TITLE 2—THE CONGRESS

Chap.
Sec.
1.
Election of Senators and Representatives
1
2.
Organization of Congress
21
3.
Compensation and Allowances of Members [Transferred, Omitted, or Repealed]
31
4.
Officers and Employees of Senate and House of Representatives [Transferred, Omitted, or Repealed]
60
5.
Library of Congress
131
6.
Congressional and Committee Procedure; Investigations
190
7.
Contested Elections [Repealed]
201
8.
Federal Corrupt Practices [Repealed]
241
8A.
Regulation of Lobbying [Repealed]
261
9.
Office of Legislative Counsel
271
9A.
Office of Law Revision Counsel
285
9B.
Legislative Classification Office [Repealed]
286
9C.
Office of Parliamentarian of House of Representatives
287
9D.
Office of Senate Legal Counsel
288
10.
Classification of Employees of House of Representatives
291
10A.
Payroll Administration in House of Representatives [Transferred, Omitted, or Repealed]
331
11.
Citizens' Commission on Public Service and Compensation
351
12.
Contested Elections
381
13.
Joint Committee on Congressional Operations [Repealed]
411
14.
Federal Election Campaigns [Transferred or Repealed]
431
15.
Office of Technology Assessment
471
16.
Congressional Mailing Standards
501
17.
Congressional Budget Office
601
17A.
Congressional Budget and Fiscal Operations
621
17B.
Impoundment Control
681
18.
Legislative Personnel Financial Disclosure Requirements [Transferred]
701
19.
Congressional Award Program
801
19A.
John Heinz Competitive Excellence Award
831
20.
Emergency Powers To Eliminate Budget Deficits
900
20A.
Statutory Pay-as-You-Go
931
21.
Civic Achievement Award Program in Honor of Office of Speaker of House of Representatives [Repealed]
1001
22.
John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development
1101
22A.
Open World Leadership Center
1151
22B.
Hunger Fellowship Program
1161
23.
Government Employee Rights [Transferred or Repealed]
1201
24.
Congressional Accountability
1301
25.
Unfunded Mandates Reform
1501
26.
Disclosure of Lobbying Activities
1601
27.
Sound Recording Preservation by the Library of Congress
1701
28.
Architect of the Capitol
1801
29.
Capitol Police
1901
30.
Operation and Maintenance of Capitol Complex
2001
31.
Capitol Visitor Center
2201
41.
Congressional Officers and Administration
4101
43.
Congressional Committees
4301
45.
Congressional Pay and Benefits
4501
47.
Congressional Ethics
4701
49.
Congressional Pages
4901
51.
House of Representatives Leadership
5101
53.
House of Representatives Members
5301
55.
House of Representatives Officers and Administration
5501
61.
Senate Leadership
6101
63.
Senate Members
6301
65.
Senate Officers and Administration
6501

        

Disposition Table
(Showing disposition of former sections of Title 2)
Title 2

Former Classification

Title 2

New Classification

29d 4711
29d note (Pub. L. 101–194, title VIII, §801(e), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1772) 4711 note
29d note (Pub. L. 101–194, title VIII, §802(e), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1773) 4711 note
29d note (Pub. L. 101–194, title VIII, §805, Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1778) 4711 note
31 4501
31 note (Pub. L. 103–356, title I, §101, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3410) 4501 note
31 note (Mar. 2, 1955, ch. 9, §5, 69 Stat. 11) 4501 note
31 note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title VI, §601(a), 60 Stat. 850) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 113–3, §1, Feb. 4, 2013, 127 Stat. 51) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 104–186, §1(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1718) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §201, Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 413) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 113–3, §3, Feb. 4, 2013, 127 Stat. 51) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 113–46, div. A, §146, Oct. 17, 2013, 127 Stat. 565) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 112–240, title VIII, §802, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2369) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 111–165, §1, May 14, 2010, 124 Stat. 1185) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. J, §103, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 988) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title I, §115, as added by Pub. L. 110–5, §2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 12) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 103–6, §7, Mar. 4, 1993, 107 Stat. 35) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §908(d), (f), July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 338) 4501 note
31 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §130(c), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 966) 4502
31–2 4725
31–2 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title III, §314(g), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 470) 4725 note
31–3 4726
31–3 note (Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §544(f), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 771) 4726 note
31–3 note (Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §544(e), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 771) 4726 note
31a–1 6102
31a–1 note (Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §13(c), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3172) 6102 note
31a–1 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1(f), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349) 6102 note
31a–2 6135
31a–2a 6136
31a–2b 6137
31a–2c 6138
31a–2d 6101
31a–3 6159
31a–4 6160
31b 5121
31b–1 5125
31b–1 note (Pub. L. 91–665, ch. VIII, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1989) 5125 note
31b–1 note (Pub. L. 93–532, §1(a), Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1723) 5125 note
31b–2 5126
31b–4 5127
31b–5 5128
31b–7 5129
31b–7 note (Pub. L. 103–69, title I, §101A(b), Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 699) 5129 note
32 6111
32a 6112
32b 6115
32b note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §7, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 350) 6115 note
33 6301
33 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §112(e), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 963) 6301 note
34 5301
35 5302
35a 5303
36 6302
36a 4592
37 5304
38a 5305
38b omitted
39 5306
40 4522
40a 4523
42a 6116
43b–2 5343
43b–3 5344
43d 6311
46a 6117
46a note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §2(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349) 6117 note
46a note (Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507) 6117 note
46a note (July 15, 1952, ch. 758, Ch. II, 66 Stat. 639) 6117 note
46a note (Sept. 27, 1950, ch. 1052, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 1047) 6117 note
46a note (Oct. 10, 1949, ch. 662, title I, 63 Stat. 738) 6117 note
46a note (May 10, 1948, ch. 270, 62 Stat. 213) 6117 note
46a note (May 1, 1947, ch. 49, title I, 61 Stat. 58) 6117 note
46a note (July 23, 1946, ch. 591, title I, 60 Stat. 602) 6117 note
46a note (Dec. 28, 1945, ch. 589, title I, 59 Stat. 633) 6117 note
46a–1 6573
46a–1 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §112(b), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 892) 6573 note
46a–1 note (Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(l), formerly §506(i), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508) 6573 note
46a–1 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §6, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1045) 6573 note
46b–1 5534
46d–1 6118
47 4521
48 5307
49 5310
50 5308
51 4110
51 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title II, §209, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2448) 4110 note
51 note (Pub. L. 97–245, Aug. 26, 1982, 96 Stat. 313) 4110 note
54 5345
55 6316
57 4313
57 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §103(c), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 416) 4313 note
57 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §104, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2262) 4313 note
57a 4314
57b 5341
58 6314
58 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §1[(a)], Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 410) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §1(c), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 411) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §1(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2432) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(a), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §7(c), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 451) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §4(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2258) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §8, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §9(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2260) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §§8(b), 14(b), Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2162, 2163) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 100–137, §1(b)(1)–(5), Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 815–818) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 99–65, §2, July 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 163) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 98–181, title I, §1204(b), Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1290) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189 [§103(b) of S. 2939]) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189 [§106(b) of S. 2939]) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, §104(b), Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 849) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §122, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 965) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §103, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §104, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(b), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 95–240, title II, §208, Mar. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 117) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §112(f), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 665) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 93–145, §101, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 103–69, title I, §2, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 695) 6314 note
58 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §5(b), Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1045) 6314 note
58a 6315
58a note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §5, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517) 6315 note
58a note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §104(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568) 6315 note
58a note (Pub. L. 104–197, title I, §4(b), Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2397) 6315 note
58a–1 6621
58a–1 note (Pub. L. 100–123, §4, Oct. 5, 1987, 101 Stat. 795) 6621 note
58a–2 6622
58a–3 6623
58a–4 6624
58c 6313
58c note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(d), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180) 6313 note
59 6317
59 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §4(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 350) 6317 note
59 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §109, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 890) 6317 note
59 note (Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §106(b), July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 276) 6317 note
59–1 6318
59b 6320
59d 5346
59d–1 6319
59e 503
59e note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §105(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1018) 503 note
59e note (Pub. L. 106–19, §1(b), Apr. 8, 1999, 113 Stat. 29) 503 note
59f 504
59f note (Pub. L. 103–283, title I, §3(c), July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1427) 504 note
59g 505
59h 506
60–1 4101
60–2 4724
60a–1 4571
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title III, §311(c)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–310) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(g), (h), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 295) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 89–301, §11(g), (h), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1121) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(f), (g), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 414) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 87–793, title VI, §1005(c), (d), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 867) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(c), (d), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(c), (d), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 208) 4571 note
60a–1 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(c), 69 Stat. 176) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(e), 65 Stat. 614) 4571 note
60a–1 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(d), 63 Stat. 974) 4571 note
60a–1a 4572
60a–1b 4573
60a–2 4531
60a–2 note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(k), (l), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 209) 4531 note
60a–2 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(c), 69 Stat. 176) 4531 note
60a–2 note (Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(e), 65 Stat. 614) 4531 note
60a–2 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(d), 63 Stat. 974) 4531 note
60a–2a 4532
60c–1 4591
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, §105(c), Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 849) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §111(b), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 962) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §108(b), July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 113) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 92–136, §9(b), Oct. 11, 1971, 85 Stat. 378) 4591 note
60c–1 note (Pub. L. 86–426, §3, Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 54) 4591 note
60c–2a 6568
60c–3 4594
60c–4 4524
60c–5 4579
60c–5 note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1001(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1124) 4579 note
60c–6 4536
60d–1 4551
60d–1 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §116(c), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 573) 4551 note
60e–1a 4555
60e–1b 4556
60e–1c 4557
60e–1d 4558
60e–2a 1853
60e–2b 1854
60g–2 5322
60g–2 note (Pub. L. 93–245, ch. VI, Jan. 3, 1974, 87 Stat. 1079 [§3 of House Res. 420, 93d Congress]) 5322 note
60j 4507
60j note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §107(d), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 890) 4507 note
60j note (Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §110(b), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 775) 4507 note
60j note (Pub. L. 95–240, title II, §205, Mar. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 117) 4507 note
60j note (Pub. L. 87–730, §106(e), Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 695) 4507 note
60j–1 1927 note
60j–1 note (Pub. L. 88–454, §104(d), Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 550) 1927 note
60j–2 4508
60j–4 4509
60k 1313 note
60l 1311 note
60o 4537
60o note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §103(b), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1183) 4537 note
60o note (Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §6], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–97) 4580
60p 4595
60q 4505
60q note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1401(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1134) 4505 note
61 4574
61–1 4575
61–1 note (Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, title I, §1, Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2026) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §1, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 814) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2220) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §4(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2221) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 109–55, title I, §1, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 568) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §1, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3168) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §1, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1010) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §3, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 349) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §106, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 106–57, title I, §2, Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 411) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §8, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2434) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §5, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1181) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §1(b)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–294) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–137, §1(c)(1), Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 818) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–71, title I, §3(a), July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 423) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §3(b), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §12(c), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 477) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–181, title I, §1203(b), Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1290) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §112(b), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 892) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §101(a), Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1443) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–371, §6, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 430) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532, 533) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 633) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 90–57, §105(k), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §10, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1014) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(c), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–157, title I, §111(c), Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 832) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(a), (b), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 662) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–137, §3, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(d), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 100–71, title I, §3(b), (c), July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 423) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 99–349, title I, §1, July 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 741) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 99–88, title I, §191, Aug. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 348) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §9, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 475) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §901, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 335) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 849) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §106, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §105, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 96–86, §111(a), (b), Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 660, 661) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §104(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 772) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 81) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–157, title I, ch. IV, Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 830) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–32, title I, June 12, 1975, 89 Stat. 182) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 425) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 90–239, ch. IV, Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 774) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 89–697, ch. VI, Oct. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 1063) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 88–25, title I, May 17, 1963, 77 Stat. 31) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 87–545, title I, July 25, 1962, 76 Stat. 215) 4575 note
61–1 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(d), (f), 69 Stat. 176, 177) 4575 note
61–1 note (Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(c)(1), 65 Stat. 614) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(f), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 295) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 89–301, §11(f), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1121) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(e), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 413) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 87–793, title VI, §1005(b), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 867) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(b), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(b), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 207) 4575 note
61–1 note (June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(e)(2), 69 Stat. 177) 4575 note
61–1 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(1), 63 Stat. 974) 4575 note
61–1 note (Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(2), 63 Stat. 974) 4575 note
61–1 note (Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 617, §2(b), 58 Stat. 832) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 95–4, Feb. 16, 1977, 91 Stat. 12) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 94–32, title I, §5, June 12, 1975, 89 Stat. 183) 4575 note
61–1 note (Pub. L. 86–213, Sept. 1, 1959, 73 Stat. 443) 4575 note
61–1a 4576
61–1b 4577
61–1c 4581
61a 6531
61a note (Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429 [Eff. Date of 1974 Amendment note]) 6531 note
61a note (Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429 [1974 Adjustment in Compensation note]) 6531 note
61a–3 6534
61a–9 6565
61a–9a 6564
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §1, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 474) 6564 note
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §102, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 61) 6564 note
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 95–355, title I, §101, Sept. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 533) 6564 note
61a–9a note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §106, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 661) 6564 note
61a–11 6539
61b 6535
61b note (Pub. L. 86–213, Sept. 1, 1959, 73 Stat. 443) 6535 note
61b–3 6541
61b–3 note (Pub. L. 97–257, title I, §107, Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 850) 6541 note
61c–1 6540
61c–2 6537
61c–2 note (Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 266) 6537 note
61c–2 note (May 19, 1956, ch. 313, Ch. XII, 70 Stat. 175) 6537 note
61d 6651
61d–1 6652
61d–2 6653
61d–4 6654
61e 6591
61e–1 6594
61e–1 note (Pub. L. 94–226, §1(b), Mar. 9, 1976, 90 Stat. 203) 6594 note
61e–1 note (Pub. L. 94–226, §1(c), Mar. 9, 1976, 90 Stat. 203) 6594 note
61e–1 note (Pub. L. 94–226, §1(a), Mar. 9, 1976, 90 Stat. 203) 6594 note
61e–2 6595
61e–3 6593
61e–4 6598
61f–1a 6612
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §6, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2258) 6612 note
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §6, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2161) 6612 note
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §108, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62) 6612 note
61f–1a note (Pub. L. 96–86, §111(c), Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 661) 6612 note
61f–7 6597
61f–7 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §8, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 451) 6597 note
61f–7 note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §9, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 452) 6597 note
61f–8 6599
61f–9 6596
61f–10 6502
61f–11 6620
61f–12 6628
61f–12 note (Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title II, §20701(c)(2), as added by Pub. L. 110–5, §2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 38) 6628 note
61f–13 6633
61f–14 6617
61g 6151
61g note (Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §102(b), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 82) 6151 note
61g–4 6156
61g–5 6152
61g–6 6155
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §2(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1010) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §105(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 568) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2256) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1043) 6155 note
61g–6 note (Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e) [title I, §105], Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189) 6155 note
61g–6a 6153
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §7(b), Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 518) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §1(b), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 450) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §1, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1044) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §1, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2161) 6153 note
61g–6a note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §7], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–294) 6153 note
61g–6b 6154
61g–7 6157
61g–8 6158
61g–8 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §2, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1044) 6158 note
61g–8 note (Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §2, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2161) 6158 note
61g–8 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–292) 6158 note
61h–4 6131
61h–5 6132
61h–6 6501
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §2(b), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 815) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §6(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 350) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §101(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 563) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §4(c), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2433) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 101–302, title III, §314(b), May 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 246) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §110(b), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 662) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §8, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2222) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 109–55, title I, §2, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 568) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §2, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3169) 6501 note
61h–6 note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §6, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1013) 6501 note
61h–7 6133
61h–7 note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §9, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1046) 6133 note
61j–2 6134
61k 6113
61l 6114
62 6592
64–1 6542
64–2 6562
64–2 note (Pub. L. 97–51, §113, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 963) 6562 note
64–2 note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §107, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62) 6562 note
64a 6532
64a–1 6536
64b 6533
65a 6507
65a note (Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504) 6507 note
65a note (July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 400) 6507 note
65a note (Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321) 6507 note
65a note (July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 467) 6507 note
65a note (Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 392) 6507 note
65a note (Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 597) 6507 note
65a note (June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 219) 6507 note
65a note (June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 425) 6507 note
65b 6613
65c 6512
65c note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §5(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1013) 6512 note
65c note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 334) 6512 note
65d 6614
65f 6567
65f note (Pub. L. 105–18, title II, §7003(b), June 12, 1997, 111 Stat. 192) 6567 note
66a 4578
67 6312
67a 4335
68 6503
68 note (Pub. L. 93–554, title I, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1776) 6503 note
68 note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §142, 60 Stat. 834) 6503 note
68–1 6504
68–2 6505
68–3 6506
68–4 6615
68–5 6629
68–5 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §3(b)], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–294) 6629 note
68–6 6508
68–6 note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §8], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–295) 6508 note
68–6a 6611
68–7 6574
68–8 6509
68a 6510
68a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §142, 60 Stat. 834) 6510 note
68b 6513
68c 4331
68d 6511
68e 6561
68f 6563
69 4333
69–1 4334
69–1 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §6(c), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1181) 4334 note
69a 6514
69a note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §6(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2222) 6514 note
69a note (Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I, §6], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–294) 6514 note
69b 6578
72a 4301
72a note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §105(b), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1184) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, title VI, §601, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1204) 4301 note
72a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §245, 60 Stat. 839) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, §1, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1140) 4301 note
72a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, §1(a), 60 Stat. 812) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §105, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 521) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 103–283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1430) 4315
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §301(d), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1177) 4301 note
72a note (Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §301(e), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1177) 4301 note
72a note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §244, 60 Stat. 839) 4301 note
72a–1b 4311
72a–1e 4332
72a–1e note (Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(f), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663) 4332 note
72a–1f 4338
72a–1g 4721
72a–1h 4722
72a–1i 4723
72b 4312
72d 4336
72d–1 4337
74–1 5122
74a 5101
74a note (Pub. L. 85–462, §4(n), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 209) 5101 note
74a note (Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281 [House Res. No. 127, 89th Congress, Jan. 19, 1965]) 5101 note
74a note (Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281 [House Res. No. 258, 89th Congress, Mar. 9, 1965]) 5101 note
74a–2 4302
74a–3 5141
74a–3 note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §103, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 520) 5141 note
74a–4 5142
74a–5 5142 note
74a–7 5123
74a–7 note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §113, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 572) 5123 note
74a–8 5161
74a–8 note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §104(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1123) 5161 note
74a–9 5102
74a–10 5144
74a–10a 5145
74a–10b 5146
74a–11 5105
74a–11a 5104
74a–12 5124
74a–13 5162
74a–13 note (Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §102(c), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1121) 5162 note
74b 6538
74c 5143
74c note (Pub. L. 91–145, §103, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 359) 5143 note
74c note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §103, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 520) 5143 note
74d 5621
74d note (Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §106, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1018) 5624
74d–1 5622
74d–2 5623
75a–1 5501
75f 5502
77 5601
78 5604
78 note (Pub. L. 104–53, title III, §313, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 538) 5605
79 5603
80 5309
80a 4560
83 5602
84–2 5521
84–2 note (Pub. L. 111–248, §3(b), Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2626) 5521 note
84–2 note (Pub. L. 98–51, title I, §111(1), July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 269) 5521 note
84a 5561
88b 4903
88b–1 4901
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §491(f), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1198) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 97–12, title I, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 65) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 96–38, title III, §303, July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 142) 4901 note
88b–1 note (Pub. L. 95–391, title III, §305, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 789) 4901 note
88b–2 4911
88b–2 note (Pub. L. 110–2, §4, Feb. 2, 2007, 121 Stat. 5) 4911 note
88b–2 note (Pub. L. 110–2, §1, Feb. 2, 2007, 121 Stat. 4) 4911 note
88b–3 4912
88b–3 note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §101(b), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2438) 4912 note
88b–4 4913
88b–5 4917
88b–7 4931
88c–2 4914
88c–2 note (Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §103, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 479) 4914 note
88c–3 4915
88c–4 4916
89 4552
89a 4559
92 5321
92 note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §104(b), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1184) 5321 note
92 note (Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167) 5321 note
92 note (Pub. L. 91–145, §103, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 359) 5321 note
92a 5323
92a note (Pub. L. 98–473, title I, §123A(a), Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1969) 5323 note
92b 5324
92b note (Aug. 21, 1935, ch. 600, §4, 49 Stat. 680) 5324 note
92b–1 5327
92b–2 5328
92b–3 5329
92c 5325
92d 5326
95–1 5505
95a 5506
95b 5507
95b note (Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, title I, §104(b), Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2029) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §103(b), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 817) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §105(c), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 818) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §109(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 355) 5507 note
95b note (Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §102, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1183) 5507 note
95c 5532
95d 5508
95e 5533
101 4701
102a 4107
104a 4108
104a note (Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §1(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–96) 4108 note
104b 5535
104b note (Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §105, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2439) 4713
104c 5562
104d 4702
104d note (Pub. L. 110–81, title I, §105(c), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 741) 4702 note
104e 4712
104e note (Pub. L. 112–105, §19(b)(2), Apr. 4, 2012, 126 Stat. 305) 4712 note
104e note (Pub. L. 110–81, title III, §306, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 754) 4712 note
104f 4728
104g 4727
105 4303
106 6569
107 6570
108 6571
109 4104
110 4105
111 4102
111a 6625
111b 4103
111b note (Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §903(b), July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 336) 4103 note
112 6572
112 note (Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §142, 60 Stat. 834) 6572 note
112e 5536
112e note (Pub. L. 91–139, §3, Dec. 5, 1969, 83 Stat. 292) 5536 note
112f 5509
112g 5537
112h 5538
113 4109
114 6575
115 5563
117 6516
117 note (May 29, 1928, ch. 901, §1(122), 45 Stat. 995) 6516 note
117b 6630
117b–1 6517
117b–2 6631
117c 6632
117d 6626
117d–1 6627
117e 5540
117e note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §114(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 572) 5540 note
117e note (Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §103(c), Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1050) 5540 note
117e note (Pub. L. 100–71, title I, July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 425) 5540 note
117e note (Pub. L. 99–500, §101(j), Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(j), Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–287) 5540 note
117f 5539
117g 4121
117h 4122
117i 2013
117j 5541
117j note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §103(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2225) 5541 note
117j–1 5542
117k 5543
117l 5544
117m 5545
117m note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, §102(c), Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 817) 5545 note
117m note (Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §104(b), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2225) 5545 note
117m note (Pub. L. 109–13, div. A, title III, §3401(c), May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 272) 5545 note
117m note (Pub. L. 111–248, §1, Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2625) 5545 note
118 5503
118a 5504
119 4106
121 2052
121b 6634 note
121b–1 6634
121b–1 note (Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §3(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–96) 6634 note
121c 6635
121d 6576
121d note (Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §107(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 569) 6576 note
121d note (Pub. L. 103–283, title I, §1, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1426) 6576 note
121e 6515
121f 2026
121g 4123
123b 4131
123b note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §7(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 4131 note
123b note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §7(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 4131 note
123b note (Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §107, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 522) 4131 note
123b–1 4132
123b–1 note (Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §7(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2259) 4132 note
123c 6618
123c–1 6619
123d 6636
123e 6577
124 5606
124 note (Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 513) 5606 note
124 note (July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403) 5606 note
124 note (Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 325) 5606 note
125 4553
125a 4506
126–2 6543
126b 6544
127a 5342
127b 4538
130–1 5581
130–2 5582
130a 4504
130b 4503
130b note (Pub. L. 94–310, §4, June 15, 1976, 90 Stat. 687) 4503 note
130c 4593
130c note (Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §101(e), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3827) 4593 note
130d 4554
130e 2172
130f 5571
130f note (Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §110(c), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 355) 5571 note
130g 6616
130h 5546
130j 5531
130k 5547
130l 5591
331 4533
331 note (Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §477(b), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1195) 4533 note
333 5103
333a omitted
335 4534
336 4535
442 6566
2161 4902
2161 note (Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1512) 4902 note

CHAPTER 1—ELECTION OF SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES

Sec.
1.
Time for election of Senators.
1a.
Election to be certified by governor.
1b.
Countersignature of certificate of election.
2.
Omitted.
2a.
Reapportionment of Representatives; time and manner; existing decennial census figures as basis; statement by President; duty of clerk.
2b.
Number of Representatives from each State in 78th and subsequent Congresses.
2c.
Number of Congressional Districts; number of Representatives from each District.
3, 4.
Omitted.
5.
Nominations for Representatives at large.
6.
Reduction of representation.
7.
Time of election.
8.
Vacancies.
9.
Voting for Representatives.

        

§1. Time for election of Senators

At the regular election held in any State next preceding the expiration of the term for which any Senator was elected to represent such State in Congress, at which election a Representative to Congress is regularly by law to be chosen, a United States Senator from said State shall be elected by the people thereof for the term commencing on the 3d day of January next thereafter.

(June 4, 1914, ch. 103, §1, 38 Stat. 384; June 5, 1934, ch. 390, §3, 48 Stat. 879.)

Amendments

1934—Act June 5, 1934, substituted "3d day of January" for "fourth day of March".

Constitutional Provisions

The first section of Amendment XX to the Constitution provides in part: "* * * the terms of Senators and Representatives [shall end] at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin."

Time for election of Senators, see Const. Art. I, §4, cl. 1.

Vacancies in the Senate, see Const. Amend. XVII.

§1a. Election to be certified by governor

It shall be the duty of the executive of the State from which any Senator has been chosen to certify his election, under the seal of the State, to the President of the Senate of the United States.

(R.S. §18.)

Codification

R.S. §18 derived from act July 25, 1866, ch. 245, §3, 14 Stat. 244.

§1b. Countersignature of certificate of election

The certificate mentioned in section 1a of this title shall be countersigned by the secretary of state of the State.

(R.S. §19.)

Codification

R.S. §19 derived from act July 25, 1866, ch. 245, §3, 14 Stat. 244.

§2. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §§1, 2, 37 Stat. 13, 14, fixed composition of House of Representatives at 435 Members, to be apportioned to the States therein enumerated. For provisions dealing with reapportionment of Representatives and manner of election, etc., see sections 2a and 2b of this title.

§2a. Reapportionment of Representatives; time and manner; existing decennial census figures as basis; statement by President; duty of clerk

(a) On the first day, or within one week thereafter, of the first regular session of the Eighty-second Congress and of each fifth Congress thereafter, the President shall transmit to the Congress a statement showing the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed, as ascertained under the seventeenth and each subsequent decennial census of the population, and the number of Representatives to which each State would be entitled under an apportionment of the then existing number of Representatives by the method known as the method of equal proportions, no State to receive less than one Member.

(b) Each State shall be entitled, in the Eighty-third Congress and in each Congress thereafter until the taking effect of a reapportionment under this section or subsequent statute, to the number of Representatives shown in the statement required by subsection (a) of this section, no State to receive less than one Member. It shall be the duty of the Clerk of the House of Representatives, within fifteen calendar days after the receipt of such statement, to send to the executive of each State a certificate of the number of Representatives to which such State is entitled under this section. In case of a vacancy in the office of Clerk, or of his absence or inability to discharge this duty, then such duty shall devolve upon the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives.

(c) Until a State is redistricted in the manner provided by the law thereof after any apportionment, the Representatives to which such State is entitled under such apportionment shall be elected in the following manner: (1) If there is no change in the number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State, and if any of them are elected from the State at large they shall continue to be so elected; (2) if there is an increase in the number of Representatives, such additional Representative or Representatives shall be elected from the State at large and the other Representatives from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; (3) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives but the number of districts in such State is equal to such decreased number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; (4) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives but the number of districts in such State is less than such number of Representatives, the number of Representatives by which such number of districts is exceeded shall be elected from the State at large and the other Representatives from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; or (5) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives and the number of districts in such State exceeds such decreased number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the State at large.

(June 18, 1929, ch. 28, §22, 46 Stat. 26; Apr. 25, 1940, ch. 152, 54 Stat. 162; Nov. 15, 1941, ch. 470, §1, 55 Stat. 761; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §201, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724.)

Amendments

1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–186 struck out at end "; and in case of vacancies in the offices of both the Clerk and the Sergeant at Arms, or the absence or inability of both to act, such duty shall devolve upon the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives".

1941—Act Nov. 15, 1941, provided for reapportionment based on seventeenth and subsequent decennial censuses.

1940—Act Apr. 25, 1940, provided for reapportionment based on sixteenth decennial census.

Termination of Reporting Requirements

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103–7 (in which the report required by subsec. (a) of this section is listed on page 17), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

Constitutional Provisions

Apportionment of Representatives among the several States, see Const. Art. I, §2, cl. 3, and Amend. XIV, §2.

Temporary Increase in Membership

Representation of States of Alaska and Hawaii in House of Representatives as not affecting basis of apportionment established by this section, see section 9 of Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions, and section 8 of Pub. L. 86–3, Mar. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 4, set out as a note preceding section 491 of Title 48.

§2b. Number of Representatives from each State in 78th and subsequent Congresses

Each State shall be entitled, in the Seventy-eighth and in each Congress thereafter until the taking effect of a reapportionment under a subsequent statute or section 2a of this title, to the number of Representatives shown in the statement transmitted to the Congress on January 8, 1941, based upon the method known as the method of equal proportions, no State to receive less than one Member.

(Nov. 15, 1941, ch. 470, §2(a), 55 Stat. 762.)

Certificates to Executives of States

Act Nov. 15, 1941, ch. 470, §2(b), 55 Stat. 762, required Clerk of House of Representatives, within 15 days of Nov. 15, 1941, to send a new certificate of entitlement of a State to Representatives, if such a certificate had been sent prior to Nov. 15, 1941, under provisions of section 2a of this title.

§2c. Number of Congressional Districts; number of Representatives from each District

In each State entitled in the Ninety-first Congress or in any subsequent Congress thereafter to more than one Representative under an apportionment made pursuant to the provisions of section 2a(a) of this title, there shall be established by law a number of districts equal to the number of Representatives to which such State is so entitled, and Representatives shall be elected only from districts so established, no district to elect more than one Representative (except that a State which is entitled to more than one Representative and which has in all previous elections elected its Representatives at Large may elect its Representatives at Large to the Ninety-first Congress).

(Pub. L. 90–196, Dec. 14, 1967, 81 Stat. 581.)

§§3, 4. Omitted

Codification

Section 3, act Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §3, 37 Stat. 14, which related to election by districts, expired by its own limitation on enactment of Reapportionment Act of June 18, 1929, ch. 28, §22, 46 Stat. 21 (section 2a of this title). It was not restated in act June 18, 1929, providing for reapportionment under Fifteenth Census, and hence it was not applicable thereto. See Wood v. Broom, 1932 (53 S. Ct. 1, 287 U.S. 1, 77 L. Ed. 131).

Section 4, act Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §4, 37 Stat. 14, which related to additional Representatives at large, expired by its own limitation on enactment of Reapportionment Act of June 18, 1929, ch. 28, §22, 46 Stat. 21 (section 2a of this title). It was not restated in act June 18, 1929, providing for reapportionment under Fifteenth Census, and hence it was not applicable thereto. See Wood v. Broom, 1932 (53 S. Ct. 1, 287 U.S. 1, 77 L. Ed. 131).

§5. Nominations for Representatives at large

Candidates for Representative or Representatives to be elected at large in any State shall be nominated in the same manner as candidates for governor, unless otherwise provided by the laws of such State.

(Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, §5, 37 Stat. 14.)

§6. Reduction of representation

Should any State deny or abridge the right of any of the male inhabitants thereof, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, to vote at any election named in the amendment to the Constitution, article 14, section 2, except for participation in the rebellion or other crime, the number of Representatives apportioned to such State shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall have to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

(R.S. §22.)

Codification

R.S. §22 derived from act Feb. 2, 1872, ch. 11, §6, 17 Stat. 29.

§7. Time of election

The Tuesday next after the 1st Monday in November, in every even numbered year, is established as the day for the election, in each of the States and Territories of the United States, of Representatives and Delegates to the Congress commencing on the 3d day of January next thereafter.

(R.S. §25; Mar. 3, 1875, ch. 130, §6, 18 Stat. 400; June 5, 1934, ch. 390, §2, 48 Stat. 879.)

Codification

R.S. §25 derived from act Feb. 2, 1872, ch. 11, §3, 17 Stat. 28.

The second sentence of this section, which was based on section 6 of the act Mar. 3, 1875 and made this section inapplicable to any State that had not yet changed its day of election and whose constitution required an amendment to change the day of election of its State officers, was omitted.

Amendments

1934—Act June 5, 1934, substituted "3d day of January" for "fourth day of March".

Constitutional Provisions

The first section of Amendment XX to the Constitution provides: "The terms of Senators and Representatives [shall end] at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin."

Time for election of Representatives, see Const. Art. I, §4, cl. 1.

§8. Vacancies

(a) In general

Except as provided in subsection (b), the time for holding elections in any State, District, or Territory for a Representative or Delegate to fill a vacancy, whether such vacancy is caused by a failure to elect at the time prescribed by law, or by the death, resignation, or incapacity of a person elected, may be prescribed by the laws of the several States and Territories respectively.

(b) Special rules in extraordinary circumstances

(1) In general

In extraordinary circumstances, the executive authority of any State in which a vacancy exists in its representation in the House of Representatives shall issue a writ of election to fill such vacancy by special election.

(2) Timing of special election

A special election held under this subsection to fill a vacancy shall take place not later than 49 days after the Speaker of the House of Representatives announces that the vacancy exists, unless, during the 75-day period which begins on the date of the announcement of the vacancy—

(A) a regularly scheduled general election for the office involved is to be held; or

(B) another special election for the office involved is to be held, pursuant to a writ for a special election issued by the chief executive of the State prior to the date of the announcement of the vacancy.

(3) Nominations by parties

If a special election is to be held under this subsection, the determination of the candidates who will run in such election shall be made—

(A) by nominations made not later than 10 days after the Speaker announces that the vacancy exists by the political parties of the State that are authorized by State law to nominate candidates for the election; or

(B) by any other method the State considers appropriate, including holding primary elections, that will ensure that the State will hold the special election within the deadline required under paragraph (2).

(4) Extraordinary circumstances

(A) In general

In this subsection, "extraordinary circumstances" occur when the Speaker of the House of Representatives announces that vacancies in the representation from the States in the House exceed 100.

(B) Judicial review

If any action is brought for declaratory or injunctive relief to challenge an announcement made under subparagraph (A), the following rules shall apply:

(i) Not later than 2 days after the announcement, the action shall be filed in the United States District Court having jurisdiction in the district of the Member of the House of Representatives whose seat has been announced to be vacant and shall be heard by a 3-judge court convened pursuant to section 2284 of title 28.

(ii) A copy of the complaint shall be delivered promptly to the Clerk of the House of Representatives.

(iii) A final decision in the action shall be made within 3 days of the filing of such action and shall not be reviewable.

(iv) The executive authority of the State that contains the district of the Member of the House of Representatives whose seat has been announced to be vacant shall have the right to intervene either in support of or opposition to the position of a party to the case regarding the announcement of such vacancy.

(5) Protecting ability of absent military and overseas voters to participate in special elections

(A) Deadline for transmittal of absentee ballots

In conducting a special election held under this subsection to fill a vacancy in its representation, the State shall ensure to the greatest extent practicable (including through the use of electronic means) that absentee ballots for the election are transmitted to absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters (as such terms are defined in the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act [52 U.S.C. 20301 et seq.]) not later than 15 days after the Speaker of the House of Representatives announces that the vacancy exists.

(B) Period for ballot transit time

Notwithstanding the deadlines referred to in paragraphs (2) and (3), in the case of an individual who is an absent uniformed services voter or an overseas voter (as such terms are defined in the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act), a State shall accept and process any otherwise valid ballot or other election material from the voter so long as the ballot or other material is received by the appropriate State election official not later than 45 days after the State transmits the ballot or other material to the voter.

(6) Application to District of Columbia and territories

This subsection shall apply—

(A) to a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to the Congress in the same manner as it applies to a Member of the House of Representatives; and

(B) to the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands in the same manner as it applies to a State, except that a vacancy in the representation from any such jurisdiction in the House shall not be taken into account by the Speaker in determining whether vacancies in the representation from the States in the House exceed 100 for purposes of paragraph (4)(A).

(7) Rule of construction regarding Federal election laws

Nothing in this subsection may be construed to affect the application to special elections under this subsection of any Federal law governing the administration of elections for Federal office (including any law providing for the enforcement of any such law), including, but not limited to, the following:

(A) The Voting Rights Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 1973 et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 10301 et seq.], as amended.

(B) The Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ee et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20101 et seq.], as amended.

(C) The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ff et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20301 et seq.], as amended.

(D) The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (42 U.S.C. 1973gg et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20501 et seq.], as amended.

(E) The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), as amended.

(F) The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.), as amended.

(G) The Help America Vote Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 15301 et seq.) [now 52 U.S.C. 20901 et seq.], as amended.

(R.S. §26; Pub. L. 109–55, title III, §301, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 588.)

References in Text

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(5), (7)(C), is Pub. L. 99–410, Aug. 28, 1986, 100 Stat. 924, which was formerly classified principally to subchapter I–G (§1973ff et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified principally to chapter 203 (§20301 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(A), is Pub. L. 89–110, Aug. 6, 1965, 79 Stat. 437, which was formerly classified generally to subchapters I–A (§1973 et seq.), I–B (§1973aa et seq.), and I–C (§1973bb et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified generally to chapters 103 (§10301 et seq.), 105 (§10501 et seq.), and 107 (§10701 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(B), is Pub. L. 98–435, Sept. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1678, which was formerly classified generally to subchapter I–F (§1973ee et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified generally to chapter 201 (§20101 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The National Voter Registration Act of 1993, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(D), is Pub. L. 103–31, May 20, 1993, 107 Stat. 77, which was formerly classified principally to subchapter I–H (§1973gg et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified principally to chapter 205 (§20501 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(E), is Pub. L. 101–336, July 26, 1990, 104 Stat. 327, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 126 (§12101 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 12101 of Title 42 and Tables.

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(F), is Pub. L. 93–112, Sept. 26, 1973, 87 Stat. 355, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 16 (§701 et seq.) of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 701 of Title 29 and Tables.

The Help America Vote Act of 2002, referred to in subsec. (b)(7)(G), is Pub. L. 107–252, Oct. 29, 2002, 116 Stat. 1666, which was formerly classified principally to chapter 146 (§15301 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering in Title 52, Voting and Elections, and is now classified principally to chapter 209 (§20901 et seq.) of Title 52. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Codification

R.S. §26 derived from act Feb. 2, 1872, ch. 11, §4, 17 Stat. 28.

Amendments

2005—Pub. L. 109–55 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted "Except as provided in subsection (b), the time" for "The time", and added subsec. (b).

Constitutional Provisions

Vacancies in the House of Representatives, see Const. Art. I, §2, cl. 4.

§9. Voting for Representatives

All votes for Representatives in Congress must be by written or printed ballot, or voting machine the use of which has been duly authorized by the State law; and all votes received or recorded contrary to this section shall be of no effect.

(R.S. §27; Feb. 14, 1899, ch. 154, 30 Stat. 836.)

Codification

R.S. §27 derived from acts Feb. 28, 1871, ch. 99, §19, 16 Stat. 440, and May 30, 1872, ch. 239, 17 Stat. 192.

CHAPTER 2—ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

Sec.
21.
Oath of Senators.
22.
Oath of President of Senate.
23.
Presiding officer of Senate may administer oaths.
24.
Secretary of Senate or assistant secretary may administer oaths.
25.
Oath of Speaker, Members, and Delegates.
25a.
Delegate to House of Representatives from District of Columbia.
25b.
Repealed.
26.
Roll of Representatives-elect.
27.
Change of place of meeting.
28.
Parliamentary precedents of House of Representatives.
28a.
Compilation of the Precedents of House of Representatives; date of completion; biennial update; printing and availability of copies.
28b.
Printing and binding as public document of Precedents of House of Representatives; number of sets authorized.
28c.
Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office.
28d.
Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office for official use; particular distribution; marking and ownership of sets.
28e.
Distribution of Precedents by Joint Committee on Printing of surplus sets; additional printing, etc., of sets under authority of Joint Committee.
29.
Condensed and simplified versions of House precedents; other useful materials in summary form; form and distribution to Members of Congress, Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and others; appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of services of personnel of Federal agencies.
29a.
Early organization of House of Representatives.
29b, 29c.
Omitted.
29d.
Transferred.
30.
Term of service of Members of Congress as trustees or directors of corporations or institutions appropriated for.
30a.
Jury duty exemption of elected officials of legislative branch.
30b.
Notice of objecting to proceeding.

        

Change of Name and Transfer of Functions of Committees and Officers of House of Representatives

Pub. L. 104–14, June 3, 1995, 109 Stat. 186, provided that:

"SECTION 1. REFERENCES IN LAW TO COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

"(a) References to Committees With New Names.—Except as provided in subsection (c), any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to—

"(1) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives [Committee on National Security of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Armed Services of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999];

"(2) the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Banking and Financial Services of the House of Representatives [Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001];

"(3) the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities of the House of Representatives [Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Jan. 7, 1997; Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and Labor of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007; Committee on Education and Labor of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Jan. 5, 2011];

"(4) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives [Committee on Commerce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred to Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001];

"(5) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives [Committee on International Relations of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007];

"(6) the Committee on Government Operations of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight of the House of Representatives [Committee on Government Reform and Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Government Reform of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999; Committee on Government Reform of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007];

"(7) the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives [Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999];

"(8) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives [Committee on Resources of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007];

"(9) the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; and

"(10) the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Science of the House of Representatives [Committee on Science of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Science and Technology of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007; Committee on Science and Technology of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Jan. 5, 2011].

"(b) References to Abolished Committees.—Any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to—

"(1) the Committee on District of Columbia of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight [now Committee on Oversight and Government Reform] of the House of Representatives;

"(2) the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight [now Committee on Oversight and Government Reform] of the House of Representatives, except that a reference with respect to the House Commission on Congressional Mailings [probably should be "Mailing"] Standards (the 'Franking Commission') shall be treated as referring to the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives; and

"(3) the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to—

"(A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to inspection of seafood or seafood products;

"(B) the Committee on National Security [now Committee on Armed Services] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to interoceanic canals, the Merchant Marine Academy and State Maritime Academies, or national security aspects of merchant marine;

"(C) the Committee on Resources [now Committee on Natural Resources] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to fisheries, wildlife, international fishing agreements, marine affairs (including coastal zone management) except for measures relating to oil and other pollution of navigable waters, or oceanography;

"(D) the Committee on Science [now Committee on Science, Space, and Technology] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to marine research; and

"(E) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to a matter other than a matter described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (D).

"(c) References to Committees With Jurisdiction Changes.—Any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to—

"(1) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to—

"(A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to inspection of seafood or seafood products;

"(B) the Committee on Banking and Financial Services [now Committee on Financial Services] of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to bank capital markets activities generally or to depository institution securities activities generally; and

"(C) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to railroads, railway labor, or railroad retirement and unemployment (except revenue measures related thereto); and

"(2) the Committee on Government Operations of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives in the case of a provision of law relating to the establishment, extension, and enforcement of special controls over the Federal budget.

"SEC. 2. REFERENCES IN LAW TO OFFICERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

"Any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to a function, duty, or authority—

"(1) of the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives;

"(2) of the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives;

"(3) of the Postmaster of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives; and

"(4) of the Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives."

§21. Oath of Senators

The oath of office shall be administered by the President of the Senate to each Senator who shall be elected, previous to his taking his seat.

(R.S. §28.)

Codification

R.S. §28 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, §2, 1 Stat. 23.

§22. Oath of President of Senate

When a President of the Senate has not taken the oath of office, it shall be administered to him by any Member of the Senate.

(R.S. §29.)

Codification

R.S. §29 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, §2, 1 Stat. 23.

§23. Presiding officer of Senate may administer oaths

The presiding officer, for the time being, of the Senate of the United States, shall have power to administer all oaths and affirmations that are or may be required by the Constitution, or by law, to be taken by any Senator, officer of the Senate, witness, or other person, in respect to any matter within the jurisdiction of the Senate.

(Apr. 18, 1876, ch. 66, §1, 19 Stat. 34.)

§24. Secretary of Senate or assistant secretary may administer oaths

The Secretary of the Senate, and the assistant secretary thereof, shall, respectively, have power to administer any oath or affirmation required by law, or by the rules or orders of the Senate, to be taken by any officer of the Senate, and to any witness produced before it.

(Apr. 18, 1876, ch. 66, §2, 19 Stat. 34; Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125.)

Change of Name

Assistant secretary of the Senate deemed successor in references to chief clerk of the Senate in all laws, rules, resolutions, and orders, effective July 1, 1971, under provisions of Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125.

§25. Oath of Speaker, Members, and Delegates

At the first session of Congress after every general election of Representatives, the oath of office shall be administered by any Member of the House of Representatives to the Speaker; and by the Speaker to all the Members and Delegates present, and to the Clerk, previous to entering on any other business; and to the Members and Delegates who afterward appear, previous to their taking their seats.

The Clerk of the House of Representatives of the Eightieth and each succeeding Congress shall cause the oath of office to be printed, furnishing two copies to each Member and Delegate who has taken the oath of office in accordance with law, which shall be subscribed in person by the Member or Delegate, who shall thereupon deliver them to the Clerk, one to be filed in the records of the House of Representatives, and the other to be recorded in the Journal of the House and in the Congressional Record; and such signed copies, or certified copies thereof, or of either of such records thereof, shall be admissible in evidence in any court of the United States, and shall be held conclusive proof of the fact that the signer duly took the oath of office in accordance with law.

(R.S. §30; Feb. 18, 1948, ch. 53, 62 Stat. 20.)

Codification

R.S. §30 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, §2, 1 Stat. 23.

The last paragraph of this section, which permitted Members and Delegates of the House of Representatives of the Eightieth Congress to subscribe and deliver two signed copies of the printed oath of office at any time before the expiration of the Eightieth Congress, was omitted.

Amendments

1948—Act Feb. 18, 1948, added last two paragraphs to provide a way by which any Member of House of Representatives can establish by record evidence the fact that the Member took the oath of office and so became a Member.

§25a. Delegate to House of Representatives from District of Columbia

(a) The people of the District of Columbia shall be represented in the House of Representatives by a Delegate, to be known as the "Delegate to the House of Representatives from the District of Columbia", who shall be elected by the voters of the District of Columbia in accordance with the District of Columbia Election Act. The Delegate shall have a seat in the House of Representatives, with the right of debate, but not of voting, shall have all the privileges granted a Representative by section 6 of Article I of the Constitution, and shall be subject to the same restrictions and regulations as are imposed by law or rules on Representatives. The Delegate shall be elected to serve during each Congress.

(b) No individual may hold the office of Delegate to the House of Representatives from the District of Columbia unless on the date of his election—

(1) he is a qualified elector (as that term is defined in section 2(2) of the District of Columbia Election Act) of the District of Columbia;

(2) he is at least twenty-five years of age;

(3) he holds no other paid public office; and

(4) he has resided in the District of Columbia continuously since the beginning of the three-year period ending on such date.


He shall forfeit his office upon failure to maintain the qualifications required by this subsection.

(Pub. L. 91–405, title II, §202, Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 848.)

References in Text

The District of Columbia Election Act, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b)(1), is act Aug. 12, 1955, ch. 862, 69 Stat. 699, as amended, which is not classified to the Code.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 91–405, title II, §206(b), Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 855, provided that: "This title and the amendments made by this title [enacting this section and section 25b of this title and amending section 2106 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, sections 4342, 6954, and 9342 of Title 10, Armed Forces, sections 201, 203, 204, 591, 594, and 595 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and section 10307 of Title 52, Voting and Elections] shall take effect on the date of its enactment [Sept. 22, 1970]."

§25b. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724

Section, Pub. L. 91–405, title II, §204(a), Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 852, related to application of certain Federal laws to Delegate to House of Representatives from District of Columbia.

§26. Roll of Representatives-elect

Before the first meeting of each Congress the Clerk of the next preceding House of Representatives shall make a roll of the Representatives-elect, and place thereon the names of those persons, and of such persons only, whose credentials show that they were regularly elected in accordance with the laws of their States respectively, or the laws of the United States. In case of a vacancy in the office of Clerk of the House of Representatives, or of the absence or inability of the Clerk to discharge the duties imposed on him by law or custom relative to the preparation of the roll of Representatives or the organization of the House, those duties shall devolve on the Sergeant at Arms of the next preceding House of Representatives.

(R.S. §§31–33; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(2), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724.)

Codification

R.S. §31 derived from acts Feb. 21, 1867, ch. 56, §1, 14 Stat. 397 and Mar. 3, 1863, ch. 108, 12 Stat. 804.

R.S. §§32 and 33 derived from act Feb. 21, 1867, ch. 56, §2, 14 Stat. 397.

R.S. §31 constitutes first sentence; R.S. §32 constitutes second sentence; and R.S. §33 constituted the third sentence, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186. See 1996 Amendment note below.

Amendments

1996—Pub. L. 104–186 struck out third sentence which read as follows: "In case of vacancies in the offices of both the Clerk and the Sergeant at Arms, or of the absence or inability of both to act, the duties of the Clerk relative to the preparation of the roll of the House of Representatives or the organization of the House shall be performed by the Doorkeeper of the next preceding House of Representatives." See Codification note above.

§27. Change of place of meeting

Whenever Congress is about to convene, and from the prevalence of contagious sickness, or the existence of other circumstances, it would, in the opinion of the President, be hazardous to the lives or health of the members to meet at the seat of Government, the President is authorized, by proclamation, to convene Congress at such other place as he may judge proper.

(R.S. §34.)

Codification

R.S. §34 derived from act Apr. 3, 1794, ch. 17, 1 Stat. 353.

§28. Parliamentary precedents of House of Representatives

(a) Periodic compilation; other useful materials; index digest; date of completion

The Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives, at the beginning of the fifth fiscal year following the completion and publication of the parliamentary precedents of the House authorized by the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966 (79 Stat. 270; Public Law 89–90), and at the beginning of each fifth fiscal year thereafter, shall commence the compilation and preparation for printing of the parliamentary precedents of the House of Representatives, together with such other materials as may be useful in connection therewith, and an index digest of such precedents and other materials. Each such compilation and preparation for printing of the parliamentary precedents of the House shall be completed by the close of the fiscal year immediately following the fiscal year in which such work is commenced.

(b) Form, number, and distribution of compilation

As so compiled and prepared, such precedents and other materials and index digest shall be printed on pages of such size, and in such type and format, as the Parliamentarian may determine and shall be printed in such numbers and for such distribution as may be provided by law enacted prior to printing.

(c) Appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of services of personnel of Federal agencies

For the purpose of carrying out each such compilation and preparation, the Parliamentarian may—

(1) subject to the approval of the Speaker, appoint (as employees of the House of Representatives) clerical and other personnel and fix their respective rates of pay; and

(2) utilize the services of personnel of the Library of Congress and the Government Publishing Office.

(Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §331, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1186; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

References in Text

The Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Change of Name

"Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Government Printing Office" in subsec. (c)(2) on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note preceding section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

Effective Date

Section effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§28a. Compilation of the Precedents of House of Representatives; date of completion; biennial update; printing and availability of copies

The Speaker is authorized and directed to complete the Compilation of the Precedents of the House of Representatives by January 1, 1977, and prepare an updated compilation of such precedents every two years thereafter. Copies of the Compilation of Precedents shall be printed in sufficient quantity to be available to every Member and the standing committees of the House of Representatives.

(Pub. L. 93–554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777.)

Codification

Section is based on section 208 of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 93–554.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 93–554 provided that the enactment of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, into permanent law is effective Jan. 2, 1975.

§28b. Printing and binding as public document of Precedents of House of Representatives; number of sets authorized

(a) There shall be printed and bound as a public document two thousand sets of the Precedents of the House of Representatives compiled and prepared by Lewis Deschler (hereinafter in sections 28b to 28e of this title referred to as the "Precedents") in accordance with the provisions of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966 (Public Law 89–90; 79 Stat. 265).

(b) The number of sets authorized to be printed and bound by or pursuant to sections 28b to 28e of this title shall be in lieu of the usual number of copies for binding and distribution required by section 701 of title 44.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §1, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2537.)

References in Text

The Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

§28c. Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office

(a) Delivery to Members of Ninety-fifth Congress; marking of volumes

The Director of the Government Publishing Office shall deliver one set of the Precedents to each Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Ninety-fifth Congress. The name of the Member to whom the set is delivered shall be legibly stamped on the front cover of each volume of the set.

(b) Members of Congress following Ninety-fifth Congress not already having sets of Precedents; necessity of written request to Superintendent of Documents for set

Each Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, each Congress following the Ninety-fifth Congress who has not theretofore received a set of the Precedents shall be entitled to receive one set of the Precedents, upon transmitting a written request for such set to the Superintendent of Documents.

(c) Additional distribution of sets

The Director of the Government Publishing Office shall make the following distribution of sets of the Precedents:

(1) to the office of the Vice President, to the office of the speaker of the House of Representatives, and to the office of the President pro tempore of the Senate, each, five sets;

(2) to the office of the majority leader of the House of Representatives and to the office of the minority leader of the House of Representatives, each, three sets;

(3) to the Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives, sixty sets;

(4) to the Parliamentarian of the Senate, five sets;

(5) to the Clerk of the House of Representatives and to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, each 1 two sets;

(6) to the Secretary of the Senate and to the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, each, two sets;

(7) to the superintendent of the House document room, two sets;

(8) to the superintendent of the Senate document room, two sets;

(9) to the Library of Congress, for international exchange and for official use in Washington, District of Columbia, one hundred and fifty sets;

(10) to the National Archives, three sets;

(11) to the government of the District of Columbia, twelve sets;

(12) to the Smithsonian Institute, two sets;

(13) to the library of each legislative branch of each State, territory, and possession of the United States, one set; and

(14) to the Superintendent of Documents, eight hundred and sixteen sets for distribution to the depository library system.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §2, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2537; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(3), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(d), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

Amendments

1996—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(3)(A), substituted "Representatives, each" for "Representives, each".

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(3)(B), substituted "and to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, each two sets" for ", to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, and to the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives, each, two sets".

Change of Name

"Director of the Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Public Printer" in subsecs. (a) and (c) on authority of section 1301(d) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note under section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents. Substitution was also made in section catchline that had been supplied editorially.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

§28d. Distribution of Precedents by Director of the Government Publishing Office for official use; particular distribution; marking and ownership of sets

(a) The Director of the Government Publishing Office shall make the following distribution of sets of the Precedents;

(1) to each standing or joint committee of the Congress which is in existence on October 18, 1976, or which is established after October 18, 1976, four sets;

(2) to the office of the Legislative Counsel of the House of Representatives, five sets;

(3) to the office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, five sets;

(4) to the library of the House of Representatives, four sets;

(5) to the library of the Senate, two sets;

(6) to the library of the Supreme Court of the United States, nine sets;

(7) to the office of the Official Reporter of Debates of the House of Representatives, three sets; and

(8) to the office of the Official Reporter of Debates of the Senate, three sets.


(b) Each set of Precedents distributed by the Director of the Government Publishing Office under subsection (a) of this section shall be for official use. Each such set shall be legibly stamped on the front cover "Property of the United States Government." Each such set, upon delivery, shall become and remain the property of the United States, and may not be removed from the building in which is located the designated library or office, as the case may be.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §3, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2538; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(d), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

Change of Name

"Director of the Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Public Printer" in text on authority of section 1301(d) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note under section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents. Substitution was also made in section catchline that had been supplied editorially.

§28e. Distribution of Precedents by Joint Committee on Printing of surplus sets;  additional printing, etc., of sets under authority of Joint Committee

(a) Any set of the Precedents printed and bound pursuant to subsection (a) of section 28b of this title, not needed to carry out the distributions required by sections 28b to 28e of this title, shall be distributed under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing.

(b) The Joint Committee on Printing may from time to time authorize and direct that additional sets of the Precedents, be printed, bound, and distributed in such manner as the Joint Committee determines will best carry out the purposes of sections 28b to 28e of this title.

(Pub. L. 94–551, §4, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2538.)

§29. Condensed and simplified versions of House precedents; other useful materials in summary form; form and distribution to Members of Congress, Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and others; appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of services of personnel of Federal agencies

The Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives shall prepare, compile, and maintain on a current basis and in cumulative form, for each Congress commencing with the Ninety-third Congress a condensed and, insofar as practicable, up-to-date version of all of the parliamentary precedents of the House of Representatives which have current use and application in the House, together with informative text prepared by the Parliamentarian and other useful related material in summary form. The Parliamentarian shall have such matter printed for each Congress on pages of such size and in such type and format as he considers advisable to promote the usefulness of such matter to the Members of the House and shall provide a printed copy thereof to each Member in each Congress, including the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and may make such other distribution of such printed copies as he considers advisable. In carrying out this section, the Parliamentarian may appoint and fix the pay of personnel and utilize the services of personnel of the Library of Congress and the Government Publishing Office.

(Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §332, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1186; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

Change of Name

"Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Government Printing Office" in text on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note preceding section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

Effective Date

Section effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§29a. Early organization of House of Representatives

(a) Caucus or conference for incumbent Members reelected to and Members-elect of ensuing Congress; time and procedure for calling

(1) The majority leader or minority leader of the House of Representatives after consultation with the Speaker may at any time during any even-numbered year call a caucus or conference of all incumbent Members of his or her political party who have been reelected to the ensuing Congress and all other Members-elect of such party, for the purpose of taking all steps necessary to achieve the prompt organization of the Members and Members-elect of such party for the ensuing Congress.

(2) If the majority leader or minority leader calls an organizational caucus or conference under paragraph (1), he or she shall file with the Clerk of the House a written notice designating the date upon which the caucus or conference is to convene. As soon as possible after the election of Members to the ensuing Congress, the Clerk shall furnish each Member-elect of the party involved with appropriate written notification of the caucus or conference.

(3) If a vacancy occurs in the office of majority leader or minority leader during any even-numbered year (and has not been filled), the chairman of the caucus or conference of the party involved for the current Congress may call an organizational caucus or conference under paragraph (1) by filing written notice thereof as provided by paragraph (2).

(b) Payment and reimbursement for travel and per diem expenses for Members attending caucus or conference; exceptions; regulations governing payments and reimbursements; reimbursement vouchers

(1)(A) Each Member-elect (other than an incumbent Member reelected to the ensuing Congress) who attends a caucus or conference called under subsection (a), and each incumbent Member reelected to the ensuing Congress who attends any such caucus or conference convening after the adjournment sine die of the Congress in the year involved, shall be paid for one round trip between his or her place of residence in the district which he or she represents and Washington, District of Columbia, for the purpose of attending such caucus or conference. Payment shall be made through the issuance of a transportation request form to each such Member-elect or incumbent Member by the Finance Office of the House before such caucus or conference.

(B) Each Member-elect (other than an incumbent Member reelected to the ensuing Congress) who attends a caucus or conference called under subsection (a) shall in addition be reimbursed on a per diem or other basis for expenses incurred in connection with his or her attendance at such caucus or conference.

(2) Payments and reimbursements to Members-elect under paragraph (1) shall be made as provided (with respect to Members) in the regulations prescribed by the Committee on House Oversight with respect to travel and other expenses of committees and Members. Reimbursements shall be paid on special voucher forms prescribed by the Committee on House Oversight.

(c) Availability of applicable accounts of House

The applicable accounts of the House of Representatives are made available to carry out the purposes of this section.

(d) Orientation programs for new Members

With the approval of the majority leader (in the case of a Member or Member-elect of the majority party) or the minority leader (in the case of a Member or Member-elect of the minority party), subsections (b) and (c) shall apply with respect to the attendance of a Member or Member-elect at a program conducted by the Committee on House Administration for the orientation of new members 1 in the same manner as such provisions apply to the attendance of the Member or Member-elect at the organizational caucus or conference.

(Pub. L. 93–554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §202(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1725; Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §107(a), (b)(1), (c)(1), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3176.)

Codification

Section is based on section 202 of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 93–554.

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–447, §107(a), substituted "conference of all" for "conference, to begin on or after the first day of December and conclude on or before the twentieth day of December in such year and to be attended by all".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 108–447, §107(b)(1), substituted a period for "for a period not to exceed the shorter of the following—

"(i) the period beginning with the day before the designated date upon which such caucus or conference is to convene and ending with the day after the date of the final adjournment of such caucus or conference; or

"(ii) fourteen days."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–447, §107(c)(1), added subsec. (d).

1996—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(4)(A), substituted "House Oversight" for "House Administration" in two places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–186, §202(4)(B), substituted "applicable accounts of the House of Representatives are" for "contingent fund of the House is".

Change of Name

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §107(d), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3177, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 5343 of this title] shall apply with respect to the One Hundred Tenth Congress and each succeeding Congress."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 93–554 provided that the enactment of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, into permanent law is effective Jan. 2, 1975.

1 So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

§§29b, 29c. Omitted

Codification

Section 29b, based on section 204 of House Resolution No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into permanent law, effective Jan. 2, 1975, by Pub. L. 93–554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777, established a Commission on Information and Facilities in House of Representatives to be composed of nine members of the House appointed by Speaker, required Speaker to appoint an Advisory Council to assist Commission in carrying out its functions, required Commission to conduct study of informational problems, facilities and space, and House legislative counsel requirements, provided for the scope of study of informational problems, and required Commission to make an annual progress report to Speaker, to complete study of House legislative counsel requirements by Jan. 1, 1976, and to submit a final report by Jan. 2, 1977.

Section 29c, based on clause 10, rule I, of the Rules of the House of Representatives as in effect before July 17, 1984, relating to the Office for the Bicentennial for the House of Representatives, established by House Resolution No. 621, Ninety-seventh Congress, Dec. 17, 1982, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §102, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 479, established in House of Representatives an Office for the Bicentennial of the House of Representatives to coordinate planning of commemoration of two-hundredth anniversary of House of Representatives and to be staffed by a professional historian appointed by Speaker without regard to political affiliation and solely on basis of fitness to perform duties of the position and to serve at pleasure of Speaker, and provided that the Office cease to exist not later than Sept. 30, 1989, unless otherwise provided by law or resolution. Office of the Historian of the House of Representatives was established by clause 10, rule I, of the Rules of the House of Representatives, as added on Jan. 3, 1989 (H. Res. 5, 101st Congress).

§29d. Transferred

Codification

Section 29d was editorially reclassified as section 4711 of this title.

§30. Term of service of Members of Congress as trustees or directors of corporations or institutions appropriated for

In all cases where Members of Congress or Senators are appointed to represent Congress on any board of trustees or board of directors of any corporation or institution to which Congress makes any appropriation, the term of said Members or Senators, as such trustee or director, shall continue until the expiration of two months after the first meeting of the Congress chosen next after their appointment.

(Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 199, §1, 27 Stat. 553.)

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 722 of Title 31 prior to the general revision and enactment of Title 31, Money and Finance, by Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877.

§30a. Jury duty exemption of elected officials of legislative branch

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal, State or local law, no elected official of the legislative branch of the United States Government shall be required to serve on a grand or petit jury, convened by any Federal, State or local court, whether such service is requested by judicial summons or by some other means of compulsion.

(b) "Elected official of the legislative branch" shall mean each Member of the United States House of Representatives, the Delegates from the District of Columbia, Guam, the American Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and each United States Senator.

(Pub. L. 101–520, title III, §310, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2278.)

Codification

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991.

§30b. Notice of objecting to proceeding

(a) In general

The Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate or their designees shall recognize a notice of intent of a Senator who is a member of their caucus to object to proceeding to a measure or matter only if the Senator—

(1) following the objection to a unanimous consent to proceeding to, and, or passage of, a measure or matter on their behalf, submits the notice of intent in writing to the appropriate leader or their designee; and

(2) not later than 6 session days after the submission under paragraph (1), submits for inclusion in the Congressional Record and in the applicable calendar section described in subsection (b) the following notice:


"I, Senator ________, intend to object to proceedings to ________, dated ________ for the following reasons ________.".

(b) Calendar

(1) In general

The Secretary of the Senate shall establish for both the Senate Calendar of Business and the Senate Executive Calendar a separate section entitled "Notice of Intent to Object to Proceeding".

(2) Content

The section required by paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) the name of each Senator filing a notice under subsection (a)(2);

(B) the measure or matter covered by the calendar that the Senator objects to; and

(C) the date the objection was filed.

(3) Notice

A Senator who has notified their respective leader and who has withdrawn their objection within the 6 session day period is not required to submit a notification under subsection (a)(2).

(c) Removal

A Senator may have an item with respect to the Senator removed from a calendar to which it was added under subsection (b) by submitting for inclusion in the Congressional Record the following notice:

"I, Senator ________, do not object to proceed to ________, dated ________.".

(Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §512, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 759.)

Effective Date

Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §556, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 774, provided that: "Except as otherwise provided in this title [enacting this section, sections 4722, 4723, 4726, 4727, and 4728 of this title, and provisions set out as notes under this section and section 4726 of this title], this title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this title [Sept. 14, 2007]."

Exercise of Rulemaking Powers

Pub. L. 110–81, title V, §555, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 774, provided that: "The Senate adopts the provisions of this title [see Effective Date note above]—

"(1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate; and

"(2) with full recognition of the constitutional right of the Senate to change those rules at any time, in the same manner, and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of the Senate."

CHAPTER 3—COMPENSATION AND ALLOWANCES OF MEMBERS

Sec.
31.
Transferred.
31–1.
Repealed.
31–2, 31–3.
Transferred.
31a.
Repealed.
31a–1 to 31b–2.
Transferred.
31b–3.
Repealed.
31b–4, 31b–5.
Transferred.
31b–6.
Repealed.
31b–7.
Transferred.
31c.
Repealed.
32 to 37.
Transferred.
38.
Repealed.
38a.
Transferred.
38b.
Omitted.
39 to 40a.
Transferred.
41, 42.
Repealed.
42a.
Transferred.
42a–1 to 43b–1.
Repealed or Omitted.
43b–2, 43b–3.
Transferred.
43c.
Repealed.
43d.
Transferred.
44 to 46.
Omitted.
46a, 46a–1.
Transferred.
46a–2 to 46b.
Omitted or Repealed.
46b–1.
Transferred.
46b–2 to 46d.
Repealed.
46d–1.
Transferred.
46d–2 to 46i.
Repealed.
47 to 51.
Transferred.
52, 53.
Repealed.
54, 55.
Transferred.
56.
Repealed.
57 to 58a–4.
Transferred.
58b.
Repealed.
58c.
Transferred.
58c–1.
Repealed.
59, 59–1.
Transferred.
59a.
Repealed.
59b to 59h.
Transferred.

        

§31. Transferred

Codification

Section 31 was editorially reclassified as section 4501 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 31, acts Feb. 26, 1907, ch. 1635, §4, 34 Stat. 993; Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §4, 43 Stat. 1301; May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158, related to compensation of Members of Congress, prior to enactment of act Aug. 2, 1946.

Appropriation of Funds for Compensation of Members of Congress and for Administrative Expenses at Levels Authorized by Law and Recommended by the President for Federal Employees

Pub. L. 97–51, §130(c), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 966, which related to appropriation of funds for compensation of Members of Congress and for administrative expenses at levels authorized by law and recommended by the President for Federal employees, was editorially reclassified as section 4502 of this title.

Commission on Judicial and Congressional Salaries

Act Aug. 7, 1953, ch. 353, 67 Stat. 485, which established a Commission to determine appropriate rates of salaries for justices and judges of courts of United States and for Vice President, Speaker of House of Representatives, and Members of Congress, was repealed by Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 657.

§31–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 102–90, title I, §6(c), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 451

Section, Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §908(a)–(c), July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 337, 338; Pub. L. 99–190, §137, Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1323; Pub. L. 101–194, title VI, §601(b)(2), title XI, §1101(b), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1762, 1782; Pub. L. 101–280, §7(b)(2)[(d)(2)], May 4, 1990, 104 Stat. 161, related to maximum amount of honoraria which could be accepted by Members of Congress.

§31–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 31–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4725 of this title.

§31–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 31–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4726 of this title.

§31a. Repealed. Mar. 2, 1955, ch. 9, §4(b), 69 Stat. 11, eff. Mar. 1, 1955

Section, acts Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title VI, §601(b), 60 Stat. 850; Oct. 20, 1951, ch. 521, title VI, §619(d), 65 Stat. 570, related to expense allowance for Senators, Representatives, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner.

§31a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6102 of this title.

§31a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6135 of this title.

§31a–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2a was editorially reclassified as section 6136 of this title.

§31a–2b. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2b was editorially reclassified as section 6137 of this title.

§31a–2c. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2c was editorially reclassified as section 6138 of this title.

§31a–2d. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–2d was editorially reclassified as section 6101 of this title.

§31a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6159 of this title.

§31a–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 31a–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6160 of this title.

§31b. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b was editorially reclassified as section 5121 of this title.

§31b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5125 of this title.

§31b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5126 of this title.

§31b–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–151, title I, §102(b), Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 797

Section, based on H. Res. No. 1238, §3, Dec. 23, 1970, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 91–665, ch. VIII, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1989; Pub. L. 93–532, §1(a), Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1723, provided for reimbursement of former Speaker of House for telephone service charges for administration, etc., of matters pertaining to incumbency in office as Representative and Speaker.

§31b–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–4 was editorially reclassified as section 5127 of this title.

§31b–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–5 was editorially reclassified as section 5128 of this title.

§31b–6. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–151, title I, §102(b), Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 797

Section, based on H. Res. No. 1238, §6, Dec. 23, 1970, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 91–665, ch. VIII, Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1989; Pub. L. 93–532, §1(a), Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1723, provided for an allowance to the former Speaker of the House for stationery and other office supplies.

§31b–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 31b–7 was editorially reclassified as section 5129 of this title.

§31c. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–51, §139(b)(2), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 967

Section, acts July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 467; Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 322, provided that, for taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1953, the place of residence of a Member of Congress (including any Delegate and Resident Commissioner) within the State, congressional district, Territory, or possession which he represented in Congress would be considered his home for the purposes of tax provisions making deductible certain living expenses away from home, but that amounts expended by such Member within each taxable year for living expenses could not be deducted for income tax purposes in excess of $3,000.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1980, see section 139(b)(3) of Pub. L. 97–51, as amended, set out as an Effective Date of 1981 Amendment note under section 162 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

§32. Transferred

Codification

Section 32 was editorially reclassified as section 6111 of this title.

§32a. Transferred

Codification

Section 32a was editorially reclassified as section 6112 of this title.

§32b. Transferred

Codification

Section 32b was editorially reclassified as section 6115 of this title.

§33. Transferred

Codification

Section 33 was editorially reclassified as section 6301 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 33, act Mar. 3, 1883, ch. 143, 22 Stat. 632, entitled Senators to receive their compensation monthly, from the beginning of their term, prior to repeal by section 112(b)(1) of Pub. L. 97–51.

§34. Transferred

Codification

Section 34 was editorially reclassified as section 5301 of this title.

§35. Transferred

Codification

Section 35 was editorially reclassified as section 5302 of this title.

§35a. Transferred

Codification

Section 35a was editorially reclassified as section 5303 of this title.

§36. Transferred

Codification

Section 36 was editorially reclassified as section 6302 of this title.

§36a. Transferred

Codification

Section 36a was editorially reclassified as section 4592 of this title.

§37. Transferred

Codification

Section 37 was editorially reclassified as section 5304 of this title.

§38. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1725

Section, R.S. §§49, 50; acts Jan. 20, 1874, ch. 11, 18 Stat. 4; Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §4, 43 Stat. 1301, related to pay of Member dying after commencement of Congress. See section 5305 of this title.

§38a. Transferred

Codification

Section 38a was editorially reclassified as section 5305 of this title.

§38b. Omitted

Codification

Section, June 5, 1952, ch. 369, Ch. I, 66 Stat. 101; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(6), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1725, was set out as both this section and section 125a of this title prior to section 125a being editorially reclassified as section 4506 of this title.

§39. Transferred

Codification

Section 39 was editorially reclassified as section 5306 of this title.

§40. Transferred

Codification

Section 40 was editorially reclassified as section 4522 of this title.

§40a. Transferred

Codification

Section 40a was editorially reclassified as section 4523 of this title.

§§41, 42. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(9)(A), (10), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726

Section 41, R.S. §43, provided that no Member or Delegate was entitled to any allowance for newspapers.

Section 42, based on H. Res. No. 420, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, related to furnishing of postage stamps to Members, committees, and officers of House of Representatives.

A prior section 42, R.S. §44, which proscribed compensation or allowance to Senators, Representatives, or Delegates for postage, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(11), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726. See sections 6116 and 6117 of this title.

Applicability of Prohibition During Ninety-fifth Congress

Section 302(c) of H. Res. No. 287, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 2, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, which provided that former section 41 of this title was to have no effect during the Ninety-fifth Congress, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(9)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726.

§42a. Transferred

Codification

Section 42a was editorially reclassified as section 6116 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 42a, acts July 1, 1941, ch. 268, 55 Stat. 450; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 339; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 243; Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 391; July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 503; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359; July 31, 1958, Pub. L. 85–570, 72 Stat. 442; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 449; Dec. 30, 1963, Pub. L. 88–248, 77 Stat. 805; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 268; July 23, 1968, Pub. L. 90–417, 82 Stat. 400; Dec. 12, 1969, Pub. L. 91–145, 83 Stat. 342; July 9, 1971, Pub. L. 92–51, 85 Stat. 128; Oct. 31, 1972, Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(1), formerly §506(h)(1), 86 Stat. 1508, redesignated §506(i)(1) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, redesignated §506(j)(1) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and redesignated §506(k)(1) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided for an airmail and special-delivery postage allowance for President of the Senate, prior to repeal by section 127(a)(2) of Pub. L. 97–51.

§§42a–1, 42b. Omitted

Codification

Section 42a–1, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402, prescribed airmail and special-delivery postage allowances for Speaker and House majority and minority leaders and whips, and was omitted from the Code as superseded by former section 42d of this title.

Section 42b, acts June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 222; July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402, prescribed airmail and special-delivery postage allowances for each House standing committee, and was omitted from the Code as superseded by former section 42c of this title.

§§42c, 42d. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(12), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726

Section 42c, Pub. L. 85–778, §1, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 934; H. Res. No. 532, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–454, §103, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 550; H. Res. No. 1003, Ninetieth Congress, Dec. 14, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, related to airmail and special delivery stamps for House Members and standing committees.

Section 42d, Pub. L. 85–778, §2, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 934; H. Res. No. 532, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–454, §103, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 550; H. Res. No. 1003, Ninetieth Congress, Dec. 14, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, related to airmail and special delivery stamps for House Speaker, leaders, whips, and officers.

Existing Entitlements

Pub. L. 85–778, §§3, 4, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 934, which provided that Members, committees, and officers of the House of Representatives retained their existing entitlements to airmail and special delivery postage stamps until June 30, 1959, and thereafter the airmail and special delivery stamps made available under former sections 42c and 42d of this title were to be in lieu of any made available under any other law, were repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(12), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726.

§§43, 43a. Omitted

Codification

Section 43, acts July 28, 1866, ch. 296, §17, 14 Stat. 323; Aug. 11, 1993, Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §310(a), 107 Stat. 712, provided for Senators to receive mileage for travel to and from regular sessions, and was omitted from the Code in view of the termination of mileage under this section for Senators by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104–53, set out below.

Section 43a, acts July 8, 1935, ch. 374, 49 Stat. 459; Aug. 11, 1993, Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §310(b), 107 Stat. 712, provided for President of Senate to be paid mileage, and was omitted from the Code in view of the termination of mileage under this section for President of Senate by section 1(b) of Pub. L. 104–53, set out below.

Termination of Mileage for Senators and President of Senate

Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §1, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517, provided that:

"(a) On and after October 1, 1995, no Senator shall receive mileage under section 17 of the Act of July 28, 1866 (2 U.S.C. 43).

"(b) On and after October 1, 1995, the President of the Senate shall not receive mileage under the first section of the Act of July 8, 1935 (2 U.S.C. 43a)."

§§43b, 43b–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(13), (14), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1726

Section 43b, Pub. L. 85–570, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 443; Pub. L. 86–176, Aug. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 401; Pub. L. 88–70, July 19, 1963, 77 Stat. 82; Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 89–147, §1, Aug. 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 583; Pub. L. 89–545, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 358; Pub. L. 90–86, §1, Sept. 17, 1967, 81 Stat. 226; Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 343; Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 128; Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §§502, 506(k)(2), formerly §506(h)(2), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1504, 1508, renumbered §506(i)(2), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(2), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(2), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided for reimbursement of House Members for additional transportation expenses.

Section 43b-1, Pub. L. 89–147, §2, Aug. 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 583; Pub. L. 90–86, §2, Sept. 17, 1967, 81 Stat. 226, authorized election by House Members of lump sum transportation payments in lieu of reimbursement of transportation expenses.

§43b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 43b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5343 of this title.

§43b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 43b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 5344 of this title.

§43c. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–147, §4, Aug. 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 584

Section, Pub. L. 86–628, §105(c), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 461, restricted payment of travel or subsistence expenses of Senators and Representatives to specifically authorized trips, official participation in funeral services of deceased Members, and official trips originating in Senator's State or Representative's district when Congress was not in session.

§43d. Transferred

Codification

Section 43d was editorially reclassified as section 6311 of this title.

§§44 to 46. Omitted

Codification

Section 44, act May 7, 1906, ch. 2083, §1, 34 Stat. 170, authorized a mileage allowance to Delegate from Alaska, and was omitted from the Code as obsolete because Alaska was admitted into the Union with membership of one Representative in Congress on Jan. 3, 1959, upon issuance of Proc. No. 3269, Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, as required by sections 1, 7 and 8 of Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as notes preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.

Section 45, acts July 1, 1902, ch. 1369, §8, 32 Stat. 694; Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 416, §20, 39 Stat. 552, which authorized a mileage allowance to Resident Commissioners from Philippine Islands, and was formerly covered by section 1237 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions, is no longer in force in view of the independence of the Philippine Islands effected by section 1394 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, and proclaimed by the President of the United States in Proc. No. 2695, July 4, 1946, 11 F.R. 7517, 60 Stat. 1352, set out as note under section 1394 of Title 22. Act Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 416, §20, 39 Stat. 552, from which section 45 of this title was derived, was repealed by Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 643.

Section 46, acts Mar. 2, 1917, ch. 145, §36, 39 Stat. 963; May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158, allowed sum of $500 as mileage for each session to Resident Commissioner, and was omitted from the Code as superseded by former section 43b–1 of this title.

§46a. Transferred

Codification

Section 46a was editorially reclassified as section 6117 of this title.

§46a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 46a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6573 of this title.

§46a–2. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 89–545, §101, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 356, provided, effective fiscal year 1967 and thereafter, for stationery allowance of $3,000 per annum for Senators from States having population of 10 million or more inhabitants. See amendment by Pub. L. 90–21 to section 6117 of this title providing such an allowance to all Senators effective fiscal year 1967 and thereafter.

§46a–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(4), formerly §506(h)(4), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, renumbered §506(i)(4), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(4), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(4), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, Pub. L. 90–417, §106, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 413, placed limits on the availability of the stationery allowance for Senators. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, as amended by Pub. L. 93–145, §101, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532, and renumbered §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and renumbered §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that, insofar as this section has application to Senators, the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§46a–4. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 342, made section 46a–3 of this title applicable to President of Senate, and was omitted from the Code in view of the repeal of section 46a–3.

§46b. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(16), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727

Section, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 452; H. Res. No. 533, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by act Aug. 20, 1964, Pub. L. 88–454, §103, 78 Stat. 550; H. Res. No. 1029, Eighty-ninth Congress, Oct. 5, 1966; H. Res. No. 112, Ninetieth Congress, Mar. 8, 1967, enacted into permanent law by act May 29, 1967, Pub. L. 90–21, title I, 81 Stat. 38, related to stationery allowance for House Members.

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior acts:

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 324.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 469.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 486, 65 Stat. 394.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 600.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 221.

June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 428.

July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 366.

June 16, 1939, ch. 208, 53 Stat. 830.

§46b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 46b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5534 of this title.

§46b–2. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(17), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727

Section, act Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 73, 70 Stat. 31, provided for prorated stationery allowance for House Members.

§§46c, 46d. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 129

Section 46c, acts June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 244; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 392; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §102, 60 Stat. 814; Nov. 1, 1951, ch. 665, Ch. 1, 65 Stat. 760; Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 360; Jan. 6, 1964, Pub. L. 88–258, title IV, 77 Stat. 863; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 268; Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–545, 80 Stat. 357, provided for payment of long-distance telephone calls for Senators and Vice President made to and from Washington, D.C. See section 6314 of this title.

Section 46d, acts June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 244; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 392; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §102, 60 Stat. 814; Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321; July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 400; July 31, 1958, Pub. L. 85–570, 72 Stat. 442; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 268, provided for payment from contingent fund of Senate of long-distance telephone calls for Senators, originating and terminating outside Washington, D.C., and additional payments for calls to or from Washington, D.C. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 90–57 provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1968.

§46d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 46d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6118 of this title.

§46d–2. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 130

Section, Pub. L. 89–90, §101, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 268, provided for computation of long-distance telephone calls for Senators, wide area telephone service contracts, and effective date of changes. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 90–57 provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1968.

§46d–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 635

Section, Pub. L. 90–21, title I, May 29, 1967, 81 Stat. 38, made contingent fund of Senate available for reimbursement of each Senator of strictly official telephone service charges incurred outside District of Columbia up to $300 in each fiscal quarter. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–184 provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1972.

§46d–4. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(5), formerly §506(h)(5), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, renumbered §506(i)(5), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(5), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(5), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 130, authorized payment from contingent fund of Senate of charges for long distance telephone calls by Senators. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, renumbered §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304 title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and renumbered §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§46d–5. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 435

Section, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 810, related to reimbursement to Senators and President of Senate of official telephone and telegraph communications charges incurred by them or on their behalf out of contingent fund of Senate up to a maximum of $150 per annum.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–342 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1972.

§46e. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(6), formerly §506(h)(6), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, renumbered §506(i)(6), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j)(6), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, renumbered §506(k)(6), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, acts July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 392; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §102, 60 Stat. 814, authorized the payment of charges for telegrams by Senators. See section 6314 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, renumbered §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, renumbered §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and renumbered §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§46f. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(18)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727

Section, acts June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §1, 63 Stat. 264; May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §1, 65 Stat. 47; Mar. 10, 1953, ch. 6, §1, 67 Stat. 5; Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §1, 70 Stat. 31; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–340, §1, 73 Stat. 605, related to telephone, telegraph, and radiotelegraph allowances for Representatives, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner.

§46f–1. Repealed. Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §2(b), 70 Stat. 32

Section, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 402, fixed maximum minute allowance on long distance telephone calls of House Members, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner.

Effective Date of Repeal

Act Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §3, 70 Stat. 32, provided that: "The amendments made by this Act [amending sections 46f and 46g of this title and repealing this section] shall take effect as of noon on January 3, 1956."

§§46g, 46g–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(18)(B), (19), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1727, 1728

Section 46g, acts June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §2, 63 Stat. 265; May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §1, 65 Stat. 47; July 8, 1952, ch. 590, §1, 66 Stat. 443; Mar. 10, 1953, ch. 6, §1, 67 Stat. 5; Feb. 27, 1956, ch. 74, §2(a), (c), 70 Stat. 32; Sept. 4, 1957, Pub. L. 85–289, §1, 71 Stat. 614; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–340, §2, 73 Stat. 605; H. Res. No. 735, Eighty-seventh Congress, July 25, 1962, enacted into permanent law by act Dec. 30, 1963, Pub. L. 88–248, §103, 77 Stat. 817; H. Res. No. 531, Eighty-eighth Congress, Oct. 2, 1963, enacted into permanent law by act Aug. 20, 1964, Pub. L. 88–454, §103, 78 Stat. 550; Aug. 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–131, §1, 79 Stat. 544; H. Res. No. 901, Eighty-ninth Congress, July 29, 1966, enacted into permanent law by act Oct. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–697, ch. VI, 80 Stat. 1064, related to telephone, telegraph, and radiotelegraph allowances for House Members.

Section 46g–1, based on H. Res. No. 418, §1, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, related to telephone allowances for House Members for strictly official telephone service.

A prior section 46g-1, based on H. Res. No. 161, Ninetieth Congress, May 11, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, was repealed by H. Res. No. 418, §3, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, effective Dec. 15, 1971.

§46h. Repealed. May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §2, 65 Stat. 47, eff. July 1, 1951

Section, act June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §3, 63 Stat. 265, related to limitation on charging telegrams to official business of the House.

§46i. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(18)(C), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728

Section, acts June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §6, 63 Stat. 265; May 29, 1951, ch. 117, §3, 65 Stat. 47, defined terms used in former section 46g of this title.

§47. Transferred

Codification

Section 47 was editorially reclassified as section 4521 of this title.

§48. Transferred

Codification

Section 48 was editorially reclassified as section 5307 of this title.

§49. Transferred

Codification

Section 49 was editorially reclassified as section 5310 of this title.

§50. Transferred

Codification

Section 50 was editorially reclassified as section 5308 of this title.

§51. Transferred

Codification

Section 51 was editorially reclassified as section 4110 of this title.

§§52, 53. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k)(7), formerly §506(h)(7), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1508, redesignated §506(i)(7), Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, redesignated §506(j)(7), Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, redesignated §506(k)(7), Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section 52, Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 634, provided for office space for Senators in their home states. See section 6314 of this title.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriations acts:

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359, as amended Pub. L. 89–211, §1(b), Sept. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 857.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 399.

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 321.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 466.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 391.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 597.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 219.

June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 425.


Section 53, Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 634, provided for payment of office expenses of Senators in their home states. See section 6314 of this title.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriations acts:

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359, as amended Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 343.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 399.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, §506(k), formerly §506(h), Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1507, redesignated §506(i) by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §108(a), Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773, redesignated §506(j) by Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §101, July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 889, and redesignated §506(k) by Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1973.

§54. Transferred

Codification

Section 54 was editorially reclassified as section 5345 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 54, based on H. Res. No. 506, Ninetieth Congress, Aug. 21, 1967, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 90–392, title I, July 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 318, related to procurement for House Members of sets of United States Code Annotated or Federal Code Annotated, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186, title I, §107(d), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1723.

§55. Transferred

Codification

Section 55 was editorially reclassified as section 6316 of this title.

§56. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(20)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728

Section, based on H. Res. No. 418, §2, Ninety-second Congress, May 18, 1971, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 636, related to office expenses within District of Columbia of Delegate from District of Columbia.

Reimbursement of Expenses of House Members; Member of House of Representatives and Member Defined

Section 302(a), (b), and (d) of H. Res. No. 287, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 2, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, which related to reimbursement to Members of House of Representatives for official expenses incurred in the United States, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(20)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728.

§57. Transferred

Codification

Section 57 was editorially reclassified as section 4313 of this title.

§57a. Transferred

Codification

Section 57a was editorially reclassified as section 4314 of this title.

§57b. Transferred

Codification

Section 57b was editorially reclassified as section 5341 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 57b, Pub. L. 104–53, title III, §314, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 538, provided that, effective Sept. 1, 1995, Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives had authority to combine House of Representatives Clerk Hire Allowance, Official Expenses Allowance, and Official Mail Allowance into single allowance, to be known as the "Members' Representational Allowance" and to prescribe regulations relating to allocations, expenditures, and other matters with respect to Members' Representational Allowance.

§58. Transferred

Codification

Section 58 was editorially reclassified as section 6314 of this title.

§58a. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a was editorially reclassified as section 6315 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 58a, Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §112(g), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 665, directed Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate to furnish not more than two WATS lines to any Senator requesting them, with the cost of such service to be paid out of contingent fund of Senate, prior to repeal by section 1205(b) of Pub. L. 98–181, effective first day of first calendar month which begins more than thirty days after Nov. 30, 1983.

§58a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6621 of this title.

§58a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6622 of this title.

§58a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6623 of this title.

§58a–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 58a–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6624 of this title.

§58b. Repealed. Pub. L. 100–137, §2, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819

Section, Pub. L. 97–12, title I, §110, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 62; Pub. L. 97–51, §125, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 965; Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §11(a), July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 476; Pub. L. 99–349, title I, §2(a), (b), July 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 741, 742, provided for transfer to a Senator's Official Office Expense Account of that Senator's clerk hire allowance funds remaining at end of fiscal year. See section 6313 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 100–137, §2, Oct. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 819, provided that the repeal is effective Jan. 1, 1988.

§58c. Transferred

Codification

Section 58c was editorially reclassified as section 6313 of this title.

§58c–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(c)(1), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180

Section, Pub. L. 101–520, title I, §12, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2260; Pub. L. 102–392, title III, §313, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1723; Pub. L. 103–69, title I, §3, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 695, related to transfer of funds by Members of Senate from Senate Official Mail Costs Account to Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 105–55, title I, §3(c)(2), Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1180, provided that: "The amendment made by paragraph (1) [repealing this section] shall be effective on and after October 1, 1997."

§59. Transferred

Codification

Section 59 was editorially reclassified as section 6317 of this title.

§59–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 59–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6318 of this title.

§59a. Repealed. Pub. L. 101–163, title I, §103(b), Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1050

Section, Pub. L. 93–462, §1, Oct. 20, 1974, 88 Stat. 1388, related to purchase of office equipment or furnishings by House Members.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1989, see section 103(c) of Pub. L. 101–163, set out as an Effective Date of 1989 Amendment note under section 5540 of this title.

§59b. Transferred

Codification

Section 59b was editorially reclassified as section 6320 of this title.

§59c. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §103, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 97–51, §118, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 964, which related to disposal of used or surplus furniture and equipment by Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate, and procedure with respect to deposit of receipts from sale of such furniture and equipment, was transferred to section 117b of this title, which was then editorially reclassified as section 6630 of this title.

§59d. Transferred

Codification

Section 59d was editorially reclassified as section 5346 of this title.

§59d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 59d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6319 of this title.

§59e. Transferred

Codification

Section 59e was editorially reclassified as section 503 of this title.

§59f. Transferred

Codification

Section 59f was editorially reclassified as section 504 of this title.

§59g. Transferred

Codification

Section 59g was editorially reclassified as section 505 of this title.

§59h. Transferred

Codification

Section 59h was editorially reclassified as section 506 of this title.

CHAPTER 4—OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES OF SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Sec.
60.
Repealed.
60–1, 60–2.
Transferred.
60a.
Omitted.
60a–1 to 60a–2a. Transferred.
60b, 60c.
Omitted.
60c–1.
Transferred.
60c–2.
Repealed.
60c–2a to 60c–6. Transferred.
60d.
Repealed.
60d–1.
Transferred.
60e, 60e–1.
Repealed.
60e–1a to 60e–1d. Transferred.
60e–2.
Omitted.
60e–2a, 60e–2b.
Transferred.
60e–3 to 60g–1.
Omitted or Repealed.
60g–2.
Transferred.
60h, 60i.
Omitted or Repealed.
60j to 60j–2.
Transferred.
60j–3.
Repealed.
60j–4 to 60l.
Transferred.
60m, 60n.
Repealed.
60o to 61–1c.
Transferred.
61–2.
Omitted.
61a.
Transferred.
61a–1, 61a–2.
Omitted.
61a–3.
Transferred.
61a–4 to 61a–8.
Repealed or Omitted.
61a–9, 61a–9a.
Transferred.
61a–10.
Omitted.
61a–11, 61b.
Transferred.
61b–1 to 61b–2.
Omitted.
61b–3.
Transferred.
61c.
Omitted.
61c–1 to 61d–2.
Transferred.
61d–3.
Repealed.
61d–4 to 61e–4.
Transferred.
61f, 61f–1.
Omitted.
61f–1a.
Transferred.
61f–2 to 61f–6.
Omitted.
61f–7 to 61g.
Transferred.
61g–1 to 61g–3.
Omitted.
61g–4 to 61g–8.
Transferred.
61h to 61h–3.
Omitted.
61h–4 to 61h–7.
Transferred.
61i to 61j–1.
Omitted.
61j–2 to 62.
Transferred.
62a.
Omitted.
62b.
Transferred.
63.
Repealed.
64.
Omitted.
64–1 to 64b.
Transferred.
65.
Repealed.
65a to 65f.
Transferred.
66.
Repealed.
66a to 69b.
Transferred.
70 to 72.
Omitted.
72a.
Transferred.
72a–1, 72a–1a.
Repealed.
72a–1b.
Transferred.
72a–1c, 72a–1d.
Repealed.
72a–1e to 72a–1i. Transferred.
72a–2 to 72a–4.
Omitted or Repealed.
72b.
Transferred.
72b–1, 72c.
Omitted or Repealed.
72d, 72d–1.
Transferred.
73, 74.
Omitted.
74–1.
Transferred.
74–2.
Omitted.
74a.
Transferred.
74a–1.
Omitted.
74a–2 to 74a–5.
Transferred.
74a–6.
Repealed.
74a–7 to 74d–2.
Transferred.
75 to 75a.
Repealed.
75a–1.
Transferred.
75b to 75e.
Omitted.
75f.
Transferred.
76 to 76b.
Omitted or Repealed.
77.
Transferred.
77a.
Repealed.
78 to 80a.
Transferred.
81 to 82.
Repealed.
83.
Transferred.
84, 84–1.
Repealed.
84–2.
Transferred.
84–3, 84–4.
Omitted.
84a.
Transferred.
84a–1 to 88a.
Repealed or Omitted.
88b to 88b–5.
Transferred.
88b–6.
Repealed.
88b–7.
Transferred.
88c, 88c–1.
Repealed.
88c–2 to 89a.
Transferred.
90, 91.
Repealed.
92.
Transferred.
92–1.
Repealed.
92a to 92d.
Transferred.
92e to 95.
Repealed or Omitted.
95–1 to 95e.
Transferred.
96 to 100.
Repealed.
101.
Transferred.
102.
Repealed.
102a.
Transferred.
103, 104.
Omitted.
104a to 112.
Transferred.
112a to 112d.
Repealed.
112e to 115.
Transferred.
116.
Repealed.
117.
Transferred.
117a.
Omitted.
117b to 119.
Transferred.
119a, 120.
Repealed or Omitted.
121.
Transferred.
121a.
Repealed.
121b to 121g.
Transferred.
122 to 123a.
Repealed or Omitted.
123b to 125a.
Transferred.
126, 126–1.
Repealed or Omitted.
126–2.
Transferred.
126a.
Omitted.
126b.
Transferred.
127.
Repealed.
127a, 127b.
Transferred.
128 to 130.
Repealed.
130–1 to 130h.
Transferred.
130i.
Repealed.
130j to 130l.
Transferred.

        

§60. Repealed. June 20, 1929, ch. 33, §6, 46 Stat. 39

Section, acts May 24, 1924, ch. 183, §1, 43 Stat. 146; May 29, 1928, ch. 853, §1, 45 Stat. 885, related to rates of pay for various officers and employees of Government.

§60–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4101 of this title.

Reduction in Number of Employee Positions; Reports

Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §307, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 710, as amended by Pub. L. 103–283, title III, §305, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1441; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, §102(a), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3827, provided for reduction in number of employee positions on full-time equivalent basis, other than those supported by gift and trust funds, for each entity of legislative branch with more than 100 employee positions, on full-time equivalent basis, as of Sept. 30, 1992, by at least 4 percent from level as of such date, provided that such reduction was to be completed not later than Sept. 30, 1995, with at least 62.5 percent of reduction for each entity to be achieved by Sept. 30, 1994, and defined "entity of legislative branch".

§60–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4724 of this title.

§60a. Omitted

Codification

Present provisions relating to personnel and compensation of Congressional officers and employees may be found elsewhere in this chapter and in Acts and Resolutions cited in notes hereunder. Section was based on the following acts:


1949—Jan. 19, 1949, ch. 2, §1(d), (f), 63 Stat. 4.

May 24, 1949, ch. 138, title I, 63 Stat. 76.

Oct. 10, 1949, ch. 662, title I, 63 Stat. 738.

Oct. 14, 1949, ch. 694, title I, 63 Stat. 869.

1948—June 14, 1948, ch. 467, §§101, 105, 62 Stat. 423, 437.

June 25, 1948, ch. 658, title I, 62 Stat. 1027.

1947—Jan. 31, 1947, ch. 1, 61 Stat. 1.

Feb. 19, 1947, ch. 3, 61 Stat. 4.

July 17, 1947, ch. 262, §§101, 105, 61 Stat. 361, 377.

July 30, 1947, ch. 361, 61 Stat. 610.

July 31, 1947, ch. 414, 61 Stat. 695.

1946—July 1, 1946, ch. 530, §§101, 105, 60 Stat. 387, 407.

July 23, 1946, ch. 591, title I, 60 Stat. 600.

Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §201(a), 60 Stat. 834.

Aug. 8, 1946, ch. 870, title I, 60 Stat. 910.

1945—Apr. 25, 1945, ch. 95, title I, 59 Stat. 77.

June 13, 1945, ch. 189, §§101, 105, 59 Stat. 238, 259.

July 5, 1945, ch. 271, title I, 59 Stat. 412.

Dec. 28, 1945, ch. 589, title I, 59 Stat. 632.

1944—June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, §§101, 104, 58 Stat. 334, 354.

June 28, 1944, ch. 304, title I, 58 Stat. 597.

Dec. 22, 1944, ch. 660, title I, 58 Stat. 853.

1943—June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, §§101, 104, 57 Stat. 220, 239.

1942—June 8, 1942, ch. 396, §§1, 4, 56 Stat. 330, 349.

1941—Mar. 1, 1941, ch. 9, 55 Stat. 14.

July 1, 1941, ch. 268, §§1, 4, 55 Stat. 446, 465.

1940—June 18, 1940, ch. 396, §§1, 4, 54 Stat. 462, 480.

Oct. 9, 1940, ch. 780, title I, 54 Stat. 1030.

1939—June 16, 1939, ch. 208, §§1, 4, 53 Stat. 822, 839.

July 25, 1939, ch. 352, §2, 53 Stat. 1080.

1938—May 17, 1938, ch. 236, §§1, 4, 52 Stat. 381, 398.

June 25, 1938, ch. 681, 52 Stat. 1114.

1937—May 18, 1937, ch. 223, 50 Stat. 169.

1934—May 30, 1934, ch. 372, 48 Stat. 817.

1933—Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 134, 47 Stat. 1350.

1929—June 20, 1929, ch. 33, 46 Stat. 32.


In addition to these acts the following House Resolutions affected the salary of certain employees and were made permanent law by section 105 of act July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 377: House Resolutions 628, 691, and 693 of the Seventy-ninth Congress and House Resolutions 42, 54, 74, 78, 96, 113, and 183 [which related to Office of Coordinator of Information of the House and which was repealed by Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §322, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1185] of the Eightieth Congress. House Resolutions 281 and 336 of the Eightieth Congress were made permanent law by act June 14, 1948, ch. 467, §105, 62 Stat. 437. House Resolutions No. 653 of the Eightieth Congress, and 6, 39, 45, 62, 84, 103, 172, and 188 of the 81st Congress were made permanent law by act June 22, 1949, ch. 235, §105, 63 Stat. 230.

Legislative Branch Appropriation Acts

The following acts have provided for funds for the operation of Congress:

Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2523.

Pub. L. 113–76, div. I, Jan. 17, 2014, 128 Stat. 417.

Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1116.

Pub. L. 111–68, div. A, Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2023.

Pub. L. 111–8, div. G, title I, Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 812.

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2218.

Pub. L. 109–55, title I, Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 565.

Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3166.

Pub. L. 108–83, title I, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1007.

Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 346.

Pub. L. 107–68, title I, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 560.

Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–93.

Pub. L. 106–57, title I, Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 408.

Pub. L. 105–275, title I, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2430.

Pub. L. 105–55, title I, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1177.

Pub. L. 104–197, title I, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2394.

Pub. L. 104–53, title I, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 514.

Pub. L. 103–283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1423.

Pub. L. 103–69, title I, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 692.

Pub. L. 102–392, title I, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1703.

Pub. L. 102–90, title I, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 447.

Pub. L. 101–520, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2254.

Pub. L. 101–163, title I, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1041.

Pub. L. 100–458, title I, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2158.

Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290.

Pub. L. 99–500, §101(j), Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(j), Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–287.

Pub. L. 99–151, title I, Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 792.

Pub. L. 98–367, title I, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 472.

Pub. L. 98–51, title I, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 263.

Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189.

Pub. L. 97–51, §101(c), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 959.

Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), (d), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167.

Pub. L. 96–369, §101(c), (d), Oct. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 1352, 1353.

Pub. L. 96–86, §101(c), Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 657.

Pub. L. 95–391, title I, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 763.

Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 653.

Pub. L. 94–440, title I, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1439.

Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 269.

Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 424.

Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 527.

Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 432.

Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125.

Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 807.

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339.

Pub. L. 90–417, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 398.

Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 127.

Pub. L. 89–545, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 354.

Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265.

Pub. L. 88–454, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 535.

Pub. L. 88–248, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 803.

Pub. L. 87–730, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 680.

Pub. L. 87–130, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 320.

Pub. L. 86–628, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 446.

Pub. L. 86–176, Aug. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 398.

Pub. L. 85–570, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 439.

Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 244.

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 356.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 499.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 396.

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 318.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 464.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 388.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 595.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 216.

Limitation on Funds Available to Senate for Fiscal Year Beginning October 1, 1980

Pub. L. 96–508, §10, Dec. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 2749, provided that in the fiscal year beginning October 1, 1980, the aggregate amount of funds made available to the Senate shall not exceed 90 per centum of the aggregate amount of the funds made available for such purposes for the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1979.

Senate and House Committee Employees

Senate and House committee employees, formerly provided for by this section, are covered by section 4301 of this title.

§60a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4571 of this title.

§60a–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–1a was editorially reclassified as section 4572 of this title.

§60a–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4573 of this title.

§60a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4531 of this title.

§60a–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60a–2a was editorially reclassified as section 4532 of this title.

§§60b, 60c. Omitted

Codification

Section 60b, acts June 20, 1929, ch. 33, §2, 46 Stat. 38; July 25, 1939, ch. 352, §3, 53 Stat. 1080, which provided that clerk hire should be at rate of $6,500 per annum and limited individual salaries to $3,900 per annum, was superseded by former section 60g of this title.

Section 60c, R.S. §55, related to payment of salaries of chaplains.

§60c–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4591 of this title.

§60c–2. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–258, §5(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1068

Section, Pub. L. 92–136, §4, Oct. 11, 1971, 85 Stat. 377, authorized and directed Secretary of Senate, if requested by an individual paid by Secretary, to pay compensation by sending a check to a financial organization designated by the individual. See section 3332 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

§60c–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–2a was editorially reclassified as section 6568 of this title.

§60c–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4594 of this title.

§60c–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4524 of this title.

§60c–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–5 was editorially reclassified as section 4579 of this title.

§60c–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 60c–6 was editorially reclassified as section 4536 of this title.

§60d. Repealed. Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §116(b)(1), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 573

Section, acts May 21, 1937, ch. 236, §1, 50 Stat. 199; Pub. L. 86–426, §2(a), Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 53; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(3), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1729, provided for payment of salaries of officers and employees of the House of Representatives for the month of December on the 20th day of that month.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to pay periods beginning after the expiration of the 1-year period which begins Nov. 12, 2001, see section 116(c) of Pub. L. 107–68, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4551 of this title.

§60d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4551 of this title.

§§60e, 60e–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 107–68, title I, §116(b)(1), (2), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 573

Section 60e, act May 21, 1937, ch. 236, §2, as added June 2, 1939, ch. 171, 53 Stat. 802; amended Pub. L. 86–426, §2(b), Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 54; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(3), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1729, related to time of payment of salaries of officers and employees of the House of Representatives for months other than the month of December.

Section 60e–1, acts Dec. 28, 1945, ch. 589, title I, 59 Stat. 633; Pub. L. 86–426, §2(c), Apr. 20, 1960, 74 Stat. 54, related to time of payment of salaries in or under the House of Representatives when the usual payday fell on Saturday.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to pay periods beginning after the expiration of the 1-year period which begins Nov. 12, 2001, see section 116(c) of Pub. L. 107–68, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4551 of this title.

§60e–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1a was editorially reclassified as section 4555 of this title.

§60e–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4556 of this title.

§60e–1c. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1c was editorially reclassified as section 4557 of this title.

§60e–1d. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–1d was editorially reclassified as section 4558 of this title.

§60e–2. Omitted

Section, acts June 30, 1945, ch. 212, title I, §§101(c), 102(a), 59 Stat. 295, 296; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, title XI, §1106(a), 63 Stat. 972; Sept. 6, 1966, Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), 80 Stat. 653, which related to coverage of officers and employees of legislative branch under act June 30, 1945, known as Federal Employees Pay Act of 1945, was omitted in view of repeal or omission from the Code of provisions of act June 30, 1945, with exception of section 1854 of this title which was expressly exempted from the provisions involved.

§60e–2a. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–2a was editorially reclassified as section 1853 of this title.

§60e–2b. Transferred

Codification

Section 60e–2b was editorially reclassified as section 1854 of this title.

§§60e–3 to 60e–14. Omitted

Codification

Sections were omitted as obsolete and superseded. See sections 4533 to 4535, 4575, and 5103 of this title.

Section 60e–3, acts June 30, 1945, ch. 212, title V, §501, 59 Stat. 301; May 24, 1946, ch. 270, §5(a), (b), 60 Stat. 217; June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §5, 63 Stat. 265, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–4, acts June 30, 1945, ch. 212, title V, §502, 59 Stat. 301; May 24, 1946, ch. 270, §5(c), 60 Stat. 217, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–4a, act July 3, 1948, ch. 830, title III, §301, 62 Stat. 1267, provided for payment of additional compensation to employees of the Federal Government and the District of Columbia government.

Section 60e–5, acts Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(a), (b), 63 Stat. 974; June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(e)(1), 69 Stat. 177, provided for payment of additional compensation to and an annual limit on compensation for legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–6, acts Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(a), (b), (d), 65 Stat. 613; June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(b), (e)(1), 69 Stat. 176, 177, provided for payment of additional compensation to and an annual limit on compensation for legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–7, acts June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(a), (e)(1), (g), (h), 69 Stat. 176–178; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §101, 70 Stat. 363, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–8, Pub. L. 85–462, §4(a), (e), (f), (r), June 20, 1958, 72 Stat. 207–209, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–9, Pub. L. 86–568, title I, §117(a), (e)–(h), July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 303, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–10, Pub. L. 87–793, §1005(a), (e)–(g), (i), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 866, provided for payment of additional compensation to and an annual limit on compensation for legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–11, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(a)–(c), (h), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 413, 414, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–12, Pub. L. 89–301, §11(a), (b), (i), Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 1120, 1121, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–13, Pub. L. 89–504, title III, §302(a), (b), (e), (i), July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 294, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

Section 60e–14, Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(a), (b), (f), (m), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 635–637, provided for payment of additional compensation to legislative branch employees.

§60f. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(2), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144

Section, acts July 1, 1941, ch. 268, 55 Stat. 448; June 8, 1942, ch. 396, 56 Stat. 333; June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, 57 Stat. 222; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 337; Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 617, §2(a), 58 Stat. 832; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 241; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 390; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 783, title I, §101(c)(3), 63 Stat. 974; Oct. 24, 1951, ch. 554, §2(c)(2), 65 Stat. 614; June 28, 1955, ch. 189, §4(e)(3), 69 Stat. 177; May 19, 1956, ch. 313, Ch. XII, 70 Stat. 175; Sept. 1, 1959, Pub. L. 86–213, §1(a), (b), 73 Stat. 443; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 323, authorized Senators and committee chairmen to change employees' salaries, required certifications, and provided for designation of titles for positions. See section 4575(a), (d), (e) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Aug. 1, 1967, see section 105(k) of Pub. L. 90–57, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4575 of this title.

§60f–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 86–213, §1(c), Sept. 1, 1959, 73 Stat. 444

Section, act June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 359, authorized Senators to fix basic compensation of one employee at a rate not to exceed $8,040 per annum.

§§60g, 60g–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §477(a)(1), (2), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1195

Section 60g, acts Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 617, §1, 58 Stat. 831; June 23, 1949, ch. 238, §4, 63 Stat. 265, related to clerk hire for Members and Resident Commissioner, rearrangements or changes in salaries and number of employees, maximum and minimum salaries, prohibition against increase in aggregate amount of salaries, required compensation rate to be in multiples of five, and certification of rearrangements or changes of salary schedules.

Section 60g–1, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 401; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §11(a), 69 Stat. 509; Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 938, §1(a), 70 Stat. 990; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, §103, 75 Stat. 334; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, §103, 79 Stat. 81; Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89– 545, §103, 80 Stat. 369, related to increase in basic rates for clerk hire for House Members and Resident Commissioner, including the case of a constituency having a population of five hundred thousand or more, limited basic rate to $7,500 per annum and to one person at any one time.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§60g–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60g–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5322 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 60g–2, based on House Resolution No. 416, Eighty-ninth Congress, June 16, 1965, as enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 89–545, §103, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 369, which related to employment of student congressional interns by Members of the House of Representatives and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, was repealed by section 2 of House Resolution No. 420, Ninety-third Congress, Sept. 18, 1973, as enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 93–245, ch. VI, §600, Jan. 3, 1974, 87 Stat. 1079, which provided that: "H. Res. 416, Eighty-ninth Congress, adopted June 16, 1965, and enacted as permanent law by section 103 of the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1967 (80 Stat. 369; Public Law 89–545; 2 U.S.C. 60g–2), shall not be effective in the Ninety-third Congress on and after the effective date specified in section 3 of this resolution; and, effective on the date of enactment of the provisions of this resolution as permanent law, such H. Res. 416, Eighty-ninth Congress, is repealed."

§60h. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Apr. 25, 1945, ch. 95, title I, 59 Stat. 78, limited salary increases under section 60g of this title of standing committee clerks.

§60i. Repealed. Pub. L. 87–730, §106(c), Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 695

Section, act Feb. 13, 1945, ch. 2, §1, 59 Stat. 4, prescribed basic rates of compensation of telephone operators on the United States Capitol telephone exchange and authorized certain longevity increases. See section 4507 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Sept. 1, 1962, see section 106(e) of Pub. L. 87–730, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4507 of this title.

Prohibition Against Payment of Longevity Increase After September 1, 1962

Pub. L. 87–730, §106(c), Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 695, provided in part that no longevity increase payable under authority of this section prior to Sept. 1, 1962, shall be payable on or after Sept. 1, 1962.

§60j. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j was editorially reclassified as section 4507 of this title.

§60j–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j–1 was editorially reclassified as a note under section 1927 of this title.

§60j–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4508 of this title.

§60j–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189

Section, Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §109, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 773; Pub. L. 96–304, title I, §107(c), July 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 890, provided for merit compensation for employees rated as outstanding and exceptional by Secretary of Senate and Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, respectively.

Effective Date of Repeal

Section 101 of S. 2939, 97th Congress, 2d Session, as reported Sept. 22, 1982, and incorporated by reference in section 101(e) of Pub. L. 97–276, to be effective as if enacted into law, provided that the repeal is effective Oct. 1, 1982.

Reports Covering Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 1982

Section 101 of S. 2939, 97th Congress, 2d Session, as reported Sept. 22, 1982, and incorporated by reference in section 101(e) of Pub. L. 97–276, to be effective as if enacted into law, provided in part that the reports required by subsec. (e) of this section with respect to the fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1982, be filed notwithstanding the repeal. Subsec. (e) of this section had required that within thirty days following the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary of the Senate and the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper file reports with the Senate Committee on Appropriations detailing the use and implementation of the authority contained in this section and that such reports include the names of all employees receiving merit compensation under authority of this section at the end of the fiscal year, the positions occupied by them and the date when each such employee first began to receive merit compensation.

§60j–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 60j–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4509 of this title.

§60k. Transferred

Codification

Section 60k was editorially reclassified as a note under section 1313 of this title.

§60l. Transferred

Codification

Section 60l was editorially reclassified as a note under section 1311 of this title.

§§60m, 60n. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–1, title V, §504(b), Jan. 23, 1995, 109 Stat. 41

Section 60m, Pub. L. 103–3, title V, §501, Feb. 5, 1993, 107 Stat. 27; Pub. L. 103–283, title III, §312(f)(4), July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1447, related to family and medical leave for certain Senate employees. See section 1301 et seq. of this title.

Section 60n, Pub. L. 103–3, title V, §502, Feb. 5, 1993, 107 Stat. 28, related to family and medical leave for certain employees of House of Representatives. See section 1301 et seq. of this title.

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 104–1, title V, §504(b), Jan. 23, 1995, 109 Stat. 41, provided in part that sections 60m and 60n of this title are repealed, except as provided in section 1435 of this title.

§60o. Transferred

Codification

Section 60o was editorially reclassified as section 4537 of this title.

Lump Sum Payment for Accrued Annual Leave of Senate Employees

Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title I, §6], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–97, which related to lump sum payment for accrued annual leave of Senate employees, was editorially reclassified as section 4580 of this title.

§60p. Transferred

Codification

Section 60p was editorially reclassified as section 4595 of this title.

§60q. Transferred

Codification

Section 60q was editorially reclassified as section 4505 of this title.

§61. Transferred

Codification

Section 61 was editorially reclassified as section 4574 of this title.

§61–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4575 of this title.

§61–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1a was editorially reclassified as section 4576 of this title.

§61–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4577 of this title.

§61–1c. Transferred

Codification

Section 61–1c was editorially reclassified as section 4581 of this title.

§61–2. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(g)–(i), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 636, provided for an increase in annual rate of gross compensation for pay periods after Dec. 16, 1967, for certain employees whose compensation is disbursed by Secretary of Senate and Clerk of House of Representatives.

§61a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a was editorially reclassified as section 6531 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61a, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 499, prescribed gross annual compensation of Secretary of Senate.

§§61a–1, 61a–2. Omitted

Codification

Section 61a–1, acts June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §101, 70 Stat. 356; July 9, 1971, Pub. L. 92–51, §101, 85 Stat. 125, provided for rate of compensation of Chief Clerk of Senate which office was superseded by Assistant Secretary of Senate.

Section 61a–2, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §202(i), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 414; Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §108(a), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 661, provided for rate of compensation for Postmaster and Assistant Postmaster of Senate. See section 6597 of this title which abolished all statutory positions in Office of Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate, with specified exceptions, effective Oct. 1, 1981, and authorized Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of such employees as appropriate.

§61a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6534 of this title.

§61a–4. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 531

Section, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 340; Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 807, provided for appointment and salary of a Comptroller of the Senate and a secretary to the Comptroller.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 93–145 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1973.

§61a–4a. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 92–342, §101, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 433, authorized Comptroller of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of an auditor in lieu of a secretary. Section was omitted in view of repeal of section 61a–4 of this title which authorized appointment of a Comptroller of Senate by President pro tempore of the Senate and the appointment by Comptroller of Senate of a secretary, and repeal of section 61a–5 of this title which set out duties of Comptroller of Senate, one of which was to appoint a secretary.

§61a–5. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 531

Section, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 807, set out the duties to be performed by the Comptroller of the Senate.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 93–145 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1973.

§§61a–6 to 61a–8. Omitted

Codification

Sections were omitted for lack of general applicability. Sections were taken from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1971, the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1972, and the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1973, respectively, and provided for the appointment and compensation of specified employees of the Senate by the Secretary of the Senate.

Section 61a–6, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 808, was effective Aug. 1, 1970.

Section 61a–7, Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125, was effective July 1, 1971.

Section 61a–8, Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1504, was effective Nov. 1, 1972.

§61a–9. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–9 was editorially reclassified as section 6565 of this title.

§61a–9a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–9a was editorially reclassified as section 6564 of this title.

§61a–10. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 528, which was from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1974, and provided for appointment and compensation of specified Senate employees by Secretary of Senate, effective July 1, 1973, was omitted for lack of general applicability.

§61a–11. Transferred

Codification

Section 61a–11 was editorially reclassified as section 6539 of this title.

§61b. Transferred

Codification

Section 61b was editorially reclassified as section 6535 of this title.

§§61b–1 to 61b–2. Omitted

Codification

Sections were omitted in view of section 6539 of this title which abolished all statutory positions in Office of Secretary of Senate, with specified exceptions, effective Oct. 1, 1981, and authorized Secretary of Senate to appoint and fix the compensation of such employees as appropriate.

Section 61b–1, Pub. L. 87–730, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 680, provided for the appointment and compensation of a second assistant parliamentarian.

Section 61b–1a, Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 433; Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 654, provided for the appointment and compensation of a third assistant parliamentarian.

Section 61b–2, Pub. L. 90–608, ch. VII, §701, Oct. 21, 1968, 82 Stat. 1195, provided for the appointment and compensation of a Curator of Art and Antiquities.

§61b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 61b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6541 of this title.

§61c. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 270, which set the compensation for certain positions in office of Secretary of Senate, was omitted for lack of general applicability.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61c, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 499; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 356; Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 398; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 320, set basic annual compensation of certain positions in office of Secretary of Senate.

§61c–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61c–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6540 of this title.

§61c–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61c–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6537 of this title.

§61d. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d was editorially reclassified as section 6651 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61d, Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 528; Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80; Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §103, July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 112; Pub. L. 97–51, §121, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 965, provided that effective October 1, 1981, the compensation of Chaplain of Senate would be $52,750.

Another prior section 61d, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 499; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 446; Aug. 14, 1964, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §203(h), 78 Stat. 415; Dec. 12, 1969, Pub. L. 91–145, 83 Stat. 340; Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–382, 84 Stat. 808, made provision for the appointment of a Secretary to Chaplain of Senate and prescribed compensation of Chaplain of Senate and Secretary to Chaplain.

§61d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6652 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61d–1, Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 424; Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §103, July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 112, authorized Chaplain of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of a secretary at not to exceed $20,034 per annum.

§61d–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6653 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61d–2, Pub. L. 94–303, title I, §114, June 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 614, authorized a postage allowance for Chaplain of Senate, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–51, §127(b)(2), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 966.

§61d–3. Repealed. Pub. L. 108–199, div. H, §155(b)(1), Jan. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 450

Section, acts Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §2, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517; Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §2(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2433, related to the Office of the Chaplain Expense Revolving Fund. See section 6654 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to fiscal year 2004 and each fiscal year thereafter, see section 6654(c) of this title.

§61d–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61d–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6654 of this title.

§61e. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e was editorially reclassified as section 6591 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61e, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 501, prescribed gross annual compensation of Sergeant at Arms of Senate.

§61e–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6594 of this title.

§61e–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6595 of this title.

§61e–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6593 of this title.

§61e–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61e–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6598 of this title.

§§61f, 61f–1. Omitted

Section 61f, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 501; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 357; July 1, 1957, Pub. L. 85–75, 71 Stat. 245; July 31, 1958, Pub. L. 85–570, 72 Stat. 440; Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 399; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 447; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 321; Oct. 2, 1962, Pub. L. 87–730, 76 Stat. 681; Dec. 30, 1963, Pub. L. 88–248, 77 Stat. 804, prescribed the basic annual compensation of certain clerical, skilled, and unskilled employees in the office of Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of Senate, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

Section 61f–1, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 808, authorized Sergeant at Arms to employ certain additional personnel and prescribed their compensation, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

§61f–1a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–1a was editorially reclassified as section 6612 of this title.

§§61f–2 to 61f–6. Omitted

Sections were omitted for lack of general applicability. Sections were from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1972, the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1972, the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1973, the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1974, and the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1974, respectively, and provided for the appointment and compensation of specified Senate employees by the Sergeant at Arms.

Section 61f–2, Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 127, was effective July 1, 1971.

Section 61f–3, Pub. L. 92–184, ch. IV, Dec. 15, 1971, 85 Stat. 634, was effective Jan. 1, 1972.

Section 61f–4, Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1504, was effective Nov. 1, 1972.

Section 61f–5, Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 529, was effective July 1, 1973.

Section 61f–6, Pub. L. 93–245, ch. VI, Jan. 3, 1974, 87 Stat. 1078, was effective Dec. 1, 1973.

§61f–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6597 of this title.

§61f–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–8 was editorially reclassified as section 6599 of this title.

§61f–9. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–9 was editorially reclassified as section 6596 of this title.

§61f–10. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–10 was editorially reclassified as section 6502 of this title.

§61f–11. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–11 was editorially reclassified as section 6620 of this title.

§61f–12. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–12 was editorially reclassified as section 6628 of this title.

§61f–13. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–13 was editorially reclassified as section 6633 of this title.

§61f–14. Transferred

Codification

Section 61f–14 was editorially reclassified as section 6617 of this title.

§61g. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g was editorially reclassified as section 6151 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61g, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 502; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §101, 70 Stat. 357, prescribed the gross annual compensation of Secretaries of Senate Majority and Minority.

§§61g–1 to 61g–3. Omitted

Codification

Section 61g–1, Pub. L. 89–691, title IV, §404, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 1024, authorized, effective Oct. 1, 1966, Senate Majority Leader to fix the gross compensation of Secretary for Majority at not to exceed $25,611.05 per annum so long as position is held by present incumbent. See section 6151 of this title.

Sections 61g–2 and 61g–3, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 272, originally classified to section 61g–3 and later reclassified to section 61g–2, authorized, effective July 1, 1975, and each fiscal year thereafter, Secretaries for Senate Majority and Minority to each appoint and fix compensation of an assistant during emergencies at specified rates of compensation for not more than six months in each fiscal year. Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 658, abolished such positions, effective Oct. 1, 1977, and authorized Secretaries concerned to appoint such employees as they deem appropriate. See section 6152 of this title.

§61g–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6156 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61g–4, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §100, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, authorized Secretary of Conference of Majority and Secretary of Conference of Minority each to appoint and fix compensation of an Executive Assistant and a Secretary. These positions were abolished by section 102 of Pub. L. 96–38, effective Oct. 1, 1979.

§61g–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–5 was editorially reclassified as section 6152 of this title.

§61g–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–6 was editorially reclassified as section 6155 of this title.

§61g–6a. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–6a was editorially reclassified as section 6153 of this title.

§61g–6b. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–6b was editorially reclassified as section 6154 of this title.

§61g–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6157 of this title.

§61g–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 61g–8 was editorially reclassified as section 6158 of this title.

§§61h, 61h–1. Omitted

Codification

Section 61h, Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set forth maximum annual rate of compensation for Assistant Secretaries for Senate Majority and Minority. Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 658, abolished such positions, effective Oct. 1, 1977, and authorized Secretaries concerned to appoint and fix compensation of such employees as they deem appropriate. See section 6152 of this title.

A prior section 61h, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 502; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 357; Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 399; Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 321; July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 266, authorized basic per annum compensation of Assistant Secretaries for Senate Majority and Minority to be fixed by the respective Secretaries.

Section 61h–1, Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set a maximum annual rate of compensation of $38,000 for administrative assistants in Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, formerly classified to this section, authorized respective leaders to appoint an administrative assistant, were abolished, see title I of Pub. L. 95–26, 91 Stat. 80, set out below. See, also, section 6131 of this title.

A prior section 61h–1, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Leaders to each appoint and fix compensation of an administrative assistant, a legislative assistant, an executive secretary, and a clerical assistant in lieu of positions heretofore authorized by Senate Resolution 158, agreed to December 9, 1941, Pub. L. 86–30, approved May 20, 1959, and Senate Resolution 240, agreed to January 24, 1952.

Abolition of Positions in Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders

Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, provided in part: "That the positions established by the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970 [Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 338], for the Offices of the Majority and Minority Leaders [of the Senate] are abolished effective April 1, 1977." The positions referred to were enumerated in Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61h–1 of this title, which authorized the respective leaders to appoint an administrative assistant, a legislative assistant, an executive secretary, and a clerical assistant in lieu of the positions authorized prior thereto by Senate Resolution 158, agreed to Dec. 9, 1941, Pub. L. 86–30, approved May 20, 1959, and Senate Resolution 240, agreed to Jan. 24, 1952. See section 6131 of this title.

§§61h–2, 61h–3. Omitted

Codification

Section 61h–2, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set a maximum annual rate of compensation of $36,500 for legislative assistants in Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61h–1 of this title, authorized the respective leaders to appoint a legislative assistant, were abolished, see Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, set out as a note under former section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6131 of this title.

Section 61h–3, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 269, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Leaders to appoint and fix compensation of an executive secretary and a clerical assistant effective July 1, 1975. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Leaders, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61h–1 of this title, authorized the respective leaders to appoint an executive secretary, and a clerical assistant, were abolished, see Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, set out as a note under former section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6131 of this title.

§61h–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6131 of this title.

§61h–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–5 was editorially reclassified as section 6132 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61h–5, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, authorizing the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader to appoint, respectively, an Assistant to the Majority Leader for Floor Operations and an Assistant to the Minority Leader for Floor Operations, was omitted in view of section 101(b) of Pub. L. 98–51, title I, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 265, which provided that effective Oct. 1, 1983, the positions of Assistant to the Majority Leader for Floor Operations and Assistant to the Minority Leader for Floor Operations established by the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1977 (Pub. L. 95–26) were abolished.

§61h–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–6 was editorially reclassified as section 6501 of this title.

§61h–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 61h–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6133 of this title.

§§61i to 61j–1. Omitted

Codification

Section 61i, Pub. L. 86–30, title I, May 20, 1959, 73 Stat. 48, which was from the Second Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1959, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Leaders to fix, effective May 1, 1959, basic salaries of research assistants authorized by S. Res. 158, agreed to Dec. 9, 1941, at not to exceed $8,820 per annum. See section 6131 of this title.

Section 61j, Pub. L. 93–371, §4, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 429; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §105, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 275, set a maximum annual rate of compensation of $37,000 for administrative assistants in offices of Senate Majority and Minority Whips. Positions established by Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1970, for Offices of Senate Majority and Minority Whips, which Act, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, classified to former section 61j of this title, authorized the respective whips to appoint an administrative assistant, were abolished, see title I of Pub. L. 95–26, set out in part as a note under former section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6134 of this title.

A prior section 61j, Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 339, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Whips to each appoint and fix compensation of an administrative assistant and an executive secretary.

Section 61j–1, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 270, authorized Senate Majority and Minority Whips, effective July 1, 1975, each to appoint and fix compensation of a legislative assistant. The positions established by Pub. L. 94–59 for the Offices of Majority and Minority Whips were abolished effective Apr. 1, 1977, by Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 80, set out as a note under section 61h–1 of this title. See, also, section 6134 of this title.

§61j–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 61j–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6134 of this title.

§61k. Transferred

Codification

Section 61k was editorially reclassified as section 6113 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 61k, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 79, authorized President pro tempore of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of an Administrative Assistant, a Legislative Assistant, and an Executive Secretary. These positions were abolished effective Oct. 1, 1979, by section 101 of Pub. L. 96–38.

§61l. Transferred

Codification

Section 61l was editorially reclassified as section 6114 of this title.

§62. Transferred

Codification

Section 62 was editorially reclassified as section 6592 of this title.

§62a. Omitted

Codification

Section, act May 1, 1947, ch. 49, title I, 61 Stat. 58, accorded Sergeant at Arms of Senate the same priority as executive agencies under the Surplus Property Act of 1944 (50 App. U.S.C. 1611–1648). The Surplus Property Act of 1944 was repealed by act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title V, §503, 63 Stat. 399, and the priorities thereunder expired Dec. 31, 1949.

§62b. Transferred

Codification

Section, act July 26, 1949, ch. 366, 63 Stat. 482, which related to audits and reports by Comptroller General of fiscal records of House Sergeant at Arms, was transferred to section 81a of this title, and was subsequently repealed by Pub. L. 104–186.

§63. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(21), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section, R.S. §73, related to duties of Doorkeeper of Senate. Provisions of R.S. §73 which related to duties of Doorkeeper of House of Representatives were classified to section 76 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186.

§64. Omitted

Codification

Section, R.S. §56, authorizing payment on requisitions drawn by Secretary of Senate of moneys appropriated for compensation of Senate members and officers and for contingent Senate expenses, was omitted in view of the abolition of appropriation for the fund provided for in this section on and after July 1, 1935, and the authorization of annual definite appropriations by act June 26, 1934, ch. 756, §14, 48 Stat. 1230.

§64–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 64–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6542 of this title.

§64–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 64–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6562 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 64–2, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §108, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 85, provided that, on and after May 4, 1977, Secretary of Senate was authorized to transfer funds between appropriations with approval of a resolution of Senate.

§64–3. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §111, May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 87; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1018(h)(3), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 369, which related to reimbursement for Capitol Police salaries paid by Capitol Police for service at Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, was transferred to section 1905a of this title.

§64a. Transferred

Codification

Section 64a was editorially reclassified as section 6532 of this title.

§64a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 64a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6536 of this title.

§64b. Transferred

Codification

Section 64b was editorially reclassified as section 6533 of this title.

§65. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(a), (c), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 204

Section, R.S. §§57, 59; acts Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §5, 28 Stat. 807; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, §13, 65 Stat. 715, required Secretary of Senate to give a bond in the sum of $20,000.

§65a. Transferred

Codification

Section 65a was editorially reclassified as section 6507 of this title.

§65b. Transferred

Codification

Section 65b was editorially reclassified as section 6613 of this title.

§65c. Transferred

Codification

Section 65c was editorially reclassified as section 6512 of this title.

§65d. Transferred

Codification

Section 65d was editorially reclassified as section 6614 of this title.

§65e. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 98–63, title I, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 333, which provided that effective with fiscal year 1983 and each fiscal year thereafter, the expense allowance of Majority and Minority Whips of Senate could not exceed $5,000 each fiscal year for each Whip, was transferred and executed to section 31a–1 of this title. Section 31a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6102 of this title.

§65f. Transferred

Codification

Section 65f was editorially reclassified as section 6567 of this title.

§66. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–344, title V, §505(1), July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 322

Section, act June 19, 1934, ch. 648, title I, §1, 48 Stat. 1022, directed that the fiscal year for adjustment of accounts of Secretary of Senate for compensation and mileage of Senators extend from July 1 to June 30.

§66a. Transferred

Codification

Section 66a was editorially reclassified as section 4578 of this title.

§67. Transferred

Codification

Section 67 was editorially reclassified as section 6312 of this title.

§67a. Transferred

Codification

Section 67a was editorially reclassified as section 4335 of this title.

§68. Transferred

Codification

Section 68 was editorially reclassified as section 6503 of this title.

§68–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6504 of this title.

§68–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6505 of this title.

§68–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–3 was editorially reclassified as section 6506 of this title.

§68–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–4 was editorially reclassified as section 6615 of this title.

§68–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–5 was editorially reclassified as section 6629 of this title.

§68–6. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–6 was editorially reclassified as section 6508 of this title.

§68–6a. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–6a was editorially reclassified as section 6611 of this title.

§68–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–7 was editorially reclassified as section 6574 of this title.

§68–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 68–8 was editorially reclassified as section 6509 of this title.

§68a. Transferred

Codification

Section 68a was editorially reclassified as section 6510 of this title.

§68b. Transferred

Codification

Section 68b was editorially reclassified as section 6513 of this title.

§68c. Transferred

Codification

Section 68c was editorially reclassified as section 4331 of this title.

§68d. Transferred

Codification

Section 68d was editorially reclassified as section 6511 of this title.

§68e. Transferred

Codification

Section 68e was editorially reclassified as section 6561 of this title.

§68f. Transferred

Codification

Section 68f was editorially reclassified as section 6563 of this title.

§69. Transferred

Codification

Section 69 was editorially reclassified as section 4333 of this title.

§69–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 69–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4334 of this title.

§69a. Transferred

Codification

Section 69a was editorially reclassified as section 6514 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 69a, Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §105, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 661, provided for expenditure of $1,000 during any fiscal year to conduct orientation seminars for new Senators and their staffs, prior to repeal, effective July 1, 1979, by Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §107(b), July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 113.

§69b. Transferred

Codification

Section 69b was editorially reclassified as section 6578 of this title.

§§70 to 72. Omitted

Codification

Section 70, act July 16, 1914, ch. 141, §1, 38 Stat. 456, repealed resolutions passed prior to July 1, 1914, authorizing payment for clerical and messenger service.

Section 71, act July 11, 1919, ch. 6, §1, 41 Stat. 57, was a provision in the Third Deficiency Act of 1919 authorizing Secretary of the Army to transfer to Sergeant at Arms of Senate motor equipment no longer required by the War Department. It is the opinion of the Department of the Army the section was intended to cover only surplus Army material on hand following World War I.

Section 72, acts Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1291; May 13, 1926, ch. 294, §1, 44 Stat. 542; Feb. 23, 1927, ch. 168, §1, 44 Stat. 1152; May 14, 1928, ch. 551, §1, 45 Stat. 522; Feb. 28, 1929, ch. 367, §1, 45 Stat. 1392; June 6, 1930, ch. 407, §1, 46 Stat. 509; Feb. 20, 1931, ch. 234, §1, 46 Stat. 1179; June 30, 1932, ch. 314, pt. I, §1, 47 Stat. 387; Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 134, §1, 47 Stat. 1356, related to Committee employees after termination of Congress, and was limited to the Legislative Branch Appropriation Acts of which it was a part.

§72a. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a was editorially reclassified as section 4301 of this title.

Overtime Pay for FBI Employees Detailed to House Committee on Appropriations

Pub. L. 103–283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1430, which related to overtime pay for FBI employees detailed to House Committee on Appropriations, was editorially reclassified as section 4315 of this title.

Office of Classified National Security Information

Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §105, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 772, as amended by Pub. L. 97–51, §115, Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 963, eff. Oct. 1, 1981; Pub. L. 99–492, §2(a), Oct. 16, 1986, 100 Stat. 1240; Pub. L. 100–18, §1(a), Apr. 3, 1987, 101 Stat. 262, established for the period beginning on Oct. 1, 1981, and ending on June 5, 1987, within the Office of the Secretary of the Senate, the Office of Classified National Security Information under the policy direction of the Majority Leader, the Minority Leader, and the chairman of the committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, and under the administrative direction and supervision of the Secretary of the Senate with the responsibility for safeguarding such restricted data and such other classified information as any committee of the Senate may from time to time assign to it.

§§72a–1, 72a–1a. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(4), (5), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144

Section 72a–1, acts Feb. 19, 1947, ch. 4, 61 Stat. 5; June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 423, provided for compensation of clerical employees of Senate standing committees. See section 4575(e) of this title.

Section 72a–1a, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 505; June 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–462, §4(h), 72 Stat. 208; Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–545, 80 Stat. 357, limited compensation of committee staff employees. See section 4575(e) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Aug. 1, 1967, see section 105(k) of Pub. L. 90–57, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4575 of this title.

§72a–1b. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1b was editorially reclassified as section 4311 of this title.

§72a–1c. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(f), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 84

Section, Pub. L. 94–59, title I, §108, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 276; Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §102, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1443, authorized Senators to hire staff assistance in connection with their committee memberships. See section 4332 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(g)(1), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 84, which provided that the repeal is effective Mar. 1, 1977, was repealed by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(e)(1), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663.

§72a–1d. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §111(e)(1), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663

Section, Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(a)–(e), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 83, 84, authorized Senators to employ individuals to assist with committee memberships of Senators and set forth compensation limitations and procedures applicable for employment of such individuals. See section 4332 of this title and section 111(a), (b) of Pub. L. 95–94, set out as a note under section 4575 of this title for related provisions.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 111(f) of Pub. L. 95–94, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4332 of this title.

Effective Date and Savings Provisions

Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §106(g), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 84, provided that this section is effective Mar. 1, 1977, and set forth savings provisions relating to designations and availability of amounts for employees covered by section 72a–1d of this title, and was repealed by section 111(e)(1) of Pub. L. 95–94, title I, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 663.

§72a–1e. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1e was editorially reclassified as section 4332 of this title.

§72a–1f. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1f was editorially reclassified as section 4338 of this title.

§72a–1g. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1g was editorially reclassified as section 4721 of this title.

§72a–1h. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1h was editorially reclassified as section 4722 of this title.

§72a–1i. Transferred

Codification

Section 72a–1i was editorially reclassified as section 4723 of this title.

§§72a–2, 72a–3. Omitted

Codification

Section 72a–2, acts July 20, 1951, ch. 237, §§1–3, 65 Stat. 123; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §§1, 8, 69 Stat. 501, 509; Feb. 14, 1956, ch. 34, Ch. IV, 70 Stat. 13; June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 357; July 28, 1967, Pub. L. 90–57, §103, 81 Stat. 141; Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–382, §103, 84 Stat. 825, prescribed basic compensation of employees of House and Senate press, periodical, and radio galleries, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

Section 72a–3, Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 814, which related to computation of salaries and wages paid out of House appropriation items, was from the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1971, and was not repeated in subsequent appropriation acts. See sections 4533 to 4535 and 5103 of this title. Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 347.

Pub. L. 90–417, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 404.

Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 133.

Pub. L. 89–545, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 361.

Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 273.

Pub. L. 88–454, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 542.

Pub. L. 88–248, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 809.

Pub. L. 87–730, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 686.

Pub. L. 87–130, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 327.

Pub. L. 86–628, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 453.

Pub. L. 86–176, Aug. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 405.

Pub. L. 85–570, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 446.

Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 249.

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 363.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 513.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403.

§72a–4. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–57, §105(i)(1), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 144

Section, Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 246, provided for computation of salaries and wages paid out of Senate contingent-expense items. See section 4575(b), (c) of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Aug. 1, 1967, see section 105(k) of Pub. L. 90–57, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4575 of this title.

§72b. Transferred

Codification

Section 72b was editorially reclassified as section 4312 of this title.

§72b–1. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §134(b), 60 Stat. 832, related to reports of committees and subcommittees of the Senate and House of Representatives on employed personnel. See section 72c of this title and the Standing Rules of the Senate. Section 2(a) of Senate Resolution No. 274, Ninety-sixth Congress, Nov. 14, 1979, provided in part that this section, insofar as it relates to the Senate, is repealed.

§72c. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(13), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1732

Section, act July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 367, related to House committee reports on employed personnel.

§72d. Transferred

Codification

Section 72d was editorially reclassified as section 4336 of this title.

§72d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 72d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4337 of this title.

§§73, 74. Omitted

Codification

Section 73, act Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1292, related to clerk hire for Ways and Means Committee. See section 4301(c) of this title and Rules of House of Representatives.

Section 74, acts Mar. 3, 1893, No. 21, 27 Stat. 757; July 16, 1914, ch. 141, §§1, 6, 38 Stat. 454, 509; Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 141, §§1, 6, 38 Stat. 997, 1049; June 7, 1924, ch. 303, §1, 43 Stat. 581, and Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1286, related to clerk hire. See section 4301 of this title.

Repeals

R.S. §53 and act May 24, 1924, ch. 183, §1, 43 Stat. 149, formerly cited as a credit to section 74, were repealed by act Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 202, §1, 47 Stat. 1428, and act June 20, 1929, ch. 33, §6, 46 Stat. 39, respectively.

§74–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 74–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5122 of this title.

§74–2. Omitted

Section, Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817; Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 81; Pub. L. 90–417, §103, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 413, was based on House Resolutions No. 603, Apr. 16, 1962, and No. 685, Apr. 14, 1964, related to messengers in Office of Speaker, and was omitted for lack of general applicability.

§74a. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a was editorially reclassified as section 5101 of this title.

§74a–1. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 87–367, title III, §302(c), Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 793, provided that rate of gross annual compensation of Chief of Staff of Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation was to be an amount equal to $17,500 as increased in the manner provided by sections 60e–8(d) and 60e–9(d) of this title. See section 4302 of this title.

A prior section 74a–1, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §9, 69 Stat. 509, prescribed compensation of Chief of Staff of Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation.

§74a–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4302 of this title.

§74a–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–3 was editorially reclassified as section 5141 of this title.

§74a–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–4 was editorially reclassified as section 5142 of this title.

§74a–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–5 was editorially reclassified as a note under section 5142 of this title.

§74a–6. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(17), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1732

Section, Pub. L. 103–283, title I, §101, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1430, provided for transfer of authority over Majority and Minority Printers of House to Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services of House.

§74a–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–7 was editorially reclassified as section 5123 of this title.

§74a–8. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–8 was editorially reclassified as section 5161 of this title.

§74a–9. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–9 was editorially reclassified as section 5102 of this title.

§74a–10. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–10 was editorially reclassified as section 5144 of this title.

§74a–10a. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–10a was editorially reclassified as section 5145 of this title.

§74a–10b. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–10b was editorially reclassified as section 5146 of this title.

§74a–11. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–11 was editorially reclassified as section 5105 of this title.

§74a–11a. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–11a was editorially reclassified as section 5104 of this title.

§74a–12. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–12 was editorially reclassified as section 5124 of this title.

§74a–13. Transferred

Codification

Section 74a–13 was editorially reclassified as section 5162 of this title.

§74b. Transferred

Codification

Section 74b was editorially reclassified as section 6538 of this title.

§74c. Transferred

Codification

Section 74c was editorially reclassified as section 5143 of this title.

§74d. Transferred

Codification

Section 74d was editorially reclassified as section 5621 of this title.

Transfer of Positions in Corrections Calendar Office

Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §106, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1018, which related to the transfer of positions in the Corrections Calendar Office, was editorially reclassified as section 5624 of this title.

§74d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 74d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5622 of this title.

§74d–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 74d–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5623 of this title.

§75. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(b), (c), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 204

Section, R.S. §§58, 59; act Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §5, 28 Stat. 807, required Clerk of House of Representatives to give a bond in the sum of $20,000.

§75–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(A)(iii), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section, based on H. Res. No. 8, par. (3), Ninety-fifth Congress, Jan. 4, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, related to compensation of Clerk of House.

A prior section 75–1, based on H. Res. No. 890, Ninety-second Congress, Oct. 4, 1972, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1509, set forth the compensation of the Clerk at equal to the annual rate of basic pay fixed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§75a. Repealed. Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title II, §20702(b), as added Pub. L. 110–5, §2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 38

Section, act June 8, 1942, ch. 396, §7, 56 Stat. 350; Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(i), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 205; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(19), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1732; Pub. L. 108–271, §8(b), July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814, provided for continuation of payments by and legal liability of the disbursing clerk of the House of Representatives in case of the death, resignation, separation from office, or disability of the Chief Administrative Officer of the House.

Repeal of section is based on section 103(b)(1) of title I of H.R. 5521, as passed by the House of Representatives on June 7, 2006, which was enacted into law by section 20702(b) of Pub. L. 109–289, as added by Pub. L. 110–5.

§75a–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 75a–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5501 of this title.

§§75b to 75e. Omitted

Codification

Section 75b, act May 1, 1947, ch. 49, title I, 61 Stat. 58, accorded Clerk of House the same priority as executive agencies under the Surplus Property Act of 1944 (50 App. U.S.C. 1611–1648). The Surplus Property Act of 1944 was repealed by act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title V, §503, 63 Stat. 399, and the priorities thereunder expired Dec. 31, 1949.

Sections 75c to 75e were omitted from the Code for lack of general applicability.

Section 75c, based on H. Res. No. 449, Sept. 21, 1961, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693, related to basic compensation of Assistant Tally Clerks in Office of Clerk of House.

Section 75d, based on H. Res. No. 331, June 7, 1961, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693, related to basic compensation of stationery and assistant stationery clerks.

Section 75e, based on H. Res. Nos. 225, 341, 402 and 773 of the 87th Congress, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–130, §103, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 334; Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693; Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817, related to compensation of certain laborers and clerks in offices of Clerk, Doorkeeper and Postmaster of House.

§75f. Transferred

Codification

Section 75f was editorially reclassified as section 5502 of this title.

§§76 to 76a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(21), (22)(A)(iii), (23), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section 76, R.S. §73, related to duties of Doorkeeper of House. Provisions of R.S. §73 which related to duties of Doorkeeper of Senate were classified to section 63 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186.

Section 76–1, based on H. Res. No. 8, par. (3), Ninety-fifth Congress, Jan. 4, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, related to compensation of Doorkeeper of House.

A prior section 76–1 was based on provisions of H. Res. No. 890, Ninety-second Congress, Oct. 4, 1972, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1509, relating to compensation of the Doorkeeper being equal to the annual rate of basic pay fixed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, prior to those provisions being struck out by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733.

Another prior section 76–1, based on H. Res. No. 909, Eighty-ninth Congress, Sept. 8, 1966, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 89–697, ch. VI, §601, Oct. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 1064, set forth the compensation of the Doorkeeper at equal to the gross per annum rate of compensation of the Clerk of House and Sergeant at Arms of House, prior to being repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733.

Section 76a, based on H. Res. No. 560, Eighty-seventh Congress, Mar. 27, 1962, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693, related to position of a special assistant in Office of Doorkeeper.

§76b. Omitted

Codification

Section 76b, based on H. Res. No. 603, §§2, 3, Eighty-seventh Congress, Apr. 16, 1962, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817, related to compensation of telephone clerks in Office of Doorkeeper, was omitted from Code in view of repeal of section 2 of H. Res. No. 603 by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(24) Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733.

§77. Transferred

Codification

Section 77 was editorially reclassified as section 5601 of this title.

§77a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(22)(A)(iii), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1733

Section, based on H. Res. No. 8, par. (3), Ninety-fifth Congress, Jan. 4, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, related to compensation of Sergeant at Arms of House.

A prior section 77a, based on H. Res. No. 890, Ninety-second Congress, Oct. 4, 1972, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 92–607, ch. V, Oct. 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1509, set forth the compensation of the Sergeant at Arms at equal to the annual rate of basic pay fixed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§78. Transferred

Codification

Section 78 was editorially reclassified as section 5604 of this title.

Law Enforcement Authority of Sergeant at Arms

Pub. L. 104–53, title III, §313, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 538, which related to the law enforcement authority of the Sergeant at Arms, was editorially reclassified as section 5605 of this title.

§79. Transferred

Codification

Section 79 was editorially reclassified as section 5603 of this title.

§80. Transferred

Codification

Section 80 was editorially reclassified as section 5309 of this title.

§80a. Transferred

Codification

Section 80a was editorially reclassified as section 4560 of this title.

§81. Repealed. Pub. L. 93–344, title V, §505(2), July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 322

Section, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 400, directed that the fiscal year for the adjustment of the accounts of Sergeant at Arms of House for compensation and mileage of Members, Delegates, and Resident Commissioner extend from July 1 to June 30.

§§81a to 81c. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(27)–(29), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 81a, act July 26, 1949, ch. 366, 63 Stat. 482, related to audits and reports of fiscal records of Sergeant at Arms of House.

Section 81b, based on H. Res. No. 465, Eighty-fourth Congress, Apr. 11, 1956, enacted into permanent law by act June 27, 1956, ch. 453, title I, §103, 70 Stat. 370, related to payment from House contingent fund for restoration or adjustment of trust fund account of Sergeant at Arms.

Section 81c, based on H. Res. No. 144, Eighty-fifth Congress, Feb. 7, 1957, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 85–75, title I, §103, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 256, related to purchase of and payment for insurance of office funds of Sergeant at Arms of House.

§82. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(d), (e), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 204

Section, acts Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1256, §§4, 5, 26 Stat. 645, 646; Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §5, 28 Stat. 807, required Sergeant at Arms of House of Representatives to give a bond in sum of $50,000.

§83. Transferred

Codification

Section 83 was editorially reclassified as section 5602 of this title.

§§84, 84–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(30), (31), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 84, act Oct. 1, 1890, ch. 1256, §7, 26 Stat. 646, related to statement of disbursements by Sergeant at Arms.

Section 84–1, based on H. Res. No. 6, Ninety-eighth Congress, Jan. 3, 1983, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 98–51, title I, §110, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 269, fixed compensation of Postmaster of House of Representatives.

A prior section 84–1, based on H. Res. No. 393, §3, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 31, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, provided that per annum gross rate of compensation of Postmaster was to equal amount for level 13, step 5, of House Employees Schedule.

Another prior section 84–1, acts Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §5, 69 Stat. 508; Dec. 16, 1967, Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(b), 81 Stat. 635, set forth compensation of Postmaster.

§84–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 84–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5521 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 84–2, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §203(f), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 415; H. Res. 313, 89th Cong., Mar. 31, 1965, as enacted by Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281; Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §214(b), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 635, provided that the compensation of Chaplain of House shall be at a gross per annum rate which is equal to the gross per annum rate of compensation of Chaplain of Senate, subject to further increases.

§§84–3, 84–4. Omitted

Codification

Section 84–3, which related to compensation of Deputy Sergeant at Arms (charge of pairs), was based on House Resolution No. 138, Feb. 2, 1961, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 87–130, §103, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 334. See section 291 et seq. of this title.

Section 84–4, which related to compensation of a clerk-messenger in office of Parliamentarian, was based on House Resolution No. 603, Apr. 16, 1962, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 88–248, §103, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 817, and was omitted because a lump-sum appropriation is now made for the Office of Parliamentarian.

§84a. Transferred

Codification

Section 84a was editorially reclassified as section 5561 of this title.

§84a–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(32), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section, based on H. Res. No. 1495, Ninety-fourth Congress, Sept. 30, 1976, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668; amended Pub. L. 101–509, title V, §529 [title I, §101(b)(4)(G)], Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1427, 1440, related to adjustment of compensation of Official Reporter of Debates and Official Reporter to Committees.

§84b. Omitted

Codification

Section, acts July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 365; Oct. 18, 1986, Pub. L. 99–500, §101(j), 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Oct. 30, 1986, Pub. L. 99–591, §101(j), 100 Stat. 3341–287; July 11, 1987, Pub. L. 100–71, title I, 101 Stat. 425, provided that on and after July 17, 1947, sums received from the sales of copies of transcripts of hearings of committees reported by such reporters be covered into the Treasury. See section 5540 of this title.

Amendment of section by Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591, as amended by Pub. L. 100–71, is based on section 104(b) of title I of H.R. 5203 (see House Report 99–805 as filed in the House on Aug. 15, 1986), and incorporated by reference in section 101(j) of Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591, to be effective as if enacted into law. Pub. L. 99–591 is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99–500.

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in appropriation acts which were classified to section 117a of this title.

§§85 to 88a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(33), (34)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 85, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to performance of duties by employees of House.

Section 86, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to division of salaries of employees of House.

Section 87, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to requiring or permitting employees of House to sublet duties.

Section 88, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, prescribed age limits of twelve and eighteen for service as pages in House of Representatives but made the restriction inapplicable to chief pages, riding pages, and telephone pages. See section 4901(b) of this title.

Section 88a, act Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §243, 60 Stat. 839, related to education of Congressional and Supreme Court pages, authorized appropriations, and allowed pages to elect to attend private or parochial schools.

§88b. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b was editorially reclassified as section 4903 of this title.

§88b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4901 of this title.

§88b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4911 of this title.

§88b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4912 of this title.

§88b–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4913 of this title.

§88b–5. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–5 was editorially reclassified as section 4917 of this title.

§88b–6. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(39), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1735

Section, Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §902, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 104–53, title I, §4, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 517, related to withholding from salary charges for lodging, meals, and related services furnished Senate pages in page residence hall.

§88b–7. Transferred

Codification

Section 88b–7 was editorially reclassified as section 4931 of this title.

§88c. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, §491(e), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1198

Section, acts June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 426; Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 390; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–652, §16(b), 78 Stat. 1084, provided for compensation of pages of Senate and House.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4301 of this title.

§88c–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(40)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1735

Section, based on H. Res. No. 234, §1, Ninety-eighth Congress, June 29, 1983, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 98–367, title I, §103, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 479, related to payment for educational services and related items for pages.

§88c–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 88c–2 was editorially reclassified as section 4914 of this title.

§88c–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 88c–3 was editorially reclassified as section 4915 of this title.

§88c–4. Transferred

Codification

Section 88c–4 was editorially reclassified as section 4916 of this title.

§89. Transferred

Codification

Section 89 was editorially reclassified as section 4552 of this title.

§89a. Transferred

Codification

Section 89a was editorially reclassified as section 4559 of this title.

§§90, 91. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(33), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1734

Section 90, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968, related to removal from office of employees of House for violation of sections 85 to 87 and 4552 of this title.

Section 91, acts Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 968; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, §121, 60 Stat. 822, related to investigations of violations of sections 85 to 87, 90, and 4552 of this title.

§92. Transferred

Codification

Section 92 was editorially reclassified as section 5321 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 92, acts Jan. 25, 1923, ch. 43, 42 Stat. 1217; July 25, 1939, ch. 352, §1, 53 Stat. 1080; Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §11(b), 69 Stat. 509; Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 938, §1(b), 70 Stat. 990, related to payment of appropriations for clerk hire for Members of House of Representatives, Delegates, and Resident Commissioners, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–186, title I, §104(e)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1721.

§92–1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(43), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1736

Section, based on H. Res. No. 294, §2, Eighty-eighth Congress, Aug. 14, 1964, as continued by H. Res. No. 7, Eighty-ninth Congress, Jan. 4, 1965, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 89–90, §103, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 281, related to place of performance of services for which clerk hire allowances were paid.

§92a. Transferred

Codification

Section 92a was editorially reclassified as section 5323 of this title.

§92b. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b was editorially reclassified as section 5324 of this title.

§92b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5327 of this title.

§92b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5328 of this title.

§92b–3. Transferred

Codification

Section 92b–3 was editorially reclassified as section 5329 of this title.

§92c. Transferred

Codification

Section 92c was editorially reclassified as section 5325 of this title.

§92d. Transferred

Codification

Section 92d was editorially reclassified as section 5326 of this title.

§92e. Repealed. Pub. L. 98–473, title I, §123A(b), Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1969

Section, acts June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, 57 Stat. 223; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 337; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 241; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 390, provided for continuation of salaries of clerical assistants to Senators upon death of that Senator in office.

§§93, 94. Omitted

Codification

Section 93, act June 28, 1886, No. 15, 24 Stat. 342, related to time of beginning of compensation of committee clerks. See section 4301 of this title and Rules of House of Representatives.

Section 94, acts Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 549, §1, 43 Stat. 1291; May 13, 1926, ch. 294, §1, 44 Stat. 542; Feb. 23, 1927, ch. 168, §1, 44 Stat. 1152; May 14, 1928, ch. 551, §1, 45 Stat. 522; Feb. 28, 1929, ch. 367, §1, 45 Stat. 1392; June 6, 1930, ch. 407, §1, 46 Stat. 509; Feb. 20, 1931, ch. 234, §1, 46 Stat. 1180; June 30, 1932, ch. 314, pt. I, §1, 47 Stat. 388; Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 134, §1, 47 Stat. 1356, related to appointment and removal of janitors, and was limited to the appropriation acts of which it was a part.

§95. Omitted

Codification

Section was based on provisions of acts Oct. 2, 1888, ch. 1069, 25 Stat. 546; Mar. 4, 1911, ch. 240, 36 Stat. 1318; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, §121, 60 Stat. 822; Dec. 27, 1974, Pub. L. 93–554, title I, 88 Stat. 1776; Aug. 20, 1996, Pub. L. 104–186, title I, §105(c), 110 Stat. 1722, relating to payments from contingent fund of House of Representatives prior to being struck out by Pub. L. 104–186. See section 5505 of this title. Provisions of act Oct. 2, 1888, relating to payments from contingent fund of the Senate are classified to section 6503 of this title.

§95–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 95–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5505 of this title.

§95a. Transferred

Codification

Section 95a was editorially reclassified as section 5506 of this title.

§95b. Transferred

Codification

Section 95b was editorially reclassified as section 5507 of this title.

§95c. Transferred

Codification

Section 95c was editorially reclassified as section 5532 of this title.

§95d. Transferred

Codification

Section 95d was editorially reclassified as section 5508 of this title.

§95e. Transferred

Codification

Section 95e was editorially reclassified as section 5533 of this title.

§§96 to 100. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(46)–(51), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1737

Section 96, acts July 16, 1914, ch. 141, §1, 38 Stat. 462; Mar. 3, 1926, ch. 44, §1, 44 Stat. 163, related to payment of certain bills from moneys of House.

Section 96a, Pub. L. 103–69, title III, §311, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 712, related to transfer of responsibility for legislative service organization financial activity to Clerk of House.

Section 97, act Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, §1, 28 Stat. 768, related to temporary committee on accounts of House.

Section 98, act Mar. 3, 1885, ch. 360, 23 Stat. 512, related to contracts for horses for service of House of Representatives.

Section 99, act Mar. 3, 1891, ch. 541, §1, 26 Stat. 914, related to contracts for horses and mail wagons for House of Representatives.

Section 100, act Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 967, related to contracts for packing boxes for House.

§101. Transferred

Codification

Section 101 was editorially reclassified as section 4701 of this title.

§102. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(52), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1737

Section, R.S. §§60, 61; Pub. L. 86–628, §105(c), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 461, required submission by Secretary of Senate and Clerk of House to two Houses of statements as to persons employed and as to expenditures and balances on hand and providing for printing of such reports as Senate and House documents. See sections 4108 and 5535 of this title.

§102a. Transferred

Codification

Section 102a was editorially reclassified as section 4107 of this title.

§§103, 104. Omitted

Codification

Section 103, R.S. §62, authorized Secretary of Senate and Clerk of House to require disbursing officers subject to their authority to return analytical statements and receipts for expenditures and to communicate such returns annually to Congress. See sections 4108 and 5535 of this title.

Section 104, R.S. §63, required that all expenditures of Senate and House be made up to end of each fiscal year and reported to Congress at beginning of each regular session. See sections 4108 and 5535 of this title.

§104a. Transferred

Codification

Section 104a was editorially reclassified as section 4108 of this title.

§104b. Transferred

Codification

Section 104b was editorially reclassified as section 5535 of this title.

Reporting Payments Made to Witnesses Before Committee on Standards of Official Conduct

Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §105, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2439, which related to reporting payments made to witnesses before Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, was editorially reclassified as section 4713 of this title.

§104c. Transferred

Codification

Section 104c was editorially reclassified as section 5562 of this title.

§104d. Transferred

Codification

Section 104d was editorially reclassified as section 4702 of this title.

§104e. Transferred

Codification

Section 104e was editorially reclassified as section 4712 of this title.

§104f. Transferred

Codification

Section 104f was editorially reclassified as section 4728 of this title.

§104g. Transferred

Codification

Section 104g was editorially reclassified as section 4727 of this title.

§105. Transferred

Codification

Section 105 was editorially reclassified as section 4303 of this title.

§106. Transferred

Codification

Section 106 was editorially reclassified as section 6569 of this title.

§107. Transferred

Codification

Section 107 was editorially reclassified as section 6570 of this title.

§108. Transferred

Codification

Section 108 was editorially reclassified as section 6571 of this title.

§109. Transferred

Codification

Section 109 was editorially reclassified as section 4104 of this title.

§110. Transferred

Codification

Section 110 was editorially reclassified as section 4105 of this title.

§111. Transferred

Codification

Section 111 was editorially reclassified as section 4102 of this title.

§111a. Transferred

Codification

Section 111a was editorially reclassified as section 6625 of this title.

§111b. Transferred

Codification

Section 111b was editorially reclassified as section 4103 of this title.

§112. Transferred

Codification

Section 112 was editorially reclassified as section 6572 of this title.

§§112a to 112d. Repealed. Pub. L. 91–139, §2(a), Dec. 5, 1969, 83 Stat. 291

For subject matter of former sections 112a to 112d of this title, see section 5536 of this title.

Section 112a, acts Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §1, 67 Stat. 7; Mar. 25, 1955, ch. 15, §§1, 2, 69 Stat. 13; Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §1, 70 Stat. 30; July 26, 1961, Pub. L. 87–107, §1, 75 Stat. 221; Aug. 13, 1965, Pub. L. 89–122, 79 Stat. 517; Nov. 8, 1965, Pub. L. 89–342, 79 Stat. 1302, authorized electrical and mechanical office equipment for House Members, officers, and committees.

Section 112a–1, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §2, as added Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31; amended July 26, 1961, Pub. L. 87–107, §2, 75 Stat. 221; Oct. 9, 1965, Pub. L. 89–248, 79 Stat. 968; Oct. 24, 1967, Pub. L. 90–116, 81 Stat. 337, related to supply of additional typewriters.

Section 112a–2, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §3, as added Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, provided for payment for equipment supplied.

Section 112b, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §4, formerly §2, 67 Stat. 8, renumbered §4, Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, provided for registration and ownership of equipment supplied.

Section 112c, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §6, formerly §4, 67 Stat. 8, renumbered §6, Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, defined "Member".

Section 112d, act Mar. 25, 1953, ch. 10, §7, formerly §5, 67 Stat. 8, renumbered §7, Feb. 25, 1956, ch. 72, §2, 70 Stat. 31, related to the issuance of rules and regulations.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective at beginning of first calendar month which commenced on or after Dec. 5, 1969, see section 3 of Pub. L. 91–139, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5536 of this title.

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 91–139, §2(b), Dec. 5, 1969, 83 Stat. 291, provided that: "The repeal by subsection (a) of this section of the joint resolution of March 25, 1953 [sections 112a to 112d of this title], does not deprive any Member, officer, or committee of the House of Representatives, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, of entitlement to the continued possession and use of office equipment furnished, under any provision of that joint resolution, to that Member, officer, committee, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and in use on the effective date of this Act [see Effective Date note set out under section 5536 of this title]. However, the total value (less allowance for depreciation) of that equipment furnished to a Member or the Resident Commissioner under the first section and section 2 of the joint resolution of March 25, 1953, while in use by that Member or the Resident Commissioner on and after the effective date of this Act shall be taken into account for the purpose of determining the total value of equipment in use at any one time in the office of the Member or the Resident Commissioner under the regulations prescribed by the Committee on House Administration under the first section of this Act [section 5536 of this title]."

§112e. Transferred

Codification

Section 112e was editorially reclassified as section 5536 of this title.

§112f. Transferred

Codification

Section 112f was editorially reclassified as section 5509 of this title.

§112g. Transferred

Codification

Section 112g was editorially reclassified as section 5537 of this title.

§112h. Transferred

Codification

Section 112h was editorially reclassified as section 5538 of this title.

§113. Transferred

Codification

Section 113 was editorially reclassified as section 4109 of this title.

§114. Transferred

Codification

Section 114 was editorially reclassified as section 6575 of this title.

§115. Transferred

Codification

Section 115 was editorially reclassified as section 5563 of this title.

§116. Repealed. May 29, 1928, ch. 901, §1, 45 Stat. 995

Section, R.S. §72, related to accounting by the Secretaries, Clerks, Sergeant at Arms, Postmasters, and Doorkeepers of Senate and House for property of the Government in their possession.

§117. Transferred

Codification

Section 117 was editorially reclassified as section 6516 of this title.

§117a. Omitted

Codification

Section, acts July 1, 1941, ch. 268, 55 Stat. 454; June 8, 1942, ch. 396, 56 Stat. 338; June 28, 1943, ch. 173, title I, 57 Stat. 228; June 26, 1944, ch. 277, title I, 58 Stat. 343; June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 248; July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 397, related to depositing in Treasury sums received from sale of transcripts of House committee hearings, and applied only to fiscal years covered by such acts. Permanent provisions were enacted by act July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 365, and classified to section 84b of this title.

§117b. Transferred

Codification

Section 117b was editorially reclassified as section 6630 of this title.

§117b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 117b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6517 of this title.

§117b–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 117b–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6631 of this title.

§117c. Transferred

Codification

Section 117c was editorially reclassified as section 6632 of this title.

§117d. Transferred

Codification

Section 117d was editorially reclassified as section 6626 of this title.

§117d–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 117d–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6627 of this title.

§117e. Transferred

Codification

Section 117e was editorially reclassified as section 5540 of this title.

§117f. Transferred

Codification

Section 117f was editorially reclassified as section 5539 of this title.

§117g. Transferred

Codification

Section 117g was editorially reclassified as section 4121 of this title.

§117h. Transferred

Codification

Section 117h was editorially reclassified as section 4122 of this title.

§117i. Transferred

Codification

Section 117i was editorially reclassified as section 2013 of this title.

§117j. Transferred

Codification

Section 117j was editorially reclassified as section 5541 of this title.

§117j–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 117j–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5542 of this title.

§117k. Transferred

Codification

Section 117k was editorially reclassified as section 5543 of this title.

§117l. Transferred

Codification

Section 117l was editorially reclassified as section 5544 of this title.

§117m. Transferred

Codification

Section 117m was editorially reclassified as section 5545 of this title.

§118. Transferred

Codification

Section 118 was editorially reclassified as section 5503 of this title.

§118a. Transferred

Codification

Section 118a was editorially reclassified as section 5504 of this title.

§119. Transferred

Codification

Section 119 was editorially reclassified as section 4106 of this title.

§119a. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–620, §3, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1309

Section, act July 2, 1954, ch. 455, 68 Stat. 397, provided that on and after July 2, 1954, the Senate Folding Room shall be known as the Senate Service Department. See section 740 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

§120. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Feb. 23, 1927, ch. 168, §1, 44 Stat. 1150, changed the name of "clerk to Speaker's table" to "parliamentarian" and was omitted as executed.

§121. Transferred

Codification

Section 121 was editorially reclassified as section 2052 of this title.

§121a. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–275, title I, §6(h)(1), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2434

Section, Pub. L. 94–440, title I, §106, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1444; Pub. L. 95–26, title I, §107(a), May 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 85; Pub. L. 100–458, title I, §10(b), Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2162, related to Senate Barber and Beauty Shops Revolving Fund.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective 30 days after Oct. 21, 1998, see section 6634(i) of this title.

§121b. Transferred

Codification

Section 121b was editorially reclassified as a note under section 6634 of this title.

§121b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 121b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6634 of this title.

§121c. Transferred

Codification

Section 121c was editorially reclassified as section 6635 of this title.

§121d. Transferred

Codification

Section 121d was editorially reclassified as section 6576 of this title.

§121e. Transferred

Codification

Section 121e was editorially reclassified as section 6515 of this title.

§121f. Transferred

Codification

Section 121f was editorially reclassified as section 2026 of this title.

§121g. Transferred

Codification

Section 121g was editorially reclassified as section 4123 of this title.

§122. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777

Section, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403; Sept. 7, 1957, Pub. L. 85–301, §1, 71 Stat. 622; Sept. 29, 1965, Pub. L. 89–211, §1(a), 79 Stat. 857, provided for office space in the home districts of House Members and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.

The repeal of this section is based on section 6(b) of House Resolution No. 687, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, title I, 67 Stat. 325.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 470.

Effective Date of Repeal

Section 6(b) of House Resolution No. 687, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, provided that the repeal of this section is applicable beginning on Jan. 3, 1978, upon the enactment of House Resolution No. 687 as permanent law, which was effected by Pub. L. 95–391, §111.

§122a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(66), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1740

Section, acts July 2, 1954, ch. 455, title I, 68 Stat. 403; June 13, 1957, Pub. L. 85–54, 71 Stat. 82; H. Res. No. 831, Eighty-eighth Congress, Aug. 14, 1964, enacted into permanent law by act July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, §103, 79 Stat. 281, related to reimbursement of House Members for office expenses outside District of Columbia.

Reimbursement of Expenses of House Members; Member of House of Representatives and Member Defined

Section 302(a), (b), and (d) of H. Res. No. 287, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 2, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, which related to reimbursement to Members of House of Representatives for official expenses incurred in United States, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §203(20)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1728.

§§122b to 122g. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §204(67), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1740

Section 122b, based on H. Res. No. 687, §1, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to leasing of office space in home districts of House Members.

Section 122c, based on H. Res. No. 687, §2, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to determination of annual amount which could be disbursed on behalf of each Member under former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

Section 122d, based on H. Res. No. 687, §3, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to authorization by Committee on House Administration of disbursements under former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

Section 122e, based on H. Res. No. 687, §4, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, related to furnishing office equipment, carpeting, and draperies.

Section 122f, based on H. Res. No. 687, §5, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, authorized Committee on House Administration to prescribe rules and regulations to carry out former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

Section 122g, based on H. Res. No. 687, §7, Ninety-fifth Congress, Sept. 20, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777, defined terms for purposes of former sections 122b to 122g of this title.

§123. Repealed. June 27, 1956, ch. 453, §105(m), 70 Stat. 372

Section, act Aug. 7, 1953, ch. 341, 67 Stat. 439, established a joint Senate and House Recording Facility revolving fund, provided for the disposition of monies, and required the coordinator of the Facility to give a penal bond.

§123a. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, §1, 69 Stat. 500, which established the basic annual compensation of the coordinator, Joint Recording Facility, has been omitted because of section 4131(l) of this title which abolished the Joint Recording Facility positions and salaries established pursuant to the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1948, and all subsequent acts.

§123b. Transferred

Codification

Section 123b was editorially reclassified as section 4131 of this title.

§123b–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 123b–1 was editorially reclassified as section 4132 of this title.

§123c. Transferred

Codification

Section 123c was editorially reclassified as section 6618 of this title.

§123c–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 123c–1 was editorially reclassified as section 6619 of this title.

§123d. Transferred

Codification

Section 123d was editorially reclassified as section 6636 of this title.

§123e. Transferred

Codification

Section 123e was editorially reclassified as section 6577 of this title.

§124. Transferred

Codification

Section 124 was editorially reclassified as section 5606 of this title.

§125. Transferred

Codification

Section 125 was editorially reclassified as section 4553 of this title.

§125a. Transferred

Codification

Section 125a was editorially reclassified as section 4506 of this title. Section 38b of this title, which was identical to this section, was omitted from the Code.

§126. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–554, §8, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 658

Section, act Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1208, title VI, §603, 68 Stat. 1116, provided that official reporters of Senate proceedings and their employees be considered officers or employees of the legislative branch within section 2091(a) of former Title 5. See section 8701(a)(3) of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§126–1. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265; Pub. L. 90–239, ch. IV, Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 94–59, title I, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 96–38, title I, §105(1), July 25, 1979, 93 Stat. 112, which authorized Secretary of Senate to employ one chief reporter of debates, seven reporters of debates, one assistant reporter of debates, two clerks, and six expert transcribers, was omitted because of section 6539 of this title which abolished all statutory positions in the Office of the Secretary of the Senate, with specified exceptions, effective Oct. 1, 1981, and authorized Secretary of Senate to appoint and fix compensation of such employees as appropriate.

§126–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 126–2 was editorially reclassified as section 6543 of this title.

§126a. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 86–628, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 447, related to appointment of reporters, transcribers and other employees by Official Reporter of Debates of Senate. See section 6539 of this title.

§126b. Transferred

Codification

Section 126b was editorially reclassified as section 6544 of this title.

§127. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 129

Section, Pub. L. 87–130, Aug. 10, 1961, 75 Stat. 323; Pub. L. 89–90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 343, provided for reimbursement of transportation expenses of employees in Senator's office, authorizing eight round trips in any fiscal year and two additional mileage payments when office of Senator is from a State having a population of ten million or more inhabitants and requiring voucher certification of travel as being in line of official duty.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Act June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 360, as amended by acts July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 449; Mar. 31, 1961, Pub. L. 87–14, title I, 75 Stat. 29.

Act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 504.

Effective Date of Repeal

Pub. L. 92–51 provided that the repeal is effective July 1, 1971.

§127a. Transferred

Codification

Section 127a was editorially reclassified as section 5342 of this title.

§127b. Transferred

Codification

Section 127b was editorially reclassified as section 4538 of this title.

§§128, 129. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 658, 659

Section 128, act Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 513, authorized contributions for group life insurance of House employees from House contingent fund. See section 8708 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Section 129, Pub. L. 85–75, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 248, authorized contributions to retirement and disability fund from House contingent fund. See section 8334 of Title 5.

§130. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–391, title I, §111, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 777

Section, Pub. L. 87–730, §103, Oct. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 693; H. Res. 163, Mar. 19, 1975; Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, authorized payment of expenses of participation by House in interparliamentary institutions. See section 5581 of this title.

The repeal of this section is based on a part of section 2 of House Resolution No. 1047, Ninety-fifth Congress, Apr. 4, 1978, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391.

Effective Date of Repeal

Section 2 of House Resolution No. 1047, Ninety-fifth Congress, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, provided that the repeal is effective upon the enactment of House Resolution No. 1047 as permanent law, which was effected by Pub. L. 95–391, §111, effective Sept. 30, 1978.

Ninety-fifth Congress

Section 2 of House Resolution No. 1047, Ninety-fifth Congress, Apr. 4, 1978, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–391, provided that this section would not be effective in the Ninety-fifth Congress upon the adoption of H. Res. 1047.

Authorization for Payment of Expenses from Contingent Fund of House of Representatives for Participatory Activities

Section 1 of House Resolution No. 434, Ninety-fifth Congress, Mar. 31, 1977, enacted into permanent law by Pub. L. 95–94, title I, §115, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 668, which provided that, until otherwise provided by law, there was to have been paid out of the contingent fund of the House of Representatives such sums as may have been necessary, but not to exceed $15,000 in any calendar year, for the payment of expenses incurred in carrying out this section, was repealed by section 2 of H. Res. 1047, Ninety-fifth Congress, Apr. 4, 1978, which was enacted into permanent law by section 111 of Pub. L. 95–391, effective Sept. 30, 1978.

§130–1. Transferred

Codification

Section 130–1 was editorially reclassified as section 5581 of this title.

§130–2. Transferred

Codification

Section 130–2 was editorially reclassified as section 5582 of this title.

§130a. Transferred

Codification

Section 130a was editorially reclassified as section 4504 of this title.

§130b. Transferred

Codification

Section 130b was editorially reclassified as section 4503 of this title.

§130c. Transferred

Codification

Section 130c was editorially reclassified as section 4593 of this title.

§130d. Transferred

Codification

Section 130d was editorially reclassified as section 4554 of this title.

§130e. Transferred

Codification

Section 130e was editorially reclassified as section 2172 of this title.

§130f. Transferred

Codification

Section 130f was editorially reclassified as section 5571 of this title.

§130g. Transferred

Codification

Section 130g was editorially reclassified as section 6616 of this title.

§130h. Transferred

Codification

Section 130h was editorially reclassified as section 5546 of this title.

§130i. Repealed. Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §105(1), Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1123

Section, Pub. L. 107–117, div. B, §905, Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat. 2318, established House of Representatives Office of Emergency Planning, Preparedness, and Operations.

Transfer of House Emergency Planning, Preparedness, and Operations Functions to Sergeant at Arms

Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §105, Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1123, provided that: "Effective February 1, 2010—

"(1) section 905 of the Emergency Supplemental Act, 2002 (2 U.S.C. 130i) is repealed; and

"(2) the functions and responsibilities of the Office of Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Operations under section 905 of such Act are transferred and assigned to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives."

§130j. Transferred

Codification

Section 130j was editorially reclassified as section 5531 of this title.

§130k. Transferred

Codification

Section 130k was editorially reclassified as section 5547 of this title.

§130l. Transferred

Codification

Section 130l was editorially reclassified as section 5591 of this title.

CHAPTER 5—LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Sec.
131.
Collections composing Library; location.
132.
Departments of Library.
132a.
Appropriations for increase of general library.
132a–1.
Obligations for reimbursable and revolving fund activities; limitation.
132a–2.
Furniture, furnishings, and office and library equipment; transfer of funds.
132a–3.
Authority to transfer amounts between categories of appropriations.
132b.
Joint Committee on the Library.
133.
Joint Committee during recess of Congress.
134.
Incidental expenses of law library.
135.
Purchase of books for law library.
135a.
Books and sound-reproduction records for blind and other physically handicapped residents; annual appropriations; purchases.
135a–1.
Library of musical scores, instructional texts, and other specialized materials for use of blind persons or other physically handicapped residents; authorization of appropriations.
135b.
Local and regional centers; preference to blind and other physically handicapped veterans; rules and regulations; authorization of appropriations.
136.
Librarian of Congress; appointment; rules and regulations.
136a, 136a–1. Omitted.
136a–2.
Librarian of Congress and Deputy Librarian of Congress; compensation.
136b.
Omitted.
136c.
Authorized additional expenses and services for which Library of Congress salary appropriations are available.
137.
Use and regulation of law library.
137a, 137b. Omitted.
137c.
Withdrawal of books from Library of Congress.
138.
Law library; hours kept open.
139.
Omitted.
140.
Employees; fitness.
141.
Allocation of responsibilities for Library buildings and grounds.
141a.
Design, installation, and maintenance of security systems; transfer of responsibility.
141b.
Collections, physical security, control, and preservation of order and decorum within the library.
142.
Omitted.
142a.
Office of administrative assistant and disbursing officer in Library of Congress abolished; transfer of duties to appointee of Librarian.
142b.
Certifying officers of the Library of Congress; accountability; relief by Comptroller General.
142c.
Enforcement of liability of certifying officers of Library of Congress.
142d.
Disbursing officer of the Library of Congress; disbursements in accordance with voucher; examination of vouchers; liability.
142e.
Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress; disbursements for Congressional Budget Office, accountability; financial management support to Congressional Budget Office under agreement of Librarian of Congress and Director of Congressional Budget Office; Congressional Budget Office certifying officers: voucher certifications, accountability, relief by Comptroller General.
142f.
Office of Technology Assessment; disbursement of funds, computation and disbursement of basic pay, and provision of financial management support by Library of Congress.
142g.
Copyright Royalty Tribunal; computation and disbursement of pay of Tribunal personnel by Library of Congress.
142h.
Biomedical Ethics Board; disbursement of funds, computation and disbursement of basic pay, and provision of financial management services and support by Library of Congress.
142i.
United States Capitol Preservation Commission; provision of financial management services and support by Library of Congress.
142j.
John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development; disbursement of funds, computation and disbursement of basic pay, and provision of financial management services and support by Library of Congress; payment for services.
142k.
Library of Congress disbursing office; payroll processing functions.
142l.
Disbursing Officer of Library of Congress; disbursements for Office of Compliance; voucher certifications, accountability and relief by Comptroller General.
143.
Appropriations for Library Building and Grounds.
143a.
Disbursement of funds.
143b.
Payments in advance for subscriptions or other charges.
143c.
Use of other library funds to make payments.
143d.
Funds available for workers compensation payments.
144.
Copies of Statutes at Large.
145.
Copies of journals and documents.
145a.
Periodical binding of printed hearings of committee testimony.
146.
Deposit of Journals of Senate and House.
147, 148.
Repealed.
149.
Transfer of books to other libraries.
149a.
Permitting use of proceeds from disposition of surplus or obsolete personal property.
150.
Sale of copies of card indexes and other publications.
151.
Smithsonian Library.
152.
Care and use of Smithsonian Library.
153.
Control of library of House of Representatives.
154.
Library of Congress Trust Fund Board; members; quorum; seal; rules and regulations.
155.
Compensation and expenses of Library of Congress Trust Fund Board.
156.
Gifts, etc., to Library of Congress Trust Fund Board.
157.
Funds of Library of Congress Trust Fund Board; management of.
158.
Deposits by Library of Congress Trust Fund Board with Treasurer of United States.
158a.
Temporary possession of gifts of money or securities to Library of Congress; investment.
159.
Perpetual succession and suits by or against Library of Congress Trust Fund Board.
160.
Disbursement of gifts, etc., to Library.
161.
Tax exemption of gifts, etc., to Library of Congress.
162.
Compensation of Library of Congress employees.
162a.
Gross salary of Library of Congress employees.
162b.
Little Scholars Child Development Center; employee compensation and personnel matters.
163.
Omitted.
164.
Index and digest of State legislation; preparation.
164a.
Official distribution of State legislation index and digest.
165.
Authorization for appropriation for biennial index.
166.
Congressional Research Service.
167 to 167h. Repealed.
167i.
Suspension of prohibitions against use of Library buildings and grounds.
167j.
Area comprising Library of Congress grounds; "buildings and grounds" defined.
168.
Constitution of the United States; preparation and publication of revised edition; annotations; supplements; decennial editions and supplements.
168a.
Printing of Constitution Annotated as Senate documents.
168b.
Printing and distribution of additional copies of Constitution Annotated.
168c.
Printing and distribution of decennial editions and supplements to Constitution Annotated.
168d.
Authorization of appropriations for Constitution Annotated.
169.
Positions in Library of Congress exempt from citizenship requirement.
170.
American Television and Radio Archives.
171.
Congressional declaration of findings and purpose as to Center for the Book.
172.
Definitions.
173.
Establishment of Center for the Book.
174.
Function of Center for the Book.
175.
Administrative provisions.
176.
Mass Book Deacidification Facility; operation by Librarian of Congress.
177.
Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry.
178 to 179k. Repealed.
179l.
National Film Registry of Library of Congress.
179m.
Duties of Librarian of Congress.
179n.
National Film Preservation Board.
179o.
Responsibilities and powers of Board.
179p.
National Film Registry Collection of Library of Congress.
179q.
Seal of National Film Registry.
179r.
Remedies.
179s.
Limitations of remedies.
179t.
Staff of Board; experts and consultants.
179u.
Definitions.
179v.
Authorization of appropriations.
179w.
Effective date.
180.
Legislative information retrieval system.
181.
Program for exchange of information among legislative branch agencies.
182.
Cooperative Acquisitions Program Revolving Fund.
182a.
Revolving fund for duplication services associated with audiovisual conservation center.
182b.
Revolving fund for gift shop, decimal classification, photo duplication, and related services.
182c.
Revolving fund for FEDLINK program and Federal Research program.
182d.
Audits by Comptroller General.
183.
Written history of the House of Representatives.
183a.
Oral history of the House of Representatives.
184.
Incorporation of digital collections into educational curricula.
185.
Inspector General of the Library of Congress.

        

§131. Collections composing Library; location

The Library of Congress, composed of the books, maps, and other publications which on December 1, 1873, remained in existence, from the collections theretofore united under authority of law and those added from time to time by purchase, exchange, donation, reservation from publications ordered by Congress, acquisition of material under the copyright law, and otherwise, shall be preserved in the Library Building.

(R.S. §80; Feb. 19, 1897, ch. 265, §1, 29 Stat. 545, 546; Pub. L. 94–553, title I, §105(g), Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2599; Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title III, §310], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–310.)

Codification

R.S. §80 derived from act Jan. 26, 1802, ch. 2, 2 Stat. 128; Res. Oct. 21, 1814, No. 3, 3 Stat. 246; act Jan. 30, 1815, ch. 27, 3 Stat. 195; act June 25, 1864, ch. 147, §1, 13 Stat. 148; Res. July 25, 1866, No. 77, 14 Stat. 365; and act Mar. 2, 1867, ch. 167, §1, 14 Stat. 464.

Amendments

1987—Pub. L. 100–202 struck out after first sentence "The law library shall be preserved in the Capitol in the rooms which were on July 4, 1872, appropriated to its use, and in such others as may hereafter be assigned thereto."

1976—Pub. L. 94–553 substituted "acquisition of material under the copyright law" for "deposit to secure copyright".

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–553 effective Jan. 1, 1978, see section 102 of Pub. L. 94–553 set out as an Effective Date note preceding section 101 of Title 17, Copyrights.

Transfer to Library Building

Provisions for the removal of the Library to the Library Building, erected pursuant to act Apr. 15, 1886, ch. 50, 24 Stat. 12, and for the custody, care, and maintenance of that building, were made by act Feb. 19, 1897.

Organizing and Microfilming of Presidential Papers; Appropriation

Pub. L. 85–147, Aug. 16, 1957, 71 Stat. 368, as amended by Pub. L. 87–263, Sept. 21, 1961, 75 Stat. 544; Pub. L. 88–299, Apr. 27, 1964, 78 Stat. 183, provided: "That the Librarian of Congress is authorized and directed to arrange, index and microfilm the papers of the Presidents of the United States in the collections of the Library of Congress, in order to preserve their contents against destruction by war or other calamity and for the purpose of making them more readily available for study and research to the fullest possible extent consistent with any existing limitations that may have been imposed on the use of or the access to such papers by their donors or by those placing them on deposit with the Library of Congress. Neither the United States nor any officer or employee of the United States shall be liable for damages for infringement of literary property rights by reason of any activity authorized by this Act.

"Sec. 2. There are authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act."

§132. Departments of Library

The Library of Congress shall be arranged in two departments, a general library and a law library.

(R.S. §81.)

Codification

R.S. §81 derived from act July 14, 1832, ch. 221, §1, 4 Stat. 579.

§132a. Appropriations for increase of general library

The unexpended balance of any sums appropriated by Congress for the increase of the general library, together with such sums as may hereafter be appropriated to the same purpose, shall be laid out under the direction of the Joint Committee of Congress on the Library.

(R.S. §82; Feb. 7, 1902, No. 5, 32 Stat. 735; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §223, 60 Stat. 838.)

Codification

R.S. §82 derived from acts Apr. 24, 1800, ch. 37, §5, 2 Stat. 56, and Jan. 26, 1802, ch. 2, §6, 2 Stat. 129.

Amendments

1946—Act Aug. 2, 1946, changed composition of Joint Committee. See section 132b of this title.

Effective Date of 1946 Amendment

Amendment by act Aug. 2, 1946, effective Jan. 3, 1947, see section 245 of that act, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

§132a–1. Obligations for reimbursable and revolving fund activities; limitation

Effective for fiscal years beginning with fiscal year 1995, obligations for any reimbursable and revolving fund activities performed by the Library of Congress are limited to the total amounts provided (1) in the annual regular appropriations Act making appropriations for the legislative branch, or (2) in a supplemental appropriations Act that makes appropriations for the legislative branch.

(Pub. L. 103–69, title II, §206, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 706.)

§132a–2. Furniture, furnishings, and office and library equipment; transfer of funds

(a) Transfer of funds

In addition to any other transfer authority provided by law, during fiscal year 2001 and fiscal years thereafter, the Librarian of Congress may transfer to and among available accounts of the Library of Congress amounts appropriated to the Librarian from funds for the purchase, installation, maintenance, and repair of furniture, furnishings, and office and library equipment.

(b) Availability of funds

Any amounts transferred pursuant to subsection (a) shall be merged with and be available for the same purpose and for the same period as the appropriation or account to which such amounts are transferred.

(c) Approval of Congress

The Librarian may transfer amounts pursuant to subsection (a) only with the approval of the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate.

(Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title II, §209], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–114.)

Codification

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2001.

§132a–3. Authority to transfer amounts between categories of appropriations

(a) In general

During fiscal year 2014 and any succeeding fiscal year, the Librarian of Congress may transfer amounts appropriated for the fiscal year between the categories of appropriations provided under law for the Library of Congress for the fiscal year, upon the approval of the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate.

(b) Limitation

Not more than 10 percent of the total amount of funds appropriated to the account under any category of appropriations for the Library of Congress for a fiscal year may be transferred from that account by all transfers made under subsection (a).

(Pub. L. 113–76, div. I, title I, §1402, Jan. 17, 2014, 128 Stat. 431.)

§132b. Joint Committee on the Library

The Joint Committee of Congress on the Library shall, on and after January 3, 1947, consist of the chairman and four members of the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate and the chairman and four members of the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives.

(Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §223, 60 Stat. 838; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, §205, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1742.)

Amendments

1996—Pub. L. 104–186 substituted "House Oversight" for "House Administration".

Change of Name

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 3, 1947, see section 245 of act Aug. 2, 1946, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

Member of Committee With Respect to Financial Management and Budget and Program Development

Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(4) [div. A], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–195, as amended by Pub. L. 109–13, div. A, title III, §3402(a), May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 272; Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title II, §20703(d)(6), as added by Pub. L. 110–5, §2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 39, provided: "That notwithstanding any other provision of law, effective with the One Hundred Seventh Congress and each succeeding Congress the chair of the Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives shall serve as a member of the Joint Committee on the Library with respect to the Library's financial management, organization, budget development and implementation, and program development and administration, as well as any other element of the mission of the Library of Congress which is subject to the requirements of Federal law."

§133. Joint Committee during recess of Congress

The portion of the Joint Committee of Congress on the Library on the part of the Senate remaining in office as Senators shall during the recess of Congress exercise the powers and discharge the duties conferred by law upon the Joint Committee of Congress on the Library.

(Mar. 3, 1883, ch. 141, §2, 22 Stat. 592; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §223, 60 Stat. 838.)

Amendments

1946—Act Aug. 2, 1946, changed composition of Joint Committee. See section 132b of this title.

Effective Date of 1946 Amendment

Amendment by act Aug. 2, 1946, effective Jan. 3, 1947, see section 245 of that act, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

§134. Incidental expenses of law library

The incidental expenses of the law library shall be paid out of the appropriations for the Library of Congress.

(R.S. §83.)

Codification

R.S. §83 derived from act July 14, 1832, ch. 221, §3, 4 Stat. 579.

§135. Purchase of books for law library

The Librarian shall make the purchases of books for the law library, under the direction of and pursuant to the catalogue furnished him by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

(R.S. §84.)

Codification

R.S. §84 derived from act July 14, 1832, ch. 221, §4, 4 Stat. 579.

§135a. Books and sound-reproduction records for blind and other physically handicapped residents; annual appropriations; purchases

There is authorized to be appropriated annually to the Library of Congress, in addition to appropriations otherwise made to said Library, such sums for expenditure under the direction of the Librarian of Congress as may be necessary to provide books published either in raised characters, on sound-reproduction recordings or in any other form, and for purchase, maintenance, and replacement of reproducers for such sound-reproduction recordings, for the use of the blind and for other physically handicapped residents of the United States, including the several States, Territories, insular possessions, and the District of Columbia, all of which books, recordings, and reproducers will remain the property of the Library of Congress but will be loaned to blind and to other physically handicapped readers certified by competent authority as unable to read normal printed material as a result of physical limitations, under regulations prescribed by the Librarian of Congress for this service. In the purchase of books in either raised characters or in sound-reproduction recordings the Librarian of Congress, without reference to the provisions of section 6101 of title 41, shall give preference to nonprofit-making institutions or agencies whose activities are primarily concerned with the blind and with other physically handicapped persons, in all cases where the prices or bids submitted by such institutions or agencies are, by said Librarian, under all the circumstances and needs involved, determined to be fair and reasonable.

(Mar. 3, 1931, ch. 400, §1, 46 Stat. 1487; Mar. 4, 1933, ch. 279, 47 Stat. 1570; June 14, 1935, ch. 242, §1, 49 Stat. 374; Apr. 23, 1937, ch. 125, §1, 50 Stat. 72; June 7, 1939, ch. 191, 53 Stat. 812; June 6, 1940, ch. 255, 54 Stat. 245; Oct. 1, 1942, ch. 575, §1, 56 Stat. 764; June 13, 1944, ch. 246, §1, 58 Stat. 276; Aug. 8, 1946, ch. 868, §1, 60 Stat. 908; July 3, 1952, ch. 566, 66 Stat. 326; Pub. L. 85–308, §1, Sept. 7, 1957, 71 Stat. 630; Pub. L. 89–522, §1, July 30, 1966, 80 Stat. 330.)

Codification

In text, "section 6101 of title 41" substituted for "section 3709 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (41 U.S.C. 5)" on authority of Pub. L. 111–350, §6(c), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.

Amendments

1966—Pub. L. 89–522 amended section generally, extending availability of books and materials under this section by authorizing their loan to other physically handicapped residents, in addition to blind persons, certified by competent authority as unable to read normal printed material as a result of physical limitations.

1957—Pub. L. 85–308 authorized annual appropriation of necessary sums in lieu of provisions which limited annual appropriation to $1,125,000, and struck out limitation of $200,000 on amount of appropriated funds to be expended annually for books in raised characters.

1952—Act July 3, 1952, included children within its provisions as well as adults.

1946—Act Aug. 8, 1946, increased annual appropriation from $500,000 to $1,125,000.

1944—Act June 13, 1944, increased annual appropriation from $370,000 to $500,000, the amount allocated to sound-reproduction records from $250,000 to $400,000, and struck out provision allocating $20,000 to maintenance and replacement of Government-owned reproducers.

1942—Act Oct. 1, 1942, substituted "$370,000" for "$350,000", and inserted clause at end of first sentence relating to expenditure of not exceeding $20,000 for maintenance and replacement of reproducers for sound-reproduction records.

1940—Act June 6, 1940, substituted "$350,000" for "$275,000" and "$250,000" for "$175,000".

1939—Act June 7, 1939, inserted last sentence.

1937—Act Apr. 23, 1937, substituted "$275,000" for "$175,000" in two places and "$175,000" for "$75,000".

1935—Act June 14, 1935, substituted "$175,000" for "$100,000" and inserted provision that $100,000 of the $175,000 annual appropriation be expended for books in raised characters and the balance for sound-reproduction records.

1933—Act Mar. 4, 1933, inserted "published either in raised characters, on sound-reproduction records, or in any other form".

Effective Date of 1957 Amendment

Pub. L. 85–308, §2, Sept. 7, 1957, 71 Stat. 630, provided that: "This Act [amending this section] shall be applicable with respect to the fiscal year ending June 30, 1958, and for each fiscal year thereafter."

Effective Date of 1946 Amendment

Act Aug. 8, 1946, ch. 868, §2, 60 Stat. 908, provided: "This Act [amending this section] shall be applicable with respect to the fiscal year ending June 30, 1947, and for each fiscal year thereafter."

Effective Date of 1944 Amendment

Act June 13, 1944, ch. 246, §2, 58 Stat. 276, provided: "This Act [amending this section] shall be applicable with respect to the fiscal year ending June 30, 1945, and for each fiscal year thereafter."

Effective Date of 1942 Amendment

Act Oct. 1, 1942, ch. 575, §2, 56 Stat. 764, provided: "This Act [amending this section] shall be applicable with respect to the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943, and for each fiscal year thereafter."

Effective Date of 1937 Amendment

Act Apr. 23, 1937, ch. 125, §2, 50 Stat. 72, provided that: "This Act [amending this section] shall be applicable with respect to the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, and for each fiscal year thereafter."

§135a–1. Library of musical scores, instructional texts, and other specialized materials for use of blind persons or other physically handicapped residents; authorization of appropriations

(a) The Librarian of Congress shall establish and maintain a library of musical scores, instructional texts, and other specialized materials for the use of the blind and for other physically handicapped residents of the United States and its possessions in furthering their educational, vocational, and cultural opportunities in the field of music. Such scores, texts, and materials shall be made available on a loan basis under regulations developed by the Librarian or his designee in consultation with persons, organizations, and agencies engaged in work for the blind and for other physically handicapped persons.

(b) There are authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

(Pub. L. 87–765, Oct. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 763; Pub. L. 89–522, §2, July 30, 1966, 80 Stat. 331.)

Amendments

1966—Pub. L. 89–522 made the library of musical scores and materials available to other physically handicapped residents of the United States and added persons, organizations, and agencies engaged in work for physically handicapped persons to the groups with which the Librarian shall consult in making the materials available on a loan basis.

§135b. Local and regional centers; preference to blind and other physically handicapped veterans; rules and regulations; authorization of appropriations

(a) The Librarian of Congress may contract or otherwise arrange with such public or other nonprofit libraries, agencies, or organizations as he may deem appropriate to serve as local or regional centers for the circulation of (1) books, recordings, and reproducers referred to in section 135a of this title, and (2) musical scores, instructional texts, and other specialized materials referred to in section 135a–1 of this title, under such conditions and regulations as he may prescribe. In the lending of such books, recordings, reproducers, musical scores, instructional texts, and other specialized materials, preference shall at all times be given to the needs of the blind and of the other physically handicapped persons who have been honorably discharged from the Armed Forces of the United States.

(b) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

(Mar. 3, 1931, ch. 400, §2, 46 Stat. 1487; Pub. L. 89–522, §1, July 30, 1966, 80 Stat. 330.)

Amendments

1966—Pub. L. 89–522 extended Librarian's authority to arrange for local and regional centers by authorizing him to contract with public or other nonprofit libraries, agencies, or organizations, extended field to include recordings, reproducers, musical scores, instructional texts, and other materials, substituted "Armed Forces of the United States" for "United States military or naval service", and extended veteran preference to include other physically handicapped individuals in addition to blind persons.

§136. Librarian of Congress; appointment; rules and regulations

The Librarian of Congress shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. He shall make rules and regulations for the government of the Library.

(Feb. 19, 1897, ch. 265, §1, 29 Stat. 544, 546; Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(f), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 204.)

Prior Provisions

R.S. §§88, 89, 4950, which were repealed by acts Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 131, §1, 47 Stat. 1349; Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 202, §1, 47 Stat. 1428, 1431.

Amendments

1972—Pub. L. 92–310 struck out provisions which required the Librarian of Congress to give a bond in the sum of $20,000.

§§136a, 136a–1. Omitted

Codification

Sections were superseded by section 136a–2 of this title.

Section 136a, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §203(c), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 415; Pub. L. 90–206, title II, §§219(2), 225(h), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 639, 644; Pub. L. 94–82, title II, §204(b), Aug. 9, 1975, 89 Stat. 421, set compensation of Librarian of Congress at an annual rate equal to rate for positions at level IV of Executive Schedule.

A prior section 136a, acts Mar. 6, 1928, ch. 134, 45 Stat. 197; Oct. 15, 1949, ch. 695, §5(a), 63 Stat. 890, which contained similar provisions, was repealed by Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 647, 655.

Section 136a–1, Pub. L. 88–426, title II, §203(d), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 415; Pub. L. 90–206, title II §§219(3), 225(h), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 639, 644; Pub. L. 94–82, title II, §204(b), Aug. 9, 1975, 89 Stat. 421, set compensation of Deputy Librarian of Congress at an annual rate equal to rate for positions at level V of Executive Schedule.

§136a–2. Librarian of Congress and Deputy Librarian of Congress; compensation

Notwithstanding any other provision of law—

(1) the Librarian of Congress shall be compensated at an annual rate of pay which is equal to the annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at level II of the Executive Schedule under section 5313 of title 5; and

(2) the Deputy Librarian of Congress shall be compensated at an annual rate of pay which is equal to the annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5.

(Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §904, July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 106–57, title II, §209(a), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 424.)

Amendments

1999—Pub. L. 106–57 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows:

"(a) Subject to subsection (b) of this section and notwithstanding any other provision of law—

"(1) the compensation of the Librarian of Congress shall be at an annual rate which is equal to the annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, and

"(2) the compensation of the Deputy Librarian of Congress shall be at an annual rate which is equal to the annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5.

"(b) The limitations contained in section 306 of S. 2939, Ninety-seventh Congress, as made applicable by section 101(e) of Public Law 97–276 (as amended by section 128(a) of Public Law 97–377) shall, after application of section 128(b) of Public law 97–377, be applicable to the compensation of the Librarian of Congress and the Deputy Librarian of Congress, as fixed by subsection (a) of this section."

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–57, title II, §209(c), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 424, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 166 of this title] shall apply with respect to the first pay period which begins on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 29, 1999] and each subsequent pay period."

Effective Date

Pub. L. 98–63, title I, §904(c), July 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 337, provided that subsec. (a) of this section was to take effect on the first day of the first applicable pay period commencing on or after July 30, 1983, prior to being omitted in the general amendment of section 904 of Pub. L. 98–63 by section 209(a) of Pub. L. 106–57.

Salary Increases

1987—Salaries of Librarian and Deputy Librarian increased respectively to $89,500 and $82,500 per annum, on recommendation of the President of the United States, see note set out under section 358 of this title.

1977—Salaries of Librarian and Deputy Librarian increased respectively to $50,000 and $47,500 per annum, on recommendation of the President of the United States, see note set out under section 358 of this title.

1969—Salaries of Librarian and Deputy Librarian increased respectively to $38,000 and $36,000 per annum, on recommendation of the President of the United States, see note set out under section 358 of this title.

§136b. Omitted

Codification

Section, act July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 372, related to maximum salary for any position in the Library. See section 162a of this title.

§136c. Authorized additional expenses and services for which Library of Congress salary appropriations are available

From and after October 1, 1983, appropriations in this Act available to the Library of Congress for salaries shall be available for expenses of personnel security and suitability investigations of Library employees; special and temporary services (including employees engaged by day or hour or in piecework); and services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5.

(Pub. L. 98–51, title II, §201, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 276.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 98–51, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 263, known as the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1984. See page 36 of Senate Report 98–161, 98th Congress, 1st Session, to accompany H.R. 3135, which became Pub. L. 98–51. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

§137. Use and regulation of law library

The justices of the Supreme Court shall have free access to the law library; and they are authorized to make regulations, not inconsistent with law, for the use of the same during the sittings of the court. But such regulations shall not restrict any person authorized to take books from the Library from having access to the law library, or using the books therein in the same manner as he may be entitled to use the books of the general Library.

(R.S. §95.)

Codification

R.S. §95 derived from act July 14, 1832, ch. 221, §2, 4 Stat. 579.

§§137a, 137b. Omitted

Codification

Section 137a, R.S. §94, related to persons specially privileged to use library. See last sentence of section 136 of this title, which gives Librarian of Congress power to make rules and regulations for government of library.

Section 137b, act Aug. 28, 1890, No. 41, 26 Stat. 678, which related to Interstate Commerce Commission and Chief of Army Engineering Corps, was omitted from the Code as superseded by the last sentence of section 136 of this title.

Joint Committee Report

With reference to former section 137a of this title, the Joint Committee on the Library, in an official report March 3, 1897 (54th Cong., 2d Sess., Senate Report 1573) declared:

"Heretofore the Joint Committee on the Library has had authority to approve such rules and regulations as have been made by the Librarian of Congress, but the provision of law under which the Joint Committee has hitherto passed upon said rules and regulations would appear to be repealed by the more recent act (section 136 of this title) which places this power in the hands of the Librarian of Congress."

§137c. Withdrawal of books from Library of Congress

The chief judge and associate judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia and the chief judge and associate judges of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia are authorized to use and take books from the Library of Congress in the same manner and subject to the same regulations as justices of the Supreme Court of the United States.

(Joint Res. No. 9, Jan. 27, 1894, 28 Stat. 577; June 7, 1934, ch. 426, 48 Stat. 926; June 25, 1936, ch. 804, 49 Stat. 1921; June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §32(a), (b), 62 Stat. 991; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, §127, 63 Stat. 107.)

Change of Name

Act June 25, 1948, eff. Sept. 1, 1948, as amended by act May 24, 1949, substituted "United States District Court for the District of Columbia" for "District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia", "chief judge" for "chief justice" and "associate judges" for "associate justices" wherever appearing.

Act June 25, 1936, substituted "District Court of the United States for the said District" for "Supreme Court for the said District".

Act June 7, 1934, substituted "United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia" for "Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia".

§138. Law library; hours kept open

The law library shall be kept open every day so long as either House of Congress is in session.

(July 11, 1888, ch. 615, §1, 25 Stat. 262.)

§139. Omitted

Codification

Section, acts Feb. 19, 1897, ch. 265, §1, 29 Stat. 546; Pub. L. 94–273, §30, Apr. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 380, which required the Librarian of Congress to make an annual report to Congress on the affairs of the Library, including copyright business and a detailed statement of receipts and expenditures, terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See, also, page 10 of House Document No. 103–7.

§140. Employees; fitness

All persons employed in and about said Library of Congress under the Librarian shall be appointed solely with reference to their fitness for their particular duties.

(Feb. 19, 1897, ch. 265, §1, 29 Stat. 545; June 29, 1922, ch. 251, §1, 42 Stat. 715.)

Codification

Act June 29, 1922, §1, cited as a credit to this section, which transferred duties of the Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds to the Architect of the Capitol and the Librarian of Congress and provided for appointment of employees, was amended generally by Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1208(a), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 375, and no longer relates to this subject matter.

§141. Allocation of responsibilities for Library buildings and grounds

(a) Architect of the Capitol

(1) In general

The Architect of the Capitol shall have charge of all work at the Library of Congress buildings and grounds (as defined in section 167j of this title) that affects—

(A) the structural integrity of the buildings;

(B) buildings systems, including mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and elevators;

(C) the architectural features of the buildings;

(D) compliance with building and fire codes, laws, and regulations with respect to the specific responsibilities set for 1 under this paragraph;

(E) the care and maintenance of Library grounds; and

(F) purchase of all equipment necessary to fulfill the responsibilities set forth under this paragraph.

(2) Employees

The employees required for the performance of the duties under paragraph (1) shall be appointed by the Architect of the Capitol.

(b) Librarian of Congress

The Librarian of Congress shall have charge of all work (other than work under subsection (a)) at the Library of Congress buildings and grounds.

(c) Transfer of funds

The Architect of the Capitol and the Librarian of Congress may enter into agreements with each other to perform work under this section, and, subject to the approval of the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate and the Joint Committee on the Library, may transfer between themselves appropriations or other available funds to pay the costs therefor.

(June 29, 1922, ch. 251, §1, 42 Stat. 715; Pub. L. 91–280, June 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 309; Pub. L. 101–520, title II, §205(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2272; Pub. L. 101–562, §2(a), Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2780; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1208(a), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 375.)

Amendments

2003—Pub. L. 108–7 inserted section catchline and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Architect of the Capitol shall have charge of all structural work at the Library of Congress buildings and grounds (as defined in section 167j of this title), including all necessary repairs, the operation, maintenance, and repair of the mechanical plant and elevators, the care and maintenance of the grounds, and the purchasing of all equipment other than office equipment. The employees required for the performance of the foregoing duties shall be appointed by the Architect of the Capitol. All other duties on June 29, 1922, required to be performed by the Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds shall be performed under the direction of the Librarian of Congress, who shall appoint the employees necessary therefor. The Librarian of Congress shall provide for the purchase and supply of office equipment and furniture for library purposes."

1990—Pub. L. 101–520 and Pub. L. 101–562 made substantively identical amendments, substituting reference to the Library of Congress buildings and grounds (as defined in section 167j of this title) for reference to the Library Building and on the grounds.

1970—Pub. L. 91–280 substituted "purchasing of all equipment other than office equipment" for "purchasing and supplying of all furniture and equipment for the building" in second sentence and inserted sentence at end.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1208(b), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 376, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 142 of this title] shall apply to fiscal year 2003 and each fiscal year thereafter."

Effective Date of 1990 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–520 and 101–562 effective on date [Nov. 6, 1991] Architect of the Capitol acquires the property and improvements described in Pub. L. 101–520, §205(a), and Pub. L. 101–562, §1, see section 205(e) of Pub. L. 101–520 and former section 2(d) of Pub. L. 101–562, set out as a Special Facilities Center; Acquisition note below.

Acquisition of Real Property for Library of Congress

Pub. L. 105–144, Dec. 15, 1997, 111 Stat. 2667, as amended by Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title II, §207], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–114; Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §1203(a), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1031, provided that:

"SECTION 1. ACQUISITION OF FACILITY IN CULPEPER, VIRGINIA.

"(a) Acquisition.—The Architect of the Capitol may acquire on behalf of the United States Government by transfer of title, without reimbursement or transfer of funds, the following property:

"(1) Three parcels totaling approximately 45 acres, more or less, located in Culpeper County, Virginia, and identified as Culpeper County Tax Parcel Numbers 51–80B, 51–80C, and 51–80D, further described as real estate (consisting of 40.949 acres) conveyed to David and Lucile Packard Foundation by deed from Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, dated May 15, 1998, and recorded May 19, 1998, in the Clerk's Office, Circuit Court of Culpeper County, Virginia, in Deed Book 644, page 372; and real estate (consisting of 4.181 acres) conveyed to Packard Humanities Institute by deed from Russell H. Inskeep, dated February 13, 2002, and recorded February 13, 2002, in the Clerk's Office, Circuit Court of Culpeper County, Virginia, as instrument number 020001299.

"(2) Improvements to such real property.

"(b) Uses.—Effective on the date on which the Architect of the Capitol acquires the property under subsection (a), such property shall be available to the Librarian of Congress for use as a national audiovisual conservation center.

"(c) Transfer Payment by Architect.—Notwithstanding the limitation on reimbursement or transfer of funds under subsection (a) of this section, the Architect of the Capitol may, not later than 90 days after acquisition of the property under this section, transfer funds to the entity from which the property was acquired by the Architect of the Capitol. Such transfers may not exceed a total of $16,500,000.

"SEC. 2. LIBRARY BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS.

"[Amended section 167j of this title.]

"SEC. 3. ACCEPTANCE OF TRANSFERRED GIFTS OR TRUST FUNDS.

"Gifts or trust funds given to the Library or the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board for the structural and mechanical work and refurbishment of Library buildings and grounds specified in section 1 shall be transferred to the Architect of the Capitol to be spent in accordance with the provisions of the first section of the Act of June 29, 1922 (2 U.S.C. 141).

"SEC. 4. FUND FOR TRANSFERRED FUNDS.

"There is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund consisting of those gifts or trust funds transferred to the Architect of the Capitol under section 3. Upon prior approval of the Committee on House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the House of Representatives and Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, amounts in the fund shall be available to the Architect of the Capitol, subject to appropriation, to remain available until expended, for the structural and mechanical work and refurbishment of Library buildings and grounds. Such funds shall be available for expenditure in fiscal year 1998, subject to the prior approval of the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate.

"SEC. 5. EFFECTIVE DATE.

"(a) In General.—Except as provided in subsection (b), the provisions of this Act shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 15, 1997].

"(b) Special Rule for Inclusion of Property Within Library Buildings and Grounds.—The amendment made by section 2 shall take effect upon the acquisition by the Architect of the Capitol of the property described in section 1."

Transfer of Property by Secretary of Army To Provide Facilities To Accommodate Long-Term Storage and Service Needs

Pub. L. 103–110, §122, Oct. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 1043, provided that:

"(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Army shall transfer, no later than September 30, 1994, without reimbursement or transfer of funds, to the Architect of the Capitol, a portion of the real property, including improvements thereon, consisting of not more than 100 acres located at Fort George G. Meade in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, as determined under subsection (c).

"(b) The Architect of the Capitol shall, upon completion of the survey performed pursuant to subsection (c) and the transfer effected pursuant to subsection (a), utilize the transferred property to provide facilities to accommodate the varied long-term storage and service needs of the Library of Congress and other Legislative Branch agencies.

"(c) The exact acreage and legal description of the property to be transferred under this section shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Architect of the Capitol and the Secretary of the Army, and in consultation with officials of Anne Arundel County, Maryland.

"(d) Any real property and improvements thereon transferred pursuant to this section shall be under the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol, subject to the rules and regulations providing for the use of such property as may be approved by the House Office Building Commission and the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration: Provided, That any existing improvements made available by the Architect to the Librarian of Congress, under the direction of the Joint Committee on the Library, or hereafter erected upon such real property pursuant to law for the purposes of providing for the long-term storage and service needs of the Library of Congress shall be subject to the provisions of sections 136, 141 and 167 to 167j of title 2, United States Code.

"(e) Portions of the real property and any improvements thereon transferred pursuant to this section that are not determined to be immediately required for storage or service needs by the Architect are authorized to be leased temporarily to the Secretary of the Army: Provided, That nominal lease payments made by the Secretary of the Army shall be credited to the appropriation 'Architect of the Capitol, Library Buildings and Grounds, Structural and Mechanical Care, No Year'.

"(f) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Architect of the Capitol such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section."

Special Facilities Center; Temporary Restriction on Evening Use

Pub. L. 102–451, §4, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2253, provided that: "No evening meetings may be held at the Library of Congress Special Facilities Center until an on-site parking plan for the property is approved by the Joint Committee on the Library."

Special Facilities Center; Acquisition

Pub. L. 101–520, title II, §205, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2272, as amended by Pub. L. 102–451, §§1–3, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2253, provided that:

"(a) The Architect of the Capitol may acquire on behalf of the United States Government by purchase, condemnation, transfer, or otherwise (1) all publicly or privately owned real property in lot 51 in square 869 in the District of Columbia, as that lot appears on the records in the office of the Surveyor of the District of Columbia on August 1, 1990, extending to the outer face of the curbs of the square in which it is located and including all alleys or parts of alleys and streets within the lot lines and curb lines surrounding such real property, and (2) improvements to such real property. The property acquired under this section shall be known as the 'Library of Congress Special Facilities Center' (hereinafter in this section referred to as the 'Center').

"(b) [Amended section 141 of this title.]

"(c) The property and improvements acquired under subsection (a) shall be repaired and altered, to the maximum extent feasible as determined by the Architect of the Capitol, in compliance with one of the nationally recognized model building codes and with other applicable nationally recognized codes (including electrical codes, fire and life safety codes, plumbing codes, as determined appropriate by the Architect), using the latest edition of the nationally recognized codes referred to in this paragraph.

"(d) [Amended section 167j of this title.]

"(e) Subsections (b) and (c) and the amendment made by subsection (d) shall take effect on the date [Nov. 6, 1991] the Architect of the Capitol acquires the property and improvements described in subsection (a).

"(f) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Architect of the Capitol $5,000,000 for carrying out the purposes of this section, to remain available until expended.

"(g) Effective on the date [Nov. 6, 1991] on which the Architect of the Capitol acquires the property known as St. Cecilia's School (Lot 51 in square 869) in the District of Columbia, as provided by law, such property shall be available to the Librarian of Congress for use—

"(1) as a day care center for children of employees of the Library of Congress and children of other employees of the legislative branch of the Government;

"(2) for staff training and development for employees of the Library of Congress;

"(3) for external training;

"(4) for general assembly and education programs of the Library;

"(5) for temporary living quarters and common areas for visiting scholars using the collections of the Library or participating in the programs of the Library; and

"(6) for other purposes relating to the operations of the Library of Congress.

Any use of such property shall be subject to approval by the Joint Committee on the Library, the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate.

"(h)(1) The Librarian of Congress—

"(A) may charge fees for use of the Center under paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) of subsection (g); and

"(B) shall deposit the fees in the fund under paragraph (2).

"(2) There is established in the Treasury a fund which shall consist of amounts deposited under paragraph (1) and such other amounts as may be appropriated to the fund. The fund shall be—

"(A) available to the Librarian of Congress, in amounts specified in appropriations Acts, for the expenses of the Center; and

"(B) subject to audit by the Comptroller General at the discretion of the Comptroller General."

Similar provisions were contained in Pub. L. 101–562, §§1, 2, 4, Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2780, 2781, which was repealed by Pub. L. 102–451, §5, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2254, eff. Nov. 15, 1990.

Additional Building for Library of Congress

Pub. L. 86–469, May 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 132, authorized Architect of the Capitol, under direction and supervision of Joint Committee on the Library, to prepare preliminary plans and estimates of cost for an additional building for Library of Congress.

Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building

Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title V, §5402, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–511, provided that: "The Founders Hall instructional area in the House of Representatives Page School, located in the Thomas Jefferson Building of the Library of Congress, shall be known and designated as 'Bill Emerson Hall'."

Pub. L. 96–269, §1, June 13, 1980, 94 Stat. 486, provided: "That the building in the block bounded by East Capitol Street, Second Street Southeast, Independence Avenue Southeast, and First Street Southeast, in the District of Columbia (commonly known as the Library of Congress Building or the Library of Congress Main Building), shall hereafter be known and designated as the 'Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building'. Any reference in any law, map, regulation, document, record, or other paper of the United States to such building shall be held to be a reference to the Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building."

Pub. L. 94–264, Apr. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 329, which had designated the Library of Congress Annex as the Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, was repealed by Pub. L. 96–269, §3, June 13, 1980, 94 Stat. 486, as part of the redesignation of that building as the Library of Congress John Adams Building and the designation of the main building of the Library of Congress as the Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building.

Library of Congress John Adams Building

Pub. L. 96–269, §2, June 13, 1980, 94 Stat. 486, provided that: "The building in the block bounded by East Capitol Street, Second Street Southeast, Third Street Southeast, and Pennsylvania Avenue Southeast, in the District of Columbia (commonly known as the Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building or the Library of Congress Annex Building), shall hereafter be known and designated as the 'Library of Congress John Adams Building'. Any reference in any law, map, regulation, document, record, or other paper of the United States to such building shall be held to be a reference to the Library of Congress John Adams Building."

Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Building

Pub. L. 91–214, §2, Mar. 16, 1970, 84 Stat. 69, provided that: "Nothing contained in the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 986) [set out as a note under this section], shall be construed to authorize the use of the third Library of Congress building authorized by such Act for general office building purposes."

Pub. L. 89–260, Oct. 19, 1965, 79 Stat. 987, as amended by Pub. L. 91–214, §1, Mar. 16, 1970, 84 Stat. 69; Pub. L. 94–219, Feb. 27, 1976, 90 Stat. 194; Pub. L. 95–548, Oct. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 2064, provided: "That (a) the Architect of the Capitol under the direction jointly of the House Office Building Commission, the Senate Office Building Commission, and the Joint Committee on the Library, after consultation with a committee designated by the American Institute of Architects, is authorized and directed to construct (including, but not limited to, the preparation of all necessary designs, plans, and specifications) in square 732 in the District of Columbia a third Library of Congress fireproof building, which shall be known as the Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Building. The design of such building shall include a Madison Memorial Hall and shall be in keeping with the prevailing architecture of the Federal buildings on Capitol Hill. The Madison Memorial Hall shall be developed in consultation with the James Madison Memorial Commission.

"(b) In carrying out his authority under this joint resolution, the Architect of the Capitol, under the direction jointly of the House Office Building Commission, the Senate Office Building Commission, and the Joint Committee on the Library, is authorized (1) to provide for such equipment, such connections with the Capitol Power Plant and other utilities, such access facilities over or under public streets, such changes in the present Library of Congress buildings, such changes in or additions to the present tunnels, and such other appurtenant facilities, as may be necessary, and (2) to do such landscaping as may be necessary by reason of the construction authorized by this joint resolution.

"Sec. 2. The structural and mechanical care of the building authorized by this joint resolution and the care of the surrounding grounds shall be under the Architect of the Capitol.

"Sec. 3. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $130,675,000 to construct the building authorized by this joint resolution (including the preparation of all necessary designs, plans, and specifications).

"There is also authorized to be appropriated not exceeding $10,000 to pay the expenses of the James Madison Memorial Commission."

1 So in original. Probably should be "forth".

§141a. Design, installation, and maintenance of security systems; transfer of responsibility

The responsibility for design, installation, and maintenance of security systems to protect the physical security of the buildings and grounds of the Library of Congress is transferred from the Architect of the Capitol to the Capitol Police Board. Such design, installation, and maintenance shall be carried out under the direction of the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, and without regard to section 6101 of title 41. Any alteration to a structural, mechanical, or architectural feature of the buildings and grounds of the Library of Congress that is required for a security system under the preceding sentence may be carried out only with the approval of the Architect of the Capitol.

(Pub. L. 105–277, div. B, title II, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–570.)

Codification

In text, "section 6101 of title 41" substituted for "section 3709 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (41 U.S.C. 5)" on authority of Pub. L. 111–350, §6(c), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.

Section is from the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999.

Change of Name

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

§141b. Collections, physical security, control, and preservation of order and decorum within the library

(a) Establishment of regulations

The Librarian of Congress shall establish standards and regulations for the physical security, control, and preservation of the Library of Congress collections and property, and for the maintenance of suitable order and decorum within Library of Congress.

(b) Treatment of security systems

(1) Responsibility for security systems

In accordance with the authority of the Capitol Police and the Librarian of Congress established under this Act, the amendments made by this Act, and the provisions of law referred to in paragraph (3), the Chief of the Capitol Police and the Librarian of Congress shall be responsible for the operation of security systems at the Library of Congress buildings and grounds described under section 167j of this title, in consultation and coordination with each other, subject to the following:

(A) The Librarian of Congress shall be responsible for the design of security systems for the control and preservation of Library collections and property, subject to the review and approval of the Chief of the Capitol Police.

(B) The Librarian of Congress shall be responsible for the operation of security systems at any building or facility of the Library of Congress which is located outside of the District of Columbia, subject to the review and approval of the Chief of the Capitol Police.

(2) Initial proposal for operation of systems

Not later than October 1, 2008, the Chief of the Capitol Police, in coordination with the Librarian of Congress, shall prepare and submit to the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, and the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate an initial proposal for carrying out this subsection.

(3) Provisions of law

The provisions of law referred to in this paragraph are as follows:

(A) Section 141 of this title.

(B) Section 141a of this title.

(C) Section 1964 of this title.

(D) Section 1965 of this title.

(Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(e), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2234; Pub. L. 110–178, §5, Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2552; Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is Pub. L. 110–178, Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2546, known as the U.S. Capitol Police and Library of Congress Police Merger Implementation Act of 2007. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 2008 Amendment note under section 1901 of this title and Tables.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(e), and Pub. L. 110–178, §5, enacted substantially identical provisions. This section is based on text of section 5 of Pub. L. 110–178. Pub. L. 110–161, §1004, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Repeal of section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 by Pub. L. 111–145 effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 110–161 and to have no effect on the enactment or implementation of any provision of Pub. L. 110–178, see section 6(d) of Pub. L. 111–145, set out as a note under section 1901 of this title.

§142. Omitted

Codification

Section, acts June 29, 1922, ch. 251, §1, 42 Stat. 715; Nov. 5, 1990, Pub. L. 101–520, title III, §307, 104 Stat. 2277; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, §1208(a), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 375, established office of administrative assistant and disbursing officer of Library of Congress which was abolished by section 142a of this title. As amended generally by Pub. L. 108–7, section no longer relates to office of administrative assistant and disbursing officer. See section 141 of this title.

§142a. Office of administrative assistant and disbursing officer in Library of Congress abolished; transfer of duties to appointee of Librarian

From and after June 10, 1928, the office of administrative assistant and disbursing officer of the Library of Congress, created by section 142 of this title, is abolished and thereafter the duties required to be performed by the administrative assistant and disbursing officer shall be performed, under the direction of the Librarian of Congress, by such persons as the Librarian may appoint for those purposes.

(May 11, 1928, ch. 521, 45 Stat. 497; Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(h), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 205.)

References in Text

Section 142 of this title, referred to in text, was omitted from the Code.

Amendments

1972—Pub. L. 92–310 struck out provisions which required the person disbursing appropriations for Library of Congress and Botanic Garden to give a bond in sum of $30,000.

Transfer of Functions

Disbursement functions of all Government agencies, except Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force and Panama Canal transferred to Division of Disbursements, Treasury Department, by Ex. Ord. No. 6166, §4, June 10, 1933, and Ex. Ord. No. 6728, May 29, 1934.

Division subsequently consolidated with other agencies into Fiscal Service in Treasury Department by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, §1(a)(1), eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F.R. 2107, 54 Stat. 1231. See section 306 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

§142b. Certifying officers of the Library of Congress; accountability; relief by Comptroller General

On and after June 13, 1957, each officer and employee of the Library of Congress, including the Copyright Office, who has been duly authorized in writing by the Librarian of Congress to certify vouchers for payment from appropriations and funds, shall (1) be held responsible for the existence and correctness of the facts recited in the certificate or otherwise stated on the voucher or its supporting papers and for the legality of the proposed payment under the appropriation or fund involved; (2) [Repealed]; (3) be held responsible and accountable for the correctness of the computations of certified vouchers; and (4) be held accountable for and required to make good to the United States the amount of any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate made by him, as well as for any payment prohibited by law or which did not represent a legal obligation under the appropriation or fund involved: Provided, That the Comptroller General of the United States may, at his discretion, relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for any payment otherwise proper whenever he finds (1) that the certification was based on official records and that such certifying officer or employee did not know, and by reasonable diligence and inquiry could not have ascertained, the actual facts, or (2) that the obligation was incurred in good faith, that the payment was not contrary to any statutory provision specifically prohibiting payments of the character involved, and the United States has received value for such payment: Provided further, That the Comptroller General shall relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for an overpayment for transportation services made to any common carrier covered by section 3726 of title 31, whenever he finds that the overpayment occurred solely because the administrative examination made prior to payment of the transportation bill did not include a verification of transportation rates, freight classifications, or land grant deductions.

(Pub. L. 85–53, §1, June 13, 1957, 71 Stat. 81; Pub. L. 92–310, title II, §220(k), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 205.)

Codification

"Section 3726 of title 31" substituted in text for "title III, part II, section 322, of the Transportation Act of 1940, approved September 18, 1940 [31 U.S.C. 244]" on authority of Pub. L. 97–258, §4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money and Finance.

Amendments

1972—Pub. L. 92–310 struck out provisions which required officers and employees of Library who are authorized to certify vouchers for payment to give a bond.

§142c. Enforcement of liability of certifying officers of Library of Congress

The liability of these certifying officers or employees shall be enforced in the same manner and to the same extent as now provided by law with respect to enforcement of the liability of disbursing and other accountable officers; and they shall have the right to apply for and obtain a decision by the Comptroller General on any question of law involved in a payment on any vouchers presented to them for certification.

(Pub. L. 85–53, §2, June 13, 1957, 71 Stat. 81.)

§142d. Disbursing officer of the Library of Congress; disbursements in accordance with voucher; examination of vouchers; liability

The disbursing officer of the Library of Congress shall (1) disburse moneys of the Library of Congress only upon, and in strict accordance with, vouchers duly certified by the Librarian of Congress or by an officer or employee of the Library of Congress duly authorized in writing by the Librarian to certify such vouchers; (2) make such examination of vouchers as may be necessary to ascertain whether they are in proper form, and duly certified and approved; and (3) be held accountable accordingly: Provided, That the disbursing officer shall not be held accountable or responsible for any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate, the responsibility for which, under section 142b of this title, is imposed upon a certifying officer or employee of the Library of Congress.

(Pub. L. 85–53, §3, June 13, 1957, 71 Stat. 81.)

§142e. Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress; disbursements for Congressional Budget Office, accountability; financial management support to Congressional Budget Office under agreement of Librarian of Congress and Director of Congressional Budget Office; Congressional Budget Office certifying officers: voucher certifications, accountability, relief by Comptroller General

From and after January 1, 1976, the Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress is authorized to disburse funds appropriated for the Congressional Budget Office, and the Library of Congress shall provide financial management support to the Congressional Budget Office as may be required and mutually agreed to by the Librarian of Congress and the Director of the Congressional Budget Office. The Library of Congress is further authorized to compute and disburse the basic pay of all personnel of the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to the provisions of section 5504 of title 5, except the Director, who as head of an agency, shall have pay computed and disbursed pursuant to the provisions of section 5505 of title 5.

All vouchers certified for payment by duly authorized certifying officers of the Library of Congress shall be supported with a certification by an officer or employee of the Congressional Budget Office duly authorized in writing by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office to certify payments from appropriations of the Congressional Budget Office. The Congressional Budget Office certifying officers shall (1) be held responsible for the existence and correctness of the facts recited in the certificate or otherwise stated on the voucher or its supporting paper and the legality of the proposed payment under the appropriation or fund involved, (2) be held responsible and accountable for the correctness of the computations of certifications made, and (3) be held accountable for and required to make good to the United States the amount of any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate made by him, as well as for any payment prohibited by law which did not represent a legal obligation under the appropriation or fund involved: Provided, That the Comptroller General of the United States may, at his discretion, relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for any payment otherwise proper whenever he finds (1) that the certification was based on official records and that such certifying officer or employee did not know, and by reasonable diligence and inquiry could not have ascertained the actual facts, or (2) that the obligation was incurred in good faith, that the payment was not contrary to any statutory provision specifically prohibiting payments of the character involved, and the United States has received value for such payment: Provided further, That the Comptroller General shall relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for an overpayment for transportation services made to any common carrier covered by section 3726 of title 31, whenever he finds that the overpayment occurred solely because the administrative examination made prior to payment of the transportation bill did not include a verification of transportation rates, freight classifications, or land grant deductions.

The Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress shall not be held accountable or responsible for any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate, the responsibility for which is imposed upon a certifying officer or employee of the Congressional Budget Office.

(Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167.)

Codification

In the second par., "section 3726 of title 31" substituted for "section 244 of title 31" on authority of Pub. L. 97–258, §4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money and Finance.

Section is based on section 207 of title II of H.R. 7593, as passed the House of Representatives on July 21, 1980, and incorporated by reference in section 101(c) of Pub. L. 96–536, to be effective as if enacted into law.

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 96–86, §101(c) [H.R. 4390, title II, §207], Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 657.

Pub. L. 95–391, title II, §207, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 786.

Pub. L. 95–94, title II, §207, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 678.

Pub. L. 94–440, title VIII, §808, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1458.

Pub. L. 94–157, title I, ch. IV, Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 835.

§142f. Office of Technology Assessment; disbursement of funds, computation and disbursement of basic pay, and provision of financial management support by Library of Congress

From and after October 1, 1981, the Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress is authorized to disburse funds appropriated for the Office of Technology Assessment, and the Library of Congress shall provide financial management support to the Office of Technology Assessment as may be required and mutually agreed to by the Librarian of Congress and the Director of the Office of Technology Assessment. The Library of Congress is further authorized to compute and disburse the basic pay of all personnel of the Office of Technology Assessment pursuant to the provisions of section 5504 of title 5.

All vouchers certified for payment by duly authorized certifying officers of the Library of Congress shall be supported with a certification by an officer or employee of the Office of Technology Assessment duly authorized in writing by the Director of the Office of Technology Assessment to certify payments from appropriations of the Office of Technology Assessment. The Office of Technology Assessment certifying officers shall (1) be held responsible for the existence and correctness of the facts recited in the certificate or otherwise stated on the voucher or its supporting paper and the legality of the proposed payment under the appropriation or fund involved, (2) be held responsible and accountable for the correctness of the computations of certifications made, and (3) be held accountable for and required to make good to the United States the amount of any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate made by him, as well as for any payment prohibited by law which did not represent a legal obligation under the appropriation or fund involved: Provided, That the Comptroller General of the United States may, at his discretion, relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for any payment otherwise proper whenever he finds (1) that the certification was based on official records and that such certifying officer or employee did not know, and by reasonable diligence and inquiry could not have ascertained the actual facts, or (2) that the obligation was incurred in good faith, that the payment was not contrary to any statutory provision specifically prohibiting payments of the character involved, and the United States has received value for such payment: Provided further, That the Comptroller General shall relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for an overpayment for transportation services made to any common carrier covered by section 3726 of title 31, whenever he finds that the overpayment occurred solely because of 1 the administrative examination made prior to payment of the transportation bill did not include a verification of transportation rates, freight classifications, or land grant deductions.

The Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress shall not be held accountable or responsible for any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate, the responsibility for which is imposed upon a certifying officer or employee of the Office of Technology Assessment.

(Pub. L. 97–51, §101(c), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 959.)

Codification

In the second par., "section 3726 of title 31" substituted for "section 244 of title 31" on authority of Pub. L. 97–258, §4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money and Finance.

Section is based on section 205 of title II of H.R. 4120, as reported July 9, 1981, and incorporated by reference in section 101(c) of Pub. L. 97–51, to be effective as if enacted into law.

1 So in original. The word "of" probably should not appear.

§142g. Copyright Royalty Tribunal; computation and disbursement of pay of Tribunal personnel by Library of Congress

From and after October 1, 1983, the Library of Congress is authorized to compute and disburse basic pay of all personnel of the Copyright Royalty Tribunal pursuant to the provisions of section 5504 of title 5.

(Pub. L. 98–51, title II, §204, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 277.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e) [S. 2939, title II, §204], Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1189.

Pub. L. 97–51, §101(c) [H.R. 4120, title II, §204], Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 959.

Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c) [H.R. 7593, title II, §208], Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167.

Pub. L. 96–86, §101(c) [H.R. 4390, title II, §208], Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 657.

Pub. L. 95–391, title II, §208, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 786.

Pub. L. 95–94, title II, §208, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 678.

§142h. Biomedical Ethics Board; disbursement of funds, computation and disbursement of basic pay, and provision of financial management services and support by Library of Congress

Effective October 1, 1988, and to continue thereafter, the Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress is authorized to—

(1) disburse funds appropriated for the Biomedical Ethics Board;

(2) compute and disburse the basic pay for all personnel of the Biomedical Ethics Board; and

(3) provide financial management services and support to the Biomedical Ethics Board,


in the same manner as provided with respect to the Office of Technology Assessment under section 142f of this title.

(Pub. L. 101–163, title I, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1054.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior appropriation act:

Pub. L. 100–458, title I, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2168.

§142i. United States Capitol Preservation Commission; provision of financial management services and support by Library of Congress

Effective June 15, 1989, the Library of Congress shall provide financial management services and support to the United States Capitol Preservation Commission as may be required and mutually agreed to by the Librarian of Congress and the Cochairmen of the United States Capitol Preservation Commission.

(Pub. L. 101–45, title I, June 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 107.)

§142j. John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development; disbursement of funds, computation and disbursement of basic pay, and provision of financial management services and support by Library of Congress; payment for services

From and after October 1, 1988, the Library of Congress is authorized to—

(1) disburse funds appropriated for the John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development;

(2) compute and disburse the basic pay for all personnel of the John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development;

(3) provide financial management services and support to the John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development, in the same manner as provided with respect to the Office of Technology Assessment under section 142f of this title; and

(4) collect from the funds appropriated for the John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development the full costs of providing the services specified in (1), (2), and (3) above, as provided under an agreement for services ordered under 31 U.S.C. 1535 and 1536.

(Pub. L. 101–163, title II, §205, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1060.)

§142k. Library of Congress disbursing office; payroll processing functions

From and after October 1, 1989, the Librarian of Congress shall take appropriate action to assure that no legislative branch employee whose salary is disbursed by the Library of Congress disbursing office is adversely affected by alternative ways of performing the personnel/payroll processing function.

(Pub. L. 101–163, title II, §206, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1060.)

§142l. Disbursing Officer of Library of Congress; disbursements for Office of Compliance; voucher certifications, accountability and relief by Comptroller General

From and after October 1, 1996, the Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress is authorized to disburse funds appropriated for the Office of Compliance, and the Library of Congress shall provide financial management support to the Office of Compliance as may be required and mutually agreed to by the Librarian of Congress and the Executive Director of the Office of Compliance. The Library of Congress is further authorized to compute and disburse the basic pay of all personnel of the Office of Compliance pursuant to the provisions of section 5504 of title 5.

All vouchers certified for payment by duly authorized certifying officers of the Library of Congress shall be supported with a certification by an officer or employee of the Office of Compliance duly authorized in writing by the Executive Director of the Office of Compliance to certify payments from appropriations of the Office of Compliance. The Office of Compliance certifying officers shall (1) be held responsible for the existence and correctness of the facts recited in the certificate or otherwise stated on the voucher or its supporting paper and the legality of the proposed payment under the appropriation or fund involved, (2) be held responsible and accountable for the correctness of the computations of certifications made, and (3) be held accountable for and required to make good to the United States the amount of any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate made by them, as well as for any payment prohibited by law which did not represent a legal obligation under the appropriation or fund involved: Provided, That the Comptroller General of the United States may, at his discretion, relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for any payment otherwise proper whenever he finds (1) that the certification was based on official records and that such certifying officer or employee did not know, and by reasonable diligence and inquiry could not have ascertained the actual facts, or (2) that the obligation was incurred in good faith, that the payment was not contrary to any statutory provision specifically prohibiting payments of the character involved, and the United States has received value for such payment: Provided further, That the Comptroller General shall relieve such certifying officer or employee of liability for an overpayment for transportation services made to any common carrier covered by section 3726 of title 31, whenever he finds that the overpayment occurred solely because the administrative examination made prior to payment of the transportation bill did not include a verification of transportation rates, freight classifications, or land grant deductions.

The Disbursing Officer of the Library of Congress shall not be held accountable or responsible for any illegal, improper, or incorrect payment resulting from any false, inaccurate, or misleading certificate, the responsibility for which is imposed upon a certifying officer or employee of the Office of Compliance.

(Pub. L. 104–197, title II, §208, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2409.)

§143. Appropriations for Library Building and Grounds

All appropriations made to the Architect of the Capitol on account of the Library Building and Grounds shall be disbursed for that purpose in the same manner as other appropriations under his control.

(June 29, 1922, ch. 251, §3, 42 Stat. 715.)

Transfer of Functions

Disbursement functions of all Government agencies except Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force and Panama Canal transferred to Division of Disbursements, Treasury Department, by Ex. Ord. No. 6166, §4, June 10, 1933, and Ex. Ord. No. 6728, May 29, 1934.

Division subsequently consolidated with other agencies into Fiscal Service in Treasury Department by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, §1(a)(1), eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F.R. 2107, 54 Stat. 1231. See section 306 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

§143a. Disbursement of funds

From and after October 1, 1978, funds available to the Library of Congress may be expended to reimburse the Department of State for medical services rendered to employees of the Library of Congress stationed abroad and for contracting on behalf of and hiring alien employees for the Library of Congress under compensation plans comparable to those authorized by section 444 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 889(a)), for purchase or hire of passenger motor vehicles; for payment of travel, storage and transportation of household goods, and transportation and per diem expenses for families enroute (not to exceed twenty-four); for benefits comparable to those payable under sections 911(9), 911(11), and 941 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 1136(9), 1136(11), and 1156, respectively); and travel benefits comparable with those which are now or hereafter may be granted single employees of the Agency for International Development, including single Foreign Service personnel assigned to A.I.D. projects, by the Administrator of the Agency for International Development—or his designee—under the authority of section 2396(b) of title 22; subject to such rules and regulations as may be issued by the Librarian of Congress.

(Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167.)

References in Text

Sections 444, 911(9), 911(11), and 941 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, referred to in text, were repealed by section 2205(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980, Pub. L. 96–465, title II, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2159. The Foreign Service Act of 1980 is classified principally to chapter 52 (§3901 et seq.) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. Section 2401(c) of the 1980 Act (22 U.S.C. 4172(c)) provides in part that references in law to provisions of the Foreign Service Act of 1946 shall be deemed to include reference to the corresponding provisions of the 1980 Act. For provisions corresponding to the above cited sections of the 1946 Act, see sections 408, 901(6), 901(8), and 904 of the 1980 Act (22 U.S.C. 3968, 4081(6), 4081(8), 4084).

Codification

Section is based on section 203 of title II of H.R. 7593, as passed the House of Representatives on July 21, 1980, and incorporated by reference in section 101(c) of Pub. L. 96–536, to be effective as if enacted into law.

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 96–86, §101(c) [H.R. 4390, title II, §203], Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 657.

Pub. L. 95–391, title II, §203, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 785.

Pub. L. 95–94, title II, §203, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 677.

Pub. L. 94–440, title VIII, §803, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1457.

Pub. L. 94–59, title VII, §703, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 295.

Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 441.

Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 545.

Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 446.

Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 141.

Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 823.

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 357.

Pub. L. 90–417, July 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 411.

Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 140.

Pub. L. 89–545, Aug. 27, 1966, 80 Stat. 368.

§143b. Payments in advance for subscriptions or other charges

From and after October 1, 1980, payments in advance for subscriptions or other charges for bibliographical data, publications, materials in any other form, and services may be made by the Librarian of Congress whenever he determines it to be more prompt, efficient, or economical to do so in the interest of carrying out required Library programs.

(Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167.)

Codification

Section is based on section 204 of title II of H.R. 7593, as passed the House of Representatives on July 21, 1980, and incorporated by reference in section 101(c) of Pub. L. 96–536, to be effective as if enacted into law.

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 96–86, §101(c) [H.R. 4390, title II, §204], Oct. 12, 1979, 93 Stat. 657.

Pub. L. 95–391, title II, §204, Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 786.

Pub. L. 95–94, title II, §204, Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 677.

Pub. L. 94–440, title VIII, §804, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1457.

Pub. L. 94–59, title VII, §704, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 295.

Pub. L. 93–371, Aug. 13, 1974, 88 Stat. 441.

Pub. L. 93–145, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 545.

Pub. L. 92–342, July 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 447.

Pub. L. 92–51, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 142.

Pub. L. 91–382, Aug. 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 823.

Pub. L. 91–145, Dec. 12, 1969, 83 Stat. 357.

Pub. L. 90–417, July 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 411.

Pub. L. 90–57, July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 140.

§143c. Use of other library funds to make payments

In addition to amounts transferred pursuant to section 182b(e)(2) of this title, the Librarian of Congress may transfer amounts made available for salaries and expenses of the Library of Congress during a fiscal year to the applicable appropriations accounts of the United States Capitol Police in order to reimburse the Capitol Police for services provided in connection with a special event or program described in section 182b(a)(4) of this title.

(Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(f)(2), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2236; Pub. L. 110–178, §6(b), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2554; Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.)

Codification

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(f)(2), and Pub. L. 110–178, §6(b), enacted substantially identical provisions. This section is based on text of section 6(b) of Pub. L. 110–178. Pub. L. 110–161, §1004, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Repeal of section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 by Pub. L. 111–145 effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 110–161 and to have no effect on the enactment or implementation of any provision of Pub. L. 110–178, see section 6(d) of Pub. L. 111–145, set out as a note under section 1901 of this title.

§143d. Funds available for workers compensation payments

(a) In general

Available balances of expired Library of Congress appropriations shall be available to the Library of Congress to make the deposit to the credit of the Employees' Compensation Fund required by subsection 8147(b) of title 5.

(b) Effective date

This section shall apply with respect to appropriations for fiscal year 2012 and each fiscal year thereafter.

(Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1303, Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1131.)

Codification

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2012, which is div. G of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012.

§144. Copies of Statutes at Large

Ten of the copies of the Statutes at Large, published by Little, Brown & Co., which were deposited in the Library prior to February 5, 1859, shall be retained by the Librarian for the use of the justices of the Supreme Court, during the terms of court.

(R.S. §96.)

Codification

R.S. §96 derived from act Feb. 5, 1859, ch. 22, §11, 11 Stat. 381.

§145. Copies of journals and documents

Two copies of the journals and documents, and of each book printed by either House of Congress, well bound in calf, shall be deposited in the Library, and must not be taken therefrom.

(R.S. §97.)

Codification

R.S. §97 derived from Res. Jan. 2, 1857, No. 5, §5, 11 Stat. 253.

§145a. Periodical binding of printed hearings of committee testimony

The Librarian of the Library of Congress is authorized and directed to have bound at the end of each session of Congress the printed hearings of testimony taken by each committee of the Congress at the preceding session.

(Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, §141, 60 Stat. 834.)

Effective Date

Section effective Aug. 2, 1946, see section 142 of act Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title I, 60 Stat. 834.

§146. Deposit of Journals of Senate and House

Twenty-five copies of the public Journals of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives, shall be deposited in the Library of the United States, at the seat of government, to be delivered to Members of Congress during any session, and to all other persons authorized by law to use the books in the Library, upon their application to the Librarian, and giving their responsible receipts for the same, in like manner as for other books.

(R.S. §98.)

Codification

R.S. §98 derived from Res. Dec. 27, 1813, No. 1, 3 Stat. 140; Res. July 20, 1840, No. 5, 5 Stat. 409.

§147. Repealed. Oct. 25, 1951, ch. 562, §1(l), 65 Stat. 638

Section, act June 6, 1900, ch. 791, §1, 31 Stat. 642, related to bound volumes from files of House of Representatives. See sections 2103 and 2114 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

§148. Repealed. Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 654, §1(l), 65 Stat. 701

Section, act Feb. 25, 1903, ch. 755, §1, 32 Stat. 865, related to transfer of books from executive departments to Library.

§149. Transfer of books to other libraries

The Librarian of Congress may from time to time transfer to other governmental libraries within the District of Columbia, including the Public Library, books and material in the possession of the Library of Congress in his judgment no longer necessary to its uses, but in the judgment of the custodians of such other collections likely to be useful to them, and may dispose of or destroy such material as has become useless: Provided, That no records of the Federal Government shall be transferred, disposed of, or destroyed under the authority granted in this section.

(Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 297, §1, 35 Stat. 858; Oct. 25, 1951, ch. 562, §4(1), 65 Stat. 640.)

Amendments

1951—Act Oct. 25, 1951, inserted proviso.

§149a. Permitting use of proceeds from disposition of surplus or obsolete personal property

(a) Disposition of property

Within the limits of available appropriations, the Librarian of Congress may dispose of surplus or obsolete personal property of the Library of Congress by interagency transfer, donation, sale, trade-in, or other appropriate method.

(b) Use of proceeds

Any amounts received by the Librarian of Congress from the disposition of property under subsection (a) shall be credited to the funds available for the operations of the Library of Congress, and shall be available to acquire the same or similar property during the fiscal year in which the amounts are received and the following fiscal year.

(c) Effective date

This section shall apply with respect to fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding fiscal year.

(Pub. L. 112–74, div. G, title I, §1304, Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1132.)

Codification

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2012, which is div. G of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012.

§150. Sale of copies of card indexes and other publications

The Librarian of Congress is authorized to furnish to such institutions or individuals as may desire to buy them, such copies of the card indexes and other publications of the Library as may not be required for its ordinary transactions, and charge for the same a price which will cover their cost and ten per centum added, and all moneys received by him shall be deposited in the Treasury and shall be credited to the appropriation for necessary expenses for the preparation and distribution of catalog cards and other publications of the Library.

(June 28, 1902, ch. 1301, §1, 32 Stat. 480; Pub. L. 95–94, title IV, §405(a), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 682.)

Amendments

1977—Pub. L. 95–94 inserted provisions relating to crediting of the moneys deposited in the Treasury.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–94, title IV, §405(b), Aug. 5, 1977, 91 Stat. 682, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1977."

§151. Smithsonian Library

The library collected by the Smithsonian Institution under the provisions of the Act of August 10, 1846, chapter 25, and removed from the building of that institution, with the consent of the Regents thereof, to the Library of Congress, shall, while there deposited, be subject to the same regulations as the Library of Congress, except as hereinafter provided.

(R.S. §99.)

References in Text

Act of August 10, 1846, chapter 25, referred to in text, probably should be act Aug. 10, 1846, ch. 178, 9 Stat. 102, which was entitled "An Act to establish the 'Smithsonian Institution', for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men".

Codification

R.S. §99 derived from act Apr. 5, 1866, ch. 25, §1, 14 Stat. 13.

§152. Care and use of Smithsonian Library

The Smithsonian Institution shall have the use of the library referred to in section 151 of this title in like manner as before its removal. All the books, maps, and charts of the Smithsonian Library shall be properly cared for and preserved in like manner as are those of the Congressional Library; from which the Smithsonian Library shall not be removed except on reimbursement by the Smithsonian Institution to the Treasury of the United States of expenses incurred in binding and in taking care of the same, or upon such terms and conditions as shall be mutually agreed upon by Congress and the Regents of the Institution.

(R.S. §100.)

Codification

R.S. §100 derived from act Apr. 5, 1866, ch. 25, §2, 14 Stat. 13.

§153. Control of library of House of Representatives

The library of the House of Representatives shall be under the control and direction of the Librarian of Congress, who shall provide all needful books of reference therefor. The librarian, two assistant librarians, and assistant in the library, shall be appointed by the Clerk of the House, with the approval of the Speaker of the House of Representatives. No removals shall be made from the said positions except for cause reported to and approved by the Committee on Rules.

(Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 830, §1, 31 Stat. 964.)

§154. Library of Congress Trust Fund Board; members; quorum; seal; rules and regulations

A board is created and established, to be known as the "Library of Congress Trust Fund Board" (hereinafter referred to as the board), which shall consist of the Secretary of the Treasury (or an Assistant Secretary designated in writing by the Secretary of the Treasury), the chairman and the vice chair of the Joint Committee on the Library, the Librarian of Congress, two persons appointed by the President for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for three and five years, respectively), four persons appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives (in consultation with the minority leader of the House of Representatives) for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for two, three, four, and five years, respectively), and four persons appointed by the majority leader of the Senate (in consultation with the minority leader of the Senate) for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for two, three, four, and five years, respectively). Upon request of the chair of the Board, any member whose term has expired may continue to serve on the Trust Fund Board until the earlier of the date on which such member's successor is appointed or the expiration of the 1-year period which begins on the date such member's term expires. Seven members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the board shall have an official seal, which shall be judicially noticed. The board may adopt rules and regulations in regard to its procedure and the conduct of its business.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §1, 43 Stat. 1107; Pub. L. 95–277, May 12, 1978, 92 Stat. 236; Pub. L. 102–246, §§1, 2, Feb. 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 31; Pub. L. 106–481, title II, §201, Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2190.)

Codification

Section is comprised of first par. of section 1 of act Mar. 3, 1925. Second par. of section 1 is classified to section 155 of this title.

Amendments

2000—Pub. L. 106–481 inserted "and the vice chair" after "the chairman" and "Upon request of the chair of the Board, any member whose term has expired may continue to serve on the Trust Fund Board until the earlier of the date on which such member's successor is appointed or the expiration of the 1-year period which begins on the date such member's term expires." after first sentence and substituted "Seven members of the board" for "Nine members of the board".

1992—Pub. L. 102–246 struck out "and" after "Librarian of Congress," inserted ", four persons appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives (in consultation with the minority leader of the House of Representatives) for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for two, three, four, and five years, respectively), and four persons appointed by the majority leader of the Senate (in consultation with the minority leader of the Senate) for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for two, three, four, and five years, respectively)" after "respectively)", and substituted "Nine" for "Three".

1978—Pub. L. 95–277 inserted "(or an Assistant Secretary designated in writing by the Secretary of the Treasury)".

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–481, title II, §202, Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2191, provided that: "The amendments made by this title [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 9, 2000]."

Short Title

Act Mar. 3, 1925, enacting sections 154 to 162 and 163 of this title, is popularly known as the "Library of Congress Trust Fund Board Act".

§155. Compensation and expenses of Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

No compensation shall be paid to the members of the board for their services as such members, but they shall be reimbursed for the expenses necessarily incurred by them, out of the income from the fund or funds in connection with which such expenses are incurred. The voucher of the chairman of the board shall be sufficient evidence that the expenses are properly allowable. Any expenses of the board, including the cost of its seal, not properly chargeable to the income of any trust fund held by it, shall be estimated for in the annual estimates of the librarian for the maintenance of the Library of Congress.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §1, 43 Stat. 1107.)

Codification

Section is comprised of second par. of section 1 of act Mar. 3, 1925. First par. of section 1 is classified to section 154 of this title.

§156. Gifts, etc., to Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

The Board is authorized to accept, receive, hold, and administer such gifts, bequests, or devises of property for the benefit of, or in connection with, the Library, its collections, or its service, as may be approved by the Board and by the Joint Committee on the Library.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §2, formerly §1, 43 Stat. 1107, renumbered Apr. 13, 1936, ch. 213, 49 Stat. 1205.)

Codification

Section is comprised of first par. of section 2 of act Mar. 3, 1925. Second, third, and fourth pars. of section 2 are classified to sections 157, 158, and 158a of this title, respectively.

§157. Funds of Library of Congress Trust Fund Board; management of

The moneys or securities composing the trust funds given or bequeathed to the board shall be receipted for by the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall invest, reinvest, or retain investments as the board may from time to time determine. The income as and when collected shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States, who shall enter it in a special account to the credit of the Library of Congress and subject to disbursement by the librarian for the purposes in each case specified; and the Treasurer of the United States is authorized to honor the requisitions of the librarian made in such manner and in accordance with such regulations as the Treasurer may from time to time prescribe: Provided, however, That the board is not authorized to engage in any business nor to exercise any voting privilege which may be incidental to securities in its hands, nor shall the board make any investments that could not lawfully be made by a trust company in the District of Columbia, except that it may make any investments directly authorized by the instrument of gift, and may retain any investments accepted by it.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §2, formerly §1, 43 Stat. 1107, renumbered Apr. 13, 1936, ch. 213, 49 Stat. 1205.)

Codification

Section is comprised of second par. of section 2 of act Mar. 3, 1925. First, third, and fourth pars. of section 2 are classified to sections 156, 158, and 158a of this title, respectively.

§158. Deposits by Library of Congress Trust Fund Board with Treasurer of United States

In the absence of any specification to the contrary, the board may deposit the principal sum, in cash, with the Treasurer of the United States as a permanent loan to the United States Treasury, and the Treasurer shall thereafter credit such deposit with interest at a rate which is the higher of the rate of 4 per centum per annum or a rate which is 0.25 percentage points less than a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the current average market yield on outstanding long-term marketable obligations of the United States, adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per centum, payable semi-annually, such interest, as income, being subject to disbursement by the Librarian of Congress for the purposes specified: Provided, however, That the total of such principal sums at any time so held by the Treasurer under this authorization shall not exceed the sum of $10,000,000.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §2, formerly §1, 43 Stat. 1107; renumbered §2, Apr. 13, 1936, ch. 213, 49 Stat. 1205; amended June 23, 1936, ch. 734, 49 Stat. 1894; Pub. L. 87–522, July 3, 1962, 76 Stat. 135; Pub. L. 94–289, May 22, 1976, 90 Stat. 521.)

Codification

Section is comprised of third par. of section 2 of act Mar. 3, 1925. First, second, and fourth pars. of section 2 are classified to sections 156, 157, and 158a of this title, respectively.

Amendments

1976—Pub. L. 94–289 substituted "a rate which is the higher of the rate of 4 per centum per annum or a rate which is 0.25 percentage points less than a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the current average market yield on outstanding long-term marketable obligations of the United States, adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per centum" for "the rate of 4 per centum per annum".

1962—Pub. L. 87–522 increased the total amount of deposits which can be held by the Treasurer from $5,000,000 to $10,000,000.

1936—Act June 23, 1936, substituted "in the absence of any specification to the contrary" for "Should any gift or bequest so provide".

§158a. Temporary possession of gifts of money or securities to Library of Congress; investment

In the case of a gift of money or securities offered to the Library of Congress, if, because of conditions attached by the donor or similar considerations, expedited action is necessary, the Librarian of Congress may take temporary possession of the gift, subject to approval under section 156 of this title. The gift shall be receipted for and invested, reinvested, or retained as provided in section 157 of this title, except that—

(1) a gift of securities may not be invested or reinvested; and

(2) any investment or reinvestment of a gift of money shall be made in an interest bearing obligation of the United States or an obligation guaranteed as to principal and interest by the United States.


If the gift is not so approved within the 12-month period after the Librarian so takes possession, the principal of the gift shall be returned to the donor and any income earned during that period shall be available for use with respect to the Library of Congress as provided by law.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §2 (par.), as added Pub. L. 102–246, §3, Feb. 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 31.)

Codification

Section is comprised of fourth par. of section 2 of act Mar. 3, 1925, as added by Pub. L. 102–246. First, second, and third pars. of section 2 are classified to sections 156, 157, and 158 of this title, respectively.

§159. Perpetual succession and suits by or against Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

The board shall have perpetual succession, with all the usual powers and obligations of a trustee, including the power to sell, except as herein limited, in respect of all property, moneys, or securities which shall be conveyed, transferred, assigned, bequeathed, delivered, or paid over to it for the purposes above specified. The board may be sued in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, which is given jurisdiction of such suits, for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of any trust accepted by it.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §3, 43 Stat. 1108; Jan. 27, 1926, ch. 6, §1, 44 Stat. 2; June 25, 1936, ch. 804, 49 Stat. 1921; June 25, 1948, ch. 646, §32(a), 62 Stat. 991; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, §127, 63 Stat. 107.)

Amendments

1926—Act Jan. 27, 1926, inserted "including the power to sell" in first sentence.

Change of Name

Act June 25, 1948, eff. Sept. 1, 1948, as amended by act May 24, 1949, substituted "United States District Court for the District of Columbia" for "district court of the United States for the District of Columbia".

Act June 25, 1936, provided that the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia is to be known as the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.

§160. Disbursement of gifts, etc., to Library

Nothing in sections 154 to 162 and 163 1 of this title shall be construed as prohibiting or restricting the Librarian of Congress from accepting in the name of the United States gifts or bequests of money for immediate disbursement in the interest of the Library, its collections, or its service. Such gifts or bequests, after acceptance by the librarian, shall be paid by the donor or his representative to the Treasurer of the United States, whose receipts shall be their acquittance. The Treasurer of the United States shall enter them in a special account to the credit of the Library of Congress and subject to disbursement by the librarian for the purposes in each case specified.

Upon agreement by the Librarian of Congress and the Board, a gift or bequest accepted by the Librarian under the first paragraph of this section may be invested or reinvested in the same manner as provided for trust funds under section 157 of this title.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §4, 43 Stat. 1108; Pub. L. 105–55, title II, §208, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1194.)

References in Text

Section 163 of this title, referred to in text, was omitted from the Code.

Amendments

1997—Pub. L. 105–55 added second par.

1 See References in Text note below.

§161. Tax exemption of gifts, etc., to Library of Congress

Gifts or bequests or devises to or for the benefit of the Library of Congress, including those to the board, and the income therefrom, shall be exempt from all Federal taxes, including all taxes levied by the District of Columbia.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §5, 43 Stat. 1108; Oct. 2, 1942, ch. 576, 56 Stat. 765.)

Amendments

1942—Act Oct. 2, 1942, included devises in the exemptions, and exempted gifts, bequests and devises, and the income therefrom, from taxes levied by the District of Columbia.

§162. Compensation of Library of Congress employees

Employees of the Library of Congress who perform special functions for the performance of which funds have been entrusted to the board or the librarian, or in connection with cooperative undertakings in which the Library of Congress is engaged, shall not be subject to section 209 of title 18; and section 5533 of title 5 shall not apply to any additional compensation so paid to such employees.

(Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §6, 43 Stat. 1108; Jan. 27, 1926, ch. 6, §2, 44 Stat. 2; Pub. L. 88–448, title IV, §401(j), Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 491.)

Codification

"Section 209 of title 18" substituted in text for reference to the Act of March 3, 1917, 39 Stat. 1106 (5 U.S.C. 66), on authority of (1) act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 683, section 1 of which enacted Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and which enacted in section 1914 of Title 18 the provisions formerly classified to section 66 of Title 5; and (2) section 2 of Pub. L. 87–849, Oct. 23, 1962, 76 Stat. 1126, which repealed section 1914 of Title 18 and supplanted it with section 209, and which provided that exemptions from section 1914 shall be deemed exemptions from section 209. For further details, see Exemptions note set out under section 203 of Title 18.

"Section 5533 of title 5" substituted in text for "section 301 of the Dual Compensation Act [5 U.S.C. 3105]" on authority of sec. 7(b) of Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, the first section of which enacted Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Section was formerly classified to sections 60 and 65 of Title 5 prior to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 378.

Amendments

1964—Pub. L. 88–448 substituted "and section 301 of the Dual Compensation Act [5 U.S.C. 3105] shall not apply to any additional compensation so paid to such employees" for "nor shall any additional compensation so paid to such employees be construed as a double salary under the provisions of section 6 of the Act making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, as amended (Thirty-ninth Statutes at Large, page 582) [5 U.S.C. 58]".

1926—Act Jan. 27, 1926, struck out the comma after "undertakings".

Effective Date of 1964 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 88–448 effective on first day of first month which begins later than the ninetieth day following Aug. 19, 1964, see section 403 of Pub. L. 88–448, title IV, Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 496.

§162a. Gross salary of Library of Congress employees

Hereafter the gross salary of any position in the Library which is augmented by payment of an honorarium from other than appropriated funds under terms of section 162 of this title shall not exceed an amount, which when combined with such honorarium, will exceed the maximum salary provided in chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5.

(June 22, 1949, ch. 235, §101, 63 Stat. 226; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, title XI, §1106(a), 63 Stat. 972.)

Codification

"Chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5" substituted in text for "the Classification Act of 1949" on authority of section 7(b) of Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, section 1 of which enacted Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Amendments

1949—Act Oct. 28, 1949, substituted "Classification Act of 1949" for "Classification Act of 1923".

Repeals

Act Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, cited as a credit to this section, was repealed (subject to a savings clause) by Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, §8, 80 Stat. 632, 655.

§162b. Little Scholars Child Development Center; employee compensation and personnel matters

(a) Election of coverage; creditable service; qualification for survivor annuities and disability benefits; contributions to thrift savings plan; certification concerning creditable service

(1) This subsection shall apply to any individual who—

(A) is employed by the Library of Congress Child Development Center (known as the "Little Scholars Child Development Center", in this section referred to as the "Center") established under section 205(g)(1) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991; and

(B) makes an election to be covered by this subsection with the Librarian of Congress, not later than the later of—

(i) 60 days after December 21, 2000; or

(ii) 60 days after the date the individual begins such employment.


(2)(A) Any individual described under paragraph (1) may be credited, under section 8411 of title 5 for service as an employee of the Center before December 21, 2000, if such employee makes a payment of the deposit under section 8411(f)(2) of such title without application of section 8411(b)(3) of such title.

(B) An individual described under paragraph (1) shall be credited under section 8411 of title 5 for any service as an employee of the Center on or after December 21, 2000, if such employee has such amounts deducted and withheld from his pay as determined by the Office of Personnel Management which would be deducted and withheld from the basic pay of an employee under section 8422 of title 5.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, any service performed by an individual described under paragraph (1) as an employee of the Center is deemed to be civilian service creditable under section 8411 of title 5 for purposes of qualifying for survivor annuities and disability benefits under subchapters IV and V of chapter 84 of such title, if such individual makes payment of an amount, determined by the Office of Personnel Management, which would have been deducted and withheld from the basic pay of such individual if such individual had been an employee subject to section 8422 of title 5 for such period so credited, together with interest thereon.

(4) An individual described under paragraph (1) shall be deemed an employee for purposes of chapter 84 of title 5, including subchapter III of such title,1 and may make contributions under section 8432 of such title effective for the first applicable pay period beginning on or after the date such individual elects coverage under this section.

(5) The Office of Personnel Management shall accept the certification of the Librarian of Congress concerning creditable service for purposes of this subsection.

(b) Health insurance coverage

Any individual who is employed by the Center on or after the date of enactment of this Act [December 21, 2000], shall be deemed an employee under section 8901(1) of title 5 for purposes of health insurance coverage under chapter 89 of such title. An individual who is an employee of the Center on the date of enactment of this Act may elect coverage under this subsection before the 60th day after the date of enactment of this Act, and during such periods as determined by the Office of Personnel Management for employees of the Center employed after such date.

(c) Life insurance coverage

An individual who is employed by the Center shall be deemed an employee under section 8701(a) of title 5 for purposes of life insurance coverage under chapter 87 of such title.

(d) Government contributions by Librarian from available appropriations

Government contributions for individuals receiving benefits under this section, as computed under sections 8423, 8432, 8708, and 8906 2 shall be made by the Librarian of Congress from any appropriations available to the Library of Congress.

(e) Payroll and personnel functions of Library of Congress

The Library of Congress, directly or by agreement with its designated representative, shall—

(1) process payroll for Center employees, including making deductions and withholdings from the pay of employees in the amounts determined under sections 8422, 8432, 8707, and 8905 of title 5;

(2) maintain appropriate personnel and payroll records for Center employees, and transmit appropriate information and records to the Office of Personnel Management; and

(3) transmit funds for Government and employee contributions under this section to the Office of Personnel Management.

(f) Responsibilities of Center

The Center shall—

(1) pay to the Library of Congress funds sufficient to cover the gross salary and the employer's share of taxes under section 3111 of title 26 for Center employees, in amounts computed by the Library of Congress;

(2) as required by the Library of Congress, reimburse the Library of Congress for reasonable administrative costs incurred under subsection (e)(1);

(3) comply with regulations and procedures prescribed by the Librarian of Congress for administration of this section;

(4) maintain appropriate records on all Center employees, as required by the Librarian of Congress; and

(5) consult with the Librarian of Congress on the administration and implementation of this section.

(g) Regulations

The Librarian of Congress may prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

(Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(2) [title II, §210], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–114.)

References in Text

Section 205(g)(1) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(A), is section 205(g)(1) of Pub. L. 101–520, which is set out as a note under section 141 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be "chapter,".

2 So in original. Probably should be followed by "of title 5".

§163. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 423, §7, 43 Stat. 1108, which required the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board to submit an annual report to Congress on moneys or securities received and held and operations, terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See, also, page 10 of House Document No. 103–7.

§164. Index and digest of State legislation; preparation

The Librarian of Congress is authorized and directed to prepare biennially an index to the legislation of the States of the United States enacted during the biennium, together with a supplemental digest of the more important legislation of the period.

(Feb. 10, 1927, ch. 99, §1, 44 Stat. 1066; Feb. 28, 1929, ch. 367, §1, 45 Stat. 1398.)

Amendments

1929—Act Feb. 28, 1929, repealed provision that the Librarian of Congress report biennially to Congress an index and digest of State legislation.

§164a. Official distribution of State legislation index and digest

The Librarian of Congress is directed to have the indexes and digests authorized by section 164 of this title printed and bound for official distribution only.

(Feb. 28, 1929, ch. 367, §1, 45 Stat. 1398.)

§165. Authorization for appropriation for biennial index

There is authorized to be appropriated annually for carrying out the provisions of section 164 of this title the sum of $30,000, to remain available until expended.

(Feb. 10, 1927, ch. 99, §2, 44 Stat. 1066.)

§166. Congressional Research Service

(a) Redesignation of Legislative Reference Service

The Legislative Reference Service in the Library of Congress is hereby continued as a separate department in the Library of Congress and is redesignated the "Congressional Research Service".

(b) Functions and objectives

It is the policy of Congress that—

(1) the Librarian of Congress shall, in every possible way, encourage, assist, and promote the Congressional Research Service in—

(A) rendering to Congress the most effective and efficient service,

(B) responding most expeditiously, effectively, and efficiently to the special needs of Congress, and

(C) discharging its responsibilities to Congress;


and

(2) the Librarian of Congress shall grant and accord to the Congressional Research Service complete research independence and the maximum practicable administrative independence consistent with these objectives.

(c) Appointment and compensation of Director, Deputy Director, and other necessary personnel; minimum grade for Senior Specialists; placement in grades GS–16, 17, and 18 of Specialists and Senior Specialists; appointment without regard to civil service laws and political affiliation and on basis of fitness to perform duties

(1) After consultation with the Joint Committee on the Library, the Librarian of Congress shall appoint the Director of the Congressional Research Service. The basic pay of the Director shall be at a per annum rate equal to the rate of basic pay provided for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5.

(2) The Librarian of Congress, upon the recommendation of the Director, shall appoint a Deputy Director of the Congressional Research Service and all other necessary personnel thereof. The basic pay of the Deputy Director shall be fixed in accordance with chapter 51 (relating to classification) and subchapter III (relating to General Schedule pay rates) of chapter 53 of title 5, but without regard to section 5108(a) of such title. The basic pay of all other necessary personnel of the Congressional Research Service shall be fixed in accordance with chapter 51 (relating to classification) and subchapter III (relating to General Schedule pay rates) of chapter 53 of title 5, except that—

(A) the grade of Senior Specialist in each field within the purview of subsection (e) of this section shall not be less than the highest grade in the executive branch of the Government to which research analysts and consultants, without supervisory responsibility, are currently assigned; and

(B) the positions of Specialist and Senior Specialist in the Congressional Research Service may be placed in GS–16, 17, and 18 of the General Schedule of section 5332 of title 5, without regard to section 5108(a) of such title, subject to the prior approval of the Joint Committee on the Library, of the placement of each such position in any of such grades.


(3) Each appointment made under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection and subsection (e) of this section shall be without regard to the civil service laws, without regard to political affiliation, and solely on the basis of fitness to perform the duties of the position.

(d) Duties of Service; assistance to Congressional committees; list of terminating programs and subjects for analysis; legislative data, studies, etc.; information research; digest of bills, preparation; legislation, purpose and effect, and preparation of memoranda; information and research capability, development

It shall be the duty of the Congressional Research Service, without partisan bias—

(1) upon request, to advise and assist any committee of the Senate or House of Representatives and any joint committee of Congress in the analysis, appraisal, and evaluation of legislative proposals within that committee's jurisdiction, or of recommendations submitted to Congress, by the President or any executive agency, so as to assist the committee in—

(A) determining the advisability of enacting such proposals;

(B) estimating the probable results of such proposals and alternatives thereto; and

(C) evaluating alternative methods for accomplishing those results;


and, by providing such other research and analytical services as the committee considers appropriate for these purposes, otherwise to assist in furnishing a basis for the proper evaluation and determination of legislative proposals and recommendations generally; and in the performance of this duty the Service shall have authority, when so authorized by a committee and acting as the agent of that committee, to request of any department or agency of the United States the production of such books, records, correspondence, memoranda, papers, and documents as the Service considers necessary, and such department or agency of the United States shall comply with such request; and further, in the performance of this and any other relevant duty, the Service shall maintain continuous liaison with all committees;

(2) to make available to each committee of the Senate and House of Representatives and each joint committee of the two Houses, at the opening of a new Congress, a list of programs and activities being carried out under existing law scheduled to terminate during the current Congress, which are within the jurisdiction of the committee;

(3) to make available to each committee of the Senate and House of Representatives and each joint committee of the two Houses, at the opening of a new Congress, a list of subjects and policy areas which the committee might profitably analyze in depth;

(4) upon request, or upon its own initiative in anticipation of requests, to collect, classify, and analyze in the form of studies, reports, compilations, digests, bulletins, indexes, translations, and otherwise, data having a bearing on legislation, and to make such data available and serviceable to committees and Members of the Senate and House of Representatives and joint committees of Congress;

(5) upon request, or upon its own initiative in anticipation of requests, to prepare and provide information, research, and reference materials and services to committees and Members of the Senate and House of Representatives and joint committees of Congress to assist them in their legislative and representative functions;

(6) to prepare summaries and digests of bills and resolutions of a public general nature introduced in the Senate or House of Representatives;

(7) upon request made by any committee or Member of the Congress, to prepare and transmit to such committee or Member a concise memorandum with respect to one or more legislative measures upon which hearings by any committee of the Congress have been announced, which memorandum shall contain a statement of the purpose and effect of each such measure, a description of other relevant measures of similar purpose or effect previously introduced in the Congress, and a recitation of all action taken theretofore by or within the Congress with respect to each such other measure; and

(8) to develop and maintain an information and research capability, to include Senior Specialists, Specialists, other employees, and consultants, as necessary, to perform the functions provided for in this subsection.

(e) Specialists and Senior Specialists; appointment; fields of appointment

The Librarian of Congress is authorized to appoint in the Congressional Research Service, upon the recommendation of the Director, Specialists and Senior Specialists in the following broad fields:

(1) agriculture;

(2) American government and public administration;

(3) American public law;

(4) conservation;

(5) education;

(6) engineering and public works;

(7) housing;

(8) industrial organization and corporation finance;

(9) international affairs;

(10) international trade and economic geography;

(11) labor and employment;

(12) mineral economics;

(13) money and banking;

(14) national defense;

(15) price economics;

(16) science;

(17) social welfare;

(18) taxation and fiscal policy;

(19) technology;

(20) transportation and communications;

(21) urban affairs;

(22) veterans' affairs; and

(23) such other broad fields as the Director may consider appropriate.


Such Specialists and Senior Specialists, together with such other employees of the Congressional Research Service as may be necessary, shall be available for special work with the committees and Members of the Senate and House of Representatives and the joint committees of Congress for any of the purposes of subsection (d) of this section.

(f) Duties of Director; establishment and change of research and reference divisions or other organizational units, or both

The Director is authorized—

(1) to classify, organize, arrange, group, and divide, from time to time, as he considers advisable, the requests for advice, assistance, and other services submitted to the Congressional Research Service by committees and Members of the Senate and House of Representatives and joint committees of Congress, into such classes and categories as he considers necessary to—

(A) expedite and facilitate the handling of the individual requests submitted by Members of the Senate and House of Representatives,

(B) promote efficiency in the performance of services for committees of the Senate and House of Representatives and joint committees of Congress, and

(C) provide a basis for the efficient performance by the Congressional Research Service of its legislative research and related functions generally,


and

(2) to establish and change, from time to time, as he considers advisable, within the Congressional Research Service, such research and reference divisions or other organizational units, or both, as he considers necessary to accomplish the purposes of this section.

(g) Budget estimates

The Director of the Congressional Research Service will submit to the Librarian of Congress for review, consideration, evaluation, and approval, the budget estimates of the Congressional Research Service for inclusion in the Budget of the United States Government.

(h) Experts or consultants, individual or organizational, and persons and organizations with specialized knowledge; procurement of temporary or intermittent assistance; contracts, nonpersonal and personal service; advertisement requirements inapplicable; end product; pay; travel time

(1) The Director of the Congressional Research Service may procure the temporary or intermittent assistance of individual experts or consultants (including stenographic reporters) and of persons learned in particular or specialized fields of knowledge—

(A) by nonpersonal service contract, without regard to any provision of law requiring advertising for contract bids, with the individual expert, consultant, or other person concerned, as an independent contractor, for the furnishing by him to the Congressional Research Service of a written study, treatise, theme, discourse, dissertation, thesis, summary, advisory opinion, or other end product; or

(B) by employment (for a period of not more than one year) in the Congressional Research Service of the individual expert, consultant, or other person concerned, by personal service contract or otherwise, without regard to the position classification laws, at a rate of pay not in excess of the per diem equivalent of the highest rate of basic pay then currently in effect for the General Schedule of section 5332 of title 5, including payment of such rate for necessary travel time.


(2) The Director of the Congressional Research Service may procure by contract, without regard to any provision of law requiring advertising for contract bids, the temporary (for respective periods not in excess of one year) or intermittent assistance of educational, research, or other organizations of experts and consultants (including stenographic reporters) and of educational, research, and other organizations of persons learned in particular or specialized fields of knowledge.

(i) Special report to Joint Committee on the Library

The Director of the Congressional Research Service shall prepare and file with the Joint Committee on the Library at the beginning of each regular session of Congress a separate and special report covering, in summary and in detail, all phases of activity of the Congressional Research Service for the immediately preceding fiscal year.

(j) Authorization of appropriations

There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Congressional Research Service each fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to carry on the work of the Service.

(Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 753, title II, §203, 60 Stat. 836; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, title XI, §1106(a), 63 Stat. 972; Pub. L. 91–510, title III, §321(a), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1181; Pub. L. 99–190, §133, Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1322; Pub. L. 106–57, title II, §209(b), Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 424.)

Amendments

1999—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 106–57 substituted second sentence for former second sentence which read as follows: "The basic pay of the Director shall be at a per annum rate equal to the rate of basic pay provided for level V of the Executive Schedule contained in section 5316 of title 5."

1985—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 99–190 amended subsec. (g) generally. Prior to amendment subsec. (g) read as follows: "In order to facilitate the study, consideration, evaluation, and determination by the Congress of the budget requirements of the Congressional Research Service for each fiscal year, the Librarian of Congress shall receive from the Director and submit, for inclusion in the Budget of the United States Government, the budget estimates of the Congressional Research Service which shall be prepared separately by the Director in detail for each fiscal year as a separate item of the budget estimates of the Library of Congress for such fiscal year."

1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–510 substituted provision for continuation of Legislative Reference Service, redesignated "Congressional Research Service", for prior authorization for establishment of Legislative Reference Service and deleted second sentence, cls. (1) to (3), prescribing as duties of such Service for the Congress and its committees, the giving of advice and assistance, making data available, and preparing summaries and digests of public hearings before committees and of bills and resolutions of public nature, which was incorporated in subsec. (d)(1), (d)(4), and (d)(6), respectively, of this section.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–510 added subsec. (b). Former subsec. (b)(1) provided for appointment of director, assistant director, and other necessary personnel of Legislative Reference Service, without regard to civil-service laws, without reference to political affiliations, on ground of fitness to perform duties of the office, for compensation in accordance with Classification Act of 1949, with a prescribed minimum for senior specialists in the various fields, and made all employees of the Service subject to civil-service retirement laws, now incorporated in subsec. (c)(1), (2)(A), and (3) of this section and sections 8331(1)(viii) and 8347(j) of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Former subsec. (b)(2) provided for appointment of senior specialists in certain enumerated fields and was covered in subsec. (e) of this section.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–510 incorporated in provisions added as subsec. (c) provisions of former subsec. (b) (1), and in revising them, provided in par. (1) for consultation with Joint Committee on the Library before appointment of Director and for basic pay rate of Director equal to level V of Executive Schedule, provided in par. (2) for appointment, upon recommendation of the Director, of a Deputy Director and made references to classification and General Schedule pay rate provisions of revised Title 5, reenacted as subpar. (A) proviso of second sentence of former subsec. (b)(1), and added subpar. (B), and in par. (3) reenacted part of first sentence of former subsec. (b)(1).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–510 incorporated in provisions added as subsec. (d) second sentence, cls. (1) to (3), of former subsec. (a), and in revising the provision, added pars. (2), (3), (5), (7), and (8), substituted "Congressional Research Service" for "Legislative Reference Service", reenacted introductory "without partisan bias" provision of former cl. (2), incorporated in par. (1) former cl. (1), substituting "proposals within that committee's jurisdiction" for "proposals pending before it" and "otherwise to assist in furnishing a basis for the proper evaluation and determination of legislative proposals and recommendations generally" for "otherwise to assist in furnishing a basis for the proper determination of measures before the committee", added subpars. (A) to (C), provision for assistance by providing other research and analytical services, authorization for production of books, records, etc., compliance with request for such production, and maintenance of liaison with all committees, incorporated in par. (4) former cl. (2), substituting "collect" for "gather" and including analysis in form of studies and reports, and making data available to joint committees, and incorporated in par. (6) former cl. (3), omitting provision respecting summaries and digests of public hearings before committees of Congress.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–510 incorporated in provisions added as subsec. (e) provisions of former subsec. (b)(2), and in revising them, in introductory text, substituted "Congressional Research Service" for "Legislative Reference Service" and authorized appointments "upon the recommendation of the Director", including Specialists; provided numerical item designations for broad fields listed in prior paragraph in run-on form, added fields of national defense, science, technology, urban affairs, and other broad fields as deemed appropriate by the Director in items (14), (16), (19), (21), and (23), and combined separate fields of "full employment" and "labor" in "labor and employment" in item (11); and in last sentence, included Senior Specialists and substituted "such other employees of the Congressional Research Service" for "such other members of the staff" and "special work with the committees and Members of the Senate and House of Representatives and the joint committees of Congress for any of the purposes of subsection (d) of this section" for "special work with the appropriate committees of Congress for any of the purposes set out in subsection (a)(1) of this section".

Subsecs. (f) to (i). Pub. L. 91–510 added subsecs. (f) to (i).

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 91–510 incorporated in provisions added as subsec. (j) appropriations authorization of section 203(c) of Act Aug. 2, 1946, which had also provided $550,000, $650,000, and $750,000, for fiscal years ending June 30, 1947, 1948, and 1949, respectively.

1949—Subsec. (b)(1). Act Oct. 28, 1949, substituted "Classification Act of 1949" for "Classification Act of 1923".

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–57 applicable with respect to the first pay period which begins on or after Sept. 29, 1999 and each subsequent pay period, see section 209(c) of Pub. L. 106–57, set out as a note under section 136a–2 of this title.

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment of provisions, other than enactment of subsecs. (d)(2), (3) and (i) of this section, and enactment of subsecs. (d)(2), (3) and (i) by Pub. L. 91–510 effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, at the close of the first session of the Ninety-second Congress, and with respect to fiscal years beginning on or after July 1, 1970, respectively, see section 601(1), (3), and (4) of Pub. L. 91–510, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Aug. 2, 1946, see section 245 of act Aug. 2, 1946, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

Repeals

Act Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, cited as a credit to this section, was repealed (subject to a savings clause) by Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, §8, 80 Stat. 632, 655.

References in Other Laws to GS–16, 17, or 18 Pay Rates

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS–16, 17, or 18, or to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be considered references to rates payable under specified sections of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529 [title I, §101(c)(1)] of Pub. L. 101–509, set out in a note under section 5376 of Title 5.

Compensation of Director of Congressional Research Service

Pub. L. 105–275, title I, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2444, which provided that the compensation of the Director of the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, was to be at an annual rate equal to the annual rate of basic pay for positions at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, was from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1999, and was not repeated in subsequent appropriations acts. Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 105–55, title I, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1190.

Pub. L. 104–197, title I, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2406.

Pub. L. 104–53, title I, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 529.

Pub. L. 103–283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1435.

Pub. L. 103–69, title I, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 703.

Pub. L. 102–392, title I, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1715.

Pub. L. 102–90, title I, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 460.

Pub. L. 101–520, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2269.

Pub. L. 101–163, title I, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1057.

Pub. L. 100–458, title I, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2171.

Pub. L. 100–202, §101(i) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–290, 1329–303.

Pub. L. 99–500, §101(j) [H.R. 5203, title I], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Pub. L. 99–591, §101(j), Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–287.

Pub. L. 99–151, title I, Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 802.

Pub. L. 98–367, title I, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 484.

§§167 to 167h. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(d)(1)(B), (2)(B), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2233, 2234, and Pub. L. 110–178, §4(a)(2), (b)(2), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2551, 2552; Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54

Section 167, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §1, 64 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 90–610, §1, Oct. 21, 1968, 82 Stat. 1201; Pub. L. 93–175, §1, Dec. 5, 1973, 87 Stat. 693; Pub. L. 100–135, §1(a), Oct. 16, 1987, 101 Stat. 811, authorized the Librarian of Congress to designate Library employees as police for duty with respect to the Library of Congress buildings and adjacent streets.

Section 167a, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §2, 64 Stat. 411, related to public use of Library of Congress grounds.

Section 167b, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §3, 64 Stat. 411, related to sales, advertisements, and solicitations in Library buildings and grounds.

Section 167c, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §4, 64 Stat. 411, related to injuries to Library property.

Section 167d, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §5, 64 Stat. 411, related to the discharge of firearms or fireworks, making haranguing or threatening speeches, and the use of objectionable language in Library buildings and grounds.

Section 167e, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §6, 64 Stat. 411, related to parades, assemblages or display of flags in Library buildings and grounds.

Section 167f, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §7, 64 Stat. 411, related to regulations for Library buildings and grounds and their publication and effective date.

Section 167g, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §8, 64 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 88–60, §1, July 8, 1963, 77 Stat. 77; Pub. L. 91–358, §111, July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 473; Pub. L. 101–562, §3, Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2781, related to prosecution and punishment of offenses in Library buildings and grounds.

Section 167h, act Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §9, 64 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 93–198, title VII, §739(g)(9), Dec. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 829; Pub. L. 100–135, §1(b)(1), Oct. 16, 1987, 101 Stat. 811, related to jurisdiction of police within Library buildings, grounds, and adjacent streets.

Codification

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(d)(1)(B), (2)(B), and Pub. L. 110–178, §4(a)(2), (b)(2), identically repealed sections 167 to 167h of this title. Pub. L. 110–161, §1004, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal of section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 by Pub. L. 111–145 effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 110–161 and to have no effect on the enactment or implementation of any provision of Pub. L. 110–178, see section 6(d) of Pub. L. 111–145, set out as an Effective Date of 2010 Amendment note under section 1901 of this title.

Pub. L. 110–178, §4(d), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2552, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending sections 167i, 167j, 185, and 1961 of this title and sections 5101, 5102, and 5104 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and repealing sections 167 to 167h of this title] shall take effect October 1, 2009."

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(d)(1)(B), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2233, and Pub. L. 110–178, §4(a)(2), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2551, provided that section 167 of this title was repealed on Oct. 1, 2009. Pub. L. 110–161, §1004, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(d)(4), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2234, which provided that the amendments made by section 1004(d) of Pub. L. 110–161 (amending sections 167i, 167j, 185, and 1961 of this title and sections 5101, 5102, and 5104 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and repealing sections 167 to 167h of this title) would take effect Oct. 1, 2009, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.

§167i. Suspension of prohibitions against use of Library buildings and grounds

In order to permit the observance of authorized ceremonies within the Library of Congress buildings and grounds, the Librarian of Congress may suspend for such occasions so much of the prohibitions contained in sections 5103 and 5104 of title 40 as may be necessary for the occasion, but only if responsible officers shall have been appointed, and arrangements determined which are adequate, in the judgment of the Librarian, for the maintenance of suitable order and decorum in the proceedings, and for the protection of the Library buildings and grounds and of persons and property therein.

(Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §10, 64 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(d)(2)(C), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2234; Pub. L. 110–178, §4(b)(3), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2552; Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.)

Amendments

2010—Pub. L. 111–145 repealed Pub. L. 110–161, §1004(d)(2)(C). See 2007 Amendment note below.

2008—Pub. L. 110–178 substituted "5103 and 5104 of title 40" for "167a to 167e of this title".

2007—Pub. L. 110–161, §1004(d)(2)(C), which made amendment identical to that of Pub. L. 110–178, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145. See Effective Date of 2010 Amendment note below.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Repeal of section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 by Pub. L. 111–145 effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 110–161 and provisions amended by section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 to be restored as if such section had not been enacted, and repeal to have no effect on the enactment or implementation of any provision of Pub. L. 110–178, see section 6(d) of Pub. L. 111–145, set out as a note under section 1901 of this title.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–178 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 4(d) of Pub. L. 110–178, set out as an Effective Date of Repeal note under former section 167 of this title.

§167j. Area comprising Library of Congress grounds; "buildings and grounds" defined

(a) The Library of Congress grounds shall be held to extend to the line of the face of the east curb of First Street Southeast, between B Street Southeast and East Capitol Street; to the line of the face of the south curb of East Capitol Street, between First Street Southeast and Second Street Southeast; to the line of the face of the west curb of Second Street Southeast, between East Capitol Street and B Street Southeast; to the line of the face of the north curb of B Street Southeast, between First Street Southeast and Second Street Southeast; and to the line of the face of the east curb of Second Street Southeast, between Pennsylvania Avenue Southeast and the north side of the alley separating the Library Annex Building and the Folger Shakespeare Library; to the line of the north side of the same alley, between Second Street Southeast and Third Street Southeast; to the line of the face of the west curb of Third Street Southeast, between the north side of the same alley and B Street Southeast; to the line of the face of the north curb of B Street Southeast, between Third Street Southeast and Pennsylvania Avenue Southeast; to the line of the face of the northeast curb of Pennsylvania Avenue Southeast, between B Street Southeast and Second Street Southeast.

(b) The term "Library of Congress buildings and grounds" shall include (1) the whole or any part of any building or structure which is occupied under lease or otherwise by the Library of Congress and is subject to supervision and control by the Librarian of Congress, (2) the land upon which there is situated any building or structure which is occupied wholly by the Library of Congress, and (3) any subway or enclosed passageway connecting two or more buildings or structures occupied in whole or in part by the Library of Congress.

(c) The term "Library of Congress buildings and grounds" shall include (1) all real property in lot 51 in square 869 in the District of Columbia, as that lot appears on the records in the office of the Surveyor of the District of Columbia on August 1, 1990, extending to the outer face of the curbs of the square in which it is located and including all alleys or parts of alleys and streets within the lot lines and curb lines surrounding such real property, and (2) improvements to such real property.

(d) The term "Library of Congress buildings and grounds" shall include the following property:

(1) Three parcels totaling approximately 45 acres, more or less, located in Culpeper County, Virginia, and identified as Culpeper County Tax Parcel Numbers 51–80B, 51–80C, and 51–80D, further described as real estate (consisting of 40.949 acres) conveyed to David and Lucile Packard Foundation by deed from Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, dated May 15, 1998, and recorded May 19, 1998, in the Clerk's Office, Circuit Court of Culpeper County, Virginia, in Deed Book 644, page 372; and real estate (consisting of 4.181 acres) conveyed to Packard Humanities Institute by deed from Russell H. Inskeep, dated February 13, 2002, and recorded February 13, 2002, in the Clerk's Office, Circuit Court of Culpeper County, Virginia, as instrument number 020001299.

(2) Improvements to such real property.

(Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 561, §11, 64 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 91–281, June 17, 1970, 84 Stat. 309; Pub. L. 101–520, title II, §205(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2272; Pub. L. 101–562, §2(c), Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2780; Pub. L. 105–144, §2, Dec. 15, 1997, 111 Stat. 2667; Pub. L. 108–83, title I, §1203(b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1031; Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(d)(2)(D), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2234; Pub. L. 110–178, §4(b)(4), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2552; Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.)

Amendments

2010—Pub. L. 111–145 repealed Pub. L. 110–161, §1004(d)(2)(D). See 2007 Amendment notes below.

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–178, §4(b)(4)(A), substituted "The" for "For the purposes of sections 167 to 167j of this title the".

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 110–178, §4(b)(4)(B)–(D), substituted "The" for "For the purposes of sections 167 to 167j of this title, the".

2007—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–161, §1004(d)(2)(D)(i), which made amendment identical to that made by Pub. L. 110–178, §4(b)(4)(A), was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145. See Effective Date of 2010 Amendment note below.

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 110–161, §1004(d)(2)(D)(ii)–(iv), which directed substitution of "The" for "For the purposes of sections 167 to 167j of this title the", but could not be executed because "For the purposes of sections 167 to 167j of this title the" did not appear in text, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145. See Effective Date of 2010 Amendment note below.

2003—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 108–83 added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: "Three parcels totaling approximately 41 acres, more or less, located in Culpeper County, Virginia, and identified as Culpeper County Tax Parcel Numbers 51–80B, 51–80C, and 51–80D, further described as real estate (consisting of 15.949 acres) conveyed to Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond by deed from Russell H. Inskeep and Jean H. Inskeep, his wife, dated October 1, 1964, and recorded October 7, 1964, in the Clerk's Office, Circuit Court of Culpeper County, Virginia, in Deed Book 177, page 431; and real estate (consisting of 20.498 acres and consisting of 4.502 acres) conveyed to Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond by deed from Russell H. Inskeep and Jean H. Inskeep, his wife, dated November 11, 1974, and recorded November 12, 1974, in the Clerk's Office, Circuit Court of Culpeper County, Virginia, in Deed Book 247, page 246."

1997—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–144 added subsec. (d).

1990—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–520 and Pub. L. 101–562 made substantially identical amendments, adding subsec. (c). The text of subsec. (c) is based on amendment by Pub. L. 101–562.

1970—Pub. L. 91–281 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Repeal of section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 by Pub. L. 111–145 effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 110–161 and provisions amended by section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 to be restored as if such section had not been enacted, and repeal to have no effect on the enactment or implementation of any provision of Pub. L. 110–178, see section 6(d) of Pub. L. 111–145, set out as a note under section 1901 of this title.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–178 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 4(d) of Pub. L. 110–178, set out as an Effective Date of Repeal note under former section 167 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–144 effective upon acquisition by Architect of the Capitol of property described in section 1 of Pub. L. 105–144, see section 5 of Pub. L. 105–144, set out as an Acquisition of Real Property for Library of Congress note under section 141 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–520 and Pub. L. 101–562 effective on date [Nov. 6, 1991] Architect of the Capitol acquires the property and improvements described in Pub. L. 101–520, §205(a), and Pub. L. 101–562, §1, see section 205(e) of Pub. L. 101–520 and former section 2(d) of Pub. L. 101–562, set out as a Special Facilities Center; Acquisition note under section 141 of this title.

§168. Constitution of the United States; preparation and publication of revised edition; annotations; supplements; decennial editions and supplements

The Librarian of Congress shall have prepared—

(1) a hardbound revised edition of the Constitution of the United States of America—Analysis and Interpretation, published as Senate Document Numbered 39, Eighty-eighth Congress (referred to hereinafter as the "Constitution Annotated"), which shall contain annotations of decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States through the end of the October 1971 term of the Supreme Court, construing provisions of the Constitution;

(2) upon the completion of each of the October 1973, October 1975, October 1977, and October 1979 terms of the Supreme Court, a cumulative pocket-part supplement to the hardbound revised edition of the Constitution Annotated prepared pursuant to clause (1), which shall contain cumulative annotations of all such decisions rendered by the Supreme Court after the end of the October 1971 term;

(3) upon the completion of the October 1981 term of the Supreme Court, and upon the completion of each tenth October term of the Supreme Court thereafter, a hardbound decennial revised edition of the Constitution Annotated, which shall contain annotations of all decisions theretofore rendered by the Supreme Court construing provisions of the Constitution; and

(4) upon the completion of the October 1983 term of the Supreme Court, and upon the completion of each subsequent October term of the Supreme Court beginning in an odd-numbered year (the final digit of which is not a 1), a cumulative pocket-part supplement to the most recent hardbound decennial revised edition of the Constitution Annotated, which shall contain cumulative annotations of all such decisions rendered by the Supreme Court which were not included in that hardbound decennial revised edition of the Constitution Annotated.

(Pub. L. 91–589, §1, Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1586.)

§168a. Printing of Constitution Annotated as Senate documents

All hardbound revised editions and all cumulative pocket-part supplements shall be printed as Senate documents.

(Pub. L. 91–589, §2, Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1586.)

§168b. Printing and distribution of additional copies of Constitution Annotated

There shall be printed four thousand eight hundred and seventy additional copies of the hardbound revised editions prepared pursuant to clause (1) of section 168 of this title and of all cumulative pocket-part supplements thereto, of which two thousand six hundred and thirty-four copies shall be for the use of the House of Representatives, one thousand two hundred and thirty-six copies shall be for the use of the Senate, and one thousand copies shall be for the use of the Joint Committee on Printing. All Members of the Congress, Vice Presidents of the United States, and Delegates and Resident Commissioners, newly elected subsequent to the issuance of the hardbound revised edition prepared pursuant to such clause and prior to the first hardbound decennial revised edition, who did not receive a copy of the edition prepared pursuant to such clause, shall, upon timely request, receive one copy of such edition and the then current cumulative pocket-part supplement and any further supplements thereto. All Members of the Congress, Vice Presidents of the United States, and Delegates and Resident Commissioners, no longer serving after the issuance of the hardbound revised edition prepared pursuant to such clause and who received such edition, may receive one copy of each cumulative pocket-part supplement thereto upon timely request.

(Pub. L. 91–589, §3, Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1586.)

§168c. Printing and distribution of decennial editions and supplements to Constitution Annotated

Additional copies of each hardbound decennial revised edition and of the cumulative pocket-part supplements thereto shall be printed and distributed in accordance with the provisions of any concurrent resolution hereafter adopted with respect thereto.

(Pub. L. 91–589, §4, Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1587.)

§168d. Authorization of appropriations for Constitution Annotated

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums, to remain available until expended, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 168 to 168d of this title.

(Pub. L. 91–589, §5, Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1587.)

§169. Positions in Library of Congress exempt from citizenship requirement

From and after October 1, 1983, not to exceed fifteen positions in the Library of Congress may be exempt from the provisions of appropriation Acts concerning the employment of aliens during the current fiscal year, but the Librarian shall not make any appointment to any such position until he has ascertained that he cannot secure for such appointments a person in any of the categories specified in such provisions who possesses the special qualifications for the particular position and also otherwise meets the general requirements for employment in the Library of Congress.

(Pub. L. 98–51, title II, §202, July 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 276.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Oct. 2, 1982, Pub. L. 97–276, §101(e) [S. 2939, title II, §202], 96 Stat. 1189.

Oct. 1, 1981, Pub. L. 97–51, §101(c) [H.R. 4120, title II, §202], 95 Stat. 959.

Dec. 16, 1980, Pub. L. 96–536, §101(c) [H.R. 7593, title II, §202], 94 Stat. 3167.

Oct. 12, 1979, Pub. L. 96–86, §101(c) [H.R. 4390, title II, §202], 93 Stat. 657.

Sept. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–391, title II, §202, 92 Stat. 785.

Aug. 5, 1977, Pub. L. 95–94, title II, §202, 91 Stat. 677.

Oct. 1, 1976, Pub. L. 94–440, title VIII, §802, 90 Stat. 1457.

July 25, 1975, Pub. L. 94–59, title VII, §702, 89 Stat. 294.

Aug. 13, 1974, Pub. L. 93–371, 88 Stat. 441.

Nov. 1, 1973, Pub. L. 93–145, 87 Stat. 547.

July 10, 1972, Pub. L. 92–342, 86 Stat. 446.

July 9, 1971, Pub. L. 92–51, 85 Stat. 141.

Aug. 18, 1970, Pub. L. 91–382, 84 Stat. 823.

Dec. 12, 1969, Pub. L. 91–145, 83 Stat. 357.

July 23, 1968, Pub. L. 90–417, 82 Stat. 411.

July 28, 1967, Pub. L. 90–57, 81 Stat. 140.

Aug. 27, 1966, Pub. L. 89–545, 80 Stat. 368.

July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, 79 Stat. 280.

Aug. 20, 1964, Pub. L. 88–454, 78 Stat. 548.

Dec. 30, 1963, Pub. L. 88–248, 77 Stat. 816.

Oct. 2, 1962, Pub. L. 87–730, 76 Stat. 692.

Aug. 10, 1961, Pub. L. 87–130, 75 Stat. 333.

July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–628, 74 Stat. 459.

Aug. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–176, 73 Stat. 411.

July 31, 1958, Pub. L. 85–570, 72 Stat. 452.

July 1, 1957, Pub. L. 85–75, 71 Stat. 255.

June 27, 1956, ch. 453, 70 Stat. 368.

Aug. 5, 1955, ch. 568, 69 Stat. 518.

July 2, 1954, ch. 455, 68 Stat. 408.

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 304, 67 Stat. 330.

July 9, 1952, ch. 598, 66 Stat. 476.

Oct. 11, 1951, ch. 485, 65 Stat. 400.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. II, 64 Stat. 606.

June 22, 1949, ch. 235, 63 Stat. 228.

June 14, 1948, ch. 467, 62 Stat. 434.

July 17, 1947, ch. 262, 61 Stat. 374.

July 1, 1946, ch. 530, 60 Stat. 405.

June 13, 1945, ch. 189, 59 Stat. 256.

June 26, 1944, ch. 277, 58 Stat. 351.

June 28, 1943, ch. 173, 57 Stat. 236.

§170. American Television and Radio Archives

(a) Establishment and maintenance in Library of Congress; purpose; determination of composition, cataloging, indexing and availability by Librarian

The Librarian of Congress (hereinafter referred to as the "Librarian") shall establish and maintain in the Library of Congress a library to be known as the American Television and Radio Archives (hereinafter referred to as the "Archives"). The purpose of the Archives shall be to preserve a permanent record of the television and radio programs which are the heritage of the people of the United States and to provide access to such programs to historians and scholars without encouraging or causing copyright infringement.

(1) The Librarian, after consultation with interested organizations and individuals, shall determine and place in the Archives such copies and phonorecords of television and radio programs transmitted to the public in the United States and in other countries which are of present or potential public or cultural interest, historical significance, cognitive value, or otherwise worthy of preservation, including copies and phonorecords of published and unpublished transmission programs—

(A) acquired in accordance with sections 407 and 408 of title 17; and

(B) transferred from the existing collections of the Library of Congress; and

(C) given to or exchanged with the Archives by other libraries, archives, organizations, and individuals; and

(D) purchased from the owner thereof.


(2) The Librarian shall maintain and publish appropriate catalogs and indexes of the collections of the Archives, and shall make such collections available for study and research under the conditions prescribed under this section.

(b) Reproduction, compilation, and distribution for research of regularly scheduled newscasts or on-the-spot coverage of news events by Librarian; promulgation of regulations

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106 of title 17, the Librarian is authorized with respect to a transmission program which consists of a regularly scheduled newscast or on-the-spot coverage of news events and, under standards and conditions that the Librarian shall prescribe by regulation—

(1) to reproduce a fixation of such a program, in the same or another tangible form, for the purposes of preservation or security or for distribution under the conditions of clause (3) of this subsection; and

(2) to compile, without abridgment or any other editing, portions of such fixations according to subject matter, and to reproduce such compilations for the purpose of clause (1) of this subsection; and

(3) to distribute a reproduction made under clause (1) or (2) of this subsection—

(A) by loan to a person engaged in research; and

(B) for deposit in a library or archives which meets the requirements of section 108(a) of title 17,


in either case for use only in research and not for further reproduction or performance.

(c) Liability for copyright infringement by Librarian or any employee of Librarian

The Librarian or any employee of the Library who is acting under the authority of this section shall not be liable in any action for copyright infringement committed by any other person unless the Librarian or such employee knowingly participated in the act of infringement committed by such person. Nothing in this section shall be construed to excuse or limit liability under title 17 for any act not authorized by that title or this section, or for any act performed by a person not authorized to act under that title or this section.

(d) Short title

This section may be cited as the "American Television and Radio Archives Act".

(Pub. L. 94–553, title I, §113, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2601.)

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 1978, see section 102 of Pub. L. 94–553, set out as a note preceding section 101 of Title 17, Copyrights.

§171. Congressional declaration of findings and purpose as to Center for the Book

The Congress hereby finds and declares—

(1) that the Congress of the United States on April 24, 1800, established for itself a library of the Congress;

(2) that in 1815, the Congress purchased the personal library of the third President of the United States which contained materials on every science known to man and described such a collection as a "substratum of a great national library";

(3) that the Congress of the United States in recognition of the importance of printing and its impact on America purchased the Gutenberg Bible in 1930 for the Nation for placement in the Library of Congress;

(4) that the Congress of the United States has through statute and appropriations made this library accessible to any member of the public;

(5) that this collection of books and other library materials has now become one of the greatest libraries in civilization;

(6) that the book and the printed word have had the most profound influence on American civilization and learning and have been the very foundation on which our democratic principles have survived through our two hundred-year history;

(7) that in the year 1977, the Congress of the United States assembled hereby declares its reaffirmation of the importance of the printed word and the book and recognizes the importance of a Center for the Book to the continued study and development of written record as central to our understanding of ourselves and our world.


It is therefore the purpose of sections 171 to 175 of this title to establish a Center for the Book in the Library of Congress to provide a program for the investigation of the transmission of human knowledge and to heighten public interest in the role of books and printing in the diffusion of this knowledge.

(Pub. L. 95–129, §1, Oct. 13, 1977, 91 Stat. 1151.)

§172. Definitions

As used in sections 171 to 175 of this title—

(1) the term Center means the Center for the Book;

(2) the term Librarian means the Librarian of Congress.

(Pub. L. 95–129, §2, Oct. 13, 1977, 91 Stat. 1151.)

§173. Establishment of Center for the Book

There is hereby established in the Library of Congress a Center for the Book.

The Center shall be under the direction of the Librarian of Congress.

(Pub. L. 95–129, §3, Oct. 13, 1977, 91 Stat. 1151.)

§174. Function of Center for the Book

The Librarian through the Center shall stimulate public interest and research in the role of the book in the diffusion of knowledge through such activities as a visiting scholar program accompanied by lectures, exhibits, publications, and any other related activities.

(Pub. L. 95–129, §4, Oct. 13, 1977, 91 Stat. 1152.)

§175. Administrative provisions

The Librarian of Congress, in carrying out the Center's functions, is authorized to—

(1) prescribe such regulations as he deems necessary;

(2) receive money and other property donated, bequeathed, or devised for the purposes of the Center, and to use, sell, or otherwise dispose of such property for the purposes of carrying out the Center's functions, without reference to Federal disposal statutes; and

(3) accept and utilize the services of voluntary and noncompensated personnel and reimburse them for travel expenses, including per diem, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5.

(Pub. L. 95–129, §5, Oct. 13, 1977, 91 Stat. 1152.)

§176. Mass Book Deacidification Facility; operation by Librarian of Congress

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Librarian of Congress shall equip, furnish, operate, and maintain the Library of Congress Mass Book Deacidification Facility.

(Pub. L. 98–427, §2, Sept. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1656.)

Authorization To Construct Facility

Pub. L. 98–427, §1, Sept. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1656, provided: "That the Librarian of Congress is authorized and directed, subject to the supervision and construction authority of a Federal civilian or military agency, to construct the Library of Congress Mass Book Deacidification Facility in accordance with the general design developed by the Library of Congress and reviewed by the Architect of the Capitol, as set forth in the document entitled 'Library of Congress Mass Book Deacidification Facility, Engineering, Design, and Cost Estimate and Drawings', dated December 1983. Such facility shall be constructed on Federal property within seventy-five miles of the United States Capitol Building."

Authorization of Appropriation

Pub. L. 98–427, §3, Sept. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1656, provided that: "There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1983, sums not to exceed $11,500,000 to carry out the provisions of this Act [enacting this section and a provision set out as a note under this section]."

§177. Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry

(a) Recognition

The Congress recognizes that the Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress has for some time occupied a position of prominence in the life of the Nation, has spoken effectively for literary causes, and has occasionally performed duties and functions sometimes associated with the position of poet laureate in other nations and societies. Individuals are appointed to the position of Consultant in Poetry by the Librarian of Congress for one- or two-year terms solely on the basis of literary merit, and are compensated from endowment funds administered by the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board. The Congress further recognizes this position is equivalent to that of Poet Laureate of the United States.

(b) Position established

(1) There is established in the Library of Congress the position of Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry. The Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry shall be appointed by the Librarian of Congress pursuant to the same procedures of appointment as established on December 20, 1985, for the Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress.

(2) Each department and office of the Federal Government is encouraged to make use of the services of the Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry for ceremonial and other occasions of celebration under such procedures as the Librarian of Congress shall approve designed to assure that participation under this paragraph does not impair the continuation of the work of the individual chosen to fill the position of Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry.

(c) Poetry program

(1) The Chairperson of the National Endowment for the Arts, with the advice of the National Council on the Arts, shall annually sponsor a program at which the Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry will present a major work or the work of other distinguished poets.

(2) There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Endowment for the Arts $10,000 for the fiscal year 1987 and for each succeeding fiscal year ending prior to October 1, 1990, for the purpose of carrying out this subsection.

(Pub. L. 99–194, title VI, §601, Dec. 20, 1985, 99 Stat. 1347.)

§§178 to 178l. Repealed. Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §214, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 272

Section 178, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §1, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1782, related to Congressional findings on national film preservation.

Section 178a, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §2, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1782, related to establishment of a National Film Registry.

Section 178b, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §3, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1782, related to the duties of Librarian of Congress with respect to the National Film Registry.

Section 178c, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §4, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1784, related to film labeling requirements.

Section 178d, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §5, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1785, related to misuse of National Film Registry seal.

Section 178e, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §6, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1785, related to remedies for film labeling violations or for misusing the National Film Registry seal.

Section 178f, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §7, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1785, related to exclusivity of remedies provided in former section 178e of this title.

Section 178g, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §8, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1785; Pub. L. 102–378, §5(c), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1358, related to establishment of National Film Preservation Board.

Section 178h, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §9, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1787, related to staff of National Film Registry Board and authority of Board to procure services of experts and consultants.

Section 178i, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §10, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1787, related to powers of National Film Registry Board.

Section 178j, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §11, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1787, contained definitions.

Section 178k, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §12, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1788, authorized appropriations.

Section 178l, Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §13, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1788, provided effective date, sunset, and savings provisions for former sections 178 to 178l of this title.

For similar provisions, see section 179l et seq. of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §1, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1782, which provided that sections 178 to 178l of this title were to be cited as the "National Film Preservation Act of 1988" was repealed by Pub. L. 102–307, title III, §214, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 272.

§§179 to 179k. Repealed. Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §114, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382

Section 179, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §202, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 267, required Librarian of Congress to establish National Film Registry for purpose of maintaining and preserving culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant films.

Section 179a, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §203, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 267, required Librarian of Congress to conduct study of film preservation, to establish film preservation program and guidelines and procedures for inclusion of films in National Film Registry, and to report to Congress on films selected and activities undertaken.

Section 179b, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §204, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 268, related to establishment of National Film Preservation Board and provided for number and appointment of members, chairperson, term of office, quorum, basic pay, meetings, and conflict of interest.

Section 179c, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §205, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 270, related to responsibilities and powers of Board, including consultation with Librarian with respect to inclusion of films in Registry, consideration of films nominated for inclusion in Registry, and general powers.

Section 179d, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §206, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 270, related to National Film Registry Collection of Library of Congress, including provisions relating to acquisition of archival quality copies and additional materials, ownership of copies and additional materials by United States, and maintenance of and access to Collection.

Section 179e, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §207, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 271, related to seal of National Film Registry.

Section 179f, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §208, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 271, provided that district courts of United States were to have jurisdiction to prevent and restrain unlawful use of seal.

Section 179g, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §209, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 271, provided that remedies provided in section 179f were to be exclusive.

Section 179h, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §210, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 271, authorized Librarian to appoint and fix pay of staff and to procure services of experts and consultants.

Section 179i, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §211, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 271, defined terms for purpose of sections 179 to 179k of this title.

Section 179j, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §212, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 272, authorized to be appropriated to Librarian necessary sums to carry out sections 179 to 179k of this title.

Section 179k, Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §213, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 272, provided that sections 179 to 179k of this title were effective for 4 years beginning June 26, 1992, and applicable to any copy of any film, including copies of films selected for inclusion in National Film Registry under National Film Preservation Act of 1988.

For similar provisions, see section 179l et seq. of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §201, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 267, which provided that title II of Pub. L. 102–307, which enacted sections 179 to 179k of this title and repealed sections 178 to 178l of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 178 of this title, was to be cited as the "National Film Preservation Act of 1992", was repealed by Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §114, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382.

§179l. National Film Registry of Library of Congress

The Librarian of Congress (hereafter in sections 179l to 179w of this title referred to as the "Librarian") shall continue the National Film Registry established and maintained under the National Film Preservation Act of 1988 (Public Law 100–446), and the National Film Preservation Act of 1992 (Public Law 102–307) pursuant to the provisions of sections 179l to 179w of this title, for the purpose of maintaining and preserving films that are culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §102, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3377.)

References in Text

Sections 179l to 179w of the title, referred to in text, was in the original "this Act" the first place appearing and "this title" the second place appearing, both of which were translated as meaning title I of Pub. L. 104–285, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3377, which is classified principally to sections 179l to 179w of this title. For complete classification of title I to the Code, see Short Title note below and Tables.

The National Film Preservation Act of 1988, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §§1–13, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1782–1788, which was classified to sections 178 to 178l of this title and was repealed by Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §214, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 272.

The National Film Preservation Act of 1992, referred to in text, is title II of Pub. L. 102–307, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 267, which was classified principally to sections 179 to 179k of this title and was repealed by Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §114, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382.

Prior Provisions

Prior provisions similar to sections 179l to 179w of this title were contained in former section 179 et seq. of this title.

Short Title of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–336, §1, Oct. 2, 2008, 122 Stat. 3726, provided that: "This Act [amending sections 179m, 179n, 179v, 179w, 1722, and 1743 of this title and sections 151702, 151703, 151711, 152403, 152405, 152406, and 152411 of Title 36, Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 179v and 1743 of this title and section 152411 of Title 36] may be cited as the 'Library of Congress Sound Recording and Film Preservation Programs Reauthorization Act of 2008'."

Short Title of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–9, title III, §301, Apr. 27, 2005, 119 Stat. 224, provided that: "This subtitle [subtitle A (§§301, 302) of title III of Pub. L. 109–9, amending sections 179m, 179n, 179p, 179q, and 179w of this title] may be cited as the 'National Film Preservation Act of 2005'."

Short Title

Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §101, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3377, provided that: "This title [enacting this section and sections 179m to 179w of this title and repealing sections 179 to 179k of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 179 of this title] may be cited as the 'National Film Preservation Act of 1996'."

§179m. Duties of Librarian of Congress

(a) Powers

(1) In general

The Librarian shall, after consultation with the Board established pursuant to section 179n of this title—

(A) continue the implementation of the comprehensive national film preservation program for motion pictures established under the National Film Preservation Act of 1992, in conjunction with other film archivists, educators and historians, copyright owners, film industry representatives, and others involved in activities related to film preservation, taking into account the objectives of the national film preservation study and the comprehensive national plan conducted under the National Film Preservation Act of 1992. This program shall—

(i) coordinate activities to assure that efforts of archivists and copyright owners, and others in the public and private sector, are effective and complementary;

(ii) generate public awareness of and support for these activities;

(iii) increase accessibility of films for educational purposes; and

(iv) undertake studies and investigations of film preservation activities as needed, including the efficacy of new technologies, and recommend solutions to improve these practices;


(B) establish criteria and procedures under which films may be included in the National Film Registry, except that no film shall be eligible for inclusion in the National Film Registry until 10 years after such film's first publication;

(C) establish procedures under which the general public may make recommendations to the Board regarding the inclusion of films in the National Film Registry; and

(D) determine which films satisfy the criteria established under subparagraph (B) and qualify for inclusion in the National Film Registry, except that the Librarian shall not select more than 25 films each year for inclusion in the Registry.

(2) Publication of films in Registry

The Librarian shall publish in the Federal Register the name of each film that is selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry.

(3) Seal

The Librarian shall provide a seal to indicate that a film has been included in the National Film Registry and is the Registry version of that film. The Librarian shall establish guidelines for approval of the use of the seal in accordance with subsection (b).

(b) Use of seal

The seal provided under subsection (a)(3) may only be used on film or other approved copies of the Registry version of a film. Such seal may be used only after the Librarian has given approval to those persons seeking to apply the seal in accordance with the guidelines under subsection (a)(3). In the case of copyrighted, mass distributed, broadcast, or published works, only the copyright owner or an authorized licensee of the copyright owner may place or authorize the placement of the seal on any film or other approved copy of a Registry version of a film selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry, and the Librarian may place the seal on any film or other approved copy of the Registry version of any film that is maintained in the National Film Registry Collection in the Library of Congress. Anyone authorized to place the seal on any film or other approved copy of any Registry version of a film may accompany such seal with the following language: "This film was selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry by the National Film Preservation Board of the Library of Congress because of its cultural, historical, or aesthetic significance.". The Librarian may authorize the use of the seal by the Library or by others for other limited purposes in order to promote in the National Film Registry when exhibiting, showing, or otherwise disseminating films in the Registry.

(c) Coordination of program with other collection, preservation, and accessibility activities

In carrying out the comprehensive national film preservation program for motion pictures established under the National Film Preservation Act of 1992, the Librarian, in consultation with the Board established pursuant to section 179n of this title, shall—

(1) carry out activities to make films included in the National Film registry more broadly accessible for research and educational purposes, and to generate public awareness and support of the Registry and the comprehensive national film preservation program;

(2) review the comprehensive national film preservation plan, and amend it to the extent necessary to ensure that it addresses technological advances in the preservation and storage of, and access to film collections in multiple formats; and

(3) wherever possible, undertake expanded initiatives to ensure the preservation of the moving image heritage of the United States, including film, videotape, television, and born digital moving image formats, by supporting the work of the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center of the Library of Congress, and other appropriate nonprofit archival and preservation organizations.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §103, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3377; Pub. L. 109–9, title III, §302(a), Apr. 27, 2005, 119 Stat. 224; Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(2), Oct. 2, 2008, 122 Stat. 3727.)

References in Text

The National Film Preservation Act of 1992, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1)(A) and (c), is title II of Pub. L. 102–307, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 267, which was classified principally to sections 179 to 179k of this title and was repealed by Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §114, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–336 inserted at end "The Librarian may authorize the use of the seal by the Library or by others for other limited purposes in order to promote in the National Film Registry when exhibiting, showing, or otherwise disseminating films in the Registry."

2005—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(a)(1), substituted "film or other approved copies" for "film copies" and "copyrighted, mass distributed, broadcast, or published" for "copyrighted" and substituted "film or other approved copy" for "film copy" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(a)(2), added subsec. (c).

§179n. National Film Preservation Board

(a) Number and appointment

(1) Members

The Librarian shall establish in the Library of Congress a National Film Preservation Board to be comprised of 22 members, who shall be selected by the Librarian in accordance with this section. Subject to subparagraphs (C) and (N), the Librarian shall request each organization listed in subparagraphs (A) through (Q) to submit a list of three candidates qualified to serve as a member of the Board. Except for the members-at-large appointed under subparagraph 1 (2), the Librarian shall appoint one member from each such list submitted by such organizations, and shall designate from that list an alternate who may attend at Board expense those meetings to which the individual appointed to the Board cannot attend. The organizations are the following:

(A) The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

(B) The Directors Guild of America.

(C) The Writers Guild of America. The Writers Guild of America East and the Writers Guild of America West shall each nominate three candidates, and a representative from one organization shall be selected as the member and a representative from the other organization as the alternate.

(D) The National Society of Film Critics.

(E) The Society for Cinema and Media Studies.

(F) The American Film Institute.

(G) The Department of Film, Television, and Digital Media of the School of Theater, Film and Television at the University of California, Los Angeles.

(H) The Department of Cinema Studies of the Tisch School of the Arts at New York University.

(I) The University Film and Video Association.

(J) The Motion Picture Association of America.

(K) The Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers.

(L) Screen Actors Guild.

(M) The National Association of Theater Owners.

(N) The American Society of Cinematographers and the International Photographers Guild, which shall jointly submit one list of three candidates from which a member and alternate will be selected.

(O) The United States Members of the International Federation of Film Archives.

(P) The Association of Moving Image Archivists.

(Q) The Society of Composers and Lyricists.

(2) Members-at-large

In addition to the members appointed under paragraph (1), the Librarian shall appoint up to 5 members-at-large. The Librarian shall also select an alternate for each member 2 at-large, who may attend at Board expense those meetings which the member 2 at-large cannot attend.

(b) Chair

The Librarian shall appoint one member of the Board to serve as Chair.

(c) Term of office

(1) Terms

The term of each member of the Board shall be 4 years, except that there shall be no limit to the number of terms that any individual member may serve.

(2) Removal of member or organization

The Librarian shall have the authority to remove any member of the Board, or the organization listed in subsection (a) such member represents, if the member, or organization, over any consecutive 2-year period, fails to attend at least one regularly scheduled Board meeting.

(3) Vacancies

A vacancy in the Board shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made under subsection (a), except that the Librarian may fill the vacancy from a list of candidates previously submitted by the organization or organizations involved. Any member appointed to fill a vacancy before the expiration of the term for which his or her predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term.

(d) Quorum

12 members of the Board shall constitute a quorum but a lesser number may hold hearings.

(e) Reimbursement of expenses

Members of the Board shall serve without pay, but may receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5.

(f) Meetings

The Board shall meet at least once each fiscal year. Meetings shall be at the call of the Librarian.

(g) Conflict of interest

The Librarian shall establish rules and procedures to address any potential conflict of interest between a member of the Board and responsibilities of the Board.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §104, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3378; Pub. L. 109–9, title III, §302(b), Apr. 27, 2005, 119 Stat. 225; Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(3), Oct. 2, 2008, 122 Stat. 3727.)

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a)(1)(E). Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(3)(A), substituted "Cinema and Media" for "Cinema".

Subsec. (a)(1)(G). Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(3)(B), substituted "Department of Film, Television, and Digital Media" for "Department of Film and Television".

Subsec. (a)(1)(H). Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(3)(C), substituted "Cinema Studies" for "Film and Television".

Subsec. (a)(1)(L). Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(3)(D), amended subpar. (L) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (L) read as follows: "The Screen Actors Guild of America."

2005—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(b)(1), substituted "22" for "20" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(b)(2), substituted "5" for "three".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(b)(3), substituted "12" for "11".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(b)(4), added subsec. (e) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (e). Text read as follows: "Members of the Board shall serve without pay, but may be reimbursed for the actual and necessary traveling and subsistence expenses incurred by them in the performance of the duties of the Board."

1 So in original. Probably should be "paragraph".

2 So in original. Probably should be followed by a hyphen.

§179o. Responsibilities and powers of Board

(a) In general

The Board shall review nominations of films submitted to it for inclusion in the National Film Registry and consult with the Librarian, as provided in section 179m of this title, with respect to the inclusion of such films in the Registry and the preservation of these and other films that are culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.

(b) Nomination of films

The Board shall consider, for inclusion in the National Film Registry, nominations submitted by the general public as well as representatives of the film industry, such as the guilds and societies representing actors, directors, screenwriters, cinematographers, and other creative artists, producers, and film critics, archives and other film preservation organizations, and representatives of academic institutions with film study programs. The Board shall nominate not more than 25 films each year for inclusion in the Registry.

(c) Powers

(1) In general

The Board may, for the purpose of carrying out its duties, hold such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the Librarian and the Board consider appropriate.

(2) Service on Foundation

Two sitting members of the Board shall be appointed by the Librarian, and shall serve, as Board members of the National Film Preservation Foundation, in accordance with section 151703 of title 36.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §105, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3380.)

Codification

"Section 151703 of title 36" substituted in subsec. (c)(2) for "section 203", meaning section 203 of the National Film Preservation Act of 1996, on authority of Pub. L. 105–225, §5(b), Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1499, the first section of which enacted Title 36, Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations.

§179p. National Film Registry Collection of Library of Congress

(a) Acquisition of archival quality copies

The Librarian shall endeavor to obtain, by gift from the owner, an archival quality copy of the Registry version of each film included in the National Film Registry. Whenever possible, the Librarian shall endeavor to obtain the best surviving materials, including preprint materials. Copyright owners and others possessing copies of such materials are strongly encouraged, to further the preservation purposes of this Act, to provide preprint and other archival elements to the Library of Congress.

(b) Additional materials

The Librarian shall endeavor to obtain, for educational and research purposes, additional materials related to each film included in the National Film Registry, such as background materials, production reports, shooting scripts (including continuity scripts) and other similar materials.

(c) Property of United States

All copies of films on the National Film Registry that are received as gifts or bequests by the Librarian and other materials received by the Librarian under subsection (b), shall become the property of the United States Government, subject to the provisions of title 17.

(d) National Film Registry Collection

All copies of films on the National Film Registry that are received by the Librarian under subsection (a) of this section, and other materials received by the Librarian under subsection (b), shall be maintained in the Library of Congress and be known as the "National Film Registry Collection of the Library of Congress". The Librarian shall, by regulation, and in accordance with title 17, provide for reasonable access to the films and other materials in such collection for scholarly and research purposes.

(e) National Audio-Visual Conservation Center

The Librarian shall utilize the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center of the Library of Congress at Culpeper, Virginia, to ensure that preserved films included in the National Film Registry are stored in a proper manner, and disseminated to researchers, scholars, and the public as may be appropriate in accordance with—

(1) title 17; and

(2) the terms of any agreements between the Librarian and persons who hold copyrights to such audiovisual works.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §106, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3380; Pub. L. 109–9, title III, §302(c), Apr. 27, 2005, 119 Stat. 225.)

References in Text

This Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 104–285, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3377, which enacted this section and sections 179l to 179o and 179q to 179w of this title and sections 5701 to 5708 of former Title 36, Patriotic Societies and Observances, repealed sections 179 to 179k of this title, enacted provisions set out as a note under section 179l of this title, and repealed provisions set out as a note under section 179 of this title. Sections 5701 to 5708 of former Title 36 were repealed and reenacted as chapter 1517 (§151701 et seq.) of Title 36, Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations, by Pub. L. 105–225, §5(b), Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1499, the first section of which enacted Title 36. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–9 added subsec. (e).

§179q. Seal of National Film Registry

(a) Use of seal

(1) Prohibition on distribution and exhibition

No person shall knowingly distribute or exhibit to the public a version of a film or any copy in any format of a film which bears the seal described in section 179m(a)(3) of this title if such film—

(A) is not included in the National Film Registry; or

(B) is included in the National Film Registry, but such film or film copy has not been approved for use of the seal by the Librarian pursuant to section 179m(a)(1)(D) of this title.

(2) Prohibition on promotion

No person shall knowingly use the seal described in section 179m(a)(3) of this title to promote any version of a film in any format other than a Registry version.

(b) Effective date of seal

The use of the seal described in section 179m(a)(3) of this title shall be effective for each film after the Librarian publishes in the Federal Register, in accordance with section 179m(a)(2) of this title, the name of that film as selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §107, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3381; Pub. L. 109–9, title III, §302(d), Apr. 27, 2005, 119 Stat. 225.)

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(d)(1), inserted "in any format" after "or any copy" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–9, §302(d)(2), substituted "in any format" for "or film copy".

§179r. Remedies

(a) Jurisdiction

The several district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction, for cause shown, to prevent and restrain violations of section 179q(a) of this title.

(b) Relief

(1) Removal of seal

Except as provided in paragraph (2), relief for violation of section 179q(a) of this title shall be limited to the removal of the seal of the National Film Registry from the film involved in the violation.

(2) Fine and injunctive relief

In the case of a pattern or practice of the willful violation of section 179q(a) of this title, the United States district courts may order a civil fine of not more than $10,000 and appropriate injunctive relief.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §108, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3381.)

§179s. Limitations of remedies

The remedies provided in section 179r of this title shall be the exclusive remedies under sections 179l to 179w of this title, or any other Federal or State law, regarding the use of the seal described in section 179m(a)(3) of this title.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §109, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3381.)

§179t. Staff of Board; experts and consultants

(a) Staff

The Librarian may appoint and fix the pay of such personnel as the Librarian considers appropriate to carry out sections 179l to 179w of this title.

(b) Experts and consultants

The Librarian may, in carrying out sections 179l to 179w of this title, procure temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, but at rates for individuals not to exceed the daily equivalent of the maximum rate of basic pay payable for GS–15 of the General Schedule. In no case may a member of the Board or an alternate be paid as an expert or consultant under this section.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §110, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3381.)

References in Text

The General Schedule, referred to in subsec. (b), is set out under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§179u. Definitions

As used in sections 179l to 179w of this title—

(1) the term "Librarian" means the Librarian of Congress;

(2) the term "Board" means the National Film Preservation Board;

(3) the term "film" means a "motion picture" as defined in section 101 of title 17, except that such term does not include any work not originally fixed on film stock, such as a work fixed on videotape or laser disk;

(4) the term "publication" means "publication" as defined in section 101 of title 17; and

(5) the term "Registry version" means, with respect to a film, the version of a film first published, or as complete a version as bona fide preservation and restoration activities by the Librarian, an archivist other than the Librarian, or the copyright owner can compile in those cases where the original material has been irretrievably lost.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §111, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382.)

§179v. Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Librarian for the first fiscal year beginning on or after October 11, 1996, and each succeeding fiscal year through fiscal year 2016 such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 179l to 179w of this title, but in no fiscal year shall such sum exceed $250,000.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §112, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382; Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(1)(A), Oct. 2, 2008, 122 Stat. 3727.)

Amendments

2008—Pub. L. 110–336 inserted "for the first fiscal year beginning on or after October 11, 1996, and each succeeding fiscal year through fiscal year 2016" after "the Librarian".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(1)(C), Oct. 2, 2008, 122 Stat. 3727, provided that: "The amendments made by this paragraph [amending this section and section 179w of this title] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the National Film Preservation Act of 1996 [Pub. L. 104–285, title I]."

§179w. Effective date

The provisions of sections 179l to 179w of this title shall apply to any copy of any film, including those copies of films selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry under the National Film Preservation Act of 1988 and the National Film Preservation Act of 1992, except that any film so selected under either Act shall be deemed to have been selected for the National Film Registry under sections 179l to 179w of this title.

(Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §113, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382; Pub. L. 109–9, title III, §302(e), Apr. 27, 2005, 119 Stat. 226; Pub. L. 110–336, §3(a)(1)(B), Oct. 2, 2008, 122 Stat. 3727.)

References in Text

The National Film Preservation Act of 1988, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 100–446, title I, §§1–13, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1782–1788, which was classified to sections 178 to 178l of this title and was repealed by Pub. L. 102–307, title II, §214, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 272.

The National Film Preservation Act of 1992, referred to in text, is title II of Pub. L. 102–307, June 26, 1992, 106 Stat. 267, which was classified principally to sections 179 to 179k of this title and was repealed by Pub. L. 104–285, title I, §114, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3382.

Amendments

2008—Pub. L. 110–336 struck out the first sentence which read as follows: "The provisions of sections 179l to 179w of this title shall be effective for 13 years beginning on October 11, 1996."

2005—Pub. L. 109–9 substituted "13 years" for "7 years".

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–336 effective as if included in the enactment of the National Film Preservation Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–285, title I, see section 3(a)(1)(C) of Pub. L. 110–336, set out as a note under section 179v of this title.

Effective Date Extension

Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title I, §1205(a), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3189, provided that title I of Pub. L. 104–285, which enacted sections 179l to 179w of this title and repealed sections 179 to 179k of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 179 of this title, was to be effective through fiscal year 2005, notwithstanding former provision of this section which provided that title I was effective for only 7 years beginning on Oct. 11, 1996.

§180. Legislative information retrieval system

(a) Purpose

The purpose of this section is to reduce the cost of information support for the Congress by eliminating duplication among systems which provide electronic access by Congress to legislative information.

(b) "Legislative information" defined

As used in this section, the term "legislative information" means information, prepared within the legislative branch, consisting of the text of publicly available bills, amendments, committee hearings, and committee reports, the text of the Congressional Record, data relating to bill status, data relating to legislative activity, and other similar public information that is directly related to the legislative process.

(c) Development of single system to serve entire Congress

Pursuant to the plan approved under subsection (d) and consistent with the provisions of any other law, the Library of Congress or the entity designated by that plan shall develop and maintain, in coordination with other appropriate entities of the legislative branch, a single legislative information retrieval system to serve the entire Congress.

(d) Development and approval of plan

The Library shall develop a plan for creation of this system, taking into consideration the findings and recommendations of the study directed by House Report No. 103–517 to identify and eliminate redundancies in congressional information systems. This plan must be approved by the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives, and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Library shall provide these committees with regular status reports on the development of the plan.

(e) Availability of information to public

In formulating its plan, the Library shall examine issues regarding efficient ways to make this information available to the public. This analysis shall be submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives as well as the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, and the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives for their consideration and possible action.

(Pub. L. 104–53, title II, §209, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 532.)

Change of Name

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

§181. Program for exchange of information among legislative branch agencies

(a) On September 16, 1996, there shall be established a program for providing the widest possible exchange of information among legislative branch agencies with the long-range goal of improving information technology planning and evaluation. The Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate are requested to determine the structure and operation of this program and to provide appropriate oversight. All of the appropriate offices and agencies of the legislative branch as defined below shall participate in this program for information exchange, and shall report annually on the extent and nature of their participation in their budget submissions to the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

(b) As used in this section—

(1) the term "offices and agencies of the legislative branch" means, the office of the Clerk of the House, the office of the Secretary of the Senate, the office of the Architect of the Capitol, the Government Accountability Office, the Government Publishing Office, the Library of Congress, the Congressional Research Service, the Congressional Budget Office, the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, and the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate; and

(2) the term "technology" refers to any form of computer hardware and software; computer-based systems, services, and support for the creation, processing, exchange, and delivery of information; and telecommunications systems, and the associated hardware and software, that provide for voice, data, or image communication.

(Pub. L. 104–197, title III, §314, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2415; Pub. L. 108–271, §8(b), July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, §1301(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537.)

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 108–271 substituted "Government Accountability Office" for "General Accounting Office".

Change of Name

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

"Government Publishing Office" substituted for "Government Printing Office" in subsec. (b)(1) on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note preceding section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

§182. Cooperative Acquisitions Program Revolving Fund

(a) Establishment

Effective October 1, 1997, there is established in the Treasury of the United States a revolving fund to be known as the Cooperative Acquisitions Program Revolving Fund (in this section referred to as the "revolving fund"). Moneys in the revolving fund shall be available to the Librarian of Congress, without fiscal year limitation, for financing the cooperative acquisitions program (in this section referred to as the "program") under which the Library acquires foreign publications and research materials on behalf of participating institutions on a cost-recovery basis. Obligations under the revolving fund are limited to amounts specified in the appropriations Act for that purpose for any fiscal year.

(b) Amounts deposited

The revolving fund shall consist of—

(1) any amounts appropriated by law for the purposes of the revolving fund;

(2) any amounts held by the Librarian as of October 1, 1997 or October 7, 1997, whichever is later, that were collected as payment for the Library's indirect costs of the program; and

(3) the difference between (A) the total value of the supplies, equipment, gift fund balances, and other assets of the program, and (B) the total value of the liabilities (including unfunded liabilities such as the value of accrued annual leave of employees) of the program.

(c) Credits to revolving fund

The revolving fund shall be credited with all advances and amounts received as payment for purchases under the program and services and supplies furnished to program participants, at rates estimated by the Librarian to be adequate to recover the full direct and indirect costs of the program to the Library over a reasonable period of time.

(d) Unobligated balances

Any unobligated and unexpended balances in the revolving fund that the Librarian determines to be in excess of amounts needed for activities financed by the revolving fund, shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts. Amounts needed for activities financed by the revolving fund means the direct and indirect costs of the program, including the costs of purchasing, shipping, binding of books and other library materials; supplies, materials, equipment and services needed in support of the program; salaries and benefits; general overhead; and travel.

(e) Audit

The revolving fund shall be subject to audit by the Comptroller General at the Comptroller General's discretion.

(Pub. L. 105–55, title II, §207, Oct. 7, 1997, 111 Stat. 1193; Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1403, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2247.)

Amendments

2007—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–161 amended heading and text of subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Not later than March 31 of each year, the Librarian of Congress shall prepare and submit to Congress an audited financial statement for the revolving fund for the preceding fiscal year. The audit shall be conducted in accordance with Government Auditing Standards for financial audits issued by the Comptroller General of the United States."

§182a. Revolving fund for duplication services associated with audiovisual conservation center

(a) Establishment

There is hereby established in the Treasury a revolving fund for duplication and delivery services provided by the Librarian of Congress (hereafter in sections 182a to 182d of this title referred to as the "Librarian") which are associated with the national audiovisual conservation center established under the Act entitled "An Act to authorize acquisition of certain real property for the Library of Congress, and for other purposes", approved December 15, 1997 (Public Law 105–144; 2 U.S.C. 141 note).

(b) Fees for services

The Librarian may charge a fee for providing services described in subsection (a), and shall deposit any such fees charged into the revolving fund under this section.

(c) Contents of fund

(1) In general

The revolving fund under this section shall consist of the following amounts:

(A) Amounts deposited by the Librarian under subsection (b).

(B) Any other amounts received by the Librarian which are attributable to the services described in subsection (a).

(C) Amounts deposited by the Librarian under paragraph (2).

(D) Such other amounts as may be appropriated under law.

(2) Deposit of funds during transition

The Librarian shall transfer to the revolving fund under this section the following:

(A) Any obligated, unexpended balances existing as of the date of the transfer which are attributable to the services described in subsection (a).

(B) An amount equal to the difference as of such date between—

(i) the total value of the supplies, inventories, equipment, gift fund balances, and other assets attributable to such services; and

(ii) the total value of the liabilities attributable to such services.

(d) Use of amounts in fund

Amounts in the revolving fund under this section shall be available to the Librarian, in amounts specified in appropriations Acts and without fiscal year limitation, to carry out the services described in subsection (a).

(Pub. L. 106–481, title I, §101, Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2187; Pub. L. 107–68, title II, §207, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 587.)

References in Text

Sections 182a to 182d of this title, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original "this Act", meaning Pub. L. 106–481, Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2187, known as the Library of Congress Fiscal Operations Improvement Act of 2000, which enacted this section and sections 182b to 182d of this title, amended section 154 of this title, and enacted provisions set out as notes under this section and section 154 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note below and Tables.

Amendments

2001—Pub. L. 107–68 struck out "audio and video" before "duplication" in section catchline and in subsec. (a).

Effective Date

Pub. L. 106–481, title I, §105, Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2190, provided that: "The provisions of this title [enacting this section and sections 182b to 182d of this title and provisions set out as a note under this section] shall apply with respect to fiscal year 2002 and each succeeding fiscal year."

Short Title

Pub. L. 106–481, §1, Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2187, provided that: "This Act [enacting this section and sections 182b to 182d of this title, amending section 154 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 154 of this title] may be cited as the 'Library of Congress Fiscal Operations Improvement Act of 2000'."

§182b. Revolving fund for gift shop, decimal classification, photo duplication, and related services

(a) Establishment

There is hereby established in the Treasury a revolving fund for the following programs and activities of the Librarian:

(1) Decimal classification development.

(2) The operation of a gift shop or other sales of items associated with collections, exhibits, performances, and special events of the Library of Congress.

(3) Document reproduction and microfilming services.

(4) Special events and programs.

(b) Individual accounting requirement

A separate account shall be maintained in the revolving fund under this section with respect to the programs and activities described in each of the paragraphs of subsection (a).

(c) Fees for services

The Librarian may charge a fee for services under any of the programs and activities described in subsection (a), and shall deposit any such fees charged into the account of the revolving fund under this section for such program or activity.

(d) Contents of accounts in fund

(1) In general

Each account of the revolving fund under this section shall consist of the following amounts:

(A) Amounts deposited by the Librarian under subsection (c).

(B) Any other amounts received by the Librarian which are attributable to the programs and activities covered by such account.

(C) Amounts deposited by the Librarian under paragraph (2).

(D) Such other amounts as may be appropriated under law.

(2) Deposit of funds during transition

The Librarian shall transfer to each account of the revolving fund under this section the following:

(A) Any obligated, unexpended balances existing as of the date of the transfer which are attributable to the programs and activities covered by such account.

(B) An amount equal to the difference as of such date between—

(i) the total value of the supplies, inventories, equipment, gift fund balances, and other assets attributable to such programs and activities; and

(ii) the total value of the liabilities attributable to such programs and activities.

(e) Use of amounts

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), amounts in the accounts of the revolving fund under this section shall be available to the Librarian, in amounts specified in appropriations Acts and without fiscal year limitation, to carry out the programs and activities covered by such accounts.

(2) Special rule for payments for certain Capitol Police services

In the case of any amount in the revolving fund consisting of a payment received for services of the United States Capitol Police in connection with a special event or program described in subsection (a)(4), the Librarian shall transfer such amount upon receipt to the Capitol Police for deposit into the applicable appropriations accounts of the Capitol Police.

(Pub. L. 106–481, title I, §102, Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2188; Pub. L. 107–68, title II, §208(a), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 587; Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(f)(1), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2235; Pub. L. 110–178, §6(a), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2553; Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.)

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–145 repealed Pub. L. 110–161, §1004(f)(1). See 2007 Amendment note below.

2008—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–178 reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Amounts in the accounts of the revolving fund under this section shall be available to the Librarian, in amounts specified in appropriations Acts and without fiscal year limitation, to carry out the programs and activities covered by such accounts."

2007—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–161, §1004(f)(1), which made an amendment identical to that made by Pub. L. 110–178, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145. See Effective Date of 2010 Amendment note below.

2001—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 107–68 added par. (4).

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Repeal of section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 by Pub. L. 111–145 effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 110–161 and provisions amended by section 1004 of Pub. L. 110–161 to be restored as if such section had not been enacted, and repeal to have no effect on the enactment or implementation of any provision of Pub. L. 110–178, see section 6(d) of Pub. L. 111–145, set out as a note under section 1901 of this title.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–178, §6(c), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2554, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to services provided by the United States Capitol Police on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 7, 2008]."

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, §1004(f)(3), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2236, which provided that the amendments made by section 1004(f) (amending this section) would apply with respect to services provided by the United States Capitol Police on or after Dec. 26, 2007, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145, §6(d)(1), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.

Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–68, title II, §208(b), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 587, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect upon the date on which the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate approve a report submitted to the Committees by the Librarian of Congress which describes the guidelines and policies applicable to the hosting of special events and programs by the Librarian which are covered under section 102(a)(4) of the Library of Congress Fiscal Operations Improvement Act of 2000 [2 U.S.C. 182b(a)(4)] (as added by subsection (a))."

Effective Date

Section applicable with respect to fiscal year 2002 and each succeeding fiscal year, see section 105 of Pub. L. 106–481, set out as a note under section 182a of this title.

§182c. Revolving fund for FEDLINK program and Federal Research program

(a) Establishment

There is hereby established in the Treasury a revolving fund for the Federal Library and Information Network program (hereafter in sections 182a to 182d of this title referred to as the "FEDLINK program") of the Library of Congress (as described in subsection (f)(1)) and the Federal Research program of the Library of Congress (as described in