[USC02] 26 USC Subtitle F, CHAPTER 63, Subchapter C: Treatment of Partnerships
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26 USC Subtitle F, CHAPTER 63, Subchapter C: Treatment of Partnerships
From Title 26—INTERNAL REVENUE CODESubtitle F—Procedure and AdministrationCHAPTER 63—ASSESSMENT

Subchapter C—Treatment of Partnerships

Part
I.
In general.
II.
Partnership adjustments.
III.
Procedure.
IV.
Definitions and special rules.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter C, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 648, consisting of sections 6221 to 6234, related to tax treatment of partnership items, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, 638, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions.

PART I—IN GENERAL

Sec.
6221.
Determination at partnership level.
6222.
Partner's return must be consistent with partnership return.
6223.
Designation of partnership representative.1

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §206(p)(9), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1182, amended part I heading generally, reenacting heading without change.

1 So in original. Does not conform to section catchline.

§6221. Determination at partnership level

(a) In general

Any adjustment to a partnership-related item shall be determined, and any tax attributable thereto shall be assessed and collected, and the applicability of any penalty, addition to tax, or additional amount which relates to an adjustment to any such item shall be determined, at the partnership level, except to the extent otherwise provided in this subchapter.

(b) Election out for certain partnerships with 100 or fewer partners, etc.

(1) In general

This subchapter shall not apply with respect to any partnership for any taxable year if—

(A) the partnership elects the application of this subsection for such taxable year,

(B) for such taxable year the partnership is required to furnish 100 or fewer statements under section 6031(b) with respect to its partners,

(C) each of the partners of such partnership is an individual, a C corporation, any foreign entity that would be treated as a C corporation were it domestic, an S corporation, or an estate of a deceased partner,

(D) the election—

(i) is made with a timely filed return for such taxable year, and

(ii) includes (in the manner prescribed by the Secretary) a disclosure of the name and taxpayer identification number of each partner of such partnership, and


(E) the partnership notifies each such partner of such election in the manner prescribed by the Secretary.

(2) Special rules relating to certain partners

(A) S corporation partners

In the case of a partner that is an S corporation—

(i) the partnership shall only be treated as meeting the requirements of paragraph (1)(C) with respect to such partner if such partnership includes (in the manner prescribed by the Secretary) a disclosure of the name and taxpayer identification number of each person with respect to whom such S corporation is required to furnish a statement under section 6037(b) for the taxable year of the S corporation ending with or within the partnership taxable year for which the application of this subsection is elected, and

(ii) the statements such S corporation is required to so furnish shall be treated as statements furnished by the partnership for purposes of paragraph (1)(B).

(B) Foreign partners

For purposes of paragraph (1)(D)(ii), the Secretary may provide for alternative identification of any foreign partners.

(C) Other partners

The Secretary may by regulation or other guidance prescribe rules similar to the rules of subparagraph (A) with respect to any partners not described in such subparagraph or paragraph (1)(C).

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625; amended Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §201(c)(2), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1173.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6221, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 648; amended Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1238(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1026, related to tax treatment determined at partnership level, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141 amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Any adjustment to items of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of a partnership for a partnership taxable year (and any partner's distributive share thereof) shall be determined, any tax attributable thereto shall be assessed and collected, and the applicability of any penalty, addition to tax, or additional amount which relates to an adjustment to any such item or share shall be determined, at the partnership level pursuant to this subchapter."

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 638, provided that:

"(1) In general.—Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendments made by this section [enacting this subchapter, amending sections 6031, 6330, 6422, 6501, 6503, 6504, 6511, 6512, 6515, 6601, 7421, 7422, 7459, 7482, and 7485 of this title, and repealing this subchapter, subchapter D of this chapter, and part IV of subchapter K of chapter 1 of this title] shall apply to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017.

"(2) Administrative adjustment requests.—In the case of [an] administrative adjustment request under section 6227 of such Code [Internal Revenue Code of 1986], the amendments made by this section shall apply to requests with respect to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017.

"(3) Adjusted partners statements.—In the case of a partnership electing the application of section 6226 of such Code, the amendments made by this section shall apply to elections with respect to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017.

"(4) Election.—A partnership may elect (at such time and in such form and manner as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe) for the amendments made by this section (other than the election under section 6221(b) of such Code (as added by this Act)) to apply to any return of the partnership filed for partnership taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 2, 2015] and before January 1, 2018."

§6222. Partner's return must be consistent with partnership return

(a) In general

A partner shall, on the partner's return, treat any partnership-related item in a manner which is consistent with the treatment of such item on the partnership return.

(b) Underpayment due to inconsistent treatment assessed as math error

Any underpayment of tax by a partner by reason of failing to comply with the requirements of subsection (a) shall be assessed and collected in the same manner as if such underpayment were on account of a mathematical or clerical error appearing on the partner's return. Paragraph (2) of section 6213(b) shall not apply to any assessment of an underpayment referred to in the preceding sentence.

(c) Exception for notification of inconsistent treatment

(1) In general

In the case of any item referred to in subsection (a), if—

(A)(i) the partnership has filed a return but the partner's treatment on the partner's return is (or may be) inconsistent with the treatment of the item on the partnership return, or

(ii) the partnership has not filed a return, and

(B) the partner files with the Secretary a statement identifying the inconsistency,


subsections (a) and (b) shall not apply to such item.

(2) Partner receiving incorrect information

A partner shall be treated as having complied with subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) with respect to an item if the partner—

(A) demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the treatment of the item on the partner's return is consistent with the treatment of the item on the statement furnished to the partner by the partnership, and

(B) elects to have this paragraph apply with respect to that item.

(d) Final decision on certain positions not binding on partnership

Any final decision with respect to an inconsistent position identified under subsection (c) in a proceeding to which the partnership is not a party shall not be binding on the partnership.

(e) Addition to tax for failure to comply with section

For addition to tax in the case of a partner's disregard of the requirements of this section, see part II of subchapter A of chapter 68.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 626; amended Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §201(c)(3), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1173.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6222, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 648; amended Pub. L. 99–514, title XV, §1503(c)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2743; Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7721(c)(7), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2400, required partner's return to be consistent with partnership return or Secretary to be notified of inconsistency, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141 amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "A partner shall, on the partner's return, treat each item of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit attributable to a partnership in a manner which is consistent with the treatment of such income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit on the partnership return."

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

§6223. Partners bound by actions of partnership

(a) Designation of partnership representative

Each partnership shall designate (in the manner prescribed by the Secretary) a partner (or other person) with a substantial presence in the United States as the partnership representative who shall have the sole authority to act on behalf of the partnership under this subchapter. In any case in which such a designation is not in effect, the Secretary may select any person as the partnership representative.

(b) Binding effect

A partnership and all partners of such partnership shall be bound—

(1) by actions taken under this subchapter by the partnership, and

(2) by any final decision in a proceeding brought under this subchapter with respect to the partnership.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 627.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 6223 and 6224 were repealed by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, 638, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Section 6223, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 649, related to notice to partners of proceedings.

Section 6224, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 651; amended Pub. L. 107–147, title IV, §416(d)(1)(A), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 55, related to partner participation in administrative proceedings, waiver of partner's rights, and settlement agreements.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

PART II—PARTNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS

Sec.
6225.
Partnership adjustment by Secretary.
6226.
Alternative to payment of imputed underpayment by partnership.
6227.
Administrative adjustment request by partnership.

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §206(p)(10), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1183, amended part II heading generally, reenacting heading without change.

§6225. Partnership adjustment by Secretary

(a) In general

In the case of any adjustments by the Secretary to any partnership-related items with respect to any reviewed year of a partnership—

(1) if such adjustments result in an imputed underpayment, the partnership shall pay an amount equal to such imputed underpayment in the adjustment year as provided in section 6232, and

(2) if such adjustments do not result in an imputed underpayment, such adjustments shall be taken into account by the partnership in the adjustment year.

(b) Determination of imputed underpayments

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this section, any imputed underpayment with respect to any reviewed year shall be determined by the Secretary by—

(A) appropriately netting all partnership adjustments with respect to such reviewed year, and

(B) applying the highest rate of tax in effect for the reviewed year under section 1 or 11.

(2) Adjustments to distributive shares of partners not netted

In the case of any adjustment which reallocates the distributive share of any item from one partner to another, such adjustment shall be taken into account by disregarding so much of such adjustment as results in a decrease in the amount of the imputed underpayment.

(3) Adjustments separately netted by category

For purposes of paragraph (1)(A), partnership adjustments for any reviewed year shall first be separately determined (and netted as appropriate) within each category of items that are required to be taken into account separately under section 702(a) or other provision of this title.

(4) Limitation on adjustments that may be taken into account

If any adjustment would (but for this paragraph)—

(A) result in a decrease in the amount of the imputed underpayment, and

(B) could be subject to any additional limitation under the provisions of this title (or not allowed, in whole or in part, against ordinary income) if such adjustment were taken into account by any person,


such adjustment shall not be taken into account under paragraph (1)(A) except to the extent otherwise provided by the Secretary.

(c) Modification of imputed underpayments

(1) In general

The Secretary shall establish procedures under which the imputed underpayment amount may be modified consistent with the requirements of this subsection.

(2) Procedures for partners to take adjustments into account

(A) Amended returns of partners

Such procedures shall provide that if—

(i) one or more partners file returns for the taxable year of the partners which includes the end of the reviewed year of the partnership (and for any taxable year with respect to which any tax attribute is affected by reason of any adjustment referred to in clause (ii)),

(ii) such returns take into account all adjustments under subsection (a) properly allocable to such partners (and the effect of such adjustments on any tax attributes), and

(iii) payment of any tax due is included with such returns,


then the imputed underpayment amount shall be determined without regard to the portion of the adjustments so taken into account.

(B) Alternative procedure to filing amended returns

Such procedures shall provide that, with respect to any partner referred to in subparagraph (A), the requirements of subparagraph (A) shall be treated as satisfied with respect to adjustments properly allocable to such partner if, in lieu of filing the returns described in such subparagraph—

(i) the amounts described in subparagraph (A)(iii) are paid by the partner,

(ii) the partner agrees to take into account, in the form and manner prescribed by the Secretary, the adjustments to the tax attributes of such partner referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii), and

(iii) such partner provides, in the form and manner specified by the Secretary (including, if the Secretary so specifies, in the same form as on an amended return), such information as the Secretary may require to carry out this subparagraph.

(C) Reallocation of distributive share

In the case of any adjustment which reallocates the distributive share of any item from one partner to another, this paragraph shall apply with respect to any such partner only if the requirements of subparagraph (A) or (B) are satisfied with respect to all partners affected by such adjustment.

(D) Application of statute of limitations

In the case of adjustments referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii), sections 6501 and 6511 shall not apply with respect to any return filed for purposes of subparagraph (A)(i) or any amount paid under subparagraph (A)(iii) or (B)(i).

(E) Adjustments to tax attributes binding for affected taxable years of partner

The adjustments to the tax attributes of any partner provided for in subparagraph (A)(ii) or (B)(ii) shall be binding with respect to the taxable year of the partner which includes the end of the reviewed year of the partnership and any taxable years for which any tax attribute is affected by such adjustment. Any failure to so treat any such tax attribute shall be treated for purposes of this title in the same manner as a failure to treat a partnership-related item in a manner which is consistent with the treatment of such item on the partnership return within the meaning of section 6222.

(F) 1 Application to partnerships and S corporations in tiered structures

(i) In general

In the case of any partnership any partner of which is a partnership, subparagraph (A) or (B) may apply with respect to any partner (hereafter in this subparagraph referred to as the "relevant partner") in the chain of ownership of such partnerships if—

(I) such information as the Secretary may require is furnished to the Secretary for purposes of carrying out this paragraph with respect to such partnerships (including any information the Secretary may require with respect to any chain of ownership of the relevant partner), and

(II) to such extent as the Secretary may require, each partnership in the chain of ownership between the relevant partner and the audited partnership satisfies the requirements of subparagraph (A) or (B).

(ii) Treatment of S corporations

For purposes of clause (i), an S corporation and its shareholders shall be treated in the same manner as a partnership and its partners.

(F) 1 Adjustments not treated as amended return

An administrative adjustment request under section 6227 and a partnership adjustment tracking report under section 6226(b)(4)(A) shall not be treated as a return for purposes of this paragraph.

(3) Tax-exempt partners

Such procedures shall provide for determining the imputed underpayment without regard to the portion of the adjustment that the partnership demonstrates is allocable to a partner that would not owe tax by reason of its status as a tax-exempt entity (as defined in section 168(h)(2)).

(4) Modification of applicable highest tax rates

(A) In general

Such procedures shall provide for taking into account a rate of tax lower than the rate of tax described in subsection (b)(1)(A) with respect to any portion of the adjustment that the partnership demonstrates is allocable to a partner which—

(i) is a C corporation, or

(ii) in the case of a capital gain or qualified dividend, is an individual.


In no event shall the lower rate determined under the preceding sentence be less than the highest rate in effect with respect to the income and taxpayer described in clause (i) or clause (ii), as the case may be. For purposes of clause (ii), an S corporation shall be treated as an individual.

(B) Portion of imputed underpayment to which lower rate applies

(i) In general

Except as provided in clause (ii), the portion of the imputed underpayment to which the lower rate applies with respect to a partner under subparagraph (A) shall be determined by reference to the partners' distributive share of items to which the imputed underpayment relates.

(ii) Rule in case of varied treatment of items among partners

If the imputed underpayment is attributable to the adjustment of more than 1 item, and any partner's distributive share of such items is not the same with respect to all such items, then the portion of the imputed underpayment to which the lower rate applies with respect to a partner under subparagraph (A) shall be determined by reference to the amount which would have been the partner's distributive share of net gain or loss if the partnership had sold all of its assets at their fair market value as of the close of the reviewed year of the partnership.

(5) Certain passive losses of publicly traded partnerships

(A) In general

In the case of a publicly traded partnership (as defined in section 469(k)(2)), such procedures shall provide—

(i) for determining the imputed underpayment without regard to the portion of the adjustment that the partnership demonstrates is attributable to a net decrease in a specified passive activity loss which is allocable to a specified partner, and

(ii) for the partnership to take such net decrease into account as an adjustment in the adjustment year with respect to the specified partners to which such net decrease relates.

(B) Specified passive activity loss

For purposes of this paragraph, the term "specified passive activity loss" means, with respect to any specified partner of such publicly traded partnership, the lesser of—

(i) the passive activity loss of such partner which is separately determined with respect to such partnership under section 469(k) with respect to such partner's taxable year in which or with which the reviewed year of such partnership ends, or

(ii) such passive activity loss so determined with respect to such partner's taxable year in which or with which the adjustment year of such partnership ends.

(C) Specified partner

For purposes of this paragraph, the term "specified partner" means any person if such person—

(i) is a partner of the publicly traded partnership referred to in subparagraph (A),

(ii) is described in section 469(a)(2), and

(iii) has a specified passive activity loss with respect to such publicly traded partnership,


with respect to each taxable year of such person which is during the period beginning with the taxable year of such person in which or with which the reviewed year of such publicly traded partnership ends and ending with the taxable year of such person in which or with which the adjustment year of such publicly traded partnership ends.

(6) Other procedures for modification of imputed underpayment

The Secretary may by regulations or guidance provide for additional procedures to modify imputed underpayment amounts on the basis of such other factors as the Secretary determines are necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this subsection.

(7) Year and day for submission to Secretary

Anything required to be filed or submitted under this subsection shall be submitted to the Secretary not later than the close of the 270-day period beginning on the date on which the notice of a proposed partnership adjustment is mailed under section 6231 unless such period is extended with the consent of the Secretary.

(8) Decision of Secretary

Any modification of the imputed underpayment amount under this subsection shall be made only upon approval of such modification by the Secretary.

(9) Modification of adjustments not resulting in an imputed underpayment

The Secretary shall establish procedures under which the adjustments described in subsection (a)(2) may be modified in such manner as the Secretary determines appropriate.

(d) Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Reviewed year

The term "reviewed year" means the partnership taxable year to which the item being adjusted relates.

(2) Adjustment year

The term "adjustment year" means the partnership taxable year in which—

(A) in the case of an adjustment pursuant to the decision of a court in a proceeding brought under section 6234, such decision becomes final,

(B) in the case of an administrative adjustment request under section 6227, such administrative adjustment request is made, or

(C) in any other case, notice of the final partnership adjustment is mailed under section 6231.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 628; amended Pub. L. 114–113, div. Q, title IV, §411(a), Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 3121; Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §§202, 203(a), 206(b), (p)(1), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1173, 1174, 1178, 1182.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6225, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 652; amended Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1239(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1027, allowing assessments to be made only after partnership level proceedings were completed, was repealed by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141, §202(c)(1), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) related to adjustment by the Secretary in the amount of any item of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of a partnership, or any partner's distributive share thereof.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–141, §202(a), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) consisted of pars. (1) and (2) relating to determination of imputed underpayments in general and adjustments to distributive shares of partners not netted, respectively.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 115–141, §203(a), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) related to amended returns of partners.

Subsec. (c)(2)(F). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(b), added subpar. (F) relating to adjustments not treated as amended return.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 115–141, §202(b)(1), substituted "without regard to the portion of the adjustment" for "without regard to the portion thereof".

Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 115–141, §202(b)(2), substituted "with respect to any portion of the adjustment" for "with respect to any portion of the imputed underpayment" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(5)(A)(i). Pub. L. 115–141, §202(b)(3), substituted "without regard to the portion of the adjustment" for "without regard to the portion thereof".

Subsec. (c)(7). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(p)(1), substituted "filed or submitted under this subsection" for "submitted pursuant to paragraph (1)".

Subsec. (c)(9). Pub. L. 115–141, §202(c)(2), added par. (9).

2015—Subsec. (c)(4)(A)(i). Pub. L. 114–113, §411(a)(1), struck out "in the case of ordinary income," before "is a C corporation".

Subsec. (c)(5) to (8). Pub. L. 114–113, §411(a)(2), added par. (5) and redesignated former pars. (5) to (7) as (6) to (8), respectively.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–113 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 411(e) of Pub. L. 114–113, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

1 So in original. Two subpars. (F) have been enacted.

§6226. Alternative to payment of imputed underpayment by partnership

(a) In general

If the partnership—

(1) not later than 45 days after the date of the notice of final partnership adjustment, elects the application of this section with respect to an imputed underpayment, and

(2) at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may provide, furnishes to each partner of the partnership for the reviewed year and to the Secretary a statement of the partner's share of any adjustment to a partnership-related item (as determined in the notice of final partnership adjustment),


section 6225 shall not apply with respect to such underpayment (and no assessment of tax, levy, or proceeding in any court for the collection of such underpayment shall be made against such partnership) and each such partner shall take such adjustment into account as provided in subsection (b). The election under paragraph (1) shall be made in such manner as the Secretary may provide and, once made, shall be revocable only with the consent of the Secretary.

(b) Adjustments taken into account by partner

(1) Tax imposed in year of statement

Except as provided in paragraph (4), each partner's tax imposed by chapter 1 for the taxable year which includes the date the statement was furnished under subsection (a) shall be adjusted by the aggregate of the correction amounts determined under paragraph (2) for the taxable years referred to therein.

(2) Correction amounts

The correction amounts determined under this paragraph are—

(A) in the case of the taxable year of the partner which includes the end of the reviewed year, the amount by which the tax imposed under chapter 1 would increase or decrease if the partner's share of the adjustments described in subsection (a) were taken into account for such taxable year, and

(B) in the case of any taxable year after the taxable year referred to in subparagraph (A) and before the taxable year referred to in paragraph (1), the amount by which the tax imposed under chapter 1 would increase or decrease by reason of the adjustment to tax attributes under paragraph (3).

(3) Adjustment of tax attributes

Any tax attribute which would have been affected if the adjustments described in subsection (a) were taken into account for the taxable year referred to in paragraph (2)(A) shall—

(A) in the case of any taxable year referred to in paragraph (2)(B), be appropriately adjusted for purposes of applying such paragraph, and

(B) in the case of any subsequent taxable year, be appropriately adjusted.

(4) Treatment of partnerships and S corporations in tiered structures

(A) In general

If a partner which receives a statement under subsection (a)(2) is a partnership or an S corporation, such partner shall, with respect to the partner's share of the adjustment—

(i) file with the Secretary a partnership adjustment tracking report which includes such information as the Secretary may require, and

(ii)(I) furnish statements under rules similar to the rules of subsection (a)(2), or

(II) if no such statements are furnished, compute and pay an imputed underpayment under rules similar to the rules of section 6225 (other than paragraphs (2), (7), and (9) of subsection (c) thereof).

(B) Due date

For purposes of subparagraph (A), with respect to a partner's share of the adjustment, the partnership adjustment tracking report shall be filed, and the imputed underpayment shall be paid or statements shall be furnished, not later than the due date for the return for the adjustment year of the audited partnership.

(C) Partnership payment of tax if elected out of subchapter

In the case of a partnership which has elected the application of section 6221(b) with respect to the taxable year of the partnership which includes the end of the reviewed year of the audited partnership, this paragraph shall apply notwithstanding such election.

(D) Audited partnership

For purposes of this paragraph, the term "audited partnership" means, with respect to any partner described in subparagraph (A), the partnership in the chain of ownership originally electing the application of this section.

(E) Treatment of trusts

The Secretary shall prescribe such rules as may be necessary with respect to trusts which receive a statement under subsection (a)(2).

(c) Penalties and interest

(1) Penalties

Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), any penalties, additions to tax, or additional amount shall be determined as provided under section 6221 and the partners of the partnership for the reviewed year shall be liable for any such penalty, addition to tax, or additional amount.

(2) Interest

In the case of an imputed underpayment with respect to which the application of this section is elected, or which is described in subsection (b)(4)(A)(ii)(I), interest shall be determined—

(A) at the partner level,

(B) from the due date of the return for the taxable year to which the increase is attributable (determined by taking into account any increases attributable to a change in tax attributes for a taxable year under subsection (b)(2)), and

(C) at the underpayment rate under section 6621(a)(2), determined by substituting "5 percentage points" for "3 percentage points" in subparagraph (B) thereof.

(d) Judicial review

For the time period within which a partnership may file a petition for a readjustment, see section 6234(a).

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 630; amended Pub. L. 114–113, div. Q, title IV, §411(b)(1), Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 3122; Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §§201(c)(4), 204, 206(d), (e), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1173, 1176, 1178.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6226, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 653; amended Pub. L. 97–448, title III, §306(c)(1)(A), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2406; Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, §902(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516; Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §§1238(b)(1), 1239(b), 1240(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1026–1028, related to judicial review of final partnership administrative adjustments, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(d), inserted "(and no assessment of tax, levy, or proceeding in any court for the collection of such underpayment shall be made against such partnership)" after "section 6225 shall not apply with respect to such underpayment" in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 115–141, §201(c)(4), substituted "any adjustment to a partnership-related item" for "any adjustment to income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(e)(2), substituted "correction amounts" for "adjustment amounts".

Pub. L. 115–141, §206(e)(1), substituted "adjusted" for "increased".

Pub. L. 115–141, §204(b)(1), substituted "Except as provided in paragraph (4), each partner's" for "Each partner's".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(e)(5), substituted "Correction amounts" for "Adjustment amounts" in heading.

Pub. L. 115–141, §206(e)(3), substituted "increase or decrease" for "increase" in subpars. (A) and (B).

Pub. L. 115–141, §206(e)(2), substituted "correction amounts" for "adjustment amounts" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(e)(4), substituted "and" for "plus" at end.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 115–141, §204(a), added par. (4).

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 115–141, §204(b)(2), inserted "or which is described in subsection (b)(4)(A)(ii)(I)," after "is elected," in introductory provisions.

2015—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–113 added subsec. (d).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–113 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 411(e) of Pub. L. 114–113, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

§6227. Administrative adjustment request by partnership

(a) In general

A partnership may file a request for an administrative adjustment in the amount of one or more partnership-related items for any partnership taxable year.

(b) Adjustment

Any such adjustment under subsection (a) shall be determined and taken into account for the partnership taxable year in which the administrative adjustment request is filed—

(1) by the partnership under rules similar to the rules of section 6225 (other than paragraphs (2), (7), and (9) of subsection (c) thereof) for the partnership taxable year in which the administrative adjustment request is filed, or

(2) by the partnership and partners under rules similar to the rules of section 6226 (determined without regard to the substitution described in subsection (c)(2)(C) thereof).


In the case of an adjustment that would not result in an imputed underpayment, paragraph (1) shall not apply and paragraph (2) shall apply with appropriate adjustments.

(c) Period of limitations

A partnership may not file such a request more than 3 years after the later of—

(1) the date on which the partnership return for such year is filed, or

(2) the last day for filing the partnership return for such year (determined without regard to extensions).


In no event may a partnership file such a request after a notice of an administrative proceeding with respect to the taxable year is mailed under section 6231.

(d) Coordination with adjustments related to foreign tax credits

The Secretary shall issue regulations or other guidance which provide for the proper coordination of this section and section 905(c).

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 631; amended Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §§201(c)(5), 206(f), (p)(2), (3), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1173, 1179, 1182.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 6227 to 6230 were repealed by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, 638, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Section 6227, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 655; amended Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §§1236(a), 1243(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1025, 1029; Pub. L. 107–147, title IV, §417(19)(A), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 56, related to administrative adjustment requests.

Section 6228, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 656; amended Pub. L. 97–448, title III, §306(c)(1)(B), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2406; Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, §902(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516; Pub. L. 107–147, title IV, §417(19)(B), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 56, related to judicial review where administrative adjustment request is not allowed in full.

Section 6229, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 659; amended Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1875(d)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2896; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1018(o)(3), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3585; Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §§1233(a)–(c), 1235(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1023, 1024; Pub. L. 107–147, title IV, §416(d)(1)(B), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 55; Pub. L. 111–147, title V, §513(a)(2)(B), Mar. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 112, related to period of limitations for making assessments.

Section 6230, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 660; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §714(p)(2)(A), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 964; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1875(d)(2)(A), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2896; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1018(o)(1), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3584; Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, §902(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516; Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §§1237(a)–(c)(1), 1238(b)(2)–(6), 1239(c)(1), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1025–1028; Pub. L. 105–206, title III, §3201(e)(2), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 740; Pub. L. 110–172, §11(a)(36), Dec. 29, 2007, 121 Stat. 2487, related to additional administrative provisions.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141, §201(c)(5), substituted "partnership-related items" for "items of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of the partnership".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(p)(2), substituted "is filed" for "is made" in introductory provisions and in par. (1).

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(p)(3), which directed substitution of "paragraphs (2), (7), and (9)" for "paragraphs (2), (6), and (7)", was executed by making the substitution for "paragraphs (2), (6) and (7)" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(f), added subsec. (d).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

PART III—PROCEDURE

Sec.
6231.
Notice of proceedings and adjustment.
6232.
Assessment, collection, and payment.
6233.
Interest and penalties.
6234.
Judicial review of partnership adjustment.
6235.
Period of limitations on making adjustments.

        

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §206(p)(11), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1183, amended part heading generally, substituting "PART III—PROCEDURE" for "PART 1—PROCEDURE".

§6231. Notice of proceedings and adjustment

(a) In general

The Secretary shall mail to the partnership and the partnership representative—

(1) notice of any administrative proceeding initiated at the partnership level with respect to an adjustment of any partnership-related item for any partnership taxable year, or any partner's distributive share thereof,

(2) notice of any proposed partnership adjustment resulting from such proceeding, and

(3) notice of any final partnership adjustment resulting from such proceeding.


Any notice of a final partnership adjustment shall be sufficient if mailed to the last known address of the partnership representative or the partnership (even if the partnership has terminated its existence). The first sentence shall apply to any proceeding with respect to an administrative adjustment request filed by a partnership under section 6227.

(b) Timing of notices

(1) Notice of proposed partnership adjustment

Any notice of a proposed partnership adjustment shall not be mailed later than the date determined under section 6235 (determined without regard to paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (a) thereof).

(2) Notice of final partnership adjustment

(A) In general

Except to the extent that the partnership elects to waive the application of this subparagraph, any notice of a final partnership adjustment shall not be mailed earlier than 270 days after the date on which the notice of the proposed partnership adjustment is mailed.

(B) Statute of limitations on adjustment

For the period of limitations on making adjustments, see section 6235.

(c) Further notices restricted

If the Secretary mails a notice of a final partnership adjustment to any partnership for any partnership taxable year and the partnership files a petition under section 6234 with respect to such notice, in the absence of a showing of fraud, malfeasance, or misrepresentation of a material fact, the Secretary shall not mail another such notice to such partnership with respect to such taxable year.

(d) Authority to rescind notice with partnership consent

The Secretary may, with the consent of the partnership, rescind any notice of a partnership adjustment mailed to such partnership. Any notice so rescinded shall not be treated as a notice of a partnership adjustment for purposes of this subchapter, and the taxpayer shall have no right to bring a proceeding under section 6234 with respect to such notice.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 632; amended Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §§201(c)(6), 206(h), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1173, 1179.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6231, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 663; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §714(p)(2)(B)–(D), (I), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 964, 965; Pub. L. 105–34, title XI, §1141(b), title XII, §§1232(a), 1234(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 981, 1023, 1024; Pub. L. 105–206, title III, §3507(a), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 772; Pub. L. 107–147, title IV, §§416(d)(1)(C), 417(19)(C), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 55, 57, defined terms for purposes of this subchapter and listed special rules for partnership items, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(h)(2), substituted "Any notice of a final partnership adjustment" for "Any notice of a final partnership adjustment shall not be mailed earlier than 270 days after the date on which the notice of the proposed partnership adjustment is mailed. Such notices" in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 115–141, §201(c)(6), substituted "any partnership-related item for any partnership taxable year" for "any item of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of a partnership for a partnership taxable year".

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(h)(1), added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), respectively.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

Special Rule for Certain International Satellite Partnerships

Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §406, Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 670, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: "[Former] Subchapter C of chapter 63 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (relating to tax treatment of partnership items), section 6031 of such Code (relating to returns of partnership income), and section 6046A of such Code (relating to returns as to interest in foreign partnerships) shall not apply to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, the International Maritime Satellite Organization, and any organization which is a successor of either of such organizations."

§6232. Assessment, collection, and payment

(a) In general

Any imputed underpayment shall be assessed and collected in the same manner as if it were a tax imposed for the adjustment year by subtitle A, except that—

(1) subchapter B of chapter 63 shall not apply, and

(2) in the case of an administrative adjustment request to which section 6227(b)(1) applies, the underpayment shall be paid and may be assessed when the request is filed.

(b) Limitation on assessment

Except as otherwise provided in this subtitle (other than subchapter B of this chapter), no assessment of an imputed underpayment may be made (and no levy or proceeding in any court for the collection of any amount resulting from such adjustment may be made, begun or prosecuted) before—

(1) the close of the 90th day after the day on which a notice of a final partnership adjustment was mailed, and

(2) if a petition is filed under section 6234 with respect to such notice, the decision of the court has become final.


The preceding sentence shall not apply in the case of a specified similar amount (as defined in subsection (f)(2)).

(c) Premature action may be enjoined

Notwithstanding section 7421(a), any action which violates subsection (b) may be enjoined in the proper court, including the Tax Court. The Tax Court shall have no jurisdiction to enjoin any action under this subsection unless a timely petition has been filed under section 6234 and then only in respect of the adjustments that are the subject of such petition.

(d) Exceptions to restrictions on adjustments

(1) Adjustments arising out of math or clerical errors

(A) In general

If the partnership is notified that, on account of a mathematical or clerical error appearing on the partnership return, an adjustment to an item is required, rules similar to the rules of paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 6213(b) shall apply to such adjustment.

(B) Special rule

If a partnership is a partner in another partnership, any adjustment on account of such partnership's failure to comply with the requirements of section 6222(a) with respect to its interest in such other partnership shall be treated as an adjustment referred to in subparagraph (A), except that paragraph (2) of section 6213(b) shall not apply to such adjustment.

(2) Partnership may waive restrictions

The partnership may at any time (whether or not any notice of partnership adjustment has been issued), by a signed notice in writing filed with the Secretary, waive the restrictions provided in subsection (b) on the making of any partnership adjustment.

(e) Limit where no proceeding begun

If no proceeding under section 6234 is begun with respect to any notice of a final partnership adjustment during the 90-day period described in subsection (b), the amount for which the partnership is liable under section 6225 shall not exceed the amount determined in accordance with such notice.

(f) Failure to pay imputed underpayment

(1) In general

If any amount of any imputed underpayment to which section 6225 applies or any specified similar amount (or any interest or penalties with respect to any such amount) has not been paid by the date which is 10 days after the date on which the Secretary provides notice and demand for such payment—

(A) section 6621(a)(2)(B) shall be applied by substituting "5 percentage points" for "3 percentage points" with respect to such amount, and

(B) the Secretary may assess upon each partner of the partnership (determined as of the close of the adjustment year or, if the partnership has ceased to exist as of such time, the former partners of the partnership as determined for purposes of section 6241(7)) a tax equal to such partner's proportionate share of such amount (including any such interest or penalties, determined after application of subparagraph (A)).

(2) Specified similar amount

For purposes of this subsection, the term "specified similar amount" means—

(A) the amount described in subclause (II) of section 6226(b)(4)(A)(ii) (including any failure to satisfy the requirement of subclause (I) of such section which is treated as a failure to pay such amount under section 6651(i)), and

(B) any amount assessed under paragraph (1)(B) upon a partner which is a partnership.

(3) Proportionate share

For purposes of paragraph (1), a partner's proportionate share is such percentage as the Secretary may determine on the basis of such partner's distributive share. The Secretary shall make determinations under the preceding sentence such that the aggregate proportionate shares so determined total 100 percent.

(4) Coordination with partnership liability

The liability of the partnership for any amount with respect to which a partner is made liable under paragraph (1) shall be reduced upon payment by the partner of such amount. Paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply with respect to any amount after the date on which such amount is paid by the partnership.

(5) S corporations

For purposes of this subsection, an S corporation and its shareholders shall be treated in the same manner as a partnership and its partners.

(6) Rules related to assessment and collection

(A) Deficiency procedures not applicable

Subchapter B shall not apply to any assessment or collection under this paragraph.

(B) Limitation on assessment

Except as otherwise provided in this subtitle, no assessment may be made (or proceeding in court begun without assessment) with respect to any partner with respect to an amount under paragraph (1) after the date which is 2 years after the date on which the Secretary provides the notice and demand referred to in paragraph (1) with respect to such amount.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 632; amended Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §§205(a), 206(g), (p)(4)–(6), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1177, 1179, 1182.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6232, added Pub. L. 97–248, title IV, §402(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 666, related to extension of subchapter provisions, respecting tax treatment of partnership items, to windfall profit tax, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 100–418, title I, §1941(b)(1), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1323.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(g)(1), substituted "except that—" for "except that in the case of an administrative adjustment request to which section 6227(b)(1) applies, the underpayment shall be paid when the request is filed." and added pars. (1) and (2).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(p)(4), substituted "this subtitle (other than subchapter B of this chapter)" for "this chapter" in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 115–141, §206(g)(2), substituted "assessment of an imputed underpayment" for "assessment of a deficiency" in introductory provisions and inserted concluding provisions.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(p)(5), substituted "an item" for "a item".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(p)(6), struck out "thereof" after "subsection (b)".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–141, §205(a), added subsec. (f).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

§6233. Interest and penalties

(a) Interest and penalties determined from reviewed year

(1) In general

Except to the extent provided in section 6226(c), in the case of a partnership adjustment for a reviewed year—

(A) interest shall be computed under paragraph (2), and

(B) the partnership shall be liable for any penalty, addition to tax, or additional amount as provided in paragraph (3).

(2) Determination of amount of interest

The interest computed under this paragraph with respect to any partnership adjustment is the interest which would be determined under chapter 67 for the period beginning on the day after the return due date for the reviewed year and ending on the return due date for the adjustment year (or, if earlier, the date payment of the imputed underpayment is made). Proper adjustments in the amount determined under the preceding sentence shall be made for adjustments required for partnership taxable years after the reviewed year and before the adjustment year by reason of such partnership adjustment.

(3) Penalties

Any penalty, addition to tax, or additional amount shall be determined at the partnership level as if such partnership had been an individual subject to tax under chapter 1 for the reviewed year and the imputed underpayment were an actual underpayment (or understatement) for such year.

(b) Interest and penalties with respect to adjustment year return

(1) In general

In the case of any failure to pay an imputed underpayment on the date prescribed therefor, the partnership shall be liable—

(A) for interest as determined under paragraph (2), and

(B) for any penalty, addition to tax, or additional amount as determined under paragraph (3).

(2) Interest

Interest determined under this paragraph is the interest that would be determined by treating the imputed underpayment as an underpayment of tax imposed in the adjustment year.

(3) Penalties

Penalties, additions to tax, or additional amounts determined under this paragraph are the penalties, additions to tax, or additional amounts that would be determined—

(A) by applying section 6651(a)(2) to such failure to pay, and

(B) by treating the imputed underpayment as an underpayment of tax for purposes of part II of subchapter A of chapter 68.

(c) Deposit to suspend interest

For rules allowing deposits to suspend running of interest on potential underpayments, see section 6603.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 633; amended Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §206(i), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1180.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6233, added Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §714(p)(1), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 964; amended Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1307(c)(3)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1782, related to extension to entities filing partnership returns, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–141 added subsec. (c).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

§6234. Judicial review of partnership adjustment

(a) In general

Within 90 days after the date on which a notice of a final partnership adjustment is mailed under section 6231 with respect to any partnership taxable year, the partnership may file a petition for a readjustment for such taxable year with—

(1) the Tax Court,

(2) the district court of the United States for the district in which the partnership's principal place of business is located, or

(3) the Court of Federal Claims.

(b) Jurisdictional requirement for bringing action in district court or Court of Federal Claims

(1) In general

A readjustment petition under this section may be filed in a district court of the United States or the Court of Federal Claims only if the partnership filing the petition deposits with the Secretary, on or before the date the petition is filed, the amount of (as of the date of the filing of the petition) the imputed underpayment, penalties, additions to tax, and additional amounts with respect to such imputed underpayment if the partnership adjustment was made as provided by the notice of final partnership adjustment. The court may by order provide that the jurisdictional requirements of this paragraph are satisfied where there has been a good faith attempt to satisfy such requirement and any shortfall of the amount required to be deposited is timely corrected.

(2) Interest payable

Any amount deposited under paragraph (1), while deposited, shall not be treated as a payment of tax for purposes of this title (other than chapter 67).

(c) Scope of judicial review

A court with which a petition is filed in accordance with this section shall have jurisdiction to determine all partnership-related items for the partnership taxable year to which the notice of final partnership adjustment relates, the proper allocation of such items among the partners, and the applicability of any penalty, addition to tax, or additional amount for which the partnership may be liable under this subchapter.

(d) Determination of court reviewable

Any determination by a court under this section shall have the force and effect of a decision of the Tax Court or a final judgment or decree of the district court or the Court of Federal Claims, as the case may be, and shall be reviewable as such. The date of any such determination shall be treated as being the date of the court's order entering the decision.

(e) Effect of decision dismissing action

If an action brought under this section is dismissed other than by reason of a rescission under section 6231(c),1 the decision of the court dismissing the action shall be considered as its decision that the notice of final partnership adjustment is correct, and an appropriate order shall be entered in the records of the court.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 634; amended Pub. L. 114–113, div. Q, title IV, §411(b)(2), (3), Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 3122; Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §§201(c)(7), 206(j), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1173, 1180.)

References in Text

Section 6231(c), referred to in subsec. (e), was redesignated section 6231(d) by Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §206(h)(1), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1179.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6234, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1231(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1020; amended Pub. L. 107–147, title IV, §416(d)(1)(D), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 55, related to declaratory judgment relating to treatment of items other than partnership items with respect to an oversheltered return, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(a), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(j), substituted "the amount of (as of the date of the filing of the petition) the imputed underpayment, penalties, additions to tax, and additional amounts with respect to such imputed underpayment" for "the amount of the imputed underpayment (as of the date of the filing of the petition)".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–141, §201(c)(7), substituted "all partnership-related items" for "all items of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of the partnership".

2015Pub. L. 114–113 substituted "Court of Federal Claims" for "Claims Court" wherever appearing.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–113 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 411(e) of Pub. L. 114–113, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

1 See References in Text note below.

§6235. Period of limitations on making adjustments

(a) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this section or section 905(c), no adjustment under this subchapter for any partnership taxable year may be made after the later of—

(1) the date which is 3 years after the latest of—

(A) the date on which the partnership return for such taxable year was filed,

(B) the return due date for the taxable year, or

(C) the date on which the partnership filed an administrative adjustment request with respect to such year under section 6227, or


(2) in the case of any modification of an imputed underpayment under section 6225(c), the date that is 270 days (plus the number of days of any extension consented to by the Secretary under paragraph (7) thereof) after the date on which everything required to be submitted to the Secretary pursuant to such section is so submitted, or

(3) in the case of any notice of a proposed partnership adjustment under section 6231(a)(2), the date that is 330 days (plus the number of days of any extension consented to by the Secretary under section 6225(c)(7)) after the date of such notice.

(b) Extension by agreement

The period described in subsection (a) (including an extension period under this subsection) may be extended by an agreement entered into by the Secretary and the partnership before the expiration of such period.

(c) Special rule in case of fraud, etc.

(1) False return

In the case of a false or fraudulent partnership return with intent to evade tax, the adjustment may be made at any time.

(2) Substantial omission of income

If any partnership omits from gross income an amount properly includible therein and such amount is described in subparagraph (A) or (C) of section 6501(e)(1), subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting "6 years" for "3 years".

(3) No return

In the case of a failure by a partnership to file a return for any taxable year, the adjustment may be made at any time.

(4) Return filed by Secretary

For purposes of this section, a return executed by the Secretary under subsection (b) of section 6020 on behalf of the partnership shall not be treated as a return of the partnership.

(5) Information required to be reported

In the case of a partnership that is required to report any information described in section 6501(c)(8), the time for making any adjustment under this subchapter with respect to any tax return, event, or period to which such information relates shall not expire before the date that is determined under section 6501(c)(8).

(6) Listed transactions

If a partnership fails to include on any return or statement any information with respect to a listed transaction as described in section 6501(c)(10), the time for making any adjustment under this subchapter with respect to such transaction shall not expire before the date that is determined under section 6501(c)(10).

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 635; amended Pub. L. 114–113, div. Q, title IV, §411(c), Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 3122; Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §206(k), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1180.)

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(k)(1), inserted "or section 905(c)" after "Except as otherwise provided in this section" and substituted "subchapter" for "subpart" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(k)(2), substituted "section 6225(c)(7))" for "section 6225(c)(7)".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(k)(3), substituted "subparagraph (A) or (C) of section 6501(e)(1)" for "section 6501(e)(1)(A)".

Subsec. (c)(5), (6). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(k)(4), added pars. (5) and (6).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(k)(5), struck out subsec. (d). Text read as follows: "If notice of a final partnership adjustment with respect to any taxable year is mailed under section 6231, the running of the period specified in subsection (a) (as modified by the other provisions of this section) shall be suspended—

"(1) for the period during which an action may be brought under section 6234 (and, if a petition is filed under such section with respect to such notice, until the decision of the court becomes final), and

"(2) for 1 year thereafter."

2015—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 114–113, §411(c)(1), substituted "paragraph (7)" for "paragraph (4)".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 114–113, §411(c)(2), substituted "330 days (plus the number of days of any extension consented to by the Secretary under section 6225(c)(7)" for "270 days".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–113 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 411(e) of Pub. L. 114–113, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.

PART IV—DEFINITIONS AND SPECIAL RULES

Sec.
6241.
Definitions and special rules.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter D, Treatment of Electing Large Partnerships, consisted of sections 6240 to 6255, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(b)(2), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, 638, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Section 6240, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1009, related to application of subchapter D to electing large partnerships and partners in such partnerships.

Another prior subchapter D, Tax Treatment of Subchapter S Items, consisted of sections 6241 to 6245, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1307(c)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1781.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §206(p)(12), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1183, amended part heading generally, substituting "PART IV—DEFINITIONS AND SPECIAL RULES" for "PART 2—DEFINITIONS AND SPECIAL RULES".

§6241. Definitions and special rules

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Partnership

The term "partnership" means any partnership required to file a return under section 6031(a).

(2) Partnership adjustment

(A) In general

The term "partnership adjustment" means any adjustment to a partnership-related item.

(B) Partnership-related item

The term "partnership-related item" means—

(i) any item or amount with respect to the partnership (without regard to whether or not such item or amount appears on the partnership's return and including an imputed underpayment and any item or amount relating to any transaction with, basis in, or liability of, the partnership) which is relevant (determined without regard to this subchapter) in determining the tax liability of any person under chapter 1, and

(ii) any partner's distributive share of any item or amount described in clause (i).

(3) Return due date

The term "return due date" means, with respect to the taxable year, the date prescribed for filing the partnership return for such taxable year (determined without regard to extensions).

(4) Payments nondeductible

No deduction shall be allowed under subtitle A for any payment required to be made by a partnership under this subchapter.

(5) Partnerships having principal place of business outside United States

For purposes of section 6234, a principal place of business located outside the United States shall be treated as located in the District of Columbia.

(6) Partnerships in cases under title 11 of United States Code

(A) Suspension of period of limitations on making adjustment, assessment, or collection

The running of any period of limitations provided in this subchapter on making a partnership adjustment (or provided by section 6501 or 6502 on the assessment or collection of any imputed underpayment determined under this subchapter) shall, in a case under title 11 of the United States Code, be suspended during the period during which the Secretary is prohibited by reason of such case from making the adjustment (or assessment or collection) and—

(i) for adjustment or assessment, 60 days thereafter, and

(ii) for collection, 6 months thereafter.


A rule similar to the rule of section 6213(f)(2) shall apply for purposes of section 6232(b).

(B) Suspension of period of limitation for filing for judicial review

The running of the period specified in section 6234 shall, in a case under title 11 of the United States Code, be suspended during the period during which the partnership is prohibited by reason of such case from filing a petition under section 6234 and for 60 days thereafter.

(7) Treatment where partnership ceases to exist

If a partnership ceases to exist before a partnership adjustment under this subchapter takes effect, such adjustment shall be taken into account by the former partners of such partnership under regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

(8) Extension to entities filing partnership return

If a partnership return is filed by an entity for a taxable year but it is determined that the entity is not a partnership (or that there is no entity) for such year, then, to the extent provided in regulations, the provisions of this subchapter are hereby extended in respect of such year to such entity and its items and to persons holding an interest in such entity.

(9) Coordination with other chapters

(A) In general

This subchapter shall not apply with respect to any tax imposed (including any amount required to be deducted or withheld) under chapter 2, 2A, 3, or 4, except that any partnership adjustment determined under this subchapter for purposes of chapter 1 shall be taken into account for purposes of determining any such tax to the extent that such adjustment is relevant to such determination.

(B) Timing of withholding

In the case of any tax imposed (including any amount required to be deducted or withheld) under chapter 3 or 4, which is determined with respect to an adjustment described in subparagraph (A), such tax—

(i) shall be so determined with respect to the reviewed year, and

(ii) shall be so imposed (or so required to be deducted or withheld) with respect to the adjustment year.

(C) Statute of limitation on assessment

For special rule with respect to limitation on assessment of taxes under chapter 2 or 2A which are attributable to any partnership adjustment, see section 6501(c)(12).

(10) Authority to require electronic filing

Notwithstanding section 6011(e), the Secretary may require that anything required to be filed or submitted under section 6225(c), or to be furnished to or filed with the Secretary under section 6226, be so filed, submitted, or furnished by magnetic media or in other machine-readable form.

(11) Treatment of special enforcement matters

(A) In general

In the case of partnership-related items which involve special enforcement matters, the Secretary may prescribe regulations pursuant to which—

(i) this subchapter (or any portion thereof) does not apply to such items, and

(ii) such items are subject to such special rules (including rules related to assessment and collection) as the Secretary determines to be necessary for the effective and efficient enforcement of this title.

(B) Special enforcement matters

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term "special enforcement matters" means—

(i) failure to comply with the requirements of section 6226(b)(4)(A)(ii),

(ii) assessments under section 6851 (relating to termination assessments of income tax) or section 6861 (relating to jeopardy assessments of income, estate, gift, and certain excise taxes),

(iii) criminal investigations,

(iv) indirect methods of proof of income,

(v) foreign partners or partnerships, and

(vi) other matters that the Secretary determines by regulation present special enforcement considerations.

(12) United States shareholders and certain other persons treated as partners

(A) In general

Except as otherwise provided by the Secretary, in the case of any controlled foreign corporation (as defined in section 957 or 953(c)(1)) which is a partner of a partnership, each United States shareholder (as defined in section 951(b) or 953(c)(1)) with respect to such controlled foreign corporation shall be treated for purposes of this subchapter as a partner of such partnership. For purposes of the preceding sentence, any distributive share of any such United States shareholder with respect to such partnership shall, except as otherwise provided by the Secretary, be equal to such United States shareholder's pro rata share with respect to such controlled foreign corporation (determined under rules similar to the rules of section 951(a)(2)).

(B) Passive foreign investment companies

For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of a passive foreign investment company (as defined in section 1297), each taxpayer that makes an election under section 1295 with respect to such company shall be treated in the same manner as United States shareholders under subparagraph (A), except that such taxpayer's pro rata share with respect to the passive foreign investment company shall be determined under rules similar to the rules of section 1293(b).

(C) Regulations or other guidance

The Secretary shall issue such regulations or other guidance as is necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this paragraph, including regulations which apply the rules of subparagraph (A) in similar circumstances or with respect to similarly situated persons.

(Added Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 636; amended Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title II, §§201(a), (b)(1), 206(c), (l), (m), (p)(7), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1171, 1172, 1178, 1180-1182.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 6241, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 100, related to consistency of a partner's return with the partnership return, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(b)(2), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Another prior section 6241, added Pub. L. 97–354, §4(a), Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1691, directed that tax treatment be determined at the corporate level, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1307(c)(1), 1317(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1781, 1787, applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1996.

A prior section 6242, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1010, related to procedures for taking partnership adjustments into account, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(b)(2), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Another prior section 6242, added Pub. L. 97–354, §4(a), Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1691, directed that shareholder's return be consistent with corporate return, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1307(c)(1), 1317(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1781, 1787, applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1996.

A prior section 6243, added Pub. L. 97–354, §4(a), Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1691, directed that shareholders be notified of proceedings and given opportunity to participate, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1307(c)(1), 1317(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1781, 1787, applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1996.

A prior section 6244, added Pub. L. 97–354, §4(a), Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1691, directed that certain provisions of subchapter C apply to subchapter S items, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1307(c)(1), 1317(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1781, 1787, applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1996.

A prior section 6245, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1013, authorized and directed Secretary to make necessary partnership adjustment, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(b)(2), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Another prior section 6245, added Pub. L. 97–354, §4(a), Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1692, defined "subchapter S item" for purposes of subchapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1307(c)(1), 1317(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1781, 1787, applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1996.

Prior sections 6246 to 6255 were repealed by Pub. L. 114–74, title XI, §1101(b)(2), (g), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 625, applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Section 6246, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1013, related to restrictions on partnership adjustments.

Section 6247, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1014, related to judicial review of partnership adjustment.

Section 6248, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1015, related to period of limitations for making adjustments under this subpart.

Section 6251, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1016, related to administrative adjustment requests.

Section 6252, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1016, related to judicial review where administrative adjustment request is not allowed in full.

Section 6255, added Pub. L. 105–34, title XII, §1222(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1017, defined terms for former subchapter D and listed special rules.

Amendments

2018—Par. (2). Pub. L. 115–141, §201(a), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The term 'partnership adjustment' means any adjustment in the amount of any item of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of a partnership, or any partner's distributive share thereof."

Par. (5). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(p)(7), substituted "section 6234" for "sections 6234".

Par. (9). Pub. L. 115–141, §201(b)(1), added par. (9).

Par. (10). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(c), added par. (10).

Par. (11). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(l), added par. (11).

Par. (12). Pub. L. 115–141, §206(m), added par. (12).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–141 effective as if included in section 1101 of Pub. L. 114–74, see section 207 of Pub. L. 115–141, set out as a note under section 6031 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to returns filed for partnership taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017, with certain exceptions, see section 1101(g) of Pub. L. 114–74, set out as a note under section 6221 of this title.