[USC02] 10 USC 3201: Full and open competition
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TEXT OF PART V OF SUBTITLE A (3001 ET SEQ.), EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2022, CURRENTLY SET OUT AS A PREVIEW

10 USC 3201: Full and open competition Text contains those laws in effect on June 17, 2021
From Title 10-ARMED FORCESSubtitle A-General Military LawPART V-ACQUISITIONSubpart B-Acquisition PlanningCHAPTER 221-PLANNING AND SOLICITATION GENERALLY

§3201. Full and open competition

(a) In General.-Except as provided in sections 3203, 3204(a), and 3205 of this title,1 and except in the case of procurement procedures otherwise expressly authorized by statute, the head of an agency in conducting a procurement for property or services-

(1) shall obtain full and open competition through the use of competitive procedures in accordance with the requirements of this section and sections 3069, 3203, 3204, 3205, 3403, 3405, 3406, 3901 2 4501, and 4502 of this title and the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and

(2) shall use the competitive procedure or combination of competitive procedures that is best suited under the circumstances of the procurement.


(b) Determination of Appropriate Competitive Procedures.-In determining the competitive procedure appropriate under the circumstances, the head of an agency-

(1) shall solicit sealed bids if-

(A) time permits the solicitation, submission, and evaluation of sealed bids;

(B) the award will be made on the basis of price and other price-related factors;

(C) it is not necessary to conduct discussions with the responding sources about their bids; and

(D) there is a reasonable expectation of receiving more than one sealed bid; and


(2) shall request competitive proposals if sealed bids are not appropriate under paragraph (1).


(c) Efficient Fulfillment of Government Requirements.-The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall ensure that the requirement to obtain full and open competition is implemented in a manner that is consistent with the need to efficiently fulfill the Government's requirements.

(d) Certain Purchases or Contracts to Be Treated as if Made With Sealed-bid Procedures.-For the purposes of the following, purchases or contracts awarded after using procedures other than sealed-bid procedures shall be treated as if they were made with sealed-bid procedures:

(1) Chapter 65 of title 41.

(2) Sections 3141–3144, 3146, and 3147 of title 40.


(e) New Contracts and Merit-based Selection Procedures.-

(1) Congressional policy.-It is the policy of Congress that an agency named in section 3063 of this title should not be required by legislation to award a new contract to a specific non-Federal Government entity. It is further the policy of Congress that any program, project, or technology identified in legislation be procured through merit-based selection procedures.

(2) New contract described.-For purposes of this subsection, a contract is a new contract unless the work provided for in the contract is a continuation of the work performed by the specified entity under a preceding contract.

(3) Provision of law described.-A provision of law may not be construed as requiring a new contract to be awarded to a specified non-Federal Government entity unless that provision of law-

(A) specifically refers to this subsection;

(B) specifically identifies the particular non-Federal Government entity involved; and

(C) specifically states that the award to that entity is required by such provision of law in contravention of the policy set forth in paragraph (1).


(4) Exception.-This subsection shall not apply with respect to any contract that calls upon the National Academy of Sciences to investigate, examine, or experiment upon any subject of science or art of significance to an agency named in section 3063 of this title and to report on such matters to the Congress or any agency of the Federal Government.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §1811(c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4165 .)

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.

1 Amendment by section 1811(c)(2)(B) of Pub. L. 116–283 executed to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.