[USC02] 38 USC PART II, CHAPTER 20, SUBCHAPTER III: TRAINING AND OUTREACH
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38 USC PART II, CHAPTER 20, SUBCHAPTER III: TRAINING AND OUTREACH
From Title 38—VETERANS' BENEFITSPART II—GENERAL BENEFITSCHAPTER 20—BENEFITS FOR HOMELESS VETERANS

SUBCHAPTER III—TRAINING AND OUTREACH

§2021. Homeless veterans reintegration programs

(a) In General.—Subject to the availability of appropriations provided for such purpose, the Secretary of Labor shall conduct, directly or through grant or contract, such programs as the Secretary determines appropriate to provide job training, counseling, and placement services (including job readiness and literacy and skills training) to expedite the reintegration into the labor force of—

(1) homeless veterans (including veterans who were homeless but found housing during the 60-day period preceding the date on which the veteran begins to participate in a program under this section);

(2) veterans participating in the Department of Veterans Affairs supported housing program for which rental assistance is provided pursuant to section 1437f(o)(19) of title 42 or the Tribal HUD–VA Supportive Housing (Tribal HUD–VASH) program;

(3) Indians who are veterans and receiving assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.);

(4) veterans described in section 2023(e) of this title or any other veterans who are transitioning from being incarcerated; and

(5) veterans participating in the Department of Veterans Affairs rapid rehousing and prevention program authorized in section 2044 of this title.


(b) Requirement To Monitor Expenditures of Funds.—(1) The Secretary of Labor shall collect such information as that Secretary considers appropriate to monitor and evaluate the distribution and expenditure of funds appropriated to carry out this section. The information shall include data with respect to the results or outcomes of the services provided to each homeless veteran under this section.

(2) Information under paragraph (1) shall be furnished in such form and manner as the Secretary of Labor may specify.

(c) Administration Through the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training.—The Secretary of Labor shall carry out this section through the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training.

(d) Biennial Report to Congress.—Not less than every two years, the Secretary of Labor shall submit to Congress a report on the programs conducted under this section. The Secretary of Labor shall include in the report an evaluation of services furnished to veterans under this section and an analysis of the information collected under subsection (b).

(e) Authorization of Appropriations.—(1) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section amounts as follows:

(A) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2002.

(B) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

(C) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.

(D) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2005.

(E) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2006.

(F) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2007 through 2020.


(2) Funds appropriated to carry out this section shall remain available until expended. Funds obligated in any fiscal year to carry out this section may be expended in that fiscal year and the succeeding fiscal year.

(Added Pub. L. 107–95, §5(a)(1), Dec. 21, 2001, 115 Stat. 909; amended Pub. L. 109–233, title II, §203, June 15, 2006, 120 Stat. 404; Pub. L. 111–275, title II, §201, Oct. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 2873; Pub. L. 112–37, §10(b), Oct. 5, 2011, 125 Stat. 396; Pub. L. 112–154, title III, §305(b), Aug. 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 113–37, §2(e)(1), Sept. 30, 2013, 127 Stat. 524; Pub. L. 113–175, title II, §202, Sept. 26, 2014, 128 Stat. 1904; Pub. L. 114–58, title III, §301, Sept. 30, 2015, 129 Stat. 533; Pub. L. 114–228, title III, §301, Sept. 29, 2016, 130 Stat. 938; Pub. L. 115–62, title III, §301, Sept. 29, 2017, 131 Stat. 1163; Pub. L. 115–251, title I, §141, Sept. 29, 2018, 132 Stat. 3170; Pub. L. 115–407, title VII, §701, Dec. 31, 2018, 132 Stat. 5381.)

References in Text

The Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), is Pub. L. 104–330, Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4016, which is classified principally to chapter 43 (§4101 et seq.) of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4101 of Title 25 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2021 was renumbered section 4301 of this title and subsequently omitted in the general amendment of chapter 43 of this title by Pub. L. 103–353, §2(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3150.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–407 substituted "reintegration into the labor force of—" for "reintegration of homeless veterans into the labor force." and added pars. (1) to (5).

Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 115–251 substituted "2020" for "2018".

2017—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 115–62 substituted "2018" for "2017".

2016—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 114–228 substituted "2017" for "2016".

2015—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 114–58 substituted "2016" for "2015".

2014—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 113–175 substituted "2015" for "2014".

2013—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 113–37 substituted "2014" for "2013".

2012—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 112–154 substituted "2013" for "2012".

2011—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 112–37 substituted "2012" for "2011".

2010—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 111–275 substituted "2011" for "2009".

2006—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 109–233 added subpar. (F).

Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–37 effective Oct. 1, 2013, see section 4(a) of Pub. L. 113–37, set out as a note under section 322 of this title.

§2021A. Homeless women veterans and homeless veterans with children reintegration grant program

(a) Grants.—Subject to the availability of appropriations provided for such purpose, the Secretary of Labor shall make grants to programs and facilities that the Secretary determines provide dedicated services for homeless women veterans and homeless veterans with children.

(b) Use of Funds.—Grants under this section shall be used to provide job training, counseling, placement services (including job readiness and literacy and skills training) and child care services to expedite the reintegration of homeless women veterans and homeless veterans with children into the labor force.

(c) Requirement To Monitor Expenditures of Funds.—(1) The Secretary of Labor shall collect such information as that Secretary considers appropriate to monitor and evaluate the distribution and expenditure of funds appropriated to carry out this section. The information shall include data with respect to the results or outcomes of the services provided to each homeless veteran under this section.

(2) Information under paragraph (1) shall be furnished in such form and manner as the Secretary of Labor may specify.


(d) Administration Through the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training.—The Secretary of Labor shall carry out this section through the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training.

(e) Biennial Report to Congress.—The Secretary of Labor shall include as part of the report required under section 2021(d) of this title an evaluation of the grant program under this section, which shall include an evaluation of services furnished to veterans under this section and an analysis of the information collected under subsection (c).

(f) Authorization of Appropriations.—(1) In addition to any amount authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 2021 of this title, there is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2020.

(2) Funds appropriated to carry out this section shall remain available until expended. Funds obligated in any fiscal year to carry out this section may be expended in that fiscal year and the succeeding fiscal year.

(Added Pub. L. 111–275, title II, §202(a), Oct. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 2873; amended Pub. L. 114–58, title III, §302, Sept. 30, 2015, 129 Stat. 534; Pub. L. 114–228, title III, §302, Sept. 29, 2016, 130 Stat. 938; Pub. L. 115–62, title III, §302, Sept. 29, 2017, 131 Stat. 1163; Pub. L. 115–251, title I, §142, Sept. 29, 2018, 132 Stat. 3170.)

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 115–251 substituted "2020" for "2018".

2017—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 115–62 substituted "2018" for "2017".

2016—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 114–228 substituted "2017" for "2016".

2015—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 114–58 substituted "2016" for "2015".

§2022. Coordination of outreach services for veterans at risk of homelessness

(a) Outreach Plan.—The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Health, shall provide for appropriate officials of the Mental Health Service and the Readjustment Counseling Service of the Veterans Health Administration to develop a coordinated plan for joint outreach by the two Services to veterans at risk of homelessness, including particularly veterans who are being discharged or released from institutions after inpatient psychiatric care, substance abuse treatment, or imprisonment.

(b) Matters To Be Included.—The outreach plan under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) Strategies to identify and collaborate with non-Department entities used by veterans who have not traditionally used Department services to further outreach efforts.

(2) Strategies to ensure that mentoring programs, recovery support groups, and other appropriate support networks are optimally available to veterans.

(3) Appropriate programs or referrals to family support programs.

(4) Means to increase access to case management services.

(5) Plans for making additional employment services accessible to veterans.

(6) Appropriate referral sources for mental health and substance abuse services.


(c) Cooperative Relationships.—The outreach plan under subsection (a) shall identify strategies for the Department to enter into formal cooperative relationships with entities outside the Department to facilitate making services and resources optimally available to veterans.

(d) Review of Plan.—The Secretary shall submit the outreach plan under subsection (a) to the Advisory Committee on Homeless Veterans for its review and consultation.

(e) Outreach Program.—(1) The Secretary shall carry out an outreach program to provide information to homeless veterans and veterans at risk of homelessness. The program shall include at a minimum—

(A) provision of information about benefits available to eligible veterans from the Department; and

(B) contact information for local Department facilities, including medical facilities, regional offices, and veterans centers.


(2) In developing and carrying out the program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, consult with appropriate public and private organizations, including the Bureau of Prisons, State social service agencies, the Department of Defense, and mental health, veterans, and homeless advocates—

(A) for assistance in identifying and contacting veterans who are homeless or at risk of homelessness;

(B) to coordinate appropriate outreach activities with those organizations; and

(C) to coordinate services provided to veterans with services provided by those organizations.


(f) Reports.—(1) Not later than October 1, 2002, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives an initial report that contains an evaluation of outreach activities carried out by the Secretary with respect to homeless veterans, including outreach regarding clinical issues and other benefits administered under this title. The Secretary shall conduct the evaluation in consultation with the Under Secretary for Benefits, the Department of Veterans Affairs central office official responsible for the administration of the Readjustment Counseling Service, the Director of Homeless Veterans Programs, and the Department of Veterans Affairs central office official responsible for the administration of the Mental Health Strategic Health Care Group.

(2) Not later than December 31, 2005, the Secretary shall submit to the committees referred to in paragraph (1) an interim report on outreach activities carried out by the Secretary with respect to homeless veterans. The report shall include the following:

(A) The Secretary's outreach plan under subsection (a), including goals and time lines for implementation of the plan for particular facilities and service networks.

(B) A description of the implementation and operation of the outreach program under subsection (e).

(C) A description of the implementation and operation of the program under section 2023 of this title.


(3) Not later than July 1, 2007, the Secretary shall submit to the committees referred to in paragraph (1) a final report on outreach activities carried out by the Secretary with respect to homeless veterans. The report shall include the following:

(A) An evaluation of the effectiveness of the outreach plan under subsection (a).

(B) An evaluation of the effectiveness of the outreach program under subsection (e).

(C) An evaluation of the effectiveness of the demonstration program under section 2023 of this title.

(D) Recommendations, if any, regarding an extension or modification of such outreach plan, such outreach program, and such demonstration program.

(Added Pub. L. 107–95, §5(a)(1), Dec. 21, 2001, 115 Stat. 910; amended Pub. L. 110–387, title VI, §602(d)(3), Oct. 10, 2008, 122 Stat. 4132.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2022 was renumbered section 4302 of this title and subsequently omitted in the general amendment of chapter 43 of this title by Pub. L. 103–353, §2(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3150.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (f)(2)(C). Pub. L. 110–387 struck out "demonstration" before "program".

§2023. Referral and counseling services: veterans at risk of homelessness who are transitioning from certain institutions

(a) Program Authority.—The Secretary and the Secretary of Labor (hereinafter in this section referred to as the "Secretaries") shall carry out a program of referral and counseling services to eligible veterans with respect to benefits and services available to such veterans under this title and under State law.

(b) Location of Program.—The program shall be carried out in at least 12 locations. One location shall be a penal institution under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Prisons.

(c) Scope of Program.—(1) To the extent practicable, the program shall provide both referral and counseling services, and in the case of counseling services, shall include counseling with respect to job training and placement (including job readiness), housing, health care, and other benefits to assist the eligible veteran in the transition from institutional living.

(2)(A) To the extent that referral or counseling services are provided at a location under the program, referral services shall be provided in person during such period of time that the Secretaries may specify that precedes the date of release or discharge of the eligible veteran, and counseling services shall be furnished after such date.

(B) The Secretaries may, as part of the program, furnish to officials of penal institutions outreach information with respect to referral and counseling services for presentation to veterans in the custody of such officials during the 18-month period that precedes such date of release or discharge.

(3) The Secretaries may make grants to carry out the referral and counseling services required under the program with entities or organizations that meet such requirements as the Secretaries may establish.

(4) In developing the program, the Secretaries shall consult with officials of the Bureau of Prisons, officials of penal institutions of States and political subdivisions of States, and such other officials as the Secretaries determine appropriate.

(d) Duration.—The authority of the Secretaries to enter into a contract to provide referral and counseling services under the demonstration program shall cease on September 30, 2020.

(e) Definition.—In this section, the term "eligible veteran" means a veteran who—

(1) is a resident of a penal institution or an institution that provides long-term care for mental illness; and

(2) is at risk for homelessness absent referral and counseling services provided under the demonstration program (as determined under guidelines established by the Secretaries).

(Added Pub. L. 107–95, §5(a)(1), Dec. 21, 2001, 115 Stat. 912; amended Pub. L. 110–28, title V, §5705, May 25, 2007, 121 Stat. 170; Pub. L. 110–387, title VI, §602(a)–(d)(2), Oct. 10, 2008, 122 Stat. 4132; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title V, §590, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1769; Pub. L. 113–37, §2(e)(2), Sept. 30, 2013, 127 Stat. 524; Pub. L. 113–175, title II, §203, Sept. 26, 2014, 128 Stat. 1904; Pub. L. 114–58, title III, §308, Sept. 30, 2015, 129 Stat. 534; Pub. L. 114–228, title III, §303, Sept. 29, 2016, 130 Stat. 939; Pub. L. 115–62, title III, §303, Sept. 29, 2017, 131 Stat. 1163; Pub. L. 115–251, title I, §143, Sept. 29, 2018, 132 Stat. 3170.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 2023 to 2027 were renumbered sections 4303 to 4307 of this title, respectively, and subsequently omitted in the general amendment of chapter 43 of this title by Pub. L. 103–353, §2(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3150.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–251 substituted "September 30, 2020" for "September 30, 2018".

2017—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–62 substituted "September 30, 2018" for "September 30, 2017".

2016—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–228 substituted "September 30, 2017" for "September 30, 2016".

2015—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–58 substituted "September 30, 2016" for "September 30, 2015".

2014—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 113–175, §203(b), substituted "make grants" for "enter into contracts".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–175, §203(a), substituted "September 30, 2015" for "September 30, 2014".

2013—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–37 inserted "to enter into a contract" before "to provide" and substituted "September 30, 2014" for "September 30, 2013".

Pub. L. 112–239 substituted "September 30, 2013" for "September 30, 2012".

2008Pub. L. 110–387, §602(d)(2), amended section catchline generally. Prior to amendment, catchline read as follows: "Demonstration program of referral and counseling for veterans transitioning from certain institutions who are at risk for homelessness".

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–387, §602(a), substituted "a program of" for "a demonstration program for the purpose of determining the costs and benefits of providing".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–387, §602(b), in heading, struck out "Demonstration" before "Program" and in text, struck out "demonstration" before "program" and substituted "12 locations" for "six locations".

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 110–387, §602(d)(1), struck out "demonstration" before "program".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–387, §602(c), substituted "September 30, 2012." for "September 30, 2007."

2007—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–28 substituted "shall cease on September 30, 2007" for "shall cease on the date that is four years after the date of the commencement of the program".

Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–37 effective Oct. 1, 2013, see section 4(a) of Pub. L. 113–37, set out as a note under section 322 of this title.