[USC02] 10 USC Subtitle A, PART IV, CHAPTER 138, SUBCHAPTER II: OTHER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
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10 USC Subtitle A, PART IV, CHAPTER 138, SUBCHAPTER II: OTHER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle A—General Military LawPART IV—SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENTCHAPTER 138—COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH NATO ALLIES AND OTHER COUNTRIES

SUBCHAPTER II—OTHER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

Sec.
2350a.
Cooperative research and development agreements: NATO organizations; allied and friendly foreign countries.
2350b.
Cooperative projects under Arms Export Control Act: acquisition of defense equipment.
2350c.
Cooperative military airlift agreements: allied countries.
2350d.
Cooperative logistic support agreements: NATO countries.
2350e.
NATO Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) program: authority of Secretary of Defense.
2350f.
Procurement of communications support and related supplies and services.
2350g.
Authority to accept use of real property, services, and supplies from foreign countries in connection with mutual defense agreements and occupational arrangements.
2350h.
Memorandums of agreement: Department of Defense ombudsman for foreign signatories.
2350i.
Foreign contributions for cooperative projects.
2350j.
Burden sharing contributions by designated countries and regional organizations.
2350k.
Relocation within host nation of elements of armed forces overseas.
2350l.
Cooperative agreements for reciprocal use of test facilities: foreign countries and international organizations.
[2350m.
Renumbered.]
2350n.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command.

        

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XII, §1249(b), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1664, added item 2350n.

2016Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XII, §1241(o)(7), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2512, struck out item 2350m "Participation in multinational military centers of excellence".

2008Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title XII, §1232(a)(2), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4639, added item 2350m.

2001Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XII, §§1212(e)(2), 1213(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1250, 1251, substituted "Cooperative research and development agreements: NATO organizations; allied and friendly foreign countries" for "Cooperative research and development projects: allied countries" in item 2350a and added item 2350l.

1996Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XIII, §1332(a)(2), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 484, added item 2350k.

1993Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XIV, §1402(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1826, added item 2350j.

1991Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1047(b), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1468, added item 2350i.

Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, §704(a)(9), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 119, made clarifying amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1451(b)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1693. See 1990 Amendment note below.

1990Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1452(a)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1694, added item 2350h.

Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1451(b)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1693, as amended by Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, §704(a)(9), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 119, added item 2350g.

§2350a. Cooperative research and development agreements: NATO organizations; allied and friendly foreign countries

(a) Authority To Engage in Cooperative R&D Projects.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may enter into a memorandum of understanding (or other formal agreement) with one or more countries or organizations referred to in paragraph (2) for the purpose of conducting cooperative research and development projects on defense equipment and munitions.

(2) The countries and organizations with which the Secretary may enter into a memorandum of agreement (or other formal agreement) under paragraph (1) are as follows:

(A) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

(B) A NATO organization.

(C) A member nation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

(D) A major non-NATO ally.

(E) Any other friendly foreign country.


(3) If such a memorandum of understanding (or other formal agreement) is with a country referred to in subparagraph (E) of paragraph (2), such memorandum (or agreement) may go into effect only after the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services and on Foreign Relations of the Senate and to the Committees on Armed Services and on International Relations of the House of Representatives a report with respect to the proposed memorandum (or agreement) and a period of 30 days has passed after the report has been submitted.

(b) Requirement That Projects Improve Conventional Defense Capabilities.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may not enter into a memorandum of understanding (or other formal agreement) to conduct a cooperative research and development project under this section unless the Secretary determines that the proposed project will improve, through the application of emerging technology, the conventional defense capabilities of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the common conventional defense capabilities of the United States and a country or organization referred to in subsection (a)(2).

(2) The authority of the Secretary to make a determination under paragraph (1) may only be delegated to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(c) Cost Sharing.—Each cooperative research and development project entered into under this section shall require sharing of the costs of the project (including the costs of claims) between the participants on an equitable basis.

(d) Restrictions on Procurement of Equipment and Services.—(1) In order to assure substantial participation on the part of countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2) in cooperative research and development projects, funds made available for such projects may not be used to procure equipment or services from any foreign government, foreign research organization, or other foreign entity.

(2) A country or organization referred to in subsection (a)(2) may not use any military or economic assistance grant, loan, or other funds provided by the United States for the purpose of making the contribution of that country or organization to a cooperative research and development program entered into with the United States under this section.

(e) Cooperative Opportunities.—(1) In order to ensure that opportunities to conduct cooperative research and development projects are considered at an early point during the formal development review process of the Department of Defense in connection with any planned project of the Department, opportunities for such cooperative research and development shall be addressed in the acquisition strategy for the project.

(2) A cooperative opportunities discussion referred to in paragraph (1) shall consider the following:

(A) Whether or not a project similar to the one under consideration by the Department of Defense is in development or production by any country or organization referred to in subsection (a)(2) or NATO organizations.

(B) If a project similar to the one under consideration by the Department of Defense is in development or production by one or more countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2), an assessment as to whether that project could satisfy, or could be modified in scope so as to satisfy, the military requirements of the project.

(C) An assessment of the advantages and disadvantages with regard to program timing, developmental and life cycle costs, technology sharing, and Rationalization, Standardization, and Interoperability (RSI) of seeking to structure a cooperative development program with one or more countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2) or NATO organizations.

(D) A recommendation to the milestone decision authority as to whether the Department of Defense should explore the feasibility and desirability of a cooperative development program with one or more countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2) or NATO organizations.


[(f) Repealed. Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(17), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1597.]

(g) Side-by-Side Testing.—(1) It is the sense of Congress—

(A) that the Secretary of Defense should test conventional defense equipment, munitions, and technologies manufactured and developed by countries referred to in subsection (a)(2) to determine the ability of such equipment, munitions, and technologies to satisfy United States military requirements or to correct operational deficiencies; and

(B) that while the testing of nondevelopmental items and items in the late state of the development process are preferred, the testing of equipment, munitions, and technologies may be conducted to determine procurement alternatives.


(2) The Secretary of Defense may acquire equipment, munitions, and technologies of the type described in paragraph (1) for the purpose of conducting the testing described in that paragraph.

(3) The use of side-by-side testing under this subsection may be considered to be the use of competitive procedures for purposes of chapter 137 of this title, when procuring items within 5 years after an initial determination that the items have been successfully tested and found to satisfy United States military requirements or to correct operational deficiencies.

(h) Secretary To Encourage Similar Programs.—The Secretary of Defense shall encourage member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, major non-NATO allies, and other friendly foreign countries to establish programs similar to the one provided for in this section.

(i) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "cooperative research and development project" means a project involving joint participation by the United States and one or more countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2) under a memorandum of understanding (or other formal agreement) to carry out a joint research and development program—

(A) to develop new conventional defense equipment and munitions; or

(B) to modify existing military equipment to meet United States military requirements.


(2) The term "major non-NATO ally" means a country (other than a member nation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) that is designated as a major non-NATO ally for purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense with the concurrence of the Secretary of State.

(3) The term "NATO organization" means any North Atlantic Treaty Organization subsidiary body referred to in section 2350(2) of this title and any other organization of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

(Added Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IX, §931(a)(2), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1531; amended Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1331(4), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1673; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1053, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1471; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VIII, §843(b)(1), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2469; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title IX, §904(d)(1), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1728; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XIII, §1301, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2888; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(17), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 504; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title IX, §911(a)(1), title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 717, 774; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(b)(2), title XII, §1212(a)–(e)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1225, 1248-1250; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §§1041(a)(9), 1062(f)(2), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2645, 2651; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(17), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1597; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title II, §237, title XII, §1251, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 48, 401; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title IX, §901(j)(4), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4324; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VIII, §865, title X, §1061(14), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1526, 1583; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VIII, §821(b)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 900; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §827, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2280; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, §902(54), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1549.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions relating to NATO countries were contained in Pub. L. 99–145, title XI, §1103, Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 712, which was set out as a note under section 2407 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–189, §931(d)(1).

Provisions relating to major non-NATO allies were contained in section 2767a of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–189, §931(d)(2).

Amendments

2019—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 116–92 substituted "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering" for "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering".

2016—Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 114–328 added par. (3).

2015—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 114–92, §821(b)(1)(A), struck out "Document" after "Cooperative Opportunities" in heading.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 114–92, §821(b)(1)(B), substituted "opportunities for such cooperative research and development shall be addressed in the acquisition strategy for the project" for "the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall prepare a cooperative opportunities document before the first milestone or decision point with respect to that project for review by the Defense Acquisition Board at formal meetings of the Board".

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 114–92, §821(b)(1)(C)(i), substituted "discussion" for "document" and "consider" for "include" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (e)(2)(A). Pub. L. 114–92, §821(b)(1)(C)(ii), substituted "Whether" for "A statement indicating whether".

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 114–92, §821(b)(1)(C)(iii), struck out "by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics" after "an assessment" and "of the United States under consideration by the Department of Defense" after "of the project".

Subsec. (e)(2)(D). Pub. L. 114–92, §821(b)(1)(C)(iv), substituted "A recommendation to the milestone decision authority" for "The recommendation of the Under Secretary".

2011—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 112–81, §865, substituted ", the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering" for "and to one other official of the Department of Defense".

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 112–81, §1061(14), struck out par. (3) which read as follows: "The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall notify the congressional defense committees of the intent to obligate funds made available to carry out this subsection not less than 7 days before such funds are obligated."

Pub. L. 111–383 substituted "Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering" for "Director of Defense Research and Engineering".

2008—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 110–181, §1251(1), struck out subpar. (A) designation before "In order to ensure", substituted "a cooperative opportunities document before the first milestone or decision point" for "an arms cooperation opportunities document", and struck out subpar. (B) which read as follows: "The Under Secretary shall also prepare an arms cooperation opportunities document for review of each new project for which a document known as a Mission Need Statement is prepared."

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 110–181, §1251(2), substituted "A cooperative opportunities document" for "An arms cooperation opportunities document" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 110–181, §237, amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: "The Deputy Director, Defense Research and Engineering (Test and Evaluation) shall notify the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Armed Services and on Appropriations of the Senate of the Deputy Director's intent to obligate funds made available to carry out this subsection not less than 30 days before such funds are obligated."

2003—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 108–136 struck out subsec. (f) which required that, not later than Mar. 1 of each year, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics was to submit to the Speaker of the House and the Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate a report on cooperative research and development projects under this section, and that, not later than Jan. 1 of each year, the Secretary of Defense was to submit to the Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Relations of the Senate and Committees on Armed Services and International Relations of the House a report specifying the countries eligible to participate in a cooperative project agreement under this section and the criteria used to determine the eligibility of such countries.

2002—Subsec. (g)(1)(A). Pub. L. 107–314, §1062(f)(2), amended directory language of Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(5). See 2001 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 107–314, §1041(a)(9), struck out par. (4) which read as follows: "The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress each year, not later than March 1, a report containing information on—

"(A) the equipment, munitions, and technologies manufactured and developed by countries referred to in subsection (a)(2) that were evaluated under this subsection during the previous fiscal year;

"(B) the obligation of any funds under this subsection during the previous fiscal year; and

"(C) the equipment, munitions, and technologies that were tested under this subsection and procured during the previous fiscal year."

Subsec. (g)(4)(A). Pub. L. 107–314, §1062(f)(2), amended directory language of Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(5). See 2001 Amendment note below.

2001Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(e)(1), substituted "Cooperative research and development agreements: NATO organizations; allied and friendly foreign countries" for "Cooperative research and development projects: allied countries" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(1)(A), (B), designated existing provisions of subsec. (a) as par. (1) and substituted "countries or organizations referred to in paragraph (2)" for "major allies of the United States or NATO organizations".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(1)(C), added par. (2).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(b), added par. (3).

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(2), struck out "(NATO)" after "North Atlantic Treaty Organization" and substituted "a country or organization referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "its major non-NATO allies".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(c), substituted "Deputy Secretary of Defense and to one other official of the Department of Defense" for "Deputy Secretary of Defense or the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(3)(A), substituted "countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "the major allies of the United States".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(3)(B), substituted "country or organization referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "major ally of the United States" and "the contribution of that country or organization" for "that ally's contribution".

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 107–107, §1048(b)(2), substituted "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics" for "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology".

Subsec. (e)(2)(A). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(4)(A), substituted "any country or organization referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "one or more of the major allies of the United States".

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 107–107, §§1048(b)(2), 1212(a)(4)(B), substituted "countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "major allies of the United States or NATO organizations" and "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics" for "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology".

Subsec. (e)(2)(C). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(4)(C), substituted "countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "major allies of the United States".

Subsec. (e)(2)(D). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(4)(D), substituted "countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "major allies of the United States".

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 107–107, §1048(b)(2), substituted "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics" for "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology".

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(d), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, whenever they consider such action to be warranted, shall jointly submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives a report—

"(A) enumerating those countries to be added to or deleted from the existing designation of countries designated as major non-NATO allies for purposes of this section; and

"(B) specifying the criteria used in determining the eligibility of a country to be designated as a major non-NATO ally for purposes of this section."

Subsec. (g)(1)(A), (4)(A). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(5), as amended by Pub. L. 107–314, §1062(f)(2), substituted "countries referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "major allies of the United States and other friendly foreign countries".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(6), substituted "member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, major non-NATO allies, and other friendly foreign countries" for "major allies of the United States".

Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(7)(A), substituted "countries and organizations referred to in subsection (a)(2)" for "major allies of the United States or NATO organizations".

Subsec. (i)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 107–107, §1212(a)(7)(B), (C), redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively, and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "The term 'major ally of the United States' means—

"(A) a member nation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (other than the United States); or

"(B) a major non-NATO ally."

1999—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–65, §911(a)(1), substituted "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics" for "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology".

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 106–65, §1067(1), substituted "and the Committee on Armed Services" for "and the Committee on National Security".

1996—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted "submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on National Security and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives" for "submit to the Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Relations of the Senate and to the Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives".

1994—Subsecs. (a), (e)(2)(A) to (D), (i)(1). Pub. L. 103–337, §1301(a), inserted "or NATO organizations" after "major allies of the United States".

Subsec. (i)(4). Pub. L. 103–337, §1301(b), added par. (4).

1993—Subsecs. (b)(2), (e)(1)(A), (2)(B), (f)(1). Pub. L. 103–160 substituted "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology" for "Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition".

1992—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–484 inserted "(including the costs of claims)" after "the project".

1991—Subsec. (g)(1)(A), (4)(A). Pub. L. 102–190 inserted "and other friendly foreign countries" after "major allies of the United States".

1990—Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 101–510 amended introductory provisions generally, substituting "submit to Congress each year, not later than March 1, a report containing" for "include in the annual report to Congress required by section 2457(d) of this title".

Change of Name

Committee on International Relations of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–383 effective Jan. 1, 2011, see section 901(p) of Pub. L. 111–383, set out as a note under section 131 of this title.

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1062(f), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2651, provided that the amendment made by section 1062(f)(2) is effective as of Dec. 28, 2001, and as if included in Pub. L. 107–107 as enacted.

Termination Date of 1992 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VIII, §843(c), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2469, as amended by Pub. L. 103–35, title II, §202(a)(7), May 31, 1993, 107 Stat. 101, provided that, effective Oct. 23, 1994, subsections (a) and (b) of section 843 of Pub. L. 102–484 (amending sections 2350a and 2350d of this title and section 2767 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse) were to cease to be in effect, and section 27(c) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2767(c)) and sections 2350a(c) and 2350d(c) of this title were to read as if such subsections had not been enacted, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XIII, §1318, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2902.

Administration of the American, British, Canadian, and Australian Armies' Program

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title XII, §1274, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2026, as amended by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title XII, §1274, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1697, provided that:

"(a) Authority.—As part of the participation by the United States in the land-force program known as the American, British, Canadian, and Australian Armies' Program (in this section referred to as the 'Program'), the Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, enter into agreements with the other participating countries in accordance with this section, and the Program shall be managed pursuant to a joint agreement among the participating countries.

"(b) Participating Countries.—In addition to the United States, the countries participating in the Program are the following:

"(1) Australia.

"(2) Canada.

"(3) New Zealand.

"(4) The United Kingdom.

"(c) Contributions by Participants.—

"(1) In general.—An agreement under subsection (a) shall provide that each participating country shall contribute to the Program—

"(A) its equitable share of the full cost for the Program, including the full cost of overhead and administrative costs related to the Program; and

"(B) any amount allocated to it in accordance with the agreement for the cost for monetary claims asserted against any participating country as a result of participation in the Program.

"(2) Additional authorized contribution.—Such an agreement shall also provide that each participating country (including the United States) may provide its contribution for its equitable share under the agreement in funds, in personal property, or in services required for the Program (or in any combination thereof).

"(3) Funding for united states contribution.—Any contribution by the United States to the Program that is provided in funds shall be made from funds available to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance.

"(4) Treatment of contributions received from other countries.—Any contribution received by the United States from another participating country to meet that country's share of the costs of the Program shall be credited to appropriations available to the Department of Defense, as determined by the Secretary of Defense. The amount of a contribution credited to an appropriation account in connection with the Program shall be available only for payment of the share of the Program expenses allocated to the participating country making the contribution. Amounts so credited shall be available for the following purposes:

"(A) Payments to contractors and other suppliers (including the Department of Defense and participating countries acting as suppliers) for necessary goods and services of the Program.

"(B) Payments for any damages and costs resulting from the performance or cancellation of any contract or other obligation in support of the Program.

"(C) Payments for any monetary claim against a participating country as a result of the participation of that country in the Program.

"(D) Payments or reimbursements of other Program expenses, including overhead and administrative costs for any administrative office for the Program.

"(E) Refunds to other participating countries.

"(5) Costs of operation of offices established for program.—Costs for the operation of any office established to carry out the Program shall be borne jointly by the participating countries as provided for in an agreement referred to in subsection (a).

"(d) Authority To Contract for Program Activities.—As part of the participation by the United States in the Program, the Secretary of Defense may enter into contracts or incur other obligations on behalf of the other participating countries for activities under the Program. Any payment for such a contract or other obligation under this subsection may be paid only from contributions credited to an appropriation under subsection (c)(4).

"(e) Disposal of Property.—As part of the participation by the United States in the Program, the Secretary of Defense may, with respect to any property that is jointly acquired by the countries participating in the Program, agree to the disposal of the property without regard to any law of the United States that is otherwise applicable to the disposal of property owned by the United States. Such disposal may include the transfer of the interest of the United States in the property to one or more of the other participating countries or the sale of the property. Reimbursement for the value of the property disposed of (including the value of the interest of the United States in the property) shall be made in accordance with an agreement under subsection (a).

"(f) Reports.—Not later than 60 days before the expiration date of any agreement under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the activities, costs, and accomplishments of the Program during the five-year period ending on the date of such report.

"(g) Sunset.—Any agreement entered into by the United States with another country under subsection (a), and United States participation in the joint agreement described in that subsection, shall expire not later than ten years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 2, 2013]."

§2350b. Cooperative projects under Arms Export Control Act: acquisition of defense equipment

(a)(1) If the President delegates to the Secretary of Defense the authority to carry out section 27(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2767(d)), relating to cooperative projects (as defined in such section), the Secretary may utilize his authority under this title in carrying out contracts or obligations incurred under such section.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (c), chapter 137 of this title shall apply to such contracts (referred to in paragraph (1)) entered into by the Secretary of Defense. Except to the extent waived under subsection (c) or some other provision of law, all other provisions of law relating to procurement, if otherwise applicable, shall apply to such contracts entered into by the Secretary of Defense.

(b) When contracting or incurring obligations under section 27(d) of the Arms Export Control Act for cooperative projects, the Secretary of Defense may require subcontracts to be awarded to particular subcontractors in furtherance of the cooperative project.

(c)(1) Subject to paragraph (2), when entering into contracts or incurring obligations under section 27(d) of the Arms Export Control Act outside the United States, the Secretary of Defense may waive with respect to any such contract or subcontract the application of any provision of law, other than a provision of the Arms Export Control Act or section 2304 of this title, that specifically prescribes—

(A) procedures to be followed in the formation of contracts;

(B) terms and conditions to be included in contracts;

(C) requirements for or preferences to be given to goods grown, produced, or manufactured in the United States or in United States Government-owned facilities or for services to be performed in the United States; or

(D) requirements regulating the performance of contracts.


(2) A waiver may not be made under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary determines that the waiver is necessary to ensure that the cooperative project will significantly further standardization, rationalization, and interoperability.

(3) The authority of the Secretary to make waivers under this subsection may be delegated only to the Deputy Secretary of Defense or the Acquisition Executive designated for the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

(d)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall notify the Congress each time he requires that a prime contract be awarded to a particular prime contractor or that a subcontract be awarded to a particular subcontractor to comply with a cooperative agreement. The Secretary shall include in each such notice the reason for exercising his authority to designate a particular contractor or subcontractor, as the case may be.

(2) The Secretary shall also notify the Congress each time he exercises a waiver under subsection (c) and shall include in such notice the particular provision or provisions of law that were waived.

(3) A report under this subsection shall be required only to the extent that the information required by this subsection has not been provided in a report made by the President under section 27(e) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2767(e)).

(e)(1) In carrying out a cooperative project under section 27 of the Arms Export Control Act, the Secretary of Defense may agree that a participant (other than the United States) or a NATO organization may make a contract for requirements of the United States under the project if the Secretary determines that such a contract will significantly further standardization, rationalization, and interoperability. Except to the extent waived under this section or under any other provision of law, the Secretary shall ensure that such contract will be made on a competitive basis and that United States sources will not be precluded from competing under the contract.

(2) If a participant (other than the United States) in such a cooperative project or a NATO organization makes a contract on behalf of such project to meet the requirements of the United States, the contract may permit the contracting party to follow its own procedures relating to contracting.

(f) In carrying out a cooperative project, the Secretary of Defense may also agree to the disposal of property that is jointly acquired by the members of the project without regard to any laws of the United States applicable to the disposal of property owned by the United States. Disposal of such property may include a transfer of the interest of the United States in such property to one of the other governments participating in the cooperative agreement or the sale of such property. Payment for the transfer or sale of any interest of the United States in any such property shall be made in accordance with the terms of the cooperative agreement.

(g) Nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing the Secretary of Defense—

(1) to waive any of the financial management responsibilities administered by the Secretary of the Treasury; or

(2) to waive the cargo preference laws of the United States, including section 2631 of this title and section 55305 of title 46.

(Added Pub. L. 99–145, title XI, §1102(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 710, §2407; amended Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XI, §1103(b)(1), (2)(A), title XIII, §1343(a)(15), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3963, 3993; renumbered §2350b and amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IX, §931(b)(1), (e)(3), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1534, 1535; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XIII, §1335, div. D, title XLIII, §4321(b)(10), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 484, 672; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1084(d)(19), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2062; Pub. L. 109–304, §17(a)(3), Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1706.)

References in Text

The Arms Export Control Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 39 (§2751 et seq.) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of Title 22 and Tables.

Amendments

2006—Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 109–304 substituted "section 55305 of title 46" for "section 901(b) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 U.S.C. App. 1241(b))".

2004—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 108–375, §1084(d)(19)(A), inserted "the Secretary of Defense" after "authorizing" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 108–375, §1084(d)(19)(B), struck out "the Secretary of Defense" before "to waive".

1996—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104–106, §4321(b)(10)(A), inserted "prescribes" after "specifically" in introductory provisions and struck out "prescribe" before "procedures" in subpar. (A), before "terms" in subpar. (B), and before "requirements" in subpars. (C) and (D).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 104–106, §4321(b)(10)(B), struck out "to" after "subcontract".

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 104–106, §1335(1), inserted "or a NATO organization" after "United States)".

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 104–106, §1335(2), substituted "such a cooperative project or a NATO organization" for "a cooperative project".

1989Pub. L. 101–189 renumbered section 2407 of this title as this section and substituted "Cooperative projects under Arms Export Control Act: acquisition of defense equipment" for "Acquisition of defense equipment under cooperative projects" as section catchline.

1986Pub. L. 99–661, §1103(b)(2)(A), struck out "North Atlantic Treaty Organization" before "cooperative projects" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 99–661, §1103(b)(1)(A), struck out "North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)" before "cooperative projects".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 99–661, §1103(b)(1)(B), struck out "NATO" after "will significantly further".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–661, §1103(b)(1)(C), struck out "NATO" after "will significantly further" in par. (1) and after "United States) in a" in par. (2).

Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 99–661, §1343(a)(15), substituted "section 2631 of this title and section 901(b) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 U.S.C. App. 1241(b))" for "the Military Cargo Preference Act of 1904 (10 U.S.C. 2631) and the Cargo Preference Act of 1954 (46 U.S.C. 1241(b))".

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

For effective date and applicability of amendment by section 4321(b)(10) of Pub. L. 104–106, see section 4401 of Pub. L. 104–106, set out as a note under section 2302 of this title.

§2350c. Cooperative military airlift agreements: allied countries

(a) Subject to the availability of appropriations, and after consultation with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense may enter into cooperative military airlift agreements with the government of any allied country for the transportation of the personnel and cargo of the military forces of that country on aircraft operated by or for the military forces of the United States in return for the reciprocal transportation of the personnel and cargo of the military forces of the United States on aircraft operated by or for the military forces of that allied country. Any such agreement shall include the following terms:

(1) The rate of reimbursement for transportation provided shall be the same for each party and shall be not less than the rate charged to military forces of the United States, as determined by the Secretary of Defense under section 2208(h) of this title.

(2) Credits and liabilities accrued as a result of providing or receiving transportation shall be liquidated as agreed upon by the parties. Liquidation shall be either by direct payment to the country that has provided the greater amount of transportation or by the providing of in-kind transportation services to that country. The liquidation shall occur on a regular basis, but not less often than once every 12 months.

(3) During peacetime, the only military airlift capacity that may be used to provide transportation is that capacity that (A) is not needed to meet the transportation requirements of the military forces of the country providing the transportation, and (B) was not created solely to accommodate the requirements of the military forces of the country receiving the transportation.

(4) Defense articles purchased by an allied country from the United States under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) or from a commercial source under the export controls of the Arms Export Control Act may not be transported (for the purpose of delivery incident to the purchase of the defense articles) to the purchasing allied country on aircraft operated by or for the military forces of the United States except at a rate of reimbursement that is equal to the full cost of transportation of the defense articles, as required by section 21(a)(3) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761(a)(3)).


(b) Subject to the availability of appropriations, and after consultation with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense may enter into nonreciprocal military airlift agreements with North Atlantic Treaty Organization subsidiary bodies for the transportation of the personnel and cargo of such subsidiary bodies on aircraft operated by or for the military forces of the United States. Any such agreement shall be subject to such terms as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.

(c) Any amount received by the United States as a result of an agreement entered into under this section shall be credited to applicable appropriations, accounts, and funds of the Department of Defense.

(d) In this section:

(1) The term "allied country" means any of the following:

(A) A country that is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

(B) Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.

(C) Any other country designated as an allied country for the purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense with the concurrence of the Secretary of State.


(2) The term "North Atlantic Treaty Organization subsidiary bodies" has the meaning given to it by section 2350 of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 97–252, title XI, §1125(a), Sept. 8, 1982, 96 Stat. 757, §2213; amended Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1304(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 742; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(2), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; renumbered §2350c and amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IX, §931(b)(2), (e)(4), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1534, 1535; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title XIII, §1311, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2547; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title XII, §1222], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-328.)

References in Text

The Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.), referred to in subsec. (a)(4), is Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 39 (§2751 et seq.) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of Title 22 and Tables.

Amendments

2000—Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 106–398 redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows: "Notwithstanding subchapter I, the Secretary of Defense may enter into military airlift agreements with allied countries only under the authority of this section."

1992—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102–484, §1311(a), substituted "as agreed upon by the parties. Liquidation shall be either by direct payment to the country that has provided the greater amount of transportation or by the providing of in-kind transportation services to that country. The liquidation shall occur on a regular basis, but not less often than once every 12 months." for "not less often than once every 3 months by direct payment to the country that has provided the greater amount of transportation."

Subsec. (e)(1)(B). Pub. L. 102–484, §1311(b), substituted ", New Zealand, Japan, and the Republic of Korea" for "or New Zealand".

1989Pub. L. 101–189 renumbered section 2213 of this title as this section and inserted ": allied countries" after "airlift agreements" in section catchline.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–189, §931(b)(2), substituted "subchapter I" for "chapter 138 of this title".

1987—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–26 inserted "The term" after each par. designation and substituted "allied" for "Allied" in par. (1).

1985—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 99–145 substituted "section 2350" for "section 2331".

Department of Defense Participation in European Program on Multilateral Exchange of Air Transportation and Air Refueling Services

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title XII, §1276, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2029, as amended by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(r)(9), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1565, provided that:

"(a) Participation Authorized.—

"(1) In general.—The Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, authorize the participation of the United States in the Air Transport, Air-to-Air Refueling and other Exchanges of Services program (in this section referred to as the 'ATARES program') of the Movement Coordination Centre Europe.

"(2) Scope of participation.—Participation in the ATARES program under paragraph (1) shall be limited to the reciprocal exchange or transfer of air transportation and air refueling services on a reimbursable basis or by replacement-in-kind or the exchange of air transportation or air refueling services of an equal value.

"(3) Limitations.—The United States' balance of executed flight hours, whether as credits or debits, in participation in the ATARES program under paragraph (1) may not exceed 500 hours. The United States' balance of executed flight hours for air refueling in the ATARES program under paragraph (1) may not exceed 200 hours.

"(b) Written Arrangement or Agreement.—

"(1) Arrangement or agreement required.—The participation of the United States in the ATARES program under subsection (a) shall be in accordance with a written arrangement or agreement entered into by the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, and the Movement Coordination Centre Europe.

"(2) Funding arrangements.—If Department of Defense facilities, equipment, or funds are used to support the ATARES program, the written arrangement or agreement under paragraph (1) shall specify the details of any equitable cost sharing or other funding arrangement.

"(3) Other elements.—Any written arrangement or agreement entered into under paragraph (1) shall require that any accrued credits and liabilities resulting from an unequal exchange or transfer of air transportation or air refueling services shall be liquidated, not less than once every five years, through the ATARES program.

"(c) Implementation.—In carrying out any written arrangement or agreement entered into under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense may—

"(1) pay the United States' equitable share of the operating expenses of the Movement Coordination Centre Europe and the ATARES consortium from funds available to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance; and

"(2) assign members of the Armed Forces or Department of Defense civilian personnel, from among members and personnel within billets authorized for the United States European Command, to duty at the Movement Coordination Centre Europe as necessary to fulfill the United States' obligations under that arrangement or agreement.

"(d) Crediting of Receipts.—Any amount received by the United States in carrying out a written arrangement or agreement entered into under subsection (b) shall be credited, as elected by the Secretary of Defense, to the following:

"(1) The appropriation, fund, or account used in incurring the obligation for which such amount is received.

"(2) An appropriation, fund, or account currently available for the purposes for which such obligation was made.

"(e) Expiration.—The authority provided by this section to participate in the ATARES program shall expire five years after the date on which the Secretary of Defense first enters into a written arrangement or agreement under subsection (b). The Secretary shall publish notice of such date on a public website of the Department of Defense."

Department of Defense Participation in Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, §1032, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 306, provided that:

"(a) Authority To Participate in Partnership.—

"(1) Memorandum of understanding.—The Secretary of Defense may enter into a multilateral memorandum of understanding authorizing the Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership to conduct activities necessary to accomplish its purpose, including—

"(A) the acquisition, equipping, ownership, and operation of strategic airlift aircraft; and

"(B) the acquisition or transfer of airlift and airlift-related services and supplies among members of the Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership, or between the Partnership and non-member countries or international organizations, on a reimbursable basis or by replacement-in-kind or exchange of airlift or airlift-related services of an equal value.

"(2) Payments.—From funds available to the Department of Defense for such purpose, the Secretary of Defense may pay the United States equitable share of the recurring and non-recurring costs of the activities and operations of the Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership, including costs associated with procurement of aircraft components and spare parts, maintenance, facilities, and training, and the costs of claims.

"(b) Authorities Under Partnership.—In carrying out the memorandum of understanding entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may do the following:

"(1) Waive reimbursement of the United States for the cost of the following functions performed by Department of Defense personnel with respect to the Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership:

"(A) Auditing.

"(B) Quality assurance.

"(C) Inspection.

"(D) Contract administration.

"(E) Acceptance testing.

"(F) Certification services.

"(G) Planning, programming, and management services.

"(2) Waive the imposition of any surcharge for administrative services provided by the United States that would otherwise be chargeable against the Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership.

"(3) Pay the salaries, travel, lodging, and subsistence expenses of Department of Defense personnel assigned for duty to the Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership without seeking reimbursement or cost-sharing for such expenses.

"(c) Crediting of Receipts.—Any amount received by the United States in carrying out the memorandum of understanding entered into under subsection (a) shall be credited, as elected by the Secretary of Defense, to the following:

"(1) The appropriation, fund, or account used in incurring the obligation for which such amount is received.

"(2) An appropriation, fund, or account currently providing funds for the purposes for which such obligation was made.

"(d) Authority To Transfer Aircraft.—

"(1) Transfer authority.—The Secretary of Defense may transfer one strategic airlift aircraft to the Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership in accordance with the terms and conditions of the memorandum of understanding entered into under subsection (a).

"(2) Report.—Not later than 30 days before the date on which the Secretary transfers a strategic airlift aircraft under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report on the strategic airlift aircraft to be transferred, including the type of strategic airlift aircraft to be transferred and the tail registration or serial number of such aircraft.

"(e) Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership Defined.—In this section the term 'Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership' means the strategic airlift capability consortium established by the United States and other participating countries."

§2350d. Cooperative logistic support agreements: NATO countries

(a) General Authority.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may enter into bilateral or multilateral agreements known as Support or Procurement Partnership Agreements with one or more governments of other member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) participating in the operation of the NATO Support and Procurement Organization and its executive agencies. Any such agreement shall be for the purpose of providing cooperative logistics support for the armed forces of the countries which are parties to the agreement. Any such agreement—

(A) shall be entered into pursuant to the terms of the charter of the NATO Support and Procurement Organization and its executive agencies; and

(B) shall provide for the common logistic support of activities common to the participating countries.


(2) Such an agreement may provide for—

(A) the transfer of logistics support, supplies, and services by the United States to the NATO Support and Procurement Organization and its executive agencies; and

(B) the acquisition of logistics support, supplies, and services by the United States from that Organization.


(b) Authority of Secretary.—Under the terms of a Support or Procurement Partnership Agreement, the Secretary of Defense—

(1) may agree that the NATO Support and Procurement Organization and its executive agencies may enter into contracts for supply and acquisition of logistics support in Europe for requirements of the United States, to the extent the Secretary determines that the procedures of such Organization governing such supply and acquisition are appropriate; and

(2) may share the costs of set-up charges of facilities for use by the NATO Support and Procurement Organization and its executive agencies to provide cooperative logistics support and in the costs of establishing a revolving fund for initial acquisition and replenishment of supply stocks to be used by the NATO Support and Procurement Organization and its executive agencies to provide cooperative logistics support.


(c) Sharing of Administrative Expenses.—Each Support or Procurement Partnership Agreement shall provide for joint management by the participating countries and for the equitable sharing of the administrative costs and costs of claims incident to the agreement.

(d) Application of Chapter 137.—Except as otherwise provided in this section, the provisions of chapter 137 of this title apply to a contract entered into by the Secretary of Defense for the acquisition of logistics support under a Support or Procurement Partnership Agreement.

(e) Application of Arms Export Control Act.—Any transfer of defense articles or defense services to a member country of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or to the NATO Support and Procurement Organization and its executive agencies for the purposes of a Support or Procurement Partnership Agreement shall be carried out in accordance with this chapter and the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.).

(f) Supplemental Authority.—The authority of the Secretary of Defense under this section is in addition to the authority of the Secretary under subchapter I and any other provision of law.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IX, §§931(c), 938(c), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1534, 1539; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VIII, §843(b)(2), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2469; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XII, §1250(a), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 926; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XII, §1279(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2072.)

References in Text

The Arms Export Control Act, referred to in subsec. (e), is Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 39 (§2751 et seq.) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of Title 22 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XI, §1102, Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3961, which was set out as a note under section 2407 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–189, §931(d)(2).

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–232, §1279(a)(1), substituted "NATO Support and Procurement Organization" for "NATO Support Organization" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 115–232, §1279(a)(3), substituted "Support or Procurement Partnership Agreements" for "Support Partnership Agreements" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–232, §1279(a)(1), (2), substituted "Support or Procurement Partnership Agreement" for "Support Partnership Agreement" in introductory provisions and "NATO Support and Procurement Organization" for "NATO Support Organization" wherever appearing.

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 115–232, §1279(a)(2), substituted "Support or Procurement Partnership Agreement" for "Support Partnership Agreement".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 115–232, §1279(a)(1), (2), substituted "NATO Support and Procurement Organization" for "NATO Support Organization" and "Support or Procurement Partnership Agreement" for "Support Partnership Agreement".

2013—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(1), (2)(A), in introductory provisions, substituted "Support Partnership Agreements" for "Weapon System Partnership Agreements" and "NATO Support Organization and its executive agencies" for "NATO Maintenance and Supply Organization".

Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(1), substituted "NATO Support Organization and its executive agencies" for "NATO Maintenance and Supply Organization".

Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(2)(B), substituted "activities" for "a specific weapon system".

Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(1), substituted "NATO Support Organization and its executive agencies" for "NATO Maintenance and Supply Organization".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(3), substituted "Support Partnership Agreement" for "Weapon System Partnership Agreement" in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(1), substituted "NATO Support Organization and its executive agencies" for "NATO Maintenance and Supply Organization" wherever appearing.

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(3), substituted "Support Partnership Agreement" for "Weapon System Partnership Agreement".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–66, §1250(a)(1), (3), substituted "NATO Support Organization and its executive agencies" for "NATO Maintenance and Supply Organization" and "Support Partnership Agreement" for "Weapon System Partnership Agreement".

1992—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–484 inserted "and costs of claims" after "administrative costs".

1989—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–189, §938(c), inserted "this chapter and" after "in accordance with".

§2350e. NATO Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) program: authority of Secretary of Defense

(a) Authority Under AWACS Program.—The Secretary of Defense, in carrying out an AWACS memorandum of understanding, may do the following:

(1) Waive reimbursement for the cost of the following functions performed by personnel other than personnel employed in the United States Air Force Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) program office:

(A) Auditing.

(B) Quality assurance.

(C) Codification.

(D) Inspection.

(E) Contract administration.

(F) Acceptance testing.

(G) Certification services.

(H) Planning, programming, and management services.


(2) Waive any surcharge for administrative services otherwise chargeable.

(3) In connection with that Program, assume contingent liability for—

(A) program losses resulting from the gross negligence of any contracting officer of the United States;

(B) identifiable taxes, customs duties, and other charges levied within the United States on the program; and

(C) the United States share of the unfunded termination liability.


(b) Contract Authority Limitation.—Authority under this section to enter into contracts shall be effective for any fiscal year only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts.

(c) Definition.—In this section, the term "AWACS memorandum of understanding" means—

(1) the Multilateral Memorandum of Understanding Between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Ministers of Defence on the NATO E–3A Cooperative Programme, signed by the Secretary of Defense on December 6, 1978;

(2) the Memorandum of Understanding for Operations and Support of the NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Force, signed by the United States Ambassador to NATO on September 26, 1984;

(3) the Addendum to the Multilateral Memorandum of Understanding Between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Ministers of Defence on the NATO E–3A Cooperative Programme (dated December 6, 1978) relating to the modernization of the NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control (NAEW&C) System, dated December 7, 1990; and

(4) any other follow-on support agreement for the NATO E–3A Cooperative Programme.

(Added Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IX, §932(a)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1536; amended Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1051, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1470; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XIV, §1413, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1829.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in Pub. L. 97–86, title I, §103, Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1100, as amended, which was set out as a note under section 2407 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–189, §932(b).

Amendments

1993—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–160 struck out subsec. (d) which read as follows: "Expiration.—The authority provided by this section expires on September 30, 1993."

1991—Subsec. (c)(3), (4). Pub. L. 102–190, §1051(1), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–190, §1051(2), substituted "1993" for "1991".

§2350f. Procurement of communications support and related supplies and services

(a) As an alternative means of obtaining communications support and related supplies and services, the Secretary of Defense, subject to the approval of the Secretary of State, may enter into a bilateral arrangement with any allied country or allied international organization or may enter into a multilateral arrangement with allied countries and allied international organizations, under which, in return for being provided communications support and related supplies and services, the United States would agree to provide to the allied country or countries or allied international organization or allied international organizations, as the case may be, an equivalent value of communications support and related supplies and services. The term of an arrangement entered into under this subsection may not exceed five years.

(b)(1) Any arrangement entered into under this section shall require that any accrued credits and liabilities resulting from an unequal exchange of communications support and related supplies and services during the term of such arrangement would be liquidated by direct payment to the party having provided the greater amount of communications support and related supplies and services. Liquidations may be made at such times as the parties in an arrangement may agree upon, but in no case may final liquidation in the case of an arrangement be made later than 30 days after the end of the term for which the arrangement was entered into.

(2) Parties to an arrangement entered into under this section shall annually reconcile accrued credits and liabilities accruing under such agreement. Any liability of the United States resulting from a reconciliation shall be charged against the applicable appropriation available to the Department of Defense (at the time of the reconciliation) for obligation for communications support and related supplies and services.

(3) Payments received by the United States shall be credited to the appropriation from which such communications support and related supplies and services have been provided.

[(c) Repealed. Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1041(a)(10), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2645.]

(d) In this section:

(1) The term "allied country" means—

(A) a country that is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization;

(B) Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or the Republic of Korea; or

(C) any other country designated as an allied country for purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense with the concurrence of the Secretary of State.


(2) The term "allied international organization" means the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or any other international organization designated as an allied international organization for the purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense with the concurrence of the Secretary of State.

(Added Pub. L. 98–525, title X, §1005(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2578, §2401a; amended Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(3), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; renumbered §2350f and amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IX, §933(a)–(d), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1537; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1484(k)(8), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1719; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(2), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1041(a)(10), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2645.)

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–314 struck out subsec. (c) which read as follows: "The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives copies of all documents evidencing an arrangement entered into under subsection (a) not later than 45 days after entering into such an arrangement."

1999—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted "and the Committee on Armed Services" for "and the Committee on National Security".

1996—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted "Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives" for "Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives".

1990—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101–510 substituted a semicolon for ", or" at end.

1989Pub. L. 101–189, §933(a), renumbered section 2401a of this title as this section.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–189, §933(b), substituted "a bilateral arrangement with any allied country or allied international organization or may enter into a multilateral arrangement with allied countries and allied international organizations" for "an arrangement with the Minister of Defense or other appropriate official of any allied country or with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)," and "the allied country or countries or allied international organization or allied international organizations, as the case may be," for "such country or NATO" and inserted "The term of an arrangement entered into under this subsection may not exceed five years."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–189, §933(c), designated first sentence as par. (1), inserted "Liquidations may be made at such times as the parties in an arrangement may agree upon, but in no case may final liquidation in the case of an arrangement be made later than 30 days after the end of the term for which the arrangement was entered into." after "supplies and services.", added par. (2), and designated second sentence as par. (3).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–189, §933(d)(1), (2), substituted "In this section:" and par. (1) for "In this section, the term 'allied country' means—" and redesignated former cls. (1) and (2) as cls. (A) and (B).

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101–189, §933(d)(3), which directed amendment of cl. (A) by substituting a semicolon for "; or" at end, could not be executed because "; or" did not appear.

Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 101–189, §933(d)(4), substituted "; or" for period at end.

Subsec. (d)(1)(C), (2). Pub. L. 101–189, §933(d)(5), added cl. (C) and par. (2).

1987—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–26 inserted "the term" after "In this section,".

§2350g. Authority to accept use of real property, services, and supplies from foreign countries in connection with mutual defense agreements and occupational arrangements

(a) Authority To Accept.—The Secretary of Defense may accept from a foreign country, for the support of any element of the armed forces in an area of that country—

(1) real property or the use of real property and services and supplies for the United States or for the use of the United States in accordance with a mutual defense agreement or occupational arrangement; and

(2) services furnished as reciprocal international courtesies or as services customarily made available without charge.


(b) Authority to Use Property, Services, and Supplies.—Property, services, or supplies referred to in subsection (a) may be used by the Secretary of Defense without specific authorization, except that such property, services, and supplies may not be used in connection with any program, project, or activity if the use of such property, services, or supplies would result in the violation of any prohibition or limitation otherwise applicable to that program, project, or activity.

(c) Periodic Audits by GAO.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall make periodic audits of money and property accepted under this section, at such intervals as the Comptroller General determines to be warranted. The Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on the results of each such audit.

(Added Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1451(b)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1692; amended Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XI, §1105(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1749; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1032(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 751.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in Pub. L. 101–165, title IX, §9008, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1130, which was set out as a note under section 2341 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, §1451(c).

Amendments

1999—Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 106–65 redesignated subsecs. (c) and (d) as (b) and (c), respectively, and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (b). Text read as follows:

"(1) Not later than 30 days after the end of each quarter of each fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on property, services, and supplies accepted by the Secretary under this section during the preceding quarter. The Secretary shall include in each such report a description of all property, services, and supplies having a value of more than $1,000,000.

"(2) In computing the value of any property, services, and supplies referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall aggregate the value of—

"(A) similar items of property, services, and supplies accepted by the Secretary during the quarter concerned; and

"(B) components which, if assembled, would comprise all or a substantial part of an item of equipment or a facility."

1993—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–160 substituted "Periodic Audits" for "Annual Audit" in heading and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an annual audit of property, services, and supplies accepted by the Secretary of Defense under this section and shall submit a copy of the results of each such audit to Congress."

§2350h. Memorandums of agreement: Department of Defense ombudsman for foreign signatories

The Secretary of Defense shall designate an official to act as ombudsman within the Department of Defense on behalf of foreign governments who are parties to memorandums of agreement with the United States concerning acquisition matters under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense. The official so designated shall assist officials of those foreign governments in understanding and complying with procedures and requirements of the Department of Defense (and, as appropriate, other departments and agencies of the United States) insofar as they relate to any such memorandum of agreement.

(Added Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1452(a)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1693.)

Deadline for Designation of Ombudsman

Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1452(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1694, provided that the official required to be designated under this section was to be designated by the Secretary of Defense not later than 90 days after Nov. 5, 1990.

§2350i. Foreign contributions for cooperative projects

(a) Crediting of Contributions.—Whenever the United States participates in a cooperative project with a friendly foreign country or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on a cost-sharing basis, any contribution received by the United States from that foreign country or NATO to meet its share of the costs of the project may be credited to appropriations available to an appropriate military department or another appropriate organization within the Department of Defense, as determined by the Secretary of Defense.

(b) Use of Amounts Credited.—The amount of a contribution credited pursuant to subsection (a) to an appropriation account in connection with a cooperative project referred to in that subsection shall be available only for payment of the share of the project expenses allocated to the foreign country or NATO making the contribution. Payments for which such amount is available include the following:

(1) Payments to contractors and other suppliers (including the Department of Defense and other participants acting as suppliers) for necessary articles and services.

(2) Payments for any damages and costs resulting from the performance or cancellation of any contract or other obligation.

(3) Payments or reimbursements of other program expenses, including program office overhead and administrative costs.

(4) Refunds to other participants.


(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "cooperative project" means a jointly managed arrangement, described in a written cooperative agreement entered into by the participants, that—

(A) is undertaken by the participants in order to improve the conventional defense capabilities of the participants; and

(B) provides for—

(i) one or more participants (other than the United States) to share with the United States the cost of research and development, testing, evaluation, or joint production (including follow-on support) of defense articles;

(ii) the United States and another participant concurrently to produce in the United States and the country of such other participant a defense article jointly developed in a cooperative project described in clause (i); or

(iii) the United States to procure a defense article or a defense service from another participant in the cooperative project.


(2) The term "defense article" has the meaning given such term in section 47(3) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794(3)).

(3) The term "defense service" has the meaning given such term in section 47(4) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794(4)).

(Added Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1047(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1467.)

§2350j. Burden sharing contributions by designated countries and regional organizations

(a) Authority To Accept Contributions.—The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Secretary of State, may accept cash contributions from any country or regional organization designated for purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, for the purposes specified in subsection (c).

(b) Accounting.—Contributions accepted under subsection (a) which are not related to security assistance may be accepted, managed, and expended in dollars or in the currency of the host nation (or, in the case of a contribution from a regional organization, in the currency in which the contribution was provided). Any such contribution shall be placed in an account established for such purpose and shall remain available until expended for the purposes specified in subsection (c). The Secretary of Defense shall establish a separate account for such purpose for each country or regional organization from which such contributions are accepted under subsection (a).

(c) Availability of Contributions.—Contributions accepted under subsection (a) shall be available only for the payment of the following costs:

(1) Compensation for local national employees of the Department of Defense.

(2) Military construction projects of the Department of Defense.

(3) Supplies and services of the Department of Defense.


(d) Authorization of Military Construction.—Contributions placed in an account established under subsection (b) may be used—

(1) by the Secretary of Defense to carry out a military construction project that is consistent with the purposes for which the contributions were made and is not otherwise authorized by law; or

(2) by the Secretary of a military department, with the approval of the Secretary of Defense, to carry out such a project.


(e) Notice and Wait Requirements.—(1) When a decision is made to carry out a military construction project under subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing—

(A) an explanation of the need for the project;

(B) the then current estimate of the cost of the project; and

(C) a justification for carrying out the project under that subsection.


(2) The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department may not commence a military construction project under subsection (d) until the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the report under paragraph (1) regarding the project in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(3)(A) A military construction project under subsection (d) may be carried out without regard to the requirement in paragraph (1) and the limitation in paragraph (2) if the project is necessary to support the armed forces in the country or region in which the project is carried out by reason of a declaration of war, or a declaration by the President of a national emergency pursuant to the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), that is in force at the time of the commencement of the project.

(B) When a decision is made to carry out a military construction project under subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees—

(i) a notice of the decision; and

(ii) a statement of the current estimated cost of the project, including the cost of any real property transaction in connection with the project.

(Added Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XIV, §1402(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1825; amended Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1070(a)(10), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2856; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XIII, §1331, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 482; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), div. B, title XXVIII, §2801, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774, 845; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §§1031(a)(18), 1043(b)(12), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1597, 1611; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(a)(15), div. B, title XXVIII, §2801(f), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1561, 1845.)

References in Text

The National Emergencies Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(3), is Pub. L. 94–412, Sept. 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 1255, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 34 (§1601 et seq.) of Title 50, War and National Defense. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1601 of Title 50 and Tables.

Codification

Section, as added by Pub. L. 103–160, consists of text of Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1045, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1465, as amended by Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title XIII, §1305(a), (b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2546, and revised by Pub. L. 103–160, in subsec. (a), by substituting "The Secretary" for "During fiscal years 1992 and 1993, the Secretary", inserting ", after consultation with the Secretary of State," after "Secretary of Defense", and substituting "from any country or regional organization designated for purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State" for "from Japan, Kuwait, and the Republic of Korea", and in former subsec. (f), by substituting "each fiscal year" for "each quarter of fiscal years 1992 and 1993", "Congress" for "congressional defense committees", "each country and regional organization from which contributions have been accepted by the Secretary under subsection (a)" for "Japan, Kuwait, and the Republic of Korea", and "the preceding fiscal year" for "the preceding quarter" in pars. (1) and (2).

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(f)(2), which directed striking out "or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the report is provided", was executed by striking out "or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of that report is provided" after "regarding the project", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(f)(1), substituted "14-day period" for "21-day period".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–91, §1051(a)(15), struck out subsec. (f). Text read as follows: "Not later than 30 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report specifying separately for each country and regional organization from which contributions have been accepted by the Secretary under subsection (a)—

"(1) the amount of the contributions accepted by the Secretary during the preceding fiscal year under subsection (a) and the purposes for which the contributions were made; and

"(2) the amount of the contributions expended by the Secretary during the preceding fiscal year and the purposes for which the contributions were expended."

2003—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 108–136, §1043(b)(12)(A), substituted "congressional defense committees" for "congressional committees specified in subsection (g)" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 108–136, §1031(a)(18), inserted before period at end "or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of that report is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title".

Subsec. (e)(3)(B). Pub. L. 108–136, §1043(b)(12)(A), substituted "congressional defense committees" for "congressional committees specified in subsection (g)" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 108–136, §1043(b)(12)(B), struck out subsec. (g) which listed the congressional committees referred to in subsec. (e).

1999—Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 106–65, §2801(a), added par. (3).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 106–65, §2801(b), substituted "subsection (e)" for "subsection (e)(1)" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 106–65, §1067(1), substituted "Committee on Armed Services" for "Committee on National Security".

1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–106, §1331(a), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: "Credit to Appropriations.—Contributions accepted in a fiscal year under subsection (a) shall be credited to appropriations of the Department of Defense that are available for that fiscal year for the purposes for which the contributions are made. The contributions so credited shall be—

"(1) merged with the appropriations to which they are credited; and

"(2) available for the same time period as those appropriations."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–106, §1331(b), substituted "placed in an account established under subsection (b)" for "credited under subsection (b) to an appropriation account of the Department of Defense".

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 104–106, §1331(c)(1), substituted "to the congressional committees specified in subsection (g) a report" for "a report to the congressional defense committees".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–106, §1331(c)(2), added subsec. (g).

1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–337, §1070(a)(10)(A), inserted a comma after second reference to "Secretary of State".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 103–337, §1070(a)(10)(B), struck out "the" before "Congress" in introductory provisions.

Temporary Authority for Acceptance and Use of Contributions for Certain Construction, Maintenance, and Repair Projects Mutually Beneficial to the Department of Defense and Kuwait Military Forces

Pub. L. 114–92, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1170, as amended by Pub. L. 114–328, div. B, title XXVIII, §2807, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2715, provided that:

"(a) Authority To Accept Contributions.—The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Secretary of State, may accept cash contributions from the government of Kuwait for the purpose of paying for the costs of construction (including military construction not otherwise authorized by law), maintenance, and repair projects mutually beneficial to the Department of Defense and Kuwait military forces.

"(b) Accounting.—Contributions accepted under subsection (a) shall be placed in an account established by the Secretary of Defense and shall remain available until expended as provided in such subsection.

"(c) Prohibition on Use of Contributions To Offset Burden Sharing Contributions.—Contributions accepted under subsection (a) may not be used to offset any burden sharing contributions made by the government of Kuwait.

"(d) Notice.—When a decision is made to carry out a project using contributions accepted under subsection (a) and the estimated cost of the project will exceed the thresholds prescribed by section 2805 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives], the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives written notice of decision, the justification for the project, and the estimated cost of the project.

"(e) Mutually Beneficial Defined.—A project described in subsection (a) shall be considered to be 'mutually beneficial' if—

"(1) the project is in support of a bilateral defense cooperation agreement between the United States and the government of Kuwait; or

"(2) the Secretary of Defense determines that the United States may derive a benefit from the project, including—

"(A) access to and use of facilities of the Kuwait military forces;

"(B) ability or capacity for future force posture; and

"(C) increased interoperability between the Department of Defense and Kuwait military forces.

"(f) Expiration of Project Authority.—The authority to carry out projects under this section expires on September 30, 2030. The expiration of the authority does not prevent the continuation of any project commenced before that date."

§2350k. Relocation within host nation of elements of armed forces overseas

(a) Authority To Accept Contributions.—The Secretary of Defense may accept contributions from any nation because of or in support of the relocation of elements of the armed forces from or to any location within that nation. Such contributions may be accepted in dollars or in the currency of the host nation. Any such contribution shall be placed in an account established for such purpose and shall remain available until expended for the purposes specified in subsection (b). The Secretary shall establish a separate account for such purpose for each country from which such contributions are accepted.

(b) Use of Contributions.—The Secretary may use a contribution accepted under subsection (a) only for payment of costs incurred in connection with the relocation concerning which the contribution was made. Those costs include the following:

(1) Design and construction services, including development and review of statements of work, master plans and designs, acquisition of construction, and supervision and administration of contracts relating thereto.

(2) Transportation and movement services, including packing, unpacking, storage, and transportation.

(3) Communications services, including installation and deinstallation of communications equipment, transmission of messages and data, and rental of transmission capability.

(4) Supply and administration, including acquisition of expendable office supplies, rental of office space, budgeting and accounting services, auditing services, secretarial services, and translation services.

(5) Personnel costs, including salary, allowances and overhead of employees whether full-time or part-time, temporary or permanent (except for military personnel), and travel and temporary duty costs.

(6) All other clearly identifiable expenses directly related to relocation.


(c) Method of Contribution.—Contributions may be accepted in any of the following forms:

(1) Irrevocable letter of credit issued by a financial institution acceptable to the Treasurer of the United States.

(2) Drawing rights on a commercial bank account established and funded by the host nation, which account is blocked such that funds deposited cannot be withdrawn except by or with the approval of the United States.

(3) Cash, which shall be deposited in a separate trust fund in the United States Treasury pending expenditure and which shall accrue interest in accordance with section 9702 of title 31.

(Added Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XIII, §1332(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 482; amended Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1041(a)(11), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2645.)

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–314 struck out heading and text of subsec. (d). Text read as follows: "Not later than 30 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report specifying—

"(1) the amount of the contributions accepted by the Secretary during the preceding fiscal year under subsection (a) and the purposes for which the contributions were made; and

"(2) the amount of the contributions expended by the Secretary during the preceding fiscal year and the purposes for which the contributions were expended."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XIII, §1332(b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 484, provided that: "Section 2350k of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 10, 1996] and shall apply to contributions for relocation of elements of the Armed Forces in or to any nation received on or after such date."

§2350l. Cooperative agreements for reciprocal use of test facilities: foreign countries and international organizations

(a) Authority.—The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, may enter into a memorandum of understanding (or other formal agreement) with a foreign country or international organization to provide for the testing, on a reciprocal basis, of defense equipment (1) by the United States using test facilities of that country or organization, and (2) by that country or organization using test facilities of the United States.

(b) Payment of Costs.—A memorandum or other agreement under subsection (a) shall provide that, when a party to the agreement uses a test facility of another party to the agreement, the party using the test facility is charged by the party providing the test facility in accordance with the following principles:

(1) The user party shall be charged the amount equal to the direct costs incurred by the provider party in furnishing test and evaluation services by the providing party's officers, employees, or governmental agencies.

(2) The user party may also be charged indirect costs relating to the use of the test facility, but only to the extent specified in the memorandum or other agreement.


(c) Determination of Indirect Costs; Delegation of Authority.—(1) The Secretary of Defense shall determine the appropriateness of the amount of indirect costs charged by the United States pursuant to subsection (b)(2).

(2) The Secretary may delegate the authority under paragraph (1) only to the Deputy Secretary of Defense and to one other official of the Department of Defense.

(d) Retention of Funds Collected by the United States.—Amounts collected by the United States from a party using a test facility of the United States pursuant to a memorandum or other agreement under this section shall be credited to the appropriation accounts from which the costs incurred by the United States in providing such test facility were paid.

(e) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "direct cost", with respect to the use of a test facility pursuant to a memorandum or other agreement under subsection (a)—

(A) means any item of cost that is easily and readily identified to a specific unit of work or output within the test facility where the use occurred, that would not have been incurred if such use had not occurred; and

(B) may include costs of labor, materials, facilities, utilities, equipment, supplies, and any other resources of the test facility that are consumed or damaged in connection with—

(i) the use; or

(ii) the maintenance of the test facility for purposes of the use.


(2) The term "indirect cost", with respect to the use of a test facility pursuant to a memorandum or other agreement under subsection (a)—

(A) means any item of cost that is not easily and readily identified to a specific unit of work or output within the test facility where the use occurred; and

(B) may include general and administrative expenses for such activities as supporting base operations, manufacturing, supervision, procurement of office supplies, and utilities that are accumulated costs allocated among several users.


(3) The term "test facility" means a range or other facility at which testing of defense equipment may be carried out.

(Added Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XII, §1213(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1250.)

[§2350m. Renumbered §344]

§2350n. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command

(a) Authorization.—The Secretary of Defense shall authorize the establishment of, and the participation by members of the armed forces in, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command (in this section referred to as the "Joint Force Command"), to be established in the United States.

(b) Use of Department of Defense Facilities and Equipment.—The Secretary may use facilities and equipment of the Department of Defense to support the Joint Force Command.

(c) Availability of Funds.—Amounts authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense shall be available to carry out the purposes of this section.

(Added Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XII, §1249(a), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1664.)