[USC02] 25 USC Ch. 26: INDIAN ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
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25 USC Ch. 26: INDIAN ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
From Title 25—INDIANS

CHAPTER 26—INDIAN ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

SUBCHAPTER I—GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.
2401.
Congressional findings.
2402.
Purpose.
2403.
Definitions.

        

SUBCHAPTER II—COORDINATION OF RESOURCES AND PROGRAMS

2411.
Inter-departmental Memorandum of Agreement.
2412.
Tribal Action Plans.
2413.
Departmental responsibility.
2414.
Congressional intent in construction of laws.
2414a.
Review of programs.
2415.
Federal facilities, property, and equipment; leasing of tribal property.
2416.
Newsletter.

        

SUBCHAPTER III—INDIAN YOUTH PROGRAMS

2431.
Review of programs.
2432.
Indian education programs.
2433.
Emergency shelters.
2434.
Social services reports.

        

SUBCHAPTER IV—LAW ENFORCEMENT AND JUDICIAL SERVICES

2441.
Review of programs.
2442.
Illegal narcotics traffic on Tohono O'odham and St. Regis Reservations; source eradication.

        

SUBCHAPTER V—BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS LAW ENFORCEMENT

2451.
Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement and judicial training.
2452.
Medical assessment and treatment of juvenile offenders.
2453.
Juvenile detention centers.
2454.
Model Indian Juvenile Code.
2455.
Law enforcement and judicial report.

        

SUBCHAPTER VI—INDIAN ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION

2471 to 2478. Transferred or Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER I—GENERAL PROVISIONS

§2401. Congressional findings

The Congress finds and declares that—

(1) the Federal Government has a historical relationship and unique legal and moral responsibility to Indian tribes and their members,

(2) included in this responsibility is the treaty, statutory, and historical obligation to assist the Indian tribes in meeting the health and social needs of their members,

(3) alcoholism and alcohol and substance abuse is the most severe health and social problem facing Indian tribes and people today and nothing is more costly to Indian people than the consequences of alcohol and substance abuse measured in physical, mental, social, and economic terms,

(4) alcohol and substance abuse is the leading generic risk factor among Indians, and Indians die from alcoholism at over 4 times the age-adjusted rates for the United States population and alcohol and substance misuse results in a rate of years of potential life lost nearly 5 times that of the United States,

(5) 4 of the top 10 causes of death among Indians are alcohol and drug related injuries (18 percent of all deaths), chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (5 percent), suicide (3 percent), and homicide (3 percent),

(6) primarily because deaths from unintentional injuries and violence occur disproportionately among young people, the age-specific death rate for Indians is approximately double the United States rate for the 15 to 45 age group,

(7) Indians between the ages of 15 and 24 years of age are more than 2 times as likely to commit suicide as the general population and approximately 80 percent of those suicides are alcohol-related,

(8) Indians between the ages of 15 and 24 years of age are twice as likely as the general population to die in automobile accidents, 75 percent of which are alcohol-related,

(9) the Indian Health Service, which is charged with treatment and rehabilitation efforts, has directed only 1 percent of its budget for alcohol and substance abuse problems,

(10) the Bureau of Indian Affairs, which has responsibility for programs in education, social services, law enforcement, and other areas, has assumed little responsibility for coordinating its various efforts to focus on the epidemic of alcohol and substance abuse among Indian people,

(11) this lack of emphasis and priority continues despite the fact that Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service officials publicly acknowledge that alcohol and substance abuse among Indians is the most serious health and social problem facing the Indian people, and

(12) the Indian tribes have the primary responsibility for protecting and ensuring the well-being of their members and the resources made available under this chapter will assist Indian tribes in meeting that responsibility.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4202, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–137.)

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in par. (12), was in the original "this subtitle", meaning subtitle C of title IV of Pub. L. 99–570, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–137, known as the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1986, which is classified generally to this chapter. For complete classification of subtitle C to the Code, see Short Title note below and Tables.

Short Title

Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4201, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–137, provided that: "This subtitle [subtitle C (§§4201–4230) of title IV of Pub. L. 99–570, enacting this chapter, amending section 1302 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 1302 of this title] may be cited as the 'Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1986'."

Rule of Construction for Pub. L. 100–690

Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2219, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4222, provided that: "Except as otherwise provided in this Act or the amendments made by this Act [see Tables for classification], nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall be construed to affect the obligation of the United States to any Indian or Indian tribe arising out of any treaty, statute, Executive order, or the trust responsibility of the United States owing to such Indian or Indian tribe. Nothing in this section shall exempt any individual Indian from the sanctions of 'user accountability' provided for elsewhere in this Act: Provided, That no individual Indian shall be denied any benefit under Federal Indian programs comparable to those 'means tested' safety net programs otherwise excluded under this Act."

§2402. Purpose

It is the purpose of this chapter to—

(1) authorize and develop a comprehensive, coordinated attack upon the illegal narcotics traffic in Indian country and the deleterious impact of alcohol and substance abuse upon Indian tribes and their members,

(2) provide needed direction and guidance to those Federal agencies responsible for Indian programs to identify and focus existing programs and resources, including those made available by this chapter, upon this problem,

(3) provide authority and opportunities for Indian tribes to develop and implement a coordinated program for the prevention and treatment of alcohol and substance abuse at the local level, and

(4) to 1 modify or supplement existing programs and authorities in the areas of education, family and social services, law enforcement and judicial services, and health services to further the purposes of this chapter.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4203, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–138.)

1 So in original.

§2403. Definitions

For purposes of this chapter—

(1) The term "agency" means the local administrative entity of the Bureau of Indian Affairs serving one or more Indian tribes within a defined geographic area.

(2) The term "youth" shall have the meaning given it in any particular Tribal Action Plan adopted pursuant to section 2411 of this title, except that, for purposes of statistical reporting under this chapter, it shall mean a person who is 19 years or younger or who is in attendance at a secondary school.

(3) The term "Indian tribe" means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians (including any Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation as defined in, or established pursuant to, the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)) which is recognized as eligible for special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

(4) The term "prevention and treatment" includes, as appropriate—

(A) efforts to identify, and the identification of, Indians who are at risk with respect to, or who are abusers of, alcohol or controlled substances,

(B) intervention into cases of on-going alcohol and substance abuse to halt a further progression of such abuse,

(C) prevention through education and the provision of alternative activities,

(D) treatment for alcohol and substance abusers to help abstain from, and alleviate the effects of, abuse,

(E) rehabilitation to provide on-going assistance, either on an inpatient or outpatient basis, to help Indians reform or abstain from alcohol or substance abuse,

(F) follow-up or after-care to provide the appropriate counseling and assistance on an outpatient basis, and

(G) referral to other sources of assistance or resources.


(5) The term "service unit" means an administrative entity within the Indian Health Service or a tribe or tribal organization operating health care programs or facilities with funds from the Indian Health Service under the Indian Self-Determination Act [25 U.S.C. 5321 et seq.] through which the services are provided, directly or by contract, to the eligible Indian population within a defined geographic area.

(6) The terms "Urban Indian", "Urban Center", and "Urban Indian Organization" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 1603 of this title.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4204, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–138; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2202, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4217.)

References in Text

The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, referred to in par. (3), is Pub. L. 92–203, Dec. 18, 1971, 85 Stat. 688, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 33 (§1601 et seq.) of Title 43, Public Lands. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1601 of Title 43 and Tables.

The Indian Self-Determination Act, referred to in par. (5), is title I of Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2206, which is classified principally to subchapter I (§5321 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

1988—Par. (6). Pub. L. 100–690 added par. (6).

SUBCHAPTER II—COORDINATION OF RESOURCES AND PROGRAMS

§2411. Inter-departmental Memorandum of Agreement

(a) In general

Not later than 1 year after July 29, 2010, the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall develop and enter into a Memorandum of Agreement which shall, among other things—

(1) determine and define the scope of the problem of alcohol and substance abuse for Indian tribes and their members and its financial and human costs, and specifically identify such problems affecting Indian youth,

(2) identify—

(A) the resources and programs of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Justice Programs, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and Indian Health Service, and

(B) other Federal, tribal, State and local, and private resources and programs,


which would be relevant to a coordinated effort to combat alcohol and substance abuse among Indian people, including those programs and resources made available by this chapter,

(3) develop and establish appropriate minimum standards for each agency's program responsibilities under the Memorandum of Agreement which may be—

(A) the existing Federal or State standards in effect, or

(B) in the absence of such standards, new standards which will be developed and established in consultation with Indian tribes,


(4) coordinate the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Justice, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and Indian Health Service alcohol and substance abuse programs existing on October 27, 1986, with programs or efforts established by this chapter,

(5) delineate the responsibilities of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Justice, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the Indian Health Service to coordinate alcohol and substance abuse-related services at the central, area, agency, and service unit levels,

(6) direct Bureau of Indian Affairs agency and education superintendents, where appropriate, and the Indian Health Service service unit directors to cooperate fully with tribal requests made pursuant to section 2412 of this title, and

(7) provide for an annual review of such agreements by the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services.

(b) Character of activities

To the extent that there are new activities undertaken pursuant to this chapter, those activities shall supplement, not supplant, activities, programs, and local actions that are ongoing on October 27, 1986. Such activities shall be undertaken in the manner least disruptive to tribal control, in accordance with the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.),1 and local control, in accordance with section 2010 1 of this title.

(c) Consultation

The Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, in developing the Memorandum of Agreement under subsection (a), consult with and solicit the comments of—

(1) interested Indian tribes,

(2) Indian individuals,

(3) Indian organizations, and

(4) professionals in the treatment of alcohol and substance abuse.

(d) Publication

The Memorandum of Agreement under subsection (a) shall be submitted to Congress and published in the Federal Register not later than 130 days after July 29, 2010. At the same time as publication in the Federal Register, the Secretary of the Interior shall provide a copy of this chapter and the Memorandum of Agreement under subsection (a) to each Indian tribe.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4205, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–139; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(a)(1), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2287.)

References in Text

The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.), referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2203, which was classified principally to subchapter II (§450 et seq.) of chapter 14 of this title prior to editorial reclassification as chapter 46 (§5301 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Section 2010 of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was in the original a reference to section 1130 of the Education Amendments of 1978, Pub. L. 95–561. Section 1130 of Pub. L. 95–561 was omitted in the general amendment of chapter 22 (§2001 et seq.) of this title by Pub. L. 103–382, title III, §381, Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3979. Pub. L. 103–382 enacted a new section 1130 of Pub. L. 95–561, relating to uniform direct funding and support, which is classified to section 2010 of this title. Provisions relating to Indian control of Indian education are now contained in section 2011 of this title.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(1)(A)(i), in introductory provisions, substituted "Not later than 1 year after July 29, 2010" for "Not later than 120 days after October 27, 1986" and inserted ", the Attorney General," after "Secretary of the Interior".

Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(1)(A)(ii), which directed insertion of ", Office of Justice Programs, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration," after "Bureau of Indian Affairs,", was executed by making the insertion after "Bureau of Indian Affairs" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (a)(4), (5). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(1)(A)(iii), (iv), inserted ", Department of Justice, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration," after "Bureau of Indian Affairs".

Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(1)(A)(v), inserted ", the Attorney General," after "Secretary of the Interior".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(1)(B), inserted ", the Attorney General," after "Secretary of the Interior" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(1)(C), substituted "July 29, 2010" for "October 27, 1986".

1 See References in Text note below.

§2412. Tribal Action Plans

(a) In general

The governing body of any Indian tribe may, at its discretion, adopt a resolution for the establishment of a Tribal Action Plan to coordinate available resources and programs, including programs and resources made available by this chapter, in an effort to combat alcohol and substance abuse among its members. Such resolution shall be the basis for the implementation of this chapter and of the Memorandum of Agreement under section 2411 of this title.

(b) Cooperation

At the request of any Indian tribe pursuant to a resolution adopted under subsection (a), the Bureau of Indian Affairs agency and education superintendents, where appropriate,,1 the Office of Justice Programs, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the Indian Health Service service unit director providing services to such tribe shall cooperate with the tribe in the development of a Tribal Action Plan to coordinate resources and programs relevant to alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment. Upon the development of such a plan, such superintendents and director, as directed by the Memorandum of Agreement established under section 2411 of this title, shall enter into an agreement with the tribe for the implementation of the Tribal Action Plan under subsection (a).

(c) Provisions

(1) Any Tribal Action Plan entered into under subsection (b) shall provide for—

(A) the establishment of a Tribal Coordinating Committee which shall—

(i) at a minimum, have as members a tribal representative who shall serve as Chairman and the Bureau of Indian Affairs agency and education superintendents, where appropriate,,1 the Office of Justice Programs, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the Indian Health Service service unit director, or their representatives,

(ii) have primary responsibility for the implementation of the Tribal Action Plan,

(iii) have the responsibility for on-going review and evaluation of, and the making of recommendations to the tribe relating to, the Tribal Action Plan, and

(iv) have the responsibility for scheduling Federal, tribal or other personnel for training in the prevention and treatment of alcohol and substance abuse among Indians as provided under section 2475 2 of this title, and


(B) the incorporation of the minimum standards for those programs and services which it encompasses which shall be—

(i) the Federal or State standards as provided in section 2411(a)(3) of this title, or

(ii) applicable tribal standards, if such standards are no less stringent than the Federal or State standards.


(2) Any Tribal Action Plan may, among other things, provide for—

(A) an assessment of the scope of the problem of alcohol and substance abuse for the Indian tribe which adopted the resolution for the Plan,

(B) the identification and coordination of available resources and programs relevant to a program of alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment,

(C) the establishment and prioritization of goals and the efforts needed to meet those goals,

(D) the identification of the community and family roles in any of the efforts undertaken as part of the Tribal Action Plan,

(E) the establishment of procedures for amendment and revision of the plan as may be determined necessary by the Tribal Coordinating Committee, and

(F) an evaluation component to measure the success of efforts made.


(3) All Tribal Action Plans shall be updated every 2 years.

(d) Grants

(1) The Secretary of the Interior may make grants to Indian tribes adopting a resolution pursuant to subsection (a) to provide technical assistance in the development of a Tribal Action Plan. The Secretary shall allocate funds based on need.

(2) There are authorized to be appropriated for grants under this subsection not more than $2,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(e) Federal action

If any Indian tribe does not adopt a resolution as provided in subsection (a) within 90 days after the publication of the Memorandum of Agreement in the Federal Register as provided in section 2411 of this title, the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall require the Bureau of Indian Affairs agency and education superintendents, where appropriate, and the Indian Health Service service unit director serving such tribe to enter into an agreement to identify and coordinate available programs and resources to carry out the purposes of this chapter for such tribe. After such an agreement has been entered into for a tribe such tribe may adopt a resolution under subsection (a).

(f) Grants for training, education, and prevention programs

(1) The Secretary of the Interior may make grants to Indian tribes adopting a resolution pursuant to subsection (a) to implement and develop community and in-school training, education, and prevention programs on alcohol and substance abuse, fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effect.

(2) Funds provided under this section may be used for, but are not limited to, the development and implementation of tribal programs for—

(A) youth employment;

(B) youth recreation;

(C) youth cultural activities;

(D) community awareness programs; and

(E) community training and education programs.


(3) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of this subsection $5,000,000 for fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4206, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–140; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §§2203, 2204, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4217; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(a)(2), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2287.)

References in Text

Section 2475 of this title, referred to in subsec. (c)(1)(A)(iv), was repealed by Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §702(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(2)(A), inserted ", the Office of Justice Programs, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration," before "and the Indian Health Service service unit".

Subsec. (c)(1)(A)(i). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(2)(B), inserted ", the Office of Justice Programs, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration," before "and the Indian Health Service service unit".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(2)(C), substituted "the period of fiscal years 2011 through 2015" for "fiscal year 1993 and such sums as are necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(2)(D), inserted ", the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior".

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(2)(E), substituted "fiscal years 2011 through 2015" for "fiscal year 1993 and such sums as are necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000".

1992—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–573, §703(1)(A), in par. (2), redesignated subpars. (2) to (4) as subpars. (B) to (D), respectively, and added subpar. (F), and added par. (3).

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 102–573, §703(1)(B), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "There is authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992 for grants under this subsection."

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–573, §703(1)(C), added subsec. (f).

1988—Subsec. (c)(2)(E). Pub. L. 100–690, §2203, added subpar. (E).

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 100–690, §2204, amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "There is authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal year 1987, 1988, and 1989 for grants under this subsection."

1 So in original.

2 See References in Text note below.

§2413. Departmental responsibility

(a) Implementation

The Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Indian Health Service, shall bear equal responsibility for the implementation of this chapter in cooperation with Indian tribes.

(b) Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse

(1) Establishment

(A) In general

To improve coordination among the Federal agencies and departments carrying out this chapter, there is established within the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration an office, to be known as the "Office of Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse" (referred to in this section as the "Office").

(B) Director

The director of the Office shall be appointed by the Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration—

(i) on a permanent basis; and

(ii) at a grade of not less than GS–15 of the General Schedule.

(2) Responsibilities of Office

In addition to other responsibilities which may be assigned to such Office, it shall be responsible for—

(A) coordinating with other agencies to monitor the performance and compliance of the relevant Federal programs in achieving the goals and purposes of this chapter and the Memorandum of Agreement entered into under section 2411 of this title;

(B) serving as a point of contact for Indian tribes and the Tribal Coordinating Committees regarding the implementation of this chapter, the Memorandum of Agreement, and any Tribal Action Plan established under section 2412 of this title; and

(C) not later than 1 year after July 29, 2010, developing, in coordination and consultation with tribal governments, a framework for interagency and tribal coordination that—

(i) establish 1 the goals and other desired outcomes of this Act;

(ii) prioritizes outcomes that are aligned with the purposes of affected agencies;

(iii) provides guidelines for resource and information sharing;

(iv) provides technical assistance to the affected agencies to establish effective and permanent interagency communication and coordination; and

(v) determines whether collaboration is feasible, cost-effective, and within agency capability.

(3) Appointment of employees

The Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration shall appoint such employees to work in the Office, and shall provide such funding, services, and equipment, as may be necessary to enable the Office to carry out the responsibilities under this subsection.

(c) Indian Youth Programs Officer

(1) There is established in the Office the position to be known as the Indian Youth Programs Officer. The Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration shall appoint the Indian Youth Programs Officer.

(2) The position of Indian Youth Programs Officer shall be established on a permanent basis at no less than the grade of GS–14 of the General Schedule.

(3) In addition to other responsibilities which may be assigned to the Indian Youth Programs Officer relating to Indian youth such Officer shall be responsible for—

(A) monitoring the performance and compliance of the applicable Federal programs in meeting the goals and purposes of this chapter and the Memorandum of Agreement entered into under section 2411 of this title as they relate to Indian youth efforts, and

(B) providing advice and recommendations, including recommendations submitted by Indian tribes and Tribal Coordinating Committees, to the Director of the Office as they relate to Indian youth.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4207, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–141; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2216, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4221; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4583; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(a)(3), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2288.)

References in Text

The General Schedule, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1)(B)(ii) and (c)(2), is set out under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

This Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(2)(C)(i), is Pub. L. 99–570, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207, known as the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1986 Amendment note set out under section 801 of Title 21, Food and Drugs, and Tables.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(A), inserted ", the Attorney General" after "Bureau of Indian Affairs".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(B)(i), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: "In order to better coordinate the various programs of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in carrying out this chapter, there is established within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs an Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse. The director of such office shall be appointed by the Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs on a permanent basis at no less than a grade GS–15 of the General Schedule."

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(B)(ii)(I), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(B)(ii)(II), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "monitoring the performance and compliance of programs of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in meeting the goals and purposes of this chapter and the Memorandum of Agreement entered into under section 2411 of this title, and".

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(B)(ii)(III)(aa), struck out "within the Bureau of Indian Affairs" after "point of contact".

Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(B)(ii)(III)(bb), (IV), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(B)(iii), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: "The Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs shall appoint such employees to work in the Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse, and shall provide such funding, services, and equipment as may be necessary to enable the Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse to carry out its responsibilities."

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(C)(i), (ii), struck out "of Alcohol and Substance Abuse" after "Office" and substituted "The Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration" for "The Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs".

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(C)(iii)(I), which directed substitution of "youth" for "Youth" in introductory provisions, was executed by making the substitution for "Youth" the second time appearing, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (c)(3)(A). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(C)(iii)(II), substituted "the applicable Federal programs" for "programs of the Bureau of Indian Affairs".

Subsec. (c)(3)(B). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(3)(C)(i), struck out "of Alcohol and Substance Abuse" after "Office".

1992—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 102–573 amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: "The Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs shall appoint such employees to work in the Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse, and shall provide such services and equipment, as may be necessary to enable the Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse to carry out its responsibilities."

1988—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–690, §2216(1), (2), substituted "Assistant Secretary of the Interior for" for "Assistant Secretary of" and "Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs on" for "Assistant Secretary on".

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–690, §2216(3), added par. (3).

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 100–690, §2216(4), inserted at end "The Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs shall appoint the Indian Youth Programs Officer."

1 So in original. Probably should be "establishes".

§2414. Congressional intent in construction of laws

It is the intent of Congress that—

(1) specific Federal laws, and administrative regulations promulgated thereunder, establishing programs of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Indian Health Service, and other Federal agencies, and

(2) general Federal laws, including laws limiting augmentation of Federal appropriations or encouraging joint or cooperative funding,


shall be liberally construed and administered to achieve the purposes of this chapter.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4208, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–142.)

§2414a. Review of programs

(a) In general

In the development of the Memorandum of Agreement required by section 2411 of this title, the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall review and consider—

(1) the various programs established by Federal law providing health services and benefits to Indian tribes, including those relating to mental health and alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment,

(2) tribal, State and local, and private health resources and programs,

(3) where facilities to provide such treatment are or should be located, and

(4) the effectiveness of public and private alcohol and substance abuse treatment programs in operation on October 27, 1986,


to determine their applicability and relevance in carrying out the purposes of this chapter.

(b) Dissemination

The results of the review conducted under subsection (a) shall be provided to every Indian tribe as soon as possible for their consideration and use in the development or modification of a Tribal Action Plan.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4208A, formerly §4224, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–148; renumbered §4208A, Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §702(b)(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582; amended Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(a)(4), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2289.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 2471 of this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 102–573.

Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(4), which directed amendment of section 4208a of the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1986, was executed to this section, which is section 4208A of the Act, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See 2010 Amendment note below.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211 inserted ", the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior" in introductory provisions. See Codification note above.

§2415. Federal facilities, property, and equipment; leasing of tribal property

(a) Facility availability

In the furtherance of the purposes and goals of this chapter, the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall make available for community use, to the extent permitted by law and as may be provided in a Tribal Action Plan, local Federal facilities, property, and equipment, including school facilities. Such facility availability shall include school facilities under the Secretary of the Interior's jurisdiction: Provided, That the use of any school facilities shall be conditioned upon approval of the local school board with jurisdiction over such school.

(b) Costs

Any additional cost associated with the use of Federal facilities, property, or equipment under subsection (a) may be borne by the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services out of available Federal, tribal, State, local, or private funds, if not otherwise prohibited by law. This subsection does not require the Secretary of the Interior, nor the Attorney General, nor the Secretary of Health and Human Services to expend additional funds to meet the additional costs which may be associated with the provision of such facilities, property, or equipment for community use. Where the use of Federal facilities, property, or equipment under subsection (a) furthers the purposes and goals of this chapter, the use of funds other than those funds appropriated to the Department of the Interior, the Department of Justice, or the Department of Health and Human Services to meet the additional costs associated with such use shall not constitute an augmentation of Federal appropriations.

(c) Leases

(1) The Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services are authorized to enter into long-term leases of tribally owned or leased facilities to house programs established by this chapter where they determine that there is no Federal facility reasonably available for such purpose and the cost of constructing a new Federal facility would exceed the cost of such Federal lease unless they determine that mitigating factors favor such a lease.

(2) A tribally owned or leased facility may be leased pursuant to this authority to house a regional treatment center to be established pursuant to section 2474(b) 1 of this title only if all the tribes within the Indian Health Service area to be served by such regional treatment center initially consent to such Federal lease.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4209, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–142; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2205, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4217; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(a)(5), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2289.)

References in Text

Section 2474(b) of this title, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), was repealed by Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §702(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(5)(A), inserted ", the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(5)(B), inserted ", the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior" in first sentence, ", nor the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior" in second sentence, and ", the Department of Justice," after "the Department of the Interior" in third sentence.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(a)(5)(C), which directed insertion of ", the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior", was executed by making the insertion after "The Secretary of the Interior", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

1988Pub. L. 100–690, §2205(1), inserted "; leasing of tribal property" in section catchline.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–690, §2205(2), added subsec. (c).

Lease and Operation of Facilities in Fairbanks, Alaska

Pub. L. 101–630, title V, §509(b), (c), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4567, provided that:

"(b) Lease of Facilities.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting under section 4209(c) and 4227(b) of the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act [of 1986, 25 U.S.C. 2415(c), 2474(b)], may—

"(1) without regard to section 4209(c)(2) of that Act, lease from the Tanana Chiefs Conference facilities that are located in Fairbanks, Alaska, and that the Tanana Chiefs Conference has leased from another entity, and

"(2) if the Secretary enters into a lease under paragraph (1) for at least 40 years, renovate the facilities to the extent needed.

"(c) Self-Determination Contracts for Staffing and Operation.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting under section 102 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act [25 U.S.C. 5321], may contract with the Tanana Chiefs Conference to staff and operate the facilities leased under subsection (b), without a request of an Indian tribe, and without regard to the definition and proviso in section 4(l) of that Act [25 U.S.C. 5304(l)]."

1 See References in Text note below.

§2416. Newsletter

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Interior shall publish an alcohol and substance abuse newsletter in cooperation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Education to report on Indian alcohol and substance abuse projects and programs. The newsletter shall—

(1) be published once in each calendar quarter,

(2) include reviews of programs determined by the Secretary of the Interior to be exemplary and provide sufficient information to enable interested persons to obtain further information about such programs, and

(3) be circulated without charge to—

(A) schools,

(B) tribal offices,

(C) Bureau of Indian Affairs' agency and area offices,

(D) Indian Health Service area and service unit offices,

(E) Indian Health Service alcohol programs, and

(F) other entities providing alcohol and substance abuse related services or resources to Indian people.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $500,000 for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4210, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–143; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2218, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4222; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(3), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4583.)

Amendments

1992—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–573 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: "There are authorized to be appropriated for each of the fiscal years 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992, $300,000 to carry out the provisions of this section."

1988Pub. L. 100–690 struck out ", not later than 120 days after October 27, 1986," after "the Interior shall", designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), and added subsec. (b).

SUBCHAPTER III—INDIAN YOUTH PROGRAMS

§2431. Review of programs

(a) Review

In the development of the Memorandum of Agreement required by section 2411 of this title, the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in cooperation with the Secretary of Education shall review and consider—

(1) Federal programs providing education services or benefits to Indian children,

(2) tribal, State, local, and private educational resources and programs,

(3) Federal programs providing family and social services and benefits for Indian families and children,

(4) Federal programs relating to youth employment, recreation, cultural, and community activities, and

(5) tribal, State, local, and private resources for programs similar to those cited in paragraphs (3) and (4),


to determine their applicability and relevance in carrying out the purposes of this chapter.

(b) Publication

The results of the review conducted under subsection (a) shall be provided to each Indian tribe as soon as possible for their consideration and use in the development or modification of a Tribal Action Plan under section 2412 of this title.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4211, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–143; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(a)(6), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2289.)

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211 inserted ", the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior" in introductory provisions.

§2432. Indian education programs

(a) Summer youth programs

(1) In general

The head of the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program, in coordination with the Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs, shall develop and implement programs in tribal schools and schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (subject to the approval of the local school board or contract school board) to determine the effectiveness of summer youth programs in advancing the purposes and goals of this Act.

(2) Costs

The head of the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program and the Assistant Secretary shall defray all costs associated with the actual operation and support of the summer youth programs in a school from funds appropriated to carry out this subsection.

(3) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the programs under this subsection $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(b) Use of funds

Federal financial assistance made available to public or private schools because of the enrollment of Indian children pursuant to—

(1) the Act of April 16, 1934, as amended by the Indian Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 452 et seq.),1

(2) the Indian Elementary and Secondary School Assistance Act (20 U.S.C. 241aa et seq.),1 and

(3) the Indian Education Act (20 U.S.C. 3385),1


may be used to support a program of instruction relating to alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4212, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–144; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2206, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4218; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(4), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4583; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(b), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2289.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), is Pub. L. 99–570, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207, known as the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1986 Amendment note set out under section 801 of Title 21, Food and Drugs, and Tables.

Act of April 16, 1934, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is act Apr. 16, 1934, ch. 147, 48 Stat. 596, popularly known as the Johnson-O'Malley Act, which was classified generally to section 452 et seq. of this title prior to editorial reclassification as section 5342 et seq. of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

The Indian Education Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is title II of Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2213, which enacted subchapter III (§5349 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title, sections 5345 to 5347 of this title, and provisions set out as a note under section 5347 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

The Indian Elementary and Secondary School Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is title III of act Sept. 30, 1950, ch. 1124, as added by Pub. L. 92–318, title IV, §411(a), June 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 334, as amended, which was classified generally to subchapter III (§241aa et seq.) of chapter 13 of Title 20, Education, and was repealed by Pub. L. 100–297, title V, §5352(1), Apr. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 414.

The Indian Education Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is title IV of Pub. L. 92–318, June 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 334, as amended. Section 3385 of Title 20, which was enacted by section 421(a) of the Act, was repealed by Pub. L. 100–297, title V, §5352(2), Apr. 28, 1988. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

Pub. L. 111–211, §241(b), which directed amendment of "[s]ection 4212 of the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention Act of 1986", was executed to this section, which is section 4212 of the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See 2010 Amendment note below.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211 added subsec. (a) and struck out former subsec. (a). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs shall develop and implement pilot programs in selected schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (subject to the approval of the local school board or contract school board) to determine the effectiveness of summer youth programs in furthering the purposes and goals of this chapter. The Assistant Secretary shall defray all costs associated with the actual operation and support of the pilot programs in the school from funds appropriated for this section. For the pilot programs there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000." See Codification note above.

1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–573 substituted "1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000" for "1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992".

1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–690 substituted "1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992" for "1987, 1988, and 1989".

1 See References in Text note below.

§2433. Emergency shelters

(a) In general

A Tribal Action Plan adopted pursuant to section 2412 of this title may make such provisions as may be necessary and practical for the establishment, funding, licensing, and operation of emergency shelters or half-way houses for Indian youth who are alcohol or substance abusers, including youth who have been arrested for offenses directly or indirectly related to alcohol or substance abuse. Half-way houses may be used as either intake facilities or aftercare facilities for youth admitted, or to be admitted, for long-term treatment of substance abuse. The Indian Health Service, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the tribes are authorized to use their respective resources to adequately staff and operate any such facility.

(b) Referrals

(1) In any case where an Indian youth is arrested or detained by the Bureau of Indian Affairs or tribal law enforcement personnel for an offense relating to alcohol or substance abuse, other than for a status offense as defined by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 [34 U.S.C. 11101 et seq.], under circumstances where such youth may not be immediately restored to the custody of his parents or guardians and where there is space available in an appropriately licensed and supervised emergency shelter or half-way house, such youth shall be referred to such facility in lieu of incarceration in a secured facility unless such youth is deemed a danger to himself or to other persons.

(2) In any case where there is a space available in an appropriately licensed and supervised emergency shelter or half-way house, the Bureau of Indian Affairs and tribal courts are encouraged to refer Indian youth convicted of offenses directly or indirectly related to alcohol and substance abuse to such facilities in lieu of sentencing to incarceration in a secured juvenile facility.

(c) Direction to States

In the case of any State that exercises criminal jurisdiction over any part of Indian country under section 1162 of title 18 or section 1321 of this title, such State is urged to require its law enforcement officers to—

(1) place any Indian youth arrested for any offense related to alcohol or substance abuse in a temporary emergency shelter described in subsection (d) or a community-based alcohol or substance abuse treatment facility in lieu of incarceration to the extent such facilities are available, and

(2) observe the standards promulgated under subsection (d).

(d) Standards

The Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs shall, as part of the development of the Memorandum of Agreement set out in section 2411 of this title, promulgate standards by which the emergency shelters established under a program pursuant to subsection (a) shall be established and operated.

(e) Authorization

(1) For the planning and design, construction, and renovation of, or purchase or lease of land or facilities for, emergency shelters and half-way houses to provide emergency care for Indian youth, there are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(2) For the staffing and operation of emergency shelters and half-way houses, there are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1993 and $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(3) The Secretary of the Interior shall allocate funds appropriated pursuant to this subsection on the basis of priority of need of the various Indian tribes and such funds, when allocated, shall be subject to contracting or available for grants pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act [25 U.S.C. 5321 et seq.].

(4) Funds appropriated under the authority of this subsection may be used by any Indian tribe or tribal organization to purchase or lease any land or facilities if—

(A) the Secretary of the Interior determines that no Federal land or facilities are reasonably available for emergency shelters or halfway 1 houses described in subsection (a) to serve the needs of that Indian tribe or tribal organization, and

(B) the Indian tribe or tribal organization enters into an agreement with the Secretary of the Interior that requires the Indian tribe or tribal organization to use the land or facilities for emergency shelters or half-way houses described in subsection (a).


(5) Nothing in this Act may be construed—

(A) to limit the authority for contracts with, or grants to, Indian tribes or tribal organizations under the Indian Self-Determination Act [25 U.S.C. 5321 et seq.] for the construction, improvement, renovation, operation, repair, land acquisition, or maintenance of tribal juvenile detention facilities, emergency shelters, or half-way houses, or

(B) to require a lease of tribal facilities to the United States to qualify for financial assistance for the facilities under this chapter or any other Act.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4213, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–144; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2207, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4218; Pub. L. 101–272, Apr. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 137; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(5), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4583; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(c), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2290.)

References in Text

The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is Pub. L. 93–415, Sept. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 1109, which is classified principally to chapter 111 (§11101 et seq.) of Title 34, Crime Control and Law Enforcement. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1974 Act note set out under section 10101 of Title 34 and Tables.

The Indian Self-Determination Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(3), (5)(A), is title I of Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2206, which is classified principally to subchapter I (§5321 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

This Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(5), is Pub. L. 99–570, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207, known as the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1986 Amendment note set out under section 801 of Title 21, Food and Drugs, and Tables.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(c)(1), substituted "each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015." for "fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000."

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(c)(2), substituted "each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015." for "each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000."

Subsec. (e)(4), (5). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(c)(3), realigned margins.

1992—Subsec. (e)(1), (2). Pub. L. 102–573 amended pars. (1) and (2) generally. Prior to amendment, pars. (1) and (2) read as follows:

"(1) For the planning and design, construction, and renovation of, or purchase or lease of land or facilities for, emergency shelters or half-way houses to provide emergency care for Indian youth, there is authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 1989 and $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992.

"(2) For the staffing and operation of emergency shelters and half-way houses, there is authorized to be appropriated $3,000,000 for the fiscal year 1989 and $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1990. An amount equal to the amount of funds appropriated pursuant to this paragraph for fiscal year 1990 shall be included in the base budget of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and funding thereafter shall be pursuant to section 13 of this title."

1990—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 101–272, §1(1), inserted ", or purchase or lease of land or facilities for," after "renovation of".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 101–272, §1(2), inserted "or available for grants" after "subject to contracting".

Subsec. (e)(4), (5). Pub. L. 101–272, §1(3), added pars. (4) and (5).

1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–690, §2207(a), inserted provisions which permitted half-way houses to be used as either intake facilities or aftercare facilities, and authorized Indian Health Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and tribes to use resources to staff and operate such facilities.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–690, §2207(b), amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (e) read as follows: "For the planning and design, construction, and renovation of emergency shelters or half-way houses to provide emergency care for Indian youth, there is authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1987, 1988, and 1989. For the operation of emergency shelters or half-way houses there is authorized to be appropriated $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1987, 1988, and 1989. The Secretary of the Interior shall allocate funds appropriated pursuant to this subsection on the basis of priority of need of the various Indian tribes and such funds, when allocated, shall be subject to contracting pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act."

1 So in original. Probably should be "half-way".

§2434. Social services reports

(a) Data

The Secretary of the Interior, with respect to the administration of any family or social services program by the Bureau of Indian Affairs directly or through contracts under the Indian Self-Determination Act [25 U.S.C. 5321 et seq.], shall require the compilation of data relating to the number and types of child abuse and neglect cases seen and the type of assistance provided. Additionally, such data should also be categorized to reflect those cases that involve, or appear to involve, alcohol and substance abuse, those cases which are recurring, and those cases which involve other minor siblings.

(b) Referral of data

The data compiled pursuant to subsection (a) shall be provided annually to the affected Indian tribe and Tribal Coordinating Committee to assist them in developing or modifying a Tribal Action Plan and shall also be submitted to the Indian Health Service service unit director who will have responsibility for compiling a tribal comprehensive report as provided in section 2477 1 of this title.

(c) Confidentiality

In carrying out the requirements of subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary shall insure that the data is compiled and reported in a manner which will preserve the confidentiality of the families and individuals.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4214, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–145.)

References in Text

The Indian Self-Determination Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is title I of Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2206, which is classified principally to subchapter I (§5321 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Section 2477 of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was repealed by Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §702(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582.

1 See References in Text note below.

SUBCHAPTER IV—LAW ENFORCEMENT AND JUDICIAL SERVICES

§2441. Review of programs

(a) Law enforcement and judicial services

In the development of the Memorandum of Agreement required by section 2411 of this title, the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in cooperation with the Attorney General of the United States, shall review and consider—

(1) the various programs established by Federal law providing law enforcement or judicial services for Indian tribes, and

(2) tribal and State and local law enforcement and judicial programs and systems


to determine their applicability and relevance in carrying out the purposes of this chapter.

(b) Dissemination of review

The results of the review conducted pursuant to subsection (a) shall be made available to every Indian tribe as soon as possible for their consideration and use in the development and modification of a Tribal Action Plan.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4215, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–145; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(d), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2290.)

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211 inserted ", the Attorney General," after "the Secretary of the Interior" in introductory provisions.

§2442. Illegal narcotics traffic on Tohono O'odham and St. Regis Reservations; source eradication

(a) Investigation and control

(1) The Secretary of the Interior shall provide assistance to—

(A) the Tohono O'odham Tribe of Arizona for the investigation and control of illegal narcotics traffic on the Tohono O'odham Reservation along the border with Mexico;

(B) the St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York for the development of tribal law enforcement and judicial systems to aid in the investigation and control of illegal narcotics traffic on the St. Regis Reservation along the border with Canada;

(C) the Makah Indian Tribe of Washington for the investigation and control of illegal narcotic traffic on the Makah Indian Reservation arising from its proximity to international waters; and

(D) the Blackfeet Nation of Montana for the investigation and control of illegal narcotics traffic on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation along the border with Canada.


(2) The Secretary shall ensure that tribal efforts under this subsection are coordinated with appropriate Federal law enforcement agencies, including the United States Customs and Border Protection, the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the Drug Enforcement Administration.

(3) Authorization of appropriations.—There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(b) Marijuana eradication and interdiction

(1) The Secretary of the Interior, in cooperation with appropriate Federal, tribal, and State and local law enforcement agencies, shall establish and implement a program for the eradication of marijuana cultivation, and interdiction, investigation, and control of illegal narcotics trafficking within Indian country as defined in section 1152 of title 18. The Secretary shall establish a priority for the use of funds appropriated under paragraph (2) for those Indian reservations where the scope of the problem is most critical, and such funds shall be available for contracting by Indian tribes pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 450f et seq.).1

(2) For the purpose of establishing the program required by paragraph (1), there are authorized to be appropriated $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4216, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–146; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2208, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4218; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(6)–(8), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4583; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(e), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2290.)

References in Text

The Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 450f et seq.), referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is title I of Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2206, which was classified principally to part A (§450f et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 14 of this title prior to editorial reclassification as subchapter I (§5321 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a)(1)(D). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(e)(1)(A), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(e)(1)(B), substituted "United States Customs and Border Protection, the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the Drug Enforcement Administration" for "United States Custom Service".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(e)(1)(C), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: "For the purpose of providing the assistance required by this subsection, there are authorized to be appropriated—

"(A) $500,000 under paragraph (1)(A) for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000,

"(B) $500,000 under paragraph (1)(B) for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000, and

"(C) $500,000 under paragraph (1)(C) for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000."

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(e)(2), which directed striking "for the fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000" and "for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.", was executed by substituting "for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015" for "for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

1992—Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 102–573, §703(6), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–573, §703(7), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: "For the purpose of providing the assistance required by this subsection, there are authorized to be appropriated—

"(A) $500,000 under paragraph (1)(A) for each of the fiscal years 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992, and

"(B) $450,000 under paragraph (1)(B) for each of the fiscal years 1989 and 1990."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–573, §703(8), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows:

"(1) The Secretary of the Interior, in cooperation with appropriate Federal, tribal, and State and local law enforcement agencies, shall establish and implement a program for the eradication of marijuana cultivation within Indian country as defined in section 1152 of title 18. The Secretary shall establish a priority for the use of funds appropriated under subsection (b) of this section for those Indian reservations where the scope of the problem is most critical, and such funds shall be available for contracting by Indian tribes pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act.

"(2) Authorization.—For the purpose of establishing the program required by paragraph (1), there are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992."

1988Pub. L. 100–690, §2208(a), substituted "Tohono O'odham and St. Regis Reservations;" for "Papago Reservation:" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–690, §2208(a), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows:

"(1) Investigation and control.—The Secretary of the Interior shall provide assistance to the Papago Indian Tribe (Tohono O'odham) of Arizona for the investigation and control of illegal narcotics traffic on the Papago Reservation along the border with Mexico. The Secretary shall ensure that tribal efforts are coordinated with appropriate Federal law enforcement agencies, including the United States Customs Service.

"(2) Authorizations.—For the purpose of providing the assistance required by subsection (a) of this section, there is authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1987, 1988, and 1989."

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–690, §2208(b), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "To carry out subsection (a) of this section, there is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1987, 1988, and 1989."

1 See References in Text note below.

SUBCHAPTER V—BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS LAW ENFORCEMENT

§2451. Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement and judicial training

(a) Training programs

(1) In general

The Secretary of the Interior, in coordination with the Attorney General, the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, shall ensure, through the establishment of a new training program or by supplementing existing training programs, that all Bureau of Indian Affairs and tribal law enforcement and judicial personnel have access to training regarding—

(A) the investigation and prosecution of offenses relating to illegal narcotics; and

(B) alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment.

(2) Youth-related training

Any training provided to Bureau of Indian Affairs or tribal law enforcement or judicial personnel under paragraph (1) shall include training in issues relating to youth alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment.

(b) Authorization

For the purposes of providing the training required by subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4218, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–146; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2209, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4219; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(9), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4584; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(f), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2291.)

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(f)(1), added subsec. (a) and struck out former subsec. (a). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of the Interior shall ensure, through the establishment of a new training program or through the supplement of existing training programs, that all Bureau of Indian Affairs and tribal law enforcement and judicial personnel shall have available training in the investigation and prosecution of offenses relating to illegal narcotics and in alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment. Any training provided to Bureau of Indian Affairs and tribal law enforcement and judicial personnel as provided in this subsection shall specifically include training in the problems of youth alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment. Such training shall be coordinated with the Indian Health Service in the carrying out of its responsibilities under section 2475 of this title."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(f)(2), substituted "as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015." for "as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000."

1992—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–573 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: "For the purpose of providing the training required by subsection (a) of this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $1,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992."

1988—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–690 amended subsec. (b) generally, substituting "1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992" for "1987, 1988, and 1989".

§2452. Medical assessment and treatment of juvenile offenders

(a) Development and implementation of procedures

The Memorandum of Agreement entered into pursuant to section 2411 of this title shall include a specific provision for the development and implementation at each Bureau of Indian Affair 1 agency and Indian Health Service 2 unit of a procedure for the emergency medical assessment and treatment of every Indian youth arrested or detained by Bureau of Indian Affairs or tribal law enforcement personnel for an offense relating to or involving alcohol or substance abuse. The medical assessment required by this subsection—

(1) shall be conducted to determine the mental or physical state of the individual assessed so that appropriate steps can be taken to protect the individual's health and well-being,

(2) shall occur as soon as possible after the arrest or detention of an Indian youth, and

(3) shall be provided by the Indian Health Service, either through its direct or contract health service.

(b) Treatment of certain committed youth

The Indian Health Service shall not refuse to provide necessary interim treatment for any Indian youth referred pursuant to subsection (a) who has been charged or is being prosecuted for any crime unless such referral is prohibited by a court of competent jurisdiction or the youth is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be a danger to others.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4219, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–147; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2210, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4219.)

Amendments

1988Pub. L. 100–690 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).

1 So in original. Probably should be "Affairs".

2 So in original. Probably should be followed by "service".

§2453. Juvenile detention centers

(a) Plan

(1) In general

The Secretary of the Interior shall construct or renovate and staff new or existing juvenile detention centers.

(2) Construction and operation

The Secretary shall ensure that the construction and operation of the centers is consistent with the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 [34 U.S.C. 11101 et seq.].

(3) Development of plan

(A) In general

Not later than 1 year after July 29, 2010, the Secretary and the Attorney General, in consultation with tribal leaders and tribal justice officials, shall develop a long-term plan for the construction, renovation, and operation of Indian juvenile detention and treatment centers and alternatives to detention for juvenile offenders.

(B) Coordination

The plan under subparagraph (A) shall require the Bureau of Indian Education and the Indian Health Service to coordinate with tribal and Bureau of Indian Affairs juvenile detention centers to provide services to those centers.

(b) Authorization

(1) For the purpose of constructing or renovating juvenile detention centers as provided in subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(2) For the purpose of staffing and operating juvenile detention centers, there are authorized to be appropriated $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4220, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–147; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2211, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4219; Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §703(10), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4584; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §241(g), July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2291.)

References in Text

The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), is Pub. L. 93–415, Sept. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 1109, which is classified principally to chapter 111 (§11101 et seq.) of Title 34, Crime Control and Law Enforcement. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1974 Act note set out under section 10101 of Title 34 and Tables.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(g)(1), designated first sentence as par. (1) and second sentence as par. (2), inserted headings, and added par. (3).

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(g)(2)(A), substituted "for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015" for "for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 111–211, §241(g)(2), substituted "for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015" for "for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000" and realigned margins.

1992—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–573 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows:

"(1) For the purpose of constructing or renovating juvenile detention centers as provided in subsection (a), there is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for the fiscal year 1989 and $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990 and 1991.

"(2) For the purpose of staffing and operating juvenile detention centers, there is authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1989 and 1990. An amount equal to the amount of funds appropriated pursuant to this paragraph for fiscal year 1990 shall be included in the base budget of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and funding thereafter shall be pursuant to section 13 of this title."

1988—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–690 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: "For the purpose of subsection (a), there is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for construction and renovation for each of the fiscal years 1987, 1988, and 1989, and $5,000,000 for staffing and operation for each of the fiscal years 1987, 1988, and 1989."

§2454. Model Indian Juvenile Code

The Secretary of the Interior, either directly or by contract, shall provide for the development of a Model Indian Juvenile Code which shall be consistent with the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 [34 U.S.C. 11101 et seq.] and which shall include provisions relating to the disposition of cases involving Indian youth arrested or detained by Bureau of Indian Affairs or tribal law enforcement personnel for alcohol or drug related offenses. The development of such model code 1 shall be accomplished in cooperation with Indian organizations having an expertise or knowledge in the field of law enforcement and judicial procedure and in consultation with Indian tribes. Upon completion of the Model Code, the Secretary shall make copies available to each Indian tribe.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4221, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–147.)

References in Text

The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 93–415, Sept. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 1109, which is classified principally to chapter 111 (§11101 et seq.) of Title 34, Crime Control and Law Enforcement. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1974 Act note set out under section 10101 of Title 34 and Tables.

1 So in original. Probably should be "Model Code".

§2455. Law enforcement and judicial report

(a) Compilation of law enforcement data

The Secretary of the Interior, with respect to the administration of any law enforcement or judicial services program by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, either directly or through contracts under the Indian Self-Determination Act [25 U.S.C. 5321 et seq.], shall require the compilation of data relating to calls and encounters, arrests and detentions, and disposition of cases by Bureau of Indian Affairs or tribal law enforcement or judicial personnel involving Indians where it is determined that alcohol or substance abuse is a contributing factor.

(b) Referral of data

The data compiled pursuant to subsection (a) shall be provided annually to the affected Indian tribe and Tribal Coordinating Committee to assist them in developing or modifying a Tribal Action Plan and shall also be submitted to the Indian Health Service 1 unit director who will have the responsibility for compiling a tribal comprehensive report as provided in section 2477 2 of this title.

(c) Confidentiality

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall insure that the data is compiled and reported in a manner which will preserve the confidentiality of the families and individuals involved.

(Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4222, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–148.)

References in Text

The Indian Self-Determination Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is title I of Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2206, which is classified principally to subchapter I (§5321 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Section 2477 of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was repealed by Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §702(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by "service".

2 See References in Text note below.

SUBCHAPTER VI—INDIAN ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION

§2471. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4224, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–148, which related to review of programs providing health services and benefits to Indians, was renumbered section 4208A of Pub. L. 99–570 by Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §702(b)(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582, and transferred to section 2414a of this title.

§§2472 to 2478. Repealed. Pub. L. 102–573, title VII, §702(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4582

Section 2472, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4225, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–148, related to responsibilities of Indian Health Service for alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment.

Section 2473, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4226, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–149; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2217, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4222, provided for program of alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment through Indian Health Service.

Section 2474, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4227, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–149; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2212, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4219; Pub. L. 101–630, title V, §509(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4567, provided for Indian Health Service program of alcohol and substance abuse detoxification and rehabilitation for Indian youth.

Section 2475, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4228, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–150; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2213, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4220, provided for program of training and community education about alcohol and substance abuse.

Section 2476, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4229, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–152; Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2214, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4220, provided for establishment of Navajo alcohol rehabilitation demonstration program.

Section 2477, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4230, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–152, related to compilation of data and preparation of reports on cases of alcohol or substance abuse in which Indian Health Service personnel or services were involved.

Section 2478, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, §4231, as added Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2215, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4221, authorized grants for alcohol and substance abuse prevention and treatment in urban centers.