[USC02] 26 USC Ch. 36: CERTAIN OTHER EXCISE TAXES
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26 USC Ch. 36: CERTAIN OTHER EXCISE TAXES
From Title 26—INTERNAL REVENUE CODESubtitle D—Miscellaneous Excise Taxes

CHAPTER 36—CERTAIN OTHER EXCISE TAXES

Subchapter
Sec.1
A.
Harbor maintenance tax
4461

        

B.
Transportation by water
4471
B.
Occupational tax on coin-operated devices
2 4461

        

[C.
Repealed.]
D.
Tax on use of certain vehicles
4481
[E, F.
Repealed.]

        

Amendments

1997Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §1432(b)(2), Aug. 5, 1997, 110 Stat. 1050, struck out item for subchapter F "Tax on removal of hard mineral resources from deep seabed".

1989Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7504(b), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2363, added item for subchapter B.

1986Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1402(b), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4269, added item for subchapter A.

1982Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(c)(2)(A), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564, struck out item for subchapter E.

1980Pub. L. 96–283, title IV, §402(b), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 584, added item for subchapter F.

1970Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(d)(1), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 246, added item for subchapter E.

1965Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §§402, 404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148, 149, struck out items for subchapters A and C.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(c), 70 Stat. 391, added item for subchapter D.

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

2 Subchapter repealed by Pub. L. 95–600 without corresponding amendment of chapter analysis.

Subchapter A—Harbor Maintenance Tax

Sec.
4461.
Imposition of tax.
4462.
Definitions and special rules.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter A (§§4451 to 4457), act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 529, 530, related to tax on playing cards, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §402, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148. Repeal of sections 4451 to 4457 applicable on and after June 22, 1965, see section 701(c)(2) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out in part as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4905 of this title.

§4461. Imposition of tax

(a) General rule

There is hereby imposed a tax on any port use.

(b) Amount of tax

The amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) on any port use shall be an amount equal to 0.125 percent of the value of the commercial cargo involved.

(c) Liability and time of imposition of tax

(1) Liability

The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be paid by—

(A) in the case of cargo entering the United States, the importer, or

(B) in any other case, the shipper.

(2) Time of imposition

Except as provided by regulations, the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be imposed at the time of unloading.

(Added Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1402(a), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4266; amended Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11214(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–436; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11116(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1951.)

Prior Provisions

For prior section 4461, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding section 4471 of this title.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, §11116(b)(1), inserted "or" at end of subpar. (A), redesignated subpar. (C) as (B), and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "in the case of cargo to be exported from the United States, the exporter, or".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 109–59, §11116(b)(2), substituted "imposed" for "imposed—

"(A) in the case of cargo to be exported from the United States, at the time of loading, and

"(B) in any other case,".

1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted "0.125 percent" for "0.04 percent".

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11116(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1951, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 4462 of this title] shall take effect before, on, and after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005]."

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11214(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–436, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1991."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1402(c), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4269, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and section 4462 of this title] shall take effect on April 1, 1987."

Authorization of Appropriations

Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1403(b), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4270, authorized to be appropriated to Department of the Treasury (from fees collected under section 58c(9), (10) of Title 19, Customs Duties) such sums as necessary to pay all expenses of administration incurred by such Department in administering this subchapter for periods to which such fees apply, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–182, title VI, §690(c)(8), Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2223.

Study of Cargo Diversion

Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1407, Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4272, as amended by Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2002(c), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3597, provided that the Secretary of the Treasury would conduct a study to determine the impact of the port use tax imposed under this section on potential diversions of cargo from particular United States ports to any port in a country contiguous to the United States, and submit the report of the study to Congress not later than Dec. 1, 1988.

§4462. Definitions and special rules

(a) Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Port use

The term "port use" means—

(A) the loading of commercial cargo on, or

(B) the unloading of commercial cargo from,


a commercial vessel at a port.

(2) Port

(A) In general

The term "port" means any channel or harbor (or component thereof) in the United States, which—

(i) is not an inland waterway, and

(ii) is open to public navigation.

(B) Exception for certain facilities

The term "port" does not include any channel or harbor with respect to which no Federal funds have been used since 1977 for construction, maintenance, or operation, or which was deauthorized by Federal law before 1985.

(C) Special rule for Columbia River

The term "port" shall include the channels of the Columbia River in the States of Oregon and Washington only up to the downstream side of Bonneville lock and dam.

(3) Commercial cargo

(A) In general

The term "commercial cargo" means any cargo transported on a commercial vessel, including passengers transported for compensation or hire.

(B) Certain items not included

The term "commercial cargo" does not include—

(i) bunker fuel, ship's stores, sea stores, or the legitimate equipment necessary to the operation of a vessel, or

(ii) fish or other aquatic animal life caught and not previously landed on shore.

(4) Commercial vessel

(A) In general

The term "commercial vessel" means any vessel used—

(i) in transporting cargo by water for compensation or hire, or

(ii) in transporting cargo by water in the business of the owner, lessee, or operator of the vessel.

(B) Exclusion of ferries

(i) In general

The term "commercial vessel" does not include any ferry engaged primarily in the ferrying of passengers (including their vehicles) between points within the United States, or between the United States and contiguous countries.

(ii) Ferry

The term "ferry" means any vessel which arrives in the United States on a regular schedule during its operating season at intervals of at least once each business day.

(5) Value

(A) In general

The term "value" means, except as provided in regulations, the value of any commercial cargo as determined by standard commercial documentation.

(B) Transportation of passengers

In the case of the transportation of passengers for hire, the term "value" means the actual charge paid for such service or the prevailing charge for comparable service if no actual charge is paid.

(b) Special rule for Alaska, Hawaii, and possessions

(1) In general

No tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) with respect to—

(A) cargo loaded on a vessel in a port in the United States mainland for transportation to Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States for ultimate use or consumption in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States,

(B) cargo loaded on a vessel in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States for transportation to the United States mainland, Alaska, Hawaii, or such a possession for ultimate use or consumption in the United States mainland, Alaska, Hawaii, or such a possession,

(C) the unloading of cargo described in subparagraph (A) or (B) in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States, or in the United States mainland, respectively, or

(D) cargo loaded on a vessel in Alaska, Hawaii, or a possession of the United States and unloaded in the State or possession in which loaded, or passengers transported on United States flag vessels operating solely within the State waters of Alaska or Hawaii and adjacent international waters.

(2) Cargo does not include crude oil with respect to Alaska

For purposes of this subsection, the term "cargo" does not include crude oil with respect to Alaska.

(3) United States mainland

For purposes of this subsection, the term "United States mainland" means the continental United States (not including Alaska).

(c) Coordination of tax where transportation subject to tax imposed by section 4042

No tax shall be imposed under this subchapter with respect to the loading or unloading of any cargo on or from a vessel if any fuel of such vessel has been (or will be) subject to the tax imposed by section 4042 (relating to tax on fuel used in commercial transportation on inland waterways).

(d) Nonapplicability of tax to exports

The tax imposed by section 4461(a) shall not apply to any port use with respect to any commercial cargo to be exported from the United States.

(e) Exemption for United States

No tax shall be imposed under this subchapter on the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof.

(f) Extension of provisions of law applicable to customs duty

(1) In general

Except to the extent otherwise provided in regulations, all administrative and enforcement provisions of customs laws and regulations shall apply in respect of the tax imposed by this subchapter (and in respect of persons liable therefor) as if such tax were a customs duty. For purposes of the preceding sentence, any penalty expressed in terms of a relationship to the amount of the duty shall be treated as not less than the amount which bears a similar relationship to the value of the cargo.

(2) Jurisdiction of courts and agencies

For purposes of determining the jurisdiction of any court of the United States or any agency of the United States, the tax imposed by this subchapter shall be treated as if such tax were a customs duty.

(3) Administrative provisions applicable to tax law not to apply

The tax imposed by this subchapter shall not be treated as a tax for purposes of subtitle F or any other provision of law relating to the administration and enforcement of internal revenue taxes.

(g) Special rules

Except as provided by regulations—

(1) Tax imposed only once

Only 1 tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) with respect to the loading on and unloading from, or the unloading from and the loading on, the same vessel of the same cargo.

(2) Exception for intraport movements

Under regulations, no tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) on the mere movement of cargo within a port.

(3) Relay cargo

Only 1 tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) on cargo (moving under a single bill of lading) which is unloaded from one vessel and loaded onto another vessel at any port in the United States for relay to or from any port in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States. For purposes of this paragraph, the term "cargo" does not include any item not treated as cargo under subsection (b)(2).

(h) Exemption for humanitarian and development assistance cargos

No tax shall be imposed under this subchapter on any nonprofit organization or cooperative for cargo which is owned or financed by such nonprofit organization or cooperative and which is certified by the United States Customs Service as intended for use in humanitarian or development assistance overseas.

(i) Regulations

The Secretary may prescribe such additional regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter including, but not limited to, regulations—

(1) providing for the manner and method of payment and collection of the tax imposed by this subchapter,

(2) providing for the posting of bonds to secure payment of such tax,

(3) exempting any transaction or class of transactions from such tax where the collection of such tax is not administratively practical, and

(4) providing for the remittance or mitigation of penalties and the settlement or compromise of claims.

(Added Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1402(a), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4266; amended Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2002(b), title VI, §§6109(a), 6110(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3597, 3712; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1704(i)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1881; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11116(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1950.)

Prior Provisions

For prior section 4462, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding section 4471 of this title.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–59 amended heading and text of subsec. (d) generally, substituting provisions relating to nonapplicability of tax imposed by section 4461(a) to exports for provisions relating to nonapplicability of tax imposed by section 4461(a) to bonded commercial cargo entering the United States for transportation and direct exportation to a foreign country and inapplicability of this provision to certain cargo exported to Canada or Mexico.

1996—Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 104–188 inserted before period at end ", or passengers transported on United States flag vessels operating solely within the State waters of Alaska or Hawaii and adjacent international waters".

1988—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 100–647, §2002(b), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: "cargo loaded on a vessel in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States for transportation to the United States mainland for ultimate use or consumption in the United States mainland,".

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 100–647, §6110(a), added par. (3).

Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 100–647, §6109(a), added subsec. (h) and redesignated former subsec. (h) as (i).

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–59 effective before, on, and after Aug. 10, 2005, see section 11116(c) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 4461 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1704(i)(2), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1881, provided that: "The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 1402(a) of the Harbor Maintenance Revenue Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV]."

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 2002(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective as if included in the provision of the Harbor Maintenance Revenue Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, to which it relates, see section 2002(d) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 4042 of this title.

Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, §6109(b), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3712, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on April 1, 1987."

Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, §6110(b), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3713, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988]."

Effective Date

Section effective Apr. 1, 1987, see section 1402(c) of Pub. L. 99–662, set out as a note under section 4461 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6. For establishment of U.S. Customs and Border Protection in the Department of Homeland Security, treated as if included in Pub. L. 107–296 as of Nov. 25, 2002, see section 211 of Title 6, as amended generally by Pub. L. 114–125, and section 802(b) of Pub. L. 114–125, set out as a note under section 211 of Title 6.

Subchapter B—Transportation by Water

Sec.
4471.
Imposition of tax.
4472.
Definitions.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter B, consisted of sections 4461 to 4464 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–600, title V, §521(b), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2884, applicable with respect to years beginning after June 30, 1980.

Section 4461, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 531; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §6(a), 73 Stat. 620; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §403(a), 79 Stat. 148, imposed a special tax on persons who maintained for use or permitted use of coin-operated gaming devices and provided an exception from such tax.

Section 4462, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 531; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §152(a), 72 Stat. 1304; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §403(b), 79 Stat. 149; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title XII, §1208(b), 90 Stat. 1709, defined coin-operated gaming devices.

Section 4463, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 531, related to administrative provisions.

Section 4464, added Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §402(a), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 534, and amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–600, title V, §521(a), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2884, related to credit for State-imposed taxes.

Amendments

1996Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1704(t)(11), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1888, struck out "and special rules" after "Definitions" in item 4472.

§4471. Imposition of tax

(a) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax of $3 per passenger on a covered voyage.

(b) By whom paid

The tax imposed by this section shall be paid by the person providing the covered voyage.

(c) Time of imposition

The tax imposed by this section shall be imposed only once for each passenger on a covered voyage, either at the time of first embarkation or disembarkation in the United States.

(Added Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7504(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2362.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4471 was contained in subchapter C of this chapter prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 149.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7504(c), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2363, provided that:

"(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [enacting this subchapter] shall apply to voyages beginning after December 31, 1989, which were not paid for before such date.

"(2) No deposits required before april 1, 1990.—No deposit of any tax imposed by subchapter B of chapter 36 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by this section, shall be required to be made before April 1, 1990."

§4472. Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Covered voyage

(A) In general

The term "covered voyage" means a voyage of—

(i) a commercial passenger vessel which extends over 1 or more nights, or

(ii) a commercial vessel transporting passengers engaged in gambling aboard the vessel beyond the territorial waters of the United States,


during which passengers embark or disembark the vessel in the United States. Such term shall not include any voyage on any vessel owned or operated by the United States, a State, or any agency or subdivision thereof.

(B) Exception for certain voyages on passenger vessels

The term "covered voyage" shall not include a voyage of a passenger vessel of less than 12 hours between 2 ports in the United States.

(2) Passenger vessel

The term "passenger vessel" means any vessel having berth or stateroom accommodations for more than 16 passengers.

(Added Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7504(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2362.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4472 was contained in subchapter C of this chapter prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 149.

[Subchapter C—Repealed]

[§§4471 to 4474. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 149]

Section 4471, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532, imposed a $20 annual tax upon bowling alleys, billiard tables, and pool tables to be paid by operators of bowling alleys, billiard rooms, and pool rooms.

Section 4472, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532, defined bowling alley, billiard room, and pool room.

Section 4473, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §153(a), 72 Stat. 1305, granted exemptions for hospitals, the armed forces, and certain non-profit and governmental organizations.

Section 4474, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532, made cross references to chapter 40 and subtitle F for penalties and administrative provisions.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable on and after July 1, 1965, see section 701(c)(2) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out in part as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4402 of this title.

Subchapter D—Tax on Use of Certain Vehicles

Sec.
4481.
Imposition of tax.
4482.
Definitions.
4483.
Exemptions.
4484.
Cross references.

        

Amendments

1983Pub. L. 97–473, title II, §202(b)(11), Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2610, substituted "Cross references" for "Cross reference" in item 4484.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(a), 70 Stat. 389, added subchapter heading and analysis of sections.

§4481. Imposition of tax

(a) Imposition of tax

A tax is hereby imposed on the use of any highway motor vehicle which (together with the semitrailers and trailers customarily used in connection with highway motor vehicles of the same type as such highway motor vehicle) has a taxable gross weight of at least 55,000 pounds at the rate specified in the following table:

 
Taxable gross weight:Rate of tax:
 At least 55,000 pounds, but not over 75,000 pounds $100 per year plus $22 for each 1,000 pounds (or fraction thereof) in excess of 55,000 pounds.
Over 75,000 pounds $550.

(b) By whom paid

The tax imposed by this section shall be paid by the person in whose name the highway motor vehicle is, or is required to be, registered under the law of the State or contiguous foreign country in which such vehicle is, or is required to be, registered, or, in case the highway motor vehicle is owned by the United States, by the agency or instrumentality of the United States operating such vehicle.

(c) Proration of tax

(1) Where first use occurs after first month

If in any taxable period the first use of the highway motor vehicle is after the first month in such period, the tax shall be reckoned proportionately from the first day of the month in which such use occurs to and including the last day in such taxable period.

(2) Where vehicle sold, destroyed, or stolen

(A) In general

If in any taxable period a highway motor vehicle is sold, destroyed, or stolen before the first day of the last month in such period and not subsequently used during such taxable period, the tax shall be reckoned proportionately from the first day of the month in such period in which the first use of such highway motor vehicle occurs to and including the last day of the month in which such highway motor vehicle was sold, destroyed, or stolen.

(B) Destroyed

For purposes of subparagraph (A), a highway motor vehicle is destroyed if such vehicle is damaged by reason of an accident or other casualty to such an extent that it is not economic to rebuild.

(d) One tax liability per period

To the extent that the tax imposed by this section is paid with respect to any highway motor vehicle for any taxable period, no further tax shall be imposed by this section for such taxable period with respect to such vehicle.

(e) Electronic filing

Any taxpayer who files a return under this section with respect to 25 or more vehicles for any taxable period shall file such return electronically.

(f) Period tax in effect

The tax imposed by this section shall apply only to use before October 1, 2023.

(Added June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(a), 70 Stat. 390; amended Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §203(a), (b)(1), (2)(A), (B), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 124; Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(7), (8), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1744; Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(7), (8), May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 456; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(6), (7), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2756; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§513(a), (d), 516(a)(4), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2177, 2179, 2182; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §734(f), title IX, §901(a), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 980, 1003; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §§502(a)(5), 507(a), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 256, 260; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11211(c)(5), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–426; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(a)(5), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1704(t)(57), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1890; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(a)(1)(G), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §867(a), (c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622; Pub. L. 109–14, §9(c)(1), May 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11101(a)(2)(A), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1944; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(b)(1), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356; Pub. L. 112–102, title IV, §402(b)(1), Mar. 30, 2012, 126 Stat. 282; Pub. L. 112–141, div. D, title I, §40102(b)(1)(A), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 844; Pub. L. 114–94, div. C, title XXXI, §31102(b)(1), Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1727; Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title IV, §401(b)(43), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1204.)

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–141 amended subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

"(1) In general.—To the extent that the tax imposed by this section is paid with respect to any highway motor vehicle for any taxable period, no further tax shall be imposed by this section for such taxable period with respect to such vehicle.

"(2) Cross reference.—For privilege of paying tax imposed by this section in installments, see section 6156."

2015—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 114–94 substituted "2023" for "2017".

2012—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 112–141 substituted "2017" for "2013".

Pub. L. 112–102 substituted "2013" for "2012".

2011—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted "2012" for "2011".

2005—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted "2011" for "2006".

Pub. L. 109–14 substituted "2006" for "2005".

2004—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–357, §867(a)(2), substituted "sold, destroyed, or stolen" for "destroyed or stolen" in heading.

Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 108–357, §867(a)(1), substituted "sold, destroyed, or stolen" for "destroyed or stolen" in two places.

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 108–357, §867(c), added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f).

1998—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted "2005" for "1999".

1996—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–188 provided that section 8002(a)(5) of Pub. L. 102–240 shall be applied as if "4481(e)" appeared instead of "4481(c)". See 1991 Amendment note below.

1991—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–240, which directed the substitution of "1999" for "1995" in subsec. (c), was executed by making the substitution in subsec. (e). See 1996 Amendment note above.

1990—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted "1995" for "1993".

1987—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–17, §507(a), inserted "or contiguous foreign country" after "State".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(a)(5), substituted "1993" for "1988".

1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369, §901(a), in amending subsec. (a) generally, substituted "55,000" for "33,000" in provisions preceding table, struck out heading "(1) In general", substituted table provisions for former table which provided:

 
Taxable gross weightRate of tax
At leastBut less than
33,000 pounds 55,000 $50 a year, plus $25 for each 1,000 pounds or fraction thereof in excess of 33,000 pounds.
55,000 pounds 80,000 $600 a year, plus the applicable rate for each 1,000 pounds or fraction thereof in excess of 55,000 pounds
80,000 pounds or more The maximum tax a year.

and struck out par. (2) which provided applicable rates and maximum taxes for taxable periods beginning July 1, 1984 through 1988 or thereafter.

Pub. L. 98–369, §734(f), struck out from subsec. (a), as subsec. (a) was in effect before the amendments made by section 513(a) of Pub. L. 97–424: "In case of the taxable period beginning on July 1, 1984, and ending on September 30, 1984, the tax shall be at the rate of 75 cents for such period for each 1,000 pounds of taxable gross weight or fraction thereof." See 1983 Amendment note below.

1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(a), substituted "at least 33,000 pounds at the rate specified in the following table:" for "more than 26,000 pounds, at the rate of $3.00 a year for each 1,000 pounds of taxable gross weight or fraction thereof.", and added pars. (1) and (2).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(d), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(a)(4), substituted "1988" for "1984" after "October 1,".

1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–599, §502(a)(6), substituted "1984" for "1979" in two places.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–599, §502(a)(7), substituted "1984" for "1979".

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–280, §303(a)(7), substituted "1979" for "1977" in two places.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 94–280, §303(a)(8), substituted "1979" for "1977".

1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–605, §303(a)(7), substituted "1977" for "1972" in two places.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–605, §303(a)(8), substituted "1977" for "1972".

1961—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–61, §203(a), (b)(2)(A), increased rate of tax from $1.50 to $3.00 a year, and provided for a tax at the rate of 75 cents for each 1,000 pounds during the period beginning on July 1, 1972, and ending on September 30, 1972.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–61, §203(b)(2)(B), substituted "any taxable period" for "any year", "after the first month in such period" for "after July 31", and "the last day in such taxable period" for "the last day of June following".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 87–61, §203(b)(2)(B), made conforming changes to refer to payment of tax for a taxable period instead of payment for a year, and inserted cross reference to section 6156.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 87–61, §203(b)(1), substituted "before October 1, 1972" for "after June 30, 1956, and before July 1, 1972".

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–94 effective Oct. 1, 2016, see section 31102(f) of Pub. L. 114–94, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2012 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141 effective July 1, 2012, see section 40102(f) of Pub. L. 112–141, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–102 effective Apr. 1, 2012, see section 402(f) of Pub. L. 112–102, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–14, §9(d), May 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 336, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4482, 4483, 9503, and 9504 of this title] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [May 31, 2005]."

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §867(e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 4483 of this title and repealing section 6156 of this title] shall apply to taxable periods beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004]."

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §507(d), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 260, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section 4483 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1987."

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by section 734(f) of Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, §901(c), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1004, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] (and the provisions of subsection (b) [set out below]) shall take effect on July 1, 1984."

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §513(f), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2179, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

"(1) In general.—Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4482 and 4483 of this title and enacting provisions set out below] shall take effect on July 1, 1984.

"(2) Special rule in the case of certain owner-operators.—

"(A) In general.—In the case of a small owner-operator, paragraph (1) of this subsection and paragraph (2) of section 4481(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (as added by this section) shall be applied by substituting for each date contained in such paragraphs a date which is 1 year after the date so contained.

"(B) Small owner-operator.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term "small owner-operator" means any person who owns and operates at any time during the taxable period no more than 5 highway motor vehicles with respect to which a tax is imposed by section 4481 of such Code for such taxable period.

"[No subpar. (C) has been enacted.]

"(D) Aggregation of vehicle ownerships.—For purposes of subparagraph (B), all highway motor vehicles with respect to which a tax is imposed by section 4481 of such Code which are owned by—

"(i) any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) which is under common control with the taxpayer (within the meaning of section 52(b)), or

"(ii) any member of any controlled groups of corporations of which the taxpayer is a member, for any taxable period shall be treated as being owned by the taxpayer during such period. The Secretary shall prescribe regulations which provide attribution rules that take into account, in addition to the persons and entities described in the preceding sentence, taxpayers who own highway motor vehicles through partnerships, joint ventures, and corporations.

"(E) Controlled groups of corporations.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term 'controlled group of corporations' has the meaning given to such term by section 1563(a), except that—

"(i) 'more than 50 percent' shall be substituted for 'at least 80 percent' each place it appears in section 1563(a)(1), and

"(ii) the determination shall be made without regard to subsections (a)(4) and (e)(3)(C) of section 1563.

"(F) Highway motor vehicles.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term 'highway motor vehicle' has the meaning given to such term by section 4482(a) of such Code."

Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–61 effective July 1, 1961, see section 208 of Pub. L. 87–61, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective June 29, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as an Effective Date of 1956 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

Regulations

Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §507(c), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 260, provided that: "The Secretary of the Treasury or the delegate of the Secretary shall within 120 days after the date of the enactment of this section [Apr. 2, 1987] prescribe regulations governing payment of the tax imposed by section 4481 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 on any highway motor vehicle operated by a motor carrier domiciled in any contiguous foreign country or owned or controlled by persons of any contiguous foreign country. Such regulations shall include a procedure by which the operator of such motor vehicle shall evidence that such operator has paid such tax at the time such motor vehicle enters the United States. In the event of the failure to provide evidence of payment, such regulations may provide for denial of entry of such motor vehicle into the United States."

Savings Provision

For provisions that nothing in amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Mar. 23, 2018, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Mar. 23, 2018, see section 401(e) of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 23 of this title.

Special Rules in the Case of Certain Owner-Operators

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, §901(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1003, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

"(1) Special rule for taxable period beginning on july 1, 1984.—In the case of a small owner-operator, the amount of the tax imposed by section 4481 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] on the use of any highway motor vehicle subject to tax under section 4481(a) of such Code (as amended by subsection (a)) for the taxable period which begins on July 1, 1984, shall be the lesser of—

"(A) $3 for each 1,000 pounds of taxable gross weight (or fraction thereof), or

"(B) the amount of the tax which would be imposed under such section 4481(a) without regard to this paragraph.

"(2) Exemption for vehicles used for less than 5,000 miles (and certain other amendments) to take effect on july 1, 1984.—In the case of a small owner-operator, notwithstanding subsection (f)(2) of section 513 of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982 [section 513(f)(2) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as an Effective Date of 1983 Amendment note above], the amendments made by subsections (b), (c), and (d) of such section [amending sections 4481 to 4483 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1984.

"(3) Small owner-operator defined.—For purposes of this subsection, the term 'small owner-operator' has the meaning given such term by section 513(f)(2) of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982.

"(4) Taxable gross weight.—For purposes of this subsection, the term 'taxable gross weight' has the same meaning as when used in section 4481 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986."

Studies Relating to Heavy Vehicle Use Tax

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, subtitle D, part I, July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1010, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, would conduct a study of whether highway motor vehicles with taxable gross weights of 80,000 pounds or more bear their fair share of the costs of the highway system, a study to determine the significance of the tax imposed by this section (relating to tax on use of certain vehicles) on trans-border trucking operations, and a study to evaluate the feasibility and ability of weight-distance truck taxes to provide the greatest degree of equity among highway users, to ease the costs of compliance of such taxes, and to improve the efficiency by which such taxes might be administered, and submit to Congress a report of each study, together with any recommendations, by Oct. 1, 1987.

Study of Alternatives to Tax on Use of Heavy Trucks

Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §513(g), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2180, provided that the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, conduct a study of alternatives to the tax on heavy vehicles imposed by section 4481(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, and plans for improving the collecting and enforcement of such tax and alternatives to such tax, such alternatives to include taxes based either singly or in suitable combinations on vehicle size or configuration; vehicle weight, both registered and actual operating weight; and distance traveled, and such plans for improving tax collection and enforcement to provide for Federal and State co-operation in such activities. The study was to be conducted in consultation with State officials, motor carriers, and other affected parties, and the Secretary of Transportation was to submit a report and recommendations to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate not later than Jan. 1, 1985.

§4482. Definitions

(a) Highway motor vehicle

For purposes of this subchapter, the term "highway motor vehicle" means any motor vehicle which is a highway vehicle.

(b) Taxable gross weight

For purposes of this subchapter, the term "taxable gross weight", when used with respect to any highway motor vehicle, means the sum of—

(1) the actual unloaded weight of—

(A) such highway motor vehicle fully equipped for service, and

(B) the semitrailers and trailers (fully equipped for service) customarily used in connection with highway motor vehicles of the same type as such highway motor vehicle, and


(2) the weight of the maximum load customarily carried on highway motor vehicles of the same type as such highway motor vehicle and on the semitrailers and trailers referred to in paragraph (1)(B).


Taxable gross weight shall be determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary (which regulations may include formulas or other methods for determining the taxable gross weight of vehicles by classes, specifications, or otherwise).

(c) Other definitions and special rule

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) State

The term "State" means a State and the District of Columbia.

(2) Year

The term "year" means the one-year period beginning on July 1.

(3) Use

The term "use" means use in the United States on the public highways.

(4) Taxable period

The term "taxable period" means any year beginning before July 1, 2023, and the period which begins on July 1, 2023, and ends at the close of September 30, 2023.

(5) Customary use

A semitrailer or trailer shall be treated as customarily used in connection with a highway motor vehicle if such vehicle is equipped to tow such semitrailer or trailer.

(d) Special rule for taxable period in which termination date occurs

In the case of the taxable period which ends on September 30, 2023, the amount of the tax imposed by section 4481 with respect to any highway motor vehicle shall be determined by reducing each dollar amount in the table contained in section 4481(a) by 75 percent.

(Added June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(a), 70 Stat. 390; amended Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §203(b)(2)(C), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 125; Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(9), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1744; Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(9), May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 456; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1904(c), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1818, 1834; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(8), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2756; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§513(c), (e), 516(a)(4), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2179, 2182; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §502(a)(5), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 256; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11211(c)(5), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–426; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(a)(5), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(a)(1)(H), (I), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 109–14, §9(c)(2), (3), May 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11101(a)(2)(B), (C), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1944; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(b)(2), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356; Pub. L. 112–102, title IV, §402(b)(2), Mar. 30, 2012, 126 Stat. 282; Pub. L. 112–140, title IV, §402(e), June 29, 2012, 126 Stat. 403; Pub. L. 112–141, div. D, title I, §40102(b)(1)(B), (2)(A), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 845; Pub. L. 114–94, div. C, title XXXI, §31102(b)(2), Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1727.)

Amendments

2015—Subsecs. (c)(4), (d). Pub. L. 114–94 substituted "2023" for "2017" wherever appearing.

2012—Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 112–141, §40102(b)(2)(A), amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The term 'taxable period' means any year beginning before July 1, 2013, and the period which begins on July 1, 2013, and ends at the close of September 30, 2013."

Pub. L. 112–140, §§1(c), 402(e), temporarily amended par. (4) generally, resulting in text identical to that after amendment by Pub. L. 112–102. See Amendment and Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment notes below.

Pub. L. 112–102 substituted "2013" for "2012" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–141, §40102(b)(1)(B), substituted "2017" for "2013".

Pub. L. 112–102 substituted "2013" for "2012".

2011—Subsecs. (c)(4), (d). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted "2012" for "2011" wherever appearing.

2005—Subsecs. (c)(4), (d). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted "2011" for "2006" wherever appearing.

Pub. L. 109–14 substituted "2006" for "2005" wherever appearing.

1998—Subsecs. (c)(4), (d). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted "2005" for "1999" wherever appearing.

1991—Subsecs. (c)(4), (d). Pub. L. 102–240 substituted "1999" for "1995" wherever appearing.

1990—Subsecs. (c)(4), (d). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted "1995" for "1993" wherever appearing.

1987—Subsecs. (c)(4), (d). Pub. L. 100–17 substituted "1993" for "1988" wherever appearing.

1983—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(c)(2), inserted "and special rule" in heading.

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(a)(4), substituted "1988" for "1984" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(c)(1), added par. (5).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(e), added subsec. (d).

1978—Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 95–599 substituted "1984" for "1979" wherever appearing.

1976—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §1904(c), substituted "State and the District of Columbia" for "State, a Territory of the United States, and the District of Columbia".

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 94–280 substituted "1979" for "1977" wherever appearing.

1970—Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 91–605 substituted "1977" for "1972" wherever appearing.

1961—Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 87–61 added par. (4).

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–94 effective Oct. 1, 2016, see section 31102(f) of Pub. L. 114–94, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–141, div. D, title I, §40102(b)(2)(B), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 845, provided that: "The amendment made by this paragraph [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 142 of the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2011, Part II [Pub. L. 112–30]."

Amendment by section 40102(b)(1)(B) of Pub. L. 112–141 effective July 1, 2012, see section 40102(f) of Pub. L. 112–141, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–140 to cease to be effective on July 6, 2012, with text as amended by Pub. L. 112–140 to revert back to read as it did on the day before June 29, 2012, and amendments by Pub. L. 112–141 to be executed as if Pub. L. 112–140 had not been enacted, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 112–140, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 23, Highways.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–140 effective as if included in section 402 of Pub. L. 112–102, see section 402(f)(2) of Pub. L. 112–140, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–102 effective Apr. 1, 2012, see section 402(f) of Pub. L. 112–102, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by section 513(c), (e) of Pub. L. 97–424 effective July 1, 1984, see section 513(f) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 1904(c) of Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–61 effective July 1, 1961, see section 208 of Pub. L. 87–61, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Special Rules in the Case of Small Owner-Operators

Amendment by section 513(c) of Pub. L. 97–424 effective July 1, 1984, in the case of a small owner-operator, notwithstanding section 513(f)(2) of Pub. L. 97–424, see section 901(b)(2) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.

§4483. Exemptions

(a) State and local governmental exemption

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any highway motor vehicle by any State or any political subdivision of a State.

(b) Exemption for United States

The Secretary of the Treasury may authorize exemption from the tax imposed by section 4481 as to the use by the United States of any particular highway motor vehicle, or class of highway motor vehicles, if he determines that the imposition of such tax with respect to such use will cause substantial burden or expense which can be avoided by granting tax exemption and that full benefit of such exemption, if granted, will accrue to the United States.

(c) Certain transit-type buses

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any bus which is of the transit type (rather than of the intercity type) by a person who, for the last 3 months of the preceding year (or for such other period as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe for purposes of this subsection), met the 60-percent passenger fare revenue test set forth in section 6421(b)(2) (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Energy Tax Act of 1978) as applied to the period prescribed for purposes of this subsection.

(d) Exemption for trucks used for less than 5,000 miles on public highways

(1) Suspension of tax

(A) In general

If—

(i) it is reasonable to expect that the use of any highway motor vehicle on public highways during any taxable period will be less than 5,000 miles, and

(ii) the owner of such vehicle furnishes such information as the Secretary may by forms or regulations require with respect to the expected use of such vehicle,


then the collection of the tax imposed by section 4481 with respect to the use of such vehicle shall be suspended during the taxable period.

(B) Suspension ceases to apply where use exceeds 5,000 miles

Subparagraph (A) shall cease to apply with respect to any highway motor vehicle whenever the use of such vehicle on public highways during the taxable period exceeds 5,000 miles.

(2) Exemption

If—

(A) the collection of the tax imposed by section 4481 with respect to any highway motor vehicle is suspended under paragraph (1),

(B) such vehicle is not used during the taxable period on public highways for more than 5,000 miles, and

(C) except as otherwise provided in regulations, the owner of such vehicle furnishes such information as the Secretary may require with respect to the use of such vehicle during the taxable period,


then no tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of such vehicle for the taxable period.

(3) Refund where tax paid and vehicle not used for more than 5,000 miles

If—

(A) the tax imposed by section 4481 is paid with respect to any highway motor vehicle for any taxable period, and

(B) the requirements of subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (2) are met with respect to such taxable period,


the amount of such tax shall be credited or refunded (without interest) to the person who paid such tax.

(4) Relief from liability for tax under certain circumstances where truck is transferred

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the owner of a highway motor vehicle with respect to which the collection of the tax imposed by section 4481 is suspended under paragraph (1) shall not be liable for the tax imposed by section 4481 (and the new owner shall be liable for such tax) with respect to such vehicle if—

(A) such vehicle is transferred to a new owner,

(B) such suspension is in effect at the time of such transfer, and

(C) the old owner furnishes such information as the Secretary by forms and regulations requires with respect to the transfer of such vehicle.

(5) 7,500-miles exemption for agricultural vehicles

(A) In general

In the case of an agricultural vehicle, paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be applied by substituting "7,500" for "5,000" each place it appears.

(B) Definitions

For purposes of this paragraph—

(i) Agricultural vehicle

The term "agricultural vehicle" means any highway motor vehicle—

(I) used primarily for farming purposes, and

(II) registered (under the laws of the State in which such vehicle is required to be registered) as a highway motor vehicle used for farming purposes.

(ii) Farming purposes

The term "farming purposes" means the transporting of any farm commodity to or from a farm or the use directly in agricultural production.

(iii) Farm commodity

The term "farm commodity" means any agricultural or horticultural commodity, feed, seed, fertilizer, livestock, bees, poultry, fur-bearing animals, or wildlife.

(6) Owner defined

For purposes of this subsection, the term "owner" means, with respect to any highway motor vehicle, the person described in section 4481(b).

(e) Reduction in tax for trucks used in logging

The tax imposed by section 4481 shall be reduced by 25 percent with respect to any highway motor vehicle if—

(1) the exclusive use of such vehicle during any taxable period is the transportation, to and from a point located on a forested site, of products harvested from such forested site, and

(2) such vehicle is registered (under the laws of the State in which such vehicle is required to be registered) as a highway motor vehicle used in the transportation of harvested forest products.

[(f) Repealed. Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §867(d), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622]

(g) Exemption for mobile machinery

No tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any vehicle described in section 4053(8).

(h) Exemption for vehicles used in blood collection

(1) In general

No tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any qualified blood collector vehicle by a qualified blood collector organization.

(2) Qualified blood collector vehicle

For purposes of this subsection, the term "qualified blood collector vehicle" means a vehicle at least 80 percent of the use of which during the prior taxable period was by a qualified blood collector organization in the collection, storage, or transportation of blood.

(3) Special rule for vehicles first placed in service in a taxable period

In the case of a vehicle first placed in service in a taxable period, a vehicle shall be treated as a qualified blood collector vehicle for such taxable period if such qualified blood collector organization certifies to the Secretary that the organization reasonably expects at least 80 percent of the use of such vehicle by the organization during such taxable period will be in the collection, storage, or transportation of blood.

(4) Qualified blood collector organization

The term "qualified blood collector organization" has the meaning given such term by section 7701(a)(49).

(i) Termination of exemptions

Subsections (a) and (c) shall not apply on and after October 1, 2023.

(Added June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(a), 70 Stat. 391; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), (B), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §233(a)(3)(C), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3191; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§513(b), 516(b)(3), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2177, 2183; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, §§902(a), 903(a), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1004; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §§502(b)(5), 507(b), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 257, 260; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11211(d)(4), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–427; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(b)(4), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(b)(2), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 500; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §§851(b)(1), 867(d), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1607, 1622; Pub. L. 109–14, §9(c)(4), May 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11101(b)(2), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1944; Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, §1207(d), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(d), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356; Pub. L. 112–102, title IV, §402(d), Mar. 30, 2012, 126 Stat. 282; Pub. L. 112–140, title IV, §402(c), June 29, 2012, 126 Stat. 403; Pub. L. 112–141, div. D, title I, §40102(d)(2), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 845; Pub. L. 114–94, div. C, title XXXI, §31102(d)(2), Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1727.)

References in Text

The date of the enactment of the Energy Tax Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (c), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 95–618, which was approved Nov. 9, 1978.

Amendments

2015—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 114–94 substituted "October 1, 2023" for "October 1, 2017".

2012—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 112–141 substituted "October 1, 2017" for "July 1, 2012".

Pub. L. 112–140, §§1(c), 402(c), temporarily substituted "July 7, 2012" for "July 1, 2012". See Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 112–102 substituted "July 1, 2012" for "April 1, 2012".

2011—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted "April 1, 2012" for "October 1, 2011".

2006—Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 109–280, which directed the amendment of section 4483 by adding subsec. (h) and redesignating former subsec. (h) as (i), without specifying the act to be amended, was executed by making the amendments to this section, which is section 4483 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2005—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted "2011" for "2006".

Pub. L. 109–14 substituted "2006" for "2005".

2004—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 108–357, §867(d), struck out heading and text of subsec. (f). Text read as follows: "If the base for registration purposes of any highway motor vehicle is in a contiguous foreign country for any taxable period, the tax imposed by section 4481 for such period shall be 75 percent of the tax which would (but for this subsection) be imposed by section 4481 for such period."

Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 108–357, §851(b)(1), added subsec. (g) and redesignated former subsec. (g) as (h).

1998—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted "2005" for "1999".

1991—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102–240 substituted "1999" for "1995".

1990—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted "1995" for "1993".

1987—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–17, §507(b), added subsec. (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Pub. L. 100–17, §502(b)(5), substituted "1993" for "1988".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–17, §507(b), redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).

1984—Subsec. (d)(5), (6). Pub. L. 98–369, §903(a), added par. (5) and redesignated former par. (5) as (6).

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 98–369, §902(a), added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f).

1983—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(b), added subsec. (d).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(b)(3), added subsec. (e).

1978—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–618 inserted "(as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Energy Tax Act of 1978)" after "section 6421(b)(2)".

1976—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(B), inserted "of the Treasury" after "Secretary".

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–94 effective Oct. 1, 2016, see section 31102(f) of Pub. L. 114–94, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141 effective July 1, 2012, see section 40102(f) of Pub. L. 112–141, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–140 to cease to be effective on July 6, 2012, with text as amended by Pub. L. 112–140 to revert back to read as it did on the day before June 29, 2012, and amendments by Pub. L. 112–141 to be executed as if Pub. L. 112–140 had not been enacted, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 112–140, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 23, Highways.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–140 effective July 1, 2012, see section 402(f)(1) of Pub. L. 112–140, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–102 effective Apr. 1, 2012, see section 402(f) of Pub. L. 112–102, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–280 effective Jan. 1, 2007, and applicable to taxable periods beginning on or after July 1, 2007, see section 1207(g) of Pub. L. 109–280, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §851(b)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1608, provided that: "The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004]."

Amendment by section 867(d) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to taxable periods beginning after Oct. 22, 2004, see section 867(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by section 507(b) of Pub. L. 100–17 effective July 1, 1987, see section 507(d) of Pub. L. 100–17, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, §902(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1004, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on July 1, 1984."

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, §903(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1004, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 513 of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982 [Pub. L. 97–424, see section 513(f) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as an Effective Date of 1983 Amendment note under section 4481 of this title]."

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by section 513(b) of Pub. L. 97–424 effective July 1, 1984, see section 513(f) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–618 effective on first day of first calendar month which begins more than 10 days after Nov. 9, 1978, see section 233(d) of Pub. L. 95–618, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

Special Rules in the Case of Small Owner-Operators

Amendment by section 513(b) of Pub. L. 97–424 effective July 1, 1984, in the case of a small owner-operator, notwithstanding section 513(f)(2) of Pub. L. 97–424, see section 901(b)(2) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.

§4484. Cross references

(1) For penalties and administrative provisions applicable to this subchapter, see subtitle F.

(2) For exemption for uses by Indian tribal governments (or their subdivisions), see section 7871.

(Added June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(a), 70 Stat. 391; amended Pub. L. 97–473, title II, §202(b)(10), Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2610.)

Amendments

1983Pub. L. 97–473 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 97–473, see section 204(5) of Pub. L. 97–473, set out as an Effective Date note under section 7871 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective June 29, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as an Effective Date of 1956 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

[Subchapter E—Repealed]

[§§4491 to 4494. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(c)(1), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564]

Section 4491, added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(a), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 243; amended Pub. L. 91–614, title III, §305(a), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1846; Pub. L. 96–298, §1(c)(1), July 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 829, provided for imposition of a tax on use of civil aircraft.

Section 4492, added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(a), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 243; amended Pub. L. 94–530, §2(a), Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2488; Pub. L. 95–163, §17(b)(1), Nov. 9, 1977, 91 Stat. 1286; Pub. L. 95–504, §2(b), Oct. 24, 1978, 92 Stat. 1705, provided definitions to be used for purposes of this subchapter.

Section 4493, added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(a), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 244; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1904(a)(13), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1814, 1834, enumerated special rules for payment of tax by lessees and certain persons engaged in foreign air commerce.

Section 4494, added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(a), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 245, provided a cross reference to subtitle F of this title for penalties and administrative provisions applicable to this subchapter.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to transportation beginning after Aug. 31, 1982, but inapplicable to amounts paid on or before such date, see section 280(d) of Pub. L. 97–248, set out as an Effective Date of 1982 Amendment note under section 4261 of this title.

Tax on Use of Aircraft

Pub. L. 96–298, §1(c)(2), (3), July 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 829, set out various changes in the amount and rate of tax under former section 4491 of this title for period beginning on July 1, 1980, and ending on Oct. 1, 1980, and provided that due date for filing any tax return of tax imposed by such section 4491, with respect to any use after June 30, 1980, would not be earlier than Oct. 31, 1980.

[Subchapter F—Repealed]

[§§4495 to 4498. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §1432(b)(1), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1050]

Section 4495, added Pub. L. 96–283, title IV, §402(a), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 582, provided for imposition of tax on removal of hard mineral resource from deep seabed.

Section 4496, added Pub. L. 96–283, title IV, §402(a), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 583, defined terms for purposes of this subchapter.

Section 4497, added Pub. L. 96–283, title IV, §402(a), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 583; amended Pub. L. 99–514, title XV, §1511(c)(7), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2745, related to imputed values for commercially recoverable metals and minerals and provided for suspension of tax on minerals held for later processing.

Section 4498, added Pub. L. 96–283, title IV, §402(a), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 584, provided for termination of tax imposed by section 4495.