[USC02] 7 USC CHAPTER 35, SUBCHAPTER II, Part C, subpart ii: adjustment of quotas and enforcement
Result 1 of 1
   
 
7 USC CHAPTER 35, SUBCHAPTER II, Part C, subpart ii: adjustment of quotas and enforcement
From Title 7—AGRICULTURECHAPTER 35—AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT OF 1938SUBCHAPTER II—LOANS, PARITY PAYMENTS, CONSUMER SAFEGUARDS, MARKETING QUOTAS, AND MARKETING CERTIFICATESPart C—Administrative Provisions

subpart ii—adjustment of quotas and enforcement

§1371. General adjustment of quotas

(a) Investigation and adjustment to maintain normal supply

If at any time the Secretary has reason to believe that in the case of cotton,1 or rice the operation of farm marketing quotas in effect will cause the amount of such commodity which is free of marketing restrictions to be less than the normal supply for the marketing year for the commodity then current, he shall cause an immediate investigation to be made with respect thereto. In the course of such investigation due notice and opportunity for hearing shall be given to interested persons. If upon the basis of such investigation the Secretary finds the existence of such fact, he shall proclaim the same forthwith. He shall also in such proclamation specify such increase in, or termination of, existing quotas as he finds, on the basis of such investigation, is necessary to make the amount of such commodity which is free of marketing restrictions equal the normal supply.

(b) Adjustment because of emergency or export demand

If the Secretary has reason to believe that, because of a national emergency or because of a material increase in export demand, any national marketing quota or acreage allotment for cotton,1 or rice should be increased or terminated, he shall cause an immediate investigation to be made to determine whether the increase or termination is necessary to meet such emergency or increase in export demand. If, on the basis of such investigation, the Secretary finds that such increase or termination is necessary, he shall immediately proclaim such finding (and if he finds an increase is necessary, the amount of the increase found by him to be necessary) and thereupon such quota or allotment shall be increased, or shall terminate, as the case may be.

(c) Increase of farm quota on increase of national quota

In case any national marketing quota or acreage allotment for any commodity is increased under this section, each farm marketing quota or acreage allotment for the commodity shall be increased in the same ratio.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §371, 52 Stat. 64; Apr. 3, 1941, ch. 39, §5, 55 Stat. 92; Aug. 28, 1954, ch. 1041, title III, §312, 68 Stat. 904; Pub. L. 87–703, title III, §321, Sept. 27, 1962, 76 Stat. 626; Pub. L. 107–171, title I, §1309(h)(2), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 182; Pub. L. 108–357, title VI, §611(i), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1522.)

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(i)(1), substituted "or rice" for "rice, or tobacco" in first sentence.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(i)(2), which directed amendment of first sentence of subsec. (b) by substituting "or rice" for "rice, or tobacco", was executed by making the substitution for "rice,, or tobacco", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–171, §1309(h)(2)(A), struck out "peanuts," before "or tobacco" in first sentence.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–171, §1309(h)(2)(B), struck out "peanuts" before "or tobacco" in first sentence.

1962—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–703, §321(1), struck out "corn, wheat," before "cotton".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87–703, §321(2), struck out "any national acreage allotment for corn, or" after "export demand,", "wheat," before "cotton" and "in order to effect the declared policy of this chapter or" before "to meet such emergency".

1954—Subsec. (b). Act Aug. 28, 1954, §312(a), inserted proviso relating to national acreage allotment for corn, and struck out corn from national marketing quota provision.

Subsec. (c). Act Aug. 28, 1954, §312(b), inserted "or acreage allotment" after "marketing quota" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (d). Act Aug. 28, 1954, §312(c), repealed subsec. (d) which related to the adjustment of corn storage regulations on change in marketing quotas.

1941—Subsecs. (a), (b). Act Apr. 3, 1941, inserted "peanuts," after "rice,".

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to the 2005 and subsequent crops of tobacco, see section 643 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as an Effective Date note under section 518 of this title.

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–703 effective only with respect to programs applicable to the crops planted for harvest in the calendar year 1964 or any subsequent year and the marketing years beginning in the calendar year 1964, or any subsequent year, see section 323 of Pub. L. 87–703, set out as a note under section 1301 of this title.

Savings Provision

Amendment by sections 611 to 614 of Pub. L. 108–357 not to affect the liability of any person under any provision of law so amended with respect to the 2004 or an earlier crop of tobacco, see section 614 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 515 of this title.

Inapplicability to 1991 Through 1995 Crops of Peanuts

Pub. L. 101–624, title VIII, §801(5), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3459, provided that this section is inapplicable to 1991 through 1995 crops of peanuts.

Inapplicability to 1986 Through 1990 Crops of Peanuts

Pub. L. 99–198, title VII, §701(5), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1430, provided that this section is inapplicable to 1986 through 1990 crops of peanuts.

Inapplicability to 1982 Through 1985 Crops of Peanuts

Pub. L. 97–98, title VII, §701(5), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1248, provided that this section is inapplicable to 1982 through 1985 crops of peanuts.

1 So in original.

§1372. Payment, collection, and refund of penalties

(a) The penalty with respect to the marketing, by sale, of wheat, cotton, or rice, if the sale is to any person within the United States, shall be collected by the buyer.

(b) All penalties provided for in part B of this subchapter shall be collected and paid in such manner, at such times, and under such conditions as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe. Such penalties shall be remitted to the Secretary by the person liable for the penalty, except that if any other person is liable for the collection of the penalty, such other person shall remit the penalty. Except as provided in section 1314h 1 of this title, the amount of such penalties shall be covered into the general fund of the Treasury of the United States.

(c) Whenever, pursuant to a claim filed with the Secretary within two years after payment to him of any penalty collected from any person pursuant to this chapter, the Secretary finds that such penalty was erroneously, illegally, or wrongfully collected and the claimant bore the burden of the payment of such penalty, the Secretary shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to the claimant, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, such amount as the Secretary finds the claimant is entitled to receive as a refund of such penalty.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary is authorized to prescribe by regulations for the identification of farms and it shall be sufficient to schedule receipts into special deposit accounts or to schedule such receipts for transfer therefrom, or directly, into the separate fund provided for in subsection (b) by means of such identification without reference to the names of the producers on such farms.

The Secretary is authorized to prescribe regulations governing the filing of such claims and the determination of such refunds.

(d) No penalty shall be collected under this chapter with respect to the marketing of any agricultural commodity grown for experimental purposes only by any publicly owned agricultural experiment station. Effective with the 1978 crops, no penalty shall be collected under this chapter with respect to the marketing of any agricultural commodity grown on State prison farms for consumption within such State prison system.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §372, 52 Stat. 65; Apr. 7, 1938, ch. 107, §11, 52 Stat. 204; July 2, 1940, ch. 521, §6, 54 Stat. 728; Pub. L. 96–113, Nov. 16, 1979, 93 Stat. 850; Pub. L. 99–272, title I, §1106(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 91.)

References in Text

Section 1314h of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was repealed by Pub. L. 108–357, title VI, §611(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1522.

Amendments

1986—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–272 substituted "Except as provided in section 1314h of this title, the" for "The".

1979—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–113 inserted provisions respecting exemption from marketing quota penalties for State prison farms.

1940—Subsec. (c). Act July 2, 1940, substituted "within two years" for "within one year" and inserted "and the claimant bore the burden of the payment of such penalty" after "wrongfully collected" in first par. and inserted second par. authorizing regulations for farm identification, etc.

1938—Subsecs. (c), (d). Act Apr. 7, 1938, added subsecs. (c) and (d).

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–272, title I, §1106(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 91, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective for the 1986 and subsequent crops of tobacco.

Rulemaking Procedures

Secretary of Agriculture to implement amendments by Pub. L. 99–272 without regard to provisions requiring notice and other procedures for public participation in rulemaking contained in section 553 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, or in any other directive of the Secretary, see section 1108(c) of Pub. L. 99–272, set out as a note under section 1301 of this title.

1 See References in Text note below.

§1373. Reports and records

(a) Persons reporting

This subsection shall apply to warehousemen, processors, and common carriers of corn, wheat, cotton, or rice, and 1 all ginners of cotton,2 all persons engaged in the business of purchasing corn, wheat, cotton, or rice from producers. Any such person shall, from time to time on request of the Secretary, report to the Secretary such information and keep such records as the Secretary finds to be necessary to enable him to carry out the provisions of this subchapter. Such information shall be reported and such records shall be kept in accordance with forms which the Secretary shall prescribe. For the purpose of ascertaining the correctness of any report made or record kept, or of obtaining information required to be furnished in any report, but not so furnished, the Secretary is authorized to examine such books, papers, records, accounts, correspondence, contracts, documents, and memoranda as he has reason to believe are relevant and are within the control of such person. Any such person failing to make any report or keep any record as required by this subsection or making any false report or record shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be subject to a fine of not more than $500.

(b) Proof of acreage yield

Farmers engaged in the production of corn, wheat, cotton, or rice for market shall furnish such proof of their acreage, yield, storage, and marketing of the commodity in the form of records, marketing cards, reports, storage under seal, or otherwise as the Secretary may prescribe as necessary for the administration of this subchapter.

(c) Data as confidential

All data reported to or acquired by the Secretary pursuant to this section shall be kept confidential by all officers and employees of the Department, and only such data so reported or acquired as the Secretary deems relevant shall be disclosed by them, and then only in a suit or administrative hearing under this subchapter. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit the issuance of general statements based upon the reports of a number of parties which statements do not identify the information furnished by any person.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §373, 52 Stat. 65; June 13, 1940, ch. 360, §6, 54 Stat. 394; Apr. 3, 1941, ch. 39, §§6, 7, 55 Stat. 92; Pub. L. 86–507, §1(6), June 11, 1960, 74 Stat. 200; Pub. L. 95–113, title VIII, §805, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 947; Pub. L. 97–98, title VII, §706, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1256; Pub. L. 97–218, title III, §304, July 20, 1982, 96 Stat. 214; Pub. L. 99–198, title VII, §706, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1441; Pub. L. 101–624, title VIII, §807, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3478; Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §171(a)(2), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 937; Pub. L. 107–171, title I, §1309(h)(3), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 182; Pub. L. 108–357, title VI, §611(j), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1523.)

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(j)(2)(B), substituted "$500." for "$500; and any tobacco warehouseman or dealer who fails to remedy such violation by making a complete and accurate report or keeping a complete and accurate record as required by this subsection within fifteen days after notice to him of such violation shall be subject to an additional fine of $100 for each ten thousand pounds of tobacco, or fraction thereof, bought or sold by him after the date of such violation: Provided, That such fine shall not exceed $5,000; and notice of such violation shall be served upon the tobacco warehouseman or dealer by mailing the same to him by registered mail or by certified mail or by posting the same at any established place of business operated by him, or both."

Pub. L. 108–357, §611(j)(2)(A), which directed that "all persons engaged in the business of redrying, prizing, or stemming tobacco for producers," be struck out in first sentence, was executed by striking out ", and all persons engaged in the business of redrying, prizing, or stemming tobacco for producers" before period at end of first sentence, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 108–357, §611(j)(1), substituted "or rice" for "rice, or tobacco" in two places in first sentence.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(j)(1), substituted "or rice" for "rice, or tobacco".

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–171, §1309(h)(3)(A), in first sentence, struck out "peanuts," after "rice," in two places, inserted "and" after "from producers," and substituted "for producers." for "for producers, all producers engaged in the production of peanuts, all brokers and dealers in peanuts, all agents marketing peanuts for producers, or acquiring peanuts for buyers and dealers, and all peanut growers' cooperative associations, all persons engaged in the business of cleaning, shelling, crushing, and salting of peanuts and the manufacture of peanut products, and all persons owning or operating peanut-picking or peanut-threshing machines."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–171, §1309(h)(3)(B), struck out "peanuts," after "rice,".

1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–127 temporarily inserted "all producers engaged in the production of peanuts," before "all brokers and dealers in peanuts". See Effective and Termination Dates of 1996 Amendment note below.

1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–624 temporarily inserted "all producers engaged in the production of peanuts," before "all brokers and dealers in peanuts". See Effective and Termination Dates of 1990 Amendment note below.

1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–198 temporarily inserted "all producers engaged in the production of peanuts," before "all brokers and dealers in peanuts". See Effective and Termination Dates of 1985 Amendment note below.

1982—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–218 inserted provision that nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit the issuance of general statements based upon the reports of a number of parties which statements do not identify the information furnished by any person.

1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–98 temporarily inserted "all farmers engaged in the production of peanuts," before "all brokers and dealers in peanuts". See Effective and Termination Dates of 1981 Amendment note below.

1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–113 temporarily inserted "all farmers engaged in the production of peanuts," before "and brokers and dealers in peanuts". See Effective and Termination Dates of 1977 Amendment note below.

1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–507 inserted "or by certified mail" after "registered mail".

1941—Subsec. (a). Act Apr. 3, 1941, §6, among other changes, inserted "peanuts" after "rice" wherever appearing and inserted "all brokers and dealers in peanuts, all agents marketing peanuts for producers, or acquiring peanuts for buyers and dealers, and all peanut growers' cooperative associations, all persons engaged in the business of cleaning, shelling, crushing, and salting of peanuts and the manufacture of peanut products, and all persons owning or operating peanut-picking or peanut-threshing machines".

Subsec. (b). Act Apr. 3, 1941, §7, inserted "peanuts," after "rice,".

1940—Subsec. (a). Act June 13, 1940, inserted all after "$500;" in last sentence.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to the 2005 and subsequent crops of tobacco, see section 643 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as an Effective Date note under section 518 of this title.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–127, title I, §171(a)(2), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 937, provided that the amendment made by section 171(a)(2) is effective only for the 1996 through 2002 crops of peanuts.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–624, title VIII, §807, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3478, provided that the amendment made by section 807 is effective only for the 1991 through 1995 crops of peanuts.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1985 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–198, title VII, §706, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1441, provided that the amendment made by section 706 is effective only for the 1986 through 1990 crops of peanuts.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1981 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–98, title VII, §706, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1256, provided that the amendment made by section 706 is effective for the 1982 through 1985 crop of peanuts.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1977 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–113, title VIII, §805, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 947, provided that the amendment made by section 805 is effective for the 1978 through 1981 crops of peanuts.

Savings Provision

Amendment by sections 611 to 614 of Pub. L. 108–357 not to affect the liability of any person under any provision of law so amended with respect to the 2004 or an earlier crop of tobacco, see section 614 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 515 of this title.

1 So in original. The word "and" probably should not appear.

2 So in original. The word "and" probably should appear.

§1374. Measurement of farms and report of plantings; remeasurement

(a) The Secretary shall provide for ascertaining, by measurement or otherwise, the acreage of any agricultural commodity or land use on farms for which the ascertainment of such acreage is necessary to determine compliance under any program administered by the Secretary. Insofar as practicable, the acreage of the commodity and land use shall be ascertained prior to harvest, and, if any acreage so ascertained is not in compliance with the requirements of the program the Secretary, under such terms and conditions as he prescribes, may provide a reasonable time for the adjustment of the acreage of the commodity or land use to the requirements of the program. Where cotton is planted in skiprow patterns, the same rules that were in effect for the 1971 through 1973 crops for classifying the acreage planted to cotton and the area skipped shall also apply to the 1974 through 1995 crops, except that, for the 1991 through 1995 crops, the rules shall allow 30 inch rows (or, at the option of those cotton producers who had an established practice of using 32 inch rows before the 1991 crop, 32 inch rows) to be taken into account for classifying the acreage planted to cotton and the area skipped. For the 1992 through 1995 crops, the rules establishing the requirements for eligibility for conserving use for payment acres shall be the same rules as were in effect for 1991 crops.

(b) With respect to cotton, the Secretary, upon such terms and conditions as he may by regulation prescribe, shall provide, through the county and local committees for the measurement prior to planting of an acreage on the farm equal to the farm acreage allotment if so requested by the farm operator, and any farm on which the acreage planted to cotton does not exceed such measured acreage shall be deemed to be in compliance with the farm acreage allotment.

(c) The Secretary shall by appropriate regulations provide for the remeasurement upon request by the farm operator of the acreage planted to such commodity on the farm and for the measurement of the acreage planted to such commodity on the farm remaining after any adjustment of excess acreage hereunder and shall prescribe the conditions under which the farm operator shall be required to pay the county committee for the expense of the measurement of adjusted acreage or the expense of remeasurement after the initial measurement or the measurement of adjusted acreage. The regulations shall also provide for the refund of any deposit or payment made for the expense of the remeasurement of the initially determined acreage or the adjusted acreage when because of an error in the determination of such acreage the remeasurement brings the acreage within the allotment or permitted acreage or results in a change in acreage in excess of a reasonable variation normal to measurements of acreage of the commodity. Unless the requirements for measurement of adjusted acreage are met by the farm operator, the acreage prior to such adjustment as determined by the county committee shall be considered the acreage of the commodity on the farm in determining whether the applicable farm allotment has been exceeded.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §374, 52 Stat. 65; Apr. 3, 1941, ch. 39, §8, 55 Stat. 92; Aug. 29, 1949, ch. 518, §2(b), 63 Stat. 676; Aug. 28, 1954, ch. 1041, title III, §311(b), 68 Stat. 904; Pub. L. 86–553, §§1, 2, June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 258; Pub. L. 89–321, title VII, §§701, 702, Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1210; Pub. L. 91–524, title VI, §612, Nov. 30, 1970, as added Pub. L. 93–86, §1(25), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 236; Pub. L. 95–113, title VI, §605, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 940; Pub. L. 97–98, title V, §505, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1241; Pub. L. 99–198, title V, §505, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1418; Pub. L. 101–624, title V, §504, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3440; Pub. L. 102–237, title I, §116(2), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1840.)

Amendments

1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–237 inserted "(or, at the option of those cotton producers who had an established practice of using 32 inch rows before the 1991 crop, 32 inch rows)" after "30 inch rows" and inserted at end "For the 1992 through 1995 crops, the rules establishing the requirements for eligibility for conserving use for payment acres shall be the same rules as were in effect for 1991 crops."

1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–624 substituted "1995 crops, except that, for the 1991 through 1995 crops, the rules shall allow 30 inch rows to be taken into account for classifying the acreage planted to cotton and the area skipped" for "1990 crops".

1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–198 substituted "1990 crops" for "1985 crops".

1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–98 substituted "1985 crops" for "1981 crops".

1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–113 substituted "1981" for "1977" in provisions setting the last year for application of the 1971 through 1973 skiprow patterns in classifying the acreage planted to cotton.

1973—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–524, §612, as added by Pub. L. 93–86, inserted provisions relating to cotton planted in skiprow patterns.

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–321, §701, removed references to county and local committees as the agent for measuring commodity or land use acreage, substituted a general reference to any agricultural commodity or land use on farms requiring ascertainment of acreage for specific reference to corn, wheat, cotton, peanuts, or rice, and substituted provisions requiring ascertainment of commodity and land use prior to harvesting and allowing a reasonable time for adjustment of acreage requirements for provisions requiring the filing of a written report by the local committee with the state committee in the event of planting in excess of farm acreage allotment.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–321, §702, struck out sentence directing the Secretary to provide by regulation for the adjustment of planted acreage to the farm acreage allotment if the acreage determined to be planted to any basic agricultural commodity on the farm is in excess of the farm acreage allotment.

1960—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 86–553, §1, struck out second sentence which read as follows: "The Secretary shall similarly provide for the remeasurement upon request by the farm operator of the acreage planted to cotton on the farm, but the operator shall be required to reimburse the local committee for the expense of such remeasurement if the planted acreage is found to be in excess of the allotted acreage" which is now covered by subsec. (c) of this section.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 86–553, §2, authorized Secretary to provide by regulations for remeasurement of acreage planted to a basic agricultural commodity and for measurement of acreage planted to such commodity remaining after adjustment of excess of measurement and remeasurement and to provide for refunds, and prescribed method of computing acreage in determining whether the applicable farm allotment has been exceeded.

1954—Subsec. (b). Act Aug. 28, 1954, struck out last sentence relating to overplanting of cotton acreage.

Subsec. (c). Act Aug. 28, 1954, added subsec. (c).

1949—Act Aug. 29, 1949, redesignated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).

1941—Act Apr. 3, 1941, inserted "peanuts," after "cotton,".

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–624 effective beginning with 1991 crop of an agricultural commodity, with provision for prior crops, see section 1171 of Pub. L. 101–624, set out as a note under section 1421 of this title.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–113 effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L. 95–113, set out as a note under section 1307 of this title.

§1375. Regulations

(a) The Secretary shall provide by regulations for the identification, wherever necessary, of corn, wheat, cotton, rice, or peanuts so as to afford aid in discovering and identifying such amounts of the commodities as are subject to and such amounts thereof as are not subject to marketing restrictions in effect under this subchapter.

(b) The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as are necessary for the enforcement of this subchapter.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §375, 52 Stat. 66; Apr. 3, 1941, ch. 39, §9, 55 Stat. 92; Pub. L. 108–357, title VI, §611(k), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1523.)

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(k)(1), substituted "or peanuts" for "peanuts, or tobacco".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(k)(2), which directed amendment of this section by striking out subsec. (c), could not be executed because this section does not contain a subsec. (c).

1941—Subsec. (a). Act Apr. 3, 1941, inserted "peanuts," after "rice,".

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to the 2005 and subsequent crops of tobacco, see section 643 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as an Effective Date note under section 518 of this title.

Savings Provision

Amendment by sections 611 to 614 of Pub. L. 108–357 not to affect the liability of any person under any provision of law so amended with respect to the 2004 or an earlier crop of tobacco, see section 614 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 515 of this title.

§1376. Court jurisdiction; duties of United States attorneys; remedies and penalties as additional

The several district courts of the United States are vested with jurisdiction specifically to enforce the provisions of this subchapter. If and when the Secretary shall so request, it shall be the duty of the several United States attorneys in their respective districts, under the direction of the Attorney General, to institute proceedings to collect the penalties provided in this subchapter. The remedies and penalties provided for herein shall be in addition to, and not exclusive of, any of the remedies or penalties under existing law. This section also shall be applicable to liquidated damages provided for pursuant to section 1349 of this title.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §376, 52 Stat. 66; June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §1, 62 Stat. 869; Pub. L. 88–297, title I, §106(2), Apr. 11, 1964, 78 Stat. 176.)

Amendments

1964Pub. L. 88–297 provided for application of this section to liquidated damages under section 1349 of this title.

Change of Name

Act June 25, 1948, eff. Sept. 1, 1948, substituted "United States attorneys" for "district attorneys". See section 541 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, and Historical and Revision Notes thereunder.

§1377. Preservation of unused acreage allotments

In any case in which, during any year beginning with 1956, the acreage planted to a commodity on any farm is less than the acreage allotment for such farm, the entire acreage allotment for such farm (excluding any allotment released from the farm or reapportioned to the farm and any allotment provided for the farm pursuant to subsection (f)(7)(A) of section 1344 of this title) shall, except as provided herein, be considered for the purpose of establishing future State, county and farm acreage allotments, to have been planted to such commodity in such year on such farm, but the 1956 acreage allotment of any commodity shall be regarded as planted under this section only if the owner or operator on such farm notified the county committee prior to the sixtieth day preceding the beginning of the marketing year for such commodity of his desire to preserve such allotment: Provided, That beginning with the 1960 crop, except for federally owned land, the current farm acreage allotment established for a commodity shall not be preserved as history acreage pursuant to the provisions of this section unless for the current year or either of the two preceding years an acreage equal to 75 per centum or more of the farm acreage allotment for such year or, in the case of upland cotton on a farm which qualified for price support on the crop produced in any such year under section 1444(b) of this title, 75 per centum of the farm domestic allotment established under section 1350 of this title for any such year, whichever is smaller was actually planted or devoted to the commodity on the farm (or was regarded as planted under provisions of the Soil Bank Act or the environmental quality incentives program established under subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 [16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.]): Provided further, That this section shall not be applicable in any case, within the period 1956 to 1959, in which the amount of the commodity required to be stored to postpone or avoid payment of penalty has been reduced because the allotment was not fully planted. Acreage history credits for released or reapportioned acreage shall be governed by the applicable provisions of this subchapter pertaining to the release and reapportionment of acreage allotments.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §377, as added May 28, 1956, ch. 327, title III, §307, 70 Stat. 206; amended Pub. L. 85–266, Sept. 2, 1957, 71 Stat. 592; Pub. L. 86–172, §1, Aug. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 393; Pub. L. 88–297, title I, §106(4), Apr. 11, 1964, 78 Stat. 177; Pub. L. 95–113, title VIII, §806, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 947; Pub. L. 104–127, title III, §336(b)(2)(A), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1006; Pub. L. 115–334, title II, §2301(d)(2)(B), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4554.)

References in Text

The Soil Bank Act, referred to in text, is act May 28, 1956, ch. 327, 70 Stat. 188, as amended, which was classified to subchapters I to III of chapter 45 (§1801 et seq.) of this title and was repealed by Pub. L. 89–321, title VI, §601, Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1206. For complete classification of this Act to the Code prior to its repeal, see Tables.

The Food Security Act of 1985, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 99–198, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1354. Subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Act is classified generally to subpart A (§3839aa et seq.) of part IV of subchapter IV of chapter 58 of Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1985 Amendment note set out under section 1281 of this title and Tables.

Amendments

2018Pub. L. 115–334 inserted "subchapter A of" before "chapter 4".

1996Pub. L. 104–127 substituted "environmental quality incentives program established under chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985" for "Great Plains program".

1977Pub. L. 95–113 temporarily inserted "or, in the case of peanuts, an acreage sufficient to produce 75 per centum of the farm poundage quota" after "of the farm acreage allotment for such year". See Effective and Termination Dates of 1977 Amendment note below.

1964Pub. L. 88–297 inserted "or, in the case of upland cotton on a farm which qualified for price support on the crop produced in any such year under section 1444(b) of this title, 75 per centum of the farm domestic allotment established under section 1350 of this title for any such year, whichever is smaller" in first proviso after "75 per centum or more of the farm acreage allotment for such year" to protect the farm base of any farm participating in the domestic allotment choice program if the acreage planted on the farm was at least 75 per centum of the farm domestic allotment.

1959Pub. L. 86–172 excluded any allotment provided for a farm under section 1344(f)(7)(A) of this title from the entire acreage allotment for the farm which is considered as planted in the year for the purpose of establishing future acreage allotments and provided for the preservation of the current farm acreage allotment as history acreage under prescribed conditions.

1957Pub. L. 85–266 struck out, for 1957, 1958, and 1959, requirement of filing notice of intention not to plant full acreage allotment and provided that acreage history credits for released or reapportioned acreage shall be governed by the applicable provisions of this subchapter pertaining to the release and reapportionment of acreage allotments.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1977 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–113, title VIII, §806, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 947, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective for the 1978 through 1981 crops of peanuts.

Inapplicability of Section

Section inapplicable to 1984 and subsequent crops of extra long staple cotton, see section 3 of Pub. L. 98–88, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.

Section inapplicable to 2014 through 2018 crops of upland cotton, see section 9092(a)(2) of this title.

Section inapplicable to 2008 through 2012 crops of upland cotton, see section 8782(a)(2) of this title.

Section inapplicable to 2002 through 2007 crops of upland cotton, see section 7992(a)(2) of this title.

Section inapplicable to 1996 through 2001 crops of upland cotton, see section 7301(a)(1)(G) of this title.

Section inapplicable to 1991 through 1995 crops of upland cotton, see section 502 of Pub. L. 101–624, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.

Section inapplicable to 1986 through 1990 crops of upland cotton, see section 502 of Pub. L. 99–198, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.

Section inapplicable to 1982 through 1985 crops of upland cotton, see section 501 of Pub. L. 97–98, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.

Section inapplicable to 1978 through 1981 crops of rice, see section 703 of Pub. L. 95–113.

Section inapplicable to 1978 through 1981 crops of upland cotton, see section 601 of Pub. L. 95–113, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.

Pub. L. 94–214, title III, §301, Feb. 16, 1976, 90 Stat. 187, provided that: "Section 377 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 [this section] shall not be applicable to the 1976 and 1977 crops of rice."

Pub. L. 91–524, title VI, §601(1), Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1371, as amended by Pub. L. 93–86, §1(19)(A), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 233, provided that this section is inapplicable to 1971 through 1977 crops of upland cotton.

§1378. Transfer of acreage allotments ensuing from agency acquisition of farmlands

(a) Allotment pool

Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the allotment determined for any commodity for any land from which the owner is displaced because of acquisition of the land for any purpose, other than for the continued production of allotted crops, by any Federal, State, or other agency having the right of eminent domain shall be placed in an allotment pool and shall be available only for use in providing allotments for other farms owned by the owner so displaced. Upon application to the county committee, within three years after the date of such displacement, any owner so displaced shall be entitled to have allotments established for other farms owned by him, taking into consideration the land, labor, and equipment available on such other farms for the production of the commodity, crop-rotation practices, and the soil and other physical factors affecting the production of the commodity: Provided, That the acreage used to establish or increase the allotments for such farms shall be transferred from the pool and shall not exceed the allotment most recently established for the farm acquired from the applicant and placed in the pool. During the period of eligibility for the making of allotments under this section for a displaced owner, acreage allotments for the farm from which the owner was so displaced shall be established in accordance with the procedure applicable to other farms, and such allotments shall be considered to have been fully planted. After such allotment is made under this section, the proportionate part, or all, as the case may be, of the past acreage used in establishing the allotment most recently placed in the pool for the farm from which the owner was so displaced shall be transferred to and considered for the purposes of future State, county, and farm acreage allotments to have been planted on the farm to which allotment is made under this section. Except where paragraph (c) 1 requires the transfer of allotment to another portion of the same farm, for the purpose of this section (1) that part of any farm from which the owner is so displaced and that part from which he is not so displaced shall be considered as separate farms; and (2) an owner who voluntarily relinquishes possession of the land subsequent to its acquisition by an agency having the right of eminent domain shall be considered as having been displaced because of such acquisition. The former owner of land acquired as described in this subsection shall not be considered for the purposes hereof to have been displaced from such land during any period for which such land is leased to such former owner: Provided, That the occupancy of the former owner under the lease follows immediately after his occupancy as owner: And provided further, That if a former owner has been displaced prior to April 9, 1960, and no allotment from the land owned by such former owner has been transferred from the allotment pool and such former owner leases the land formerly owned by him prior to two years from April 9, 1960, such allotment shall be retransferred from the pool to such land and the occupancy of such former owner under the lease for the purposes of this subsection shall be deemed to have begun immediately after his displacement as owner. During any year of the 3–year period the allotment from a farm may remain in the allotment pool, the displaced owner may, in accordance with regulations of the Secretary, release for one year at a time any part or all of such farm allotment to the county committee for reapportionment to other farms in the county having allotments for such commodity on the basis of the past acreage of the commodity, land, labor, equipment available for the production of the commodity, crop rotation practices, and soil and other physical facilities affecting the production of the commodity; and the allotment reapportioned shall, for purposes of establishing future farm allotments, not be regarded as planted on the farm to which the allotment was transferred.

(b) Circumstances precluding application of provisions

The provisions of this section shall not be applicable if (1) there is any marketing quota penalty due with respect to the marketing of the commodity from the farm acquired by the Federal, State, or other agency or by the owner of the farm; (2) any of the commodity produced on such farm has not been accounted for as required by the Secretary; or (3) the allotment next established for the farm acquired by the Federal, State, or other agency would have been reduced because of false or improper identification of the commodity produced on or marketed from such farm or due to a false acreage report.

(c) Time of displacement determining application of provisions

This section shall not be applicable, in the case of and 1 cotton, to any farm from which the owner was displaced prior to 1950, in the case of wheat and corn, to any farm from which the owner was displaced prior to 1954, and in the case of rice, to any farm from which the owner was displaced prior to 1955. In any case where the cropland acquired for nonfarming purposes from an owner by an agency having the right of eminent domain represents less than 15 per centum of the total cropland on the farm, the allotment attributable to that portion of the farm so acquired shall be transferred to that portion of the farm not so acquired.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §378, as added Pub. L. 85–835, title V, §501, Aug. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 995; amended Pub. L. 86–423, §1, Apr. 9, 1960, 74 Stat. 41; Pub. L. 87–33, May 16, 1961, 75 Stat. 78; Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, §404(3), title VI, §605(1), Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1366, 1378; Pub. L. 92–10, §2, Apr. 14, 1971, 85 Stat. 27; Pub. L. 92–354, July 26, 1972, 86 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 107–171, title I, §1309(h)(4), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 182; Pub. L. 108–357, title VI, §611(l), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1523.)

Codification

Part of subsec. (d) of section 378 of act Feb. 16, 1938, is set out as a Savings Provision note below. The remainder of such subsec. (d) repealed sections 1313(h), 1334(d), 1344(h), 1353(f), and 1358(h) of this title.

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(l)(1), which directed amendment of subsec. (c) by substituting "and cotton" for "cotton, and tobacco", was executed by making the substitution for "cotton and tobacco", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(l)(2), directed the repeal of subsecs. (d) and (e), added by Pub. L. 91–524, which had temporarily included farm base acreage allotment for upland cotton and domestic allotment for wheat within the term "allotment" as used in this section. See Codification note above and 1970 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 108–357, §611(l)(2), struck out subsec. (f), which provided that the terms "allotment" and "acreage" would be construed to mean "marketing quota" and "poundage", respectively, in applying provisions to a farm for which a quota had been determined under section 1314e of this title.

2002—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–171 substituted "cotton and tobacco," for "cotton, tobacco, and peanuts,".

1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–354 struck out the alternative time limitation for filing applications to the county committee and substituted provisions describing allotments for provisions requiring the allotments to be comparable with allotments determined for other farms in the same area which are similar except for the past acreage of the commodity.

1971—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 92–10 added subsec. (f).

1970—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–524, §605(1), temporarily added subsec. (d). See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–524, §404(3), temporarily added subsec. (e). See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment note below.

1961Pub. L. 87–33 substituted provisions permitting displaced owners to release part or all of any allotment remaining in the allotment pool for reapportionment to other farms in the county having allotments for such commodity, for provisions making sections 1344(m)(2), 1353(e), and 1358(g) of this title inapplicable to allotments held under the lease by a displaced owner.

1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–423 inserted sentences providing that the former owner of land shall not be considered to have been displaced during any period for which such land is leased to him if his occupancy under the lease immediately follows after his occupancy as owner, authorizing retransfer of allotments in cases where a former owner leases land formerly owned by him prior to two years from April 9, 1960, and making sections 1344(m)(2), 1353(e), and 1358(g) of this title inapplicable to allotments on lands held under the lease by a displaced owner which are subject to the provisions of this amendment.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to the 2005 and subsequent crops of tobacco, see section 643 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as an Effective Date note under section 518 of this title.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, §404, title VI, §605, Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1366, 1378, as amended by Pub. L. 93–86, §1(11), (22), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 229, 235, provided that the amendments made by sections 404 and 605 are effective only with respect to the 1971 through 1977 crops.

Savings Provision

Amendment by sections 611 to 614 of Pub. L. 108–357 not to affect the liability of any person under any provision of law so amended with respect to the 2004 or an earlier crop of tobacco, see section 614 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 515 of this title.

Act Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §378(d), as added by Pub. L. 85–835, title V, §501, Aug. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 995, provided in part that: "any transfer or reassignment of allotment heretofore made under the provisions of these sections [former sections 1313(h), 1334(d), 1344(h), 1353(f), and 1358(h) of this title] shall remain in effect, and any displaced farm owner for whom an allotment has been established under such repealed sections [such sections] shall not be eligible for additional allotment under subsection (a) of this section [7 U.S.C. 1378(a)] because of such displacement."

1 So in original. Probably should read "subsection (c)".

1 So in original. The word "and" probably should not appear.

§1379. Reconstitution of farms

In any case in which the ownership of a tract of land is transferred from a parent farm, the acreage allotments, history acreages, and base acreages for the farm shall be divided between such tract and the parent farm in the same proportion that the cropland acreage in such tract bears to the cropland acreage in the parent farm, except that the Secretary shall provide by regulation the method to be used in determining the division, if any, of the acreage allotments, histories, and bases in any case in which—

(1) the tract of land transferred from the parent farm has been or is being transferred to any agency having the right to acquire it by eminent domain;

(2) the tract of land transferred from the parent farm is to be used for nonagricultural purposes;

(3) the parent farm resulted from a combination of two or more tracts of land and records are available showing the contribution of each tract to the allotments, histories, and bases of the parent farm;

(4) the appropriate county committee determines that a division based on cropland proportions would result in allotments and bases not representative of the operations normally carried out on any transferred tract during the base period;

(5) the parent farm is divided among heirs in settling an estate; or

(6) neither the tract transferred from the parent farm nor the remaining portion of the parent farm receives allotments in excess of allotments for similar farms in the community having allotments of the commodity or commodities involved and such allotments are consistent with good land uses.

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, §379, as added Pub. L. 89–321, title VII, §707, Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1211; amended Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, §404(4), title VI, §605(2), Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1366, 1378; Pub. L. 98–180, title II, §212(b), Nov. 29, 1983, 97 Stat. 1149; Pub. L. 101–577, §2(c), Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2856; Pub. L. 102–237, title I, §116(3), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1841; Pub. L. 106–78, title VIII, §803(c)(6)(C), Oct. 22, 1999, 113 Stat. 1178; Pub. L. 108–357, title VI, §611(m), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1523.)

Amendments

2004Pub. L. 108–357 struck out "(a)" before "In any case", struck out ", but this clause (6) shall not be applicable in the case of burley tobacco" before period at end of par. (6), and struck out subsecs. (b) and (c), which related to combination of tracts in contiguous counties, and to burley tobacco poundage quota when a farm is divided through reconstitution, respectively.

1999—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–78 inserted "or flue-cured" after "Burley".

1991—Subsecs. (a)(4) to (7), (c). Pub. L. 102–237 struck out "or" at end of par. (4), substituted "; or" for period at end of par. (5), substituted a period for "; or" at end of par. (6), and redesignated par. (7) as subsec. (c) and moved subsec. (c) to follow subsec. (b).

1990—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 101–577 added par. (7).

1983Pub. L. 98–180 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).

1970Pub. L. 91–524 temporarily inserted provision that term "acreage allotments" include the farm base acreage allotments for upland cotton and the domestic allotment for wheat. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment note below.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to the 2005 and subsequent crops of tobacco, see section 643 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as an Effective Date note under section 518 of this title.

Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, §404, title VI, §605, Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1366, 1378, as amended by Pub. L. 93–86, §1(11), (22), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 229, 235, provided that the amendments made by sections 404 and 605 are effective only with respect to the 1971 through 1977 crops.

Savings Provision

Amendment by sections 611 to 614 of Pub. L. 108–357 not to affect the liability of any person under any provision of law so amended with respect to the 2004 or an earlier crop of tobacco, see section 614 of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 515 of this title.