[USC02] 19 USC CHAPTER 12, SUBCHAPTER V: GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES
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19 USC CHAPTER 12, SUBCHAPTER V: GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES
From Title 19—CUSTOMS DUTIESCHAPTER 12—TRADE ACT OF 1974

SUBCHAPTER V—GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES

§2461. Authority to extend preferences

The President may provide duty-free treatment for any eligible article from any beneficiary developing country in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter. In taking any such action, the President shall have due regard for—

(1) the effect such action will have on furthering the economic development of developing countries through the expansion of their exports;

(2) the extent to which other major developed countries are undertaking a comparable effort to assist developing countries by granting generalized preferences with respect to imports of products of such countries;

(3) the anticipated impact of such action on United States producers of like or directly competitive products; and

(4) the extent of the beneficiary developing country's competitiveness with respect to eligible articles.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §501, as added Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1952(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1917.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2461, Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §501, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2066; Pub. L. 98–573, title V, §502, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3018, related to authority to extend preferences, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 104–188.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1953, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1926, provided that:

"(a) In General.—The amendments made by this subtitle [subtitle J (§§1951–1954) of title I of Pub. L. 104–188, enacting this subchapter, amending sections 2702, 3011, 3202, 3331, and 3551 of this title, section 1444–2 of Title 7, Agriculture, section 4711 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, sections 262p–4p and 2191a of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, and section 871 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 2101 of this title] apply to articles entered on or after October 1, 1996.

"(b) Retroactive Application.—

"(1) General rule.—Notwithstanding section 514 of the Tariff Act of 1930 [19 U.S.C. 1514] or any other provision of law and subject to subsection (c)—

"(A) any article that was entered—

"(i) after July 31, 1995, and

"(ii) before January 1, 1996, and

  to which duty-free treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [this subchapter] would have applied if the entry had been made on July 31, 1995, shall be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall refund any duty paid with respect to such entry, and

"(B) any article that was entered—

"(i) after December 31, 1995, and

"(ii) before October 1, 1996, and

  to which duty-free treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [this subchapter] (as amended by this subtitle) would have applied if the entry had been made on or after October 1, 1996, shall be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall refund any duty paid with respect to such entry.

"(2) Limitation on refunds.—No refund shall be made pursuant to this subsection before October 1, 1996.

"(3) Entry.—As used in this subsection, the term 'entry' includes a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption.

"(c) Requests.—Liquidation or reliquidation may be made under subsection (b) with respect to an entry only if a request therefor is filed with the Customs Service, within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 20, 1996], that contains sufficient information to enable the Customs Service—

"(1) to locate the entry; or

"(2) to reconstruct the entry if it cannot be located."

§2462. Designation of beneficiary developing countries

(a) Authority to designate countries

(1) Beneficiary developing countries

The President is authorized to designate countries as beneficiary developing countries for purposes of this subchapter.

(2) Least-developed beneficiary developing countries

The President is authorized to designate any beneficiary developing country as a least-developed beneficiary developing country for purposes of this subchapter, based on the considerations in section 2461 of this title and subsection (c) of this section.

(b) Countries ineligible for designation

(1) Specific countries

The following countries may not be designated as beneficiary developing countries for purposes of this subchapter:

(A) Australia.

(B) Canada.

(C) European Union member states.

(D) Iceland.

(E) Japan.

(F) Monaco.

(G) New Zealand.

(H) Norway.

(I) Switzerland.

(2) Other bases for ineligibility

The President shall not designate any country a beneficiary developing country under this subchapter if any of the following applies:

(A) Such country is a Communist country, unless—

(i) the products of such country receive nondiscriminatory treatment,

(ii) such country is a WTO Member (as such term is defined in section 3501(10) of this title) and a member of the International Monetary Fund, and

(iii) such country is not dominated or controlled by international communism.


(B) Such country is a party to an arrangement of countries and participates in any action pursuant to such arrangement, the effect of which is—

(i) to withhold supplies of vital commodity resources from international trade or to raise the price of such commodities to an unreasonable level, and

(ii) to cause serious disruption of the world economy.


(C) Such country affords preferential treatment to the products of a developed country, other than the United States, which has, or is likely to have, a significant adverse effect on United States commerce.

(D)(i) Such country—

(I) has nationalized, expropriated, or otherwise seized ownership or control of property, including patents, trademarks, or copyrights, owned by a United States citizen or by a corporation, partnership, or association which is 50 percent or more beneficially owned by United States citizens,

(II) has taken steps to repudiate or nullify an existing contract or agreement with a United States citizen or a corporation, partnership, or association which is 50 percent or more beneficially owned by United States citizens, the effect of which is to nationalize, expropriate, or otherwise seize ownership or control of property, including patents, trademarks, or copyrights, so owned, or

(III) has imposed or enforced taxes or other exactions, restrictive maintenance or operational conditions, or other measures with respect to property, including patents, trademarks, or copyrights, so owned, the effect of which is to nationalize, expropriate, or otherwise seize ownership or control of such property,


unless clause (ii) applies.

(ii) This clause applies if the President determines that—

(I) prompt, adequate, and effective compensation has been or is being made to the citizen, corporation, partnership, or association referred to in clause (i),

(II) good faith negotiations to provide prompt, adequate, and effective compensation under the applicable provisions of international law are in progress, or the country described in clause (i) is otherwise taking steps to discharge its obligations under international law with respect to such citizen, corporation, partnership, or association, or

(III) a dispute involving such citizen, corporation, partnership, or association over compensation for such a seizure has been submitted to arbitration under the provisions of the Convention for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, or in another mutually agreed upon forum,


and the President promptly furnishes a copy of such determination to the Senate and House of Representatives.

(E) Such country fails to act in good faith in recognizing as binding or in enforcing arbitral awards in favor of United States citizens or a corporation, partnership, or association which is 50 percent or more beneficially owned by United States citizens, which have been made by arbitrators appointed for each case or by permanent arbitral bodies to which the parties involved have submitted their dispute.

(F) Such country aids or abets, by granting sanctuary from prosecution to, any individual or group which has committed an act of international terrorism or the Secretary of State makes a determination with respect to such country under section 4605(j)(1)(A) 1 of title 50 or such country has not taken steps to support the efforts of the United States to combat terrorism.

(G) Such country has not taken or is not taking steps to afford internationally recognized worker rights to workers in the country (including any designated zone in that country).

(H) Such country has not implemented its commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.


Subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), (G), and (H) (to the extent described in section 2467(6)(D) of this title) shall not prevent the designation of any country as a beneficiary developing country under this subchapter if the President determines that such designation will be in the national economic interest of the United States and reports such determination to the Congress with the reasons therefor.

(c) Factors affecting country designation

In determining whether to designate any country as a beneficiary developing country under this subchapter, the President shall take into account—

(1) an expression by such country of its desire to be so designated;

(2) the level of economic development of such country, including its per capita gross national product, the living standards of its inhabitants, and any other economic factors which the President deems appropriate;

(3) whether or not other major developed countries are extending generalized preferential tariff treatment to such country;

(4) the extent to which such country has assured the United States that it will provide equitable and reasonable access to the markets and basic commodity resources of such country and the extent to which such country has assured the United States that it will refrain from engaging in unreasonable export practices;

(5) the extent to which such country is providing adequate and effective protection of intellectual property rights;

(6) the extent to which such country has taken action to—

(A) reduce trade distorting investment practices and policies (including export performance requirements); and

(B) reduce or eliminate barriers to trade in services; and


(7) whether or not such country has taken or is taking steps to afford to workers in that country (including any designated zone in that country) internationally recognized worker rights.

(d) Withdrawal, suspension, or limitation of country designation

(1) In general

The President may withdraw, suspend, or limit the application of the duty-free treatment accorded under this subchapter with respect to any country. In taking any action under this subsection, the President shall consider the factors set forth in section 2461 of this title and subsection (c) of this section.

(2) Changed circumstances

The President shall, after complying with the requirements of subsection (f)(2), withdraw or suspend the designation of any country as a beneficiary developing country if, after such designation, the President determines that as the result of changed circumstances such country would be barred from designation as a beneficiary developing country under subsection (b)(2). Such country shall cease to be a beneficiary developing country on the day on which the President issues an Executive order or Presidential proclamation revoking the designation of such country under this subchapter.

(3) Advice to Congress

The President shall, as necessary, advise the Congress on the application of section 2461 of this title and subsection (c) of this section, and the actions the President has taken to withdraw, to suspend, or to limit the application of duty-free treatment with respect to any country which has failed to adequately take the actions described in subsection (c).

(e) Mandatory graduation of beneficiary developing countries

If the President determines that a beneficiary developing country has become a "high income" country, as defined by the official statistics of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, then the President shall terminate the designation of such country as a beneficiary developing country for purposes of this subchapter, effective on January 1 of the second year following the year in which such determination is made.

(f) Congressional notification

(1) Notification of designation

(A) In general

Before the President designates any country as a beneficiary developing country under this subchapter, the President shall notify the Congress of the President's intention to make such designation, together with the considerations entering into such decision.

(B) Designation as least-developed beneficiary developing country

At least 60 days before the President designates any country as a least-developed beneficiary developing country, the President shall notify the Congress of the President's intention to make such designation.

(2) Notification of termination

If the President has designated any country as a beneficiary developing country under this subchapter, the President shall not terminate such designation unless, at least 60 days before such termination, the President has notified the Congress and has notified such country of the President's intention to terminate such designation, together with the considerations entering into such decision.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §502, as added Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1952(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1917; amended Pub. L. 104–295, §35(a), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3538; Pub. L. 106–200, title IV, §412(a), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 298; Pub. L. 107–210, div. D, title XLI, §4102(a), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 1040.)

References in Text

Section 4605(j)(1)(A) of title 50, referred to in subsec. (b)(2)(F), was repealed by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XVII, §1766(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2232. For provisions similar to those of former section 4605(j)(1)(A) of title 50, see section 4813(c)(1)(A)(i) of title 50, as enacted by Pub. L. 115–232.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2462, Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §502(a)–(c), (e), Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2066–2069; Pub. L. 94–455, title XVIII, §1802, Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1763; Pub. L. 96–39, title XI, §§1106(g)(1), (2), 1111(a)(1), (2), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 312, 313, 315; Pub. L. 98–573, title V, §503, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3019; Pub. L. 99–47, §8(b)(2), June 11, 1985, 99 Stat. 85; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1887(a)(5), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2923; Pub. L. 99–570, title IX, §9002(a), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–166; Pub. L. 101–179, title III, §301, Nov. 28, 1989, 103 Stat. 1311; Pub. L. 101–382, title I, §131, Aug. 20, 1990, 104 Stat. 643; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13802(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 667; Pub. L. 103–149, §4(b)(9), Nov. 23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1506, related to beneficiary developing countries, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 104–188.

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (b)(2)(F). Pub. L. 107–210 inserted "or such country has not taken steps to support the efforts of the United States to combat terrorism" before period at end.

2000—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–200, §412(a)(2), in concluding provisions substituted "(G), and (H) (to the extent described in section 2467(6)(D) of this title)" for "and (G)".

Subsec. (b)(2)(H). Pub. L. 106–200, §412(a)(1), added subpar. (H).

1996—Subsec. (b)(2)(F). Pub. L. 104–295, amended subpar. (F) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (F) read as follows: "Such country aids or abets, by granting sanctuary from prosecution to, any individual or group which has committed an act of international terrorism."

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–295, §35(b), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3538, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1996."

Effective Date

Section applicable to articles entered on or after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 2461 of this title.

Delegation of Functions

Proc. No. 6942, Oct. 17, 1996, 61 F.R. 54719, provided in par. (5) that powers of the President granted in subsec. (f)(2) of this section to notify a country of the President's intention to terminate that country's status as a beneficiary developing country for purposes of the Generalized System of Preferences were delegated to the United States Trade Representative.

1 See References in Text note below.

§2463. Designation of eligible articles

(a) Eligible articles

(1) Designation

(A) In general

Except as provided in subsection (b), the President is authorized to designate articles as eligible articles from all beneficiary developing countries for purposes of this subchapter by Executive order or Presidential proclamation after receiving the advice of the International Trade Commission in accordance with subsection (e).

(B) Least-developed beneficiary developing countries

Except for articles described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (E) of subsection (b)(1) and articles described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (b), the President may, in carrying out section 2462(d)(1) of this title and subsection (c)(1) of this section, designate articles as eligible articles only for countries designated as least-developed beneficiary developing countries under section 2462(a)(2) of this title if, after receiving the advice of the International Trade Commission in accordance with subsection (e) of this section, the President determines that such articles are not import-sensitive in the context of imports from least-developed beneficiary developing countries.

(C) Three-year rule

If, after receiving the advice of the International Trade Commission under subsection (e), an article has been formally considered for designation as an eligible article under this subchapter and denied such designation, such article may not be reconsidered for such designation for a period of 3 years after such denial.

(2) Rule of origin

(A) General rule

The duty-free treatment provided under this subchapter shall apply to any eligible article which is the growth, product, or manufacture of a beneficiary developing country if—

(i) that article is imported directly from a beneficiary developing country into the customs territory of the United States; and

(ii) the sum of—

(I) the cost or value of the materials produced in the beneficiary developing country or any two or more such countries that are members of the same association of countries and are treated as one country under section 2467(2) of this title, plus

(II) the direct costs of processing operations performed in such beneficiary developing country or such member countries,


 is not less than 35 percent of the appraised value of such article at the time it is entered.

(B) Exclusions

An article shall not be treated as the growth, product, or manufacture of a beneficiary developing country by virtue of having merely undergone—

(i) simple combining or packaging operations, or

(ii) mere dilution with water or mere dilution with another substance that does not materially alter the characteristics of the article.

(3) Regulations

The Secretary of the Treasury, after consulting with the United States Trade Representative, shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out paragraph (2), including, but not limited to, regulations providing that, in order to be eligible for duty-free treatment under this subchapter, an article—

(A) must be wholly the growth, product, or manufacture of a beneficiary developing country, or

(B) must be a new or different article of commerce which has been grown, produced, or manufactured in the beneficiary developing country.

(b) Articles that may not be designated as eligible articles

(1) Import-sensitive articles

The President may not designate any article as an eligible article under subsection (a) if such article is within one of the following categories of import-sensitive articles:

(A) Except as provided in paragraphs (4) and (5),1 textile and apparel articles which were not eligible articles for purposes of this subchapter on January 1, 1994, as this subchapter was in effect on such date.

(B) Watches, except those watches entered after June 30, 1989, that the President specifically determines, after public notice and comment, will not cause material injury to watch or watch band, strap, or bracelet manufacturing and assembly operations in the United States or the United States insular possessions.

(C) Import-sensitive electronic articles.

(D) Import-sensitive steel articles.

(E) Except as provided in paragraph (5),1 footwear, handbags, luggage, flat goods, work gloves, and leather wearing apparel which were not eligible articles for purposes of this subchapter on January 1, 1995, as this subchapter was in effect on such date.

(F) Import-sensitive semimanufactured and manufactured glass products.

(G) Any other articles which the President determines to be import-sensitive in the context of the Generalized System of Preferences.

(2) Articles against which other actions taken

An article shall not be an eligible article for purposes of this subchapter for any period during which such article is the subject of any action proclaimed pursuant to section 2253 of this title or section 1862 or 1981 of this title.

(3) Agricultural products

No quantity of an agricultural product subject to a tariff-rate quota that exceeds the in-quota quantity shall be eligible for duty-free treatment under this subchapter.

(4) Certain hand-knotted or hand-woven carpets

Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(A), the President may designate as an eligible article or articles under subsection (a) carpets or rugs which are hand-loomed, hand-woven, hand-hooked, hand-tufted, or hand-knotted, and classifiable under subheading 5701.10.16, 5701.10.40, 5701.90.10, 5701.90.20, 5702.10.90, 5702.42.20, 5702.49.10, 5702.51.20, 5702.91.30, 5702.92.00, 5702.99.10, 5703.10.00, 5703.20.10, or 5703.30.00 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.

(5) 2 Certain cotton articles

Notwithstanding paragraph (3), the President may designate as an eligible article or articles under subsection (a)(1)(B) only for countries designated as least-developed beneficiary developing countries under section 2462(a)(2) of this title cotton articles classifiable under subheading 5201.00.18, 5201.00.28, 5201.00.38, 5202.99.30, or 5203.00.30 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.

(5) 2 Certain luggage and travel articles

Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) or (E) of paragraph (1), the President may designate the following as eligible articles under subsection (a):

(A) Articles classifiable under subheading 4202.11.00, 4202.12.40, 4202.21.60, 4202.21.90, 4202.22.15, 4202.22.45, 4202.31.60, 4202.32.40, 4202.32.80, 4202.92.15, 4202.92.20, 4202.92.45, or 4202.99.90 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.

(B) Articles classifiable under statistical reporting number 4202.12.2020, 4202.12.2050, 4202.12.8030, 4202.12.8070, 4202.22.8050, 4202.32.9550, 4202.32.9560, 4202.91.0030, 4202.91.0090, 4202.92.3020, 4202.92.3031, 4202.92.3091, 4202.92.9026, or 4202.92.9060 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States, as such statistical reporting numbers are in effect on June 29, 2015.

(c) Withdrawal, suspension, or limitation of duty-free treatment; competitive need limitation

(1) In general

The President may withdraw, suspend, or limit the application of the duty-free treatment accorded under this subchapter with respect to any article, except that no rate of duty may be established with respect to any article pursuant to this subsection other than the rate which would apply but for this subchapter. In taking any action under this subsection, the President shall consider the factors set forth in sections 2461 and 2462(c) of this title.

(2) Competitive need limitation

(A) Basis for withdrawal of duty-free treatment

(i) In general

Except as provided in clause (ii) and subject to subsection (d), whenever the President determines that a beneficiary developing country has exported (directly or indirectly) to the United States during any calendar year beginning after December 31, 1995—

(I) a quantity of an eligible article having an appraised value in excess of the applicable amount for the calendar year, or

(II) a quantity of an eligible article equal to or exceeding 50 percent of the appraised value of the total imports of that article into the United States during any calendar year,


 the President shall, not later than November 1 of the next calendar year, terminate the duty-free treatment for that article from that beneficiary developing country.

(ii) Annual adjustment of applicable amount

For purposes of applying clause (i), the applicable amount is—

(I) for 1996, $75,000,000, and

(II) for each calendar year thereafter, an amount equal to the applicable amount in effect for the preceding calendar year plus $5,000,000.

(B) "Country" defined

For purposes of this paragraph, the term "country" does not include an association of countries which is treated as one country under section 2467(2) of this title, but does include a country which is a member of any such association.

(C) Redesignations

A country which is no longer treated as a beneficiary developing country with respect to an eligible article by reason of subparagraph (A) may, subject to the considerations set forth in sections 2461 and 2462 of this title, be redesignated a beneficiary developing country with respect to such article if imports of such article from such country did not exceed the limitations in subparagraph (A) during the preceding calendar year.

(D) Least-developed beneficiary developing countries and beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any least-developed beneficiary developing country or any beneficiary sub-Saharan African country.

(E) Articles not produced in the United States excluded

Subparagraph (A)(i)(II) shall not apply with respect to any eligible article if a like or directly competitive article was not produced in the United States in any of the preceding 3 calendar years.

(F) De minimis waivers

(i) In general

The President may disregard subparagraph (A)(i)(II) with respect to any eligible article from any beneficiary developing country if the aggregate appraised value of the imports of such article into the United States during the preceding calendar year does not exceed the applicable amount for such preceding calendar year.

(ii) Applicable amount

For purposes of applying clause (i), the applicable amount is—

(I) for calendar year 1996, $13,000,000, and

(II) for each calendar year thereafter, an amount equal to the applicable amount in effect for the preceding calendar year plus $500,000.

(d) Waiver of competitive need limitation

(1) In general

The President may waive the application of subsection (c)(2) with respect to any eligible article of any beneficiary developing country if, before November 1 of the calendar year beginning after the calendar year for which a determination described in subsection (c)(2)(A) was made with respect to such eligible article, the President—

(A) receives the advice of the International Trade Commission under section 1332 of this title on whether any industry in the United States is likely to be adversely affected by such waiver,

(B) determines, based on the considerations described in sections 2461 and 2462(c) of this title and the advice described in subparagraph (A), that such waiver is in the national economic interest of the United States, and

(C) publishes the determination described in subparagraph (B) in the Federal Register.

(2) Considerations by the President

In making any determination under paragraph (1), the President shall give great weight to—

(A) the extent to which the beneficiary developing country has assured the United States that such country will provide equitable and reasonable access to the markets and basic commodity resources of such country, and

(B) the extent to which such country provides adequate and effective protection of intellectual property rights.

(3) Other bases for waiver

The President may waive the application of subsection (c)(2) if, before November 1 of the calendar year beginning after the calendar year for which a determination described in subsection (c)(2) was made with respect to a beneficiary developing country, the President determines that—

(A) there has been a historical preferential trade relationship between the United States and such country,

(B) there is a treaty or trade agreement in force covering economic relations between such country and the United States, and

(C) such country does not discriminate against, or impose unjustifiable or unreasonable barriers to, United States commerce,


and the President publishes that determination in the Federal Register.

(4) Limitations on waivers

(A) In general

The President may not exercise the waiver authority under this subsection with respect to a quantity of an eligible article entered during any calendar year beginning after 1995, the aggregate appraised value of which equals or exceeds 30 percent of the aggregate appraised value of all articles that entered duty-free under this subchapter during the preceding calendar year.

(B) Other waiver limits

(i) The President may not exercise the waiver authority provided under this subsection with respect to a quantity of an eligible article entered during any calendar year beginning after 1995, the aggregate appraised value of which exceeds 15 percent of the aggregate appraised value of all articles that have entered duty-free under this subchapter during the preceding calendar year from those beneficiary developing countries which for the preceding calendar year—

(I) had a per capita gross national product (calculated on the basis of the best available information, including that of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) of $5,000 or more; or

(II) had exported (either directly or indirectly) to the United States a quantity of articles that was duty-free under this subchapter that had an aggregate appraised value of more than 10 percent of the aggregate appraised value of all articles that entered duty-free under this subchapter during that year.


(ii) Not later than November 1 of each year, the President should revoke any waiver that has then been in effect with respect to an article for 5 years or more if the beneficiary developing country has exported to the United States (directly or indirectly) during the preceding calendar year a quantity of the article—

(I) having an appraised value in excess of 1.5 times the applicable amount set forth in subsection (c)(2)(A)(ii) for that calendar year; or

(II) exceeding 75 percent of the appraised value of the total imports of that article into the United States during that calendar year.

(C) Calculation of limitations

There shall be counted against the limitations imposed under subparagraphs (A) and (B) for any calendar year only that value of any eligible article of any country that—

(i) entered duty-free under this subchapter during such calendar year; and

(ii) is in excess of the value of that article that would have been so entered during such calendar year if the limitations under subsection (c)(2)(A) applied.

(5) Effective period of waiver

Any waiver granted under this subsection shall remain in effect until the President determines that such waiver is no longer warranted due to changed circumstances.

(e) International Trade Commission advice

Before designating articles as eligible articles under subsection (a)(1), the President shall publish and furnish the International Trade Commission with lists of articles which may be considered for designation as eligible articles for purposes of this subchapter. The provisions of sections 2151, 2152, 2153, and 2154 of this title shall be complied with as though action under section 2461 of this title and this section were action under section 2133 of this title to carry out a trade agreement entered into under section 2133 of this title.

(f) Special rule concerning Puerto Rico

No action under this subchapter may affect any tariff duty imposed by the Legislature of Puerto Rico pursuant to section 1319 of this title on coffee imported into Puerto Rico.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §503, as added Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1952(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1921; amended Pub. L. 106–36, title I, §1001(a)(7), June 25, 1999, 113 Stat. 130; Pub. L. 106–200, title I, §111(b), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 258; Pub. L. 108–429, title I, §1555(a), (b), Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2578, 2579; Pub. L. 109–432, div. D, title VIII, §8001, Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3195; Pub. L. 114–27, title II, §§202, 204, June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 372; Pub. L. 115–141, div. M, title V, §502, Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1051.)

References in Text

Paragraph (5), referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(A), (E), probably means the subsec. (b)(5) relating to certain luggage and travel articles because section 204 of Pub. L. 114–27 added such par. (5) as well as those references. See 2015 Amendment notes below.

The Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States, referred to in subsec. (b)(4), (5), is not set out in the Code. See Publication of Harmonized Tariff Schedule note set out under section 1202 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2463, Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §503, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2069; Pub. L. 96–39, title XI, §1111(a)(3), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 315; Pub. L. 98–573, title V, §504, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3020; Pub. L. 99–47, §8(b)(2), June 11, 1985, 99 Stat. 85; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1889(7), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2926; Pub. L. 100–418, title I, §1903, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1313; Pub. L. 101–382, title II, §226, Aug. 20, 1990, 104 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 103–465, title IV, §404(e)(3), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4961, related to eligible articles, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 104–188.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (c)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 115–141, §502(1)(A), substituted "November 1" for "July 1" in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (c)(2)(E). Pub. L. 115–141, §502(1)(B), substituted "in any of the preceding 3 calendar years" for "on January 1, 1995".

Subsec. (d)(1), (3), (4)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 115–141, §502(2), substituted "November 1" for "July 1".

2015—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 114–27, §204(1), substituted "paragraphs (4) and (5)" for "paragraph (4)".

Subsec. (b)(1)(E). Pub. L. 114–27, §204(2), substituted "Except as provided in paragraph (5), footwear" for "Footwear".

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 114–27, §204(3), which directed amendment of subsec. (b)(1) by adding par. (5), relating to certain luggage and travel articles, at the end, was executed by adding such par. (5) at the end of subsec. (b), to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 114–27, §202, added par. (5) relating to certain cotton articles.

2006—Subsec. (d)(4)(B). Pub. L. 109–432 designated existing provisions as cl. (i), redesignated former cls. (i) and (ii) as subcls. (I) and (II), respectively, and added cl. (ii).

2004—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 108–429, §1555(b), substituted "Except as provided in paragraph (4), textile" for "Textile".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 108–429, §1555(a), added par. (4).

2000—Subsec. (c)(2)(D). Pub. L. 106–200 amended heading and text of subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any least-developed beneficiary developing country."

1999—Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 106–36 added subcl. (II) and concluding provisions and struck out former subcl. (II) which read as follows: "the direct costs of processing operations performed in such beneficiary developing country or such member countries, is not less than 35 percent of the appraised value of such article at the time it is entered."

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–429, title I, §1555(c), Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2579, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section] shall apply to any article entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the date on which the President makes a designation with respect to the article under section 503(b)(4) of the Trade Act of 1974 [subsec. (b)(4) of this section], as added by subsection (a)."

Effective Date

Section applicable to articles entered on or after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 2461 of this title.

Application of Competitive Need Limitation and Waiver Under Generalized System of Preferences With Respect to Articles of Beneficiary Developing Countries Exported to the United States During Calendar Year 2014

Pub. L. 114–27, title II, §203, June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 372, provided that:

"(a) In General.—For purposes of applying and administering subsections (c)(2) and (d) of section 503 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2463) with respect to an article described in subsection (b) of this section, subsections (c)(2) and (d) of section 503 of such Act shall be applied and administered by substituting 'October 1' for 'July 1' each place such date appears.

"(b) Article Described.—An article described in this subsection is an article of a beneficiary developing country that is designated by the President as an eligible article under subsection (a) of section 503 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2463) and with respect to which a determination described in subsection (c)(2)(A) of such section was made with respect to exports (directly or indirectly) to the United States of such eligible article during calendar year 2014 by the beneficiary developing country."

1 See References in Text note below.

2 So in original. Two pars. (5) have been enacted.

§2464. Review and report to Congress

The President shall submit an annual report to the Congress on the status of internationally recognized worker rights within each beneficiary developing country, including the findings of the Secretary of Labor with respect to the beneficiary country's implementation of its international commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §504, as added Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1952(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1925; amended Pub. L. 106–200, title IV, §412(c), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 299.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2464, Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §504, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2070; Pub. L. 96–39, title XI, §§1106(g)(3), 1111(a)(4), July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 313, 315; Pub. L. 98–573, title V, §505, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3020; Pub. L. 99–47, §8(b)(2), June 11, 1985, 99 Stat. 85; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1887(a)(6), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2923, related to limitations on preferential treatment, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 104–188.

Amendments

2000Pub. L. 106–200 inserted before period at end ", including the findings of the Secretary of Labor with respect to the beneficiary country's implementation of its international commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor".

Effective Date

Section applicable to articles entered on or after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 2461 of this title.

§2465. Date of termination

No duty-free treatment provided under this subchapter shall remain in effect after December 31, 2020.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §505, as added Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1952(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1925; amended Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §981(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 902; Pub. L. 105–277, div. J, title I, §1011(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–900; Pub. L. 106–170, title V, §508(a), Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1923; Pub. L. 107–210, div. D, title XLI, §4101(a), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 1040; Pub. L. 109–432, div. D, title VIII, §8002, Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3195; Pub. L. 110–436, §4, Oct. 16, 2008, 122 Stat. 4981; Pub. L. 111–124, §1, Dec. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 3484; Pub. L. 112–40, §1(a), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 401; Pub. L. 114–27, title II, §201(a), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 371; Pub. L. 115–141, div. M, title V, §501(a), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1050.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2465, Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §505, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2071; Pub. L. 98–573, title V, §506(a), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3023; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13802(b)(1), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 667; Pub. L. 103–465, title VI, §601(a), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4990, related to termination of duty-free treatment and reports, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 104–188.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–141 substituted "December 31, 2020" for "December 31, 2017".

2015Pub. L. 114–27 substituted "December 31, 2017" for "July 31, 2013".

2011Pub. L. 112–40 substituted "July 31, 2013" for "December 31, 2010".

2009Pub. L. 111–124 substituted "December 31, 2010" for "December 31, 2009".

2008Pub. L. 110–436 substituted "December 31, 2009" for "December 31, 2008".

2006Pub. L. 109–432 substituted "December 31, 2008" for "December 31, 2006".

2002Pub. L. 107–210 substituted "December 31, 2006" for "September 30, 2001".

1999Pub. L. 106–170 substituted "September 30, 2001" for "June 30, 1999".

1998Pub. L. 105–277 substituted "June 30, 1999" for "June 30, 1998".

1997Pub. L. 105–34 substituted "June 30, 1998" for "May 31, 1997".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–141, div. M, title V, §501(b), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1050, provided that:

"(1) In general.—The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to articles entered on or after the 30th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 23, 2018].

"(2) Retroactive application for certain liquidations and reliquidations.—

"(A) In general.—Notwithstanding section 514 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1514) or any other provision of law and subject to subparagraph (B), any entry of a covered article to which duty-free treatment or other preferential treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–618] (19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.) would have applied if the entry had been made on December 31, 2017, that was made—

"(i) after December 31, 2017, and

"(ii) before the effective date specified in paragraph (1),

shall be liquidated or reliquidated as though such entry occurred on the effective date specified in paragraph (1).

"(B) Requests.—A liquidation or reliquidation may be made under subparagraph (A) with respect to an entry only if a request therefor is filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act that contains sufficient information to enable U.S. Customs and Border Protection—

"(i) to locate the entry; or

"(ii) to reconstruct the entry if it cannot be located.

"(C) Payment of amounts owed.—Any amounts owed by the United States pursuant to the liquidation or reliquidation of an entry of a covered article under subparagraph (A) shall be paid, without interest, not later than 90 days after the date of the liquidation or reliquidation (as the case may be).

"(3) Definitions.—In this subsection:

"(A) Covered article.—The term 'covered article' means an article from a country that is a beneficiary developing country under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–618] (19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.) as of the effective date specified in paragraph (1).

"(B) Enter; entry.—The terms 'enter' and 'entry' include a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption."

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–27, title II, §201(b), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 371, provided that:

"(1) In general.—The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to articles entered on or after the 30th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 29, 2015].

"(2) Retroactive application for certain liquidations and reliquidations.—

"(A) In general.—Notwithstanding section 514 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1514) or any other provision of law and subject to subparagraph (B), any entry of a covered article to which duty-free treatment or other preferential treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.) would have applied if the entry had been made on July 31, 2013, that was made—

"(i) after July 31, 2013; and

"(ii) before the effective date specified in paragraph (1),

shall be liquidated or reliquidated as though such entry occurred on the effective date specified in paragraph (1).

"(B) Requests.—A liquidation or reliquidation may be made under subparagraph (A) with respect to an entry only if a request therefor is filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act that contains sufficient information to enable U.S. Customs and Border Protection—

"(i) to locate the entry; or

"(ii) to reconstruct the entry if it cannot be located.

"(C) Payment of amounts owed.—Any amounts owed by the United States pursuant to the liquidation or reliquidation of an entry of a covered article under subparagraph (A) shall be paid, without interest, not later than 90 days after the date of the liquidation or reliquidation (as the case may be).

"(3) Definitions.—In this subsection:

"(A) Covered article.—The term 'covered article' means an article from a country that is a beneficiary developing country under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.) as of the effective date specified in paragraph (1).

"(B) Enter; entry.—The terms 'enter' and 'entry' include a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption."

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–40, §1(b), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 401, provided that:

"(1) In general.—The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to articles entered on or after the 15th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 2011].

"(2) Retroactive application for certain liquidations and reliquidations.—

"(A) In general.—Notwithstanding section 514 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1514) or any other provision of law and subject to subparagraph (B), any entry of an article to which duty-free treatment or other preferential treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.] would have applied if the entry had been made on December 31, 2010, that was made—

"(i) after December 31, 2010; and

"(ii) before the 15th day after the date of the enactment of this Act,

shall be liquidated or reliquidated as though such entry occurred on the 15th day after the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(B) Requests.—A liquidation or reliquidation may be made under subparagraph (A) with respect to an entry only if a request therefor is filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 2011] that contains sufficient information to enable U.S. Customs and Border Protection—

"(i) to locate the entry; or

"(ii) to reconstruct the entry if it cannot be located.

"(C) Payment of amounts owed.—Any amounts owed by the United States pursuant to the liquidation or reliquidation of an entry of an article under subparagraph (A) shall be paid, without interest, not later than 90 days after the date of the liquidation or reliquidation (as the case may be).

"(3) Definition.—As used in this subsection, the terms 'enter' and 'entry' include a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption."

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–170, title V, §508(b), Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1923, provided that:

"(1) In general.—The amendment made by this section [amending this section] applies to articles entered on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 1999].

"(2) Retroactive application for certain liquidations and reliquidations.—

"(A) General rule.—Notwithstanding section 514 of the Tariff Act of 1930 [19 U.S.C. 1514] or any other provision of law, and subject to paragraph (3), any entry—

"(i) of an article to which duty-free treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.] would have applied if such entry had been made on July 1, 1999, and such title had been in effect on July 1, 1999; and

"(ii) that was made—

"(I) after June 30, 1999; and

"(II) before the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 1999],

shall be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall refund any duty paid with respect to such entry.

"(B) Entry.—As used in this paragraph, the term 'entry' includes a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption.

"(3) Requests.—Liquidation or reliquidation may be made under paragraph (2) with respect to an entry only if a request therefore is filed with the Customs Service, within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 1999], that contains sufficient information to enable the Customs Service—

"(A) to locate the entry; or

"(B) to reconstruct the entry if it cannot be located."

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–277, div. J, title I, §1011(b), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–900, provided that:

"(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [amending this section] apply to articles entered on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998].

"(2) Retroactive application for certain liquidations and reliquidations.—

"(A) General rule.—Notwithstanding section 514 of the Tariff Act of 1930 [19 U.S.C. 1514] or any other provision of law, and subject to paragraph (3), any entry—

"(i) of an article to which duty-free treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.] would have applied if such entry had been made on July 1, 1998, and such title had been in effect on July 1, 1998, and

"(ii) that was made—

"(I) after June 30, 1998, and

"(II) before the date of enactment of this Act,

shall be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall refund any duty paid with respect to such entry.

"(B) Entry.—As used in this paragraph, the term 'entry' includes a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption.

"(3) Requests.—Liquidation or reliquidation may be made under paragraph (2) with respect to an entry only if a request therefor is filed with the Customs Service, within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, that contains sufficient information to enable the Customs Service—

"(A) to locate the entry; or

"(B) to reconstruct the entry if it cannot be located."

Effective Date

Section applicable to articles entered on or after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 2461 of this title.

Retroactive Application for Certain Liquidations and Reliquidations

Pub. L. 107–210, div. D, title XLI, §4101(b), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 1040, as amended by Pub. L. 108–429, title II, §2004(a)(20), Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2591, provided that:

"(1) In general.—Notwithstanding section 514 of the Tariff Act of 1930 [19 U.S.C. 1514] or any other provision of law, and subject to paragraph (2), the entry of any article—

"(A) to which duty-free treatment under title V of the Trade Act of 1974 [19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.] would have applied if the entry had been made on September 30, 2001,

"(B) that was made after September 30, 2001, and before the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 6, 2002], and

"(C) to which duty-free treatment under title V of that Act did not apply,

shall be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall refund any duty paid with respect to such entry.

"(2) Requests.—Liquidation or reliquidation may be made under paragraph (1) with respect to an entry only if a request therefor is filed with the Customs Service, within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, that contains sufficient information to enable the Customs Service—

"(A) to locate the entry; or

"(B) to reconstruct the entry if it cannot be located.

"(3) Definition.—As used in this subsection, the term 'entry' includes a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption."

[For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6. For establishment of U.S. Customs and Border Protection in the Department of Homeland Security, treated as if included in Pub. L. 107–296 as of Nov. 25, 2002, see section 211 of Title 6, as amended generally by Pub. L. 114–125, and section 802(b) of Pub. L. 114–125, set out as a note under section 211 of Title 6.]

Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §981(b), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 902, provided that the entry of any article to which duty-free treatment under this subchapter would have applied if the entry had been made on May 31, 1997, and that was made after May 31, 1997, and before Aug. 5, 1997, would be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury would refund any duty paid with respect to such entry, only if a request therefor was filed with the Customs Service, within 180 days after Aug. 5, 1997, that contained sufficient information to enable the Customs Service to locate the entry, or to reconstruct the entry if it could not be located.

Pub. L. 103–465, title VI, §601(b), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4991, as amended by Pub. L. 104–295, §20(f)(2), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3529, provided that the entry of any article to which duty-free treatment under this subchapter would have applied if the entry had been made on Sept. 30, 1994, and that was made after Sept. 30, 1994, and before Dec. 8, 1994, would be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury would refund any duty paid with respect to such entry, only if a request therefor was filed with the Customs Service, within 180 days after Dec. 8, 1994, that contained sufficient information to enable the Customs Service to locate the entry, or to reconstruct the entry if it could not be located.

Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13802(b)(2), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 667, provided that, upon proper request filed with the appropriate customs officer within 180 days after Aug. 10, 1993, the entry of any article to which duty-free treatment under this subchapter would have applied if the entry had been made on July 4, 1993, and that was made after July 4, 1993, and before Aug. 10, 1993, would be liquidated or reliquidated as free of duty, and the Secretary of the Treasury would refund any duty paid with respect to such entry.

§2466. Agricultural exports of beneficiary developing countries

The appropriate agencies of the United States shall assist beneficiary developing countries to develop and implement measures designed to assure that the agricultural sectors of their economies are not directed to export markets to the detriment of the production of foodstuffs for their citizenry.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §506, as added Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1952(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1925.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2466, Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §506, as added Pub. L. 98–573, title V, §507(a), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3023, related to agricultural exports of beneficiary developing countries, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 104–188.

Effective Date

Section applicable to articles entered on or after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 2461 of this title.

§2466a. Designation of sub-Saharan African countries for certain benefits

(a) Authority to designate

(1) In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President is authorized to designate a country listed in section 107 of the African Growth and Opportunity Act [19 U.S.C. 3706] as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country eligible for the benefits described in subsection (b)—

(A) if the President determines that the country meets the eligibility requirements set forth in section 104 of that Act [19 U.S.C. 3703], as such requirements are in effect on May 18, 2000; and

(B) subject to the authority granted to the President under subsections (a), (d), and (e) of section 2462 of this title, if the country otherwise meets the eligibility criteria set forth in section 2462 of this title.

(2) Monitoring and review of certain countries

The President shall monitor, review, and report to Congress annually on the progress of each country listed in section 107 of the African Growth and Opportunity Act in meeting the requirements described in paragraph (1) in order to determine the current or potential eligibility of each country to be designated as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of this section. The President's determinations, and explanations of such determinations, with specific analysis of the eligibility requirements described in paragraph (1)(A), shall be included in the annual report required by section 106 of the African Growth and Opportunity Act [19 U.S.C. 3705].

(3) Continuing compliance

(A) In general

If the President determines that a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country is not making continual progress in meeting the requirements described in paragraph (1), the President shall terminate the designation of that country as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of this section, effective on January 1 of the year following the year in which such determination is made.

(B) Notification

The President may not terminate the designation of a country as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country under subparagraph (A) unless, at least 60 days before the termination of such designation, the President notifies Congress and notifies the country of the President's intention to terminate such designation, together with the considerations entering into the decision to terminate such designation.

(b) Preferential tariff treatment for certain articles

(1) In general

The President may provide duty-free treatment for any article described in section 2463(b)(1)(B) through (G) of this title that is the growth, product, or manufacture of a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country described in subsection (a), if, after receiving the advice of the International Trade Commission in accordance with section 2463(e) of this title, the President determines that such article is not import-sensitive in the context of imports from beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries.

(2) Rules of origin

The duty-free treatment provided under paragraph (1) shall apply to any article described in that paragraph that meets the requirements of section 2463(a)(2) of this title, except that—

(A) if the cost or value of materials produced in the customs territory of the United States is included with respect to that article, an amount not to exceed 15 percent of the appraised value of the article at the time it is entered that is attributed to such United States cost or value may be applied toward determining the percentage referred to in subparagraph (A) of section 2463(a)(2) of this title;

(B) the cost or value of the materials included with respect to that article that are produced in one or more beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries or former beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries shall be applied in determining such percentage; and

(C) the direct costs of processing operations performed in one or more such beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries or former beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries shall be applied in determining such percentage.

(3) Rules of origin under this subchapter

The exceptions set forth in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (2) shall also apply to any article described in section 2463(a)(1) of this title that is the growth, product, or manufacture of a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of any determination to provide duty-free treatment with respect to such article.

(c) Withdrawal, suspension, or limitation of preferential tariff treatment

(1) In general

The President may withdraw, suspend, or limit the application of duty-free treatment provided for any article described in subsection (b)(1) of this section or section 112 of the African Growth and Opportunity Act [19 U.S.C. 3721] with respect to a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country if the President determines that withdrawing, suspending, or limiting such duty-free treatment would be more effective in promoting compliance by the country with the requirements described in subsection (a)(1) than terminating the designation of the country as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of this section.

(2) Notification

The President may not withdraw, suspend, or limit the application of duty-free treatment under paragraph (1) unless, at least 60 days before such withdrawal, suspension, or limitation, the President notifies Congress and notifies the country of the President's intention to withdraw, suspend, or limit such duty-free treatment, together with the considerations entering into the decision to terminate such designation.

(d) Review and public comments on eligibility requirements

(1) In general

In carrying out subsection (a)(2), the President shall publish annually in the Federal Register a notice of review and request for public comments on whether beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries are meeting the eligibility requirements set forth in section 104 of the African Growth and Opportunity Act [19 U.S.C. 3703] and the eligibility criteria set forth in section 2462 of this title.

(2) Public hearing

The United States Trade Representative shall, not later than 30 days after the date on which the President publishes the notice of review and request for public comments under paragraph (1)—

(A) hold a public hearing on such review and request for public comments; and

(B) publish in the Federal Register, before such hearing is held, notice of—

(i) the time and place of such hearing; and

(ii) the time and place at which such public comments will be accepted.

(3) Petition process

(A) In general

Not later than 60 days after June 29, 2015, the President shall establish a process to allow any interested person, at any time, to file a petition with the Office of the United States Trade Representative with respect to the compliance of any country listed in section 107 of the African Growth and Opportunity Act [19 U.S.C. 3706] with the eligibility requirements set forth in section 104 of such Act [19 U.S.C. 3703] and the eligibility criteria set forth in section 2462 of this title.

(B) Use of petitions

The President shall take into account all petitions filed pursuant to subparagraph (A) in making determinations of compliance under subsections (a)(3)(A) and (c) and in preparing any reports required by this subchapter as such reports apply with respect to beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries.

(4) Out-of-cycle reviews

(A) In general

The President may, at any time, initiate an out-of-cycle review of whether a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country is making continual progress in meeting the requirements described in paragraph (1). The President shall give due consideration to petitions received under paragraph (3) in determining whether to initiate an out-of-cycle review under this subparagraph.

(B) Congressional notification

Before initiating an out-of-cycle review under subparagraph (A), the President shall notify and consult with Congress.

(C) Consequences of review

If, pursuant to an out-of-cycle review conducted under subparagraph (A), the President determines that a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country does not meet the requirements set forth in section 104(a) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (19 U.S.C. 3703(a)), the President shall, subject to the requirements of subsections (a)(3)(B) and (c)(2), terminate the designation of the country as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country or withdraw, suspend, or limit the application of duty-free treatment with respect to articles from the country.

(D) Reports

After each out-of-cycle review conducted under subparagraph (A) with respect to a country, the President shall submit to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives a report on the review and any determination of the President to terminate the designation of the country as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country or withdraw, suspend, or limit the application of duty-free treatment with respect to articles from the country under subparagraph (C).

(E) Initiation of out-of-cycle reviews for certain countries

Recognizing that concerns have been raised about the compliance with section 104(a) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (19 U.S.C. 3703(a)) of some beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries, the President shall initiate an out-of-cycle review under subparagraph (A) with respect to South Africa, the most developed of the beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries, and other beneficiary countries as appropriate, not later than 30 days after June 29, 2015.

(e) Beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries, etc.

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) the terms "beneficiary sub-Saharan African country" and "beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries" mean a country or countries listed in section 107 of the African Growth and Opportunity Act [19 U.S.C. 3706] that the President has determined is eligible under subsection (a) of this section.

(2) the term "former beneficiary sub-Saharan African country" means a country that, after being designated as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country under the African Growth and Opportunity Act [19 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.], ceased to be designated as such a country by reason of its entering into a free trade agreement with the United States.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §506A, as added Pub. L. 106–200, title I, §111(a), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 257; amended Pub. L. 108–274, §7(a)(2), July 13, 2004, 118 Stat. 823; Pub. L. 114–27, title I, §§104(a), (b), 105, June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 365.)

References in Text

The African Growth and Opportunity Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(2), is title I of Pub. L. 106–200, May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 252, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 23 (§3701 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3701 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2015—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 114–27, §105(a), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 114–27, §104(a), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 114–27, §104(b), added par. (3).

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 114–27, §105(b), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 114–27, §105(c), added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).

2004—Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 108–274, §7(a)(2)(A), inserted "or former beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries" after "countries".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–274, §7(a)(2)(B), substituted "subchapter—" for "subchapter,", inserted par. (1) designation before "the terms", and added par. (2).

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–27, title I, §104(d), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 365, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section] take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [June 29, 2015] and apply with respect to any article described in section 503(b)(1)(B) through (G) of the Trade Act of 1974 [19 U.S.C. 2463(b)(1)(B) through (G)] that is the growth, product, or manufacture of a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country and that is imported into the customs territory of the United States on or after the date that is 30 days after such date of enactment."

[For definition of "beneficiary sub-Saharan African country" as used in section 104(d) of Pub. L. 114–27, set out above, see section 112 of Pub. L. 114–27, set out as a note under section 3701 of this title.]

Modifications to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule

Pub. L. 114–27, title I, §104(c), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 365, provided that: "The President may proclaim such modifications as may be necessary to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) to add the special tariff treatment symbol 'D' in the 'Special' subcolumn of the HTS for each article classified under a heading or subheading with the special tariff treatment symbol 'A' or 'A*' in the 'Special' subcolumn of the HTS."

Ex. Ord. No. 13720. Delegation of Certain Authorities and Assignment of Certain Functions Under the Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015

Ex. Ord. No. 13720, Feb. 26, 2016, 81 F.R. 11089, provided:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015 (the "Act") (Public Law 114–27), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby order as follows:

Section 1. Authorities and Functions under the Act. (a) Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section, the authorities granted to and functions specifically assigned to the President under title I of the Act are delegated and assigned, respectively, to the United States Trade Representative (U.S. Trade Representative).

(b) The exercise of the following authorities of, and functions specifically assigned to the President under title I of the Act are not delegated or assigned under this order:

(i) section 104(c) of the Act;

(ii) sections 105(a) and (b) of the Act; and

(iii) sections 506A(d)(3)(B) and (d)(4)(C) of the Trade Act of 1974 (as amended by the Act).

(c) The functions of the President under section 13(c) of the AGOA Acceleration Act of 2004, as added by section 109 of the Act, are assigned to the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, in collaboration with the Secretary of Agriculture.

(d) The functions of the President under section 110(a) of the Act are assigned to the U.S. Trade Representative, in consultation with the Secretary of State.

Sec. 2. Reducing Poverty and Eliminating Hunger. The U.S. Trade Representative, with the advice and assistance of other executive departments and agencies involved in international programs to reduce poverty and eliminate hunger, shall perform the reporting function under section 701 of the Act.

Sec. 3. General Provisions. (a) In exercising authority delegated by or performing functions assigned in this order, officers of the United States:

(i) shall ensure that all actions taken by them are consistent with the President's constitutional authority to (A) conduct the foreign affairs of the United States, including the commencement, conduct, and termination of negotiations with foreign countries and international organizations; (B) withhold information the disclosure of which could impair the foreign relations, the national security, the deliberative processes of the Executive, or the performance of the Executive's constitutional duties; (C) recommend for congressional consideration such measures as the President may judge necessary or expedient; and (D) supervise the executive branch; and

(ii) may redelegate authority delegated by this order and may further assign functions assigned by this order to officers of any other department or agency within the executive branch to the extent permitted by law, and such redelegation or further assignment shall be published in the Federal Register.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

Barack Obama.      

§2466b. Termination of benefits for sub-Saharan African countries

In the case of a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country, as defined in section 2466a(c) 1 of this title, duty-free treatment provided under this subchapter shall remain in effect through September 30, 2025.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §506B, as added Pub. L. 106–200, title I, §114, May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 266; amended Pub. L. 108–274, §7(a)(1), July 13, 2004, 118 Stat. 823; Pub. L. 114–27, title I, §103(a), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 364.)

References in Text

Section 2466a(c) of this title, referred to in text, was redesignated section 2466a(e) of this title by Pub. L. 114–27, title I, §105(b), (c), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 366.

Amendments

2015Pub. L. 114–27 substituted "September 30, 2025" for "September 30, 2015".

2004Pub. L. 108–274 substituted "2015" for "2008".

1 See References in Text note below.

§2467. Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter:

(1) Beneficiary developing country

The term "beneficiary developing country" means any country with respect to which there is in effect an Executive order or Presidential proclamation by the President designating such country as a beneficiary developing country for purposes of this subchapter.

(2) Country

The term "country" means any foreign country or territory, including any overseas dependent territory or possession of a foreign country, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. In the case of an association of countries which is a free trade area or customs union, or which is contributing to comprehensive regional economic integration among its members through appropriate means, including, but not limited to, the reduction of duties, the President may by Executive order or Presidential proclamation provide that all members of such association other than members which are barred from designation under section 2462(b) of this title shall be treated as one country for purposes of this subchapter.

(3) Entered

The term "entered" means entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, in the customs territory of the United States.

(4) Internationally recognized worker rights

The term "internationally recognized worker rights" includes—

(A) the right of association;

(B) the right to organize and bargain collectively;

(C) a prohibition on the use of any form of forced or compulsory labor;

(D) a minimum age for the employment of children, and a prohibition on the worst forms of child labor, as defined in paragraph (6); and

(E) acceptable conditions of work with respect to minimum wages, hours of work, and occupational safety and health.

(5) Least-developed beneficiary developing country

The term "least-developed beneficiary developing country" means a beneficiary developing country that is designated as a least-developed beneficiary developing country under section 2462(a)(2) of this title.

(6) Worst forms of child labor

The term "worst forms of child labor" means—

(A) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale or trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom, or forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;

(B) the use, procuring, or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic purposes;

(C) the use, procuring, or offering of a child for illicit activities in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs; and

(D) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety, or morals of children.


The work referred to in subparagraph (D) shall be determined by the laws, regulations, or competent authority of the beneficiary developing country involved.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title V, §507, as added Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1952(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1926; amended Pub. L. 106–200, title IV, §412(b), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 298; Pub. L. 107–210, div. D, title XLI, §4102(b), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 1041.)

Amendments

2002—Par. (4)(D). Pub. L. 107–210 amended subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (D) read as follows: "a minimum age for the employment of children; and".

2000—Par. (6). Pub. L. 106–200 added par. (6).

Effective Date

Section applicable to articles entered on or after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 2461 of this title.

Termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.