[USC02] 10 USC Subtitle A, PART V: ACQUISITION
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10 USC Subtitle A, PART V: ACQUISITION
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle A—General Military Law

PART V—ACQUISITION

Chap.
Sec.

        

subpart a—general

201.
Definitions
3001
203.
General Matters
3021
205.
Defense Acquisition System
3051
207.
Budgeting and Appropriations Matters
3101
209.
Operational Contract Support
3151

        

subpart b—acquisition planning

221.
Planning and Solicitation Generally
3201
223.
Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or Services
3251

        

subpart c—contracting methods and contract types

241.
Awarding of Contracts
3301
243.
Specific Types of Contracts
3351
245.
Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award Contracts)
3401
247.
Acquisition of Commercial Items
3451
249.
Multiyear Contracts
3501
251.
Simplified Acquisition Procedures
3551
253.
Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions
3601
255.
Contracting With or Through Other Agencies
3651

        

subpart d—general contracting requirements

271.
Truthful Cost or Pricing Data
3701
273.
Allowable Costs
3741
275.
Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data
3771
277.
Contract Financing
3801
279.
Contractor Audits and Accounting
3841
281.
Claims and Disputes
3861
283.
Foreign Acquisitions
3881
285.
Small Business Programs
3901
287.
Socioeconomic Programs
3961

        

subpart e—special categories of contracting: major defense acquisition programs and major systems

301.
Major Defense Acquisition Programs
4001
303.
Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters
4071
305.
Other Matters Relating to Major Systems
4121

        

subpart f—special categories of contracting: research, development, test, and evaluation

321.
Research and Development Generally
4201
323.
Innovation
4301
325.
Department of Defense Laboratories
4351
327.
Research and Development Centers and Facilities
4401
329.
Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and Evaluation
4451

        

subpart g—other special categories of contracting

341.
Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or Industrial Type Functions
4501
343.
Acquisition of Services
4541
345.
Acquisition of Information Technology
4571

        

subpart h—contract management

361.
Contract Administration
4601
363.
Prohibitions and Penalties
4651
365.
Contractor Workforce
4701
367.
Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions
4751

        

subpart i—defense industrial base

381.
Defense Industrial Base Generally
4801
383.
Loan Guarantee Programs
4861
385.
Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program
4881

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1825, added analysis for part V consisting of items for subparts A to I and chapters 201 to 385. Capitalization in subpart headings is as it appears in the original.

Redesignations by Pub. L. 115–232 of Chapters and Sections in Former Subtitles B to D

Chapters 301 to 953 and sections 3001 to 9448 of this title, which formerly comprised subtitles B to D, were significantly redesignated by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §§806–808, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1832–1839. The chapter and section redesignations made by Pub. L. 115–232 throughout subtitles B to D of this title are shown in the following table:

Table Showing Redesignations Made by Pub. L. 115–232
Title 10

Chapter or Section

Before Redesignation

Title 10

Chapter or Section

After Redesignation

Ch. 301 10 U.S.C. Ch. 701
3001 10 U.S.C. 7001
Ch. 303 10 U.S.C. Ch. 703
3011 10 U.S.C. 7011
3012 10 U.S.C. 7012
3013 10 U.S.C. 7013
3014 10 U.S.C. 7014
3015 10 U.S.C. 7015
3016 10 U.S.C. 7016
3017 10 U.S.C. 7017
3018 10 U.S.C. 7018
3019 10 U.S.C. 7019
3020 10 U.S.C. 7020
3021 10 U.S.C. 7021
3022 10 U.S.C. 7022
3023 10 U.S.C. 7023
3024 10 U.S.C. 7024
Ch. 305 10 U.S.C. Ch. 705
3031 10 U.S.C. 7031
3032 10 U.S.C. 7032
3033 10 U.S.C. 7033
3034 10 U.S.C. 7034
3035 10 U.S.C. 7035
3036 10 U.S.C. 7036
3037 10 U.S.C. 7037
3038 10 U.S.C. 7038
Ch. 307 10 U.S.C. Ch. 707
3061 10 U.S.C. 7061
3062 10 U.S.C. 7062
3063 10 U.S.C. 7063
3064 10 U.S.C. 7064
3065 10 U.S.C. 7065
3067 10 U.S.C. 7067
3068 10 U.S.C. 7068
3069 10 U.S.C. 7069
3070 10 U.S.C. 7070
3072 10 U.S.C. 7072
3073 10 U.S.C. 7073
3074 10 U.S.C. 7074
3075 10 U.S.C. 7075
3081 10 U.S.C. 7081
3083 10 U.S.C. 7083
3084 10 U.S.C. 7084
Ch. 331 10 U.S.C. Ch. 711
3201 10 U.S.C. 7101
3210 10 U.S.C. 7110
Ch. 333 10 U.S.C. Ch. 713
3251 10 U.S.C. 7131
3258 10 U.S.C. 7138
3262 10 U.S.C. 7142
Ch. 335 10 U.S.C. Ch. 715
3281 10 U.S.C. 7151
3282 10 U.S.C. 7152
3283 10 U.S.C. 7153
Ch. 339 10 U.S.C. Ch. 719
3446 10 U.S.C. 7176
Ch. 341 10 U.S.C. Ch. 721
3491 10 U.S.C. 7191
3503 10 U.S.C. 7203
Ch. 343 10 U.S.C. Ch. 723
3533 10 U.S.C. 7213
3534 10 U.S.C. 7214
3536 10 U.S.C. 7216
3547 10 U.S.C. 7217
3548 10 U.S.C. 7218
Ch. 345 10 U.S.C. Ch. 725
3572 10 U.S.C. 7222
3575 10 U.S.C. 7225
3579 10 U.S.C. 7229
3581 10 U.S.C. 7231
3583 10 U.S.C. 7233
Ch. 349 10 U.S.C. Ch. 729
3639 10 U.S.C. 7239
Ch. 353 10 U.S.C. Ch. 733
3681 10 U.S.C. 7251
3384 10 U.S.C. 7252
3691 10 U.S.C. 7253
Ch. 355 10 U.S.C. Ch. 735
3723 10 U.S.C. 7263
Ch. 357 10 U.S.C. Ch. 737
3741 10 U.S.C. 7271
3742 10 U.S.C. 7272
3743 10 U.S.C. 7273
3744 10 U.S.C. 7274
3745 10 U.S.C. 7275
3746 10 U.S.C. 7276
3747 10 U.S.C. 7277
3748 10 U.S.C. 7278
3749 10 U.S.C. 7279
3750 10 U.S.C. 7280
3751 10 U.S.C. 7281
3752 10 U.S.C. 7282
3753 10 U.S.C. 7283
3754 10 U.S.C. 7284
3755 10 U.S.C. 7285
3756 10 U.S.C. 7286
Ch. 367 10 U.S.C. Ch. 741
3911 10 U.S.C. 7311
3914 10 U.S.C. 7314
3917 10 U.S.C. 7317
3918 10 U.S.C. 7318
3920 10 U.S.C. 7320
3921 10 U.S.C. 7321
3924 10 U.S.C. 7324
3925 10 U.S.C. 7325
3926 10 U.S.C. 7326
3929 10 U.S.C. 7329
Ch. 369 10 U.S.C. Ch. 743
3961 10 U.S.C. 7341
3962 10 U.S.C. 7342
3963 10 U.S.C. 7343
3964 10 U.S.C. 7344
3965 10 U.S.C. 7345
3966 10 U.S.C. 7346
Ch. 371 10 U.S.C. Ch. 745
3991 10 U.S.C. 7361
3992 10 U.S.C. 7362
Ch. 373 10 U.S.C. Ch. 747
4021 10 U.S.C. 7371
4024 10 U.S.C. 7374
4025 10 U.S.C. 7375
4027 10 U.S.C. 7377
Ch. 375 10 U.S.C. Ch. 749
4061 10 U.S.C. 7381
Ch. 401 10 U.S.C. Ch. 751
4301 10 U.S.C. 7401
4302 10 U.S.C. 7402
4303 10 U.S.C. 7403
4306 10 U.S.C. 7406
4309 10 U.S.C. 7409
4314 10 U.S.C. 7414
4315 10 U.S.C. 7415
4317 10 U.S.C. 7417
4318 10 U.S.C. 7418
4319 10 U.S.C. 7419
4320 10 U.S.C. 7420
4321 10 U.S.C. 7421
Ch. 403 10 U.S.C. Ch. 753
4331 10 U.S.C. 7431
4332 10 U.S.C. 7432
4333 10 U.S.C. 7433
4333a 10 U.S.C. 7433a
4334 10 U.S.C. 7434
4335 10 U.S.C. 7435
4336 10 U.S.C. 7436
4337 10 U.S.C. 7437
4338 10 U.S.C. 7438
4340 10 U.S.C. 7440
4341 10 U.S.C. 7441
4341a 10 U.S.C. 7441a
4342 10 U.S.C. 7442
4343 10 U.S.C. 7443
4346 10 U.S.C. 7446
4347 10 U.S.C. 7447
4348 10 U.S.C. 7448
4349 10 U.S.C. 7449
4350 10 U.S.C. 7450
4351 10 U.S.C. 7451
4352 10 U.S.C. 7452
4353 10 U.S.C. 7453
4354 10 U.S.C. 7454
4355 10 U.S.C. 7455
4356 10 U.S.C. 7456
4357 10 U.S.C. 7457
4358 10 U.S.C. 7458
4359 10 U.S.C. 7459
4360 10 U.S.C. 7460
4361 10 U.S.C. 7461
4362 10 U.S.C. 7462
Ch. 407 10 U.S.C. Ch. 757
4411 10 U.S.C. 7481
4412 10 U.S.C. 7482
4413 10 U.S.C. 7483
4414 10 U.S.C. 7484
4416 10 U.S.C. 7486
4417 10 U.S.C. 7487
Ch. 433 10 U.S.C. Ch. 763
4532 10 U.S.C. 7532
4536 10 U.S.C. 7536
4540 10 U.S.C. 7540
4541 10 U.S.C. 7541
4542 10 U.S.C. 7542
4543 10 U.S.C. 7543
4544 10 U.S.C. 7544
Ch. 434 10 U.S.C. Ch. 764
4551 10 U.S.C. 7551
4552 10 U.S.C. 7552
4553 10 U.S.C. 7553
4554 10 U.S.C. 7554
4555 10 U.S.C. 7555
Ch. 435 10 U.S.C. Ch. 765
4561 10 U.S.C. 7561
4562 10 U.S.C. 7562
4563 10 U.S.C. 7563
4564 10 U.S.C. 7564
4565 10 U.S.C. 7565
Ch. 437 10 U.S.C. Ch. 767
4591 10 U.S.C. 7591
4592 10 U.S.C. 7592
4593 10 U.S.C. 7593
4594 10 U.S.C. 7594
4595 10 U.S.C. 7595
Ch. 439 10 U.S.C. Ch. 769
4621 10 U.S.C. 7621
4622 10 U.S.C. 7622
4624 10 U.S.C. 7624
4625 10 U.S.C. 7625
4626 10 U.S.C. 7626
4627 10 U.S.C. 7627
4628 10 U.S.C. 7628
4629 10 U.S.C. 7629
Ch. 441 10 U.S.C. Ch. 771
4652 10 U.S.C. 7652
4653 10 U.S.C. 7653
4654 10 U.S.C. 7654
4655 10 U.S.C. 7655
4656 10 U.S.C. 7656
4657 10 U.S.C. 7657
Ch. 443 10 U.S.C. Ch. 773
4682 10 U.S.C. 7682
4683 10 U.S.C. 7683
4684 10 U.S.C. 7684
4685 10 U.S.C. 7685
4686 10 U.S.C. 7686
4687 10 U.S.C. 7687
4688 10 U.S.C. 7688
4689 10 U.S.C. 7689
4690 10 U.S.C. 7690
Ch. 445 10 U.S.C. Ch. 775
4712 10 U.S.C. 7712
4714 10 U.S.C. 7714
Ch. 446 10 U.S.C. Ch. 776
4721 10 U.S.C. 7721
4722 10 U.S.C. 7722
4723 10 U.S.C. 7723
4724 10 U.S.C. 7724
4725 10 U.S.C. 7725
4726 10 U.S.C. 7726
4727 10 U.S.C. 7727
Ch. 447 10 U.S.C. Ch. 777
4749 10 U.S.C. 7749
Ch. 449 10 U.S.C. Ch. 779
4771 10 U.S.C. 7771
4772 10 U.S.C. 7772
4776 10 U.S.C. 7776
4777 10 U.S.C. 7777
4778 10 U.S.C. 7778
4779 10 U.S.C. 7779
4780 10 U.S.C. 7780
4781 10 U.S.C. 7781
Ch. 451 10 U.S.C. Ch. 781
4801 10 U.S.C. 7801
4802 10 U.S.C. 7802
4803 10 U.S.C. 7803
4804 10 U.S.C. 7804
4806 10 U.S.C. 7806
Ch. 453 10 U.S.C. Ch. 783
4831 10 U.S.C. 7831
4837 10 U.S.C. 7837
4838 10 U.S.C. 7838
4839 10 U.S.C. 7839
4840 10 U.S.C. 7840
4841 10 U.S.C. 7841
4842 10 U.S.C. 7842
Ch. 501 10 U.S.C. Ch. 801
5001 10 U.S.C. 8001
Ch. 503 10 U.S.C. Ch. 803
5011 10 U.S.C. 8011
5012 10 U.S.C. 8012
5013 10 U.S.C. 8013
5013a 10 U.S.C. 8013a
5014 10 U.S.C. 8014
5015 10 U.S.C. 8015
5016 10 U.S.C. 8016
5017 10 U.S.C. 8017
5018 10 U.S.C. 8018
5019 10 U.S.C. 8019
5020 10 U.S.C. 8020
5022 10 U.S.C. 8022
5023 10 U.S.C. 8023
5024 10 U.S.C. 8024
5025 10 U.S.C. 8025
5026 10 U.S.C. 8026
5027 10 U.S.C. 8027
5028 10 U.S.C. 8028
Ch. 505 10 U.S.C. Ch. 805
5031 10 U.S.C. 8031
5032 10 U.S.C. 8032
5033 10 U.S.C. 8033
5035 10 U.S.C. 8035
5036 10 U.S.C. 8036
5037 10 U.S.C. 8037
5038 10 U.S.C. 8038
Ch. 506 10 U.S.C. Ch. 806
5041 10 U.S.C. 8041
5042 10 U.S.C. 8042
5043 10 U.S.C. 8043
5044 10 U.S.C. 8044
5045 10 U.S.C. 8045
5046 10 U.S.C. 8046
5047 10 U.S.C. 8047
Ch. 507 10 U.S.C. Ch. 807
5061 10 U.S.C. 8061
5062 10 U.S.C. 8062
5063 10 U.S.C. 8063
Ch. 513 10 U.S.C. Ch. 809
5131 10 U.S.C. 8071
5132 10 U.S.C. 8072
5135 10 U.S.C. 8075
5137 10 U.S.C. 8077
5138 10 U.S.C. 8078
5139 10 U.S.C. 8079
5141 10 U.S.C. 8081
5142 10 U.S.C. 8082
5142a 10 U.S.C. 8082a
5143 10 U.S.C. 8083
5144 10 U.S.C. 8084
5148 10 U.S.C. 8088
5149 10 U.S.C. 8089
5150 10 U.S.C. 8090
Ch. 533 10 U.S.C. Ch. 811
5441 10 U.S.C. 8101
5450 10 U.S.C. 8102
5451 10 U.S.C. 8103
Ch. 535 10 U.S.C. Ch. 812
5501 10 U.S.C. 8111
5502 10 U.S.C. 8112
5503 10 U.S.C. 8113
5508 10 U.S.C. 8118
Ch. 537 10 U.S.C. Ch. 813
5540 10 U.S.C. 8120
Ch. 539 10 U.S.C. Ch. 815
5582 10 U.S.C. 8132
5585 10 U.S.C. 8135
5587 10 U.S.C. 8137
5587a 10 U.S.C. 8138
5589 10 U.S.C. 8139
5596 10 U.S.C. 8146
Ch. 551 10 U.S.C. Ch. 821
5942 10 U.S.C. 8162
5943 10 U.S.C. 8163
5944 10 U.S.C. 8164
5945 10 U.S.C. 8165
5946 10 U.S.C. 8166
5947 10 U.S.C. 8167
5948 10 U.S.C. 8168
5949 10 U.S.C. 8169
5951 10 U.S.C. 8171
5952 10 U.S.C. 8172
Ch. 553 10 U.S.C. Ch. 823
5983 10 U.S.C. 8183
5985 10 U.S.C. 8185
5986 10 U.S.C. 8186
Ch. 555 10 U.S.C. Ch. 825
6011 10 U.S.C. 8211
6012 10 U.S.C. 8212
6013 10 U.S.C. 8213
6014 10 U.S.C. 8214
6019 10 U.S.C. 8215
6021 10 U.S.C. 8216
6022 10 U.S.C. 8217
6024 10 U.S.C. 8218
6027 10 U.S.C. 8219
6029 10 U.S.C. 8220
6031 10 U.S.C. 8221
6032 10 U.S.C. 8222
6035 10 U.S.C. 8225
6036 10 U.S.C. 8226
Ch. 557 10 U.S.C. Ch. 827
6081 10 U.S.C. 8241
6082 10 U.S.C. 8242
6083 10 U.S.C. 8243
6084 10 U.S.C. 8244
6085 10 U.S.C. 8245
6086 10 U.S.C. 8246
6087 10 U.S.C. 8247
Ch. 559 10 U.S.C. Ch. 829
6113 10 U.S.C. 8253
Ch. 561 10 U.S.C. Ch. 831
6141 10 U.S.C. 8261
6151 10 U.S.C. 8262
6152 10 U.S.C. 8263
6153 10 U.S.C. 8264
6154 10 U.S.C. 8265
6155 10 U.S.C. 8266
6156 10 U.S.C. 8267
6160 10 U.S.C. 8270
6161 10 U.S.C. 8271
Ch. 563 10 U.S.C. Ch. 833
6201 10 U.S.C. 8281
6202 10 U.S.C. 8282
6203 10 U.S.C. 8283
Ch. 565 10 U.S.C. Ch. 835
6221 10 U.S.C. 8286
6222 10 U.S.C. 8287
Ch. 567 10 U.S.C. Ch. 837
6241 10 U.S.C. 8291
6242 10 U.S.C. 8292
6243 10 U.S.C. 8293
6244 10 U.S.C. 8294
6245 10 U.S.C. 8295
6246 10 U.S.C. 8296
6247 10 U.S.C. 8297
6248 10 U.S.C. 8298
6249 10 U.S.C. 8299
6250 10 U.S.C. 8300
6251 10 U.S.C. 8301
6252 10 U.S.C. 8302
6253 10 U.S.C. 8303
6254 10 U.S.C. 8304
6255 10 U.S.C. 8305
6256 10 U.S.C. 8306
6257 10 U.S.C. 8307
6258 10 U.S.C. 8308
Ch. 569 10 U.S.C. Ch. 839
6292 10 U.S.C. 8317
Ch. 571 10 U.S.C. Ch. 841
6321 10 U.S.C. 8321
6322 10 U.S.C. 8322
6323 10 U.S.C. 8323
6324 10 U.S.C. 8324
6325 10 U.S.C. 8325
6326 10 U.S.C. 8326
6327 10 U.S.C. 8327
6328 10 U.S.C. 8328
6329 10 U.S.C. 8329
6330 10 U.S.C. 8330
6331 10 U.S.C. 8331
6332 10 U.S.C. 8332
6333 10 U.S.C. 8333
6334 10 U.S.C. 8334
6335 10 U.S.C. 8335
6336 10 U.S.C. 8336
Ch. 573 10 U.S.C. Ch. 843
6371 10 U.S.C. 8371
6383 10 U.S.C. 8372
6389 10 U.S.C. 8373
6404 10 U.S.C. 8374
6408 10 U.S.C. 8375
Ch. 575 10 U.S.C. Ch. 845
6483 10 U.S.C. 8383
6484 10 U.S.C. 8384
6485 10 U.S.C. 8385
6486 10 U.S.C. 8386
Ch. 577 10 U.S.C. Ch. 847
6522 10 U.S.C. 8392
Ch. 601 10 U.S.C. Ch. 851
6911 10 U.S.C. 8411
6912 10 U.S.C. 8412
6913 10 U.S.C. 8413
6915 10 U.S.C. 8415
Ch. 602 10 U.S.C. Ch. 852
6931 10 U.S.C. 8431
6932 10 U.S.C. 8432
Ch. 603 10 U.S.C. Ch. 853
6951 10 U.S.C. 8451
6951a 10 U.S.C. 8451a
6952 10 U.S.C. 8452
6953 10 U.S.C. 8453
6954 10 U.S.C. 8454
6955 10 U.S.C. 8455
6956 10 U.S.C. 8456
6958 10 U.S.C. 8458
6959 10 U.S.C. 8459
6960 10 U.S.C. 8460
6961 10 U.S.C. 8461
6962 10 U.S.C. 8462
6963 10 U.S.C. 8463
6964 10 U.S.C. 8464
6965 10 U.S.C. 8465
6966 10 U.S.C. 8466
6967 10 U.S.C. 8467
6968 10 U.S.C. 8468
6969 10 U.S.C. 8469
6970 10 U.S.C. 8470
6970a 10 U.S.C. 8470a
6971 10 U.S.C. 8471
6972 10 U.S.C. 8472
6973 10 U.S.C. 8473
6974 10 U.S.C. 8474
6975 10 U.S.C. 8475
6976 10 U.S.C. 8476
6977 10 U.S.C. 8477
6978 10 U.S.C. 8478
6979 10 U.S.C. 8479
6980 10 U.S.C. 8480
6981 10 U.S.C. 8481
Ch. 605 10 U.S.C. Ch. 855
7041 10 U.S.C. 8541
7042 10 U.S.C. 8542
7043 10 U.S.C. 8543
7044 10 U.S.C. 8544
7045 10 U.S.C. 8545
7046 10 U.S.C. 8546
7047 10 U.S.C. 8547
7048 10 U.S.C. 8548
7049 10 U.S.C. 8549
7050 10 U.S.C. 8550
Ch. 607 10 U.S.C. Ch. 857
7081 10 U.S.C. 8581
7082 10 U.S.C. 8582
7083 10 U.S.C. 8583
7084 10 U.S.C. 8584
7085 10 U.S.C. 8585
7086 10 U.S.C. 8586
7087 10 U.S.C. 8587
7088 10 U.S.C. 8588
Ch. 609 10 U.S.C. Ch. 859
7101 10 U.S.C. 8591
7102 10 U.S.C. 8592
7103 10 U.S.C. 8593
7104 10 U.S.C. 8594
Ch. 631 10 U.S.C. Ch. 861
7204 10 U.S.C. 8604
7205 10 U.S.C. 8605
7207 10 U.S.C. 8607
7211 10 U.S.C. 8611
7212 10 U.S.C. 8612
7214 10 U.S.C. 8614
7216 10 U.S.C. 8616
7219 10 U.S.C. 8619
7220 10 U.S.C. 8620
7221 10 U.S.C. 8621
7222 10 U.S.C. 8622
7223 10 U.S.C. 8623
7224 10 U.S.C. 8624
7225 10 U.S.C. 8625
7226 10 U.S.C. 8626
7227 10 U.S.C. 8627
7228 10 U.S.C. 8628
7229 10 U.S.C. 8629
7231 10 U.S.C. 8631
7233 10 U.S.C. 8633
7234 10 U.S.C. 8634
7235 10 U.S.C. 8635
Ch. 633 10 U.S.C. Ch. 863
7291 10 U.S.C. 8661
7292 10 U.S.C. 8662
7293 10 U.S.C. 8663
7294 10 U.S.C. 8664
7297 10 U.S.C. 8667
7299 10 U.S.C. 8669
7299a 10 U.S.C. 8669a
7300 10 U.S.C. 8670
7301 10 U.S.C. 8671
7303 10 U.S.C. 8673
7304 10 U.S.C. 8674
7305 10 U.S.C. 8675
7305a 10 U.S.C. 8675a
7306 10 U.S.C. 8676
7306a 10 U.S.C. 8676a
7306b 10 U.S.C. 8676b
7307 10 U.S.C. 8677
7308 10 U.S.C. 8678
7309 10 U.S.C. 8679
7310 10 U.S.C. 8680
7311 10 U.S.C. 8681
7312 10 U.S.C. 8682
7313 10 U.S.C. 8683
7314 10 U.S.C. 8684
7315 10 U.S.C. 8685
7316 10 U.S.C. 8686
7317 10 U.S.C. 8687
7318 10 U.S.C. 8688
7319 10 U.S.C. 8689
7320 10 U.S.C. 8690
7321 10 U.S.C. 8691
Ch. 637 10 U.S.C. Ch. 865
7361 10 U.S.C. 8701
7362 10 U.S.C. 8702
7363 10 U.S.C. 8703
7364 10 U.S.C. 8704
Ch. 639 10 U.S.C. Ch. 867
7395 10 U.S.C. 8715
7396 10 U.S.C. 8716
Ch. 641 10 U.S.C. Ch. 869
7420 10 U.S.C. 8720
7421 10 U.S.C. 8721
7422 10 U.S.C. 8722
7423 10 U.S.C. 8723
7424 10 U.S.C. 8724
7425 10 U.S.C. 8725
7427 10 U.S.C. 8727
7428 10 U.S.C. 8728
7429 10 U.S.C. 8729
7430 10 U.S.C. 8730
7431 10 U.S.C. 8731
7432 10 U.S.C. 8732
7433 10 U.S.C. 8733
7435 10 U.S.C. 8735
7436 10 U.S.C. 8736
7437 10 U.S.C. 8737
7438 10 U.S.C. 8738
7439 10 U.S.C. 8739
Ch. 643 10 U.S.C. Ch. 871
7472 10 U.S.C. 8742
7473 10 U.S.C. 8743
7476 10 U.S.C. 8746
7477 10 U.S.C. 8747
7478 10 U.S.C. 8748
7479 10 U.S.C. 8749
7479a 10 U.S.C. 8749a
7480 10 U.S.C. 8750
Ch. 645 10 U.S.C. Ch. 873
7522 10 U.S.C. 8752
7523 10 U.S.C. 8753
7524 10 U.S.C. 8754
Ch. 647 10 U.S.C. Ch. 875
7541 10 U.S.C. 8761
7541a 10 U.S.C. 8761a
7541b 10 U.S.C. 8761b
7542 10 U.S.C. 8762
7543 10 U.S.C. 8763
7544 10 U.S.C. 8764
7545 10 U.S.C. 8765
7546 10 U.S.C. 8766
7547 10 U.S.C. 8767
Ch. 649 10 U.S.C. Ch. 877
7571 10 U.S.C. 8771
7572 10 U.S.C. 8772
7573 10 U.S.C. 8773
7576 10 U.S.C. 8776
7577 10 U.S.C. 8777
7579 10 U.S.C. 8779
7580 10 U.S.C. 8780
7581 10 U.S.C. 8781
7582 10 U.S.C. 8782
Ch. 651 10 U.S.C. Ch. 879
7601 10 U.S.C. 8801
7602 10 U.S.C. 8802
7603 10 U.S.C. 8803
7604 10 U.S.C. 8804
7605 10 U.S.C. 8805
7606 10 U.S.C. 8806
Ch. 653 10 U.S.C. Ch. 881
7621 10 U.S.C. 8821
7622 10 U.S.C. 8822
7623 10 U.S.C. 8823
Ch. 655 10 U.S.C. Ch. 883
7651 10 U.S.C. 8851
7652 10 U.S.C. 8852
7653 10 U.S.C. 8853
7654 10 U.S.C. 8854
7655 10 U.S.C. 8855
7656 10 U.S.C. 8856
7657 10 U.S.C. 8857
7658 10 U.S.C. 8858
7659 10 U.S.C. 8859
7660 10 U.S.C. 8860
7661 10 U.S.C. 8861
7662 10 U.S.C. 8862
7663 10 U.S.C. 8863
7664 10 U.S.C. 8864
7665 10 U.S.C. 8865
7666 10 U.S.C. 8866
7667 10 U.S.C. 8867
7668 10 U.S.C. 8868
7669 10 U.S.C. 8869
7670 10 U.S.C. 8870
7671 10 U.S.C. 8871
7672 10 U.S.C. 8872
7673 10 U.S.C. 8873
7674 10 U.S.C. 8874
7675 10 U.S.C. 8875
7676 10 U.S.C. 8876
7677 10 U.S.C. 8877
7678 10 U.S.C. 8878
7679 10 U.S.C. 8879
7680 10 U.S.C. 8880
7681 10 U.S.C. 8881
Ch. 657 10 U.S.C. Ch. 885
7721 10 U.S.C. 8891
7722 10 U.S.C. 8892
7723 10 U.S.C. 8893
7724 10 U.S.C. 8894
7725 10 U.S.C. 8895
7726 10 U.S.C. 8896
7727 10 U.S.C. 8897
7728 10 U.S.C. 8898
7729 10 U.S.C. 8899
7730 10 U.S.C. 8900
Ch. 659 10 U.S.C. Ch. 887
7851 10 U.S.C. 8901
7852 10 U.S.C. 8902
7853 10 U.S.C. 8903
7854 10 U.S.C. 8904
Ch. 661 10 U.S.C. Ch. 889
7861 10 U.S.C. 8911
7862 10 U.S.C. 8912
7863 10 U.S.C. 8913
Ch. 663 10 U.S.C. Ch. 891
7881 10 U.S.C. 8921
Ch. 665 10 U.S.C. Ch. 893
7901 10 U.S.C. 8931
7902 10 U.S.C. 8932
7903 10 U.S.C. 8933
Ch. 667 10 U.S.C. Ch. 895
7912 10 U.S.C. 8942
7913 10 U.S.C. 8943
Ch. 669 10 U.S.C. Ch. 897
7921 10 U.S.C. 8951
Ch. 801 10 U.S.C. Ch. 901
Ch. 803 10 U.S.C. Ch. 903
8011 10 U.S.C. 9011
8012 10 U.S.C. 9012
8013 10 U.S.C. 9013
8014 10 U.S.C. 9014
8015 10 U.S.C. 9015
8016 10 U.S.C. 9016
8017 10 U.S.C. 9017
8018 10 U.S.C. 9018
8019 10 U.S.C. 9019
8020 10 U.S.C. 9020
8021 10 U.S.C. 9021
8022 10 U.S.C. 9022
8023 10 U.S.C. 9023
8024 10 U.S.C. 9024
Ch. 805 10 U.S.C. Ch. 905
8031 10 U.S.C. 9031
8032 10 U.S.C. 9032
8033 10 U.S.C. 9033
8034 10 U.S.C. 9034
8035 10 U.S.C. 9035
8036 10 U.S.C. 9036
8037 10 U.S.C. 9037
8038 10 U.S.C. 9038
8039 10 U.S.C. 9039
8040 10 U.S.C. 9040
Ch. 807 10 U.S.C. Ch. 907
8061 10 U.S.C. 9061
8062 10 U.S.C. 9062
8067 10 U.S.C. 9067
8069 10 U.S.C. 9069
8074 10 U.S.C. 9074
8075 10 U.S.C. 9075
8081 10 U.S.C. 9081
8084 10 U.S.C. 9084
Ch. 831 10 U.S.C. Ch. 911
8210 10 U.S.C. 9110
Ch. 833 10 U.S.C. Ch. 913
8251 10 U.S.C. 9131
8252 10 U.S.C. 9132
8257 10 U.S.C. 9137
8258 10 U.S.C. 9138
Ch. 835 10 U.S.C. Ch. 915
8281 10 U.S.C. 9151
8310 10 U.S.C. 9160
Ch. 839 10 U.S.C. Ch. 919
8446 10 U.S.C. 9176
Ch. 841 10 U.S.C. Ch. 921
8491 10 U.S.C. 9191
8503 10 U.S.C. 9203
Ch. 843 10 U.S.C. Ch. 923
8547 10 U.S.C. 9217
8548 10 U.S.C. 9218
Ch. 845 10 U.S.C. Ch. 925
8572 10 U.S.C. 9222
8575 10 U.S.C. 9225
8579 10 U.S.C. 9229
8581 10 U.S.C. 9231
8583 10 U.S.C. 9233
Ch. 849 10 U.S.C. Ch. 929
8639 10 U.S.C. 9239
Ch. 853 10 U.S.C. Ch. 933
8681 10 U.S.C. 9251
8684 10 U.S.C. 9252
8691 10 U.S.C. 9253
Ch. 855 10 U.S.C. Ch. 935
8723 10 U.S.C. 9263
Ch. 857 10 U.S.C. Ch. 937
8741 10 U.S.C. 9271
8742 10 U.S.C. 9272
8743 10 U.S.C. 9273
8744 10 U.S.C. 9274
8745 10 U.S.C. 9275
8746 10 U.S.C. 9276
8747 10 U.S.C. 9277
8748 10 U.S.C. 9278
8749 10 U.S.C. 9279
8750 10 U.S.C. 9280
8751 10 U.S.C. 9281
8752 10 U.S.C. 9282
8754 10 U.S.C. 9284
8755 10 U.S.C. 9285
8756 10 U.S.C. 9286
Ch. 861 10 U.S.C. Ch. 939
8817 10 U.S.C. 9307
Ch. 867 10 U.S.C. Ch. 941
8911 10 U.S.C. 9311
8914 10 U.S.C. 9314
8917 10 U.S.C. 9317
8918 10 U.S.C. 9318
8920 10 U.S.C. 9320
8921 10 U.S.C. 9321
8924 10 U.S.C. 9324
8925 10 U.S.C. 9325
8926 10 U.S.C. 9326
8929 10 U.S.C. 9329
Ch. 869 10 U.S.C. Ch. 943
8961 10 U.S.C. 9341
8962 10 U.S.C. 9342
8963 10 U.S.C. 9343
8964 10 U.S.C. 9344
8965 10 U.S.C. 9345
8966 10 U.S.C. 9346
Ch. 871 10 U.S.C. Ch. 945
8991 10 U.S.C. 9361
8992 10 U.S.C. 9362
Ch. 873 10 U.S.C. Ch. 947
9021 10 U.S.C. 9371
9025 10 U.S.C. 9375
9027 10 U.S.C. 9377
Ch. 875 10 U.S.C. Ch. 949
9061 10 U.S.C. 9381
Ch. 901 10 U.S.C. Ch. 951
9301 10 U.S.C. 9401
9302 10 U.S.C. 9402
9303 10 U.S.C. 9403
9304 10 U.S.C. 9404
9305 10 U.S.C. 9405
9306 10 U.S.C. 9406
9314 10 U.S.C. 9414
9314a 10 U.S.C. 9414a
9314b 10 U.S.C. 9414b
9315 10 U.S.C. 9415
9317 10 U.S.C. 9417
9319 10 U.S.C. 9419
9320 10 U.S.C. 9420
Ch. 903 10 U.S.C. Ch. 953
9331 10 U.S.C. 9431
9332 10 U.S.C. 9432
9333 10 U.S.C. 9433
9333a 10 U.S.C. 9433a
9334 10 U.S.C. 9434
9335 10 U.S.C. 9435
9336 10 U.S.C. 9436
9338 10 U.S.C. 9438
9341 10 U.S.C. 9441
9341a 10 U.S.C. 9441a
9342 10 U.S.C. 9442
9343 10 U.S.C. 9443
9346 10 U.S.C. 9446
9347 10 U.S.C. 9447
9348 10 U.S.C. 9448
9349 10 U.S.C. 9449
9350 10 U.S.C. 9450
9351 10 U.S.C. 9451
9352 10 U.S.C. 9452
9353 10 U.S.C. 9453
9354 10 U.S.C. 9454
9355 10 U.S.C. 9455
9356 10 U.S.C. 9456
9357 10 U.S.C. 9457
9359 10 U.S.C. 9459
9360 10 U.S.C. 9460
9361 10 U.S.C. 9461
9362 10 U.S.C. 9462
Ch. 907 10 U.S.C. Ch. 957
9411 10 U.S.C. 9481
9412 10 U.S.C. 9482
9413 10 U.S.C. 9483
9414 10 U.S.C. 9484
9417 10 U.S.C. 9487
Ch. 909 10 U.S.C. Ch. 959
9441 10 U.S.C. 9491
9442 10 U.S.C. 9492
9443 10 U.S.C. 9493
9444 10 U.S.C. 9494
9445 10 U.S.C. 9495
9446 10 U.S.C. 9496
9447 10 U.S.C. 9497
9448 10 U.S.C. 9498
Ch. 931 10 U.S.C. Ch. 961
Ch. 933 10 U.S.C. Ch. 963
Ch. 935 10 U.S.C. Ch. 965
Ch. 937 10 U.S.C. Ch. 967
Ch. 939 10 U.S.C. Ch. 969
Ch. 941 10 U.S.C. Ch. 971
Ch. 943 10 U.S.C. Ch. 973
Ch. 945 10 U.S.C. Ch. 975
Ch. 947 10 U.S.C. Ch. 977
Ch. 949 10 U.S.C. Ch. 979
Ch. 951 10 U.S.C. Ch. 981
Ch. 953 10 U.S.C. Ch. 983

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Coordination of Amendments

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §800, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1825, provided that:

"(a) Effective Dates.—

"(1) Parts i and ii.—Parts I and II of this subtitle [probably means parts I (§801) and II (§§806–809) of subtitle A of title VIII of div. A of Pub. L. 115–232, see Tables for classification], and the redesignations and amendments made by such parts, shall take effect on February 1, 2019.

"(2) Part iii.—Part III of this subtitle [probably means part III (§§811–813) of subtitle A of title VIII of div. A of Pub. L. 115–232, see Tables for classification] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 2018].

"(b) Coordination of Amendments.—The redesignations and amendments made by part II of this subtitle shall be executed before the amendments made by part I of this subtitle.

"(c) Rule for Certain Redesignations.—In the case of a redesignation specified in part II of this subtitle (1) that is to be made to a section of subtitle B, C, or D of title 10, United States Code, for which the current section designation consists of a four-digit number and a letter, and (2) that is directed to be made by the addition of a specified number to the current section designation, the new section designation shall consist of a new four-digit number and the same letter, with the new four-digit number being the number that is the sum of the specified number and the four-digit number in the current section designation."

Subpart A—General

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 201—DEFINITIONS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, added chapter heading.

§3001. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3001 was renumbered section 7001 of this title.

A prior section 3010 was renumbered section 7011 of this title.

A prior section 3011 was renumbered section 7011 of this title.

Another prior section 3011 was renumbered section 7012 of this title.

A prior section 3012 was renumbered section 7012 of this title.

Another prior section 3012 was renumbered section 3013 of this title and subsequently repealed.

A prior section 3013 was renumbered section 7013 of this title.

Another prior section 3013, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 157, §3012; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(57), 72 Stat. 1462; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–651, title II, §211, 76 Stat. 524; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §§305(2), 306(j)(1), 78 Stat. 422, 431; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §22, 80 Stat. 1118; renumbered §3013, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(2), 100 Stat. 1034, related to Secretary of the Army, powers and duties, and delegations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §501(a)(5).

Another prior section 3013 was renumbered section 3014 of this title and subsequently repealed.

A prior section 3014 was renumbered section 7014 of this title.

Another prior section 3014, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 158, §3013; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §8(a), 72 Stat. 519; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(58), 72 Stat. 1462; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §305(3), 78 Stat. 422; Dec. 1, 1967, Pub. L. 90–168, §2(12), 81 Stat. 523; Dec. 31, 1970, Pub. L. 91–611, title II, §211(a), 84 Stat. 1829; Nov. 9, 1979, Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, §820(b), 93 Stat. 819; Sept. 24, 1983, Pub. L. 98–94, title XII, §1212(c)(1), 97 Stat. 687; renumbered §3014, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(2), 100 Stat. 1034, related to Under Secretary and Assistant Secretaries of the Army, appointment, and duties, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §501(a)(5).

Another prior section 3014 was renumbered section 3015 of this title and subsequently repealed.

A prior section 3015 was renumbered section 7015 of this title.

Another prior section 3015, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 158, §3014; renumbered §3015, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(2), 100 Stat. 1034, related to Comptroller and Deputy Comptroller of the Army, powers and duties, and appointment, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §501(a)(5).

Another prior section 3015 was renumbered section 3040 of this title and subsequently repealed.

A prior section 3016 was renumbered section 7016 of this title.

Another prior section 3016 was renumbered section 7018 of this title.

Prior sections 3017 and 3018 were renumbered sections 7017 and 7018 of this title, respectively.

Another prior section 3018, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(59)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1462, prescribed compensation of General Counsel of Department of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §305(40)(A), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 427, eff. first day of first pay period beginning on or after July 1, 1964.

A prior section 3019 was renumbered section 7019 of this title.

Another prior section 3019 was renumbered section 7038 of this title.

A prior section 3020 was renumbered section 7020 of this title.

CHAPTER 203—GENERAL MATTERS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, added chapter heading.

§3021. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3021 was renumbered section 7021 of this title.

Another prior section 3021 was renumbered section 10302 of this title.

Prior sections 3022 to 3024, 3031, and 3032 were renumbered sections 7022 to 7024, 7031, and 7032 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3033 was renumbered section 7033 of this title.

Another prior section 3033 was renumbered section 10302 of this title.

A prior section 3034 was renumbered section 7034 of this title.

Another prior section 3034 was renumbered section 7033 of this title.

A prior section 3035 was renumbered section 7035 of this title.

Another prior section 3035 was renumbered section 7034 of this title.

Prior sections 3036 and 3037 were renumbered sections 7036 and 7037 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3038 was renumbered section 7038 of this title.

Another prior section 3038, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 164, charged Chief of Engineers with responsibility for Army construction, real estate acquisition and management, and the operation of water, gas, electric, and sewer utilities, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–718, §25(a), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1119.

A prior section 3039, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 165, §3040; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §805(a), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1621; renumbered §3039 and amended Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §502(f)(2), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1042, related to deputy and assistant chiefs of branches, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(n)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2103.

Another prior section 3039, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 164, related to Inspector General and Provost Marshal General, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, §502(f)(1). See section 7020 of this title.

A prior section 3040, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 159, §3015; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §12, 72 Stat. 521; renumbered §3040, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §501(a)(1), 100 Stat. 1034; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to National Guard Bureau, Chief of Bureau, appointment and acting Chief, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, §904(b)(1), (d), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2827, effective at the end of the 90-day period beginning on Oct. 5, 1994. See sections 10501, 10502, and 10505 of this title.

CHAPTER 205—DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, added chapter heading.

§3051. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3061 to 3065 were renumbered sections 7061 to 7065 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3066, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 167; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(19), 72 Stat. 1565, authorized President, by and with consent of Senate, to make temporary appointments in grades of general and lieutenant general from officers of Army on active duty in any grade above brigadier general and specified number of positions in each such grade, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §201, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 601 of this title.

A prior section 3067 was renumbered section 7067 of this title.

A prior section 3068 was renumbered section 7068 of this title.

Another prior section 3068, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 168; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(a)(1), 76 Stat. 494, contained substantially the same provisions as section 7068, which formerly was numbered as section 3068, but placed the upper limit for the rank of officers of the Medical Service Corps at colonel, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–603.

Prior sections 3069 and 3070 were renumbered sections 7069 and 7070 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3071, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 169; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(a)(2), (3), 76 Stat. 494; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(8)(C), 81 Stat. 374, prescribed composition of Women's Army Corps and provided for a Director, a Deputy Director, and other positions for Women's Army Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(b), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627.

Prior sections 3072 to 3075 were renumbered sections 7072 to 7075 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 3076 to 3080 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1661(a)(3)(A), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2980, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided.

Section 3076, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 170, related to composition of Army Reserve. See section 10104 of this title.

Section 3077, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 170, related to composition of Army National Guard of United States. See section 10105 of this title.

Section 3078, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 171, provided that Army National Guard is a component of Army while in service of United States. See section 10106 of this title.

Section 3079, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 171, related to status of Army National Guard of United States when not in Federal service. See section 10107 of this title.

Section 3080, added Pub. L. 86–603, §1(2)(A), July 7, 1960, 74 Stat. 357, related to authority of officers of Army National Guard of United States with respect to Federal status. See section 10215 of this title.

Prior sections 3081, 3082, 3083, and 3084 were renumbered sections 7081, 10542, 7083, and 7084 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 207—BUDGETING AND APPROPRIATIONS MATTERS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1826, added chapter heading.

§3101. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

CHAPTER 209—OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3151. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Subpart B—Acquisition Planning

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 221—PLANNING AND SOLICITATION GENERALLY

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3201. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3201 was renumbered section 7101 of this title.

Another prior section 3201, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 172; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(62), 72 Stat. 1462; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(4), 78 Stat. 1071, prescribed the authorized strength of the Army in members on active duty, exclusive of certain categories, and the authorized daily average strength of the Army in members on active duty during the fiscal year, exclusive of certain categories, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 3202, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 172; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(63), 72 Stat. 1463; Dec. 28, 1967, Pub. L. 90–228, §1(1), (2), 81 Stat. 745; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §203(a), 94 Stat. 2878, related to authorized strength of Army in general officers on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title IV, §403(b)(1)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545.

Prior sections 3203 to 3207 and 3209 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3203, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(64), 72 Stat. 1463, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in members on active duty, exclusive of officers candidates.

Section 3204, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173, Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, §1(2), 72 Stat. 522; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, §2, 92 Stat. 2069, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in commissioned officers of active list.

Section 3205, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, §1(3), 72 Stat. 522; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), (65), 72 Stat. 1462, 1463; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, §2, 92 Stat. 2069, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in commissioned officers on active list, exclusive of certain categories.

Section 3206, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(4), 71 Stat. 376; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(A), (B), 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army Nurse Corps in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army.

Section 3207, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(5), 71 Stat. 376; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(C), (D), 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Army Medical Specialist Corps in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army.

Section 3209, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 174; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), 72 Stat. 1462; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(E), 81 Stat. 375; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(c)(1), (2), 92 Stat. 1627, prescribed, with exception of Army Nurse Corps and Army Medical Specialist Corps, the authorized strength of each branch in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army.

A prior section 3210 was renumbered section 7110 of this title.

A prior section 3211, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 175; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(67), 72 Stat. 1463; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(F), 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in officers in each regular grade on promotion lists set forth in section 3296 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 3212, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 175; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(68), 72 Stat. 1463; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, §1(6), 74 Stat. 265; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(G), 81 Stat. 375; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(6), 94 Stat. 2909, related to temporary increases in authorized strength in grades of Army Reserve and Army National Guard of United States, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12009 of this title.

Prior sections 3213 and 3214 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3213, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in warrant officers on active list.

Section 3214, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(64), 72 Stat. 1463, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in enlisted members on active duty, exclusive of officer candidates.

A prior section 3215, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(9)(H), 81 Stat. 375, authorized strength of Women's Army Corps of Regular Army in warrant officers on active list and in enlisted members on active duty to be prescribed by Secretary, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(c)(3), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627.

A prior section 3216, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, prescribed authorized strength of Corps of Engineers in enlisted members on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 3217 to 3225 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 3217, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve commissioned officers in active status. See section 12003 of this title.

Section 3218, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title III, §302(a), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1061(a)(20)(B), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve general officers in active status. See section 12004 of this title.

Section 3219, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve commissioned officers in active status in grades below brigadier general. See section 12005(a) of this title.

Section 3220, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464; amended Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(c)(4), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627, related to distribution of reserve commissioned officers by Secretary of the Army. See section 12007 of this title.

Section 3221, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve. See section 12001 of this title.

Section 3222, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(7), 94 Stat. 2909, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve, exclusive of members on active duty. See section 12002(a) of this title.

Section 3223, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve in warrant officers. See section 12008 of this title.

Section 3224, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177, related to authorized strength of Army National Guard of United States. See section 12001 of this title.

Section 3225, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(7), 94 Stat. 2909; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to authorized strength of Army National Guard and Army National Guard of United States, exclusive of members on active duty. See section 12002 of this title.

A prior section 3230, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(69)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464, provided that members of Army who are detailed for duty with agencies of United States outside Department of Defense on a reimbursable basis not be counted in computing strengths under any law, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §202, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

CHAPTER 223—PLANNING AND SOLICITATION RELATING TO PARTICULAR ITEMS OR SERVICES

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3251. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3251 was renumbered section 7131 of this title.

A prior section 3252, added Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, §671(a)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 181; amended Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VI, §615(b), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4485; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VI, §616(2), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2354; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VI, §616(2), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4238, related to bonus to encourage Army personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, §618(a), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 840.

Another prior section 3252, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177, provided that temporary enlistments could be made only in the Army without specification of component, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

A prior section 3253, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177; Pub. L. 87–143, §1(1), Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 364; Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(A), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(3), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929, provided that, in peace time, Army enlistment was available only to citizens and persons lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, §542(b)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3253.

Prior sections 3254 to 3256 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

Section 3254, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, provided for temporary enlistments in the Army during war or emergency.

Section 3255, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, provided for recruiting campaigns to obtain enlistments in the Regular Army.

Section 3256, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, set forth qualifications for and term of enlistments in the Regular Army and the grade in which such enlistments were made.

A prior section 3258 was renumbered section 7138 of this title.

Prior sections 3259 to 3261 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(b)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2990, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 3259, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfers in grade of enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States to Army Reserve. See section 12105 of this title.

Section 3260, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179, provided that enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States are transferred to Army Reserve upon withdrawal as members of Army National Guard. See section 12106 of this title.

Section 3261, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(20), 72 Stat. 1565; Oct. 4, 1961, Pub. L. 87–378, §3, 75 Stat. 808, related to enlistment in Army National Guard of United States. See section 12107 of this title.

A prior section 3262 was renumbered section 7142 of this title.

Another prior section 3262, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 180; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(71), 72 Stat. 1464, provided for extension of enlistment of members of the Army needing medical care or hospitalization, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

A prior section 3263, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(71)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(4), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, provided for voluntary extension of enlistments in the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

A prior section 3264, added Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, §541(a)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1109, related to an 18-month enlistment pilot program to increase participation of prior service persons in Selected Reserve and to provide assistance in building pool of participants in Individual Ready Reserve, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title V, §531(c), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2544.

Prior sections 3281 to 3283 were renumbered sections 7151 to 7153 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 3284 to 3300 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3284, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181, provided that appointments in commissioned grades in Regular Army be made by President, by and with the advice and consent of Senate. See section 531 of this title.

Section 3285, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(72), 72 Stat. 1465, prescribed eligibility requirements for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps or Dental Corps and except a graduating cadet. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3286, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(73), 72 Stat. 1465, prescribed age limitations for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3287, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 182; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(74), 72 Stat. 1466, provided service credit, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Army, for a person originally appointed in a commissioned grade in the Regular Army, except the Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps, for the purpose of determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in his grade in the Regular Army, and eligibility for promotion, with appointment and service credit restrictions on persons who were cadets at the United States Military, Naval, or Air Force Academies but were not graduated, and a disallowance of service credits under this section for persons who graduated from one of these Academies. See section 533 of this title.

Section 3288, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(7), 71 Stat. 376; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(75), 72 Stat. 1466, provided for determination of grade of a person originally appointed as a commissioned officer in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 533 of this title.

Section 3289, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183, provided that no person be originally appointed as a first lieutenant in Regular Army in Medical Corps until he passes an examination of his professional fitness before an examining board composed of at least three officers of Medical Corps designated by Secretary of the Army. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3290, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183, provided that an original appointment in Regular Army in Medical Service Corps be made only in grade of second lieutenant and from members of Regular Army, reserves not in an inactive status, or graduates of an accredited school of pharmacy or optometry, or of a school or college who hold a degree in a science allied to medicine or any other degree approved by Surgeon General. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3291, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(8), 71 Stat. 376; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(4), 80 Stat. 852, prescribed eligibility requirements for an original appointment in Regular Army in Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps in grade of second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and captain and provided for determination of years of service creditable for promotion. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3292, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184, provided that original appointments in commissioned grades in Regular Army in Judge Advocate General's Corps be made from officers of Regular Army in other branches, reserve commissioned officers assigned to Judge Advocate General's Corps, or qualified civilian graduates of accredited law schools. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3293, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184, provided that no person in civil life be originally appointed as a chaplain in Regular Army unless he has passed an examination prescribed by President as to his morale, mental, and physical qualifications. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3294, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(77), 72 Stat. 1467, provided that original appointments in Regular Army be made in grades of first lieutenant through colonel in Medical Corps or Dental Corps as the Army requires, from qualified doctors of medicine, osteopathy, or dentistry who are citizens of the United States and have such other qualifications as the Secretary of the Army prescribes, with specific additional eligibility requirements for a doctor of osteopathy, and that officers so appointed receive service credit for determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in grade in Regular Army, and eligibility for promotion. See section 532 of this title.

Section 3295, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(78), 72 Stat. 1467, provided for determination of the place on a promotion list of name of each person who is originally appointed in a commissioned grade in Regular Army and whose name is to be carried on a promotion list, other than persons appointed in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 624 of this title.

Section 3296, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(10), 71 Stat. 377; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, §1(5), 72 Stat. 522; June 4, 1968, Pub. L. 90–329, 82 Stat. 170; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(d)(2), 92 Stat. 1627; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, §2, 92 Stat. 2069, provided for promotion lists in Regular Army for all commissioned officers in grades below brigadier general on active list, with exceptions, which officers are known as "promotion-list officers", a separate list for Chaplains and each of the several branches of Army Medical Department, and determination of place on list upon transfer or promotion. See section 624 of this title.

Section 3297, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 185; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(11), 71 Stat. 377; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §1(1), 74 Stat. 386; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(d)(3), 92 Stat. 1627, provided for selection boards to recommend promotion-list officers and brigadier generals of Regular Army for promotion in Regular Army. See section 611 et seq. of this title.

Section 3298, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 185; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(12), 71 Stat. 377; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(A), 81 Stat. 375, provided for promotion from grade of second lieutenant to first lieutenant after 3 years of service, discharge under section 3814 of this title upon failure of promotion, and filling vacancies for first lieutenants with second lieutenants prior to completion of 3 years of service. See section 630 of this title.

Section 3299, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 186; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(13), 71 Stat. 377; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(21), 72 Stat. 1565; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(B), 81 Stat. 375, provided that promotion-list officers be promoted to regular grades of captain, major, and lieutenant colonel, after specified length of service or without regard to length of service in view of actual or anticipated vacancies if Secretary of the Army so directs, or be eliminated from active list under section 3303 of this title and a promotion-list officer who has twice been considered and not recommended for promotion to any one regular grade not be again considered for promotion under this section. See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

Section 3300, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 186; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §1(2), 74 Stat. 386, provided for selection board procedure when promotion-list officers in regular grade of first lieutenant, captain, or major are to be considered for promotion under section 3299 of this title. See section 611 et seq. of this title.

Members of Army and Air Force Serving Under Enlistments for Unspecified Periods on Jan. 2, 1968; Continuance in Status; Discharge

Pub. L. 90–235, §3(c), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 758, provided that: "Members of the Army or the Air Force who, on the effective date of this Act [Jan. 2, 1968], are serving under enlistments for unspecified periods under [former] sections 3256(b) and 8256(b) of title 10, United States Code, shall continue in that status and shall be discharged therefrom in accordance with laws applicable to such discharges on the day before the effective date of this Act."

Subpart C—Contracting Methods and Contract Types

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 241—AWARDING OF CONTRACTS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3301. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3302 and 3303 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3302, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 187, related to promotion to captain, major, or lieutenant colonel of commissioned officers of Medical Corps, Dental Corps, and Veterinary Corps upon examination of professional fitness and effect upon failure of promotion. See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

Section 3303, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 188; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §1(3), 74 Stat. 386; June 28, 1962, Pub. L. 87–509, §4(a), 76 Stat. 121, related to effect of failure of a promotion-list officer considered for promotion to grade of captain, major, or lieutenant colonel under section 3299 of this title to be recommended for promotion, which officer was to be known as a "deferred officer". See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

A prior section 3304, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 189; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(14), 71 Stat. 378, covered promotion of officers in the Army Nurse Corps and the Army Medical Specialists Corps to colonel and lieutenant colonel, set out the requirements of officers on the promotion lists, and provided for the procedure to be followed in determining the order of promotion, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(C), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat 375.

Prior sections 3305 to 3309 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3305, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 189; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(16), 71 Stat. 379; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(10)(D), (E), 81 Stat. 375, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of lieutenant colonel to grade of colonel. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 3306, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 190, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of colonel to grade of brigadier general. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 3307, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 191, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of brigadier general to grade of major general. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 3308, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 192, related to effect of removal from recommended list by President of name of any promotion-list officer or brigadier general of Regular Army who in President's opinion is not qualified for promotion or who is not confirmed by Senate. See section 629 of this title.

Section 3309, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 192, provided that President prescribe a system of physical examination for all commissioned officers of Regular Army in grades below brigadier general to determine their fitness for promotion in Regular Army. See section 624 of this title.

A prior section 3310, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 192, provided that original appointments as warrant officers in the Regular Army were to be made from persons who have served on active duty at least one year in the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title V, §511(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1751.

A prior section 3311, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 192; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), 72 Stat. 1462, provided that with the exception of those appointed as commissioned officers in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Medical Service Corps, Veterinary Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps, women be appointed as commissioned officers in Regular Army only in Women's Army Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(d)(4), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627.

Prior sections 3312 to 3314 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §204, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3312, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 193, provided that an officer who is promoted in Regular Army is considered to have accepted his promotion on date of the order announcing it, unless he expressly declines it, without the need to take oath of office upon promotion if his service since last taking it has been continuous. See section 626 of this title.

Section 3313, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 193, provided that in time of war or national emergency declared by Congress or President, President may suspend operation of provision of law relating to promotion, mandatory retirement, or separation of commissioned officers of the Regular Army. See section 123(a) and (b) of this title.

Section 3314, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(79)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1467, provided that promotion to a higher grade of a commissioned officer of Regular Army who is on a recommendation list awaiting promotion not be withheld or delayed because of original appointment of any other person to a commissioned grade in Regular Army and that this section does not apply to appointments in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 624 of this title.

CHAPTER 243—SPECIFIC TYPES OF CONTRACTS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3351. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3351 and 3352 were renumbered sections 12211 and 12213 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 3353 and 3354 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(1), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 3353, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1468; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(8), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 265; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §205(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2881; Pub. L. 97–22, §5(c), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 128; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1007(c)(3), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 662; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, §714(b), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1112; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, §509(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1647, related to service credit upon original appointment as reserve commissioned officer in Army. See section 12207 of this title.

Section 3354, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 194; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(C), 72 Stat. 1468, related to appointment of warrant officers and enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States as reserve officers.

A prior section 3355, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 194; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(22), 72 Stat. 1565, related to appointment of graduates of Reserve Officers' Training Corps as reserve commissioned officers, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(5), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1071. See section 2106 of this title.

Prior sections 3357 to 3390 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(1), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 3357, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 194; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), (80)(D), 72 Stat. 1462, 1468, related to eligibility for appointment as reserve officer for service in Army Reserve in Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps.

Section 3359, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1469; amended Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1014(a), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 666; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, §521(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2522; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §521(a), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title V, §502(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, §503(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1437; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, §519(a), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2408; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, §514(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1649; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, §511(a), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 298, related to determination of grade upon original appointment as reserve officer of Army. See section 12201 et seq. of this title.

Section 3360, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1469; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(9), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §§502(10), 512(4), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2910, 2929; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1016(b), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 668, related to service required for promotion of Reserve commissioned officers. See section 14001 et seq. of this title.

Section 3362, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1470; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(10), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266, related to convening of selection boards to consider Reserve commissioned officers for promotion. See section 14101 et seq. of this title.

Section 3363, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1470; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(11), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(e)(1), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to requirements and procedures for promotion of officers in reserve grades. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3364, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1471; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(12), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(e)(2)–(4), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, §512, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2521; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(4), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to commissioned reserve officers' selection for promotion, order of promotion, zone of consideration lists, and declinations of promotion. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3365, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1472, related to promotion of second lieutenants of Army Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3366, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1472; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(13), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 267; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(11)(A), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375, related to promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Army Reserve or Army National Guard of United States. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3367, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1473; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(14), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 268; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(11)(B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375, related to promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Army Reserve to fill vacancies. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3368, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1474, related to second consideration for promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Army Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3369, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1474, related to first promotion of reserve officers not assigned to unit after transfer from unit or from Army National Guard of United States.

Section 3370, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1474; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(15), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 269; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(11)(C), (D), 81 Stat. 375; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(5), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to promotion of officers to grade of colonel to fill vacancies. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3371, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1475, related to promotion of brigadier generals and colonels not assigned to units. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3375, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1475, related to transfer or discharge of reserve generals ceasing to occupy commensurate positions. See section 14314(a) of this title.

Section 3378, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1476, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers removed from active status. See section 14317(a) of this title.

Section 3380, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1476; amended Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1015(a)(1), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 667; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §521(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title V, §502(b)(1), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, §503(b)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1437; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, §519(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2408; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, §514(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1649; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, §511(b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 298, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers on active duty and not on the active duty list. See section 14311(e) of this title.

Section 3382, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1476, related to promotion of second lieutenants of Army Reserve assigned to units. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3383, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1477; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(16), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 88–620, §2, Oct. 3, 1964, 78 Stat. 999; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(11)(E), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(e)(5), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627, related to promotion of officers of Army Reserve to grades of first lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel to fill vacancies. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3384, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1477, related to promotion of officers of Army Reserve to grades of brigadier general or major general to fill vacancies. See section 14315 of this title.

Section 3385, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1477, related to promotion of officers of Army National Guard of United States upon Federal recognition. See section 14308(f) of this title.

Section 3386, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers upon release from active duty. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3388, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478, related to effect of commissioned officer of Army Reserve entering upon active duty while eligible for promotion. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3389, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(17), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 270, related to promotion of commissioned officers of Army Reserve or Army National Guard of United States to higher reserve grades after temporary appointments. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3390, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to procedure for promotion to higher reserve grade of officer of Army National Guard of United States after temporary appointment. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 3391, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1479; Pub. L. 86–559, §1(18), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 270, prohibited promotion of reserve officers of Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps to reserve grades above colonel and prohibited promotion of reserve officers of Women's Army Corps to reserve grades above lieutenant colonel, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(11)(F), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376.

Prior sections 3392 to 3396 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(1), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 3392, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1479; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to appointment of adjutants general or assistant adjutants general as reserve officers of Army. See section 12215(a) of this title.

Section 3393, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1479, provided that sea or foreign service not be made condition for promotion of reserve commissioned officers in reserve grades.

Section 3394, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, related to acceptance of promotion by officers of Army National Guard of United States or Army Reserve. See section 14309 of this title.

Section 3395, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, related to appointment of reserve officers in time of war. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 3396, added Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §206(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, provided that chapter, except section 3353, did not apply to reserve officers on active-duty list.

CHAPTER 245—TASK AND DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS (MULTIPLE AWARD CONTRACTS)

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3401. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3441 and 3442 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §207, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3441, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, provided that temporary appointments be made only in the Army without specification of component.

Section 3442, act Aug. 10, 1056, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, provided that a regular commissioned officer, or a reserve commissioned officer who is serving on active duty, may be appointed, based upon ability and efficiency with regard being given to seniority and age, in a temporary grade that is equal to or higher than his regular or reserve grade, without vacating any other grade held by him. See section 601 of this title.

A prior section 3443, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196, related to grade of appointment of reserve commissioned officers on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(6), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570.

Prior sections 3444 and 3445 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §207, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3444, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(81)(A), 72 Stat. 1480, authorized the President, in time of war or national emergency, to appoint any qualified person, including a person who is not a Regular or Reserve, in any temporary grade, provided for vacation of the appointment, and permitted, for purposes of determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in temporary grade, and eligibility for promotion, an officer of the Medical Corps or Dental Corps who is appointed in a temporary grade to be credited, when he enters active duty, with constructive service authorized by section 3294(b) of this title. See section 603 of this title.

Section 3445, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(81)(B), 72 Stat. 1480, provided that in addition to the temporary appointments authorized, in time of war or national emergency, a regular officer or a reserve warrant officer may be appointed in any temporary grade higher than his regular or reserve grade, without vacating that grade, or a person who holds no commissioned grade in the Regular Army be appointed in any temporary commissioned grade. See section 603 of this title.

A prior section 3446 was renumbered section 7176 of this title.

Prior sections 3447 to 3449 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §§207, 208, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3447, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(81)(D), 72 Stat. 1480; Sept. 28, 1971, Pub. L. 92–129, title VI, §602, 85 Stat. 361, provided that temporary appointment of a person be made without reference to any other appointment that he may hold in the Army, temporary appointments of commissioned officers in the Regular Army be made by the President alone in grades below lieutenant colonel and by the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, in grades of lieutenant colonel and above, temporary appointments of commissioned officers in the reserve components of the Army be made by the President alone in grades below lieutenant colonel and by the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, in grades above major, and that the President may vacate at any time a temporary appointment in a commissioned grade. See section 601 of this title.

Section 3448, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197; Aug. 8, 1958, Pub. L. 85–603, §1(2), 72 Stat. 526, authorized the Secretary of the Army, upon his determination of need, to appoint qualified persons as warrant officers, with such appointments to continue at the pleasure of the Secretary, and such warrant officers entitled to count all periods of active duty under the appointment as warrant or enlisted service for all purposes and to the benefits of all laws and regulations applicable to the retirement, pensions, and disability of members of the Army on active duty. See section 602 of this title.

Section 3449, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197, provided that temporary promotions in warrant officer grades be governed by such regulations as the Secretary of the Army prescribe. See section 602 of this title.

A prior section 3450, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197, provided for suspension of laws for promotion or mandatory retirement or separation during war or emergency of temporary warrant officers of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §3(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 758.

CHAPTER 247—ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3451. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3451 and 3452 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §207, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3451, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197, provided that an officer who is promoted to a temporary grade is considered to have accepted his promotion on the date of the order announcing it, unless he expressly declines the promotion.

Section 3452, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(81)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1480, provided that, notwithstanding any other provision of law, an officer of Medical Corps or Dental Corps may be promoted to temporary grade of captain at any time after first anniversary of date upon which he graduated from a medical, osteopathic, or dental school.

A prior section 3491 was renumbered section 7191 of this title.

Prior sections 3492 and 3493 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §1(a)(2), (b), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 753.

Section 3492, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, provided for extension of active service of Army members during war. See section 671a of this title.

Section 3493, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, empowered the President to order commissioned officers of the Army Reserve to active duty with the Corps of Engineers.

A prior section 3494, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(82)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1481; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(20), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271, provided that a reserve commissioned officer who is ordered to active duty be ordered to that duty in his reserve grade unless the Secretary of the Army orders him to active duty, other than for training, in a higher temporary grade and authorized a reserve commissioned officer who is selected for participation in a program under which he will be ordered to active duty for at least one academic year at a civilian school or college to be ordered, upon his request, to that duty in a temporary grade that is lower than his reserve grade, without affecting his reserve grade, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §209(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 12320 of this title.

Prior sections 3495 to 3500 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(f)(2), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2994, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 3495, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, provided that members of Army National Guard of United States were not in active Federal service except when ordered thereto under law. See section 12401 of this title.

Section 3496, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, authorized President to order commissioned officers of Army National Guard of United States to active duty in National Guard Bureau. See section 12402(a), (b)(1) of this title.

Section 3497, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199, provided that members of Army National Guard of United States ordered to active duty were to be ordered to duty as Reserves of Army. See section 12403 of this title.

Section 3498, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199, related to organization during initial mobilization of units of Army National Guard of United States ordered into active Federal service. See section 12404 of this title.

Section 3499, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199, related to application of laws governing Army to members of Army National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12405 of this title.

Section 3500, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), (3), 102 Stat. 2059, authorized President to call Army National Guard units and members into Federal service. See section 12406 of this title.

CHAPTER 249—MULTIYEAR CONTRACTS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3501. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3501 and 3502 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(f)(2), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2994, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 3501, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to period of service and apportionment of members and units of Army National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12407 of this title.

Section 3502, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 200, related to physical examinations of members of Army National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12408 of this title.

A prior section 3503 was renumbered section 7203 of this title.

Prior sections 3504, 3531, and 3532 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §§210, 233(a), 234, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, 2887, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3504, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 200; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(83), 72 Stat. 1481, authorized the President to order any retired member of the Regular Army to active duty.

Section 3531, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 201, authorized the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, to appoint a general officer of the Army as the Chief of Staff to the President, which officer, unless entitled to the rank, pay, and allowances of a grade above lieutenant general under another provision of law, is entitled to the rank, pay, and allowances of a general, and is in addition to the numbers otherwise authorized for that grade.

Section 3532, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 201, provided that a colonel on the active list of the Regular Army who is detailed as special assistant to the Comptroller of the Department of Defense, has the grade of brigadier general while so serving, unless he is entitled to a higher grade.

Prior sections 3533 and 3534 were renumbered sections 7213 and 7214 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3535, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 201, provided that an officer assigned as Assistant to the Chief of Engineers in charge of civil works, including river and harbor and flood control improvements, be entitled to the rank, pay, and allowances of a brigadier general while so serving, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §235, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2887, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 3536 was renumbered section 7216 of this title.

Prior sections 3538 and 3539 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §4(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 759, 760.

Section 3538, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, provided for detail of officers of Ordinance Corps of the Army to serve with the Geological Survey.

Section 3539, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, provided for detail of officers of Army Medical Service for duty with the Service to Armed Forces Division of American National Red Cross and for detail of an officer of Medical Corps of the Army to be in charge of first-aid department of American National Red Cross. See section 711a of this title.

A prior section 3540, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, related to detail of members of regular or reserve components as professors and instructors in military science and tactics to educational institutions, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(7), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1071. See section 2111 of this title.

Prior sections 3541 and 3542 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1661(c)(2), 1662(g)(2), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2982, 2996, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 3541, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, authorized President to assign regular and reserve Army officers to National Guard Bureau. See section 10507 of this title.

Section 3542, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, authorized President to detail certain officers as chief and assistant chief of staff of divisions of Army National Guard in Federal service. See section 12502(a) of this title.

A prior section 3543, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, related to number of authorized aides, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(s)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2104.

Prior sections 3544 and 3545 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §4(a)(6), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 759, 760.

Section 3544, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 203, restricted performance of civil functions by commissioned officers of Regular Army. See section 973 of this title.

Section 3545, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 203, provided that cooking for enlisted members of Army should be superintended by officers of organizations to which members belonged.

A prior section 3546, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 203, required officers of the Medical Corps and contract surgeons to attend families of members of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(7), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570.

Prior sections 3547 and 3548 were renumbered sections 7217 and 7218 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 251—SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, added chapter heading.

§3551. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3571, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 204; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(85), 72 Stat. 1481; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, §1(21), 74 Stat. 271, provided that commissioned officers of the Army on active duty in the same grade rank among themselves according to date of rank and specified procedures for determining date of rank, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §211, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 741 of this title.

A prior section 3572 was renumbered section 7222 of this title.

Prior sections 3573 and 3574 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §211, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3573, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 204, specified the date of rank of an officer whose regular grade is brigadier general and the date of rank of an officer whose regular grade is major general and provided that the names of general officers of the Regular Army be carried on a seniority list in the order of seniority in both regular grade and date of rank. See section 741 of this title.

Section 3574, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 205; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §§1(86), 33(a)(24), 72 Stat. 1481, 1565, provided for determination of rank of commissioned officers of the same grade in the Regular Army who are on the same promotion list, rank of commissioned officers of the same grade in the Regular Army who are not on the same promotion list or not on a promotion list, and rank among graduates of each class at the United States Military, Naval, or Air Force Academies who, upon graduation, are appointed to the Regular Army. See section 741 of this title.

A prior section 3575 was renumbered section 7225 of this title.

Prior sections 3576 and 3578 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §5(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761.

Section 3576, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 205, provided for command when different commands of the Army and Marine Corps joined or served together. See section 747 of this title.

Section 3578, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 205, provided for command when two or more commissioned officers of the Army in the same grade were on duty at the same place. See section 749 of this title.

A prior section 3579 was renumbered section 7229 of this title.

A prior section 3580, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided that the Secretary of the Army prescribe the military authority that commissioned officers of the Women's Army Corps may exercise, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(f), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627.

A prior section 3581 was renumbered section 7231 of this title.

A prior section 3582, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided that a retired officer has no right to command except when on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §211, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 750 of this title.

A prior section 3583 was renumbered section 7233 of this title.

CHAPTER 253—EMERGENCY AND RAPID ACQUISITIONS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3601. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3611 and 3612 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §8(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 764.

Section 3611, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided that the President could prescribe the uniform of the Army.

Section 3612, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided for disposition of uniforms of enlisted members of Army who were discharged and for disposition of uniforms of and issuance of civilian clothing to enlisted members of Army who were discharged otherwise than honorably.

A prior section 3631, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207, prohibited officers of the Quartermaster Corps of the Army and officers performing duties of officers of that branch from dealing in quartermaster supplies, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763.

Prior sections 3632 and 3633 were repealed by Pub. L. 87–649, §§14c(6), (7), 15, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, 502, effective Nov. 1, 1962.

Section 3632, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207, provided for forfeiture of pay during absence from duty due to disease from intemperate use of alcohol or drugs. See section 802 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

Section 3633, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207, provided for forfeiture of pay of commissioned officers when dropped from rolls. See section 803 of Title 37.

A prior section 3634, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, §327(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1531, generally prohibited Army band from being paid for performance outside Army post, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title V, §590(b)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 138. See section 974 of this title.

A prior section 3635, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207, set forth restrictions on civilian employment for enlisted members of Army on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §6(a)(7), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 762.

A prior section 3636, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, provided that pay and allowances do not accrue to an enlisted member of Army who is in confinement under sentence of dishonorable discharge, while execution of sentence to discharge is suspended, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–649, §§14c(8), 15, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, 502, effective Nov. 1, 1962. See section 858b of this title.

A prior section 3637, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, provided that an enlisted member of the Army who deserted forfeited all right to a pension, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763.

A prior section 3638, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, required enlisted members to make up time lost, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(8), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570. See section 972(a) of this title.

A prior section 3639 was renumbered section 7239 of this title.

CHAPTER 255—CONTRACTING WITH OR THROUGH OTHER AGENCIES

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3651. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3661 to 3663 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–377, §6(1), July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 288.

Section 3661, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, provided for organization and administration of United States Disciplinary Barracks.

Section 3662, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 209, provided for military training, organization, and equipping of prisoners who have been sent to United States Disciplinary Barracks.

Section 3663, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 209, authorized Secretary of the Army to parole or remit sentence and restore to duty offenders who are confined in United States Disciplinary Barracks.

A prior section 3681 was renumbered section 7251 of this title.

Another prior section 3681, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 210, related to service listed in the official Army Register, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(9), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570. See section 122 of this title.

A prior section 3682, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 210, provided that in computing length of service, no commissioned officer of the Army could be credited with service as a cadet at the Military Academy or as a midshipman at the Naval Academy, if he was appointed as a cadet or midshipman after Aug. 24, 1912, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §6(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761. See section 971 of this title.

A prior section 3683, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 210; Aug. 25, 1959, Pub. L. 86–197, §1(4), 73 Stat. 426, related to service credit for certain service as a nurse, woman medical specialist, or civilian employee of Army Medical Department, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1301(b)(1)(A), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 735.

A prior section 3684 was renumbered section 7252 of this title.

A prior section 3685, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 211; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(89), 72 Stat. 1482, set forth restrictions on the consideration of a husband or child as the dependent of a female member of the Regular Army, Army National Guard of the United States or Army Reserve, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §7(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763.

A prior section 3686, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 211; Sept. 24, 1980, Pub. L. 96–357, §5(a), 94 Stat. 1182; Oct. 19, 1984, Pub. L. 98–525, title IV, §414(a)(7)(A), 98 Stat. 2519, related to credit to members of Army National Guard of United States for service as members of Army National Guard, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(g)(2), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2996, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12602 of this title.

A prior section 3687, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 212; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(90), 72 Stat. 1482; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(d), 76 Stat. 494, related to compensation for members of Army other than of Regular Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title VI, §604(f)(1)(A), (g), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3877, 3878, applicable with respect to persons who, after Nov. 14, 1986, incur or aggravate an injury, illness, or disease or die.

A prior section 3688, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 212, related to payment of death gratuity to survivors of members of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(10), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570. See section 1475 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 3689, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 213; Sept. 26, 1961, Pub. L. 87–304, §9(c), 75 Stat. 665, related to assignments and allotments of pay, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–649, §§14c(9), 15, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, 502, effective Nov. 1, 1962. See section 701 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

A prior section 3690, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 213, exempted enlisted members of the Army, while on active duty, from arrest for any debt, unless it was contracted before enlistment and amounted to at least $20 when first contracted, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763.

Prior section 3691 was renumbered section 7253 of this title.

A prior section 3692, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 213, provided qualifications to receive a rating as a pilot in time of peace, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 92–168, §1(1), Nov. 24, 1971, 85 Stat. 489. See section 2003 of this title.

A prior section 3693, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 214, provided for replacement of a lost or destroyed certificate of discharge from Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §7(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763. See section 1041 of this title.

Person Performing Active Service on Day Before Repeal of Section 3683

Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1301(b)(1)(C), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 735, provided that: "The repeal made by subparagraph (A) [repealing section 3683 of this title] shall not apply in the case of a person who performed active service described in section 3683 of title 10, United States Code, as such section was in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 8, 1985]."

Subpart D—General Contracting Requirements

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 271—TRUTHFUL COST OR PRICING DATA

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3701. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3721 and 3722 were repealed by Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title VI, §604(f)(1)(A), (g), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3877, 3878, applicable with respect to persons who, after Nov. 14, 1986, incur or aggravate an injury, illness, or disease or die.

Section 3721, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 214; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(92)(A), 72 Stat. 1482, related to hospital benefits for members of Army, other than of Regular Army.

Section 3722, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 214; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(92)(B), (C), 72 Stat. 1482, related to hospital and related benefits for members of a Citizens' Military Training Camp and for members of Army not covered by section 3721 of this title.

A prior section 3723 was renumbered section 7263 of this title.

CHAPTER 273—ALLOWABLE COSTS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3741. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3741 to 3756 were renumbered sections 7271 to 7286 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 275—PROPRIETARY CONTRACTOR DATA AND TECHNICAL DATA

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3771. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3781 to 3787 and 3791 to 3797 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §213, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3781, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 218; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §2(a), 74 Stat. 386, authorized Secretary of the Army to convene at any time a board of officers to review record of any commissioned officer on active list of Regular Army to determine whether he should be required, because of substandard performance of duty, to show cause for his retention on active list. See section 1181(a) of this title.

Section 3782, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 218; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §2(a), 74 Stat. 387, provided for boards of inquiry, composed of three or more officers, to be convened at such places as Secretary of the Army prescribes, to receive evidence and make findings and recommendations whether an officer, required to show cause under section 3781 of this title, should be retained on active list of Regular Army. See section 1182 of this title.

Section 3783, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 218; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §2(a), 74 Stat. 387, provided for boards of review, composed of three or more officers, to be convened by Secretary of the Army, at such places as he prescribes, to review records of cases of officers recommended by boards of inquiry for removal from active list of Regular Army.

Section 3784, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 219; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §2(a), 74 Stat. 387, authorized Secretary of the Army to remove an officer from active list of Regular Army if his removal is recommended by a board of review and provided that decision of Secretary in such a case is final and conclusive. See section 1184 of this title.

Section 3785, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 219; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §2(a), 74 Stat. 387, provided that each officer under consideration for removal from active list of Regular Army under this chapter be given written notification, at least 30 days prior to a board of inquiry hearing, that he is being required to show cause for retention on active list, be allowed reasonable time to prepare a defense, be allowed to appear in person and by counsel at proceedings before a board of inquiry, and be allowed full access to, and furnished copies of, records relevant to his case at all stages of proceeding. See section 1185 of this title.

Section 3786, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 219; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §2(a), 74 Stat. 387, authorized Secretary of the Army, at any time during proceedings under this chapter and before removal of an officer from active list of Regular Army, to grant that officer's request for voluntary retirement, if he is otherwise qualified therefor, or for honorable discharge with severance benefits. See section 1186 of this title.

Section 3787, added Pub. L. 86–616, §2(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 388, provided that no officer serve on a board under this chapter unless he holds a regular or temporary grade above lieutenant colonel, and is senior in regular grade to, and outranks, any officer considered by board and that no person be a member of more than one board convened under this chapter for same officer. See section 1187 of this title.

Section 3791, added Pub. L. 86–616, §3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 388, authorized Secretary of the Army to convene at any time a board of general officers to review record of any commissioned officer on active list of Regular Army to determine whether he should be required, because of moral dereliction, professional dereliction, or because his retention is not clearly consistent with interests of national security, to show cause for his retention on active list. See section 1181(b) of this title.

Section 3792, added Pub. L. 86–616, §3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 388, provided for boards of inquiry, composed of three or more general officers, to be convened at such places as Secretary of the Army prescribes, to receive evidence and make findings and recommendations whether an officer, required to show cause under section 3791 of this title, should be retained on active list of Regular Army. See section 1182 of this title.

Section 3793, added Pub. L. 86–616, §3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, provided for boards of review, composed of three or more general officers, to be convened by Secretary of the Army, at such places as he prescribes, to review records of cases of officers recommended by boards of inquiry for removal from active list of Regular Army.

Section 3794, added Pub. L. 86–616, §3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, authorized Secretary of the Army to remove an officer from active list of Regular Army if his removal is recommended by a board of review and provided that decision of Secretary in such a case is final and conclusive. See section 1184 of this title.

Section 3795, added Pub. L. 86–616, §3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, provided that each officer under consideration for removal from active list of Regular Army under this chapter be given written notification, at least 30 days prior to a board of inquiry hearing, that he is being required to show cause for retention on active list, be allowed reasonable time to prepare a defense, be allowed to appear in person and by counsel at proceedings before board of inquiry, and be allowed full access to, and furnished copies of, records relevant to his case at all stages of proceedings, except records that Secretary determines be withheld in interests of national security, in which case, a summary, to extent national security permits, be furnished. See section 1185 of this title.

Section 3796, added Pub. L. 86–616, §3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, authorized Secretary of the Army, at any time during proceedings under this chapter and before removal of an officer from active list of Regular Army, to grant that officer's request for voluntary retirement, if he is otherwise qualified therefor, or for honorable discharge with severance benefits. See section 1186 of this title.

Section 3797, added Pub. L. 86–616, §3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 390, provided that no officer serve on a board under this chapter unless he holds a regular or temporary grade above lieutenant colonel, and is senior in regular grade to, and outranks, any officer considered by that board and that no person be a member of more than one board convened under this chapter for same officer. See section 1187 of this title.

CHAPTER 277—CONTRACT FINANCING

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3801. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3811 to 3813 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §3(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 757, 758.

Section 3811, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for discharge of enlisted members of Army and limitations thereon, and for issuance of discharge certificates. See section 1169 of this title.

Section 3812, act Aug. 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for the discharge of members of the Army enlisted during war or emergency. See section 1172 of this title.

Section 3813, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for dependency discharges for enlisted members of the Army.

A prior section 3814, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, authorized Secretary of the Army to discharge a regular commissioned officer who has less than three years of continuous service as a commissioned officer therein, provided that such officer not be dismissed because of his marriage, unless marriage occurred within one year after date of his original appointment, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §214, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 630 of this title.

A prior section 3814a, added Pub. L. 93–558, §1, Dec. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 1793, related to discharge, during a reduction in force, of regular commissioned officers, second lieutenants, first lieutenants, and captains, expired three years after its effective date, Dec. 30, 1974, in accordance with section 2 of Pub. L. 93–558, and was repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(2), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Prior sections 3815 and 3816 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §3(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 757, 758.

Section 3815, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for resignation of regular enlisted members of Army enlisted on a career basis and limitations thereon.

Section 3816, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 221, provided for minority discharges for regular enlisted members of Army. See section 1170 of this title.

A prior section 3818, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 221; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(g), 92 Stat. 1627, authorized the Secretary of the Army to terminate appointment of a female commissioned officer of Regular Army, other than by dismissal, under regulations prescribed by President, or to terminate the appointment of a female warrant officer or enlistment of a female member of Regular Army by discharge from the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §236, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2887, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 3819 and 3820 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(2), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 3819, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(93)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1482; amended Pub. L. 98–525, title V, §528(b), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2526, related to discharge of Army Reserve officers for failure of promotion to first lieutenant. See section 14503 of this title.

Section 3820, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 221; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(93)(B), 72 Stat. 1482, related to discharge and withdrawal of Federal recognition of officers of Army National Guard of United States absent without leave. See section 14907 of this title.

CHAPTER 279—CONTRACTOR AUDITS AND ACCOUNTING

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3841. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3841 and 3842 were repealed by Pub. L. 86–559, §1(22), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271.

Section 3841, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1483, related to separation or transfer to retired reserve of reserve nurses and medical specialists at age 50 if in a reserve grade below major.

Section 3842, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1483, related to separation or transfer to Retired Reserve of Reserve nurses and medical specialists at age 55 if in a reserve grade above captain.

Prior sections 3843 to 3846 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(3), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 3843, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1483; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(23), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1303(a)(20)(A), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 739, related to transfer or discharge of reserve commissioned officers below grade of major general. See sections 14509 and 14510 of this title.

Section 3844, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(24), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271, related to transfer or discharge of certain reserve major generals and brigadier generals who are 62 years old. See section 14511 of this title.

Section 3845, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of certain officers of Army National Guard of United States who are 64 years of age. See section 14512(a) of this title.

Section 3846, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484, related to transfer or discharge of reserve first lieutenants, captains, and majors not recommended for promotion by two selection boards. See section 14501 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 3847, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484; Pub. L. 86–559, §1(25), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272, provided for transfer to Retired Reserve or discharge from his reserve appointment, after July 1, 1960, of each officer in a reserve grade below lieutenant colonel with 25 years service assigned to Army Nurse Corps, Army Medical Specialist Corps, or Women's Army Corps who had not been recommended for promotion to reserve grade of lieutenant colonel or who has not remained on active duty since such a recommendation, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(12)(A), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376.

A prior section 3848, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1485; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(26), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(12)(B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376; Pub. L. 90–486, §9(1), Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(h), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(8), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §522(a)(1), title XIII, §1303(a)(20)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631, 739; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve first lieutenants, captains, majors, and lieutenant colonels with 28 years of service, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(3), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996. See section 14501 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 3849, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1485, related to separation or transfer to retired reserve of officers in the reserve grade of lieutenant colonel assigned to the Women's Army Corps upon completion of 28 years of service, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 86–559, §1(27), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272.

Prior sections 3850 to 3855 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(3), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 3850, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1485; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(c)(25), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 499, related to transfer or discharge of excessive reserve commissioned officers in active status with thirty or more years of service. See sections 14514 and 14704 of this title.

Section 3851, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(28), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272; Pub. L. 90–486, §9(1), Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(8), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, §513, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2522; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §522(a)(2), title XIII, §1303(a)(20)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631, 739; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1342(g), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3992; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve colonels and brigadier generals with 30 years of service or five years in grade. See section 14508(a), (e) of this title.

Section 3852, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(29), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §523, title XIII, §1303(a)(20)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 632, 739; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, §1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve major generals with 35 years of service or five years in grade. See section 14508(b), (f) of this title.

Section 3853, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(30), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 86–651, title I, §115, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 513; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(9), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1016(a), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 668; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1635(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2968, related to computation of years of service. See section 14706 of this title.

Section 3854, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486, authorized Secretary of the Army to prescribe regulations to carry out this chapter.

Section 3855, added Pub. L. 86–559, §1(31), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title IV, §403(a), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 808; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §215(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, §717(a), (d)(1)(A), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1113, 1114; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VII, §§710(a), 711(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1476, 1477, related to retention in active status of certain reserve officers. See section 14703(a)(1), (b) of this title.

CHAPTER 281—CLAIMS AND DISPUTES

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3861. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

CHAPTER 283—FOREIGN ACQUISITIONS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3881. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3881 and 3882 were repealed by Pub. L. 85–155, title IV, §401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390.

Section 3881, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222, authorized Secretary of the Army to retire regular commissioned officers of Army Nurse Corps or Women's Medical Specialist Corps whose regular grade is below major.

Section 3882, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222, authorized Secretary of the Army to retire regular commissioned officers of Army Nurse Corps or Women's Medical Specialist Corps whose regular grade is above captain.

Prior sections 3883 to 3886 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §216, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3883, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, §1(6), 72 Stat. 522; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, §2, 92 Stat. 2069, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is below major general, other than a professor or the director of admissions of the United States Military Academy, be retired when he becomes 60 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title.

Section 3884, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general, and whose retirement under section 3923 of this title has been deferred under cl. (1) of that section, be retired when he becomes 60 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title.

Section 3885, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date or unless retained under section 3923(2) of this title, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general be retired when he becomes 62 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title.

Section 3886, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, §1(7), 72 Stat. 522; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, §2, 92 Stat. 2069, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general, and whose retirement under section 3923 of this title has been deferred under cl. (2) of that section, and each permanent professor and the director of admissions of the United States Military Academy, be retired when he becomes 64 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title.

A prior section 3887, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 223, related to computation of years of service of commissioned officers of Army Nurse Corps or Women's Medical Specialist Corps for purposes of retirement under former sections 3881 or 3882 of this title, or retirement pay under section 3991 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–155, title IV, §401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390.

Prior sections 3888 and 3889 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §216, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3888, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 223; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(18), 71 Stat. 379; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, §11(a)(3), 72 Stat. 131; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(96), 72 Stat. 1487, related to computation of service for determining retired pay of a commissioned officer of Regular Army retired under former section 3883, 3884, 3885, or 3886 of this title.

Section 3889, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 224, provided that a member of Army retired under this chapter be entitled to retired pay computed under chapter 745 of this title.

CHAPTER 285—SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1828, added chapter heading.

§3901. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3911 was renumbered section 7311 of this title.

A prior section 3912, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 225, permitted the Secretary of the Army, upon the officer's request, to retire a commissioned officer of the Regular Army in the Army Nurse Corps or Women's Medical Specialist Corps who has at least 20 years of service computed under former section 3928 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–155, title IV, §401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390.

A prior section 3913, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 225; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, §4, 74 Stat. 390; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of deferred officers not recommended for promotion after twenty years or more of service, except as provided in section 8301 of title 5, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §217(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 627 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 3914 was renumbered section 7314 of this title.

A prior section 3915, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 225; Aug. 21, 1967, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(19), 71 Stat. 379; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(5), 80 Stat. 852; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement after 25 years' service of regular majors in Women's Army Corps, Army Nurse Corps, and Army Medical Specialist Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(13), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376.

A prior section 3916, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 226; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(21), 71 Stat. 380; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §820(i), 92 Stat. 1628, provided for retirement of a promotion-list lieutenant colonel, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on 30th day after he completes 28 years of service, with authority for Secretary of the Army to defer retirement in certain cases, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §217(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 633 of this title.

Prior sections 3917 and 3918 were renumbered sections 7317 and 7318 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3919, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 226, authorized Secretary of the Army, when he determined that there were too many commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army in any grade who have at least 30 years of service, to convene a board of at least five general officers of Regular Army to make recommendations for retirement and to retire any officer so recommended, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §217(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 3920 was renumbered section 7320 of this title.

A prior section 3921 was renumbered section 7321 of this title.

Another prior section 3921, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 226; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of a promotion-list colonel, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on the 30th day after he completes 30 years of service or the 5th anniversary of the date of his appointment in that regular grade, whichever is later, with authority for the Secretary of the Army to defer retirement in certain cases, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §217(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 634 of this title.

Prior sections 3922 and 3923 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §217(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 3922, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 227; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of a regular grade brigadier general, other than a professor of the United States Military Academy, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on the 30th day after he completes 30 years of service or the 5th anniversary of the date of his appointment in that regular grade, whichever is later, with authority for the Secretary of the Army to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 635 of this title.

Section 3923, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 227; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of a regular grade major general, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on the 30th day after he completes 35 years of service or the 5th anniversary of his appointment in that regular grade, whichever is later, with authority for the Secretary of the Army to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 636 of this title.

Prior sections 3924 to 3926 were renumbered sections 7324 to 7326 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3927, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 228; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, §101(22), 71 Stat. 380; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, §11(a)(4), 72 Stat. 131; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(98), 72 Stat. 1488, related to computation of years of service for determining whether a regular commissioned officer should be retired under section 3913, 3915, 3916, 3919, 3921, 3922, or 3923 of this title and for determining the retired pay of officers of the Regular Army retired under section 3913, 3915, 3916, 3919, 3921, 3922, or 3923 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §217(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 1405 of this title.

A prior section 3928, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 229, related to computation of years of service of commissioned officers of the Army Nurse Corps or Women's Medical Specialist Corps for the purposes of retirement under former section 3912 of this title, or retirement pay under section 3991 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–155, title IV, §401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390.

A prior section 3929 was renumbered section 7329 of this title.

CHAPTER 287—SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§3961. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3961 and 3962 were renumbered sections 7341 and 7342 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 3963 was renumbered section 7343 of this title.

Another prior section 3963, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 230; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(60), (100), 72 Stat. 1462, 1489; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §502(20), 94 Stat. 2910, related to higher grade for service during certain periods for regular and reserve commissioned officers, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1301(b)(2)(A), (C), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 735, with such repeal not applicable in the case of a member of the Regular Army described in section 3963 of this title, as such section was in effect on the day before Nov. 8, 1985.

Prior sections 3964 to 3966, 3991, and 3992 were renumbered sections 7344 to 7346, 7361, and 7362 of this title, respectively.

Subpart E—Special Categories of Contracting: Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major Systems

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 301—MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 301 was renumbered chapter 701 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§4001. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4021 was renumbered section 7371 of this title.

Another prior section 4021, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 233, related to appointments in professional and scientific service, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(11), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570.

A prior section 4022, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 233, related to employment of contract surgeons in an emergency, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 98–94, title IX, §932(b)(1), (f) Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 650, effective Oct. 1, 1983, with continuation provision for existing contracts.

A prior section 4023, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 233, related to employment of civilians in service club and library services, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §116(1), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 513.

Prior sections 4024, 4025, 4027, and 4061 were renumbered sections 7374, 7375, 7377, and 7381 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 303—WEAPON SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT AND RELATED MATTERS

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 303 was renumbered chapter 703 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§4071. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

CHAPTER 305—OTHER MATTERS RELATING TO MAJOR SYSTEMS

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 305 was renumbered chapter 705 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§4121. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Subpart F—Special Categories of Contracting: Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 321—RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GENERALLY

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§4201. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

CHAPTER 323—INNOVATION

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§4301. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4301 to 4303 and 4306 were renumbered sections 7401 to 7403 and 7406 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 4307 and 4308 were repealed by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XVI, §1624(a)(1), (c) Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 522, effective on the earlier of the date on which the Secretary of the Army submits a certification in accordance with section 5523 of former Title 36, Patriotic Societies and Observances, or Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 4307, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 235, permitted President to detail commissioned officer of the Army or of the Marine Corps as director of civilian marksmanship.

Section 4308, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 236; Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, §318(a), 100 Stat. 3855; Nov. 5, 1990, Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, §328(b)–(d), (g)(1), 104 Stat. 1533, 1534; Oct. 23, 1992, Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title III, §380(a)(1), 106 Stat. 2389; Nov. 30, 1993, Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title III, §372, 107 Stat. 1635, related to authority of Secretary of the Army to promote civilian marksmanship. See section 40701 et seq. of Title 36, Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations.

A prior section 4309 was renumbered section 7409 of this title.

Prior sections 4310 and 4311 were repealed by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XVI, §1624(a)(1), (c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 522, effective on the earlier of the date on which the Secretary of the Army submits a certification in accordance with section 5523 of former Title 36, Patriotic Societies and Observances, or Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 4310, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 236, permitted President and Secretary of the Army to detail members of Army as rifle instructors for civilians.

Section 4311, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 237; Nov. 5, 1990, Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, §328(f), 104 Stat. 1534, permitted Secretary of the Army to provide for issue of military rifles and sale of ammunition for use in rifle instruction for civilians.

Prior sections 4312 and 4313 were repealed by Pub. L. 105–225, §6(b), Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1499.

Section 4312, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 237, related to National rifle and pistol matches and small-arms firing school.

Section 4313, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 237; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1301(b)(3)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 735; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, §318(b), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3855; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, §328(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1533; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title III, §380(c)(1), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2391; Pub. L. 103–35, title II, §201(g)(10)(A), May 31, 1993, 107 Stat. 100; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XVI, §1624(b)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 522, related to expenses of National Matches and small-arms school.

Prior sections 4314 and 4315 were renumbered sections 7414 and 7415 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4316, added Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title III, §380(d)(1), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2391; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XVI, §1624(b)(2), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 522, related to reporting requirements of the Secretary of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1051(a)(27)(A), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1562.

Prior sections 4317 to 4321 and 4331 to 4338 were renumbered sections 7417 to 7421 and 7431 to 7438 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4339, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 240, authorized public quarters and fuel and light therefor for the organist and choirmaster of the Academy and for civilian instructors in the departments of foreign languages and tactics, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–716, §1, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1114.

Prior sections 4340 to 4343 were renumbered sections 7440 to 7443 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 4344 to 4345a were repealed by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XII, §1248(b)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2525.

Section 4344, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 242; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1004(a)(1), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 657; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title V, §543(a), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1743; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, §534(a), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 605; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title V, §532(a)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-110; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, §533(a)(1), (2), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1105, related to selection of persons from foreign countries to receive instruction at the United States Military Academy. See section 347 of this title.

Section 4345, added Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title V, §542(a)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1740; amended Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, §535(a), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 605; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title V, §531(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2198, related to an exchange program with foreign military academies.

A prior section 4345, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 242, related to selection of Filipinos for instruction at the Military Academy, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1004(a)(2), (d), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 658, 660, effective one year after Sept. 24, 1983.

Section 4345a, added Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title V, §541(a)(1), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4454; amended Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title V, §553(a), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3377, related to foreign and cultural exchange activities.

Prior sections 4346 to 4350 were renumbered sections 7446 to 7450 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 325—DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§4351. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4351 to 4362 were renumbered sections 7451 to 7462 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 4381 to 4387 were repealed by Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(10), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1072.

Section 4381, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 246, defined "advanced training" for purposes of chapter 405.

Section 4382, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 246, provided for the establishment and composition of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps.

Section 4383, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 247, related to admission and training of medical, dental pharmacy and veterinary students.

Section 4384, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 247; Pub. L. 85–861, §1(104), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1489, set out courses of training.

Section 4385, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 247, authorized the operation and maintenance of training camps.

Section 4386, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 248, provided for supplies and uniforms.

Section 4387, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 248, provided for advanced training and compensation.

CHAPTER 327—RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS AND FACILITIES

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1829, added chapter heading.

§4401. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4411 to 4414 were renumbered sections 7481 to 7484 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4415, added Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title III, §319(a)(1), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1077; amended Pub. L. 100–526, title I, §106(c), Oct. 24, 1988, 102 Stat. 2625, related to United States Army School of the Americas, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title IX, §911(b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-228.

Prior sections 4416 and 4417 were renumbered sections 7486 and 7487 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 329—OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION; DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4451. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Subpart G—Other Special Categories Of Contracting

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 341—CONTRACTING FOR PERFORMANCE OF CIVILIAN COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL TYPE FUNCTIONS

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 341 was renumbered chapter 721 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4501. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4501 to 4508 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §§822(a)(2), (b)(3), (c)(2), 823(1), 827(c), 828(c)(6), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1705–1707, 1713, 1714.

Section 4501, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 251, related to industrial mobilization by the President in time of war. See section 2538 of this title.

Section 4502, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to maintenance by Secretary of the Army of lists of plants equipped to manufacture arms or ammunition and of plants convertible into ammunition factories and provided for a Board on Mobilization of Industries Essential for Military Preparedness. See sections 2539 and 2539a of this title.

Section 4503, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to research and development programs of the Army.

Section 4504, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to procurement of ordnance, signal, and chemical warfare supplies for experimental purposes by Secretary of the Army. See section 2373 of this title.

Section 4505, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to procurement by Secretary of the Army of production equipment.

Section 4506, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253, related to sale, loan, or gift of samples, drawings, and information to contractors.

Section 4507, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253, related to sale of ordnance and ordnance stores to designers.

Section 4508, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §27, 80 Stat. 1119, related tests of iron, steel, and other materials.

A prior section 4531, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253, authorized Secretary of the Army to procure materials and facilities necessary to maintain and support the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §823(2), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707.

A prior section 4532 was renumbered section 7532 of this title.

Prior sections 4533 to 4535 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §823(3)–(5), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707.

Section 4533, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254, related to purchases of army rations.

Section 4534, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254, related to subsistence supplies, contract stipulations, and place of delivery on inspection.

Section 4535, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254, provided that exceptional subsistence supplies could be purchased without advertising.

A prior section 4536 was renumbered section 7536 of this title.

Prior sections 4537 and 4538 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §823(6), (7), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707.

Section 4537, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §8(a), 80 Stat. 1117; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(14), 94 Stat. 2930, authorized Secretary of the Army to obtain assistance of United States mapping agencies in making and developing military surveys and maps.

Section 4538, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 255; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(15), 94 Stat. 2930, related to exchange and reclamation of unserviceable ammunition.

A prior section 4539, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 255, provided for purchase of horses and mules in open market at Army posts, within maximum prices prescribed by Secretary of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–482, §1(a), Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1082.

A prior section 4540 was renumbered section 7540 of this title.

CHAPTER 343—ACQUISITION OF SERVICES

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 343 was renumbered chapter 723 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4541. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4541 to 4544, 4551 to 4555, and 4561 to 4565 were renumbered sections 7541 to 7544, 7551 to 7555, and 7561 to 7565 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 345—ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 345 was renumbered chapter 725 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4571. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4591 to 4595 were renumbered sections 7591 to 7595 of this title, respectively.

Subpart H—Contract Management

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 361—CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 361, consisting of sections 3811 to 3820 relating to separation for various reasons, some of which had previously been repealed, was repealed in its entirety by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(2), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4601. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4621 and 4622 were renumbered sections 7621 and 7622 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4623, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 258, provided that the Quartermaster Corps sell not more than 16 ounces of tobacco a month to an enlisted member of the Army on active duty who requests it, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–482, §1(a), Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1082.

Prior sections 4624 to 4629 were renumbered sections 7624 to 7629 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 363—PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 363, consisting of sections 3841 to 3855 relating to separation or transfer to the Retired Reserve, some of which had previously been repealed, was repealed in its entirety by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1629(a)(3), 1691(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, 3026, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4651. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4651, Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 260; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1301(b(3)(C), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 736, related to issuance of arms, tentage, and equipment necessary for proper military training to institutions not maintaining units of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title V, §552(b), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1741.

Prior sections 4652 to 4657 were renumbered sections 7652 to 7657 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4681, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 262; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(19), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2930; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(24), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1297, related to sale to States and certain foreign governments of surplus war material, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XII, §1253(a)(1)(D), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2532.

Prior sections 4682 to 4690 were renumbered sections 7682 to 7690 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 365—CONTRACTOR WORKFORCE

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 365, consisting of sections 3881 to 3889 relating to retirement for age of certain commissioned officers, some of which had previously been repealed, was repealed in its entirety by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, §216, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4701. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4711, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 263, related to inquests, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VII, §721(b), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 694.

A prior section 4712 was renumbered section 7712 of this title.

A prior section 4713, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 265; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §512(21)(A), (B), 94 Stat. 2930; Nov. 8, 1985, Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, §1301(b)(4)(B), 99 Stat. 736; Nov. 29, 1989, Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, §1621(a)(1), 103 Stat. 1602, related to disposition of effects of deceased persons by Soldiers' and Airmen's Home, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XV, §§1533(a)(7)(A), 1541, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1734, 1736, effective one year after Nov. 5, 1990.

Prior sections 4714 and 4721 to 4727 were renumbered sections 7714 and 7721 to 7727 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4741, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 266, related to control and supervision of transportation of members, munitions of war, equipment, military property, and stores of the Army throughout the United States, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1072(c), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2058.

A prior section 4742 was renumbered section 2644 of this title.

A prior section 4743, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 266, related to use of transportation by officers of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1072(c), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2058.

Prior sections 4744 to 4747 were renumbered sections 2648 to 2651 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4748, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 268, related to transportation of motor vehicles for members on permanent change of station, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §119(1), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 513.

A prior section 4749 was renumbered section 7749 of this title.

CHAPTER 367—OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Prior Provisions

A prior chapter 367 was renumbered chapter 741 of this title.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1830, added chapter heading.

§4751. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4771 and 4772 were renumbered sections 7771 and 7772 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4774, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 269; Aug. 30, 1957, Pub. L. 85–241, title IV, §404(a), 71 Stat. 555; Aug. 10, 1959, Pub. L. 86–149, title IV, §410(a), 73 Stat. 321; July 27, 1962, Pub. L. 87–554, title V, §504(a), (c), 76 Stat. 239; Nov. 7, 1963, Pub. L. 88–174, title V, §503, 77 Stat. 325; Dec. 5, 1969, Pub. L. 91–142, title V, §510(b), 83 Stat. 312; Oct. 27, 1971, Pub. L. 92–145, title V, §508(a), (c), 85 Stat. 408; Nov. 29, 1973, Pub. L. 93–166, title V, §509(c), 87 Stat. 677, related to limitations on construction, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §§7(1), 12(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, 176, effective Oct. 1, 1982.

A prior section 4775, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 269, authorized assignment of quarters belonging to United States at a post or station by post quartermaster to officers, grade lieutenant general down to second lieutenant, 10 to 2 rooms, respectively, and prohibited other assignment where quarters existed, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 92–145, title V, §509(a), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 408.

Prior sections 4776 to 4780 were renumbered sections 7776 to 7780 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4781 was renumbered section 7781 of this title.

Another section 4781, added Pub. L. 115–31, div. N, title VI, §602(a), May 5, 2017, 131 Stat. 828, was substantially identical to the prior section 4781, and related to Cyber Center for Education and Innovation-Home of the National Cryptologic Museum, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(49)(A), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1597.

Subpart I—Defense Industrial Base

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1831, added subpart heading.

CHAPTER 381—DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE GENERALLY

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1831, added chapter heading.

§4801. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4801 to 4804 were renumbered sections 7801 to 7804 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4805, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 271, related to reports to Congress with respect to claims under sections 4802, 4803, and 4804 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 86–533, §1(8)(A), June 29, 1960, 74 Stat. 247.

Prior sections 4806 and 4831 were renumbered sections 7806 and 7831 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 4832, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 272, authorized Secretary of the Army to prescribe regulations for the accounting for Army property, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title III, §375(c)(1)(A), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 83.

A prior section 4833, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 272, related to accountability of Army officers for public money, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–480, §1(2), June 8, 1962, 76 Stat. 94. See section 2773 of this title.

A prior section 4834, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 272; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §31, 80 Stat. 1119, required commissioned officers of the Quartermaster Corps to give fidelity bonds, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §204(a), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 202.

A prior section 4835, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 273; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title III, §362, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1628, related to actions taken upon reports of surveys and vouchers pertaining to the loss, spoilage, unserviceability, unsuitability, or destruction of or damage to property of the United States under the control of the Department of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1006(c)(1), (d), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2633, applicable with respect to property affected after the effective date of regulations prescribed pursuant to section 2787 of this title.

A prior section 4836, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 273, prohibited unauthorized disposition of individual equipment by enlisted members of the Army, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title III, §375(c)(1)(B), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 83.

Prior sections 4837 to 4842 were renumbered sections 7837 to 7842 of this title, respectively.

CHAPTER 383—LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAMS

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1831, added chapter heading.

§4861. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

CHAPTER 385—PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT PROGRAM

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1831, added chapter heading.

§4881. [Reserved]

[Reserved]

Prior Provisions

A prior section 5001 was renumbered section 8001 of this title.

A prior section 5011 was renumbered section 8011 of this title.

Prior sections 5012 and 5013 were renumbered sections 8012 and 8013 of this title, respectively.

Other prior sections 5012 and 5013 were renumbered sections 8062 and 8063 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5013a was renumbered section 8013a of this title.

A prior section 5014 was renumbered section 8014 of this title.

Another prior section 5014, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(106)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1490, prescribed compensation of General Counsel of Department of the Navy, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §305(40)(A), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 427, eff. first day of first pay period beginning on or after July 1, 1964. See section 5316 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Prior sections 5015 to 5020 were renumbered sections 8015 to 8020 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5021, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 290, §5150; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14(c)(22), (23), 76 Stat. 501; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(12), 94 Stat. 2912; renumbered §5021, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §511(d), 100 Stat. 1048, related to Office of Naval Research in Office of Secretary of the Navy headed by Chief of Naval Research, appointment to, term, and emoluments of such office, prerequisite for designation as Assistant Chief of Naval Research, and succession of duties of such office, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title IX, §910(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1625.

Prior sections 5022 to 5028 were renumbered sections 8022 to 8028 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5031 was renumbered section 8031 of this title.

Another prior section 5031, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 278; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(107), 72 Stat. 1490; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–651, title II, §211, 76 Stat. 524; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §§305(4), 306(j)(3), 78 Stat. 422, 431; Oct. 14, 1981, Pub. L. 97–60, title II, §204(a)(1), 95 Stat. 1007, related to Secretary of the Navy and responsibilities of Secretary, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §511(e), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1048. See section 8013 of this title.

A prior section 5032 was renumbered section 8032 of this title.

Another prior section 5032 was renumbered section 8013a of this title.

A prior section 5033 was renumbered section 8033 of this title.

Another prior section 5033, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 279; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(108), 72 Stat. 1490; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title III, §§305(5), 306(j)(5), 78 Stat. 422, 432, related to appointment and duties of Under Secretary of the Navy, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §511(e), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1048. See section 8015 of this title.

A prior section 5034, added Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §512(b), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1050; amended Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title V, §505(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1358, related to retirement of Chief of Naval Operations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, §502(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 293.

Another prior section 5034, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 279; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §8(b)(1), 72 Stat. 519; Dec. 1, 1967, Pub. L. 90–168, §2(13), (14), 81 Stat. 523; Nov. 9, 1979, Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, §820(c), 93 Stat. 819; Sept. 24, 1983, Pub. L. 98–94, title XII, §1212(c)(2), 97 Stat. 687, related to appointment and duties of Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §511(e), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1048. See section 8016 of this title.

A prior section 5035 was renumbered section 8035 of this title.

Another prior section 5035, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 279, authorized an Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air, provided for his appointment and duties, and prescribed his compensation, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–599, §8(b)(2), Aug. 6, 1958, 72 Stat. 519, eff. six months after Aug. 6, 1958. Subsec. (c) was also repealed by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(12), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571.

A prior section 5036 was renumbered section 8036 of this title.

Another prior section 5036, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 280; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §32, 80 Stat. 1119; Jan. 2, 1968, Pub. L. 90–235, §4(a)(8), 81 Stat. 759; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §513(4), 94 Stat. 2931, related to succession to duties of Secretary of the Navy, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §511(e), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1048. See section 8017 of this title.

Prior sections 5037 and 5038 were renumbered sections 8037 and 8038 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 5041 to 5047 were renumbered sections 8041 to 8047 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5061 was renumbered section 8061 of this title.

Another prior section 5061, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 280, related to appointment and functions of Comptroller of the Navy, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §511(a), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1042.

A prior section 5062 was renumbered section 8062 of this title.

Another prior section 5062, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 281, prescribed the pay and allowances of the Deputy Comptroller, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(11), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, eff. Nov. 1, 1962.

A prior section 5063 was renumbered section 8063 of this title.

Another prior section 5063 and a prior section 5064 were repealed by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §511(a), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1042.

Section 5063, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 281, related to establishment and duties of Office of Budget and Reports.

Section 5064, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 281; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14(c)(12), (13), 76 Stat. 501; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §341, title V, §503(3), 94 Stat. 2901, 2911, related to Director and Assistant of Office of Budget and Reports.

Prior sections 5081 to 5087 were repealed by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §512(a), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1048.

Section 5081, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 281; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §4(b), 72 Stat. 516; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §§114, 120, 76 Stat. 513; June 5, 1967, Pub. L. 90–22, title IV, §402, 81 Stat. 53; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(3), 94 Stat. 2911, related to appointment, term of office, rank, and functions of Chief of Naval Operations. See section 8033 of this title.

Section 5082, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 282; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §121, 76 Stat. 513; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §33, 80 Stat. 1119, related to coordinating duties of Chief of Naval Operations. See section 8032 of this title.

Section 5083, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 282; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, §6(2), 72 Stat. 129; July 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–348, title I, §104(c)(1), 100 Stat. 691, related to retirement of Chief of Naval Operations.

Section 5084, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 282, related to quarters for Chief of Naval Operations.

Section 5085, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 283; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §6(b), 72 Stat. 519; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(4), 94 Stat. 2911, related to appointment, powers, and duties of Vice Chief of Naval Operations. See section 8035 of this title.

Section 5086, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 283; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(5), 94 Stat. 2911, related to detail and duties of Deputy Chiefs of Naval Operations. See section 8036 of this title.

Section 5087, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 283; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(6), 94 Stat. 2911, related to detail and duties of Assistant Chiefs of Naval Operations. See section 8037 of this title.

A prior section 5088 was renumbered section 8020 of this title.

Prior sections 5111 and 5112 were repealed by Pub. L. 89–718, §34(a), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1119.

Section 5111, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 284; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14(c)(14), 76 Stat. 501, created an Office of Naval Material, established position of Chief of Naval Material, and set out powers and duties of Chief of Naval Materials.

Section 5112, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 284, provided for detailing of an officer as Vice Chief of Naval Material to serve in event of absence or disability of Chief of Naval Material.

Prior sections 5131 and 5132 were renumbered sections 8071 and 8072 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5133, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 285; Pub. L. 86–174, §2(2), Aug. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 396; Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(15), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501; Pub. L. 89–288, §3, Oct. 22, 1965, 79 Stat. 1050; Pub. L. 89–718, §35(2)–(4), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1120; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(9), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2911; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title V, §504(b)(3), (5), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2751, related to rank of, pay and allowances for, and retirement of Bureau Chiefs, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title V, §502(z)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2104.

A prior section 5134, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 286, prescribed pay of deputy chiefs of bureaus, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–649, §§14c(16), 15, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, 502, effective Nov. 1, 1962.

A prior section 5135 was renumbered section 8075 of this title.

A prior section 5136, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 286, related to appointment, qualifications and term of Chief of Bureau of Aeronautics, and authorized detail of an officer as Deputy Chief of Bureau, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 86–174, §2(3), Aug. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 396, conditionally effective July 1, 1960.

Prior sections 5137 and 5138 were renumbered sections 8077 and 8088 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5139 was renumbered section 8079 of this title.

Another prior section 5139, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 287; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(c)(1), 76 Stat. 494, established position of Chief of Medical Service Corps within Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §352(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2902, 2955, eff. Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 5140, acts Aug. 10 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 287; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(23), 71 Stat. 385; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(c)(2), 76 Stat. 494; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(6), 80 Stat. 853; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(14)(A), 81 Stat. 376, established position of Director of Nurse Corps within Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §352(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2902, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 5141 and 5142 were renumbered sections 8081 and 8082 of this title, respectively.

Another prior section 5142, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 288; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(18), 76 Stat. 501, provided for a Chief of Chaplains in Bureau of Naval Personnel, detailed by Chief of Naval Personnel from officers on active list of the Navy in Chaplains Corps not below grade of rear admiral, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–343, §11(a), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1130.

Prior sections 5142a and 5143 were renumbered sections 8082a and 8083 of this title, respectively.

Another prior section 5143, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 288; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(c)(3), 76 Stat. 494; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §14(B), (C), 81 Stat. 376, established in Bureau of Naval Personnel the position of Assistant Chief of Naval Personnel for Women, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §344(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2901, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 5144 was renumbered section 8084 of this title.

Another prior section 5144, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 289, related to appointment and term of Chief of Bureau of Ordnance, and authorized detail of an officer as Deputy Chief of Bureau, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 86–174, §2(3), Aug. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 396, conditionally effective July 1, 1960.

Prior sections 5145 to 5147 were repealed by Pub. L. 89–718, §35(5), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1120.

Section 5145, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 289; May 13, 1960, Pub. L. 86–454, 74 Stat. 103; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14(c)(19), 76 Stat. 501, provided for appointment of Chief of Bureau of Ships, detailing and rank of Deputy Chief, and detailing of heads of major divisions of Bureau of Ships.

Section 5146, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 289, provided for appointment of Chief of Bureau of Supplies and Accounts and detailing of Deputy Chief.

Section 5147, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 289, provided for appointment of Chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks and detailing of Deputy Chief.

Prior sections 5148 to 5150 were renumbered sections 8088 to 8090 of this title, respectively.

Another prior section 5150 was renumbered section 5021 of this title and subsequently repealed.

Prior sections 5151 to 5153 were renumbered sections 8022 to 8024 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5154, added Pub. L. 86–174, §1(2), Aug. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 395, provided for appointment of Chief of the Bureau of Naval Weapons and detailing of Deputy Chief, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–718, §35(5), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1120.

A prior section 5155 was renumbered section 8090 of this title.

Prior sections 5201 to 5204 were repealed by Pub. L. 99–433, title V, §513(a), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1051.

Section 5201, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 292; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, §6(3), 72 Stat. 129; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §4(c), 72 Stat. 517; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §114, 76 Stat. 513; June 5, 1967, Pub. L. 90–22, title IV, §404, 81 Stat. 53; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(15), 94 Stat. 2912; July 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–348, title I, §104(c)(1), 100 Stat. 691, related to appointment, term, etc., of the Commandant of the Marine Corps. See section 8043 of this title.

Section 5202, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 292; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, §6(c), 72 Stat. 519; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(24), 76 Stat. 501; May 2, 1969, Pub. L. 91–11, 83 Stat. 8; Mar. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–225, §1, 90 Stat. 202; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §§503(15), 513(7)(B), 94 Stat. 2912, 2931, related to detail and duties of the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps. See section 8044 of this title.

Section 5203, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 292, related to detail of the Director of Personnel of the Marine Corps.

Section 5204, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 292; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(2), 75 Stat. 264, related to detail of the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps.

A prior section 5205, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 293, related to retirement of heads of Marine Corps staff departments, their retired grade and pay, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–123, §5(3), Aug. 3, 1961, 75 Stat. 264.

A prior section 5206, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 293; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §6(c)(4), 76 Stat. 494; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(15), 81 Stat. 376, established in Office of Commandant of Marine Corps the position of Director of Women Marines, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §344(b), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2901, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 5221 and 5222 were repealed by Pub. L. 95–82, title VI, §611(a), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 378.

Section 5221, added Pub. L. 90–110, title X, §1001(1), Oct. 21, 1967, 81 Stat. 310, provided for inclusion of naval districts within organization of Department of the Navy.

Section 5222, added Pub. L. 90–110, title X, §1001(1), Oct. 21, 1967, 81 Stat. 310, provided for detailing of officers of the Navy not below the grade of rear admiral as commandants of each of naval districts.

Prior sections 5231 to 5234 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §331, title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2896, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5231, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 294; July 30, 1977, Pub. L. 95–79, title VIII, §811(b)(1), (2), 91 Stat. 336; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §818(a), 92 Stat. 1626, related to designation by President of officers on active list of Navy above the grade of captain and, in time of war or national emergency, above the grade of commander for fleet commands and other high positions. See section 601 of this title.

Section 5232, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 295; July 30, 1977, Pub. L. 95–79, title VIII, §811(b)(3), (4), 91 Stat. 336; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, §818(b), 92 Stat. 1626, related to designation by President of officers on active list of Marine Corps above the grade of colonel and, in time of war or national emergency, above the grade of lieutenant colonel for appropriate higher commands or performance of duty of great importance and responsibility. See section 601 of this title.

Section 5233, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 295; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, §6(4), 72 Stat. 129; related to retirement of an officer serving or having served in a grade to which appointed under former sections 5231 or 5232 of this title. See section 601 of this title.

Section 5234, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 295; Apr. 21, 1976, Pub. L. 94–273, §2(3), 90 Stat. 375, authorized President during time of war or national emergency to suspend any provision of former sections 5231 or 5232 of this title relating to distribution in grade.

Prior sections 5251 and 5252 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1661(a)(3)(A), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2980, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 5251, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 295, related to administration of Naval Reserve by Chief of Naval Operations and Naval Reserve Policy Board. See sections 10108 and 10303 of this title.

Section 5252, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 296, related to administration of Marine Corps Reserve by Commandant of Marine Corps and Marine Corps Reserve Policy Board. See sections 10109 and 10304 of this title.

Prior sections 5401 to 5409 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §311(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2889, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Section 5401, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 297, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Navy in enlisted members.

Section 5402, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 297, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Marine Corps.

Section 5403, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 297, prescribed authorized strength of active list of the Navy in line officers.

Section 5404, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 297; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(12), 78 Stat. 1072; Dec. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–179, §3, 81 Stat. 547, prescribed authorized strength of active list of Navy in officers in Supply Corps and Civil Engineer Corps, directed Secretary of Navy to compute annually the authorized strength of active list of Navy in officers in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Chaplain Corps, Medical Service Corps, and Nurse Corps, and to establish annually the authorized strength of active list of Navy in officers in Judge Advocate General's Corps.

Section 5405, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 298, prescribed authorized strength of active list of Marine Corps.

Section 5406, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 298; July 5, 1968, Pub. L. 90–386, §1(1), 82 Stat. 293, limited actual number of officers on active list in line of Navy that could be designated for engineering duty.

Section 5407, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 298; July 5, 1968, Pub. L. 90–386, §1(2), 82 Stat. 293, limited actual number of officers on active list in line of Navy that could be designated for aeronautical engineering duty.

Section 5408, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 298; July 5, 1968, Pub. L. 90–386, §1(3), 82 Stat. 293, limited actual number of officers on the active list in line of Navy that could be designated for special duty.

Section 5409, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 298; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(5), 75 Stat. 264, prescribed number of officers of actual number of officers on active lists in the line of Navy and of Marine Corps, that could be designated for limited duty.

Prior sections 5410 and 5411 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(16), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376.

Section 5410, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 928, placed upper limits, stated in terms of percentages of the authorized strength of the Regular Navy and Regular Marine Corps in enlisted members, on the authorized strength of enlisted women in each.

Section 5411, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 299, placed upper limits, stated in terms of percentages of the authorized strength in enlisted women of the Regular Navy and Regular Marine Corps, on the authorized strength of the Regular Navy and Regular Marine Corps in women officers.

A prior section 5412, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 299, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Navy in enlisted members in Hospital Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §311(a), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2889, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Prior sections 5413 and 5414 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 5413, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 299, related to authorized strengths of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve. See section 12001(a) of this title.

Section 5414, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(110)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1490; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(33), (34), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §513(8)(B), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2931; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title XI, §1131(8)(A), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1506, related to authorized strength of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve in officers in active status in grades above chief warrant officer, W–5. See section 12003 of this title.

Prior sections 5415 to 5417 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §§311(a), 312, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2889, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Section 5415, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(110)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1490, excluded enlisted members of the Navy or Marine Corps serving as midshipmen or cadets in any of the military academies from computations of authorized strengths.

Section 5416, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(110)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1490, excluded members of the Navy or the Marine Corps, or of the Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the Navy, detailed for duty with United States agencies outside the Department of Defense on a reimbursable basis, from computations of authorized strengths or numbers in grade.

Section 5417, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(110)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1490, directed Secretary of Defense, with approval of President, to estimate annually, for each of five years following such estimate, the strengths of the Navy and the Marine Corps in officers on active lists exclusive of officers specifically authorized as additional numbers.

A prior section 5441 was renumbered section 8101 of this title.

Prior sections 5442 to 5444 were repealed by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title IV, §403(b)(2)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545.

Section 5442, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 300; Pub. L. 90–386, §1(4), July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 293; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §313(b), 94 Stat. 2889; Dec. 1, 1981, Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, §405(b)(1), (3), (6)(A), 95 Stat. 1105, 1106; Nov. 8, 1985, Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §514(b)(1), (3), (6)(A), 99 Stat. 628; Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(24), 100 Stat. 3994, set forth number of officers serving on active duty in Navy who may serve in grades of rear admiral (lower half) and rear admiral.

Section 5443, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 302; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(6), 75 Stat. 265; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–731, §1, 80 Stat. 1160; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §313(c), 94 Stat. 2891, related to number of officers in Marine Corps on active duty who may serve in grades of brigadier general and major general.

Section 5444, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 304; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(1)–(3), 71 Stat. 381; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(17)(A), (B), 81 Stat. 376; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §302, title V, §503(19), 94 Stat. 2888, 2912; July 10, 1981, Pub. L. 97–22, §§6(b), 10(a)(3), 95 Stat. 130, 136; Dec. 1, 1981, Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, §405(b)(1)–(3), (7)(A), 95 Stat. 1105, 1106; Nov. 8, 1985, Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §514(b)(1)–(3), (7)(A), 99 Stat. 628, 629, related to total number of officers who may serve on active duty in Navy in grades of rear admiral (lower half) and rear admiral in staff corps.

A prior section 5445, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 306, related to suspension of sections 5442, 5443, and 5444 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §313(d)(1), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 526 of this title.

A prior section 5446, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 306; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §373(a), title V, §503(20), 94 Stat. 2903, 2912, related to applicability of sections 5442, 5443, and 5444 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title IV, §403(b)(2)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545.

Prior sections 5447 to 5449 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §313(d)(2)–(4), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5447, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 307; July 5, 1968, Pub. L. 90–386, §1(4), 82 Stat. 293, related to permanent grade distribution of Navy line officers on active list. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Section 5448, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 309; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(7), 75 Stat. 265, related to permanent grade distribution of Marine Corps officers on active list. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Section 5449, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 311; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(4), 71 Stat. 381; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(17)(C), (D), 81 Stat. 376, related to number of Navy staff corps officers on active list in permanent grade of rear admiral. See section 525 of this title.

Prior sections 5450 and 5451 were renumbered sections 8102 and 8103 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5452, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 312; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(111), 72 Stat. 1491; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(17)(E), 81 Stat. 376, authorized Secretary of the Navy to prescribe number of women officers in line of Navy eligible to hold appointments in each grade above lieutenant (junior grade) and a similar number in Marine Corps eligible to hold appointments in each grade above first lieutenant, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §373(b), title VII, §701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2903, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 5453, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(112), 72 Stat. 1491, placed upper limits on number of women officers on active list of Marine Corps holding permanent appointments in grades of lieutenant colonel and major and required the Secretary to make computations at least once annually of numbers of women officers authorized under this section to hold permanent appointments in such grades, with authority to make prescribed temporary increases, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(17)(F), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 377.

A prior section 5454, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313, related to rule for computations under this chapter when fraction occurs in final result, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12010 of this title.

A prior section 5455, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(17)(G), 81 Stat. 377; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(23), (24), 94 Stat. 2913 as amended July 10, 1981, Pub. L. 97–22, §10(a)(3), 95 Stat. 136, provided that no computation or determination under section 5447, 5448, 5449, or 5452 of this title could reduce the grade or pay of any officer or remove any officer from the active list, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–22, §10(b)(6)(A), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 137, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 5456 to 5458 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

Section 5456, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313, related to authorized strengths of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve. See section 12001(b) of this title.

Section 5457, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(113)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1491; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(35), (36), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 92–559, Oct. 25, 1972, 86 Stat. 1173; Pub. L. 96–107, title III, §302(b), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §313(e), title V, §513(9)(B), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, 2931; Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, §405(b)(1), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, §514(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 628; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VII, §712, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1477; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1061(a)(22)(B), title XI, §1131(8)(A), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, 1506, related to authorized strength of Naval Reserve in officers in active status in grades above chief warrant officer, W–5. See sections 12004(a), (c), and (e)(2) and 12005(b) and (d)(2) of this title.

Section 5458, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(113)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1492; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(37)–(39), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 96–107, title III, §302(c), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §513(9)(C), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2931; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1061(a)(22)(C), title XI, §1131(8)(A), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, 1506, related to authorized strength of Marine Corps Reserve in officers in active status in grades above chief warrant officer, W–5. See sections 12004(a), (d), (e)(2) and 12005(c), (d)(2) of this title.

Prior sections 5501 to 5503 were renumbered sections 8111 to 8113 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 5504 and 5505 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §314, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5504, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 314; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(13), 78 Stat. 1072; Sept. 19, 1978, Pub. L. 95–377, §5, 92 Stat. 721, related to maintenance of lineal lists of officers in line of Navy.

Section 5505, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 316; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, §1(40), 74 Stat. 273; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(25), 76 Stat. 501, related to changes of position on lineal list of reserve officers of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve.

A prior section 5506, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(114)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1492, and amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(26), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2913, related to ranking of officers in active status in Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1673(d)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3016, effective Dec. 1, 1994.

A prior section 5507, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 316, related to pay and allowances of rear admirals. See section 202 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(26), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, effective Nov. 1, 1962.

A prior section 5508 was renumbered section 8118 of this title.

Prior sections 5531 to 5535 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(3), (b), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

Section 5531, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 318, provided for recruiting campaigns to obtain enlistments in the Regular Navy and the Regular Marine Corps.

Section 5532, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 318, set forth classes of persons prohibited from enlisting in the naval service.

Section 5533, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 318, provided for enlistment of minors in naval service.

Section 5534, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 318, set forth term of enlistments in Regular Navy or Regular Marine Corps and provided that Secretary of Navy could prescribe grades or ratings in which such enlistments could be made.

Section 5535, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 319, required evidence of age for enlistment of minors in Regular Navy as seamen, seamen apprentices or seamen recruits.

A prior section 5536, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 319, related to extension of service by reason of time lost through misconduct or unauthorized absence, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(13), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571. See section 972(a) of this title.

Prior sections 5537 to 5539 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §2(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756.

Section 5537, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 319, provided for extension of naval service during disability incident to service.

Section 5538, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 319, provided for extension of enlistments in Regular Navy or Regular Marine Corps during war or national emergency.

Section 5539, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 320; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(116), 72 Stat. 1493; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(27), 76 Stat. 501, provided for voluntary extension or re-extension of enlistments in Regular Navy or Regular Marine Corps.

A prior section 5540 was renumbered section 8120 of this title.

Prior sections 5571 to 5580 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §§321, 322, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5571, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 321, prescribed a citizenship requirement for appointment as an officer in the Regular Navy or the Regular Marine Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5572, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 321; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(117), 72 Stat. 1493, required that each appointment to the active list of the Navy or to the active list of the Marine Corps be made by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. See section 531 of this title.

Section 5573, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 321, authorized appointment of graduates of the Naval Academy to the Regular Navy and the Regular Marine Corps.

Section 5573a, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(118)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1493, authorized appointments to the active list of the Navy in permanent grades not above lieutenant and to the active list of the Marine Corps in permanent grades not above captain from officers of the Naval Reserve or the Marine Corps Reserve and from officers of the Regular Navy or the Regular Marine Corps not holding permanent commissioned appointments therein.

Section 5574, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 321; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(119), 72 Stat. 1493, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Medical Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5575, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 322, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Supply Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5576, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 322, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Chaplain Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5577, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 322, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Civil Engineer Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5578, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat 322; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(120), 72 Stat. 1494, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Dental Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5578a, added Pub. L. 90–179, §5(1), Dec. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 547, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Judge Advocate General's Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5579, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 323, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Medical Service Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5580, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch 1041, 70A Stat. 323; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(7)–(9), 80 Stat. 853, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the Nurse Corps. See section 532 of this title.

A prior section 5581, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 323; Dec. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–179, §12, 81 Stat. 549, related to the appointment of women in the Naval Reserve to the Medical Corps, the Dental Corps, and the Medical Services Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §373(c), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2903, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

A prior section 5582 was renumbered section 8132 of this title.

Prior sections 5583 and 5584 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §321, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5583, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 324, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Marine Corps from noncommissioned officers of the Regular Marine Corps. See section 532 of this title.

Section 5584, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 324, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Marine Corps from former officers of the Marine Corps. See section 532 of this title.

A prior section 5585 was renumbered section 8135 of this title.

A prior section 5586, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 324, prescribed requirements for original appointments to the active list of the Navy in the line or in any staff corps, except the Medical Service Corps and the Nurse Corps, in grades not above lieutenant and to the active list of the Marine Corps in grades not above captain from warrant officers and enlisted members of the Regular Navy and Regular Marine Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §321, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 532 of this title.

Prior sections 5587 and 5587a were renumbered sections 8137 and 8138 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5888, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 326, related to designation of Marine Corps officers for supply duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–123, §5(8), Aug. 3, 1961, 75 Stat. 265.

A prior section 5589 was renumbered section 8139 of this title.

A prior section 5590, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 327, authorized appointments of women to the Regular Navy and Regular Marine Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §373(e), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2903, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 5591 to 5595 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §323, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2893, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5591, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 327, prescribed maximum number of appointments that could be made annually to active list of Navy in Supply Corps in grade of ensign.

Section 5592, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 327, prescribed maximum number of appointments that could be made annually to active list of Navy in Civil Engineer Corps in grade of ensign.

Section 5593, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 328, prescribed maximum number of appointments that could be made annually to active list of Navy in Medical Service Corps in grade of ensign.

Section 5594, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 328, prescribed maximum number of appointments that could be made annually to active list of Navy in Nurse Corps in grade of ensign.

Section 5595, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 328, restricted appointment of a former midshipman at Naval Academy or a former cadet at Military Academy to a commissioned grade in Regular Marine Corps until after graduation of class of which he was a member.

A prior section 5596 was renumbered section 8146 of this title.

Prior sections 5597 to 5599 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §327, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2894, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5597, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 330; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §§5(a), 14c(28), 76 Stat. 493, 501; Sept. 28, 1971, Pub. L. 92–129, title VI, §603(a), 85 Stat. 362, authorized temporary appointments in Navy and Marine Corps in times of war or national emergency. See section 603 of this title.

Section 5598, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 331, authorized temporary appointments in Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve in times of war or national emergency. See section 603 of this title.

Section 5599, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 331, provided that the President alone could make appointments for temporary service in Medical Corps in grade of lieutenant (junior grade). See section 603 of this title.

A prior section 5600, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(121)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1494; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(41), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 90–179, §5(4), Dec. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 548; Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §328, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2895; Pub. L. 97–22, §6(c), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 130; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, §1007(c)(4), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 662; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, §714(c), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1113; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title XI, §1131(8)(A), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1506; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, §509(c), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1648, related to service credit upon original appointment as commissioned officer in Naval Reserve or Marine Corps Reserve, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(c)(26), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 499. See section 12207 of this title.

A prior section 5601, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(121)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1495, authorized appointment of men in the Naval Reserve in the Nurse Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–609, §1(10), Sept. 30, 1966, 80 Stat. 853.

Prior sections 5651 to 5664 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §332, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897 effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5651, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 332, related to eligibility of officers to be running mates.

Section 5652, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 332; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(122), 72 Stat. 1495, related, except as provided in sections 5652a, 5652b, 5652c, 5653, and 5654 of this title, to assignment of running mates from among eligible line officers to staff corps officers serving in grade of lieutenant (junior grade) on active list of Navy.

Section 5652a, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(123)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1495, and amended Pub. L. 90–179, §12, Dec. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 549, related to assignment of running mates to officers appointed to active list of Navy in grade of lieutenant (junior grade) in Medical Corps, Judge Advocate General's Corps, or Dental Corps.

Section 5652b, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(123)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1495, and amended Pub. L. 88–647, title III, §301(14)(B), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1072, related to assignment of running mates to certain officers originally appointed as ensigns to active list of Navy and serving as staff corps officers at time of promotion to grade of lieutenant (junior grade).

Section 5652c, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(123)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1496, related to assignment of running mates to officers appointed to active list of Navy in a staff corps under section 5573a of this title.

Section 5653, acts Aug. 10, 1056, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 333; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(124), 72 Stat. 1496, related to assignment of running mates to officers originally appointed to active list of Navy in a staff corps in a grade of lieutenant or above.

Section 5654, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 333, related to assignment of running mates to officers on active list in line of Navy transferred to a staff corps in grade of lieutenant (junior grade) or above.

Section 5655, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 333, related to assignment of running mates to officers of Naval Reserve in a staff corps ordered to active duty and placed on a lineal list.

Section 5656, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 334, related to reassignment of a running mate to a staff corps officer on active duty where originally assigned running mate was separated from active list, was released from active duty, or lost numbers.

Section 5657, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 334, related to reassignment of a running mate to a staff corps officer on active duty where such staff corps officer was promoted after selection.

Section 5658, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 334, related to reassignment of a running mate to a staff corps officer on active duty where running mate of staff corps officer was promoted to a higher grade without staff corps officer being so promoted.

Section 5659, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 334, related to reassignment of a running mate to a staff corps officer where such staff corps officer was not restricted in performance of duty and was serving on active duty in grade of lieutenant (junior grade) or above and lost numbers in grade.

Section 5660, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 335, related to reassignment of a running mate to a staff corps officer on active duty where running mate originally assigned to such staff corps officer was advanced in numbers or in grade.

Section 5661, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 335, related to reassignment of a running mate to a staff corps officer where staff corps officer was not restricted in performance of duty, was serving on active duty in grade of lieutenant (junior grade) or above, and was advanced in numbers in his grade.

Section 5662, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 335; Apr. 21, 1976, Pub. L. 94–273, §2(3), 90 Stat. 375, authorized President to suspend any provisions of sections 5651 to 5661 of this title during times of war or national emergency or during certain other times when specified conditions were found to exist.

Section 5663, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 335, excluded from application of sections 5651 to 5662 of this title certain women officers, women reserve officers, retired officers, and officers of Naval Reserve.

Section 5664, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 336, related to assignment of running mates to women officers on active list of Navy appointed under section 5590 of this title in any staff corps.

A prior section 5665, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(125)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1496; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §332, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title XI, §1131(8)(A), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1506, related to running mates for Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve active status officers in permanent grades above chief warrant officer, W–5, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1629(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, effective Oct. 1, 1996. See section 14306 of this title.

A prior section 5666, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 336, provided that appointments for limited duration would not be considered for purposes of the chapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §332, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Prior sections 5701 to 5711 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §333, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5701, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 336; Feb. 26, 1970, Pub. L. 91–199, §1, 84 Stat. 16, related to convening by Secretary of Navy at least annually of selection boards to recommend male officers in line of Navy for promotion and continuation on active list. See section 611 of this title.

Section 5702, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 337; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(5), 71 Stat. 381; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(18)(A)–(H), 81 Stat. 377; Dec. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–179, §12, 81 Stat. 549, related to convening of selection boards to recommend staff corps officers, other than women officers appointed under former section 5590 of this title, for promotion and continuation on active list. See section 611 of this title.

Section 5703, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 338; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(11), 75 Stat. 265; Sept. 19, 1978, Pub. L. 95–377, §10(a), 92 Stat. 721; Sept. 8, 1980, Pub. L. 96–343, §10(d), 94 Stat. 1130, related to convening at least annually by Secretary of Navy of selection boards to recommend male officers of Marine Corps for promotion and for continuation on active list. See section 611 of this title.

Section 5704, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 339; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(18)(I)–(K), 81 Stat. 377, relating to convening by Secretary of Navy at least annually of selection boards to recommend women officers in line of Navy for promotion to grades of captain, commander, lieutenant commander, and lieutenant. See section 611 of this title.

Section 5705, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 340, related to oath of selection board members. See section 613 of this title.

Section 5706, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 340; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(12), 75 Stat. 265, related to information furnished selection boards by Secretary of Navy. See section 615 of this title.

Section 5707, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 341; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(6), 71 Stat. 382; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(13), 75 Stat. 265; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(18)(L), 81 Stat. 377, related to officers to be recommended for promotion or continuation by selection boards. See section 616 of this title.

Section 5708, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 342; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(7), 71 Stat. 382; Dec. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–179, §12, 81 Stat. 549, related to required certification of selection board reports. See section 617 of this title.

Section 5709, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 344; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(14), 75 Stat. 265, related to retention of rear admirals in Navy and major generals in Marine Corps on active list. See section 611 of this title.

Section 5710, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 344, directed submission of selection board reports to either Secretary of Navy or President. See section 617 of this title.

Section 5711, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 345; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(18)(M), 81 Stat. 377; Apr. 21, 1976, Pub. L. 94–273, §2(3), 90 Stat. 375, authorized suspension of specific provisions of sections 5701 to 5710 of this title under certain circumstances by President and excluded specific categories of officers from consideration by selection boards. See section 123(a), (b) of this title.

A prior section 5721, added Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §334, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897; amended Pub. L. 98–94, title IV, §403, Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 629; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, §514, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2522; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, §503, Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3864; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title V, §501(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, §512(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1439; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, §507, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2405; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, §508(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1647; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, §508(a), (b), (d), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 296, 297; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title V, §503, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2511; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1041(a)(20), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2645, related to temporary promotions of certain Navy lieutenants with critical skills, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title V, §503(b)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1742.

Prior sections 5751 to 5758 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §333, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5751, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 346; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(16), 75 Stat. 266, related to eligibility for consideration by a selection board for promotion of male officers in line of Navy and male officers in Marine Corps. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5752, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 347; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(126), 72 Stat. 1497; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(A)–(C), 81 Stat. 378, related to eligibility for consideration by a selection board for promotion of women officers in line of Navy and women officers in Marine Corps. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5753, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 347; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(8), 71 Stat. 382; Nov. 7, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(D), 81 Stat. 378; Dec. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–179, §12, 81 Stat. 549, related to eligibility of Navy staff corps officers for consideration for promotion by a selection board. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5754, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 348, prescribed general conditions for eligibility for consideration by a selection board for promotion. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5755, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 348, related to communications between a selection board and an officer eligible for consideration for promotion by such board. See section 614 of this title.

Section 5756, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 348, directed Secretary of Navy to furnish appropriate selection board with number of male officers in line of Navy or of Marine Corps that could be recommended for promotion to next highest grade and prescribed a formula for arriving at such number. See section 622 of this title.

Section 5757, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 348, directed Secretary of Navy to furnish appropriate selection board with number of male officers in line of Navy or of Marine Corps designated for limited duty that could be recommended for promotion to next highest grade and prescribed a formula for arriving at such number. See section 622 of this title.

Section 5758, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 349, directed Secretary of Navy to furnish appropriate selection board with numbers of officers designated for engineering, aeronautical engineering, and special duty that could be recommended for promotion to grade of rear admiral and numbers of male officers designated for such duty that could be recommended for promotion to a grade below rear admiral and prescribed formulas for arriving at such numbers. See section 622 of this title.

A prior section 5759, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 349, required Secretary to furnish selection boards with number of Marine Corps officers designated for supply duty that could be recommended for promotion, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–123, §5(17), Aug. 3, 1961, 75 Stat. 266.

Prior sections 5760 to 5773 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §333, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5760, acts Aug. 10, 1056, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 350; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(E), (F), 81 Stat. 378, directed Secretary of Navy to furnish appropriate selection board with number of women officers in the line of Navy that could be recommended for promotion to grade of lieutenant, captain, commander, or lieutenant commander and number of women officers of Marine Corps that could be recommended for promotion to grade of captain, colonel, lieutenant colonel, or major. See section 622 of this title.

Section 5761, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 350, directed Secretary of Navy to furnish appropriate selection board with number of officers in any staff corps that could be recommended for promotion to grade of rear admiral. See section 622 of this title.

Section 5762, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 351; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(9), 71 Stat. 383; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(G), (H), 81 Stat. 378; Dec. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–179, §6, 81 Stat. 548, directed Secretary of Navy to furnish appropriate selection boards with number of staff corps officers that could be recommended for promotion to grades below rear admiral. See section 622 of this title.

Section 5763, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 352; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(127), 72 Stat. 1497; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(I), 81 Stat. 378, directed Secretary of Navy to furnish appropriate selection boards with number of certain women officers in a staff corps of Navy that could be recommended for promotion to grade of captain, commander, or lieutenant commander. See section 622 of this title.

Section 5764, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 353; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(J), (K), 81 Stat. 378, related to establishment of promotion zones in each grade in line of Navy. See section 623 of this title.

Section 5765, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 354; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(19), 75 Stat. 266; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(J), (L), 81 Stat. 378, related to establishment of promotion zones in each grade of Marine Corps. See section 623 of this title.

Section 5766, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 355; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(M), 81 Stat. 378, specified Navy staff corps officers considered to be in promotion zones for purposes of boards of selection.

Section 5767, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 355; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(N), 81 Stat. 379, related to promotion to flag or general officer grade of officers in Navy or Marine Corps qualified for specific duties. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 5768, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 356, prescribed normal terms of service for male officers in line of Navy and of Marine Corps.

Section 5769, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 356; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(20), 75 Stat. 266; Oct. 22, 1970, Pub. L. 91–491, §1, 84 Stat. 1089, related to eligibility for promotion of male line officers in Navy and male officers in Marine Corps. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5770, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 357, prescribed a sea or foreign service requirement for promotion of male officers on the active list in line of Navy.

Section 5771, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 358; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(O), (P), 81 Stat. 379, related to eligibility for promotion of women officers on active list in line of Navy and women officers on active list of Marine Corps. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5772, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 358, related to eligibility of Navy staff corps officers for promotion to grade of rear admiral. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5773, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 359; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(10), 71 Stat. 383; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(11), 80 Stat. 853; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(Q)–(S), 81 Stat. 379, related to eligibility of Navy staff corps officers for promotion to grades below rear admiral. See section 619 of this title.

A prior section 5774, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 359, made women officers on active list of Navy in staff corps, appointed under section 5590 of this title, who were recommended for promotion to a grade above lieutenant (junior grade) in approved report of a selection board convened under chapter 543 of this title eligible for promotion when line officer who was to be her running mate in higher grade became eligible for promotion to that grade, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(T), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 379.

A prior section 5775, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 359; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(11), 71 Stat. 383; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(21), 75 Stat. 266, related to date of entitlement to pay and allowances of grade to which an officer is promoted. See section 904 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(293), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, effective Nov. 1, 1962.

Prior sections 5776 to 5793 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §333, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5776, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 361; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(12), 71 Stat. 383; Aug. 3, 1961, Pub. L. 87–123, §5(22), 75 Stat. 266; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(12), 80 Stat. 853; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(U)–(W), 81 Stat. 379, related to failure of selection. See section 627 of this title.

Section 5777, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 361, related to removal of an officer's name from a promotion list. See section 629 of this title.

Section 5778, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 362; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(X), 81 Stat. 379, related to temporary and permanent natures of appointments under certain of the provisions of former sections 5751 to 5777 of this title.

Section 5779, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 362, authorized President to terminate temporary promotions at any time.

Section 5780, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 362, related to permanent promotions of male line officers in Regular Navy and male officers in Regular Marine Corps. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 5781, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 363, related to permanent promotions of Regular Navy staff corps officers to grade of rear admiral. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 5782, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 363; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title II, §201(13), 71 Stat. 383; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, §1(13), 80 Stat. 853; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(Y), 81 Stat. 379, related to permanent promotions of Regular Navy staff corps officers to grades below rear admiral. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 5783, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 364, related to permanent promotions of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve officers. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 5784, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 365, related to temporary promotions of ensigns in Navy to grade of lieutenant (junior grade) and second lieutenants in Marine Corps to grade of first lieutenant. See section 603 of this title.

Section 5785, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 365; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(29), 72 Stat. 1566; Apr. 21, 1976, Pub. L. 94–273, §2(3), 90 Stat. 375, authorized President to suspend any of the provisions of former sections 5751 to 5784 of this title relating to officers in Navy or Marine Corps except women officers appointed under former section 5590 of this title. See section 123(a), (b) of this title.

Section 5786, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 366; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, §1(19)(Z), 81 Stat. 379; Sept. 19, 1978, Pub. L. 95–377, §6(a), 92 Stat. 721, specified certain categories of officers as ineligible for promotion and provided that officers serving in grades to which they were appointed for periods of limited duration or to which they were temporarily appointed were to be considered for purposes of former sections 5751 to 5785 of this title as serving in the grade they would have held were it not for such temporary appointments. See section 641 of this title.

Section 5787, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 366; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §§5(b), 14c(30), 76 Stat. 493, 501; Sept. 28, 1971, Pub. L. 92–129, title VI, §603(b), 85 Stat. 362, related to temporary promotions in times of war or national emergency. See sections 602 and 603 of this title.

Section 5787a, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(128)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1497, authorized temporary promotion of an officer in Medical or Dental Corps to grade of lieutenant at any time after first anniversary of date upon which he graduated from medical, dental, or osteopathic school. See section 603 of this title.

Section 5787b, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(128)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1497; amended Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(31), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, authorized temporary promotion of women officers serving on active duty in grade of ensign in Navy or second lieutenant in Marine Corps. See section 603 of this title.

Section 5787c, added Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(30)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1566; amended Pub. L. 95–377, §11(a), Sept. 19, 1978, 92 Stat. 721; Pub. L. 96–343, §10(e), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1130, related to temporary promotion of warrant officers and officers designated for limited duty in Navy and Marine Corps. See section 602 of this title.

Section 5787d, added Pub. L. 95–377, §4(a), Sept. 19, 1978, 92 Stat. 720; amended Pub. L. 96–343, §10(e), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1130, authorized temporary promotion under certain circumstances of Navy lieutenants as lieutenant commanders. See section 603 of this title.

Section 5788, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 367; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(32), 76 Stat. 501, related to eligibility for promotion of Navy ensigns and Marine Corps second lieutenants. See section 619 of this title.

Section 5789, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 367, authorized promotion of officers in the line of the Navy or of the Marine Corps upon receipt of the thanks of Congress. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 5790, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 368, authorized advancement in rank of officers of Navy or of Marine Corps by not more than 30 numbers on lineal list for conduct in battle or extraordinary heroism. See section 619 et seq. of this title.

Section 5791, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 368; Sept. 28, 1971, Pub. L. 92–129, title VI, §603(c), 85 Stat. 362; Sept. 19, 1978, Pub. L. 95–377, §6(b), 92 Stat. 721, vested power to make appointments under former sections 5751 to 5793, except for former sections 5787 and 5787d, of this title in President, by and with advice and consent of Senate. See section 624 of this title.

Section 5792, acts Aug. 10 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 368; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, §4, 80 Stat. 1115, dispensed with need for an oath of office upon promotion to a higher grade in the case of an officer of the naval service who had served continuously since subscribing to the oath of office prescribed in section 3331 of title 5. See section 626 of this title.

Section 5793, added Pub. L. 90–228, §1(3)(A), Dec. 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 745, related to authorized strengths in grade and promotions of Medical Corps and Dental Corps officers. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Prior sections 5861 and 5862 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §333, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5861, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 368; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(129), 72 Stat. 1497, required an officer of Regular Navy or of Regular Marine Corps to pass a physical examination as prescribed by Secretary of Navy in order to qualify for promotion to a grade above ensign in Navy or second lieutenant in Marine Corps. See section 624 of this title.

Section 5862, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 369; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §1(131), 72 Stat. 1498, related to mental, moral, and professional qualifications required to be demonstrated by officers on active list of Navy or Marine Corps in order to be promoted to grades of lieutenant (junior grade) or above in Navy or first lieutenant or above in Marine Corps. See section 624 of this title.

A prior section 5863, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 369, related to procedure before examining boards, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(14), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571.

Prior sections 5864 and 5865 were repealed by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §333, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981.

Section 5864, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 370, related to discharge of officers not morally qualified. See section 630 of this title.

Section 5865, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 370, related to effect of a failure to qualify professionally. See section 624 of this title.

A prior section 5866, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 371, related to delegation of power by President to Secretary of Navy, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–861, §36B(15), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571.

A prior section 5867, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(132)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1498, required moral, professional, and physical examinations before officers of the Naval or Marine Corps Reserves could be promoted to the next higher grades, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §333, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2897, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 624 of this title.

Prior sections 5891 to 5906 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1629(b)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 5891, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1499; amended Pub. L. 90–130, §1(20)(A), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 379; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(32), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2913; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, §533(e), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2528, related to officers in active status in Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve who could be promoted under this chapter. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 5892, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1500; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(33), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1501(c)(27), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 500, related to numbers of officers in each grade in Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve that could be promoted. See section 14001 et seq. of this title.

Section 5893, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1500; amended Pub. L. 91–199, §2, Feb. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 16, related to composition and procedures of selection boards. See sections 14102 and 14108(b) of this title.

Section 5894, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1501, required members of selection boards to take oaths. See section 14103 of this title.

Section 5895, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1501, related to information to be furnished to selection boards. See section 14107 of this title.

Section 5896, added Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, §507(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3865, related to recommendations for promotion by selection boards. See section 14108 of this title.

Another prior section 5896, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1501; amended Pub. L. 90–130, §1(20)(B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 379; Pub. L. 90–179, §12, Dec. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 549; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(34), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914; Pub. L. 97–22, §10(b)(10)(B), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 137, related to officers recommended for promotion by selection boards, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–661, §507(a).

Section 5897, added Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, §507(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3865, related to reports by selection boards listing officers recommended for promotion. See section 14109(a), (b) of this title.

Another prior section 5897, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1502; amended Pub. L. 90–179, §12, Dec. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 549; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(34), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914; Pub. L. 97–22, §10(b)(10)(B), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 137; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(47), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2625, related to reports and certifications by selection boards, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–661, §507(a).

Section 5898, added Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, §507(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3865, related to action on reports of selection boards. See sections 14104, 14110(b), 14111(a), (b), and 14112 of this title.

Another prior section 5898, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1503; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(34), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914; Pub. L. 97–22, §10(b)(10)(B), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 137, related to submission of reports of selection boards to the President, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–661, §507(a).

Section 5899, added Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, §507(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3866, related to eligibility of running mates for consideration for promotion. See section 14306(b) of this title.

Another prior section 5899, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1503; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(42), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 274; Pub. L. 89–275, §§1, 2, Oct. 20, 1965, 79 Stat. 1010; Pub. L. 89–609, §1(14), Sept. 30, 1966, 80 Stat. 853; Pub. L. 90–130, §1(20)(C), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 379; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(35), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914; Pub. L. 97–22, §10(b)(10)(B), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 137, related to eligibility of officers in promotion zones for consideration by selection boards, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–661, §507(a).

Section 5900, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1504, related to right of officer eligible for consideration for promotion to send communication to selection board. See section 14106 of this title.

Section 5901, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1504; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(36), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914, related to numbers of officers that a selection board may recommend for promotion. See section 14307 of this title.

Section 5902, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1504; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(43), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 274; Pub. L. 89–731, §§3–5, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1160; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(37), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914, related to promotion lists, eligibility of officers of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve for promotion, and date of rank. See sections 14308(a), (d) and 14311(a) of this title.

Section 5903, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1505; amended Pub. L. 90–130, §1(20)(D), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 380; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, §507(b)(2), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3866, related to failure of officers of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve of selection for promotion. See section 14501 et seq. of this title.

Section 5904, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1505, related to effect of erroneous omission of name from list furnished to selection board. See section 14502 of this title.

Section 5905, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1505; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(38), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, §507(b)(3), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3866; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title V, §502(a), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1966, related to removal of reserve officers from promotion list. See section 14310 of this title.

Section 5906, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1506; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(39), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914, related to promotion of reserve officers transferred to inactive status list. See section 14317(a) of this title.

A prior section 5907, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1506; Pub. L. 86–559, §1(44), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 274, related to pay and allowances of reserve officers promoted to a grade above lieutenant (junior grade) in the Naval Reserve or above first lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve, and is covered by section 905 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(33), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, repealed effective Nov. 1, 1962.

Prior sections 5908 to 5912 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §1629(b)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963, effective Oct. 1, 1996.

Section 5908, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1506; amended Pub. L. 87–649, §14c(34), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, related to eligibility of ensigns in Naval Reserve and second lieutenants in Marine Corps Reserve for promotion. See section 14001 et seq. of this title.

Section 5909, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1506, provided that sea or foreign service not be required for promotion of reserve officers under this chapter.

Section 5910, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1506; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §503(40), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2914, provided that officers in Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve could be promoted under regulations prescribed by Secretary of the Navy. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 5911, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1507; amended Pub. L. 86–559, §1(45), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 274, related to promotions of reserve officers by temporary and permanent appointments. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

Section 5912, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(133), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1507; amended Pub. L. 92–129, title VI, §603(d), Sept. 28, 1971, 85 Stat. 362, related to President's power to make appointments under this chapter of officers in Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

A prior section 5941, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 371, authorized President to prescribe regulations governing the assignment of officers to command fleets, subdivisions of fleets, and vessels, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §5(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761.

Prior sections 5942 to 5949 were renumbered sections 8162 to 8169 of this title, respectively.

A prior section 5950, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, provided that the commanding officer of a vessel could not be required to perform the duties of an officer in the Supply Corps, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §5(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761.

Prior sections 5951 and 5952 were renumbered sections 8171 and 8172 of this title, respectively.

Prior sections 5953 and 5954 were repealed by Pub. L. 90–235, §5(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761.

Section 5953, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 372, provided for the assignment and authority of executive officers of vessels or naval stations.

Section 5954, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 373, provided for command when different commands of the Marine Corps and the Army or the Marine Corps and the Air Force joined or served together. See section 747 of this title.

A prior section 5955, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 373, directed that retired officers of the Navy be withdrawn from command, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §361(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2902, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 750 of this title.

A prior section 5981, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 373, provided that the President could select any officer on the active list of the Navy not below the grade of commander and assign him to the command of a squadron, with the rank and title of a flag officer, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–482, §1(a), Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1082.

A prior section 5982, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 373, authorized a detail of retired officers to command ships and squadrons in time of war, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title III, §361(b), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2902, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 688 of this title.

A prior section 5983 was renumbered section 8183 of this title.

A prior section 5984, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 374, provided for detail to military institutions and colleges that gave instruction and drill in military tactics of officers of the Navy as superintendents or professors and retired officers and petty officers of the Navy, with their consent, as instructors in military drill and tactics, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 90–235, §4(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 760.

Prior sections 5985 and 5986 were renumbered sections 8185 and 8186 of this title.

A prior section 5987, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 374, provided for the detail of officers in the Medical Corps of the Navy for duty with the Services to the Armed Forces Division of the American National Red Cross, prior to repeal by