[USC02] 19 USC CHAPTER 22, SUBCHAPTER I, Part D: Related Provisions
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19 USC CHAPTER 22, SUBCHAPTER I, Part D: Related Provisions
From Title 19—CUSTOMS DUTIESCHAPTER 22—URUGUAY ROUND TRADE AGREEMENTSSUBCHAPTER I—APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENTS

Part D—Related Provisions

§3551. Working party on worker rights

(a) In general

The President shall seek the establishment in the GATT 1947, and, upon entry into force of the WTO Agreement with respect to the United States, in the WTO, of a working party to examine the relationship of internationally recognized worker rights, as defined in section 2467(4) of this title, to the articles, objectives, and related instruments of the GATT 1947 and of the WTO, respectively.

(b) Objectives of working party

The objectives of the United States for the working party described in subsection (a) are to—

(1) explore the linkage between international trade and internationally recognized worker rights, as defined in section 2467(4) of this title, taking into account differences in the level of development among countries;

(2) examine the effects on international trade of the systematic denial of such rights;

(3) consider ways to address such effects; and

(4) develop methods to coordinate the work program of the working party with the International Labor Organization.

(c) Report to Congress

The President shall report to the Congress, not later than 1 year after December 8, 1994, on the progress made in establishing the working party under this section, and on United States objectives with respect to the working party's work program.

(Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §131, Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4839; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1954(a)(6), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1928.)

Amendments

1996—Subsecs. (a), (b)(1). Pub. L. 104–188 substituted "2467(4)" for "2462(a)(4)".

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188 applicable to articles entered on or after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2461 of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §138, Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4842, provided that:

"(a) In General.—Except as provided in section 136(d) [enacting provisions set out as a note under section 5001 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code] and subsection (b) of this section, this subtitle [subtitle D (§§131–138) of title I of Pub. L. 103–465, enacting this part, amending sections 5001, 5002, 5005, 5007, 5061, 5131, 5132, 5134, and 7652 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 5001 of Title 26] and the amendments made by this subtitle take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 8, 1994].

"(b) Sections 132 and 135.—Sections 132 and 135 [enacting sections 3552 and 3555 of this title] take effect on the date on which the WTO Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States [Jan. 1, 1995]."

Uruguay Round Agreements: Entry Into Force

The Uruguay Round Agreements, including the World Trade Organization Agreement and agreements annexed to that Agreement, as referred to in section 3511(d) of this title, entered into force with respect to the United States on Jan. 1, 1995. See note set out under section 3511 of this title.

§3552. Implementation of Rules of Origin work program

If the President enters into an agreement developed under the work program described in Article 9 of the Agreement on Rules of Origin referred to in section 3511(d)(10) of this title, the President may implement United States obligations under such an agreement under United States law only pursuant to authority granted to the President for that purpose by law enacted after the effective date of this section.

(Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §132, Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4839; Pub. L. 104–295, §20(a)(2), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3527.)

References in Text

For effective date of this section, referred to in text, see Effective Date note below.

Amendments

1996Pub. L. 104–295 substituted "effective date of this section" for "effective date of this title".

Effective Date

Section effective on date on which WTO Agreement enters into force with respect to United States (Jan. 1, 1995), see section 138(b) of Pub. L. 103–465, set out as a note under section 3551 of this title.

§3553. Membership in WTO of boycotting countries

It is the sense of the Congress that the Trade Representative should vigorously oppose the admission into the World Trade Organization of any country which, through its laws, regulations, official policies, or governmental practices, fosters, imposes, complies with, furthers, or supports any boycott described in section 4607(a) of title 50 (as in effect on August 20, 1994), including requiring or encouraging entities within that country to refuse to do business with persons who do not comply with requests to take any action prohibited under that section.

(Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §133, Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4839.)

References in Text

Section 4607(a) of title 50 (as in effect on August 20, 1994), referred to in text, means section 4607(a) of Title 50, War and National Defense, prior to its repeal by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XVII, §1766(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2232.

§3554. Africa trade and development policy

(a) Development of policy

The President should develop and implement a comprehensive trade and development policy for the countries of Africa.

(b) Reports to Congress

The President shall, not later than 12 months after December 8, 1994, and annually thereafter for a period of 4 years, submit to the Committee on Ways and Means and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Finance and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, and other appropriate committees of the Congress, a report on the steps taken to carry out subsection (a).

(Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §134, Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4840.)

§3555. Objectives for extended negotiations

(a) Trade in financial services

The principal negotiating objective of the United States in the extended negotiations on financial services to be conducted under the auspices of the WTO is to seek to secure commitments, from a wide range of commercially important developed and developing countries, to reduce or eliminate barriers to the supply of financial services, including barriers that deny national treatment or market access by restricting the establishment or operation of financial services providers, as the condition for the United States—

(1) offering commitments to provide national treatment and market access in each of the financial services subsectors, and

(2) making such commitments on a normal trade relations basis.

(b) Trade in basic telecommunications services

The principal negotiating objective of the United States in the extended negotiations on basic telecommunications services to be conducted under the auspices of the WTO is to obtain the opening on nondiscriminatory terms and conditions of foreign markets for basic telecommunications services through facilities-based competition or through the resale of services on existing networks.

(c) Trade in civil aircraft

(1) Negotiations

The principal negotiating objectives of the United States in the extended negotiations on trade in civil aircraft to be conducted under the auspices of the WTO are—

(A) to obtain competitive opportunities for United States exports in foreign markets substantially equivalent to those afforded to foreign products in the United States,

(B) to obtain the reduction or elimination of specific tariff and nontariff barriers, including through expanded membership in the Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft and in the US–EC bilateral agreement for large civil aircraft,

(C) to maintain vigorous and effective disciplines on subsidies practices with respect to civil aircraft products under the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures referred to in section 3511(d)(12) of this title,

(D) to maintain the scope and coverage on indirect support as specified in the US–EC bilateral agreement on large civil aircraft, and

(E) to obtain increased transparency with respect to foreign subsidy programs in the civil aircraft sector, both through greater government disclosure with respect to the use of taxpayer moneys and higher financial disclosure standards for companies receiving government supports (including disclosure comparable to that required under United States securities laws).

(2) Definitions

For purposes of paragraph (1)—

(A) the term "civil aircraft" means those products to which the Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft applies,

(B) the term "large civil aircraft" has the meaning given that term in Annex II to the US–EC bilateral agreement,

(C) the term "indirect support" means indirect government support as defined in Annex II to the US–EC bilateral agreement,

(D) the term "Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft" means the Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft approved by the Congress under section 2503 of this title, and

(E) the term "US–EC bilateral agreement" means the Agreement Concerning the Application of the GATT Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft Between the European Economic Community and the Government of the United States of America on trade in large civil aircraft, entered into on July 17, 1992.

(Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §135, Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4840; Pub. L. 105–206, title V, §5003(b)(5), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 790.)

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105–206 substituted "normal trade relations" for "most-favored-nation".

Effective Date

Section effective on date on which WTO Agreement enters into force with respect to United States (Jan. 1, 1995), see section 138(b) of Pub. L. 103–465, set out as a note under section 3551 of this title.

§3556. Certain nonrubber footwear

In the case of nonrubber footwear imported from Brazil—

(1) which is subject to Treasury Decision 74-233, dated September 9, 1974,

(2) which was entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or before October 28, 1981, and

(3) with respect to which entries are unliquidated on December 8, 1994,


countervailing duties shall be assessed at rates equal to the amount of the cash deposit of the estimated countervailing duties required on such footwear at the time of entry or withdrawal from warehouse for consumption. Interest on underpayments of amounts required to be deposited as countervailing duties shall be paid in accordance with section 1677g of this title.

(Pub. L. 103–465, title I, §137, Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4842.)