[USC02] 10 USC Subtitle A, PART IV, CHAPTER 169, SUBCHAPTER III: ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING
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10 USC Subtitle A, PART IV, CHAPTER 169, SUBCHAPTER III: ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle A—General Military LawPART IV—SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENTCHAPTER 169—MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING

SUBCHAPTER III—ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING

Sec.
2851.
Supervision of military construction projects.
2852.
Military construction projects: waiver of certain restrictions.
2853.
Authorized cost and scope of work variations.
2854.
Restoration or replacement of damaged or destroyed facilities.
2854a.
Conveyance of damaged or deteriorated military family housing; use of proceeds.
2855.
Law applicable to contracts for architectural and engineering services and construction design.
2856.
Military unaccompanied housing: local comparability of floor areas.
[2857.
Renumbered.]
2858.
Limitation on the use of funds for expediting a construction project.
2859.
Construction requirements related to antiterrorism and force protection or urban-training operations.
2860.
Availability of appropriations.
2861.
Military construction projects in connection with industrial facility investment program.
2862.
Turn-key selection procedures.
2863.
Payment of contractor claims.
2864.
Master plans for major military installations.
2865.
Work in Process Curve charts and outlay tables for military construction projects.
2866.
Water conservation at military installations.
2867.
Energy monitoring and utility control system specification for military construction and military family housing activities.
2868.
Utility services: furnishing for certain buildings.
2869.
Exchange of property at military installations.

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. B, title XXVIII, §2806(a)(2), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2264, added item 2865.

2013Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, §2802(b), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2147, added item 2864.

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(a)(22), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1949, made technical amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 112–81, §2815(c). See 2011 Amendment note below.

2011Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2815(c), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1689, as amended by Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(a)(22), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1949, substituted "Exchange of property at military installations" for "Conveyance of property at military installations to limit encroachment" in item 2869.

Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(d)(23), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4374, made technical amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(d)(2). See 2009 Amendment note below.

2009Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2841(a)(2), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2680, added item 2867.

Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(d)(2), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2662, as amended by Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(d)(23), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4374, substituted "Conveyance of property at military installations to limit encroachment" for "Conveyance of property at military installations to support military construction or limit encroachment" in item 2869.

2006Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2807(a)(2), 2808(b)(2), 2809(b), 2810(b), 2811(f)(2), 2851(c)(4), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2468–2471, 2473, 2495, added item 2861, inserted "or urban-training operations" after "force protection" in item 2859, substituted "Military unaccompanied housing: local comparability of floor areas" for "Limitations on barracks space by pay grade" in item 2856 and "to support military construction or limit encroachment" for "closed or realigned to support military construction" in item 2869, and struck out items 2857 "Use of renewable forms of energy in new facilities", 2864 "Military construction contracts on Guam", 2865 "Energy savings at military installations", and 2867 "Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration production facilities".

Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(c)(2), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3507, substituted "Authorized cost and scope of work variations" for "Authorized cost variations" in item 2853.

Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2122, added item 2859.

2003Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1044(b)(2), div. B, title XXVIII, §2805(a)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1612, 1721, struck out item 2859 "Transmission of annual military construction authorization request" and added item 2869.

2001Pub. L. 107–107, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1305, struck out item 2861 "Annual report to Congress".

1997Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §371(c)(3), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1705, added items 2867 and 2868.

1996Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, §2818(a)(2), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 555, added item 2854a.

1993Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1885, added item 2866.

1990Pub. L. 101–510, div. B, title XXVIII, §2851(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1804, added item 2865.

1989Pub. L. 101–189, div. B, title XXVIII, §2807(b), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1648, added item 2864.

1987Pub. L. 100–180, div. B, subdiv. 3, title I, §2303(b), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1215, added item 2863.

1986Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(21)(B), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3994, struck out "for five years" after "Availability of appropriations" in item 2860.

1985Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §807(b), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 988, added item 2862.

1982Pub. L. 97–321, title VIII, §801(b)(3), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1571, substituted "renewable forms of energy in new facilities" for "solar energy systems" in item 2857.

§2851. Supervision of military construction projects

(a) Supervision of Military Department Projects.—Each contract entered into by the United States in connection with a military construction project or a military family housing project shall be carried out under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of the Army (acting through the Chief of Engineers), the Secretary of the Navy (acting through the Commander of the Naval Facilities Engineering Command), or such other department or Government agency as the Secretary of Defense approves to assure the most efficient, expeditious, and cost-effective completion of the project.

(b) Supervision of Defense Agency Projects.—A military construction project for an activity or agency of the Department of Defense (other than a military department) financed from appropriations for military functions of the Department of Defense shall be accomplished by or through a military department designated by the Secretary of Defense.

(c) Maintenance of Military Construction Information on Internet; Access.—(1) The Secretary of Defense shall maintain an Internet site that will permit a person to access and view on a separate page of the Internet site a document or other file containing the information required by paragraph (2) for the following:

(A) Each military construction project or military family housing project that has been specifically authorized by Act of Congress.

(B) Each project carried out with funds authorized for the operation and maintenance of military family housing.

(C) Each project carried out with funds authorized for the improvement of military family housing units.

(D) Each unspecified minor construction project carried out under the authority of section 2805(a) of this title.

(E) Each military construction project or military family housing project regarding which a statutory requirement exists to notify Congress.


(2) The information to be provided via the Internet site required by paragraph (1) for each project described in such paragraph shall include the following:

(A) The solicitation date and award date (or anticipated dates) for each contract entered into (or to be entered into) by the United States in connection with the project.

(B) The contract recipient, contract award amount, construction milestone schedule proposed by the contractor, and construction completion date stipulated in the awarded contract.

(C) The most current Department of Defense Form 1391, Military Construction Project Data, for the project.

(D) The progress of the project, including the percentage of construction currently completed and the current estimated construction completion date.

(E) The current contract obligation of funds for the project, including any changes to the original contract award amount.

(F) If funds appropriated for the project have been diverted for use in another project, the project to which the funds were diverted and the amount so diverted.

(G) For accounts such as planning and design, unspecified minor construction, and family housing operation and maintenance, detailed information regarding expenditures and anticipated expenditures under these accounts and the purposes for which the expenditures are made.


(3) The information required to be provided for each project described in paragraph (1) shall be made available on the Internet site required by such paragraph not later than 90 days after the award of a contract or delivery order for the project. The Secretary of Defense shall update the required information as promptly as practicable, but not less frequently than once a month, to ensure that the information is available in a timely manner.

(d) Annual Report on Schedule Delays.—Not later than March 1 of each year (beginning with 2018), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and Senate a report on each military construction project or military family housing project for which, as of the end of the most recent fiscal year, the estimated completion date is more than 1 year later than the completion date proposed at the time the contract for the project was awarded.

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 163; amended Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803(a), (c), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3505, 3506; Pub. L. 111–383, div. B, title XXVIII, §2801, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4458; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1855.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–91 added subsec. (d).

2011—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 111–383, §2801(c)(1), substituted "that will permit a person" for "that, when activated by a person authorized under paragraph (3), will permit the person".

Subsec. (c)(2)(F) to (H). Pub. L. 111–383, §2801(a), redesignated subpars. (G) and (H) as (F) and (G), respectively, and struck out former subpar. (F) which read as follows: "The estimated final cost of the project and, if the estimated final cost of the project exceeds the amount appropriated for the project and funds have been provided from another source to meet the increased cost, the source of the funds and the amount provided."

Subsec. (c)(3), (4). Pub. L. 111–383, §2801(b), (c)(2), redesignated par. (4) as (3), substituted "on the Internet site required by such paragraph" for "to the persons referred to in paragraph (3)" and struck out "to such persons" before "in a timely manner", and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: "Access to the Internet site required by paragraph (1) shall be restricted to the following persons:

"(A) Members of the congressional defense committees and their staff.

"(B) Staff of the congressional defense committees."

2006—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 109–163, §2803(c), inserted headings.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–163, §2803(a), added subsec. (c).

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

Implementation of Internet Site

Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803(b), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3506, provided that: "The Internet site required by subsection (c) of section 2851 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall be available to the persons referred to in paragraph (3) of such subsection not later than July 15, 2006."

Identification of Requirements To Reduce Backlog in Maintenance and Repair of Defense Facilities

Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title III, §374], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-81, which required the Secretary of Defense to submit to Congress, not later than March 15, 2001, a report identifying a list of requirements to reduce the backlog in maintenance and repair needs of facilities and infrastructure under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense or a military department, which report was to be updated annually, was repealed by Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title X, §1062(i)(1), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1585.

§2852. Military construction projects: waiver of certain restrictions

(a) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military departments may carry out authorized military construction projects and authorized military family housing projects without regard to subsections (a) and (b) of section 3324 of title 31.

(b) Authority to carry out a military construction project or a military family housing project may be exercised on land not owned by the United States—

(1) before title to the land on which the project is to be carried out is approved under section 3111 of title 40; and

(2) even though the land will be held in other than a fee simple interest in a case in which the Secretary of the military department concerned determines that the interest to be acquired in the land is sufficient for the purposes of the project.


(c) In the case of a military construction project or a military family housing project, the contract amount thresholds specified in subchapter III of chapter 31 of title 40 (commonly referred to as the Miller Act) shall be applied by substituting "$150,000" for "$100,000" for purposes of determining when a performance bond and payment bond are required under section 3131 of such title and when alternatives to payment bonds as payment protections for suppliers of labor and materials are required under section 3132 of such title.

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 164; amended Pub. L. 97–295, §1(35), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1296; Pub. L. 97–321, title VIII, §805(a)(1), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1573; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1303(a)(19), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 739; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(20), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1297; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1685.)

Historical and Revision Notes

In 10:2852(a), the title 31 citation is substituted on authority of Pub. L. 97–258, §4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted title 31.

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–81 added subsec. (c).

2002—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107–217 substituted "section 3111 of title 40" for "section 355 of the Revised Statutes (40 U.S.C. 255)".

1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–145 substituted "subsections (a) and (b) of section 3324" for "section 3324(a) and (b)".

1982—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–295 substituted "section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31" for "section 3648 of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 529)".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–321 substituted "may be exercised on land not owned by the United States" for "on land not owned by the United States may be exercised" in introductory text, redesignated former cl. (1) as par. (1), added par. (2), and struck out former cl. (2) which read as follows: "even though the land is held temporarily".

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

§2853. Authorized cost and scope of work variations

(a) Except as provided in subsection (c), (d), or (e), the cost authorized for a military construction project or for the construction, improvement, and acquisition of a military family housing project may be increased or decreased by not more than 25 percent of the amount appropriated for such project or 200 percent of the minor construction project ceiling specified in section 2805(a) of this title, whichever is less, if the Secretary concerned determines that such revised cost is required for the sole purpose of meeting unusual variations in cost and that such variations in cost could not have reasonably been anticipated at the time the project was authorized by Congress.

(b)(1) Except as provided in subsection (c), the scope of work for a military construction project or for the construction, improvement, and acquisition of a military family housing project may be reduced by not more than 25 percent from the amount specified for that project, construction, improvement, or acquisition in the justification data provided to Congress as part of the request for authorization of the project, construction, improvement, or acquisition. Any reduction in scope of work for a military construction project shall not result in a facility or item of infrastructure that is not complete and useable or does not fully meet the mission requirement contained in the justification data provided to Congress as part of the request for authorization of the project, construction, improvement, or acquisition.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (d), the scope of work for a military construction project or for the construction, improvement, and acquisition of a military family housing project may not be increased above the amount specified for that project, construction, improvement, or acquisition in the justification data provided to Congress as part of the request for authorization of the project, construction, improvement, or acquisition.

(3) In this subsection, the term "scope of work" refers to the function, size, or quantity of a facility or item of complete and useable infrastructure contained in the justification data provided to Congress as part of the request for authorization of the project, construction, improvement, or acquisition.

(c) The limitation on cost variations in subsection (a) or the limitation on scope reduction in subsection (b)(1) does not apply if the variation in cost or reduction in the scope of work is approved by the Secretary concerned and—

(1) in the case of a cost increase or a reduction in the scope of work—

(A) the Secretary concerned notifies the appropriate committees of Congress of the cost increase or reduction in scope, the reasons therefor, a certification that the mission requirement identified in the justification data provided to Congress can still be met with the reduced scope, and a description of the funds proposed to be used to finance any increased costs; and

(B) a 14-day period has elapsed after the date on which the notification is received by the committees in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title; or


(2) in the case of a cost decrease, the Secretary concerned notifies, using an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, the appropriate committees of Congress not later than 14 days after the date funds are obligated in connection with the military construction project or military family housing project.


(d) The limitation in subsection (b)(2) on an increase in the scope of work does not apply if—

(1) the increase in the scope of work is not more than 10 percent of the amount specified for that project, construction, improvement, or acquisition in the justification data provided to Congress as part of the request for authorization of the project, construction, improvement, or acquisition;

(2) the increase is approved by the Secretary concerned;

(3) the Secretary concerned notifies the congressional defense committees in writing of the increase in scope and the reasons therefor; and

(4) a period of 21 days has elapsed after the date on which the notification is received by the committees or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days has elapsed after the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.


(e) The limitation on cost variations in subsection (a) does not apply to the following:

(1) The settlement of a contractor claim under a contract.

(2) The costs associated with the required remediation of an environmental hazard in connection with a military construction project or military family housing project, such as asbestos removal, radon abatement, lead-based paint removal or abatement, or any other legally required environmental hazard remediation, if the required remediation could not have reasonably been anticipated at the time the project was approved originally by Congress.


(f)(1) In addition to the notification sent under paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of a cost increase with respect to a project, the Secretary concerned shall provide an additional report notifying the congressional defense committees and the Comptroller General of the United States of any military construction project or military family housing project with a total authorized cost greater than $40,000,000 that has a cost increase of 25 percent or more.

(2) The report under paragraph (1) shall include the following—

(A) A description of the specific reasons for the cost increase and the specific organizations and individuals responsible.

(B) A description of any ongoing or completed proceedings or investigation into a government employee, prime contractor, subcontractor, or non-governmental organization that may be responsible for the cost increase, and the status of such proceeding or investigation.

(C) If any proceeding or investigation identified in subparagraph (B) resulted in final judicial or administrative action, the following:

(i) In the case of a judicial or administrative action taken against a government employee, the report shall identify the individual's organization, position within the organization, and the action taken against the individual, but shall exclude personally identifiable information about the individual.

(ii) In the case of a judicial or administrative action taken against a prime contractor, subcontractor, or non-governmental organization, the report shall identify the prime contractor, subcontractor, or non-governmental organization and the action taken against the prime contractor, subcontractor, or non-governmental organization.


(D) A summary of any changes the Secretary concerned believes may be required to the organizational structure, project management and oversight practices, policy, or authorities of a government organization involved in military construction projects as a result of problems identified and lessons learned from the project.


(3) If any proceeding or investigation described in paragraph (2)(C) is still ongoing at the time the Secretary concerned submits the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide a supplemental report to the congressional defense committees and the Comptroller General of the United States not later than 30 days after such proceeding or investigation has been completed. If such proceeding or investigation resulted in final judicial or administrative action against a government employee, prime contractor, subcontractor, or non-governmental organization, the Secretary shall include in the supplemental report the information required by paragraph (2)(C).

(4) Each report under this subsection shall be cosigned by the senior engineer authorized to supervise military construction projects and military family housing projects under section 2851(a).

(5) The Secretary shall send the report required under paragraph (1) with respect to a project not later than 180 days after the Secretary sends to the appropriate committees of Congress the notification under paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of a cost increase with respect to the project.

(6) The Comptroller General of the United States shall review each report submitted under this subsection and validate or correct as necessary the information provided.

(g) Notwithstanding the authority under subsections (a) through (f), the Secretary concerned shall ensure compliance of contracts for military construction projects and for the construction, improvement, and acquisition of military family housing projects with section 1341 of title 31 (commonly referred to as the "Anti-Deficiency Act").

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 164; amended Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §807, Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1521; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(2), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 100–180, div. B, subdiv. 3, title I, §§2312, 2313, Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1217, 1218; Pub. L. 101–189, div. B, title XXVIII, §2808, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1648; Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, §2817, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 107–107, div. B, title XXVIII, §2802, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1305; Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2121; Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a)–(c)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3506; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2806, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2468; Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2661; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2802(c)(2), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1685; Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, §2801, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2146; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(f)(24), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3511; Pub. L. 114–328, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2712; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2801(c)(1), 2821, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1843, 1853.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(c)(1)(A), struck out "in writing" after "committees of Congress".

Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(c)(1)(B), substituted "14-day period" for "period of 21 days" and struck out "or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days has elapsed after the date on which a copy of the notification is provided" after "received by the committees".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(c)(1)(A), (C), inserted ", using an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title," after "notifies" and struck out "in writing" after "committees of Congress".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–91, §2821(2), added subsec. (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 115–91, §2821(1), (3), redesignated subsec. (f) as (g) and substituted "subsections (a) through (f)" for "subsections (a) through (e)".

2016—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–328, §2803(c), inserted "of this title" after "section 2805(a)".

Pub. L. 114–328, §2803(b)(1), substituted "subsection (c), (d), or (e)" for "subsection (c) or (d)".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 114–328, §2803(a)(1), substituted "Except as provided in subsection (d), the scope of work" for "The scope of work".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–328, §2803(a)(3), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 114–328, §2803(a)(2), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 114–328, §2803(a)(2), (b)(2), redesignated subsec. (e) as (f) and substituted "through (e)" for "through (d)".

2014—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 113–291 substituted "can still be" for "can be still be".

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–239, §2801(1), substituted "was authorized" for "was approved originally".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 112–239, §2801(2)(A), inserted at end "Any reduction in scope of work for a military construction project shall not result in a facility or item of infrastructure that is not complete and useable or does not fully meet the mission requirement contained in the justification data provided to Congress as part of the request for authorization of the project, construction, improvement, or acquisition."

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 112–239, §2801(2)(B), added par. (3).

Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 112–239, §2801(3), substituted ", the reasons therefor, a certification that the mission requirement identified in the justification data provided to Congress can be still be met with the reduced scope, and a description" for "and the reasons therefor, including a description".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 112–239, §2801(4), added subsec. (e).

2011—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–81 substituted "section 2805(a)" for "section 2805(a)(1)".

2009—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–84, §2803(1), designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted "may be reduced by not more than 25 percent from the amount specified for that project, construction, improvement, or acquisition in the justification data provided to Congress as part of the request for authorization of the project, construction, improvement, or acquisition." for "may be reduced by not more than 25 percent from the amount approved for that project, construction, improvement, or acquisition by Congress.", and added par. (2).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84, §2803(2), substituted "subsection (b)(1)" for "subsection (b)" in introductory provisions.

2006Pub. L. 109–163, §2804(c)(1), substituted "Authorized cost and scope of work variations" for "Authorized cost variations" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–163, §2804(a)(1), substituted "may be increased or decreased by not more than 25 percent" for "may be increased by not more than 25 percent" and "if the Secretary concerned determines that such revised cost is required" for "if the Secretary concerned determines that such an increase in cost is required".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–364 substituted "if the variation in cost or reduction in the scope of work is approved by the Secretary concerned and—" for "if—" in introductory provisions, added pars. (1) and (2), and struck out former pars. (1) to (3) which read as follows:

"(1) the variation in cost or reduction in scope is approved by the Secretary concerned;

"(2) the Secretary concerned notifies the appropriate committees of Congress in writing of the variation or reduction and the reasons therefor, including a description of the funds proposed to be used to finance any increased costs; and

"(3) a period of 21 days has elapsed after the date on which the notification is received by the committees or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days has elapsed after the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title."

Pub. L. 109–163, §2804(a)(2), (b), substituted "limitation on cost variations" for "limitation on cost increase" in introductory provisions, "the variation" for "the increase" in pars. (1) and (2), and inserted ", including a description of the funds proposed to be used to finance any increased costs" after "the reasons therefor" in par. (2).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–163, §2804(a)(3), substituted "limitation on cost variations" for "limitation on cost increases" in introductory provisions.

2004—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 108–375 inserted before period at end "or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days has elapsed after the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title".

2001—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–107 amended subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (d) read as follows: "The limitation on cost increases in subsection (a) does not apply to the settlement of a contractor claim under a contract."

1996—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–106 amended subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (d) read as follows: "The limitation on cost increases in subsection (a) does not apply to a within-scope modification to a contract or to the settlement of a contractor claim under a contract if the increase in cost is approved by the Secretary concerned, and the Secretary concerned promptly submits written notification of the facts relating to the proposed increase in cost to the appropriate committees of Congress."

1989Pub. L. 101–189 amended section generally, substituting subsecs. (a) to (d) for former subsecs. (a) to (f).

1987—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–180, §2312, substituted "Except as provided in paragraph (2), the total cost authorized for military construction projects at an installation (including each project the cost of which is included in such total authorized cost and is less than the minor project ceiling) may be increased by not more than 25 percent of the total amount appropriated for such projects" for "Except as provided in paragraph (2), the cost authorized for a military construction project (other than a project for which the approved amount is less than the minor project ceiling (as defined in subsection (f))) may be increased by not more than 25 percent of the amount appropriated for the project".

Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(2)(A), substituted "the minor project ceiling (as defined in subsection (f))" for "the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project".

Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(2)(B), substituted "the minor project ceiling" for "the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(2)(B), substituted "the minor project ceiling" for "the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project" in two places.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(2)(B), (C), substituted "the minor project ceiling" for "the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project" and "the amount of such ceiling" for "such maximum amount" in two places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–180, §2313, substituted "construction, improvement," for "construction".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(2)(B), substituted "the minor project ceiling" for "the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(2)(D), added subsec. (f).

1984—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–407 inserted "is more than the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project and".

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

§2854. Restoration or replacement of damaged or destroyed facilities

(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary concerned may repair, restore, or replace a facility under his jurisdiction, including a family housing facility, that has been damaged or destroyed.

(b) When a decision is made to carry out construction under subsection (a) and the cost of the repair, restoration, or replacement is greater than the maximum amount for a minor construction project, the Secretary concerned shall notify the appropriate committees of Congress of that decision, of the justification for the project, of the current estimate of the cost of the project, of the source of funds for the project, and of the justification for carrying out the project under this section. The project may then be carried out only after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date the notification is received by such committees in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(c)(1) In using the authority described in subsection (a) to carry out a military construction project to replace a facility, including a family housing facility, that has been damaged or destroyed, the Secretary concerned may use appropriations available for operation and maintenance if—

(A) the damage or destruction to the facility was the result of a natural disaster or a terrorism incident; and

(B) the Secretary submits a notification to the appropriate committees of Congress of the decision to carry out the replacement project, and includes in the notification—

(i) the current estimate of the cost of the replacement project;

(ii) the source of funds for the replacement project;

(iii) in the case of damage to a facility rather than destruction, a certification that the replacement project is more cost-effective than repair or restoration; and

(iv) a certification that deferral of the replacement project for inclusion in the next Military Construction Authorization Act would be inconsistent with national security or the protection of health, safety, or environmental quality, as the case may be.


(2) A replacement project under this subsection may be carried out only after the end of the 7-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification described in paragraph (1) is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(3) The maximum aggregate amount that the Secretary concerned may obligate from appropriations available for operation and maintenance in any fiscal year for replacement projects under the authority of this subsection is $50,000,000.

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 165; amended Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, §2870(7), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1563; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(45), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1602; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2801(c)(2), 2805, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1843, 1846.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–91, §2805(b), substituted "under subsection (a)" for "under this section".

Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(c)(2), struck out "in writing" after "shall notify" and "or, if earlier, the end of the seven-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification is provided" after "received by such committees" and substituted "14-day period" for "21-day period".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–91, §2805(a), added subsec. (c).

2003—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–136 inserted before period at end "or, if earlier, the end of the seven-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title".

1991—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–190 struck out "(1)" after "carried out only" and ", or (2) after each such committee has approved the project, if the committees approve the project before the end of that period" before period at end.

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

§2854a. Conveyance of damaged or deteriorated military family housing; use of proceeds

(a) Authority To Convey.—(1) The Secretary concerned may convey any family housing facility that, due to damage or deterioration, is in a condition that is uneconomical to repair. Any conveyance of a family housing facility under this section may include a conveyance of the real property associated with the facility conveyed.

(2) The authority of this section does not apply to family housing facilities located at military installations approved for closure under a base closure law or family housing facilities located at an installation outside the United States at which the Secretary of Defense terminates operations.

(3) The aggregate total value of the family housing facilities conveyed by the Department of Defense under the authority in this subsection in any fiscal year may not exceed $5,000,000.

(4) For purposes of this subsection, a family housing facility is in a condition that is uneconomical to repair if the cost of the necessary repairs for the facility would exceed the amount equal to 70 percent of the cost of constructing a family housing facility to replace such facility.

(b) Consideration.—(1) As consideration for the conveyance of a family housing facility under subsection (a), the person to whom the facility is conveyed shall pay the United States an amount equal to the fair market value of the facility conveyed, including any real property conveyed along with the facility.

(2) The Secretary concerned shall determine the fair market value of any family housing facility and associated real property that is conveyed under subsection (a). Such determination shall be final.

(c) Notice and Wait Requirements.—(1) The Secretary concerned may enter into an agreement to convey a family housing facility under this section only after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which the Secretary submits, in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, to the appropriate committees of Congress a notice containing a justification for the conveyance under the agreement.

(2) A notice under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) an estimate of the consideration to be provided the United States under the agreement;

(B) an estimate of the cost of repairing the family housing facility to be conveyed; and

(C) an estimate of the cost of replacing the family housing facility to be conveyed.


(d) Inapplicability of Certain Property Disposal Laws.—The following provisions of law do not apply to the conveyance of a family housing facility under this section:

(1) Subtitle I of title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41.

(2) Title V of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11411 et seq.).


(e) Use of Proceeds.—(1) The proceeds of any conveyance of a family housing facility under this section shall be credited to the appropriate fund established under section 2883 of this title and shall be available—

(A) to construct family housing units to replace the family housing facility conveyed under this section, but only to the extent that the number of units constructed with such proceeds does not exceed the number of units of military family housing of the facility conveyed;

(B) to repair or restore existing military family housing; and

(C) to reimburse the Secretary concerned for the costs incurred by the Secretary in conveying the family housing facility.


(2) Notwithstanding section 2883(d) of this title, proceeds derived from a conveyance of a family housing facility under this section shall be available under paragraph (1) without any further appropriation.

(f) Description of Property.—The exact acreage and legal description of any family housing facility conveyed under this section, including any real property associated with such facility, shall be determined by such means as the Secretary concerned considers satisfactory, including by survey in the case of real property.

(g) Additional Terms and Conditions.—The Secretary concerned may require such additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance of family housing facilities under this section as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.

(Added Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, §2818(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 553; amended Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(d)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1227; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(21), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1297; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(46), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1602; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(49), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3846; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2801(c)(3), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1843.)

References in Text

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (d)(2), is Pub. L. 100–77, July 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 482. Title V of the Act is classified generally to subchapter V (§11411 et seq.) of chapter 119 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 11301 of Title 42 and Tables.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–91 added subsec. (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which set out written notice and wait requirements.

2011—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 111–350 substituted "division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41" for "title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)".

2003—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–136 struck out "calendar" after "21" and inserted before period at end "or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days has elapsed after the date on which a copy of the justification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title".

2002—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 107–217 substituted "Subtitle I of title 40 and title III of the" for "The" and "(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)" for "(40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.)".

2001—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 107–107 substituted "McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act" for "Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act".

§2855. Law applicable to contracts for architectural and engineering services and construction design

(a) Contracts for architectural and engineering services and construction design in connection with a military construction project or a military family housing project shall be awarded in accordance with chapter 11 of title 40.

(b)(1) In the case of a contract referred to in subsection (a), if the Secretary concerned estimates that the initial award of the contract will be in an amount less than the threshold amount determined under paragraph (2), the contract shall be awarded in accordance with the set aside provisions of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.).

(2) The threshold amount under paragraph (1) is $1,000,000.

(3) This subsection does not restrict the award of contracts to small business concerns under section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)).

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 166; amended Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §808(a), Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1521; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(22), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1297; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title XIV, §1427(a), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1670; Pub. L. 115–232, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a), (b), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2261.)

References in Text

The Small Business Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is Pub. L. 85–536, §2(1 et seq.), July 18, 1958, 72 Stat. 384, which is classified generally to chapter 14A (§631 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 631 of Title 15 and Tables.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–232, §2804(a), substituted "subsection (a)," for "subsection (a)—", struck out subpar. (B) designation before "if the Secretary", and struck out subpar. (A) which read as follows: "if the Secretary concerned estimates that the initial award of the contract will be in an amount greater than or equal to the threshold amount determined under paragraph (2), the contract may not be set aside exclusively for award to small business concerns; and".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 115–232, §2804(b), substituted "threshold" for "initial threshold" and "$1,000,000" for "$300,000" and struck out last sentence which read as follows: "The Secretary of Defense may revise that amount in order to ensure that small business concerns receive a reasonable share of contracts referred to in subsection (a)."

2003—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–136 substituted "$300,000" for "$85,000".

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–217 substituted "chapter 11 of title 40" for "title IX of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 541 et seq.)".

1984Pub. L. 98–407 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–232, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2262, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to fiscal year 2019 and each succeeding fiscal year."

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §808(b), Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1522, provided that: "Subsection (b) of section 2855 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to contracts awarded after September 30, 1984, except that the authority of the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (2) of that subsection shall apply only with respect to contracts awarded after September 30, 1985."

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

§2856. Military unaccompanied housing: local comparability of floor areas

In the construction, acquisition, and improvement of military unaccompanied housing, the Secretary concerned shall ensure that the floor areas of such housing in a particular locality (as designated by the Secretary concerned for purposes of this section) do not exceed the floor areas of similar housing in the private sector in that locality.

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 166; amended Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1301(19), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1668; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2807(a)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2468.)

Amendments

2006Pub. L. 109–364 amended section catchline and text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations establishing the maximum allowable net square feet per occupant for new permanent barracks construction. Such regulations shall be uniform for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department."

1990Pub. L. 101–510 struck out "(a)" before "The Secretary of Defense" and struck out subsec. (b) which read as follows: "Before taking effect, any regulations under this section, and any modifications to such regulations, shall be submitted to the appropriate committees of Congress. Such regulations (including any modifications to such regulations) may not then take effect until 21 days after being received by such committees."

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

[§2857. Renumbered §2915]

§2858. Limitation on the use of funds for expediting a construction project

Funds appropriated for military construction (including military family housing) may not be expended for additional costs involved in expediting a construction project unless the Secretary concerned (1) certifies that expenditures for such costs are necessary to protect the national interest, and (2) establishes a reasonable completion date for the project. In establishing such a completion date, the Secretary shall take into consideration the urgency of the requirement for completion of the project, the type and location of the project, the climatic and seasonal conditions affecting the construction involved, and the application of economical construction practices.

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 167.)

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

§2859. Construction requirements related to antiterrorism and force protection or urban-training operations

(a) Antiterrorism and Force Protection Guidance and Criteria.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop common guidance and criteria to be used by each Secretary concerned—

(1) to assess the vulnerability of military installations located inside and outside of the United States to terrorist attack;

(2) to develop construction standards that, taking into consideration other security or force-protection measures available for the facility or military installation concerned, are designed to reduce the vulnerability of structures to terrorist attack and improve the security of the occupants of such structures;

(3) to prepare and carry out military construction projects, such as gate and fenceline construction, to improve the physical security of military installations; and

(4) to assist in prioritizing such projects within the military construction budget of each of the armed forces.


(b) Vulnerability Assessments.—The Secretary of Defense shall require vulnerability assessments of military installations to be conducted, at regular intervals, using the criteria developed under subsection (a).

(c) Certification Required for Military Construction Projects Designed to Provide Training in Urban Operations.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3), the Secretary concerned may not carry out a military construction project to construct a facility designed to provide training in urban operations for members of the armed forces or personnel of the Department of Defense or other Federal agencies until—

(A) the Secretary of Defense approves a strategy for training and facility construction for operations in urban terrain; and

(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness evaluates the project and certifies to the appropriate committees of Congress that the project—

(i) is consistent with the strategy; and

(ii) incorporates the appropriate capabilities for joint and interagency use in accordance with the strategy.


(2) This subsection shall not apply with respect to a military construction project carried out under the authority of section 2803, 2804, or 2808 of this title or section 2808 of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (division B of Public Law 108–136; 117 Stat. 1723).

(Added Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2121; amended Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2808(a), (b)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2469; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1081(2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1960; Pub. L. 113–66, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803(a), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1006; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(a)(22), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1562.)

References in Text

Section 2808 of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), is section 2808 of title XXVIII of div. B of Pub. L. 108–136, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1723, which is not classified to the Code except for section 2808(e), which is set out as a note under section 2805 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2859, added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 167; amended Pub. L. 97–295, §1(36), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1296, provided for transmission of annual military construction authorization request, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1044(b)(1), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1612.

Amendments

2017—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 115–91 redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which required annual reports describing vulnerability assessments and military construction requirements.

2013—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 113–66 substituted "develop construction standards that, taking into consideration other security or force-protection measures available for the facility or military installation concerned, are designed" for "develop construction standards designed".

Subsec. (d)(2), (3). Pub. L. 112–239 redesignated par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall conduct the evaluation required by paragraph (1)(B) in consultation with the Commander of the United States Joint Forces Command."

2006Pub. L. 109–364, §2808(b)(1), inserted "or urban-training operations" after "force protection" in section catchline.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–364, §2808(a), added subsec. (d).

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2808(c), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2470, provided that: "Subsection (d) [now (c)] of section 2859 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to military construction projects described in such subsection (d) [(c)] for which funds are first provided for fiscal year 2007 or thereafter."

Special Requirement for 2006 Report

Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(b), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2122, required the 2006 report under former subsec. (c) of this section to include a certification that since Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attack vulnerability assessments had been undertaken for all major military installations.

§2860. Availability of appropriations

Funds appropriated to a military department or to the Secretary of Defense for a fiscal year for military construction or military family housing purposes may remain available for obligation beyond such fiscal year to the extent provided in appropriation Acts.

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 167; amended Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §812(a), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 991; Pub. L. 99–173, §121(b), Dec. 10, 1985, 99 Stat. 1029; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(21)(A), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3994.)

Amendments

1986Pub. L. 99–661 substituted "to the Secretary of Defense" for "defense agency", inserted "for obligation" after "remains available", and struck out "the" before "appropriation Acts".

1985Pub. L. 99–173 substituted "Availability of appropriations" for "Availability of appropriations for five years" as section catchline, and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Subject to the provisions of appropriation Acts, any funds appropriated to a military department or defense agency for the construction of military projects may be obligated for a military construction project or contract, or for any portion of such a project or contract, at any time before the end of the fourth fiscal year after the fiscal year for which funds for such project were appropriated if the funds obligated for such project (1) are obligated from funds available for military construction projects, and (2) do not exceed the amount appropriated for such project, plus any amount by which the cost of such project is increased pursuant to law."

Pub. L. 99–167 struck out subsection designation "(a)" and "and except as otherwise provided under subsection (b)" after "provisions of appropriation Acts", and struck out subsec. (b) which provided: "Should a requirement develop to obligate funds for a military construction project after the end of the fourth fiscal year after the fiscal year for which such funds were appropriated, such obligation may be made after the end of the 21-day period beginning on the date on which the appropriate committees of Congress receive notification of the need for such obligation and the reasons therefor."

Effective Date of 1985 Amendments

Pub. L. 99–173, §121(c), Dec. 10, 1985, 99 Stat. 1029, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall apply to funds appropriated after the date of the enactment of Public Law 99–103 [Sept. 30, 1985]."

Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §812(b), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 991, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to funds appropriated after September 30, 1985."

Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

Availability of Appropriations for Five Years

Pub. L. 109–114, title I, §117, Nov. 30, 2005, 119 Stat. 2378, which provided that any funds made available to a military department or defense agency for the construction of military projects could be obligated for a military construction project or contract, or for any portion of such a project or contract, at any time before the end of the fourth fiscal year after the fiscal year for which funds for such project were made available, if the funds obligated for such project: (1) were obligated from funds available for military construction projects; and (2) did not exceed the amount appropriated for such project, plus any amount by which the cost of such project is increased pursuant to law, was from the Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Act, 2006 and was repeated in provisions of subsequent appropriations acts which are not set out in the Code. Similar provisions were also contained in the following prior appropriations acts:

Pub. L. 108–324, div. A, §117, Oct. 13, 2004, 118 Stat. 1227.

Pub. L. 108–132, §117, Nov. 22, 2003, 117 Stat. 1380.

Pub. L. 107–249, §117, Oct. 23, 2002, 116 Stat. 1583.

Pub. L. 107–64, §117, Nov. 5, 2001, 115 Stat. 479.

Pub. L. 106–246, div. A, §117, July 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 516.

Pub. L. 106–52, §117, Aug. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 264.

Pub. L. 105–237, §117, Sept. 20, 1998, 112 Stat. 1558.

Pub. L. 105–45, §117, Sept. 30, 1997, 111 Stat. 1147.

Pub. L. 104–196, §117, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2391.

Pub. L. 104–32, §117, Oct. 3, 1995, 109 Stat. 289.

Pub. L. 103–307, §118, Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1664.

Pub. L. 103–110, §118, Oct. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 1043.

Pub. L. 102–380, §119, Oct. 5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1371.

Pub. L. 102–136, §119, Oct. 25, 1991, 105 Stat. 643.

Pub. L. 101–519, §119, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2246.

Pub. L. 101–148, §121, Nov. 10, 1989, 103 Stat. 925.

Pub. L. 100–447, §124, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1835.

Transfer of Funds for Foreign Currency Fluctuations

Pub. L. 108–132, §118, Nov. 22, 2003, 117 Stat. 1380, which provided that during the 5-year period after appropriations available to the Department of Defense for military construction and family housing operation and maintenance and construction have expired for obligation, upon a determination that such appropriations would not be necessary for the liquidation of obligations or for making authorized adjustments to such appropriations for obligations incurred during the period of availability of such appropriations, unobligated balances of such appropriations could be transferred into the appropriation "Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Construction, Defense" to be merged with and to be available for the same time period and for the same purposes as the appropriation to which transferred, was from the Military Construction Appropriations Act, 2005 and was repeated in provisions of subsequent appropriations acts which are not set out in the Code. Similar provisions were also contained in the following prior appropriations acts:

Pub. L. 107–249, §118, Oct. 23, 2002, 116 Stat. 1584.

Pub. L. 107–64, §118, Nov. 5, 2001, 115 Stat. 480.

Pub. L. 106–246, div. A, §118, July 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 516.

Pub. L. 106–52, §118, Aug. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 264.

Pub. L. 105–237, §118, Sept. 20, 1998, 112 Stat. 1559.

Pub. L. 105–45, §118, Sept. 30, 1997, 111 Stat. 1147.

Pub. L. 104–196, §118, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2392.

Pub. L. 104–32, §118, Oct. 3, 1995, 109 Stat. 289.

Pub. L. 103–307, §119, Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1665.

Pub. L. 103–110, §120, Oct. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 1043.

Pub. L. 102–380, §121, Oct. 5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1372.

Pub. L. 102–136, §122, Oct. 25, 1991, 105 Stat. 643.


Pub. L. 99–500, §101(k) [title I, §121], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–287, 1783-293, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(k) [title I, §121], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–287, 3341-293, as amended by Pub. L. 102–136, §122, Oct. 25, 1991, 105 Stat. 643, provided that: "For Transfer by the Secretary of Defense to and from appropriations and funds not merged pursuant to subsection 1552(a)(1) of title 31 of the United States Code and available for obligation or expenditure during fiscal year 1987 or thereafter, for military construction or expenses of family housing for the military departments and Defense agencies, in order to maintain the budgeted level of operations for such appropriations and thereby eliminate substantial gains and losses to such appropriations caused by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates that vary substantially from those used in preparing budget submissions, an appropriation, to remain available until expended: Provided, That funds transferred from this appropriation shall be merged with and be available for the same purpose, and for the same time period, as the appropriation or fund to which transferred, and funds transferred to this appropriation shall be merged with, and available for the purpose of this appropriation until expended: Provided further, That transfers may be made from time to time from this appropriation to the extent the Secretary of Defense determines it may be necessary to do so to reflect downward fluctuations in the currency exchange rates from those used in preparing the budget submissions for such appropriations, but transfers shall be made from such appropriations to this appropriation to reflect upward fluctuations in currency exchange rates to prevent substantial net gains in such appropriations: Provided further, That authorizations or limitations now or hereafter contained within appropriations or other provisions of law limiting the amounts that may be obligated or expended for military construction and family housing expenses are hereby increased to the extent necessary to reflect downward fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates from those used in preparing the applicable budget submission: Provided further, That for the purposes of the appropriation 'Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Construction, Defense' the foreign currency rates used in preparing budget submissions shall be the foreign currency exchange rates as adjusted or modified, as reflected in applicable Committee reports on the Acts making appropriations for military construction for the Department of Defense: Provided further, That the Secretary of Defense shall provide an annual report to the Congress on all transfers made to or made from this appropriation: Provided further, That contracts or other obligations entered into payable in foreign currencies may be recorded as obligations based on the currency exchange rates used in preparing budget submissions and adjustments to reflect fluctuations in such rates may be recorded as disbursements are made: Provided further, That, at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, any savings generated in the military construction and family housing programs may be transferred to this appropriation."

§2861. Military construction projects in connection with industrial facility investment program

(a) Authority.—The Secretary of Defense may carry out a military construction project, not previously authorized, for the purpose of carrying out activities under section 2474(a)(2) of this title, using funds appropriated or otherwise made available for that purpose in military construction accounts.

(b) Crediting of Funds to Capital Budget.—Funds appropriated or otherwise made available in a fiscal year for the purpose of carrying out a military construction project with respect to a covered depot (as defined in subsection (e) of section 2476 of this title) may be credited to the amount required by subsection (a) of such section to be invested in the capital budgets of the covered depots in that fiscal year.

(c) Notice and Wait Requirement.—When a decision is made to carry out a project under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall notify the appropriate committees of Congress of that decision and the savings estimated to be realized from the project. The project may then be carried out only after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date the notification is received by such committees in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2809(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2470; amended Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(a)(23), div. B, title XXVIII, §2801(c)(4), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1562, 1844.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2861, added Pub. L. 97–214, §2(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 167; amended Pub. L. 100–26, §7(f)(1), (j)(9), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281, 283; Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 552; Pub. L. 104–201, div. B, title XXVIII, §2802(d)(1), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2787, required the Secretary of Defense to submit an annual report to the appropriate committees of Congress with respect to military construction activities and military family housing activities, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 107–107, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1305.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(c)(4), struck out "in writing" after "shall notify" and "or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification is provided" after "received by such committees" and substituted "14-day period" for "21-day period".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–91, §1051(a)(23), struck out subsec. (d). Text read as follows: "Not later than December 31 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing actions taken under this section and the savings realized from such actions during the fiscal year ending in the year in which the report is submitted."

§2862. Turn-key selection procedures

(a) Authority to Use for Certain Purposes.—The Secretary concerned may use one-step turn-key selection procedures for the purpose of entering into a contract for any of the following purposes:

(1) The construction of an authorized military construction project.

(2) A repair project (as defined in section 2811(e) of this title) with an approved cost equal to or less than $4,000,000.

(3) The construction of a facility as part of an authorized security assistance activity.


(b) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "one-step turn-key selection procedures" means procedures used for the selection of a contractor on the basis of price and other evaluation criteria to perform, in accordance with the provisions of a firm fixed-price contract, both the design and construction of a facility using performance specifications supplied by the Secretary concerned.

(2) The term "security assistance activity" means—

(A) humanitarian and civic assistance authorized by sections 401 and 2561 of this title;

(B) foreign disaster assistance authorized by section 404 of this title;

(C) foreign military construction sales authorized by section 29 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2769);

(D) foreign assistance authorized under sections 607 and 632 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2357, 2392); and

(E) other international security assistance specifically authorized by law.

(Added Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §807(a), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 988; amended Pub. L. 100–26, §7(k)(3), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; Pub. L. 100–180, div. B, subdiv. 3, title I, §2301, Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1214; Pub. L. 101–189, div. B, title XXVIII, §2806, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1647; Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, §2802, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1537; Pub. L. 113–291, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3697.)

Amendments

2014Pub. L. 113–291 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

"(a) Authority to Use.—The Secretary concerned may use one-step turn-key selection procedures for the purpose of entering into contracts for the construction of authorized military construction projects.

"(b) Definition.—In this section, the term 'one-step turn-key selection procedures' means procedures used for the selection of a contractor on the basis of price and other evaluation criteria to perform, in accordance with the provisions of a firm fixed-price contract, both the design and construction of a facility using performance specifications supplied by the Secretary concerned."

1991Pub. L. 102–190 redesignated par. (1) of subsec. (a) as entire subsec. (a) and inserted heading, redesignated par. (2) of subsec. (a) as (b), inserted heading, and struck out former subsecs. (b) and (c) which read as follows:

"(b) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to any Defense Agency, or the Secretary of a military department may not, during any fiscal year, enter into more than three contracts for military construction projects using procedures authorized by this section.

"(c) The authority under this section shall expire on October 1, 1991."

1989—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–189, §2806(1), struck out at end "Such procedures may be used by the Secretary of a military department only with the approval of the Secretary of Defense."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–189, §2806(2), substituted "1991" for "1990".

1987—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–180, §2301(1), substituted "The Secretary concerned" for "The Secretaries of the military departments, with the approval of the Secretary of Defense," and inserted provision at end that such procedures may be used by the Secretary of a military department only with the approval of the Secretary of Defense.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 100–26 inserted "the term" after "In this section,".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–180, §2301(2), inserted "Secretary of Defense, with respect to any Defense Agency, or the" after "The".

Effective Date

Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §807(c), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 989, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1986."

§2863. Payment of contractor claims

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary concerned may pay meritorious contractor claims that arise under military construction contracts or family housing contracts. The Secretary of Defense, with respect to a Defense Agency, or the Secretary of a military department may use for such purpose any unobligated funds appropriated to such department and available for military construction or family housing construction, as the case may be.

(Added Pub. L. 100–180, div. B, subdiv. 3, title I, §2303(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1215.)

§2864. Master plans for major military installations

(a) Plans Required.—(1) At a time interval prescribed by the Secretary concerned (but not less frequently than once every 10 years), the commander of each major military installation under the jurisdiction of the Secretary shall ensure that an installation master plan is developed to address environmental planning, sustainable design and development, sustainable range planning, real property master planning, and transportation planning.

(2) To address the requirements under paragraph (1), each installation master plan shall include consideration of—

(A) planning for compact and infill development;

(B) horizontal and vertical mixed-use development;

(C) the full lifecycle costs of real property planning decisions;

(D) capacity planning through the establishment of growth boundaries around cantonment areas to focus development towards the core and preserve range and training space; and

(E) energy and climate resiliency efforts.


(b) Transportation Component.—(1) The transportation component of the master plan for a major military installation shall be developed and updated in consultation with the metropolitan planning organization designated for the metropolitan planning area in which the military installation is located.

(2) To address the requirements under subsection (a) and paragraph (1), each installation master plan shall include consideration of ways to diversify and connect transit systems.

(c) Savings Clause.—Nothing in this section shall supersede the requirements of section 2859(a) of this title.

(d) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "major military installation" has the meaning given to the term "large site" in the most recent version of the Department of Defense Base Structure Report issued before the time interval prescribed for development of installation master plans arises under subsection (a).

(2) The terms "metropolitan planning area" and "metropolitan planning organization" have the meanings given those terms in section 134(b) of title 23 and section 5303(b) of title 49.

(3) The term "energy and climate resiliency" means anticipation, preparation for, and adaptation to utility disruptions and changing environmental conditions and the ability to withstand, respond to, and recover rapidly from utility disruptions while ensuring the sustainment of mission-critical operations.

(Added Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, §2802(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2147; amended Pub. L. 113–66, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1013; Pub. L. 115–232, div. B, title XXVIII, §2805(d), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2263.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2864, added Pub. L. 101–189, div. B, title XXVIII, §2807(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1648; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title X, §1062(g), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 444, related to military construction contracts on Guam, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2810(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2470.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 115–232, §2805(d)(1), added subpar. (E).

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 115–232, §2805(d)(2), added par. (3).

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66, §2811(1), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–66, §2811(2), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 113–66, §2811(3), (4), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).

Incorporation of Changing Environmental Condition Projections in Military Construction Designs and Modifications

Pub. L. 115–232, div. B, title XXVIII, §2805(c), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2262, provided that: "Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 2018], the Secretary of Defense shall amend section 3–5.6.2.3 of United Facilities Criteria [probably should be Unified Facilities Criteria] (UFC) 2–100–01 and UFC 2–100–02 (or any similar successor regulations) to provide that in order to anticipate changing environmental conditions during the design life of existing or planned new facilities and infrastructure, projections from reliable and authorized sources such as the Census Bureau (for population projections), the National Academies of Sciences (for land use change projections and climate projections), the U.S. Geological Survey (for land use change projections), and the U.S. Global Change Research Office and National Climate Assessment (for climate projections) shall be considered and incorporated into military construction designs and modifications."

§2865. Work in Process Curve charts and outlay tables for military construction projects

Along with the budget for each fiscal year submitted by the President pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military departments shall include for any military construction project over $90,000,000, as an addendum to be included within the same document as the 1391s for the Military Construction Program budget documentation, a Project Spending Plan that includes—

(1) a Work in Process Curve chart to identify funding, obligations, and outlay figures; and

(2) a monthly outlay table for funding, obligations, and outlay figures.

(Added Pub. L. 115–232, div. B, title XXVIII, §2806(a)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2264.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2865, added Pub. L. 101–510, div. B, title XXVIII, §2851(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1803; amended Pub. L. 102–484, div. B, title XXVIII, §2801, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2604; Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1885; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1070(a)(14), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2856; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(27), div. B, title XXVIII, §2819, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 506, 555; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §371(d)(2), div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1706, 1990; Pub. L. 107–314, div. B, title XXVIII, §2805, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2705; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(47), div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(a), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1602, 1725, related to energy savings at military installations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2851(a)(2), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2494.

Department of Defense Guidance

Pub. L. 115–232, div. B, title XXVIII, §2806(b), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2264, provided that: "The Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), update Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation 7000.14–R, and any other appropriate instructions and guidance, to ensure that the Department of Defense takes appropriate actions to comply with section 2865 of title 10, United States Code, as added by this section."

§2866. Water conservation at military installations

(a) Water Conservation Activities.—(1) The Secretary of Defense shall permit and encourage each military department, Defense Agency, and other instrumentality of the Department of Defense to participate in programs conducted by a utility for the management of water demand or for water conservation.

(2) The Secretary of Defense may authorize a military installation to accept a financial incentive (including an agreement to reduce the amount of a future water bill), goods, or services generally available from a utility, for the purpose of adopting technologies and practices that—

(A) relate to the management of water demand or to water conservation; and

(B) as determined by the Secretary, are cost effective for the Federal Government.


(3) Subject to paragraph (4), the Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of a military department having jurisdiction over a military installation to enter into an agreement with a utility to design and implement a cost-effective program that provides incentives for the management of water demand and for water conservation and that addresses the requirements and circumstances of the installation. Activities under the program may include the provision of water management services, the alteration of a facility, and the installation and maintenance by the utility of a water-saving device or technology.

(4)(A) If an agreement under paragraph (3) provides for a utility to pay in advance the financing costs for the design or implementation of a program referred to in that paragraph and for such advance payment to be repaid by the United States, the cost of such advance payment may be recovered by the utility under terms that are not less favorable than the terms applicable to the most favored customer of the utility.

(B) Subject to the availability of appropriations, a repayment of an advance payment under subparagraph (A) shall be made from funds available to a military department for the purchase of utility services.

(C) An agreement under paragraph (3) shall provide that title to a water-saving device or technology installed at a military installation pursuant to the agreement shall vest in the United States. Such title may vest at such time during the term of the agreement, or upon expiration of the agreement, as determined to be in the best interests of the United States.

(b) Use of Financial Incentives and Water Cost Savings.—(1) Financial incentives received from utilities for management of water demand or water conservation under subsection (a)(2) shall be credited to an appropriation designated by the Secretary of Defense. Amounts so credited shall be merged with the appropriation to which credited and shall be available for the same purposes and the same period as the appropriation with which merged.

(2) Water cost savings realized under subsection (a)(3) shall be used as follows:

(A) One-half of the amount shall be used for water conservation activities at such buildings, facilities, or installations of the Department of Defense as may be designated (in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense) by the head of the department, agency, or instrumentality that realized the water cost savings.

(B) One-half of the amount shall be used at the installation at which the savings were realized, as determined by the commanding officer of such installation consistent with applicable law and regulations, for—

(i) improvements to existing military family housing units;

(ii) any unspecified minor construction project that will enhance the quality of life of personnel; or

(iii) any morale, welfare, or recreation facility or service.


(c) Water Conservation Construction Projects.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may carry out a military construction project for water conservation, not previously authorized, using funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Secretary for water conservation.

(2) When a decision is made to carry out a project under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall notify the appropriate committees of Congress of that decision. Such project may be carried out only after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date the notification is received by such committees in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(Added Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1884; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(27), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 506; Pub. L. 105–85, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(b), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1991; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(48), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1602; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2851(d), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2495; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(f)(25), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3511; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(a)(24), div. B, title XXVIII, §2801(c)(5), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1562, 1844.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 115–91, §1051(a)(24), struck out par. (3) which read as follows: "The Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget material submitted to Congress in connection with the submission of the budget for a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31 a separate statement of the amounts available for obligation under this subsection in that fiscal year."

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(c)(5), substituted "14-day period" for "21-day period" and struck out "or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification is provided" after "received by such committees".

2014—Subsec. (a)(4)(A). Pub. L. 113–291 substituted "repaid" for "repayed".

2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–364 reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

"(1) Financial incentives received under subsection (a)(2) shall be used as provided in section 2865(b)(3) of this title.

"(2) Water cost savings realized under subsection (a)(3) shall be used as provided in section 2865(b)(2) of this title."

2003—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–136 inserted before period at end "or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title".

1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–85 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows:

"(b) Use of Water Cost Savings.—Water cost savings realized under this section shall be used as provided in section 2865(b)(2) of this title."

1996—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted "appropriate committees of Congress" for "Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives".

§2867. Energy monitoring and utility control system specification for military construction and military family housing activities

(a) Adoption of Department-wide, Open Protocol, Energy Monitoring and Utility Control System Specification.—(1) The Secretary of Defense shall adopt an open protocol energy monitoring and utility control system specification for use throughout the Department of Defense in connection with a military construction project, military family housing activity, or other activity under this chapter for the purpose of monitoring and controlling, with respect to the project or activity, the items specified in paragraph (2) with the goal of establishing installation-wide energy monitoring and utility control systems.

(2) The energy monitoring and utility control system specification required by paragraph (1) shall cover the following:

(A) Utilities and energy usage, including electricity, gas, steam, and water usage.

(B) Indoor environments, including temperature and humidity levels.

(C) Heating, ventilation, and cooling components.

(D) Central plant equipment.

(E) Renewable energy generation systems.

(F) Lighting systems.

(G) Power distribution networks.


(b) Exclusion.—(1) The energy monitoring and utility control system specification required by subsection (a) is not required to apply to projects carried out under the authority provided in subchapter IV of chapter 169 of this title.

(2) The Secretary concerned may waive the application of the energy monitoring and utility control system specification required by subsection (a) with respect to a specific military construction project, military family housing activity, or other activity under this chapter if the Secretary determines that the application of the specification to the project or activity is not life cycle cost-effective. The Secretary concerned shall notify the congressional defense committees of any waiver granted under this paragraph.

(Added Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2841(a)(1), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2679.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2867 was renumbered section 2916 of this title.

Deadline for Adoption

Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2841(a)(3), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2680, provided that: "The Secretary of Defense shall adopt the open protocol energy monitoring and utility control system specification required by section 2867 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2009]."

§2868. Utility services: furnishing for certain buildings

Appropriations for the Department of Defense may be used for utility services for buildings constructed at private cost, as authorized by law.

(Added Pub. L. 100–370, §1(j)(1), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 848, §2490; renumbered §2868, Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §371(b)(2), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1705; amended Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, §651(e)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1972.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Section is based on Pub. L. 99–190, §101(b) [title VIII, §8006(b)], Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1185.

In two instances, the source section for provisions to be codified provides that defense appropriations may be used for "welfare and recreation" or "welfare and recreational" purposes. (Section 735 of Public Law 98–212 and section 8006(b) of Public Law 99–190, to be codified as 10 U.S.C. 2241(a)(1) and 2490(2), respectively). The committee added the term "morale" in both of these two instances to conform to the usual "MWR" usage for morale, welfare, and recreation activities.

Amendments

2004Pub. L. 108–375 substituted "for buildings constructed at private cost, as authorized by law." for "for—

"(1) buildings constructed at private cost, as authorized by law; and

"(2) buildings on military reservations authorized by regulation to be used for morale, welfare, and recreational purposes."

1997Pub. L. 105–85 renumbered section 2490 of this title as this section.

§2869. Exchange of property at military installations

(a) Exchange Authorized.—(1) The Secretary concerned may enter into an agreement to convey real property, including any improvements thereon, described in paragraph (2) to any person who agrees, in exchange for the real property, to transfer to the United States all right, title, and interest of the person in and to a parcel of real property, including any improvements thereon under the person's control, or to carry out a land acquisition, including the acquisition of all right, title, and interest or a lesser interest in real property under an agreement entered into under section 2684a of this title to limit encroachments and other constraints on military training, testing, and operations.

(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to real property under the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned—

(A) that is located on a military installation that is closed or realigned under a base closure law; or

(B) that is located on a military installation not covered by subparagraph (A) and for which the Secretary concerned makes a determination that the conveyance under paragraph (1) is advantageous to the United States.


(b) Conditions on Conveyance Authority.—(1) The fair market value of the land to be obtained by the Secretary concerned under subsection (a) in exchange for the conveyance of real property by the Secretary under such subsection shall be at least equal to the fair market value of the conveyed real property, as determined by the Secretary. If the fair market value of the land is less than the fair market value of the real property to be conveyed, the recipient of the property shall pay to the United States an amount equal to the difference in the fair market values.

(2) In the case of a conveyance of real property to a political subdivision of a State, the value of the real property to be conveyed by the Secretary concerned under subsection (a) may exceed the fair market value of the land to be obtained, as determined under paragraph (1), by an amount not to exceed the reduction in value of the land which is attributable to voluntary zoning actions taken by such political subdivision to limit encroachment on a military installation, but only if the notice required by subsection (d)(2) contains—

(A) a certification by the Secretary concerned that the military value to the United States of the land to be acquired justifies a payment in excess of the fair market value; and

(B) a description of the military value to be obtained.


(c) Limitation on Use of Conveyance Authority at Installations Closed Under Base Closure Laws.—The authority under subsection (a)(2)(A) to convey property located on a military installation may only be used to the extent the conveyance is consistent with an approved redevelopment plan for such installation.

(d) Advance Notice of Use of Authority.—(1) Notice of the proposed use of the conveyance authority provided by subsection (a) shall be provided in such manner as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe, including publication in the Federal Register and otherwise. When real property located at a military installation is proposed for conveyance by means of a public sale, the Secretary concerned may notify prospective purchasers that consideration for the property may be provided in the manner authorized by such subsection.

(2) The Secretary concerned may not enter into an agreement under subsection (a) for the conveyance of real property until—

(A) the Secretary submits to Congress notice of the conveyance, including—

(i) a description of the real property to be conveyed by the Secretary under the agreement;

(ii) a description of the land acquisition to be carried out under the agreement in exchange for the conveyance of the property; and

(iii) the amount of any payment to be made under subsection (b) or under section 2684a(d) of this title to equalize the fair market values of the property to be conveyed and the land acquisition to be carried out under the agreement in exchange for the conveyance of the property; and


(B) the waiting period applicable to that notice under paragraph (3) expires.


(3) If the notice submitted under paragraph (2) deals with the conveyance of real property located on a military installation that is closed or realigned under a base closure law or the conveyance of real property under an agreement entered into under section 2684a of this title, the Secretary concerned may enter into the agreement under subsection (a) for the conveyance of the property after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date of the submission of the notice in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title. In the case of other real property to be conveyed under subsection (a), the Secretary concerned may enter into the agreement only after the end of the 45-day period beginning on the date of the submission of the notice in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(e) Deposit and Use of Funds.—The Secretary concerned shall deposit funds received under subsection (b) in the appropriation "Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Construction, Defense". The funds deposited shall be available, in such amounts as provided in appropriation Acts, for the purpose of paying increased costs of overseas military construction and family housing construction or improvement associated with unfavorable fluctuations in currency exchange rates. The use of such funds for this purpose does not relieve the Secretary concerned from the duty to provide advance notice to Congress under section 2853(c) of this title whenever the Secretary approves an increase in the cost of an overseas project under such section.

(f) Description of Property.—The exact acreage and legal description of real property conveyed under subsection (a) shall be determined by surveys satisfactory to the Secretary concerned.

(g) Additional Terms and Conditions.—The Secretary concerned may require such additional terms and conditions in connection with a conveyance under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.

(Added Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §2805(a)(1), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1719; amended Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a)–(f)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2471–2473; Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a)–(d)(1), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2661, 2662; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2815(a), (b), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1688, 1689; Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2150; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2801(c)(6), 2815, 2816, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1844, 1850.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §2815, amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "Paragraph (1) applies with respect to real property under the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned that—

"(A) is located on a military installation that is closed or realigned under a base closure law; or

"(B) is located on a military installation not covered by subparagraph (A) and is determined to be excess to the needs of the Department of Defense."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–91, §2816, amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The fair market value of the land to be obtained by the Secretary concerned under subsection (a) in exchange for the conveyance of real property by the Secretary under such subsection shall be at least equal to the fair market value of the conveyed real property, as determined by the Secretary. If the fair market value of the land is less than the fair market value of the real property to be conveyed, the recipient of the property shall pay to the United States an amount equal to the difference in the fair market values."

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 115–91, §2801(c)(6), substituted "after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date of the submission of the notice in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title." for "after a period of 21 days has elapsed from the date of receipt of the notice or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days has elapsed from the date on which a copy of the notice is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title." and "only after the end of the 45-day period beginning on the date of the submission of the notice in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title." for "only after a period of 60 days has elapsed from the date of receipt of the notice or, if over sooner, a period of 45 days has elapsed from the date on which the electronic copy is provided."

2013—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–239 substituted "any person" for "any eligible entity", "the person" for "the entity", and "the person's control" for "their control".

2011Pub. L. 112–81, §2815(a)(1), substituted "Exchange of property at military installations" for "Conveyance of property at military installations to limit encroachment" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–81, §2815(a)(2)(A), substituted "Exchange Authorized" for "Conveyance Authorized; Consideration" in heading.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–81, §2815(a)(2)(B), substituted "to any eligible entity who agrees, in exchange for the real property, to transfer to the United States all right, title, and interest of the entity in and to a parcel of real property, including any improvements thereon under their control, or to carry out a land acquisition" for "to any person who agrees, in exchange for the real property, to carry out a land acquisition".

Subsecs. (f) to (h). Pub. L. 112–81, §2815(b), redesignated subsecs. (g) and (h) as (f) and (g), respectively, and struck out former subsec. (f), which provided that authority to enter into an agreement under this section would expire on September 30, 2013.

2009Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(d)(1), amended section catchline generally. Prior to amendment, catchline read as follows: "Conveyance of property at military installations to support military construction or limit encroachment".

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(a)(1)(A), struck out subpar. (A) designation before "to carry out", substituted "real property," for "real property—", " to carry out a land acquisition" for "to carry out a military construction project or land acquisition", and a period for "; or", and struck out subpar. (B) which read as follows: "to transfer to the Secretary concerned housing that is constructed or provided by the person and located at or near a military installation at which there is a shortage of suitable military family housing, military unaccompanied housing, or both."

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(a)(1)(B), struck out par. (3) which read as follows: "Subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) shall apply only during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 and ending on September 30, 2008. Any conveyance of real property described in such subparagraph for which the Secretary concerned has provided the advance public notice required by subsection (d)(1) before the expiration date may be completed after that date."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(a)(2), substituted "fair market value of the land" for "fair market value of the military construction, military family housing, or military unaccompanied housing" in two places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(a)(3), added subsec. (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to pilot program for use of conveyance authority.

Subsec. (d)(2)(A)(ii), (iii). Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(a)(4), substituted "land acquisition" for "military construction project, land acquisition, military family housing, or military unaccompanied housing".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(b), designated par. (3) as entire subsec., substituted "The Secretary concerned shall deposit funds received under subsection (b) in the appropriation 'Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Construction, Defense'. The funds deposited shall be available" for "The funds deposited under paragraph (2) shall be available", and struck out pars. (1) and (2), which read as follows:

"(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary concerned may deposit funds received under subsection (b) in the Department of Defense housing funds established under section 2883(a) of this title.

"(2) During the period specified in paragraph (3) of subsection (a), the Secretary concerned shall deposit funds received under subsection (b) in the appropriation 'Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Construction, Defense'."

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 111–84, §2804(c), amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (f) related to annual reports on conveyances and effect of failure to submit report.

2006Pub. L. 109–364, §2811(f)(1), substituted "to support military construction or limit encroachment" for "closed or realigned to support military construction" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–364, §2811(a), (b), designated existing provisions as par. (1), in introductory provisions substituted "described in paragraph (2)" for "located on a military installation that is closed or realigned under a base closure law", redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, in subpar. (A) substituted "land acquisition, including the acquisition of all right, title, and interest or a lesser interest in real property under an agreement entered into under section 2684a of this title to limit encroachments and other constraints on military training, testing, and operations" for "land acquisition", and added pars. (2) and (3).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 109–364, §2811(c)(1), substituted "is proposed for conveyance" for "closed or realigned under the base closure laws is to be conveyed".

Subsec. (d)(2), (3). Pub. L. 109–364, §2811(c)(2), added pars. (2) and (3) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "The Secretary concerned may not enter into an agreement under subsection (a) for the conveyance of real property until—

"(A) the Secretary submits to Congress notice of the conveyance, including the military construction activities, military family housing, or military unaccompanied housing to be obtained in exchange for the conveyance; and

"(B) a period of 14 days expires beginning on the date on which the notice is submitted."

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–364, §2811(d), amended heading and text of subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary concerned may deposit funds received under subsection (b) in the Department of Defense housing funds established under section 2883(a) of this title."

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–364, §2811(e), in heading substituted "Annual Reports; Effect of Failure to Submit" for "Annual Report", designated existing provisions as par. (1), in introductory provisions substituted "Not later than March 15 of each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report detailing the following:" for "In the budget materials submitted to Congress in connection with the submission of the budget for a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, the Secretary of Defense shall include a report detailing the following:", redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, in subpar. (C) inserted "and of excess real property at military installations" before period at end, and added par. (2).