[USC02] 22 USC CHAPTER 94, SUBCHAPTER VI: GENERAL PROVISIONS
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22 USC CHAPTER 94, SUBCHAPTER VI: GENERAL PROVISIONS
From Title 22—FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSECHAPTER 94—IRAN THREAT REDUCTION AND SYRIA HUMAN RIGHTS

SUBCHAPTER VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS

§8781. Implementation; penalties

(a) Implementation

The President may exercise all authorities provided under sections 1702 and 1704 of title 50 to carry out—

(1) sections 8721, 8722, 8723, 8724, 8725, 8726 of this title, 312,1 and 8751 of this title, subchapter III, and subchapter VII;

(2) section 8513b of this title, as added by section 312; 1 and

(3) sections 8514a and 8514b of this title, as added by subtitle A of title IV.

(b) Penalties

(1) In general

The penalties provided for in subsections (b) and (c) of section 1705 of title 50 shall apply to a person that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of a provision specified in paragraph (2) of this subsection, or an order or regulation prescribed under such a provision, to the same extent that such penalties apply to a person that commits an unlawful act described in section 1705(a) of title 50.

(2) Provisions specified

The provisions specified in this paragraph are the following:

(A) Sections 8721, 8722, 8723, and 8726 of this title, subchapter III, and subchapter VII.

(B) Sections 8514a and 8514b of this title, as added by subtitle A of title IV.

(Pub. L. 112–158, title VI, §601, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1263.)

References in Text

Section 312, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), is section 312 of Pub. L. 112–158, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1249. Subsec. (a) of section 312 is not classified to the Code. Subsecs. (b) and (c) of section 312 amended section 8513 of this title. Subsec. (d) of section 312 enacted provisions set out as a note under section 8513 of this title.

Section 8513b of this title, as added by section 312, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), was in the original "section 104A of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as added by section 312" and was translated as meaning section 104A of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as added by section 216(a) of Pub. L. 112–158, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. For classification of section 312 of Pub. L. 112–158, see above.

Sections 8514a and 8514b of this title, as added by subtitle A of title IV, referred to in subsecs. (a)(3) and (b)(2)(B), are sections 8514a and 8514b of this title, as added by subtitle A (§§401–403) of title IV of Pub. L. 112–158.

1 See References in Text note below.

§8782. Applicability to certain intelligence activities

Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall apply to the authorized intelligence activities of the United States.

(Pub. L. 112–158, title VI, §602, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1264.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 112–158, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1214, known as the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8701 of this title and Tables.

§8783. Applicability to certain natural gas projects

(a) Exception for certain natural gas projects

Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall apply to any activity relating to a project—

(1) for the development of natural gas and the construction and operation of a pipeline to transport natural gas from Azerbaijan to Turkey and Europe;

(2) that provides to Turkey and countries in Europe energy security and energy independence from the Government of the Russian Federation and other governments with jurisdiction over persons subject to sanctions imposed under this Act or amendments made by this Act; and

(3) that was initiated before August 10, 2012, pursuant to a production-sharing agreement, or an ancillary agreement necessary to further a production-sharing agreement, entered into with, or a license granted by, the government of a country other than Iran before August 10, 2012.

(b) Termination of exception

(1) In general

The exception under subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to a project described in that subsection on or after the date on which the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that—

(A) the percentage of the equity interest in the project held by or on behalf of an entity described in paragraph (2) has increased relative to the percentage of the equity interest in the project held by or on behalf of such an entity on January 1, 2002; or

(B) an entity described in paragraph (2) has assumed an operational role in the project.

(2) Entity described

An entity described in this paragraph is—

(A) an entity—

(i) owned or controlled by the Government of Iran or identified under section 560.304 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to the definition of the Government of Iran); or

(ii) organized under the laws of Iran or with the participation or approval of the Government of Iran;


(B) an entity owned or controlled by an entity described in subparagraph (A); or

(C) a successor entity to an entity described in subparagraph (A).

(Pub. L. 112–158, title VI, §603, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1264.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 112–158, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1214, known as the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8701 of this title and Tables.

§8784. Rule of construction with respect to use of force against Iran and Syria

Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall be construed as a declaration of war or an authorization of the use of force against Iran or Syria.

(Pub. L. 112–158, title VI, §604, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1265.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 112–158, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1214, known as the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8701 of this title and Tables.

Rule of Construction for Specific Acts

Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title XII, §1284, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1708, provided that: "Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification], or any amendment made by this Act, may be construed to authorize the use of military force, including the use of military force against Iran or any other country."

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XII, §1295, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2088, provided that: "Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification] may be construed to authorize the use of force against Iran or North Korea."

Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title XII, §1235, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1059, provided that: "Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification] shall be construed as authorizing the use of force against Iran."

Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title XII, §1279, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3593, provided that: "Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification] shall be construed as authorizing the use of force against Iran."

Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XII, §1252, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 926, provided that: "Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification] shall be construed as authorizing the use of force against Syria or Iran."

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title XII, §1234, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2004, provided that: "Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification] shall be construed as authorizing the use of force against Iran."

§8785. Termination

(a) In general

The provisions of sections 8721, 8722, 8723, 8725, 8726, 8727, and 8771 of this title, subchapter I, and subchapter III shall terminate on the date that is 30 days after the date on which the President makes the certification described in section 8551(a) of this title.

(b) Omitted

(Pub. L. 112–158, title VI, §605, Aug. 10, 2012, 126 Stat. 1265.)

Codification

Section is comprised of section 605 of Pub. L. 112–158. Subsec. (b) of section 605 of Pub. L. 112–158 amended section 8551 of this title.