[USC02] 7 USC 9055: Production history of participating dairy operations
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7 USC 9055: Production history of participating dairy operations Text contains those laws in effect on September 18, 2019
From Title 7-AGRICULTURECHAPTER 115-AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY POLICY AND PROGRAMSSUBCHAPTER III-DAIRYPart A-Dairy Margin Coverage

§9055. Production history of participating dairy operations

(a) Production history

(1) In general

Except as provided in subsection (b), when a dairy operation first registers to participate in dairy margin coverage, the production history of the dairy operation for dairy margin coverage is equal to the highest annual milk marketings of the participating dairy operation during any one of the 2011, 2012, or 2013 calendar years.

(2) Adjustment

In the subsequent calendar years ending before January 1, 2019, the Secretary shall adjust the production history of a participating dairy operation determined under paragraph (1) to reflect any increase in the national average milk production.

(3) Continued applicability of base production history

A production history established for a dairy operation under paragraph (1) shall be the base production history for the dairy operation in subsequent years (as adjusted under paragraph (2), as applicable).

(b) Election by new dairy operations

(1) Dairy operations with less than 1 year of production history

In the case of a participating dairy operation that has been in operation for less than a year, the participating dairy operation shall elect 1 of the following methods for the Secretary to determine the production history of the participating dairy operation:

(A) The volume of the actual milk marketings for the months the participating dairy operation has been in operation extrapolated to a yearly amount.

(B) An estimate of the actual milk marketings of the participating dairy operation based on the herd size of the participating dairy operation relative to the national rolling herd average data published by the Secretary.

(2) Dairy operations with 1 year or more of production history

In the case of a participating dairy operation that was not in operation prior to January 1, 2014, that has not established a production history, and that has been in operation for equal to or longer than 1 year, the participating dairy operation shall elect the annual milk marketings during any 1 calendar year to determine the production history of the participating dairy operation.

(3) Adjustment

The Secretary shall adjust the production history of a participating dairy operation determined under paragraph (1) or (2) to reflect any increase or decrease in the national average milk production relative to calendar year 2017.

(c) Required information

A participating dairy operation shall provide all information that the Secretary may require in order to establish the production history of the participating dairy operation for purposes of participating in dairy margin coverage.

(d) Limitation on changes to business structure

The Secretary may not make dairy margin coverage payments to a participating dairy operation if the Secretary determines that the participating dairy operation has reorganized the structure of such operation solely for the purpose of qualifying as a new operation under subsection (b).

( Pub. L. 113–79, title I, §1405, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 690 ; Pub. L. 115–123, div. F, §60101(b)(3), Feb. 9, 2018, 132 Stat. 311 ; Pub. L. 115–334, title I, §1401(f), (k)(6), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4513 , 4517.)

Amendments

2018-Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 115–334, §1401(k)(6), substituted "dairy margin coverage" for "the margin protection program" in two places.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 115–334, §1401(f)(1)(A)(i), substituted "In the subsequent calendar years ending before January 1, 2019" for "In subsequent years".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 115–334, §1401(f)(1)(A)(ii), inserted ", as applicable" after "paragraph (2)".

Pub. L. 115–123 added par. (3).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–334, §1401(f)(1)(B), designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, of par. (1), realigned margins, and added pars. (2) and (3).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–334, §1401(k)(6), substituted "dairy margin coverage" for "the margin protection program".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–334, §1401(f)(2), added subsec. (d).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–334 effective on Jan. 1, 2019, see section 1401(m) of Pub. L. 115–334, set out as a note under section 9051 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–123 applicable beginning with the 2018 calendar year, see section 60101(b)(5) of Pub. L. 115–123, set out as a note under section 9051 of this title.