[USC02] 2 USC CHAPTER 45, SUBCHAPTER III, Part A: Amount and Type
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2 USC CHAPTER 45, SUBCHAPTER III, Part A: Amount and Type
From Title 2—THE CONGRESSCHAPTER 45—CONGRESSIONAL PAY AND BENEFITSSUBCHAPTER III—SENATE

Part A—Amount and Type

§4571. Senate pay adjustments; action by President pro tempore of Senate

(a) Each time the President adjusts the rates of pay of employees under section 5303 of title 5 (or section 5304 or 5304a of such title, as applied to employees employed in the pay locality of the Washington, D.C.-Baltimore, Maryland consolidated metropolitan statistical area) the President pro tempore of the Senate shall, as he considers appropriate—

(1)(A) adjust the rates of pay of personnel whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate, and any minimum or maximum rate applicable to any such personnel;

(B) in the case of such personnel appointed to positions for which the rates of pay for the particular positions were fixed by or pursuant to law at specific rates on the day before the effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020, adjust such rates; and

(C) in the case of such personnel appointed to positions for which the maximum rates of pay for the particular positions were fixed by or pursuant to law on the day before such effective date, adjust such maximum rates; and

(2) adjust any limitation or allowance applicable to such personnel;


by percentages which are equal or equivalent, insofar as practicable, to the percentages of the adjustments made by the President under such section 5303 (and, as the case may be, section 5304 or 5304a of such title, as applied to employees employed in the pay locality of the Washington, D.C.-Baltimore, Maryland consolidated metropolitan statistical area) for corresponding rates of pay for employees subject to the General Schedule contained in section 5332 of such title and adjust the rates of such personnel by such amounts as necessary to maintain the pay relationships that existed on the effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020 between the maximum rate of pay for Senate personnel and Senators. Such rates, limitations, and allowances adjusted by the President pro tempore shall become effective on the first day of the month in which any adjustment becomes effective under such section 5303 or section 3(c) of this Act.

(b) The adjustments made by the President pro tempore shall be made in such manner as he considers advisable and shall have the force and effect of law.

(c) Nothing in this section shall impair any authority pursuant to which rates of pay may be fixed by administrative action.

(d) No rate of pay shall be adjusted under the provisions of this section to an amount in excess of the rate of basic pay for level III of the Executive Schedule contained in section 5314 of title 5, except in cases in which it is necessary to maintain the pay relationships that existed on the effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020 between the maximum rate of pay for Senate personnel and Senators.

(e) Any percentage used in any statute specifically providing for an adjustment in rates of pay in lieu of an adjustment made under section 5303 of title 5 and, as the case may be, section 5304 or 5304a of such title for any calendar year shall be treated as the percentage used in an adjustment made under such section 5303, 5304, or 5304a, as applicable, for purposes of subsection (a).

(f) For purposes of this section, the term "personnel" does not include any Senator.

(Pub. L. 91–656, §4, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1952; Pub. L. 92–298, §3(a), May 17, 1972, 86 Stat. 146; Pub. L. 92–392, §14(a), Aug. 19, 1972, 86 Stat. 575; Pub. L. 94–82, title II, §204(d), Aug. 9, 1975, 89 Stat. 422; Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title III, §311(a), (b)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-310; Pub. L. 101–509, title V, §529 [title I, §101(b)(4)(E)], Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1427, 1440; Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §2], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-96; Pub. L. 116–94, div. E, title II, §212(a)(2)(A), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2774.)

References in Text

The effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (d), is the effective date of section 212 of div. E of Pub. L. 116–94, which is set out in a note below.

Section 3(c) of this Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is section 3(c) of Pub. L. 91–656, which is set out as a note under section 5303 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 60a–1 of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Amendments

2019—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–94, §212(a)(2)(A)(i)(II), in concluding provisions, struck out "and with such exceptions as may be necessary to provide for appropriate pay relationships between positions" after "as practicable" and substituted "to maintain the pay relationships that existed on the effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020 between the maximum rate of pay for Senate personnel and Senators." for "to restore the same pay relationships that existed on December 31, 1986, between personnel and Senators and between positions."

Subsec. (a)(1)(B), (C). Pub. L. 116–94, §212(a)(2)(A)(i)(I), added subpars. (B) and (C) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "in the case of such personnel whose rates of pay are fixed by or pursuant to law at specific rates, adjust such rates (including the adjustment of such specific rates to maximum pay rates) and, in the case of all other personnel whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate, adjust only the minimum or maximum rates applicable to such other personnel; and".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–94, §212(a)(2)(A)(ii), substituted "to maintain the pay relationships that existed on the effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020 between the maximum rate of pay for Senate personnel and Senators." for "to restore and maintain the same pay relationships that existed on December 31, 1986, between personnel and Senators and between positions."

2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §2(1)], in introductory provisions, inserted "(or section 5304 or 5304a of such title, as applied to employees employed in the pay locality of the Washington, D.C.-Baltimore, Maryland consolidated metropolitan statistical area)" after "employees under section 5303 of title 5" and in concluding provisions, inserted "(and, as the case may be, section 5304 or 5304a of such title, as applied to employees employed in the pay locality of the Washington, D.C.-Baltimore, Maryland consolidated metropolitan statistical area)" after "the President under such section 5303".

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §2(2), (3)], added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f).

1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–509 substituted "5303" for "5305" wherever appearing.

1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title III, §311(a)], inserted requirement that rates of personnel be adjusted by such amounts as necessary to restore same pay relationships that existed on Dec. 31, 1986, between personnel and Senators and between positions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title III, §311(b)], inserted exception for cases in which it is necessary to restore and maintain same pay relationships that existed on Dec. 31, 1986, between personnel and Senators and between positions.

1975—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 94–82 substituted "level III" for "level V", and "section 5314 of title 5" for "section 5316 of title 5."

1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–298 and Pub. L. 92–392 made identical amendments by substituting "first day of the month in which any adjustment becomes effective" for "first day of the first pay period which begins on or after the day on which any adjustment becomes effective" in last sentence.

Effective Date of 2019 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–94 effective on the later of the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2020, or the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Dec. 20, 2019, see section 212(c) of Pub. L. 116–94, set out as a note under section 282b of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–509 effective on such date as the President shall determine, but not earlier than 90 days, and not later than 180 days, after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 529 [title III, §305] of Pub. L. 101–509, set out as a note under section 5301 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title III, §311(c)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-310, provided that: "Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act [see Tables for classification] or any other provision of law, subsections (a) and (b) of this section [amending this section] shall be effective in the case of pay orders issued by the President pro tempore of the Senate on or after January 1, 1988."

Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 92–392 effective on first day of first applicable pay period beginning on or after 90th day after Aug. 19, 1972, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 92–392, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5341 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Order of the President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate

April 1, 2019

By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 4 of the Federal Pay Comparability Act of 1970 (2 U.S.C. 4571) in order—

(1) to provide (subject to the provisions of section 704 of the Ethics Reform Act of 1989 (5 U.S.C. 5318 note; Public Law 101–194) and the amendments made by such section [amending section 4501 of this title, section 104 of Title 3, The President, section 5318 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and section 461 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure]) increases in the annual rates of compensation for officers and employees of the Senate that are comparable to the increases in rates of pay under the General Schedule taking effect on January 1, 2019, pursuant to sections 5303 and 5304 or 5304a of title 5, United States Code, and

(2) to provide (subject to such provisions of law) for the restoration of, and to maintain in effect, the same pay relationships that existed on December 31, 1986, between personnel and Senators and between Senate positions,

it is hereby—

Ordered,

definition

Section 1. For purposes of this Order, the term "employee" includes an officer (other than a United States Senator).

rate increases for specified positions

Sec. 2. (a) The annual rates of compensation of the Secretary of the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, and the Legislative Counsel shall each be $172,500.

(b) The annual rates of compensation of the Secretary for the Majority and the Secretary for the Minority shall each be $171,934.

(c) The annual rates of compensation of the Deputy Legislative Counsel and the Senior Counsels in the Office of the Legislative Counsel and the maximum annual rates of compensation for the Assistant Secretary of the Senate, the Parliamentarian, the Financial Clerk, the Assistant to the Majority Leader for Floor Operations, the Assistant to the Minority Leader for Floor Operations, the Chief of Staff for the Majority Leader, and the Chief of Staff for the Minority Leader shall each be $171,315.

chaplain's office

Sec. 3. The annual rate of compensation of the Chaplain shall be $160,787.

offices of senate

Sec. 4. (a) The following individuals are authorized to increase the annual rates of compensation of the employees specified, subject to applicable limitations adjusted by this Order:

(1) The Vice President, for any employee under his jurisdiction.

(2) The President pro tempore, for any employee under his jurisdiction.

(3) The Majority Leader and the Minority Leader, for any employee under their respective jurisdictions (subject, in the case of the Assistant to the Majority Leader for Floor Operations, the Assistant to the Minority Leader for Floor Operations, the Chief of Staff for the Majority Leader, and the Chief of Staff for the Minority Leader, respectively, to the provisions of section 2(c) of this Order).

(4) The Majority Whip and the Minority Whip, for any employee under their respective jurisdictions.

(5) The Secretary of the Conference of the Majority and the Assistant Minority Leader, for any employee under their respective jurisdictions.

(6) The Secretary of the Senate, for any employee under her jurisdiction (subject to the provisions of section 2(c) of this Order).

(7) The Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, for any employee under his jurisdiction.

(8) The Chaplain, for any employee under his jurisdiction.

(9) The Legislative Counsel, subject to the approval of the President pro tempore, for any employee under his jurisdiction (other than the Deputy Legislative Counsel and the Senior Counsels).

(10) The Senate Legal Counsel, for any employee under her jurisdiction (subject to the provisions of section 701(b) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (2 U.S.C. 288(b))).

(11) The Secretary for the Majority and the Secretary for the Minority, for any employee under their respective jurisdictions.

(12) The appointing authority of any Senate entity not referred to under paragraphs (1) through (11), for any employee under its jurisdiction.

(b) Except for those officers and employees referred to in section 2 of this Order, no officer or employee within the Office of the Secretary of the Senate and no officer or employee within the Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper shall, for any period of time, be paid gross compensation at an annual rate which is in excess of the maximum prescribed in section 105(f) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(f)) (as such rate is adjusted in section 7(b) of this Order).

committee staffs

Sec. 5. (a) Subject to the provisions of section 105 of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575) (as modified by this Order), and to the other provisions of this Order, the chairman of any standing, special, or select committee of the Senate (including the majority and minority policy committees and the Conference of the Majority and the Conference of the Minority of the Senate), and the chairman of any joint committee of the Congress whose funds are disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate, are each authorized to increase the annual rate of compensation of any employee of the committee, or any subcommittee thereof, of which such chairman is chairman, subject to applicable limitations adjusted by this Order.

(b) The maximum annual rate of "$171,315" referred to in section 105(e) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(e)) (as provided for in section 5(b) of the Order of the President pro tempore of March 23, 2018) shall remain unchanged.

senators' offices

Sec. 6. (a) Subject to the provisions of section 105 of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575), as modified by this Order, and to the other provisions of this Order, each Senator is authorized to increase the annual rate of compensation of any employee in the office of the Senator, subject to applicable limitations adjusted by this Order.

(b) Each of the dollar amounts contained in the table under section 105(d)(1)(A) of such Act shall be deemed to be the dollar amounts in that table, as adjusted by law and in effect on December 31, 2018, increased by an additional 2.27 percent.

(c) The figures "$2,988" and "$169,459" referred to in the second sentence of section 105(d)(2) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(d)(2)) (as provided in section 6(c) of the Order of the President pro tempore of March 23, 2018) shall be deemed to be the figures "$3,056" and "$169,459", respectively.

(d) The amount referred to under section 111(a) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1978 [Pub. L. 95–94] (2 U.S.C. 4575 note), as amended by section 1 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1993 (Public Law 102–392; 106 Stat. 1706) shall be $508,377.

general limitation

Sec. 7. (a) The figure "$2,988" referred to in section 105(f) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(f)) (as provided in section 7(a) of the Order of the President pro tempore of March 23, 2018) shall be deemed to be the figure "$3,056".

(b) The maximum annual rate of compensation of "$169,459" appearing in section 105(f) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(f)) (as provided for in section 7(b) of the Order of the President pro tempore of March 23, 2018) shall remain unchanged.

notifying disbursing office of increases

Sec. 8. In order for an employee to receive the increase in the annual rate of compensation of the employee pursuant to section 4, 5, or 6, the individual designated to authorize such increases for that employee shall notify the Disbursing Office of the Senate in writing that the individual authorizes such increase for that employee and the date (prescribed in accordance with section 105(a)(2) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(a)(2))) on which such increase is to be effective. Such increase shall become effective as provided in section 105(a)(2) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(a)(2)), except that if the notice required by the preceding sentence is given within five days (not counting Saturdays, Sundays, or holidays) after the date on which this Order is issued, such increase may become effective on January 1, 2019.

dual compensation

Sec. 9. The figure "$35,949" referred to in section 5533(c)(1) of title 5, United States Code (as provided in section 9 of the Order of the President pro tempore of March 23, 2018) shall be deemed to be the figure "$36,766".

office of the senate legal counsel

Sec. 10. (a) The annual rate of compensation of the Senate Legal Counsel shall be $172,500.

(b) The annual rate of compensation of the Deputy Senate Legal Counsel shall be $171,200.

(c) The maximum annual rate of compensation of each Assistant Senate Legal Counsel may not at any time exceed the rate equal to the difference between the annual rate of compensation for a position referred to in section 2(a) and $4,900.

effective date

Sec. 11. Sections 1 through 10 of this Order are effective on and after January 1, 2019.

Charles E. Grassley        

President pro tempore      


Prior Orders of the President pro tempore of the Senate were issued on the following dates:

Mar. 23, 2018, eff. Jan. 1, 2018.

May 5, 2017, eff. Jan. 1, 2017.

Dec. 28, 2015, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.

Dec. 23, 2014, eff. Jan. 1, 2015.

Jan. 27, 2014, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Jan. 5, 2010, eff. Jan. 1, 2010.

Mar. 12, 2009, eff. Jan. 1, 2009.

Jan. 7, 2008, eff. Jan. 1, 2008.

Feb. 16, 2007, eff. Jan. 1, 2007.

Jan. 4, 2006, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.

Jan. 3, 2005, eff. Jan. 1, 2005.

Mar. 5, 2004, eff. Jan. 1, 2004.

Dec. 15, 2003, eff. Jan. 1, 2004.

Dec. 19, 2002, as amended Mar. 27, 2003, eff. Jan. 1, 2003.

Dec. 20, 2001, eff. Jan. 1, 2002.

Dec. 20, 2000, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.

Dec. 12, 1999, eff. Jan. 1, 2000.

Dec. 16, 1998, eff. Jan. 1, 1999.

Dec. 19, 1997, eff. Jan. 1, 1998.

Dec. 18, 1996, eff. Jan. 1, 1997.

Dec. 28, 1994, eff. Jan. 1, 1995.

Dec. 17, 1992, eff. Jan. 1, 1993.

Dec. 18, 1991, eff. Jan. 1, 1992.

Dec. 20, 1990, eff. Jan. 1, 1991.

Dec. 21, 1989, eff. Jan. 1, 1990.

Dec. 9, 1988, eff. Jan. 1, 1989.

Jan. 4, 1988, eff. Jan. 1, 1988.

Dec. 19, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987.

Jan. 4, 1985, eff. Jan. 1, 1985.

Dec. 20, 1983, amended May 2, 1987, eff. Jan. 1, 1984.

Oct. 1, 1982, eff. Oct. 1, 1982; Cong. Rec., vol. 128, pt. 20, p. 26968.

Oct. 5, 1981, amended Dec. 15, 1981, eff. Jan. 1, 1981; Cong. Rec., vol. 127, pt. 19, p. 24991.

Oct. 1, 1980, eff. Oct. 1, 1980; Cong. Rec., vol. 126, pt. 25, p. 34376.

Oct. 13, 1979, eff. Oct. 1, 1979; Cong. Rec., vol. 125, pt. 22, p. 28404.

Oct. 9, 1978, eff. Oct. 1, 1978; Cong. Rec., vol. 124, pt. 28, p. 37837.

Sept. 29, 1977, eff. Oct. 1, 1977.

Oct. 8, 1976, eff. Oct. 1, 1976; Cong. Rec., vol. 123, pt. 3, p. 3784.

Oct. 2, 1975, eff. Oct. 1, 1975; Cong. Rec., vol. 121, pt. 27, p. 34398.

Oct. 7, 1974, eff. Oct. 1, 1975; Cong. Rec., vol. 120, pt. 27, p. 36717.

Oct. 4, 1973, eff. Oct. 1, 1973.

Dec. 16, 1972, eff. Jan. 1, 1973; Cong. Rec., vol. 119, pt. 1, p. 674.

Dec. 23, 1971, eff. Jan. 1, 1972; Cong. Rec., vol. 118, pt. 1, p. 235.

Jan. 15, 1971, eff. Feb. 1, 1971; Cong. Rec., vol. 117, pt. 1, p. 770.

Apr. 15, 1970, eff. Jan. 1, and May 1, 1970; Cong. Rec., vol. 116, pt. 9, p. 11860.

June 17, 1969, eff. July 1, 1969; Cong. Rec., vol. 115, pt. 12, p. 16103.

June 12, 1968, eff. July 1, 1968; Cong. Rec., vol. 114, pt. 13, p. 16890.

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate; Limitations on Basic and Gross Compensation—1966

Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(g), (h), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 295, provided that:

"(g) Notwithstanding the provision referred to in subsection (h), the rates of gross compensation of the Secretary for the Majority of the Senate, the Secretary for the Minority of the Senate, the Chief Reporter of Debates of the Senate, the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Senior Counsel in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, the Chief Clerk of the Senate, the Chaplain of the Senate, and the Postmaster and Assistant Postmaster of the Senate are hereby increased by 2.9 per centum.

"(h) The paragraph imposing limitations on basic and gross compensation of officers and employees of the Senate appearing under the heading 'SENATE' in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, as amended (74 Stat. 304; Public Law 86–568), is amended by striking out '$23,770' and inserting in lieu thereof '$24,460'." [The paragraph in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, referred to above, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(3), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, eff. Aug. 1, 1967.]

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate; Limitations on Basic and Gross Compensation—1965

Pub. L. 89–301, §11(g), (h), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1121, provided that:

"(g) Notwithstanding the provision referred to in subsection (h), the rates of gross compensation of the Secretary for the Majority of the Senate, the Secretary for the Minority of the Senate, the Chief Reporter of Debates of the Senate, the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Senior Counsel in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, the Chief Clerk of the Senate, the Chaplain of the Senate, and the Postmaster and Assistant Postmaster of the Senate are hereby increased by 3.6 per centum.

"(h) The paragraph imposing limitations on basic and gross compensation of officers and employees of the Senate appearing under the heading 'SENATE' in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, as amended (74 Stat. 304; Public Law 86–568), is amended by striking out '$22,945' and inserting in lieu thereof '$23,770'." [The paragraph in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, referred to above, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(3), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, eff. Aug. 1, 1967.]

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate; Limitations on Basic and Gross Compensation—1964

Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(f), (g), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 414, provided that:

"(f) Notwithstanding the provision referred to in subsection (g), the rates of gross compensation of the Secretary for the Majority of the Senate, the Secretary for the Minority of the Senate, the Official Reporters of Debates of the Senate, the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Senior Counsel in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, and the Chief Clerk of the Senate are hereby increased by an amount which is equal to the amount of the increase which would be provided by subsection (a) of this section [former section 60e–11 of this title] in that gross rate determined without regard to the provisions referred to in subsection (g) of this section which is nearest in amount to the total annual compensation of such officer or employee.

"(g) The paragraph imposing limitations on basic and gross compensation of officers and employees of the Senate appearing under the heading 'SENATE' in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, as amended (74 Stat. 304; Public Law 86–568), is amended by striking out '$18,880' and inserting in lieu thereof '$22,945'." [The paragraph in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, referred to above, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(3), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, eff. Aug. 1, 1967.]

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate; Limitations on Basic and Gross Compensation—1962

Pub. L. 87–793, title VI, §1005(c), (d), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 867, provided that:

"(c) Notwithstanding the provision referred to in subsection (d), the rates of gross compensation of the elected officers of the Senate (except the Presiding Officer of the Senate), the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, the Official Reporters of Debates of the Senate, the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Senior Counsel in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, and the Chief Clerk of the Senate are hereby increased by 7 per centum.

"(d) The paragraph imposing limitations on basic and gross compensation of officers and employees of the Senate appearing under the heading 'SENATE' in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, as amended (74 Stat. 304; Public Law 86–568), is amended to read as follows:

" 'No officer or employee whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate shall be paid basic compensation at a rate in excess of $8,880 per annum, or gross compensation at a rate in excess of $18,880 per annum, unless expressly authorized by law.' " [The paragraph in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, referred to above, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(3), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, eff. Aug. 1, 1967.]

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate; Limitations on Basic and Gross Compensation—1960

Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(c), (d), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303, provided that:

"(c) Notwithstanding the provision referred to in subsection (d), the rates of gross compensation of each of the elected officers of the Senate (except the Presiding Officer of the Senate), the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, the Senior Counsel in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, and the Chief Clerk of the Senate are hereby increased by 7.5 per centum.

"(d) The paragraph imposing limitations on basic and gross compensation of officers and employees of the Senate appearing under the heading 'SENATE' in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956 (69 Stat. 510; Public Law 242, Eighty-fourth Congress), is amended to read as follows:

" 'No officer or employee whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate shall be paid basic compensation at a rate in excess of $8,880 per annum, or gross compensation at a rate in excess of $17,525 per annum, unless expressly authorized by law.' " [Prior to this amendment "$8,880" and "$17,525" were, respectively, "$8,880" and "$16,300" per annum.] [The paragraph in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, referred to above was repealed by Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(3), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, eff. Aug. 1, 1967.]

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate; Limitations on Basic and Gross Compensation—1958

Pub. L. 85–462, §4(c), (d), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 208, provided that:

"(c) Notwithstanding the provision referred to in subsection (d), the rates of gross compensation of each of the elected officers of the Senate (except the presiding officer of the Senate), the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, the Senior Counsel in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, and the Chief Clerk of the Senate are hereby increased by 10 per centum.

"(d) The paragraph imposing limitations on basic and gross compensation of officers and employees of the Senate appearing under the heading 'SENATE' in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956 (69 Stat. 510; Public Law 242, Eighty-fourth Congress), is amended to read as follows:

" 'No officer or employee, whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate shall be paid basic compensation at a rate in excess of $8,880 per annum, or gross compensation at a rate in excess of $16,300 per annum, unless expressly authorized by law.' " [Prior to this amendment "$8,880" and "$16,300" were, respectively, "$8,820" and "$14,800" per annum.] [The paragraph in the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956, referred to above, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i) (3), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, eff. Aug. 1, 1967.]

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate and House—1955

Act June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(c), 69 Stat. 176, provided that: "The rates of basic compensation of each of the elected officers of the Senate and the House of Representatives (not including the presiding officers of the two Houses), the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives, the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, the Legislative Counsel of the House of Representatives, and the Coordinator of Information of the House of Representatives are hereby increased by 7.5 per centum."

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate and House—1951

Act Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(e), 65 Stat. 614, provided that: "The rates of basic compensation of each of the elected officers of the Senate and the House of Representatives (not including the presiding officers of the two Houses), the Parliamentarian of the Senate, the Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives, the legislative counsel of the Senate, the legislative counsel of the House of Representatives, and the Coordinator of Information of the House of Representatives are hereby increased by 10 per centum, except that in no case shall any such rate be increased by less than $300 per annum or by more than $800 per annum."

Increase in Compensation of Officers of Senate and House—1949

Act Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(d), 63 Stat. 974, provided that: "The rates of basic compensation of each of the elected officers of the Senate and the House of Representatives (not including the presiding officers of the two Houses) are hereby increased by 5 per centum."

§4572. Rates of compensation paid by Secretary of Senate; applicability of Senate pay adjustments by President pro tempore of Senate

No provision of this Act or of any Act enacted after October 1, 1976, which specifies a rate of compensation (including a maximum rate) for any position or employee whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate shall, unless otherwise specifically provided therein, be construed to affect the applicability of section 4571 of this title to such rate.

(Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §107, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1444.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, means the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1977, Pub. L. 94–440, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1439. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 60a–1a of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

§4573. Senate pay adjustments; action by President pro tempore of Senate

(a) Whenever, after November 5, 1990, there is an adjustment in rates of pay for Senators (other than an adjustment which occurs by virtue of an adjustment under section 5303 of title 5 in rates of pay under the General Schedule), the President pro tempore of the Senate may, notwithstanding any other provision of law, rule, or regulation, adjust the rate of pay (and any minimum or maximum rate, limitation, or allowance) applicable to personnel whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate (including such personnel appointed to positions for which the specific amount of the rate of pay for the particular position is fixed by statute on the day before the effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020 and such personnel appointed to positions for which the maximum rates of pay for the particular positions were fixed by or pursuant to law on the day before such effective date) to the extent necessary to maintain the pay relationships that existed on such effective date between the maximum rate of pay for Senate personnel and Senators.

(b) Adjustments made by the President pro tempore under this section shall be made in such manner as he considers advisable and shall have the force and effect of law.

(Pub. L. 101–520, title III, §315, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2283; Pub. L. 102–90, title III, §308, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 466; Pub. L. 116–94, div. E, title II, §212(a)(2)(B), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2775.)

References in Text

The General Schedule, referred to in subsec. (a), is set out under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

The effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020, referred to in subsec. (a), is the effective date of section 212 of div. E of Pub. L. 116–94, which is set out in a note below.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 60a–1b of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991.

Amendments

2019—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–94 substituted "(including such personnel appointed to positions for which the specific amount of the rate of pay for the particular position is fixed by statute on the day before the effective date of the amendments made by section 212 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2020 and such personnel appointed to positions for which the maximum rates of pay for the particular positions were fixed by or pursuant to law on the day before such effective date) to the extent necessary to maintain the pay relationships that existed on such effective date between the maximum rate of pay for Senate personnel and Senators." for "to the extent necessary to maintain the same pay relationships that existed on December 31, 1986, between personnel and Senators and between positions."

1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–90 substituted "5303" for "5305".

Effective Date of 2019 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–94 effective on the later of the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2020, or the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Dec. 20, 2019, see section 212(c) of Pub. L. 116–94, set out as a note under section 282b of this title.

§4574. Limit on rate of compensation of Senate officers and employees

No officer or employee of the Senate shall receive pay for any services performed by him at any rate higher than that provided for the office or employment to which he has been regularly appointed.

(Aug. 5, 1882, ch. 390, §1, 22 Stat. 270.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 61 of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

§4575. Gross rate of compensation of employees paid by Secretary of Senate

(a) Annual rate; certification

(1) Whenever the rate of compensation of any employee whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate is fixed or adjusted on or after October 1, 1980, such rate as so fixed or adjusted shall be at a single whole dollar per annum gross rate and may not include a fractional part of a dollar.

(2) New or changed rates of compensation (other than changes in rates which are made by law) of any such employee (other than an employee who is an elected officer of the Senate) shall be certified in writing to the Disbursing Office of the Senate (and, for purposes of this paragraph, a new rate of compensation refers to compensation in the case of an appointment, transfer from one Senate appointing authority to another, or promotion by an appointing authority to a position the compensation for which is fixed by law). In the case of an appointment or other new rate of compensation, the certification must be received by such office on or before the day the rate of new compensation is to become effective. In any other case, the changed rate of compensation shall take effect on the first day of the month in which such certification is received (if such certification is received within the first ten days of such month), on the first day of the month after the month in which such certification is received (if the day on which such certification is received is after the twenty-fifth day of the month in which it is received), and on the sixteenth day of the month in which such certification is received (if such certification is received after the tenth day and before the twenty-sixth day of such month). Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, if the certification for a changed rate of compensation for an employee specifies an effective date of such change, such change shall become effective on the date so specified, but only if the date so specified is the first or sixteenth day of a month and is after the effective date prescribed in the preceding sentence; and, notwithstanding such sentence and the preceding provisions of this sentence, any changed rate of compensation for a new employee or an employee transferred from one appointing authority to another shall take effect on the date of such employee's appointment or transfer (as the case may be) if such date is later than the effective date for such changed rate of compensation as prescribed by such sentence.

(b) Conversion; increase in compensation

The rate of compensation of each employee whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate which was fixed before August 1, 1967, at a basic rate with respect to which additional compensation is payable by law shall be converted as of such date to the lowest per annum gross rate which is a multiple of $180 and which is not less than the aggregate rate of compensation (basic compensation plus additional compensation provided by law) which such employee was receiving immediately prior to such date. Any increments of longevity compensation to which an employee became entitled prior to August 1, 1967, under section 4507(b) of this title shall be excluded in converting such employee's rate of compensation under this subsection, but such employee's rate of gross compensation shall be increased by $540 (which shall be considered to be an increase under section 4507(b) of this title) for each such increment.

(c) Reference in other provisions to basic rates and additional compensation as reference to per annum gross rate

In any case in which the rate of compensation of any employee or position, or class of employees or positions, the compensation for which is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate, or any maximum or minimum rate with respect to any such employee, position, or class, is referred to in or provided by statute or Senate resolution, and the rate so referred to or provided is a basic rate with respect to which additional compensation is provided by law, such statutory provision or resolution shall be deemed to refer, in lieu of such basic rate, to the per annum gross rate which an employee receiving such basic rate immediately prior to August 1, 1967, would receive (without regard to such statutory provision or resolution) under subsection (b) on and after such date.

(d) Compensation of employees in office of Senator; limitation; titles of positions

(1)(A) Except as is otherwise provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), the aggregate of gross compensation paid employees in the office of a Senator shall not exceed during each fiscal year the following: 1

$1,518,333 if the population of the State is less than 5,000,000;

$1,573,297 if such population is 5,000,000 but less than 6,000,000;

$1,628,265 if such population is 6,000,000 but less than 7,000,000;

$1,683,230 if such population is 7,000,000 but less than 8,000,000;

$1,738,197 if such population is 8,000,000 but less than 9,000,000;

$1,793,161 if such population is 9,000,000 but less than 10,000,000;

$1,848,130 if such population is 10,000,000 but less than 11,000,000;

$1,903,096 if such population is 11,000,000 but less than 12,000,000;

$1,958,061 if such population is 12,000,000 but less than 13,000,000;

$2,013,027 if such population is 13,000,000 but less than 14,000,000;

$2,067,994 if such population is 14,000,000 but less than 15,000,000;

$2,122,960 if such population is 15,000,000 but less than 16,000,000;

$2,177,928 if such population is 16,000,000 but less than 17,000,000;

$2,232,894 if such population is 17,000,000 but less than 18,000,000;

$2,268,057 if such population is 18,000,000 but less than 19,000,000;

$2,303,224 if such population is 19,000,000 but less than 20,000,000;

$2,338,391 if such population is 20,000,000 but less than 21,000,000;

$2,373,558 if such population is 21,000,000 but less than 22,000,000;

$2,408,725 if such population is 22,000,000 but less than 23,000,000;

$2,443,891 if such population is 23,000,000 but less than 24,000,000;

$2,479,054 if such population is 24,000,000 but less than 25,000,000;

$2,514,218 if such population is 25,000,000 but less than 26,000,000;

$2,549,387 if such population is 26,000,000 but less than 27,000,000;

$2,584,552 if such population is 27,000,000 but less than 28,000,000; and

$2,619,720 if such population is 28,000,000 or more.


For any fiscal year, the population of a State shall be deemed to be whichever of the following is the higher:

(I) the population of such State (as determined for purposes of this paragraph) for the preceding fiscal year; or

(II) the population of such State as of the first day of such fiscal year, as determined by the latest census (provisional or otherwise) conducted prior to such first day by the Bureau of the Census within the Department of Commerce.


If the population of any State, as determined under the preceding sentence, is not evenly divisible by 1,000,000, the population of such State shall be deemed to be increased to the next higher multiple of 1,000,000.

If, for any period after a fiscal year has begun, the census figures of the most recent census conducted prior to the first day of such year have not been officially released, then, for such period, in the administration of this paragraph, it shall be assumed that the population of each State is the same as such State's population (as determined for purposes of this paragraph) for the preceding fiscal year.

In the event that the term of office of a Senator begins after the first month of a fiscal year or ends (except by reason of death, resignation, or expulsion) before the last month of a fiscal year, the aggregate amount available for gross compensation of employees in the office of such Senator for such year shall be the applicable amount contained in the preceding table, divided by 12, and multiplied by the number of months in such year which are included in the Senator's term of office, counting any fraction of a month as a full month.

(B) In the case of gross compensation paid to employees in the office of a Senator for the period commencing January 1, 1988, and ending September 30, 1988, the total of—

(i) the aggregate amount of gross compensation which is paid to employees in the office of such Senator for such period, plus

(ii) the expenses paid to or on behalf of such Senator under authority of section 6314 of this title (as determined after application of subsection (b) of such section, but without regard to paragraph (2)(A)(iv) thereof),


shall not exceed the aggregate of—

(iii) subject to the next sentence, the amount by which (I) the aggregate of the gross compensation which may be paid to employees in the office of such Senator for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988, as determined under this subsection (but without regard to this subparagraph), exceeds (II) the aggregate amount of gross compensation which is paid to employees in the office of such Senator for that part of such fiscal year which precedes January 1, 1988, plus

(iv) the amount described in section 6314(b)(2)(A)(iii) of this title.


In the event that the term of office of a Senator begins after the first month of the period which commences January 1, 1988, and ends September 30, 1988, or ends (except by reason of death, resignation, or expulsion) before the last month of such period, the amount computed pursuant to clause (iii) of this subparagraph (but before application of this sentence) shall be recalculated as follows: such amount, as so computed, shall be divided by 9, and multiplied by the number of months in such period which are included in the Senator's term of office, counting any fraction of a month as a full month.

(C) In the case of gross compensation paid to employees in the office of a Senator for the fiscal year beginning October 1, 1988, or any fiscal year thereafter, the total of—

(i) the aggregate amount of gross compensation which is paid to employees in the office of such Senator for such year, plus

(ii) the expenses paid to or on behalf of such Senator under authority of section 6314 of this title (as determined after application of subsection (b) of such section, but without regard to paragraph (3)(A)(ii) and (iv) thereof),


shall not exceed the aggregate of—

(iii) the amount determined under subparagraph (A) for such year, plus

(iv) the amount described in section 6314(b)(3) of this title (as determined without regard to subparagraph (A)(ii) and (iv) thereof).


(2) Within the limits prescribed by paragraph (1) of this subsection, Senators may fix the number and the rates of compensation of employees in their respective offices. The salary of an employee in a Senator's office shall not be fixed under this paragraph at a rate less than $3,056 1 or in excess of $173,900. A Senator may establish such titles for positions in his office as he may desire to designate, by written notification to the disbursing office of the Senate.below

(e) Gross rate of compensation of employee of committee of Senate employed by joint committee, select committee, or standing committee

(1), (2) Repealed. Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §112(b)(1), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 892.

(3)(A) In this paragraph—

(i) the term "committee of the Senate" means—

(I) any standing committee (including the majority and minority policy committees) of the Senate;

(II) any select committee (including the conference majority and conference minority of the Senate); or

(III) any joint committee the expenses of which are paid from the contingent fund of the Senate; and


(ii) an employee of a subcommittee shall be considered to be an employee of the full committee.


(B) Subject to adjustment as provided by law, no employee of a committee of the Senate shall be paid at a per annum gross rate in excess of $173,900.

(f) General limitation

No officer or employee whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate shall be paid gross compensation at a rate less than $3,056 1 or in excess of $173,900, unless expressly authorized by law. The limitation on the minimum rate of gross compensation under this subsection shall not apply to any member or civilian employee of the Capitol Police whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate.

(Pub. L. 90–57, §105(a)–(f), (j), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 141–144; Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214 (j)–(l), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 637; Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340; Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §305, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1181; Pub. L. 91–656, §4, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1952; Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 633; Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §505, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1505; Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532; Pub. L. 93–245, ch. VI, Jan. 3, 1974, 87 Stat. 1078; Pub. L. 93–255, §1, Mar. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 52; Pub. L. 93–371, §6, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 430; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §102, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 274; Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §101(a), Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1443; Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(d), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663; Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §104(b), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 772; Pub. L. 95–482, §112, Oct. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 1605; Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §§107(a), 112(b)(1), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 890, 892; Pub. L. 98–181, title I, §1203(a), Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1289; Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §§3(a), 12(a), (b), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475, 476; Pub. L. 100–71, title I, §3(a), July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 423; Pub. L. 100–137, §1(c)(1), Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 818; Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §1(a)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-293; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(9), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1731; Pub. L. 105–18, title II, §7001, June 12, 1997, 111 Stat. 192; Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §5, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1181; Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §8, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2434; Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §2, Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §106, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §3, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349; Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §1, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1010; Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §1, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3168; Pub. L. 109–55, title I, §1, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 568; Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §§1, 4(a), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2220, 2221; Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §1, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, title I, §1, Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2026; Pub. L. 116–94, div. E, title II, §212(a)(1)(A), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2773.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 61–1 of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section. Some section numbers of this title referenced in amendment notes below reflect the classification of such sections prior to their editorial reclassification.

The table set out in subsec. (d)(1)(A) is taken from the Salary Directive of the President pro tempore of the Senate issued on Dec. 20, 2001. Subsequent Salary Directives and public laws have cumulatively adjusted the amounts listed in the table by various dollar amounts and percentages, but those adjustments are not reflected in the text. For descriptions of the modifications made to the table that have occurred since 2001, see 2002 and subsequent Amendment notes below.

The dollar amounts set out in the text of subsecs. (d)(2), (e)(3)(B), and (f) are based on modifications, when present, made by periodic Salary Directives of the President pro tempore of the Senate, the latest of which is set out as a note under section 4571 of this title. Descriptions of the changes made to the text, both by such Salary Directives and by public laws, can be found in the Amendment notes below.

Section is comprised of subsecs. (a) to (f) and (j) of section 105 of Pub. L. 90–57, the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968. Subsec. (j), which was redesignated subsec. (g) of this section for purposes of codification, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186. Other subsections of such section 105 provided as follows: subsecs. (g) and (h) amended section 4507(b) of this title and section 5533(c) of title 5, respectively; subsec. (i) repealed sections 60f, 72a–1, 72a–1a, and 72a–4 of this title and amended provisions set out as a note under section 4571 of this title; subsec. (k) is set out as an Effective Date note below.

Amendments

2019—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2019, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Apr. 1, 2019, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2018, to be increased by an additional 2.27 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 116–94, §212(a)(1)(A)(i), substituted "or in excess of $173,900." for "or in excess of $169,459 per annum."

Figure "$2,988" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2019, to the figure "$3,056", see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Apr. 1, 2019, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3)(B). Pub. L. 116–94, §212(a)(1)(A)(ii), substituted "in excess of $173,900." for "in excess of $171,315."

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 116–94, §212(a)(1)(A)(iii), substituted "or in excess of $173,900, unless expressly" for "or in excess of $169,459 unless expressly".

Figure "$2,988" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2019, to the figure "$3,056", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Apr. 1, 2019, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

2018—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2018, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 23, 2018, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2017, to be increased by an additional 2.29 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,921" and "$169,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2018, to the figures "$2,988" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 23, 2018, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$2,921" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2018, to the figure "$2,988", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 23, 2018, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

2017—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2017, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, May 5, 2017, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2016, to be increased by an additional 2.88 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,839" and "$169,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2017, to the figures "$2,921" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, May 5, 2017, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$2,839" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2017, to the figure "$2,921", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, May 5, 2017, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

2015—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2016, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 28, 2015, formerly set out as a note under section 4571 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2015, to be increased by an additional 1.46 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,798" and "$169,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2016, to the figures "$2,839" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 28, 2015, formerly set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$2,798" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2016, to the figure "$2,839", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 28, 2015, formerly set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

2014—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2015, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 2014, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2014, to be increased by an additional 1.00 percent.

The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2014, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 27, 2014, formerly set out as a note under section 4571 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2013, to be increased by an additional 1.00 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,770" and "$169,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2015, to the figures "$2,798" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 2014, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

Figures "$2,742" and "$169,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2014, to the figures "$2,770" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 27, 2014, formerly set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$2,770" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2015, to the figure "$2,798", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 2014, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

Figure "$2,742" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2014, to the figure "$2,770", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 27, 2014, formerly set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.

2010—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2010, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 5, 2010, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2009, to be increased by an additional 2.42 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,677" and "$169,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2010, to the figures "$2,742" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 5, 2010, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$2,677" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2010, to the figure "$2,742", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 5, 2010, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2009—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 111–68, §1, revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table, as adjusted by law and in effect on Sept. 30, 2009, to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2009, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 12, 2009, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2008, to be increased by an additional 4.78 percent.

Pub. L. 111–8, §1, revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table, as adjusted by law and in effect on Sept. 30, 2008, to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,554" and "$164,759" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2009, to the figures "$2,677" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 12, 2009, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3)(B). Figure "$166,615" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2009, to the figure "$171,315", see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 12, 2009, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$2,554" and "$164,759" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2009, to the figures "$2,677" and "$169,459", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 12, 2009, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2008—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2008, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 7, 2008, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2007, to be increased by an additional 4.49 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,444" and "$160,659" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2008, to the figures "$2,554" and "$164,759", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 7, 2008, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3)(B). Figure "$162,515" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2008, to the figure "$166,615", see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 7, 2008, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$2,444" and "$160,659" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2008, to the figures "$2,554" and "$164,759", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 7, 2008, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2007—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 110–161, §1, revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table, as adjusted by law and in effect on Sept. 30, 2007, to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2007, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Feb. 16, 2007, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2006, to be increased by an additional 2.64 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,381" and "$160,659" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2007, to the figures "$2,444" and "$160,659", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Feb. 16, 2007, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 110–161, §4(a), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: "No employee of a committee of the Senate shall be paid at a gross rate in excess of $160,164, in case of an employee of a joint committee the expenses of which are paid from the contingent fund of the Senate, $160,659, in case of an employee of a select committee (including the conference majority and conference minority of the Senate), or $162,515, in case of an employee of any standing committee (including the majority and minority policy committees) of the Senate. For the purpose of this paragraph, an employee of a subcommittee shall be considered to be an employee of the full committee."

Subsec. (f). Figure "$2,381" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2007, to the figure "$2,444", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Feb. 16, 2007, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2006—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2006, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 2006, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2005, to be increased by an additional 3.44 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,301" and "$157,559" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2006, to the figures "$2,381" and "$160,659", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 2006, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$157,064", "$157,559", and "$159,415" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2006, to the figures "$160,164", "$160,659", and "$162,515", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 2006, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$2,301" and "$157,559" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2006, to the figures "$2,381" and "$160,659", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 2006, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2005—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 109–55 revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2005, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 3, 2005, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2004, to be increased by an additional 3.71 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,218" and "$153,559" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2005, to the figures "$2,301" and "$157,559", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 3, 2005, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$153,064", "$153,559", and "$155,415" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2005, to the figures "$157,064", "$157,559", and "$159,415", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 3, 2005, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$2,218" and "$153,559" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2005, to the figures "$2,301" and "$157,559", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 3, 2005, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2004—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 108–447 revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2004, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 5, 2004, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2003, to be increased by an additional 4.42 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,170" and "$152,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2004, to the figures "$2,218" and "$153,559", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 5, 2004, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$151,964", "$152,459", and "$154,315" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2004, to the figures "$153,064", "$153,559", and "$155,415", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 5, 2004, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$2,170" and "$152,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2004, to the figures "$2,218" and "$153,559", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 5, 2004, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2003—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate dated Dec. 15, 2003, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2003, to be increased by an additional 2.2 percent effective Jan. 1, 2004, was superseded by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate dated Mar. 5, 2004. See note above.

Pub. L. 108–83 revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

Pub. L. 108–7 revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,124" and "$150,159" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2004, to the figures "$2,170" and "$152,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 15, 2003.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$149,664", "$150,159", and "$152,015" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2004, to the figures "$151,964", "$152,459", and "$154,315", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 15, 2003.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$2,124" and "$150,159" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2004, to the figures "$2,170" and "$152,459", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 15, 2003.

2002—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2003, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 2002, as amended, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, which deemed dollar amounts in table in effect on Dec. 31, 2002, to be increased by an additional 4.27 percent.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$2,060" and "$145,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2003, to the figures "$2,124" and "$150,159", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 2002, as amended, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$144,964", "$145,459", and "$147,315" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2003, to the figures "$149,664", "$150,159", and "$152,015", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 2002, as amended, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$2,060" and "$145,459" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2003, to the figures "$2,124" and "$150,159", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 2002, as amended, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2001—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2002, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2001, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 107–68 revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,966" and "$140,559" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2002, to the figures "$2,060" and "$145,459", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2001, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$140,064", "$140,559", and "$142,415" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2002, to the figures "$144,964", "$145,459", and "$147,315", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2001, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,966" and "$140,559" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2002, to the figures "$2,060" and "$145,459", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2001, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

2000—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2001, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2000, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,893" and "$136,759" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2001, to the figures "$1,966" and "$140,559", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2000, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$136,264", "$136,759", and "$138,615" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2001, to the figures "$140,064", "$140,559", and "$142,415", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2000, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,893" and "$136,759" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2001, to the figures "$1,966" and "$140,559", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 2000, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1999—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 2000, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 12, 1999, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 106–57 revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,823" and "$132,159" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2000, to the figures "$1,893" and "$136,759", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 12, 1999, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$131,664", "$132,159", and "$134,015" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2000, to the figures "$136,264", "$136,759", and "$138,615", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 12, 1999, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,823" and "$132,159" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 2000, to the figures "$1,893" and "$136,759", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 12, 1999, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1998—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1999, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1998, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 105–275 revised table upward, deeming dollar amounts in table to be increased by an additional $50,000 each.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figure "$1,768" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1999, to the figure "$1,823", see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1998, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$1,768" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1999, to the figure "$1,823", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1998, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1997—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1998, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1997, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 105–55 revised table upward, effective Oct. 1, 1997, by deeming dollar amounts in table to be dollar amounts in that table as of Dec. 31, 1995, increased by 2 percent on Jan. 1, 1996, and by 2.3 percent on Jan. 1, 1997.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,728" and "$129,059" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1998, to the figures "$1,768" and "$132,159", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1997, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$128,564", "$129,059", and "$130,915" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1998, to the figures "$131,664", "$132,159", and "$134,015", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1997, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,728" and "$129,059" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1998, to the figures "$1,768" and "$132,159", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1997, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 105–18 inserted at end "The limitation on the minimum rate of gross compensation under this subsection shall not apply to any member or civilian employee of the Capitol Police whose compensation is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate."

1996—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1997, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 18, 1996, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figure "$1,689" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1997, to the figure "$1,728", see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 18, 1996, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$1,689" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1997, to the figure "$1,728", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 18, 1996, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–186 struck out subsec. (g) which read as follows: "The rate of compensation of each telephone operator on the United States Capitol telephone exchange and each member of the Capitol Police, whose compensation is disbursed by the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall be converted to a gross rate in accordance with the provisions of this section."

1994—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised downward, effective Jan. 1, 1995, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 28, 1994, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figure "$1,655" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1995, to "$1,689", see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 28, 1994, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$1,655" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1995, to the figure "$1,689", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 28, 1994, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1992—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1993, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 17, 1992, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,595" and "$124,959" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1993, to "$1,655" and "$129,059", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 17, 1992, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$124,464", "$124,959", and "$126,815" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1993, to the figures "$128,564", "$129,059", and "$130,915", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 17, 1992, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,595" and "$124,959" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1993, to the figures "$1,655" and "$129,059", respectively, see section 7(a), (b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 17, 1992, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1991—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1992, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 18, 1991, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,530" and "$97,359" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1992, to "$1,595" and "$124,959", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 18, 1991, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$96,864", "$97,359", and "$99,215" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1992, to the figures "$124,464", "$124,959", and "$126,815", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 18, 1991, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,530" and "$97,359" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1992, to the figures "$1,595" and "$124,959", respectively, see section 7(a), (b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 18, 1991, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1990—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1991, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1990, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,469" and "$84,959" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1991, to "$1,530" and "$97,359", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1990, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$84,464", "$84,959", and "$86,815" (as increased to "$93,364", "$93,859", and "$95,715", respectively) to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1991, to the figures "$96,864", "$97,359", and "$99,215", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1990, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,469" and "$84,959" (as increased to $93,859) to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1991, to the figures "$1,530" and "$97,359", respectively, see section 7(a), (b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1990, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1989—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1990, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 21, 1989, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figure "$1,417" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1990, to "$1,469", see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 21, 1989, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$1,417" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1990, to figure "$1,469", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 21, 1989, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1988—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1989, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 9, 1988, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1988, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1988, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figure "$1,361" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1989, to "$1,417", see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 9, 1988, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Figures "$1,334" and "$72,676" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1988, to "$1,361" and "$84,959", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1988, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$72,166", "$72,676", and "$74,588" (as increased to "$78,545", "$79,100", and "$81,181", respectively) to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1988, to the figures "$84,464", "$84,959", and "$86,815", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1988, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$1,361" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1989, to figure "$1,417", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 9, 1988, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Figures "$1,334" and "$72,676" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1988, to the figures "$1,361" and "$84,959", respectively, see section 7(a), (b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1988, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1987—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 100–202 amended table and sentence immediately following table generally.

Pub. L. 100–137 designated existing provisions of par. (1) as subpar. (A), substituted "Except as otherwise provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), the" for "The" in provision preceding table, and added subpars. (B) and (C).

Pub. L. 100–71 substituted "less than 6,000,000" for "less than 7,000,000" and inserted "$931,810 if such population is 6,000,000 but less than 7,000,000;".

1986—Subsec. (d)(1). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1987, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1986, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,295" and "$70,559" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1987, to "$1,334" and "$72,676", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1986, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$70,064", "$70,559", and "$72,415" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1987, to the figures "$72,166", "$72,676", and "$74,588", respectively, see section 5(b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1986, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,295" and "$70,559" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1987, to the figures "$1,334" and "$72,676", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1986, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1985—Subsec. (d)(1). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1985, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1985, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,251" and "$68,172" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1985, to "$1,295" and "$70,559", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1985, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$67,694", "$68,172", and "$69,966" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1985, to the figures "$70,064", "$70,559", and "$72,415", respectively, see section 5(b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1985, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,251" and "$68,172" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1985, to the figures "$1,295" and "$70,559", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1985, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1984—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 98–367, §3(a), struck out subpar. (A) designation, substituted "In the event that the term of office of a Senator begins after the first month of a fiscal year or ends (except by reason of death, resignation, or expulsion) before the last month of a fiscal year, the aggregate amount available for gross compensation of employees in the office of such Senator for such year shall be the applicable amount contained in the table included in the preceding sentence, divided by 12, and multiplied by the number of months in such year which are included in the Senator's term of office, counting any fraction of a month as a full month" for "In any fiscal year in which a Senator does not hold the office of Senator at least part of each month of that year, the aggregate amount available for gross compensation of employees in the office of that Senator shall be the applicable amount contained in the table included in this subparagraph, divided by 12, and multiplied by the number of months the Senator holds such office during that fiscal year, counting any fraction of a month as a full month", and struck out subpar. (B), which provided that the aggregate of payments of gross compensation made to employees in the office of a Senator during each fiscal year would not exceed at any time during such fiscal year one-twelfth of the applicable amount contained in the table included in former subpar. (A) multiplied by the number of months (counting a fraction of a month as a month) elapsing from the first month in that fiscal year in which the Senator held the office of Senator through the end of the current month for which the payment of gross compensation was to be made.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 98–367, §12(a), substituted "The salary of an employee in a Senator's office shall not be fixed under this paragraph at a rate less than $1,251 or in excess of $68,172 per annum" for "The salary of an employee in a Senator's office shall not be fixed under this paragraph at a rate less than $1,251 per annum or in excess of $40,721 per annum except that (i) the salaries of three employees may be fixed at rates of not more than $64,106 per annum, (ii) the salaries of five employees may be fixed at rates of not more than $64,704 per annum, and (iii) the salary of one employee may be fixed at a rate of not more than $68,172 per annum".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 98–367, §12(b), substituted "No employee of a committee of the Senate shall be paid at a gross rate in excess of $67,694, in case of an employee of a joint committee the expenses of which are paid from the contingent fund of the Senate, $68,172, in case of an employee of a select committee (including the conference majority and conference minority of the Senate), or $69,966, in case of an employee of any standing committee (including the majority and minority policy committees) of the Senate" for "No employee of any standing or select committee of the Senate (including the majority and minority policy committees and the conference majority and conference minority of the Senate), or of any joint committee the expenses of which are paid from the contingent fund of the Senate, shall be paid at a gross rate in excess of $64,106 per annum, except that (A) two employees of any such committee (other than the Committee on Appropriations), who are otherwise authorized to be paid at such rate, may be paid at gross rates not in excess of $65,661 per annum, and four such employees may be paid at gross rates not in excess of $69,966 per annum; and (B) sixteen employees of the Committee on Appropriations who are otherwise authorized to be paid at such rate, may be paid at gross rates not in excess of $65,661 per annum, and five such employees may be paid at gross rates not in excess of $69,966 per annum".

1983—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 98–181 amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment par. (2) read: "New or changed rates of compensation of any such employees shall be certified in writing to the disbursing office of the Senate on or before the day on which they are to become effective, except that in the case of any change, other than an appointment, to become effective on or after the first day and prior to the tenth day of any month, such certification may be made at any time not later than the tenth day of such month."

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1984, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,202", "$39,154", "$71,101", "$68,938", and "$72,061" increased, effective Jan. 1, 1984, to "$1,251", "$40,721", "$64,106", "$64,704", and "$68,172", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$71,101", "$73,983", and "$78,066" (as reduced to "$61,640", "$63,135", and "$67,275", respectively, by section 304 of Pub. L. 98–51, 5 U.S.C. 5318 note) to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1984, to the figures "$64,106", "$65,661", and "$69,966", respectively, see section 5(b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figure "$1,202" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1984, to the figure "$1,251", see section 7(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Figure "$78,066" (as reduced to "$65,550" by section 304 of Pub. L. 98–51, 5 U.S.C. 5318 note) to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1984, to the figure "$68,172", see section 7(b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1982—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1982, by section 6(b) of the Salary Directive of the President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1982, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,155", "$37,648", "$68,366", "$66,286", and "$69,289" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1982, to "$1,202", "$39,154", "$71,101", "$68,938", and "$72,061", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1982, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$68,366", "$71,137", and "$75,063" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1982, to the figures "$71,101", "$73,983", and "$78,066", respectively, see section 5(b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1982, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,155" and "$75,063" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1982, to the figures "$1,202" and "$78,066", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1982, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1981—Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1981, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 5, 1981, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,102", "$35,923", "$63,250", and "$66,115" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1981, to the figures "$1,155", "$37,648", "$66,286", and "$69,289", respectively, and "$68,366 per annum" substituted for "the rate referred to in that portion of subsection (e)(3) of this section preceding subparagraph (A)", see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 5, 1981, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3). Figures "$65,234", "$67,878", and "$71,625" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1981, to the figures "$68,366", "$71,137", and "$75,063", respectively, see section 5(b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 5, 1981, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,102" and "$71,625" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1981, to the figures "$1,155" and "$75,063", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 5, 1981, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1980—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–304, §107(a), substituted "October 1, 1980, such rate as so fixed or adjusted shall be at a single whole dollar per annum gross rate and may not include a fractional part of a dollar" for "August 1, 1967, such rate as so fixed or adjusted shall be a single per annum gross rate which is a multiple of $202".

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1980, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1980, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,010", "$32,926", "$57,974", and "$60,600" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1980, to the figures "$1,102", "$35,923", "$63,250", and "$66,115", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1980, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 96–304, §112(b)(1), substituted "that portion of subsection (e)(3) of this section preceding subparagraph (A)" for "subsection (e)(1) of this section".

Subsec. (e). Figures "$23,836", "$35,956", "$59,792", "$62,216", and "$65,650" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1980, to the figures "$26,006", "$39,228", "$65,234", "$67,878" and "$71,625", respectively, see section 5(b)(1), (2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1980, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 96–304, §112(b)(1), struck out par. (1) which provided that the professional staff members of standing committees of the Senate receive gross annual compensation to be fixed by the chairman at not to exceed $65,234, and par. (2) which provided that the rates of gross compensation of the clerical staff of each standing committee of the Senate, as fixed by the chairman, be for each committee, other than the Committee on Appropriations, one chief clerk and one assistant chief clerk at not to exceed $65,234, and not to exceed four other clerical assistants at not to exceed $26,006, and for the Committee on Appropriations, one chief clerk and one assistant chief clerk and two assistant clerks at not to exceed $65,234, such assistant clerks as may be necessary at not to exceed $39,228, and such other clerical assistants as may be necessary at not to exceed $26,006.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,010" and "$65,650" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1980, to the figures "$1,102" and "$71,625", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1980, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1979—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "202" was substituted for figure "189" to reflect the use of the figure "202" as the multiple used for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1979, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,134", "$30,807", "$54,243", and "$56,700" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1979, to the figures "$1,010", "$32,926", "$57,974", and "$60,600", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$22,302", "$33,642", "$55,944", "$58,212", and "$61,425" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1979, to the figures "$23,836", "$35,956", "$59,792", "$62,216", and "$65,650", respectively, see section 5(b)(1), (2), of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,134" and "$61,425" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1979, to the figures "$1,010" and "$65,650", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1978—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "189" was substituted for figure "179" to reflect the use of the figure "189" as the multiple used for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1978, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 95–391 inserted item in the table added by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate dated Sept. 29, 1977, providing that the aggregate of gross compensation paid employees in the office of a Senator not exceed $664,627 if the population of that Senator's State is 8,000,000 but less than 9,000,000.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,074", "$29,177", "$51,373", and "$53,700" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1978, to the figures "$1,134", "$30,807", "$54,243", and "$56,700", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$21,122", "$31,862", "$52,984", "$55,132", and "$58,175" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1978, to the figures "$22,302", "$33,642", "$55,944", "$58,212", and "$61,425", respectively, see section 5(b)(1), (2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(3)(A). Pub. L. 95–482, §112(1), (2), substituted "two employees" for "four employees" and "four such employees" for "two such employees".

Subsec. (e)(3)(B). Pub. L. 95–482, §112(3), substituted "five such employees" for "three such employees".

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,074" and "$58,175" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1978, to the figures "$1,134" and "$61,425", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1977—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "179" was substituted for figure "167" to reflect the use of the figure "179" as the multiple used for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 29, 1977, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1977, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 29, 1977, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,169", "$27,221", "$47,929", and "$50,100" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1977, to the figures "$1,074", "$29,177", "$51,373", and "$53,700", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 29, 1977, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 95–94 added cl. (i). Former cls. (i) and (ii) were redesignated (ii) and (iii), respectively.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$19,706", "$29,726", "$49,432", "$51,436", and "$54,275" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1977, to the figures "$21,122", "$31,862", "$52,984", "$55,132", and "$58,175", respectively, see section 5(b)(1), (2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 29, 1977, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,169" and "$54,275" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1977, to the figures "$1,074" and "$58,175", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 29, 1977, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1976—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "167" was substituted for figure "159" to reflect the use of the figure "167" as the multiple used for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 94–440 substituted "fiscal year" for "calendar year" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1976, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,113", "$25,440", "$43,407", and "$45,315" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1976, to the figures "$1,169", "$27,221", "$47,929", and "$50,100", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$18,762", "$27,666", "$44,679", "$46,587", and "$48,653" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1976, to the figures "$19,706", "$29,726", "$49,432", "$51,436", and "$54,275", respectively, see section 5(b)(1), (2), of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,113" and "$48,654" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1976, to the figures "$1,169" and "$54,275", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1), of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1975—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$159" was substituted for figure "$151" to reflect the use of the figure "$159" as the multiple used for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1975, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 94–59 revised upward, effective July 1, 1975, the table covering the aggregate gross compensation paid employees in the office of a Senator.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,057", "$24,160", "$41,223", and "$43,035" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1975, to the figures "$1,113", "$25,440", "$43,407", and "$45,315", respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$17,818", "$26,274", "$42,431", "$44,243", and "$46,206" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1975, to the figures "$18,762", "$27,666", "$44,679", "$46,587", and "$48,653", respectively, see section 5(b)(1), (2), of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,057" and "$46,206" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1975, to the figures "$1,113" and "$48,654", respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1), of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1974—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$151" was substituted for figure "$285" to reflect the use of the figure "$151" as the multiple for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1974, by section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 93–371 revised upward, effective July 1, 1974, the table covering the aggregate per annum gross rates of compensation of employees in the office of a Senator.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,140," "$22,800," "$39,045," and "$40,755" increased, effective Oct. 1, 1974, to the figures "$1,057," "$24,160," "$41,223," and "$43,035," respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$16,815," "$24,795," "$40,185," "$41,895," and "$43,890" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1974, to the figures "$17,818," "$26,274," "$42,431," "$44,243," and "$46,206," respectively, see section 5(b)(1), (2), of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 93–245 and Pub. L. 93–255 substituted "at not to exceed" for "ranging from $18,525 to".

Subsec. (e)(2)(A). Pub. L. 93–245 substituted "not to exceed" for "$8,265 to".

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 93–245 substituted "not to exceed" for "$18,240 to", "$14,250 to", and "$8,265 to".

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,140" and "$43,890" to be deemed to refer, effective Oct. 1, 1974, to the figures "$1,057" and "$46,206," respectively, see section 7(a), (b)(1), of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1973—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$285" was substituted for figure "$272" to reflect the use of the figure "$285" as the multiple for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 93–145 revised upward, retroactive to July 1, 1973, the table covering the aggregate per annum gross rates of compensation of employees in the office of a Senator and, effective Jan. 1, 1974, designated such revised table as subpar. (A), added subpar. (B), and in subpar. (A) as so designated added following the table provisions covering calendar years in which a Senator does not hold the office of Senator at least part of each month for that year.

The table was revised upward, effective Oct. 1, 1973, pursuant to Pub. L. 91–656, see section 6(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973, formerly set out under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 93–145 raised from $23,652 to $24,400 in the case of two employees and from $23,312 to $24,400 in the case of one employee the maximum figure at which the salaries of such employees in a Senator's office may be set, raising thereby from two to five the number of employees in a Senator's office whose gross rates salary may be fixed at $24,400 per annum.

Salary dollar limits were modified upward, effective Oct. 1, 1973, so as to substitute "$1,140" for "$1,128", "$22,800" for "$15,040", "$39,045" for "$24,400", and "$40,755" for "$25,568" pursuant to Pub. L. 91–656, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973, formerly set out under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$18,525", "$40,185", "$8,265", "$14,250", "$24,795", "$16,815", "$18,240", "$41,895", and "$43,890" were substituted for figures "$18,496", "$38,352", "$8,160", "$14,144", "$23,664", "$16,048", "$18,224", "$39,984", and "$41,616", respectively, pursuant to Pub. L. 91–656, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973, formerly set out under section 60a–1 of this title, which directed that the latter set of figures enumerated herein as appearing in subsec. (e) be deemed to refer to the former set of enumerated figures, effective Oct. 1, 1973.

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 93–145 substituted "$18,224" for "$20,400".

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,140" and "$43,890" were substituted for "$1,088" and "$41,616", respectively, pursuant to Pub. L. 91–656, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, under which the latter enumerated figures were to be deemed to refer to the former enumerated figures, effective Oct. 1, 1973.

1972—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$272" was substituted for figure "$259" to reflect the use of the figure "$272" as the multiple for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1972, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1973, by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1972, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,295," "$20,720," "$27,972," "$33,929," "$35,483," and "$37,037" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1973, to the figures "$1,088," "$21,760," "$29,376," "$35,632," "$37,264," and "$38,896," respectively, see section 6(c)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1972, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$8,288," "$15,281," "$14,245," "$18,648," "$22,533," "$20,461," "$36,519," "$38,073," and "$39,627" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1973, to the figures "$8,160," "$16,048," "$14,144," "$18,496," "$23,664," "$20,400," "$38,352," "$39,984," and "$41,616," respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1972, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 92–607 substituted "three such employees" for "two such employees" in par. (3)(B).

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,088" and "$41,616" were substituted for "$1,295" and "$39,627", respectively, pursuant to Pub. L. 91–656, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 16, 1972, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, under which the latter enumerated figures were to be deemed to refer to the former enumerated figures.

1971—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$259" was substituted for figure "$246" to reflect the use of the figure "$259" as the multiple for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Figure "$246" was substituted for figure "$188" to reflect the use of the figure "$246" as the multiple for determining the general upward revision of salaries by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 15, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1). The table was revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1972, by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Pub. L. 92–184 revised upward, effective Jan. 1, 1972, the table covering the aggregate per annum gross rates of compensation of employees in the office of a Senator.

The table was revised upward, effective Feb. 1, 1971, by Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 15, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2). Figures "$1,230", "$19,680", "$26,568", "$32,226", "$33,702", "$35,178" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1972, to the figures "$1,295", "$20,720", "$27,972", "$33,929", "$35,483", and "$37,037", respectfully, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Figures "$1,095", "$17,520", "$23,652", "$28,689", "$30,003", and "$31,317" to be deemed to refer, effective Feb. 1, 1971, to the figures "$1,230", "$19,680", "$26,568", "$32,226", "$33,702", and "$35,178", respectively, see section 6(c) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 15, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e). Figures "$8,118", "$14,514", "$14,022", "$18,450", "$21,402", "$20,418", "$32,712", "$34,104", and "$35,496" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1972, to the figures "$8,288", "$15,281", "$14,245", "$18,648", "$22,533", "$20,461", "$36,519", "$38,073", and "$39,627", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Figures "$7,888", "$13,688", "$13,920", "$18,328", "$20,184", "$20,416", "$32,712", "$34,014", and "$35,496" to be deemed to refer, effective Feb. 1, 1971, to the figures "$8,118", "$14,514", "$14,022", "$18,450", "$21,402", "$30,418", "$32,712", "$34,014", and "$35,496", respectively, see section 5(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 15, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (f). Figures "$1,230" and "$35,670" to be deemed to refer, effective Jan. 1, 1972, to the figures "$1,295" and "$39,627", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 23, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Figures "$1,160" and "$35,496" to be deemed to refer, effective Feb. 1, 1971, to the figures "$1,230" and "$35,670", respectively, see section 7 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 15, 1971, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1970—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$219" deemed on and after May 1, 1970, to refer to figure "$232", see section 3(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Apr. 15, 1970, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1). The table was revised upward, effective May 1, 1970, see section 2 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Apr. 15, 1970, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsecs. (d)(2) to (f). Figures were increased, effective May 1, 1970, see section 3(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Apr. 15, 1970, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 91–510 increased range of gross annual compensation of professional staff members from "$14,852 to $23,312" to "$18,328 to $32,712".

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 91–510 increased range of gross compensation of clerical staff in subpar. (A) for chief clerk and assistant chief clerk from "$6,392 to $23,312" to "$7,888 to $32,712" and for other clerical assistants from "$6,392 to $11,092" to "$7,888 to $13,688" and in subpar. (B) for chief clerk, assistant chief clerk, and assistant clerks from "$16,544 to $23,312" to "$20,416 to $32,712", for necessary assistant clerks from "$11,280 to $16,356" to "$13,920 to $20,184", and for other necessary clerical assistants from "$6,392 to $11,092" to "$7,888 to $13,688".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 91–510 increased gross rate of compensation from "$23,312" to "$32,712" per annum for certain employees of any standing or select committee of the Senate or joint committee expenses of which are paid from contingent fund of the Senate, in subpar. (A) for employees of any such committee from "$24,400" for two employees to "$34,104" for four employees and from "$25,568" for one employee to "$35,496" for two employees, and in subpar. (B) for employees of Committee on Appropriation from "$24,400" for seventeen employees to "$34,104" for sixteen employees and from "$25,568" for one employee to "$35,496" for two employees.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 91–510 increased minimum and maximum gross compensation limitation from "$1,128" and "$25,568" to "$1,160" and "$35,496", respectively, and deleted sentence providing that in any case in which the fixing of any salary rate in multiples as required by this section would result in a rate in excess of the maximum rate specified in this subsection, the rate so fixed shall be reduced to such maximum rate.

1969—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$199" deemed on and after July 1, 1969, to refer to figure "$219", see section 4(a) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, June 17, 1969, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 91–145 increased the amounts in the table providing for Senators' clerk hire allowances by $23,652.

The table was revised upward, effective July 1, 1969, see section 2 of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, June 17, 1969, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(2)(i). Pub. L. 91–145 substituted authorization for fixing the salary of two employees at gross rates of not more than $23,652 per annum for prior authorization for fixing the salary of one employee at a gross rate of not more than $18,988 per annum.

Subsecs. (d)(2) to (f). Figures were increased, effective July 1, 1969, see section 4(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, June 12, 1969, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1968—Subsec. (a)(1). Figure "$188" deemed on and after July 1, 1968, to refer to figure "$199", see section 1(g) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, June 12, 1968, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsec. (d)(1). The table was revised upward, effective July 1, 1968, see section 1(d)(1) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, June 12, 1968, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

Subsecs. (d)(2) to (f). Figures were increased, effective July 1, 1968, see sections 1(g) and 2(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, June 12, 1968, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title.

1967—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 90–206, §214(j), substituted "$188" for "$180".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 90–206, §214(k), increased the aggregate amount of the per annum gross rates of compensation of employees in the office of a Senator.

Subsecs. (d)(2) to (f). Pub. L. 90–206, §214(l), substituted "$1,128", "$6,392", "$11,092", "$11,280", "$14,852", "$15,040", "$16,356", "$16,544", "$18,988", "$23,312", "$24,440", and "$25,568" for "$1,080", "$6,120", "$10,620", "$10,800", "$14,220", "$14,400", "$15,660", "$15,840", "$18,180", "$22,320", "$23,400", and "$24,480", respectively, wherever appearing.

Effective Date of 2019 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 116–94 effective on the later of the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2020, or the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Dec. 20, 2019, see section 212(c) of Pub. L. 116–94, set out as a note under section 282b of this title.

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, title I, §1, Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2026, provided that the amendment made by section 1 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2009.

Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §1, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 814, provided that the amendment made by section 1 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2008.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2220, provided that the amendment made by section 1 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2007.

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §4(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2221, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to fiscal year 2008 and each fiscal year thereafter."

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–55, title I, §1, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 568, provided that the amendment made by section 1 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2005.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §1, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3168, provided that the amendment made by section 1 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2004.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendments

Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §1, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1010, provided that the amendment made by section 1 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2003.

Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §3, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349, provided that the amendment made by section 3 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2002.

Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §106, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568, provided that the amendment made by section 106 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 2001.

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §2, Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 411, provided that the amendment made by section 2 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 1999.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §8, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2434, provided that the amendment made by section 8 is effective on and after Oct. 1, 1998.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §5, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1181, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective on and after Oct. 1, 1997.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendments

Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §1(b)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-294, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall be effective in the case of fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1987."

Pub. L. 100–137, §1(c)(1), Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 818, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Jan. 1, 1988.

Pub. L. 100–71, title I, §3(a), July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 423, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective July 1, 1987.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §3(b), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) of this section [amending this section] shall be effective with respect to fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1984."

Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §12(c), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 477, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) of this section [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1984."

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–181, title I, §1203(b), Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1290, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be applicable in the case of new or changed rates of compensation which are certified to the Disbursing Office of the Senate on or after January 1, 1984."

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by section 107(a) of Pub. L. 96–304 effective Oct. 1, 1980, see section 107(d) of Pub. L. 96–304, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 4507 of this title.

Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §112(b), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 892, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective as of the close of Feb. 28, 1981.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–94 effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 111(f) of Pub. L. 95–94, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4332 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §101(a), Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1443, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1976.

Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Pub. L. 93–371, §6, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 430, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective July 1, 1974.

Effective Date of 1973 Amendment

Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532, 533, provided in part that the upward revision of the table in subsec. (d)(1) and the amendment of subsec. (d)(2) of this section are effective July 1, 1973, but that the remaining amendments of subsec. (d)(1) by Pub. L. 93–145 [designating the revised table as subpar. (A), adding provisions following the table in such redesignated subpar. (A), and adding subpar. (B)] are effective Jan. 1, 1974.

Effective Date of 1971 Amendment

Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 633, provided in part that the amendment made by that section is effective Jan. 1, 1972.

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–510 effective Jan. 1, 1971, see section 601(6) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340, provided in part that the amendment made by that section is effective Nov. 1, 1969.

Effective Date of 1967 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–206 effective at beginning of first pay period which begins on or after Dec. 16, 1967, see section 220(a)(3) of Pub. L. 90–206, set out as a note under section 603 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 90–57, §105(k), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, provided that: "This section [enacting this section, amending section 4507 of this title and section 5533 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, repealing sections 60f, 72a–1, 72a–1a, and 72a–4 of this title, and amending provisions set out as notes under section 4571 of this title] shall be effective from and after August 1, 1967."

Transfer of Functions

Statutory functions, duties, or authority of Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate as disbursing officers for the Capitol Police transferred to Chief of the Capitol Police, and references in any law or resolution before Feb. 20, 2003, to funds paid or disbursed by Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives and Secretary of the Senate relating to pay and allowances of Capitol Police employees deemed to refer to Chief of the Capitol Police. See section 1907(a) of this title.

High Cost of Living Allowance

Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §10, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1014, provided that:

"(a) In General.—Under the authority of section 105(d)(2) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations [Appropriation] Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 61–1(d)(2)) [now 2 U.S.C. 4575(d)(2)], a Senator from a noncontiguous State may pay a high cost of living allowance to any employee employed in an office of the Senator located in that State.

"(b) Limitation.—An allowance under this section may not exceed 25 percent of the basic pay of an employee, determined without regard to this section.

"(c) Basic Pay Treatment.—An allowance under this section shall be treated as part of the basic pay of an employee.

"(d) Payment.—

"(1) Aggregate gross compensation.—The amount of any allowance under this section shall not be taken into account for determining the amount of aggregate gross compensation in the table under section 105(d)(1)(A) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations [Appropriation] Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 61–1(d)(1)(A)) [now 2 U.S.C. 4575(d)(1)(A)].

"(2) Appropriations.—Allowances under this section shall be paid from appropriations under the heading 'senators' official personnel and office expense account'.

"(e) Effective Date.—This section shall apply with respect to fiscal year 2004 and each fiscal year thereafter."

1975 Adjustments in Compensation in Maximum Annual Rates to Employees in Offices of Senators, Employees of Senators, Employees of Standing and Select Committees and Joint Committees the Expenses of Which are Paid From Senate Contingent Fund, and Officers or Employees Paid by Secretary of Senate

Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, as amended by Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(a), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832, which provided in part for the maximum annual rate of compensation for certain employees, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–94, div. E, title II, §212(a)(3)(A), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2775.

Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(c), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832, provided in part that amendment by section 111(a) of Pub. L. 94–157 inserting after "fiscal year" the words ", and the two employees referred to in such clause (A) who are employees of any joint committee having legislative authority," shall become effective Jan. 1, 1976, and no increase in salary shall be payable for any period prior to such date by reason of the amendment.

1974 Adjustments in Compensation in Maximum Annual Rates to Employees in Offices of Senators, Professional Staff and Clerical Staff Members of Standing Committees, Employees of Standing and Select Committees and Joint Committees the Expenses of Which Are Paid From Senate Contingent Fund, and Officers or Employees Paid by Secretary of Senate

Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429, as amended by Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(b), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832, provided in part that: "The two committee employees other than joint committee employees referred to in clause (A), and the three committee employees referred to in clause (B), of section 105(e)(3) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968, as amended and modified [2 U.S.C. 4575(e)(3)], may each be paid at a maximum annual rate of compensation not to exceed $37,050. The four committee employees other than joint committee employees, who are not employees of a joint committee having legislative authority, referred to in such clause (A) and the sixteen committee employees referred to in such clause (B) may each be paid at a maximum annual rate of compensation not to exceed $35,625. The one employee in a Senator's office referred to in section 105(d)(2)(ii) of such Act [2 U.S.C. 4575(d)(2)(ii)] may be paid at a maximum annual rate of compensation not to exceed $37,050. Any officer or employee whose pay is subject to the maximum limitation referred to in section 105(f) of such Act [2 U.S.C. 4575(f)] may be paid at a maximum annual rate of compensation not to exceed $37,050."

[For provisions that section 4 of Pub. L. 93–371, set out above, do not supersede (1) any provision of an order of the President pro tempore of the Senate authorizing a higher rate of compensation, and (2) any authority of the President pro tempore to adjust rates of compensation or limitations referred to in section 4 of Pub. L. 93–371 under section 4 of the Federal Pay Comparability Act of 1970 [2 U.S.C. 4571] and that the provisions of section 4 of Pub. L. 93–371 are effective July 1, 1974, see 1974 Adjustment in Compensation Not To Supersede Adjustments in Compensation or Limitations by President Pro Tempore of the Senate note under section 273 of this title.]

Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(c), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832, provided in part that amendment by section 111(b) of Pub. L. 94–157 inserting after "joint committee employees" the words ", who are not employees of a joint committee having legislative authority," shall become effective Jan. 1, 1976, and no increase in salary shall be payable for any period prior to such date by reason of the amendment.

Aggregate of Gross Compensation for Employees in Office of Senator for Each Fiscal Year; Increase in Amount; Reduction in Amounts for Committee Chairmen, Ranking Minority Members, etc.

Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(a), (b), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 662, as amended by Pub. L. 95–240, title II, §206, Mar. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 117, eff. Oct. 1, 1977; Pub. L. 100–137, §3, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819; Pub. L. 102–392, title I, §1, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1706, eff. Oct. 1, 1992, provided that:

"(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the aggregate of the gross compensation which may be paid to employees in the office of a Senator during each fiscal year under section 105(d) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968, as amended and modified (2 U.S.C. 61–1(d)) [now 2 U.S.C. 4575(d)], is increased by an amount equal to 3 times the maximum annual gross rate of compensation that may be paid to an employee of the office of a Senator.

"(b) [Repealed. Pub. L. 100–137, §3, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819]."

[The amount of the increase referred to in section 111(a) of Pub. L. 95–94, set out above, was set at $508,377 by §6(d) of the Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Mar. 23, 2018, set out as a note under section 4571 of this title.]

[Prior amounts of increase authorized by section 111(a) of Pub. L. 95–94, set out above, were contained in the following Salary Directives of President pro tempore of the Senate, formerly set out as notes under former section 60a–1 and section 4571 of this title: Oct. 9, 1978, §6(d); Oct. 13, 1979, §6(d); Oct. 1, 1980, §6(d); Oct. 5, 1981, as amended Dec. 15, 1981, §6(d); Oct. 1, 1982, §6(d); Dec. 20, 1983, as amended May 2, 1984, §6(d); Jan. 4, 1985, §6(d); Dec. 19, 1986, §6(d); Jan. 4, 1988, §6(d); Dec. 9, 1988, §6(d); Dec. 21, 1989, §6(d); Dec. 20, 1990, §6(d); Dec. 18, 1991, §6(d); Dec. 17, 1992, §6(d); Dec. 28, 1994, §6(d); Dec. 18, 1996, §6(d); Dec. 19, 1997, §6(d); Dec. 16, 1998, §6(d); Dec. 12, 1999, §6(d); Dec. 20, 2000, §6(d); Dec. 20, 2001, §6(d); Dec. 19, 2002, §6(d); Dec. 15, 2003, §6(d); Mar. 5, 2004, §6(d); Jan. 3, 2005, §6(d); Jan. 4, 2006, §6(d); Feb. 16, 2007, §6(d); Jan. 7, 2008, §6(d); Mar. 12, 2009, §6(d); Jan. 5, 2010, §6(d); Jan. 27, 2014, §6(d); Dec. 23, 2014, §6(d); Dec. 28, 2015, §6(d); May 5, 2017, §6(d).]

[Pub. L. 100–137, §3, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819, provided that the repeal of section 111(b) of Pub. L. 95–94 is effective as of the first day of the 100th Congress [Jan. 6, 1987]].

[S. Res. 34, Jan. 6, 1987, provided: "That subsection (b) of section 111 of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1978 (P.L. 95–94) [set out as a note above] shall not be effective during the 100th Congress." Similar provisions covering the 99th Congress were contained in S. Res. 85, §23, Feb. 28, 1985.]

Limitation on 1987 Increases in Maximum Annual Rates to Staff Members of Standing, Special, and Select Committees of Senate and Joint Committees of Congress Whose Funds are Disbursed by Secretary of Senate

Section 5(b)(2)–(4) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1986, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, provided that, notwithstanding the provisions of section 5(b)(1) of that Order, any individual occupying a position on the staff of a standing committee of the Senate or the majority or minority policy committee of the Senate to which such rate applied should not be paid at any time at an annual rate in excess of $1,000 less than the annual rate of compensation which was then or might thereafter, be in effect for those positions referred to in section 2(a) of that Order, that notwithstanding the provisions of section 5(b)(1) of that Order, any individual occupying a position on the staff of any special or select committee of the Senate or the conference majority or conference minority of the Senate to which any such rate applied should not be paid at any time at an annual rate in excess of $2,500 less than the annual rate of compensation which was then or might thereafter be in effect for those positions referred to in section 2(a) of that Order, and that notwithstanding the provisions of section 5(b)(1) of that Order, any individual occupying a position on the staff of any joint committee of the Congress whose funds are disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate to which any such rate applied should not be paid at any time at an annual rate in excess of $2,900 less than the annual rate of compensation which was then or might thereafter be in effect for those positions referred to in section 2(a) of that Order.

Similar provisions covering prior increases were contained in the following prior Salary Directives:

Section 5(b)(2)–(4) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1985.

Section 5(b)(2)–(4) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983.

Section 5(b)(2)–(4) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1982.

Section 5(b)(2)–(4) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 5, 1981.

Section 5(b)(3)–(5) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1980.

Section 5(b)(3)–(5) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979.

Section 5(b)(3)–(5) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978.

Section 5(b)(3)–(5) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 29, 1977.

Section 5(b)(3)–(6) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976.

Section 5(b)(3)–(5) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975.

Section 5(b)(3)–(5) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974.

Section 5(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973.

Limitation on 1987 Increases in Maximum Annual Rates to Employees in Offices of Senators

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1986, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, provided that, notwithstanding the modification made by section 6(c)(1) of that Order, any individual occupying a position in a Senator's office should not be paid at any time at an annual rate in excess of $2,500 less than the annual rate of compensation which was then or might thereafter be in effect for those positions referred to in section 2(a) of that Order.

Similar provisions covering prior increases were contained in the following prior Salary Directives:

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1985.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1982.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 5, 1981.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1980.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 29, 1977.

Section 6(c)(2), (3) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976.

Section 6(c)(2), (3) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975.

Section 6(c)(2)–(4) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974.

Section 6(c)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973.

Limitation on 1987 Increase in Maximum Annual Rate to Officers or Employees Paid by Secretary of Senate

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 19, 1986, formerly set out as a note under section 60a–1 of this title, provided that, notwithstanding the provisions of section 7(b)(1) of that Order, any individual occupying a position to which such rate applied should not be paid at any time at an annual rate in excess of $2,500 less than the annual rate of compensation which was then or might thereafter be in effect for those positions referred to in section 2(a) of that Order.

Similar provisions covering prior increases were contained in the following prior Salary Directives:

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Jan. 4, 1985.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Dec. 20, 1983.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1982.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 5, 1981.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 1, 1980.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 13, 1979.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 9, 1978.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Sept. 27, 1977.

Section 7(b)(2), (3) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 8, 1976.

Section 7(b)(2), (3) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 2, 1975.

Section 7(b)(2) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 7, 1974.

Section 7(b) of Salary Directive of President pro tempore of the Senate, Oct. 4, 1973.

1977 Addition of Employees in Office of Senator Not to Effect Section 6(c) of Order of President Pro Tempore Issued on October 8, 1976

Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(d), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663, provided in part that: "The amendments made by this subsection [amending subsec. (d)(2) of this section] shall have no effect on section 6(c) of the Order of the President pro tempore issued on October 8, 1976, under section 4 of the Federal Pay Comparability Act of 1970 [set out as a note under section 4571 of this title]."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1987

Pub. L. 100–71, title I, §3(b), (c), July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 423, provided that:

"(b) Effective July 1, 1987, the administrative and clerical allowance of each Senator from the State of Georgia and the State of North Carolina is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of six million but less than seven million, the population of said State having exceeded six million inhabitants.

"(c) Effective July 1, 1987, the administrative and clerical allowance of each Senator from the State of Indiana, the State of Massachusetts, the State of Missouri, and the State of Virginia, is that allowed Senators from States having a population of five million but less than six million."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1986

Pub. L. 99–349, title I, §1, July 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 741, provided that:

"(a) Effective October 1, 1985, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Alabama is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of four million but less than five million, the population of said State having exceeded four million inhabitants.

"(b) Effective October 1, 1985, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Florida is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of eleven million but less than twelve million, the population of said State having exceeded eleven million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1985

Pub. L. 99–88, title I, §191, Aug. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 348, provided that: "Effective October 1, 1984, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Missouri is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of five million but less than seven million, the population of said State having exceeded five million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1983

Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §9, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475, provided that: "Effective October 1, 1983, the allowance for administration and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Arizona is increased to that allowed to Senators from States having population of three million but less than four million, the population of such State having exceeded three million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1982

Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §901, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 335, provided that:

"(a) Effective October 1, 1982, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Texas is increased to that allowed to Senators from States having a population of fifteen million but less than seventeen million, the population of said State having exceeded fifteen million inhabitants.

"(b) Effective October 1, 1982, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Colorado is increased to that allowed to Senators from States having a population of three million but less than four million, the population of said State having exceeded three million inhabitants."

Increases in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1981

Pub. L. 97–257, title I, Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 849, provided that: "Effective October 1, 1981, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Florida is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of ten million but less than eleven million, the population of said State having exceeded ten million inhabitants."

Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §106, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62, provided that:

"(a) Effective January 1, 1981, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Florida is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of nine million but less than ten million, the population of said State having exceeded nine million inhabitants.

"(b) Effective January 1, 1981, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Washington is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of four million but less than five million, the population of said State having exceeded four million inhabitants.

"(c) Effective January 1, 1981, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the States of Oklahoma and South Carolina is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of three million but less than four million, the population of said States having exceeded three million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1979

Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §105, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, provided that: "Effective October 1, 1979, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Louisiana is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of four million but less than five million, the population of said State having exceeded four million inhabitants."

Pub. L. 96–86, §111(a), (b), Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 660, 661, provided:

"(a) effective October 1, 1979, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Minnesota is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of four million but less than five million, the population of said State having exceeded four million inhabitants;

"(b) effective October 1, 1979, the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance of each Senator from the State of Texas is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of thirteen million but less than fifteen million, the population of said State having exceeded thirteen million inhabitants;".

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1978

Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §104(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 772, provided that: "Effective April 1, 1978, the clerk-hire allowance of each Senator from the State of Georgia is increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of five million but less than seven million, the population of said State having exceeded five million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistants to Senators—1977

Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 81, provided in part: "That, effective April 1, 1977, the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of Virginia shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of five million but less than seven million, the population of said State having exceeded five million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1976

Pub. L. 94–157, title I, ch. IV, Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 830, provided: "That effective January 1, 1976, the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of California shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of more than twenty-one million, the population of said State having exceeded twenty-one million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1975

Pub. L. 94–32, title I, June 12, 1975, 89 Stat. 182, provided in part: "That effective January 1, 1975, the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of Texas shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of more than twelve million, the population of said State having exceeded twelve million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1974

Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 425, provided in part: "That effective January 1, 1974, the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the States of Arkansas and Arizona shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of two million, the population of each said State having exceeded two million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1969

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340, provided in part: "That the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of Connecticut shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of three million, the population of said State having exceeded three million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1968

Pub. L. 90–239, ch. IV, Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 774, provided in part that: "Effective January 1, 1968, the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of Indiana shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of five million, the population of said State having exceeded five million inhabitants; and that the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of New Jersey shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of seven million, the population of said State having exceeded seven million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1966

Pub. L. 89–697, ch. VI, Oct. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 1063, provided: "That the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of North Carolina shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of five million, the population of said State having exceeded five million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1963

Pub. L. 88–25, title I, May 17, 1963, 77 Stat. 31, provided in part: "That the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of California shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of over seventeen million, the population of said State having exceeded seventeen million inhabitants, that the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of Georgia shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of four million, the population of said State having exceeded four million inhabitants, and that the clerk hire allowance of each Senator from the State of Washington shall be increased to that allowed Senators from States having a population of three million, the population of said State having exceeded three million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowances for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1962

Pub. L. 87–545, title I, July 25, 1962, 76 Stat. 215, provided in part that:

"The basic clerk hire allowance of each Senator is hereby increased by $3,000.

"The clerk hire allowances of the Senators from the States of New York and Virginia are hereby increased so that the allowances of the Senators from the State of New York will be equal to that allowed Senators from States having a population of over seventeen million, the population of said State having exceeded seventeen million inhabitants, and so that allowances of Senators from the State of Virginia will be equal to that allowed Senators from States having a population of four million, the population of said State having exceeded four million inhabitants."

Increase in Allowance for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1955

Act June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(d), (f), 69 Stat. 176, 177, as amended Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 401; Aug. 20, 1964, Pub. L. 88–454, 78 Stat. 538; Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–545, 80 Stat. 357; July 28, 1967, Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(6), 81 Stat. 144, provided that:

"(d)(1) The aggregate amount of the basic compensation authorized to be paid for administrative and clerical assistance and messenger service in the offices of Senators is hereby increased by—

"(A) $10,020 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is less than three million;

"(B) $10,920 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is three million or more but less than five million;

"(C) $11,760 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is five million or more but less than ten million; and

"(D) $11,880 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is ten million or more.

"(2) Notwithstanding the second proviso in the paragraph relating to the authority of Senators to rearrange the basic salaries of employees in their respective offices, which appears in the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1947, as amended (2 U. S. C. 60f) [repealed], but subject to the limitations contained in paragraph (3) of this subsection, during the period beginning on the effective date of this subsection and ending on the last day of the first pay period which begins after the date of enactment of this Act [June 28, 1955] (A) the compensation of the administrative assistant in the office of each Senator may be fixed at a basic rate which together with additional compensation authorized by law will not exceed the maximum rate authorized by section 2 (b) of the Act of October 24, 1951 (Public Law 201, Eighty-second Congress), as amended [former section 60e–6(b) of this title], (B) the compensation of one employee other than the administrative assistant in the office of each Senator may be fixed at a basic rate not to exceed $10,260 per annum, and (C) the compensation of any other employee in the office of a Senator may be fixed at a basic rate not to exceed $6,420 per annum.

"(3) Notwithstanding the third proviso in such paragraph [this section], any increase in the compensation of an employee in a Senator's office shall take effect on the effective date of this subsection or on the date such employee became employed, whichever is later, if (A) the certification filed by such Senator under such proviso so provides, (B) such certification is filed in the disbursing office of the Senate not later than fifteen days following the date of enactment of this Act [June 28, 1955], and (C) the amount of such increase does not exceed the amount of the increase which would be payable in the case of such employee if he were subject to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section [former section 60e–7 of this title] plus any additional amount which may result from fixing the rate of basic compensation at the lowest multiple of $60 which will result in an increase not less than the amount of such increase which would be payable under subsection (a) [former section 60e–7(a) of this title].

"(f) [Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(6), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144, eff. Aug. 1, 1967.]"

Increase in Allowance for Administrative and Clerical Assistance to Senators—1951

Act Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(c)(1), 65 Stat. 614, provided that: "The aggregate amount of the basic compensation authorized to be paid for administrative and clerical assistance and messenger service in the offices of Senators is hereby increased by—

"(A) $4,140 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is less than three million;

"(B) $4,860 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is three million or more but less than five million;

"(C) $5,220 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is five million or more but less than ten million; and

"(D) $5,760 in the case of Senators from States the population of which is ten million or more."

1966 Adjustment of Basic Compensation of Employees in Office of Senator

Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(f), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 295, provided that: "The basic compensation of each employee in the office of a Senator is hereby adjusted, effective on the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [July 18, 1966], to the lowest multiple of $60 which will provide a gross rate of compensation not less than the gross rate such employee was receiving immediately prior thereto, except that the foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply in the case of any employee if on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [July 18, 1966], the Senator by whom such employee is employed notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he does not wish such provisions to apply to such employee. No employee whose basic compensation is adjusted under this subsection shall receive any additional compensation under subsection (a) [former section 60e–13(a) of this title] for any period prior to the effective date of such adjustment during which such employee was employed in the office of the Senator by whom he is employed on the first day of the month following the enactment of this Act [July 18, 1966]. No additional compensation shall be paid to any person under subsection (a) [former section 60e–13(a) of this title] for any period prior to the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [July 18, 1966] during which such person was employed in the office of a Senator (other than a Senator by whom he is employed on such day) unless on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [July 18, 1966] such Senator notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he wishes such employee to receive such additional compensation for such period. In any case in which, at the expiration of the time within which a Senator may give notice under this subsection, such Senator is deceased, such notice shall be deemed to have been given."

1965 Adjustment of Basic Compensation of Employees in Office of Senator

Pub. L. 89–301, §11(f), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1121, provided that: "The basic compensation of each employee in the office of a Senator is hereby adjusted, effective on the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 29, 1965], to the lowest multiple of $60 which will provide a gross rate of compensation not less than the gross rate such employee was receiving immediately prior thereto, except that the foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply in the case of any employee if on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 29, 1965], the Senator by whom such employee is employed notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he does not wish such provisions to apply to such employee. No employee whose basic compensation is adjusted under this subsection shall receive any additional compensation under subsection (a) [former section 60e–12(a) of this title] for any period prior to the effective date of such adjustment during which such employee was employed in the office of the Senator by whom he is employed on the first day of the month following the enactment of this Act [Oct. 29, 1965]. No additional compensation shall be paid to any person under subsection (a) [former section 60e–12(a) of this title] for any period prior to the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 29, 1965] during which such person was employed in the office of a Senator (other than a Senator by whom he is employed on such day) unless on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 29, 1965] such Senator notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he wishes such employee to receive such additional compensation for such period. In any case in which, at the expiration of the time within which a Senator may give notice under this subsection, such Senator is deceased, such notice shall be deemed to have been given."

1964 Adjustment of Basic Compensation of Employees in Office of Senator

Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(e), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 413, provided that: "The basic compensation of each employee in the office of a Senator is hereby adjusted effective on the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 1964], to the lowest multiple of $60 which will provide a gross rate of compensation not less than the gross rate such employee was receiving immediately prior thereto except that the foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply in the case of any employee if on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 1964], the Senator by whom such employee is employed notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he does not wish such provisions to apply to such employee. No employee whose basic compensation is adjusted under this subsection shall receive any additional compensation under subsection (a) [former section 60e–11(a) of this title] for any period prior to the effective date of such adjustment during which such employee was employed in the office of the Senator by whom he is employed on the first day of the month following the enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 1964]. No additional compensation shall be paid to any person under subsection (a) [former section 60e–11(a) of this title] for any period prior to the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 1964] during which such person was employed in the office of a Senator (other than a Senator by whom he is employed on such day) unless on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 1964] such Senator notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he wishes such employee to receive such additional compensation for such period. In any case in which, at the expiration of the time within which a Senator may give notice under this subsection, such Senator is deceased such notice shall be deemed to have been given."

1962 Adjustment of Basic Compensation of Employees in Office of Senator

Pub. L. 87–793, §1005(b), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 867, provided that: "The basic compensation of each employee in the office of a Senator is hereby adjusted, effective on October 16, 1962, to the lowest multiple of $60 which will provide a gross rate of compensation not less than the gross rate such employee was receiving immediately prior thereto, except that the foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply in the case of any employee if on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 11, 1962] the Senator by whom such employee is employed notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he does not wish such provisions to apply to such employee. In any case in which, at the expiration of the time within which a Senator may give notice under this subsection, such Senator is deceased such notice shall be deemed to have been given."

1960 Adjustment of Basic Compensation of Employees in Office of Senator

Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(b), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303, provided that: "The basic compensation of each employee in the office of a Senator is hereby adjusted, effective on July 1, 1960, to the lowest multiple of $60 which will provide a gross rate of compensation not less than the gross rate such employee was receiving immediately prior thereto, except that the foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply in the case of any employee if on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [July 1, 1960] the Senator by whom such employee is employed notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he does not wish such provisions to apply to such employee. In any case in which, at the expiration of the time within which a Senator may give notice under this subsection, such Senator is deceased such notice shall be deemed to have been given."

1958 Adjustment of Basic Compensation of Employees in Office of Senator

Pub. L. 85–462, §4(b), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 207, provided that: "The basic compensation of each employee in the office of a Senator is hereby adjusted, effective on the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [June 20, 1958], to the lowest multiple of $60 which will provide a gross rate of compensation not less than the gross rate such employee was receiving immediately prior thereto, except that the foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply in the case of any employee if on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [June 20, 1958] the Senator by whom such employee is employed notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he does not wish such provisions to apply to such employee. No employee whose basic compensation is adjusted under this subsection shall receive any additional compensation under subsection (a) [former section 60e–8(a) of this title] for any period prior to the effective date of such adjustment during which such employee was employed in the office of the Senator by whom he is employed on the first day of the month following the enactment of this Act [June 20, 1958]. No additional compensation shall be paid to any person under subsection (a) [former section 60e–8(a) of this title] for any period prior to the first day of the month following the date of enactment of this Act [June 20, 1958] during which such person was employed in the office of a Senator (other than a Senator by whom he is employed on such day) unless on or before the fifteenth day following the date of enactment of this Act [June 20, 1958] such Senator notifies the disbursing office of the Senate in writing that he wishes such employee to receive such additional compensation for such period. In any case in which, at the expiration of the time within which a Senator may give notice under this subsection, such Senator is deceased such notice shall be deemed to have been given."

1955 Adjustment of Basic Compensation of Employees in Office of Senator

Act June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(e)(2), 69 Stat. 177, provided that: "The basic compensation of each employee in the office of a Senator on the effective date of this subsection is hereby adjusted to the lowest multiple of $60 which will provide basic compensation, plus additional compensation payable under subsection (a) [former section 60e–7(a) of this title] and the provisions of law referred to in subsection (a) [former section 60e–7(a) of this title], not less than the amount of basic compensation, plus additional compensation under the provisions of sections 501 and 502 of the Federal Employees' Pay Act of 1945, as amended [former sections 60e–3 and 60e–4 of this title], and section 301 of the Postal Rate Revision and Federal Employees' Salary Act of 1948 [former section 60e–4a of this title], which he is receiving on the effective date of this subsection."

Compensation of Administrative Assistant Charged to Senator

Act Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(1), 63 Stat. 974, provided that: "The basic compensation of the administrative assistant to a Senator shall be charged against the aggregate amount authorized to be paid for clerical assistance and messenger service in the office of such Senator."

Additional Increase in Clerk Hire

Act Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(2), 63 Stat. 974, provided that: "The aggregate amount of the basic compensation authorized to be paid for clerical assistance and messenger service in the office of each Senator is increased by $11,520."

Increase of Clerk Hire for Senators

Act Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 617, §2(b), 58 Stat. 832, effective Jan. 1, 1945, provided: "The aggregate amount of the basic compensation authorized to be paid to employees in the offices of Senators (including employees of standing committees of which Senators are chairmen) is hereby increased by (1) $4,020 in the case of each Senator from a State which has a population of less than four million inhabitants and (2) by $5,040 in the case of each Senator from a State which has a population of four million or more inhabitants."

Rate of Pay for Senate Committee Staff Members for 1977 Committee System Reorganization

Pub. L. 95–4, Feb. 16, 1977, 91 Stat. 12, provided: "That (a) notwithstanding the limitations contained in section 105(e) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1968, as amended and modified [2 U.S.C. 4575(e)], each eligible staff member of a new committee to whom section 703(d) of the Committee System Reorganization Amendments of 1977 [S. Res. 4, Feb. 4, 1977] applies may, during the transition period of such new committee, be paid gross annual compensation at the rate which that eligible staff member was receiving on January 4, 1977.

"(b) For purposes of subsection (a), the terms 'eligible staff member', 'new committee', and 'transition period' have the meanings given to them by section 701 of the Committee System Reorganization Amendments of 1977 [S. Res. 4, Feb. 4, 1977]."

1970 Increase in Pay Rates of Certain Employees of Legislative Branch

Adjustment by President pro tempore of Senate with respect to the Senate, by Finance Clerk of House with respect to the House of Representatives, and by Architect of the Capitol with respect to the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, effective on the first day of the first pay period which begins on or after Dec. 27, 1969, of the rates of pay of employees of the legislative branch subject to section 214 of Pub. L. 90–206, with certain exceptions, by the amounts of the adjustment for corresponding rates for employees subject to the General Schedule, set out in section 5332 of Title 5, which had been made by section 2 of Pub. L. 91–231 raising such rates by 6 percent, see Pub. L. 91–231, formerly set out as a note under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

1968 and 1969 Increases in Compensation of Employees

This section deemed amended on and after July 1, 1969, see Salary Directives of President pro tempore of the Senate, June 12, 1968, and June 17, 1969, formerly set out as notes under section 60a–1 of this title.

Rates of Pay for Employees of Senate Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities

Pub. L. 94–32, title I, §5, June 12, 1975, 89 Stat. 183, provided in part that: "Notwithstanding paragraph (3) of section 105(e) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1968, as amended [2 U.S.C. 4575(e)(3)], two employees of the Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities may be paid at the highest gross rate provided in subparagraph (A) of such paragraph, and eleven employees of such committee may be paid at the next highest gross rate provided in such subparagraph."

Secretary of Senate To Fix Compensation of Legislative Clerk and Journal Clerk

Pub. L. 86–213, Sept. 1, 1959, 73 Stat. 443, authorized Secretary of Senate to fix compensation of legislative clerk and journal clerk, on and after Sept. 1, 1959, at not to exceed $7,620 basic per annum each.

1 See Codification note below.

§4575a. Change in maximum rates of pay for statutory employees

(i) Fixed salary positions

For any position for which the Secretary of the Senate disburses the pay for the position and for which the specific amount of the rate of pay for the particular position is fixed by statute on the day before the effective date of the amendments made by this section, on and after such effective date the amount of the rate of pay for such position shall be fixed by the President pro tempore in an amount not to exceed the maximum rate of pay in effect under section 4575(f) of this title.

(ii) Positions with maximums

For any position for which the Secretary of the Senate disburses the pay for the position and for which the maximum rate of pay for the particular position is fixed by statute on the day before the effective date of the amendments made by this section, on and after such effective date the maximum rate of pay for such position shall be fixed by the President pro tempore, which shall not exceed the maximum rate of pay in effect under section 4575(f) of this title.

(Pub. L. 116–94, div. E, title II, §212(a)(1)(B), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 2774.)

References in Text

The effective date of the amendments made by this section, referred to in text, is the effective date of section 212 of Pub. L. 116–94, which is set out in a note below.

Effective Date

Section effective on the later of the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2020, or the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after Dec. 20, 2019, see section 212(c) of Pub. L. 116–94, set out as an Effective Date of 2019 Amendment note under section 282b of this title.

§4576. Availability of appropriated funds for payment to an individual of pay from more than one position; conditions

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, appropriated funds are available for payment to an individual of pay from more than one position, each of which is either in the office of a Senator and the pay of which is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate or is in another office and the pay of which is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate out of an appropriation under the heading "Salaries, Officers, and Employees", if the aggregate gross pay from those positions does not exceed the maximum rate specified in section 4575(d)(2) of this title.

(Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §114, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 665; Pub. L. 95–240, title II, §207, Mar. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §9], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329-295.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 61–1a of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section. Some section numbers of this title referenced in amendment notes below reflect the classification of such sections prior to their editorial reclassification.

Section is from the Congressional Operations Appropriation Act, 1978, which is title I of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1978.

Amendments

1987Pub. L. 100–202 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows: "Notwithstanding any other provision of law, appropriated funds are available for payment to an individual of pay from more than one position, the pay for each of which is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate out of an appropriation under the heading 'Salaries, Officers and Employees', if the aggregate gross pay from those positions does not exceed the amount specified in section 61–1(d)(2)(ii) of this title."

1978Pub. L. 95–240 substituted provisions relating to pay disbursed by Secretary of Senate from appropriation with the heading for salaries, etc., for provisions requiring positions to be in office of a Senator and the pay for each disbursed by Secretary of Senate.

§4577. Availability of appropriations during first three months of any fiscal year for aggregate of payments of gross compensation made to employees from Senate appropriation account for "Salaries, Officers and Employees"

At no time during the first three months of any fiscal year (commencing with the fiscal year which begins October 1, 1984) shall the aggregate of payments of gross compensation made to employees out of any line item appropriation within the Senate appropriation account for "Salaries, Officers and Employees" (other than the line item appropriations, within such account for "Administrative, clerical, and legislative assistance to Senators" and for "Agency contributions") exceed twenty-five per centum of the total amount available for such line item appropriations for such fiscal year.

(Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §4, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 61–1b of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Section is from the Congressional Operations Appropriation Act, 1985, which is title I of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1985.

§4578. Restriction on payment of dual compensation by Secretary of Senate

Unless otherwise specifically authorized by law, no part of any appropriation disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate shall be available for payment of compensation to any person holding any position, for any period for which such person received compensation for holding any other position, the compensation for which is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate.

(June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 360.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 66a of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

§4579. Student loan repayment program for Senate employees

(a) Definitions

In this section:

(1) Departure date

The term "departure date" means the earlier of—

(A) the date on which the term of a departing Senator or Vice President ends; or

(B) the date on which the departing Senator or Vice President will retire or resign.

(2) Departing Senator or Vice President

The term "departing Senator or Vice President" means a Senator or Vice President who will not serve in the next term due to retirement, resignation, a decision to not seek reelection, or a failure to secure reelection.

(3) Eligible employee

The term "eligible employee" means an individual, except as provided under subsection (b)(3)—

(A) who is an employee of the Senate; and

(B) whose rate of pay as an employee of the Senate, on the date on which such eligibility is determined, does not exceed the rate of basic pay payable for a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5.

(4) Employee of the Senate

The term "employee of the Senate"—

(A) has the meaning given the term under section 1301 of this title; and

(B) includes any employee of the Office of Congressional Accessibility Services whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate.

(5) Employing office

The term "employing office"—

(A) means the employing office, as defined under section 1301 of this title, of an employee of the Senate; and

(B) includes the Office of Congressional Accessibility Services with respect to employees of that office whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate.

(6) Secretary

The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Senate.

(7) Student loan

The term "student loan" means—

(A) a loan made, insured, or guaranteed under part B, D, or E of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq., 1087a et seq., or 1087aa et seq.); and

(B) a health education assistance loan made or insured under part A of title VII of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 292 et seq.), or under part E of title VIII of such Act (42 U.S.C. 297a et seq.).

(b) Senate student loan repayment program

(1) Service agreements

(A) In general

The head of an employing office and an eligible employee may enter into a written service agreement under which—

(i) the employing office shall agree to repay, by direct payments on behalf of the eligible employee, any student loan indebtedness of the eligible employee that is outstanding at the time the eligible employee and the employing office enter into the agreement, subject to this section; and

(ii) the eligible employee shall agree to complete the required period of employment described in subsection (c)(1) with the employing office in exchange for the student loan payments.

(B) Contents of service agreements

(i) Contents

A service agreement under this paragraph shall contain—

(I) the start and end dates of the required period of employment covered by the agreement;

(II) the monthly amount of the student loan payments to be provided by the employing office;

(III) the employee's agreement to reimburse the Senate under the conditions set forth in subsection (d)(1);

(IV) disclosure of the program limitations provided for in subsection (d)(4) and paragraphs (2), (3), (6), and (7) of subsection (f);

(V) other terms to which the employing office and employee agree (such as terms relating to job responsibilities or job performance expectations); and

(VI) any other terms prescribed by the Secretary.

(ii) Standard service agreements

The Secretary shall establish standard service agreements for employing offices to use in carrying out this section.

(2) Submission of agreements

On entering into a service agreement under this section, the employing office shall submit a copy of the service agreement to the Secretary.

(3) Exclusion from participation in dual programs

Notwithstanding section 5379 of title 5, an employee of the Office of Congressional Accessibility Services may not participate in the student loan repayment program through an agreement under that section and participate in the student loan repayment program through a service agreement under this section at the same time.

(c) Program conditions

(1) Period of employment

(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term of the required period of employment under a service agreement under this section shall be 1 year. On completion of the required period of employment under such a service agreement, the eligible employee and the employing office may enter into additional service agreements for successive 1-year periods of employment.

(B) Departing Senators and Vice Presidents

After the date that is 1 year before the departure date of a departing Senator or Vice President, the departing Senator or Vice President may enter into a service agreement under this section with an eligible employee of the office of the Senator or Vice President (including an eligible employee who has completed a required period of employment under a previous service agreement) that includes a required period of employment that—

(i) is less than 1 year; and

(ii) shall end on the last day of the last full pay period ending on or before the departure date of the departing Senator or Vice President.

(2) Amount of payments

(A) In general

The amount of student loan payments made under service agreements under this section on behalf of an eligible employee may not exceed—

(i) $500 in any month; or

(ii) a total of $40,000.

(B) Payments included in gross compensation limitations

Any student loan payment made under this section in any month may not result in the sum of the payment and the compensation of an employee for that month exceeding 1/12th of the applicable annual maximum gross compensation limitation under section 4575(d)(2), (e), or (f) of this title.

(3) Timing of payments

Student loan payments made under this section under a service agreement shall begin the first day of the pay period after the date on which the agreement is signed and received by the Secretary, and shall be made on a monthly basis.

(d) Loss of eligibility for student loan payments and obligation to reimburse

(1) In general

An employee shall not be eligible for continued student loan payments under a service agreement under this section and (except in a case in which an employee's duty is terminated under paragraph (2) or an employing office assumes responsibilities under paragraph (3)) shall reimburse the Senate for the amount of all student loan payments made on behalf of the employee under the agreement, if, before the employee completes the required period of employment specified in the agreement—

(A) the employee voluntarily separates from service with the employing office;

(B) the employee engages in misconduct or does not maintain an acceptable level of performance, as determined by the head of the employing office; or

(C) the employee violates any condition of the agreement.

(2) Termination of agreement

The duty of an eligible employee to fulfill the required period of employment under the service agreement shall be terminated if—

(A) funds are not made available to cover the cost of the student loan repayment program carried out under this section;

(B) the employee and the head of the employing office involved mutually agree to terminate the service agreement;

(C) the agreement is terminated as provided under subsection (f)(7)(A); or

(D) the employee separates from service with the office of a departing Senator or Vice President.

(3) Another employing office

An employing office who hires an eligible employee during a required period of employment (including a required period of employment described in subsection (c)(1)(B)) under such a service agreement may assume the remaining obligations (as of the date of the hiring) of the employee's prior employing office under the agreement.

(4) Failure of employee to reimburse

If an eligible employee fails to reimburse the Senate for the amount owed under paragraph (1), such amount shall be collected—

(A) under section 6568(c) of this title or section 5514 of title 5 if the eligible employee is employed by any other office of the Senate or agency of the Federal Government; or

(B) under other applicable provisions of law if the eligible employee is not employed by any other office of the Senate or agency of the Federal Government.

(5) Crediting of amounts

Any amount repaid by, or recovered from, an eligible employee under this section shall be credited to the subaccount for the employing office from which the amount involved was originally paid. Any amount so credited shall be merged with other sums in such subaccount for the employing office and shall be available for the same purposes, and subject to the same limitations (if any), as the sums with which such amount is merged.

(e) Records and reports

(1) In general

Not later than January 1, 2003, and each January 1 thereafter, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, a report for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in which the report is submitted, that contains information specifying—

(A) the number of eligible employees that received student loan payments under this section; and

(B) the costs of such payments, including—

(i) the amount of such payments made for each eligible employee;

(ii) the amount of any reimbursement amounts for early separation from service or whether any waivers were provided with respect to such reimbursements; and

(iii) any other information determined to be relevant by the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate or the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

(2) Confidentiality

Such report shall not include any information which is considered confidential or could disclose the identity of individual employees or employing offices. Information required to be contained in the report of the Secretary under section 4108 of this title shall not be considered to be personal information for purposes of this paragraph.

(f) Other administrative matters

(1) Account

(A) In general

The Secretary shall establish and maintain a central account from which student loan payments available under this section shall be paid on behalf of eligible employees.

(B) Office subaccounts

The Secretary shall ensure that, within the account established under subparagraph (A), a separate subaccount is established for each employing office to be used by each such office to make student loan payments under this section. Such student loan payments shall be made from any funds available to the employing office for student loan payments that are contained in the subaccount for the office.

(C) Limitation

Amounts in each subaccount established under this paragraph shall not be made available for any purpose other than to make student loan payments under this section.

(2) Beginning of payments

Student loan payments may begin under this section with respect to an eligible employee upon—

(A) the receipt by the Secretary of a signed service agreement; and

(B) verification by the Secretary with the holder of the loan that the eligible employee has an outstanding student loan balance that qualifies for payment under this section.

(3) Limitation

Student loan payments may be made under this section only with respect to the amount of student loan indebtedness of the eligible employee that is outstanding on the date on which the employee and the employing office enter into a service agreement under this section. Such payments may not be made under this section on a student loan that is in default or arrears.

(4) Payment on multiple loans

Student loan payments may be made under this section with respect to more than 1 student loan of an eligible employee at the same time or separately, if the total payments on behalf of such employee do not exceed the limits under subsection (c)(2)(A).

(5) Treatment of payments

Student loan payments made on behalf of an eligible employee under this section shall be in addition to any basic pay and other forms of compensation otherwise payable to the eligible employee, and shall be subject to withholding for income and employment tax obligations as provided for by law.

(6) No relief from liability

An agreement to make student loan payments under this section shall not exempt an eligible employee from the responsibility or liability of the employee with respect to the loan involved and the eligible employee shall continue to be responsible for making student loan payments on the portion of any loan that is not covered under the terms of the service agreement.

(7) Change in payments

(A) Reduction

(i) In general

Notwithstanding the terms of a service agreement under this section, the head of an employing office may reduce the amount of student loan payments made under the agreement if adequate funds are not available to such office.

(ii) Notice

If the head of an employing office decides to reduce the amount of student loan payments to an eligible employee under clause (i)—

(I) the employing office shall concurrently notify the eligible employee and the Secretary of the Senate of the reduction; and

(II) not later than 30 days after the date of the concurrent notice, the eligible employee may terminate the service agreement.

(B) Increase

Notwithstanding the terms of a service agreement under this section, the head of an employing office, with the consent of an eligible employee, may increase the amount of student loan payments made under the agreement with the eligible employee, if—

(i) the office has adequate funds available for the purpose of agreements under this section;

(ii) the amount of the increased payment does not exceed the limitations under this section; and

(iii) the total amount of the loan payments to be made (including such increase) during the remainder of the required period of employment does not exceed the amount of student loan indebtedness of the eligible employee as of the date of the increase.

(8) No right to continued employment

A service agreement under this section shall not be construed to create a right to, promise of, or entitlement to the continued employment of the eligible employee.

(9) No entitlement

A student loan payment under this section shall not be construed to be an entitlement for any eligible employee.

(10) Treatment of payments

A student loan payment under this section—

(A) shall not be basic pay of an employee for purposes of chapters 83 and 84 of title 5 (relating to retirement) and chapter 87 of such title (relating to life insurance coverage); and

(B) shall not be included in Federal wages for purposes of chapter 85 of such title (relating to unemployment compensation).

(g) Allocation of funds

(1) Maximum amount

In this subsection, the term "maximum amount", used with respect to a fiscal year, means—

(A) in the case of an employing office described in subsection (h)(1)(A), the amount described in that subsection for that fiscal year; and

(B) in the case of an employing office described in subsection (h)(1)(B), the amount described in that subsection for that fiscal year.

(2) Allocation

From the total amount made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year, there shall be allocated to each employing office for that fiscal year—

(A) the maximum amount for that employing office for that fiscal year; or

(B) if the total amount is not sufficient to provide the maximum amount to each employing office, an amount that bears the same relationship to the total amount as the maximum amount for that employing office for that fiscal year bears to the total of the maximum amounts for all employing offices for that fiscal year.

(3) Apportionment

In the case of an employing office that is a Committee of the Senate, the funds allocated under this subsection shall be apportioned between the majority and minority staff of the committee in the same manner as amounts are apportioned between the staffs for salaries.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

(1) In general

There are authorized to be appropriated (or otherwise made available from appropriations) to carry out this section the following amounts for each fiscal year:

(A) For each employing office that is the personal office of a Senator, an amount equal to 2 percent of the total sums appropriated for the fiscal year involved for administrative and clerical salaries for such office.

(B) For each other employing office, an amount equal to 2 percent of the total sums appropriated for the fiscal year involved for salaries for such office.

(2) Limitation

Amounts provided under this section shall be subject to annual appropriations.

(i) Effective date

This section shall apply to fiscal year 2002 and each fiscal year thereafter.

(Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §102, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 563; Pub. L. 107–117, div. B, §916, Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat. 2324; Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1001(a), (b), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1124; Pub. L. 115–141, div. I, title I, §103(a), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 772.)

References in Text

The Higher Education Act of 1965, referred to in subsec. (a)(5)(A), is Pub. L. 89–329, Nov. 8, 1965, 79 Stat. 1219. Parts B, D, and E of title IV of the Act are classified to parts B (§1071 et seq.), D (§1087a et seq.), and E (§1087aa et seq.), respectively, of subchapter IV of chapter 28 of Title 20, Education. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1001 of Title 20 and Tables.

The Public Health Service Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(5)(B), is act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, 58 Stat. 682. Part A of title VII of the Act is classified generally to part A (§292 et seq.) of subchapter V of chapter 6A of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. Part E of title VIII of the Act is classified generally to part E (§297a et seq.) of subchapter VI of chapter 6A of Title 42. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 201 of Title 42 and Tables.

Section 6568(c) of this title, referred to in subsec. (d)(4)(A), was in the original "section 104(c) of the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1977", and was translated as reading "section 104(c) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1977", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Section 4108 of this title, referred to in subsec. (e)(2), was in the original "section 105(a) of the Legislative Branch Act, 1965", and was translated as reading "section 105(a) of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1965", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 60c–5 of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Section is from the Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 2002, which is title I of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2002.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a)(1), (2). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(1)(B), added pars. (1) and (2). Former pars. (1) and (2) redesignated (3) and (4), respectively.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(1)(A), redesignated par. (1) as (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (5).

Subsec. (a)(3)(B). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(1)(C), substituted "rate of basic pay payable for a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5." for "rate of basic pay for an employee for a position at ES–1 of the Senior Executive Schedule as provided for in subchapter VIII of chapter 53 of title 5 (including any locality pay adjustment applicable to the Washington, D.C.-Baltimore Maryland consolidated metropolitan statistical area)."

Subsec. (a)(4) to (7). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(1)(A), redesignated pars. (2) to (5) as (4) to (7), respectively.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(2), struck out "1-year" before "required period".

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(3), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, substituted "Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term" for "The term", and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(4)(A), struck out "or" at end of subpar. (A), substituted a semicolon for "under subsection (f)(7)." at end of subpar. (B), and added subpars. (C) and (D).

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(4)(B), inserted "(including a required period of employment described in subsection (c)(1)(B))" after "required period of employment".

Subsec. (f)(7). Pub. L. 115–141, §103(a)(5), added par. (7) and struck out former par. (7). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Notwithstanding the terms of a service agreement under this section, the head of an employing office may reduce the amount of student loan payments made under the agreement if adequate funds are not available to such office. If the head of the employing office decides to reduce the amount of student loan payments for an eligible employee, the head of the office and the employee may mutually agree to terminate the service agreement."

2011—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–74, §1001(a)(1), inserted ", except as provided under subsection (b)(3)" after "means an individual" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 112–74, §1001(a)(2), added pars. (2) and (3) and struck out former pars. (2) and (3) which read as follows:

"(2) Employee of the senate.—The term 'employee of the Senate' has the meaning given the term in section 1301 of this title.

"(3) Employing office.—The term 'employing office' means the employing office, as defined in section 1301 of this title, of an employee of the Senate."

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 112–74, §1001(b), added par. (3).

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–117, §916(1), redesignated pars. (2) to (6) as (1) to (5), respectively, and struck out heading and text of former par. (1). Text read as follows: "The term 'Committee' means the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate."

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 107–117, §916(2), substituted "subsection (h)(1)(A)" for "subsection (i)(1)(A)" in subpar. (A) and "subsection (h)(1)(B)" for "subsection (i)(1)(B)" in subpar. (B).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–141, div. I, title I, §103(b), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 774, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall—

"(1) take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Mar. 23, 2018]; and

"(2) apply to a service agreement under section 102 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2002 (2 U.S.C. 4579) that is in effect on the date of enactment of this Act or entered into on or after the date of enactment of this Act."

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1001(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1124, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 23, 2011] and apply to service agreements entered into under section 102 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2002 (2 U.S.C. 60c–5) [now 2 U.S.C. 4579] or section 5379 of title 5, United States Code, on or after that date."

§4580. Lump sum payment for accrued annual leave of Senate employees

(a) Authorization

The head of the employing office of an employee of the Senate may, upon termination of employment of the employee, authorize payment of a lump sum for the accrued annual leave of that employee if—

(1) the head of the employing office—

(A) has approved a written leave policy authorizing employees to accrue leave and establishing the conditions upon which accrued leave may be paid; and

(B) submits written certification to the Financial Clerk of the Senate of the number of days of annual leave accrued by the employee for which payment is to be made under the written leave policy of the employing office; and


(2) there are sufficient funds to cover the lump sum payment.

(b) Rates

(1) A lump sum payment under this section shall not exceed the lesser of—

(A) twice the monthly rate of pay of the employee; or

(B) the product of the daily rate of pay of the employee and the number of days of accrued annual leave of the employee.


(2) The Secretary of the Senate shall determine the rates of pay of an employee under paragraph (1)(A) and (B) on the basis of the annual rate of pay of the employee in effect on the date of termination of employment.

(c) Source of payment

Any payment under this section shall be paid from the appropriation account or fund used to pay the employee.

(d) Reemployment refund

If an individual who received a lump sum payment under this section is reemployed as an employee of the Senate before the end of the period covered by the lump sum payment, the individual shall refund an amount equal to the applicable pay covering the period between the date of reemployment and the expiration of the lump sum period. Such amount shall be deposited to the appropriation account or fund used to pay the lump sum payment.

(e) Regulations

The Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate may prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

(f) Definitions

In this section, the term—

(1) "employee of the Senate" means any employee whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate, except that the term does not include a member of the Capitol Police or a civilian employee of the Capitol Police; and

(2) "head of the employing office" means any person with the final authority to appoint, hire, discharge, and set the terms, conditions, or privileges of the employment of an individual whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate.

(Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §6], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-97.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified as a note under section 60o of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Section is from the Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 2001, which is title I of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2001.

§4581. Aggregate gross compensation of employee of Senator of State with population under 5,000,000

(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4575(d)(1) of this title, and except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (C) of such subsection (d)(1), the aggregate of gross compensation paid employees in the office of a Senator shall not exceed during each fiscal year $1,012,083 if the population of his State is less than 5,000,000.

(b) Subsection (a) shall take effect October 1, 1991.

(Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §5, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 450.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 61–1c of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Section is from the Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1992, which is title I of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1992.