[USC02] 26 USC Subtitle F, CHAPTER 62, Subchapter A: Place and Due Date for Payment of Tax
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26 USC Subtitle F, CHAPTER 62, Subchapter A: Place and Due Date for Payment of Tax
From Title 26—INTERNAL REVENUE CODESubtitle F—Procedure and AdministrationCHAPTER 62—TIME AND PLACE FOR PAYING TAX

Subchapter A—Place and Due Date for Payment of Tax

Sec.
6151.
Time and place for paying tax shown on returns.
[6152 to 6154. Repealed.]
6155.
Payment on notice and demand.
[6156.
Repealed.]
6157.
Payment of Federal unemployment tax on quarterly or other time period basis.
[6158.
Repealed.]
6159.
Agreements for payment of tax liability in installments.

        

Amendments

2004Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §867(b)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622, struck out item 6156 "Installment payments of tax on use of highway motor vehicles".

1990Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11801(b)(13), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–522, struck out item 6158 "Installment payment of tax attributable to divestitures pursuant to Bank Holding Company Act Amendments of 1970".

1988Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, §6234(b)(2), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3736, added item 6159.

1987Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10301(b)(7), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–429, struck out item 6154 "Installment payments of estimated income tax by corporations".

1986Pub. L. 99–514, title XIV, §1404(c)(4), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2714, struck out item 6152 "Installment payments".

1984Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IV, §412(c)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 793, struck out item 6153 "Installment payments of estimated income tax by individuals".

1982Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(c)(2)(F), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564, struck out "and civil aircraft" after "motor vehicles" in item 6156.

1976Pub. L. 94–452, §3(c)(1), Oct. 2, 1976, 90 Stat. 1514, added item 6158.

1970Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(d)(3), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 246, inserted "and civil aircraft" in item 6156.

1969Pub. L. 91–53, §2(f)(1), Aug. 7, 1969, 83 Stat. 93, substituted "Payment of Federal unemployment tax on quarterly or other time period basis" for "Payment of taxes under provisions of the Tariff Act" in item 6157.

1961Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §203(c)(3), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 126, added item 6156 and redesignated former item 6156 as 6157.

§6151. Time and place for paying tax shown on returns

(a) General rule

Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, when a return of tax is required under this title or regulations, the person required to make such return shall, without assessment or notice and demand from the Secretary, pay such tax to the internal revenue officer with whom the return is filed, and shall pay such tax at the time and place fixed for filing the return (determined without regard to any extension of time for filing the return).

(b) Exceptions

(1) Income tax not computed by taxpayer

If the taxpayer elects under section 6014 not to show the tax on the return, the amount determined by the Secretary as payable shall be paid within 30 days after the mailing by the Secretary to the taxpayer of a notice stating such amount and making demand therefor.

(2) Use of government depositaries

For authority of the Secretary to require payments to Government depositaries, see section 6302(c).

(c) Date fixed for payment of tax

In any case in which a tax is required to be paid on or before a certain date, or within a certain period, any reference in this title to the date fixed for payment of such tax shall be deemed a reference to the last day fixed for such payment (determined without regard to any extension of time for paying the tax).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 757; Pub. L. 89–713, §1(b), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1108; Pub. L. 94–452, §3(c)(2), Oct. 2, 1976, 90 Stat. 1514; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834.)

Amendments

1976Pub. L. 94–455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–452 substituted "subchapter," for "section,".

1966—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–713 substituted the revenue officer with whom the return is filed for the principal internal revenue officer for the internal revenue district in which the return is required to be filed as the description of the person to whom the tax is paid.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Pub. L. 94–452, §3(e), Oct. 2, 1976, 90 Stat. 1514, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

"(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [enacting section 6158 of this title and amending this section and sections 6503 and 6601 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1977, with respect to sales after July 7, 1970, in taxable years ending after July 7, 1970, but only in the case of qualified bank holding corporations (within the meaning of section 1103(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954], as amended by section 2(a) of this Act).

"(2) Special rule for certifying sales which have already taken place.—For purposes of section 6158(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by subsection (a) of this section) in the case of any sale which takes place on or before the 90th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 2, 1976], a certification by the Federal Reserve Board described in section 6158(a) shall be treated as made before the sale if application for such certification is made before the close of the 90th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 2, 1976].

"(3) Refund of tax.—

"(A) In general.—If any tax attributable to a sale which occurred before October 1, 1977, is payable in annual installments by reason of an election under section 6158(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, any portion of such tax for which the due date of the installment does not occur before October 1, 1977, shall, on application of the taxpayer, be treated as an overpayment of tax.

"(B) Interest on overpayments.—For purposes of section 6611(b) in the case of any overpayment attributable to subparagraph (A), the date of the overpayment shall be the day which is 6 months after the latest of the following:

"(i) the date on which application for refund or credit of such overpayment is filed,

"(ii) the due date prescribed by law (determined without extensions) for filing the return of tax under chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for the taxable year the tax of which is being refunded or credited, or

"(iii) the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 2, 1976].

"(C) Extension of period of limitations.—If any refund or credit of tax attributable to the application of subparagraph (A) is prevented at any time before October 1, 1978, by the operation of any law or rule of law, refund or credit of such overpayment may, nevertheless, be made or allowed if claim therefor is filed before October 1, 1978."

Effective Date of 1966 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–713 effective Nov. 2, 1966, see section 6 of Pub. L. 89–713, set out as a note under section 6091 of this title.

[§6152. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–514, title XIV, §1404(c)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2714]

Section, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 757; Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1212, §3, 68 Stat. 1130; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(a)(9), (b)(13)(A), 90 Stat. 1824, 1834; Sept. 3, 1982, Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §234(b)(1), 96 Stat. 503, related to installment payments of taxes.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, see section 1404(d) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as an Effective Date of 1986 Amendment note under section 643 of this title.

[§6153. Repealed. Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IV, §412(a)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 792]

Section, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 758; Sept. 25, 1962, Pub. L. 87–682, §1(a)(3), (c), 76 Stat. 575; Dec. 23, 1975, Pub. L. 94–164, §5(b), 89 Stat. 975; June 30, 1976, Pub. L. 94–331, §3(b), 90 Stat. 782; Sept. 3, 1976, Pub. L. 94–396, §2(a)(2), 90 Stat. 1201; Sept. 17, 1976, Pub. L. 94–414, §3(b), 90 Stat. 1273; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), 90 Stat. 1834; Aug. 13, 1981, Pub. L. 97–34, title VII, §725(c)(3), 95 Stat. 346; Sept. 3, 1982, Pub. L. 97–248, title III, §328(b)(3), 96 Stat. 618, related to installment payments of estimated income tax by individuals.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1984, see section 414(a)(1) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date of 1984 Amendment note under section 6654 of this title.

[§6154. Repealed. Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10301(b)(1), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–429]

Section, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 760; Feb. 26, 1964, Pub. L. 88–272, title I, §122(a), 78 Stat. 25; Mar. 15, 1966, Pub. L. 89–368, title I, §104(a), 80 Stat. 64; June 28, 1968, Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §103(b), 82 Stat. 260; Dec. 23, 1975, Pub. L. 94–164, §5(c), 89 Stat. 975; June 30, 1976, Pub. L. 94–331, §3(c), 90 Stat. 782; Sept. 3, 1976, Pub. L. 94–396, §2(a)(3), 90 Stat. 1201; Sept. 17, 1976, Pub. L. 94–414, §3(c), 90 Stat. 1273; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title IX, §901(c)(3), title XIX, §1906(a)(10), (b)(13)(A), 90 Stat. 1607, 1825, 1834; Nov. 6, 1978, Pub. L. 95–600, title III, §301(b)(20)(A), 92 Stat. 2823; Jan. 12, 1983, Pub. L. 97–448, title II, §201(j)(2), 96 Stat. 2396; Oct. 17, 1986, Pub. L. 99–499, title V, §516(b)(4)(A), 100 Stat. 1771; Oct. 22, 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, title VII, §701(d)(1), title XV, §1542(a), 100 Stat. 2341, 2751; Nov. 10, 1988, Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §§1007(g)(10), 1015(h), 102 Stat. 3435, 3571, related to installment payments of estimated income tax by corporations.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 10301(c) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as an Effective Date of 1987 Amendment note under section 585 of this title.

§6155. Payment on notice and demand

(a) General rule

Upon receipt of notice and demand from the Secretary, there shall be paid at the place and time stated in such notice the amount of any tax (including any interest, additional amounts, additions to tax, and assessable penalties) stated in such notice and demand.

(b) Cross references

(1) For restrictions on assessment and collection of deficiency assessments of taxes subject to the jurisdiction of the Tax Court, see sections 6212 and 6213.

(2) For provisions relating to assessment of claims allowed in a receivership proceeding, see section 6873.

(3) For provisions relating to jeopardy assessments, see subchapter A of chapter 70.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 760; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 96–589, §6(i)(7), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3410.)

Amendments

1980—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 96–589 struck out reference to a bankruptcy proceeding.

1976Pub. L. 94–455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–589 effective Oct. 1, 1979, but not applicable to proceedings under Title 11, Bankruptcy, commenced before Oct. 1, 1979, see section 7(e) of Pub. L. 96–589, set out as a note under section 108 of this title.

[§6156. Repealed. Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §867(b)(1), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622]

Section, added Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §203(c)(1), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 125; amended Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(b), (d)(2), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 245, 246; Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(10), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1744; Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(10), May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 456; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(9), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2756; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(c)(2)(C)–(E), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §516(a)(6), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2183; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §502(d)(2), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 257; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11211(f)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–427; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(c)(2), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(a)(2)(B), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 500, related to installment payments of tax on use of highway motor vehicles.

A prior section 6156 was renumbered section 6157 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–53, §2(a), Aug. 7, 1969, 83 Stat. 91.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable to taxable periods beginning after Oct. 22, 2004, see section 867(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as an Effective Date of 2004 Amendment note under section 4481 of this title.

§6157. Payment of Federal unemployment tax on quarterly or other time period basis

(a) General rule

Every person who for the calendar year is an employer (as defined in section 3306(a)) shall—

(1) if the person is such an employer for the preceding calendar year (determined by only taking into account wages paid and employment during such preceding calendar year), compute the tax imposed by section 3301 for each of the first 3 calendar quarters in the calendar year on wages paid for services with respect to which the person is such an employer for such preceding calendar year (as so determined), and

(2) if the person is not such an employer for the preceding calendar year with respect to any services (as so determined), compute the tax imposed by section 3301 on wages paid for services with respect to which the person is not such an employer for the preceding calendar year (as so determined)—

(A) for the period beginning with the first day of the calendar year and ending with the last day of the calendar quarter (excluding the last calendar quarter) in which such person becomes such an employer with respect to such services, and

(B) for the third calendar quarter of such year, if the period specified in subparagraph (A) includes only the first two calendar quarters of the calendar year.


The tax for any calendar quarter or other period shall be computed as provided in subsection (b) and the tax as so computed shall, except as otherwise provided in subsection (c), be paid in such manner and at such time as may be provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

(b) Computation of tax

The tax for any calendar quarter or other period referred to in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) shall be computed by multiplying the amount of wages (as defined in section 3306(b)) paid in such calendar quarter or other period by 0.6 percent. In the case of wages paid in any calendar quarter or other period during a calendar year to which paragraph (1) of section 3301 applies, the amount of such wages shall be multiplied by 0.8 percent in lieu of 0.6 percent.

(c) Special rule where accumulated amount does not exceed $100

Nothing in this section shall require the payment of tax with respect to any calendar quarter or other period if the tax under section 3301 for such period, plus any unpaid amounts for prior periods in the calendar year, does not exceed $100.

(Added Pub. L. 91–53, §2(a), Aug. 7, 1969, 83 Stat. 91; amended Pub. L. 91–373, title I, §101(b)(1), (2), Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 696; Pub. L. 92–329, §2(b), June 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 398; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(a)(11), (b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1825, 1834; Pub. L. 94–566, title I, §114(b), title II, §211(e)(3) [(c)(3)], Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2669, 2677; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §271(b)(2)(C), (c)(3)(C), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 555; Pub. L. 98–76, title II, §231(b)(1), Aug. 12, 1983, 97 Stat. 428; Pub. L. 100–647, title VII, §7106(c)(1), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3773; Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7841(d)(12), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2428.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6157, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 761, §6156; renumbered §6157, June 29, 1961, Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §203(c)(1), 75 Stat. 125, made a cross reference provision for payment of taxes under provisions of the Tariff Act, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–53, §2(a), Aug. 7, 1969, 83 Stat. 91.

Amendments

1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–239 substituted "subsection (c)" for "subsections (c) and (d)" in last sentence.

1988—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–647 struck out subsec. (d) which related to quarterly payment of railroad unemployment repayment tax.

1983—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–76 added subsec. (d).

1982—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–248, §271(c)(3)(C), substituted "0.6" for "0.5" in two places.

Pub. L. 97–248, §271(b)(2)(C), substituted "0.8" for "0.7".

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–566, §114(b), amended subsec. (a) generally, changing the general rule covering payment of Federal unemployment tax on a quarterly or other time period basis to conform to the altered definitions of employment and wages pertaining to domestic and agricultural service in section 3306 of this title.

Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(a)(11)(B), (b)(13)(A), substituted "subsection (c)" for "subsections (c) and (d)" and struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–566, §211(e)(3) [(c)(3)], substituted "In the case of wages paid in any calendar quarter or other period during a calendar year to which paragraph (1) of section 3301 applies, the amount of such wages shall be multiplied by 0.7 percent in lieu of 0.5 percent" for "In the case of wages paid in any calendar quarter or other period during 1973, the amount of such wages shall be multiplied by 0.58 percent in lieu of 0.5 percent".

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(a)(11)(A), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c). Former subsec. (c), which related to the percentage reduction for 1970 and 1971 of the tax computed in subsec. (b), was struck out.

1972—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92–329 inserted provisions setting forth the computation of tax in the case of wages paid in any calendar quarter or other period during 1973.

1970—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 91–373, §101(b)(1), reduced from 4 to 1 the number of individuals which a person had to employ on each of some 20 days during the preceding calendar year and inserted provision covering persons who, during any calendar quarter in the preceding calendar year, paid wages of $1,500 or more.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–373, §101(b)(2), substituted "0.5 percent" for "the number of percentage points (including fractional points) by which the rate of tax specified in section 3301 exceeds .7 percent". be the date on which payment would have been required if such remainder had been the tax.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647 applicable to remuneration paid after Dec. 31, 1988, see section 7106(d) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 3321 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–76 applicable to remuneration paid after June 30, 1986, see section 231(d) of Pub. L. 98–76, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3321 of this title.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by section 271(b)(2)(C) of Pub. L. 97–248 applicable to remuneration paid after Dec. 31, 1982, see section 271(d)(1) of Pub. L. 97–248, as amended, set out as a note under section 3301 of this title.

Amendment by section 271(c)(3)(C) of Pub. L. 97–248 applicable to remuneration paid after Dec. 31, 1984, see section 271(d)(2) of Pub. L. 97–248, as amended, set out as a note under section 3301 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 114(b) of Pub. L. 94–566 effective with respect to remuneration paid after Dec. 31, 1977, for services performed after that date, see section 114(c) of Pub. L. 94–566 set out as a note under section 3306 of this title.

Amendment by section 211(e)(3) of Pub. L. 94–566 effective Oct. 20, 1976, see section 211(d)(3) of Pub. L. 94–566, set out as a note under section 1101 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by section 101(b)(1) of Pub. L. 91–373 applicable with respect to calendar years beginning after Dec. 31, 1971, see section 101(c)(1) of Pub. L. 91–373, set out as a note under section 3306 of this title.

Pub. L. 91–373, title I, §101(c)(2), Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 696, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (b)(2) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to calendar years beginning after December 31, 1969."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 91–53, §4(a), Aug. 7, 1969, 83 Stat. 93, provided that: "The amendments made by the first two sections of this Act [enacting section 6317 and amending this section and sections 3306, 6201, 6513, and 6601 of this title] shall apply with respect to calendar years beginning after December 31, 1969."

Extension of Time for Payment of Additional FUTA Taxes

Pub. L. 102–244, §4, Feb. 7, 1992, 106 Stat. 4, provided that:

"(a) In General.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a qualified taxpayer is required to pay additional taxes for taxable years beginning in 1991 with respect to any employment in any State by reason of such State being declared a credit reduction State, such taxpayer may elect to defer the filing and payment of such additional taxes to a date no later than June 30, 1992.

"(b) Interest.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), for purposes of section 6601(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, the last date prescribed for payment of any additional taxes for which an election is made under subsection (a) shall be January 31, 1992.

"(c) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

"(1) Qualified taxpayer.—The term 'qualified taxpayer' means a taxpayer—

"(A) in a State which has been declared a credit reduction State for taxable years beginning in 1991, and

"(B) who did not receive notice of such credit reduction before December 1, 1991 from either the State unemployment compensation agency or the Internal Revenue Service.

"(2) Credit reduction state.—The term 'credit reduction State' means a State with respect to which the Internal Revenue Service has determined that a reduction in credits is applicable for taxable years beginning in 1991 pursuant to the provisions of section 3302 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

"(d) Time and Manner for Making Election.—An election under this section shall be made at such time and in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe."

Wages Paid in 1970 Calendar Quarters Ending Before August 10, 1970

Pub. L. 91–373, title III, §301(b), Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 713, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: "For purposes of section 6157 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (relating to payment of Federal unemployment tax on quarterly or other time period basis), in computing tax as required by subsections (a)(1) and (2) of such section, the percentage contained in subsection (b) of such section applicable with respect to wages paid in any calendar quarter in 1970 ending before the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 1970] shall be treated as being 0.4 percent."

[§6158. Repealed. Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11801(a)(44), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–521]

Section, added Pub. L. 94–452, §3(a), Oct. 2, 1976, 90 Stat. 1512; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834, related to installment payment of tax attributable to divestitures pursuant to Bank Holding Company Act Amendments of 1970.

Savings Provision

For provisions that nothing in repeal by Pub. L. 101–508 be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.

§6159. Agreements for payment of tax liability in installments

(a) Authorization of agreements

The Secretary is authorized to enter into written agreements with any taxpayer under which such taxpayer is allowed to make payment on any tax in installment payments if the Secretary determines that such agreement will facilitate full or partial collection of such liability.

(b) Extent to which agreements remain in effect

(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, any agreement entered into by the Secretary under subsection (a) shall remain in effect for the term of the agreement.

(2) Inadequate information or jeopardy

The Secretary may terminate any agreement entered into by the Secretary under subsection (a) if—

(A) information which the taxpayer provided to the Secretary prior to the date such agreement was entered into was inaccurate or incomplete, or

(B) the Secretary believes that collection of any tax to which an agreement under this section relates is in jeopardy.

(3) Subsequent change in financial conditions

If the Secretary makes a determination that the financial condition of a taxpayer with whom the Secretary has entered into an agreement under subsection (a) has significantly changed, the Secretary may alter, modify, or terminate such agreement.

(4) Failure to pay an installment or any other tax liability when due or to provide requested financial information

The Secretary may alter, modify, or terminate an agreement entered into by the Secretary under subsection (a) in the case of the failure of the taxpayer—

(A) to pay any installment at the time such installment payment is due under such agreement,

(B) to pay any other tax liability at the time such liability is due, or

(C) to provide a financial condition update as requested by the Secretary.

(5) Notice requirements

The Secretary may not take any action under paragraph (2), (3), or (4) unless—

(A) a notice of such action is provided to the taxpayer not later than the day 30 days before the date of such action, and

(B) such notice includes an explanation why the Secretary intends to take such action.


The preceding sentence shall not apply in any case in which the Secretary believes that collection of any tax to which an agreement under this section relates is in jeopardy.

(c) Secretary required to enter into installment agreements in certain cases

In the case of a liability for tax of an individual under subtitle A, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement to accept the full payment of such tax in installments if, as of the date the individual offers to enter into the agreement—

(1) the aggregate amount of such liability (determined without regard to interest, penalties, additions to the tax, and additional amounts) does not exceed $10,000;

(2) the taxpayer (and, if such liability relates to a joint return, the taxpayer's spouse) has not, during any of the preceding 5 taxable years—

(A) failed to file any return of tax imposed by subtitle A;

(B) failed to pay any tax required to be shown on any such return; or

(C) entered into an installment agreement under this section for payment of any tax imposed by subtitle A,


(3) the Secretary determines that the taxpayer is financially unable to pay such liability in full when due (and the taxpayer submits such information as the Secretary may require to make such determination);

(4) the agreement requires full payment of such liability within 3 years; and

(5) the taxpayer agrees to comply with the provisions of this title for the period such agreement is in effect.

(d) Secretary required to review installment agreements for partial collection every two years

In the case of an agreement entered into by the Secretary under subsection (a) for partial collection of a tax liability, the Secretary shall review the agreement at least once every 2 years.

(e) Administrative review

The Secretary shall establish procedures for an independent administrative review of terminations of installment agreements under this section for taxpayers who request such a review.

(f) Installment agreement fees

(1) Limitation on fee amount

The amount of any fee imposed on an installment agreement under this section may not exceed the amount of such fee as in effect on the date of the enactment of this subsection.

(2) Waiver or reimbursement

In the case of any taxpayer with an adjusted gross income, as determined for the most recent year for which such information is available, which does not exceed 250 percent of the applicable poverty level (as determined by the Secretary)—

(A) if the taxpayer has agreed to make payments under the installment agreement by electronic payment through a debit instrument, no fee shall be imposed on an installment agreement under this section, and

(B) if the taxpayer is unable to make payments under the installment agreement by electronic payment through a debit instrument, the Secretary shall, upon completion of the installment agreement, pay the taxpayer an amount equal to any such fees imposed.

(g) Cross reference

For rights to administrative review and appeal, see section 7122(e).

(Added Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, §6234(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3735; amended Pub. L. 104–168, title II, §§201(a), (b), 202(a), July 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 1456, 1457; Pub. L. 105–206, title III, §§3462(c)(2), 3467(a), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 766, 769; Pub. L. 105–277, div. J, title IV, §4002(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–907; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §843(a), (b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1600; Pub. L. 109–222, title V, §509(c), May 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 363; Pub. L. 115–123, div. D, title II, §41105(a), Feb. 9, 2018, 132 Stat. 157.)

References in Text

The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (f)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 115–123, which was approved Feb. 9, 2018.

Amendments

2018—Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 115–123 added subsec. (f) and redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).

2006—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–222 substituted "section 7122(e)" for "section 7122(d)".

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357, §843(a)(1), substituted "make payment on" for "satisfy liability for payment of" and inserted "full or partial" after "facilitate".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §843(a)(2), inserted "full" before "payment" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 108–357, §843(b), added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsecs. (d) and (e) as (e) and (f), respectively.

1998—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–206, §3467(a), added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–277 redesignated subsec. (d), relating to cross reference, as (e).

Pub. L. 105–206, §3467(a), redesignated former subsec. (c), relating to administrative review, as (d).

Pub. L. 105–206, §3462(c)(2), added subsec. (d), relating to cross reference.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–277 redesignated subsec. (d), relating to cross reference, as (e).

1996—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 104–168, §201(b), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows:

"(A) In general.—If the Secretary makes a determination that the financial condition of a taxpayer with whom the Secretary has entered into an agreement under subsection (a) has significantly changed, the Secretary may alter, modify, or terminate such agreement.

"(B) Notice.—Action may be taken by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) only if—

"(i) notice of such determination is provided to the taxpayer no later than 30 days prior to the date of such action, and

"(ii) such notice includes the reasons why the Secretary believes a significant change in the financial condition of the taxpayer has occurred."

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 104–168, §201(a), added par. (5).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–168, §202(a), added subsec. (c).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–123, div. D, title II, §41105(b), Feb. 9, 2018, 132 Stat. 157, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to agreements entered into on or after the date which is 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 9, 2018]."

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–222, title V, §509(d), May 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 364, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 7122 of this title] shall apply to offers-in-compromise submitted on and after the date which is 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [May 17, 2006]."

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §843(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1600, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to agreements entered into on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004]."

Effective Date of 1998 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–277 effective as if included in the provision of the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998, Pub. L. 105–206, to which such amendment relates, see section 4002(k) of Pub. L. 105–277, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Amendment by section 3462(c)(2) of Pub. L. 105–206 applicable to proposed offers-in-compromise and installment agreements submitted after July 22, 1998, see section 3462(e)(1) of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 6331 of this title.

Pub. L. 105–206, title III, §3467(b), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 770, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [July 22, 1998]."

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–168, title II, §201(c), July 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 1457, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 30, 1996]."

Pub. L. 104–168, title II, §202(b), July 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 1457, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1997."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, §6234(c), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3736, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending section 6601 of this title] shall apply to agreements entered into after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988]."

Statements Regarding Installment Agreements

Pub. L. 105–206, title III, §3506, July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 771, as amended by Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(7) [title III, §302(a)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-632, provided that: "The Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary's delegate shall, beginning not later than September 1, 2001, provide each taxpayer who has an installment agreement in effect under section 6159 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 an annual statement setting forth the initial balance at the beginning of the year, the payments made during the year, and the remaining balance as of the end of the year."