[USC02] 40 USC SUBTITLE II, PART C, CHAPTER 61, SUBCHAPTER III: POLICING AUTHORITY
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*Public Laws 116-283 through 117-1 have been enacted but classifications have not yet been finalized. The currency ("laws in effect") date does not reflect acts for which classification has not been finalized.

40 USC SUBTITLE II, PART C, CHAPTER 61, SUBCHAPTER III: POLICING AUTHORITY
From Title 40—PUBLIC BUILDINGS, PROPERTY, AND WORKSSUBTITLE II—PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND WORKSPART C—FEDERAL BUILDING COMPLEXESCHAPTER 61—UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT BUILDING AND GROUNDS

SUBCHAPTER III—POLICING AUTHORITY

§6121. General

(a) Authority of Marshal of the Supreme Court and Supreme Court Police.—In accordance with regulations prescribed by the Marshal of the Supreme Court and approved by the Chief Justice of the United States, the Marshal and the Supreme Court Police shall have authority—

(1) to police the Supreme Court Building and grounds and adjacent streets to protect individuals and property;

(2) in any location, to protect—

(A) the Chief Justice, any Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and any official guest of the Supreme Court; and

(B) any officer or employee of the Supreme Court while that officer or employee is performing official duties;


(3) while performing duties necessary to carry out paragraph (1) or (2), to make arrests for any violation of Federal or State law and any regulation under Federal or State law; and

(4) to carry firearms as may be required while performing duties under section 6102 of this title, this subchapter, and subchapter IV.


(b) Authorization To Carry Firearms— 1 Duties under subsection (a)(2)(A) with respect to an official guest of the Supreme Court in any location (other than the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia) shall be authorized in writing by the Chief Justice or an Associate Justice, if those duties require the carrying of firearms under subsection (a)(4).

(Pub. L. 107–217, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1182; Pub. L. 108–356, §1, Oct. 21, 2004, 118 Stat. 1416; Pub. L. 110–402, §1(a), Oct. 13, 2008, 122 Stat. 4254; Pub. L. 113–62, §1, Dec. 20, 2013, 127 Stat. 666; Pub. L. 116–75, §2, Nov. 27, 2019, 133 Stat. 1160.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
6121(a) 40:13n(a). Aug. 18, 1949, ch. 479, §9(a), 63 Stat. 617; Pub. L. 93–198, title VII, §739(g)(8), Dec. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 829; Pub. L. 97–390, §1(c)(1), Dec. 29, 1982, 96 Stat. 1957.
6121(b) 40:13n(c). Aug. 18, 1949, ch. 479, §9(c), as added Pub. L. 97–390, §1(c)(2), Dec. 29, 1982, 96 Stat. 1958; Pub. L. 99–218, Dec. 26, 1985, 99 Stat. 1729; Pub. L. 99–492, §1, Oct. 16, 1986, 100 Stat. 1240; Pub. L. 101–462, Oct. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 1079; Pub. L. 103–193, Dec. 14, 1993, 107 Stat. 2293; Pub. L. 104–280, §1, Oct. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 3359, Pub. L. 106–518, title III, §313, Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2421.

In this section, the words "any State" are substituted for "any part of the United States" to eliminate unnecessary words and for consistency with section 6101 of the revised title.

In subsection (a)(3), the words "federal or state law and any regulation under federal or state law" are substituted for "a law of the United States or any State and any regulation under such law" for consistency in the revised title.

In subsection (b), the words "The Marshal of the Supreme Court shall report annually to the Congress on March 1 regarding the administrative cost of carrying out his duties under such subsection" are omitted pursuant to section 3003 of the Federal Reports Elimination and Sunset Act of 1995 (31 U.S.C. 1113 note). See, also, page 13 of House Document No. 103–7.


Editorial Notes

Amendments

2019—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 116–75, §2(1)(A), substituted "any location" for "any State" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 116–75, §2(1)(B), substituted "Federal or State law" for "federal or state law" in two places.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–75, §2(2), substituted "Authorization To Carry Firearms—" for "Additional Requirements Related to Subsection (a)(2).—" in heading, struck out par. (1) designation and heading before "Duties under", substituted "any location" for "any State", and struck out par. (2) which provided that the authority provided under subsec. (a)(2) would expire on Dec. 29, 2019.

2013—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 113–62 substituted "2019" for "2013".

2008—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 110–402 substituted "2013" for "2008".

2004—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–356 substituted "2008" for "2004".

1 So in original. The dash probably should be preceded by a period.

§6122. Designation of members of the Supreme Court Police

Under the general supervision and direction of the Chief Justice of the United States, the Marshal of the Supreme Court may designate employees of the Supreme Court as members of the Supreme Court Police, without additional compensation.

(Pub. L. 107–217, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1182.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
6122 40:13f. Aug. 18, 1949, ch. 479, §1, 63 Stat. 616; Pub. L. 97–390, §1(a), Dec. 29, 1982, 96 Stat. 1957.

§6123. Authority of Metropolitan Police of the District of Columbia

The Metropolitan Police of the District of Columbia may make arrests within the Supreme Court Building and grounds for a violation of federal or state law or any regulation under federal or state law. This section does not authorize the Metropolitan Police to enter the Supreme Court Building to make an arrest in response to a complaint, serve a warrant, or patrol the Supreme Court Building or grounds, unless the Metropolitan Police have been requested to do so by, or have received the consent of, the Marshal of the Supreme Court or an assistant to the Marshal.

(Pub. L. 107–217, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1182.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
6123 40:13n(b). Aug. 18, 1949, ch. 479, §9(b), 63 Stat. 617; Pub. L. 97–390, §1(c)(1), Dec. 29, 1982, 96 Stat. 1957.

The words "violation of federal or state law or any regulation under federal or state law" are substituted for "violations of any such laws or regulations", and the words "unless the Metropolitan Police have been requested to do so by, or have received the consent of, the Marshal of the Supreme Court of the United States or an assistant to the Marshal" are substituted for "except with the consent or on the request of the Marshal of the Supreme Court or his assistants", for clarity.