[USC02] 22 USC Ch. 29: CULTURAL, TECHNICAL, AND EDUCATIONAL CENTERS
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22 USC Ch. 29: CULTURAL, TECHNICAL, AND EDUCATIONAL CENTERS
From Title 22—FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 29—CULTURAL, TECHNICAL, AND EDUCATIONAL CENTERS

SUBCHAPTER I—CENTER BETWEEN EAST AND WEST

Sec.
2051 to 2053. Repealed.
2054.
Statement of purpose.
2055.
Duties of Secretary of State; establishment and operation of educational institution; grants, fellowships, and scholarships; availability of facilities.
2056.
Administration.
2057.
Authorization of appropriations.

        

SUBCHAPTER II—WESTERN HEMISPHERIC CENTER

2071, 2072. Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER III—DANTE B. FASCELL NORTH-SOUTH CENTER

2075.
Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between North and South.

        

SUBCHAPTER IV—INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

2077.
International University for the Americas.

        

SUBCHAPTER V—INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR MIDDLE EASTERN-WESTERN DIALOGUE

2078.
International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund.

        

SUBCHAPTER I—CENTER BETWEEN EAST AND WEST

§§2051 to 2053. Repealed. Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, §642(a)(7), Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 460

Sections, Pub. L. 86–108, ch. VI, §§601–603, July 24, 1959, 73 Stat. 256, 257, which directed the Secretary of State to submit to Congress before Jan. 3, 1960, a plan and program for the establishment in Hawaii of an educational institution, for grants, fellowships, and other payments to outstanding scholars and to qualified students from the nations of the East and West. See sections 2054 to 2057 of this title.

§2054. Statement of purpose

The purpose of this subchapter is to promote better relations and understanding between the United States and the nations of Asia and the Pacific (hereinafter referred to as "the East") through cooperative study, training, and research, by establishing in Hawaii a Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West where scholars and students in various fields from the nations of the East and West may study, give and receive training, exchange ideas and views, and conduct other activities primarily in support of the objectives of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended [22 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.], title III of chapter II of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, and other Acts promoting the international, educational, cultural, and related activities of the United States.

(Pub. L. 86–472, ch. VII, §702, May 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 141.)

References in Text

The United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended, referred to in text, is act Jan. 27, 1948, ch. 36, 62 Stat. 6, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 18 (§1431 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1431 of this title and Tables.

The Mutual Security Act of 1954, referred to in text, is act Aug. 26, 1954, ch. 937, 68 Stat. 832, as amended by acts July 8, 1955, ch. 301, 69 Stat. 283; July 18, 1956, ch. 627, §§2 to 11, 70 Stat. 555; Aug. 14, 1957, Pub. L. 85–141, 71 Stat. 355; June 30, 1958, Pub. L. 85–477, ch. 1, §§101 to 103, ch. II, §§201 to 205, ch. III, §301, ch. IV, §401, ch. V, §501, 72 Stat. 261; July 24, 1959, Pub. L. 86–108, §2, ch. 1, §101, ch. II, §§201 to 205(a) to (i), (k) to (n), ch. III, §301, ch. IV, §401(a) to (k), (m), 73 Stat. 246; May 14, 1960, Pub. L. 86–472, ch. I to V, 74 Stat. 134. Title III of chapter II of the Act was classified to sections 1891 to 1896, 1897, and 1898 of this title and was repealed by Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, §642(a)(2), Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 460 and Pub. L. 86–472, ch. II, §203(d), May 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 136. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1754 of this title and Tables.

Short Title

Pub. L. 86–472, ch. VII, §701, May 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 141, provided that: "This chapter [enacting this subchapter] may be cited as the 'Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West Act of 1960'."

Transfer of Functions

All functions vested in the President, the Secretary of State, the Department of State, the United States Information Agency, or the Director thereof, under this chapter, were transferred to the Director of the International Communication Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977, §7(a)(7), 42 F.R. 62461, 91 Stat. 1637, set out under section 1461 of this title, effective on or before July 1, 1978, at such time as specified by the President. The International Communication Agency, and the Director thereof, were redesignated the United States Information Agency, and the Director thereof, by section 303 of Pub. L. 97–241, title III, Aug. 24, 1982, 96 Stat. 291, set out as a note under section 1461 of this title. United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and 6532 of this title.

§2055. Duties of Secretary of State; establishment and operation of educational institution; grants, fellowships, and scholarships; availability of facilities

In order to carry out the purpose of this subchapter the Secretary of State (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") shall provide for—

(1) the establishment and operation in Hawaii of an educational institution to be known as the Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West, through arrangements with public, educational, or other nonprofit institutions;

(2) grants, fellowships, and other payments to outstanding scholars and authorities from the nations of the East and West as may be necessary to attract such scholars and authorities to the Center;

(3) grants, scholarships, and other payments to qualified students from the nations of the East and West as may be necessary to enable such students to engage in study or training at the Center; and

(4) making the facilities of the Center available for study or training to other qualified persons.

(Pub. L. 86–472, ch. VII, §703, May 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 141.)

§2056. Administration

(a) Authority

In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretary may utilize his authority under the provisions of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended [22 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.].

(b) Gifts, bequests, and devises

The Secretary may, in administering the provisions of this subchapter, accept from public and private sources money and property to be utilized in carrying out the purposes and functions of the Center. In utilizing any gifts, bequests, or devises accepted there shall be available to the Secretary the same authorities as are available to him in accepting and utilizing gifts, bequests, and devises to the George P. Shultz National Foreign Affairs Training Center under the provisions of section 2697 of this title. For the purposes of Federal income, estate, and gift taxes, any gift, devise, or bequest accepted by the Secretary under the authority of this subchapter shall be deemed to be a gift, devise, or bequest to or for the use of the United States.

(c) Report to Congress

The Director of the United States Information Agency shall make periodic reports, as he deems necessary, to the Congress with respect to his activities under the provisions of this subchapter, and such reports shall include any recommendations for needed revisions in this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 86–472, ch. VII, §704, May 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 141; Pub. L. 96–465, title II, §2206(a)(8), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2162; Pub. L. 96–470, title II, §212(b), Oct. 19, 1980, 94 Stat. 2246; Pub. L. 97–241, title III, §303(b), Aug. 24, 1982, 96 Stat. 291; Pub. L. 107–132, §1(b), Jan. 16, 2002, 115 Stat. 2412.)

References in Text

The United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended, referred to in subsec. (a), is act Jan. 27, 1948, ch. 36, 62 Stat. 6, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 18 (§1431 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1431 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–132 substituted "George P. Shultz National Foreign Affairs Training Center" for "Foreign Service Institute".

1980—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–465 substituted reference to section 2697 of this title for reference to section 809 of this title.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96–470 substituted provision requiring the Director to make periodic reports, as he deems necessary, for provision requiring the Director to make an annual report.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–465 effective Feb. 15, 1981, except as otherwise provided, see section 2403 of Pub. L. 96–465, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3901 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

"Director of the United States Information Agency" substituted for "Director of the International Communication Agency" in subsec. (c), pursuant to section 303(b) of Pub. L. 97–241, set out as a note under section 1461 of this title which redesignated International Communication Agency, and Director thereof, as United States Information Agency, and Director thereof. United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and 6532 of this title.

§2057. Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated, to remain available until expended, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 86–472, ch. VII, §705, May 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 142.)

SUBCHAPTER II—WESTERN HEMISPHERIC CENTER

§§2071, 2072. Repealed. Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, §642(a)(8), Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 460

Sections, Pub. L. 86–472, ch. VIII, §§801, 802, May 14, 1960, 75 Stat. 142, related to Western Hemispheric Center, stated Congressional declaration of purpose and authorized preparation and submission of plan to Congress.

SUBCHAPTER III—DANTE B. FASCELL NORTH-SOUTH CENTER

§2075. Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between North and South

(a) Short title

This section may be cited as the "Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Act of 1991" 1

(b) Purpose

The purpose of this section is to promote better relations between the United States and the nations of Latin America and the Caribbean and Canada through cooperative study, training, and research, by supporting in Florida a Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between North and South where scholars and students in various fields from the nations of the hemisphere may study, give and receive training, exchange ideas and views, and conduct other activities consistent with the objectives of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.] and other Acts promoting international, educational, cultural, scientific, and related activities of the United States.

(c) Dante B. Fascell North-South Center

In order to carry out the purpose of this section, the Director of the United States Information Agency shall provide for the operation in Florida of an educational institution which shall be known and designated as the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center, through arrangements with public, educational, or other nonprofit institutions.

(d) Authorities

The Director of the United States Information Agency, in carrying out this section, may utilize the authorities of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.]. Section 2056(b) of this title shall apply in the administration of this section. In order to carry out the purposes of this section, the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center is authorized to use funds made available under this section to acquire property and facilities, by construction, lease, or purchase.

(e) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and $10,000,000 for each subsequent fiscal year to carry out this section. Amounts appropriated under this section are authorized to be available until expended.

(Pub. L. 102–138, title II, §208, Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 694; Pub. L. 106–29, §1, May 21, 1999, 113 Stat. 54.)

References in Text

The Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, referred to in subsecs. (b) and (d), is Pub. L. 87–256, Sept. 21, 1961, 75 Stat. 527, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 33 (§2451 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2451 of this title and Tables.

Codification

Section is comprised of section 208 of Pub. L. 102–138. Subsec. (f) of section 208 of Pub. L. 102–138 repealed a prior section 2075 of this title. See Prior Provisions note below.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2075, Pub. L. 101–513, title II, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1984, was based on section 206 of title II of the House engrossed amendment (as passed the House of Representatives on May 24, 1990) to S. 2364, One Hundred First Congress, which was enacted into law by Pub. L. 101–513, and which was cited as the "Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange between North and South Act of 1990", established a North-South Center in Florida to promote better relations between the United States and the nations of Latin America and the Caribbean and Canada through study, training, exchange of ideas and views, and other activities in support of the objectives of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, prior to repeal, effective Oct. 1, 1991, by Pub. L. 102–138, title II, §208(f), Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 694.

Amendments

1999—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–29, §1(1), added subsec. (a) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (a). Text read as follows: "This section may be cited as the 'North/South Center Act of 1991'."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–29, §1(2)(A), amended subsec. heading generally. Prior to amendment, heading read as follows: "North/South Center".

Pub. L. 106–29, §1(2)(B), substituted "which shall be known and designated as the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center," for "known as the North/South Center,".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–29, §1(3), substituted "Dante B. Fascell North-South Center" for "North/South Center".

Change of Name

Pub. L. 106–29, §2, May 21, 1999, 113 Stat. 54, provided that:

"(a) Center.—Any reference in any other provision of law to the educational institution in Florida known as the North/South Center shall be deemed to be a reference to the 'Dante B. Fascell North-South Center'.

"(b) Short Title.—Any reference in any other provision of law to the North/South Center Act of 1991 shall be deemed to be a reference to the 'Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Act of 1991'."

Transfer of Functions

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and 6532 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.

SUBCHAPTER IV—INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

§2077. International University for the Americas

(a) Purpose

The purpose of this section is to promote economic integration and the consolidation and strengthening of democratic institutions in the Western Hemisphere, and to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus through the establishment of an institution of higher education, which shall be known as the "International University for the Americas".

(b) Establishment

The Secretary of State, in consultation with other governments in the Western Hemisphere, shall determine the most appropriate location for the International University for the Americas. In making that determination, the Secretary shall ensure that—

(1) the location chosen is in the Americas and is easily accessible to all peoples in the region; and

(2) the relevant government—

(A) has demonstrated a commitment to economic integration and democratic values though 1 its policies and programs; and

(B) has expressed an interest in that location being chosen as a site and has agreed to contribute some amount of assistance, either in cash or kind, toward the costs of developing the institution.

(c) Faculty, students, and curriculum

In developing the bylaws of the International University for the Americas, the Secretary of State shall ensure that they contain provisions to ensure that faculty and students are drawn from all the nations in the Western Hemisphere, and that the curriculum is designed to develop expertise in fields that will promote the economic integration of the Americas and the consolidation of democracy throughout the Hemisphere.

(d) Annual report

The annual reports submitted pursuant to section 1738m of title 7 shall include a progress report on the selection of a site and design for the establishment of the International University for the Americas.

(e) Funding

Of the funds that are allocated for assistance for Latin America and the Caribbean under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.] (relating to development assistance) and chapter 4 of part II of that Act [22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.] (relating to the economic support fund), $500,000 may be made available to carry out the site location and design phase of the International University for the Americas.

(Pub. L. 102–549, title VI, §604, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3669; Pub. L. 110–246, title III, §3001(b)(1)(A), (2)(O), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1820.)

References in Text

The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsec. (e), is Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as amended. Chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Act are classified generally to part I (§2151 et seq.) of subchapter I and part IV (§2346 et seq.) of subchapter II, respectively, of chapter 32 of this title. For provisions deeming references to part I of subchapter I to include a reference to section 2293 of this title, see section 2293(d)(1) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–246 made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to section 1738m of title 7.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, see section 4(b) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of Title 7, Agriculture.

1 So in original. Probably should be "through".

SUBCHAPTER V—INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR MIDDLE EASTERN-WESTERN DIALOGUE

§2078. International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund

(a) Establishment

There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund to be known as the International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund. The income from the fund shall be used for operations of the International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue to promote dialogue and scholarship in the Middle East. The fund may accept contributions and gifts from public and private sources.

(b) Duties of Secretary of State; investments

It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to invest in full amounts made available to the fund. Such investments may be made only in interest-bearing obligations of the United States or in obligations guaranteed as to both principal and interest by the United States. The interest on, and the proceeds from the sale or redemption of, any obligations held in the fund shall be credited to and form a part of the fund and shall remain available without fiscal year limitation.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

For each fiscal year, there is authorized to be appropriated from the fund for the operations of the International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue the total amount of the interest and earnings credited to the fund under subsection (b).

(d) Authorization of additional appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund, without fiscal year limitation, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section and to provide for the permanent endowment for the International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue established under this section.

(e) Ownership of Center location

The United States, through the Department of State, shall retain ownership of the Palazzo Corpi building in Istanbul, Turkey, and the Secretary of State shall be responsible for maintaining the International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue at such location.

(Pub. L. 108–199, div. B, title VI, §633, Jan. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 100.)

Codification

Section is comprised of section 633 of div. B of Pub. L. 108–199. Subsec. (f) of section 633 of div. B of Pub. L. 108–199 amended section 1321(a) of Title 31, Money and Finance.