[USC02] 10 USC Ch. 1011: NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
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10 USC Ch. 1011: NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle E—Reserve ComponentsPART I—ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION

CHAPTER 1011—NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU

Sec.
10501.
National Guard Bureau.
10502.
Chief of the National Guard Bureau: appointment; adviser on National Guard matters; grade; succession.
10503.
Functions of National Guard Bureau: charter.
10504.
Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports.
10505.
Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
10506.
Other senior National Guard Bureau officers.
10507.
National Guard Bureau: assignment of officers of regular or reserve components.
10508.
National Guard Bureau: general provisions.

        

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title III, §333(b)(2), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1356, added item 10504 and struck out former item 10504 "Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual report".

2011Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, §511(d)(2), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1393, substituted "Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau" for "Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau" in item 10505.

2008Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XVIII, §§1812(b)(2), 1813(c)(2), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 497, 498, substituted "Functions of National Guard Bureau: charter" for "Functions of National Guard Bureau: charter from Secretaries of the Army and Air Force" in item 10503 and added item 10508.

2004Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, §§507(b)(2), 508(c)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1876, 1877, inserted "; succession" after "grade" in item 10502 and substituted "Director of the Joint Staff" for "Vice Chief" in item 10505.

1996Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(b)(5), (7)(B), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 496, inserted "Sec." at top of column of section numbers and struck out item 10508 "Definition".

1994Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1661(c)(1)(B), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2982, added item 10507.

§10501. National Guard Bureau

(a) National Guard Bureau.—There is in the Department of Defense the National Guard Bureau, which is a joint activity of the Department of Defense.

(b) Purposes.—The National Guard Bureau is the channel of communications on all matters pertaining to the National Guard, the Army National Guard of the United States, and the Air National Guard of the United States between (1) the Department of the Army and Department of the Air Force, and (2) the several States.

(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2824; amended Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 497.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in section 3040(a) of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, §904(b)(1).

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–181 substituted "joint activity of the Department of Defense" for "joint bureau of the Department of the Army and the Department of the Air Force".

Effective Date

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(d), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2827, as amended by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1504(a)(6), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 513, provided that: "The provisions of chapter 1011 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall become effective, and the repeal made by subsection (b) [repealing section 3040 of this title] and the amendment made by subsection (c) [amending section 108 of Title 32, National Guard] shall take effect, at the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 5, 1994]."

§10502. Chief of the National Guard Bureau: appointment; adviser on National Guard matters; grade; succession

(a) Appointment.—There is a Chief of the National Guard Bureau, who is responsible for the organization and operations of the National Guard Bureau. The Chief of the National Guard Bureau is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Such appointment shall be made from officers of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States who—

(1) are recommended for such appointment by their respective Governors or, in the case of the District of Columbia, the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard;

(2) are recommended for such appointment by the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force;

(3) have had at least 10 years of federally recognized commissioned service in an active status in the National Guard;

(4) are in a grade above the grade of brigadier general;

(5) are determined by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in accordance with criteria and as a result of a process established by the Chairman, to have significant joint duty experience;

(6) are determined by the Secretary of Defense to have successfully completed such other assignments and experiences so as to possess a detailed understanding of the status and capabilities of National Guard forces and the missions of the National Guard Bureau as set forth in section 10503 of this title;

(7) have a level of operational experience in a position of significant responsibility, professional military education, and demonstrated expertise in national defense and homeland defense matters that are commensurate with the advisory role of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau; and

(8) possess such other qualifications as the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe for purposes of this section.


(b) Term of Office.—(1) An officer appointed as Chief of the National Guard Bureau serves at the pleasure of the President for a term of four years. An officer may be reappointed as Chief of the National Guard Bureau.

(2) Except as provided in section 14508(d) of this title, while holding the office of Chief of the National Guard Bureau, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau may not be removed from the reserve active-status list, or from an active status, under any provision of law that otherwise would require such removal due to completion of a specified number of years of service or a specified number of years of service in grade.

(c) Advisor on National Guard Matters.—The Chief of the National Guard Bureau is—

(1) a principal advisor to the Secretary of Defense, through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, on matters involving non-federalized National Guard forces and on other matters as determined by the Secretary of Defense; and

(2) the principal adviser to the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the Army, and to the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, on matters relating to the National Guard, the Army National Guard of the United States, and the Air National Guard of the United States.


(d) Member of Joint Chiefs of Staff.—As a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau has the specific responsibility of addressing matters involving non-Federalized National Guard forces in support of homeland defense and civil support missions.

(e) Grade and Exclusion From General and Flag Officer Authorized Strength.—(1) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall be appointed to serve in the grade of general.

(2) The Secretary of Defense shall designate, pursuant to subsection (b) of section 526 of this title, the position of Chief of the National Guard Bureau as one of the general officer and flag officer positions to be excluded from the limitations in subsection (a) of such section.

(f) Succession.—(1) When there is a vacancy in the office of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau or in the absence or disability of the Chief, the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau acts as Chief and performs the duties of the Chief until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases.

(2) When there is a vacancy in the offices of both the Chief and the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau or in the absence or disability of both the Chief and the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau, or when there is a vacancy in one such office and in the absence or disability of the officer holding the other, the senior officer of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States on duty with the National Guard Bureau shall perform the duties of the Chief until a successor to the Chief or Vice Chief is appointed or the absence or disability of the Chief or Vice Chief ceases, as the case may be.

(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2824; amended Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, §507(a), (b)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1876; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XVIII, §§1811, 1825(c)(2), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 496, 502; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, §§511(a)(1),(2), 512(b), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1391, 1393.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in section 3040(a)–(c) of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, §904(b)(1).

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–81, §512(b)(2) added subsec (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Pub. L. 112–81, §511(a)(1), amended subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall be appointed to serve in the grade of general."

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 112–81, §512(b)(1), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Pub. L. 112–81, §511(a)(2), amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text related to succession for office of Chief of the National Guard Bureau.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 112–81, §512(b)(1), redesignated subsec. (e) as (f).

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–181, §1811(a), added pars. (1) to (8) and struck out former pars. (1) to (3) which read as follows:

"(1) are recommended for such appointment by their respective Governors or, in the case of the District of Columbia, the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard;

"(2) have had at least 10 years of federally recognized commissioned service in an active status in the National Guard; and

"(3) are in a grade above the grade of brigadier general."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–181, §1825(c)(2), inserted par. (1) designation before "An officer appointed" and substituted "(2) Except as provided in section 14508(d) of this title, while holding the office of Chief of the National Guard Bureau" for "While holding that office".

Pub. L. 110–181, §1811(c), struck out "An officer may not hold that office after becoming 64 years of age." after "four years."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–181, §1811(d), amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Chief of the National Guard Bureau is the principal adviser to the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the Army, and to the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, on matters relating to the National Guard, the Army National Guard of the United States, and the Air National Guard of the United States."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–181, §1811(b), substituted "general" for "lieutenant general".

2004Pub. L. 108–375, §507(b)(1), inserted "; succession" after "grade" in section catchline.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–375, §507(a), added subsec. (e).

Effective Date

Section effective at end of 90-day period beginning on Oct. 5, 1994, see section 904(d) of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as a note under section 10501 of this title.

§10503. Functions of National Guard Bureau: charter

The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Secretary of the Army, and the Secretary of the Air Force, shall develop and prescribe a charter for the National Guard Bureau. The charter shall reflect the full scope of the duties and activities of the Bureau, including the following matters:

(1) Allocating unit structure, strength authorizations, and other resources to the Army National Guard of the United States and the Air National Guard of the United States.

(2) The role of the National Guard Bureau in support of the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force.

(3) Prescribing the training discipline and training requirements for the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard and the allocation of Federal funds for the training of the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard.

(4) Ensuring that units and members of the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard are trained by the States in accordance with approved programs and policies of, and guidance from, the Chief, the Secretary of the Army, and the Secretary of the Air Force.

(5) Monitoring and assisting the States in the organization, maintenance, and operation of National Guard units so as to provide well-trained and well-equipped units capable of augmenting the active forces in time of war or national emergency.

(6) Planning and administering the budget for the Army National Guard of the United States and the Air National Guard of the United States.

(7) Supervising the acquisition and supply of, and accountability of the States for, Federal property issued to the National Guard through the property and fiscal officers designated, detailed, or appointed under section 708 of title 32.

(8) Granting and withdrawing, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, Federal recognition of (A) National Guard units, and (B) officers of the National Guard.

(9) Establishing policies and programs for the employment and use of National Guard technicians under section 709 of title 32.

(10) Supervising and administering the Active Guard and Reserve program as it pertains to the National Guard.

(11) Issuing directives, regulations, and publications consistent with approved policies of the Army and Air Force, as appropriate.

(12) Facilitating and supporting the training of members and units of the National Guard to meet State requirements.

(13)(A) Assisting the Secretary of Defense in facilitating and coordinating with the entities listed in subparagraph (B) the use of National Guard personnel and resources for operations conducted under title 32, or in support of State missions.

(B) The entities listed in this subparagraph for purposes of subparagraph (A) are the following:

(i) Other Federal agencies.

(ii) The Adjutants General of the States.

(iii) The combatant command the geographic area of responsibility of which includes the United States.


(14) Such other functions as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe.

(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2825; amended Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XVIII, §1813(a)–(c)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 497, 498; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1081(3), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1960.)

Amendments

2013—Par. (13)(B)(iii), (iv). Pub. L. 112–239 redesignated cl. (iv) as (iii) and struck out former cl. (iii) which read as follows: "The United States Joint Forces Command."

2008Pub. L. 110–181, §1813(c)(1), substituted "charter" for "charter from Secretaries of the Army and Air Force" in section catchline.

Pub. L. 110–181, §1813(b)(1), in introductory provisions, substituted "The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Secretary of the Army, and the Secretary of the Air Force, shall develop" for "The Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force shall jointly develop" and "reflect the full scope of the duties and activities of the Bureau, including" for "cover".

Pars. (2) to (14). Pub. L. 110–181, §1813(a), (b)(2), added pars. (2) and (13), redesignated former pars. (2) to (11) as (3) to (12), respectively, and former par. (12) as (14), and substituted "the Secretary of Defense" for "the Secretaries" in par. (14).

Effective Date

Section effective at end of 90-day period beginning on Oct. 5, 1994, see section 904(d) of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as a note under section 10501 of this title.

Annual Preparation of Future Years Defense Plan

Pub. L. 104–196, §123, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2392, provided that: "The National Guard Bureau shall annually prepare a future years defense plan based on the requirement and priorities of the National Guard: Provided, That this plan shall be presented to the committees of Congress concurrent with the President's budget submission for each fiscal year."

§10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports

(a) Annual Report on State of the National Guard.—(1) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall submit to the Secretary of Defense, through the Secretaries of the Army and the Air Force, an annual report on the state of the National Guard and the ability of the National Guard to meet its missions.

(2) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be prepared in conjunction with the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force and may be submitted in classified and unclassified versions.

(b) Submission of Report to Congress.—The Secretary of Defense shall transmit the annual report of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau to Congress, together with such comments on the report as the Secretary considers appropriate. The report shall be transmitted at the same time each year that the annual report of the Secretary under section 113(c) of this title is submitted to Congress.

(c) Annual Report on Non-federalized Service National Guard Personnel, Training, and Equipment Requirements.—(1) Not later than January 31 of each of calendar years 2018 through 2020, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, in coordination with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the recipients described in paragraph (3) a report that identifies the personnel, training, and equipment required by the non-Federalized National Guard—

(A) to support civilian authorities in connection with natural and man-made disasters during the covered period; and

(B) to carry out prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery activities relating to such disasters during the covered period.


(2) In preparing each report under paragraph (1), the Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall—

(A) consult with the chief executive of each State, the Council of Governors, and other appropriate civilian authorities;

(B) collect and validate information from each State relating to the personnel, training, and equipment requirements described in paragraph (1);

(C) set forth separately the personnel, training, and equipment requirements for—

(i) each of the emergency support functions of the National Response Framework; and

(ii) each of the Federal Emergency Management Agency regions;


(D) assess core civilian capability gaps relating to natural and man-made disasters, as identified by States in submissions to the Department of Homeland Security;

(E) take into account threat and hazard identifications and risk assessments of the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, and the States; and

(F) assess the budgets of each State to support the personnel, training, and equipment requirements of the non-Federalized National Guard.


(3) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted to the following officials:

(A) The congressional defense committees, the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.

(B) The Secretary of Defense.

(C) The Secretary of Homeland Security.

(D) The Council of Governors.

(E) The Secretary of the Army.

(F) The Secretary of the Air Force.

(G) The Commander of the United States Northern Command.

(H) The Commander of the United States Indo-Pacific Command.

(I) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.


(4) In this subsection, the term "covered period" means the fiscal year beginning after the date on which a report is submitted under paragraph (1).

(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2825; amended Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title III, §333(a), (b)(1), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1354–1356; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(30), title XII, §1251(b)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1985, 2053.)

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–232, §1081(a)(30)(A), inserted "(1)" before "The Chief".

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 115–232, §1081(a)(30)(B), redesignated subsec. (b), relating to annual report on non-Federalized service National Guard personnel, training, and equipment requirements, as (c).

Subsec. (c)(3)(H). Pub. L. 115–232, §1251(b)(1), substituted "United States Indo-Pacific Command" for "United States Pacific Command".

2017Pub. L. 115–91, §333(b)(1), amended section catchline generally. Prior to amendment, catchline read as follows: "Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual report".

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–91, §333(a)(1)(A), substituted "Report on State of the National Guard" for "Report" in heading.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §333(a)(1)(B), designated second sentence of subsec. (a) as par. (2) and substituted "The annual report required by paragraph (1)" for "The report".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–91, §333(a)(2), added subsec. (b) relating to annual report on non-Federalized service National Guard personnel, training, and equipment requirements.

Effective Date

Section effective at end of 90-day period beginning on Oct. 5, 1994, see section 904(d) of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as a note under section 10501 of this title.

§10505. Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau

(a) Appointment.—(1) There is a Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The appointment shall be made from officers of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States who—

(A) are recommended for such appointment by their respective Governors or, in the case of the District of Columbia, the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard;

(B) are recommended by the Secretary of the Army, in the case of officers of the Army National Guard of the United States, or by the Secretary of the Air Force, in the case of officers of the Air National Guard of the United States, and by the Secretary of Defense;

(C) are determined by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in accordance with criteria and as a result of a process established by the Chairman, to have significant joint duty experience; and

(D) have had at least 10 years of federally recognized commissioned service in an active status in the National Guard.


(2) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau may not both be members of the Army or of the Air Force.

(3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), an officer appointed as Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau serves for a term of four years, but may be removed from office at any time for cause.

(B) The term of the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall end upon the appointment of a Chief of the National Guard Bureau who is a member of the same armed force as the Vice Chief.

(4) The Secretary of Defense may waive the restrictions in paragraph (2) and the provisions of paragraph (3) for not more than 90 days to provide for the orderly transition of officers appointed to serve in the positions of Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau.

(b) Duties.—The Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau performs such duties as may be prescribed by the Chief of the National Guard Bureau.

(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2826; amended Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, §§507(c), 508(a)–(b)(3), (c)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1876, 1877; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, §511(b), (c)(1), (d)(1), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1392, 1393; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §§502(rr), 511, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2106, 2112.)

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (a)(1)(E). Pub. L. 114–328, §502(rr)(1), struck out subpar. (E) which read as follows: "are in a grade above the grade of brigadier general."

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 114–328, §511, substituted "paragraph (3) for not more than 90 days" for "paragraph (3)(B) for a limited period of time".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 114–328, §502(rr)(2), struck out subsec. (c). Text read as follows:

"(1) The Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall be appointed to serve in the grade of lieutenant general.

"(2) The Secretary of Defense shall designate, pursuant to subsection (b) of section 526 of this title, the position of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau as one of the general officer and flag officer positions to be excluded from the limitations in subsection (a) of such section."

2011Pub. L. 112–81, §511(d)(1), substituted "Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau" for "Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–81, §511(b)(1), substituted "Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The appointment shall be made from" for "Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau, selected by the Secretary of Defense from" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1)(B) to (E). Pub. L. 112–81, §511(b)(2), added subpars. (B) and (C), redesignated former subpars. (B) and (C) as (D) and (E), respectively, and substituted "brigadier general" for "colonel" in subpar. (E).

Subsec. (a)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 112–81, §511(c)(1)(A), substituted "Vice Chief" for "Director of the Joint Staff" wherever appearing and substituted "as the Vice Chief" for "as the Director" in par. (3)(B).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 112–81, §511(c)(1)(B), substituted "Vice Chief" for "Director of the Joint Staff".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–81, §511(b)(3), amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau shall be appointed to serve in the grade of major general."

2004Pub. L. 108–375, §508(c)(1), substituted "Director of the Joint Staff" for "Vice Chief" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–375, §508(a), substituted "Director of the Joint Staff" for "Vice Chief" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 108–375, §508(b)(3), substituted "Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau" for "Chief and Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau".

Subsec. (a)(3)(A). Pub. L. 108–375, §508(b)(1), substituted "Director of the Joint Staff" for "Vice Chief".

Subsec. (a)(3)(B). Pub. L. 108–375, §508(b)(1), (2), substituted "Director of the Joint Staff" for "Vice Chief" and "as the Director" for "as the Vice Chief".

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 108–375, §508(b)(3), substituted "Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau" for "Chief and Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau".

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 108–375, §508(b)(1), substituted "Director of the Joint Staff" for "Vice Chief".

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 108–375, §507(c), struck out subsecs. (d) and (e) which related to functions as acting Chief and succession after Chief and Vice Chief, respectively.

Change of Name

Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, §511(c)(3), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1393, provided that: "Any reference in any law, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United States to the Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau shall be deemed to be a reference to the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau."

Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, §508(d), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1877, provided that: "Any reference in any law, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United States to the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall be deemed to be a reference to the Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau."

Effective Date

Section effective at end of 90-day period beginning on Oct. 5, 1994, see section 904(d) of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as a note under section 10501 of this title.

Treatment of Current Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau

Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, §511(e), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1393, provided that: "The officer who is serving as Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 2011] shall serve, in the grade of major general, as acting Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau until the appointment of a Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau in accordance with subsection (a) of section 10505 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (b). Notwithstanding the amendment made by subsection (b)(3) [amending this section], the acting Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall not be excluded from the limitations in section 526(a) of such title."

§10506. Other senior National Guard Bureau officers

(a) Additional General Officers.—(1) In addition to the Chief and Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau, there shall be assigned to the National Guard Bureau—

(A) two officers selected by the Secretary of the Army (after consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau) from officers of the Army National Guard of the United States who have been nominated by their respective Governors or, in the case of the District of Columbia, the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard, the senior of whom shall be appointed in accordance with paragraph (3) and shall serve as Director, Army National Guard, with the other serving as Deputy Director, Army National Guard; and

(B) two officers selected by the Secretary of the Air Force (after consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau) from officers of the Air National Guard of the United States who have been nominated by their respective Governors or, in the case of the District of Columbia, the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard, the senior of whom shall be appointed in accordance with paragraph (3) and shall serve as Director, Air National Guard, with the other serving as Deputy Director, Air National Guard.


(2) The Director and Deputy Director, Army National Guard, and the Director and Deputy Director, Air National Guard, shall assist the Chief of the National Guard Bureau in carrying out the functions of the National Guard Bureau as they relate to their respective branches.

(3)(A) The President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint the Director, Army National Guard, from general officers of the Army National Guard of the United States and shall appoint the Director, Air National Guard, from general officers of the Air National Guard of the United States.

(B) The Secretary of Defense may not recommend an officer to the President for appointment as Director, Army National Guard, or as Director, Air National Guard, unless the officer—

(i) is recommended by the Secretary of the military department concerned; and

(ii) is determined by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in accordance with criteria and as a result of a process established by the Chairman, to have significant joint duty experience.


(C) An officer on active duty for service as the Director, Army National Guard, or the Director, Air National Guard, shall be counted for purposes of the grade limitations under sections 525 and 526 of this title.

(D) The Director, Army National Guard, and the Director, Air National Guard, are appointed for a period of four years, but may be removed for cause at any time. An officer serving as either Director may be reappointed for one additional four-year period.

(b) Other Officers.—There are in the National Guard Bureau a legal counsel, a comptroller, and an inspector general, each of whom shall be appointed by the Chief of the National Guard Bureau. They shall perform such duties as the Chief may prescribe.

(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2827; amended Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, §554(f), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 617; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title V, §507(e)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-105; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title V, §501(a), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2529; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, §§508(b)(4), 536(a), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1877, 1901; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, §511(c)(2), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1393; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title V, §512(a)–(c), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3358; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(ss), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2107.)

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (a)(1)(A), (B). Pub. L. 114–328, §502(ss)(2), which directed amendment of subpars. (A) and (B) by striking ", and shall hold the grade of lieutenant general while so serving," was executed by striking ", shall hold the grade of lieutenant general while so serving," after "in accordance with paragraph (3)" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 114–328, §502(ss)(1), which directed amendment of subpars. (A) and (B) by striking "general", was executed by striking "general" before "officers selected" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2014—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 113–291, §512(a)(1), inserted "(after consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau)" after "selected by the Secretary of the Army".

Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 113–291, §512(a)(2), inserted "(after consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau)" after "selected by the Secretary of the Air Force".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 113–291, §512(b), substituted "The Director and Deputy Director, Army National Guard, and the Director and Deputy Director, Air National Guard," for "The officers so selected".

Subsec. (a)(3)(D), (E). Pub. L. 113–291, §512(c), redesignated subpar. (E) as (D) and struck out former subpar. (D). Prior to amendment, subpar. (D) related to waiver of subsec. (a)(3)(B)(ii) with respect to the appointment of an officer as Director, Army National Guard, or as Director, Air National Guard.

2011—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–81 substituted "Chief and Vice Chief" for "Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the Director of the Joint Staff".

2004—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–375, §508(b)(4), substituted "Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the Director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau" for "Chief and Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Pub. L. 108–375, §536(a), substituted "December 31, 2006" for "December 31, 2004".

2002—Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Pub. L. 107–314 substituted "December 31, 2004" for "October 1, 2003".

2000—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title V, §507(e)(1)], substituted "shall be appointed in accordance with paragraph (3), shall hold the grade of lieutenant general while so serving, and shall" for "while so serving shall hold the grade of major general or, if appointed to that position in accordance with section 12505(a)(2) of this title, the grade of lieutenant general, and" in subpars. (A) and (B).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title V, §507(e)(2)], added par. (3).

1999—Subsec. (a)(1)(A), (B). Pub. L. 106–65 inserted "or, if appointed to that position in accordance with section 12505(a)(2) of this title, the grade of lieutenant general," after "major general".

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title V, §512(d), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3358, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to assignments to the National Guard Bureau under section 10506 of title 10, United States Code, that occur after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 19, 2014]."

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment; Applicability to Incumbents

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–65 effective 60 days after Oct. 5, 1999, with special provision for an officer who is a covered position incumbent who is appointed under that amendment to the grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral, see section 554(g), (h) of Pub. L. 106–65, set out as a note under section 3038 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective at end of 90-day period beginning on Oct. 5, 1994, see section 904(d) of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as a note under section 10501 of this title.

§10507. National Guard Bureau: assignment of officers of regular or reserve components

Except as provided in section 12402(b) of this title, the President may assign to duty in the National Guard Bureau as many regular or reserve officers of the Army or Air Force as he considers necessary.

(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1661(c)(1)(A), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2982; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(b)(6), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 496.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in sections 3541 and 8541 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, §1661(c)(2).

Amendments

1996Pub. L. 104–106 substituted "12402(b)" for "124402(b)" and "Air Force" for "Air Forces".

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–106 effective as if included in the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act, title XVI of Pub. L. 103–337, as enacted on Oct. 5, 1994, see section 1501(f)(3) of Pub. L. 104–106, set out as a note under section 113 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 of Pub. L. 103–337, set out as a note under section 10001 of this title.

§10508. National Guard Bureau: general provisions

(a) Manpower Requirements of National Guard Bureau.—The manpower requirements of the National Guard Bureau as a joint activity of the Department of Defense shall be determined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(b) Personnel for Functions of National Guard Bureau.—

(1) In general.—The Chief of the National Guard Bureau may program for, appoint, employ, administer, detail, and assign persons under sections 2102, 2103, 2105, and 3101 of title 5, subchapter IV of chapter 53 of title 5, or section 328 of title 32, within the National Guard Bureau and the National Guard of each State, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands to execute the functions of the National Guard Bureau and the missions of the National Guard, and missions as assigned by the Chief of the National Guard Bureau.

(2) Administration through adjutants general.—The Chief of the National Guard Bureau may designate the adjutants general referred to in section 314 of title 32 to appoint, employ, and administer the National Guard employees authorized by this subsection.

(3) Administrative actions.—Notwithstanding the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.) and under regulations prescribed by the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, all personnel actions or conditions of employment, including adverse actions under title 5, pertaining to a person appointed, employed, or administered by an adjutant general under this subsection shall be accomplished by the adjutant general of the jurisdiction concerned. For purposes of any administrative complaint, grievance, claim, or action arising from, or relating to, such a personnel action or condition of employment:

(A) The adjutant general of the jurisdiction concerned shall be considered the head of the agency and the National Guard of the jurisdiction concerned shall be considered the employing agency of the individual and the sole defendant or respondent in any administrative action.

(B) The National Guard of the jurisdiction concerned shall defend any administrative complaint, grievance, claim, or action, and shall promptly implement all aspects of any final administrative order, judgment, or decision.

(C) In any civil action or proceeding brought in any court arising from an action under this section, the United States shall be the sole defendant or respondent.

(D) The Attorney General of the United States shall defend the United States in actions arising under this section described in subparagraph (C).

(E) Any settlement, judgment, or costs arising from an action described in subparagraph (A) or (C) shall be paid from appropriated funds allocated to the National Guard of the jurisdiction concerned.

(Added Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XVIII, §1812(b)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 497; amended Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title IX, §932, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2363; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title V, §517, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1754.)

References in Text

The Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is Pub. L. 91–648, Jan. 5, 1971, 84 Stat. 1909, which is classified principally to chapter 62 (§4701 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4701 of Title 42 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 10508, added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2827, defined "State" for purposes of this chapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(b)(7)(A), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 496.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–232 substituted "sections 2102, 2103, 2105, and 3101 of title 5, subchapter IV of chapter 53 of title 5, or section 328 of title 32," for "sections 2103, 2105, and 3101 of title 5, or section 328 of title 32,".

2016Pub. L. 114–328 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

Number of Members of the National Guard on Full-Time Duty in Support of the Reserves Within the National Guard Bureau

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title IV, §416, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1370, provided that:

"(a) Army National Guard of the United States.—As of the end of fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal year thereafter, the number of members of the Army National Guard of the United States serving with the National Guard Bureau on full-time duty for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six percent of the total number of members of the Army National Guard of the United States authorized for service on full-time duty for that purpose in that fiscal year.

"(b) Air National Guard of the United States.—As of the end of fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal year thereafter, the number of members of the Air National Guard of the United States serving with the National Guard Bureau on full-time duty for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six percent of the total number of members of the Air National Guard of the United States authorized for service on full-time duty for that purpose in that fiscal year."