[USC02] 7 USC CHAPTER 103, SUBCHAPTER II: NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION INITIATIVES
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7 USC CHAPTER 103, SUBCHAPTER II: NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION INITIATIVES
From Title 7—AGRICULTURECHAPTER 103—AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II—NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION INITIATIVES

§7621. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7406(b)(1), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1251, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7406(b)(1), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2013

Section, Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §401, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 564; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, §101(a) [title VII, §753(c)(2)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681-33; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §7205(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 439; Pub. L. 109–171, title I, §1501, Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 7, related to the Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 repealed this section. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

Repeal of this section inapplicable to any solicitation for grant applications issued by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service before June 18, 2008, see section 7406(c) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date of 2008 Amendment note under section 3157 of this title.

§7622. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7302, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1242, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7302, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2003

Section, Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §402, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 566; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §7123, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 434, related to partnerships for high-value agricultural product quality research.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 repealed this section. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

§7623. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7303, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1242, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7303, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2003

Section, Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §403, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 567; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §§7129, 7207(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 435, 440, related to precision agriculture.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 repealed this section. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

§7624. Biobased products

(a) "Biobased product" defined

In this section, the term "biobased product" means a product suitable for food or nonfood use that is derived in whole or in part from renewable agricultural and forestry materials.

(b) Coordination of biobased product activities

The Secretary of Agriculture shall—

(1) coordinate the research, technical expertise, economic information, and market information resources and activities of the Department to develop, commercialize, and promote the use of biobased products;

(2) solicit input from private sector persons who produce, or are interested in producing, biobased products;

(3) provide a centralized contact point for advice and technical assistance for promising and innovative biobased products; and

(4) submit an annual report to Congress describing the coordinated research, marketing, and commercialization activities of the Department relating to biobased products.

(c) Cooperative agreements for biobased products

(1) Agreements authorized

The Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with private entities described in subsection (d), under which the facilities and technical expertise of the Agricultural Research Service and the Forest Service may be made available to operate pilot plants and other large-scale preparation facilities for the purpose of bringing technologies necessary for the development and commercialization of new biobased products to the point of practical application.

(2) Description of cooperative activities

Cooperative activities may include—

(A) research on potential environmental impacts of a biobased product;

(B) methods to reduce the cost of manufacturing a biobased product; and

(C) other appropriate research.

(3) Authority of Secretary

To carry out a cooperative agreement with a private entity under paragraph (1), the Secretary may rent to the private entity equipment, the title of which is held by the Federal Government.

(d) Eligible partners

The following entities shall be eligible to enter into a cooperative agreement under subsection (c):

(1) A party that has entered into a cooperative research and development agreement with the Secretary under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a).

(2) A recipient of funding from the Biotechnology Research and Development Corporation.

(3) A recipient of funding from the Secretary under a Small Business Innovation Research Program established under section 638 of title 15.

(e) Pilot project

The Secretary, acting through the Agricultural Research Service, may establish and carry out a pilot project under which grants are provided, on a competitive basis, to scientists of the Agricultural Research Service to—

(1) encourage innovative and collaborative science; and

(2) during each of fiscal years 1999 through 2012, develop biobased products with promising commercial potential.

(f) Source of funds

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), to carry out this section, the Secretary may use—

(A) funds appropriated to carry out this section; and

(B) funds otherwise available for cooperative research and development agreements under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).

(2) Exception

The Secretary may not use funds referred to in paragraph (1)(B) to carry out subsection (e).

(g) Sale of developed products

For the purpose of determining the market potential for new biobased products produced at a pilot plant or other large-scale preparation facility under a cooperative agreement under this section, the Secretary shall authorize the private partner or partners to the agreement to sell the products.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2012.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §404, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 570; Pub. L. 107–171, title VI, §6201(d)(4), title VII, §7124, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 419, 434; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7304, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1242; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7304, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2003; Pub. L. 111–88, div. A, title IV, §431, Oct. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 2964.)

References in Text

The Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (f)(1)(B), is Pub. L. 96–480, Oct. 21, 1980, 94 Stat. 2311, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 63 (§3701 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3701 of Title 15 and Tables.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2009—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 111–88, §431(1), substituted "Agricultural Research Service and the Forest Service" for "Agricultural Research Service".

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 111–88, §431(2), added par. (3).

2008—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 110–246, §7304(a), substituted "2012" for "2007".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 110–246, §7304(b), substituted "2012" for "2007".

2002—Subsec. (d)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 107–171, §6201(d)(4), redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively, and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "A recipient of funding from the Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Corporation established under section 5902 of this title."

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 107–171, §7124(a), substituted "2007" for "2001".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107–171, §7124(b), substituted "2007" for "2002".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

§7625. National Food Safety Training, Education, Extension, Outreach, and Technical Assistance Program

(a) In general

The Secretary shall award grants under this section to carry out the competitive grant program established under section 399c(d) 1 of title 21, pursuant to any memoranda of understanding entered into under such section.

(b) Integrated approach

The grant program described under subsection (a) shall be carried out under this section in a manner that facilitates the integration of food safety standards and guidance with the variety of agricultural production systems, encompassing conventional, sustainable, organic, and conservation and environmental practices.

(c) Priority

In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to projects that target small and medium-sized farms, beginning farmers, socially disadvantaged farmers, veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in section 2279(a) of this title), small processors, or small fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers.

(d) Program coordination

(1) In general

The Secretary shall coordinate implementation of the grant program under this section with the National Integrated Food Safety Initiative.

(2) Interaction

The Secretary shall—

(A) in carrying out the grant program under this section, take into consideration applied research, education, and extension results obtained from the National Integrated Food Safety Initiative; and

(B) in determining the applied research agenda for the National Integrated Food Safety Initiative, take into consideration the needs articulated by participants in projects funded by the program under this section.

(e) Grants

(1) In general

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall make competitive grants to support training, education, extension, outreach, and technical assistance projects that will help improve public health by increasing the understanding and adoption of established food safety standards, guidance, and protocols.

(2) Encouraged features

The Secretary shall encourage projects carried out using grant funds under this section to include co-management of food safety, conservation systems, and ecological health.

(3) Term of grant

A grant under this section shall have a term that is not more than 3 years.

(f) Grant eligibility

(1) In general

To be eligible for a grant under this section, an entity shall be—

(A) a State cooperative extension service;

(B) a Federal, State, local, or tribal agency, a nonprofit community-based or non-governmental organization, or an organization representing owners and operators of farms, small food processors, or small fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers that has a commitment to public health and expertise in administering programs that contribute to food safety;

(C) an institution of higher education (as defined in section 1001(a) of title 20) or a foundation maintained by an institution of higher education;

(D) a collaboration of 2 of more eligible entities described in this subsection; or

(E) such other appropriate entity, as determined by the Secretary.

(2) Multistate partnerships

Grants under this section may be made for projects involving more than 1 State.

(g) Regional balance

In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure—

(1) geographic diversity; and

(2) diversity of types of agricultural production.

(h) Technical assistance

The Secretary may use funds made available under this section to provide technical assistance to grant recipients to further the purposes of this section.

(i) Best practices and model programs

Based on evaluations of, and responses arising from, projects funded under this section, the Secretary may issue a set of recommended best practices and models for food safety training programs for agricultural producers, small food processors, and small fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers.

(j) Authorization of appropriations

For the purposes of making grants under this section, there is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §405, as added Pub. L. 111–353, title II, §209(b), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3947; amended Pub. L. 115–334, title VII, §7301, title XII, §12306(e), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4815, 4970.)

References in Text

Section 399c(d) of title 21, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original "section 1011(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act" and was translated as meaning section 1011(d) of the Act as added by Pub. L. 111–353, title II, §209(a), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3945, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. Section 399c of title 21 was renumbered section 1012 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act by Pub. L. 114–255, div. A, title III, §3073(b)(2), Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1137. Another section 1011 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act as added by Pub. L. 111–148, title III, §3509(g), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 536 is classified to section 399b of Title 21, Food and Drugs, but does not contain a subsec. (d).

Prior Provisions

A prior section 7625, Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §405, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 572; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §§7130, 7207(b), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 435, 440, related to the Thomas Jefferson Initiative for Crop Diversification, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7305, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1242, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7305, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2003. Repeal of prior section 7625 and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–334, §12306(e), inserted "veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in section 2279(a) of this title)," after "socially disadvantaged farmers,".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 115–334, §7301(a), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) related to maximum term and size of grant.

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 115–334, §7301(b), substituted "there is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023." for "there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2011 through 2015."

Construction

Nothing in this section to be construed to apply to certain alcohol-related facilities, to alter jurisdiction and authorities established under certain other Acts, or in a manner inconsistent with international agreements to which the United States is a party, see sections 2206, 2251, and 2252 of Title 21, Food and Drugs.

1 See References in Text note below.

§7626. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive grants program

(a) Purpose

It is the purpose of this section to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to establish an integrated research, education, and extension competitive grant program to provide funding for integrated, multifunctional agricultural research, extension, and education activities.

(b) Competitive grants authorized

Subject to the availability of appropriations to carry out this section, the Secretary may award grants to colleges and universities (as defined in section 3103 of this title), 1994 Institutions, and Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities on a competitive basis for integrated agricultural research, education, and extension projects in accordance with this section.

(c) Criteria for grants

Grants under this section shall be awarded to address priorities in United States agriculture, determined by the Secretary in consultation with the Advisory Board, that involve integrated research, extension, and education activities.

(d) Matching funds requirement

(1) In general

Subject to paragraph (3), with respect to a grant under this section that provides a particular benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, the recipient of the grant shall provide non-Federal matching funds (including funds from an agricultural commodity promotion, research, and information program) equal to not less than the amount of the grant.

(2) In-kind support

Non-Federal matching funds described in paragraph (1) may include in-kind support.

(3) Waiver

The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement under paragraph (1) with respect to a grant if the Secretary determines that—

(A) the results of the grant are of a particular benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, but those results are likely to be applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or

(B)(i) the grant—

(I) involves a minor commodity; and

(II) deals with scientifically important research; and


(ii) the recipient is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.

(e) Term of grant

A grant under this section shall have a term of not more than 5 years.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2023.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §406, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 573; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §§7125, 7206, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 434, 439; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §§7129(c)(4), 7306, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1227, 1242; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §§7129(c)(4), 7306, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1988, 2004; Pub. L. 113–79, title VII, §§7128(b)(3)(A), 7302, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 879, 887; Pub. L. 115–334, title VII, §§7302, 7614(b)(3)(A), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4815, 4835.)

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–334, §7614(b)(3)(A)(ii), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 115–334, §7614(b)(3)(A)(i), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Pub. L. 115–334, §7302, substituted "2023" for "2018".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–334, §7614(b)(3)(A)(i), redesignated subsec. (e) as (f).

2014—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–79, §7128(b)(3)(A), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which related to matching funds requirement.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–79, §7302, substituted "2018" for "2012".

Pub. L. 113–79, §7128(b)(3)(A)(ii), redesignated subsec. (f) as (e).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 113–79, §7128(b)(3)(A)(ii), redesignated subsec. (f) as (e).

2008—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–246, §7129(c)(4), substituted ", 1994 Institutions, and Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities" for "and 1994 Institutions".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 110–246, §7306, substituted "2012" for "2007".

2002—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–171, §7206, inserted "and 1994 Institutions" before "on a competitive basis".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–171, §7125(1), (2), added subsec. (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107–171, §7125(1), (3), redesignated subsec. (e) as (f) and substituted "2007" for "2002".

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by section 7614(b)(3)(A) of Pub. L. 115–334 applicable to grants, cooperative agreements, or other awards made after Dec. 20, 2018, with matching funds requirement in effect on Dec. 20, 2018, to continue to apply to such grant, cooperative agreement, or other award, see section 7614(c) of Pub. L. 115–334, set out as a note under section 3151 of this title.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

§7627. Coordinated program of research, extension, and education to improve viability of small and medium size dairy, livestock, and poultry operations

(a) Program authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture may carry out a coordinated program of research, extension, and education to improve the competitiveness, viability, and sustainability of small and medium size dairy, livestock, and poultry operations (referred to in this section as "operations").

(b) Components

To the extent the Secretary elects to carry out the program, the Secretary shall conduct—

(1) research, development, and on-farm extension and education concerning low-cost production facilities and practices, management systems, and genetics that are appropriate for the operations;

(2) in the case of dairy and livestock operations, research and extension on management-intensive grazing systems for dairy and livestock production to realize the potential for reduced capital and feed costs through greater use of management skills, labor availability optimization, and the natural benefits of grazing pastures;

(3) research and extension on integrated crop and livestock or poultry systems that increase efficiencies (including improved use of energy inputs), reduce costs, and prevent environmental pollution to strengthen the competitive position of the operations;

(4) economic analyses and market feasibility studies to identify new and expanded opportunities for producers on the operations that provide tools and strategies to meet consumer demand in domestic and international markets, such as cooperative marketing and value-added strategies for milk, meat, and poultry production and processing; and

(5) technology assessment that compares the technological resources of large specialized producers with the technological needs of producers on the operations to identify and transfer existing technology across all sizes and scales and to identify the specific research and education needs of the producers.

(c) Administration

The Secretary may use the funds, facilities, and technical expertise of the Agricultural Research Service and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture and other funds available to the Secretary (other than funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation) to carry out this section.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §407, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 573; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §7207(c), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 440; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7511(c)(31), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1270; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7511(c)(31), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2032.)

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–246, §7511(c)(31), substituted "National Institute of Food and Agriculture" for "Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service".

2002—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 107–171 inserted "(including improved use of energy inputs)" after "poultry systems that increase efficiencies".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

Amendment by section 7511(c)(31) of Pub. L. 110–246 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 7511(c) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 1522 of this title.

§7628. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia indica

(a) Research grants authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture may make grants to consortia of land-grant colleges and universities to enhance the ability of the consortia to carry out multi-State research projects aimed at understanding and combating diseases of wheat, triticale, and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum and related fungi (referred to in this section as "wheat scab") or by Tilletia indica and related fungi (referred to in this section as "Karnal bunt").

(b) Research components

Funds provided under this section shall be available for the following collaborative, multi-State research activities:

(1) Identification and understanding of the epidemiology of wheat scab or of Karnal bunt, and the toxicological properties of vomitoxin, a toxic metabolite commonly occurring in wheat, triticale, and barley infected with wheat scab.

(2) Development of crop management strategies to reduce the risk of wheat scab or Karnal bunt occurrence.

(3) Development of—

(A) efficient and accurate methods to monitor wheat, triticale, and barley for the presence of Karnal bunt or of wheat scab and resulting vomitoxin contamination;

(B) post-harvest management techniques for wheat, triticale, and barley infected with wheat scab or with Karnal bunt; and

(C) milling and food processing techniques to render wheat scab contaminated grain safe.


(4) Strengthening and expansion of plant-breeding activities to enhance the resistance of wheat, triticale, and barley to wheat scab and to Karnal bunt, including the establishment of a regional advanced breeding material evaluation nursery and a germplasm introduction and evaluation system.

(5) Development and deployment of alternative fungicide application systems and formulations to control wheat scab and Karnal bunt and consideration of other chemical control strategies to assist farmers until new more resistant wheat, triticale, and barley varieties are available.

(c) Communications networks

Funds provided under this section shall be available for efforts to concentrate, integrate, and disseminate research, extension, and outreach-orientated information regarding wheat scab or Karnal bunt.

(d) Management

To oversee the use of a grant made under this section, the Secretary may establish a committee composed of the directors of the agricultural experiment stations in the States in which land-grant colleges and universities that are members of the consortium are located.

(e) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section—

(1) such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2013;

(2) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018; and

(3) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.

(f) Limitation on indirect costs

A recipient of a grant under this section may not use more than 10 percent of the funds provided by the grant for the indirect costs of carrying out the initiatives described in subsection (a).

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §408, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 574; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §§7131, 7207(d)(1)–(4)(A), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 435, 440, 441; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7307, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1242; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7307, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2004; Pub. L. 113–79, title VII, §7303, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 888; Pub. L. 115–334, title VII, §7303, Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4815.)

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 115–334, §7303(1), added par. (3).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–334, §7303(2), added subsec. (f).

2014—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–79 amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2012."

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, §7307(1), substituted "grants" for "grant" in heading.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–246, §7307(2), substituted "2012" for "2007".

2002Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(4)(A), substituted ", triticale, and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia indica" for "and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(1), reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of Agriculture may make a grant to a consortium of land-grant colleges and universities to enhance the ability of the consortium to carry out a multi-State research project aimed at understanding and combating diseases of wheat and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum and related fungi (referred to in this section as 'wheat scab')."

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(2)(A), (B), inserted "or of Karnal bunt," after "epidemiology of wheat scab" and ", triticale," after "occurring in wheat".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(2)(C), inserted "or Karnal bunt" after "wheat scab".

Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(2)(D), substituted ", triticale, and barley for the presence of Karnal bunt or of" for "and barley for the presence of".

Subsec. (b)(3)(B). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(2)(E), substituted ", triticale, and barley infected with wheat scab or with Karnal bunt" for "and barley infected with wheat scab".

Subsec. (b)(3)(C). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(2)(F), inserted "wheat scab" after "to render".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(2)(G), substituted ", triticale, and barley to wheat scab and to Karnal bunt" for "and barley to wheat scab".

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(2)(H), inserted "and Karnal bunt" after "wheat scab" and ", triticale," after "resistant wheat".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–171, §7207(d)(3), inserted "or Karnal bunt" after "wheat scab".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–171, §7131, substituted "such sums as may be necessary" for "$5,200,000" and "2007" for "2002".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

§7629. Repealed. Pub. L. 113–79, title VII, §7304, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 888

Section, Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §409, as added Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §7207(e), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 441; amended Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7308, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1243; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7308, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2004, related to bovine Johne's disease control program.

§7630. Grants for youth organizations

(a) In general

The Secretary, acting through the Director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, shall make grants to the Girl Scouts of the United States of America, the Boy Scouts of America, the National 4–H Council, and the National FFA Organization to establish pilot projects to expand the programs carried out by the organizations in rural areas and small towns (including, with respect to the National 4–H Council, activities provided for in Public Law 107–19 (115 Stat. 153)).

(b) Flexibility

The Secretary shall provide maximum flexibility in content delivery to each organization receiving funds under this section so as to ensure that the unique goals of each organization, as well as the local community needs, are fully met.

(c) Redistribution of funding within organizations authorized

Recipients of funds under this section may redistribute all or part of the funds received to individual councils or local chapters within the councils without further need of approval from the Secretary.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section—

(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2013; and

(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2023.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §410, as added Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §7412, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 462; amended Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §§7309, 7511(c)(32), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1243, 1270; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §§7309, 7511(c)(32), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2004, 2032; Pub. L. 113–79, title VII, §7305, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 888; Pub. L. 115–334, title VII, §7304, Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4815.)

References in Text

Pub. L. 107–19, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 107–19, July 10, 2001, 115 Stat. 153, which is not classified to the Code.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 115–334 substituted "2023" for "2018".

2014—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–79 substituted "section—" for "section such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012." and added pars. (1) and (2).

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, §7511(c)(32), substituted "Director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture" for "Administrator of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service".

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 110–246, §7309, added subsecs. (b) to (d) and struck out former subsecs. (b) and (c) which related to availability of funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation for fiscal year 2002 and authorization of appropriations for fiscal years 2003 through 2007.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

Amendment by section 7511(c)(32) of Pub. L. 110–246 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 7511(c) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 1522 of this title.

Definitions

Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture, see section 7401(1) of Pub. L. 107–171, set out as a note under section 3319b of this title.

§7631. Agricultural biotechnology research and development for developing countries

(a) Eligible entity

In this section, the term "eligible entity" means—

(A) an institution of higher education that offers a curriculum in agriculture or the biosciences;

(B) a nonprofit organization; or

(C) a consortium of for-profit institutions and agricultural research institutions.

(b) Grant program

(1) In general

The Secretary (acting through the Foreign Agricultural Service) shall establish and administer a program to make competitive grants to eligible entities to develop agricultural biotechnology for developing countries.

(2) Use of funds

Funds provided to an eligible entity under this section may be used for projects that use biotechnology to—

(A) enhance the nutritional content of agricultural products that can be grown in developing countries;

(B) increase the yield and safety of agricultural products that can be grown in developing countries;

(C) increase the yield of agricultural products that are drought- and stress-resistant and that can be grown in developing countries;

(D) extend the growing range of crops that can be grown in developing countries;

(E) enhance the shelf-life of fruits and vegetables grown in developing countries;

(F) develop environmentally sustainable agricultural products that can be grown in developing countries; and

(G) develop vaccines to immunize against life-threatening illnesses and other medications that can be administered by consuming genetically-engineered agricultural products.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2012.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §411, as added Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §7505, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 466; amended Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7310, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1243; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7310, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2004.)

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–246, §7310, substituted "2012" for "2007".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

§7632. Specialty crop research initiative

(a) Definitions

In this section:

(1) Citrus disease subcommittee

The term "citrus disease subcommittee" means the subcommittee established under section 3123a(a)(2) of this title.

(2) Initiative

The term "Initiative" means the specialty crop research and extension initiative established by subsection (b).

(3) Specialty crop

The term "specialty crop" has the meaning given that term in section 3 of the Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 U.S.C. 1621 note; Public Law 108–465).

(4) Specialty crops committee

The term "specialty crops committee" means the committee established under section 3123a of this title.

(b) Establishment

There is established within the Department a specialty crop research and extension initiative to address the critical needs of the specialty crop industry by developing and disseminating science-based tools to address needs of specific crops and their regions, including—

(1) research in plant breeding, genetics, genomics, and other methods to improve crop characteristics, such as—

(A) product, taste, quality, and appearance;

(B) size-controlling rootstock systems for perennial crops;

(C) environmental responses and tolerances;

(D) nutrient management, including plant nutrient uptake efficiency;

(E) pest and disease management, including resistance to pests and diseases resulting in reduced application management strategies; and

(F) enhanced phytonutrient content;


(2) efforts to identify and address threats from pests and diseases, including—

(A) threats to specialty crop pollinators;

(B) emerging and invasive species; and

(C) a more effective understanding and utilization of existing natural enemy complexes;


(3) efforts—

(A) to improve production efficiency, handling and processing, productivity, and profitability over the long term (including specialty crop policy and marketing); and

(B) to achieve a better understanding of—

(i) the soil rhizosphere microbiome;

(ii) pesticide application systems and certified drift-reduction technologies; and

(iii) systems to improve and extend the storage life of specialty crops;


(4) new innovations and technology, including—

(A) mechanization and automation of labor-intensive tasks in production and processing;

(B) technologies that delay or inhibit ripening;

(C) decision support systems driven by phenology and environmental factors;

(D) improved monitoring systems for agricultural pests; and

(E) effective systems for preharvest and postharvest management of quarantine pests; and


(5) methods to prevent, detect, monitor, control, and respond to potential food safety hazards in the production and processing of specialty crops, including fresh produce.

(c) Eligible entities

The Secretary may carry out this section through—

(1) Federal agencies;

(2) national laboratories;

(3) colleges and universities;

(4) research institutions and organizations;

(5) private organizations or corporations;

(6) State agricultural experiment stations;

(7) individuals; or

(8) groups consisting of 2 or more entities described in paragraphs (1) through (7).

(d) Review of proposals

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall award competitive grants on the basis of—

(1) a scientific peer review conducted by a panel of subject matter experts from Federal agencies, non-Federal entities, and the specialty crop industry; and

(2) a review and ranking for merit, relevance, and impact conducted by a panel of specialty crop industry representatives for the specific specialty crop.

(e) Consultation

Each fiscal year, before conducting the scientific peer review described in paragraph (1) of subsection (d) and the merit and relevancy review described in paragraph (2) of such subsection, the Secretary shall consult with the specialty crops committee regarding such reviews. The committee shall provide the Secretary—

(1) in the first fiscal year in which that consultation occurs, any recommendations for conducting such reviews in such fiscal year; and

(2) in any subsequent fiscal year in which such consultation occurs—

(A) an assessment of the procedures and objectives used by the Secretary for such reviews in the previous fiscal year;

(B) any recommendations for such reviews for the current fiscal year; and

(C) any comments on grants awarded under subsection (d) during the previous fiscal year.

(f) Report

The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on—

(1) the results of the consultations with the specialty crops committee (and subcommittees thereof) conducted under subsection (e) of this section and subsection (g) of section 3123a of this title;

(2) the specialty crops committee's (and subcommittees thereof) recommendations, if any, provided to the Secretary during such consultations; and

(3) the specialty crops committee's (and subcommittees thereof) review of the grants awarded under subsection (d) and (j), as applicable, in the previous fiscal year.

(g) Administration

(1) In general

With respect to grants awarded under this section, the Secretary shall seek and accept proposals for grants.

(2) Term

The term of a grant under this section may not exceed 10 years.

(3) Matching requirement

(A) In general

An entity receiving a grant under this section shall provide non-Federal matching funds (including funds from an agricultural commodity promotion, research, and information program) equal to not less than the amount of the grant.

(B) In-kind support

Non-Federal matching funds described in subparagraph (A) may include in-kind support.

(4) Other conditions

The Secretary may set such other conditions on the award of a grant under the Initiative as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(h) Priorities

In making grants under the Initiative, the Secretary shall provide a higher priority to projects that—

(1) are multistate, multi-institutional, or multidisciplinary; and

(2) include explicit mechanisms to communicate results to producers and the public.

(i) Buildings and facilities

Funds made available under this section shall not be used for the construction of a new building or facility or the acquisition, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of an existing building or facility (including site grading and improvement, and architect fees).

(j) Emergency citrus disease research and extension program

(1) Establishment and purpose

The Secretary shall establish a competitive research and extension grant program to combat diseases of citrus under which the Secretary awards competitive grants to eligible entities—

(A) to conduct scientific research and extension activities, technical assistance, and development activities to combat citrus diseases and pests, both domestic and invasive, which pose imminent harm to the United States citrus production and threaten the future viability of the citrus industry, including huanglongbing and the Asian Citrus Psyllid; and

(B) to provide support for the dissemination and commercialization of relevant information, techniques, and technologies discovered pursuant to research and extension activities funded through—

(i) the emergency citrus disease research and extension program; or

(ii) other research and extension projects intended to solve problems caused by citrus production diseases and invasive pests.

(2) Priority

In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to grants that address the research and extension priorities established pursuant to subsection (g)(4) of section 3123a of this title.

(3) Coordination

When developing the proposed research and extension agenda and budget under subsection (g)(2) of section 3123a of this title for the funds made available under this subsection for a fiscal year, the citrus disease subcommittee shall—

(A) seek input from Federal and State agencies and other entities involved in citrus disease response; and

(B) take into account other public and private citrus-related research and extension projects and the funding for such projects.

(4) Nonduplication

The Secretary shall ensure that funds made available to carry out the emergency citrus disease research and extension activities under this subsection shall be in addition to and not supplant funds made available to carry out other citrus disease activities carried out by the Department of Agriculture in consultation with State agencies.

(5) Authorization of appropriations

In addition to the amounts reserved under subsection (k)(1)(C), there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection, $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.

(6) Definitions

In this subsection:

(A) Citrus

The term "citrus" means edible fruit of the family Rutaceae, including any hybrid of such fruits and products of such hybrids that are produced for commercial purposes in the United States.

(B) Citrus producer

The term "citrus producer" means any person that is engaged in the domestic production and commercial sale of citrus in the United States.

(C) Emergency citrus disease research and extension program

The term "emergency citrus disease research and extension program" means the emergency citrus research and extension grant program established under this subsection.

(k) Funding

(1) Mandatory funding

(A) Fiscal years 2008 through 2012

Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make available to carry out this section $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2008 and $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2012, from which activities under each of paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b) shall be allocated not less than 10 percent.

(B) Subsequent funding

Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make available to carry out this section $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter.

(C) Reservation

For each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, the Secretary shall reserve not less than $25,000,000 of the funds made available under subparagraph (B) to carry out the program established under subsection (j).

(D) Availability of funds

Funds reserved under subparagraph (C) shall remain available and reserved for the purpose described in such subparagraph until expended.

(2) Authorization of appropriations for fiscal years 2014 through 2023

In addition to funds made available under paragraph (1), there is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2023.

(3) Fiscal year 2013

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2013.

(4) Transfer

Of the funds made available to the Secretary under paragraph (1) for fiscal year 2008 and authorized for use for payment of administrative expenses under section 3315(a)(3) of this title, the Secretary shall transfer, upon the date of enactment of this section, $200,000 to the Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances of the Environmental Protection Agency for use in conducting a meta-analysis relating to methyl bromide.

(5) Availability

Funds made available pursuant to this subsection for a fiscal year shall remain available until expended to pay for obligations incurred in that fiscal year.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §412, as added Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7311(a), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1243, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7311(a), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2004; amended Pub. L. 112–240, title VII, §701(e)(2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2364; Pub. L. 113–79, title VII, §§7128(b)(3)(B), 7306, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 879, 888; Pub. L. 115–334, title VII, §§7305, 7614(b)(3)(B), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4815, 4836.)

References in Text

The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec. (k)(4), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–246, which was approved June 18, 2008.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 enacted identical sections. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (b)(1)(B) to (F). Pub. L. 115–334, §7305(a)(1), added subpar. (B) and redesignated former subpars. (B) to (E) as (C) to (F), respectively.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 115–334, §7305(a)(2), substituted "including—" and subpars. (A) to (C) for "including threats to specialty crop pollinators;".

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 115–334, §7305(a)(3), substituted "efforts—" for "efforts", inserted subpar. (A) designation before "to improve", and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 115–334, §7305(a)(4), substituted "including—" and subpars. (A) to (E) for "including improved mechanization and technologies that delay or inhibit ripening; and".

Subsec. (g)(3), (4). Pub. L. 115–334, §7614(b)(3)(B), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).

Subsec. (k)(2). Pub. L. 115–334, §7305(b), substituted "2023" for "2018" in heading and text.

2014—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(1), added pars. (1) and (4) and redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as (2) and (3), respectively.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(2)(A), substituted "genomics, and other methods" for "and genomics" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(2)(B), inserted "handling and processing," after "production efficiency,".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(3), substituted "this section" for "the Initiative" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(4), added subsec. (d) and struck out former subsec. (d). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall award grants on a competitive basis."

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(6), added subsec. (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (e)(3), (4). Pub. L. 113–79, §7128(b)(3)(B), redesignated par. (4) as (3) and struck out former par. (3). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal sources in an amount that is at least equal to the amount provided by the Federal Government."

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(6), added subsec. (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (h).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(5), redesignated subsec. (e) as (g). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(7)(A), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "With respect to grants awarded under subsection (d), the Secretary shall—

"(A) seek and accept proposals for grants;

"(B) determine the relevance and merit of proposals through a system of peer and merit review in accordance with section 7613 of this title; and

"(C) award grants on the basis of merit, quality, and relevance."

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(7)(B), substituted "the Initiative" for "this section".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(8), substituted "the Initiative" for "this section" in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(5), redesignated subsec. (f) as (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (k).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(5), redesignated subsec. (g) as (i).

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(10), added subsec. (j).

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(5), redesignated subsec. (h) as (k).

Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(9)(A), struck out "for fiscal years 2008 through 2012" after "funding" in par. heading, designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted subpar. heading, and added subpars. (B) to (D).

Subsec. (k)(2). Pub. L. 113–79, §7306(9)(B), substituted "2014 through 2018" for "2008 through 2012" in heading and text.

2013—Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 112–240, §701(e)(2)(A), substituted "Mandatory funding for fiscal years 2008 through 2012" for "In general" in heading.

Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 112–240, §701(e)(2)(B), inserted "for fiscal years 2008 through 2012" after "appropriations" in heading.

Subsec. (h)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 112–240, §701(e)(2)(C), (D), added par. (3) and redesignated former pars. (3) and (4) as (4) and (5), respectively.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by section 7614(b)(3)(B) of Pub. L. 115–334 applicable to grants, cooperative agreements, or other awards made after Dec. 20, 2018, with matching funds requirement in effect on Dec. 20, 2018, to continue to apply to such grant, cooperative agreement, or other award, see section 7614(c) of Pub. L. 115–334, set out as a note under section 3151 of this title.

Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–240 effective Sept. 30, 2012, see section 701(j) of Pub. L. 112–240, set out in a 1-Year Extension of Agricultural Programs note under section 8701 of this title.

Effective Date

Enactment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.

Mechanization and Automation for Specialty Crops

Pub. L. 115–334, title VII, §7610, Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4830, provided that:

"(a) In General.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 20, 2018], the Secretary [of Agriculture] shall conduct a review of the programs of the Department of Agriculture that affect the production or processing of specialty crops.

"(b) Requirements.—The review under subsection (a) shall identify—

"(1) programs that currently are, or previously have been, effectively used to accelerate the development and use of automation or mechanization in the production or processing of specialty crops; and

"(2) programs that may be more effectively used to accelerate the development and use of automation or mechanization in the production or processing of specialty crops.

"(c) Strategy.—With respect to programs identified under subsection (b), the Secretary shall develop and implement a strategy to accelerate the development and use of automation and mechanization in the production or processing of specialty crops."

Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust Fund

Pub. L. 115–334, title XII, §12605, Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 5006, provided that:

"(a) Definition of Citrus.—In this section, the term 'citrus' means edible fruit of the family Rutaceae, including any hybrid of that fruit and any product of that hybrid that is produced for commercial purposes in the United States.

"(b) Establishment of Trust Fund.—There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund, to be known as the Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust Fund (referred to in this section as the 'Citrus Trust Fund'), consisting of such amounts as shall be transferred to the Citrus Trust Fund pursuant to subsection (d).

"(c) Use of Fund.—From amounts in the Citrus Trust Fund, the Secretary shall, beginning in fiscal year 2019, carry out the Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Extension Program in section 412(j) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632(j)).

"(d) Funding.—Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall transfer to the Citrus Trust Fund $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to remain available until expended."

Coordination of Projects and Activities

Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §7311(b), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1245, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title VII, §7311(b), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2006, provided that: "In carrying out the amendment made by this section [enacting this section], the Secretary [of Agriculture] shall ensure that the Division Chief of the applicable Research, Education, and Extension Office established under section 251 of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971) coordinates projects and activities under this section to ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that unnecessary duplication of effort is eliminated or minimized."

[Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 enacted identical provisions. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.]

§7633. Food and agriculture service learning program

(a) In general

Subject to the availability of appropriations under subsection (e), the Secretary, acting through the Director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and working in consultation with other appropriate Federal agencies that oversee national service programs, shall administer a competitively awarded food and agriculture service learning grant program (referred to in this section as the "Program") to increase knowledge of agriculture and improve the nutritional health of children.

(b) Purposes

The purposes of the Program are—

(1) to increase capacity for food, garden, and nutrition education within host organizations or entities and school cafeterias and in the classroom;

(2) to complement and build on the efforts of the farm to school programs implemented under section 18(g) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769(g));

(3) to complement efforts by the Department and school food authorities to implement the school lunch program established under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) and the school breakfast program established by section 1773 of title 42;

(4) to carry out activities that advance the nutritional health of children and nutrition education in elementary schools and secondary schools (as those terms are defined in section 7801 of title 20); and

(5) to foster higher levels of community engagement and support the expansion of national service and volunteer opportunities.

(c) Grants

(1) In general

In carrying out the Program, the Director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture shall make competitive grants to eligible entities that carry out the purposes described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b).

(2) Priorities

In making grants under this section, the Secretary may consider projects that are carried out by entities that—

(A) have a proven track record in carrying out the purposes described in subsection (b);

(B) work in underserved rural and urban communities;

(C) teach and engage children in experiential learning about agriculture, gardening, nutrition, cooking, and where food comes from; and

(D) facilitate a connection between elementary schools and secondary schools and agricultural producers in the local and regional area.

(d) Accountability

(1) In general

The Secretary may require a partner organization or other qualified entity to collect and report any data on the activities carried out under the Program, as determined by the Secretary.

(2) Evaluation

The Secretary shall—

(A) conduct regular evaluations of the activities carried out under the Program; and

(B) submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that includes a description of the results of each evaluation conducted under subparagraph (A).

(e) Funding

(1) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the Program $25,000,000, to remain available until expended.

(2) Administration

Paragraphs (4), (7), (8), and (11)(B) of subsection (b) of section 3157 of this title shall apply with respect to the making of a competitive grant under this section.

(3) Maintenance of effort

Funds made available under paragraph (1) shall be used only to supplement, not to supplant, the amount of Federal funding otherwise expended for nutrition, research, and extension programs of the Department.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, §413, as added Pub. L. 113–79, title IV, §4209, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 829; amended Pub. L. 114–95, title IX, §9215(g), Dec. 10, 2015, 129 Stat. 2166.)

References in Text

The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is act June 4, 1946, ch. 281, 60 Stat. 230, which is classified generally to chapter 13 (§1751 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1751 of Title 42 and Tables.

Amendments

2015—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 114–95 made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to section 7801 of title 20.

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–95 effective Dec. 10, 2015, except with respect to certain noncompetitive programs and competitive programs, see section 5 of Pub. L. 114–95, set out as a note under section 6301 of Title 20, Education.