[USC02] 34 USC Subtitle I, CHAPTER 101, SUBCHAPTER XXII: SUPPORT FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND FAMILIES
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34 USC Subtitle I, CHAPTER 101, SUBCHAPTER XXII: SUPPORT FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND FAMILIES
From Title 34—CRIME CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENTSubtitle I—Comprehensive ActsCHAPTER 101—JUSTICE SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT

SUBCHAPTER XXII—SUPPORT FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND FAMILIES

Codification

Pub. L. 116–32, §2(1), July 25, 2019, 133 Stat. 1036, substituted "SUPPORT FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND FAMILIES" for "FAMILY SUPPORT" in subchapter heading.

§10491. Duties

The Attorney General shall—

(1) establish guidelines and oversee the implementation of family-friendly policies within law enforcement-related offices and divisions in the Department of Justice;

(2) study the effects of stress on law enforcement personnel and family well-being and disseminate the findings of such studies to Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies, related organizations, and other interested parties, including any research and reports developed under the Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act of 2017 (Public Law 115–113; 131 Stat. 2276);

(3) identify and evaluate model programs that provide support services to law enforcement personnel and families;

(4) provide technical assistance and training programs to develop stress reduction, psychological services, suicide prevention, and family support to State and local law enforcement agencies;

(5) collect and disseminate information regarding family support, stress reduction, and psychological services to Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies, law enforcement-related organizations, and other interested entities; and

(6) determine issues to be researched by the Department of Justice and by grant recipients.

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2301, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2062; amended Pub. L. 116–32, §2(2), July 25, 2019, 133 Stat. 1036.)

References in Text

The Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act of 2017, referred to in par. (2), is Pub. L. 115–113, Jan. 10, 2018, 131 Stat. 2276, which amended section 10381 of this title and enacted provisions set out as notes preceding section 50101 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1 of Pub. L. 115–113, set out as a Short Title of 2018 Amendment note under section 10101 of this title and Tables.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2301 of Pub. L. 90–351 was renumbered section 2601 and is classified to section 10541 of this title.

Amendments

2019—Par. (2). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(2)(A), inserted ", including any research and reports developed under the Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act of 2017 (Public Law 115–113; 131 Stat. 2276)" after "interested parties".

Par. (4). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(2)(B), inserted ", psychological services, suicide prevention," after "stress reduction".

§10492. General authorization

The Attorney General may make grants to States and local law enforcement agencies and to organizations representing State or local law enforcement personnel to provide family support services and mental health services to law enforcement personnel.

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2302, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2062; amended Pub. L. 116–32, §2(3), July 25, 2019, 133 Stat. 1036.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj–1 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Amendments

2019Pub. L. 116–32 inserted "and mental health services" after "family support services".

§10493. Uses of funds

(a) In general

A State or local law enforcement agency or organization that receives a grant under this subchapter 1 shall use amounts provided under the grant to establish or improve training and support programs for law enforcement personnel.

(b) Required activities

A law enforcement agency or organization that receives funds under this subchapter shall provide at least one of the following services:

(1) Counseling for law enforcement officers and family members.

(2) Child care on a 24-hour basis.

(3) Marital and adolescent support groups.

(4) Evidence-based programs to reduce stress, prevent suicide, and promote mental health.

(5) Stress education for law enforcement recruits and families.

(6) Technical assistance and training programs to support any or all of the services described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5).

(c) Optional activities

A law enforcement agency or organization that receives funds under this subchapter may provide the following services:

(1) Post-shooting debriefing for officers and their spouses.

(2) Group therapy.

(3) Hypertension clinics.

(4) Critical incident response on a 24-hour basis.

(5) Law enforcement family crisis, mental health crisis, and suicide prevention telephone services on a 24-hour basis.

(6) Counseling for law enforcement personnel exposed to infectious disease.

(7) Counseling for peers.

(8) Counseling for families of personnel killed, injured, or permanently disabled in the line of duty.

(9) Seminars regarding alcohol, drug use, gambling, and overeating.

(10) Specialized training for identifying, reporting, and responding to officer mental health crises and suicide.

(11) Technical assistance and training to support any or all of the services described in paragraphs (1) through (10).

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2303, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2062; amended Pub. L. 116–32, §2(4), July 25, 2019, 133 Stat. 1036.)

References in Text

This subchapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original "this Act", and was translated as reading "this part", meaning part W of title I of Pub. L. 90–351, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj–2 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

Amendments

2019—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(4)(A)(i), inserted "officers and" after "law enforcement".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(4)(A)(ii), amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows: "Stress reduction programs."

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(4)(B)(i), inserted ", mental health crisis, and suicide prevention" after "family crisis".

Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(4)(B)(ii), substituted "infectious disease" for "the human immunodeficiency virus".

Subsec. (c)(8). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(4)(B)(iii), inserted ", injured, or permanently disabled" after "killed".

Subsec. (c)(10), (11). Pub. L. 116–32, §2(4)(B)(iv), added pars. (10) and (11) and struck out former par. (10) which read as follows: "Technical assistance and training to support any or all of the services described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), and (9)."

1 See References in Text note below.

§10494. Applications

A law enforcement agency or organization desiring to receive a grant under this subchapter shall submit to the Attorney General an application at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require. Such application shall—

(1) certify that the law enforcement agency shall match all Federal funds with an equal amount of cash or in-kind goods or services from other non-Federal sources;

(2) include a statement from the highest ranking law enforcement official from the State or locality or from the highest ranking official from the organization applying for the grant that attests to the need and intended use of services to be provided with grant funds; and

(3) assure that the Attorney General or the Comptroller General of the United States shall have access to all records related to the receipt and use of grant funds received under this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2304, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2063.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj–3 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

§10495. Award of grants; limitation

(a) Grant distribution

In approving grants under this subchapter, the Attorney General shall assure an equitable distribution of assistance among the States, among urban and rural areas of the United States, and among urban and rural areas of a State.

(b) Duration

The Attorney General may award a grant each fiscal year, not to exceed $100,000 to a State or local law enforcement agency or $250,000 to a law enforcement organization for a period not to exceed 5 years. In any application from a State or local law enforcement agency or organization for a grant to continue a program for the second, third, fourth, or fifth fiscal year following the first fiscal year in which a grant was awarded to such agency, the Attorney General shall review the progress made toward meeting the objectives of the program. The Attorney General may refuse to award a grant if the Attorney General finds sufficient progress has not been made toward meeting such objectives, but only after affording the applicant notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

(c) Limitation

Not more than 5 percent of grant funds received by a State or a local law enforcement agency or organization may be used for administrative purposes.

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2305, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2063.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj–4 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

§10496. Discretionary research grants

The Attorney General may reserve 10 percent of funds to award research grants to a State or local law enforcement agency or organization to study issues of importance in the law enforcement field as determined by the Attorney General.

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2306, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2064.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj–5 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

§10497. Reports

A State or local law enforcement agency or organization that receives a grant under this subchapter shall submit to the Attorney General an annual report that includes—

(1) program descriptions;

(2) the number of staff employed to administer programs;

(3) the number of individuals who participated in programs; and

(4) an evaluation of the effectiveness of grant programs.

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2307, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2064.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj–6 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.

§10498. Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) the term "family-friendly policy" means a policy to promote or improve the morale and well being of law enforcement personnel and their families; and

(2) the term "law enforcement personnel" means individuals employed by Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies.

(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, §2308, as added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXI, §210201(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2064.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 3796jj–7 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.