[USC02] 2 USC CHAPTER 28, SUBCHAPTER I: GENERAL
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2 USC CHAPTER 28, SUBCHAPTER I: GENERAL
From Title 2—THE CONGRESSCHAPTER 28—ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL

SUBCHAPTER I—GENERAL

§1801. Appointment

(a)(1) The Architect of the Capitol shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate for a term of 10 years.

(2) There is established a commission to recommend individuals to the President for appointment to the office of Architect of the Capitol. The commission shall be composed of—

(A) the Speaker of the House of Representatives,

(B) the President pro tempore of the Senate,

(C) the majority and minority leaders of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and

(D) the chairmen and the ranking minority members of the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.


The commission shall recommend at least three individuals for appointment to such office.

(3) An individual appointed Architect of the Capitol under paragraph (1) shall be eligible for reappointment to such office.

(b) Subsection (a) shall be effective in the case of appointments made to fill vacancies in the office of Architect of the Capitol which occur on or after November 21, 1989. If no such vacancy occurs within the six-year period which begins on November 21, 1989, no individual may, after the expiration of such period, hold such office unless the individual is appointed in accordance with subsection (a).

(Pub. L. 101–163, title III, §319, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1068; Pub. L. 104–19, title I, §701, July 27, 1995, 109 Stat. 220.)

Codification

Section was classified to section 162–1 of former Title 40, prior to the enactment of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, by Pub. L. 107–217, §1, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062.

Prior Provisions

Act Aug. 15, 1876, ch. 287, 19 Stat. 147, transferred duties relative to the Capitol theretofore performed by Commissioner of Public Buildings and Grounds to Architect of the Capitol.

Act Mar. 2, 1867, ch. 167, §2, 14 Stat. 466, abolished office of Commissioner of Public Buildings and Grounds referred to in section 1811 of this title, and transferred the duties of that office to the Chief of Engineers of the Army.

Act Sept. 30, 1850, ch. 90, §1, 9 Stat. 538, made appropriation for "the extension of the Capitol" according to the plan as might be approved by the President, to be expended under his direction, "by such architect as he may appoint to execute the same." Subsequent acts frequently referred to the Architect of the Capitol or to the Architect of the Capitol Extension.

Act Mar. 3, 1829, ch. 51, §2, 4 Stat. 363, authorized President to continue office of Architect of the Capitol long enough to complete work in progress.

Act May 2, 1828, ch. 45, §3, 4 Stat. 266, abolished office of Architect of the Capitol. The duties of that office were transferred to Commissioner of Public Buildings and Grounds, appointed by President under act April 29, 1816, ch. 150, §2, 3 Stat. 324, to succeed a previously existing board of three commissioners of Public Buildings and Grounds.

Amendments

1995—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104–19, §701(1), (2), substituted "office" for "Office" in first sentence and "commission" for "Commission" in introductory provisions in second sentence.

Subsec. (a)(2)(D). Pub. L. 104–19, §701(3), substituted "Oversight of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate" for "Administration of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–19, §701(1), substituted "office" for "Office" in first sentence.

Change of Name

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

The name of Superintendent of the Capitol Building and Grounds was changed to Architect of the Capitol by Act Mar. 3, 1921, ch. 124, 41 Stat. 1291, the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Appropriation Act Mar. 3, 1921, fiscal year 1922.

The name of Architect of the Capitol was changed to Superintendent of the Capitol Building and Grounds, by act Feb. 14, 1902, ch. 17, 32 Stat. 20, popularly known as the "Urgent Deficiency Appropriation Act for 1902".

Short Title of 2016 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–156, §1, May 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 391, provided that: "This Act [enacting subchapter V of this chapter] may be cited as the 'Fallen Heroes Flag Act of 2016'."

Comprehensive Management Study and Response

Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §129(d), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 580, provided that:

"(1) Study by comptroller general.—Not later than November 1, 2002, the Comptroller General shall conduct a comprehensive management study of the operations of the Architect of the Capitol, and submit the study to the Architect of the Capitol and the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate.

"(2) Plan by architect in response.—After the Comptroller General submits the study conducted under paragraph (1) to the Committees referred to in such paragraph, the Architect of the Capitol shall develop and submit to such Committees a management improvement plan which addresses the study and which indicates how the personnel for whom the Architect fixes the rate of basic pay under the amendment made by subsection (c)(1) [amending section 1849 of this title] will support such plan."

Accounting and Financial Management System

Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §132, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 581, which directed the Architect of the Capitol to develop and maintain an accounting and financial management system, including financial reporting and internal controls, was from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2002.

§1802. Compensation

The compensation of the Architect of the Capitol shall be at an annual rate which is equal to the lesser of the annual salary for the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives or the annual salary for the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate.

(Pub. L. 96–146, §1(1), Dec. 14, 1979, 93 Stat. 1086; Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §129(a), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 579.)

Codification

Section was classified to section 162a of former Title 40, prior to the enactment of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, by Pub. L. 107–217, §1, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062.

Prior Provisions

Prior provisions prescribing the annual rate of compensation of the Architect of the Capitol were contained in the following prior sections 162a of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works:

Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §203(c), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 415; Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §219(2), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 639; Pub. L. 94–82, title II, §204(b), Aug. 9, 1975, 89 Stat. 421, which was omitted as superseded by Pub. L. 96–146, §1(1).

Acts Oct. 15, 1949, ch. 695, §5(a), 63 Stat. 880; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §101, 69 Stat. 515, which was repealed by Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 655.

Amendments

2001Pub. L. 107–68, which directed amendment of "Section 203(c) of the Federal Legislative Salary Act of 1964 (40 U.S.C. 162a)" by striking "the annual rate of basic pay" and all that follows and inserting "the lesser of the annual salary for the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives or the annual salary for the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate.", was executed by substituting the new language for "the annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5" in this section, which is section 1(1) of Pub. L. 96–146, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §129(e), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 580, provided that: "Except as provided in subsections (c)(2) and (d) [enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 1801 and 1849 of this title], this section [amending this section and section 1849 of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 1801, 1848, and 1849 of this title] and the amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to pay periods beginning on or after October 1, 2001."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 96–146, §2, Dec. 14, 1979, 93 Stat. 1086, provided that: "The provisions of this Act [enacting this section and section 166b of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works] shall take effect on the first day of the first applicable pay period commencing on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 14, 1979]."

Salary Increases

1987—Salary of Architect increased to $82,500 per annum, on recommendation of the President of the United States, see note set out under section 358 of this title.

1977—Salary of Architect increased to $50,000 per annum, on recommendation of the President of the United States, see note set out under section 358 of this title.

1969—Salary of Architect increased to $38,000 per annum, on recommendation of the President of the United States, see note set out under section 358 of this title.

§1803. Delegation of authority

The Architect of the Capitol may delegate to the assistants of the Architect such authority of the Architect as the Architect may determine proper, except those authorities, duties, and responsibilities specifically assigned to the Deputy Architect of the Capitol by the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2003.

(Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 515; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1205, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 375.)

References in Text

The Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2003, referred to in text, is div. H of Pub. L. 108–7, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 345. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

Section was classified to section 163b of former Title 40, prior to the enactment of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, by Pub. L. 107–217, §1, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062.

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1956.

Amendments

2003Pub. L. 108–7 substituted "Architect of the Capitol may delegate to the assistants of the Architect such authority of the Architect as the Architect may determine proper, except those authorities, duties, and responsibilities specifically assigned to the Deputy Architect of the Capitol by the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2003" for "Architect of the Capitol is authorized on and after August 5, 1955, to delegate to the Assistant Architect and other assistants such authority of the Architect as he may deem proper".

§1804. Deputy Architect of the Capitol to act in case of absence, disability, or vacancy

On and after August 18, 1970, the Deputy Architect of the Capitol shall act as Architect of the Capitol during the absence or disability of that official or whenever there is no Architect.

(Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 817; Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §106(d), Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1057; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1204, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 374.)

Codification

Section was classified to section 164a of former Title 40, prior to the enactment of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, by Pub. L. 107–217, §1, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062.

Section is from Pub. L. 91–382, popularly known as the "Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1971".

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 87–730, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 688.

Pub. L. 87–130, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 329.

Pub. L. 86–628, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 455.

Pub. L. 86–176, Aug. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 407.

Pub. L. 85–570, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 448.

Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 251.

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 365.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 515.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 405.

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 327.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 472.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 396.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 602.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 224.

June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 430.

July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 369.

July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 400.

May 18, 1946, ch. 263, title I, 60 Stat. 185.

June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 251.

June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 346.

June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, 57 Stat. 232.

June 8, 1942, ch. 396, 56 Stat. 341.

July 1, 1941, ch. 268, 55 Stat. 457.

June 18, 1940, ch. 396, 54 Stat. 472.

June 16, 1939, ch. 208, 53 Stat. 831.

May 17, 1938, ch. 236, 52 Stat. 390.

May 18, 1937, ch. 223, 50 Stat. 179.

Apr. 17, 1936, ch. 233, 49 Stat. 1224.

July 8, 1935, ch. 374, 49 Stat. 469.

May 30, 1934, ch. 372, 48 Stat. 826.

Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 134, 47 Stat. 1360.

June 30, 1932, ch. 314, 47 Stat. 391.

Feb. 20, 1931, ch. 234, 46 Stat. 1183.

June 6, 1930, ch. 407, 46 Stat. 513.

Amendments

2003Pub. L. 108–7 substituted "Deputy Architect" for "Assistant Architect".

1989Pub. L. 101–163 struck out ", and, in case of the absence or disability of the Assistant Architect, the Executive Assistant shall so act" before period at end.

§1805. Deputy Architect of the Capitol/Chief Operating Officer

(a) Establishment of Deputy Architect of the Capitol

There shall be a Deputy Architect of the Capitol who shall serve as the Chief Operating Officer of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol. The Deputy Architect of the Capitol shall be appointed by the Architect of the Capitol and shall report directly to the Architect of the Capitol and shall be subject to the authority of the Architect of the Capitol. The Architect of the Capitol shall appoint the Deputy Architect of the Capitol not later than 180 days after February 20, 2003. The Architect of the Capitol shall consult with the Comptroller General or his designee before making the appointment.

(b) Qualifications

The Deputy Architect of the Capitol shall have strong leadership skills and demonstrated ability in management, including in such areas as strategic planning, performance management, worker safety, customer satisfaction, and service quality.

(c) Responsibilities

(1) In general

The Deputy Architect of the Capitol shall be responsible to the Architect of the Capitol for the overall direction, operation, and management of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, including implementing the Office's goals and mission; providing overall organization management to improve the Office's performance; and assisting the Architect of the Capitol in promoting reform, and measuring results.

(2) Responsibilities

The Deputy Architect's responsibilities include—

(A) developing, implementing, annually updating, and maintaining a long-term strategic plan covering a period of not less than 5 years for the Office of the Architect of the Capitol;

(B) developing and implementing an annual performance plan that includes annual performance goals covering each of the general goals and objectives in the strategic plan and including to the extent practicable quantifiable performance measures for the annual goals;

(C) proposing organizational changes and staffing needed to carry out the Office of the Architect of the Capitol's mission and strategic and annual performance goals; and

(D) reviewing and directing the operational functions of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol.

(d) Additional responsibilities

The Architect of the Capitol may delegate to the Deputy Architect such additional duties as the Architect determines are necessary or appropriate.

(e) Action plan

(1) In general

No later than 90 days after the appointment, the Deputy Architect shall prepare and submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, an action plan describing the policies, procedures, and actions the Deputy Architect will implement and timeframes for carrying out the responsibilities under this section.

(2) Action plan

The action plan shall be—

(A) approved and signed by both the Architect of the Capitol and the Deputy Architect; and

(B) developed concurrently and consistent with the development of a strategic plan.

(f) Evaluation

The Government Accountability Office shall evaluate annually the implementation of the action plan and provide the results of the evaluation to the Architect of the Capitol, the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate.

(g) Removal

The Deputy Architect of the Capitol may be removed by the Architect of the Capitol for misconduct or failure to meet performance goals set forth in the performance agreement in subsection (i). Upon the removal of the Deputy Architect of the Capitol, the Architect of the Capitol shall immediately notify in writing the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate, and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, stating the specific reasons for the removal.

(h) Compensation

The Deputy Architect of the Capitol shall be paid at an annual rate of pay to be determined by the Architect but not to exceed $1,500 less than the annual rate of pay for the Architect of the Capitol.

(i) Annual performance report

The Deputy Architect of the Capitol shall prepare and transmit to the Architect of the Capitol an annual performance report. This report shall contain an evaluation of the extent to which the Office of the Architect of the Capitol met its goals and objectives.

(j) Termination of role

As of October 1, 2006, the role of the Comptroller General and the Government Accountability Office, as established by this section, will cease.

(Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1203, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 373; Pub. L. 108–11, title II, §2601(a), Apr. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 599; Pub. L. 108–271, §8(b), July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 111–316, §1(b), Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3452.)

Codification

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2003, which is div. H of Pub. L. 108–7.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 111–316 struck out par. (3). Text read as follows: "Notwithstanding section 1849(a) of this title, as amended by section 129(c) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2002, the Architect of the Capitol may fix the rate of basic pay for not more than 3 additional positions at a rate not to exceed the highest total rate of pay for the Senior Executive Service under subchapter VIII of chapter 53 of title 5 for the locality involved."

2004—Subsecs. (f), (j). Pub. L. 108–271 substituted "Government Accountability Office" for "General Accounting Office".

2003—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–11, substituted "not later than 180 days" for "not later than 90 days".

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–316, §1(c), Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3452, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 1849 of this title] shall apply with respect to pay periods beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 2010]."

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–11, title II, §2601(b), Apr. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 599, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2003 [Pub. L. 108–7, div. H]."

§1806. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–437, title II, §202(e)(2), Oct. 20, 2008, 122 Stat. 4987

Section, Pub. L. 110–28, title VI, §6701, May 25, 2007, 121 Stat. 182, related to Chief Executive Officer for Visitor Services.

§1807. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–437, title II, §204(b)(2), Oct. 20, 2008, 122 Stat. 4988

Section, Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1309, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2244, related to Assistant to the Chief Executive Officer for Visitor Services.

§1808. Inspector General of the Architect of the Capitol

(a) Short title

This section may be cited as the "Architect of the Capitol Inspector General Act of 2007".

(b) Office of Inspector General

There is an Office of Inspector General within the Office of the Architect of the Capitol which is an independent objective office to—

(1) conduct and supervise audits and investigations relating to the Architect of the Capitol;

(2) provide leadership and coordination and recommend policies to promote economy, efficiency, and effectiveness; and

(3) provide a means of keeping the Architect of the Capitol and the Congress fully and currently informed about problems and deficiencies relating to the administration of programs and operations of the Architect of the Capitol.

(c) Appointment of Inspector General; supervision; removal

(1) Appointment and supervision

(A) In general

There shall be at the head of the Office of Inspector General, an Inspector General who shall be appointed by the Architect of the Capitol, in consultation with the Inspectors General of the Library of Congress, Government Publishing Office, Government Accountability Office, and United States Capitol Police. The appointment shall be made without regard to political affiliation and solely on the basis of integrity and demonstrated ability in accounting, auditing, financial analysis, law, management analysis, public administration, or investigations. The Inspector General shall report to, and be under the general supervision of, the Architect of the Capitol.

(B) Audits, investigations, reports, and other duties and responsibilities

The Architect of the Capitol shall have no authority to prevent or prohibit the Inspector General from—

(i) initiating, carrying out, or completing any audit or investigation;

(ii) issuing any subpoena during the course of any audit or investigation;

(iii) issuing any report; or

(iv) carrying out any other duty or responsibility of the Inspector General under this section.

(2) Removal

The Inspector General may be removed from office by the Architect of the Capitol. The Architect of the Capitol shall, promptly upon such removal, communicate in writing the reasons for any such removal to each House of Congress.

(3) Compensation

The Inspector General shall be paid at an annual rate of pay equal to $1,500 less than the annual rate of pay of the Architect of the Capitol.

(d) Duties, responsibilities, authority, and reports

(1) In general

Sections 4, 5 (other than subsections (a)(13) and (e)(1)(B) thereof), 6 (other than subsection (a)(7) and (8) thereof), and 7 of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) shall apply to the Inspector General of the Architect of the Capitol and the Office of such Inspector General and such sections shall be applied to the Office of the Architect of the Capitol and the Architect of the Capitol by substituting—

(A) "Office of the Architect of the Capitol" for "establishment"; and

(B) "Architect of the Capitol" for "head of the establishment".

(2) Employees

The Inspector General, in carrying out this section, is authorized to select, appoint, and employ such officers and employees (including consultants) as may be necessary for carrying out the functions, powers, and duties of the Office of Inspector General subject to the provisions of law governing selections, appointments, and employment in the Office of the Architect of the Capitol.

(e) Transfers

All functions, personnel, and budget resources of the Office of the Inspector General of the Architect of the Capitol as in effect before the effective date of this section are transferred to the Office of Inspector General described under subsection (b).

(f) References

References in any other Federal law, Executive order, rule, regulation, or delegation of authority, or any document of or relating to the Inspector General of the Architect of the Capitol shall be deemed to refer to the Inspector General as set forth under this section.

(g) First appointment

By the date occurring 180 days after December 26, 2007, the Architect of the Capitol shall appoint an individual to the position of Inspector General of the Architect of the Capitol described under subparagraph (A) of subsection (c)(1) in accordance with that subparagraph.

(h) Effective date

(1) In general

Except as provided under paragraph (2), this section shall take effect 180 days after December 26, 2007, and apply with respect to fiscal year 2008 and each fiscal year thereafter.

(2) First appointment

Subsection (g) shall take effect on December 26, 2007, and the Architect of the Capitol shall take such actions as necessary after December 26, 2007, to carry out that subsection.

(Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1301, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2240; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

References in Text

The Inspector General Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (d)(1), is Pub. L. 95–452, Oct. 12, 1978, 92 Stat. 1101, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Codification

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2008, which is div. H of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008.

Change of Name

"Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Government Printing Office" in subsec. (c)(1)(A) on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note preceding section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.