[USC02] 25 USC Ch. 36: INDIAN EMPLOYMENT, TRAINING AND RELATED SERVICES
Result 1 of 1
   
 
25 USC Ch. 36: INDIAN EMPLOYMENT, TRAINING AND RELATED SERVICES
From Title 25—INDIANS

CHAPTER 36—INDIAN EMPLOYMENT, TRAINING AND RELATED SERVICES

Sec.
3401.
Statement of purpose.
3402.
Definitions.
3403.
Integration of services authorized.
3404.
Programs affected.
3405.
Plan requirements.
3406.
Plan review.
3407.
Plan approval; Secretarial authority; review of decision.
3408.
Job creation activities authorized.
3409.
Employer training placements.
3410.
Federal responsibilities.
3411.
No reduction in amounts.
3412.
Transfer of funds.
3413.
Administration of funds.
3414, 3415. Repealed.
3416.
Labor market information on Indian work force.
3417.
Assignment of Federal personnel to State Indian economic development programs.

        

§3401. Statement of purpose

The purpose of this chapter is to facilitate the ability of Indian tribes and tribal organizations to integrate the employment, training and related services they provide from diverse Federal sources in order to improve the effectiveness of those services, reduce joblessness in Indian communities, and serve tribally determined goals consistent with the policy of self-determination, while reducing administrative, reporting, and accounting costs.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §2, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2302; Pub. L. 115–93, §3, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2026.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 substituted "The purpose of this chapter is to facilitate the ability of Indian tribes and tribal organizations to" for "The purposes of this chapter are to demonstrate how Indian tribal governments can" and ", and serve tribally determined" for "and serve tribally-determined" and inserted "from diverse Federal sources" after "they provide" and ", while reducing administrative, reporting, and accounting costs" after "self-determination".

Short Title of 2017 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–93, §1, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2026, provided that: "This Act [amending this section and sections 3402 to 3407, 3409 to 3413, 3416, and 3417 of this title, repealing sections 3414 and 3415 of this title, and enacting and amending provisions set out as notes under this section] may be cited as the 'Indian Employment, Training and Related Services Consolidation Act of 2017'."

Short Title of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1101, Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2930, provided that: "This title [amending sections 3402, 3404, and 3406 to 3408 of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] may be cited as the 'Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Demonstration Act Amendments of 2000'."

Short Title

Pub. L. 102–477, §1, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2302, as amended by Pub. L. 115–93, §2(a), Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2026, provided that: "This Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'Indian Employment, Training and Related Services Act of 1992'."

Effect of Pub. L. 115–93

Pub. L. 115–93, §17, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2037, provided that: "Nothing in this Act [see Short Title of 2017 Amendment note above] or any amendment made by this Act—

"(1) affects any plan approved under the Indian Employment, Training and Related Services Act of 1992 (25 U.S.C. 3401 et seq.) (as so redesignated) before the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 2017];

"(2) requires any Indian tribe or tribal organization to resubmit a plan described in paragraph (1); or

"(3) modifies the effective period of any plan described in paragraph (1)."

References

Pub. L. 115–93, §2(b), Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2026, provided that: "Any reference in law to the 'Indian Employment, Training and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992' shall be deemed to be a reference to the 'Indian Employment, Training and Related Services Act of 1992'."

Congressional Findings and Purposes

Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1102, Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2931, provided that:

"(a) Findings.—The Congress finds that—

"(1) [sic] Indian tribes and Alaska Native organizations that have participated in carrying out programs under the Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992 [now Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Act of 1992] (25 U.S.C. 3401 et seq.) have—

"(A) improved the effectiveness of employment-related services provided by those tribes and organizations to their members;

"(B) enabled more Indian and Alaska Native people to prepare for and secure employment;

"(C) assisted in transitioning tribal members from welfare to work; and

"(D) otherwise demonstrated the value of integrating employment, training, education and related services. [sic]

"(E) the initiatives under the Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992 should be strengthened by ensuring that all Federal programs that emphasize the value of work may be included within a demonstration program of an Indian or Alaska Native organization; and

"(F) the initiatives under the Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992 should have the benefit of the support and attention of the officials with policymaking authority of—

"(i) the Department of the Interior; or

"(ii) other Federal agencies that administer programs covered by the Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992.

"(b) Purposes.—The purposes of this title [see Short Title of 2000 Amendment note above] are to demonstrate how Indian tribal governments can integrate the employment, training, and related services they provide in order to improve the effectiveness of those services, reduce joblessness in Indian communities, foster economic development on Indian lands, and serve tribally-determined goals consistent with the policies of self-determination and self-governance."

Report on Expanding Opportunities for Program Integration

Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1104, Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2932, provided that not later than 1 year after Dec. 27, 2000, the Secretary, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Labor, and the tribes and organizations participating in the integration initiative under title XI of Pub. L. 106–568 (see Short Title of 2000 Amendment note above) would submit a report to Congress on the opportunities for expanding the integration of human resource development and economic development programs under such title, and the feasibility of establishing Joint Funding Agreements to authorize tribes to access and coordinate funds and resources from various agencies for human resources development, physical infrastructure development, and economic development assistance.

§3402. Definitions

For the purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply:

(1) Federal agency

The term "federal 1 agency" has the same meaning given the term "agency" in section 551(1) of title 5.

(2) Indian tribe

(A) In general

The terms "Indian tribe" and "tribe" have the meaning given the term "Indian tribe" in section 5304 of this title.

(B) Inclusion

The term "Indian tribe" includes tribal organizations (as defined in section 5304 of this title).

(3) Indian

The term "Indian" shall have the meaning given such term in section 5304(d) of this title.

(4) Program

The term "program" means a program described in section 3404(a) of this title.

(5) Secretary

Except where otherwise provided, the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Interior.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §3, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2302; Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1103(a), Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2931; Pub. L. 115–93, §4, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2026.)

Amendments

2017—Par. (2). Pub. L. 115–93, §4(1), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The terms 'Indian tribe' and 'tribe' shall have the meaning given the term 'Indian tribe' in section 5304(e) of this title."

Pars. (4), (5). Pub. L. 115–93, §4(2), (3), added par. (4) and redesignated former par. (4) as (5).

2000Pub. L. 106–568 added par. (1) and redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as (2) to (4), respectively.

1 So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

§3403. Integration of services authorized

The Secretary shall, after approving a plan submitted by an Indian tribe in accordance with section 3407 of this title, authorize the Indian tribe to, in accordance with the plan—

(1) integrate the programs and Federal funds received by the Indian tribe in accordance with waiver authority granted under section 3406(d) of this title; and

(2) coordinate the employment, training, and related services provided with those funds in a consolidated and comprehensive tribal plan.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §4, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2302; Pub. L. 115–93, §5, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2027.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of the Interior, in cooperation with the appropriate Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Health and Human Services, or Secretary of Education, shall, upon the receipt of a plan acceptable to the Secretary of the Interior submitted by an Indian tribal government, authorize the tribal government to coordinate, in accordance with such plan, its federally funded employment, training, and related services programs in a manner that integrates the program services involved into a single, coordinated, comprehensive program and reduces administrative costs by consolidating administrative functions."

§3404. Programs affected

(a) Programs affected

(1) In general

The programs that may be integrated pursuant to a plan approved under section 3407 of this title shall be only programs—

(A) implemented for the purpose of—

(i) job training;

(ii) welfare to work and tribal work experience;

(iii) creating or enhancing employment opportunities;

(iv) skill development;

(v) assisting Indian youth and adults to succeed in the workforce;

(vi) encouraging self-sufficiency;

(vii) familiarizing individual participants with the world of work;

(viii) facilitating the creation of job opportunities;

(ix) economic development; or

(x) any services related to the activities described in clauses (i) through (x); and


(B) under which an Indian tribe or members of an Indian tribe—

(i) are eligible to receive funds—

(I) under a statutory or administrative formula making funds available to an Indian tribe; or

(II) based solely or in part on their status as Indians under Federal law; or


(ii) have secured funds as a result of a noncompetitive process or a specific designation.

(2) Treatment of block grant funds

For purposes of this section, programs funded by block grant funds provided to an Indian tribe, regardless of whether the block grant is for the benefit of the Indian tribe because of the status of the Indian tribe or the status of the beneficiaries the grant serves, shall be eligible to be integrated into the plan.

(b) Program authorization

The Secretary shall, in cooperation with the Attorney General, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of Transportation, and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, after the Secretary approves a plan submitted by an Indian tribe or tribal organization under section 3407 of this title, authorize the Indian tribe or tribal organization, as applicable, to coordinate, in accordance with the plan, federally funded employment, training, and related services programs and funding in a manner that integrates the programs and funding into a consolidated and comprehensive program.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §5, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2302; Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1103(b), Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2931; Pub. L. 115–93, §6, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2027.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The programs that may be integrated in a demonstration project under any such plan referred to in section 3403 of this title shall include any program under which an Indian tribe is eligible for receipt of funds under a statutory or administrative formula for the purposes of assisting Indian youth and adults to succeed in the workforce, encouraging self-sufficiency, familiarizing Indian Youth and adults with the world of work, facilitating the creation of job opportunities and any services related to these activities."

2000Pub. L. 106–568 substituted "assisting Indian youth and adults to succeed in the workforce, encouraging self-sufficiency, familiarizing Indian Youth and adults with the world of work, facilitating the creation of job opportunities and any services related to these activities" for "job training, tribal work experience, employment opportunities, or skill development, or any program designed for the enhancement of job opportunities or employment training".

§3405. Plan requirements

A plan submitted to the Secretary for approval under this chapter shall—

(1) identify the programs to be integrated and consolidated;

(2) be consistent with the purposes of this chapter;

(3) describe—

(A) a comprehensive strategy identifying the full range of potential employment opportunities on and near the service area of the Indian tribe;

(B) the education, training, and related services to be provided to assist Indians to access those employment opportunities;

(C) the way in which services and program funds are to be integrated, consolidated, and delivered; and

(D) the results expected, including the expected number of program participants in unsubsidized employment during the second quarter after exit from the program, from the plan;


(4) identify the projected expenditures under the plan in a single budget covering all consolidated funds;

(5) identify any agency of the Indian tribe to be involved in the delivery of the services integrated under the plan;

(6) identify any statutory provisions, regulations, policies, or procedures that the Indian tribe believes need to be waived to implement the plan; and

(7) be approved by the governing body of the Indian tribe.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §6, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2303; Pub. L. 115–93, §7, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2028.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to plan requirements, consisting of eight pars.

§3406. Plan review

(a) In general

Upon receipt of a plan from an Indian tribe, the Secretary shall consult with—

(1) the head of each Federal agency overseeing a program identified in the plan; and

(2) the Indian tribe that submitted the plan.

(b) Identification of waivers

The parties identified in subsection (a) shall identify any waivers of applicable statutory, regulatory, or administrative requirements, or of Federal agency policies or procedures necessary to enable the Indian tribe to efficiently implement the plan.

(c) Tribal waiver request

In consultation with the Secretary, a participating Indian tribe may request that the head of each affected agency waive any statutory, regulatory, or administrative requirement, policy, or procedure identified subsection 1 (b).

(d) Waiver authority

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), notwithstanding any other provision of law, the head of each affected Federal agency shall waive any applicable statutory, regulatory, or administrative requirement, regulation, policy, or procedure promulgated by the agency that has been identified by the parties under subparagraph 2 (b).

(2) Exception

The head of an affected Federal agency shall not grant a waiver under paragraph (1) if the head of the affected agency determines that a waiver will be inconsistent with—

(A) the purposes of this chapter; or

(B) the provision of law from which the program included in the plan derives its authority that is specifically applicable to Indians.

(e) Decision on waiver request

(1) In general

Not later than 90 days after the head of an affected agency receives a waiver request, the head of the affected agency shall decide whether to grant or deny the request.

(2) Denial of request

If the head of the affected agency denies a waiver request, not later than 30 days after the date on which the denial is made, the head of the affected agency shall provide the requesting Indian tribe and the Secretary with written notice of the denial and the reasons for the denial.

(3) Failure to act on request

If the head of an affected agency does not make a decision under paragraph (1) by the deadline identified in that paragraph, the request shall be considered to be granted.

(f) Secretarial review

If the head of an affected agency denies a waiver request under subsection (e)(2), not later than 30 days after the date on which the request is denied, the Secretary shall review the denial and determine whether granting the waiver—

(1) will be inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter; or

(2) will prevent the affected agency from fulfilling the obligations of the affected agency under this chapter.

(g) Interagency dispute resolution

(1) In general

Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary determines that granting the waiver will not be inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter and will not prevent the affected agency from fulfilling the obligations of the affected agency under this chapter, the Secretary shall establish and initiate an interagency dispute resolution process involving—

(A) the Secretary;

(B) the participating Indian tribe; and

(C) the head of the affected agency.

(2) Duration

A dispute subject to paragraph (1) shall be resolved not later than 30 days after the date on which the process is initiated.

(h) Final authority

If the dispute resolution process fails to resolve the dispute between a participating Indian tribe and an affected agency, the head of the affected agency shall have the final authority to resolve the dispute.

(i) Final decision

Not later than 10 days after the date on which the dispute is resolved under this section, the Secretary shall provide the requesting Indian tribe with—

(1) the final decision on the waiver request; and

(2) notice of the right to file an appeal in accordance with the applicable provisions described in section 3407(d) of this title.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §7, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2303; Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1103(c), Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2932; Pub. L. 115–93, §8, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2029.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Upon receipt of the plan from a tribal government, the Secretary of the Interior shall consult with the Secretary of each Federal agency providing funds to be used to implement the plan, and with the tribal government submitting the plan. The parties so consulting shall identify any waivers of statutory requirements or of Federal agency regulations, policies, or procedures necessary to enable the tribal government to implement its plan. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the affected agency shall have the authority to waive any statutory requirement, regulation, policy, or procedure promulgated by that agency that has been so identified by such tribal government or agency, unless the Secretary of the affected agency determines that such a waiver is inconsistent with the purposes of this chapter or those provisions of the statute from which the program involved derives its authority which are specifically applicable to Indian programs."

2000Pub. L. 106–568 substituted "Federal agency" for "Federal department" and "Federal agency regulations" for "Federal departmental regulations", substituted "agency" for "department" wherever appearing, and inserted "statutory requirement," after "to waive any".

1 So in original.

2 So in original. Probably should be "subsection".

§3407. Plan approval; Secretarial authority; review of decision

(a) In general

The Secretary shall have exclusive authority to approve or disapprove a plan submitted by an Indian tribe in accordance with section 3405 of this title.

(b) Approval process

(1) In general

Not later than 90 days after the date on which the Secretary receives a plan, the Secretary shall, after coordinating with the Secretary of each Federal agency providing funds to be used to implement the plan, approve or deny the plan.

(2) Approval

If the Secretary approves a plan under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall authorize the transfer of program funds identified in the plan in accordance with section 3412 of this title.

(3) Denial

If the Secretary denies the plan under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide to the Indian tribe a written notification of disapproval of the plan that contains a specific finding that clearly demonstrates, or that is supported by a controlling legal authority, that the plan does not meet the requirements described in section 3405 of this title.

(4) Partial approval

(A) In general

If a plan is denied under paragraph (3) solely on the basis that a request for a waiver that is part of the plan has not been approved (or is subject to dispute resolution) under section 3406 of this title, the Secretary shall, upon a request from the tribe, grant partial approval for those portions of the plan not affected by the request for a waiver.

(B) Approval after resolution

With respect to a plan described in subparagraph (A), on resolution of the request for a waiver under section 3406 of this title, the Secretary shall, on a request from the tribe, approve the plan or amended plan not later than 90 days after the date on which the Secretary receives the request.

(5) Failure to act

If the Secretary does not make a decision under paragraph (1) within 90 days of the date on which the Secretary receives the plan, the plan shall be considered to be approved.

(c) Extension of time

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may extend or otherwise alter the 90-day period identified in subsection (b)(1) for not more than 90 additional days, if, before the expiration of the period, the Secretary obtains the express written consent of the Indian tribe.

(d) Review of denial

(1) Procedure upon refusal to approve plan

If the Secretary denies a plan under subsection (b)(3), the Secretary shall—

(A) state any objections in writing to the Indian tribe;

(B) provide assistance to the Indian tribe to overcome the stated objections; and

(C) unless the Indian tribe brings a civil action under paragraph (2), provide the Indian tribe with a hearing on the record with the right to engage in full discovery relevant to any issue raised in the matter and the opportunity for appeal on the objections raised, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary may promulgate.

(2) Civil actions

(A) In general

The district courts of the United States shall have original jurisdiction of a civil action against the appropriate Secretary arising under this section.

(B) Administrative hearing and appeal not required

An Indian tribe may bring a civil action under this paragraph without regard to whether the Indian tribe had a hearing or filed an appeal under paragraph (1).

(C) Relief

In an action brought under this paragraph, the court may order appropriate relief (including injunctive relief to reverse a denial of a plan under this section or to compel an officer or employee of the United States, or any agency thereof, to perform a duty provided under this chapter or regulations promulgated thereunder) against any action by an officer or employee of the United States or any agency thereof contrary to this chapter or regulations promulgated thereunder.

(3) Final agency action

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a decision by an official of the Department of the Interior or the Department of Health and Human Services, as appropriate (collectively referred to in this paragraph as the "Department") that constitutes final agency action and that relates to an appeal within the Department that is conducted under paragraph (1)(C) shall be made—

(A) by an official of the Department who holds a position at a higher organizational level within the Department than the level of the departmental agency (such as the Indian Health Service or the Bureau of Indian Affairs) in which the decision that is the subject of the appeal was made; or

(B) by an administrative law judge.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §8, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2303; Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1103(d), Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2932; Pub. L. 115–93, §9, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2030.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Within 90 days after the receipt of a tribal government's plan by the Secretary, the Secretary shall inform the tribal government, in writing, of the Secretary's approval or disapproval of the plan, including any request for a waiver that is made as part of the plan submitted by the tribal government. If the plan is disapproved, the tribal government shall be informed, in writing, of the reasons for the disapproval and shall be given an opportunity to amend its plan or to petition the Secretary to reconsider such disapproval, including reconsidering the disapproval of any waiver requested by the Indian tribe."

2000Pub. L. 106–568 inserted ", including any request for a waiver that is made as part of the plan submitted by the tribal government" after "disapproval of the plan" and ", including reconsidering the disapproval of any waiver requested by the Indian tribe" after "reconsider such disapproval".

§3408. Job creation activities authorized

(a) In general

The plan submitted by a tribal government may involve the expenditure of funds for the creation of employment opportunities and for the development of the economic resources of the tribal government or of individual Indian people if such expenditures are consistent with an overall regional economic activity which has a reasonable likelihood of success and consistent with the purposes specifically applicable to Indian programs in the statute under which the funds are authorized.

(b) Job creation opportunities

(1) In general

Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, including any requirement of a program that is integrated under a plan under this chapter, a tribal government may use a percentage of the funds made available under this chapter (as determined under paragraph (2)) for the creation of employment opportunities, including providing private sector training placement under section 3409 of this title.

(2) Determination of percentage

The percentage of funds that a tribal government may use under this subsection is the greater of—

(A) the rate of unemployment in the service area of the tribe up to a maximum of 25 percent; or

(B) 10 percent.

(c) Limitation

The funds used for an expenditure described in subsection (a) may only include funds made available to the Indian tribe by a Federal agency under a statutory or administrative formula.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §9, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2303; Pub. L. 106–568, title XI, §1103(e), Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2932.)

Amendments

2000Pub. L. 106–568 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsecs. (b) and (c).

§3409. Employer training placements

(a) In general

Subject to subsection (b), an Indian tribe that has in place an approved plan under this chapter may use the funds made available for the plan under this chapter—

(1) to place participants in training positions with employers; and

(2) to pay the participants a training allowance or wage for a training period of not more than 24 months, which may be nonconsecutive.

(b) Requirements

An Indian tribe may carry out subsection (a) only if the Indian tribe enters into a written agreement with each applicable employer under which the employer shall agree—

(1) to provide on-the-job training to the participants; and

(2) on satisfactory completion of the training period described in subsection (a)(2), to prioritize the provision of permanent employment to the participants.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §10, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2304; Pub. L. 115–93, §10, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2032.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "A tribal government participating in a demonstration program under this chapter is authorized to utilize funds available under such plan to place participants in training positions with private employers and pay such participants a training allowance or wage for a period not to exceed 12 months, if the tribal government obtains a written agreement from the private employer to provide on-the-job training to such participants and, upon satisfactory completion of the training period, to guarantee permanent employment to such participants for a minimum of 12 months."

§3410. Federal responsibilities

(a) Lead agency

(1) In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the lead agency responsible for implementation of this chapter shall be the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

(2) Inclusions

The responsibilities of the Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in carrying out this chapter shall include—

(A) in coordination with the head of each Federal agency overseeing a program identified in the plan, the development of a single model report for each Indian tribe that has in place an approved plan under this chapter to submit to the Director reports on any consolidated activities undertaken and joint expenditures made under the plan;

(B) the provision, directly or through contract, of appropriate voluntary and technical assistance to participating Indian tribes;

(C) the development and use of a single monitoring and oversight system for plans approved under this chapter;

(D)(i) the receipt of all funds covered by a plan approved under this chapter; and

(ii) the distribution of the funds to the respective Indian tribes by not later than 45 days after the date of receipt of the funds from the appropriate Federal department or agency; and

(E)(i) the performance of activities described in section 3406 of this title relating to agency waivers; and

(ii) the establishment of an interagency dispute resolution process.

(3) Memorandum of agreement

(A) In general

Not later than 1 year after December 18, 2017, the Secretary (acting through the Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs), in conjunction with the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Labor, Transportation, and Veterans Affairs and the Attorney General, shall enter into an interdepartmental memorandum of agreement providing for the implementation of this chapter.

(B) Inclusions

The memorandum of agreement under subparagraph (A) shall include provisions relating to—

(i) an annual meeting of participating Indian tribes and Federal departments and agencies, to be co-chaired by—

(I) a representative of the President; and

(II) a representative of the participating Indian tribes;


(ii) an annual review of the achievements under this chapter, including the number and percentage of program participants in unsubsidized employment during the second quarter after exit from the program, and any statutory, regulatory, administrative, or policy obstacles that prevent participating Indian tribes from fully and efficiently carrying out the purposes of this chapter; and

(iii) a forum comprised of participating Indian tribes and Federal departments and agencies to identify and resolve interagency conflicts and conflicts between the Federal Government and Indian tribes in the administration of this chapter.

(b) Report format

(1) In general

The lead agency shall develop and distribute to Indian tribes that have in place an approved plan under this chapter a single report format, in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.

(2) Requirements

The lead agency shall ensure that the report format developed under paragraph (1), together with records maintained by each participating Indian tribe, contains information sufficient—

(A) to determine whether the Indian tribe has complied with the requirements of the approved plan of the Indian tribe;

(B) to determine the number and percentage of program participants in unsubsidized employment during the second quarter after exit from the program; and

(C) to provide assurances to the head of each applicable Federal department or agency that the Indian tribe has complied with all directly applicable statutory and regulatory requirements not waived under section 3406 of this title.

(3) Limitation

The report format developed under paragraph (1) shall not require a participating Indian tribe to report on the expenditure of funds expressed by fund source or single agency code transferred to the Indian tribe under an approved plan under this chapter but instead shall require the Indian tribe to submit a single report on the expenditure of consolidated funds under such plan.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §11, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2304; Pub. L. 115–93, §11, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2032.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to Federal responsibilities, specifying the responsibilities of Department of the Interior, and report requirements.

§3411. No reduction in amounts

(a) In general

In no case shall the amount of Federal funds available to an Indian tribe that has in place an approved plan under this chapter be reduced as a result of—

(1) the enactment of this chapter; or

(2) the approval or implementation of a plan of an Indian tribe under this chapter.

(b) Interaction with other laws

The inclusion of a program in a tribal plan under this chapter shall not—

(1) modify, limit, or otherwise affect the eligibility of the program for contracting under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.); or

(2) eliminate the applicability of any provision of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.), as the provision relates to a specific program eligible for contracting under that Act.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §12, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2304; Pub. L. 115–93, §12, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2034.)

References in Text

The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2203, which is classified principally to chapter 46 (§5301 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "In no case shall the amount of Federal funds available to a tribal government involved in any demonstration project be reduced as a result of the enactment of this chapter."

§3412. Transfer of funds

(a) In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not later than 30 days after the date of apportionment to the applicable Federal department or agency, the head of a Federal agency overseeing a program identified in a plan approved under this chapter shall transfer to the Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs for distribution to an Indian tribe any funds identified in the approved plan of the Indian tribe.

(b) Transfer of funds

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, at the request of the Indian tribe, all program funds transferred to an Indian tribe in accordance with the approved plan of the Indian tribe shall be transferred to the Indian tribe pursuant to an existing contract, compact, or funding agreement awarded pursuant to title I or IV of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.).

(Pub. L. 102–477, §13, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2304; Pub. L. 115–93, §13, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2034.)

References in Text

The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2203. Title I of the Act is classified principally to subchapter I (§5321 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title. Title IV of the Act is classified generally to subchapter IV (§5361 et seq.) of chapter 46 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1 of Pub. L. 93–638, set out as a Short Title note under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Health and Human Services, or the Secretary of Education, as appropriate, is authorized to take such action as may be necessary to provide for an interagency transfer of funds otherwise available to a tribal government in order to further the purposes of this chapter."

§3413. Administration of funds

(a) Requirements

(1) In general

(A) Consolidation and reallocation of funds

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all amounts transferred to a tribe pursuant to an approved plan may be consolidated, reallocated, and rebudgeted as specified in the approved plan to best meet the employment, training, and related needs of the local community served by the Indian tribe.

(B) Authorized use of funds

The amounts used to carry out a plan approved under this chapter shall be administered in such manner as the Secretary determines to be appropriate to ensure the amounts are spent on activities authorized under the approved plan.

(C) Effect

Nothing in this section interferes with the ability of the Secretary or the lead agency to use accounting procedures that conform to generally accepted accounting principles, auditing procedures, and safeguarding of funds that conform to chapter 75 of title 31 (commonly known as the "Single Audit Act of 1984").

(2) Separate records and audits not required

Notwithstanding any other provision of law (including regulations and circulars of any agency (including Office of Management and Budget Circular A–133)), an Indian tribe that has in place an approved plan under this chapter shall not be required—

(A) to maintain separate records that trace any service or activity conducted under the approved plan to the program for which the funds were initially authorized or transferred;

(B) to allocate expenditures among such a program; or

(C) to audit expenditures by the original source of the program.

(b) Carryover

(1) In general

Any funds transferred to an Indian tribe under this chapter that are not obligated or expended prior to the beginning of the fiscal year after the fiscal year for which the funds were appropriated shall remain available for obligation or expenditure without fiscal year limitation, subject to the condition that the funds shall be obligated or expended in accordance with the approved plan of the Indian tribe.

(2) No additional documentation

The Indian tribe shall not be required to provide any additional justification or documentation of the purposes of the approved plan as a condition of receiving or expending the funds.

(c) Indirect costs

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an Indian tribe shall be entitled to recover 100 percent of any indirect costs incurred by the Indian tribe as a result of the transfer of funds to the Indian tribe under this chapter.

(d) Overage

(1) In general

All administrative costs may be commingled and participating Indian tribes shall be entitled to the full amount of such costs (under each program or department's regulations).

(2) Treatment

The amount equal to the difference between the amount of the commingled funds and the actual administrative cost of the programs, as described in paragraph (1), shall be considered to be properly spent for Federal audit purposes if the amount is used to achieve the purposes of this chapter.

(e) Matching funds

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any funds transferred to an Indian tribe under this chapter shall be treated as non-Federal funds for purposes of meeting matching requirements under any other Federal law, except those administered by the Department of Labor or the Department of Health and Human Services.

(f) Claims

The following provisions of law shall apply to plans approved under this chapter:

(1) Section 314 of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101–512; 104 Stat. 1959 [25 U.S.C. 5321 note]).

(2) Chapter 171 of title 28 (commonly known as the "Federal Tort Claims Act").

(g) Interest or other income

(1) In general

An Indian tribe shall be entitled to retain interest earned on any funds transferred to the tribe under an approved plan and such interest shall not diminish the amount of funds the Indian tribe is authorized to receive under the plan in the year the interest is earned or in any subsequent fiscal year.

(2) Prudent investment

Funds transferred under a plan shall be managed in accordance with the prudent investment standard.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §14, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2305; Pub. L. 115–93, §14, Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2035.)

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–93 substituted "Administration of funds" for "Administration of funds and overage" in section catchline, added subsecs. (a) to (c) and (e) to (g), redesignated former subsec. (b) as (d) and designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, substituted "regulations)" for "regulations), and no overage shall be counted for Federal audit purposes, provided that the overage is used for the purposes provided for under this chapter", and added par. (2), and struck out former subsec. (a) which related to administration of funds.

§§3414, 3415. Repealed. Pub. L. 115–93, §16(a), Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2036

Section 3414, Pub. L. 102–477, §15, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2305, related to fiscal accountability.

Section 3415, Pub. L. 102–477, §16, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2305; Pub. L. 103–437, §10(e)(1), (2)(C), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4589, related to report on statutory obstacles to program integration.

§3416. Labor market information on Indian work force

(a) Report

The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with the Secretary, Indian tribes, and the Director of the Bureau of the Census, shall develop, maintain and publish, not less than biennially, a report on the population eligible for the services which the Secretary provides to Indian people. The report shall include, but is not limited to, information at the national level by State, Bureau of Indian Affairs Service area, and tribal level for the—

(1) total service population;

(2) the service population under age 16 and over 64;

(3) the population available for work, including those not considered to be actively seeking work;

(4) the employed population, including those employed with annual earnings below the poverty line; and

(5) the numbers employed in private sector positions and in public sector positions.

(b) Indian demographic information

The Secretary, in consultation with the Bureau of the Census of the Department of Commerce, and the National Center for Native American Studies and Policy Development authorized by Public Law 101–301, shall prepare a report on the need for comprehensive, accurate and periodically updated information on the size and characteristics of the Indian and Alaska Native population throughout the entire United States. This report shall include the need for information, together with the cost of acquiring such information, on the characteristics and need for education, health, housing, job training, and other basic needs of such population, and shall take into consideration the need for this information by Indian tribes and organizations serving Indians in nonreservation areas. The report shall be submitted to the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives not later than 12 months after October 23, 1992.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §15, formerly §17, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2305; Pub. L. 103–437, §10(e)(1), (2)(C), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4589; renumbered §15 and amended Pub. L. 115–93, §§15, 16(b), Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2036.)

References in Text

Public Law 101–301, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 101–301, May 24, 1990, 104 Stat. 206. Section 11 of Pub. L. 101–301, which authorized feasibility study for the establishment of a National Center for Native American Studies and Policy Development, is not classified to the Code. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 15 of Pub. L. 102–477 was classified to section 3414 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–93.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–93, §15, in introductory provisions, substituted "The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with the Secretary, Indian tribes, and the Director of the Bureau of the Census, shall" for "The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall, in a consistent and reliable manner," and struck out ", by gender," after "population".

1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–437 substituted "Committee on Indian" for "Select Committee on Indian" and "Natural Resources" for "Interior and Insular Affairs".

§3417. Assignment of Federal personnel to State Indian economic development programs

Any State with an economic development program targeted to Indian tribes shall be eligible to receive, at no cost to the State, such Federal personnel assignments as the Secretary, in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 [42 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.], may deem appropriate to help ensure the success of such program.

(Pub. L. 102–477, §16, formerly §18, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2306; renumbered §16, Pub. L. 115–93, 16(b), Dec. 18, 2017, 131 Stat. 2036.)

References in Text

The Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 91–648, Jan. 5, 1971, 84 Stat. 1909, as amended, which enacted sections 3371 to 3376 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and chapter 62 (§4701 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, amended section 1304 of Title 5 and section 246 of Title 42, repealed sections 1881 to 1888 of Title 7, Agriculture, and section 869b of Title 20, Education, and enacted provisions set out as notes under section 3371 of Title 5. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4701 of Title 42 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 16 of Pub. L. 102–477 was classified to section 3415 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–93.