
217b 7476
218 5950
219 6143
220 5949
221 Rep.
222 6018
223, 224 Rep.
225 5133
226 6405
227 Rep.
228 6406
228a Elim.
228b, 229 Rep.
230 T. 37 §4c–1 (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
231, 232 Rep.
233 5862
234, 235 Rep.
241, 241a 741
242–244a Rep.
245 Rep.
246 5946
247, 248 5953
249–251 Rep.
251a 744
252 Rep.
253 5945
254, 255 Rep.
256 5577
257 Rep.
258 5504
259 Rep.
259a 745
260–263 Rep.
264 5951
265 5947
266 6031
271, 272 5861
272a Elim.
273 Rep.
274, 275 5862
276–279 5863
280 5866
281, 282 5863
283 5865
284, 285 5862
285a 5442, 5444, 5447, 5449, 5452
285b–285d 1521
285e 1522
285e–1 1521 nt.
285f 1523
286 to 286h–2 Rep.
286i–294a Rep.
295–297b Rep.
298–303 Rep.
304–304g 5701 nt.
305–305g 5701 nt.
306 5701–5703
306a 5705
306b(a)(1) 6371
306b(a)(2) 6378
306b(a)(3) 5751, 5754
306b(a)(4), (5) 5751
306b(b)(1) 6378
306b(b)(2) 5753, 5754
306b(b)(3) 5753
306c(a)(1) 5706
306c(a)(2) 5756
306c(a)(3) 5757
306c(a)(4), (5) 5758, 5759
306c(a)(6), (7) 5758
306c(a)(8) 6371
306c(a)(9) 5707
306c(a)(10)–(12) 5764, 5765
306c(a)(13), (14) 5768
306c(b)(1) 5706
306c(b)(2)–(8) 5762
306c(b)(9) 5761
306c(b)(10) 5707
306c(b)(11), (12) 5766
306c(c) 5755, 6407
306d(a) 5707, 5776. Rep. in part.
306d(b) 5707, 5776
306d(c)(1) 5707
306d(c)(2) 5708, 6384
306e 5708, 5710
306f(a)(1) 5769, 5771
306f(a)(2) 5769, 5771, 5775
306f(a)(3) 5770
306f(b)(1), (2) 5773, 5775
306f(b)(3) 5772, 5775
306f(c)(1) 5777
306f(c)(2) 5780, 5791
306f(c)(3) 5781, 5791
306f(c)(4) 5782, 5791
306f(c)(5), (6) 5783
306f(d)(1) Rep.
306f(d)(2) 5508
306f(d)(3) 5652, 5652b
306f(d)(4) 5653
306f(d)(5) 5655
306f(d)(6) 5654
306f(d)(7) 5656
306f(d)(8) 5657
306f(d)(9) 5658
306f(d)(10) 5659
306f(d)(11) 5660
306f(d)(12) 5661
306f(d)(13) 5651
306f(d)(14) 5507
306g 5788
306h 5596, 5779, 5784
306i–306k Rep.
306l 5862
306m Rep.
306n Elim.
306o 5788
306p 5861, 5862
306q 5751, 6371, 6376, 6377
306r Rep.
306s 5767
306t Rep.
307(a) 5704, 5754, 5755, 5771
307(b) 5787b, 5788
307(c) 5704
307(d) 5752, 5754
307(e) 5664
307(f) 5753
307(g), (h) 5707
307(i) 5760. Rep. in part. See 6401 nt.
307(j) 5707, 5760, 5771, 5775
307(k) 5707, 5763. Rep. in part. See 6401 nt.
307(l) 5707, 5708
307(m) 5710
307(n) 5775
307(o) 5774, 5775
307(p) (1st sent.) 5403–5405, 5447–5449
307(p) (less 1st sent.) Rep.
307(q) 5770
307(r) Rep.
311–313a Rep.
314 5788
321–324 Rep.
330 557, 598, 5596–5598, 5787; T. 14 §§435–438
330a 558
330b 559, 561
330c 560, 562
330d 562, 563
330e 557
330f 564
330g 565, 599
331–331b Rep.
332–332c Rep.
333–335b Rep.
336, 337 Rep.
338 5572, 5586
338a (provisos) Rep.
338a (less provisos) 5586
338b 5586
338c (proviso) Rep.
338c (less proviso) 5504
338d 5586
338e Rep.
338f (proviso) 5586
338f (less proviso) Rep.
338g 5504, 5586
339(a), (b) 5586
339(c) Elim.
341–343 5790
344 Rep.
345–347 5789
348–348u Rep.
349–349k Rep.
350, 350a 5597, 5787; T. 14 §§435–438
350b 5787; T. 14 §§435–438
350c(a) 5597, 5787; T. 14 §§435–438
350c(b) Rep.
350d 5597, 5787, 6395; T. 14 §§435–438
350e 5501, 5597, 5787; T. 14 §§435–438
350f(a) (1st, 3d, 4th provisos) Rep.
350f(a) (less 1st, 3d, 4th provisos) 5597, 5787, 6326; T. 14 §§435–438
350f(b) Rep. See T. 37 §414
350g Rep.
350h 5442–5444, 5447–5449; T. 14 §§758a, 759a
350i(a) 5597, 5787, 6488; T. 14 §§435–438, 758a, 759a
350i(b)(1) Rep.
350i(b)(2) 6151. Rep. in part. See T. 42 §212(g)
350i(c) Rep.
350i(d) 6488
350i(e) 6161, 6326
350j 5597, 5787. Rep. in part. See T. 14 §351; T. 42 §212(g)
350k 5597, 5787. Rep. in part. See T. 42 §212(g)
351–353 Rep.
354 6241
355 6243
356 6242
356a 6244
356b 6246
357 Rep.
358 6247
358a 6255
359 6253, 6254
360 6248
361 Elim.
362 6249
363 6250
364 6245, 6247, 6249–6252
364a T. 14 §492a. Rep. in part. See T. 14 §§494, 497
364b Rep.
365 T. 38 §§391–394 (See Rev. T. 38 Table)
366 Elim.
367 7218
371 1123
372–375 (See former 371)
381 6321
382 Rep.
383 6322
384 Rep.
385 6329
386 5864
387–388a Rep.
389 772, 6016, 6325, 6381, 6383, 6394, 6400
390–393 Rep.
394 1375
395–396a Rep.
397 Rep.
399 to 399c–1 Rep.
399d 772
399e Elim.
399f Rep.
399g (See former 399c–1)
399h Rep.
400 Rep.
401 5955
402, 402a Rep.
403–405 Rep.
405a 6392
406–410 Rep.
410a 6394
410b, 410b–1 6323
410c 6151, 6325, 6328, 6404
410d 6390, 6404
410e Rep.
410f–410i 5701 nt.
410j(a) 6376–6384
410j(b) 6376–6378
410j(c) 6379
410j(d) 6383
410j(e) 6380
410j(f) 6383
410j(g) 6381, 6383, 6400, 6404
410j(h) 6382–6384, 6404
410j(i) Rep.
410j(j) 5865
410j(k) 6381
410j(l) Elim.
410j(m) 6382–6384. Elim. in part.
410k Elim.
410l(a) 6371, 6381
410l(b) 5709, 5710, 6372, 6381
410l(c) 6381
410l(d)–(k) Rep.
410m 6325, 6326, 6381
410n 6150, 6483
410o (last proviso) Elim.
410o (less last proviso) 5233
410p(a) 6390
410p(b) Rep.
410q 6149
410r(a) 5776, 6151, 6380, 6382, 6400
410r(b) 5143, 6398
410r(c) 6399
410r(d) 5143
410r(e) 5143, 6398, 6399
410r(f) Rep.
410r(g) 5143, 6151, 6325
410r(h) 5143, 6151, 6328, 6404
410r(i) 6400
410r(j) 6401, 6402, 6404. Rep. in part. See 6401 nt.
410r(k) 5143, 6398, 6399
410s–418 Rep.
419–419b 6394
421–423 6481
423a Rep.
424–426 5982
427 Rep.
428 5507, 6487. Rep. in part. See T. 42 §212(g)
429 (proviso) Rep.
429 (less proviso) 5507
430(a) 1293
430(b)(1) 1255
430(b)(2) 1305
430(b)(3) Rep. See 1164 nt.
430(b) (less (1)–(3)) 1263
430(c) 1164
430(d) 1371, 1401
430(e) 564, 1164, 1166, 1255, 1263, 1305
430(f) 1371, 1401, 6325
430(g) Elim.
430a 515, 1166
430b 1167
430c 564, 1164, 1255, 1263, 1305
430d 565, 599, 6409
431, 432 6326
433 6482
434 6484
435–440a Rep.
440h 6017
440h–1 6323. Rep. in part.
440i 676, 1331, 1332
440j 1333, 1401
440k 1001, 1334
440l 1331, 1336
440m 101, 1332, 1333
440n 6034
440o 1334, 1335
440p 1337
440q, 441 Rep.
441a 712
442–448 Rep.
448a, 448b Elim.
449 6114
450 Rep.
450a, 450b Elim.
450b–1 Rep.
450c Elim.
451 5941
452 7293
453 Rep.
461–463 7292
471–473 Rep.
474 7224
481–486a Rep.
487 Rep.
488 7301
489 Elim.
490 7297
491 7304
492 7305
493, 493a Rep.
493a–1 7307
493b 7306
493c 7298
494 Elim.
495 (2d proviso of 1st par.) Rep.
495 (1st par., less 2d proviso) Elim.
495 (less 1st par.) 7342, 7343
495a 7342
496 2382, 7300
496a Rep.
496b Elim.
497 Rep.
498 to 498–5 Elim.
498a to 498a–2 Elim.
498a–3, 498a–4 Rep.
498a–5 Elim.
498b (See former 749b)
498c to 498c–3 Elim.
498c–4 Rep.
498c–5, 498c–6 Elim.
498c–7 to 498c–13 Rep.
498c–14, 498c–15 Elim.
498d Rep.
498d–1 7296
498d–2 Elim.
498e Rep.
498f to 498f–2 Elim.
498g Rep.
498g–1 7295
498h 7294, 7344
498i Rep.
498j 7302
498k Rep.
498l 7299
498m (2d sent. of 3d par.) 7296
498m (less 2d sent of 3d par.) Elim.
498n–498q Elim.
501 5943
502–504 Rep.
505 7474
506–508 Rep.
509 7475
510–514 Rep.
520 T. 33 §733; T. 40 §255 (See Rev. T. 40 Table); T. 50 §175
520a Rep.
521 7219
522 Rep.
522a 2667
522b–522d Rep.
522e 2667
523 7223
524 (1st par.) 7421–7423, 7426, 7430
524 (2d par.) 7426, 7430
524 (3d par.) 7430, 7432
524 (4th par.) 7424, 7431
524 (5th par.) 7425, 7432, 7434
524 (6th par.) 7428, 7429
524 (7th par.) Rep.
524 (8th par.) 7435
524 (9th par.) 7436
524 (10th par.) 7433
524 (11th par.) 7437, 7438
524a 7421
525 Rep.
526 Elim.
527 7580
528 2631
528a Rep.
529–531a Rep.
532–532a Rep.
533, 533a 7601
534 Rep.
535 Rep. See T. 14 §§144, 145
536 7603
537 6155
538 7602
539 4621, 9621
540 4625, 9625
540a Rep.
541 4564, 9564
542 7604
543, 544 Rep.
544a T. 31 §495a
545 2574
546 T. 5 §150p (See Rev. T. 5 Table)
546a Rep.
546b 7541
546c Rep.
546d 7542
546e 7307. Rep. in part.
546f 7308
546g 7545
546h 7545, 7546
546i 7544
546j Elim.
546k 7308, 7545
546l–546n Rep.
547, 548 Rep.
549, 550 2542
551–551a Rep.
551b 2573
552 7605
553 Rep.
553a–553c 2481
554, 555 Rep.
555a, 555b 2421
555c Elim.
555d, 555e 7227
555f 7228
556 7212
557 7213
558 7575
559 7206
560–567 Rep.
568 2383
569–579 Rep.
580 7229
580a Elim.
581 Rep.
582 7521
583 2384
584 7210
591 6011
592, 593 Rep.
593a 5792
594 Rep.
595 6202
596 6221, 6224
597 1551
598, 599 Rep.
600 7625
600a 7623
600b 7624
600c, 600d 7623
601–603 Rep.
604 T. 37 §31a (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
605 7215
606 7214
607 Rep.
608 6156
609 122
610 Rep.
621 5201
622 5201, 5502
623 Rep.
623a 5202
623b 5232, 5233, 5502
623c 5952
624–625b Rep.
625c 5588, 5707
625d 5588
625e, 625f 5204
625g 6020
625h(a) 5405, 5448, 5453–5455, 5532–5534, 5572, 5590, 5596, 5704–5708, 5711, 5752, 5755, 5760, 5771, 5775, 5777, 5784, 5787b, 5788, 6015, 6033, 6151, 6325, 6328, 6380, 6382, 6398–6402, 6404
625h(b) (proviso) Rep.
625h(b) (less proviso) 5410
625h(c) (proviso) Rep.
625h(c) (less proviso) 5411
625h(d) 5206, 5453, 5787b
625h(f) Rep. See 5760
625h(g) Rep. See 6401, 6402, 6404
626(a) 5405, 5448, 5454, 5455, 6387
626(b)–(d) 5448
626(e)–(n) 5701 nt.
626(o), (p) 5448
626(q)–(y) 5701 nt.
626 5405, 5448, 5454, 5455, 6387.
626–1(a) 5443, 5445, 5454, 5504, 5505, 5703, 5705, 5707, 5708, 5711, 5751, 5755, 5756, 5765, 5768, 5769, 5775, 5777, 5780, 5783, 5785, 5786, 5788, 5791, 5862, 5865, 6321, 6322, 6325, 6329, 6376, 6377, 6379–6384, 6386
626–1(b)–(d) 5443
626–1(e) 5770
626–1(f) 5703, 5707
626–1(g) 5703
626–1(h) 5751, 5769, 5775
626–1(i) 5765
626–1(j) 741
626–1(k) 5703, 5709
626–1(l) 5709, 5710, 6373, 6381
626–1(m) 5709, 6373
626–1(n) 6374, 6381
626–1(o) 5443, 5703, 5707, 5708, 5757, 5765, 5769, 5775, 6383
626–1(p) 5703, 5707, 5708, 5759, 5765, 5769, 5775, 6377, 6378
626–1(q) 5709, 5710, 6375, 6381
626–1(r) 5709, 6375
626–1(s) 5706, 6378
626–1(t) 5707
626–1(u) Rep.
626–1(v) Elim.
626–1(w) (See former 626–1(t))
626–1(x) (See former 626–1(u))
626–1(y) Rep.
626a, 626b Rep.
627, 627a Rep.
628 Rep.
629 5502
630–632a Rep.
632b (1st par.) Rep.
632b (less 1st par.) 5203
632c Rep.
632d 5588
633 Rep.
634 5583, 5585
635 5595
636 Rep.
637 5584
638 Rep.
639 5504, 5572, 5584
639a–646 Rep.
651 741, 5502
651a–654 Rep.
661–662c Rep.
663, 664 Rep.
665, 666 5861
667–667f Rep.
668–669b Rep.
670, 671 5790
671a 5443, 5448, 5453
672 5789
681–685 Rep.
685a 5201
685b 5205
686–688 Rep.
691, 691–1 Rep.
691a Rep.
691b Elim.
691c, 691d Rep.
692 5533, 5534, 5538, 6293
692a 5538
693 5531
694 Rep.
695 6158
696, 697 Elim.
701 6222, 6224
701–1 to 701–5 6222 nt.
701a Rep.
702 6223
711, 712 Rep.
713 5944
714 6012
715–718 Rep.
721–723 Rep.
724 7581
725 6032
731 Rep.
732, 732a 6021
733, 734 Rep.
735 (par. 1) 6023
735 (par. 2) 6025
735 (par. 3) 6024
735 (pars. 4, 5) 5942
735 (par. 6) Rep.
735 (par. 7) 5942
735 (par. 8) Rep.
735a Rep.
735b 6911
736 6022
737, 737a 6914
738 (last sent.) 6914
738 (less last sent.) Rep.
741–748 Rep.
749 (2d proviso of par. 7) 7341
749 (less 2d proviso of par. 7) Rep.
749a to 749c–1 Rep.
749d, 749e 7341
749f Rep.
751, 751a Rep.
752–770 Rep.
771, 772 6115
773, 774 Rep.
781–783b Rep.
784–790 Rep.
801–805 Rep.
811 Rep.
821(a), (b) 6901
821(c), (d) Rep.
822 6901
831 Rep.
841 Rep.
841a–841e 6915; T. 14 §§758a, 759a
841f Rep.
841g T. 14 §§758a, 759a
841h 6915; T. 14 §§758a, 759a
842–843a Rep.
844 to 849d–1 Rep.
849e–849i Rep.
850 Rep.
850a, 850b 6911
850c 6912. Rep. in part. See T. 37 §402(a)–(c)
850d Rep.
850e 6912
850f, 850g 6913
850h 5788
850i, 850j Rep.
850k to 850k–2 Elim.
850l, 850m Rep.
851 to 853a–1 Rep.
835b to 853c–1 Rep.
853c–2 to 853c–2a 6902
853c–3 6902
853c–4 (proviso) 6902
853c–4 (less proviso) Rep.
853c–5 Rep.
853c–6 Elim.
853d, 853e Rep.
853e–1 684
853f to 853g–1 Rep.
853h–853j Rep.
854 (proviso) Rep.
854 (less proviso) 6330
854a 6330, 6332
854b Elim.
854c 6330, 6331. Rep. in part.
854c–1 to 854c–5 6330 nt.
854d 6485, 6486. Rep. in part.
854e (2d, 4th provisos) 6331
854e (3d, 5th provisos) Elim.
854e (less 3d–5th provisos) 6485
854f 6201
854g Rep.
855–855b Rep.
855c(a) 6148
855c (less (a)) Elim.
855c–1 6148
855c–2 Rep.
855c–3 8687 nt.
855c–4 Rep.
855d to 855i–1 Rep.
855j–855s Rep.
856 to 857c–1 Rep.
857d–857g Rep.
858–858c Rep.
861–861f (See former 842, 843, 844–848)
862, 863 6141
864 Rep.
864a 5701 nt.
864b 5507
865 Rep.
865a T. 37 §257 (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
865b 5062
866–869 Rep.
870 5788
870a Elim.
871–875 Rep.
875a T. 37 §310c (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
875b T. 37 §310d (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
876–877a Rep.
878 Rep.
879 6321, 6322, 6326
879a Elim.
879b, 880 Rep.
881 6406
882 Rep.
882a 6111
882b Rep.
882c, 882d 6111
883 6112
884 Rep.
885 6152
886, 887 Rep.
887a–889 Rep.
890 2772
891 6154
892–894a Rep.
895–895a Rep.
896–896b Rep.
897 Rep.
898 6157; T. 14 §471a
899 Rep.
899a 7523
900 Rep.
900a 6292
900b, 901 Rep.
901a 6081, 6086
902 Rep.
902a–902c 6082
902d 6083
903–907 Rep.
908 6084
909 6085
911 7571
911a 7571, 7572
911b–911d 7574
911e Rep.
912–914 Rep.
915 7572
915a 7576
915b 6087, 7578, 7579
915c Elim.
916, 916a Rep.
917, 919 Rep.
921 Rep.
921a, 921b 6203
922–929 Rep.
931 6146
932 6142
933, 933a Rep.
935–936 Rep.
937–939 1035
941 Rep.
941a 2771
942 6522
943, 944 6521
945 Elim.
951 T. 37 §243 (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
952 T. 37 §244 (See Rev. T. 37 Table)
953 6145
954 6144
961 6147
962 Rep.
963 6147
971–977 Rep.
981–984a Rep.
985–989 Rep.
991–993d Rep.
993e Elim.
994–995a Rep.
996–1001 Rep.
1011 Rep.
1012–1017 Elim.
1020, 1020a 6903
1020b, 1020c 6904–6906
1020d 6023, 6906
1020e(a) 6904, 6906
1020e(b) 6909
1020e(c) 6904, 6909
1020e(d) (1st sent.) 5504, 6904, 6906, 6909
1020e(d) (less 1st sent.) Rep.
1020f 6907, 6909
1020g, 1020h 6907–6909
1020i 6910
1020j 6913
1020k Rep.
1020l 6901
1020m Rep.
1021 6951
1031 Rep.
1032 6954, 6958
1032–1 6955
1032a, 1033 Rep.
1033a, 1034 6954
1035 Rep.
1035a 6954
1036 to 1036–2 6957
1036a–1039 6954
1040, 1041 6956
1042, 1043 6958
1044–1045a Rep.
1046 Rep.
1047 6956, 6958
1048 6959
1049 6956
1051, 1052 Rep.
1052a 6960
1053 6963
1054 6966
1055 Rep.
1056 6966
1057 (Proviso of 3d sent.) Rep.
1057 (3d sent. less proviso) 5504
1057 (less 3d sent.) 5573
1057–1 541
1057a (last sent.) Rep. See 4353 nt., 6967 nt.; T. 46 §1126a–1 nt.
1057a (less last sent.) 6976
1057a–1 (See former 1076f)
1057b Rep.
1061 Rep.
1062 6961
1062a 6962
1063–1067 6964
1068 6965
1071 6952, 7478
1072 Rep.
1073 7082
1073a 7083
1073b 7084
1073c 7081
1073c–1 7081, 7085
1073c–2 7086
1073c–3 7087
1073d 7081
1073e 7088
1073f Rep. See 7085 nt.
1074 7043, 7081
1076 7041
1076a 7042
1076b 7044, 7081
1076c 7043
1076d 7046
1076e 7045
1076f 7047
1081, 1082 Rep.
1083–1088 6968
1091 Rep.
1091a 6969
1101–1103 6970
1104 Elim.
1105 Rep.
1106 6971
1107, 1108 Rep.
1108a Elim.
1108b (last proviso) Elim.
1108b (less last proviso) 6971
1109 Rep.
1109a Elim.
1110 Rep.
1111 6972
1115–1115c 6973
1116 Rep.
1117 Elim.
1118–1120 6974
1121 T. 46 §1335
1122 T. 46 §1336
1123 5985. Rep. in part. See T. 46 §1337
1123a T. 46 §1337
1123b T. 46 §1338
1123c T. 46 §1339
1123d T. 46 §1340
1123e T. 46 §1341
1123f–1125 Rep.
1126 5986
1127 Rep.
1128 7547
1129, 1130 5984
1131, 1132 7651
1133 7657
1134 7658
1135 7659
1136 7656
1137 7655, 7676
1138 7660, 7661
1139 7662
1140 7663
1141 7653, 7654
1142 7664
1143 7665
1144 7666
1145 7667
1146 7680
1147 7679
1148 7669
1149 7670
1150 7670, 7671
1151 7668
1152 7677
1153 7673
1154, 1155 7676
1156 7675
1157 7674
1158 7651, 7672
1158a Rep.
1159 7651, 7652
1160 7653
1161 7652
1162 7663
1163 7655, 7676
1164 (1st sent.) Rep.
1164 (less 1st sent.) 7652
1165 7681
1166 7652
1167 7678
1200, 1201 Rep.

Positive Law; Citation

This title has been enacted into positive law by section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 1, which provided in part that: "Title 10 of the United States Code, entitled 'Armed Forces', is revised, codified, and enacted into law, and may be cited as 'Title 10, United States Code, §—.' "

Repeals

Act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, §53, 70A Stat. 641, repealed the sections or parts of sections of the Revised Statutes or Statutes at Large covering provisions codified in this act, "except with respect to rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before the effective date of this act [Aug. 10, 1956] and except as provided in section 49."

Savings Provision and Separability

Act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, §49, 70A Stat. 640, provided that:

"(a) In sections 1–48 of this Act [see Tables for classification], it is the legislative purpose to restate, without substantive change, the law replaced by those sections on the effective date of this Act [Aug. 10, 1956]. However, laws effective after March 31, 1955, that are inconsistent with this Act shall be considered as superseding it to the extent of the inconsistency.

"(b) References that other laws, regulations, and orders make to the replaced law shall be considered to be made to the corresponding provisions of sections 1–48.

"(c) Actions taken and offenses committed under the replaced law shall be considered to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provisions of sections 1–48.

"(d) If a part of this Act is invalid, all valid parts that are severable from the invalid part remain in effect. If a part of this Act is invalid in one or more of its applications, the part remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid applications.

"(e) In chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code, enacted by section 1 of this Act, no inference of a legislative construction is to be drawn from the part in which any article is placed nor from the catchlines of the part or the article as set out in that chapter.

"(f) The enactment of this Act does not increase or decrease the pay or allowances, including retired pay and retainer pay, of any person.

"(g) The enactment of this Act does not affect the status of persons who, on the effective date of this Act [Aug. 10, 1956], have the status of warrant officers of the Army Mine Planter Service."

Effective Date of Uniform Code of Military Justice

Act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, §51, 70A Stat. 640, provided that chapter 47 of this title takes effect January 1, 1957.

Restatement of Suspended or Temporarily Superseded Provisions

Act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, §50, 70A Stat. 640, provided that: "If on the effective date of this Act [Aug. 10, 1956] a provision of law that is restated in this Act and repealed by section 53 would have been in a suspended or temporarily superseded status but for its repeal, the provisions of this Act that restate that provision have the same suspended or temporarily superseded status."

Improvement of United States Code by Pub. L. 85–861; Legislative Purpose; Repeal of Inconsistent Provisions; Corresponding Provisions; Savings Provision and Separability; Status; Repeals

Pub. L. 85–861, §34, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1568, provided that:

"(a) In sections 1–32 of this Act [see Tables for classification], it is the legislative purpose to restate, without substantive change, the law replaced by those sections on the effective date of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958]. However, laws effective after December 31, 1957, that are inconsistent with this Act shall be considered as superseding it to the extent of the inconsistency.

"(b) References that other laws, regulations, and orders make to the replaced law shall be considered to be made to the corresponding provisions of sections 1–32.

"(c) Actions taken under the replaced law shall be considered to have been taken under the corresponding provisions of sections 1–32.

"(d) If a part of this Act is invalid, all valid parts that are severable from the invalid part remain in effect. If a part of this Act is invalid in one or more of its applications, the part remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid applications.

"(e) The enactment of this Act does not increase or decrease the pay or allowances, including retired and retainer pay, of any person."

Pub. L. 85–861, §35, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1568, provided that: "If on the effective date of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958] a provision of law that is restated in this Act and repealed by section 36 would have been in a suspended or temporarily superseded status but for its repeal, the provisions of this Act that restate that provision have the same suspended or temporarily superseded status."

Pub. L. 85–861, §36, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1568, repealed certain laws except with respect to rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before Sept. 2, 1958.

Improvement of United States Code by Pub. L. 87–651; Inconsistent Provisions Superseded; Corresponding Provisions

Pub. L. 87–651, title III, §306, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 526, provided that:

"(a) Laws becoming effective after January 9, 1962, that are inconsistent with this Act [see Tables for classification] shall be considered as superseding it to the extent of the inconsistency.

"(b) References made by other laws, regulations and orders to the laws shall be considered to be made to the corresponding provisions of this Act.

"(c) Actions taken under the replaced law shall be considered to have been taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act.

"(d) The enactment of this Act, except section 108 [amending section 1334 [now 12734] of this title], does not increase or decrease the pay or allowances, including retired and retainer pay, of any person."

Improvement of United States Code by Pub. L. 89–718; Inconsistent Provisions Superseded; Corresponding Provisions

Pub. L. 89–718, §74, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1124, provided that:

"(a) Laws becoming effective after June 1, 1965, that are inconsistent with this Act shall be considered as superseding it to the extent of the inconsistency.

"(b) References made by other laws, regulations, and orders to the laws restated by this Act shall be considered to be made to the corresponding provisions of this Act.

"(c) Actions taken under the laws restated by this Act shall be considered to have been taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act."

Improvement of United States Code by Pub. L. 97–295; Legislative Purpose; Repeal of Inconsistent Provisions; Corresponding Provisions; Savings Provision and Separability

Pub. L. 97–295, §5, Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1313, provided that:

"(a) Sections 1–4 of this Act [see Tables for classification] restate, without substantive change, laws enacted before December 2, 1981, that were replaced by those sections. Those sections may not be construed as making a substantive change in the laws replaced. Laws enacted after December 1, 1981, that are inconsistent with this Act supersede this Act to the extent of the inconsistency.

"(b) A reference to a law replaced by sections 1–4 of this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

"(c) An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by sections 1–4 of this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.

"(d) An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by sections 1–4 of this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

"(e) An inference of a legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the location in the United States Code of a provision enacted by this Act or by reason of the caption or catchline of the provision.

"(f) If a provision enacted by this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this Act is held invalid in any of its applications, the provision remains valid for all valid applications that are severable from any of the invalid applications."

Pub. L. 97–295, §6(a), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1314, provided that: "The repeal of a law by this Act may not be construed as a legislative inference that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal."

Pub. L. 97–295, §6(b), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1314, repealed certain sections or parts of sections of the Statutes at Large, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before Oct. 12, 1982.

Improvement of United States Code by Pub. L. 100–370; Corresponding Provisions; Savings Provision

Pub. L. 100–370, §4, July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 856, provided that:

"(a) References to Replaced Laws.—A reference to a law replaced by the provisions of title 10, United States Code, enacted by this Act [see Tables for classification] (including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law) shall be treated as referring to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

"(b) Savings Provision for Regulations.—A regulation, rule, or order in effect under a law replaced by the provisions of title 10, United States Code, enacted by this Act shall continue in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.

"(c) General Savings Provision.—An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by the provisions of title 10, United States Code, enacted by this Act shall be treated as having been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act."

Improvement of United States Code by Pub. L. 101–510; Corresponding Provisions; Savings Provision

Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1481(k), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1709, provided that:

"(1) A reference to a law replaced by the provisions of title 10, United States Code, enacted by this section [enacting sections 129b, 1056, 2245, 2549, 2550, 2678, and 2732 of this title, amending sections 114, 1584, 1593, 2701, 2734, 2734a, and 2734b of this title, enacting provisions set out as a note under section 1056 of this title, and repealing provisions set out as notes under sections 113, 114, 1584, 1593, 2241, and 2701 of this title] (including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law) shall be treated as referring to the corresponding provision enacted by this section.

"(2) A regulation, rule, or order in effect under a law replaced by the provisions of title 10, United States Code, enacted by this section shall continue in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this title until repealed, amended, or superseded.

"(3) An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by the provisions of title 10, United States Code, enacted by this section shall be treated as having been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this title."

Improvement of United States Code by Pub. L. 103–337; Corresponding Provisions; Savings Provision

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1665, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3012, provided that:

"(a) References to Transferred or Replaced Provisions.—A reference to a provision of title 10, United States Code, transferred or replaced by the provisions of sections 1661 through 1664 [see Tables for classification] (including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law) shall be treated as referring to that provision as transferred or to the corresponding provision as so enacted by this subtitle [subtitle C (§§1661–1665) of title XVI of div. A of Pub. L. 103–337].

"(b) Savings Provision for Regulations.—A regulation, rule, or order in effect under a provision of title 10, United States Code, replaced by a provision of that title enacted by sections 1661 through 1664 shall continue in effect under the corresponding provision so enacted until repealed, amended, or superseded.

"(c) General Savings Provision.—An action taken, or a right that matured, under a provision of title 10, United States Code, replaced by a provision of that title enacted by sections 1661 through 1664 shall be treated as having been taken, or having matured, under the corresponding provision so enacted."

Subtitle A—General Military Law

PART I—ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITARY POWERS

Chap.
Sec.
1.
Definitions
101
2.
Department of Defense
111
3.
General Powers and Functions
121
4.
Office of the Secretary of Defense
131
5.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
151
6.
Combatant Commands
161
7.
Boards, Councils, and Committees
171
8.
Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities
191
9.
Defense Budget Matters
221
9A.
Audit
240a
11.
Reserve Components
261
12.
The Militia
246
13.
Insurrection
251
14.
Arming of American Vessels
261
15.
Military Support for Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies
271
16.
Security Cooperation
301
19.
Cyber Matters 1
391

        

20.
Humanitarian and Other Assistance
401
21.
Department of Defense Intelligence Matters
421
22.
National Geospatial  -  Intelligence Agency
441
23.
Miscellaneous Studies and Reports
480
24.
Nuclear Posture
491

        

PART II—PERSONNEL

31.
Enlistments
501
32.
Officer Strength and Distribution in Grade
521
33.
Original Appointments of Regular Officers in Grades Above Warrant Officer Grades
531
33A.
Appointment, Promotion, and Involuntary Separation and Retirement for Members on the Warrant Officer Active-Duty List
571
34.
Appointments as Reserve Officers
591
35.
Temporary Appointments in Officer Grades
601
36.
Promotion, Separation, and Involuntary Retirement of Officers on the Active-Duty List
611
37.
General Service Requirements
651
38.
Joint Officer Management
661
39.
Active Duty
671
40.
Leave
701
41.
Special Appointments, Assignments, Details, and Duties
711
43.
Rank and Command
741
45.
The Uniform
771
47.
Uniform Code of Military Justice
801
47A.
Military Commissions
948a
48.
Military Correctional Facilities
951
49.
Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties
971
50.
Miscellaneous Command Responsibilities
991
51.
Reserve Components: Standards and Procedures for Retention and Promotion
1001
53.
Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits
1030
54.
Commissary and Exchange Benefits
1061
55.
Medical and Dental Care
1071
56.
Department of Defense Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Fund
1111
57.
Decorations and Awards
1121
58.
Benefits and Services for Members Being Separated or Recently Separated
1141
59.
Separation
1161
60.
Separation of Regular Officers for Substandard Performance of Duty or for Certain Other Reasons
1181
61.
Retirement or Separation for Physical Disability
1201
63.
Retirement for Age
1251
65.
Retirement of Warrant Officers for Length of Service
1293
67.
Retired Pay for Non-Regular Service
1331
69.
Retired Grade
1370
71.
Computation of Retired Pay
1401
73.
Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay
1431
74.
Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund
1461
75.
Deceased Personnel
1471
76.
Missing Persons
1501
77.
Posthumous Commissions and Warrants
1521
79.
Correction of Military Records
1551
80.
Miscellaneous Investigation Requirements and Other Duties
1561
81.
Civilian Employees
1580
83.
Civilian Defense Intelligence Employees
1601
[85.
Repealed.]
87.
Defense Acquisition Workforce
1701
88.
Military Family Programs and Military Child Care
1781
[89.
Repealed.]

        

PART III—TRAINING AND EDUCATION

101.
Training Generally
2001
102.
Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps
2031
103.
Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps
2101
104.
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
2112
105.
Armed Forces Health Professions Financial Assistance Programs
2120
106.
Educational Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve
2131
106A.
Educational Assistance for Persons Enlisting for Active Duty
2141
107.
Professional Military Education
2151
108.
Department of Defense Schools
2161
109.
Educational Loan Repayment Programs
2171
110.
Educational Assistance for Members Held as Captives and Their Dependents
2181
111.
Support of Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education
2191
112.
Cyber Scholarship Program
2200

        

PART IV—SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

[113.2
Defense Civilian Training Corps
2200g]

        

131.
Planning and Coordination
2201
133.
Facilities for Reserve Components
2231
134.
Miscellaneous Administrative Provisions
2241
135.
Space Programs
2271
136.
Provisions Relating to Specific Programs
2281
137.
Procurement Generally
2301
138.
Cooperative Agreements with NATO Allies and Other Countries
2341
139.
Research and Development
2351
140.
Procurement of Commercial Products and Commercial Services
2377 3

        

141.
Miscellaneous Procurement Provisions
2381
142.
Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program
2411
143.
Production by Military Agencies
2421
144.
Major Defense Acquisition Programs
2430
[144A.
Repealed.]
144B.
Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters
2446a
145.
Cataloging and Standardization
2451
146.
Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or Industrial Type Functions
2460
147.
Commissaries and Exchanges and Other Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities
2481
148.
National Defense Technology and Industrial Base, Defense Reinvestment, and Defense Conversion
2500
149.
Defense Acquisition System
2545
[150.
Repealed.]
152.
Issue of Supplies, Services, and Facilities
2551
153.
Exchange of Material and Disposal of Obsolete, Surplus, or Unclaimed Property
2571
155.
Acceptance of Gifts and Services
2601
157.
Transportation
2631
159.
Real Property; Related Personal Property; and Lease of Non-Excess Property
2661
160.
Environmental Restoration
2700
161.
Property Records and Report of Theft or Loss of Certain Property
2721
163.
Military Claims
2731
165.
Accountability and Responsibility
2771
[167.
Repealed.]
169.
Military Construction and Military Family Housing
2801
[171.
Repealed.]
172.
Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program
2901
173.
Energy Security
2911

        

PART V—ACQUISITION

subpart a—general

201.
Definitions
3001
203.
General Matters
3021
205.
Defense Acquisition System
3051
207.
Budgeting and Appropriations Matters
3101
209.
Operational Contract Support
3151

        

subpart b—acquisition planning

221.
Planning and Solicitation Generally
3201
223.
Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or Services
3251

        

subpart c—contracting methods and contract types

241.
Awarding of Contracts
3301
243.
Specific Types of Contracts
3351
245.
Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award Contracts)
3401
247.
Acquisition of Commercial Items
3451
249.
Multiyear Contracts
3501
251.
Simplified Acquisition Procedures
3551
253.
Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions
3601
255.
Contracting With or Through Other Agencies
3651

        

subpart d—general contracting requirements

271.
Truthful Cost or Pricing Data
3701
273.
Allowable Costs
3741
275.
Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data
3771
277.
Contract Financing
3801
279.
Contractor Audits and Accounting
3841
281.
Claims and Disputes
3861
283.
Foreign Acquisitions
3881
285.
Small Business Programs
3901
287.
Socioeconomic Programs
3961

        

subpart e—special categories of contracting: major defense acquisition programs and major systems

301.
Major Defense Acquisition Programs
4001
303.
Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters
4071
305.
Other Matters Relating to Major Systems
4121

        

subpart f—special categories of contracting: research, development, test, and evaluation

321.
Research and Development Generally
4201
323.
Innovation
4301
325.
Department of Defense Laboratories
4351
327.
Research and Development Centers and Facilities
4401
329.
Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and Evaluation
4451

        

subpart g—other special categories of contracting

341.
Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or Industrial Type Functions
4501
343.
Acquisition of Services
4541
345.
Acquisition of Information Technology
4571

        

subpart h—contract management

361.
Contract Administration
4601
363.
Prohibitions and Penalties
4651
365.
Contractor Workforce
4701
367.
Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions
4751

        

subpart i—defense industrial base

381.
Defense Industrial Base Generally
4801
383.
Loan Guarantee Programs
4861
385.
Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program
4881

        

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(a)(1), (2), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1812, substituted "240a" for "251" in item for chapter 9A and "Cyber Scholarship Program" for "Information Security Scholarship Program" in item for chapter 112.

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §§801(b), 836(e)(12), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1831, 1870, substituted "Procurement of Commercial Products and Commercial Services" for "Procurement of Commercial Items" and "2377" for "2375" in item for chapter 140 and added item for part V containing items for subparts A to I and chapters 201 to 385.

2017Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(d)(4), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1600, amended directory language of Pub. L. 114–328, §805(a)(2). See 2016 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1002(a)(2), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1537, added item for chapter 9A.

2016Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §846(2), title XII, §1241(o)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2292, 2512, redesignated item for chapter 13 "The Militia" as 12 and substituted "246" for "311", redesignated item for chapter 15 "Insurrection" as 13 and substituted "251" for "331", redesignated item for chapter 17 "Arming of American Vessels" as 14 and substituted "261" for "351", redesignated item for chapter 18 "Military Support for Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies" as 15 and substituted "271" for "371", added item for chapter 16, and struck out item for chapter 144A "Major Automated Information System Programs".

Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §805(a)(2), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2255, as amended by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(d)(4), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1600, added item for chapter 144B.

2015Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1000, substituted "Cyber Matters" for "Cyber matters" in item for chapter 19.

2014Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title XVI, §1632(d), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3640, added item for chapter 19.

2013Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, §1091(a)(1), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 875, substituted "Nuclear Posture" for "Nuclear posture" in item for chapter 24.

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1031(b)(2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1918, added item for chapter 24.

2011Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §861(b), title X, §1075(b)(1), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4292, 4368, substituted "1030" for "1031" in item for chapter 53 and added item for chapter 149.

2009Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(1), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2472, substituted "1580" for "1581" in item for chapter 81 and "2551" for "2541" in item for chapter 152.

2008Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, §1068(a)(4)(B), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 326, substituted "Insurrection" for "Enforcement of the Laws to Restore Public Order" in item for chapter 15.

2006Pub. L. 109–366, §3(a)(2), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2630, added item for chapter 47A.

Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VIII, §816(a)(2), title X, §1076(a)(4)(A), div. B, title XXVIII, §2851(c)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2326, 2405, 2495, substituted "Enforcement of the Laws to Restore Public Order" for "Insurrection" in item for chapter 15 and added items for chapters 144A and 173.

2004Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, §532(e), title X, §1084(d)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1900, 2061, substituted "480" for "481" in item for chapter 23, added item for chapter 107, and redesignated former item for chapter 107 as item for chapter 106A.

2003Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX, §921(d)(8), title X, §1045(a)(1), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1569, 1612, substituted "Geospatial-Intelligence" for "Imagery and Mapping" in item for chapter 22 and "2700" for "2701" in item for chapter 160.

2001Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title IX, §911(b), title X, §1048(a)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1196, 1222, struck out period after "1111" in item for chapter 56 and added item for chapter 135.

2000Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title VII, §713(a)(2), title IX, §922(a)(2)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-184, 1654A-236, added items for chapters 56 and 112.

1999Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, §586(c)(1), title VII, §721(c)(2), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 638, 694, added item for chapter 50 and substituted "Deceased Personnel" for "Death Benefits" and "1471" for "1475" in item for chapter 75.

1997Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §§355(c)(2), 371(a)(2), (c)(5), title V, §591(a)(2), title X, §§1073(a)(1), (2), 1074(d)(2), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1694, 1705, 1762, 1900, 1910, substituted "481" for "471" in item for chapter 23, added items for chapters 80 and 136, and substituted "2460" for "2461" in item for chapter 146, "Commissaries and Exchanges and Other Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities" for "Utilities and Services" in item for chapter 147, "2500" for "2491" in item for chapter 148, and "2541" for "2540" in item for chapter 152.

1996Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XI, §1123(a)(1), (2), title XVI, §1633(c)(3), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2687, 2688, 2751, substituted "National Imagery and Mapping Agency" for "Miscellaneous Studies and Reports" and "441" for "451" in item for chapter 22, added item for chapter 23, substituted "Civilian Defense Intelligence Employees" for "Defense Intelligence Agency and Central Imagery Office Civilian Personnel" in item for chapter 83, and struck out item for chapter 167 "Defense Mapping Agency".

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, §§568(a)(2), 569(b)(2), title X, §1061(a)(2), (b)(2), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 335, 351, 442, added items for chapters 76 and 88 and struck out items for chapters 89 "Volunteers Investing in Peace and Security" and 171 "Security and Control of Supplies".

1994Pub. L. 103–359, title V, §501(b)(2), Oct. 14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3429, substituted "Defense Intelligence Agency and Central Imagery Office Civilian Personnel" for "Defense Intelligence Agency Civilian Personnel" in item for chapter 83.

Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, §8101(b), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3389, added item for chapter 140.

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title V, §554(a)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2773, added item for chapter 22.

1993Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §828(b)(1), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1713, struck out item for chapter 135 "Encouragement of Aviation".

1992Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title XIII, §1322(a)(2), div. D, title XLII, §4271(b)(1), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2553, 2695, added items for chapters 89 and 148 and struck out former items for chapters 148 "Defense Industrial Base", 149 "Manufacturing Technology", and 150 "Development of Dual-Use Critical Technologies".

1991Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1061(a)(26)(C)(ii), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1474, effective Oct. 1, 1993, struck out item for chapter 85 "Procurement Management Personnel".

Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VIII, §821(f), title X, §§1002(a)(2), 1061(a)(27)(A), title XI, §1112(b)(2), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1432, 1455, 1474, 1501, substituted "Defense Budget Matters" for "Regular Components" and inserted "221" in item for chapter 9, substituted "Original Appointments of Regular Officers in Grades Above Warrant Officer Grades" for "Appointments in Regular Components" in item for chapter 33, added item for chapter 33A, substituted "Manufacturing" for "Maufacturing" in item for chapter 149, added items for chapters 150 and 152, struck out item for former chapter 150 "Issue to Armed Forces" and struck out item for former chapter 151 "Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to Armed Forces".

Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, §701(e)(1), (2), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 114, added item for chapter 85 and in item for chapter 108 inserted "2161".

1990Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title II, §247(a)(2)(B), title V, §502(a)(2), title VIII, §823(b)(1), title IX, §911(b)(3), title XII, §1202(b), title XVIII, §1801(a)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1523, 1557, 1602, 1626, 1656, 1757, added item for chapter 58, struck out item for chapter 85 "Procurement Management Personnel", added item for chapter 87, substituted "Department of Defense Schools" for "Granting of Advanced Degrees at Department of Defense Schools" in item for chapter 108, substituted "Support of Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education" for "National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowships" in item for chapter 111, added item for chapter 149 and redesignated former item for chapter 149 as item for chapter 150, and added item for chapter 172.

1989Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VIII, §843(d)(2), title IX, §931(e)(2), title XVI, §1622(d)(2), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1517, 1535, 1605, substituted "Training and Education" for "Training" in item for part III, added item for chapter 111, and substituted "Cooperative Agreements" for "Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements" in item for chapter 138.

1988Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title III, §§342(a)(2), 344(b)(2), title VIII, §821(b)(2), title XI, §1104(b), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1961, 1962, 2016, 2046, substituted "Support for" for "Cooperation With" and "Agencies" for "Officials" in item for chapter 18, substituted "Defense Industrial Base" for "Buy American Requirements" in item for chapter 148, substituted "Property Records and Report of Theft or Loss of Certain Property" for "Property Records" in item for chapter 161, and added item for chapter 171.

Pub. L. 100–370, §§1(c)(3), (e)(2), 2(a)(2), 3(a)(2), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 841, 845, 854, 855, added items for chapters 54, 134, 146, and 148.

1987Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title III, §332(c), title VII, §711(b), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1080, 1111, substituted "Humanitarian and Other Assistance" for "Humanitarian and Civic Assistance Provided in Conjunction With Military Operations" in item for chapter 20 and "Financial Assistance Programs" for "Scholarship Program" in item for chapter 105.

Pub. L. 100–26, §§7(c)(1), 9(b)(4), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 280, 287, added item for chapter 21, substituted "Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements with NATO Allies and Other Countries" for "North Atlantic Treaty Organization Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements" in item for chapter 138, substituted "Major Defense Acquisition Programs" for "Oversight of Cost Growth in Major Programs" and "2430" for "2431" in item for chapter 144, and substituted "2721" for "2701" in item for chapter 161.

1986Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, §333(a)(2), title XIII, §1343(a)(22), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3859, 3994, added item for chapter 20 and substituted "2341" for "2321" in item for chapter 138.

Pub. L. 99–499, title II, §211(a)(2), Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1725, added item for chapter 160.

Pub. L. 99–433, title IV, §401(b), title VI, §605, Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1030, 1075a, added items for chapters 2, 6, 38, and 144, inserted "and Functions" in item for chapter 3, substituted "Office of the Secretary of Defense" for "Department of Defense" in item for chapter 4, substituted "151" for "141" as the section number in the item for chapter 5, reenacted item for chapter 7 without change, and inserted "and Department of Defense Field Activities" in item for chapter 8.

Pub. L. 99–399, title VIII, §806(d)(2), Aug. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 888, added item for chapter 110.

1985Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, §671(a)(2), title IX, §924(a)(2), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 663, 698, added items for chapters 85 and 109.

1984Pub. L. 98–525, title VII, §705(a)(2), title XII, §1241(a)(2), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2567, 2606, substituted "Members of the Selected Reserve" for "Enlisted Members of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve" in item for chapter 106 and added item for chapter 142.

1983Pub. L. 98–94, title IX, §925(a)(2), title XII, §1268(15), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 648, 707, added item for chapter 74, and substituted "or" for "and" in item for chapter 60.

1982Pub. L. 97–295, §1(50)(D), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1300, added item for chapter 167.

Pub. L. 97–269, title V, §501(b), Sept. 27, 1982, 96 Stat. 1145, added item for chapter 8.

Pub. L. 97–214, §2(b), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 169, added item for chapter 169.

1981Pub. L. 97–89, title VII, §701(a)(2), Dec. 4, 1981, 95 Stat. 1160, added item for chapter 83.

Pub. L. 97–86, title IX, §905(a)(2), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1116, added item for chapter 18.

1980Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §§501(1), 511(29), (54)(B), (99), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2907, 2922, 2925, 2929, added item for chapter 32, substituted "531" for "541" as section number in item for chapter 33, substituted "34" for "35" as chapter number of chapter relating to appointments as reserve officers, added items for chapters 35 and 36, substituted "Reserve Components: Standards and Procedures for Retention and Promotion" for "Retention of Reserves" in item for chapter 51, added item for chapter 60, substituted "1251" for "1255" as section number in item for chapter 63, substituted "Retirement of Warrant Officers" for "Retirement" in item for chapter 65, substituted "1370" for "1371" as section number in item for chapter 69, amended item for chapter 73 to read: "Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay", and capitalized "Assistance", "Persons", "Enlisting", "Active", and "Duty" in item for chapter 107.

Pub. L. 96–450, title IV, §406(b), Oct. 14, 1980, 94 Stat. 1981, added item for chapter 108.

Pub. L. 96–342, title IX, §901(b), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1114, added item for chapter 107.

Pub. L. 96–323, §2(b), Aug. 4, 1980, 94 Stat. 1019, added item for chapter 138.

1977Pub. L. 95–79, title IV, §402(b), July 30, 1977, 91 Stat. 330, added item for chapter 106.

1972Pub. L. 92–426, §2(b), Sept. 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 719, added items for chapters 104 and 105.

Pub. L. 92–425, §2, Sept. 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 711, amended item for chapter 73 by inserting "; Survivor Benefit Plan" after "Pay" which could not be executed as directed in view of amendment by Pub. L. 87–381. See 1961 Amendment note below.

1968Pub. L. 90–377, §2, July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 288, added item for chapter 48.

1967Pub. L. 90–83, §3(2), Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 220, struck out item for chapter 80 "Exemplary Rehabilitation Certificates".

1966Pub. L. 89–690, §2, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 1017, added item for chapter 80.

1964Pub. L. 88–647, title I, §101(2), title II, §201(2), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1064, 1069, added items for chapters 102 and 103.

1962Pub. L. 87–651, title II, §203, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 519, added item for chapter 4.

Pub. L. 87–649, §3(2), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 493, added item for chapter 40.

1961Pub. L. 87–381, §1(2), Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 810, substituted "Retired Serviceman's Family Protection Plan" for "Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay" in item for chapter 73.

1958Pub. L. 85–861, §§1(21), (26), (33), 33(a)(4)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1443, 1450, 1455, 1564, substituted "General Service Requirements" for "Service Requirements for Reserves" in item for chapter 37, "971" for "[No present sections]" in item for chapter 49, "Medical and Dental Care" for "Voting by Members of Armed Forces" in item for chapter 55, and struck out "Care of the Dead" and substituted "1475" for "1481" in item for chapter 75.

1 Chapter heading amended by Pub. L. 116–92 without corresponding amendment of subtitle analysis.

2 Chapter added by Pub. L. 116–92 without corresponding amendment of subtitle analysis.

3 So in original. Probably should be "2375".

PART I—ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITARY POWERS

Chap.
Sec.
1.
Definitions
101
2.
Department of Defense
111
3.
General Powers and Functions
121
4.
Office of the Secretary of Defense
131
5.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
151
6.
Combatant Commands
161
7.
Boards, Councils, and Committees
171
8.
Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities
191
9.
Defense Budget Matters
221
9A.
Audit
240a
11.
Reserve Components
261
12.
The Militia
246
13.
Insurrection
251
14.
Arming of American Vessels
261
15.
Military Support for Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies
271
16.
Security Cooperation
301
19.
Cyber and Information Operations Matters
391
20.
Humanitarian and Other Assistance
401
21.
Department of Defense Intelligence Matters
421
22.
National Geospatial  -  Intelligence Agency
441
23.
Miscellaneous Studies and Reports
480
24.
Nuclear Posture
491

        

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVI, §1631(a)(2)(B), title XVII, §1731(a)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1742, 1812, substituted "240a" for "251" in item for chapter 9A and "Cyber and Information Operations Matters" for "Cyber Matters" in item for chapter 19.

2017Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1002(a)(2), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1537, added item for chapter 9A.

2016Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XII, §1241(o)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2512, redesignated item for chapter 13 "The Militia" as 12 and substituted "246" for "311", redesignated item for chapter 15 "Insurrection" as 13 and substituted "251" for "331", redesignated item for chapter 17 "Arming of American Vessels" as 14 and substituted "261" for "351", redesignated item for chapter 18 "Military Support for Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies" as 15 and substituted "271" for "371", and added item for chapter 16.

2015Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1000, substituted "Cyber Matters" for "Cyber matters" in item for chapter 19.

2014Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title XVI, §1632(d), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3640, added item for chapter 19.

2013Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, §1091(a)(1), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 875, substituted "Nuclear Posture" for "Nuclear posture" in item for chapter 24.

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1031(b)(2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1918, added item for chapter 24.

2008Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, §1068(a)(4)(B), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 326, substituted "Insurrection" for "Enforcement of the Laws to Restore Public Order" in item for chapter 15.

2006Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, §1076(a)(4)(A), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2405, substituted "Enforcement of the Laws to Restore Public Order" for "Insurrection" in item for chapter 15.

2004Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1084(d)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2061, substituted "480" for "481" in item for chapter 23.

2003Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX, §921(d)(8), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1569, substituted "Geospatial-Intelligence" for "Imagery and Mapping" in item for chapter 22.

1997Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1900, substituted "481" for "471" in item for chapter 23.

1996Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XI, §1123(a)(2), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2688, substituted "National Imagery and Mapping Agency" for "Miscellaneous Studies and Reports" and "441" for "451" in item for chapter 22 and added item for chapter 23.

1994Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title V, §554(a)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2773, added item for chapter 22.

1991Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1002(a)(2), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1455, substituted "Defense Budget Matters" for "Regular Components" and inserted "221" in item for chapter 9.

1988Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XI, §1104(b), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2046, substituted "Support for" for "Cooperation With" and "Agencies" for "Officials" in item for chapter 18.

1987Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title III, §332(c), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1080, substituted "Humanitarian and Other Assistance" for "Humanitarian and Civic Assistance Provided in Conjunction With Military Operations" in item for chapter 20.

Pub. L. 100–26, §9(b)(4), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 287, added item for chapter 21.

1986Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, §333(a)(2), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3859, added item for chapter 20.

Pub. L. 99–433, title VI, §605(a), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1075a, added items for chapters 2 and 6, inserted "and Functions" in item for chapter 3, substituted "Office of the Secretary of Defense" for "Department of Defense" in item for chapter 4, substituted "151" for "141" as section number in item for chapter 5, reenacted item for chapter 7 without change, and inserted "and Department of Defense Field activities" in item for chapter 8.

1982Pub. L. 97–269, title V, §501(b), Sept. 27, 1982, 96 Stat. 1145, added item for chapter 8.

1981Pub. L. 97–86, title IX, §905(a)(2), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1116, added item for chapter 18.

1962Pub. L. 87–651, title II, §203, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 519, added item for chapter 4.

CHAPTER 1—DEFINITIONS

Sec.
101.
Definitions.

        

§101. Definitions

(a) In General.—The following definitions apply in this title:

(1) The term "United States", in a geographic sense, means the States and the District of Columbia.

[(2) Repealed. Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1057(a)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3440.]

(3) The term "possessions" includes the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Guano Islands, so long as they remain possessions, but does not include any Commonwealth.

(4) The term "armed forces" means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Space Force, and Coast Guard.

(5) The term "uniformed services" means—

(A) the armed forces;

(B) the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and

(C) the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service.


(6) The term "department", when used with respect to a military department, means the executive part of the department and all field headquarters, forces, reserve components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the department. When used with respect to the Department of Defense, such term means the executive part of the department, including the executive parts of the military departments, and all field headquarters, forces, reserve components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of Defense, including those of the military departments.

(7) The term "executive part of the department" means the executive part of the Department of Defense, Department of the Army, Department of the Navy, or Department of the Air Force, as the case may be, at the seat of government.

(8) The term "military departments" means the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force.

(9) The term "Secretary concerned" means—

(A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters concerning the Army;

(B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the Department of the Navy;

(C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters concerning the Air Force and the Space Force; and

(D) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Department of the Navy.


(10) The term "service acquisition executive" means the civilian official within a military department who is designated as the service acquisition executive for purposes of regulations and procedures providing for a service acquisition executive for that military department.

(11) The term "Defense Agency" means an organizational entity of the Department of Defense—

(A) that is established by the Secretary of Defense under section 191 of this title (or under the second sentence of section 125(d) of this title (as in effect before October 1, 1986)) to perform a supply or service activity common to more than one military department (other than such an entity that is designated by the Secretary as a Department of Defense Field Activity); or

(B) that is designated by the Secretary of Defense as a Defense Agency.


(12) The term "Department of Defense Field Activity" means an organizational entity of the Department of Defense—

(A) that is established by the Secretary of Defense under section 191 of this title (or under the second sentence of section 125(d) of this title (as in effect before October 1, 1986)) to perform a supply or service activity common to more than one military department; and

(B) that is designated by the Secretary of Defense as a Department of Defense Field Activity.


(13) The term "contingency operation" means a military operation that—

(A) is designated by the Secretary of Defense as an operation in which members of the armed forces are or may become involved in military actions, operations, or hostilities against an enemy of the United States or against an opposing military force; or

(B) results in the call or order to, or retention on, active duty of members of the uniformed services under section 688, 12301(a), 12302, 12304, 12304a, 12305, or 12406 of this title, chapter 13 of this title, section 712 1 of title 14, or any other provision of law during a war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress.


(14) The term "supplies" includes material, equipment, and stores of all kinds.

(15) The term "pay" includes basic pay, special pay, retainer pay, incentive pay, retired pay, and equivalent pay, but does not include allowances.

(16) The term "congressional defense committees" means—

(A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and

(B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.


(17) The term "base closure law" means the following:

(A) Section 2687 of this title.

(B) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

(C) Title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).


(18) The term "acquisition workforce" means the persons serving in acquisition positions within the Department of Defense, as designated pursuant to section 1721(a) of this title.


(b) Personnel Generally.—The following definitions relating to military personnel apply in this title:

(1) The term "officer" means a commissioned or warrant officer.

(2) The term "commissioned officer" includes a commissioned warrant officer.

(3) The term "warrant officer" means a person who holds a commission or warrant in a warrant officer grade.

(4) The term "general officer" means an officer of the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps serving in or having the grade of general, lieutenant general, major general, or brigadier general.

(5) The term "flag officer" means an officer of the Navy or Coast Guard serving in or having the grade of admiral, vice admiral, rear admiral, or rear admiral (lower half).

(6) The term "enlisted member" means a person in an enlisted grade.

(7) The term "grade" means a step or degree, in a graduated scale of office or military rank, that is established and designated as a grade by law or regulation.

(8) The term "rank" means the order of precedence among members of the armed forces.

(9) The term "rating" means the name (such as "boatswain's mate") prescribed for members of an armed force in an occupational field. The term "rate" means the name (such as "chief boatswain's mate") prescribed for members in the same rating or other category who are in the same grade (such as chief petty officer or seaman apprentice).

(10) The term "original", with respect to the appointment of a member of the armed forces in a regular or reserve component, refers to that member's most recent appointment in that component that is neither a promotion nor a demotion.

(11) The term "authorized strength" means the largest number of members authorized to be in an armed force, a component, a branch, a grade, or any other category of the armed forces.

(12) The term "regular", with respect to an enlistment, appointment, grade, or office, means enlistment, appointment, grade, or office in a regular component of an armed force.

(13) The term "active-duty list" means a single list for the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps (required to be maintained under section 620 of this title) which contains the names of all officers of that armed force, other than officers described in section 641 of this title, who are serving on active duty.

(14) The term "medical officer" means an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army, an officer of the Medical Corps of the Navy, or an officer in the Air Force designated as a medical officer.

(15) The term "dental officer" means an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army, an officer of the Dental Corps of the Navy, or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer.

(16) The term "Active Guard and Reserve" means a member of a reserve component who is on active duty pursuant to section 12301(d) of this title or, if a member of the Army National Guard or Air National Guard, is on full-time National Guard duty pursuant to section 502(f) of title 32, and who is performing Active Guard and Reserve duty.


(c) Reserve Components.—The following definitions relating to the reserve components apply in this title:

(1) The term "National Guard" means the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard.

(2) The term "Army National Guard" means that part of the organized militia of the several States and Territories, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, active and inactive, that—

(A) is a land force;

(B) is trained, and has its officers appointed, under the sixteenth clause of section 8, article I, of the Constitution;

(C) is organized, armed, and equipped wholly or partly at Federal expense; and

(D) is federally recognized.


(3) The term "Army National Guard of the United States" means the reserve component of the Army all of whose members are members of the Army National Guard.

(4) The term "Air National Guard" means that part of the organized militia of the several States and Territories, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, active and inactive, that—

(A) is an air force;

(B) is trained, and has its officers appointed, under the sixteenth clause of section 8, article I, of the Constitution;

(C) is organized, armed, and equipped wholly or partly at Federal expense; and

(D) is federally recognized.


(5) The term "Air National Guard of the United States" means the reserve component of the Air Force all of whose members are members of the Air National Guard.

(6) The term "reserve", with respect to an enlistment, appointment, grade, or office, means enlistment, appointment, grade, or office held as a Reserve of one of the armed forces.

(7) The term "reserve active-status list" means a single list for the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps (required to be maintained under section 14002 of this title) that contains the names of all officers of that armed force except warrant officers (including commissioned warrant officers) who are in an active status in a reserve component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps and are not on an active-duty list.


(d) Duty Status.—The following definitions relating to duty status apply in this title:

(1) The term "active duty" means full-time duty in the active military service of the United States. Such term includes full-time training duty, annual training duty, and attendance, while in the active military service, at a school designated as a service school by law or by the Secretary of the military department concerned. Such term does not include full-time National Guard duty.

(2) The term "active duty for a period of more than 30 days" means active duty under a call or order that does not specify a period of 30 days or less.

(3) The term "active service" means service on active duty or full-time National Guard duty.

(4) The term "active status" means the status of a member of a reserve component who is not in the inactive Army National Guard or inactive Air National Guard, on an inactive status list, or in the Retired Reserve.

(5) The term "full-time National Guard duty" means training or other duty, other than inactive duty, performed by a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States in the member's status as a member of the National Guard of a State or territory, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia under section 316, 502, 503, 504, or 505 of title 32 for which the member is entitled to pay from the United States or for which the member has waived pay from the United States.

(6)(A) The term "active Guard and Reserve duty" means active duty performed by a member of a reserve component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or full-time National Guard duty performed by a member of the National Guard pursuant to an order to full-time National Guard duty, for a period of 180 consecutive days or more for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the reserve components.

(B) Such term does not include the following:

(i) Duty performed as a member of the Reserve Forces Policy Board provided for under section 10301 of this title.

(ii) Duty performed as a property and fiscal officer under section 708 of title 32.

(iii) Duty performed for the purpose of interdiction and counter-drug activities for which funds have been provided under section 112 of title 32.

(iv) Duty performed as a general or flag officer.

(v) Service as a State director of the Selective Service System under section 10(b)(2) of the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. 3809(b)(2)).


(7) The term "inactive-duty training" means—

(A) duty prescribed for Reserves by the Secretary concerned under section 206 of title 37 or any other provision of law; and

(B) special additional duties authorized for Reserves by an authority designated by the Secretary concerned and performed by them on a voluntary basis in connection with the prescribed training or maintenance activities of the units to which they are assigned.


Such term includes those duties when performed by Reserves in their status as members of the National Guard.


(e) Facilities and Operations.—The following definitions relating to facilities and operations apply in this title:

(1) Range.—The term "range", when used in a geographic sense, means a designated land or water area that is set aside, managed, and used for range activities of the Department of Defense. Such term includes the following:

(A) Firing lines and positions, maneuver areas, firing lanes, test pads, detonation pads, impact areas, electronic scoring sites, buffer zones with restricted access, and exclusionary areas.

(B) Airspace areas designated for military use in accordance with regulations and procedures prescribed by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.


(2) Range activities.—The term "range activities" means—

(A) research, development, testing, and evaluation of military munitions, other ordnance, and weapons systems; and

(B) the training of members of the armed forces in the use and handling of military munitions, other ordnance, and weapons systems.


(3) Operational range.—The term "operational range" means a range that is under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the Secretary of a military department and—

(A) that is used for range activities, or

(B) although not currently being used for range activities, that is still considered by the Secretary to be a range and has not been put to a new use that is incompatible with range activities.


(4) Military munitions.—(A) The term "military munitions" means all ammunition products and components produced for or used by the armed forces for national defense and security, including ammunition products or components under the control of the Department of Defense, the Coast Guard, the Department of Energy, and the National Guard.

(B) Such term includes the following:

(i) Confined gaseous, liquid, and solid propellants.

(ii) Explosives, pyrotechnics, chemical and riot control agents, smokes, and incendiaries, including bulk explosives and chemical warfare agents.

(iii) Chemical munitions, rockets, guided and ballistic missiles, bombs, warheads, mortar rounds, artillery ammunition, small arms ammunition, grenades, mines, torpedoes, depth charges, cluster munitions and dispensers, and demolition charges.

(iv) Devices and components of any item specified in clauses (i) through (iii).


(C) Such term does not include the following:

(i) Wholly inert items.

(ii) Improvised explosive devices.

(iii) Nuclear weapons, nuclear devices, and nuclear components, other than nonnuclear components of nuclear devices that are managed under the nuclear weapons program of the Department of Energy after all required sanitization operations under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) have been completed.


(5) Unexploded ordnance.—The term "unexploded ordnance" means military munitions that—

(A) have been primed, fused, armed, or otherwise prepared for action;

(B) have been fired, dropped, launched, projected, or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material; and

(C) remain unexploded, whether by malfunction, design, or any other cause.


(6) Energy resilience.—The term "energy resilience" means the ability to avoid, prepare for, minimize, adapt to, and recover from anticipated and unanticipated energy disruptions in order to ensure energy availability and reliability sufficient to provide for mission assurance and readiness, including mission essential operations related to readiness, and to execute or rapidly reestablish mission essential requirements.

(7) Energy security.—The term "energy security" means having assured access to reliable supplies of energy and the ability to protect and deliver sufficient energy to meet mission essential requirements.

(8) Military installation resilience.—The term "military installation resilience" means the capability of a military installation to avoid, prepare for, minimize the effect of, adapt to, and recover from extreme weather events, or from anticipated or unanticipated changes in environmental conditions, that do, or have the potential to, adversely affect the military installation or essential transportation, logistical, or other necessary resources outside of the military installation that are necessary in order to maintain, improve, or rapidly reestablish installation mission assurance and mission-essential functions.


(f) Rules of Construction.—In this title—

(1) "shall" is used in an imperative sense;

(2) "may" is used in a permissive sense;

(3) "no person may * * *" means that no person is required, authorized, or permitted to do the act prescribed;

(4) "includes" means "includes but is not limited to"; and

(5) "spouse" means husband or wife, as the case may be.


(g) Reference to Title 1 Definitions.—For other definitions applicable to this title, see sections 1 through 5 of title 1.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 3; Pub. L. 85–861, §§1(1), 33(a)(1), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1437, 1564; Pub. L. 86–70, §6(a), June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 142; Pub. L. 86–624, §4(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 87–649, §6(f)(1), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 494; Pub. L. 90–235, §7(a)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 762; Pub. L. 90–623, §2(1), Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1314; Pub. L. 92–492, §1, Oct. 13, 1972, 86 Stat. 810; Pub. L. 96–513, title I, §§101, 115(a), title V, §501(2), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2839, 2877, 2907; Pub. L. 97–22, §2(a), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 124; Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, §405(b)(1), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 98–525, title IV, §414(a)(1), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2518; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §514(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 628; Pub. L. 99–348, title III, §303, July 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 703; Pub. L. 99–433, title III, §302, Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1022; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(i), (k)(1), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 282, 283; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XII, §§1231(1), (20), 1233(a)(2), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1160, 1161; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XII, §1204, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1658; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, §631(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1380; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, §1051(a), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2494; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title V, §514, title XVI, §§1621, 1671(c)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2753, 2960, 3014; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(c)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 498; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title V, §522, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2517; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, §1704(b)(1), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §§1042(a), 1043(a), 1045(a)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1608, 1610, 1612; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1084(a), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2060; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §§1056(c)(1), 1057(a)(1), (2), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3439, 3440; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title V, §524, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2193; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, §876, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4305; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, §515(b), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1395; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title VI, §681(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1795; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title X, §1081(b)(1)(A)(i), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2417; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2831(d), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1858; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title III, §312(f), title XII, §1204(a)(3), div. B, title XXVIII, §2805(e), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1711, 2017, 2263; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §§952(c), 958(a)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1562, 1567.)

Historical and Revision Notes
1956 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
101(1)

101(2)

101(3)

101(4)

101(5)

 

 

 

 

101(6)

101(7)

50:351 (clause (b)).

32:4c (1st 33 words).

[No source].

50:901(e).

5:181–1(c) (for definition purposes); 5:411a(a) (for definition purposes); 5:626(c) (for definition purposes).

[No source].

5:171(b) (last 23 words of clause (1), for definition purposes).

Sept. 16, 1942, ch. 561, §401 (clause (b)); added Apr. 1, 1944, ch. 150, §401 (clause (b)); restated Apr. 19, 1946, ch. 142, §401 (clause (b)), 60 Stat. 102.

July 9, 1952, ch. 608, §101(d) (less 2d sentence), (e), (g), §702 (for definition purposes), 66 Stat. 481, 482, 501.

101(8)

101(9)

101(10)

 

 

101(11)

10:600(a); 34:135(a).

[No source].

32:2 (for definition purposes); 32:4b (for definition purposes).

50:1112(a) (for definition purposes).

July 26, 1947, ch. 343, §§205(c) (for definition purposes), 206(a) (for definition purposes), 207(c) (for definition purposes), 61 Stat. 501, 502.
101(12)

 

 

 

 

 

101(13)

 

101(14)

10:1835 (less last 16 words, for definition purposes); 32:2 (for definition purposes); 32:4b (for definition purposes).

50:1112(b) (for definition purposes).

5:181–3(b) (less last sentence); 10:1a(b) (less last sentence); 10:1801(b) (less last sentence); 37:231(c) (1st sentence, for definition purposes); 50:901(g).

July 26, 1947, ch. 343, §201(b) (last 31 words of clause (1), for definition purposes); restated Aug. 10, 1949, ch. 412, §4 (last 31 words of clause (1) of 201(b), for definition purposes), 63 Stat. 579.

June 3, 1916, ch. 134, §62 (1st 36 words of last proviso), 39 Stat. 198.

June 3, 1916, ch. 134, §117 (for definition purposes), 39 Stat. 212.

101(15) [No source].
101(16)

101(17)

 

 

 

101(18)

101(19)

101(20)

101(21)

101(22)

10:600(b); 34:135(b).

5:181–3(b) (last sentence); 10:1a(b) (last sentence); 10:1801(b) (last sentence); 50:551(9).

[No source].

[No source].

[No source].

[No source].

10:1036e(d) (for definition purposes); 34: 440m(d) (for definition purposes).

June 3, 1916, ch. 134, §71 (for definition purposes); added June 15, 1933, ch. 87, §9 (for definition purposes), 48 Stat. 157; Oct. 12, 1949, ch. 681, §530 (for definition purposes), 63 Stat. 837; July 9, 1952, ch. 608, §803 (9th par., for definition purposes), 66 Stat. 505.
101(23)

101(24)

101(26)

101(27)

101(28)

[No source].

[No source].

[No source].

[No source].

[No source].

Sept. 19, 1951, ch. 407, §§2(b), 305 (less last 16 words, for definition purposes), 65 Stat. 326, 330.
101(29)

101(30)

101(31)

[No source].

[No source].

50:901(d) (less 2d sentence).

June 28, 1950, ch. 383, §2(b), 64 Stat. 263; July 9, 1952, ch. 608, §807(a), 66 Stat. 508.
101(32)

101(33)

101(34)

[No source].

[No source].

[No source].

Oct. 12, 1949, ch. 681, §102(c) (1st sentence, for definition purposes), 63 Stat. 804.
  May 5, 1950, ch. 169, §1 (Art. 1 (clause (9))), 64 Stat. 108.
  May 29, 1954, ch. 249, §2(a), (b), 68 Stat. 157.
  June 29, 1948, ch. 708, §306(d) (for definition purposes), 62 Stat. 1089.

The definitions in clauses (3), (15), (18)–(21), (23)–(30), and (31)–(33) reflect the adoption of terminology which, though undefined in the source statutes restated in this title, represents the closest practicable approximation of the ways in which the terms defined have been most commonly used. A choice has been made where established uses conflict.

In clause (2), the definition of "Territory" in 32:4c is executed throughout this revised title by specific reference, where applicable, to the Territories, Puerto Rico and the Canal Zone.

In clause (4), the definition of "armed forces" is based on the source statute instead of 50:551(2), which does not include an express reference to the Marine Corps. The words "including all components thereof" are omitted as surplusage.

In clause (5), the term "Department" is defined to give it the broad sense of "Establishment", to conform to the source statute and the usage preferred by the Department of Defense, instead of the more limited sense defined by 5:421g(a) and 423a(a), and 10:1a(d) and 1801(d).

In clause (6), the term "executive part of the department" is created for convenience in referring to what is described in the source statutes for this title as "department" in the limited sense of the executive part at the seat of government. This is required by the adoption of the word "department" in clause (5) to cover the broader concept of "establishment".

In clause (8), the term "Secretary concerned" is created and defined for legislative convenience.

In clause (9), a definition of "National Guard" is inserted for clarity.

In clause (10)(A), the words "a land force" are substituted for 32:2 (as applicable to Army National Guard). The National Defense Act of 1916, §117 (last 66 words), 39 Stat. 212, is not contained in 32:2. It is also omitted from the revised section as repealed by the Act of February 28, 1925, ch. 374, §3, 43 Stat. 1081.

In clauses (10) and (11), the word "Army" is inserted to distinguish the organizations defined from their Air Force counterparts.

In clauses (10) and (12), the words "unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires" and "as provided in this title", in 32:4b, are omitted as surplusage.

In clauses (10)(B) and (12)(B), the words "has its officers appointed" are substituted for the word "officered", in 32:4b.

In clauses (11) and (13), only that much of the description of the composition of the Army National Guard of the United States and the Air National Guard of the United States is used as is necessary to distinguish these reserve components, respectively, from the other reserve components.

In clause (12)(A), the words "an air force" are substituted for the words "for which Federal responsibility has been vested in the Secretary of the Air Force or the Department of the Air Force pursuant to law", in 10:1835, and for 32:2 (as applicable to Air National Guard), to make the definition of "Air National Guard" parallel with the definition of "Army National Guard", and to make explicit the intent of Congress, in creating the Air National Guard, that the organized militia henceforth should consist of three mutually exhaustive classes comprising the Army, Air, and Naval militia.

In clause (14), the definition of "officer" is based on the source statutes instead of 50:551(5), which excludes warrant officers. The reference to appointment in 10:1a(b) (2d sentence and 10:1801(b) (2d sentence), and the words "commissioned warrant officer", "flight officer", and "either permanent or temporary", in 37:231(c) (1st sentence), are omitted as surplusage. 5:181–3(b) (1st sentence), 10:1a(b) (1st sentence), and 10:1801(b) (1st sentence) are omitted as covered by the definitions in clauses (14) and (16) of the revised section and by section 3062(c) and section 8062(d) of this title.

In clause (16), the words "unless otherwise qualified", "permanent or temporary", and "in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, including any component thereof" are omitted as surplusage. The word "person" is substituted for the word "officer".

In clause (22), the definition of "active duty" is based on the definition of "active Federal service" in the source statute, since it is believed to be closer to general usage than the definition in 50:901(b), which excludes active duty for training from the general concept of active duty.

1958 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
101(25) 50:1181(6). Sept. 3, 1954, ch. 1257, §102(6), 68 Stat. 1150.

The words ", other than a commissioned warrant officer," are inserted to reflect 50:1181(1).

[Clause (35).] The word "original" is defined to make clear that when used in relation to an appointment it refers to the member's first appointment in his current series of appointments and excludes any appointment made before a lapse in service.

References in Text

Section 125(d) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(12)(A), was repealed by Pub. L. 99–433, title III, §301(b)(1), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1022.

Section 712 of title 14, referred to in subsec. (a)(13)(B), was redesignated section 3713 of title 14 by Pub. L. 115–282, title I, §118(b), Dec. 4, 2018, 132 Stat. 4233, and references to section 712 of title 14 deemed to refer to such redesignated section, see section 123(b)(1) of Pub. L. 115–282, set out as a References to Sections of Title 14 as Redesignated by Pub. L. 115–282 note preceding section 101 of Title 14, Coast Guard.

The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990, referred to in subsec. (a)(17)(B), is part A of title XXIX of div. B of Pub. L. 101–510, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1808, as amended, which is set out as a note under section 2687 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(17)(C), is Pub. L. 100–526, Oct. 24, 1988, 102 Stat. 2623, as amended. Title II of the Act is set out as a note under section 2687 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1988 Amendment note set out under section 2687 of this title and Tables.

The Atomic Energy Act of 1954, referred to in subsec. (e)(4)(C)(iii), is act Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 724, as added by act Aug. 30, 1954, ch. 1073, §1, 68 Stat. 919, which is classified principally to chapter 23 (§2011 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2011 of Title 42 and Tables.

Codification

Pub. L. 107–296, §1704(b)(1), which directed amendment of section 101(9) of this title by substituting of "of Homeland Security" for "of Transportation" wherever appearing, could not be executed because there is no section 101(9).

Amendments

2019—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 116–92, §952(c), inserted "Space Force," after "Marine Corps,".

Subsec. (a)(9)(C). Pub. L. 116–92, §958(a)(1), inserted "and the Space Force" after "concerning the Air Force".

2018—Subsec. (a)(13)(B). Pub. L. 115–232, §1204(a)(3), substituted "chapter 13" for "chapter 15".

Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 115–232, §312(f), struck out "task critical assets and other" before "mission essential operations".

Subsec. (e)(8). Pub. L. 115–232, §2805(e), added par. (8).

2017—Subsec. (e)(6), (7). Pub. L. 115–91 added pars. (6) and (7).

2016—Subsec. (d)(6)(B)(v). Pub. L. 114–328 substituted "(50 U.S.C. 3809(b)(2))" for "(50 U.S.C. App. 460(b)(2))".

2013—Subsec. (a)(13)(B). Pub. L. 112–239 inserted "section 712 of title 14," after "chapter 15 of this title,".

2011—Subsec. (a)(13)(B). Pub. L. 112–81 inserted "12304a," after "12304,".

Subsec. (a)(18). Pub. L. 111–383 added par. (18).

2006—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–163, §1057(a)(1), struck out par. (2) which read as follows: "The term 'Territory' (except as provided in section 101(1) of title 32 for laws relating to the militia, the National Guard, the Army National Guard of the United States, and the Air National Guard of the United States) means any Territory organized after August 10, 1956, so long as it remains a Territory."

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 109–163, §1057(a)(2), struck out "Territory or" before "Commonwealth".

Subsec. (b)(16). Pub. L. 109–364, §524(1), added par. (16).

Subsec. (d)(6)(A). Pub. L. 109–364, §524(2), struck out "or full-time National Guard duty" after "means active duty" and substituted "pursuant to an order to full-time National Guard duty," for ", pursuant to an order to active duty or full-time National Guard duty".

Subsec. (e)(4)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 109–163, §1056(c)(1), struck out comma after "bulk explosives".

2004—Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 108–375 substituted "Secretary of a military department" for "Secretary of Defense" in introductory provisions.

2003—Subsec. (a)(9)(D). Pub. L. 108–136, §1045(a)(2), substituted "Homeland Security" for "Transportation".

Subsec. (a)(16), (17). Pub. L. 108–136, §1043(a), added pars. (16) and (17).

Subsecs. (e) to (g). Pub. L. 108–136, §1042(a), added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsecs. (e) and (f) as (f) and (g), respectively.

1996—Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 104–201 substituted "a member of a reserve component" for "a reserve commissioned officer, other than a commissioned warrant officer,".

Subsec. (d)(6)(B)(i). Pub. L. 104–160 substituted "section 10301" for "section 175".

1994—Subsec. (a)(13)(B). Pub. L. 103–337, §1671(c)(1), substituted "688, 12301(a), 12302, 12304, 12305, or 12406" for "672(a), 673, 673b, 673c, 688, 3500, or 8500".

Subsec. (c)(7). Pub. L. 103–337, §1621, added par. (7).

Subsec. (d)(6), (7). Pub. L. 103–337, §514, added par. (6) and redesignated former par. (6) as (7).

1992—Pub. L. 102–484 amended section generally, substituting subsecs. (a) to (f) for former pars. (1) to (47) which defined terms for purposes of this title.

1991—Par. (47). Pub. L. 102–190 added par. (47).

1990—Par. (46). Pub. L. 101–510 added par. (46).

1988—Pars. (3), (10), (12). Pub. L. 100–456 struck out "the Canal Zone," after "the Virgin Islands," in par. (3) and after "Puerto Rico," in pars. (10) and (12).

1987—Par. (1). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(A), inserted "The term" after par. designation.

Par. (2). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(1)(k)(B), inserted "the term" after "Air National Guard of the United States,".

Pub. L. 100–180, §1233(a)(2), amended directory language of Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(C), by adding par. (2) to those pars. excepted from direction that initial letter of first word after open quotation marks in each par. be made lowercase rather than uppercase.

Pars. (3) to (7). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(A), (C), inserted "The term" after par. designation and struck out uppercase letter of first word after open quotation marks and substituted lowercase letter.

Pars. (8) to (13). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(A), inserted "The term" after par. designation.

Par. (14). Pub. L. 100–180, §1231(1), inserted "a" after "means".

Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(A), (C), inserted "The term" after par. designation and struck out uppercase letter of first word after open quotation marks and substituted lowercase letter.

Pars. (15) to (19). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(A), (C), inserted "The term" after par. designation and struck out uppercase letter of first word after open quotation marks and substituted lowercase letter.

Par. (20). Pub. L. 100–180, §1231(20), substituted "The term 'rate" for " 'Rate" in second sentence.

Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(A), (C), inserted "The term" after par. designation and struck out uppercase letter of first word after open quotation marks and substituted lowercase letter.

Pars. (21) to (43). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(1)(A), (C), inserted "The term" after par. designation and struck out uppercase letter of first word after open quotation marks and substituted lowercase letter.

Pars. (44), (45). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(i)(1), (k)(1)(A), inserted "The term" after par. designation and substituted "October 1, 1986" for "the date of the enactment of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986".

1986—Par. (43). Pub. L. 99–348 added par. (43).

Pars. (44), (45). Pub. L. 99–433 added pars. (44) and (45).

1985—Par. (41). Pub. L. 99–145 substituted "rear admiral (lower half)" for "commodore".

1984—Par. (22). Pub. L. 98–525, §414(a)(1)(A), inserted "It does not include full-time National Guard duty."

Par. (24). Pub. L. 98–525, §414(a)(1)(B), inserted "or full-time National Guard duty".

Par. (42). Pub. L. 98–525, §414(a)(1)(C), added par. (42).

1981—Par. (41). Pub. L. 97–86 substituted "commodore" for "commodore admiral".

Pub. L. 97–22 inserted "or Coast Guard" after "Navy".

1980—Par. (22). Pub. L. 96–513, §501(2), struck out "duty on the active list," after "It includes".

Par. (36). Pub. L. 96–513, §115(a), struck out par. (36) which provided that "dependent", with respect to a female member of an armed force, did not include her husband, unless he was in fact dependent on her for his chief support, or her child, unless his father was dead or he was in fact dependent on her for his chief support.

Pars. (37) to (41). Pub. L. 96–513, §101, added pars. (37) to (41).

1972—Par. (2). Pub. L. 92–492 inserted "Except as provided in section 101(1) of title 32 for laws relating to the militia, the National Guard, the Army National Guard of the United States," before "Territory".

1968—Par. (8)(D). Pub. L. 90–623 substituted "Secretary of Transportation" for "Secretary of the Treasury".

Par. 36. Pub. L. 90–235 added par. (36).

1962—Par. (31)(A). Pub. L. 87–649 substituted "section 206 of title 37" for "section 301 of title 37".

1960—Par. (2). Pub. L. 80–624 struck out reference to Hawaii.

1959—Par. (2). Pub. L. 80–70 struck out reference to Alaska.

1958—Par. (25). Pub. L. 85–861, §1(1), added par. (25).

Par. (35). Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(1), added par. (35).

Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title VI, §681(d), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1795, provided that:

"(1) Inclusion of prior orders.—The amendments made by this section [amending this section, section 12731 of this title, and section 3301 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits] shall apply to any call or order to active duty authorized under section 712 [now 3713] of title 14, United States Code, on or after December 31, 2011, by the Secretary of the executive department in which the Coast Guard is operating.

"(2) Credit for prior service.—The amendments made by this section shall be deemed to have been enacted on December 31, 2011, for purposes of applying the amendments to the following provisions of law:

"(A) Section 5538 of title 5, United States Code, relating to nonreduction in pay.

"(B) Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, relating to the accumulation and retention of leave.

"(C) Section 12731 of title 10, United States Code, relating to age and service requirements for receipt of retired pay for non-regular service."

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, §1704(g), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2316, provided that: "The amendments made by this section (other than subsection (f)) [see Tables for classification] shall take effect on the date of transfer of the Coast Guard to the Department [of Homeland Security]."

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 498, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective as of Dec. 1, 1994, and as if included as an amendment made by the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act, title XVI of Pub. L. 103–337, as originally enacted.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by section 1671(c)(1) of Pub. L. 103–337 effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, and amendment by section 1621 of Pub. L. 103–337 effective Oct. 1, 1996, see section 1691 of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XII, §1233(c)[(1)], Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1161, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section, section 2432 of this title, and section 406b of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services] shall apply as if included in the enactment of the Defense Technical Corrections Act of 1987 (Public Law 100–26)."

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, §405(f), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1106, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section, sections 525, 601, 611, 612, 619, 625, 634, 635, 637, 638, 645, 741, 5138, 5149, 5155, 5442, 5444, 5457, 5501, and 6389 of this title, section 201 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services, and a provision set out as a note under section 611 of this title] shall take effect as of September 15, 1981."

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Pub. L. 96–513, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2955, provided that:

"(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), this Act and the amendments made by this Act [see Tables for classification] shall take effect on September 15, 1981.

"(b)(1) The authority to prescribe regulations under the amendments made by titles I through IV and under the provisions of title VI shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 1980].

"(2) The amendment made by section 415 [enacting section 302(h) of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services] shall take effect as of July 1, 1980.

"(3) The amendments made by part B of title V shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 1980].

"(4) Part D of title VI shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 12, 1980]."

Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–623 intended to restate without substantive change the law in effect on Oct. 22, 1968, see section 6 of Pub. L. 90–623, set out as a note under section 5334 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–649 effective Nov. 1, 1962, see section 15 of Pub. L. 87–649, set out as an Inconsistent Provisions note preceding section 101 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Pub. L. 85–861, §33(g), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1568, provided that: "This section [see Tables for classification] is effective as of August 10, 1956, for all purposes."

Short Title of 2019 Amendment

Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §951, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1561, provided that: "This subtitle [subtitle D (§§951–961) of div. A of Pub. L. 116–92, see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'United States Space Force Act'."

Short Title of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VI, §621(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1798, provided that: "This section [enacting section 1065 of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 1065 of this title] may be cited as the 'Purple Heart and Disabled Veterans Equal Access Act of 2018'."

Short Title of 2016 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–328, div. E, §5001, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2894, provided that: "This division [div. E (§§5001–5542) of Pub. L. 114–328, see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Military Justice Act of 2016'."

Short Title of 2009 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–23, §1(a), May 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1704, provided that: "This Act [enacting sections 139c, 139d, 2334, and 2433a of this title, amending sections 139a, 181, 2306b, 2366a, 2366b, 2430, 2433, 2434, 2445c, 2501, and 2505 of this title and section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 139a, 139c, 181, 2302, 2366a, 2366b, 2430, and 2433a of this title, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 2304 of this title] may be cited as the 'Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009'."

Short Title of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–317, §1(a), Aug. 29, 2008, 122 Stat. 3526, provided that: "This Act [amending sections 1145, 1146, and 1174 of this title, sections 2108 and 8521 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, section 685 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, section 303a of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services, and sections 3011, 3012, 3702, and 4211 of Title 38, Veterans' Benefits, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 2108 of Title 5 and section 685 of Title 26] may be cited as the 'Hubbard Act'."

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, §800, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 202, provided that: "This title [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Acquisition Improvement and Accountability Act of 2007'."

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XVIII, §1801, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 496, provided that: "This title [enacting section 10508 of this title, amending sections 113, 164, 526, 10501 to 10503, 10541, 14508, 14511, and 14512 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 113 and 164 of this title and section 104 of Title 32, National Guard] may be cited as the 'National Guard Empowerment Act of 2007'."

Short Title of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–148, div. A, title VIII, §8126(a), Dec. 30, 2005, 119 Stat. 2728, which provided that this Act, probably meaning section 8126 of div. A of Pub. L. 109–148, which amended section 2554 of this title and section 5309 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and enacted provisions set out as notes under section 2554 of this title and section 301 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, could be cited as the "Support Our Scouts Act of 2005", was repealed by Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, §1071(f)(3), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2402.

Short Title of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–38, §1, July 22, 1999, 113 Stat. 205, provided that: "This Act [enacting provisions set out as notes under section 2431 of this title and section 5901 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse] may be cited as the 'National Missile Defense Act of 1999'."

Short Title of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–25, §1, Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 75, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Persian Gulf Conflict Supplemental Authorization and Personnel Benefits Act of 1991'."

Short Title of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–26, §1, Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Defense Technical Corrections Act of 1987'."

Short Title of 1981 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–22, §1(a), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 124, provided that: "this Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Defense Officer Personnel Management Act Technical Corrections Act'."

Short Title of 1980 Amendment

Pub. L. 96–513, §1(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2835, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Defense Officer Personnel Management Act'."

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 96–513, title VII, §703, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2956, provided that: "Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of this Act and the amendments made by this Act [see Tables for classification] do not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before the effective date of this Act [see Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note above]."

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Laws in Suspended Status Prior to 1980 Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513

Pub. L. 96–513, title VII, §702, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2955, provided that: "If a provision of law that is in a suspended status on the day before the effective date of this Act [see Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note above] is amended by this Act [see Tables for classification], the suspended status of that provision is not affected by that amendment."

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Authority vested by this title in "military departments", "the Secretary concerned", or "the Secretary of Defense" to be exercised, with respect to commissioned officer corps of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, by Secretary of Commerce or Secretary's designee, see section 3071 of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters.

Public Health Service

Authority vested by this title in "military departments", "the Secretary concerned", or "the Secretary of Defense" to be exercised, with respect to commissioned officers of Public Health Service, by Secretary of Health and Human Services or his designee, see section 213a of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Coordination of Certain Sections of an Act With Other Provisions of That Act

Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(f), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1816, provided that: "For purposes of applying amendments made by provisions of this Act other than this section [see Tables for classification], the amendments made by this section shall be treated as having been enacted immediately before any such amendments by other provisions of this Act."

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior acts:

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title X, §1081(g), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1987.

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(j), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1601.

Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title X, §1081(d), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2420.

Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(e), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1002.

Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(k), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3512.

Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, §1091(f), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 877.

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(m), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1956.

Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, §1071(i), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2403.

Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(j), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1230.

Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title X, §1087(h)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-294.

Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1066(e), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 773.

Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title X, §1069(e), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2137.

Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(i), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1907.

Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title X, §1074(e), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2661.

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1506, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 515.

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1070(h), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2859.

Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XI, §1182(h), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1774.

Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, §1055, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2503.

Congressional Defense Committees Defined

The following provisions provided that the term "congressional defense committees" for purposes of the Acts in which they were contained has the meaning given that term in subsec. (a)(16) of this section:

Pub. L. 116–92, §3, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1231.

Pub. L. 115–232, §3, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1658.

Pub. L. 115–91, §3, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1305.

Pub. L. 114–328, §3, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2025.

Pub. L. 114–92, §3, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 745.

Pub. L. 113–291, §3, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3312.

Pub. L. 113–66, §3, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 689.

Pub. L. 112–239, §3, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1652.

Pub. L. 112–81, §3, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1316.

Pub. L. 111–383, §3, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4151.

Pub. L. 111–84, §3, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2208.

Pub. L. 110–417, §3, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4372.

Pub. L. 110–181, §3, Jan. 28, 2007, 122 Stat. 23.

Pub. L. 109–364, §3, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2100.

Pub. L. 109–163, §3, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3152.

Pub. L. 108–375, §3, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1825.

Pub. L. 109–148, div. A, title VIII, §8028, Dec. 30, 2005, 119 Stat. 2704, provided that for purposes of Pub. L. 109–148 the term "congressional defense committees" means the Armed Services Committee of the House of Representatives, the Armed Services Committee of the Senate, the Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, and the Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and, for any matter pertaining to basic allowance for housing, facilities sustainment, restoration and modernization, environmental restoration and the Defense Health Program, "congressional defense committees" also means the Subcommittee on Military Quality of Life and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies [subcommittee jurisdiction now in Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies and Subcommittee on Defense] of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

The following provisions defined the term "congressional defense committees" for purposes of the Acts in which they were contained to mean the Armed Services Committee of the House of Representatives, the Armed Services Committee of the Senate, the Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, and the Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives:

Pub. L. 111–118, div. A, title VIII, §8028, Dec. 19, 2009, 123 Stat. 3434.

Pub. L. 110–329, div. C, title VIII, §8028, Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3627 (definition applies to div. C only).

Pub. L. 110–116, div. A, title VIII, §8027, Nov. 13, 2007, 121 Stat. 1320.

Pub. L. 109–289, div. A, title VIII, §8025, Sept. 29, 2006, 120 Stat. 1279.

Pub. L. 108–287, title VIII, §8030, Aug. 5, 2004, 118 Stat. 977.

Pub. L. 108–87, title VIII, §8031, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1079.

Pub. L. 107–248, title VIII, §8031, Oct. 23, 2002, 116 Stat. 1543.

Pub. L. 107–117, div. A, title VIII, §8034, Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat. 2255.

Pub. L. 106–259, title VIII, §8034, Aug. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 682.

Pub. L. 106–79, title VIII, §8036, Oct. 25, 1999, 113 Stat. 1239.

The following provisions defined the term "congressional defense committees" for purposes of the Acts in which they were contained to mean the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives:

Pub. L. 108–136, §3, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1406.

Pub. L. 107–314, §3, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2471.

Pub. L. 107–107, §3, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1027.

Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [§3], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-19.

Pub. L. 106–65, §3, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 529.

Pub. L. 103–337, §3, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2678.

Pub. L. 103–160, §3, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1562.

Pub. L. 102–484, §3, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2331.

Pub. L. 102–190, §3, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1301.

Pub. L. 102–25, §3(4), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 77.

Pub. L. 101–510, §3, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1498.

Pub. L. 101–189, §4, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1364.

The following provisions defined the term "congressional defense committees" for purposes of the Acts in which they were contained to mean the National Security Committee of the House of Representatives, the Armed Services Committee of the Senate, the Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, and the Subcommittee on National Security of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives:

Pub. L. 105–262, title VIII, §8036, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2305.

Pub. L. 105–56, title VIII, §8038, Oct. 8, 1997, 111 Stat. 1229.

Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(b) [title VIII, §8040], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–71, 3009-97.

Pub. L. 104–61, title VIII, §8049, Dec. 1, 1995, 109 Stat. 661.

The following provisions defined the term "congressional defense committees" for purposes of the Acts in which they were contained to mean the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on National Security and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives:

Pub. L. 105–261, §3, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 1935.

Pub. L. 105–85, §3, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1645.

Pub. L. 104–201, §3, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2439.

Pub. L. 104–106, §3, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 204.

The following provisions defined the term "congressional defense committees" for purposes of the Acts in which they were contained to mean the Committees on Armed Services, the Committees on Appropriations, and the subcommittees on Defense of the Committee on Appropriations, of the Senate and the House of Representatives:

Pub. L. 103–335, title VIII, §8056, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2631.

Pub. L. 103–139, title VIII, §8067, Nov. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 1455.

Pub. L. 102–172, title VIII, §8116, Nov. 26, 1991, 105 Stat. 1203.

Definitions for Purposes of Pub. L. 102–25

Pub. L. 102–25, §3, Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 77, as amended by Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title XII, §1203(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1508, provided that: "For the purposes of this Act [see Short Title of 1991 Amendment note above]:

"(1) The term 'Operation Desert Storm' means operations of United States Armed Forces conducted as a consequence of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq (including operations known as Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Provide Comfort).

"(2) The term 'incremental costs associated with Operation Desert Storm' means costs referred to in [former] section 251(b)(2)(D)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 ([former] 2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)(D)(ii)).

"(3) The term 'Persian Gulf conflict' means the period beginning on August 2, 1990, and ending thereafter on the date prescribed by Presidential proclamation or by law.

"(4) The term 'congressional defense committees' has the meaning given that term in section 3 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101–510; 104 Stat. 1498)."

1 See References in Text note below.

CHAPTER 2—DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Sec.
111.
Executive department.
112.
Department of Defense: seal.
113.
Secretary of Defense.
113a.
Transmission of annual defense authorization request.
114.
Annual authorization of appropriations.
[114a.
Renumbered.]
115.
Personnel strengths: requirement for annual authorization.
115a.
Annual defense manpower profile report and related reports.
[115b.
Repealed.]
116.
Annual operations and maintenance report.
117.
Readiness reporting system.
118.
Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment.
118a.
Quadrennial quality of life review.
[118b.
Repealed.]
119.
Special access programs: congressional oversight.
119a.
Programs managed under alternative compensatory control measures: congressional oversight.
120.
Department of Defense executive aircraft controlled by Secretaries of military departments.

        

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(b), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1816, amended directory language of Pub. L. 115–232, §331(g)(2), and provided that the amendment is effective Aug. 13, 2018, and as if included in Pub. L. 115–232 as enacted. See 2018 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1701(c)(2), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1795, which directed amendment of item 115a in the analysis for chapter 3 of this title by substituting "profile report and related reports" for "requirements report", was executed by making the substitution in item 115a in the analysis for this chapter, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title III, §351(a)(2), title X, §1051(b), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1320, 1590, added items 118 and 120.

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title III, §331(g)(2), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1724, as amended by Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1731(b)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1816, struck out ": establishment; reporting to congressional committees" after "system" in item 117.

2016Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title IX, §941(b)(2), title X, §1062(b), title XI, §1102(b), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2367, 2408, 2444, added item 119a and struck out items 115b "Biennial strategic workforce plan" and 118 "Defense strategy review".

2015Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(b)(3), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1001, amended directory language of Pub. L. 113–291, §1072(a)(2). See 2014 Amendment note below.

2014Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1072(b)(2), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3517, struck out item 118b "Quadrennial roles and missions review".

Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1072(a)(2), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3516, as amended by Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(b)(3), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1001, substituted "Defense Strategy Review" for "Quadrennial defense review" in item 118.

2011Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title IX, §935(a)(2), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1545, substituted "Biennial strategic workforce plan" for "Annual strategic workforce plan" in item 115b.

2009Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title XI, §§1108(a)(2), 1109(b)(2)(B)(ii), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2491, 2493, amended item 115a generally, substituting "Annual defense manpower requirements report" for "Annual manpower requirements report", and added item 115b.

2008Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title X, §1061(a)(1), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4612, added item 118b.

2002Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title V, §581(a)(2), title X, §1061(b), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2561, 2649, added items 113a and 118a.

1999Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title IX, §901(a)(2), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 717, added item 118.

1998Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title III, §373(a)(2), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 1992, added item 117.

1994Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1671(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3013, struck out item 115b "Annual report on National Guard and reserve component equipment".

1992Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, §1002(d)(1), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2480, struck out item 114a "Multiyear Defense Program: submission to Congress; consistency in budgeting".

1990Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1402(a)(3)(B), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1674, which directed amendment of item 114a by substituting "Multiyear" for "Five-year", was executed by substituting "Multiyear" for "Five-Year" as the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1331(1), title XIV, §1483(c)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1673, 1715, substituted "Personnel strengths: requirement for annual authorization" for "Annual authorization of personnel strengths; annual manpower requirements report" in item 115, added items 115a and 115b, and struck out items 117 "Annual report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization readiness" and 118 "Sale or transfer of defense articles: reports to Congress".

1989Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, §1602(a)(2), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1597, added item 114a.

1987Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XI, §1132(a)(2), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1152, added item 119.

1986Pub. L. 99–433, title I, §101(a)(1), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 994, added chapter heading and analysis of sections for chapter 2, consisting of items 111 to 118.

§111. Executive department

(a) The Department of Defense is an executive department of the United States.

(b) The Department is composed of the following:

(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.

(2) The Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(3) The Joint Staff.

(4) The Defense Agencies.

(5) Department of Defense Field Activities.

(6) The Department of the Army.

(7) The Department of the Navy.

(8) The Department of the Air Force.

(9) The unified and specified combatant commands.

(10) Such other offices, agencies, activities, and commands as may be established or designated by law or by the President.

(11) All offices, agencies, activities, and commands under the control or supervision of any element named in paragraphs (1) through (10).


(c) If the President establishes or designates an office, agency, activity, or command in the Department of Defense of a kind other than those described in paragraphs (1) through (9) of subsection (b), the President shall notify Congress not later than 60 days thereafter.

(Added Pub. L. 87–651, title II, §202, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 517, §131; renumbered §111 and amended Pub. L. 99–433, title I, §101(a)(2), (b), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 994, 995.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
131 5:171(a) (less last 10 words), (b). July 26, 1947, ch. 343, §201(a) (less last 10 words), (b); restated Aug. 10, 1949, ch. 412, §4 (1st (less last 10 words) and 2d pars.), 63 Stat. 579.

The words "There is established", in 5 U.S.C. 171(a), are omitted as executed. 5 U.S.C. 171(b) (1st 26 words) is omitted as covered by the definitions of "department" and "military departments" in section 101(5) and (7), respectively, of this title. 5 U.S.C. 171(b) (27th through 49th words) is omitted as executed. 5 U.S.C. 171(b) (last 18 words) is omitted as surplusage.

Amendments

1986—Pub. L. 99–433 renumbered section 131 of this title as this section, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), and added subsecs. (b) and (c).

Change of Name

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title IX, §908, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 406, provided that:

"(a) Redesignation.—The agency in the Department of Defense known as the Advanced Research Projects Agency shall after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 10, 1996] be designated as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

"(b) References.—Any reference in any law, regulation, document, record, or other paper of the United States or in any provision of this Act to the Advanced Research Projects Agency shall be considered to be a reference to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency."

Short Title of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–433, §1(a), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 992, provided that: "This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the 'Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986'."

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the Department of Defense, including the functions of the Secretary of Defense relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 121(g)(2), 183(2), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Missions and functions of elements of Department of Defense as specified in classified annex to Pub. L. 104–201, and related personnel, assets, and balances of appropriations and authorizations of appropriations, transferred to National Imagery and Mapping Agency, see sections 1111 and 1113 of Pub. L. 104–201, set out as notes under section 441 of this title.

Authority of President to Extend Military Leader Appointments

Pub. L. 116–136, div. B, title III, §13007, Mar. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 522, provided that:

"(a) The President may extend the appointment of the Chief of Army Reserve as prescribed in section 7038(c) of title 10, United States Code, for the incumbent in that position as of the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 27, 2020] until the date of the appointment of the successor to such incumbent, notwithstanding any limitation otherwise imposed on such term by such section 7038(c).

"(b) The President may extend the appointment of the Chief of Navy Reserve as prescribed in section 8083(c) of title 10, United States Code, for the incumbent in that position as of the date of the enactment of this Act until the date of the appointment of the successor to such incumbent, notwithstanding any limitation otherwise imposed on such term by such section 8083(c).

"(c) The President may extend the appointment of the Chief of Staff of the Air Force prescribed in section 9033(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, for the incumbent in that position as of the date of the enactment of this Act until the date of the appointment of the successor to such incumbent, notwithstanding any limitation otherwise imposed on such term by such section 9033(a)(1).

"(d) The President may extend the appointment of the Chief of Space Operations, as prescribed in section 9082(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, for the incumbent in that position as of the date of the enactment of this Act until the date of the appointment of the successor to such incumbent, notwithstanding any limitation otherwise imposed on such term by such section 9082(a)(2).

"(e) The President may extend the appointment of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau as prescribed in section 10502(b) of title 10, United States Code, for the incumbent in that position as of the date of the enactment of this Act until the date of the appointment of the successor to such incumbent, notwithstanding any limitation otherwise imposed on such term by such section 10502(b).

"(f) The President may extend the appointment of Director, Army National Guard and Director, Air National Guard as prescribed in section 10506(a)(3)(D) of title 10, United States Code, for the incumbent in such position as of the date of the enactment of this Act until the date of the appointment of the successor to such incumbent, notwithstanding any limitation otherwise imposed on such term by such section 10506(a)(3)(D).

"(g) Notwithstanding paragraph (4) of section 10505(a) of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may waive the limitations in paragraphs (2) and (3) of that section [probably should be "subsection"] for a period of not more than 270 days.

"(h)(1) The President may delegate the exercise of the authorities in subsections (a) through (f) to the Secretary of Defense.

"(2) The Secretary of Defense may not redelegate the exercise of any authority delegated to the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (1), and may not delegate the exercise of the authority in subsection (g)."

Termination of Reporting Requirements

Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1702(a), (b), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1796, provided that:

"(a) Termination.—Effective on December 30, 2021, each report described in subsection (b) that is still required to be submitted to Congress as of such effective date shall no longer be required to be submitted to Congress.

"(b) Covered Reports.—A report described in this subsection is any of the following:

"(1) The report required by section 1696(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232) [132 Stat. 2171].

"(2) The report required by section 1071(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91) [10 U.S.C. 2501 note].

"(3) The report required by section 1788a(d) of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 555 of such Act.

"(4) The report required under section 709(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).

"(5) The report required by section 1292(a)(2) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 note).

"(6) The quarterly report required by section 1236(c) of such Act [130 Stat. 2492].

"(7) The annual certification required by section 1666 of such Act (10 U.S.C. 2431 note) [section 1666 of Pub. L. 114–328 (130 Stat. 2617) is not classified to the Code].

"(8) The updates required under paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of section 1694 of such Act [130 Stat. 2637] to the report required under paragraph (1) of such subsection.

"(9) The notifications required by section 1695 of such Act [130 Stat. 2638].

"(10) The report required under section 522(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114–92) [10 U.S.C. 503 note]."

Requirement for Preparation of Certain Reports to Congress by Civilian Employees of the Federal Government and Members of the Armed Forces

Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XVII, §1702(d), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1796, provided that:

"(1) Requirement.—Except as expressly otherwise provided in the provision of law requiring such report, any report submitted to Congress pursuant to a provision of a national defense authorization Act that is enacted on or after the date that is three years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 20, 2019] shall be written by civilian employees of the Federal Government, members of the Armed Forces, or both, and not by contractor employees of the Federal Government.

"(2) Briefing.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the actions to be taken to ensure compliance with the requirement in paragraph (1), including on any impediments to compliance with the requirement."

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(x), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1567, provided that: "Effective on December 31, 2021, the reports required under the following provisions of title 10, United States Code, shall no longer be required to be submitted to Congress:

"(1) Section 113(c)(1).

"(2) Section 113(e).

"(3) Section 116.

"(4) Section 2432."

Exemption to Report Termination Requirements

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VIII, §811(d)(2), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1460, provided that: "Section 1080(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114–92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), as amended by section 1061(j) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 130 Stat. 2405; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), does not apply to the report required to be submitted to Congress under section 2313a of title 10, United States Code."

Organizational Strategy for the Department of Defense

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title IX, §918, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1925, provided that:

"(a) Cross-functional Team on Electronic Warfare.—

"(1) In general.—Among the cross-functional teams established by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (c) of section 911 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 130 Stat. 2345; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) [set out below] in support of the organizational strategy for the Department of Defense required by subsection (a) of that section, the Secretary shall establish a cross-functional team on electronic warfare.

"(2) Establishment and activities.—The cross-functional team established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be established in accordance with subsection (c) of section 911 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, and shall be governed in its activities in accordance with the provisions of such subsection (c).

"(3) Deadline for establishment.—The cross-functional team required by paragraph (1) shall be established by not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 2018].

"(b) Additional Cross-functional Teams Matters.—

"(1) Criteria for distinguishing among cross-functional teams.—Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 2018], the Secretary shall issue criteria that distinguish cross-functional teams under section 911 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 from other types of cross-functional working groups, committees, integrated product teams, and task forces of the Department.

"(2) Primary responsibility for implementation of teams.—The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall establish or designate an office within the Department that shall have primary responsibility for implementing section 911 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017."

Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title IX, §911, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2345, provided that:

"(a) Organizational Strategy Required.—

"(1) In general.—Not later than September 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall formulate and issue to the Department of Defense an organizational strategy for the Department that—

"(A) identifies the critical objectives and other organizational outputs for the Department that span multiple functional boundaries and would benefit from the use of cross-functional teams under this section to ensure collaboration and integration across organizations within the Department;

"(B) improves the manner in which the Department integrates the expertise and capacities of the functional components of the Department for effective and efficient achievement of such objectives and outputs;

"(C) improves the management of relationships and processes involving the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the combatant commands, the military departments, and the Defense Agencies with regard to such objectives and outputs;

"(D) improves the ability of the Department to work effectively in interagency processes with regard to such objectives and outputs in order to better serve the President; and

"(E) achieves an organizational structure that enhances performance with regard to such objectives and outputs.

"(2) Elements.—The strategy shall provide for the following:

"(A) The appropriate use of cross-functional teams to manage critical objectives and outputs of the Department described in paragraph (1)(A).

"(B) The furtherance and advancement of a collaborative, team-oriented, results-driven, and innovative culture within the Department that fosters an open debate of ideas and alternative courses of action, and supports cross-functional teaming and integration.

"(b) Actions in Support of Strategy.—

"(1) Study.—The Department of Defense shall conduct a study of the following in order to determine how best to implement effective cross-functional teams in the Department to achieve the strategic objectives of the Secretary of Defense:

"(A) Lessons learned, as reflected in academic literature, business and management school case studies, and the work of leading management consultant firms, on the successful and failed application of cross-functional teams in the private sector and government, and on the cultural factors necessary to support effective cross-functional teams.

"(B) The historical and current use by the Department of cross-functional working groups, integrated process teams, councils, and committees, and the reasons why such entities have or have not achieved high levels of teamwork or effectiveness.

"(2) Conduct of study.—The study required by paragraph (1) shall be conducted by an independent organization with widely acknowledged expertise in modern organizational management and teaming selected by the Secretary for purposes of the study.

"(3) Schedule.—The Secretary shall award any necessary contract for the study required by paragraph (1) pursuant to paragraph (2) by not later than March 15, 2017, and shall provide the results of the study to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] by not later than July 15, 2017.

"(c) Cross-functional Teams.—In support of the strategy required by subsection (a):

"(1) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish cross-functional teams to address critical objectives and outputs for such teams as are determined to be appropriate in accordance with the organizational strategy issued under subsection (a), with initial teams established by not later than September 30, 2017.

"(2) Purposes.—The purposes of cross-functional teams established pursuant to this subsection shall be, as determined appropriate by the Secretary—

"(A) to provide for effective collaboration and integration across organizational and functional boundaries in the Department of Defense;

"(B) to develop, at the direction of the Secretary, recommendations for comprehensive and fully integrated policies, strategies, plans, and resourcing decisions;

"(C) to make decisions on cross-functional issues, to the extent authorized by the Secretary and within parameters established by the Secretary; and

"(D) to provide oversight for and, as directed by the Secretary, supervise the implementation of approved policies, strategies, plans, and resourcing decisions approved by the Secretary.

"(3) Guidance on teams.—Not later than September 30, 2017, the Secretary shall issue guidance—

"(A) addressing the role, authorities, reporting relationships, resourcing, manning, training, and operations of cross-functional teams established pursuant to this subsection;

"(B) delineating decision-making authority of such teams;

"(C) providing that the leaders of functional components of the Department that provide personnel to such teams respect and respond to team needs and activities; and

"(D) emphasizing that personnel selected for assignment to such teams shall faithfully represent the views and expertise of their functional components while contributing to the best of their ability to the success of the team concerned.

"(4) Participants.—In establishing a cross-functional team pursuant to this subsection, the Secretary shall consider personnel from the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the military departments, and the Defense Agencies in all functional areas that the Secretary considers appropriate.

"(5) Team personnel.—For each cross-functional team established by the Secretary pursuant to this subsection, the Secretary shall—

"(A) assign as leader of such team a senior qualified and experienced individual, who shall report directly to the Secretary regarding the activities of such team;

"(B) delegate to the team leader designated pursuant to subparagraph (A) authority to select members of such team from among civilian employees of the Department and members of the Armed Forces in any grade who are recommended for membership on such team by the head of a functional component of the Department within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, and the military departments, by the commander of a combatant command, or by the director of a Defense Agency;

"(C) provide the team leader with necessary full time support from team members, and the means to co-locate team members;

"(D) ensure that team members and all leaders in functional organizations that are in the supervisory chain for personnel serving on such team receive training in elements of successful cross-functional teams, including teamwork, collaboration, conflict resolution, and appropriately representing the views and expertise of their functional components; and

"(E) ensure that the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] are provided information on the progress and results of such team upon request.

"(6) Team strategies and decision-making authority.—

"(A) In general.—The Secretary shall ensure that the objectives of each cross-functional team established pursuant to this subsection are clearly established in writing, through a memorandum, statement, charter, or similar document.

"(B) Metrics.—To improve team performance and accountability, the Secretary shall task each team, as appropriate, to establish a strategy to achieve the objectives specified by the Secretary, metrics for evaluation of the achievement of such objectives by such team, and the alignment of individual and team goals for the achievement of such objectives by such team.

"(C) Delegation of authority.—The Secretary may delegate to a team any decision-making authority that, and shall delegate such authority as, the Secretary considers appropriate to permit such team to achieve the objectives established by the Secretary.

"(7) Review of teams.—Not later than 18 months after the date on which the first cross-functional team is established pursuant to this subsection, the Secretary shall complete an analysis, with support from external experts in organizational and management sciences, of the successes and failures of teams established pursuant to this subsection, and determine how to apply the lessons learned from that analysis.

"(8) Report on establishment.—Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 23, 2016], the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the establishment of cross-functional teams under this subsection, including descriptions from the leaders of teams established prior to the date on which this report is submitted of the manner in which the teams were designed and how they functioned.

"(d) Directive on Collaborative Culture and Behavior.—The guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (c)(3) shall also—

"(1) articulate the shared purposes, values, and principles for the operation of the Office of the Secretary of Defense that are required to promote a team-oriented, collaborative, results-driven culture within the Office to support the primary objectives of the Department of Defense;

"(2) ensure that collaboration across functional and organizational boundaries is an important factor in the performance review of leaders of cross-functional teams established pursuant to subsection (c), members of teams, and other appropriate leaders of the Department; and

"(3) identify key practices that senior leaders of the Department should follow with regard to leadership, organizational practice, collaboration, and the functioning of cross-functional teams, and the types of personnel behavior that senior leaders should encourage and discourage.

"(e) Streamlining of Organizational Structure and Processes of OSD.—Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 23, 2016], the Secretary of Defense shall take such actions as the Secretary considers appropriate to streamline the organizational structure and processes of the Office of the Secretary of Defense in order to increase spans of control, achieve a reduction in layers of management, eliminate unnecessary duplication between the Office and the Joint Staff, and reduce the time required to complete standard processes and activities.

"(f) Training for Individuals Nominated for Appointment for OSD Positions Confirmed by the Senate.—

"(1) In general.—Within three months of the appointment of an individual to a position in the Office of the Secretary of Defense appointable by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, the individual shall complete a course of instruction in leadership, modern organizational practice, collaboration, and the operation of teams described in subsection (c).

"(2) Waiver.—The President may waive the requirement in paragraph (1) with respect to an individual if the Secretary determines in writing that the individual possesses, through training and experience, the skill and knowledge otherwise to be provided through a course of instruction as described in that paragraph.

"(g) Comptroller General of the United States Assessments.—

"(1) Biannual report on assessments.—Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 23, 2016], and every six months thereafter through December 31, 2019, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth a comprehensive assessment of the actions taken under this section during the six-month period ending on the date of such report and cumulatively since the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(2) Assessment team.—The Comptroller General may establish within the Government Accountability Office a team of analysts to assist the Comptroller General in the performance assessments required by this subsection."

Temporary Continuation of Certain Department of Defense Reporting Requirements

Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title X, §1061, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2400, as amended by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §§1051(u)–(w), 1081(d)(11), (12), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1566, 1567, 1600; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title III, §314(b)(2), title VIII, §813(i)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1712, 1851, provided that:

"(a) Exceptions to Reports Termination Provision.—Section 1080 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114–92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) does not apply to any report required to be submitted to Congress by the Department of Defense, or by any officer, official, component, or element of the Department, pursuant to a provision of law specified in this section, notwithstanding the enactment of the reporting requirement by an annual national defense authorization Act or the inclusion of the report in the list of reports prepared by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (c) of such section 1080.

"(b) Final Termination Date for Submittal of Exempted Reports.—

"(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), each report required pursuant to a provision of law specified in this section that is still required to be submitted to Congress as of December 31, 2021, shall no longer be required to be submitted to Congress after that date.

"(2) Reports exempted from termination.—The termination dates specified in paragraph (1) and section 1080 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 do not apply to the following:

"(A) The submission of the reports on the National Military Strategy and Risk Assessment under section 153(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code.

"(B) The submission of the future-years defense program (including associated annexes) under section 221 of title 10, United States Code.

"(C) The submission of the future-years mission budget for the military programs of the Department of Defense under section 221 of such title.

"(D) The submission of audits of contracting compliance by the Inspector General of the Department of Defense under section 1601(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113–66; 10 U.S.C. 2533a note).

"(c) Reports Required by Title 10, United States Code.—Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the following sections of title 10, United States Code:

"(1) Section 113(i).

"(2) [Former] Section 117(e).

"(3) [Section] 118a(d).

"(4) Section 119(a) and (b).

"(5) Section 127b(f).

"(6) Section 139(h).

"(7) [Former] Section 139b(d).

"(8) Sections [sic] 153(c).

"(9) Section 171a(e) and (g)(2).

"(10) Section 179(f).

"(11) Section 196(d)(1), (d)(4), and (e)(3).

"(12) Section 223a(a).

"(13) Section 225(c)[.]

"(14) Section 229.

"(15) Section 231.

"[(16) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(A), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(17) Section 238.

"(18) Section 341(f) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 1246 of this Act.

"(19) Section 401(d).

"(20) Section 407(d).

"(21) Section 481a(c).

"(22) Section 482(a).

"(23) Section 488(c).

"(24) Section 494(b).

"(25) Section 526(j).

"(26) Section 946(c) (Article 146 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

"(27) Section 981(c).

"(28) Section 1116(d).

"(29) Section 1566(c)(3).

"(30) Section 1557(e).

"(31) Section 1781a(e).

"(32) Section 1781c(h) [now 1781c(g)].

"(33) Section 2011(e) [now 322(e)].

"(34) Section 2166(i) [now 343(i)].

"(35) Section 2218(h).

"(36) Section 2228(e).

"(37) Section 2229(d).

"(38) Section 2229a.

"(39) Section 2249c(c) [now 345(c)].

"(40) Section 2275.

"[(41) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(A), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(42) Section 2367(d).

"(43) Section 2399(g).

"(44) Section 2445b.

"(45) Section 2464(d).

"(46) Section 2466(d).

"(47) Section 2504.

"(48) Section 2561(c).

"(49) Section 2684a(g).

"(50) Section 2687a.

"(51) Section 2711.

"(52) Sections [sic] 2884(b) and (c).

"(53) Section 2911(a) and (b)(3) [now 2911(c) and (d)(3)].

"(54) Section 2925.

"(55) Section 2926(e)(4).

"(56) Section 4361(d)(4)(B) [now 7461(d)(4)(B)].

"(57) Section 4721(e) [now 7271(e)].

"(58) Section 6980(d)(4)(B) [now 8480(d)(4)(B)].

"(59) Section 7310(c) [now 8680(c)].

"(60) Section 9361(d)(4)(B) [now 9461(d)(4)(B)].

"(61) Section 10216(c).

"(62) Section 10541.

"(63) Section 10543.

"(64) Section 10504(b).

"(65) Section 235.

"(66) Section 115a.

"(67) Section 2193b(g).

"(d) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015.—Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 'Buck' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113–291):

"(1) Section 546(d) [now 546(e)] (10 U.S.C. 1561 note).

"(2) Section 1003[A] (10 U.S.C. 221 note).

"[(3) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(B), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(4) Section 1055 (128 Stat. 3498).

"(5) Section 1204(b) (10 U.S.C. 2249e note) [now 10 U.S.C. 362 note].

"(6) Section 1205(e) (128 Stat. 3537).

"(7) Section 1206(e) (10 U.S.C. 2282 note).

"(8) Section 1211 (128 Stat. 3544).

"(9) Section 1225 (128 Stat. 3550).

"(10) Section 1235 (128 Stat. 3558).

"(11) Section 1245 (128 Stat. 3566).

"(12) Section 1253(b) (22 U.S.C. 2151 note).

"(13) Section 1275(b) (128 Stat. 3591).

"(14) Section 1343 (128 Stat. 3605; 50 U.S.C. 3743).

"(15) Section 1650 (128 Stat. 3653).

"(16) Section 1662(c)(2) and (d)(2) (128 Stat. 3657; [former] 10 U.S.C. 2431 note).

"(17) Section 2821(a)(3) (10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(18) Section 1209(d) (128 Stat. 3542).

"(e) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014.—Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113–66):

"(1) Section 704(e) (10 U.S.C. 1074 note).

"(2) Sections [sic] 713(f), (g), and (h) ([former] 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).

"(3) Section 904(d)(2) (10 U.S.C. 111 note).

"(4) [Former] Section 1205(f)(3) ([Former] 32 U.S.C. 107 note).

"(f) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.—Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112–239):

"[(1) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(C), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(2) Section 904(h)(1) and (2) (10 U.S.C. 133 note) [now 10 U.S.C. 133a note].

"(3) Section 1009 (126 Stat. 1906).

"(4) Section 1023 (126 Stat. 1911).

"(5) Section 1052(b)(4) (126 Stat. 1936; 49 U.S.C. 40101 note) [now 49 U.S.C. 44802 note].

"(g) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.—Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111–383):

"(1) Section 123 (10 U.S.C. 167 note).

"(2) Section 1216(c) (124 Stat. 4392).

"[(3) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(D), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(4) Section 1631(d) (10 U.S.C. 1561 note).

"(h) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010.—Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84):

"(1) Section 711(d) (10 U.S.C. 1071 note).

"(2) Section 1003(b) (10 U.S.C. 2222 note).

"[(3) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(E), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(4) Section 1245 (123 Stat. 2542) [10 U.S.C. 113 note].

"(5) Section 1806 (10 U.S.C. 948a note).

"(i) Reports Required by Other Laws.—Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the following provisions of law:

"(1) Sections [sic] 1412(i) and (j) of the National Defense Authorization Act, 1986 [probably should be "Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1986"] (50 U.S.C. 1521), as amended by section 1421 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111–383).

"(2) Section 1703 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (50 U.S.C. 1523).

"(3) Section 717(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104–106; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note).

"(4) Section 234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 2367).

"(5) Section 1309(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105–85; 10 U.S.C. 113 note).

"(6) Section 1237(b)(2) of the [Strom Thurmond] National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105–261; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).

"(7) Section 1202 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106–65; 10 U.S.C. 113 note).

"(8) Section 232(h)(2) [probably should be "232(h)(3)"] of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107–107; [former] 10 U.S.C. 2431 note).

"(9) Section 366(a)(5) and (c)(2) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107–314; 10 U.S.C. 113 note).

"(10) Section 1208(f) of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108–375; 118 Stat. 2086).

"(11) Section 1208(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for [Fiscal Year] 2006 (Public Law 109–163; 119 Stat. 3459).

"(12) Section 1405(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109–163; 10 U.S.C. 801 note).

"(13) Section 122(f)(1) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109–364; 120 Stat. 2104).

"(14) Section 721 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109–364; 120 Stat. 2294) [10 U.S.C. 1074 note].

"[(15) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(F), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(16) Section 1517(f) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109–364; 120 Stat. 2443).

"[(17) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(F), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(18) Section 1034(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110–181; 122 Stat. 309) [10 U.S.C. 272 note].

"(19) Section 1107(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110–181; 122 Stat. 358) [10 U.S.C. 2358 note].

"(20) Section 1233(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110–181; 122 Stat. 393).

"(21) Section 1234(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110–181; 122 Stat. 394).

"(22) Section 219(c) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110–417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

"(23) Section 533(i) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110–417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note).

"[(24) Repealed. Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §813(i)(1)(F), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1852.]

"(25) Section 1201(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112–81; 125 Stat. 1619).

"(26) Section 1236 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112–81; 125 Stat. 1641).

"(27) Section 103A(b)(3) [probably should be "103a(b)(3)"] of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670c–1(b)(3)).

"(28) Section 1511(h) of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 411(h)).

"(29) Section 901(f) [now 901(g)] of the Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act of 2006 (Public Law 109–469; 32 U.S.C. 112 note), as added by section 1008 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112–239).

"(30) Section 14 of the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h–5).

"(31) Section 105A(b) of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 20308(b)), as added by section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84).

"(32) Section 112(f) of title 32, United States Code.

"(33) Section 310b(i)(2) [probably should be "301b(i)(2)"] of title 37, United States Code.

"(34) Section 509(k) of title 32, United States Code.

"(35) Section 1022(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for [Fiscal Year] 2004 (Public Law 108–136; 10 U.S.C. 371 note [probably should be "10 U.S.C. 271 note"]).

"(j) [Amended section 1080(a) of Pub. L. 114–92, set out below.]

"(k) Report to Congress.—Not later than February 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report that includes each of the following:

"(1) A list of all reports that are required to be submitted to Congress as of the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 23, 2016] that will no longer be required to be submitted to Congress as of November 25, 2017.

"(2) For each such report, a citation to the provision of law under which the report is or was required to be submitted."

[Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(u)–(w), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1566, 1567, provided that the amendments made by section 1051(u)–(w) to section 1061 of Pub. L. 114–328, set out above, are effective as of Dec. 23, 2016, and as if included in section 1061 as enacted.]

Reduction in Amounts Available for Department of Defense Headquarters, Administrative, and Support Activities

Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title III, §346(a), (b), (d), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 796, as amended by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title IX, §§922, 923, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1525; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §901(b), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1542, provided that:

"(a) Plan for Achievement of Cost Savings.—

"(1) In general.—Commencing not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 25, 2015], the Secretary of Defense shall implement a plan to ensure that the Department of Defense achieves not less than $10,000,000,000 in cost savings from the headquarters, administrative, and support activities of the Department during the period beginning with fiscal year 2015 and ending with fiscal year 2019. The Secretary shall ensure that at least one half of the required cost savings are programmed for fiscal years before fiscal year 2018.

"(2) Treatment of savings pursuant to headquarters reduction.—Documented savings achieved pursuant to the headquarters reduction requirement in subsection (b), other than savings achieved in fiscal year 2020, shall count toward the cost savings required by paragraph (1).

"(3) Treatment of savings pursuant to management activities.—Documented savings in the human resources management, health care management, financial flow management, information technology infrastructure and management, supply chain and logistics, acquisition and procurement, and real property management activities of the Department during the period referred to in paragraph (1) may be counted toward the cost savings required by paragraph (1).

"(4) Treatment of savings pursuant to force structure revisions.—Savings or reductions to military force structure or military operating units of the Armed Forces may not count toward the cost savings required by paragraph (1).

"(5) Reports.—The Secretary shall include with the budget for the Department of Defense for each of fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 2019, as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, a report describing and assessing the progress of the Department in implementing the plan required by paragraph (1) and in achieving the cost savings required by that paragraph.

"(6) Comptroller general assessments.—Not later than 90 days after the submittal of each report required by paragraph (5), the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report setting forth the assessment of the Comptroller General of the report and of the extent to which the Department of Defense is in compliance with the requirements of this section.

"(b) Headquarters Reductions.—

"(1) In general.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 25, 2015], the Secretary of Defense shall modify the headquarters reduction plan required by section 904 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113–66; 127 Stat. 816; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) to ensure that it achieves savings in the total funding available for major Department of Defense headquarters activities by fiscal year 2020 that are not less than 25 percent of the baseline amount. The modified plan shall establish a specific savings objective for each major headquarters activity in each fiscal year through fiscal year 2020. The budget for the Department of Defense for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2016 shall reflect the savings required by the modified plan.

"(2) Baseline amount.—For the purposes of this subsection, the baseline amount is the amount authorized to be appropriated by this Act [see Tables for classification] for fiscal year 2016 for major Department of Defense headquarters activities, adjusted by a credit for reductions in such headquarters activities that are documented, as of the date that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, as having been accomplished in earlier fiscal years in accordance with the December 2013 directive of the Secretary of Defense on headquarters reductions. The modified plan issued pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include an overall baseline amount for all of the major Department of Defense headquarters activities that credits reductions accomplished in earlier fiscal years in accordance with the December 2013 directive, and a specific baseline amount for each such headquarters activity that credits such reductions.

"(3) Major department of defense headquarters activities defined.—In this subsection, the term 'major Department of Defense headquarters activities' means the following:

"(A) Each of the following organizations:

"(i) The Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Staff.

"(ii) The Office of the Secretary of the Army and the Army Staff.

"(iii) The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and Headquarters, Marine Corps.

"(iv) The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff.

"(v) The Office of the Chief, National Guard Bureau, and the National Guard Joint Staff.

"(B)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), headquarters elements of each of the following:

"(I) The combatant commands, the sub-unified commands, and subordinate commands that directly report to such commands.

"(II) The major commands of the military departments and the subordinate commands that directly report to such commands.

"(III) The component commands of the military departments.

"(IV) The Defense Agencies, the Department of Defense field activities, and the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense.

"(V) Department of Defense components that report directly to the organizations specified in subparagraph (A).

"(ii) Subordinate commands and direct-reporting components otherwise described in clause (i) that do not have significant functions other than operational, operational intelligence, or tactical functions, or training for operational, operational intelligence, or tactical functions, are not headquarters elements for purposes of this subsection.

"(4) Implementation.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 25, 2015], the Secretary shall revise applicable guidance on the Department of Defense major headquarters activities as needed to—

"(A) incorporate into such guidance the definition of the term 'major Department of Defense headquarters activities' as provided in paragraph (3);

"(B) ensure that the term 'headquarters element', as used in paragraph (3)(B), is consistently applied within such guidance to include—

"(i) senior leadership and staff functions of applicable commands and components; and

"(ii) direct support to senior leadership and staff functions of applicable commands and components and to higher headquarters;

"(C) ensure that the budget and accounting systems of the Department of Defense are modified to track funding for the major Department of Defense headquarters activities as separate funding lines; and

"(D) identify and address any deviation from the specific savings objective established for a headquarters activity in the modified plan issued by the Secretary pursuant to the requirement in paragraph (1).

"(5) Manner of carrying out reductions.—

"(A) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall implement the headquarters reduction plan referred to in paragraph (1), as modified pursuant to that paragraph, so that reductions in major Department of Defense headquarters activities pursuant to the plan are carried out only after consideration of—

"(i) the current manpower levels of major Department of Defense headquarters activities;

"(ii) the historic manpower levels of major Department of Defense headquarters activities;

"(iii) the mission requirements of major Department of Defense headquarters activities; and

"(iv) the anticipated staffing needs of major Department of Defense headquarters activities necessary to meet national defense objectives.

"(B) Conforming modification of plan for achievement of cost savings.—The Secretary of Defense shall modify the plan for achievement of cost savings required by subsection (a) to take into account the requirement specified in subparagraph (A).

"(6) Certifications on cost savings achieved.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this paragraph [Dec. 12, 2017], and not later than 60 days after the end of each of fiscal years 2018 through 2020, the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall certify to the Secretary of Defense, and to the congressional defense committees, the following:

"(A) The validity of the cost savings achieved for each major Department of Defense headquarters activity during the previous fiscal year, including the cost of personnel detailed by another Department entity to the headquarters activity.

"(B) Whether the cost savings achieved for each major Department of Defense headquarters activity during that fiscal year met the savings objective for the headquarters activity for that fiscal year, as established pursuant to paragraph (1).

"(d) Sunset.—No action is required under this section with respect to any fiscal year after fiscal year 2019."

Termination of Requirement for Submittal to Congress of Reports Required of Department of Defense by Statute

Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1080, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1000, as amended by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title X, §1061(j), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2405, provided that:

"(a) Termination.—Effective November 25, 2017, each report described in subsection (b) that is still required to be submitted to Congress as of such date shall no longer be required to be submitted to Congress.

"(b) Covered Reports.—A report described in this subsection is a report that is required to be submitted to Congress by the Department of Defense, or by any officer, official, component, or element of the Department, by any annual national defense authorization Act as of April 1, 2015.

"(c) Report to Congress.—Not later than February 1, 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report that includes each of the following:

"(1) A list of all reports described in subsection (b).

"(2) For each such report, a citation to the provision of law under which the report is required to be submitted.

"(3) Draft legislation that would repeal each such report."

Streamlining of Department of Defense Management Headquarters

Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title IX, §904, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 816, as amended by Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title IX, §905(e), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3472, provided that:

"(a) Plan Required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 26, 2013], the Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan for streamlining Department of Defense management headquarters by changing or reducing the size of staffs, eliminating tiers of management, cutting functions that provide little or no added value, and consolidating overlapping and duplicative programs and offices.

"(b) Elements of Plan.—The plan required by subsection (a) shall include the following for each covered organization:

"(1) A description of the planned changes or reductions in staffing and services provided by military personnel, civilian personnel, and contractor personnel.

"(2) A description of the planned changes or reductions in management, functions, and programs and offices.

"(3) The estimated cumulative savings to be achieved over a 10-fiscal-year period beginning with fiscal year 2015, and estimated savings to be achieved for each of fiscal years 2015 through 2024.

"(c) Covered Organization.—In this section, the term 'covered organization' includes each of the following:

"(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.

"(2) The Joint Staff.

"(3) The Defense Agencies.

"(4) The Department of Defense field activities.

"(5) The headquarters of the combatant commands.

"(6) Headquarters, Department of the Army, including the Office of the Secretary of the Army, the Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army, and the Army Staff.

"(7) The major command headquarters of the Army.

"(8) The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and Headquarters, United States Marine Corps.

"(9) The major command headquarters of the Navy and the Marine Corps.

"(10) Headquarters, Department of the Air Force, including the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Office of the Air Force Chief of Staff, and the Air Staff.

"(11) The major command headquarters of the Air Force.

"(12) The National Guard Bureau.

"(d) Reports.—

"(1) Initial report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] the plan required by subsection (a).

"(2) Status report.—The Secretary shall include with the Department of Defense materials submitted to Congress with the budget of the President for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2024 (as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code) a report describing the implementation of the plan required by subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal year and any modifications to the plan required due to changing circumstances. Each such report shall include the following:

"(A) A summary of savings achieved for each covered organization in the fiscal year covered by such report.

"(B) A description of the savings through changes, consolidations, or reductions in staffing and services provided by military personnel, civilian personnel, and contractor personnel in the fiscal year covered by such report.

"(C) A description of the savings through changes, consolidations, or reductions in management, functions, and programs and offices, or other associated cost drivers, including a discussion of how the changes, consolidations, or reductions were prioritized, in the fiscal year covered by such report.

"(D) In any case in which savings under the plan fall short of the objective of the plan for the fiscal year covered by such report, an explanation of the reasons for the shortfall.

"(E) A description of any modifications to the plan made during the fiscal year covered by such report, and an explanation of the reasons for such modifications, including the risks of, and capabilities gained or lost by implementing, such modifications.

"(F) A description of how the plan supports or affects current Department of Defense strategic guidance, policy, and mission requirements, including the quadrennial defense review, the Unified Command Plan, and the strategic choices and management review.

"(G) A description of the associated costs specifically addressed by the savings."

[For termination, effective Dec. 31, 2021, of annual reporting provisions in section 904(d)(2) of Pub. L. 113–66, set out above, see section 1061 of Pub. L. 114–328, set out as a note above.]

Military Activities in Cyberspace

Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title IX, §954, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1551, provided that: "Congress affirms that the Department of Defense has the capability, and upon direction by the President may conduct offensive operations in cyberspace to defend our Nation, Allies and interests, subject to—

"(1) the policy principles and legal regimes that the Department follows for kinetic capabilities, including the law of armed conflict; and

"(2) the War Powers Resolution (50 U.S.C. 1541 et seq.)."

Interagency Policy Coordination

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title IX, §952, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 291, provided that:

"(a) Plan Required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 28, 2008], the Secretary of Defense shall develop and submit to Congress a plan to improve and reform the Department of Defense's participation in and contribution to the interagency coordination process on national security issues.

"(b) Elements.—The elements of the plan shall include the following:

"(1) Assigning either the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy or another official to be the lead policy official for improving and reforming the interagency coordination process on national security issues for the Department of Defense, with an explanation of any decision to name an official other than the Under Secretary and the relative advantages and disadvantages of such decision.

"(2) Giving the official assigned under paragraph (1) the following responsibilities:

"(A) To be the lead person at the Department of Defense for the development of policy affecting the national security interagency process.

"(B) To serve, or designate a person to serve, as the representative of the Department of Defense in Federal Government forums established to address interagency policy, planning, or reforms.

"(C) To advocate, on behalf of the Secretary, for greater interagency coordination and contributions in the execution of the National Security Strategy and particularly specific operational objectives undertaken pursuant to that strategy.

"(D) To make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense on changes to existing Department of Defense regulations or laws to improve the interagency process.

"(E) To serve as the coordinator for all planning and training assistance that is—

"(i) designed to improve the interagency process or the capabilities of other agencies to work with the Department of Defense; and

"(ii) provided by the Department of Defense at the request of other agencies.

"(F) To serve as the lead official in Department of Defense for the development of deployable joint interagency task forces.

"(c) Factors To Be Considered.—In drafting the plan, the Secretary of Defense shall also consider the following factors:

"(1) How the official assigned under subsection (b)(1) shall provide input to the Secretary of Defense on an ongoing basis on how to incorporate the need to coordinate with other agencies into the establishment and reform of combatant commands.

"(2) How such official shall develop and make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense on a regular or an ongoing basis on changes to military and civilian personnel to improve interagency coordination.

"(3) How such official shall work with the combatant command that has the mission for joint warfighting experimentation and other interested agencies to develop exercises to test and validate interagency planning and capabilities.

"(4) How such official shall lead, coordinate, or participate in after-action reviews of operations, tests, and exercises to capture lessons learned regarding the functioning of the interagency process and how those lessons learned will be disseminated.

"(5) The role of such official in ensuring that future defense planning guidance takes into account the capabilities and needs of other agencies.

"(d) Recommendation on Changes in Law.—The Secretary of Defense may submit with the plan or with any future budget submissions recommendations for any changes to law that are required to enhance the ability of the official assigned under subsection (b)(1) in the Department of Defense to coordinate defense interagency efforts or to improve the ability of the Department of Defense to work with other agencies.

"(e) Annual Report.—If an official is named by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (b)(1), the official shall annually submit to Congress a report, beginning in the fiscal year following the naming of the official, on those actions taken by the Department of Defense to enhance national security interagency coordination, the views of the Department of Defense on efforts and challenges in improving the ability of agencies to work together, and suggestions on changes needed to laws or regulations that would enhance the coordination of efforts of agencies.

"(f) Definition.—In this section, the term 'interagency coordination', within the context of Department of Defense involvement, means the coordination that occurs between elements of the Department of Defense and engaged Federal Government agencies for the purpose of achieving an objective.

"(g) Construction.—Nothing in this provision shall be construed as preventing the Secretary of Defense from naming an official with the responsibilities listed in subsection (b) before the submission of the report required under this section."

Commission on Review of Overseas Military Facility Structure of the United States

Pub. L. 108–132, §128, Nov. 22, 2003, 117 Stat. 1382, as amended by Pub. L. 108–271, §8(b), July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 108–324, div. A, §127, Oct. 13, 2004, 118 Stat. 1229, established the Commission on the Review of the Overseas Military Facility Structure of the United States to conduct a thorough study of matters relating to the military facility structure of the United States overseas, directed the Commission to submit a report to the President and Congress not later than Aug. 15, 2005, and provided that the Commission would terminate 45 days after such date.

Commission To Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization

Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title XVI, subtitle C, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 813, as amended by Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title X, §1091], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-300, established Commission To Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization for purpose of assessing (1) manner in which military space assets may be exploited to provide support for United States military operations, (2) current interagency coordination process regarding operation of national security space assets, (3) relationship between intelligence and nonintelligence aspects of national security space, and potential costs and benefits of partial or complete merger of programs, projects, (4) manner in which military space issues are addressed by professional military education institutions, (5) potential costs and benefits of establishing changes to existing organizational structure of Department of Defense for national security space management and organization, and (6) advisability of certain actions relating to assignment of specified officers in United States Space Command; and further provided for report to Congress and Secretary of Defense on its findings and conclusions not later than six months after first meeting, submission to Congress by Secretary of Defense of assessment of Commission's report not later than 90 days after submission of Commission's report, and for termination of Commission 60 days after submission of its report to Congress.

Commission on National Military Museum

Pub. L. 106–65, div. B, title XXIX, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 881, as amended by Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(g)(9), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1228, established the Commission on the National Military Museum to conduct a study regarding construction of a national military museum in the National Capital Area, directed that appointments to the Commission be made not later than 90 days after Oct. 5, 1999, directed the Commission to convene its first meeting not later than 60 days after all appointments, directed the Commission to submit a report to Congress not later than 12 months after its first meeting, and provided for the termination of the Commission 60 days after submission of its report.

Prohibition on Restriction of Armed Forces Under Kyoto Protocol to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title XII, §1232, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2155, provided that:

"(a) In General.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no provision of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, or any regulation issued pursuant to such protocol, shall restrict the training or operations of the United States Armed Forces or limit the military equipment procured by the United States Armed Forces.

"(b) Waiver.—A provision of law may not be construed as modifying or superseding the provisions of subsection (a) unless that provision of law—

"(1) specifically refers to this section; and

"(2) specifically states that such provision of law modifies or supersedes the provisions of this section.

"(c) Matters Not Affected.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the Department of Defense from implementing any measure to achieve efficiencies or for any other reason independent of the Kyoto Protocol."

Applicability of Certain Pay Authorities to Members of Specified Independent Study Organizations

Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1081, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1916, provided that:

"(a) Applicability of Certain Pay Authorities.—(1) An individual who is a member of a commission or panel specified in subsection (b) and is an annuitant otherwise covered by section 8344 or 8468 of title 5, United States Code, by reason of membership on the commission or panel is not subject to the provisions of that section with respect to such membership.

"(2) An individual who is a member of a commission or panel specified in subsection (b) and is a member or former member of a uniformed service is not subject to the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of section 5532 of such title with respect to membership on the commission or panel.

"(b) Specified Entities.—Subsection (a) applies—

"(1) effective as of September 23, 1996, to members of the National Defense Panel established by section 924 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104–201; 110 Stat. 2626) [formerly set out below]; and

"(2) effective as of October 9, 1996, to members of the Commission on Servicemembers and Veterans Transition Assistance established by section 701 of the Veterans' Benefits Improvements Act of 1996 (Public Law 104–275; 110 Stat. 3346; 38 U.S.C. 545 note)."

Mission of White House Communications Agency

Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IX, §912, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2623, as amended by Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title IX, §906, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3402, provided that:

"(a) Telecommunications Support and Audiovisual Support Services.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the activities of the White House Communications Agency in providing support services on a nonreimbursable basis for the President from funds appropriated for the Department of Defense for any fiscal year are limited to the provision of telecommunications support and audiovisual support services to the President and Vice President and to related elements (as defined in regulations of that agency and specified by the President with respect to particular individuals within those related elements).

"(b) Other Support.—Support services other than telecommunications and audiovisual support services described in subsection (a) may be provided by the Department of Defense for the President through the White House Communications Agency on a reimbursable basis.

"(c) White House Communications Agency.—For purposes of this section, the term 'White House Communications Agency' means the element of the Department of Defense within the Defense Communications Agency that is known on the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1996] as the White House Communications Agency and includes any successor agency."

Military Force Structure Review

Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IX, subtitle B, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2623, directed Secretary of Defense, in consultation with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to complete in 1997 a review of defense program of United States, which was to include comprehensive examination of defense strategy, force structure, force modernization plans, infrastructure, budget plan, and other elements of defense program and policies with view toward determining and expressing defense strategy of United States and establishing revised defense program through year 2005, further established National Defense Panel to complete review and report to Secretary not later than Dec. 1, 1997, further directed Secretary to submit final report to Congress not later than Dec. 15, 1997, and provided for termination of Panel 30 days after submission of report to Secretary.

Commission on Roles and Missions of Armed Forces

Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title IX, subtitle E, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1738, as amended by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §923(a)(1), (2), (b)–(d), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2830, 2831, established the Commission on Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces to review the efficacy and appropriateness of post-Cold War era allocations of roles, missions, and functions among the Armed Forces and to evaluate and report on alternatives and make recommendations for changes, directed that appointments to the Commission be made within 45 days after Nov. 30, 1993, and that the Commission convene its first meeting within 30 days of all appointments, and thereafter submit a report not later than one year after the date of its first meeting, directed the Secretary of Defense to submit comments on the report not later than 90 days following receipt, and provided for the termination of the Commission on the last day of the sixteenth month after its first meeting or no earlier than 30 days after submission of comments by the Secretary of Defense.

Termination of Department of Defense Reporting Requirements Determined by Secretary of Defense To Be Unnecessary or Incompatible With Efficient Management of Department of Defense

Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XI, §1151, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1758, provided that:

"(a) Termination of Report Requirements.—Unless otherwise provided by a law enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 30, 1993], each provision of law requiring the submittal to Congress (or any committee of Congress) of any report specified in the list submitted under subsection (b) shall, with respect to that requirement, cease to be effective on October 30, 1995.

"(b) Preparation of List.—(1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a list of each provision of law that, as of the date specified in subsection (c), imposes upon the Secretary of Defense (or any other officer of the Department of Defense) a reporting requirement described in paragraph (2). The list of provisions of law shall include a statement or description of the report required under each such provision of law.

"(2) Paragraph (1) applies to a requirement imposed by law to submit to Congress (or specified committees of Congress) a report on a recurring basis, or upon the occurrence of specified events, if the Secretary determines that the continued requirement to submit that report is unnecessary or incompatible with the efficient management of the Department of Defense.

"(3) The Secretary shall submit with the list an explanation, for each report specified in the list, of the reasons why the Secretary considers the continued requirement to submit the report to be unnecessary or incompatible with the efficient management of the Department of Defense.

"(c) Submission of List.—The list under subsection (a) shall be submitted not later than April 30, 1994.

"(d) Scope of Section.—For purposes of this section, the term 'report' includes a certification, notification, or other characterization of a communication.

"(e) Interpretation of Section.—This section does not require the Secretary of Defense to review each report required of the Department of Defense by law."

Report Provisions Previously Terminated by Goldwater-Nichols Act

Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1321, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1670, provided that section 1322 of Pub. L. 101–510, with respect to Goldwater-Nichols terminations, repeals certain provisions of law containing terminated report requirements and section 1323 of Pub. L. 101–510, with respect to such terminations, restores effectiveness of selected other provisions of law containing such requirements and described Goldwater-Nichols terminations for purposes of such repeals or restorations.

Restoration of Certain Reporting Requirements of Title 10 Terminated by Goldwater-Nichols Act

Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1323, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1672, restored effectiveness of following report and notification provisions previously terminated by section 602(c) of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, formerly set out below: (1) the quarterly report required by section 127(c) of this title relating to emergency and extraordinary expenses, (2) the notifications required by section 2672a(b) of this title relating to urgent acquisitions of interests in land, (3) the notifications required by section 7308(c) of this title relating to the transfer or gift of obsolete, condemned, or captured vessels, and (4) the notifications required by section 7309(b) of this title relating to construction or repair of vessels in foreign shipyards.

Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986; Congressional Declaration of Policy

Pub. L. 99–433, §3, Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 993, provided that: "In enacting this Act [see Short Title of 1986 Amendment note above], it is the intent of Congress, consistent with the congressional declaration of policy in section 2 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401) [now 50 U.S.C. 3002]—

"(1) to reorganize the Department of Defense and strengthen civilian authority in the Department;

"(2) to improve the military advice provided to the President, the National Security Council, and the Secretary of Defense;

"(3) to place clear responsibility on the commanders of the unified and specified combatant commands for the accomplishment of missions assigned to those commands;

"(4) to ensure that the authority of the commanders of the unified and specified combatant commands is fully commensurate with the responsibility of those commanders for the accomplishment of missions assigned to their commands;

"(5) to increase attention to the formulation of strategy and to contingency planning;

"(6) to provide for more efficient use of defense resources;

"(7) to improve joint officer management policies; and

"(8) otherwise to enhance the effectiveness of military operations and improve the management and administration of the Department of Defense."

Reduction of Reporting Requirements

Pub. L. 99–433, title VI, §602, Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1066, as amended by Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XIII, §1314(a)(4), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1175; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title II, §243, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1402; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1324, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1673; Pub. L. 102–83, §5(c)(2), Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 406, directed Secretary of Defense to compile a list of all provisions of law in effect on or after Oct. 1, 1986, and before Feb. 1, 1987, which require President or any official or employee of Department of Defense to submit a report, notification, or study to Congress or any committee of Congress and to submit this list not later than six months after Oct. 1, 1986, with any recommendation or draft of legislation to implement any changes in law recommended by the Secretary.

Legislation To Make Required Conforming Changes in Law

Pub. L. 99–433, title VI, §604, Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1075a, directed Secretary of Defense, not later than six months after Oct. 1, 1986, to submit to Committees on Armed Services of Senate and House of Representatives a draft of legislation to make any technical and conforming changes to title 10, United States Code, and other provisions of law that are required or should be made by reason of the amendments made by Pub. L. 99–433.

Readiness Status of Military Forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; Assessment, Findings, and Report to Congressional Committees

Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, §808, Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 814, which directed Secretary of Defense to report annually to Congress on readiness of military forces of NATO, was repealed and restated as section 133a (renumbered §117 and repealed) of this title by Pub. L. 97–295, §§1(2)(A), 6(b), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1287, 1314.

Defense Manpower Commission

Pub. L. 93–155, title VII, §§701–708, Nov. 16, 1973, 87 Stat. 609–611, established the Commission; provided for its composition, duties, powers, compensation, staff, appropriations, and use of General Services Administration; and directed that interim reports to President and Congress be submitted and that Commission terminate 60 days after its final report which was to be submitted not more than 24 months after appointment of Commission.

Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard of United States; Study and Investigation of Relative Status; Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternatives; Modernization and Manpower Needs; Report to President and Congress

Pub. L. 93–155, title VIII, §810, Nov. 16, 1973, 87 Stat. 618, directed the Secretary of Defense to study the relative status of the Air Force Reserve and the Air National Guard of the United States; to measure the effects on costs and combat capability as well as other advantages and disadvantages of (1) merging the Reserve into the Guard, (2) merging the Guard into the Reserve, and (3) retaining the status quo; and to consider the modernization needs and manpower problems of both; and also directed that a report of such study be submitted to the President and to the Congress no later than Jan. 31, 1975.

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 6 OF 1953

Eff. June 30, 1953, 18 F.R. 3743, 67 Stat. 638, as amended Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–559, §10(b), 72 Stat. 521; S