[USC02] 42 USC CHAPTER 35, SUBCHAPTER III, Part C: Nutrition Services
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42 USC CHAPTER 35, SUBCHAPTER III, Part C: Nutrition Services
From Title 42—THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARECHAPTER 35—PROGRAMS FOR OLDER AMERICANSSUBCHAPTER III—GRANTS FOR STATE AND COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON AGING

Part C—Nutrition Services

§3030d–21. Purposes

The purposes of this part are—

(1) to reduce hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition;

(2) to promote socialization of older individuals; and

(3) to promote the health and well-being of older individuals by assisting such individuals to gain access to nutrition and other disease prevention and health promotion services to delay the onset of adverse health conditions resulting from poor nutritional health or sedentary behavior.

(Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §330, as added Pub. L. 109–365, title III, §312, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2547; amended Pub. L. 116–131, title I, §106(2), Mar. 25, 2020, 134 Stat. 244.)

Amendments

2020—Par. (1). Pub. L. 116–131 substituted ", food insecurity, and malnutrition" for "and food insecurity".

subpart i—congregate nutrition services

§3030e. Grants for establishment and operation of nutrition projects

The Assistant Secretary shall carry out a program for making grants to States under State plans approved under section 3027 of this title for the establishment and operation of nutrition projects that—

(1) 5 or more days a week (except in a rural area where such frequency is not feasible (as defined by the Assistant Secretary by regulation) and a lesser frequency is approved by the State agency), provide at least one hot or other appropriate meal per day and any additional meals which the recipient of a grant or contract under this subpart may elect to provide;

(2) shall be provided in congregate settings, including adult day care facilities and multigenerational meal sites; and

(3) provide nutrition education, nutrition counseling, and other nutrition services, as appropriate, based on the needs of meal participants.

(Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §331, as added Pub. L. 95–478, title I, §103(b), Oct. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 1536; amended Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §313, Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1238; Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990; Pub. L. 106–501, title III, §312(c), Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2252; Pub. L. 109–365, title III, §313, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2548.)

Amendments

2006Pub. L. 109–365, §313(1), substituted "projects that—" for "projects—" in introductory provisions.

Par. (1). Pub. L. 109–365, §313(2), struck out "which," before "5 or more days".

Par. (2). Pub. L. 109–365, §313(3), struck out "which" before "shall be provided".

Par. (3). Pub. L. 109–365, §313(4), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: "which may include nutrition education services and other appropriate nutrition services for older individuals."

2000—Par. (2). Pub. L. 106–501 inserted ", including adult day care facilities and multigenerational meal sites" before semicolon.

1993Pub. L. 103–171 substituted "Assistant Secretary" for "Commissioner" in introductory provisions and par. (1).

1992—Par. (1). Pub. L. 102–375 inserted "(except in a rural area where such frequency is not feasible (as defined by the Commissioner by regulation) and a lesser frequency is approved by the State agency)" after "week" and struck out before semicolon at end ", each of which assures a minimum of one-third of the daily recommended dietary allowances as established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council".

Effective Date

Section effective at close of Sept. 30, 1978, see section 504 of Pub. L. 95–478, set out as an Effective Date of 1978 Amendment note under section 3001 of this title.

Nutrition Services

Pub. L. 116–136, div. A, title III, §3222, Mar. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 379, provided that:

"(a) Definitions.—In this section, the terms 'Assistant Secretary', 'Secretary', 'State agency', and 'area agency on aging' have the meanings given the terms in section 102 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002).

"(b) Nutrition Services Transfer Criteria.—During any portion of the COVID–19 public health emergency declared under section 319 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d), the Secretary shall allow a State agency or an area agency on aging, without prior approval, to transfer not more than 100 percent of the funds received by the State agency or area agency on aging, respectively, and attributable to funds appropriated under paragraph (1) or (2) of section 303(b) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3023(b)), between subpart 1 and subpart 2 of part C (42 U.S.C. 3030d–2 et seq.) [probably means subparts 1 and 2 of part C of title III of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 3030e; 3030f, 3030g] for such use as the State agency or area agency on aging, respectively, considers appropriate to meet the needs of the State or area served.

"(c) Home-delivered Nutrition Services Waiver.—For purposes of State agencies' determining the delivery of nutrition services under section 337 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3030g), during the period of the COVID–19 public health emergency declared under section 319 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d), the same meaning shall be given to an individual who is unable to obtain nutrition because the individual is practicing social distancing due to the emergency as is given to an individual who is homebound by reason of illness.

"(d) Dietary Guidelines Waiver.—To facilitate implementation of subparts 1 and 2 of part C of title III of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3030d–2 et seq.) [42 U.S.C. 3030e; 3030f, 3030g] during any portion of the COVID–19 public health emergency declared under section 319 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d), the Assistant Secretary may waive the requirements for meals provided under those subparts to comply with the requirements of clauses (i) and (ii) of section 339(2)(A) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 3030g–21(2)(A))."

Nutrition Projects for Elderly Under Prior Provisions, Qualified Under Successor Provisions, Eligible for Funds Under Such Provisions; Discontinuance of Payments for Ineffective Activities

Operation of predecessor projects under successor provisions, see section 501(b) of Pub. L. 95–478, set out as a note under section 3045 of this title.

subpart ii—home delivered nutrition services

§3030f. Program authorized

The Assistant Secretary shall establish and carry out a program to make grants to States under State plans approved under section 3027 of this title for the establishment and operation of nutrition projects for older individuals that provide—

(1) on 5 or more days a week (except in a rural area where such frequency is not feasible (as defined by the Assistant Secretary by rule) and a lesser frequency is approved by the State agency) at least 1 home delivered meal per day, which may consist of hot, cold, frozen, dried, canned, or fresh foods and, as appropriate, supplemental foods, and any additional meals that the recipient of a grant or contract under this subpart elects to provide; and

(2) nutrition education, nutrition counseling, and other nutrition services, as appropriate, based on the needs of meal recipients.

(Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §336, as added Pub. L. 95–478, title I, §103(b), Oct. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 1536; amended Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §314, Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1238; Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990; Pub. L. 109–365, title III, §314, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2548; Pub. L. 114–144, §4(h), Apr. 19, 2016, 130 Stat. 339.)

Amendments

2016—Par. (1). Pub. L. 114–144 substituted "canned, or fresh foods and, as appropriate, supplemental foods, and any additional meals" for "canned, fresh, or supplemental foods and any additional meals".

2006Pub. L. 109–365 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Assistant Secretary shall carry out a program for making grants to States under State plans approved under section 3027 of this title for the establishment and operation of nutrition projects for older individuals which, 5 or more days a week (except in a rural area where such frequency is not feasible (as defined by the Assistant Secretary by regulation) and a lesser frequency is approved by the State agency), provide at least one home delivered hot, cold, frozen, dried, canned, or supplemental foods (with a satisfactory storage life) meal per day and any additional meals which the recipient of a grant or contract under this subpart may elect to provide."

1993Pub. L. 103–171 substituted "Assistant Secretary" for "Commissioner" in two places.

1992Pub. L. 102–375 inserted "(except in a rural area where such frequency is not feasible (as defined by the Commissioner by regulation) and a lesser frequency is approved by the State agency)" after "week" and struck out before period at end ", each of which assures a minimum of one-third of the daily recommended dietary allowances as established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council".

Effective Date

Section effective at close of Sept. 30, 1978, see section 504 of Pub. L. 95–478, set out as an Effective Date of 1978 Amendment note under section 3001 of this title.

§3030g. Criteria

The Assistant Secretary, in consultation with recognized experts in the fields of nutrition science, dietetics, meal planning and food service management, and aging, shall develop minimum criteria of efficiency and quality for the furnishing of home delivered meal services for projects described in section 3030f of this title.

(Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §337, as added Pub. L. 95–478, title I, §103(b), Oct. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 1536; amended Pub. L. 97–115, §10(e), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1601; Pub. L. 100–175, title I, §182(n), Nov. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 967; Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §315, Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1239; Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990; Pub. L. 109–365, title III, §315, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2548.)

Amendments

2006Pub. L. 109–365 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Assistant Secretary, in consultation with organizations of and for the aged, blind, and disabled, and with representatives from the American Dietetic Association, the Dietary Managers Association, the National Association of Area Agencies on Aging, the National Association of Nutrition and Aging Services Programs, the National Association of Meals Programs, Incorporated, and any other appropriate group, shall develop minimum criteria of efficiency and quality for the furnishing of home delivered meal services for projects described in section 3030f of this title. The criteria required by this section shall take into account the ability of established home delivered meals programs to continue such services without major alteration in the furnishing of such services."

1993Pub. L. 103–171 substituted "Assistant Secretary" for "Commissioner".

1992Pub. L. 102–375 inserted "the Dietary Managers Association," after "Dietetic Association,".

1987Pub. L. 100–175 substituted "National Association of Area Agencies" for "Association of Area Agencies".

1981Pub. L. 97–115 substituted "National Association of Nutrition and Aging Services Programs" for "National Association of Title VII Project Directors".

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–175 effective Oct. 1, 1987, except not applicable with respect to any area plan submitted under section 3026(a) of this title or any State plan submitted under section 3027(a) of this title and approved for any fiscal year beginning before Nov. 29, 1987, see section 701(a), (b) of Pub. L. 100–175, set out as a note under section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective at close of Sept. 30, 1978, see section 504 of Pub. L. 95–478, set out as an Effective Date of 1978 Amendment note under section 3001 of this title.

subpart iii—general provisions

Codification

Pub. L. 106–501, title III, §312(b), Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2252, redesignated subpart IV of this part as subpart III.

Prior Provisions

A prior subpart III, consisting of sections 3030g–11 to 3030g–13 of this title, related to school-based meals for volunteer older individuals and multigenerational programs, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 106–501, title III, §312(a), Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2252.

Section 3030g–11, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §338, as added Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §316(a), Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1239; amended Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990, provided for establishment and implementation of the programs.

Section 3030g–12, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §338A, as added Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §316(a), Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1240; amended Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990; Pub. L. 103–382, title III, §391(r)(1), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 4024, described required contents of application and criteria for selection among applicants.

Section 3030g–13, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §338B, as added Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §316(a), Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1240; amended Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(11), (13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990, required States receiving grants to submit reports evaluating projects.

§3030g–21. Nutrition

A State that establishes and operates a nutrition project under this chapter 1 shall—

(1) utilize the expertise of a dietitian or other individual with equivalent education and training in nutrition science, or if such an individual is not available, an individual with comparable expertise in the planning of nutritional services, and

(2) ensure that the project—

(A) provides meals that—

(i) comply with the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans, published by the Secretary and the Secretary of Agriculture, and

(ii) provide to each participating older individual—

(I) a minimum of 331/3 percent of the dietary reference intakes established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, if the project provides one meal per day,

(II) a minimum of 662/3 percent of the allowances if the project provides two meals per day, and

(III) 100 percent of the allowances if the project provides three meals per day, and


(iii) to the maximum extent practicable, are adjusted to meet any special dietary needs of program participants, including meals adjusted for cultural considerations and preferences and medically tailored meals,


(B) provides flexibility to local nutrition providers in designing meals that are appealing to program participants,

(C) encourages providers to enter into contracts that limit the amount of time meals must spend in transit before they are consumed,

(D) where feasible, encourages joint arrangements with schools and other facilities serving meals to children in order to promote intergenerational meal programs,

(E) provides that meals, other than in-home meals, are provided in settings in as close proximity to the majority of eligible older individuals' residences as feasible,

(F) comply 2 with applicable provisions of State or local laws regarding the safe and sanitary handling of food, equipment, and supplies used in the storage, preparation, service, and delivery of meals to an older individual,

(G) ensures that meal providers solicit the advice and expertise of—

(i) a dietitian or other individual described in paragraph (1),

(ii) meal participants, and

(iii) other individuals knowledgeable with regard to the needs of older individuals,


(H) ensures that each participating area agency on aging establishes procedures that allow nutrition project administrators the option to offer a meal, on the same basis as meals provided to participating older individuals, to individuals providing volunteer services during the meal hours, and to individuals with disabilities who reside at home with older individuals eligible under this chapter,1

(I) ensures that nutrition services will be available to older individuals and to their spouses, and may be made available to individuals with disabilities who are not older individuals but who reside in housing facilities occupied primarily by older individuals at which congregate nutrition services are provided,

(J) provides for nutrition screening and nutrition education, and nutrition assessment and counseling if appropriate,

(K) encourages individuals who distribute nutrition services under subpart II to provide, to homebound older individuals, available medical information approved by health care professionals, such as informational brochures and information on how to get vaccines, including vaccines for influenza, pneumonia, and shingles, in the individuals' communities, and

(L) where feasible, encourages the use of locally grown foods in meal programs and identifies potential partnerships and contracts with local producers and providers of locally grown foods.

(Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §339, as added Pub. L. 106–501, title III, §313, Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2252; amended Pub. L. 109–365, title III, §316, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2548; Pub. L. 114–144, §4(i), Apr. 19, 2016, 130 Stat. 339; Pub. L. 116–131, title II, §215, title VII, §701(9), Mar. 25, 2020, 134 Stat. 259, 271.)

Codification

Pub. L. 106–501, §313, which directed amendment of subpart 4 of part C of title III of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (Pub. L. 89–73) by striking section 339 and inserting this section, was executed in this subpart, which is subpart 3 of part C of title III of the Act, by repealing prior section 3030g–21, and inserting this section, to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the redesignation of subpart 4 of part C of title III of the Act as subpart 3 by Pub. L. 106–501, §312(b).

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3030g–21, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §339, as added Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §317, Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1241, related to compliance with dietary guidelines prior to repeal by Pub. L. 106–501, title III, §313, Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2252. See Codification note above.

Amendments

2020—Par. (2)(A)(ii)(I). Pub. L. 116–131, §701(9), substituted "National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine" for "Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences".

Par. (2)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 116–131, §215, inserted ", including meals adjusted for cultural considerations and preferences and medically tailored meals" before comma at end.

2016—Par. (1). Pub. L. 114–144, §4(i)(1), substituted "utilize" for "solicit".

Par. (2)(L). Pub. L. 114–144, §4(i)(2), added subpar. (L).

2006—Par. (1). Pub. L. 109–365, §316(1), amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: "solicit the advice of a dietitian or individual with comparable expertise in the planning of nutritional services, and".

Par. (2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 109–365, §316(2)(A)(i), amended cl. (i) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (i) read as follows: "comply with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, published by the Secretary and the Secretary of Agriculture,".

Par. (2)(A)(ii)(I). Pub. L. 109–365, §316(2)(A)(ii), substituted "dietary reference intakes" for "daily recommended dietary allowances as".

Par. (2)(D). Pub. L. 109–365, §316(2)(B), inserted "joint" after "encourages".

Par. (2)(G). Pub. L. 109–365, §316(2)(C), amended subpar. (G) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (G) read as follows: "ensures that meal providers carry out such project with the advice of dietitians (or individuals with comparable expertise), meal participants, and other individuals knowledgeable with regard to the needs of older individuals,".

Par. (2)(H). Pub. L. 109–365, §316(2)(D), struck out "and accompany" after "home with".

Par. (2)(J), (K). Pub. L. 109–365, §316(2)(E), (F), added subpars. (J) and (K) and struck out former subpar. (J) which read as follows: "provide for nutrition screening and, where appropriate, for nutrition education and counseling."

1 So in original. Title III of Pub. L. 89–73, as amended, contained parts and subparts, but not chapters.

2 So in original. Probably should be "complies".

§3030g–22. Payment requirement

Payments made by a State agency or an area agency on aging for nutrition services (including meals) provided under part A, B, or C may not be reduced to reflect any increase in the level of assistance provided under section 3030a of this title.

(Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §339A, as added Pub. L. 102–375, title III, §317, Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1241.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3030h to 3030l were repealed by Pub. L. 106–501, title III, §314(1), Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2253.

Section 3030h, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §341, as added Pub. L. 100–175, title I, §140(d), Nov. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 945; amended Pub. L. 102–375, title I, §102(b)(6), (10)(C), Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1201, 1202; Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990, authorized a grant program for States.

Section 3030i, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §342, as added Pub. L. 100–175, title I, §140(d), Nov. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 945; amended Pub. L. 102–375, title I, §102(b)(7), title III, §318, Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1201, 1241, defined "in-home services".

Section 3030j, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §343, as added Pub. L. 100–175, title I, §140(d), Nov. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 945, provided for the State agency to develop eligibility criteria.

Section 3030k, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §344, as added Pub. L. 100–175, title I, §140(d), Nov. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 946, required that funds available under former part D of this subchapter be in addition to funds otherwise expended.

Section 3030l, Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §351, as added Pub. L. 100–175, title I, §141(d), Nov. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 946; amended Pub. L. 102–375, title VII, §708(a)(2)(C), Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1292; Pub. L. 103–171, §3(a)(13), Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1990, authorized program of grants to satisfy special needs of older individuals.

§3030g–23. Nutrition services impact study

(a) Study

(1) In general

The Assistant Secretary shall perform a study to assess how to measure and evaluate the discrepancy between available services and the demand for such services in the home delivered nutrition services program and the congregate nutrition services program under this part, which shall include assessing various methods (such as those that States use) to measure and evaluate the discrepancy (such as measurement through the length of waitlists).

(2) Contents

In performing the study, the Assistant Secretary shall—

(A) consider means of obtaining information in rural and underserved communities; and

(B) consider using existing tools (existing as of the date the Assistant Secretary begins the study) such as the tools developed through the Performance Outcome Measurement Project.

(3) Analysis

The Assistant Secretary shall analyze and determine which methods are the least burdensome and most effective for measuring and evaluating the discrepancy described in paragraph (1).

(b) Recommendations

(1) Preparation

Not later than 3 years after March 25, 2020, the Assistant Secretary shall prepare recommendations—

(A) on how to measure and evaluate, with the least burden and the most effectiveness, the discrepancy described in subsection (a)(1) (such as measurement through the length of waitlists); and

(B) about whether studies similar to the study described in subsection (a) should be carried out for programs carried out under this chapter, other than this part.

(2) Issuance

The Assistant Secretary shall issue the recommendations, and make the recommendations available as a notification pursuant to section 3012(a)(34) of this title and to the committees of the Senate and of the House of Representatives with jurisdiction over this chapter, and the Special Committee on Aging of the Senate.

(Pub. L. 89–73, title III, §339B, as added Pub. L. 116–131, title II, §216, Mar. 25, 2020, 134 Stat. 259.)