[USC02] 10 USC 9431: Establishment; Superintendent; faculty
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*Public Laws 116-283 through 117-1 have been enacted but classifications have not yet been finalized. The currency ("laws in effect") date does not reflect acts for which classification has not been finalized.

10 USC 9431: Establishment; Superintendent; faculty Text contains those laws in effect on February 26, 2021

§9431. Establishment; Superintendent; faculty

(a) There is in the Department of the Air Force an Air Force Academy (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the "Academy") for the instruction and preparation for military service of selected persons called "Air Force cadets". The organization of the Academy shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force.

(b) There shall be at the Academy the following:

(1) A Superintendent.

(2) A Dean of the Faculty.

(3) A Commandant of Cadets.

(4) 23 permanent professors.

(5) A chaplain.

(6) A director of admissions.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 561 , §9331; Pub. L. 85–600, §1(19), Aug. 6, 1958, 72 Stat. 523 ; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §514(10), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2935 ; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, §515(a)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1441 ; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, §523(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2410 ; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, §533(b)(3), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1658 ; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title V, §529(c)(1), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1471 ; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title V, §545, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4466 ; renumbered §9431, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §806(a)(3), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1832 .)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)






R.S. 1309; Feb. 18, 1896, ch. 22 (less proviso), 29 Stat. 8.

10:1089 (1st 20 words).

June 26, 1946, ch. 495, §§1, 3 (1st 20 words), 60 Stat. 312 .
  Apr. 1, 1954, ch. 127, §§2, 5, 68 Stat. 47 , 48.

In subsection (b), reference to the senior instructors of artillery, cavalry, and infantry, and the master of the sword, in 10:1061, are omitted as obsolete. The names of the other departments are omitted as inapplicable to the Air Force. The departmental names will be established under section 9332 of this title. The words "and one assistant professor", in 10:1061, are omitted as superseded by section 9333 of this title. 10:1061 (words before colon) is omitted as inapplicable to the Air Force. 10:1854 (less last sentence) is omitted as executed by the inclusion in this chapter of the laws applicable to the Air Force Academy. 10:1087 (proviso) is omitted as inapplicable to the Air Force.

Subsection (b)(3) is based on those laws establishing the various departments at the United States Military Academy (see revision note for section 4331 of this title).


2018-Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 9331 of this title as this section.

2008-Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 110–417 substituted "23 permanent professors" for "21 permanent professors".

2003-Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–136 substituted "Dean of the Faculty" for "dean of the Faculty, who is a permanent professor".

1993-Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–160 struck out subsec. (c) which read as follows:

"(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers at the Academy as the Secretary considers necessary.

"(2) The compensation of persons employed under this subsection shall be as prescribed by the Secretary.

"(3) The Secretary may delegate the authority conferred by this subsection to any person in the Department of the Air Force to the extent the Secretary considers proper. Such delegation may be made with or without the authority to make successive redelegations."

1992-Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–484 added subsec. (c).

1989-Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 101–189 substituted "director of admissions" for "registrar".

1980-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–513 substituted "(hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the 'Academy')" for ", in this chapter called the 'Academy',".

1958-Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 85–600 added par. (6).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title V, §529(d), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1472 , provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 9335 and 9336 of this title] shall apply with respect to any Dean of the Faculty of the United States Air Force Academy selected on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 24, 2003]."

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

Appropriations for the Air Force Academy After August 1, 1964; Requirement of Authorization in Subsequent Legislation; Appropriations for Advance Planning and Minor Construction

Pub. L. 88–390, title VI, §608, Aug. 1, 1964, 78 Stat. 364 , provided that: "Notwithstanding the provisions of section 9 of the Act of April 1, 1954 (Public Law 325) as amended [set out below], no funds may be appropriated after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 1, 1964] for construction at the Air Force Academy unless appropriation of such funds has been authorized in this Act [Military Construction Authorization Act, 1965] or any Act enacted after the date of enactment of this Act: Provided, That funds are authorized to be appropriated to accomplish advance planning and minor construction at the Air Force Academy in the same manner as for other projects under the Act of September 28, 1951, as amended (31 U.S.C. 723) [10 U.S.C. 2661a(a)], and title 10, United States Code, section 2674, as amended."

Appropriations for Air Force Academy

Act Apr. 1, 1954, ch. 127, 68 Stat. 47 , which established the Air Force Academy, provided by section 9 of such act, as amended by act Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 939, title IV, §413(b), 70 Stat. 1018 , and by Pub. L. 85–241, title V, §508, Aug. 30, 1957, 71 Stat. 559 ; Pub. L. 85–685, title III, §309, Aug. 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 659 ; Pub. L. 87–57, title III, §304, June 27, 1961, 75 Stat. 108 ; Pub. L. 90–408, title III, §304, July 21, 1968, 82 Stat. 385 , that there was authorized to be appropriated not to exceed the sum of $141,978,000 to carry out the provisions of that Act, of which not to exceed $26,000,000 was to be the amount so appropriated for any such period, not to exceed $1,858,000 might be utilized for the purpose of section 4 of this Act [set out below].

Temporary Buildings and Facilities

Act Apr. 1, 1954, ch. 127, §4, 68 Stat. 47 , provided that for the purpose of providing temporary facilities and enabling early operation of the Academy, the Secretary of the Air Force was authorized to provide for the erection of the minimum additional number of temporary buildings and the modification of existing structures and facilities at an existing Air Force base and to provide for the proper functioning, equipping, maintaining, and repairing thereof; and to contract with civilian institutions for such operation or instruction as he deemed necessary.